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Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus where in many things before the king of Englands comming into Irelande, many inor|dinate and heynous cuſtomes were crept into the gouernment, as well eccleſiaſticall as ciuil, by his good diligence and politike meanes, the ſame were in part reformed, ſo that what good orders either for maintenance of peace or increace of religion, remayned afterwardes among them, was to bee aſcribed to him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Articles before rehearſed were eſtabliſhed and confyrmed with conſent of all the Synode.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 Galas Primate of Ardmagh.Galas the Primate of Ardmagh was not there by reaſon of infirmitie and great age, but yet he came afterwardes to the King at Dublyn, and gaue his conſent in all things, fauoring the kings order and diſpoſition herein. He dyed two yeares after, ſo aged a man, that his onely ſuſtenaunce was the mylke of a white Cowe,A tempeſtuous winter. which he tooke with him whither ſoeuer he trauayled. The win|ter was ſo tempeſtuous, that vneth any ſhip durſt venter to paſſe either to or fro betwixt Englande and Irelande, ſo that aduertiſements were verye geaſon both with the king in Irelande, and with his counſell at home here in Englande, not hea|ring (but very ſeldom) they frõ him, or he frõ them. Thus whileſt he lay for the moſt part of ye winter ſeaſon in Waterford, longing dayly to here forth of Englãd, he practiſed to procure certain knights that ſerued vnder the Erle of Pembrook, as Rey|mond, Miles Cogan, Williã Maſkarel, & others being mẽ of right approued valiancie & experience in warlike exploytes to forſake the Erles ſeruice, & to ſerue him, taking it to be no ſmal policie ſo [...] make his part the ſtrõger, & the Erles the weaker, for he had the Erle ſtil in a iealouſie, & miſtruſted leaſt his puiſſance might in time breed danger to his eſtate. After midlent ſhips arriued there both forth of England and A [...]taine, by who it was ſignified that there were come into Normandie two Cardinals frõ Pope Alexander the third,Cardinals ſent to the king. me|nacing to put the K. & his whole dominions vn|der the ſentence of interditing, if he came not the ſooner to meete them, & to excuſe himſelf of things they had to charge him with touching [...] of the Archbiſhop Thomas [...] herevnto another miſchief appeared, for it was informed him yt hys ſonne Henry whõ his father had for good purpoſe crowned king, was through euil aduice ſo miſled that he ment to thruſt himſelf into the actuall poſ|ſeſſion of the [...]eaſon, in his fathers lifetime. Theſe newes ſore troubled the king, bycauſe he muſt ne|des returne home & leaue Irelande for that time, where he ment to haue remayned til in that ſom|mer following, he might aſwell with building ca|ſtels & fortreſſes haue made himſelf ſtrong, as alſo eſtabliſhed the cuntry in perfect peace, whiche be much deſired. But ſith there was no helpe but ye vrgent occaſiõ of buſineſſe (as ye haue heard) cal|led him thence, he took order for the ſafe keeping of the cuntry in his abſence, & appoynted captaines with cõpetent numbers of men of warre to lie in gariſon within ſundrie townes where he thought neceſſarie.Hugh Lacie. In Dublin he left Hugh Lacy (to whõ he had giuen the cuntry of Meth to hold of him in fee) & with him .xx. knights: Robert Fitz Stephã, and Maurice Fitz Gerald with .xx. other knights were alſo appoynted to the gard of the ſame citie. Humfrey de Bohun, Robert Fitzbernard, & Hugh de Gundeuile with .xl. knights were left in Wa|terford. Williã Fitz Aldelme, Philip de Haſtings & Philip de Brewſe wt .xx. knights had the charge of Wexford cõmitted to them.The king re|turneth forth of Irelande. The king hauing thus prouided for the ſafe keeping of theſe townes & other places, & leauing order for the gouernmẽt of the cuntry in the beſt wiſe he might, he toke the ſea at Wexford on Eaſter Monday in the mor|ning, & with proſperous wind and weather paſſed the ſeas, & landed in Southwales in an hauẽ there not paſt .xij. miles diſtãt frõ Hauerford weſt, & ſo haſted forward, not ſtaying much till he got ouer into Normandy, where he met the Cardinals at Conſtance (as in the Engliſh hyſtorie you may read more at large.) After that the king was thus departed forth of Ireland,Ororick king of Meth. Ororick king of Meth ſurnamed Monoculus, that is, with the one eye, made ſuite to come to a Parley with Hugh de Lacie, but Ororick had deuyſed to murther the ſayde Lacie, and had brought hys purpoſe to paſſe,Maurice Fitz Geralde. if a Knight that was Nephewe to Mau|rice Fitz Geralde named Griffyne admoniſhed EEBO page image 32 by a dreame had not deliuered him from that daunger.

