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2.2. Of the Sauerne, and ſuch riuers as fall into the ſame, as alſo of other, whereby the reſt afore mencioned, are increaſed be|fore we come to the Humber. Chap. 2.

Of the Sauerne, and ſuch riuers as fall into the ſame, as alſo of other, whereby the reſt afore mencioned, are increaſed be|fore we come to the Humber. Chap. 2.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 THe Sa [...]r [...]e ſpringeth from the hyghe mountaines of ſouthwales, as I haue before remembred, and run [...]yng frõ the ſide, the firſt water that it re [...]eiueth of any name, is called Dulas, [...]. which commeth therinto o [...] the ſouth ſide, & ſouth weſt of Lan Idlos. It riſeth as it ſhould ſéeme of diuers heds in the edge of Radnorſhire, and taking in ſundry ſmall rils,Brueham. it méeteth at the laſt with ye Brue|ham brooke, and ſo they go togither till they fal into the Sauerne. Beneth lan Idlos like|wiſe it taketh in the Clewdoghe from north weſt,Clewdogh producted by the influence of foure prety brookes, wherof one is called Bacho,Bacho. another Dungum (commyng out of lin Glaſlin) the third Lhoid riſing in lin Begilin,Dungum. Lhoid. Bigga. & the moſt ſoutherly Bigga. After which confluẽce our Sauerne procéedeth on by Berhlaid toward Landyman, taking in by the way on the eaſt ſide the Couine, thence to Cairfuſe caſtle,Couine. Carnon. Taran. where it méeteth with the Carnon and the Taran both in one chanell, and going not far from the aforeſaid fortreſſe. After this it croſ|ſeth the Hawes,Hawes. Duleſſe. 2. on the north halfe beneth A|berhawes, next of all the Duleſſe, that riſeth in the edge of Radnorſhire, and meteth with it before it come at Newton, otherwiſe cal|led Trenewith, as I finde in Brittiſhe lan|guage. Being paſt Newton, it runneth forth by Land [...]louarne, and ſo forth on till it come to the fall of the Mule,Mule. whoſe hed is in ye edge of Radnor alſo, and therto his paſſage by Ke|ry and Lamnereyw [...]g.Kenlet. Camalet. Tate. After this alſo it pro|céedeth further till it méete with the Kenlet or the Camalet (which taketh in alſo ye Tate or Tadbrookewater, ryſing out of the hilles a myle from Biſhops towne) the whole courſe therof beyng about ſeuen miles from the hed as I haue often heard. Of this alſo I find two deſcriptions, wherof one I borrow out of Le|land, who ſaith that it is a prety brooke run|nyng in the vale by Mountgomery, and com|myng within halfe a myle of the place where Chirbiry priory ſtood, it falleth into ye ſauern, about a [...] from thence. Of the rils ſaith he that run from the hils thorow Mountgome|ry, which are a myle from the Sauern ſhore,Laindlos. & likewiſe of the Lan Idlos brooke that me|teth with all within foure miles of the hed, I ſpeake not but thinke it ſufficient to touche thoſe of ſome eſtimation, onely leauing ye reſt ſo ſuch as may hereafter deale with thinges more particulerly, as time and trauaile may reueale the truth vnto them, and hitherto Lelande whole wordes I dare not alter. But another noteth this Camalet or Ken|let to ran by More, Lidd [...]om, Sned, Church|ſtocke, Chirbury, Walcote and Winſbiry, and ſo into the Sauerne. From hence then, and after this confidence it goeth on by For|don, Leighton and Landbrouy toward Mel|uerley, & there it méeteth with ſundry waters in one chanell,Tauet. wherof the one called the Ta|uet, is a very prety water (wherinto the Pe|uerey EEBO page image 68 or Murnewy doth fall,Peuery or Murnewy Auerney. which deſcẽdeth from the hils by weſt of Matrafall not farre from Lhan Filin) the other Auerny, and ioy|ning beneath Abertannoth or aboue Lanna|monach nere vnto the ditch of Offa, it is not long ere they méete with the Mordant brook,Mordaunt and there looſe their names ſo ſoone as they ioyne and mixe their waters with it. The hed of ye Mordant iſſueth out of Lanuerdan hils, where diuers ſay that the paroche church of croſſe Oſwald or Oſweſter ſometimes ſtood. Certes, Oſweſter is 13. miles northweſt frõ Shrewſbury, and conteyneth a myle within the walles. It hath in like ſort foure ſuburbs or great ſtréetes, of whiche one is called Stratlan, another Wulliho, the third Bete|rich (wherin are 140. barnes ſtandyng on a row belonging to the citizens or burgeſſes) and the fourth named the black gate ſtréete, in which are 30. barnes mainteyned for corn and hay. There is alſo a brooke running tho|rough the towne by the croſſe, comming frõ Simons well,Simons beeke. a bowe ſhot without the wall, and goyng vnder ye ſame betwene Thorow|gate and Newgate, it runneth alſo vnder the blacke gate. There is an other in lyke ſorte ouer whoſe courſe the Baderikes or Bete|rich gate ſtandeth, and therfore called Bede|rich brooke.Bederiche. The third paſſeth by the Willi|gate or Newgate, and theſe fall altogether with the croſſe brooke, a myle lower by ſouth into the Mordant that runneth (as I ſayd) by Oſweſter. From hence alſo it goeth to Mor|dant towne, and betwéene Landbreuy & Mel|uerley doth fall into the Sauerne. After this our principall ſtreame goeth to Sheauerdon caſtle, Mountford, and Bicton chappell, and here it receiueth a water on the left hande, that riſeth of two heds, whereof one is aboue Merton, the other at Elliſmere, and ioynyng betwéene Woodhouſes and Bagley, the con|fluence runneth on by Radnall, Haltõ, Ted|deſmer, Roiton, Baſchurch, Walford, Graf|ton, Mitton, and ſo into the Sauerne. From hence it runneth to Fitz, Eton, or Leyton, Barwijc, Vpper Roſſall, Shelton, and ſo to Shrewſbury, where it croſſeth the Mele wa|ter, whoſe head as I heare, is ſayd to bée in Weſton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Mele.The Mele therfore riſing at Weſton, go|eth by Brocton, Worthen, Aſton Pigot, Weſtley, Aſterley, and at Lea it méeteth with the Haberley water,Haberley. that cõmeth down by Ponteſford and Aunſton. After this con|fluence alſo it runneth to Newenham, and Crokemels (there taking in a ril on ye other ſide that deſcendeth by Weſtbury & Stret|ton) & thence goyng on to Hanwood, Noball, Pulley, Bracemele and Shrewſbury, it fal|leth as I ſayd, into the open Sauerne. From hence our Sauerne haſteth to Vffington, Preſton, and betwéene Chilton and Bram|pton taketh in the Terne a faire ſtream and worthy to be well handled if it lay in me to performe it. This riuer riſeth in a Mere be|ſide Welbridge park, néere vnto Tern Mere village in Staffordſhire. Frõ whence it run|neth by the parkes ſide to Knighton, Norton, Betton, [...] and at Draiton Hales croſſeth with a water commyng from aboute Adbaſton, (where M. Brodocke dwelleth) and runneth by Chippenham and Amming: ſo that the Terne on the one ſide, [...] and this brooke on the other, do incloſe a great part of Blore h [...]th, where a noble battaile was ſõetime purpo|ſed betwéene king Henry the vj. and ye Duke of Yorke, but it wanted execution. But to procéede after this confluence, it runneth to Draiton Hales, Ternehill bridge, & ere long takyng in a ril from Sandford by Blechley, it goeth to Stoke Allerton, Peplaw, and Ea|ton, where it croſſeth with a brooke that ry|ſeth about Brinton, and goyng by Higham Morton, the great Mere, Forton, Pilſon, Pickſtocke, Keinton, Tibberton and Bola [...], it ioyneth with the ſaid Terne not far from Water Vpton. Thence paſſing to Crogen|ton, it meteth with another brooke, that com|meth from Chaltwen Aſton, by Newport [...], Longford, Aldney, and ſo thorow the Wilde moore to Kineſley and Sléepe, and finally in|to the Terne, which haſteth from thence to Eſton bridge, and nere vnto Walcote taketh in the Roden. [...] This water riſeth at Halton in Cumber méere lake, and commyng to A|uerley croſſeth a rill from: Cowlemere by Leniall. Thence it goeth to Horton, [...] and (ioy|ning with another rill beneth N [...]melay that commeth from Midle) runneth on to Wen, Aſton (there croſſing a rill beneth Lacon hall from Préesward) and ſo to [...]ée, Befford [...], Stanton, Morton, Shabrée, Paynton, Rodẽ, Rodington, and then into Terne that run|neth from thence by Charlton, Vpton, N [...]|ton, Ba [...]wijc, Accham, & ſo into ye Sauerne two miles beneath Shrewſbery as I wéene. Thus haue I deſcribed the Terne in ſuche wyſe as my ſimple ſkill is able to performe. Now it reſteth that I procéede on as I may, with the Sauerne ſtreame with which after this former confluence it goth vnto Roxater, Brampton, Eaton vpon Sauerne, [...] Drai|ton (where it ioyneth-with the Euerne that rũneth from Frodeſleyward, by Withi [...]ll & Pitchford) Creſſedge, Garneſton Leighton, and betwéene the two Bilda [...]es croſſeth the [...]he or W [...]ul [...]ke water, [...] and ſo goeth vnto Browſley and Hoord parke, where it vniteth EEBO page image 59 it ſelfe with another brooke to be deſcribed in this place whileſt the Sauerne reſt, and re|create it ſelfe here among the pleaſaunt bot|tomes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This water ryſeth aboue Tongcaſtle, and ere it haue run any great diſtaunce from the hed, it méeteth with a rill commyng by Shi|riffe Hales, and Staunton. Thence it goeth on to Hatton, Royton, & there croſſing ano|ther from Woodhouſes, [...]beck cõmyng by Haugh|ton and Euelin, it procéedeth to Bechebiry and Higford, and not omitting here to croſſe ye Worſe that runneth vnto it out of Snow|don pole, it paſſeth forth to Badger, Acleton, Ringleford, and ſo into Sauerne, ſomewhat aboue Bridgenorth except myne informati|on deceiue me. [...]brok. From Bridgenorth our Sa|uerne deſcendeth to Woodbury, Quatford, and there taking in the Marbrooke beneath Eaton (that riſeth aboue Collaton, and goeth by Moruil and Vndertõ) it runneth by Did|manſton, Hempton, Aueley, and beneath in the way to Bargate, croſſeth with a brooke commyng from Vpton parke, by Chetton, Billingſley, and Highley, which beyng ad|mitted, it holdeth on to Areley, Cyarnewood parke, Hawbache, and Dowleſſe. Here alſo it méeteth with the Dowleſſe water, [...]ſſe. a pretye brooke iſſuyng out of Cle hils in Shropſhire, which are 3. myles from Ludlow, and run|ning thorow Clehiry park in Wire forreſt, and takyng with all the Lempe, [...]e. doth fall in|to the Sauerne not very far from Bewdley. But to procéede. From Bewdley our Sa|uerne haſteth directly to Ribford, Areley and Redſton, and here it méeteth with a water called Stoure, [...]re. deſcending from Eley, or out of the pondes of Hales owen in Worceſter ſhire, where it receyueth one rill from ye left hand, and an other from the right, and then goeth on to Sturbridge (taking in there the third water ere long running from Sturton caſtle) then to Kniuer Whittenton, Ouerley and Kydormiſter, aboue which it croſſeth one brookelet that commeth thyther by churche hill, and another beneath it that runneth by Belborow, betwixt which two waters lyeth and odde péece of Staffordſhire included, and alſo the Cle hill. From hence the aforeſayde Sauerne haſteth by Redſton to Shrawley, and aboue this towne receiueth the Aſteley water, [...]y. as beneath the ſame it doth an other. From Witley thẽ it goeth on to Holt caſtle, and ſo to Grimley, taking in therabout with the Dour, [...]r. [...]waye. and Sulway waters, whereof this riſeth at Chadſwijc, and runneth by Stoke priory, & Droitwiche, the other aboue Chad|deſley, and commeth by Dourdale. After this it goeth forth vnto Worceſter, in olde tyme called Cair Brangon, or Cair [...]rangon, where it méeteth with the Tiber,Tiber. or Tibertõ water on the right hand aboue that city, and beneath it néere vnto Powijc with ye Temde, whoſe deſcription ſhall be ſet downe before I procéede or goe any further wyth the Sa|uerne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 The Temde or as ſome name it ye Tame,Temde. riſeth vp in Radnorſhire out of the Melẽnith hils, and ſoone after hys iſſue, méeting with a water from Withal, it runneth to Begeldy, Lanuerwaterden, and ſo to Knighton, which is v. or vj. miles as I heare from hys origi|nall. From Knighton it goeth ouer the ditch of Offa vnto Standiſh, and croſſyng a rill that commeth from betwene the parkes, na|med Clude (and is a bound of Radnorſhire) it goeth to Buckton, Walford, and Lanuarde,Clude. where it méeteth with the Bardwell or Ber|field, and the Clun both in one chanell, of which I find theſe deſcriptions here follow|yng worde for worde in Lelande. The Bar|dwell or Barfield riſeth aboue new chappel,Berfielde. Clun. in the honour of Clun, hard by the ditche of Offa, and goeth by Bucknell. The Clun iſſu|eth out of the ground betwéene Lhan Vehan and Maiſton, and going on by Bucton, Clun|caſtle, Clundon, Purſlaw, and Clunbiry, it croſſeth with a brooke that runneth along by Kempton and Brampton. Thence goyng forth by Clunbury, Brome, Abcot and Mar|low, it méeteth with the Bardwell, and ſo in-the Temde, not very farre from Temder|ton. I ſuppoſe that Lelãd calleth the Barde|well by the name of Owke,Owke. but I will not a|bide by it becauſe I am not ſure of it. After theſe confluences therfore our Temde, goeth by Trippleton, Dounton, Burrington, and Broomefield,Oney. where it méeteth with the O|ney, which is an indifferent ſtreame, and in|creaſed with ſundry waters, wherof I ſay as followeth. The firſt of all is called the Bow.Bow. It riſeth as I learne in the hilles betwéene Hiſſington and Shelue, and from thence cõ|meth down by Lindley and Hardwijc, where it croſſeth the Warren that iſſueth out of the ground about Rotly chappell,Warren. and runneth by Adſton and Wentnor. After the confluence alſo goyng on by Choulton and Cheynies, it taketh in the Queney and Strabroke both in one chanell,Queney & Strabrok. wherof the firſt riſeth at Le|botwood, and commeth downe by the Stret|tons till it paſſe by Fellanton. The ſeconde mounteth about Longuill, & goeth by Ruſhe|bury, Newhall, Harton, and Alcaſter, from whence it is not long ere it fal into the Que|ny, and ſo by Stratford into the Oney, which hath borne that name ſithens the confluence of the Bow and Warrẽ at Hardwijc, wher|of EEBO page image 69 I ſpa [...]te before. Finally, the Oney which ſome call the Somergill beyng thus increa|ſed,Somergil. it runneth on to Hawford chappel, New|tõ, Oneybury, Bromefield, & ſo into Temde, and next of all to Ludlow. The Temde be|yng thus brought to Ludlow, méeteth with ye Corue which commeth thorowe Coruedale frõ aboue Brocton by Morehouſes,Corue. Shipton, Hungerford, and a little beneath takyng in a ril that commeth by Tugford, and Brancoſt caſtle, goeth on to Corſham caſtle, and there croſſing another from ſ. Margarets Clée, it hyeth to Stanton Lacy, and ſo likewyſe to Ludlow. From Ludlow in lyke ſort it goeth to Ludford, the Aſhefordes, little Hereford, Burrington and at Burfford vniteth it ſelfe with the Ladwich that commeth beneth Mil|burne ſtoke,Ladwiche. from betwéene Browne, Clée|hill, and Stitlertons hill, to Middelton, Hen|ley, Ladwich, Conam, and ſo into Temde, which beneth Temdbury receyueth another rill on the other ſide, and the ſecond on ye left hand called Rhe,Rhe. that commeth from aboue Ricton, Staterton, Hounde, Nene, Clebiry, Knighton, and then into the Temde. From hence the Temd goeth by Aſtha, Lingridge, Shelley Welch, Clifton, Whitburne (and croſſing a water that commeth from ye Sa|pies) to Knightwijc and Bradwaies. Here about againe it intertaineth a rill that deſ|cendeth from aboute Kidbury on the right hand, and goeth by Collomathern, Credeley, Aufrike, and ſo into Temd, and then procee|dyng forwarde the ſaid ſtreame, renneth to Braunforde, & ere long (taking in the Lang|herne that ryſeth about Martley,Lang|herne. and paſſeth by Kengewijc) it goeth to Powijc, and ſo in|to the Sauerne before it come at Wickece|ſter. Thus haue I brought all ſuch ſtreames before me that fall into the Sauerne, from the hed, vntill I come to Powijc, wherof as you may eaſily perceiue the Temde, is the moſt excellent. Now it reſteth that I procéed with the reſt of the diſcourſe intended con|cernyng this our riuer. Certes, frõ Powijc mils which are about halfe a myle beneath Worceſter, ye Sauerne runneth on to Kemp|ſey and Cleueld, whence after it hath croſſed a brooke commyng from Eowley, it haſteth firſt to Stoke, and ſo to Vpton, but ere it come there, it drouneth another fall deſcen|dyng from Maluerne hilles by Blackemore parke, and ſoone after the third growyng by two braunches, whereof one commeth alſo from Maluerne hils by little Maluerne and Welland, the other from Elderford by Pen|dock and Longdon. After theſe confluences in lyke ſort, it runneth to Buſhelley, & Tew|keſbiry, where it receiueth the Auon, that fo|loweth next of all in order to be deſcribed, before I procéed any further in my diſcourſe of Sauerne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 The Auon riſeth at Naueſby in the bor|ders of Northampton ſhire,A [...] a [...]ittle ſide hãd of Gilleſhnrow, and foote of the hils whereon Nauebey ſtandeth, and euẽ out of the church+yard of the ſayde village. From hence it go|eth to Welford, Stamforde, Lilburne, Clif|ton, and Rugby, by north wherof it croſſeth a water called Swift, which commeth from aboue Kymcote, to Lutterworth, [...] Browne o|uer and Colſford. From thence alſo it goeth to Newbold, Wolſton, Ruington, & betwene the Stonlies taketh in the Sow.So [...] This Sowe is a prety water cõming from aboue Calen|don to Whitley, & ſoone after méeting with a riueret from Couentry, which ſome doe call Shirburne water, it goeth thence to Bag|ginton where it taketh in a rill called Kynel, as I haue red from Kenelſworth,Ky [...] frõ whence it runneth to Stonley, and ſo into the Auon. After this confluence the Auon procedeth on to Stonley Abbey, Aſhehow, Miluerton, Ed|monds cote, and a pace to Warwijc. But ere it come there, it méeteth from ſouth eaſt with two waters in one chanell, wherof the leaſt commeth to Marton from biſhops Itching|ton, by Herburbiry and Thorpe, where it croſſeth a rill from Southam. The other is called Leame,Le [...] or Lime that deſcendeth from about Helladon, or néere vnto Catoſby in Northampton ſhire, and goyng by Ouẽcote, Braunſton, Lemington and Merton, it ioy|neth with the other, and then go from thence together vnder the name of Leame, to Hun|nington, Cobbington, and ſo into the Auon as I gaue notice before. At Warwycke alſo the Auon taketh in a water runnyng north|weſt from Groue parke. Thence it goeth on to Bereford, and there croſſing another from Shirburne, it paſſeth forth to biſhops Ham|pton, meting finally with the third, frõ Kine|ton that runneth by Walton and Charlcot [...]