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2.4. Brute discouereth the commodities of this Iland, mightie giants withstand him, Gogmagog and Corineus wrestle together at a place beside Douer: he buildeth the ci|tie of Trinouant now termed London, calleth this Iland by the name of Bri|taine, and diuideth it into three parts among his three sonnes. The fourth Chapter.

Brute discouereth the commodities of this Iland, mightie giants withstand him, Gogmagog and Corineus wrestle together at a place beside Douer: he buildeth the ci|tie of Trinouant now termed London, calleth this Iland by the name of Bri|taine, and diuideth it into three parts among his three sonnes. The fourth Chapter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 _WHEN Brute had entred this land, immediatlie after his arriuall (as writers doo re|cord) he searched the countrie from side to side, and from end to end, finding it in most places verie fertile and plen|tious of wood and grasse, and full of pleasant springs and faire riuers. As he thus trauelled to discouer the state and commodities of the Iland,Brute en|countred by the giants. he was encountred by diuers strong and mightie giants, whome he destroied and slue, or ra|ther subdued, with all such other people as he found in the Iland, which were more in number than by re|port of some authors it should appeare there were. A|mong these giants (as Geffrey of Monmouth wri|teth) there was one of passing strength and great e|stimation, named Gogmagog,Corineus wrestleth with Gogma|gog. with whome Brute caused Corineus to wrestle at a place beside Douer, where it chanced that the giant brake a rib in the side of Corineus while they stroue to claspe, and the one to ouerthrow the other: wherewith Corineus be|ing sore chafed and stirred to wrath, did so double his force that he got the vpper hand of the giant,Gogmagog is slaine. and cast him downe headlong from one of the rocks there, not farre from Douer, and so dispatched him: by rea|son whereof the place was named long after, The fall or leape of Gogmagog, but afterward it was called The fall of Douer. For this valiant déed, and other the like seruices first and last atchiued,Cornwall gi|uen to Cori|neus. Brute gaue vnto Corineus the whole countrie of Cornwall. To be briefe, after that Brute had destroied such as stood against him, and brought such people vnder his sub|iection as he found in the Ile, and searched the land from the one end to the other: he was desirous to build a citie, that the same might be the seate roiall of his empire or kingdome. Wherevpon he chose a plot of ground lieng on the north side of the riuer of Thames, which by good consideration séemed to be most pleasant and conuenient for any great multi|tude of inhabitants, aswell for holsomnesse of aire, goodnesse of soile, plentie of woods, and commoditie of the riuer, seruing as well to bring in as to carrie out all kinds of merchandize and things necessarie for the gaine, store, and vse of them that there should EEBO page image 11 inhabit.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Here therefore he began to build and lay the foun|dation of a citie, in the tenth or (as other thinke) in the second yeare after his arriuall, which he named (saith Gal. Mon.) Troinouant, or (as Hum. Llhoyd saith) Troinewith, that is, new Troy, in remem|brance of that noble citie of Troy from whence he and his people were for the greater part descended.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 When Brutus had builded this citie, and brought the Iland fullie vnder his subiection, he by the ad|uise of his nobles commanded this Ile (which before hight Albion) to be called Britaine, and the inhabi|tants Britons after his name, for a perpetuall me|morie that he was the first bringer of them into the land. In this meane while also he had by his wife, .iij. sonnes, the first named Locrinus or Locrine, the se|cond Cambris or Camber, and the third Albanactus or Albanact. Now when the time of his death drew néere, to the first he betooke the gouernment of that part of the land nowe knowne by the name of England: so that the same was long after called Loegria, or Logiers, of the said Locrinus. To the se|cond he appointed the countrie of Wales, which of him was first named Cambria, diuided from Loe|gria by the riuer of Seuerne. To his third sonne Al|banact he deliuered all the north part of the Ile, af|terward called Albania, after the name of the said Albanact: which portion of the said Ile lieth beyond the Humber northward. Thus when Brutus had di|uided the Ile of Britaine (as before is mentioned) into 3. parts, and had gouerned the same by the space of 15. yeares, he died in the 24 yeare after his arri|uall (as Harison noteth) and was buried at Troi|nouant or London:In the daies of this our Brute Saule and Samuell gouerned Is|raell. although the place of his said buriall there be now growne out of memorie.

2.5. Of Locrine the eldest sonne of Brute, of Albanact his yoongest sonne, and his death: of Madan, Mempricius, E|branke, Brute Greenesheeld, Leill, Ludhurdibras, Baldud, and Leir, the nine rulers of Britaine succes|siuelie after Brute. The fift Chapter.