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10.35. Constitutions made at the coun|cell of Cashill. Chap. 35.

Constitutions made at the coun|cell of Cashill. Chap. 35.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 IN the yere of Christs incarnation 1172, & in the first yéere that the most noble king of England conquered Ireland, Christianus bishop of Lisemore, and legat of the aposto|like see, Donat archbishop of Cashill, Laurence archbishop of Dublin, and Catholicus archbishop of Thomond with their suffragans and fellow-bishops, abbats, archdeacons, priors, deanes, & manie other prelats of the church of Ireland, by the commande|ment of the king did assemble themselues and kept a synod at Cashill: and there debating manie things concerning the wealth, estate, and reformation of the church, did prouide remedies for the same. At this councell were also for and in the behalfe of the king, whom he had sent thither, Rafe abbat of Buldewais, Rafe archdeacon of (1) Landaffe, Nicholas the [...]hapleine, and diuerse other good clearks. Sundrie good statutes and wholesome laws were there deui|sed, which were after subscribed and confirmed by the king himselfe, and vnder his authoritie, which were these that follow. First, it is decréed that all good Ecclesiasticall constitutions [...]or Ireland. faithfull and christian people, throughout Ireland, should forbeare and shun to marrie with their néere kinsfolke and cousins, & marrie with such as lawful|lie they should do [...]. Secondarilie, that children shall be catechised without the church doore, and baptised in the font appointed in the churches for the same. Thirdlie, that euerie christian bodie doo faithfullie and trulie paie yerelie the tiths of his cattels, corne, and all other his increase and profits to the church or parish where he is a parishioner. Fourthlie, that all the church lands and possessions, throughout all Ire|land, shall be frée from all secular exactions and im|positions: and especiallie that no lords, earles, nor noble men, nor their children, nor familie, shall ex|tort or take anie coine and liuerie cosheries, nor [...]ud|dies, nor anie other like custome from thenseforth, in or vpon anie of the church lands and territories. And likewise that they nor no other person doo henseforth exact out of the said church lands, old, wicked, and de|testable customes of coine and liuerie, which they were woont to extort vpon such townes and villages of the churches, as were neere and next bordering vp|on them. Fiftlie, that when earike or composition is made among the laie people for anie murther, that no person of the cleargie, though he be kin to a|nie of the parties, shall contribute anie thing there|vnto: but as they be guiltlesse from the murther, so shall they be frée from paiment of monie, for anie such earike or release for the same. Sixtlie, that all and euerie good christian being sicke & weake, shall before the préest and his neighbors make his last will and testament; and his debts and seruants wages being paid, all his moouables to be diuided (if he haue anie children) into thrée parts: whereof one part to be to the children, another to his wife, and the third part to be for the performance of his will. And if so be that he haue no children, then the goods to be diui|ded into two parts, whereof the one moitie to his wife, and the other to the performance of his will and testament. And if he haue no wife, but onelie children, then the goods to be likewise diuided into two parts, wherof the one to himselfe, and the other to his children. Seuenthlie, that euerie christian be|ing dead, and dieng in the catholike faith, shall be re|uerendlie brought to the church, and to be buried as apperteineth. Finallie, that all the diuine seruice in the church of Ireland shall be kept, vsed, & obserued in the like order and maner as it is in the church of England. For it is méet and right, that as by Gods prouidence and appointment Ireland is now be|come subiect, and vnder the king of England: so the same should take from thense the order, rule, and ma|ner how to reforme themselues, and to liue in better order. For whatsoeuer good thing is befallen to the church & realme of Ireland, either concerning religi|on, or peaceable gouernement, they owe the same to the king of England, and are to be thankefull vnto him for the same: for before his comming into the land of Ireland, manie and all sorts of wicked|nesses in times past flowed and reigned amongest them: all which now by his authoritie and goodnesse are abolished. The primat of Armagh, by reason of his weaknesse and great age, was not present at the synod: but afterwards he came to Dublin, and gaue his full consent to the same. This holie man (as the common saieng was) had a white cow, and being fed onelie by hir milke, she was alwaies carried with him wheresoeuer he went and trauelled from home.