. After this laſt reherſed confluence, it haſteth to Stretford vpon Auon, and thẽ to Ludding|ton ward, where it taketh in the Stoure that riſeth aboue Cherington,St [...] and whoſe courſe from thence is ſuch, as that beyng once paſt the head, it goeth by Weſton, and ere long croſſing a water from Campden, hangyng Aſton, and Todnam, it runneth to Barche|ſton, Aldermaſton, Clifford, and ſo into the Auon. From hence then the ſayd Auon goeth to Luddington, Burton, Bitford, and Cleue, and beyng parted from the ſaid towne, ere it come at Sawford, it receiueth the Arrow or Aur,Arr [...] which riſing in the blacke hils in Wor|ceſter ſhire, commeth by Alchurche, Beley EEBO page image 60 parke, Ypſley, Studley, & thẽ taking in ano|ther ril called Alne, [...]lne. out of Fecknam foreſt, & going by Cowghtõ park, it haſteth to Alceſ|ter, Arrow, Ragley, Wheteley, Bouington, Stãdford, & ſo into Auõ, which after this cõ|iunctiõ goeth to Vffentõ, & thẽ to Eoueſholm: But ere it come there it receyueth twoo waters in one Chanell, whereof the firſt ry|ſeth about Willerſey, ye other néere to Buck|land, and ioyning beneath Badſey, they fall into Auon, [...]ludor. vnder the name of Pludor brooke before it come to Eoueſholme. Beyng paſt Eoueſholme it croſſeth ye Vincell, which ry|ſing out of the hilles ſomewhere about Sud|ley, [...]ncêlus. runneth twoo myles farther to Win|chelcome, and Gretton, and taking in a ryll by the waye from Hayles, procéedeth on (go|ing within one quarter of a myle of Hayles Abbaie) to Tuddington, or Doddington, be|neath which when it hath croſſed another rill that commeth from Stanwaie, it goeth to Warmington, Sedgeborow, and receyuing there the laſt on the ryght hande alſo (as all aboue rehearſed) it falleth into the Auon whẽ it is come by Hinton, vnto a towne called Hamptõ, or as ſome do write it Ampton. Af|ter this confluence the Auon goeth to Charl|ton, to Crapthorne (and there taking in a rill on the left hand) to Fladbyry wike, & almoſt at Perſore bridge, méeteth with a braunched water that commeth by Piddle, whereof one heade is at Alberton, [...]idle. an other at Pidle. Frõ Perſore it goeth to Birlingham, and ſoone after carrying a brooke withall diſcending from Fakenham, by Bradley, Himbleton, Huddenton, Crowley, Churchehill, Pibletõ, Beſſeforde and Deſſeforde, it fléeteth to Ec|kington, Bredon, Twining, Mitton, & Tew|keſbiry, where it ioyneth with the Sauerne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Now to reſume the courſe of the Sauerne, you ſhall vnderſtande that from Tewekeſ|biry it goeth to Derehirſt, [...]hilus. thẽ how paſſage, and ſoone after receyuing the Chiltenham water that commeth thither by Bodenton, Sawton, & Nortõ, it runneth to Aſhelworth, Sainthirſt, & here it parteth it ſelf till it come to Gloceſter, where it vniteth it ſelf againe. But in the meane time ye eaſterly braũch re|ceyueth a forked chanell, wherof one heade is not farre from Leke hãpton, the other about Witcõb, frõ whẽce it goeth to Brockworth. The other braunche or arme, taketh in the Leaden that cõmeth down by Preſtõ, Dim mock, Pantley vper Leadon, Leadon court and there taking in one rill that commeth from Linton by Axeknoll, [...]den. and another be|neath it frõ Tainton by Rudforde, it falleth into the ſayde braunche on the right ſide, be|fore it come at Gloceſter. The Sauerne therefore being paſt Gloceſter, it méeteth wyth a little ryll on the ryght hande, and thence holdyng on his courſe by Elmore, Minſterwoorth Longuey to Framilode, it re|ceyueth ere it come at this latter the Strowd brooke, which riſing not farre from Syde,Strowd. goeth by Maſſade, Edgeworth Frampton Strowde, and receyuing there a water that commeth from Panneſwijc Lodge, by Pit|teſcombe on the one ſide, and another from Radbridge on the other, it proſequteth hys voyage to Stone houſe, Eflington, whyte Myſen, and ſo toward Framilode where the ſayde Strowde doth fall into the Sauerne. After the fall of Strowde, the Sauerne go|eth from thence to Newenham, and Arling|ham, and ſoone after receyuing a water on eche ſide, whereof one commeth from Vley by Cham and Chambridge, the other by Blackney and Catcombe, it goeth forth tyll it méete with another water, on eche ſyde, whereof that on thengliſhe halfe is forked, ſo that one heade thereof is to be founde about Boxwell, the other at Horton, and méeting a|boue Tortworthy, they runne by Stone and Barkeley Caſtell, and ſo into the Sauerne. That on ye welch halfe is named Newarne,Newarne. which commeth from the forreſt of Deane, and ſo into the Sauerne.

The next ryuer that falleth into the ſayde ſtreame is the Wie, or Guy,Wy or Guy. whoſe deſcrip|tion I haue not ſo exactly as I would wiſh, & therfore I muſt be contented to ſet it down as I may, the like alſo muſt I doe wt the reſt of thoſe of wales, becauſe mine information faileth me, without all hope of redreſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Guy therefore ryſeth out of ye blacke mountaines of wales, in Radnor ſhire & cõ|ming by Lhãgerik, & Riadargoy it receiueth one ryll from northeaſt by ſ. Harmon, & ano|ther from the weſt called Darnoll.Darnol. Thence it goeth to Lhanuthel, and in the way betwixte Riadar and Lanuthell,Elland. it ioyneth wyth the Elland (whoſe heade is néere to Comeryſt|with) & taketh likewiſe into him the Clard|wen that deuideth for a ſeaſon Radnor ſhire from Brecknoch.Clardwẽ. From Lhanuthel it goeth weſt of Diſſart, where it receyueth ye Ithan,Ithan. a riuer riſing aboue Lhanibiſter, and from whence it runneth to Landwy, and Lanba|derne vawr. Beneath this alſo it croſſeth a water on eche ſide, wherof that on the ryght hand conſiſteth of the Duleſſe,Duleſſe. Cluedoch. Lomaron. Hawy. and the Clue|doch, after their confluence, other the hight Lomaron whoſe heade is aboue Lanihan|gle. After theſe confluences, it runneth on crinkeling in ſtraunge maner, till it come to Diſſart, (taking in the Hawy on the left ſide ere it come there) and then into ye Wy, which EEBO page image 70 directeth his courſe to Bealt, aliâs Lhanuear where it receyueth the Yrwon,Yrwon. a notable ſtreame, and inlarged by ſondry faire wa|ters,Weuery. Duleſſe. Comarch. Duleſſe. Dehon. as the Weuerey, the Dulas, and the Comarch on the one ſide, and likewiſe an o|ther Duleſſe, beſide ſondry ſmall rils on the other. After this our Irwon goeth to Lhan|nareth where it croſſeth the Dehon on the one ſide, then to Aberedwy,Edwy. and there recey|ueth the Edwy on the other, and after that the Machawey that runneth by Caſtle pain,Machauy. and ſo going on méeteth in proceſſe of tyme with the Leuẽni,Leuenni, wherof Leland in his com|mentaryes, doth write as here inſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Euer. Euery.The Leuenni, otherwiſe called the Euer or Euery, is a faire ſtreame riſing in Welche Talgarth hard by Blain Leuenni, among the Atterill hilles, from whence it goeth to Brecknock Mere, which is two miles long, and a myle brode, and where mẽ fiſh in Vni|ligneis or botes of one péece, as they doe in Lhin Seuathan, which is foure myles from Brechnoch. Finally bringing great ſtore of Red ſande withall,Brennich. and there with the Bren|nich water (that hath his originall iſſue at Mennith gader, and is encreaſed with the Truffrin) it falleth into ye Wie aboue Gleſ|ſebyry thrée miles from Haie,Trufrin. at a place that of the onelye fall of this brooke is named A|berleuenni. Being come to Haie (a pretye towne where much Romaine coine is found, which the people call Iewes money) it mée|teth with the Duleſſe that cõmeth alſo from the Atterell by Kerſop,Duleſſe. and from thence go|eth to Clifford caſtel, the Whitneies, Win|ferton, Letton, Bradwarden, Brobery, Mo|nington, Byforde, Bridgeſalers, Eaton, Brynton and Hereforde, where it méeteth with a water ryſing ſhorte of Wormeſley, and goeth by Maunſell, Lacy, Brinſop, Cre|dn [...]ll, Stretton and Huntington, and ſoone after into the Wye, beſide a little ryll that runneth betwene them both euen into Here|forde towne. From hence in lyke ſorte the Wye haſteth to Rotheras church, Hamptõ, and Mordeford, where it taketh in ſundrye waters in one chanell,Lug. of which the Lug or Luy is the principall, and next of all to be de|ſcribed before I go any furder with ye courſe of the Wye, whereinto it diſchargeth the chanell. It ryſeth as I reade, harde by Me|leninth neare to a chappell of our Ladye of Pylale, from whence it goeth to Kineton, Titley, Stanbach, Staunton, Pembridge, Areſtande, Storbach, Euington, Bryarley, beneath which it croſſeth the Wadele,Wadel. com|ming from new Radnor, Harton, olde Rad|nor, Naſh, and hereabout méeting with an other running by Weſton hall, to Monacht, Fulbrooke, Preſton (a market towne) and ſo to Byton, where ioyning with ye Wadel, they run on as one to ouer Lée, Aliminſter, Kingeſlande, Elton, and Leon Minſter (or Lemiſter) taking in the Oney by the waye,On [...] before we come at the towne. At Lemiſter it ſelfe in like ſort thrée waters doe méete, and almoſt enuironne the towne, that is to ſay, the Lug,Pin [...] the Pinfulley or Pinſell (a ryue|ret ryſing at Kingeſlande two myles from Lemiſter) and the Kenbrooke, which com|meth out of the blacke mountaines.Ken [...] From Lemiſter the Lug or Luy goeth on to Eton, and there taketh in a rill beneath Hampton, whereof one heade is betwéene Hatfield and Buckleton, an other neare vnto Marſton, & méeting both at Humber. From Hampton it goeth to Wellington, Morton, Sutton, Shelwijc, Lugwardine, & Longward, where it croſſeth the Fromey or frome a pretie wa|ter, and woorthy to be remembred.Fro [...] It ryſeth aboue Wolferelaw, from whence it com|meth downe to Bromeyarde, Auenbary, Frome caſtell, Stretton vpon Frome, Actõ [...] Lod [...] and there taking in a water (called Acton, or Lo|den as I take it) comming from aboue By|ſhoppes Grendon, by Pencomb, Cowarne, Stoke Lacy, Cowarne, and Engleton, it (I meane Frome) goeth on to Yarkeley, Dor|nington, and Longwarde, and ſo into the Lug, which runneth furthwith to Mordford or Morthford, & ſo into the Wye, vnto whoſe deſcription I nowe returne agayne. Being come therefore vnto Mordforde, it goeth to Hamlacy, Ballinghã, Capull regis (where it receyueth a water called Treſke,Treſ [...] from Berche by Treſke) Fawley, Brokanton, Howe capull, Inkeſton, Foy, Bramp|ton, Bridſtowe, Wilton Caſtell, the Roſſe (and there a rill from Biſhoppes Opton by Budhall,) Wereferde, Ham, Glewſton, Godderiche, (here in lyke ſort méeting with another that commeth from Ecleſwall, by Peniard Caſtell and Coughton) to Welche Bicknor, Engliſhe Bicknor, Hunteſham & Whitchurch, where it taketh in Gaynar wa|ter that cõmeth from Birche, by Lanwarne,Gay [...] Michaell church, and at Langarran croſſing the Garran brooke,Gar [...] that ryſeth in Gregwood ſixe myles from Monemouth by Norweſt, theſe two doe runne as one, to Marſton, Whitchurch and ſo into the Wye, which go|eth from thence to Dixton and Monemouth, where I will ſtay a whyle till I haue deſcri|bed the Mone, next of all to be remembred here.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Mona ryſeth in the forreſt of Hene,Mon [...] twentie myles from Monemouth by weſt in Eiriſlande, and going by Creſwell, or Craſ|wall, EEBO page image 69 after it hath runne a good diſtaunce frõ the head, [...]on. it receyueth the Elkon on the one ſide, [...]ill. and the Oſkill or Heſgill on the other: but firſt of all this laſt remembred that com|meth thither by Lanihengle, Eſkill and the olde Court. As for the other it commeth frõ aboue Knedoch by Landuehans churche, and this is all that I can ſay of theſe two. Af|ter theſe confluences therfore, the Mona go|eth to Cluedoch, [...]ney. & taking in the Hodiry that rũneth by [...]ne Capell, Lantony abbay, Stã|ton, Michaell churche, it haſteth on to Wal|derſton, Landſillo, and then ioyneth wyth the Dour, [...]r. that ryſeth a little aboue Dour|ſton, which is ſixe miles aboue Dour abbay, ſo that it runneth thorow the Gilden dale, by Peterchurch, Fowchurche, Norhampton, Newcourt, [...]eſſe. Dour, and beneath Dour taketh in the Duleſſe, from Lanueihengle, by Har|leſwas caſtell on the one ſide, and eare long the Wormeſbecke from aboue Keuernal by Didley, [...]meſ| [...]e. Deuerox, Workebridge and Ken|derchurch on the other, and ſo running all in one chanell vnto Mona, that riuer goeth on to Kinech churche, Griſmonde, Cardway, Skenfrith, Warnethall, Perthire and ſo to Monemouth, where it méeteth wyth the Wye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Guy or Wye therfore being increa|ſed with thus many brookes and waters, paſ|ſeth on from hence, [...]olly. and going toward Lan|dogo, it méeteth with ye Trolly becke, whoſe head is aboue Lannam ferry and goeth from thence by Lhantellio, Lanihangell, Grace|dieu, Diggeſtow, Wonaſtow, Troy and ſo into Wye, that runneth alſo by Wies wood chaſe, [...]wy. taking in there the Elwy that cõmeth from aboue Landelwy by Langowen, Lan|niſſen, Penclaſe, Trilegh, and Langogo, where méeting with the aforeſayde ſtreame, the Wye directeth his courſe from thence by Tinterne abbay, Chepſtowe and ſo into the ſea, leauing the Treacle (a Chappell ſtan|ding on a rocke) on the left hande betwéene it and Sauerne, ouer againſt the point that lyeth ſouth of Betteſly. Next vnto the Wye, I finde a rill of no great courſe, comming downe from Mounton chappell, by a place of the biſhops of Landaffe. Thence paſſing by Charſton rocke, and the point whereon Trinitie chappell ſtandeth, I come vnto the fall of Trogy, which ryſch ſhort of Trogy caſtell, [...]ogy. & runneth towarde the ſea, by Land|uair, Dewſton, Calycot and ſo into the O|cean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]nny I| [...]de in ye [...]ddeſt of [...] Sa| [...]ne.The next fall is of a water that commeth from aboue Penho by Sainct Brides, north and by weſt of Denny Iſlande, which lieth midway betwene that Fall & Porſhot point, and before I touche at Goldcleffe point, I croſſe another fall of a freſhe brooke, whoſe heade is aboue Landueigo, and courſe by Lhanbed, Langſton, Lhanwarne, & thorowe the more to Witſton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The [...]