The Holinshed Project

Holinshed Project Home

The Texts

Previous | Next

1.14. The description of the Humber or Isis, and such water-courses as doo increase hir chanell. Chap. 15.

The description of the Humber or Isis, and such water-courses as doo increase hir chanell. Chap. 15.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 _THere is no riuer called Humber from the hed.Humber. Wher|fore that which we now call Humber, Ptolomie Abie, Le|land Aber, as he gesseth, hath the same denomination no higher than the confluence of Trent with the Ouze, as be|side Leland sundrie ancient writers haue noted be|fore vs both. Certes it is a noble arme of the sea, and although it be properlie to be called Ouze or Ocellus euen to the Nuke beneath Ancolme, yet are we con|tented to call it Humber of Humbrus or Umar, a king of the Scithians, who inuaded this Ile in the time of Locrinus, thinking to make himselfe mo|narch of the same. But as God hath from time to time singularlie prouided for the benefit of Bri|taine, so in this businesse it came to passe, that Hum|ber was put to flight, his men slaine: and further|more, whilest he attempted to saue himselfe by hast|ing to his ships (such was the prease of his nobilitie that followed him into his owne vessell, and the rage of weather which hastened on his fatall daie) that both he and they were drowned togither in that arme. And this is the onelie cause wherefore it hath béene called Humber, as our writers saie; and wher|of I find these verses:

Dum fugit obstat ei flumen submergitur illic,
Déque suo tribuit nomine nomen aquae.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 This riuer in old time parted Lhoegres or Eng|land from Albania, which was the portion of Alba|nactus, the yongest sonne of Brute. But since that time the limits of Lhoegres haue béene so inlarged, first by the prowesse of the Romans, then by the con|quests of the English, that at this present daie, the Twede on the one side, & the Solue on the other, be taken for the principall bounds betweene vs and those of Scotland. In describing therefore the Hum|ber, I must néeds begin with the Ouze, whose water bringeth foorth a verie sweet, fat and delicat sa|mon, as I haue beene informed, beside sundrie o|ther kinds of fish, which we want here on the south EEBO page image 93 and southwest coasts & riuers of our land, whereof I may take occasion to speake more at large heerafter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Ure therfore riseth in the furthest parts of all Richmondshire,Ure aliàs Ouze, or Isis. among the Coterine hilles, in a mosse, toward the west fourtéene miles beyond Mi|dleham. Being therefore issued out of the ground, it goeth to Holbecke, Hardraw, Hawshouse, Butter|side, Askebridge (which Leland calleth the Askaran, and saith thereof and the Bainham, that they are but obscure bridges) then to Askarth, through Wanlesse parke, Wenseleie bridge (made two hundred yeares since, by Alwin, parson of Winslaw) New parke, Spennithorne, Danbie, Geruise abbeie, Clifton and Masham. When it is come to Masham, it recei|ueth the Burne,Burne. by south west (as it did the Wile,Wile. from verie déepe scarrie rockes, before at Askaran) and diuerse other wild rilles not worthie to be re|membred. From Masham, it hasteth vnto Tanfield (taking in by the waie a rill by southwest) then to an|other Tanfield, to Newton hall, and Northbridge, at the hither end of Rippon, and so to Huickes bridge. But yer it come there it meeteth with the Skell,Skell. which being incorporat with the same, they run as one to Thorpe, then to Alborow, and soone after re|ceiue the Swale.Swale.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Here (saith Leland) I am brought into no little streict, what to coniecture of the méeting of Isis and Ure, for some saie that the Isis and the Ure doo méet at Borowbridge, which to me dooth séeme to be verie vnlikelie, sith Isurium taketh his denomination of Isis and Vro, for it is often séene that the lesse riuers doo mingle their names with the greater, as in the Thamesis and other is easie to be found. Neither is there any more mention of the Ure after his passage vnder Borowbridge, but onelie of Isis or the Ouze in these daies, although in old time it held vnto Yorke it selfe, which of the Ure is truelie called Ure|wtjc (or Yorke short) or else my persuasion dooth faile me. I haue red also Ewerwtjc and Yorwtjc. But to procéed, and leaue this superfluous discourse.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From Borowbridge, the Ouze goeth to Aldbo|rough, and (receiuing the Swale by the waie) to Ald|worke, taking in Usburne water, from the south|west, then to Linton vpon Ouze, to Newton vpon Ouze, and to Munketun, méeting with the Nid yer long, and so going withall to the Redhouses, to Po|pleton,Fosse. Clifton, Yorke (where it crosseth the Fosse) to Foulfoorth, Middlethorpe, Acaster, & Acaster, Kelfléet, Welehall, Barelebie, Selbie, Turmonhall, Skurt|hall, Hokelath, Hoke, Sandhall, Rednesse, White|gift, Uslet, Blacketoff, Foxfléet, Brownfléet, and so into Humber.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The course of the Ouze being thus described,Ouze. and as it were simplie without his influences, now will I touch such riuers as fall into the same also by them|selues, contrarie to my former proceeding, imagi|ning a voiage from the Rauenspurne, vntill I come néere to the head of These, & so southwards about a|gaine by the bottome of the hillie soile vntill I get to Buxston, Sheffeld, Scrobie, & the verie south point of Humber mouth, whereby I shall crosse them all that are to be found in this walke, & leaue (I doubt) some especiall notice of their seuerall heads and courses.Hull or Hulne. The course of the Hull, a streame aboun|ding with sturgeon and lampreie, as also the riuers which haue their issue into the same, being (as I say) alreadie described, I thinke it not amisse, as by the waie to set downe what Leland saith thereof, to the end that his trauell shall not altogither be lost in this behalfe; and for that it is short, and hath one or two things worthie to be remembred conteined in the same.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Hulne (saith he) riseth of thrée seuerall heads, whereof the greatest is not far from Oriefield, now a small village sixtéene miles from Hull. Certes it hath beene a goodlie towne, and therein was the pa|lace of Egbright king of the Northumbers, and place of sepulture of Alfred the noble king sometime of that nation, who died there 727, the ninetéene Cal. of Iulie, the twentith of his reigne, and whose toombe or monument dooth yet remaine (for ought that I doo know) to the contrarie with an inscription vpon the same written in Latine letters. Néere vn|to this towne also is the Danefield, wherein great numbers of Danes were slaine, and buried in those hils, which yet remaine there to be séene ouer their dones and carcasses. The second head (saith he) is at Estburne, and the third at Emmeswell, and mée|ting all togither not farre from Orifield, the water there beginneth to be called Hulne, as I haue said alreadie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From hence also it goeth through Beuerleie me|dowes, and comming at the last not farre from an arme led from the Hulne by mans hand (and able to beare great vessels) almost to