10.36. The tempestuous and stormie winter. Chap. 36.

The tempestuous and stormie winter. Chap. 36.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 THeseas, which a long time had beene calme, began now to swell, and to be full of continuall storms and tempests, which were so raging, and so great, that in all that winter there ariued scarselie anie one ship or barke from anie place into that land: neither was there a|nie news heard from out of anie countrie during that winter. Whervpon men began to be afraid, and thinke verelie that God in his anger would punish EEBO page image 24 them, and be reuenged for their wicked & sinfull life, and therefore had sent this plague vpon them. At this time in Southwales by reason of the extreme and continuall tempests, the sea sides and shores, which had manie yeares beene couered with great sand ridges, were now washed and carried awaie with the seas, and then there appeared the former fast and firme earth, and therin a great number of trees standing which did in times past grow there: and by reason they had béene so long couered, & as it were buried vnder the sands, they stood as trunked and polled trées, and were as blacke as is the Ebenie. A maruelous alteration, that the place sometimes co|uered with seas, and a waie for ships to passe, is now become a soile of ground and drie land. But some suppose that this was so at the first; and that those trées were there growing before or shortlie after the floud of Noah. The king remained at Wexford, still longing to heare news from beyond the seas: and thus lieng solitarie he practised by all the means and sleights he could, how he might flocke and pro|cure vnto him Reimond, Miles Cogan, William Makerell; & other of the best gentlemen; that he be|ing assured of them to be firme of his side, he might be the stronger, and the earle the weaker.

10.37. The conspiracie made against the king by his sonnes, and the ambassage of the le|gat from the pope vnto him. Chap. 37.

The conspiracie made against the king by his sonnes, and the ambassage of the le|gat from the pope vnto him. Chap. 37.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 AFter Midlent the wind being easterlie, there came and arriued into Ireland certeine ships, as well from out of England, as also from out of Aquitaine in France, which brought him verie ill & bad newes. For there were come into Normandie from pope Alexander the third two cardinals in an ambassage, the one of them being named Albertus, and the other Theodinus, to make inquirie of the death of Thomas archbishop of Canturburie. They were thought and taken to be iust and good men, and therefore were chosen of trust and of purpose for this matter: but yet for all that they were Romans, and who were fullie determined to haue interdicted, not onelie England, but also all the whole dominions subiect vnto the king, if he him|selfe had not the sooner come and met with them. Be|sides this, there was woorse newes told him, and a woorse mishap befell vnto him (for commonlie good lucke commeth alone, but ill haps come by heapes and by huddels) which was, that his eldest sonne whom he loued so déerlie, and whom he had crowned king, as also his two yoonger sonnes, with the consent and helpe of sundrie noble men, as well in England as beyond the seas, had confederated themselues, and conspired against the king in his absence. Which newes and secret conspiracie when he heard and vn|derstood, he was in a maruellous perplexitie, and for verie anguish and greefe of mind did sweat. First it gréeued him that he should be suspected and infamed of the crime whereof he was giltlesse. Also he feared of the great troubles which would grow and insue hereby to his kingdome, & all other his dominions. Yea, and it gréeued him verie much, that he being minded and determined the next summer then fol|lowing to settle Ireland in some good staie, and to fortifie the same with holds and castels, he should now be compelled and driuen to leaue the same vn|doone. Wherefore sending some before him into Eng|land, as well to aduertise his comming homewards, as also of the safetie he had taken for Ireland, he be|thought himselfe, as also tooke good aduise and coun|sell, what was best to be doone in these his weightis causes.