ſke or Wiſke,Vſke. in latin Oſca riſeth in ſuch ſort as I haue already deſcribed, & run|ning in proceſſe of tyme, by Trecaſtell, it ta|keth in the Craie brooke,Craie. on the right hande before it come to Ridburne chappell. Going alſo frõ thence toward Deuinock, it croſſeth the Senney on the ſame ſide, (which riſeth a|boue capel Senney) next of all the Camblas,Senny. Camblas. Brane. and at Abbraine the Brane, or the Bremich whoſe head is thrée miles from Brecknock, and running by Lanihengle, it méeteth I ſay with the Vſke, about Mayſter Awbries Ma|ner. Beneath Aber Yſter, it receyueth the Y|ſter, which riſeth aboue Martir Kinoch and commeth by Battell chappell,Yſter. and goyng from thence by Lanſpythed, and Newton, it runneth in the ende to Brecknocke, where it taketh in the Hodney, on the one ſide, whoſe head is in Blaine Hodney,Hodney. and commyng downe from thence by Defrune chappell, Lamhãgle, & Landiuilog it méeteth with the Vſke at Breknocke townes ende, which of the fall of this water, was ſometime called Aberhodni, as I haue béene informed: on the other halfe likewiſe it receyueth ye Ter|tarith that ryſeth among the Bane hylles,Tertarith. fyue myles from Brecknoch and commeth likewiſe into the very ſubburbes of ye towne beneath Trenewith, or newe Troy wherby it taketh the courſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After theſe confluẽces, the Vſke procéedeth on towarde Aberkinurike,Kynuricke or the fall of a wa|ter whoſe heade is in the rootes of Menuch|denny hil, and paſſage by Cantreffe. Thence it goeth by Lanhamlaghe, Penkethley ca|ſtell, Lanſanfreid Landetty, Langonider, & ſoone after receyuing the Riangall (which ri|ſeth about the hill whereon Dynas Caſtell ſtandeth,Riangall. and runneth by Lanyhangle and Tretoure) it paſſeth betwéene Laugattocke and Cerigkhowell, to Langroyny, and there croſſeth the Groyny brooke,Groyni. that diſcendeth from Monegather Arthur hill, by Peter Church, as I finde. When the Vſke is paſt this brooke, it taketh in thrée other ſhort rils, from by ſouth with in a little diſtance, wher|of the firſt hight Cledoch Vaur,Cledoch|vaur. Fidan. Cledoch|vehan. Geuenni. the ſeconde Fydan, & the thirde Cledochvehan. Of theſe alſo the laſt falleth in néere to Lanwenarth. From hence the Vſke runneth to Aberge|uenni towne, where it méeteth with the Ge|uenni water from by north (that riſeth ſhort of Bettus Chappell) & ſo goeth on to Hard|wijc, beneath which it croſſeth thrée nameles EEBO page image 71 rilles on the right hande before it come at Lamhangle vpon Vſke,Geuenni. of whoſe courſes I know not any more then that they are not of any length nor the chanel of ſufficient great|nes ſeuerally to entreate of. Betwéene Kem|meys and Troſtrey it méeteth with [...]uch an other rill that commeth downe by Bettus Newith.Birthin. Cairuſke ſtandeth on one ſide of Vſe, and Carliõ on the other, but Cair vſke by di|uers miles farder into the land. Thence it goeth to Cair Vſke or Brenbigei, but eare it come there, it recey|ueth the Birthin on the right hande, which is a pretie water deſcending from two heades, wherof the firſt is north weſt of Manyhylot, as the other is of Lanyhangle & Pentmorell. Next vnto this it ioyneth with the Elwy a|boue Lanbadocke, whoſe heade is Eaſt of Penclaſe, and running weſtwardes by Pen|claſe, Lanniſlen, Langowen (and beneath Landewy taking in a broket from Ragland caſtell, that commeth downe thither by Ra|glande parke) it bendeth ſouthweſt vntill it come at the Vſke, which crinckling toward the South méeteth with thrée rilles before it come to Marthey chappell, wherof the firſt lyeth on the right hande, and the other on the left. Frõ Marthelly it haſteth to Kemmeys, and care it come at Carleon, taketh in two waters on the ryght hande, of which the firſt commeth downe betwéene Landgwy & Landgweth, & by Lhan Henoch, without any farder increaſe: but the other is a more beau|tifull ſtreame, called Auon, and thus deſcri|bed as I finde it among my pamphlettes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Auon.The Auon ryſeth in the hilles that ſéeme to part Monemouth and Breckenock ſhires in ſunder, and running downe from thence by Capell Newith and Triuethin, it recey|ueth a water from by ſouth almoſt of equall courſe, & from that quarter of the countrie and in proceſſe of time, another little one frõ the ſame ſide, eare it come to Lanyhangle, from whence it goeth to Gwennocke & Pen|roſe, and ſo in Vſe before it go by Carleon. Being paſt Carlion it runneth to Cryndy, where M. Harbert dwelleth, and there cary|ing another brooke withall, that deſcendeth by Henlis and Bettus chappell, it runneth furth to Newport (in Welch caſtel Newith) and from thence into the ſea taking the Ebo|with water withall,Ebowith. whoſe race I deſcribed in my firſt booke, but hauing nowe more in|telligence of his courſe, I will ones againe deale with it in this manner as I reade it. The Ebowith riſeth in ye very edge of Mone|mouth ſhyre, aboue Blainegwent, and com|ming downe by Lanheleth and Tumberlow hyll (croſſing a ryll, from North eaſt by the way) it taketh in therabout ye Serowy, that runneth by Treſtrent, and is of leſſe race hi|therto,Serowy. then the Ebowith, and frõ that ſame quarter. After this confluence it goeth to Ri|ſley, Rocheſton caſtell, next of all thorowe a parke, and ſo to Grenefeld caſtell, and is not long ere it fall into the ſea, being the laſt iſſue that I doe finde in the county, which beareth the name of Monemouth, & was in olde time a part of the region of the Silures.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Remeney or as ſome corruptly call it the Nonney is a goodly water, [...] and from the head a march betwéene Monemouth & Gla|morgan ſhires. It receyueth no water on the eaſt ſide, but on the weſt diuers ſmal beckes, whereof thrée are betwéene the riſing & Bra|thetere chappell, the fourth commeth in by Capel Gledis, the fift from betwéene the Faldray and Lanvabor, the ſixt and ſeuenth before it come to Bedwas, and the eyght o|uer againſt Bedwas it ſelfe, from chappell Martin: after which confluences it runneth on by Maghan, Keuen, Mabley and Rome|ney, and ere long croſſing a becke at North eaſt, that commeth by Lanyſſen, and Rathe it falleth ſoone after into the Sauerne, Sea, but ſée more of this in my former Treatize.

The Taffe riſeth among the woddy hilles, [...] that lye weſt, and by north of Menuchdeny hill, and going downe to Capell Nanty, it taketh in a ryllet from by weſt, & afterward another from by eaſt,Taffe [...]han. comming by Morlais caſtell, called Taffe vehan (as the former is named Taffe vaur) ſo that Menuch hill doth lye betwéene theſe two heades, and therto is an hill of no ſmal height and greatneſſe. Be|ing ioyned they go on to Martyr Tiduill as one, & ſo procéede til they méete with Cunnõ, [...] (or rather Kenon, tenne myles from Clauth conſtable, a faire Brooke running to Aber|dare, and after that with the Rodney, [...] before deſcribed) whereinto the Cledungh falleth, a myle from Retgowghe & an halfe, [...] on ye weſt ſide, after which confluence it haſteth to the ſea without any farder increaſe, by Caſtell Coche, Whitchurche, Landaffe, and Car|diffe, as I geſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lay ryſeth in the hylles aboue Lan|triſſent (for all the regyon is very hillye.Lay.) From whence comming by Lantriſſent, it runneth by Coit Marchan parke, Lambed|der ſ. Brides, Lhannihangel, Leckwith, Lã|dowgh, Cogampyll, and ſo into the ſea, with|out anye manner increaſe by anye rylles at all ſauing the Dunelais, [...] which ryſeth foure myles from his fall, eaſt northeaſt, & méeteth withall a little more then a quarter of a myle from Pont Velim Vaur, and like|wiſe by weſt, the Methcoide that commeth from Glinne Rodeney, and wherein to the Pedware diſchargeth that ſmall water ga|thered in his chanell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 62Leauing the Laie which ſome call Elaye, and paſſing the Pennarth baie, that lyeth betwéene the Pennarth and the Lauerocke pointes, we le [...] Scilley Iſlet (which lyeth in the mouth of Scilley hauen before deſcribed) and came vnto the Barry whoſe heade is a|boue wrinſton caſtell, [...] and from whence hée runneth by Deinſpowis, Cadoxton, Barry and ſo into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Thawan is the next ſtreame (ſauing Come Kidy touched afore) nowe to be deſcribed. It ryſeth of two headlettes aboue Lanſan|tian, and thence goeth to Cowbridge, Lan|blethian, Landoghe, Beanpéere, Flymſton, Gy [...]ton, and betwéene the eaſt and the weſt Aberthawan into the Sauerne Sea. But ere it come all there it receyueth a brooke cal|led Kenſan, or Karnſan, or Kenſec, on the Eaſtſyde, whoſe heade is eaſt of Bol|ſton, and commyng by Charnethoyde, Lhancaruan, and Lhancadle, it falleth in|to the former aboue eyther of the Thawans, Lelande ſayth, [...] that Kenſan hath two heades whereof the more Northerly called. Brane, lieth in Luenlithan, & runneth ſeauen myles before it méete wyth the other. Leauyng this water we ſayled on, caſting about the naſhe point, omytting two or thrée waters whereof I haue made mencion in my former treatiſe by the way, becauſe I haue nothing more to adde vnto their deſcriptions, except it be that the Colhow taketh in a rill frõ Lan Iltruit, of whoſe courſe (to ſaye the truth) I haue no manner knowledge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...] The Ogur or Gur, which ſome falſely call Ogmur, is a welfaire ſtreame, (as we were wont to ſaye in our olde engliſhe) whoſe head is in the ſame hilles, where the Rodeneis are to be founde, but much more weſterlye, and running a long courſe ere it come to any vil|lage, it goeth at the length beneth Langume|uere, to S. Brides vpon Ogur, then to newe caſtell, [...] and Marthermaure, beneath which it méeteth the Wenny, halfe a mile from Ogor caſtell on the eaſt banke. It ryſeth fiue or ſixe miles from this place, among the hilles, and comming downe at laſt by Lanharne, it croſſeth a ryll ere long from northeaſt, and the confluence paſſeth forth by Coitchurch, Ogor caſtell, and ſo into the Ogor. Lelande wryting of the waters that fall into thys Ogor ſayth thus. [...]rrow, Into the Ogur alſo reſor|teth the Garrow two myles aboue Lanſan|fride bridge, [...]enne, deſcending from Blaingarow. It taketh furthermore ſayeth hée ano|ther called Leuenny ryſing in the Paroch of Glin Corug, [...]rug at Northweſt, and then run|ning two myles lower, vniteth it ſelfe with the Corug brooke, a little ſhort thing & wor|thie no longer ſpeach. From this confluence the Leuenni goeth ſeuen myles farder eare it méete with the Ogor on the weſt ſide, at Lanſanforde, two myles aboue Penbowt, and ſo farre Lelande. Next vnto the Ogur, is the Kenſig water, that commeth downe by the Pyle and Kenſige caſtell,Kenſig. and being paſt the ſame we croſſe the Margan rill,Margan. Auon. where Sir Edwarde Manxell dwelt, and ſo vnto A|uon, which hauing two heades as is ſaid, the more eaſterly of them commeth downe by Hanudaport chappell, the other by Glin Co|rug, Michaell church, Aber Auon, and ſo into the ſea. From hence we went along by the Cole pittes to the mouth of the Neth.Neth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Neth is a faire water, ryſing of fine heades,Nethuehã. whereof the more eaſterlye named Nethvehan riſeth not farre from the head of the Kennon,Neth Vaur. Trau|garth. Meltay. Hepſay. and comming downe to Aber|pirgwin, it recieueth Nethvaur, a litle aboue the towne, which riſing not farre ſoutheaſt of the head of Tauy, receiueth ye Trangarth, the Meltay and the Hepſay (all which are ac|compted, as members of his heade) in one chanell about a myle or more before it ioyne with Nethvehan. After thoſe confluences, the maine ſtreame runneth in and out by ſundry myles till it mette with the Duleſſe,Duleſſe. whoſe head is aboue Chappel Krenaunt. Thence it goeth to Cadox towne, or betwéene it and Lamultyde, then to Nethtowne, and beneath the ſame receiuing the Cledoch,Cledoch. that rũneth by Kelebebiſch, and alſo Neth abbay where M. Crumwell dwelleth, it goeth on by Coit|franke forreſt, Nethwood, Bryton ferry and ſo into the ſea.Tauy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Tauy (for I paſſe ouer the Crimline becke, bicauſe I want his deſcription) riſeth in the thickeſt of the blacke mountaines, and comming downe weſt of Calw [...]n chappell, it receyueth on the eaſt banke a ryll,Coilus. named Coiell, that runneth thither by Coielburne chappell, and beyng thus vnited the chanell paſſeth forth by Iſtragnules,Torche. and then mée|ting with the Turche, or Torche water that commeth from the foote of the blacke moun|taine, it runneth to Langoge, Lanſamled, S. Iohns, Swanſey, and ſo into the Baie. Being paſt this we come by another litle fal, whoſe water runneth thrée or foure myles, ere it come into Swanſey Baie, but without name. Thence going about by Oyſtermont caſtell & Mumbles point, we go forth toward the ſouthweſt, by Pennarth point,Ilſton. tyll wée come to Ilſton water, whoſe head is not far within the lande, and yet a rill or two doth fall into the ſame. Then caſtyng about by Oxwiche point, wée go onwarde there by and ſayling flat north by the Holme, and S. EEBO page image 72 Kennettes chappell and then North eaſt by Whitforde point, we went at length to the Lochar,Lochar. or Loghor, or as Lhoyd nameth it the Lychwr. It ryſeth aboue Gwenwy chap|pell, from whence it goeth to Landbea, and aboue Bettus receiueth a rill named Amone that entereth thereinto frõ northeaſt.Amone. Being paſt Bettus it paſſeth by Laneddy, Arthelas bridge, and ouer againſt Landilo Talabout, it croſſeth from by weſt the Combwily and afterwarde the Morlais aboue Langnarche on the ſame ſide.Comwilly. Morlais. Then comming to Loghor caſtell,Lhu. it taketh in on the eaſt ſide, the Lhu whoſe courſe is not aboue fiue myles, and thence loſing the name of Lochar, it is called Burray as I geſſe vntill it come to the ſea.Burray. From this water we paſſed by Bachannis Iſle,Lheddy. to the Aberlheddy water, whoſe heade being aboue Prenacrois, it paſſeth by Lha|nelthey & thence into the ſea. Then went we to the Duleſſe,Duleſſe. thence by the Pembray and Calicolt pointes, till we came about to the Wandres or Vendraith mouth,Wandres. whoſe de|ſcription is ſufficiently ſet downe in the for|mer Treatize, and therfore but in vaine to be repeated here, except I might adde ſome|what therevnto therby to make it more per|fite.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Towy.The Towy ryſing in ſuch ſorte and place as I haue ſayde, parteth Brecknocke from Cardigon ſhyre, for a certaine ſeaſon, till it come by the water of Trauſnant (that fal|leth thereinto from by eaſt,Trauſnãt) vnto Pylin Ca|pell, and ſo to Iſtrodefine where it méeteth with the Tothée that commeth thether from Lhinuerwin where it ryſeth and ſo thorowe Reſcoth forreſt,Tothe. till it vnite it ſelfe with the Peſcotter,Peſcotter. which moũting out of the ground in thedge of Cardigan ſhyre, runneth along as a limite and marche vnto the ſame, till it ioyne with the Tothée, & both come togither beneath Iſtrodefine into Towy. After this confluence it cõmeth to Lhanuair Awbrey, Lonyhowell and Landonuery, and here it receyueth two waters in one chanell, where|of the firſt is called Brane,Brane. Gutherijc. the other Guthe|rijc (which lyeth more ſoutherly of the two) & fall as I ſayd into Towy beneath Landon|verey,Duleſſe. which rũneth on till it méete with the firſt Duleſſe that goeth by Lanurdy, then with the Marlais,Morlais. & theſe on the Northweſt. But a litle lower it taketh in many waters in one chanell beneath Langadocke, called Modewy from by eaſt, whereof I haue thys aduertiſement.Modwy. The Modewy or as ſome pro|nounce it Motheuy, ryſeth of two heades, which ioyning aboue Lanyhangle, ye ſtreame runneth on till it mette with the Cledoch on the left hande,Cledoch. procéeding alſo farder toward Langadocke, it receiueth not far from thence the Sawthey whoſe two heades deſcende frõ the blacke mountaines or eaſt edge of Car|mardiueſhyre, [...] as mine information leadeth me. [...] After this confluence the ſeconde Du|leſſe doth méete with the Towy (whoſe head is in the hilles aboue Talthogay abbay) then comming downe by Landilouaur, Dinefar caſtell, and Golden groue, it receyueth the thirde Duleſſe, [...] from by north that commeth in by Driſlan caſtell and after that the Co|they, whoſe race is ſomewhat long and ther|fore his deſcription not vtterly to be paſſed ouer. Not farre from the head (whoſe place is alreadie ſet downe) and ſomewhat beneath Lanapinſent chappell, [...] it taketh in the Tur|chebecke, that runneth thither from Lana|croyes. Thence it goeth to Lanſawell, Aber|gorlech, Breghuangothy, Lannigood and ſo into Towy, which haſting forwarde by chap|pell Dewy, receyueth the Rauelthy, [...] from by north, then the Gwily frõ northweſt, whoſe head is aboue Lany Pinſent, & race by Can|well, Eluert, Comewyly, and Merling hill, as I haue often heard, After this confluence with the Gwyly, the Towy goeth to Caer|mardine, then to Lanygang, then to Lanſte|phan, ſ. Iſmaeles and ſo into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Next vnto the Towy is the Taue, [...] whoſe head is in the