Of Locrine the eldest sonne of Brute, of Albanact his yoongest sonne, and his death: of Madan, Mempricius, E|branke, Brute Greenesheeld, Leill, Ludhurdibras, Baldud, and Leir, the nine rulers of Britaine succes|siuelie after Brute. The fift Chapter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 _LOcrinus or Locrine the first begotten sonne of Brute began to reigne ouer the countrie called Logiers,Locrine the se|cond ru|ler of Britain in the yeare of the world 1874, and held to his part the countrie that reached from the souht sea vnto the riuer of Humber. While this Locrinus gouerned Logiers, his brother Albanact ruled in Albania,Gal. Mon. Mat. West. Fa. out of G. de Co. where in fine he was slaine in a battell by a king of the Hunnes or Scy|thians, called Humber, who inuaded that part of Britaine, and got possession thereof, till Locrinus with his brother Camber,Gal. Mon. Mar. West. in reuenge of their other brothers death, and for the recouerie of the king|dome, gathered their powers togither, and comming against the said king of the Hunnes, by the valiancie of their people they discomfited him in battell,It should seeme that he was come o|uer the Hum|ber. and chased him so egerlie, that he himselfe and a great number of his men were drowned in the gulfe that then parted Loegria and Albania, which after tooke name of the said king, and was called Humber, and so continueth vnto this daie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Moreouer in this battell against the Hunnes were thrée yong damsels taken of excellent beautie,Gal. Mon. spe|cially one of them, whose name was Estrild, daugh|ter to a certeine king of Scythia. With this Estrild king Locrine fell so farre in loue, notwithstanding a former contract made betwixt him and the ladie Guendoloena, daughter to Corineus duke of Corn|wall, that he meant yet with all spéed to marie the same Estrild. But being earnestlie called vpon, and in manner forced thereto by Corineus, hée chan|ged his purpose, and married Guendoloena, kee|ping neuertheles the aforesaid Estrild as paramour still after a secret sort, during the life of Corineus his father in law.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Now after that Corineus was departed this world, Locrine forsooke Guendoloena, and maried Estrild. Guendoloena therefore being cast off by hir husband, got hir into Cornewall to hir friends and kinred, and there procured them to make warre against the said Locrine hir husband, in the which warres hée was slaine, and a battell fought néere to the riuer of Sture, after he had reigned (as writers affirme) twentie yeares, & was buried by his father in the Citie of Troinouant,Mat. West. leauing behind him a yoong sonne (begotten of his wife Guendoloena) named Madan, as yet vnméete to gouerne.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Guendoloena or Guendoline the wife of Locri|nus,Shée is not numbred a|mongst those that reigned as rulers in this land by Mat. West. and daughter of Corineus duke of Cornewall, for so much as hir sonne Madan was not of yeeres sufficient to gouerne, was by common consent of the Britons made ruler of the Ile, in the yéere of the world 2894, and so hauing the administration in hir hands, she did right discreetlie vse hir selfe therein, to the comfort of all hir subiects, till hir sonne Madan came to lawfull age, and then she gaue ouer the rule and dominion to him, after she had gouerned by the space of fifteene yeares.Gal. Mon.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 MAdan the sonne of Locrine and Guendoline entred into the gouernement of Britaine in the 2909,Madan the third ruler. of the world. There is little left in wri|ting of his doings, sauing that he vsed great tyran|nie amongst his Britons: and therefore after he had ruled this land the tearme of 40. yeares, he was deuoured of wild beastes, as he was abroad in hun|ting. He left behind him two sonnes, Mempri|cius and Manlius. He builded (as is reported) Ma|dancaistre, now Dancastre, which reteineth still the later part of his name.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 MEmpricius the eldest sonne of Madan began his reigne ouer the Britons in the yeare of the world 2949,Mempri|cius the fourth ruler. he continued not long in peace. For his brother Manlius vpon an ambitious mind prouoked the Britons to rebell against him, so that sore and deadly warre continued long betweene them. But finallie, vnder colour of a treatie, Fabian. Manlius is slaine. Gal. Mon. Man|lius was slaine by his brother Mempricius, so that then he liued in more tranquillitie and rest. Howbe|it, being deliuered thus from trouble of warres, he fell into slouth,Slouth en|gendred leche|rie. and so into vnlawfull lust of le|cherie, and thereby into the hatred of his people, by forcing of their wines and daughters: and finallie became so beastlie, that he forsooke his lawfull wife and all his concubines, and fell into the abhomina|ble sinne of Sodomie. And thus from one vice he fell into another,Mempricius is deuoured of beastes. till he became odious to God and man, and at length, going on hunting, was lost of his people, and destroied of wild beastes, when he had reigned twentie yeares, leauing behind him a noble yoong sonne named Ebranke, begotten of his lawfull wife.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 EBranke the sonne of Mempricius began to rule ouer the Britons in the yeare of the world 2969Ebranke the fift ruler. He had as writers doo of him record,Ebranke had 21. wiues: his thirtie daughters sent into I|talie. one and twentie wiues, on whom he begot 20. sonnes and 30. daughters, of the which the eldest hight Guales, or Gualea. These daughters he sent to Alba Syl|uius, which was the eleuenth king of Italie, or the sixt king of the Latines, to the end they might be EEBO page image 12 married to his noble men of the bloud of Troians, because the Sabines refused to ioine their daugh|ters with them in marriage.Bergomas lib. 6. Furthermore, he was the first prince of his land that euer inuaded France after Bute, and is commended as au|thor and originall builder of many cities, both in his owne kingdome, and else where. His sonnes also vnder the conduct of Assaracus, one of their el|dest brethren, returning out of Italie, after they had conducted their sisters thither, inuaded Germanie, being first molested by the people of that countrie in their rage, and by the helpe of the said Alba subdued a great part of that countrie, & there planted them|selues. Our histories say, that Ebracus their fa|ther married them in their returne, and aided them in their conquests, and that he builded the citie of Caerbranke,The citie of Caerbranke builded. Matth. West. now called Yorke, about the 14, yeare of his reigne. He builded also in Albania now called Scotland, the castle of Maidens, afterward called Edenburgh of Adian one of their kings. The citie of Alclud was builded likewise by him (as some write) now decaied. After which cities thus buil|ded, he sailed ouer into Gallia,Fortie yeares hath Math. West. and Gal. Mon|uine. now called France, with a great armie, and subduing the Galles as is aforesaid, he returned home with great riches and triumph. Now when he had guided the land of Bri|taine in noble wise by the tearme of fortie yeares, he died, and was buried at Yorke.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 BRute Greeneshield,Brute Greene|shield the sixt ruler. the sonne of Ebranke, was made gouernor of this land in the yeare of the world 3009, Asa reigning in Iuda, and Baasa in Israell. This prince bare alwaies in the field a gréene shield, whereof he tooke his surname,Iacobus Lef. and of him some forraine authors affirme, that he made an attempt to bring the whole realme of France vn|der his subiection, which he performed, because his father susteined some dishonor and losse in his last voiage into that countrie. Howbeit they say, that when he came into Henaud, Brinchild a prince of that quarter gaue him also a great ouerthrow, and compelled him to retire home againe into his coun|trie. This I borrow out of William Harison, who in his chronologie toucheth the same at large, con|cluding in the end, that the said passage of this prince into France is verie likelie to be true, and that he named a parcell of Armorica lieng on the south, and in manner vpon the verie loine after his owne name, and also a citie which he builded there Bri|taine.Strabo lib. 4. For (saith he) it should séeme by Strabo. lib. 4. that there was a noble citie of that name long be|fore his time in the said countrie, whereof Plinie also speaketh lib. 4. cap. 7. albeit that he ascribe it vnto France after a disordered maner. More I find not of this foresaid Brute, sauing that he ruled the land a certeine time, his father yet liuing, and after his decease the tearme of twelue yeares, and then died, and was buried at Caerbranke now called Yorke.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 LEill the sonne of Brute Greeneshield,Leill the seuenth ruler. began to reigne in the yeare of the world 3021, the same time that Asa was reigning in Iuda, and Ambri in Israell. He built the citie now called Carleil,Carleil buil|ded. which then after his owne name was called Caerleil, that is, Leill his citie, or the citie of Leill. He re|paired also (as Henrie Bradshaw saith) the citie of Caerleon now called Chester,Chester re|paired. which (as in the same Bradshaw appeareth) was built before Brutus en|trie into this land by a giant named Leon Gauer. But what authoritie he had to auouch this it may be doubted, for Ranulfe Higden in his woorke inti|tuled Polychronicon, saith in plaine wordes; that it is vnknowen who was the first founder of Chester, but that it tooke the name of the soiourning there of some Romaine legions, by whome also it is not vnlike that it might be first built by P. Ostorius Sca|pula, who as we find, after he had subdued Carata|cus king of the Ordouices that inhabited the coun|tries now called Lancashire, Cheshire, and Salop|shire, built in those parts, and among the Silures, certeine places of defense, for the better harbrough of his men of warre, and kéeping downe of such Britaines as were still readie to moue rebellion.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But now to the purpose concerning K. Leill. We find it recorded that he was in the beginning of his reigne verie vpright, and desirous to sée iu|stice executed, and aboue all thinges loued peace & quietnesse; but as yeares increased with him, so his vertues began to diminish, in so much that a|bandoning the care for the bodie of the common|wealth, he suffered his owne bodie to welter in all vice and voluptuousnesse, and so procuring the ha|tred of his subiects, caused malice and discord to rise amongst them, which during his life he was neuer able to appease. But leauing them so at variance, he departed this life, & was buried at Carleil, which as ye haue heard he had builded while he liued.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 LUd or Ludhurdibras the sonne of Leill began to gouerne in the yeare of the world 3046.Lud or Ludhur|dibras the eight ruler. In the beginning of his reigne, hée sought to appease the debate that was raised in his fathers daies, and bring the realme to hir former quietnesse, and after that he had brought it to good end, he builded the towne of Kaerkin now called Canterburie:Kaerking or Canterburie is builded. also the towne of Caerguent now cleped Winchester,Caerguent is builded. and mount Paladour now called Shaftsburie.Paladour is builded. A|bout the building of which towne of Shaftsburie, A|quila a prophet of the British nation wrote his pro|phesies, of which some fragments remaine yet to be seene, translated into the Latine by some ancient writers. When this Lud had reigned 29. yeares, he died, and left a sonne behind him named Baldud.Baldud or Bla|dud the ninth ru|ler. BAldud the sonne of Ludhurdibras began to rule ouer the Britaines in the yeare of the world 3085. This man was well séene in the sciences of astronomie and nigromancie, by which (as the com|mon report saith) he made the hot bathes in the ci|tie of Caerbran now called Bath. But William of Malmesburie is of a contrarie opinion, Gal. Mon. The king was learned. Hot bathes. affirming that Iulius Cesar made those bathes, or rather re|paired them when he was here in England: which is not like to be true: for Iulius Cesar, as by good con|iecture we haue to thinke, neuer came so farre with|in the land that way forward. But of these bathes more shall be said in the description. Now to pro|céed. This Baldud tooke such pleasure in artificiall practises & magike, that he taught this art through|out all his realme. And to shew his cunning in o|ther points, vpon a presumptuous pleasure which he had therein, Mat. West. The prince did flie. he tooke vpon him to flie in the aire, but he fell vpon the temple of Apollo, which stood in the citie of Troinouant, and there was torne in pée|ces after he had ruled the Britaines by the space of 20. yeares.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 LEir the sonne of Baldud was admitted ruler ouer the Britaines,Leir the 10. ruler. in the yeare of the world 3105, at what time Ioas reigned in Iuda. This Leir was a prince of right noble demeanor, gouer|ning his land and subiects in great wealth. He made the towne of Caerleir now called Leicester, Mat. West. Leicester is builded. which standeth vpon the riuer of Sore. It is written that he had by his wife thrée daughters without other is|sue, whose names were Gonorilla, Regan, and Cor|deilla which daughters he greatly loued, but specially Cordeilla the yoongest farre aboue the two elder. When this Leir therefore was come to great yeres, & began to waxe vnweldie through age,Gal. Mon. he thought to vnderstand the affections of his daughters to|wards him, and preferre hir whome he best loued to the succession ouer the kingdome. Whervpon he first EEBO page image 13 asked Gonorilla the eldest,A triall of loue. how well she loued him:

