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10.26. The guilefull and treacherous taking of Robert Fitzstephans at the K [...]ecke. Cap. 26.

The guilefull and treacherous taking of Robert Fitzstephans at the K [...]ecke. Cap. 26.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 AFter this good successe, fortune who can|not continue firme in one staie, dooth now change hir course, and interlineth aduersitie with prosperitie. For whie, there is neither faith firme, nor felicitie permanent vpon the earth. For the Wexford men and they of Kencile, forget|ting their promise, and nothing regarding their faith which they had before made and assured vnto Robert Fitzstephans, doo now assemble themselues to the number of thrée thousand, and doo march toward the Karecke, there to besiege the same, where Robert Fitzstephans was then: who mistrusting & fearing nothing, had but fiue gentlemen and a few archers about him. The enimies giue the assalt, & not pre|uailing at the first, doo renew the same againe and againe: but when they saw that all their labours were lost, bicause that Fitzstephans and his compa|nie though they were but a few in number, yet they were verie nimble and verie readie to defend them|selues, and especiallie one William Nott, who in this seruice did verie well and worthilie acquit him|selfe; they now doo séeke to practise their old subtil|ties and guiles. They leauing therefore to vse force and violence, doo now vnder colour of peace come toward the Karecke and bring with them the bishop of Kildare, the bishop of Wexford, & certeine other religious persons, who brought with them a masse|booke, Corpus Domini, and certeine relikes: and after a few speeches of persuasion had with Fitzstephans, they to compasse their matter, tooke their corporall othes, and swore vpon a booke, that the citie of Du|blin was taken: and that the earle, Maurice, Rei|mond, and all the Englishmen were taken and kil|led; that Rothorike of Connagh, with all the whole power and armie of Connagh & Leinster, was com|ming towards Wexford for the apprehension of him: but for his sake, and for the good will which they bare vnto him, bicause they had alwaie found him a cour|teous and a liberall prince, they were come vnto him to conueie him awaie in safetie, and all his ouer into Wales, before the comming of that great mul|titude, which were his extreame and mortall eni|mies. Fitzstephans giuing credit to this their swea|ring and a [...]owries, did foorthwith yeeld himselfe, his people, & all that he had vnto them and their custodie: but they foorthwith most traitorouslie, of them that thus yéelded into their hands some they killed, some they beat, some they wounded, and some they cast in|to prison. But assoone as newes was brought that Dublin was false, and that the earle was marching towards them; these traitors set the towne on fire, and they themselues with bag and baggage and with their prisoners gat them into the Iland Begorie, which they call the holie Iland, and which lieth in the middle of the hauen there.

10.27. The description of Robert Fitzstephans. Chap. 27.

The description of Robert Fitzstephans. Chap. 27.

[...] Noble man, the onelie patterne of vertue, and the example of true industrie and la|bours: who hauing tried the variablenesse of fortune, had tasted more aduersitie than prosperitie! O worthie man, who both in Ireland and in Wales had traced the whole compasse of for|tunes wheele, and had endured whatsoeuer good for|tune or euill could giue! O Fitzstephans, the verie second an other (1) Marius, for if you doo consider his prosperitie, no man was more fortunate than he: and on the contrarie, if you marke his aduersitie, no man was or could be more miserable. He was of a large and full bodie, his countenance verie comelie: and in stature he was somewhat more meane: he was bountifull, liberall, and pleasant, but yet sometimes somewhat aboue modestie giuen to wine and women. The earle (as is aforesaid) marched with his armie towards Wexford, fast by Odrone, which was a place full of streicts, passes, and bogs, and verie hardlie to be passed through: but yet the whole power, force, and strength of all Lein|ster came thither, and met him and gaue him the battell, betwéene whom there was a great fight, and manie of the enimies slaine. But the earle with the losse of one onelie yoongman recouered himselfe in safetie to the plaines, and there amongst others, Meilerius shewed himselfe to be a right valiant man.