blacke mountaines as is afore|ſayde, at the rootes of Wrenni vaur hill in Pembrokeſhyre, from whence it runneth by Lanunrieach, Langludien, Lanualteg, and taking in the Duddery from ſouthweſt, [...] out of the ſame countie by Lanbederuelfray, it goeth to Egleſware chappell, beneath which it croſſeth the Marlais by North that run|neth by Lanbedy & Whitlande. [...] Thence mée|ting with one rill (called Venni as I take it) [...] that commeth thorow Cardith forreſt on the one ſide,Ca [...] & the Cayre on the other that run|neth into it weſt of Landowrox, it haſteth to S. Clares where it taketh in the Karthkyn|ny, or Barthkinni, as Leland calleth it, [...] & the Gow both in one chanell, of which the firſt ryſeth aboue Capell Bettus, from whence it runneth by Talacouthe, Kilſant and Lan|gynnyn, the other iſſueth out of the grounde aboue Trologh Bettus, by Mydrun, & ioy|ning with the former a little aboue ſ. Clares they runne into the Taue, and from thence to Lanyhangle, and betwéene it and Aber|cowen, admitteth finally the Gowẽ ſtreame, [...] which comming likewyſe from the blacke mountaines goeth by Ebbernant, and ſo in|to the Taue, who directeth his courſe, by La|charne caſtell and then into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The next water that we come to is the Gwair, [...] which is but a ſmall thing ryſing a|boue EEBO page image 63 Crugwair, and going into the ſea, at Argwaire. Then paſſed we by another com|ming out of Rath forreſt called Coit Rathe, the water it ſelfe riſing ſhort of Templeton. Thence leauing the Monkeſton rocke, we came to Tenby or Dy [...]bechy Piſcood, and paſſing into the Port betwéene the caſtell and ſ. Catherines rocke, we founde it ſerued with two little backewaters, of ſo ſmal oſ|tenaunce, that they are not worthye of any farder talke to be ſpent in their deſcriptions. After this we paſſed betwéene Lo [...]dy and an other Iſlet or rock lying by northweſt of the ſame,Lon| [...] Cal| [...]rtie [...]s. to Ludſop point, and ſo to Abertrewẽt where I founde a ſilly freſhe water, that ry|ſeth a myle or there about within the lande. [...]ent. Frõ thence we went ſouthwards by Brode hauen, til we came to S. Gowans point. Ehẽ gathering weſt & by North before we came at Shepe Iſlande, we founde another freſhe water, that riſeth ſhort of Kyriog Maharen, and running ſouth of Vggarſton, Windmill hill, or betwéene it and Caſtell Norton and Gupton, it holdeth on flat weſt all the way, till it come at the Oceane. [...]pe I| [...] The Shepe Iſle not afore deſcribed is but a little plot, lying at the very point of the Bay before we came at ye Blockhouſe, which ſtandeth north of the ſame at the very entrie into Milfordtha [...] vpon the eaſt ſide. By north of Shepe Iſle & betwéene it and the Stacke rocke (which ly|eth in the very middeſt of the hauen) at ano|ther point is Rat Iſle, yet ſmaller than the former. [...] Iſle. Being therfore paſſed theſe, we c [...]ſt about towarde the northweſt, by the P [...]pi [...] and Pennar, [...]nar. till wée come to the Pen [...]r mouth, out of which the Salt water [...] that in maner enuironmeth Pembrook Frõ this (omitting ſundry ſalt créekes on both ſides of the hauen) we came to the fall of two waters in one chanel aboue whoſe cõfluence, Williamſton parke ſtandeth, & whereof [...] (a méere ſalt courſe,) incloſeth thrée partes of Carew caſtell. The other ryſing neare to Coit Rath forreſt is a freſhe, and going by Geffraiſton, Creſwel and Lawrenny, it lea|ueth the Sparek on the ſouth ſide, and [...]eth into the hauen after confluence with the for|mer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Nowe I come to the two swordes, afore mencioned whose courses I finde described in this order. [...]hey. The Clothy ryseth at the foote of Wrenny vaur hill and comming downe to Monachlodge, Langelman, Lannakeuen, and Egremond, it receyueth a ryll from by northwest before it come at Lanhaddon castell. Eare long also it taketh in another on the east side from Narbarth castell, by Robeston, then going by Cunaston, Slebach, Picton castell, at Rise castell poynt west of Coit Kenles (as I haue beene informed) it meeteth with the other sworde, Dugledy. named Dugledy wherof I reade as followeth. The hed of the Dugledy, is somewhere at northwest, betweene S. Laurences and S. Dugwels, from whence it ru(n)neth to Trauegarne, Redbaxon, and taking in a rill by the waye from Camrose at the west, it goeth to Hauerford west, and there vniteth it selfe with a water, which peraduenture, is the same that Lela(n)de called Guyly. Certes it riseth about Walto(n) Gwyly. and comming by S.Leonardes chappel and Pendergest, it falleth, I say into the Dugledy, ouer against the towne of Hauerforde, or Herforde west, but in Welch Hulforde as Lhoid doth set it downe. Beneath Herforde it taketh another water from southwest, whose head is short of S.Margarettes chappell, and enteraunce betweene Harraldston, and Herforde, which Harraldstone, receyueth the name of Harralde the successour of Edwarde the confessour as some call him, who was a grieuous mall vnto the Britons that remayned in the time of the sayde Edwarde as I haue noted alreadie. The Cultlell co(m)meth into the Dugledy beneath Bolston, with a streight course from by North, of three or foure myles, after whose vnition with the aforesayde water, they runne on as one till they mette with the Clothy casting out by the waye sundry salt creekes as the maine chanell doth from thenceforth vntill it passe the Sandy haue(n), the Dale rode (whither a silly fresh rill commeth of small value) and he come about agayne into the large Oceane. Hauing thus shewed the courses of those few fresh waters that come to Milford hauen, we cast about by the blockehouse and S. Annes chappell to Gateholme Isle, Gateholme Iſle. Stocke|holme Iſle that lyeth betweene S. Annes and the Wilocke point, directlye ouer against Stockeholme Island that is scituate farder of into the sea, towarde the southwest, and is full halfe so great as the Scalmey yt I before described.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Betweene the Willocke point also and the Scalmey, directly west, is the midlande Isle, full so great as Gateholme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Gresholme lyeth directlye west of Scalmey, Midlande Iſle. Greſholme from whence if you sayle thyther on the south side, you must needes past by the newstone rocke: if on the north of Scalmey, you must leave the Yarlande stons on your lefthand. Whervnto if you note well the scituation of these Islands already named, and conferre them with the Ramsey and S.Dauids land, you shall finde them to produce as it were two dangerous pointes, includyng the Brid baie, wherein (notwithstanding the great EEBO page image 73 greatnesse) are 1000. perilles, and no freshe Brookes for me to deale withall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 S. Brides Iſlande.Firſt of all therefore I ſawe S. Brides I|ſlande, a very little patche of grounde, néere the lande, before I came at Galtroy rode. From thence we went aboute by the little hauen, Dolnach Hauen, Caruay Hauen, Shirelace rocke, Carnbuddy, and Carnay Bayes, Port [...]ai [...], and ſo into the ſounde betwéene Ramſey and the point. In thys ſound lykewiſe is a litle Iſle, almoſt annex|ed to the maine, but in the middeſt thereof is a rocke called the horſe (a myle and more by north of Ribby rocke, that lyeth ſouth eaſt of Ramſey) and more infortunate then tenne of Seianes coltes, but thanked be God I neuer came on his back. Thẽce paſſing by S Ste|phens baie,A ſorte of dangerous rockes ly|ing on a row vpon the weſt ende of ſouthwals called the biſhop and his clarkes and Whiteſande baie, we ſaluted the Biſhop and his Clarkes, as they went in Proceſſion on oure left ſyde (beyng lothe to take any ſalted holy water at their hands) and came at laſt to the point called S. Da|uids head. From whence we coaſted along toward the ſoutheaſt, till wée came ouer a|gainſt S. Catherins, where goyng north|wardes by the br [...]ade hauen, and the Strom|bles heade, we ſayled thence northeaſt, and by north, to Langlas head, then [...]at ſouth by the Cow and calfe (two cruell rockes) which we left on the [...] hande, and ſo coſted ouer as Abergwin or Fiſcarde, where we founde a freſhe water named Gwin,Gwerne. or Gwernel, whoſe courſe is in manner directly out of the eaſt into the Weſt, vntill it come within a myle of the aforeſayde Towne. It ryſeth flat north of the peri [...]y hill, from whence it go|eth by Pont vain, Lauerellidoch, Lanchar, La [...]ilouair, and ſo to Abergwine, or Aber|gwerne, for I doe read both. Frõ Abergwin, we caſt about by Dyuas heade, till we come to the fall of Neuerne,Neuerne. where Newport ſtan|deth. The head of thys ryuer is aboue Capell Nauigwyn, from whence it runneth by Whitchurch, but care it come at Kylgwin, it taketh in a little water that ryſeth ſhort of Wreny vaur, & thence go foorth as one vntill they come to Newport. Cardigan hauen is the next fall that I dyd ſtumble on, wherein lyeth a little Iſlande ouer againſt the north point.Teify or Tiue. Hereinto alſo commeth the Teify, whereof I haue ſpoken ſomewhat in my for|mer treatiſe, but ſith it ſufficeth not for the for the full knowledge of the courſe of thys ſtreame, I wyll ſupply the want euen here in ſuch order as inſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Teify or Tiue ryſeth in Lintiue as is aforeſayde, and after it hath runne from thence a little ſpace, it receyueth a brooke frõ ſoutheaſt that commeth out of Lin Legnant and then after the confluence runneth on to Stradfleur Abbaie, beneath which it méeteth with the Myricke water (that ryſeth aboue Stradmyrich) and ſoone after with the Lan|durch, [...] (both from the northweſt) and finally the Bromis aboue Tregaron, that com|meth in by the eaſt as Leland hath ſet down. [...] Néere to Landwybreuy alſo it croſſeth the Brennige by eaſt, & then goeth to Landuair, [...] Cledoghe, Kellan, & ſoone after taking in the Matherne from by Eaſt that parteth Car|digan partely from Carmardine ſhire, [...] and likewiſe ye Dulas aboue Lanbedder, [...] (which ryſeth aboue Langybby, and goeth thence to Bettus) on the northweſt, it goeth next of all to Lanbedder towne, then to La [...]ydair, be|neath which it croſſeth the Grauelth, thence to Pẽcarocke, Lanibether, Lanlloyny,Gra [...] La|nyhangle, and Landiſſel, and there it vniteth it ſelfe with the Clethor, which cõmeth down thither by Lantiſilued chappell, Lanframe,deth [...] and finaly Landiſſell from by north as I doe here. After this confluence it procéedeth on to La [...]d [...]y, Alloyne, Bangor, Langeler, Lan|deureog and Newcaſtell, ere long taking in the Kery from by north,Kery. whoſe heade is not farre from that of Clethor, and whoſe courſe is ſomewhat inlarged by ſuch rilles as diſ|cend into the ſame. For weſt of Capel Kenõ, two becks in one chanell doe fall into it, al|though they be nameleſſe, and but of a lyttle length Beneth Tredwair, alſo croſſeth ano|ther from by weſt, that runneth along by Britus, Euan, and finally méeting wyth the Teify, they runne as one by Kennarth (ſtill parting Cardigon ſhire, from Carmardin, as it hath done ſith it met wyth ye Matherne) and ſo forth on till they ioyne with the Che|ach which ryſing aboue Chapple Euan,Che [...] doth part Carmardine and Brecknecke ſhire in [...], till it come vnto the Teify. Frõ this confluence, and being ſtill a [...]nil [...]e [...] vnto Cardigon ſhire, it goeth by Marierdiue, and ſo to Cardigan, taking in one rill from by north and two on the ſouth weſt ſide, but af|terwarde none at all, before it come to the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ayron ryſyng as is aforeſayde aboue Blain Pental,Ayr [...] runneth on by Lamber wod|dy Langy [...], Treg [...]garon hill, Treuilian, and ſoone after taking in a ryll from by ſouth it rũneth by Iſtrade, Kylkẽnen, Lanicharin, and finally into the Sea, croſſyng by the way EEBO page image 64 the Bidder brooke, which comming from Dehewide, doth fall into the ſame, betwéene Lanychayrin, and Henvenney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Arth is no great thing, neyther of any any long courſe, yet it ryſeth thrée or foure myles or more within the lande ſlopewiſe, & cõming by Lambadern, & Treueglois, it fal|leth into the ſea, northeaſt of Aberarth. The Ris or rather the Werey, ryſeth of two hea|des, [...]ias aboue whoſe cõfluence ſtandeth a town, named Lanyhangle, Redrod, & from whence it goeth by Lanygruthen to Lariſted, and ſo into the Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] The Yſtwith ryſeth in the blacke moun|teynes, aboue Comerſtwith from whence it runneth certeine myles, vntill it come vnto Yſpitty, Iſtwith, Lanauon, Lanyler, Lan Nachairne, and ſo into the ſea taking withal the Ridall or Redholl not far from the ſhore, whereof I haue this diſcription. [...] The Ridall ryſeth in the toppe of Plimlymmon hyll out of a lake named Lin Ridal, from whence go|ing towarde Spitty Kinwen, it croſſeth one water on the north, and another benoath it on the ſoutheaſt, and ſo goth on by Lanbeder vaur, till it come to Aberiſtwith, the Iſtwith and ſo into the Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] The Salique brooke deſcendeth in like ſorte from the blackmounteines, and going Vm|maboue, toward Gogarth, or Gogyrthar, it receyueth the Maſſalique, and from thence goeth into the ſea. [...]ali| [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Lery ryſeth toward the lower ground of the blacke hylles, and going by Lanihan|gle caſtell Gwalter, it runneth from thence northeaſt into the Ocean. Thus haue I brought me ſelfe out of Cardigon ſhire, vnto the Wy, that ſéemeth for a certeine ſpace to be marche betwéene the ſame and Merion|neth, & here wt alſo I ende with the deſcripti|on of ſouthwales, and likewiſe of all that re|gion remayning, [...]eſſe whereof I haue no farder knowledge, [...]eſſe [...] [...]nny [...]euen| [...] [...]. [...]uer. [...]our. more then is alreadye ſet downe in my firſt booke, ſith thoſe yt promiſed helpe herein haue vtterlye deceyued me. Yet thus much will I note of ſuch waters as fall into the ſayde riuer on the ſouth ſide, that aboue Mathanlaith it croſſeth the Dowlaſſe Dée and Dowlaſſe Ruen both in a chanell, whoſe heades lye by weſt of ye Ruoluadian hill. Be|neath the ſayde towne likewiſe I fynde the Leuennaunt, [...]og [...]hanell [...] by ye [...]uence [...] and [...]lais, [...]mite [...]éene [...]cke & which hauing two heades, the more ſoutherly of them is Limes betwéene Radnor ſhire & Mõemoth. After theſe it croſ|ſeth the Eynon, the Kinuer, and the Cledour, and thus farre for wales I ſaie againe, ſith for the reſt I yéelde vnto a non plus, vntill I come to ye Dée, of whoſe courſe I haue ſome informatiõ, (after it hath receyued ye Kyriog & the Morlais, both in one bottome,) on the ſouth ſide of Chirke caſtell, but not from the very head for want of information. Hauing therfore, mette with the aforeſayde water, the De procéedeth to Beſtocke, Orton Ma|docke, Orton bridge and Bangor, where the ſlaughter of monkes was made, or not far of from thence, and of which Monaſterie I find this note inſuing. Their abbaye of Bangor ſtoode ſometime in Engliſhe Maylor,The ſcitu|ation of the mona|ſtery of Bangor. by hy|ther and ſouth of the riuer Dée. It is nowe ploughed ground where that houſe ſtoode, by the ſpace of a Welch myle (which reacheth vnto a myle and an halfe Engliſhe) and to thys daye the rillers of the ſoyle there, doe plowe vp bones as they ſaye of thoſe monks that were ſlaine in the quarell of Auguſtine, and wythin the memorie of man, ſome of them were taken vp in their rotten wéedes, which were much lyke vnto thoſe of our late monkes, as Lelãd doth ſet it down, yet Eraſ|mus is of the opinion, that the apparel of the Benedictine monkes, was ſuch as moſt men did were at their firſt inſtitutiõ. But to pro|céede, thys Abbaye ſtoode in a fayre valley, and in thoſe tymes the ryuer ranne harde by it. The compaſſe thereof lykewiſe, was as ye ciruite of a walled Towne, and to this daye two of the the gates may eaſily be diſcerned, of which the one is named Port Hogan ly|ing by north, the other Port Clais, ſcituate vpõ the ſouth. But ye Dée hauing now chan|ged his chanell, runneth thorow ye very mid|deſt of the houſe betwixt thoſe two gates, the one of them being at the leſt a full halfe myle frõ the other. As for the ſquared ſtone that is founde hereabout, and the Romaine coine, there is no ſuch neceſſity, of the rehearſell thereof, but that I maye paſſe it ouer with|out any farther mencion.