who calling hir gods to record, protested that she lo|ued him more than hir owne life, which by right and reason should be most déere vnto hir. With which an|swer the father being well pleased, turned to the se|cond, and demanded of hir how well she loued him: who answered (confirming hir saiengs with great othes) that she loued him more than toong could ex|presse, and farre aboue all other creatures of the world.

Compare 1577 edition: 1

Then called he his yoongest daughter Cordeilla before him,The answer of the yoon|gest daugh|ter. and asked of hir what account she made of him,
vnto whome she made this answer as fol|loweth:
knowing the great loue and fatherlie zeale that you haue alwaies borne towards me (for the which I maie not answere, you otherwise than I thinke, and as my conscience leadeth me) I protest vnto you, that I haue loued you euer, and will conti|nuallie (while I liue) loue you as my naturall fa|ther. And if you would more vnderstand of the loue that I beare you, assertaine your selfe, that so much as you haue,The two eldest daugh|ters are ma|ried. so much you are worth, and so much I loue you,The realme is promised to his two daughters. and no more.
The father being nothing con|tent with this answer, married his two eldest daugh|ters, the one vnto Henninus the duke of Corne|wall, and the other vnto Maglanus the duke of Al|bania, betwixt whome he willed and ordeined that his land should be diuided after his death, and the one halfe thereof immediatlie should be assigned to them in hand: but for the third daughter Cordeilla he reserued nothing.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 Neuertheles it fortuned that one of the princes of Gallia (which now is called France) whose name was Aganippus, hearing of the beautie, womanhood, and good conditions of the said Cordeilla, desired to haue hir in mariage, and sent ouer to hir father, re|quiring that he might haue hir to wife: to whome answer was made, that he might haue his daugh|ter, but as for anie dower he could haue none, for all was promised and assured to hir other sisters alrea|die. Aganippus notwithstanding this answer of deni|all to receiue anie thing by way of dower with Cor|deilla, tooke hir to wife, onlie moued thereto (I saie) for respect of hir person and amiable vertues. This Aganippus was one of the twelue kings that ruled Gallia in those daies,He gouerned the third part of Gallia as Gal. Mon. saith. as in the British historie it is recorded. But to proceed.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 After that Leir was fallen into age, the two dukes that had married his two eldest daughters, thinking it long yer the gouernment of the land did come to their hands, arose against him in armour, and rest from him the gouernance of the land, vpon conditi|ons to be continued for terme of life: by the which he was put to his portion, that is, to liue after a rate assigned to him for the maintenance of his estate, which in processe of time was diminished as well by Maglanus as by Henninus. But the greatest griefe that Leir tooke, was to see the vnkindnesse of his daughters, which seemed to thinke that all was too much which their father had, the same being neuer so little: in so much that going from the one to the o|ther, he was brought to that miserie, that scarslie they would allow him one seruant to wait vpon him.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 In the end, such was the vnkindnesse, or (as I maie saie) the vnnaturalnesse which he found in his two daughters, notwithstanding their faire and pleasant words vttered in time past, that being constreined of necessitie, he fled the land, & sailed into Gallia, there to seeke some comfort of his yongest daughter Cor|deilla, whom before time he hated. The ladie Corde|illa hearing that he was arriued in poore estate, she first sent to him priuilie a certeine summe of monie to apparell himselfe withall, and to reteine a certeine number of seruants that might attend vpon him in honorable wise, as apperteined to the estate which he had borne: and then so accompanied, she appointed him to come to the court, which he did, and was so ioifullie, honorablie, and louinglie receiued, both by his sonne in law Aganippus, and also by his daugh|ter Cordeilla, that his hart was greatlie comforted: for he was no lesse honored, than if he had beene king of the whole countrie himselfe.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Now when he had informed his sonne in law and his daughter in what sort he had béene vsed by his o|ther daughters, Aganippus caused a mightie armie to be put in a readinesse, and likewise a great nauie of ships to be rigged, to passe ouer into Britaine with Leir his father in law, to see him againe resto|red to his kingdome. It was accorded, that Cordeil|la should also go with him to take possession of the land, the which he promised to leaue vnto hir, as the rightfull inheritour after his decesse, notwithstan|ding any former grant made to hir sisters or to their husbands in anie maner of wise.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Herevpon, when this armie and nauie of ships were readie, Leir and his daughter Cordeilla with hir husband tooke the sea, and arriuing in Britaine, fought with their enimies, and discomfited them in battell, in the which Maglanus and Henninus were slaine: and then was Leir restored to his kingdome, which he ruled after this by the space of two yéeres, and then died, fortie yeeres after he first began to reigne. His bodie was buried at Leicester in a vaut vnder the chanell of the riuer of Sore beneath theMatth. West. towne.

2.6. The gunarchie of queene Cordeilla, how she was vanquished, of hir impri|sonment and selfe-murther: the con|tention betweene Cunedag and Margan nephewes for go|uernement, and the euill end thereof. The sixt Chapter.

