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5.16. The beginning of the kingdome of Brenitia, of whome the king of Kent, Mer|tia, and west Saxons descended, Ida the Sax|on commended, the originall of the kingdome of Deira, the circuit and bounds therof, of Ella the go|uernour of the same, when the partition of the kingdome of Northumberland chanced; Vortiporus reigneth ouer the Britains, he vanquisheth the Saxons; Gyldas sharp|lie reprooueth Vortiporus for manie greeuous offenses, and exhorteth him to amendement. The xvj. Chapter.

The beginning of the kingdome of Brenitia, of whome the king of Kent, Mer|tia, and west Saxons descended, Ida the Sax|on commended, the originall of the kingdome of Deira, the circuit and bounds therof, of Ella the go|uernour of the same, when the partition of the kingdome of Northumberland chanced; Vortiporus reigneth ouer the Britains, he vanquisheth the Saxons; Gyldas sharp|lie reprooueth Vortiporus for manie greeuous offenses, and exhorteth him to amendement. The xvj. Chapter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 _IN the yeare of the Lord 547,Ida. which was about the first yeare of the reigne of Aure|lius Conanus,547 the kingdome of Brenitia bagan vnder a Saxon ruler there called I|da, H. Hunt. The kingdom of Brenitia. began. & descended of Woden, For where the said Woden had three sonnes, Weldecius, Withlegris, and Bel|decius; of the first, the kings of Kent were lineallie extracted: of the second, the kings of Mertia: and of the third sonne came the kings of Westsaxon, and also of him was this Ida descended, being the ninth in lineall succession from the said Beldecius and the tenth from Woden. The same Ida was vndoub|tedlie a right noble personage, and changed first that dukedome into a kingdome, where before that time the Saxons that ruled there, were subiects vn|to the kings of Kent. Whether he tooke vpon him of his owne accord to vsurpe the kinglie title and roiall authoritie, or whether that the same was gi|uen to him by consent of other, the certeintie appea|reth not. But sure it is, that he being a woorthie prince, did not degenerate from his noble ancestors inuincible in warre abroad and at home, quali|fieng his kinglie seueritie with a naturall kind of courteous humanitie. The bounds of his kingdome called (as is said) Brenitia, began in the south at the riuer of Tine, and ended in the north at the Forth in Scotland, in the British toong called Werd.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 About the same time,Ella. or rather about 14 yeares after, one Ella a Saron also reigned as king in Diera,561. The begin|ning of the kingdome of Deira. which kingdome began at the said riuer of Tine in the north, & ended at the riuer of Hum|ber toward the south. These two kingdomes were sometime gouerned by two seuerall kings, and af|terwards at other times they were ioined in one, and gouerned by one onelie king, and named the kingdome of Northumberland, which in processe of time was much inlarged, so that it included the shires of Yorke, Notingham, Darbie, Lancaster, the bishoprike of Durham, Copland, and other coun|tries betwixt the east and the west seas, euen vnto the riuer of Mersie.The riuer of Mersie. The foresaid Ella was sonne to Iffus, being descended from Woden, as the 12 in succession from him, though not by right line as William Malmesburie hath noted. Ida (as the same Malmesburie dooth testifie) reigned 14 yeares.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 Now Ella who was successor to Ida (as he saith) reigned thirtie yeares, and verie valiantlie inlarged his kingdome.Matth. West. But one author writeth how Ida reigned but 12 yeares, and that he builded the ca|stell of Bamburge, first fensing it with pales, and af|ter with a wall of stone. The same Ida had by his wife six sonnes, begotten in lawfull bed,Hen. Hunt. Ada, Ebric, Theodoric, Athelric, Osmer, and Theofred.Matt. West. More|ouer he begat of certeine concubines (which he kept) six bastard sonnes, Oga, Aleric, Ettha, Osbale, Segor, and Segother. These came altogither into this land, and arriued at Flemesburke with fortie ships, as Matthaeus Westmonasteriensis hath recor|ded. The partition of the kingdome of Northum|berland chanced after the deceasse of Ida, as the same author signifieth: for Ada the sonne of the fore|said Ida succéeded his father in the kingdome of Brenitia, reigning therein seuen yeares: and Ella the sonne of Histria, a most valiant duke, began to gouerne Deira, as both the said Matth. Westm. and other doo affirme.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 VOtiporus the sonne of Aurelius Conanus suc|ceeded his father,Vortipo|rus. and began to reigne ouer the Britains, in the yéere of our Lord 576, in the 11, yeare of the emperour Flauius Anicius Iustinus, in the fourth yeare of the reigne of Childeric king of France, Matth. West. noteth 578. and in the fourth yeare of Clephis the Gothish king in Italie. This Uortiporus vanqui|shed the Saxons in battell, as the British histories make mention, and valiantlie defended his land and subiects the Britains, from the danger of them and other their allies. In the time of this kings reigne, the foresaid Ella began to rule in the south part of the kingdome of Northumberland called Deira, as before is mentioned, according to the account of some authors, who also take this Uortiporus to be|gin his reigne in the yeare 548. After that Uorti|porus had ruled the Britans the space of 4 yeares, Matth. West. noteth 3 years he departed this life, and left no issue behind him to succéed him in the kingdome.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Against this Uortiporus Gyldas also whetting his toong, beginneth with him thus: And why stan|dest thou as one starke amazed?