(1) This Marius was named Caius Marius, his father was borne in Arpinum, & from thence came to Rome, and there dwelt, being a poore artificer and handicrafts man, but much relieued by Metellus a noble Roman, in whose house, and vnder whom, both the father and the: sonne were seruants: but being EEBO page image 20 giuen altogither to martiall affaires, he became a verie valiant man, and did as good seruice to the citie of Rome as anie before or after him. Affrica he con|quered, and in his first triumph Iugurtha and his two sonnes were bound in chaines, and caried cap|tiues to Rome before his chariot. The Cambrians, Germans, and Tigurians wanting habitations, and thinking to settle themselues in Italie, trauelled thitherwards for the same purpose; but being denied by the Romans, they made most cruell warres vpon them, and slue of them at one time fourescore thou|sand souldiers, and thréescore thousand of others, wherewith the state of Rome and of all Italie was so broken, and ouerthrowne, that the Romans much bewailed themselues, & did thinke verelie that they should be vtterlie destroied. In this distresse Marius tooke the matter in hand, and méeting first with the Germans, gaue them the battell, slue their king Teutobochas, and two hundred thousand men, be|side fourescore thousand which were taken. After that he met with the Cambrians, and slue their king Beleus, and an hundred and fortie thousand with him, as also tooke fortie thousand prisoners. For which victorie he triumphed the second time in Rome, and was named then the third founder of Rome. Againe in the ciuill wars which grew by the means of Dru|sius, all Italie was then in armes, and the Romans in euerie place had the worse side (for all Italie be|gan to forsake them) and in this distresse Marius ha|uing gotten but a small power in respect of the eni|mies, giueth the onset vpon the Marsians, and at two times he slue fouretéene thousand of them: which so quailed the Italians, and incouraged the Romans, that the Romans recouered themselues and had the maistrie. As in the warres so otherwise was Marius verie fortunate: for being but of a base stocke, yet he maried Iulia, a noble woman of the familie of the Iulies, and aunt vnto Iulius Cesar: he passed tho|rough the most part of the offices in Rome: he was first Legatus àsenatu, then Praefectus equitum: after that Tribunus plebis, Praetor, Aedilis, and seuen times was he consull. And as fortune séemed to fauour and coun|tenance him aboue all other in Rome; so did she al|so checke him with great reproches, & burdened him with great miseries. For his pride was so excessiue, and his ambition so intollerable, that the best and most part of the Romans deadlie hated and enuied him: and therefore when he laboured to be Aedilis, Praetor, & Tribune, he was reiected; he was accused for ambition, and proclamed a traitor and an enimie to the common-wealth: he was inforced to forsake Rome and flie into Affrike. Also being at the seas, the mariners cast him on land among his enimies, and draue him to shift for himselfe. When he was pursued by his enimies, he was faine to hide him|selfe in a bog, and couered himselfe with dirt & mire because he would not be knowne. Neuerthelesse he was taken and deliuered to a slaue to be killed. Ma|nie other [...]ormes of aduersitie and miserie did he a|bide and indure, and therefore it was said of him, that in miserie no man was more miserable, and in felicitie none more fortunate and happie than he.