The gunarchie of queene Cordeilla, how she was vanquished, of hir impri|sonment and selfe-murther: the con|tention betweene Cunedag and Margan nephewes for go|uernement, and the euill end thereof. The sixt Chapter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 _COrdeilla the yoongest daugh|ter of Leir was admitted Q.Queene Cordeil|la. and supreme gouernesse of Britaine, in the yéere of the world 3155, before the bylding of Rome 54, Uzia then reig|ning in Iuda, and Ieroboam ouer Israell. This Cordeilla after hir fathers deceasse ruled the land of Britaine right worthilie during the space of fiue yeeres, in which meane time hir husband died, and then about the end of those fiue yéeres, hir two nephewes Mar|gan and Cunedag, sonnes to hir aforesaid sisters, disdaining to be vnder the gouernment of a woman, leuied warre against hir, and destroied a great part of the land, and finallie tooke hir prisoner, and laid hir fast in ward, wherewith she tooke such griefe, being a woman of a manlie courage, and despairing to re|couer libertie, there she slue hirselfe, when she had reigned (as before is mentioned) the tearme of fiue yéeres.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 CUnedagius and Marganus nephewes to Corde|illa, hauing recouered the land out of hir hands,Cune|dag and Mar|gan. diuided the same betwixt them, that is to saie, the countrie ouer and beyond Humber fell to Margan, as it stretcheth euen to Catnesse, and the other part lieng south and by-west, was assigned to Cunedagi|us. This partition chanced in the yéere of the world 3170, before the building of Rome 47, Uzia as then reigning in Iuda, and Ieroboam in Israell. After|wards, EEBO page image 14 these two cousins, Cunedag and Margan, had not reigned thus past a two yéeres, but thorough some seditious persons, Margan was persuaded to raise warre against Cunedag, telling him in his eare, how it was a shame for him being come of the elder sister, not to haue the rule of the whole Ile in his hand. Herevpon ouercome with pride, ambition, and couetousnesse, he raised an armie, and entring into the land of Cunedag,Margan in|uadeth his cousine Cune|dag. he burned and destroied the countrie before him in miserable maner.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Cunedag in all hast to resist his aduersarie, assem|bled also all the power he could make, and comming with the same against Margan, gaue him battell, in the which he slue a great number of Margans peo|ple, and put the residue to flight, and furthermore pursued him from countrie to countrie, till he came into Cambria, now called Wales, where the said Margan gaue him eftsoones a new battell: but be|ing too weake in number of men, he was there ouer|come and slaine in the field,Margan is slaine. Matt. West. by reason whereof that countrie tooke name of him, being there slaine, and so is called to this daie Glau Margan, which is to meane in our English toong, Margans land. This was the end of that Margan, after he had reigned with his brother two yéeres, or thereabouts.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 AFter the death of Margan,Cuneda|gus alone. Cunedag the sonne of Hennius and Ragaie (middlemost daughter of Leir before mentioned) became ruler of all the whole land of Britaine, in the yeare of the world 3172, before the building of Rome 45, Uzia still reigning in Iuda, and Ieroboam in Israell. He go|uerned this Ile well and honourablie for the tearme of 33 yeares, and then dieng, his bodie was buried at Troinouant or London. Moreouer, our writers doo report, that he builded thrée temples, one to Mars at Perth in Scotland, another to Mercurie at Ban|gor, and the third to Apollo in Cornewall.

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5.9. BRVTE.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 9] HItherto haue wee ſpoken of them that inhabited this land be|fore the commyng of Brute, although ſome will needs haue it, that he was the firſte which inhabited ye ſame with his people, deſcended of the Troyãs, ſome few Giaunts onely excep|ted whome hee vtterly deſtroyed, and lefte not one of them alyue through the whole Iſle. But as wee ſhall not doubte of Brutes hyther comming, ſo maye wee aſſuredly thinke, that he found the Iſle peopled either with the generation of thoſe, whiche Albion the Giaunt had placed here, or ſome other kynde of people, whom he did ſubdue, [...]ffrey L [...]ryd and ſo reigned as well ouer them, as o|uer thoſe whiche he brought with him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Brute (as the author of the Book (which Geffrey of Monmouth tranſlated) doth affirme, was the ſonne of Siluius, the ſonne of Aſcanius that was ſonne of Aeneas the Troian, begotten of his wyfe Creuſa, and borne in Troye, before the Citie was deſtroyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]arding. [...]lexan. Neuyl. [...]V. Har.But as other doe take it, the Author of that booke (whatſoeuer he was) and ſuch other as fo|lowe him, are deceyued only in this poynt, my|ſtaking the matter in that Poſthumus the ſonne of Aeneas (begot of his wyfe Lauinia, and borne after his fathers deceaſſe in Italy) was called Aſcanius, who had iſſue a ſonne named Iulius, the whiche (as theſe other doe coniecture) was the father of Brute, that noble chieftain and aduen|turous leader of thoſe people, which being deſcen|ded (for the more parte in the fourth generation) from thoſe Troians that eſcaped with lyfe, when that royall Citie was deſtroyed by the Grekes, got poſſeſſion of this worthie and moſt famous Iſle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To this opinion Giouan Villani, a Floren|tine in his vniuerſal hiſtorie ſpeaking of Aeneas and his ofſpring kings in Italy, ſeemeth to a|gree, where he hathe theſe words: Siluius (the ſonne of Aeneas by his wife Lauinia) fell in loue with a neece of his mother the ſame Lauinia, and by hir had a ſonne, of whom ſhe dyed in tra|uayle, and therfore he was called Brutus, who after as he grewe in ſome ſtature, and huntyng in a foreſt ſlew his father at vnwares, and there|vpon for fear of his grãdfather Siluius Poſthu|mus he fled the countrey, and with a retinue of ſuche as followed him, paſſyng throughe diuers ſeas, at lengthe hee arriued in the Iſle of Bri|tayne.

But now wheras by reaſon of the vncertayn|tie in the Roman authors themſelues, touching the lyne of Aeneas, ſome forein writers haue ei|ther with ſlender argumente, or elſe verie arro|gantly without any grounded reſon ſhewed,Theuet, Bodi|nus, and other. ta|ken vpon them to denye that there was any ſuch Italyan Brutus, lineally cõming from Aeneas the Troian, of whom the race of the Britiſh na|tion that poſſeſſed this Iſle ſhould proceede: yet bycauſe the argumente of the one ſorte of thoſe that ſo write, is found inſufficient to the lerned, and the arrogancie of the other being void of rea|ſon, is ſmally to be regarded: and ſeing that nei|ther the one nor the other of theſe our aduerſaries can as yet fynd out any other, either by parents, tyme, place or name, that ſhoulde in ſuche wyſe conquer, ſubdue and gouerne this noble Iſle, but only our Brutus or Brytus. For this letter(y) hath had of auncient tyme bothe thoſe ſoundes, as of V, and of I.

And ſith alſo we haue on oure ſyde, as many or rather more, and of as good credite (if we ſhall ſpeake generally,) beyng likewyſe forreyne wry|ters, which affirme and vndoubtedly auouch the regall ſtate of the foreſayde Brutus, as the ſole ruler, monarche and gouernour thereof: Seyng EEBO page image 7 I ſay, the caſe ſtandeth in ſuch termes, I doubt not but myne opinion wil be deemed allowable, if herein I folow the receyued opinion of moſt writers, and eſteemed the lykelyeſt ſundry ways to the carefull ſerchers and ſkilfull examiners of the antiquities of this triumphant Iland. Tru|ſting yt this poynt with ſundry other concerning the hiſtorie of this our great Britayn either vn|truly or imperfectly recorded, or vtterly in ma|ner vnknowne, ſhall in due tyme be brought to a neerer perfection and more apparant euidencie of trouth by ſome diſcrete and experte Gentleman, being of the auncient Britiſhe nobilitie lyneally deſcended, as alſo very ſtudious of ſo worthy ve|rities.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Concerning therfore our Brute, whether his father Iulius was ſonne to Aſcanius, the ſonne of Aeneas by his wyfe Creuſa, or ſonne to Po|ſthumus, called alſo Aſcanius, and ſonne to Ae|neas by his wyfe Lauinia, wee will not further ſtande. But this we fynde, that when he came to the age of .xv. yeares, ſo that he was now able to ride abrode with his father into the foreſts and chaſes, he fortuned eyther by miſhap, or by gods [figure appears here on page 7] prouidence,Brute kylleth his father by misfortune. to ſtrike his father with an arrowe, in ſhooting at a deere, of whiche wounde he alſo dyed. His grandfather (whether the ſame was Poſthumus, or his elder brother) hearing of this greate miſaduenture that had chaunced to his ſonne Syluius, liued not long after, but deceaſ|ſed of very griefe and ſorrow (as is to be ſuppo|ſed) which he conceyued therof. And the young gentleman immediatly after he had ſlayn his fa|ther (in maner before alledged) was baniſhed hys countrey, and therevppon got him into Grecia, where traueling in yt coũtrey, he lighted by chãce among ſome of the Troyan ofſpring, and aſſo|ciating himſelfe with them grewe by meanes of the lignage (wherof he was deſcended) in proces of tyme, into greate reputation among them: chieflye by reaſon there were yet dyuers of the Troiane race,Pauſanias. and that of greate authoritie in that countrey. For Pirrhus the ſonne of Achil|les, hauing no iſſue by his wyfe Hermione, ma|ried Andromache, late wyfe vnto Hector: and by hir had three ſonnes, Moloſſus, Pielus, and Pergamus, that in their time grew to be of great power in thoſe places and countreys, and ſo their ofſpring likewiſe: Whereby Brute or Brytus wanted no frendſhip. For euen at his firſte com|ming thither, diuers of the Troyans that were remayning in ſeruitude, being deſirous of liber|tie, by heapes reſorted vnto hym. And amongſt other, Aſſaracus was one, whom Brute enter|tayned, receyuing at his handes the poſſeſſion of ſundry fortes & places of defence, before that the king of thoſe parties could haue vnderſtanding or knowledge of any ſuch thing. Herewith alſo ſuche as were redie to make the aduenture with him, repaired to him on eche ſide, wherevpon he firſte placed garniſons in thoſe townes whiche had bene thus deliuered vnto him, and afterwar|des with Aſſaracus and the reſidue of the mul|titude, he withdrewe into the mountaynes neere adioyning. And thus beeing made ſtrong wyth ſuche aſſiſtance, vpon conſultation hadde wyth them that were of moſte authoritie about hym, wrote vnto the Kyng of that countreye called Pandraſus, in fourme as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