The Dée therefore beyng paſt Bangor, goeth to Wrothenbury, and there recey|ueth ſundry waters into one chanell, wherof the chiefe ryſeth néere to Blackmere (a ma|ner pertayning to the Earle of Shreweſbu|ry) from whence it goeth to Whitechurch, Ouſacre hall, and ſoone after taketh in a ryll that diſcendeth from Coiſley, after which cõ|fluence, it runneth on by nether Durtwiche, to Olde caſtell, Tallarne, and ere long croſ|ſeth two other waters in one channell alſo, whereof one runneth by Penly chapell, ano|ther from Hawmere, and ioyning at Em|berhall, they go from thence to Worthenbu|ry, and ſo into the Dée, which by and by vni|teth it ſelfe with another at Shockebridge that commeth in from Ridding. Thence it runneth betwéene Holt caſtell, and Farue, and ere it come to Alford two waters com|myng EEBO page image 74 out of Wales doe ioyne withal, wher|of the one is named Alin and deſcendeth by Grafforde,Alen. Marfforde, Cragwilly and Alen towne, the other goeth by Pewford & Pot|ton. Beneath Alford towne end likewiſe the Dée receyueth the Gowy,Gowy. whoſe heade is at Pecforten at two ſeuerall places, and after the confluence goeth by Beſton caſtell, & Be|ſton towne: thence to Tréerton and Hakeſly where it deuideth it ſelfe, ſo that one arme runneth by Totnall, Gowburne (where M. Venables lyeth) Lée hall and beneath Alford againe into the other braunche of the ryuer Dée, which goeth in the meane time by Sta|pleforde, Hocknell plat, Plemſtow, & a litle aboue Thorneton croſſeth a water that com|meth from Cheſter, and goeth to Thornetõ by the Baites, Charletõ, Blackford, Crow|ton, and Stoke, whereby Wyrall is cut frõ the maine of Englande and left as a very I|ſlande. Finally our Dée goeth from Alforde to Eaton hall, Eccleſton, Huntungdon hall, Boughton and ſo by Cheſter towne into the hauen adioyning, and thus much of the Dée, which receyueth in like ſort the Alen mencio|ned euen now wherof I gaue ſome notice in the former Treatize,Alen. and I haue found more ſithens that time in Leland which I will not here omitte, to ſet downe worde for word as I reade it in his Commentaries. One of the greateſt riuers, ſaith he, that falleth into this ſtreame, (meaning Dée) is named Alen. It ryſeth in a pole called Lin Alen, and goeth from thence by Lanteglan, Lan Armon, Lanueris, Moleſdale, and at Hiſpalin rũneth into the grounde for a certaine ſpace, about a quarter of a mile in length, and there after it is ryſen againe with a great vehemencie, becommeth a marche betwéene Moleſdale (a Lordſhip full of very fine riuerets, called in Welche Stradalyn) and Flint, for a fiue miles grounde. From thence going thorow Hoxedale, Bromefielde aliâs Maylor & Cam|ridge, halfe a myle beneath Holt, it falleth into the Dée, which hath the beſt Trowtes in England.Beſt Trowtes in Dée Rue De|doch. Beſide this it receyueth alſo the Rue Dedoch, which commeth downe within a quarter of a myle of Wrexam, & méeteth wythall a myle aboue Holt, a verye pretie ſtreame, and ſuch a one in déede as bréedeth the ſame Trowt, for which the Dée is com|mended.Abon. The Abon falleth into ye Dée, with|in a myle of Ruabon churche. I had almoſt forgotten (ſaith the ſayde Authour) to ſpeake of the Terig otherwiſe named Auon Terig,Terig. which being almoſt ſo great as the Alen, cõ|meth thorow a péece of Yale Lordſhip into Moleſdale,Howne. and ſo into Alin. I ouer paſſe alſo the Howne that commeth by the ſouth ende of Moleſdale towne, and ſoone after into this water. Alſo the Brone, [...] deſcending frõ Regi|nalds tower, & after thre quarters of a myle lykewyſe into the Alen.Wyr [...] Finally the Wyral which ryſeth within leſſe then a quarter of a myle of Cheſter, & falleth into Dée at Floc|kers brooke, without the north gate, wherein is a Docke called Port pole for great ſhips to ride at a ſpring tyde. Hitherto Lelande, whoſe ſayings herein ſhal not periſh, becauſe they may be profitably vſed in the next publi|cation of this booke, yf it euer happen to be liked and come thereto.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Being paſt the Dée we come next of all vn|to the Wiuer,Wiuer. then the which I reade of no riuer in England that fetcheth more or halfe ſo many windleſſes and crincklinges, before it come at the ſea. It ryſeth in Buckle hilles, which lye betwene Ridley & Buckle towns, and ſoone after making a lake of a myle and more in length called Ridley pole, it rũneth by Ridley to Chalmõdly. Thence it goeth to Wrenbury where it taketh in a water out of a moore that commeth from Marbury: [...] and beneath Sanford bridge the Combrus from Combermer or Comber lake: and finallye the thirde that commeth from about Mone|ton, and runneth by Langerflaw, then be|twéene Shenton and Atherly parkes, and ſo into the Wiuer, which watereth all the weſt part of England, and is no leſſe notable then the fift Auon or thirde Ouze, whereof I haue ſpoken already. After theſe confluences it ha|ſteth alſo to Audlem, Hawklow, and at Bar|derton croſſeth the Betley water,Bet [...] that run|neth by Duddington, Widdenbery and ſo by Barderton into the aforeſayde ſtreame. Thence it goeth to Nantwiche, but eare it come at Marchforde bridge, [...] it meeteth with a rill called Salopbrooke, as I geſſe cõming from Caluerley warde, [...] and likewiſe beneth the ſayde bridge, with the Lée and the Wul|uarne both in one chanell, wherof the firſt ri|ſeth at Weſton, the other goeth by Copnall. From thence the Wiuer rũneth on to Min|chion and Cardeſwijc, and the next water that falleth into it is the Aſhe,Aſhe (which paſſeth by Darnall Graunge,) and afterwarde go|ing to Warke, the vale Royall, and Eaton, it commeth finally to Northwiche where it receyueth the Dane,Dane to be deſcribed as fol|loweth. The Dane riſeth in the very edges of Cheſter, Darbyſhyre, and Staffordſhyre, and comming by Wharneforde, Switham|ley and Boſley, is a limite betwéene Staf|forde and Darby ſhyres, almoſt euen from the very head, which is in Maxwell forreſt. It is not long alſo ere it met with the Bidle water, that commeth by Congerton,Bidle and af|ter EEBO page image 65 the cõfluence goeth to Swetham, the He|remitage, Cotton and Croxton, there taking in two great waters whereof the one is cal|led Whelocke, [...]elocke. which comming frõ the edge of the countie by Morton to Sa [...]dbach croſ|ſeth another that deſcendeth from Churche Cawlton, and after the confluence goeth to Warmingham (ioyning alſo beneath Mid|lewiſh with the Croco or Croxtõ, the ſecond great water, [...]roco. whoſe head commeth out of a lake aboue Bruerton as I heare) and thence both the Whelocke and the Croco go as one to the Dane, at Croxſton, as the Dane doth from thence to Boſtocke, Dauenham, She|bruch, Shurlach and at Northwiche into the aforeſayd Wyuer. After this confluence the Wyuer runneth on to Barneton, and there in like ſort receiueth two brookes in one cha|nell, wherof one commeth from aboue Allo|ſtocke, by Holme and Laſtocke, the other from beyonde Birtles mill, by Chelforde (where it taketh in a [...], called Piuerey) thence to ouer Peuer, [...]iuerey. Holforde & there croſ|ſing the Waterleſſe brooke [...]cowing of two beckes and ioyning at nether Tabley) it go|eth forth to Winſhambridge, [...]terleſſe and then mée|ting with the other, after this confluẽce they procéede till they come almoſt at Barneton, where the ſaide chanell ioyneth with a pretie water running thorow two Lakes, whereof the greateſt lyeth betwéene Cumberbach, Rudworth, & Marbury. But to go forwarde with the courſe of the maine riuer. After theſe cõfluences our Wiuer goeth to War|ham, Actonbridge, and Dutton, ouer againſt which towne, on ye other ſide it méeteth with a rill, comming from Cuddington, alſo the ſecond going by Norley, and Gritton, final|lye the thirde ſoone after from Kimſley, and then procéedeth on in his paſſage, by Aſheton chappell, Frodeſham, Rockeſauage, and ſo into the ſea: and this is all that I doe finde of the Wyuer, whoſe influences might haue béene more largely ſet downe, yf mine in|ſunctions had béene more amplye deliuered, yet this I hope maye ſuffice for his deſcrip|tion, and knowledge of his courſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]erſey.The Merſey riſeth among the Peke hils, and from thence going downe to the Wood|houſe, and taking ſundrie rilles withal by the waye, it becommeth the confines betwéene Cheſter and Darbyſhyres. Going alſo to|ward Goitehal, it méeteth with a faire brooke increaſed by ſundrye waters, [...]it. called Goyte, whereof I finde this ſhort and briefe deſcrip|tion. The Goyte riſeth not far frõ the Shire méere hill (wherein the Doue and the Dane haue their original) that parteth Darbyſhire and Cheſteſhyres in ſunder, and thence com|meth downe to Goyte howſes, D [...]rth, Ta [...]|hall, Shawcroſſe, and at Weybridge taketh in the Frith,Frith. Set. and beneath Berdhall the Set that riſeth aboue Therſethall and rũneth by Ouerſette. After this confluence alſo the Merſey goeth to Goyte hall, and at Storford towne méeteth with the Tame,Tame. which deui|deth Cheſterſhire and Lancaſterſhyres in ſunder, and whoſe heade is in the very edge of Yorkeſhyre, from whence it goeth South|warde to S [...]leworth Firth, then to Mu [...]el|hirſt, S [...]aly hal, Aſhdon Vnderline, Dunke|field, Denton, Reddiſh, and ſo at Stockeford or Stopford into the Merſey ſtreame, which paſſeth forth in like ſort to Doddeſbyry, re|ceyuing a brooke by the waye that commeth from Litt [...] parke, by Br [...]thall parke and Chedley. From Doddeſbury it procéedeth to Northen, Aſhton, A [...]ſton, Flixſton, where it receiueth the Irwell a notable water,Irwell. and therefore his deſcription is not to be omitted before I doe go forward any farder with the Merſey. It riſeth aboue Bacop, and goeth thence to Roſendale, and in the waye to Ay|tenfielde it taketh in a water from Haſelden. After this confluence it goeth to Newhall, Brandleſham, Brury, and aboue Ratcliffe ioyneth with ye Rache water, Raeus, or Rache. a faire ſtreame and to be deſcribed when I haue finiſhed the Irwell, as alſo the next vnto it beneath Rad|cliffe, bycauſe I woulde not haue ſo manye endes at once in hande wherewith to trouble my readers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng therfore paſt theſe two, our Irwel goeth on to Clifton, Holl [...]nde, Edgecroft,Lelande ſpeaketh of of the Corue water a|boute Mancheſ|ter, but I knowe no|thing of his courſe. Yrke. Medlocke. Strang wayes, and to Mancheſter, where it vniteth it ſelfe with the Yrke, that runneth thereinto by Royton Midleton, Heaton h [...]ll, and Blackeley. Beneath Mancheſter alſo it méeteth with the Medlocke that cõmeth thy|ther frõ the north eaſt ſide of Oldham, & be|twéene Clayton and Garret Halles, and ſo betwéene two parkes, falling into it about Holne. Thence our Irwel going forward to Woodſall, Whicleſwijc, Erles, Barton, & Deuelhom, it falleth néere vnto Flixton, in|to the water of Merſey, where I will ſtaye a while withall, till I haue brought the other vnto ſome paſſe, of which I ſpake before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Rache conſiſteth of ſundrye waters,Rache. whereof eche one in a maner hath a proper name, but the greateſt of all is Rache it ſelf, which ryſeth among the blacke ſtony hilles, from whence it goeth to Littlebrough, and beyng paſt Clegge, receyueth the Beyle,Beile. that commeth thither by Myluernaw chap|pell. After thys confluence alſo, it méeteth with a rill néere vnto Rachedale, and ſoone after with the Sprotton water,Sprotton. and then the EEBO page image 75 Sudley brooke,Sudley. whereby his chanell is not a litle increaſed, which goeth from thence to Griſehirſt and ſo into the Irwell, before it come at Ratcliffe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bradſha.The ſecond ſtreame is called Bradſha. It ryſeth of two heades, aboue Turetõ church, whence it runneth to Bradſha, and ere long taking in the Walmeſley becke,Walmeſley. they go in one chanell till they come beneath Bolton in the More. From hence (receyuing a water that commeth from the rootes of Rauenpike, hill by the way) it goeth by Deane and Bol|ton in the more, and ſo into Bradſha water, which taketh his way to Leuermore, Farn|worth, Leuerleſſe, and finally into the Ir|well which I before deſcribed, and whereof I finde theſe two verſes to be added at the laſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Yrke, Irwell, Medlocke, and Tame,
When they meete with the Merſey, do loſe their name.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe therefore to reſume our Merſey you ſhall vnderſtande that after his conflu|ence with the Irwel, he runneth to Parting|ton, and not farre from thence interteineth ye Gles,Gles. or Gleſbrooke water, increaſed wyth ſundrye armes whereof one commeth from Lodward, an other from aboue Houghton, the thyrde from Hulton Parcke, and the fourth from Shakerley: and beyng all vni|ted néere vnto Leighe, the confluence goeth to Holcroft,Bollein broke. and aboue Holling gréene into ye ſwift Merſey. After this increaſe the ſaide ſtreame in lyke ſort runneth to Rigſton, & there admytteth the Bollein brooke water into his ſocietie, which riſing néere ye Cham|ber in Maxwell Foreſt goeth to Ridge, Sut|ton, Maxfield, Bollington, Preſtbyry, and Newton, where it taketh in a water cõming frõ about Pot Chappell, which runneth frõ thence by Adlington, Woodforde, Wymſley Ryngey, and Aſhley, there receyuing the Byrkin brooke that commeth from betwene Allerton and Marchall,Birkin. by Mawberly, and ſoone after the Marus or Mar,Mar. that cõmeth thereinto from Mar towne, by Rawſtorne, and after theſe confluences goeth on to Downham, and ouer againſt Rixton beneth Croſforde bridge into the Merſey water, which procéeding on, admitteth not another that méeteth with all néere Lym before it go to Thelwall. Thence alſo it goeth by Bruche and ſo to Warrington, a little beneath croſ|ſing a brooke that commeth from Par by Browſey, Bradley and Saukey on the one ſide, and another on the other that commeth thither from Gropenhall, and with theſe it rũneth on to nether Walton, Acton grange, and ſo to Penkith, where it interteineth the Bolde, and ſoone after the Grundiche water on the otherſide, that paſſeth by Preſton, [...] and Dareſbyry. Finallye our Merſey goyng by Moulton, it falleth into Lirepoole Hauen, when it is paſt R [...]ncorne. And thus much of the Merſey, comparable to the Wyuer, and of no leſſe fame then moſt ryuers of thys I|ſlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſt theſe two we come next of all to the Tarbocke water that falleth into the ſea at Harbocke, [...] without finding any [...] tyll we be paſt all Wyrall, out of Leirpoole hauen, and from the blacke rockes, that lye vpon the north point of the aforeſayd Iſland. Then come we to the Altmouth,Alt. whoſe freſh ryſing not farre into the lande, commeth to Feſton, and ſoone after receiuing another on the ryght hand, that paſſeth into it by Augh|ton, it is increaſed no more before it come at the ſea. Neyther finde I any other falles till I méete with the mouth of the Yarrow and Dugleſſe, which haue their recourſe to the ſea in one Chanell as I take it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Dugleſſe commeth from by weſt of Rauenſpike hill [...] and ere long runneth by Andertonford to Worthington, & ſo (takyng in two or thrée rylles by the waye) to Wige, where it receyueth two waters in on chanel, of which one commeth in ſouth from Bryn Parke, the other from northeaſt. Being paſt thys it receyueth one on the north ſide from Standiſhe, and another by ſouth from Hol|lond, & then goeth on towarde Rufford chap|pell taking the Taude with all, that diſcen|deth from aboue Skelmerſdale towne, [...] and goeth thorow Lathan Parke, belonging as I here vnto the Earle of Daxby. It méeteth alſo on the ſame ſide, [...] with Merton méere water, in which méere is an Iſlande called Netholme, and when it is paſt the hanging bridge, it is not long ere it fall into the Yar|rowe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Yarowe ryſeth of two heades,Yar [...] Bag [...] wherof the ſecond is called Bagen brooke, & making a confluence beneath Helby woode, it goeth on to Burghe, Egleſton, Crofton, and then ioyneth next of all with the Duggleſſe, after which confluence, the maine ſtreame goeth forth to Bankehall, Charleton, How, Heſ|ket, and ſo into the ſea. Lelande wryting of ye Yarow, ſaith thus of the ſame, ſo farre as I now remember. Into the Dugleſſe alſo run|neth the Yarrow, which commeth wythin a myle or thereabout, of Chorleton towne, that parteth Leland ſhire, frõ Darby ſhire, vnder the foote of Chorle alſo I finde a ryll, named Ceorle, and about a myle and an half frõ thence a notable quarrey of ſtones wher|of the inhatants doe make a great boſt and EEBO page image 66 price, and hetherto Leland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ll.The Rybell as concerning his heade is ſufficiẽtly touched already in my firſt booke. Beyng therefore come to Giſborne, it goeth to Sawley or Salley, Chatburne, Clithe|row caſtell, & beneath Mitton, méeteth with the Odder, [...]e. which ryſeth not farre from the croſſe of grete, and going thence to Shil|burne, Newton, Radholme parke, & Stony hirſt, it falleth ere long into the Ribble wa|ter. From hence the Ribble hath not gone farre, [...]der. but it méeteth with the Calder. Thys brooke ryſeth aboue Holme church, goeth by Towley and Burneley, (where it receiueth a trifeling rill) thence to Higham, and ere long croſſing one water that commeth from Wicoler, by Colne, and another by and by named Pidle brooke that runneth by Newe church, [...]le. in the Piddle: it méeteth with ye Cal|der, which paſſeth forth to Paniam, & thence (receyuing a becke on the other ſide) it run|neth on to Altham, and ſo to Martholme, where the Henburne brooke, doth ioyne with all, [...]burne that goeth by Akingtõ chappell, Church, Dunkinhalghe, Riſhton, and ſo into ye Chal|der as I haue ſayde before. The Chalder therefore being thus inlarged, runneth forth to Reade (where M. Nowell dwelleth) to Whalley, and ſoone after into Ribell, that goeth from this confluence to Saliſbury hal, Ribcheſter, Oſbaſton, Sambury, Keuerden, Law, Ribles bridge, and then taketh in the Darwent, [...]rwent. before it goeth by Pontwarth in|to the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Darwent deuideth Lelande ſhire from Anderneſſe, and it ryſeth by eaſt aboue Darwent chappel, [...]cke| [...]ne. [...]leſ| [...]th. [...]nnocke and ſoone after vniting it ſelfe with the Blackeburne, & Rodleſworth water, it goeth thorowe Howghton Parke, by Howghton towne, to Walton hall, and ſo into the Ribell. As for the Sannocke brooke, it ryſeth ſomewhat aboue Longridge chap|pell, goeth to Broughton towne, Cotham, Lée hall, and ſo into Ribell: and here is all that I haue to ſay of this ryuer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]re.The Wire ryſeth eight or ten miles from Garſtan, out of an hill in Wireſdale, from whence it runneth by Shireſhed chappell, & then going by Wadland, Garſtan, & Kyrke|lande hall, [...]lder .2. it firſt receyueth the ſeconde Cal|der, that commeth down by Edmerſey chap|pell, then another chanel increaſed with ſun|drie waters, which I will here deſcribe be|fore I procéede with the Wire. I ſuppoſe that the firſt water is called Plympton brooke. [...]mpton. It riſeth ſouth of Goſner, and cõmeth by Cawforde hall, [...]rton. and eare long receyuing the Barton becke, [...]ooke. it procéedeth forward till it ioyneth with the Brooke rill, that cõmeth by Claughton hall where M. Broke hales doth lie, and ſo thorow Merſco forreſt. After this confluẽce the Plime or Plimton water méeteth with the Calder, and then with the Wire which paſſeth forth to Mighel church, and the Raw cliffes,Skipton. and aboue Thorneton croſſeth the Skipton, that goeth by Potton, then into the Wire rode, and finally into the ſea, according to his nature.