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1.12. The description of the Sauerne, & such waters as discharge themselues into the same. Chap. 13.

The description of the Sauerne, & such waters as discharge themselues into the same. Chap. 13.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 _THe Sauerne which Ptolomie calleth Sabriana, Sauerne. Tacitus Sa|brina, diuideth England or that part of the Iland, which sometime was called Lhoe|gres from Cambria, so called of Camber, the second sonne of Brute, as our histories doo report. But now that region hight Wales, of the Germane word Walsh, whereby that nation dooth vse to call all strangers without respect of countrie. This riuer tooke the name of a certeine ladie, called Habren or Hafren, base daughter to Locrinus be|gotten vpon Estrildis daughter to Humber other|wise called Cumbrus or Umar, and for which some write Chonibrus king of Scithia, that sometime in|uaded this Island, and was ouerthrowne here in the daies of this Locrinus, as shall be shewed at hand: although I suppose rather that this ladie was called Ine, and that the word Sabrina is compounded of Aber and Ine, and the letter S added Propter euphoni|am: for the mouth or fall of euerie riuer in the British spéech is called Aber, whereby Aber Ine is so much to saie as, the fall of Ine. But let vs returne againe to our discourse of Humber or Umar, which is worthie to be remembred.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 For after the death of Locrinus, it came to passe that Guendolena his wife ruled the kingdome in the nonage of hir sonne: and then getting the said Estrildis and Habren hir daughter into hir hands, she drowned them both in this riuer. And in perpetu|all remembrance of hir husbands disloialtie towards hir, she caused the streame to be called Habren of the yoong ladie, for which the Romans in processe of time for readinesse and mildnesse of pronunciation, wrote Sabrina, and we at this time doo pronounce the Sa|uerne. Of the drowning of the said Abren also I find these verses insuing:

In fluuium praecipitatur Abren,
Nomen Abren, fluuio de virgine, nomeneidem
Nomine corrupto deinde Sabrina datur.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to returne to our Sauerne. It falleth into the maine sea betwéene Wales and Cornewall, which is and shall be called the Sauerne sea, so long as the riuer dooth keepe hir name. But as the said streame in length of course, bountie of water, and depth of chanell commeth farre behind the Thames: so for o|ther commodities, as trade of merchandize, plentie of cariage, & store of all kind of fish, as salmon, trouts, breames, pikerell, tench, perch, &c: it is nothing at all inferiour or second to the same. Finallie, there is no|thing to be discommended in this riuer, but the o|pennesse thereof in manie places to the weather, whereby sundrie perils oft ouertake such as fish or saile in small vessels on the same.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The head of this noble streame is found in the high mounteines of south Wales called Helennith or Plim limmon; in English, the blacke mounteins, or moore heads, from whence also the Wie and the Rhidoll do procéed: and therefore these thrée waters are commonlie called the thrée sisters, and haue in la|titude two and fiftie degrees ten minutes, in lon|gitude fiftéene and fiftie, as the description inferreth. So soone as it is out of the ground, it goeth southeast|ward, till it come within a mile of Laundlos, where it receiueth a chanell from by south southwest, called the Dulas, which commeth thereinto on the south side, & southwest of Lan Idlos. It riseth (as it should séeme) of diuerse heads in the edge of Radnorshire, EEBO page image 69 and taking in sundrie small rilles, it meeteth at the last with the Brueham brooke,Brucham. and so they go to|gither till they fall into the Sauerne. Beneath Lan Idlos it taketh in the Clewdogh from northwest,Clewdogh. a water producted by the influence of foure pretie brookes, whereof one is called Bacho,Bacho. another Dun|gumDungum.. comming out of lin Glaslin, the third LhoidLhoid. ri|sing in lin Begilin, and the most southerlie called Bigga.Bigga. After which confluence our Sauerne procée|deth on by Berhlaid toward Landiman, taking in by the waie, on the east side the Couine,Couine. thence to Cairfuse castell, where it meeteth with the Carnon,Carnon. and the TaranTaran. both in one chanell, and going not far from the aforesaid fortresse. After this it crosseth the HawesHawes. on the north halfe beneath Abcerhawes, next of all the DulesseDulesse. 2. that riseth in the edge of Radnor shire, and méeteth with it before it come at Newton in Powisie, otherwise called Trenewith, as I find in British language. Being come to Trenewith, I cannot eschue (right honorable) to giue one note, as by the waie, touching the originall of my ladie your bed|fellowes ancestrie, which came from hence, & were surnamed Newtons onelie, for that the grandfather of sir Iohn Newton either dwelled or was borne there: otherwise the right name is Caradoc, for which some doo corruptlie write Cradocke, respecting rather the shortnesse of pronuntiation, than the true orthographie and writing of the word. Certes the Ca|radockes haue béene, and yet are a linage of great honor, antiquitie, and seruice; their lands also some|time belonged (for the most part) to the noble Gon|noanies of Summersetshire: but in what order they descended to the Newtons, in good sooth I cannot tell. But to procéed with our riuer, which being past New|ton, runneth foorth by Landilouarne, and so foorth on till it come to the fall of the Mule, whose head is in the edge of Radnor also,Mule. and thereto his passage by Kerie and Lanmereiwtjc. After this also it procée|deth further till it meet with the KenletLenlet. or the Cama|let,Camalet. which taketh in also the TateTate. or Tadbrooke water rising out of the hilles a mile from Bishops towne, the whole course thereof being about seauen miles from the head (as I haue often heard.) Of this also I find two descriptions, whereof one I borrow out of Leland, who saith that it is a pretie brooke, running in the vale by Mountgomerie, and comming within halfe a mile of the place where Chirbirie priorie stood, it falleth into the Sauerne about a mile from thence. Of the rilles (saith he) that run from the hilles tho|rough Mountgomerie, which are a mile from the Sauerne shore,Lan Idlos. and likewise of the Lan Idlos brooke that méeteth withall within foure miles of the head, I speake not, but thinke it sufficient to touch those of some estimation, onelie leauing the rest to such as maie hereafter deale with things more particularlie as time and trauell maie reueale the truth to them. And hitherto Leland, whose words I dare not alter. But another noteth this Camalet or Kenlet to run by More, Liddiom, Sned, Churchstocke, Chirbirie, Walcote, and Winsbirie, and so into the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From hence then, and after this confluence it go|eth on by Fordon, Leighton, and Landbreuie to|ward Meluerleie, and there it méeteth with sundrie waters in one chanell,Tanet. Peuereie or Murnewie. whereof the one called the Ta|net is a verie pretie water (whereinto the Peuereie or Murneweie doth fall, which descendeth from the hilles by west of Matrafall not farre from Lhan Fi|lin) the other Auerneie,Auernie. and ioining beneath Abertan|noth, or aboue Lannamonach neere vnto the ditch of Offa,Mordant. it is not long yer they méet with the Mordant brooke, and there loose their names so soone as they ioine and mix their waters with it. The head of the Mordant issueth out of the Lanuerdan hilles, where diuerse saie, that the parish church of crosse Oswald or Oswester sometimes stood. Certes, Oswester is thirtéene miles northwest from Shrewesburie, and conteineth a mile within the walles. It hath in like sort foure suburbs or great stréetes, of which one is called Stratlan, another Wuliho, the third Bete|rich, wherein are one hundred and fortie barns stand|ing on a row belonging to the citizens or burgesses, and the fourth named the Blackegate stréet, in which are thirtie barns mainteined for corne & haie. There is also a brooke running thorough the towne by the crosse, comming from Simons well, a bow shoote without the wall;Simons becke. & going vnder the same betweene Thorowgate & Newgate, running vnder the Blacke gate. There is another, ouer whose course the Bade|rikes or Bederich gate standeth, and therefore called Bederich brooke.Bederich. The third passeth by the Willigate or Newgate, & these fall all togither with the Crosse brooke, a mile lower by south into the Mordant that runneth (as I said) by Oswester. From hence also it goeth to Mordant towne, and betwéene Landbre|uie and Meluerleie doth fall into the Sauerne. After this our principall streame goeth to Sheauerdon ca|stell, Mountford, and Bicton chappell: and here it re|ceiueth a water on the left hand, that riseth of two heads, whereof one is aboue Merton, the other at El|lismere, and ioining betweene Woodhouses & Bag|leie, the confluence runneth on by Radnall, Halton, T [...]ddesmer, Roiton, Baschurch, Walford, Grafton, Mitton, and so into the Sauerne. From hence it runneth to Fitz, Eton, or Leiton, Barwtjc, vpper Rossall, Shelton, and so to Shrewsburie, where it cros|seth the Mele water, whose head (as I heare) is said to be in Weston.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Mele therefore rising at Weston,Mele. goeth by Brocton, Worthen, Aston Pigot, Westleie, After|leie,Haberleie. and at Lea it méeteth with the Haberleie water that commeth downe by Pontesford and Aunston. After this confluence also it runneth to Newenham & Crokemele, there taking in a rill on the other side that descendeth by Westburie and Stretton, & thence going on to Hanwood, Noball, Pulleie, Bracemele, and Shrewesburie, it falleth (as I said) into the open Sauerne. From hence our Sauerne hasteth to Uf|fington, Preston, and betwéene Chilton and Bramp|ton taketh in the Terne, a faire streame and worthie to be well handled; if it laie in me to performe it. This riuer riseth in a mere beside Welbridge parke, néere vnto Ternemere village in Staffordshire. From whence it runneth by the parkes side to Knighton, Norton, Betton, and at Draiton Hales crosseth with a water comming from about Adbaston (where maister Brodocke dwelleth) and runneth by Chip|penham and Amming:Terne. so that the Terne on the one side, and this brooke on the other, doo inclose a great part ofSée Hen. 6. pag. 649. Blore heath, where a noble battell was som|time purposed betwéene king Henrie the sixt, and the duke of Yorke: but it wanted execution.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to procéed. After this confluence, it runneth to Draiton Hales, Ternehill bridge: and yer long taking in a rill from Sandford by Blechleie, it goeth to Stoke Allerton, Peplaw, and Eaton, where it crosseth with a brooke that riseth about Brinton, and going by Higham, Morton, the great Mere, Forton, Pilson, Pickstocke, Keinton, Tibberton, and Bo|las, it ioineth with the said Terne not farre from Water Upton. Thence passing to Crogenton, it méeteth with another brooke that commeth from Chaltwen Aston, by Newport, Longford, Aldneie, and so through the Wilde moore to Kinsleie & Sléepe, and finallie into the Terne, which hasteth from thence to Eston bridge, and néere vnto Walcote taketh in the Roden. This water riseth at Halton in Cumber|mere lake:Roden. and comming to Ouenleie, crosseth a rill from Cowlemere by Leniall. Thence it goeth to EEBO page image 70 Horton, and (ioining with another rill beneath Non|laie that commeth from Midle) runneth on to Wen, Aston, there crossing a rill beneath Lacon hall from Prées ward, and so to Lée, Befford, Stanton, Mor|ton Shabrée, Painton, Roden, Rodington, and then into Terne, that runneth from thence by Charlton, Upton, Norton, Barwijc, Acham, and so into the Sauerne two miles beneath Shrewesburie (as I wéene.)

