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Compare 1577 edition: 1 The peace being thus concluded, and the English|men growne thereby to some hope of further quiet|nesse, they began to forsake their alies, and returned each one, either to his owne possessions, or to giue attendance vpon the king. But he warilie cloking his inward purpose, notwithstanding the vnitie late+lie made, determineth particularlie to assaile his eni|mies (whose power without doubt so long as it was vnited, could not possiblie be ouercome, as he thought) and being now by reason of this peace disse|uered and dispersed, he thought it high time to put his secret purposes in execution: wherevpon taking them at vnwares and thinking of nothing lesse than warres and sudden inuasion, he imprisoneth manie, killeth diuers, and pursueth the residue with fire and sword, taking awaie their goods, possessions, lands, and inheritances, and banishing them out of the realme. In the meane time, those of the English No|bilitie, which could escape this his outragious tyran|nie, got awaie, and amongst other, Edgar Etheling fled againe into Scotland: but Edwin was slaine of his owne souldiers, as he rode toward Scotland. earle Marchar, and one Hereward, with the bishop of Durham named Egelwinus, Ran. Higa. H. Hunt. Matth. Paris. got into the Ile of Elie, in purpose there to defend themselues from the iniurie of the Normans, for they tooke the place (by reason of the situation) to be of no small strength. Howbeit king William endeuouring to cut them short, raised a power, and stopped all the passages on the east side, and on the west part he made a causie through the fennes, Polydor. Hen. Hunt. Matth. Paris. of two miles in length, whereby he got vnto them, and constreined them to yeeld. But Marchar, or (as others haue) Hereward, foreséeing the imminent danger likelie to take effect, made shift to get out of the Ile by bote, and so by spéedie flight escaped into Scotland. The bishop of Dur|ham being taken, Simon Dun. was sent to the abbey of Abing|don, to be kept as prisoner, where he was so sparing|lie fed,Some write that he was so stubborne-harted, that after he knew he should re|maine in per|petuall prison, he refused his meate, and so pined him selfe to death. that within a short space he died for hunger.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 In this meane time, and whilest king William was thus occupied in rooting out the English, Mal|colme king of Scotland had wasted the countries of Theisedale, Cleueland, and the lands of S. Cutbert, with sundrie other places in the north parts. Where|vpon Gospatrike being latelie reconciled to the king & made earle of Northumberland, was sent against him, who sacked and destroied that part of Cumber|land which the said Malcolme by violence had brought vnder his subiection. At the same time Malcolme was at Weremouth, beholding the fire which his people had kindled in the church of Saint Peter to burne vp the same and there hearing what Gospa|trike had doone, he tooke such displeasure thereat, that he commanded his men they should leaue none of the English nation aliue, but put them all to the sword without pitie or compassion,A bloudie cõ|mandement executed vpon the English by the Scots. so oft as they came to hand. The bloudie slaughter which was made at this time by the Scots, through that cruell com|mandement of Malcolme, was pitifull to consider, for women, children, old and yong, went all one way: howbeit, manie of those that were strong and able to serue for drudges and slaues, were reserued, and carried into Scotland as prisoners, where they re|mained manie yeares after; in so much that there were few houses in that realme, but had one or mo English slaues and captiues, whom they gat at this vnhappie voiage. Miserable was the state of the English at that time, one being consumed of ano|ther so vnnaturallie, manie of them destroied by the Scots so cruellie, and the residue kept vnder by the king so tyrannicallie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to returne to the purpose in hand, king William hearing of all these things, was not a lit|tle mooued at the same, but chéefelie with Malcolme king of Scots, for that his countrie was the onelie place wherein all the mal-contents of his realme had their refuge. Wherfore, thinking to reuenge the losse of his subiects, and to bring that realme also vnto his subiection, he went thither with an huge armie, a|bout the middle of August, where he first inuaded the bounds of Galloway, bicause he heard how the En|glish were latelie fled thither. Polydor. But after he had wea|ried his souldiers in vaine pursuit of them (who kept themselues in the mountaines and marres grounds) he gaue ouer the enterprise, and drew to|wards Lothiam, where king Malcolme laie with all his power, & sundrie English fugitiues, with whome he determined by battell either to end his trouble, or else to loose his life. Now as both the kings with their armies were readie to encounter, Malcolme began to doubt somewhat of the [...]iersenesse of the battell, Matth. Paris. bi|cause he saw the great puissance and readie willes of the English and Normans to fight, wherevpon he sent an harrold to king William to treat of peace, wherewith he was content at the last (though with much adoo) and so a vnitie insued betwixt them, H. Hunt. vp|on these conditions; namelie, that king Malcolme should doo homage to king William for the realme of Scotland,The king of Scots did ho|mage to king William for Scotland. and therevpon deliuer sufficient hosta|ges: and that on the other side, king William should pardon all the English outlawes in Scotland which then rebelled against him. The place where this peace was concluded, was called Abirnethi. After this, king William returned into England, where he yer long tooke the earledome of Northumberland from Gospatrike, Simon Dun. and gaue it to Waltheof the sonne of Siward; bicause of right it séemed to descend vnto him from his father,The kings iustice. but cheefelie from his mother Alfreda, who was the daughter of Aldred sometime earle of that countrie.

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