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Beyng paſt the fall of the Wire, wée coa|ſted vppe by the ſalt cotes to Coker mouth,Cokar. whoſe ſhortneſſe of courſe deſerueth no diſ|criptiõ. The next is Cowdar,Cowdar. which cõming out of Wire dale (as I take it) is not increa|ſed with any other waters, more then Co|ker, and therefore I wyll rydde my handes thereof ſo much the ſooner. But beyng paſt theſe twoo, I came to a notable ryuer called the Lune,Lune. whoſe courſe doth reaſt to be de|ſcribed as followeth, & whereof I haue two deſcriptions, the firſt being ſet down by Le|land as M. More, of Catherine hall in Cam|bridge, deliuered it vnto him: the next I ex|habite as it was giuen vnto me, by one that hath taken paynes as he ſayth to ſearche out and view the ſame, but very lately to ſpeake of. The Lune ſaith M. More riſeth at Croſſe|hoe, in Dentdale, in the edge of Richmonde ſhire out of thrée heades. North alſo from Dentdale, is Garſdale, and thereby runneth a water, which afterward commeth to Seb|bar vale, where likewiſe is a brooke méeting with Garſdale water, ſo that a little lower they go as one into Dentdale becke, which is the ryuer that afterwarde is called Lune, or Lane, as I haue verye often noted it. Beſide theſe waters alſo before mencioned, it receyueth at the foote of Sebbar vale, a great brooke which cõmeth out of ye Worth, betwéene Weſtmerlande and Richmonde ſhires, which taking with him the aforeſaide chanelles, doth runne ſeauen myles ere it come to Dentdale foote. From hence it ente|reth into Lanſdale, corruptlye ſo called per|aduenture for Luneſdale, and runneth therin eyght or nyne myles ſouthwarde, and in this dale is Kyrby. Hetherto M. More (as Leland hath exemplified that percell of his letters) but mine other note wryteth hereof in thys maner. Burbecke water ryſeth at Wuſtall heade, by weſt,Burbecke and going by Wuſtall foote to Skaleg,Breder. it admitteth the Breder that deſ|cendeth thither from Breder dale. From hence our Burbecke goeth to Breder dale foote, and ſo to Tybary, where it méeteth with foure rylles in one bottome, of which one commeth from beſides Orton, another from betwéene Raſebecke and Sunbiggin: the thirde and fourth from eche ſide of Lang|dale, EEBO page image 76 and after the generall confluẽce made, goeth towarde Roundſwathe aboue which it vniteth it ſelfe with the Barow.Barrow. Thence it runneth to Howgill, Delaker, Firrebanke, and Killingtõ, beneth which it méeteth with a water comming from the Moruill hilles, and afterwarde croſſing the Dent brooke (that runneth thither from Dent towne) be|neath Sebbor,Dent. they continue their courſe as one into the Burbecke, from whence it is called Lune. From hence it goeth to Bur|borne chappell, where it taketh in an other rill comming from by eaſt, then to Kyrby Lanſdale, and aboue Whittenton, croſſeth a brooke comming from the Countie ſtone, by Burros, and ſoone after beneath Tunſtal the Gretey,Gretey. which deſcẽding from about In|gelborow hill paſſeth by Twyſelton, Ingle|ton, Thorneton, Burton, Wratton & neare Thurlande caſtell toucheth finally with the Lune, which brauncheth and ſoone after vni|teth it ſelfe againe. After this alſo it goeth on towarde New parke, & receyueth the Wen|ny,Wenny. Hinburne. and the Hinburne both in one chanell, of which this riſeth north of the croſſe of Grete, and going by Benthams and Robertes hill, aboue Wray taketh in the Rheburne that ri|ſeth north of Wulfcragge.Rheburne After thys con|fluence alſo aboue New parke, it maketh his gate by Aughton, Laughton, Skirton, Lan|caſter, Excliffe, Awcliffe, Sodday, Orton, and ſo into the ſea. Thus haue you both the deſcriptions of Lune, make your conference or election at your pleaſure for I am ſworne to neyther of them both.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Docker. Kery.The next fall is called Docker, and perad|uenture the ſame that Lelande doth call the Kery, it ryſeth north of Docker towne, and going by Barwijc hall, it is not increaſed be|fore it come at the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Being paſt this we finde a forked arme of the ſea called Kenſandes: into the firſt of which diuers waters doe runne in one cha|nell, as it were from foure principal heades, one of them comming from Grarrig hall, another from by weſt of Whinfielde, & ioy|ning with ye firſt on the eaſt ſide of Skelmere parke.Sprota. The third called Sprot or Sprota ry|ſeth at Sloddale, and commeth downe by weſt of Skelmer parke, ſo that theſe two brookes haue the aforeſayde parke betwéene them, and fall into the fourth eaſt of Barne|ſide, not very farre in ſunder. The fourth or laſt called Ken,Ken. cõmeth frõ Kentmeres ſide, and going to Stauelop it taketh in a rill frõ Chappleton Inges. Then leauing Colnehed parke by eaſt, it paſſeth by Barneſide, to Kendall, Helſton, Sigathe, Siggeſwijc, Le|uenbridge, Milnethorpe, and ſo into the ſea. Certes this Ken is a pretie déepe riuer, & yet not ſafely to be aduentured vpõ with Botes and Balingers by reaſon of rolling ſtones, and other huge ſubſtaunces that oft annoy & trouble the middeſt of the chanell there. The other péece of ye forked arme,Win [...] is called Win|ſtar, ye head wherof is aboue Winſtar chap|pell, and going downe almoſt by Carpma|unſell, and Netherſlake, it is not long eare it fall into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Winander water ryſeth about Dum|balraſe ſtenes,Win [...] from whence it goeth to Lan|gridge, where it maketh a méere: thẽ to Am|bleſide, and taking in eare it come there, two rilles on the left hande, and one on the right that commeth by Clapergate, it maketh as I take it the greateſt méere, or freſhe water in Englande, for as I reade it is well neare ten myles in length. Therinto alſo doe thrée or foure waters come, whereby the quantity thereof is not a little increaſed: finally com|ming to one ſmal chanell aboue Newbridge, it is not long eare it fall into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the weſt ſide of the point alſo commeth another thorow Furneſſe felles,Spa [...] and frõ the hilles by north thereof, which eare long ma|king another Lake not farre from Hollin|how, and going by Bridge ende, in a narrow chanell, paſſeth forth by Cowlton & Sparke bridge, and ſo into the ſea. There is in like ſorte a water called the Foſſe,Foſſe that ryſeth neare vnto Arneſide, and Tillerthwates, & goeth forth by Griſdale, Saterthwate, Ruſ|lande, Powbridge, Bowth, & ſo falleth with the Winander water into the maine ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hauing paſſed the Leuen or Conyſandes or Winander fall (for all is one) I come to the Lew which riſeth at Lewike chappell,Leu [...] & falleth into the ſea beſide Plumpton. The Rawther deſcending out of lowe Furneſſe hath two heades,Raw [...] whereof one commeth frõ Pennyton, the other by Vlmerſtone abbay, and ioyning both in one chanell, they haſten into the ſea whither all waters dir [...]ct theyr voyage. Then come we to another rill ſouth weſt of Aldingham, deſcending by Glaiſton caſtell, and likewyſe the fourth that ryſeth neare Lyndell, and running by Dawltõ ca|ſtell and Furneſſe abbay, not farre from the Barrow heade, it falleth into the ſea ouer a|gainſt Wauey and Wauey chappell, except myne aduertiſementes miſleade me.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Dodon cõmeth frõ the Shire ſtone hill bottome, & going by Blackhil,Dodon Southwake ſ. Iohns, Vffay parke, and Broughton, it fal|leth into the ſaltwater, betwéene Kyrby and Mallum caſtell, and thus are we now come vnto the Rauenglaſſe point.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Comming to Rauenglaſſe, I finde harde EEBO page image 67 by the towne a water comming from two heades, and both of them in Lakes or Poles, wherof one iſſueth out of Denock méere, & is called Denock water, [...]enocke. the other named Eſke from Eſke pole, [...]ſke. which runneth by Eſkedale, Dalegarth, and ſoone after méeting with the Denocke, betwéene Mawburthwate, & Ra|uẽglaſſe falleth into the ſea. On the other ſide of Rauenglaſſe alſo cõmeth the Mite brooke, from Myterdale as I reade: [...]ite.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then finde we another which commeth from the hylles, and at the fyrſt is forked, but ſoone after making a Lake, they gather againe into a ſmaller chanell: finally méeting with the Brenge, [...]renge. they fall into the ſea at Carleton ſoutheaſt, as I wéene of Drig.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 [...]ander.The Cander or as Lelande nameth it the Calder, commeth out of Copeland Forreſt, by Cander, Sellefielde and ſo into the ſea. Then come we to Euer water deſcending out of a pole aboue Coſwaldhow, and thence going by Euerdale, it croſſeth a water from Arladon, and afterward procéedeth to Egre|mond, S. Iohns, and taking in another ryll from Hide, it is not long ere it méeteth with the ſea. The next fall is at Moreſby, wherof I haue no ſkill. Frõ thence therefore we caſt about by ſ. Bées to Derwentſet hauẽ, whoſe water is truely written Dargwent, or Der|uent.Dargwent It riſeth in the hilles about Borrodale, from whence it goeth to the Graunge, thẽce into a Lake, in which are certaine Iſlandes, and ſo to Keſwijc where it falleth into the Burſemere, or the Burthmere pole. In like ſort the Burthmere water,Burth| [...]éere. riſing among the hils goeth to Tegburtheſworth, Forneſide, S. Iohns and Threlcote: and there méeting with a water from Griſdale, by Waketh|wate,Griſe. called Griſe, it runneth to Burneſſe, Keſwijck and there receiueth the Darwent. From Keſwijc in like ſorte it goeth to Thor|neſwate (& there making a plaſh) to Arman|ſwate, Iſel, Huthwate and Cokermouth, & here it receyueth the Cokar,Cokar. which riſing a|mong the hilles, commeth by Lowſewater, Brakenthwate, Lorton and ſo to Cokar|mouth towne, frõ whẽce it haſteth to Bridge|ham, and receiuing a rill called the Wire on the ſouth ſide that rũneth by Dein, it leaueth Samburne and Wirketon behinde it, & en|treth in the ſea.Wire. Leland ſayth that the Wire is a creeke, where ſhippes lie oft at rode, and that Wirketon or Wirkington towne doth take hys name thereof. But to procéede, the Elme riſeth in the mines aboue Amau|trée,Elmus. and from Amautre goeth to Yereſby Harby, Brow, and there taking in a rill on the left hande comming by Torpenny it go|eth to Hatton caſtell, Alwarby, Byrthy, De|reham & ſo into the ſea. Thence we go about by the chappell at the point, and come to a baie ſerued with two freſh waters, whereof one riſing weſtward goeth by Warton, Ra|by, Cotes, & ſo into the maine, taking in a ril withall from by ſouth,Croco. called Croco that cõ|meth from Crochdale, by Bromefield.Vamus. The ſecond is named Wampole brooke, and this riſeth of two heades, whereof one is about Cardew, thence in lyke ſorte, it goeth to Thureſby, Croſton, Owton, Gamleſby, Wampall, the Larth, and betwéene White|ridge and Kyrby into the ſaltwater. From hence we double the Bowlneſſe, and come to an Eſtuary, whether thrée notable ryuers doe reſorte, (and this is named the Soluey mouth) but of all, the firſt excéedeth which is called Eden, and whoſe deſcription doth fol|lowe here at hande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Eden deſcendeth as I heare from the hilles in Athelſtane moore at the foote of Huſ|ſiat Moruell hill where Swale alſo riſeth and ſoutheaſt of Mallerſtang forreſt.Eden. Frõ thence in like maner it goeth to Mallerſtãg towne, Pendragon caſtell, Wharton hall, Netby, Hartley caſtell, Kyrkeby Stephen, and eare it come at great Muſgraue it receiueth thrée waters, whereof one is called Helbecke,Helbecke. Bellow. by|cauſe it commeth from the derne and elinge mountaines by a towne of the ſame denomi|nation, the other is named Bellow and deſ|cendeth frõ the eaſt mountaines by Sowarſ|by, and theſe two on the northeaſt: the thirde falleth from Rauenſtandale, by Newbyg|gin, Smardale, Soulby, Blaterne and ſo in|to Eden,Orne. that goeth from thence by War|cop and taking in the Orne about Burelles on the one ſide, and the Moreton becke on the other, it haſteth to Appleby,Moreton. thence to Cowlby where it croſſeth the Driebecke,Dribecke. Trowt becke. thence to Bolton, and Kyrby, and there mée|ting with the Trowt becke and beneath the ſame with the Liuenet,Liuenet. (whereinto falleth an other water frõ Thurenly méeting wyth all beneath Clebron) it runneth finally into Eden. After the confluences alſo the Eden paſſeth to Temple, and ſoone after méeting with the Milburne and Blincorne waters,Milburne Blincorne in one chanell, it runneth to Winderwarth and Horneby where we will ſtaie till I haue deſcribed ye water that méeteth withall néere the aforeſayde place, called the Vlſe.Vlſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This water commeth out of a Lake, which is fedde with ſixe rilles wherof one is called the Marke,Marke. and neare the fall therof into the plaſh is a towne of the ſame name: the ſe|conde hight Harteſop,Hartſop. & runneth frõ Harte|ſhop hall by Depedale: the thirde is Pater|dale rill: the fourth Glent Roden,Paterdale. Roden. the fift EEBO page image 77 Glenkwent,Glenk|guin. but the ſixth runneth into the ſayde lake, ſouth of Dowthwate. Afterward when this lake cõmeth toward Pole towne, it runneth into a ſmall chanell, and going by Barton, Dalamaine, it taketh in a rill by the waye from Daker caſtell. Thence it go|eth to Stockebridge, Yoneworth, and ſoone after méeteth wyth a prety brooke, called Lo|der,Loder. comming from Thornethwate by Bau|ton, and here a ril, then by Helton, and there another, thence to Aſkham, Clifton, and ſo ioining with the other called Vlſe, they go to Brougham caſtel, Nine churches, Horneby, and ſo into Eden, taking in a ryll as it goeth that commeth downe from Pencath. Beyng paſt Hornby our Eden runneth to Langun|by and ſoone after receiuing a ryll that com|meth from two heades, and ioyning beneath Wingſel, it haſteth to Laſenby, then to kirke Oſwalde, (on eche ſide whereof commeth in a ril from by eaſt) thence to Nonney, & there a ryl, Anſtable, Cotehyll, Corby caſtel. We|therall, Neweby, where I wyll ſtaye till I haue deſcribed the Irding, and ſuch waters as fall into the ſame before I go to Carleill.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Irding.The Irding ryſeth in a Moore in the bor|ders of Tindale, néere vnto horſe hed Crag, where it is called Terne becke vntil it come to Spycrag hill,Terne. that deuideth northumber|land and Gilleſland in ſunder, from whence it is named Irding. Beyng therefore come to Ouerhal, it receiueth the Pultroſe becke, by eaſt,Pultroſe. and thence goeth on to Ouerdenton, Netherdenton, Leuercoſt, and Caſtelſteade, where it taketh in the Cambocke, that run|neth by Kyrke Cambocke,Cambocke Aſkerton caſtel, Walton, and ſo into Irding, which goeth from thence to Irdington, Newby, and ſo into Eden. But a litle before it come there, it croſſeth with the Gilly that commeth by Tankin,Gilly. and ſoone after falleth into it. Af|ter theſe confluences, our Eden goeth to Lin|ſtocke caſtell, (and here it enterteyneth a brooke, comming from Cote hill warde by Aglionby) thẽ vnto Carleill, which is almoſt enuironed wyth foure waters. For beſide ye Eden it receyueth the Peder,Pedar ali|as, Logus. which Leland calleth Logus from ſouth eaſt. This Peder ryſeth in the hiles ſouthweſt of Penruddock, from whence it goeth to Penruddocke, then to Graſtocke caſtell, Cateley and Ken|derſidehall, and then taking in a water from Vnthanke, it goeth to Cathwade, Pettrell way, Newbiggin, Carleton, & ſo into Eden, northeaſt of Caerleill. But on the north ſide the Bruferth brooke doth ſwiftely make hys entraunce running by Leuerdale,Bruferth. Scalby caſtell, and Houſedon as I am informed. The thirde is named Candan, (if not De|ua after Lelande) which ryſing about the Skidlow hilles, runneth to Moſedale, Cald|becke Warnell, Saberham, Roſe Caſtell, Dawſton, Brounſton, Harrington, and weſt of Cairleill falleth into Eden, which goyng from thence by Grimſdale, Kyrke Andros, Beaumont, falleth into the ſea beneath the Rowcliffe caſtell. And thus much of the E|den, which Lelande neuertheleſſe deſcribeth, after another ſort, whoſe wordes I will not let to ſet downe here in this place, as I finde them in his commentaries.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Eden after it hath runne a prety ſpace from his head,Vlſe af+ter [...] méeteth in time with the Vlſe water, which is a great brooke in Weſtmer|lande, and ryſing aboue Maredale, a myle weſt of Loder;Loder. it commeth by the late diſſol|ued houſe of Shappe Priory, thrée myles frõ Shappe, and by Brampton village into Lo|der or Lodon. Certes thys ſtreame within halfe a myle of the head, becommeth a great lake for two myles courſe, and afterwarde waxing narrow againe, it runneth forth in a meane and indifferent botome. The ſayde Eden in lyke ſort receyueth the Aymote a|bout thrée myles beneath Brougham caſtell and into the ſame Aymote,A [...]mot [...] falleth the Dacor becke (already touched) which riſeth by north weſt in Materdale hilles, foure myles aboue Dacor caſtell,Dacor. and then goyng thorowe Da|cor Parke, it runneth by eaſt a good myle lower into Eymote, a lyttle beneath Dela|maine, which ſtandeth on the left ſide of Da|cor. In one of his bookes alſo he ſayeth, how Carleill ſtandeth betwéene two ſtreames,Deua. that is to ſaye the Deua, which cõmeth the|ther from by ſouthweſt, and alſo the Logus that diſcendeth frõ the ſouth eaſt. He addeth moreouer howe the Deua, in times paſt was named Vala or Bala,Vala. and that of the names of theſe two, Lugibalia for Caerleill hath béene deriued. &c And thus much out of Le|lande, but where it had the cauſe of this hys coniecture as yet I haue not reade. Of thys am I certeine that I vſe the names of moſt ryuers here and elſe where deſcribed, accor|cordingly as they are called in my time, al|though I omitte not to ſpeake here and there of ſuch as are more auncient, where iuſt oc|caſion mooueth me to remember them, for ye better vnderſtãding of our hiſtories, as they doe come to hande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Blacke Leuen and white Leuen waters,Leuen. fall into the ſea in one chanel, and with them the Lamforde and the Eſke,Lamforde Eſke. the laſt conflu|ence beyng not a full myle from the mayne ſea. The white & black Leuen, ioyning there|fore aboue Buckneſſe, the confluence goeth to Bracken hill, Kirkleuenton,Tomunt. & at Tomunt EEBO page image 68 water méeteth with the Eſke. In lyke ſorte the Kyrſop ioyning with the Lydde out of Scotland at Kyrſop foote, [...]irſop. [...]ydde. running by Stan|gerdike ſide, Harlow, Hath water, & takyng in the Eſke aboue the Mote, it looſeth the for|mer name, and is called Eſke, vntill it come to the ſea.