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thus haue I described the Terne in such wise as my simple skill is able to performe. Now it resteth that I proceed on (as I maie) with the Sauerne streame, with which, after this former confluence, it goeth vnto Roxater or Roxcester, Brampton, Eaton vpon Sauerne,Euerne. Draiton, where it ioineth with the E|uerne that runneth from Frodesleieward by Withi|all and Pitchford, Cresfedge, Garneston, Leighton, and betwéene the two Bildasses crosseth the Rhe or Wenlocke water,Wenlocke or Rhe. and so goeth on to Browsleie and Hoord parke, where it vniteth it selfe with another brooke to be described in this place, whilest the Sa|uerne rests, and recreates it selfe here among the ple|sant bottoms.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 This water ariseth aboue Tongcastell, and yer it haue run anie great distance from the head, it mée|teth with a rill comming by Sheriffe Hales, and Staunton. Thence it goeth on to Hatton, Roi|ton, and there crossing another from Woodhou|ses, comming by Haughton and Euelin, it pro|céedeth to Beckebirie and Higford, and not omitting here to crosse the WorfeWorfe. (sometime a great streame that runneth vnto it out of Snowdon poole) and so passeth foorth to Badger, Acleton, Worffield: a litle from whence (about Wickin) it taketh in another brooke into it called Churle, & so goeth on to Rindle|ford, and then into Sauerne somwhat aboue Bridge|north at Penston mill (except mine information de|ceiue me.) From Bridgenorth our Sauerne des|cendeth to Woodburie, Ouatford, and there taking in the Marbrooke beneath Eaton that riseth aboue Collaton,Marbrooke. and goeth by Moruill & Underton, it run|neth by Didmanston, Hempton, Aueleie, & beneath in the waie to Bargate, crosseth with a brooke com|ming from Upton parke, by Chetton, Billingsleie, and Highleie, which being admitted, it holdeth on to Areleie,Dowlesse. Ciarnewood parke, Hawbach and Dowlesse. Here also it méeteth with the Dowlesse water, a pre|tie brooke issuing out of the Cle hilles in Shropshire, verie high to looke vpon, and thrée miles or therea|bouts from Ludlow, which runneth through Clebirie parke in Wire forrest,Lempe. & taking withall the Lempe, dooth fall into the Sauerne not far from Bewdleie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to procéed. From Bewdleie our Sauerne ha|steth directlie to Ribford, Areleie and Redston, and here it meeteth with a water called Stoure, descen|ding from Elie,Stoure. or out of the ponds of Hales Owen in Worcestershire, where it receiueth a rill from the left hand, and another from the right, and then goeth on to Sturbridge (taking in there the third water yer long running from Sturton castell) then to Kni|uer Whittenton, Ouerleie and Kidormister, aboue which it crosseth one brookelet that commeth thither by Church hill, and another beneath it that runneth by Belborow, betwixt which two waters lieth an od peece of Staffordshire included, and also the Cle hill. From hence the aforesaid Sauerne hasteth by Redston to Shrawleie; and aboue this towne recei|ueth the Astleie water,Astleie. as beneath the same it dooth another. From Witleie then it goeth on to Holt castell, and so to Grimleie, taking in thereabout with the Doure,Doure. Sulwaie. and Sulwaie waters, whereof this riseth at Chadswijc, and runneth by Stoke priorie, & Droit|wich, the other aboue Chaddesleie, and commeth by Dourdale. After this it goeth foorth vnto Worcester, in old time called Cair Brangon, or Cair Frangon, where it méeteth with the Tiber, or Tiberton water,Tiber. on the right hand aboue that citie, and beneth it neere vnto Powijc with the Temde, whose description shall be set downe before I procéed or go anie further with the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Temde, or (as some name it) the Tame ri|seth vp in Radnorshire, out of the Melenith hilles,Temde. and soone after his issue, méeting with a water from Wi|thall, it runneth to Begeldie, Lanuerwaterden, and so to Knighton, which is fiue or six miles (as I heare) from his originall. From Knighton it goeth ouer the ditch of Offa vnto Standish,Clude. and crossing a rill that commeth from betwéene the parke named Clude, (and is a bound of Radnorshire) it goeth to Buckton, Walford, and Lanuarden, where it meeteth with the Bardwell or Berfield, and the Clun, both in one cha|nell, of which I find these descriptions here folowing word for word in Leland. The Bardwell or Bar|field riseth aboue New Chappell, in the honour of Clun,Barfield Clun. hard by the ditch of Offa, and goeth by Buck|nell. The Clun issueth out of the ground betwéene Lhan Uehan and Maiston, and going on by Bucton, Cluncastell, Clundon, Purslaw, and Clunbirie, it crosseth with a brooke that runneth along by Kemp|ton and Brampton. Thence going foorth by Clunbi|rie, Brome, Abcot and Marlow, it méeteth with the Bardwell, and so in the Temde, not verie far from Temderton. I suppose that Leland calleth the Bard|well by the name of Owke,Owke. but I will not abide by it bicause I am not sure of it. After these confluen|ces therefore, our Temde goeth by Trippleton, Dounton, Burrington, and Broomefield, where it méeteth with the Oneie, which is an indifferent streame,Oneie. and increased with sundrie waters, where|of I saie as followeth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The first of all is called the Bow.Bow. It riseth (as I learne) in the hilles betwéene Hissingten and Shelue, and from thence commeth downe by Lindleie and Hardwtjc,Warren. where it crosseth the Warren that issueth out of the ground about Rotlie chappell, and runneth by Adston and Wentnor. After the confluence also going on by Choulton and Cheinies, it taketh in the Queneie and Strabroke both in one chanell,Queneie and Strabroke. wherof the first riseth at Lebo [...]wood, and commeth downe by the Strettons, till it passe by Fellanton. The se|cond mounteth about Longuill, and goeth by Rush|burie, Newhall, Harton, and Alcaster, from whence it is not long yer it fall into the Queneie, and so by Stratford into the Oneie, which hath borne that name since the confluence of the Bow and War|ren at Hardwtjc, whereof I spake before. Finallie, the Oneie which some call the Somergill being thus increased,Somergill. it runneth on to Hawford chappell, O|neibirie, Broomefield, and so into Temde, and next of all to Ludlow.Corue. The Temde being thus brought to Ludlow, méeteth with the Corue, which commeth tho|rough Coruedale from aboue Brocton by More|houses, Shipton, Hungerford, and a little beneath ta|king in a rill that commeth by Tugford, and Bren|cost castell, goeth on to Corsham castell, and there crossing another from saint Margarets Clée, it hi|eth to Stanton Lacie, and so likewise to Ludlow.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From Ludlow in like sort it goeth to Ludford, the Ashfordes, little Hereford, Burrington, and at Burfford vniteth it selfe with the Ladwich that com|meth beneath Milburne stoke,Ladwich. from betweene Browne, Cleehill, and Stittertons hill, to Middle|ton, Henleie, Ladwich, Conam, and so into Temde, which beneath Temdbirie receiueth another rill on the other side, and the second on the left hand called Rhe,Rhe. that commeth from aboue Ricton, Staterton, Hound, Nene, Clebirie, Knighton, and then into the Temde. From hence the Temde doeth goe by EEBO page image 71 Astham, Lingridge, Shelleie Welch, Clifton, Whit|burne (and crossing a water that commeth from the Sapies) to Knightwtjc and Bradwaies. Hereabout againe it interteineth a rill that descendeth from a|bout Kidburie on the right hand, and goeth by Collo|matherne, Credeleie, Aufrike, and so into Temde, and then procéeding forward, the said streame run|neth to Braunford, and yer long (taking in the Langherne that riseth about Martleie,Langherne. and passeth by Kengewtjc) it goeth to Powtjc, and so into the Sauerne before it come at Wickecester.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thus haue I brought all such streames before me that fall into the Sauerne from the head, vntill I come to Powijc, wherof (as you may easily perceiue) the Temde is the most excellent. Now it resteth that I proceed with the rest of the discourse intended concerning this our riuer. Certes, from Powtjc mils which are about halfe a mile beneth Worcester, the Sauerne runneth on to Kempseie and Cleueld, whence after it hath crossed a brooke comming from Cowleie, it hasteth first to Stoke, and so to Upton, which is eleuen or twelue miles from Glocester, whi|ther it floweth manie times at high tides, but yer it come there, it drowneth another fall descending from Maluerne hilles by Blackemoore parke, & soone after the third growing by two branches, wherof one commeth also from Maluerne hils by little Mal|uerne and Welland, the other from Elderford by Pendocke and Longdon. After these confluences in like sort, it runneth to Bushelleie, and Tewkesbu|rie, where it receiueth the Auon, that follweth next of all in order to be described, before I procéed anie further in my discourse of Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Auon riseth at Nauesbie in the borders of Northhamptonshire,Auon 4. a little side hand of Gillesbo|row and foot of the hils whereon Nauesbie standeth, and euen out of the church yard of the said village. From hence it goeth to Welford, Stamford, Lil|burne, Clifton, and Rugbie, by north whereof it cros|seth a water called Swiff, which commeth from a|boue Kimcote, to Lutterworth, Browne ouer and Colsford.Swiuethus. From thence also it goeth to Newbold, Wolston, Ruington, and betwéene the Stonlies ta|keth in the Sow.Souus. This Sow is a pretie water com|ming from aboue Calendon to Whitleie, and soone after méeting with a riueret from Couentrie, which some doo call Shirburne water, it goeth thence to Bagginton, where it taketh in a rill called Kinell, as I haue red from Kenelsworth,Kinell. from whence it run|neth to Stonleie, & so into the Auon. After this con|fluence the Auon procéedeth on to Stonleie abbeie, Ashehow, Miluerton, Edmonds cote, and appace to Warwijc.