5.9.1. The Letter of Brute to Pandraſus, as I fynd it ſette downe in Galfride Mo|nunetenſis.

The Letter of Brute to Pandraſus, as I fynd it ſette downe in Galfride Mo|nunetenſis.

BRute leader of the remnant of the Troy|ane people,

to Pandraſus king of the Gre|kes, ſendeth greeting:

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bicauſe it hath bin thou|ght a thing vnworthie, that the people diſcended of the noble linage of Dardanus, to be otherwiſe delte with than the honoure of their Nobilitie EEBO page image 11 dothe require: They haue withdrawne them|ſelues within the cloſe couerte of the wooddes: For they haue choſen rather (after the manner of wylde beaſtes) to lyue on fleſhe and herbes in libertie, than furniſhed with all the riches in the worlde to continue vnder the yoake of ſeruyle thraldome. But if thys theyr doyng offende thy mightye highneſſe, they are not to bee bla|med, but rather in this behalfe to bee pardoned, ſith euery captiue priſoner is deſirous to bee re|ſtored vnto hys former eſtate and dignitie. You therefore pitying their caſe, voucheſafe to graunte them their abridged lybertie, and ſuf|fer them to remayne in quiet within theſe wood|des whiche they haue gotte into their poſſeſſion: If not ſo, yet gyue them lycence to departe foorthe of thys Countreye into ſome other par|tyes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſight of theſe letters and requeſt in them cõteyned made Pandraſus at the firſt ſomewhat amazed, Howbeit aduiſing further of the matter, and conſideryng their ſmall number, he [...] no greate accompt of them, but determined [...] of hande to ſuppreſſe them by force, before they ſhoulde growe to a greater multitude.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And to bring his intention the better t [...]aſſe,Pandraſus pre|pareth an army to ſuppreſſe the Troian of|ſpring. he leuyed hys power, and made towardes them. But as he paſſed by a towne called Sparatinũ,Sparatinum. marching towardes the woods within the which he thought to haue founde his enimyes, he was [figure appears here on page 11] ſodenly aſſailed by Brute, who with three thou|ſande men was come foorth of the woodes, and fiercely ſetting vpon his enimies, made greate ſlaughter of them, ſo that they were vtterly diſ|comfited, and ſoughte by flyghte to ſaue them|ſelues in paſſing a ryuer there at hande called Akalon.Peraduenture Acaelous.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Brute with his men following faſt vpon the aduerſaries, cauſed them to plunge into the wa|ter at aduenture, ſo that manye of them were drowned.Antigonus, the [...]rother of Pã|draſues. Antigonus yet the brother of kyng Pandraſus didde what hee coulde to ſtaye the Grecians from fleeing, called them back agayn, and getting ſome of them togither, placed them in order,He is taken priſons and began a newe fielde: but it nothing auayled, for the Troyans preaſing vpon hym, tooke him priſoner, ſlewe and ſcattered his com|panie (and ceaſſed not tyll they had rid the fields of all their aduerſaries.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Brute entreth into Sparatinũ.This doon, Brute entring ye towne, furniſhed it with ſixe hundred able ſouldiours, and after|wardes went backe to the reſidue of his people that were incamped in the wooddes, where he was receyued with vnſpeakeable ioye for this proſperous atchieued enterpriſe. But althoughe this euil ſucceſſe at the firſt beginning, ſore trou|bled Pandraſus, as well for the loſſe of the field, as for the taking of his brother, yet was he ra|ther kyndeled in deſyre to ſeek [...]nge, tha [...] o|therwyſe diſcourages. And therfore [...]ſemblyng his people agayne togyther that were [...] here and there, he came the nexte day before the towne of Sparatinum, wherein he thoughte to haue founde Brute encloſed togyther with the priſoners, and therfore he ſhewed his whole en|d [...]uer by harde ſiege and fierce aſſaultes to [...] them within to yelde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude, ſo long he did cõtinue the ſiege, till victuals began to waxe ſcant within, ſo that there was no way but to yeld, if preſent [...] came not to remoue the ſiege: whervpon they ſig|nifyed their neceſſitie vnto Brute, who for that he had not power ſufficient to fight with the eni|mies in open field, he ment to giue thẽ a camiſa|do in the nyght ſeaſon, & ſo ordered his buſineſſe, that enforcing a pryſoner named Anacletus, whiche he had taken in the laſt battayle, to ſerue his turne, by conſtrayning him to take an othe EEBO page image 12 whiche he durſte not for conſcience ſake breake) he found meanes to encounter with his enimies vpon the aduauntage, that he did not only ouer|throwe theyr whole power, but alſo tooke Pan|draſus [figure appears here on page 12] pryſoner, wherby all the trouble was en|ded:Pandraſus takẽ priſoner. and ſhortly after a perfect peace concluded, vpon theſe conditions folowyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The conditi|ons of the a|greement be|tvvixte Brute and Pandraſus.Fyrſt that Pandraſus ſhuld giue his daugh|ter named Innogen vnto Brute in mariage, with a competent ſumme of golde and ſiluer for hir dower.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Secondely, to furniſhe hym and his people with a nauie of ſhips, and to ſtore the ſame with victuals and all other things neceſſarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thyrdly, that Brute with his people ſhoulde haue licence to departe the countrey, to ſeeke ad|uentures whether ſo euer it ſhould pleaſe them to direct their courſe without let, impeachement or trouble to bee offered any wayes foorthe by the Greekes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 To all theſe conditions bycauſe they touched not the prerogatiue of his kingdom) Pandraſus did willingly agree, & lykewyſe performe, ſo that all things being once put in a redyneſſe, and the wynde ſeruyng their purpoſe, Brute with hys wyſe Innugen and his people imbarqued, and plucking vp ſayles departed from the coaſtes of Grecia: and after two dayes and a nyghtes ſaylyng, they arriued at Leogitia, (in ſome olde written bookes of the Brytiſhe hyſtorie, noted downe Lergetia) an Iland, where they conſul|ted with an Oracle. Brute himſelf kneeling be|fore the Idole, and holding in his right hande a boll prepared for ſacrifice ful of wyne, and the bloud of a whyte hynde, ſpake in this maner as here foloweth:

Diua potens nemerum, terror ſylueſtribus apris,
Cui licet anfractus ire per aethereos
Infernaſ domos, terrestria iura reſolue,
Et dic quas terraes nos habitare velis [...]
Dic certam ſedem qua te venerabor in auum,
Qua tibi virgineis templa dicabo choris.
Theſe verſes as Ponticus Virumnius and others alſo doe gueſſe, were written by Gildas Cambrius in his book intitled Cambreidos, and may thus be engliſhed.
Thou goddeſſe that doeſt rule the wooddes and forreſts greene,
And chaſeſt fomyng boares, that flee thyne aw|full ſight,
Thou that mayeſt paſſe alofte in ayrie skyes ſo ſheene,
And walk eke vnder erth in places void of light,
Diſcouer earthly ſtates, direct our courſe aright,
And ſhewe where wee ſhall dwell, accordyng to thy will,
In ſeates of ſure abode, where temples we maye dight,
For virgins that ſhal ſounde thy laude with voi|ces ſhrill.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this prayer and obſeruances done accor|ding to the Pagane rite and cuſtom, Brute abi|ding for anſwere, fell a ſleepe: in tyme of which ſleepe appeared to hym the ſayde goddeſſe, vtte|ring an aunſwere, as in theſe Verſes follo|wyng is expreſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Brute, ſub occaſum Solis trans Gallica regna,
Inſula in Oceano est, vndi clauſa mari,
Inſula in oceano eſt, habitata gigantibus olim,
Nunc deſerta quidem, gentibus apta tuis:
Hanc pete, nam tibi ſedes erit illa perennis,
Hic fiet natis altera Troia tuis:
Hic de prole tua reges naſcentur & ipſis,
Totius terrae ſubditus orbis erit.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whiche are thus Engliſhed.

Brute farre by weaſt beyonde the Gallike lande is founde,
EEBO page image 13An yle whiche with the Ocean ſeas encloſed is a+boute,
VVhere Giants dwelt ſometyme, but now is de|ſar [...]e grounde,
Moſt meet where thou mayſt plant thy ſelf with all thy route:
Make thitherwardes with ſpeede, for there thou ſhalt fynde out
An euer d [...]ring ſeate, and Troy ſhall riſe anewe
Vnto thy race, of whome ſhall kings be [...] bo [...] no doubt,
That with their mightie power, the worlde ſhall whole ſubdue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that he was awakened out of his ſleepe and had called his dreame to remembrãce, he firſt doubted whether it were a very dreame or a true viſion, the goddeſſe hauyng ſpoken to hym with lyuely voyce. Wherevpon callyng ſuche of hys companie vnto hym as he thoughte requiſite in ſuche a caſe, hee declared vnto them the whole matter with the circumſtaunces, whereat they greatly reioycing, cauſed mightie bonfyres to be made, in the whiche they caſte wyne, milke, and other licours, with dyuers gummes and ſpyces of moſte ſwete ſmell and odour, as in the Pagan religion was accuſtomed: whiche obſerua [...] and ceremonies being once performed & bro [...]ht to ende, they returned ſtreighte wayes to their ſhippes, and as ſoone as the wynde ſerued, they paſſed foreward on their iourney with great ioye and gladneſſe, as men put in comforte to fynde out the wiſhed feates for their firme and ſure ha|bitations. From hence therfore they caſt about, and making weſtwarde, [...]ute vvith his [...]mpanie lan| [...]th in Afrike. they firſt arriue in Afri|ca, and after keeping on their courſe, they paſſed the ſtraites of Gibralterra, and coaſting alongſt the ſhore on the right hande, they founde another companye that were lykewyſe deſcended of the Troiane progenie, on the coaſts nere where the Pyrenine hilles ſhoote downe to the ſea, [...]he myſtaking [...] thoſe that [...] copied the [...]iſhe hiſtory [...]tring Mare [...]yrrhenum, [...] Pyrenaeum. whereof the ſame ſea by good reaſon was named in thoſe days Mare Pyrenaeum, although hitherto by fault of Writers and copiers of the Britiſhe hiſtorie receiued, in this place Mare Tyrhenũ was ſlight|ly put downe in ſtede of Pyrenaeum.

I knowe right well that ſome will condemne me of lacke of vnderſtanding the names whiche the later writers Greekes or Latiniſtes haue gi|uen vnto our known ſeas: for yt we reade not in any autentike author, that thoſe ſeas next and a|gainſt the Pyrenine mountaynes, [...]yrenyne [...]ountayns. haue bin cal [...] Mare Pyrenaeum. But verily the courſe of the hi|ſtorie doth moue me to thinke aſſuredly, that the author of Geffrey Monmouths booke, ment in that place the ſeas neere to the coaſt, wherevnto the Pyrenine hilles do ioyn. For what reaſon is it, that after the Troians were paſſed the pyllers of Hercules, that ſtande on eyther ſides the ſtrait of Marrocke or Gibralterra (whether you [...]ill to name the place) ſ [...] [...] ſo great a courſe backe agayne, and fall vpon the coaſtes of Tuſ|can [...] (from the whiche he purpoſely was fledde) which lay nothing w [...] [...], whither they bent their whole courſe.