Hauing in this maner finiſhed the deſcrip|tion of the courſes of moſt of the ryuers ly|ing vpon the weſt coaſt of our country: now it reſteth that wée cut ouer vnto the weſt ſide of the ſame, and as it were call backe vnto mynde, the moſt notable of ſuch as wée erſt omitted, vntill we come at the Humber, and from thence vnto the Thames.

[...]wede.Firſt of all therfore as touching ye Twede, this I haue to note, that the olde and aunci|ent name of the Till that falleth into ye ſame is not Bromis,Till. from the heade as ſome doe nowe call it, [...]romis. (and I following their aſſerti|ons haue ſet downe) but rather Brenniche, [...]renniche & beſide that Lelande is of the ſame opinion. I finde howe the kingdome of Brenicia, tooke denomination of thys water, and that only therof it was called Brenicia, or Bren|nich, and vpon none other occaſion.

In my tractatiõ alſo of ye Tine, I reſerued the courſes of one or two waters vnto this booke of purpoſe, but ſithens the impreſſiõ of the ſame, I haue found the names & courſes of ſundrye other, which I will alſo deliuer in this place, after I haue touched the Alen or Alon, and one or two more which I appoin|ted hether, becauſe that at the firſt I vnder|ſtoode but little of them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ſt Alen.The Alen or Alon, hath two heades wher|of one is called eaſt Alen, ye other weſt Alen. The firſt of them riſeth ſouth eaſt of Sibton Sheles, and going by Simdorp, it taketh in a rill withall from by eaſt: After which con|fluence it runneth to Newſhele, Allington, Caddon, Olde towne, and in hys waye to Stauertpele, méeteth with the weſt Alen. The Weſt Alen ryſeth in the hilles aboue Wheteley ſhéeles, [...]eſt Alen from whence it goeth to Spartwell, Hawcopole, Owſton, & taking in a rill thereaboutes, it procéedeth on to Permandby, and croſſing there another ril in lyke maner from by Weſt, it goeth to Whitefielde, and ioyning ſoone after with ye eaſt Alen, they run as one to Stauert poole, Plankforde, and ſo into the Tine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]dde.Into the north Tine likewiſe falleth the Ridde, at Riddeſmouth. It riſeth within thrée myles of the Scottiſhe marſhe, as Lelande ſaith & commeth thorowe Riddeſdale where|vnto it giueth the name. Another writeth howe it ryſeth in the rootes of the Carter, & Redſquire hylles, [...]elhop. and ere it hath gone farre from the heade,Cheſlop. it taketh in the Spelhop frõ the north and the Cheſlop on the ſouth, beſide ſundrye other w [...]ld rylles nameleſſe and ob|ſcure, and therfore not worthy to be remem|bred here. After it hath paſſed Otterburne, it goeth to the medow Howgh, Woodburne, Riſingham, Leame, and ſo into the Tine, a little lower, then Belindgeham, which ſtan|deth ſomewhat aloofe from north Tine, and is as I take it ten myles at the leaſt aboue the towne of Hexham. Beneath ye confluence in like ſort of both the Tines, ſtandeth Cor|bridge, a towne ſometime inhabited by the Romaines,Corue. and about twelue myles from Newcaſtell, and hereby doth the Corue run, that méeteth ere long with the Tine. Not far of alſo is a place called Colcheſter, wher|by Lelande geſſeth that the name of ye brooke ſhould rather be Cole then Corue, and in my iudgement his coniecture is very lykely, for in the lyfe of S. Oſwijn (otherwiſe a féeble authoritie) the worde Colbridge is alwaies vſed for Corbridg, wherof I thought good to leaue this ſhort aduertiſement, and hether|to of part of my former reſeruatiõs. Now it reſteth that I touch ye names of a few riuers & beckes togither as Lelande hath left them, whoſe order and courſes may peraduenture hereafter be better knowne then they are to me at this preſent, for lacke of ſound inſtruc|tion. The Deuilles brooke,Dill. he ſuppoſeth to be called Dill, of a town not far of that is com|monly called Dilſtan,Darwent. wherby ye Tine doth runne. As the Darwent alſo doth fall into ye Tine, beneth Blaidon, ſo doe ſundry brookes into the Darwent in two chanels,Blacke|burne. Horſlop. as Black|burne, which goeth into Horſlop burne, as Horſlop doth into Darwent, on the eaſt ſide, and on the other banke the Hawkeſburne,Roueſlop. that rũneth into Roueſlop, as Roueſlop doth finally into Darwent, which is ſayde to ryſe of two heades, whereof one is néere Knedon, the other at Kidlamhope, and after the con|fluence, going to Hunſterworth, alias Rid|lamhope. Blaunche|lande, Acton, Aſperſheles, Blackehedley, Panſheales, Newlande, Darwent cote (by by north eaſt whereof commeth in a ryll on the other ſide) Spen, Gibſide, Hollinſide, Swalwel, and ſo into the Tine.Hedley. In like ſorte Lelande ſpeaketh of a water called Hedley, that ſhould fall into the Tine, whoſe heade is at Skildrawe, from whence it runneth to Vptthelde, Lamſley, Rauenſworth towne,Wickham. Rauenſworth caſtell, Redhughe, and ſo into Tine, Southweſt of Newcaſtel, but he omit|teth wickham brooke (he ſayth) becauſe it ry|ſeth ſhort of the towne, and is but a little rill. Finally ye Themis doth fal into Tine a mile or therabout aboue Getiſhead,Themis. & not very far EEBO page image 78 beneth Rauenſworth caſtell, riſing ten miles by ſouth into the land, as Lelande hath like|wiſe ſet downe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Were. Ptolomy wryting of the Were, calleth it Vedra, a ryuer well knowne vnto Beda the famous Prieſt, who was brought vp in a monaſtery yt ſtood vpon his bankes. It recei|ueth ſaith Lelande the Derneſſe,Derneſſe. Brome. whereinto the Brome alſo doth emptie his chanell, that ryſeth aboue Repare parke, as I haue béene informed. In lyke ſorte I fynde howe it ad|mitteth lykewyſe the Coue, that commeth from Lancheſter,Coue. which is ſixe myles high|er then Cheſter in the Streate, and then go|eth to Cheſter it ſelfe, whereabout it méeteth with the Hedley.Hedley. Gaund|leſſe. Finally the Gawndeleſſe, that ryſeth ſixe myles by weſt of Akelande caſtell, and running by the ſouth ſide thereof paſſeth by weſt Akeland S. Helenes Ake|lande, ſ. Andrewes Akeland, Biſhops Ake|land and eare long into the Were, and thus much of waters omitted in ye Tine & Were.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe.Lelande writing of the Theſe, repeateth the names of ſundry riuerets, whereof in the former Treatize I haue made no mencion at all, notwithſtanding ye ſome of their cour|ſes may perhaps be touched in the ſame, as the Thuriſgill whoſe heade is not farre frõ the Spittle that I do reade of in Stanmoore.Thureſgil The Grettey commeth by Barningham & Mortham and falleth into the Theſe aboue Croftes bridge.Gretty. The Dare or Dere runneth by Darlington,Dare. & likewiſe into the Theſe a|boue the aforeſayd bridge.Wiſke. As for the Wiſke it commeth thereinto from by ſouth vnder Wiſke bridge, Danby, Northalberton, and eare long alſo into a greater ſtreame, which going a little lower vnder an other bridge doth runne by one chanell into the aforeſayd ryuer before it come at the Theſe. And theſe are the brookes that I haue obſerued ſith the impreſſion of my firſt booke in Leland, thoſe that followe I referred hither of purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thorpe. alias Le|uend.The Thorpe, riſeth of ſundry heads, wher|of one is aboue Pinching Thorpe, from whence it goeth to Nonnethorpe, and ſo to Stokeſley. The ſeconde hath two braunches, and ſo placed that Kildale ſtandeth betwéene them both: finally méeting beneath Eaſby they go by Eaton and likewiſe vnto Stokeſ|ley. The laſt hath alſo two braunches, wher|of one commeth from Ingleſby, and méeteth with the ſeconde beneath Broughton, & go|ing from thẽce to Stokeſley they mete with the Thorpe aboue the towne, as the other fal into it ſomewhat beneath the ſame. From hence it goeth to Ridley and there taketh in another rill comming from Potto, thence to Crawthorne brooke,Craw|thorne. Leuanton, Miltõ, Hil|ton, Ingleſby & ſo into the Theſe, betwéene Yarne and Barwijc, whereof I made men|tion before although I neither named it, nor ſhewed ye deſcriptiõ. Some cal it not Thorpe but the Leuend brooke, or Leuen water, and thus much of ſome of the waters eyther o|mitted or not fullye touched in the former Treatize.

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1.12. The description of the Sauerne, & such waters as discharge themselues into the same. Chap. 13.

The description of the Sauerne, & such waters as discharge themselues into the same. Chap. 13.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 _THe Sauerne which Ptolomie calleth Sabriana, Sauerne. Tacitus Sa|brina, diuideth England or that part of the Iland, which sometime was called Lhoe|gres from Cambria, so called of Camber, the second sonne of Brute, as our histories doo report. But now that region hight Wales, of the Germane word Walsh, whereby that nation dooth vse to call all strangers without respect of countrie. This riuer tooke the name of a certeine ladie, called Habren or Hafren, base daughter to Locrinus be|gotten vpon Estrildis daughter to Humber other|wise called Cumbrus or Umar, and for which some write Chonibrus king of Scithia, that sometime in|uaded this Island, and was ouerthrowne here in the daies of this Locrinus, as shall be shewed at hand: although I suppose rather that this ladie was called Ine, and that the word Sabrina is compounded of Aber and Ine, and the letter S added Propter euphoni|am: for the mouth or fall of euerie riuer in the British spéech is called Aber, whereby Aber Ine is so much to saie as, the fall of Ine. But let vs returne againe to our discourse of Humber or Umar, which is worthie to be remembred.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 For after the death of Locrinus, it came to passe that Guendolena his wife ruled the kingdome in the nonage of hir sonne: and then getting the said Estrildis and Habren hir daughter into hir hands, she drowned them both in this riuer. And in perpetu|all remembrance of hir husbands disloialtie towards hir, she caused the streame to be called Habren of the yoong ladie, for which the Romans in processe of time for readinesse and mildnesse of pronunciation, wrote Sabrina, and we at this time doo pronounce the Sa|uerne. Of the drowning of the said Abren also I find these verses insuing:

In fluuium praecipitatur Abren,
Nomen Abren, fluuio de virgine, nomeneidem
Nomine corrupto deinde Sabrina datur.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to returne to our Sauerne. It falleth into the maine sea betwéene Wales and Cornewall, which is and shall be called the Sauerne sea, so long as the riuer dooth keepe hir name. But as the said streame in length of course, bountie of water, and depth of chanell commeth farre behind the Thames: so for o|ther commodities, as trade of merchandize, plentie of cariage, & store of all kind of fish, as salmon, trouts, breames, pikerell, tench, perch, &c: it is nothing at all inferiour or second to the same. Finallie, there is no|thing to be discommended in this riuer, but the o|pennesse thereof in manie places to the weather, whereby sundrie perils oft ouertake such as fish or saile in small vessels on the same.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The head of this noble streame is found in the high mounteines of south Wales called Helennith or Plim limmon; in English, the blacke mounteins, or moore heads, from whence also the Wie and the Rhidoll do procéed: and therefore these thrée waters are commonlie called the thrée sisters, and haue in la|titude two and fiftie degrees ten minutes, in lon|gitude fiftéene and fiftie, as the description inferreth. So soone as it is out of the ground, it goeth southeast|ward, till it come within a mile of Laundlos, where it receiueth a chanell from by south southwest, called the Dulas, which commeth thereinto on the south side, & southwest of Lan Idlos. It riseth (as it should séeme) of diuerse heads in the edge of Radnorshire, EEBO page image 69 and taking in sundrie small rilles, it meeteth at the last with the Brueham brooke,Brucham. and so they go to|gither till they fall into the Sauerne. Beneath Lan Idlos it taketh in the Clewdogh from northwest,Clewdogh. a water producted by the influence of foure pretie brookes, whereof one is called Bacho,Bacho. another Dun|gumDungum.. comming out of lin Glaslin, the third LhoidLhoid. ri|sing in lin Begilin, and the most southerlie called Bigga.Bigga. After which confluence our Sauerne procée|deth on by Berhlaid toward Landiman, taking in by the waie, on the east side the Couine,Couine. thence to Cairfuse castell, where it meeteth with the Carnon,Carnon. and the TaranTaran. both in one chanell, and going not far from the aforesaid fortresse. After this it crosseth the HawesHawes. on the north halfe beneath Abcerhawes, next of all the DulesseDulesse. 2. that riseth in the edge of Radnor shire, and méeteth with it before it come at Newton in Powisie, otherwise called Trenewith, as I find in British language. Being come to Trenewith, I cannot eschue (right honorable) to giue one note, as by the waie, touching the originall of my ladie your bed|fellowes ancestrie, which came from hence, & were surnamed Newtons onelie, for that the grandfather of sir Iohn Newton either dwelled or was borne there: otherwise the right name is Caradoc, for which some doo corruptlie write Cradocke, respecting rather the shortnesse of pronuntiation, than the true orthographie and writing of the word. Certes the Ca|radockes haue béene, and yet are a linage of great honor, antiquitie, and seruice; their lands also some|time belonged (for the most part) to the noble Gon|noanies of Summersetshire: but in what order they descended to the Newtons, in good sooth I cannot tell. But to procéed with our riuer, which being past New|ton, runneth foorth by Landilouarne, and so foorth on till it come to the fall of the Mule, whose head is in the edge of Radnor also,Mule. and thereto his passage by Kerie and Lanmereiwtjc. After this also it procée|deth further till it meet with the KenletLenlet. or the Cama|let,Camalet. which taketh in also the TateTate. or Tadbrooke water rising out of the hilles a mile from Bishops towne, the whole course thereof being about seauen miles from the head (as I haue often heard.) Of this also I find two descriptions, whereof one I borrow out of Leland, who saith that it is a pretie brooke, running in the vale by Mountgomerie, and comming within halfe a mile of the place where Chirbirie priorie stood, it falleth into the Sauerne about a mile from thence. Of the rilles (saith he) that run from the hilles tho|rough Mountgomerie, which are a mile from the Sauerne shore,Lan Idlos. and likewise of the Lan Idlos brooke that méeteth withall within foure miles of the head, I speake not, but thinke it sufficient to touch those of some estimation, onelie leauing the rest to such as maie hereafter deale with things more particularlie as time and trauell maie reueale the truth to them. And hitherto Leland, whose words I dare not alter. But another noteth this Camalet or Kenlet to run by More, Liddiom, Sned, Churchstocke, Chirbirie, Walcote, and Winsbirie, and so into the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From hence then, and after this confluence it go|eth on by Fordon, Leighton, and Landbreuie to|ward Meluerleie, and there it méeteth with sundrie waters in one chanell,Tanet. Peuereie or Murnewie. whereof the one called the Ta|net is a verie pretie water (whereinto the Peuereie or Murneweie doth fall, which descendeth from the hilles by west of Matrafall not farre from Lhan Fi|lin) the other Auerneie,Auernie. and ioining beneath Abertan|noth, or aboue Lannamonach neere vnto the ditch of Offa,Mordant. it is not long yer they méet with the Mordant brooke, and there loose their names so soone as they ioine and mix their waters with it. The head of the Mordant issueth out of the Lanuerdan hilles, where diuerse saie, that the parish church of crosse Oswald or Oswester sometimes stood. Certes, Oswester is thirtéene miles northwest from Shrewesburie, and conteineth a mile within the walles. It hath in like sort foure suburbs or great stréetes, of which one is called Stratlan, another Wuliho, the third Bete|rich, wherein are one hundred and fortie barns stand|ing on a row belonging to the citizens or burgesses, and the fourth named the Blackegate stréet, in which are thirtie barns mainteined for corne & haie. There is also a brooke running thorough the towne by the crosse, comming from Simons well, a bow shoote without the wall;Simons becke. & going vnder the same betweene Thorowgate & Newgate, running vnder the Blacke gate. There is another, ouer whose course the Bade|rikes or Bederich gate standeth, and therefore called Bederich brooke.Bederich. The third passeth by the Willigate or Newgate, & these fall all togither with the Crosse brooke, a mile lower by south into the Mordant that runneth (as I said) by Oswester. From hence also it goeth to Mordant towne, and betwéene Landbre|uie and Meluerleie doth fall into the Sauerne. After this our principall streame goeth to Sheauerdon ca|stell, Mountford, and Bicton chappell: and here it re|ceiueth a water on the left hand, that riseth of two heads, whereof one is aboue Merton, the other at El|lismere, and ioining betweene Woodhouses & Bag|leie, the confluence runneth on by Radnall, Halton, T [...]ddesmer, Roiton, Baschurch, Walford, Grafton, Mitton, and so into the Sauerne. From hence it runneth to Fitz, Eton, or Leiton, Barwtjc, vpper Rossall, Shelton, and so to Shrewsburie, where it cros|seth the Mele water, whose head (as I heare) is said to be in Weston.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Mele therefore rising at Weston,Mele. goeth by Brocton, Worthen, Aston Pigot, Westleie, After|leie,Haberleie. and at Lea it méeteth with the Haberleie water that commeth downe by Pontesford and Aunston. After this confluence also it runneth to Newenham & Crokemele, there taking in a rill on the other side that descendeth by Westburie and Stretton, & thence going on to Hanwood, Noball, Pulleie, Bracemele, and Shrewesburie, it falleth (as I said) into the open Sauerne. From hence our Sauerne hasteth to Uf|fington, Preston, and betwéene Chilton and Bramp|ton taketh in the Terne, a faire streame and worthie to be well handled; if it laie in me to performe it. This riuer riseth in a mere beside Welbridge parke, néere vnto Ternemere village in Staffordshire. From whence it runneth by the parkes side to Knighton, Norton, Betton, and at Draiton Hales crosseth with a water comming from about Adbaston (where maister Brodocke dwelleth) and runneth by Chip|penham and Amming:Terne. so that the Terne on the one side, and this brooke on the other, doo inclose a great part ofSée Hen. 6. pag. 649. Blore heath, where a noble battell was som|time purposed betwéene king Henrie the sixt, and the duke of Yorke: but it wanted execution.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to procéed. After this confluence, it runneth to Draiton Hales, Ternehill bridge: and yer long taking in a rill from Sandford by Blechleie, it goeth to Stoke Allerton, Peplaw, and Eaton, where it crosseth with a brooke that riseth about Brinton, and going by Higham, Morton, the great Mere, Forton, Pilson, Pickstocke, Keinton, Tibberton, and Bo|las, it ioineth with the said Terne not farre from Water Upton. Thence passing to Crogenton, it méeteth with another brooke that commeth from Chaltwen Aston, by Newport, Longford, Aldneie, and so through the Wilde moore to Kinsleie & Sléepe, and finallie into the Terne, which hasteth from thence to Eston bridge, and néere vnto Walcote taketh in the Roden. This water riseth at Halton in Cumber|mere lake:Roden. and comming to Ouenleie, crosseth a rill from Cowlemere by Leniall. Thence it goeth to EEBO page image 70 Horton, and (ioining with another rill beneath Non|laie that commeth from Midle) runneth on to Wen, Aston, there crossing a rill beneath Lacon hall from Prées ward, and so to Lée, Befford, Stanton, Mor|ton Shabrée, Painton, Roden, Rodington, and then into Terne, that runneth from thence by Charlton, Upton, Norton, Barwijc, Acham, and so into the Sauerne two miles beneath Shrewesburie (as I wéene.)