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But yer it come there, it méeteth from south east with two waters in one chanell, whereof the least commeth to Marton from Bishops Itchington, by Herburbirie and Thorpe, where it crosseth a rill from Southam.Leame. The other is called Leame, or Lime that descendeth from about Helladon, or néere vnto Ca|tesbie in Northamptonshire, and going by Ouen|cote, Braunston, Lemington and Mertun, it ioineth with the other, and then go from thence togither vn|der the name of Leame, to Hunnington, Cobbing|ton, and so into the Auon, as I gaue notice before. At Warwike also the Auon taketh in a water run|ning northwest from Groue parke. Thence it goeth on to Bereford, and there crossing another from Shir|burne, it passeth forth to Bishops Hampton, méeting finallie with the third, from Kineton that runneth by Walton and Charle [...]ote. After this last rehearsed confluence, it hasteth to Stretford vpon Auon, and then to Luddington ward, where it taketh in the Stoure that riseth aboue Cherington, & whose course from thence is such,Stoure. as that being once past the head, it goeth by Weston, and yer long crossing a water from Campden, hanging Aston, & Todnam, it run|neth to Barcheston, Aldermaston, Clifford, & so into the Auon.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From hence then the said Auon goeth to Lud|dington, Burton, Bitford, and Cleue, and being par|ted from the said towne, yer it come at Sawford, it receiueth the Arow or Aur,Arow. which rising in the blacke hils in Worchestershire, commeth by Alchurch, Be|leie parke, Ypsleie, Studleie, and then taking in an|other rill called Alne,Alne. out of Fecknam forrest, and going by Coughton parke, it hasteth to Alcester, A|row, Ragleie, Wheteleie, Bouington, Standford, and so into Auon, which after this coniunction goeth to Uffenton & then to Eouesholme: but yer it come there it receiueth two waters in one chanell, where|of the first riseth about Willerseie, the other néere to Buckland, and ioining beneath Badseie, they fall into Auon,Pludor. vnder the name of Pludor brooke, before it come to Eouesholme.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Being past Eouesholme it crosseth the Uincell, which rising out of the hils somewhere about Sud|leie, runneth two miles further to Winchelcombe,Vinc [...]lus. and Gretton, and taking in a rill by the waie from Hailes, procéedeth on (going within one quarter of a mile of Hailes abbaie) to Tuddington, or Dodding|ton, beneath which when it hath crossed another rill that commeth from Stanwaie, it goeth to War|mington, Sedgeborow, and receiuing there the last on the right hand also (as all aboue rehearsed) it fal|leth into the Auon, when it is come by Hinton, vnto a towne called Hampton, or (as some doo write it) Ampton. After this confluence the Auon goeth to Charleton, to Crapthorne (and there taking in a rill on the left hand) to Fladbirie wike, and almost at Persore bridge, méeteth with a branched water that commeth by Piddle, whereof one head is at Alber|ton, an other at Piddle.Piddle. From Persore it goeth to Birlingham, and soone after carrieng a brooke with|all descending from Fakenham, by Bradleie, Him|bleton, Huddenton, Crowleie, Churchhill, Pible|ton, Besseford and Desseford, it fléeteth to Ecking|ton, Bredon, Twining, Mitton, and Tewkesburie, where it ioineth with the Sauerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Now to resume the course of the Sauerne, you shall vnderstand, that from Tewkesburie it goeth to Derehirst, the How passage, and soone after recei|uing the Chiltenham water that commeth thither by Bodenton,Chilus. Sawton, and Norton, it runneth to Ashelworth, Sainthirst; and here it parteth it selfe till it come to Glocester, where it vniteth it selfe a|gaine. But in the meane time the easterlie branch receiueth a forked chanell, whereof one head is not far frõ Leke Hampton, the other about Witcombe, from whence it goeth to Brockworth. The other branch or arme taketh in the Leadon that commeth downe by Preston,Leadon. Dimmocke, Pantleie vpper Leadon, Leadon court, and there taking in one rill that commeth from Linton by Areknoll, and ano|ther beneath it from Tainton by Rudford, it falleth into the said branch on the right side, before it come at Glocester.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Sauerne therefore being past Glocester, it méeteth with a litle rill on the right hand, and thence holding on his course by Elmore, Minsterworth, Longneie, to Framilode, it receiueth yer it come at this latter the Strowd brooke, which rising not farre from Side,Strowd. goeth by Massade, Edgeworth, Framp|ton, Strowd, and receiuing there a water that com|meth from Panneswijc Lodge, by Pittescombe on the one side, and another from Radbridge on the o|ther, it prosecuteth his voiage to Stone house, Es|lington, white Misen, & so toward Framilode, where the said Strowd dooth fall into the Sauerne. After EEBO page image 72 the fall of Strowd, the Sauerne goeth from thence to Newenham, and Arlingham, and soone after re|ceiuing a water on each side, whereof one commeth from Uleie by Cham and Chambridge, the other by Blackneie and Catcombe, it goeth foorth till it méet with another water on ech side, whereof that on the English halfe is forked, so that one head thereof is to be found about Boxwell, the other at Horton, and méeting aboue Tortworthie, they run by Stone and Barkeleie castell, and so into the Sauerne. That on the Welsh halfe is named Newarne, which cõmeth from the forrest of Deane,Newarne. and so into the Sauerne.

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1.11. Of the Sauerne ſtreame and ſuch falles of ry|uers as go into the ſea, betweene it and the Humber. Cap. 10.

Of the Sauerne ſtreame and ſuch falles of ry|uers as go into the ſea, betweene it and the Humber. Cap. 10.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 THE Sauerne deuideth Englande or that part of the Iſland, [...] which ſometime was called Lhoegres from Cambria, ſo cal|led of Camber, the ſecond ſonne of Brute, as our hyſtories doe report. But nowe it height Wales of the Germaine worde Walſhe, wherby that nation doth vſe to call all ſtran|gers without reſpect of countrie. It tooke the name of a certaine Lady, called Habren, baſe daughter of Locrinus begotten vpon Eſtrildes daughter to Humber king of Scythia, [...] per [...] truth Aber [...] called the [...] that ſometime inuaded this Iſlande and was o|uerthrowne here, in the dayes of this Locri|nus as ſhall be ſhewed at hande. For after the death of Locrinus, it came to paſſe that Guendolena his wyfe ruled the kingdome in the noneage of hir ſonne, and then getting EEBO page image 26 [...]. Of the drowning of the ſayde [...] I finde theſe verſes inſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
In fl [...]uium praecipit atur Abien,
Nomen Abien fl [...]uio de virgine [...] [...]
Nomino [...]r [...]pto deinde Sabrina lat [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to returne to our Sauerne, it ſpringeth from the high mountaines of ſouth Wales, called in Welche Plim Limmon in latine Plimmon [...] in Engliſhe the Blacke moun|taines, & out of the ſame head with the Wye, where it hath in Latitude as ſome geſſe 52. degrées and [...]9 minutes, and in longitude 15. and 50. From he [...]e it [...]onneth to Catr Lew [...] (famous in nune, but in déede a poore throwfaire from Ma [...]encliffe) then to Lani [...]|las, to Newton (or Trenewith) to Ar [...]iſtle, to Leueden, then within a myle of Mounte|gomery to the Welche poole, thence wythin half a mile of Pon [...]ibery Colledge to Shroſ|bury, and ſo to bridge North, receyuing ſun|dry brookes and waters by the way, of which the Cerlon or Serlo ſéemeth to be the grea|teſt, [...]rlon. and whereby the chanell thereof is not a little increaſed. From Bridgenorth it encli|neth toward ye ſouth vnto Worceſter where [...] about it receyueth other ſtreames, [...]s the Teme on the Weſt halfe a myle beneath Worceſter, [...]me. not farre from Powike Milles. And another in the Eaſt, comming frõ Staf|forde, and ſo holding one towarde Gloceſter, [...]on. méeteth with the Auon not farre from Theo|keſ [...]yry, and from whence they come both as one to Gloceſter, as mine informacion doth ſerue me. Here gathering agayne ſomewhat toward the weſt, [...] it paſſeth by weſt of Deane, where it meteth with the Wy, which is none of the leaſt famous of all thoſe that mixe thẽ|ſelues wyth Sauerne. [...]uge. Being alſo great|lye enlarged with the Wylow or Wi [...]inghe (another great ſtreate ſtreame increaſed by the Geuenni, and another) it goeth vnto the Holmes, where after it hath mette in the meane ſeaſon with ſundry other brookes, it falleth into the maine ſea, betwéene Wales and Cornewall, which is and ſhalbe called the Sauerne ſea, ſo long as Sauerne ryuer doth hold and kéepe hir name. But as the ſaid ſtreame in length of courſe bounty of water and depth of chanell commeth farre behinde the Thames, ſo for other commodities as [...] veſſels on the ſame.

The [...] Wy,Wy mouth [...] myles ouer (ſayth Leland) or [...]lſe my [...] doth faile me.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This ryuer Guy or Wy beginneth as I ſayde before on the ſide of the hilles,Guy alias Wy. where the Sauerne doth ariſe, and paſſing thorowe We [...]elande, doeth fall into the Sauerne beneath Chepſto at the aforeſayde place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Lelande writing of this ryuer ſayeth thus, the Wy goeth thorowe all Herefordſhyre by Bradwerden Caſtell (belonging to Syr Ri|charde [...]) & ſo to Hereforde eaſt,Vmber a fiſhe onely in the Wy. thence eyght myles to Roſſe a market towne in Herefordſhyre, and in this ryuer be Vmbers otherwyſe called graylinged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Next vnto this is the Aberwiſh, or Wyſke whereon Caerleon ſtrandeth ſometime,Wiſke. cal|led Cheſter. This riuer ryſeth in the blacke mountaines, tenne myles aboue Brechnoch towarde Cairmardine, and runneth thorow the great and litle forreſt of Brechnoch, then it goeth by Redwin bridge, to Breckenock, Penkithly, Cregh [...]ell, Aberg [...]ue [...]nt, Vſke, Carleon, Newporte, and ſo vnto the ſea, ta|king withall the Ebowith.Ebowith. This Ebowith is a riuelet ryſing flat North, in a mountaine of high Wenſlande, and going ſtreight from thence into Diffrin Serowy vale, it falleth into the Vſke or Wiſke, a myle and a halfe beneath Newporte, from whence likewyſe it is vnto the hauen mouth of Wiſke about half a mile more. But to procede withour Wiſke. Certes this riuer is famous and vpon ſome partes of the lower bankes eſpecially about Carleon is much Romaine Coyne found, of all maner of ſortes, as men eare and digge the grounde. Furthermore this ſtreame is one of the greateſt in Southwales and huge ſhips might well come to the towne of Car|leon, as they did in the time of the Romaines if Newport bridge were not a let vnto them. EEBO page image 36 Neuertheleſſe bigge bo [...]es come thereto. It is eyght Welche or tw [...]l [...]e Engliſhe myles from Chepſtow or Strigull, and of ſome thought to be in Bace Wencelande, though other be of the contrarie opinion. But howſo|euer the matter ſtandeth, this ryuer is taken to be the bo [...]ds of Brechnockſhyre, as Ren|ni is to midle Wenceland and Glamorgan|ſhyre.