I haue ſhewed my reaſon grounded vpon the opinion of ſome that are known to be learned, & n [...] [...] whoſe iudgementes I can not but reue| [...]nce, and therfore I am the [...] to ſet it down as I haue hearde it, and alſo by other allowed. To proceede then with the hiſtorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The ofſpring of thoſe Troianes with whom Brute and his companie thus did meete, we [...]e a [...] of thoſe that came away with [...]. The [...] capitayne hight Corineus, a man of great modeſtie and app [...] [...] of incomparable ſtrength and boldneſſe. After they vnderſtoode of one an others eſtates,Brute and Co|rineus ioyne their compa|nies together. and howe they were deſcended from one countrey and [...]o|genie, they vnited themſelues together, greately reioycing that they were ſo fortunately [...]. And after this, hoyſſyng vp their ſaylesThey arriue on the coaſtes of Gallia, novve called Fraunce [...] They directed their courſe forward ſt [...] all they [...] within the mouth of the riuer of [...], wh [...]he [figure appears here on page 13] deuideth Aquitayn from Gaule [...]itique, where they tooke lande within the dominion of a king,Goffarius ſur|named Pictus. Les annales d' Aquitain called Goffarius, and ſurnamed Pictus, by rea|ſon that he was deſcẽded of the people called A|gathyrſes, Agathyrſes, o|thervviſe cal|led Pictes, or painting their bodies. that otherwiſe were named alſo Pic|tes, for ſo muche as they vſed to paynte their fa|ces and bodies, in ſuche wiſe as the richer a man was amongſt them, the more coſte he beſtowed of paynting himſelfe: and commonly the heare of their head was redde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The countrey of Poictou (as ſome hold) where the ſayde Goffarius reigned, tooke name of thys people: and likewiſe a parte of this our Iſle of Britayn nowe conteyned within Scotland in ancient time was called Pightland as elſewhere both in this hiſtorie of England,Pightland. & alſo of Scot|lande, EEBO page image 14 it may further appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe to our purpoſe. When Goffarius the king of Poictou was aduertiſed of the lan|ding of theſe ſtraungers within his countrey,Goffarius ſen|deth vnto Bru|tus. he ſent firſt certain of his people to vnderſtãd what they ment by their comming a lande within his dominion, withoute licence or leaue of him ob|teyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They that were thus ſente, by chaunce came where Corineus with two hundred of the com|panie were come from the ſhippes into a forreſte neare to the ſea ſyde, to kil ſome veniſon for their ſuſtenaunce: and being reproued with ſome diſ|daynfull ſpeache of thoſe Poicteuins,Cori [...] ſvver [...] [...] Imbert. hee ſhaped them a rounde aunſwere: inſomuch that one of them whoſe name was Imbert, let driue an ar|row at Corineus: but hee aduoyding the danger therof, ſhotte agayn at Imbert,Imbert [...] by Coris in reuenge of that iniurie offered, and claue hys head in ſunder.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The reſte of the Poicteuins fledde therevp|pon, and broughte woorde to Goffarius what hadde happened:Goffari [...] [...]ſ|eth whoe immediatelye wyth a myghtie armie, made forwarde to encounter with the Troians, and comming to ioyne with [figure appears here on page 14] them in battaile, after a ſharp and ſore conflict, in the ende Brute with his armie obteyned a tri|umphant victorie,Goffarius is diſcomfited. ſpecially thorough the noble prowes of Corineus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Goffarius ſee|keth ayde a|gainſt Brute.Goffarius eſcaping from the fielde, fled into the inner partes of Gallia, making ſuite for aſſi|ſtaunce vnto ſuche kings as in thoſe dayes reig|ned in dyuers prouinces of that lande, who pro|myſed to ayde hym wyth all their forces, and to expell oute of the coaſtes of Aquitayne, ſuche ſtraungers as without his licence were thus en|tred the countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Brute ſpoyleth the countrey.But Brute in the meane tyme paſſed fore|ward, and with fire and ſworde, made hauock in places where he came: and gathering great ſpoy|les,Turonius or Tours buylt by Brute. fraughte his ſhips with plentie of riches. At length he came to the place, where afterwards he buylt a Citie named Turonium, that is Tours.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Goffarius ha|uing renued his forces, figh|teth eftſoones vvith Brute.Here Goffarius with ſuche Gaules as were aſſembled in his ayd, gaue batayl agayn vnto the Troyans that were encamped to abyde his cõ|myng. Where after that they had fought a long tyme with ſingular manhoode on bothe parties: finally the Troyans oppreſſed with multitude of their aduerſaries, being thirtie tymes as manye more as the Troyans) were conſtrained to re|tyre into their campe, within the which the Gau|les kepte them as beſieged, lodging rounde about them, and purpoſing by famine to compell them to yelde themſelues vnto their mercie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But Corineus taking counſell with Brute, deuiſed to departe in the darke of the night foorth of the campe, and to lodge himſelfe wyth three thouſand choſen ſouldiours ſecretly in a woodde, and there to remayne in couert tyll in the mor|ning that Brute ſhoulde come foorth and giue a a charge vppon the enimies, wherewith Cori|neus ſhould breake forth and aſſayle the Gaules on the backes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This policie was putte in practiſe, and tooke ſuch effect as the deuyſers themſelues wiſhed: for the Gaules being ſharply aſſailed on the front by Brute and his companie, wer now by the ſodain comming of Corineus, who ſet vpon them be|hinde on their backes, brought into ſuch a feare, that incontinentely they tooke them to flighte, whome the Troyans egrely purſued, making no ſmall ſlaughter of them as they might ouertake them. In this battaile Brute loſt many of his men, and amongſt other, one of his nephues na|med Turinus, after he had ſhewed maruellous proofe of his great manhoode. Of hym (as ſome haue written) the foreſayd citie of Tours tooke the name, and was called Turonium, bycauſe the EEBO page image 15 ſayd Turinus was there buried: Althoughe An|drew Theuet affirmeth the contrarie,Theuet. and mayn|teyneth, that one Taurus the nephewe of Han|niball was the firſte that cloſed it about wyth a pale of woodde (as the maner in thoſe days was of fencing their towns) in the yeare of the world 3374.3374. and before the birth of our Sauioure .197. But yet by Theuets leaue, Brute and his com|panie myghte fyrſt buylde the ſame towne: and Taurus peraduenture might after fence it about with a pale, at that ſuppoſed time whẽ his vncle Hanibal came foorth of Spayn, to paſſe through Gallia into Italy. But to ſpeake what I thinke, I beleeue Theuet is as little able to proue his Taurus to be the firſt that encloſed it, as other are to proue, that it tooke the name of Turinus his buryall there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to our matter concerning Brute, who after he had obteined ſo famous a victorie, albeit there was good cauſe for him to reioyce, yet it ſore troubled him to conſider that his numbers dayly decayed, and his enimies ſtill encreaſed, and grew ſtronger:Brute in doubt vvhat to do. whervpon reſting doubtfull what to doe, whether to proceede agaynſte the Gaulles, or to returne to his ſhippes and to ſeke the yle, that was appoynted to him by oracle, at lẽgth he choſe the ſureſt way and beſt (as he toke it, and as it proued:) for whyleſt yet the more parte of his armie was lefte alyue, and that the name of the victorie remayned on his ſide, hee drewe to his nauie, and lading his ſhippes, with exceding greate ſtore of riches whiche his people had got abrode in the countrey: he tooke the ſeas, agayne:Brute vvith his remnant of Troians arriue in this Iſle. An. mũdi. 2850. And after a few dayes ſayling, they lan|ded at the hauen whiche is now called Totneſſe, the yeare of the worlde .2850. after the deſtructi|on of Troy .66. after the deliuerãce of the Iſrae|lites, from the Captiuitie of Babylon .397. al|moſt ended, in the .18. yeare of the reigne of Ty|neas king of Babylon .13. of Melanthus king of Athenes, before the buylding of Rome .368. whi|che was before the natiuitie of our ſauior Chriſt 1116:1116. almoſt ended, and before the reigne of Alex|ander the great .783.

This computation haue I ſet down acording to the Chronologie of William Hariſon not yet publiſhed,VVilliam Hariſon. whoſe accompte (as he hath gathered it) I haue folowed for the more parte, as well in the hiſtorie of Scotland, as here in this hiſtorie of England, eſpecially til I come vnto the time that the Saxons ſettled themſelues here: the ra|ther bycauſe I am perſuaded yt he hath bin verie diligent in ſerching out the true computation of yeres, in reforming the ſame according to ye beſt authorities, as I truſte to the learned reader it may appeare. And if there be any errour therein, I doubt not but ſome ſuche learned Gentleman as hath ſpent ſome ſtudie about the ſearche of the firſt peopling of this land, will for the benefite of his countrey in tyme conueniente reforme that which is amiſſe, and publiſhe to the worlde that whiche may better ſatiſfie the learned, and there all doubtes as well in the accompt of the time of Brutes comming hither, as in all other circum|ſtances of the whole Brytiſhe hiſtorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe to proceede. When ſoeuer Brute entred this lande, immediatly after his arriuall (as writers doe recorde) he ſearched the countrey from ſide to ſide, and euen from the one ende to the other, finding it in moſte places right [...]le and plentu [...]s of woodde and graſſe, and [...] of pleaſant ſprings and faire ryuers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But as he thus trauayled to diſcouer the [...]te and commodities of the ylande,Brute encoun|tred by the Giauntes. he was encoun|tred by diuers ſtrong & mightie Giauntes [...]m he deſtroyed and ſlewe, or rather ſubdued them, with all ſuche other people, as hee founde in the Ilande, whiche were more in number vndoub|tedly than by report of ſome authors, it ſhoulde appere there were. Among theſe Giants (as Gef|frey of Monmonthe writeth,) there was [...] of paſſing ſtrengthe and greate eſtimation,Corineus vvr [...]+ſtleth vvith Gogmagog. [...]ed Gogmagog, with whome Brute cauſed Cori|neus to wra [...]ell, at a place beſide Douer, where [figure appears here on page 15] it chaunced, that the Giaunt brake a ribbe in the ſyde of Corineus, whyle they ſtroue to claſpe, and the one to ouerthrowe the other: wherewith Corineus being ſore chaſed and ſtirred to wrath, he ſo doubled his force that he got the vpperhand of the Gyaunt,Gogmagog is ſlayne. and caſte him downe headlong from one of the rockes there, not farre from Do|uer, and ſo diſpatched hym: by reaſon whereof, the place was named long after, the fall or leape of Gogmagog, but afterwards it was called the fall of Douer.Cornvvall giuẽ to Corineus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For this valiant deede and other the lyke ſer|uice firſte and laſte atchieued, Brute gaue vnto Corineus the whole countrey of Cornwall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To be briefe: After that Brute had deſtroyed ſuche as ſtoode agaynſte him, and brought ſuche EEBO page image 16 people vnder his ſubiection, as he found in the Iſle, and ſearched the land from the one end to the other: He was deſirous to buyld a citie, yt the ſame might be the regal ſeat of his empire or kingdom. Whervpon he choſe foorth a plot of ground, lying on the north ſyde of the riuer of Thames, which by good conſideration ſee|med to be moſt pleaſant & conuenient for any great multitude of inhabitants, aſwel for hol|ſomneſſe of aire goodneſſe of ſoyle, plentie of wooddes, & commoditie of the riuer, ſeruing as wel to bring in as to carrie foorth all kindes of merchandiſe, and things neceſſarie for gayne ſtore and vſe of them that there ſhuld inhabit.