10.28. The description of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 28.

The description of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 28.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 THe earle was somewhat ruddie and of san|guine complexion and freckle faced, his eies greie, his face feminine, his voice small, and his necke little, but somewhat of a high stature: he was verie liberall, courteous and gen|tle: what he could not compasse and bring to passe in déed, he would win by good words and gentle spée|ches. In time of peace he was more readie to yeeld and obeie, than to rule and beare swaie. Out of the campe he was more like to a souldior companion than a capteine or ruler: but in the campe and in the warres he caried with him the state and counte|nance of a valiant capteine. Of himselfe he would not aduenture anie thing, but being aduised and set on, he refused no attempts: for of himselfe he would not rashlie aduenture, or presumptuouslie take anie thing in hand. In the fight and battell he was a most assured token and signe to the whole companie, ei|ther to stand valiantlie to the fight, or for policie to retire. In all chances of warre he was still one and the same maner of man, being neither dismaid with aduersitie, nor puffed vp with prosperitie.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 28The Engliſh men hauing thus got the victory and deliuered the citie quite from the ſiege on eche ſide, the next day leauing a competent gariſon within Dublin,Fitz Stephan yeeldeth him|ſelfe to the enimies. they marched forth with theyr victorious enſignes towards Wexford to the ſuc|cor of Fitz Stephan, but before their comming he had yelded himſelf to the enimies: for cauſing him to beleeue by the aſſured report of the Biſhops of Wexford and Kildare, that Dublin was taken, & all the Engliſh men put to the ſworde, they per|ſwaded with him to yeelde before that the armies of Connagh and Leyniſter came, promiſing that if he would commit himſelf vnto their fayth, they would ſee that he ſhoulde be ſafely conueyed ouer into Wales, and ſo eſcape the daunger of al other his enimies. But after he had yeelded himſelf di|uerſe of his people being ſlaine, the reſidue were beaten and maymed, and thruſt into priſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After this, the Iriſh hearing that the Engliſhe men were comming as victorers to the reſcue of their friends, they burnt their citie and fled to the Ile that lieth in the mouth of the hauen there cal|led holy Iland, with al their riches, goodes, & cap|tiues. In the meane time the Erle of Pembroke paſſing forth towards Wexford, was encountred at the paſe of Odrone by the army of Lymrike yt was got thither before him to defende the paſſage there againſt him. But ſuch was the force of the Engliſh power (though but a handfull in cõpari|ſon to the number of their aduerſaries, that with ſlaughter of a great number of the Iriſh, they got through into the plaines without any loſſe at all, except of one yong gentleman.Meiller. In this cõflict the accuſtomed prowes of Meiller was ſufficiently apparãt. The Engliſhmẽ then drawing towards Wexford, & bearing what had chaũced vnto Fitz Stephans, they were highly diſpleaſed & troubled in mind, and forthwith turning on the right hand toward Waterford, where they foũd Heruey that was come from the king of Englãd,Heruie retur|neth from the king of Eng|lande. to whom he had bin ſent, and now vpon his returne, brought letters, by the tenor wherof he was authoriſed to perſwade the Erle to returne home into Englãd, who not only ſhewed the letters, but alſo in ſpeech vſed what perſwaſions he might to induce ye Erle to accompliſh the kings pleaſure. The Erle per|ceyuing the kings iealouſie ſtill to continue, & a|gain (how no ſmal part of his army was decayed through ſicknes, & in defẽce of diuerſe good towns which king Roderik had aſſaulted,) he determined to returne into Englande, & to ſeeke to pacifie the kings minde, ſo as he might purchaſe ſome aſſy|ſtance to go through with that he had begon tou|ching the conqueſt of Ireland, and ſo hauing ta|ken order for ye defence of thoſe places which were in his poſſeſſion, he paſſeth the ſea, and came to the king whom he found at Miweham, not farre from Gloceſter redy there with an army to paſſe forward towards Ireland. Here after much talke and reaſoning of matters, by the mediation & in|terceſſion of Heruey,The Earle of Pembroke re|ceyued into the kings fa|uor againe. the Earle was reconciled to the kings fauor, yeelding to the king the chiefeſt parcels of all his winnings, as Dublyn with the Canthredes adioyning, & all the townes & caſtels alongſt by the ſea ſide, and for the reſidue which it pleaſed the king to permit him to inioy, he coue|nanted to acknowledge that he helde the ſame of the king & his heyres for euer. Theſe things thus accorded, the K. toke his iourney directly towards Milford hauen, where he rigged a goodly nauy of ſhippes. About this time the Abbay de caſtro dei was founded. In the meane time Ororike ſur|named Monoculus, that is with the one eie,


Ororike king of Meth com|meth to aſſaile Dublin.

King of Methe, taking occaſion by the abſence of the Erle & alſo of Reymond that remained as yet at Waterforde about the kalendes of September, came to Dublin with a great multitude of men, and finding in the Citie but a few to defende it a|gaynſt [figure appears here on page 28] EEBO page image 29 him with great noyſe and violence aſſay|led the walles and rampyres, in hope to haue en|tred by fine force at the firſt aſſault: but Myles Cogan gouernour of the Citie,Miles Cogan diſcomfiteth the enimies. although he had no great number to make account of about him at that preſent, yet knowing that thoſe few which he had, were men of approued manhoode, ſallyed forth, and ſetting vpon the enimies on the ſodain, made ſuch ſlaughter amongſt thẽ, that the whole number beeing vtterly diſcomfited, he returned backe into the Citie with a glorious victorie. A|mong other of the Iriſh that were ſlaine, a ſonne of king Morice a iolly luſtie yong Gentleman was one.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Whileſt theſe things were a doing in Ireland king Henrie was buſie to prouide all things rea|die to paſſe ouer,The arriual king Henrie in Ireland. and ſo taking the Sea, landed at Waterford about Saint Lukes day, with fiue hundred knightes, beſide other horſemen, and a great number of Archers. This was in the .xvij. yeare of his raigne.1172 and .xlj. of his age. Whileſt he remayned for a fewe dayes ſpace in Waterford, thither came vnto him the towneſmen of Wex|ford to make their way for pardon and fauour at his handes, and for a policie to nouriſh the ſuſpi|tion which was entred the kings minde againſt thoſe gentlemen that firſt had attempted the in|uaſion of Irelande,Fitz Stephans preſented to the king of England by his takers. they preſented vnto him Fitz Stephans in Irons, as it were to gratifie him, for that contrarie to his aſſent he had bene the firſt that came thither, and occaſioned al the other that after followed to do the like.