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10.28. The description of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 28.

The description of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 28.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 THe earle was somewhat ruddie and of san|guine complexion and freckle faced, his eies greie, his face feminine, his voice small, and his necke little, but somewhat of a high stature: he was verie liberall, courteous and gen|tle: what he could not compasse and bring to passe in déed, he would win by good words and gentle spée|ches. In time of peace he was more readie to yeeld and obeie, than to rule and beare swaie. Out of the campe he was more like to a souldior companion than a capteine or ruler: but in the campe and in the warres he caried with him the state and counte|nance of a valiant capteine. Of himselfe he would not aduenture anie thing, but being aduised and set on, he refused no attempts: for of himselfe he would not rashlie aduenture, or presumptuouslie take anie thing in hand. In the fight and battell he was a most assured token and signe to the whole companie, ei|ther to stand valiantlie to the fight, or for policie to retire. In all chances of warre he was still one and the same maner of man, being neither dismaid with aduersitie, nor puffed vp with prosperitie.

10.29. The earle leauing Wexford vpon the newes that Fitzstephans was in hold, went to Waterford, and from thence sailed into England, & was reconciled to the king. Chap. 29.

The earle leauing Wexford vpon the newes that Fitzstephans was in hold, went to Waterford, and from thence sailed into England, & was reconciled to the king. Chap. 29.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 AS the earle was marching towards Guefford, and was come to the borders ther|of, certeine messengers met him, and shewed to him the mischance happened vnto Robert Fitzstephans, and of the setting on fire the towne of Wexford: adding moreouer, that the traitors were fullie determined if they trauelled anie further to|wards them, they would cut off all the heads of Fitz|stephans and his companie, and send them vnto him. Wherevpon with heauie cheare & sorrowfull hearts they change their minds, and turne towards Wa|terford. Where when they were come, they found Heruie now latelie returned from the king with a message and letters from him vnto the earle, persua|ding and requiring him to come ouer into Eng|land vnto him. Wherevpon the earle prepared and made himselfe readie, and as soone as wind and wea|ther serued he tooke shipping, and caried Heruie a|long with him. And being landed he rode towards the king, and met him at a towne called Newham néere vnto Glocester, where he was in redines with a great armie to saile ouer into Irland. Where after sundrie & manie altercations passed betweene them, at length by means of Heruie the kings displeasure was appeased, and it was agreed that the erle should sweare allegeance to the king, and yéeld and sur|render vnto him the citie of Dublin, with the can|treds thervnto adioining, as also all such towns and forts as were bordering vpon the sea side. And as for the residue he should haue and reteine to him and his heirs, holding the same of the king & of his heirs. These things thus concluded, the king with his ar|mie marched along by Seuerne side, & the sea coasts of (1) Westwales, vnto the towne (2) of Pen|broke, where he taried vntill he had assembled all his armie in (3) Milford hauen there to be shipped.

(1) Westwales in Latine is named Demetia, and is that which is now called Penbrokeshire. It rea|cheth from the seas on the north vnto the seas on the south. In the west part thereof is the bishops sée of Meneue named saint Dauids: and on the east side it bordereth vpon Southwales named Dehenbaxt. In this part were the Flemmings placed first.

(2) Penbroke is the chiefest towne of all Demetia, and lieth on the east side of Milford hauen, wherein was sometimes a verie strong castell bu [...]ided (as some write) by a noble man named Arnulph Mont|gomer.

EEBO page image 21 (3) Milford is a famous and a goodlie harborough lieng in Demetia, or Westwales, The Welshmen name it the mouth of two swords. It hath two bran|ches or armes, the one flowing hard to Hauerford west, and the other thorough the countrie named Rossia.

10.30. Ororike prince of Meth besieging Du|blin, is driuen off by Miles Cogan, and hath the woorst side. Chap. 30.

Ororike prince of Meth besieging Du|blin, is driuen off by Miles Cogan, and hath the woorst side. Chap. 30.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 IN the meane time Ororike, the one eied king of Meth, watching the absence of the earle as also of Reimond, the one being in England, and the other at Waterford, he must [...]red a great number of soldiors, and vpon a sudden about the kalends of September, laieth siege to the citie of Dublin: within the which there were then but few men, but yet they were valiant and ve|rie men indeed. And as the flame can not be suppres|sed, but that it will breake out: euen so vertue and valiantnesse can not be shut vp, but that it will (when time and occasion serueth) shew it selfe. For Miles Cogan and all his companie vpon a sudden issue out vpon the enimies, and vnwares taking them nap|ping, made a great slaughter of them: among whom there was the sonne of Ororike, a lustie yoong gen|tleman, and he slaine also. And at this time the king of England, lieng at Penbroke in Wales, he fell out with the noblemen and gentlemen of the coun|trie: bicause they had suffered the earle Richard to take his passage among them from thense into Ire|land. And remoouing such as had anie charge or kée|ping of any forts there, he placed others therein: but at length his heat being cooled, & his displeasure quai|led, they were reconciled againe to his good fauour and grace.