[figure appears here on page 16]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The citie of Trinouant af| [...]er called Lõ|don, buylded. See more here|of in the deſcri|ption.Here therfore, he began to buyld and lay the foundation of a citie, in the tenth, or (as other thinke) in the ſeconde yeare after his arriuall, which he nameth (ſaith Gal. Mon.) Troy no|uant, or as Hum. Libuyd ſayth, Troyne with, that is new Troy, in remembrance of that no|ble citie of Troy, from whẽce he and his peo|ple were for the more part deſcended.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When Brutus had buylded this citie, and brought the Iland fully vnder his ſubiection, he then by the aduiſe of his nobles, commaun|ded this Ile whiche before hyghte Albion, to bee called Britayne, and the inhabitauntes Britons after his name, for a perpetuall me|morie that he was the firſt bringer of them in|to the lande.Brute had three ſonnes. In this meane whyle alſo he had by his wyfe .iij. ſonnes, of which the firſte was named Locrinus, or Locrine, the ſecond Cambris or Camber, and the third Albanactus or Albanact. And when the tyme of his death drewe neere, To the firſt he betoke the gouern|ment of that part of the lande which is nowe knowne by the name of England: ſo that the ſame was long after called Loegria, Loegria. or Logiers, of the ſayd Locrinus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To the ſeconde he appoynted the countrey of Wales, the whyche of hym was fyrſt na|med Cambria, Cambria. deuided from Loegria, by the ri|uer of Seuerne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To his thirde ſonne Albanacte, hee dely|uered all the North parte of the Iſle, after|wardes called Albania, after the name of the ſaid Albanacte: which portion of the ſaid Iſle lieth beyond the Humber northward.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus whẽ Brutus had deuided the Iſle of Britain (as before is mẽcioned) into .3. parts, & had gouerned ye ſame by the ſpace of .xv. yeres, he died in ye .24. yere after his arriual, as Ha|riſon noteth it, and was buryed at Troyno|uant or London:In the d [...] [...] this a [...] [...] although the place of his ſaid burial there, be now grown out of memorie.

5.10. Locrinus, the ſecond ru|ler of Britayne.

Locrinus, the ſecond ru|ler of Britayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 16] LOcrinus, or Lo|crine, the firſt be|gottẽ ſonne of Brute begã to reigne ouer ye coũtrey called Logiers in the yere of ye world 1874. and held to his part the countrey that ſtretched frõ ye ſouthe ſea vnto the riuer of Humber,Gal. [...] Mat. VV [...]. Fa. one of [...] de C [...]. as is afore remembred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whyle thys Locrinus gouerned Lo|giers, his brother Albanact ruled in Albania,Gal. M [...]. Mat. VVe [...]. as is ſayde, and there was finally ſlayne in a bataile by a King of the Hunnes or Scythi|ans, called Humber, which inuaded that part of Britain, & got poſſeſſiõ therof, til Locrinus with his brother Cãber, in reuẽge of their other EEBO page image 17 brothers death, and for the recouery of the king|dome, gathered their powers togither, and com|ming againſt the ſaid King of the Hunes, by the valiancie of their people they diſcomfited hym in battell, [...] ſhuld ſeme [...]athe was [...]ome ouer the Humber. and chaſed him ſo egrely, that he himſelfe and a greate number of his men were drowned in the Gulfe that then parted Loegria and Alba|nia, which after tooke name of ye ſayd king, & was called Humber, and ſo continueth vnto this day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]al. Mon.Moreouer, in this battell againſt the Hunes were three yong Damoſels taken of excellente beauty, ſpecially one of them, whoſe name was Eſtrild, daughter to a certayne king of Scithia. With this Eſtrild king Locrine fel ſo far in loue, notwithſtãding a former contract made betwixt him & the Lady Guendoloena, daughter to Co|rineus Duke of Cornewall, yt he meant yet with all ſpeede to marrie the ſame Eſtrild. But beyng earneſtly called vpon, and in manner forced ther|to by Corineus, hee chaunged his purpoſe, and married Guendoloena, keeping neuertheleſſe the foreſayde Eſtrild to paramor ſtill after a ſecrete ſort, during ye life of Corineus his father in lawe. But after yt Corineus was departed this world, Locrine forſooke Guendoloena, and maried E|ſtrild. Guendoloena therfore being caſt off by hir huſband, gote hir into Cornewall to hir friendes and kinrede, and there procured them to make warre againſt the ſayde Locrine hir huſbande, in the whiche warres hee was ſlaine and a battayle foughte neere to the riuer of Sture, after he hadde raigned (as writers affirme) twenty yeeres, and buried by his father in the Citie of Troynouant,Mat. VVeſt. leauing behinde him a yong ſonne (begotten of his wife Guendoloena) named Madan, as yet vn|meete to gouerne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]he is not [...]ambred a| [...]ongſt thoſe [...]hat raigned [...] rulers in [...]his land by [...]at. Weſt.Guendoloena or Guendoleyn the wife of Lo|crinus, & daughter of Corineus Duke of Corne|wall, for ſo muche as hir ſonne Madan was not of yeeres ſufficient to gouerne, was by common conſent of the Britons made ruler of the Iſle, in the yeere of the world .2894. and ſo hauing ye ad|miniſtration in hir handes, ſhe did right diſcretly vſe hir ſelfe therein, to the comforte of all hir ſub|iects, till hir ſonne Madan came to lawfull age: and then ſhe gaue ouer the rule and dominion to him, [...]al. Mon. after ſhee had gouerned the ſpace of fifteene yeeres.

5.11. Madan the third Ruler.

Madan the third Ruler.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Madã.MAdan the ſonne of Locrine, and Guindo|line entred into ye gouernement of Britaine in the .2909. of the world. There is little lefte in writing of his doings, ſauing that he vſed greate tyranny amongſt his Britons: and therefore af|ter he had ruled this land the tearme of .40. yeres, he was deuoured of wilde beaſtes, as he was a|broad in hũting. He left behind him two ſonnes, Mempricius, and Manlius. Hee builded as is reported Madan Caiſtre, now Dancaſtre, which reteineth ſtill the later parte of hys name.