Remenei, or Remni.The next riuer vnto Vſke or Wiſke is cal|led Remenei or Remni, whoſe heade is thrée or foure myles aboue Eggluis Tider Vap Hoell (otherwyſe called Fanum Theodori, or the Church of Theodorus) whence come ma|nye ſprings, & taking one botome, the water is called Kayach. It is alſo augmented with the Riſca brooke, comming vnto it out of a Paroche called Eggluis Ilan, and then al|togither named Riſca.Riſca. Thence running tho|rowe Bedwes Paroche, it is called Renmy or Remeny and ſo continueth vntill it come at the Sauerne. The fall therof alſo is not a|boue ſixe myles from the ryuer Wiſke. Al|though that for ſhippes it be nothing commo|dious. It is more ouer a limite betwéene the Silures and Glamorganſhyre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Taffe. From the mouth of Renni, to the mouth of Taffe are two myles. Thys ryuer is the greateſt in all Glamorganſhyre, and the ci|tie Taffe it ſelfe of good countenaunce, ſith it is endued with the Cathedrall ſea of a Bi|ſhop. The head of this water cõmeth downe from Wooddy hilles, and often bringeth ſuch logges and bodyes of trées withal frõ thence, that they fruſh the bridge in péeces, but for aſ|much as it is made of tymber, it is repayred with leſſe coſt, whereas if it were of harde ſtone all the countrie thereabouts would not be able to amende it. Into this ſtreame alſo falleth Lhay,Lhay. which deſcendeth (but more ea|ſterly) from the ſame hilles and it méeteth with all beneath Landaffe, that ſtandeth al|moſt euen at the verye confluence, and thus ſayeth Lhoyd, but Lelande noteth it other|wyſe. In like ſorte the Taffe receyueth the Rodney Vaur,Rodeney vaur, Rodeny vehan. and Rodeney Vehan, in one botome, which ſpring in the Lordſhip of Glin Rodeney within two miles togither. Of theſe alſo the Rodeney Vaur ryſeth by Northweſt in a great high rocke, called Driſſiog. Rode|ney Vehan iſſueth a myle aboue caſtell Noſe (by northweſt alſo) but néerer towarde Myſ|ken Lordſhip, ſo that the Rodney Vaur head and ſtreame lieth more weſt vp into Wales. As for Caſtell Noſe, it is but a highe ſtonye Cragge in the toppe of a hil: but to procéede. Rodeney Vaur runneth vnder a bridge of wood a myle from Penriſe, then to Ponte Kemmeis two myles lower, and a little be|neath is the confluence. There be alſo two ſmall bridges on Rodeney Vehan of w [...]d, whereof the firſt is agaynſt P [...]r [...]ſe thrée quarters of a myle of, the other a little aboue the confluẽce right againſt the bridg on Rod|ney Vaur. There is a bridg of wood alſo vpõ the whole ſtreame two myles beneath the ſayde confluence, called Pont Newith, and a quarter of a mile from the place where it go|eth into Taffe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 From Taffe to Lay mouth or Ele ryuer a mile, from Lhay mouth (or rather Penarth,Lhay. that ſtandeth on the Weſt poynt of it) to the mouth of Thawan ryuer (from whence is a cõmon paſſage ouer vnto Mineheued in So|merſetſhyre of ſeuentene myles) are about ſeuen Welche myles,Thawan which are counted af|ter this maner. A myle and a halfe aboue Thawan is Scylley Hauenet,Scylley. (a pretie ſuc|cour for ſhippes) whoſe heade is in Wenno paroche two myles & a halfe from the ſhore. From Scilley mouth to Aber Barry a mile,Barry. and thither commeth a little ryll of freſh wa|ter into Sauerne, whoſe head is ſcant a myle of in playne grounde by Northeaſt,This I went 50. yeres [...] for 10. [...]. & right a|gainſt the fall of this becke lyeth Barry Iſ|lande a flight ſhotte from the ſhore at the full ſea. Halfe a myle aboue Aber Barry is the mouth of Come kydy,Com [...] which ryſeth flat north frõ the place where it goeth into ye Sauerne & ſerueth oft for herbor vnto ſea farers. Thẽce to the mouth of Thawan are 3. myles, wher|vnto ſhippes may come at will. Two myles aboue Thawan is Colhow,Colhow. whether a little rill reſorteth from Lau Iltuit, thence to the mouth of Alen foure myles,Alen. that is a myle to S. Dynothes Caſtell, and thrée myles fur|der. The Alen riſeth by northeaſt vp into the lande at a place, called Lhes Broimith, or Skyrpton, about foure myles aboue the plot where it commeth by it ſelfe into Sauerne. From thence to the mouth of Ogur alias Gur thrée miles.Ogur. Then come they in proceſſe of tyme vnto the Kenſike or Colbrooke ryuer which is no great thing,Kenſike. ſith it ryſeth not a|boue 3. myles frõ the ſhore. From Kenſike to Aber Auon two myles,Auon. and herein doe ſhips moleſted with weather oftentimes ſéeke her|borow. It commeth of two armes, whereof that which lyeth Northeaſt is called Auon Vaur, the other that lyeth Northweſt Auon Vehã. They méete togither at Lhanuoy Hẽ|gle, about two myles aboue Aber Auon vil|lage, which is two myles alſo from the ſea. From hence to the Neth is about two miles and a halfe,Neth. thereon come ſhiplettes al|moſt to the towne of Neth frõ the Sauerne. From the mouth of Neth vnto the mouth of Crimline becke is two miles, and being paſ|ſed EEBO page image 27 the ſame we come vnto the Tauy,Tauy. which deſcendeth from the aforeſayd hilles and fal|leth into the Sea by Eaſt of Swanſey. Be|yng paſt this wée come vnto the Lichwr, or Lochar mouth and then glyding by the Wormes head,Lochar. [...]andres. we paſſed to the Wandreſ|mouth, whereof I finde this deſcription fol|lowing in Lelande.Vendraith [...]aur Vẽ| [...]raith Ve| [...]a. Both Vendraith, Vaur & Vẽdraith Vehan, ryſe in a péece of Carmar|dineſhyre, called Iſſekenen, that is to ſay, the lowe quarter about Kennen ryuer, and be|twixt the heades of theſe two hitles, is ano|ther hill, wherein be ſtones of a gréeniſh cou|lour, whereof the inhabitauntes make theyr Lime. The name of the hyll that Vendraith Vaur ryſeth in, is called Mennith Vaur, and therein is a poole as in a moriſh ground, na|med Lhintegowen, where ye principall ſpring is, & thys hyll is eight or nyne myles frõ Kid|welli. The hyll that Vendraith Vehan ſprin|geth out of, is called Mennith Vehan, & thys water commeth by Kydwelly towne. But a|bout thrée or foure myles, eare it come thy|ther, it receyueth a brooke, called Treſgyrth the courſe wherof is little aboue a myle from the place where it goeth into Vendraith, and yet it hath foure or fiue turking milles and thrée Corne milles vppon it. At the heade of this brooke is an hole in the hilles ſide, where men often enter and walke in a large ſpace. And as for the brooke it ſelfe, it is one of the moſt plentifull and commodious that is to be founde in Wales. All along the ſides alſo of Vendraith Vaur, you ſhall finde great plen|tye of Seacoles. There is a great hole by heade of Vendraith Vehan, where men vſe to enter into vaultes of great compaſſe, and it is ſayde, that they may go one way vnder the grounde to Wormes head, and another waye to Cairkennen caſtell, which is thrée myles or more vnto the lande. But how true theſe things are it is not in me to determine, yet this is certaine, that there is very good Hawking at the Heron in Vendraith Vehã. There are dyuers printes of the paſſage of certaine Wormes alſo in the Caue, at the head of Vẽdraith Vehan, as the inhabitants doe fable, but I neuer heard of any man that ſaw any Worme there, and yet it is beléeued that many Wormes are there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tow, or Towy.Being paſt this, we came to the Abertowy or mouth of the Towz. This riuer ryſeth in the mountaines of Elinith foure myles by ſouth from Lintiue in a moriſh grounde, 24. miles from Carmardyn and in a forreſt cal|led Biſhops forreſt midway betwixt Land|wybreuy & Landanuery caſtell. For fiſh this is much better in mine opinion, thẽ the Taw or Taffe, whoſe head breadeth no fiſhe, but if any be caſt into it, they turne vp their bellies and die out of hande. Into this riuer alſo fal|leth one called Guthrike,Guthrijc. not farre frõ Lan|donuery towne, which is two and twentye myle frõ the head of Towy. In like ſort the Kenen ryuer falleth into the Towy about Landilouaur,Kenen. which is two m [...]es higher vpõ Towy, the Dinefur caſtel & the whole courſe of this water is not aboue thrée myles.Brane. The Brane (another ryuer alſo) after it hath run from the head by the ſpace of 12 myles doth come hard by the foote of Landonuery caſtel, and taking with it the Euery, they fall togi|ther into the Towz, a little beneath the Ca|ſtell.Euery. Thys Euery runneth through the mid|deſt of Landanuery towne. Beneath Lãdan|uery in like ſorte another brooke called Mar|leis, falleth into the Towy, and foure myles beneath the ſame two other, of which the one is called Nonneis. Nonneis. Foure miles alſo from A|bermarleis or the place where Towy & Mar|leis doe méete (towarde Carmardine) run|neth the riuer Duleſſe, which ſoone after fal|leth alſo into Towy. Furthermore 2. miles beneath the fall of Duleſſe, there is another, and thrée or foure myles beyonde this, is the ſeconde Duleſſe, & eache of them after other fall into the ſaide ryuer, but this latter about Driſlan Caſtell, as Lelande hath deſcrybed thẽ. Procéeding yet further ſtill toward Car|mardine, our ſayde ſtreame goeth by Landi|ſtupham Caſtell, and alſo into the ſea, about thrée myles beyonde Driſlan Caſtell. Alſo he confeſſeth moreouer, that he ſawe the fall of Cothey, a fayre ryuer, into the ſayd ſtreame, & this was within foure myles of Carmar|dine, wherof I ſpake before.Cothey. The Cothey ri|ſeth thrée myles frõ Landanbreui vnder the hulke of Blaine Icorne, which is a narrowe paſſage, and therein marueylous heapes of ſtones.