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thus haue I described the Terne in such wise as my simple skill is able to performe. Now it resteth that I proceed on (as I maie) with the Sauerne streame, with which, after this former confluence, it goeth vnto Roxater or Roxcester, Brampton, Eaton vpon Sauerne,Euerne. Draiton, where it ioineth with the E|uerne that runneth from Frodesleieward by Withi|all and Pitchford, Cresfedge, Garneston, Leighton, and betwéene the two Bildasses crosseth the Rhe or Wenlocke water,Wenlocke or Rhe. and so goeth on to Browsleie and Hoord parke, where it vniteth it selfe with another brooke to be described in this place, whilest the Sa|uerne rests, and recreates it selfe here among the ple|sant bottoms.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 This water ariseth aboue Tongcastell, and yer it haue run anie great distance from the head, it mée|teth with a rill comming by Sheriffe Hales, and Staunton. Thence it goeth on to Hatton, Roi|ton, and there crossing another from Woodhou|ses, comming by Haughton and Euelin, it pro|céedeth to Beckebirie and Higford, and not omitting here to crosse the WorfeWorfe. (sometime a great streame that runneth vnto it out of Snowdon poole) and so passeth foorth to Badger, Acleton, Worffield: a litle from whence (about Wickin) it taketh in another brooke into it called Churle, & so goeth on to Rindle|ford, and then into Sauerne somwhat aboue Bridge|north at Penston mill (except mine information de|ceiue me.) From Bridgenorth our Sauerne des|cendeth to Woodburie, Ouatford, and there taking in the Marbrooke beneath Eaton that riseth aboue Collaton,Marbrooke. and goeth by Moruill & Underton, it run|neth by Didmanston, Hempton, Aueleie, & beneath in the waie to Bargate, crosseth with a brooke com|ming from Upton parke, by Chetton, Billingsleie, and Highleie, which being admitted, it holdeth on to Areleie,Dowlesse. Ciarnewood parke, Hawbach and Dowlesse. Here also it méeteth with the Dowlesse water, a pre|tie brooke issuing out of the Cle hilles in Shropshire, verie high to looke vpon, and thrée miles or therea|bouts from Ludlow, which runneth through Clebirie parke in Wire forrest,Lempe. & taking withall the Lempe, dooth fall into the Sauerne not far from Bewdleie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to procéed. From Bewdleie our Sauerne ha|steth directlie to Ribford, Areleie and Redston, and here it meeteth with a water called Stoure, descen|ding from Elie,Stoure. or out of the ponds of Hales Owen in Worcestershire, where it receiueth a rill from the left hand, and another from the right, and then goeth on to Sturbridge (taking in there the third water yer long running from Sturton castell) then to Kni|uer Whittenton, Ouerleie and Kidormister, aboue which it crosseth one brookelet that commeth thither by Church hill, and another beneath it that runneth by Belborow, betwixt which two waters lieth an od peece of Staffordshire included, and also the Cle hill. From hence the aforesaid Sauerne hasteth by Redston to Shrawleie; and aboue this towne recei|ueth the Astleie water,Astleie. as beneath the same it dooth another. From Witleie then it goeth on to Holt castell, and so to Grimleie, taking in thereabout with the Doure,Doure. Sulwaie. and Sulwaie waters, whereof this riseth at Chadswijc, and runneth by Stoke priorie, & Droit|wich, the other aboue Chaddesleie, and commeth by Dourdale. After this it goeth foorth vnto Worcester, in old time called Cair Brangon, or Cair Frangon, where it méeteth with the Tiber, or Tiberton water,Tiber. on the right hand aboue that citie, and beneth it neere vnto Powijc with the Temde, whose description shall be set downe before I procéed or go anie further with the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Temde, or (as some name it) the Tame ri|seth vp in Radnorshire, out of the Melenith hilles,Temde. and soone after his issue, méeting with a water from Wi|thall, it runneth to Begeldie, Lanuerwaterden, and so to Knighton, which is fiue or six miles (as I heare) from his originall. From Knighton it goeth ouer the ditch of Offa vnto Standish,Clude. and crossing a rill that commeth from betwéene the parke named Clude, (and is a bound of Radnorshire) it goeth to Buckton, Walford, and Lanuarden, where it meeteth with the Bardwell or Berfield, and the Clun, both in one cha|nell, of which I find these descriptions here folowing word for word in Leland. The Bardwell or Bar|field riseth aboue New Chappell, in the honour of Clun,Barfield Clun. hard by the ditch of Offa, and goeth by Buck|nell. The Clun issueth out of the ground betwéene Lhan Uehan and Maiston, and going on by Bucton, Cluncastell, Clundon, Purslaw, and Clunbirie, it crosseth with a brooke that runneth along by Kemp|ton and Brampton. Thence going foorth by Clunbi|rie, Brome, Abcot and Marlow, it méeteth with the Bardwell, and so in the Temde, not verie far from Temderton. I suppose that Leland calleth the Bard|well by the name of Owke,Owke. but I will not abide by it bicause I am not sure of it. After these confluen|ces therefore, our Temde goeth by Trippleton, Dounton, Burrington, and Broomefield, where it méeteth with the Oneie, which is an indifferent streame,Oneie. and increased with sundrie waters, where|of I saie as followeth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The first of all is called the Bow.Bow. It riseth (as I learne) in the hilles betwéene Hissingten and Shelue, and from thence commeth downe by Lindleie and Hardwtjc,Warren. where it crosseth the Warren that issueth out of the ground about Rotlie chappell, and runneth by Adston and Wentnor. After the confluence also going on by Choulton and Cheinies, it taketh in the Queneie and Strabroke both in one chanell,Queneie and Strabroke. wherof the first riseth at Lebo [...]wood, and commeth downe by the Strettons, till it passe by Fellanton. The se|cond mounteth about Longuill, and goeth by Rush|burie, Newhall, Harton, and Alcaster, from whence it is not long yer it fall into the Queneie, and so by Stratford into the Oneie, which hath borne that name since the confluence of the Bow and War|ren at Hardwtjc, whereof I spake before. Finallie, the Oneie which some call the Somergill being thus increased,Somergill. it runneth on to Hawford chappell, O|neibirie, Broomefield, and so into Temde, and next of all to Ludlow.Corue. The Temde being thus brought to Ludlow, méeteth with the Corue, which commeth tho|rough Coruedale from aboue Brocton by More|houses, Shipton, Hungerford, and a little beneath ta|king in a rill that commeth by Tugford, and Bren|cost castell, goeth on to Corsham castell, and there crossing another from saint Margarets Clée, it hi|eth to Stanton Lacie, and so likewise to Ludlow.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From Ludlow in like sort it goeth to Ludford, the Ashfordes, little Hereford, Burrington, and at Burfford vniteth it selfe with the Ladwich that com|meth beneath Milburne stoke,Ladwich. from betweene Browne, Cleehill, and Stittertons hill, to Middle|ton, Henleie, Ladwich, Conam, and so into Temde, which beneath Temdbirie receiueth another rill on the other side, and the second on the left hand called Rhe,Rhe. that commeth from aboue Ricton, Staterton, Hound, Nene, Clebirie, Knighton, and then into the Temde. From hence the Temde doeth goe by EEBO page image 71 Astham, Lingridge, Shelleie Welch, Clifton, Whit|burne (and crossing a water that commeth from the Sapies) to Knightwtjc and Bradwaies. Hereabout againe it interteineth a rill that descendeth from a|bout Kidburie on the right hand, and goeth by Collo|matherne, Credeleie, Aufrike, and so into Temde, and then procéeding forward, the said streame run|neth to Braunford, and yer long (taking in the Langherne that riseth about Martleie,Langherne. and passeth by Kengewtjc) it goeth to Powtjc, and so into the Sauerne before it come at Wickecester.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thus haue I brought all such streames before me that fall into the Sauerne from the head, vntill I come to Powijc, wherof (as you may easily perceiue) the Temde is the most excellent. Now it resteth that I proceed with the rest of the discourse intended concerning this our riuer. Certes, from Powtjc mils which are about halfe a mile beneth Worcester, the Sauerne runneth on to Kempseie and Cleueld, whence after it hath crossed a brooke comming from Cowleie, it hasteth first to Stoke, and so to Upton, which is eleuen or twelue miles from Glocester, whi|ther it floweth manie times at high tides, but yer it come there, it drowneth another fall descending from Maluerne hilles by Blackemoore parke, & soone after the third growing by two branches, wherof one commeth also from Maluerne hils by little Mal|uerne and Welland, the other from Elderford by Pendocke and Longdon. After these confluences in like sort, it runneth to Bushelleie, and Tewkesbu|rie, where it receiueth the Auon, that follweth next of all in order to be described, before I procéed anie further in my discourse of Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Auon riseth at Nauesbie in the borders of Northhamptonshire,Auon 4. a little side hand of Gillesbo|row and foot of the hils whereon Nauesbie standeth, and euen out of the church yard of the said village. From hence it goeth to Welford, Stamford, Lil|burne, Clifton, and Rugbie, by north whereof it cros|seth a water called Swiff, which commeth from a|boue Kimcote, to Lutterworth, Browne ouer and Colsford.Swiuethus. From thence also it goeth to Newbold, Wolston, Ruington, and betwéene the Stonlies ta|keth in the Sow.Souus. This Sow is a pretie water com|ming from aboue Calendon to Whitleie, and soone after méeting with a riueret from Couentrie, which some doo call Shirburne water, it goeth thence to Bagginton, where it taketh in a rill called Kinell, as I haue red from Kenelsworth,Kinell. from whence it run|neth to Stonleie, & so into the Auon. After this con|fluence the Auon procéedeth on to Stonleie abbeie, Ashehow, Miluerton, Edmonds cote, and appace to Warwijc.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But yer it come there, it méeteth from south east with two waters in one chanell, whereof the least commeth to Marton from Bishops Itchington, by Herburbirie and Thorpe, where it crosseth a rill from Southam.Leame. The other is called Leame, or Lime that descendeth from about Helladon, or néere vnto Ca|tesbie in Northamptonshire, and going by Ouen|cote, Braunston, Lemington and Mertun, it ioineth with the other, and then go from thence togither vn|der the name of Leame, to Hunnington, Cobbing|ton, and so into the Auon, as I gaue notice before. At Warwike also the Auon taketh in a water run|ning northwest from Groue parke. Thence it goeth on to Bereford, and there crossing another from Shir|burne, it passeth forth to Bishops Hampton, méeting finallie with the third, from Kineton that runneth by Walton and Charle [...]ote. After this last rehearsed confluence, it hasteth to Stretford vpon Auon, and then to Luddington ward, where it taketh in the Stoure that riseth aboue Cherington, & whose course from thence is such,Stoure. as that being once past the head, it goeth by Weston, and yer long crossing a water from Campden, hanging Aston, & Todnam, it run|neth to Barcheston, Aldermaston, Clifford, & so into the Auon.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From hence then the said Auon goeth to Lud|dington, Burton, Bitford, and Cleue, and being par|ted from the said towne, yer it come at Sawford, it receiueth the Arow or Aur,Arow. which rising in the blacke hils in Worchestershire, commeth by Alchurch, Be|leie parke, Ypsleie, Studleie, and then taking in an|other rill called Alne,Alne. out of Fecknam forrest, and going by Coughton parke, it hasteth to Alcester, A|row, Ragleie, Wheteleie, Bouington, Standford, and so into Auon, which after this coniunction goeth to Uffenton & then to Eouesholme: but yer it come there it receiueth two waters in one chanell, where|of the first riseth about Willerseie, the other néere to Buckland, and ioining beneath Badseie, they fall into Auon,Pludor. vnder the name of Pludor brooke, before it come to Eouesholme.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Being past Eouesholme it crosseth the Uincell, which rising out of the hils somewhere about Sud|leie, runneth two miles further to Winchelcombe,Vinc [...]lus. and Gretton, and taking in a rill by the waie from Hailes, procéedeth on (going within one quarter of a mile of Hailes abbaie) to Tuddington, or Dodding|ton, beneath which when it hath crossed another rill that commeth from Stanwaie, it goeth to War|mington, Sedgeborow, and receiuing there the last on the right hand also (as all aboue rehearsed) it fal|leth into the Auon, when it is come by Hinton, vnto a towne called Hampton, or (as some doo write it) Ampton. After this confluence the Auon goeth to Charleton, to Crapthorne (and there taking in a rill on the left hand) to Fladbirie wike, and almost at Persore bridge, méeteth with a branched water that commeth by Piddle, whereof one head is at Alber|ton, an other at Piddle.Piddle. From Persore it goeth to Birlingham, and soone after carrieng a brooke with|all descending from Fakenham, by Bradleie, Him|bleton, Huddenton, Crowleie, Churchhill, Pible|ton, Besseford and Desseford, it fléeteth to Ecking|ton, Bredon, Twining, Mitton, and Tewkesburie, where it ioineth with the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Now to resume the course of the Sauerne, you shall vnderstand, that from Tewkesburie it goeth to Derehirst, the How passage, and soone after recei|uing the Chiltenham water that commeth thither by Bodenton,Chilus. Sawton, and Norton, it runneth to Ashelworth, Sainthirst; and here it parteth it selfe till it come to Glocester, where it vniteth it selfe a|gaine. But in the meane time the easterlie branch receiueth a forked chanell, whereof one head is not far frõ Leke Hampton, the other about Witcombe, from whence it goeth to Brockworth. The other branch or arme taketh in the Leadon that commeth downe by Preston,Leadon. Dimmocke, Pantleie vpper Leadon, Leadon court, and there taking in one rill that commeth from Linton by Areknoll, and ano|ther beneath it from Tainton by Rudford, it falleth into the said branch on the right side, before it come at Glocester.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Sauerne therefore being past Glocester, it méeteth with a litle rill on the right hand, and thence holding on his course by Elmore, Minsterworth, Longneie, to Framilode, it receiueth yer it come at this latter the Strowd brooke, which rising not farre from Side,Strowd. goeth by Massade, Edgeworth, Framp|ton, Strowd, and receiuing there a water that com|meth from Panneswijc Lodge, by Pittescombe on the one side, and another from Radbridge on the o|ther, it prosecuteth his voiage to Stone house, Es|lington, white Misen, & so toward Framilode, where the said Strowd dooth fall into the Sauerne. After EEBO page image 72 the fall of Strowd, the Sauerne goeth from thence to Newenham, and Arlingham, and soone after re|ceiuing a water on each side, whereof one commeth from Uleie by Cham and Chambridge, the other by Blackneie and Catcombe, it goeth foorth till it méet with another water on ech side, whereof that on the English halfe is forked, so that one head thereof is to be found about Boxwell, the other at Horton, and méeting aboue Tortworthie, they run by Stone and Barkeleie castell, and so into the Sauerne. That on the Welsh halfe is named Newarne, which cõmeth from the forrest of Deane,Newarne. and so into the Sauerne.