Thou (I say) Uorti|porus the tyrant of Southwales, like to the panther in maner and wickednesse diuerslie spotted as it were with manie colors, with thy hoarie head in thy throne, full of deceits, crafts and wiles, and defiled e|uen from the lowest part of thy bodie to the crowne of thy head, with diuers & sundrie murthers commit|ted on thine owne kin, and filthie adulteries, thus proouing a naughtie sonne of a good king, as Manas|ses was to Ezechias. How chanceth it that the vio|lent streames of sinnes which thou swallowest vp like pleasant wine, or rather art deuoured of them, (the end of thy life by little and little now drawing EEBO page image 96 néere) can not yet satisfie the? What meanest thou that with fornication of all euils, as it were the full heape, thine owne wife being put away, thou by hir honest death dooest oppresse thy soule with a certeine burthen that can not be auoided, of thine vnshame|fast daughter? Consume not (I pray thée) the resi|due of thy daies to the offense of God, &c.
These and the like woords vttered he, exhorting him to repen|tance, with admonitions taken out of the scriptures both for his comfort and warning.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 ¶If the circumstance of this that Gyldas wri|teth of Uortiporus be marked, it may be perceiued, that Geffrey of Monmouth, and also Matthew of Westminster, the author of the floures of histories, are deceiued, in that they take him to be the sonne of Aurelius Conanus: and rather it may be gathered, that not onlie the same Aurelius Conanus and Uor|tiporus, but also Constantinus, yea & Cuneglasus, and Maglocunus, of the which he also intreateth (as partlie shall be hereafter touched) liued and reigned all at one time in seuerall parts of this Ile, and not as monarchs of the whole British nation, but as ru|lers each of them in his quarter, after the maner as the state of Ireland hath béene in times past before the countrie came vnder the English subiection, if my coniecture herein doo not deceiue me.

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5.72. Vortiporus.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [figure appears here on page 140] VOrtiporus,Vorti|porus. ye ſonne of Au|relius Conanus ſucceeded his fa|ther, and began to reygne ouer the Britons,Math. VVe [...]. noteth. 57 [...]. in the yeare of oure Lorde fiue hun|dred ſeuentie and ſixe, in the ele|uenth yeare of the Emperoure Flauius Anicius Iuſtinus, in the fourthe yeare of the reigne of EEBO page image 147 Childerike king of Fraunce, and in the fourth yeare of Ciephis the Gotiſhe king in Italy. This Vortiporus vanquiſhed the Saxons in batayle, as the Britiſhe hiſtories make menti|on, and valiantly defended his lande and ſub|iectes the Brytons, from the daunger of them & other their alies. In the tyme of this ky [...]g [...] reigne the foreſayde Ella began to rule in the ſouth parte of the kingdome of Northumber|lande called De [...]ra, as before is mencioned, according to the accõpt of ſome authors, who alſo take this Vortiporus to begin his reigne in the yeare . [...]48. [...]th. VVeſt. [...]th. 3. yeres. Fynally after that Vortipo|rus hadde ruled the Britons the ſpace of .iiij. yeares, he departed this lyfe, and left no iſſue behynde him to ſuccede him in the kingdome: Againſt whome alſo Gildas turning his tale beginneth with him thus: [...]da And why ſtandeſt thou as one ſtarke amazed, thou (I ſay) Vor|tiporus, the tyraunt of Southwales, lyke to the Panther in manners and wickedneſſe, dy|uerſly ſpotted as it were with many colours, with thy hore head in thy throne full of decey|tes, craftes, and wyles, and defiled euen from the loweſt part of thy bodie vp to the crowne of the heade, with diuers ſundrye murthers committed in thyne owne kinne, and filthye adulteries, thus prouing a naughtie ſonne of a good king, as Manaſſes was to Ezechias: how chanceth it that the violente ſtreames of ſinnes, which thou ſwalloweſt vp lyke plea|ſant wyne, or rather arte deuoured of them, (the ende of thy lyfe by little and little nowe drawyng neere,) can not yet ſatiſfye thee? What meaneſt thou that with fornication of all euyls, as it were the ful heape, thyne owne wyfe beeing putte awaye, and by hir honeſte death doeſt oppreſſe thy ſoule wyth a certayne burdeyn that can not bee auoyded, of thyne vnſhamefaſt daughter? Conſume not (I pray ther) the reſydue of thy [...]ayes to the offence of God, and ſo foorth, exhorting him to repen|taunce, wyth admonitions taken oute of the Scriptures, bothe for his comforte and war|nyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 If the circumſtaunce of thys that Gildas writeth of Vortiporus bee marked, it maye bee perceyued, that Geffrey of Monmouthe, and alſo Mathewe of Weſtminſter, the Au|thour of the Floures of hiſtories, are decey|ued in that they take hym to bee the ſonne of Aurelius Conanus: and rather it maye hee gathered, that not onely the ſame Aurelius Conanus and Vortiporus, but alſo Conſtan|tinus, yea and Cuneg [...]aſus, and Maglocu|nus, of the whiche he alſo intreateth (as part|ly ſhall bee hereafter touched) liued, and reig|ned all at one tyme in ſeuerall partes of thys Iſle, and not as Monarkes of the whole Bri|tiſhe nation but as rulers eche of them in his quarier, after the manner as the ſtate of I [...]|lande hath bin in tymes paſſe before the coun|trey came vnder the Engliſhe ſubiection, if my coniecture herein doe not deceyue me.