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The next riuer we came vnto vpon the coſt is called Taue,Taue. whoſe head runneth alſo from the blacke mountaines at a place thrée miles from Cardigan called Preſſelen, thence it goeth by Saint Clares, and as it haſteth to|ward the ſea,Gowe. it taketh the ryuer Gowe with it, which riſeth at Blaincowen two myles or more aboue the bridge.Duddery. Barth|kinni. Morlais. Then the Duddery ryuer, and Barthkinni ſtreame, Venny & Morlais. Next of all come we to Milford ha|uen,Dugledu, wherunto two ryuers direct their courſe from the Northeaſt called Dugledu or the two ſwordes and betwéene them both is a [...] which they cal alſo Cultlell (that is to ſay) the knyfe,Cultlell. wereof riſeth a merry tale of a welch|man that lying in this place abrode all night in the colde weather, he was demaunded of his hoſteſſe (where he did breake his faſte the EEBO page image 37 next morrowe) at what Inne he laye in the night precedent, bycauſe he came ſo ſoone to hir houſe ere any of hir maydes were vp. Oh good hoſteſſe (quod he) be contented I laye to night in a daungerous eſtate for I ſlepte be|twéene two ſwordes with a long knife at my hart, meaning in déede that he lay betwéene theſe two ryuers, and his breaſt towards the South néere to the heade of Cultlell. But to paſſe ouer theſe ieſtes, here Leland ſpeaketh of a ryuer called Gwyly,Gwyly. but where it ryſeth or falleth he maketh no certaine report: wher|fore it is requiſite that I procéede according to my purpoſe. Beyng therfore paſſe this ha|uen and point of Demetia in caſting aboute the coaſte we come to Saint Dewies, or S. Dauyds land,S. Dewy or Dauid all one. which I reade to be ſeperated from the reſt of the countrey much after this manner, although I graunt that there maye be an dare diuers other litle créekes, betwixt Newgale and Saint Dauys head, & betwixt S. Dauys and Fyſchard, beſide thoſe that are here mencioned out of a Regiſter of that houſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As we turne therefore from Milford, S. Dauys land beginneth at Newgall,Newgall. a créeke ſerued with a backe freſhe water. Howbeit there is a Baye before this créeke betwixt it and Milford. From hence about foure miles is Saluache créeke,Saluach. otherwiſe called Saue|rach, whether ſome freſhe water reſorteth: ye mouth alſo thereof is a good reſcue for Ba|lingers as it (I meane the regiſter) ſayth. Thence go we to Portclais 3. myles where is a litle portlet,Portclais. Alen. whether the Alen that com|meth thorowe Sainte Dewies cloſe doth runne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 It lyeth a myle ſouthweſt frõ S. Dewies, Saint Stinans Chappell alſo is betwéene Portclais,Portmaw Maw. and Portmaw. The next is Porte Maw, where I founde a great eſtuary into the lande.Pendwy. The Pendwy halfe a mile from ye: Land Vehan is 3. myles frõ Pendwy,Lanuehã. where is a ſalt créeke,Tredine. then to Tredine thrée myles, where is another créeke to Langunda,Langũda. foure miles, and another créeke is there in like ſort where fyſher men catche Herring.Fiſchard. Here alſo the Gwerne riuer deuideth Penbidianc from Fiſcherdine Kemmeis land. Frõ Langunda to Fiſchard at the Gwerne mouth 4. myles,Gwerne. & here is a portlet or hauenet alſo for ſhippes. and thus much of Saint Dauids lande. Be|ſides this alſo Leland in a third booke talketh of Linnes and Pooles, but for as much as my purpoſe is not to ſpeake of Lakes & Lhinnes, I paſſe them ouer as haſting to the Teify, in latine Tibius, which is the nexte ryuer that ſerueth for my purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Teyfy.The Teyfy therfore is a right noble ryuer, as anye in Wales, Caſtor [...] [...] Englan [...] fraught with delicate Samons, and herein onely of all the ryuers in Englande is the Caſtor or Beuer to bée founde. It aryſeth foure myles from Strat|fleur out of a Poole called Lhintiue, lying on the Weſt ſide of the blacke mountaines (as the Sauerne doth ſpring out from by eaſt of them) & holding on with the ordinary courſe,Fleure. it commeth at laſte to Stradfleur, where it méeteth with a brooket called the Fleure or Flere. Frõ hence it procéedeth on vnto Tre|garon, Bruy, Landfur, Glydois, Budhair, Emlin, Kilgarran, & ſo to Cardigon, which ſtandeth on the farder ſide as we go towarde the foreſaid ryuer from by ſouth. Certes this ryuer which we nowe diſcribe, goeth in man|ner plaine Weſt, till we come within ſyxe myles of Cairmardine, and then returneth toward the North, ſo goyng on till it come at Abertiwy, or Aberteify, as it is moſt cõmon|ly called. It deuideth Pembrooke from Car|digan or Cereticanſhere, as Leland ſetteth it downe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſte the Tewe or Teify we came to Aberayron,Ayron. ſo called of the ryuer Ayron which there falleth into the Maine, 3. myles beneath Lanclere. It ryſeth alſo in a moun|taine, percel of the blacke hilles, by a chappel called Blaine Penial, belonging to Landwy Breui, but it is in Cardigon ſhire ouer Tiue and aboute three or foure myles from Tiue banckes.Arth. Next vnto this as I remember we paſſed by Aberarth where was a pretye ſtreamelet & ſome ſlender harborow. And thẽ we came to another water which falleth into ye ſea beneath Riſthide (neither of them beingRis. of any great length from their heades) and ſo vnto A [...]eryſtwith which yſſueth in a marſheYſtwich. called Blaine Wythe (ſo farre as I remem|ber) and runneth about 13. or 14. myles tyll it come at laſt into the ſea.Meleuen It taketh withal by the waye alſo firſt the Meleuen and then the Rhedhol,Redol. a ryuer nothing inferiour vnto Yſtwith it ſelfe, with whome it maketh his confluence aboue Badarne, and in a large bo|tome goeth ſoone after into the ſea.

Hence we went vnto the Wy whoſe heade commeth from the ſouth part of Snowdony by Mowdheuy Mathan laith,Wy. and in this his courſe moreouer he ſéemeth to parte Northe Wales and South Wales in ſunder. It is called in latine Deuus, in Welſhe Dyfy, but how it came to be called Wy in good ſoothe it is not found. It receyueth alſo the Alen which cõmeth from the vpper part of Cormeryſt|with in Cardigonſhyre, out of the blaine, and taketh alſo with it the Clardwyn, a brooke yſ|ſuing about a myle from Cragnawlin and as it holdeth on the courſe it receyueth the EEBO page image 28 Clardwy which ſpringeth vp halfe a myle from the Clardue head (another gullet like|wiſe falling from ye Rocky hilles into Clard|wy) and ſo goyng together foure miles far|der they fall into the Allen. Finally after all theſe haue as it were played together in one or moe bottomes among the pleaſant Mea|dowes and lower groundes, by the ſpace of ſixe myles, vnder ye name of Alen, they beate at the laſt vpon the Wy and accompany him directly vnto the Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 After this we paſſed by Aberho, ſo named of the Riuer Ho, that falleth therein to the ſea and commeth thether from ye Alpes or hilles of Snowdony. From hence we ſayled by Abermawr or mouth of Mawr,Mawr. which com|meth in like ſorte from Snowdony, and ta|keth diuers Ryuers with him whoſe names I doe not know. [...]rtro. Then vnto ye Artro a brooke deſcending from thoſe hilles alſo, and falling into the ſea a myle aboue the Harleche. Next of al we behold the Gleſſe Linne that parteth Caernaruon from Merio [...]nneth ſhyre, and ſo came vnto Traith Vehan, betwixte which two, and Traith Mawr rũneth a litle brooke thorowe the wharfe of Traith Mawr at the low water as I read. Theſe 2 Traiths are ye mouthes of two faire ſtreames, wherof the moſt Southerly is called Mawy,Mawy. Ferles, the other Ferles, eche of them I ſaye deriuing his ori|ginall water from Snowdony, as diuers o|ther brookes haue done already before them. Of theſe alſo ye firſt paſſeth by diuers lakes, although I doe not well knowe the names of anye one of them. From Traith mawr to Chrychet are three myles,Crichet. where alſo is a lit|tle rill ſerued with ſundrye waters. Then come we vnto the Erke,Erke. a pretye brooke diſ|cending frõ Madrijn hilles. Then caſting a|bout toward the ſouth (as the coaſt lyeth) we ſawe the Aberſoch or mouth of the Soch ry|uer vppon our right handes,Soch. in the mouthe whereof lye two Iſlandes, of which the more Northerly is called Tudfall and the other Penrijn as Leland did obſerue. After this, goyng about by the point we come to Daron Ryuer,Daron. wherevppon ſtandeth Aberdaron a quarter of a mile frõ the ſhore betwixt Aber|darõ and Vortigernes vale, where the com|paſſe of the ſea gathereth in a heade and en|treth at both endes: [...]euenni. Thẽ come we to Venni brooke which runneth by Treuenni, and is about 12. myles of from Aberdaron. Then iij. miles of to Egluis Epiſtle, whether com|meth a little brooke or rill from Gwortheren Rocke, which ſome call Vortigernes Vale. From hence alſo 3. myles further, we come to Lhanhelerion and then foure myles to Cluniock, and finally to Clunio [...]k Vaur Ar|uon, where is a little rillet, & a myle or more farder is another that goeth to the mayne ſea. Here in following Lelande as I doe for the moſt part in all this Treatize where he kéepeth any order at all (for his notes, are ſo diſperſed in his Comẽtaries ye one of them is ſometimes is 6.8. or 20. leaues from another, and many of them penned after a contrarye ſort) I finde theſe wordes. There is a brooke beyonde Aberleuenni goyng by it ſelfe into the ſea: there be alſo two brookes betwéene Gurnwy or Gwyrfay and Skeuerneck, as Golaid and Semare Poole:Golaide. Semer|poole. Sother. Menley. Sowther créeke alſo is the verye pointe of Abermenley, by which notes as I finde not what he ſaith, ſo the remembraunce of them may helpe better againſt the next publication of this booke: to procéede therefore in ſuch order as I may.