Whilest the king laie there, he had great pleasure in hawking, and as he was walking abroad with a goshawke of Norwaie vpon his fist, he had espied a falcon sitting vpon a rocke; and as he went about the rocke to view and behold him, his goshawke hauing also espied the falcon, bated vnto him, and therewith the king let him flie. The falcon séeing hir selfe thus béeset, taketh also wing: and albeit hir flight was but slow at the first; yet at length she maketh wing and mounteth vp of a great height: and taking the ad|uantage of the goshawke hir aduersarie, commeth downe with all hir might, and striking hir she claue hir backe asunder, and fell downe dead at the kings foot: wherat the king and all they that were then pre|sent had great maruell. And the king hauing good li|king, and being in loue with the falcon, did yearelie at the bréeding and disclosing time send thither for them: for in all his land there was not a better and a more hardie hawke.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Earle was of colour ruddye and freck|led, with great eyes, of a feminine vyſage, ſmall voyce, ſhorte necke, of ſtature tall, and a good|ly perſonage, lyberall and curteous, and where ſubſtaunce wanted to ſhewe his franke heart, hee ſupplyed it with gentle wordes, more readie to o|bey than to commaunde. At home more lyke a Souldier than a Captayne, but abrode in the warres he ſhewed himſelfe a Captayne, and not a Souldier. Although he neuer would enterpriſe any exployt of himſelfe without the aduice of o|ther, being once ioyned in fight with his enimies, EEBO page image 37 he ſtoode as an aſſured ſtandard for his people to haue recourſe to, for their ſafetie. And howſoeuer the chance of battail turned he was euer conſtant and ſtable, neyther drowping as one in diſpayre whẽ fortune ſeemed to frown, nor too ioyful whẽ ſhe was diſpoſed to fawne. He left no iſſue behind him in life but one daughter named Iſabell,William Mar|ſhall marieth the daughter of Erle Strang|bow. ma|ried after .xiiij. yeares to William Earle Mar|ſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After this, the king of Englands Commiſſio|ners perceyuing what eſtimation and opinion the ſouldiers & men of warre had conceyued of Rey|monde,Reymond cõ| [...]ituted the kings lieute|nat. they authoriſed him lieutenaunt, tyll the kings pleaſure therein might be further knowne: and herewith they returned into Englande to in|forme him of the chaunge of things in Irelande by the Earles death. The king throughly infor|med how things ſtoode, ſent William Fitz Al|delme,

W [...]lliam Fitz Aldelme lieu|tenant of Ire|lande.

Iohn Curcy. Williã Cogan

one of his truſtie ſeruants as his lieutenãt into Ireland with .xx. knights, ioyning with him in commiſſion Iohn de Curey, with other tenne knights, alſo Fitz Stephans & Miles Cogã, with xx. knights, which two laſt remembred captaines had ſerued the king right valiauntly in thoſe late ciuil warres, which his ſonnes had reyſed againſt him. Reymond vnderſtãding that they were ar|riued, met them with a braue number of knights, in the borders of Wexford, deliuering all the Ci|ties, townes, & caſtels togither with ſuch hoſtages as he had into Aldelmes hands as the kings lieu|tenant of that kingdome. Fitz Aldelme moued with enuie, to ſee Reymond furniſhed with ſuch a traine of luſtie youthes, he threatned to abate ſuch pride, and to make a ſcatter of thoſe ſhieldes. Frõ that time forth, aſwell he as other lieutenãts of Irelãd that ſucceeded him, ceaſed not (as it had bene by ſome purpoſed conſpiracie) to hinder the good fortune of Reymond,The kinred of Reymond en| [...]yed. Meiller, Fitz Morice, Fitz Gerald, Fitz Stephans, & all that whole ge|neration, although no cankred enuy was able to roote out the plants of ſo plentifull an ofſpring.

Now foraſmuch as we haue to make ſo often mention of Reymond, Meiller, Heruie, Fitz Al|delme, & Fitz Stephans, being chiefe doers in the reducing of Irelãd vnder the Engliſh ſubiection, we haue thought it not impertinent to ſhew what maner of men in perſonages and qualities they were, as Giraldus Cambrenſis doth deſcribe thẽ.