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Leuenni is a great brooke ryſing 4. mile aboue the place, where it falleth into the ſea,Leuen. Leuen brooke cõmeth into the ſea two miles aboue Skeuernocke:Skeuer|nocke. Skeuernocke a little brooke ſixe myles aboue Aberſaint. Auõ Gur|nay commeth thorowe pontnewith bridge, and after into Meney at South Crock, two myles of Cladwant brooke,Cladwant and ryſing thrée myles from thence it commeth thorow the towne bridge of Carnaruon and goeth by it ſelfe into Meney arme, ſo that Carnaruon ſtandeth betwéene two riuers. Botes alſo do come to Cadwan. The name of Abermeney is not paſſing a myle aboue Carnaruon, and yet ſome cal it Meney, til you come to Poul|tell. Then come we to Cair Arfon or Cair|naruon, Gwiniwith mirith (or horſe brooke) two myles from Moylethon, and it ryſeth at a well ſo called full a myle from thence. Moylethon is a bowe ſhotte from Aber|powle, frõ whence ferry botes go to the Ter|mone or Angleſy. Aberpowle runneth three myles into the lande,Coute. and hath his head foure myles beyonde Bangor in Meney ſhore: and here is a little comming in for botes bending into the Meney.Gegyne. Aber Gegeyne commeth out of a mountaine a myle aboue,Torron|nen. Ogwine. and Bangar (thorow which a rillet called Torronnẽ hath his courſe) almoſt a myle aboue it. Aber Og|wine is two miles aboue yt. It ryſeth at Tale linne Ogwine poole fiue myles aboue Ban|gor in the eaſt ſide of Withow.Auon. Aber Auon is two myles aboue A [...]erogwene, and it ryſeth in a Poole called Lin man Auon thrée myles of. Auon Lan var Vehan ryſeth in a moun|taine thereby,Lanuar Vehan. Duege|uelth. and goeth into the ſea 2. miles aboue Duegeuelth. Auon Duegeuelth is thre myles aboue Conwey, which ryſing in the mountaines a myle of, goeth by it ſelfe into Meney ſalt arme. On the ſaide ſhore alſo ly|eth Penmaine, and this brooke doth runne EEBO page image 38 betwixte Penmaine Maur, and Penmaine Vehan. It ryſeth about 3. myles from Pen|ma [...]lon hilles which lye aboute 60. myles from Conwey abbaie nowe diſſolued. On the Northe and Weſt of this ryuer ſtandeth the towne of Conwey, which taketh his name therof. This riuer receaueth ye Lhigwy a pre|ty ſtreame that commeth from by weſt & ioi|neth with al a little aboue the Riſt but on the Weſt bancke.Lighwy. The Lighwy alſo taketh ano|ther with him that commeth from by ſouth. After this we come to the Gele whereon A|bergele ſtandeth,Gele. and it runneth thorowe the Canges: then vnto the Roſe or Ros and next of all to the mouth of a great hauen, wherin|to the Clude which cõmeth from the ſouth,Cluda. Elwy. and the Elwy that deſcendeth from ye Weſt, doe emptie their chanelles, & betwixte which two the pontificall ſea of Bangor is ſcituate verye pleaſantly and not farre of from the point.Alode. Into Elwy runneth the Alode deſcen|ding from Lhin Alode eyght myles from Denbighe and goyng by Lhan Sannan, it falleth into the Elwy in Lhan Heueth pariſh which is ſixe myles aboue Saint Aſaph. Le|lãd calleth it Aleth.Clue doch Into Clude alſo runneth Clue Doch foure miles lower by water then Ruthine towne: on the Weſt ſide likewyſe the Vſtrate,Vſtrate. that commeth within halfe a myle by ſouth of Denbighe and goeth into Clude almoſt againſt Denbighe towne. Frõ hence to my remembraunce, and before we come to Aber Dée or the mouth of the Dée I finde no Riuer of any countenaunce,Dea. where|fore I will haſt forth to the deſcription of that ſtreame. It ryſeth of ſundy-heades ſouthweſt from Lintegy or Lin Tegnis, in the countie of Penthlin wherevnto within a while they reſort and direct their courſes, and there ioy|ning in one Channell, it commeth almoſt by Bala a poore market towne. Then going ſtil by the ſide of Yale it paſſeth to Berwin, where it méeteth with a rill, afterwardes to Corwen a little by Southweſt wherof, it re|ceaueth the Alwijn a noble ſtreame which commeth from the Northweſt out of a Lyn lying on the other ſyde of ye ſame hilles wher|in the Alode riſeth,Alwijn. and not onely taketh ſun|dery ryuerets and rilles withall as it goeth, but alſo runneth with great ſwiftneſſe tyll it be ioyned with the ſame. From Corwen it goeth to Gellon, and a fewe myles beneath Gellon it méeteth with the Kyriog, then the Wrerham rill,Kyriog. Alin. and finally the Alyn whoſe crinkeling ſtreames diſcende from a Lin in the Stradlin hilles, and goyng firſt North eaſt vnto Mold or Gwidgruc, thẽ ſouthward vnto Cargurle, and finally againe into the Northeaſt, it ſtayeth not tyll it come at the Dée, where it méeteth about halfe a myle or more frõ the Holit with the aforeſaide riuer. Hauing therfore receiued this water it conti|nueth the courſe vnto Cheſter it ſelfe, and frõ thence into the Iryſh ſea as experience hath cõfirmed. What other ryuers do fal into this ſtreame it ſhal be ſhewed in the ſecond booke. In ye meane time hauing a good gale of wind blowing from the South weſt, we came to Lyr poole whether the Wyuer on the ſouthe about Frodſham & the Merſey on the north, doe fall, in thunburdening of their channels. Wiuer water runneth among the Wiches, and Marſey departeth Cheſter and Lanca|ſhyre in ſunder.

From hence alſo we go by Wegam, or Dugeles: and nexte of all vnto the Ribell, which almoſt doth enuyronne Preſton in Anderneſſe. It ryſeth in Rybbes dale about Salley Aabbye, and from thence goeth to Salley and a lyttle beneath Salley it re|ceiueth the Calder that cõmeth by Whaley, and then the Oder. After thys, we come to the Wire, which ryſeth eyght or tenne miles from Garſton, out of the Hylles on the ryght hande, and commeth by gréene Hawghe a pretye Caſtell, belonging to the Earles of Darby, and more then halfe a myle of to Garſton in Anderneſſe. It ebbeth and floweth alſo, thrée myles beneath Garſtone, and at the Chappell of Alhallowes (tenne myles frõ Garſton) it goeth into the Sea. After thys we come to Coker that maketh no great courſe ere we come to the Sandes, by Cockerham Vyllage, where they make Salt out of the Sandes, by often wetting, and dreauing the water from thence into a Pyt, they ſéeth it, as at the Wiche. &c. Then to Cowder ryll, & ſo to the Lane or Lune, that giueth name to Lancaſter, where much Romaine money is founde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Of thys ryuer you ſhall reade more in the ſeconde Booke. Next vnto it alſo is the Kery, halfe a mile beyond Warton, where the rich Kitſon was borne. It ryſeth out of the hylles not farre of, and falleth into the ſalte water at Luneſandes. From thence we come to Bythe water, which ryſeth not farre from Bytham Towne and Parke, in the Hilles whereabout are great numbers of goates. It is a prettye ryuer, and by all lykelyhoode reſorteth vnto Ken ſands. Ken ryſeth at Ken more, in a Poole of a myle compaſſe, verye well ſtored wyth fyſhe, the head whereof (as all the Barromy of Kendal) is in Weſtmer|lande. It is alſo eyght myles from Kendall, in the waye to Perith, and the courſe there|of is to Newbridge, Barley, Staueley hamlet, Bowſtone, Burne ſyde bridges, EEBO page image 29 to Kendall, Leuen bridge. &c. into the ſea, re|ceiuing the Sprout ryuer into it, a myle a|boue Fremegate bridge. Next vnto this is ye Charte whether a freſhe water commeth, as doth another to Conny heade ſandes.

Then come wée to Dudden or Doden ha|uen, whether a freſhe brooke alſo reſorteth, & foure myles from hence was Furneſſe Ab|bay vp into the mountaines. Then ſayled we to the Eſke, whereunto commeth a brooke from Croſmets, then to the Caldes ſerued alſo wyth a backe freſhe water: then (going about by S. Bées) to the Wy or Ferne, to to Deruent, the Lug or Luy, and finallye to Soluey, which parteth England & Scotland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hauing thus gone thorowe the ryuers of Englande, nowe it reſteth that wée procéede with thoſe which are to bée founde vppon the Scettyſhe ſhoore, in ſuch order as we beſt maye, vntill we haue fetched a compaſſe about the ſame, and come vnto Barwijcke, whence afterwarde it ſhall be eaſye for vs to make repaire vnto the Thames, from which we did ſet forwarde in the beginning of oure voiage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 The fyrſte ryuer that I mette wythall on the Scottiſh coaſt, [...]. is the Eſke, after I came pa [...]t the Soluey which hath his heade in the Cheuiote Hylles runneth by Kirkinton, and falleth into the Sea at Borow on the ſands. Thys Eſke hauing receiued the Ewys fal|leth into the Soluey fyrſt at Atterith. After thys I paſſed ouer [...] lyttle créeke from Kyr|thell, and ſo to Anand, whereof the valleye Anandale doth ſéeme to take ye name. There is alſo the Nyde, wheref commeth Nidſdale, the Ken, the Dée, the Craie, and the Blad|necke, and al theſe beſides dyuers other ſmal rylles of leſſe name doe lye vpon the ſouth coaſt of Galloway. On the north ſide alſo we haue the Ruan, the Arde, the Eaſſile Dune, the Burwin, the Cluide, (whereupon ſome|tyme ſtoode the famous citie of Alcluyde, and whereinto runneth the Carath) the Hamell, the Dourgleſſe, and the Lame. From hence in lyke manner, wée came vnto the Leuind mouth, wherunto the Blake on the ſouthweſt and the Lomundelake, with his fleting Iſles and fiſh without finnes, (yet very holeſome) doth ſéeme to make hys iſſue. Thys lake of Lomund in calme wheather, ryſeth ſome|times ſo high and ſwelleth with ſuch terrible Billowes, that it cauſeth the beſt Marriners of Scotlande to abyde the leyſure of this wa|ter, before they haue aduenture to hoyſs vp ſayles, on hie. The like is ſéene in windye weather, but much more perillous: There are certeine Iſles alſo in the ſame, which mooue and remooue, oftentymes by force of the water, but one of them eſpeciallye, which otherwyſe is very fruitefull for paſturage of Cattel Next [...] this is the Leue,Leue. Long. Goylee. Heke. Robinſey. Forlan. Tarbat. Lean. Abyr. Arke. Zeſe. Sell. Zord. Owyn. Newiſſe. Orne. Lang. Drun. Hew. Brun. Kile. Dowr, Faro. Neſſe. Herre. Con. Glaſſe. Maur. Vrdàll. Feſſe. Calder. Wifle. Browre. Clyn. Twine. Shin Syllan. Carew. Neſſe. Narding. Spaie. Downe. Dée. Eſke. the Rage the Longe, the Goyle, & the Heke, which for the excéeding greatneſſe of theire heades are called lakes. Then haue we the Robinſey, the forelande, the Tarbat, the Lean, and the Abyr, wherevnto the Spanſey, the Loyne, the Louth, the Arke, and the Zefe doe fall, there is alſo the Sell, the Zord the Owyn, the Newiſſe, the Orne, the Lang, the Drun, the Hew, the Brun, the Kell, the Dowr, the Faro, ye Neſſe, the Herre, the Con, ye Glaſſe the Maur, the Vrdall, the Fe [...]s (that cõmeth out of the Caldell) the Fairſo [...]e which two latter lye a lyttle by weſt of the Orchades, and are properly called ryuers, bicauſe they iſſue onely from ſpringes, but moſt of the o|ther lakes, bicauſe they come from [...] innes, [...] and huge pooles, or ſuch lowe bottomes, fed [...]e with ſpringes, as ſéeme to haue no acceſſe, but onelye receſſe of waters, wherof there be many in Scotlande. But to procéede hauyng once paſt Dungiſby heade in Cathneſſe, we ſhall ere long come to ye mor [...]th [...] the W [...]ſte, a pretty ſtreame, comming by ſouth of the Mountaynes called the Maydens pappes. Thon to the Browre, the Clyn, the Twyn, (wherunto runneth thrée ryuers, the Shy [...], the Sillan, & Carew) the Neſſe which beſide the plenty of Samon founde therein is neuer frozen, nor ſuffereth yſe to remaine there, that is caſt into the poole. From thence wée come vnto the Narding, the Fynderne, the Spai [...], (which receiueth the Vine,) ye Fitch, the Buliche, the Arrian, the Leuin, and the Boghe, from whence we ſayle, vntill we come about the Buquhan head, and ſo to the Downe, and Dée: which two ſtreames bring forth the greateſt Samons, that are to be had in Scotland, and moſt plentye of the ſame. Then to the North Eſke where into the Eſ|mond runneth aboue Brech [...], the Southe Eſke, then the Louen and the Tawe, which is the fyneſt Ryuer for water that is in all Scotland, and whereunto moſt Ryuers and lakes doe runne. As Farlake, Yrth, Goure, Loiche, Cannach, Lynell, [...]oyon, Irewer, Erne, and diuers other beſides ſmall rylleis which I did neuer loke vppon. Then is there the lake Londors vppon whoſe mouth Saint Androwes doth ſtande, the Lake Le|win vnto whole ſtreame two other Lakes [...] recou [...] in Fi [...]land, and then the Fyrt [...] [...] Fortha, which ſome doe call the Scotiſh [...] ſea, and with the Ryuer laſte mencioned (I meane that commeth from Londors) inclu|deth all Fife, the ſaide Forthe beyng full of Oyſters and all kindes of huge fyſhe that vſe EEBO page image 39 to lye in the déepe. How many waters runne into the Fyrth, it is not in my power iuſtlye to declare, yet are there both Ryuers, Rilles, and Lakes that fall into the ſame,Clack. Alon. Dune. Kery. Cambell. Cumer. Tere. Man. Torkeſon. Roſham. Muſſell. Blene. Twede. as Clack, Alon, Dune, Kery, Cambell, Cumer, Tere, Man, Torkeſon, Roſhan, Muſhell, Blene, and dyuers other which I call by theſe names, partly after information, and partly of ſuch townes as are néere vnto their heds. Finally when we are paſte the Hay then are we come vnto the Twede and ſoone after in|to England againe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 The Twede is a noble riuer and the limes or bounde betwéene England and Scotland, whereby thoſe two kingdomes are nowe di|uided in ſunder. It riſeth about Drimlar in Euſdale (or rather out of a faire Wel as Le|land ſaith ſtanding in the moſſe of an hill cal|led Airſtane, or Hareſtan in Twede dale 10. miles from Pibble) and ſo comming by Pib|ble, Lander, Drybiwgh, lelſe, Warke, Nor|ham and Hagarſtone, it falleth into the ſea beneath Barwijc as I heare: Thus ſaith Le|land, but I not contented with this ſo ſhorte a diſcourſe of ſo long a Ryuer and briefe de|ſcription of ſo faire a ſtreame, wil adde ſome|what more of the ſame concerning his race on the Engliſhe ſide, and rehearſall of ſuche Ryuers as fall into the ſame. Cõming ther|fore to Ridam, it receyueth betwéene that & Carham a becke which deſcendeth from the hilles that lye by Weſt of Windram. Go|ing alſo from Rydam by Longbridgeham (on the Scottiſhe ſide) and to Carham, it ha|ſteth immediately to Warke caſtell on the Engliſhe, and by Spylaw on the other ſide, then to Cornewall, Cal [...] ſtreame, and Tille|mouth where it receiueth ſundry waters in one botome which is called the Till, & whoſe deſcription inſueth here at hand.Tyll. Certes there is no head of any Ryuer that is named Till, but the yſſue of the fardeſt water that com|meth hereinto, ryſeth not farre from ye head of Vſwaie in the Cheuiote hilles, where i [...] is called Bromis. From thence it goeth to Hartſide Ingram Brantõ, Crawley, Hedge|ley, Beuely, Bewijc, and Bewijc, beneath which it receiueth one water comming from Rodham by Weſt and ſone after a ſecond de|ſcending from the Middletons, and ſo they go as one with the Bromiſhe,Bromis. by Chatton to Fowbrey (where they croſſe the third water falling downe by North from Howborne by Heſel bridg) thence to Woller, there alſo ta|king in a rill that riſeth about Middleton hal, & runneth by Hardley, Whereley, and ye reſt afore remembred, wherby the water of Bro|mis is not a little increaſed, and after this latter conf [...]uence beneath Woller, no more called Bromis but the Till, vntill it come at the Twede. The Till paſſing therefore by Weteland and Dedington, méeteth ſon [...] af|ter with a fayre ſtreame comming from by Southweſt, which moſt men call the Bow|bent or Bobent.Bo [...] It riſeth on the Weſt ſide of the Cocklaw hill, and from thence haſteth to Hai [...]ons beneath the which it ioyneth from by ſoutheaſt with the Hellerborne, and then goeth to Pudſton, Downeham, Kilham, and a little by North of Newton Kyrke, and be|twéene it and Weſt Newton, it taketh in an|other water cõming from the Cheuiote hils by Heth poole, and from thenceforth runneth on without any farder increaſe, by Copland Euart and ſo into the Till. The Till for his part in lyke ſorte after this confluence goeth to Broneridge, Fodcaſtell, Eatall caſtell Heaton and North of Tilmouthe into the Twede, or by Weſt of Weſell, excepte my memorie doe falle me. After this alſo [...]ur a|foreſaid water of Twede deſcendeth to Gro|tehughe, the Newbiggins, Norham caſtell, Foord, Lungridge,Whit [...] and croſſing the Whita|ker on the other ſide from Scotland beneath Cawmill, it runneth to Ordo, to Barwicke and to into the Ocean, leauing ſo much Eng|liſhe ground on the Northweſt ripe as lyeth in manner of a triangle betwéene Cawm [...]l|les, Barwi [...] and Lammeton, which is two myles and an halfe euery waye, or not much more excepte I be deceiued. Beyng paſt this noble ſtreame, we came by a rill that deſcen|deth from Bowſden by Barington. Then by the ſecond which ariſeth betwéene Middleton and Detcham and runneth by Eſkill and the Roſſe. Next of all to Warnemouth of whoſe back water I read as foloweth.Warne. The Warne or Gwerne ryſeth Southweſt of Crokelaw, and goyng by Warneford, Bradford, Spin|dleſtone, and Budill, it leaueth Newton on the right hand, and ſo falleth into the Ocean after it hath runne almoſt n [...]ne myles from the heade within the lande. From Warne|mouth, we ſayled by Bamborow caſtell, and came at laſt to a fall betwéene Bedwell and Newton: The firſt water that ſerueth this iſſue, riſeth aboue Carleton from the foote of an hill which ſéemeth to part the head of this & that of Warne in ſunder. It runneth alſo by Carleton, Tonley, Dorford, Brunton and Tuggell, and finally into the ſea as to his courſe appertaineth.Aile, or Alne. From this water we went by Dunſtanbugh vnto the Aile or Alne mouth which is ſerued with a pretty riueret called Alne, the heade whereof riſeth in the hilles weſt of Aluham towne. From thence alſo it runneth by Ryle, Kyle, Eſlington, and Whittingham where it croſſeth a rill com|ming EEBO page image 30 from by ſouth, and beneath the ſame, the ſecond that deſcendeth from Eirchild at Brone, & likewyſe the thirde that riſeth at Newton and runneth by Edlingham caſtell and Lemmaton, (all on the Southeaſt ſide or right hande,) and ſo paſſeth on farder till it méete with the fourth comming from aboue Shipley from by North, after which conflu|ence it goeth to Alnewijc and then to Den|nijc, receyuing there a rillet from by South and a rill from by Northe, and thence goyng on to Bilton, betwéene Ailmouth towne and Wooddon, it ſwepeth into the Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ket.The Cocket is a goodly ryuer, the head alſo thereof is in the rootes of Kembleſpeth hils, from whence it goeth to Whiteſide, [...]ie. & there méeting wyth the Vſwaye (which deſcendeth from the North,) it goeth a little farder to Linbridge, & there receyueth the Ridley by ſouth weſt. It ioineth alſo ere long with the Rydlande, which commeth in north, by Bil|ſtone, [...]ley. and then hyeth to Sharpeton, to Har|botle, where it croſſeth the Yardop water, by ſouth, [...]dop. then to Woodhouſe, to Bickerton, to Toſſons, Newton, and running a pace to|warde Whitton Towre, it taketh a Brooke with all that commeth in northweſt of Alne|ham, néere Elihaw, and goeth by Skarne|wood, Ouer nether Trewhet, Snitter, and Throxton, and ſone after vniteth it ſelf with the Cocket, from whence they go together to Rethbury, or Whitton Towre, to Haly, to Brinkehorne, Welden, Elihaw, Felton, (re|ceiuing thereabout the Fareſley brooke, that goeth by wintring by ſouth eaſt; & Sheldike water, that goeth by Haſon, to Brainſaughe by north) & from thence to Morricke caſtell, and ſo into the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There is furthermore a litle fall, betwéene Hawkeſlaw & Dunrith, which ryſeth about Stokes wood, goeth by eaſt Cheuington, and Whittington caſtell, & afterwarde into the Ocean. [...]ne. The Lune is a pretye brooke ryſing weſt of Eſpley, frõ whence it goeth to Trit|lington, Vgham, Linton, and ere long in the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]nſbeck.Wanſbecke is farre greater then the Lu|ne. It iſſueth vp weſt and by north, of weſt Whelpington, thence it runneth to kyrke Whelpington, Wallington, Middleton, and Angerton. Here it méeteth with a water running frõ about Farnelaw, by ye grange, and Hartborne on the north, and then goyng from Angerton, it runneth by Moſeden to Mitforth, and there in lyke maner croſſeth ye Font, [...]ont, alias [...]ont. which iſſuing out of the ground about new Biggin, goeth by Nonney kyrke, Wit|ton caſtel, Stanton, Nunriding, Newton, & ſo into ye Wanſbecke, which runneth in lyke maner from Mitforde to M [...]r [...]heth caſtell, (within two myles whereof, it [...]beth & flow|eth) the newe Chappell, Bottle caſtel, Shep|waſhe, and ſo into the ſea, thrée myles from the next hauen which is called Blithe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Blithe water ryſeth about kirke Heaton,Blithe. and goeth by Belſe, Ogle, and receyuing the broket that cõmeth by the Diſſingtons and Barwijc on the hill, it runneth by Harford, Bedlington, Cowpon, and at Blithes nuke, into the déepe Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hartley.Hartley ſtreamelet ryſeth in Wéeteſlade parioche, goeth by Halliwell, and at Hartley towne yéeldeth to the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Tine ryſeth of two heades,north. Tine whereof ye called north Tine, is the firſt that followeth to be deſcribed. It ſpringeth vp aboue Bel|kirke in the hylles, and thence goeth to But|terhawghe, (where it receiueth the Shele) thence to Cragſheles, Leapeliſh, Shilburne,Shele. Yarro, Smalburne, Elis, Greneſted Heſla|ſide, Billingham, and at Reaſdmouth, taketh in the Reade,Reade. and in the meane time ſundrye other rilles, comming from by north & ſouth,Shillng|ton. whereof I haue no knowledge, neyther anye regarde to write, bycauſe they are obſure, ſmal, and without denominations.3. Burnes After this confluence it paſſeth to Léehall, to Carehouſe (croſſing Shillingtõ rill by weſt) another al|ſo beneath thys on the ſame ſide, made by the confluence of Workes burne, and Myddle burne, at Roſeburne, beſyde ye thyrd aboue, & Symons burne beneath Sheperhaſe, then to S. Oſmondes, to Wall, to Ackam, and ſo in|to ſouth Tine, beneath Accam, & northweſt as I doe wene of Herax.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The South Tine ariſeth in the Chen [...]ote hilles,Tine. S. and eare it hath gone farre from the head it méeteth with Eſgyll on the eaſt,Eſgyll. and another rill on the Weſt, and ſo going by the houſes toward Awſten moore, it ioyneth with Schud from by weſt, and ſoone after with the Vent from by Eaſt aboue Lowbiere.Vent Gilderſ|becke. From Lowbier it goeth to Whitehalton, to Kyrke Haugh (croſſing ye gilders Becke) to Thorn|hope, where it is inlarged wyth a water on eache ſide, to Williams Stone, and almoſt at Knareſdale, taketh in the Knare,Knare. and then runneth withall to Fetherſtone angle. At Fetherſtone angle lykewiſe it méeteth wyth harley water, by South weſt, another a lytle beneath from ſoutheaſt, and thence when it commeth to Bylleſter caſtell, it caryeth ano|ther with all from by weſt, after which con|fluence it goeth to Harltweſell, Vnthanke, Wilmoteſwijc, receiuing one ryl by ye way, and another there from the ſouth, as it doth the thyrd from Bradly hall by north, and the Alon by the ſouth, whereby his greatneſſe EEBO page image 40 is not a little augmented. From Willy|motſwijc, it goeth to Lées, Haddonbridge, Woodhall, Owmers, Wherneby, Coſtely, and ſo by Warden (ſoone after receyuing the North Tine) thẽ to Hexham, & Dilſtan, croſ|ſing two waters by the waye, whereof one commeth from by ſouth, another lower then the ſame from Riſing ouer againſt Burell. From Dilſtã it goeth to Eltingham, Prud|do, Willam (and there it méeteth further|more with a beck that goeth betwéene Ben|well and Redhoughe) then to Repon, Blay|don,Derwent. and next of all with the Derwent, from by ſouth which riſeth alſo about Kneden of two heades, and goyng by Acton Aſperſheles Berneford ſide, Ebcheſter, Blackehall, and Willington, finally falleth into the Tine be|neath Redhughe and before it come to New|caſtell, from whence alſo the Tine goeth by Fellin, Hedburne, Iello, Sheles and ſo into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Were. Burdop. Wallop. Kellop.The Were riſeth of thrée heades, in Kel|loppeſlaw hill, whereof the moſt ſoutherly is called Burdop, the middlemoſt Wallop and the Northerlieſt Kellop, which vniting them ſelues about S. Iohns Chappell, or a little by Weſt thereof, their confluence runneth tho|row Stanhope parke, by eaſt Yare, and ſo to Froſterley. Here it receiueth thrée rilles frõ the North in Weredale, whereof one com|meth in by Stanhop, another weſt of Wood|croſt Hall, and the third at Froſterley afore mencioned, Howbeit a little beneath theſe, I finde yet a fourth on the ſouthe ſide, which deſcendeth from ſouthweſt by Bolliop, By|ſhopſley, Milhouſes, and Landew, as I haue béene informed. Beyng therefore vnited al wt the Were, this ſtreame goeth on to Wal|ſingham there taking in the Waſcropburne, beſide another at Bradley,Waſcrop. the thyrde at Harpley Hall, (and theſe on the Northſide,) and the fourth betwéene Witton and Wit|tõ caſtel called Bedburne cõming by Ham|ſterley wherby this riuer doth now ware ve|ry great.Bedburne Going therefore frõ hence, it haſteth to Byſhops Akelande, Newfield, and Wil|lington. But néere vnto this place alſo and ſomewhat beneath Sunderland, the Were croſſeth one brooke from ſoutheaſt by Het & Cordale, and two other from by northweſt in one botome, whereof the firſt commeth from Aſhe by Langley, ye other from Beare parke, and ſo méeting beneath Relley with the other they fall both as one into the Were betwéene Sunderland, and Burnall. From hence our Ryuer goeth to Howghwell, Shirkeley, olde Dureſme (and there taking in the Pidding brooke by Northeaſt) it goeth to Dureſme,Pidding|brooke. Finkeley Harbarhouſe, Lumley Caſtell, (where it méeteth with the Pilis,P [...] whoſe heds are vnited betwéene Pelton and Whitwell) and from thence to Lampton, the Bedwiks, Vfferton, Furd, and ſo into the ſea betwéene Sunderland and Munkermouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng thus paſſed the Tine, and ere we come at the mouth of the Theſe almoſt by 2. myles, we méete with a prettye fall, which groweth by a Ryuer that is increaſed with two waters, whereof one riſeth by northweſt at Moretõs, and goeth by Stotfeld and Clax|ton, the other at Dawlton: goyng by Breer|ton, Owtham, and Grettam, finally ioyning within two miles of the ſea, they make a pre|ty portlet but I know not of what ſecurity.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Theſe riſeth in the blacke lowes,Th [...] a|boue two myles flat weſt of the ſoutherlye head of Were called Burdop, and thẽce run|neth thorow Tildale forreſt: and taking in the Langdon water from northweſt it run|neth to Durtpit chappell, to New Biggin, & ſo to Middleton. Here it receyueth by weſt of eche of theſe a Rill comming from by North,Hude (of which the laſt is called Hude) & likewiſe the Lune by ſouthweſt, that riſeth at thrée ſe|uerall places, whereof the firſt is in the bor|ders of Weſtmerland and there called Arne|gyll becke, the ſecond more ſoutherly, named Lune becke, and the thirde by ſouth,Lune Ar [...] at Ban|dor Skath hill, and méeting all aboue Arne|gill houſe, they runne together in one bo|tome to Lathekyrke bridge, and then into the Theſe. Hauing therefore mette with theſe,Skirk+with. it runneth to Mickelton (and there taking in the Skirkwith water) it goeth Rumbald kirke (croſſing there alſo one Rill and the Bander brooke) and then goyng to Morewood hagge,Ba [...] & Morewood parke,Rere [...] til it come to Bernards ca|ſtle. Here alſo it receyueth a water cõmyng eaſt of Rere croſſe, frõ the ſpittle in Stãmore by Crag almoſt ſouthweſt, and being vnited wt the Theſe, it goth by Stratford, Egleſdon, Rokeſby, Thorpe, Wickliffe, Ouington, and betwene Barfurth, & Gainfurth: meteth with another Rill, that commeth from Langley foreſt, betwene Raby caſtle and Standorpe. But to procéede, the Theſe beyng paſt Ram|forth, it runneth betwene Perſore & Cliffe, and in the way to Croftes bridge,Ske [...] taketh in ye Skerne a pretye water which riſeth about Trimdon, and goeth by Fiſhburne, Bradbu|ry, Preſton and Darlington: and finally mée|ting with the Cocke becke, it falleth into the Theſe beneath Stapleton, before it come at Croftes bridge. From thence it runneth to Sockburne, nether Dunsley, Midleton row, Newsham, Yarne (crossing a broke fro(m) Leuen bridge) to Barwicke Preston, Thorne Abbaie and Arsham, which standeth on the South EEBO page image 31 Southeast side of the riuer betwene the falles of two waters: wherof one descendeth from west Hartburne, the other from Stillington. From Arsham finally it goeth to Bellazis Midleburgh, and so into the sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Next of all [...] vnto the high Cliffe water, which riſing [...] by Giſdoro [...], & there [...]eth another ſtreame comming from by ſouth eaſt, and then conti|nuyng in his courſe, it is not long [...] it fal in|to the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next is the Scaling water, which de|ſcendeth from Scaling towne, from whence we come to the Molemouth, not farre from whoſe had ſtandeth Molgraue caſtle: then to Sandford creke, & next of all to Eſ [...] mouth, which riſeth aboue Danby wood, and ſo goeth to Caſtleton, there méeting by the way with another Rill comming from about Weſter|dale by Danby, and ſo they goe on together by Armar and Thwatecaſtle (till they ioyne with another water aboue Glaſdale chappel) thence to new Biggin, taking yet another brooke with them, running from Goodlande warde, (and likewiſe the Ibur) and ſo goe on without any further increaſe by Buſworth, ere long into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There is alſo a creke on eche ſide of Robin Whoods bay, of whoſe names and courſes, I haue no ſkil ſauing that Fillingale the towne doth ſtand betwene them both.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There is another not farre from Scar|borow, on the North ſide called the Harwood brooke. It runneth thorow Harwoode Dale by Cloughton, Buniſton, and ſoone after mée|ting with another Rill on the ſouthweſt, they runne as one into the Ocean ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From Scarborow to Bridlington by Flã|borow hed, we met with no more falles. This water therfore that we ſaw at Bridlington, riſeth at Duggleby, from whence it goeth to Kirby, Helperthorpe, Butterwijc, Boithorp, Foxhole, (where it falleth into the ground & riſeth vp againe at Rudſton) Thorpe, Ca|thorpe, Bridlington, and ſo into the Ocean.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Being come about ye Spurne hed, I méete ere long with a riuer that riſeth ſhort of Wi|therſey, and goeth by Fodringham, and Wi|ſted: from thence, to another that commeth by Roſſe, Halſham, Carmingham: then to the third, which riſeth aboue Humbleton, and goeth to Eſterwijc, Heddon, and ſo into the Humber. The 4. ſpringeth ſhort of Sprotte|ley, goeth by Wytton, and falleth into the water of Humber at Merflete, as I heare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ll. The next of all is the Hull water, which I will describe also here, and then crosse ouer unto the southerly shore. The furdest head of Hull water riseth at Kilham, from whence it goeth to Lewthorpe creke, and so to Fodringham, a little beneath which it meeteth with sondry waters, wherof one falleth in on the North east side, comming from about Lisset, the second on the Northwest banke fro(m) Nafferton: the third from Emmeswell & Kirkeburne, (for it hath two heds, which ioyne beneath little Dryfeld) and the 4. which falleth into the same: so that these two latter runne unto ye maine riuer both in one chanell, as experience hath confirmed. From hence then our Hull goeth to Rattesey to Goodalehouse, & the(n) taking in a water from Hornesie Mere, it goeth on thorowe Beuerley medowes, by Warron, Stoneferry, Hull, and finally into the Humber. Of the Rill that falleth into this water from South netherwijc by Skyrlow, and the two Rilles that come from Cockingham and Wolverton, I saye no more, sith it is inough to name them in their order.