Beuerleie towne, which in old time either hight or stood in Deirwald, vntill Iohn of Beuerleie (whom Leland nameth out of an old author to be the first doctor or teacher of di|uinitie that euer was in Oxford, and (as it should séeme also by an ancient monument yet remaining) to be of an hostell where the vniuersitie college now standeth; & therefore they write him, Somtime fellow of that house) began to be of fame, of whom it is cal|led Beuerleie (as some affirme) to this daie. In déed all the countrie betwéene the Deirwent & the Hum|ber was sometime called Deira, and the lower part Caua Deira in respect of the higher soile, but now it is named the east Riding. But what is this to my purpose? The Hulne therefore being come almost to Beuerleie towne, & méeting thereabout also with the CottinghamCottingham. becke comming from Westwood by the waie, it hasteth to Kingston vpon Hulne or Hull, and so into the Humber without anie maner impeachment.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Fowlneie riseth about Godmanham,Fowlncie. from whence it goeth by Wighton, Hareswell, Seton, Williams bridge, and soone after spreading it selfe, one arme called Skelfleet goeth by Cane Cawseie to Brownefléet and so into the Ouze.Skelfléet. The other pas|seth by Sandholme, Gilberts dike, Scalbie chappell, Blacketoff, and so into the aforesaid Ouze, leauing a verie pretie Iland, which is a parcell (as I heare) of Walding fen more, though otherwise obscure to vs that dwell here in the south.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Darwent riseth in the hilles that lie west of Robin Whoodes baie,Darwent. or two miles aboue Aiton bridge, west from Scarborow as Leland saith: and yer it hath run farre from the head, it receiueth two rilles in one bottome from by west, which ioine with|all about Longdale end. Thence they go togither to Broxeie, and at Hacknesse take in another water comming from about Silseie. Afterward it com|meth to Aiton, then to Haibridge, and there crosseth the Kenford that descendeth from Roberteston.Kenford. Af|ter this also it goeth on to Potersbrumton where it taketh in one rill, as it dooth another beneath run|ning from Shirburne, and the third yet lower on the further banke, that descendeth from Brumton. From these confluences it runneth to Fowlbridge, Axbridge, Yeldingham bridge, & so to Cotehouse, re|ceiuing by the waie manie waters, & yéelding great plentie of delicate samons to such as fish vpon the same. Leland reckoning vp the names of the seue|rall brookes, numbreth them confusedlie after his ac|customed order. The Darwent (saith he) receiueth di|uerse streames, as the Shirihutton.Shirihutton. The second is the Crambecke,Crambecke. descending from Hunderskell castell (so called Tanquam à centum fontibus, or multitude of EEBO page image 94 springs that rise about the same) and goeth the Rie,Rie. which comming out of the Blackemoore, passeth by Riuers abbeie, taking in the RicollRicoll. on the left hand, then the Seuen,Seuen. the Costeie,Costeie. and PickeringPickering. brooke. The Seuin also (saith he) riseth in the side of Blacke|moore, and thence goeth by Sinnington foure miles from Pickering, and about a mile aboue a certeine bridge ouer Rie goeth into the streame. The Costeie in like sort springeth in the verie edge of Pickering towne, at a place called Keld head, and goeth into the Rie two miles beneath Pickering, about Kirbie minster, Finallie, Pickering water ariseth in Blackemoore, and halfe a mile beneath Pickering falleth into Costeie, meeting by the way with the Pocklington becke,Pocklington. and an other small rill or two, of whose names I haue no knowledge. Hitherto Le|land. But in mine opinion, it had béene far better to haue described them thus. Of those waters that fall into the Darwent beneath Cotehouse, the first com|meth from Swenton, the second from Ebberston, the third from Ollerston, the fourth from Thorneton & Pickering, and the fift on the other side that com|meth thither from Wintringham. For so should he haue dealt in better order, and rid his hands of them with more expedition, referring the rest also vnto their proper places.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to procéed after mine owne maner. Being past Cotehouse, & yer the Darwent come at Wick|ham,Rie. it crosseth the Rie, which riseth of two heads, and ioining west of Locton they run through Glans|bie parke. Finallie, receiuing the Costeie,Costeie. it mée|teth at the last with an other streame increased by the fals of six waters and more yer it come into the Darwent. The most easterlie of these is called Se|uen,Seuen. and riseth (as is aforesaid) in Blackemoore, from whence it goeth by Sinnington, Murton, Norman|bie, Newsound, How, and so into the Rie. The se|cond named Dou hath his originall likewise in Blackemoore,Dou or Doue. and descending by Rasmore, Keldon and Edston (where it receiueth the Hodgebecke,Hodgebecke. that commeth by Bernesdale, Kirkedale, & Welburne) it goeth to Sawlton, and there taketh in first the Ri|coll,Ricoll. that goeth by Careton, and whereof Ridall (as some thinke, but falslie) doth séeme to take the name. Then Fesse,Fesse. which riseth aboue Bilisdale chappell, and méeteth with the Rie at the Shaking bridge, from whence they go togither vnder the Rie bridge, to Ri|uis abbeie, and thence (after it hath crossed a becke from the west) through a parke of the earle of Rut|lands to Newton, Muniton, and so to Sawton or Sawlton, as I doo find it written. Here also it ta|keth in the Holbecke brooke,Holbecke. that commeth thithex from by west by Gilling castell, and Stangraue, from whence it goeth on to Brabie, next into the Se|uen, then into the Rie, and so into the Darwent, which from thence dooth run to Wickham.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Being past Wickham, it méeteth with a water that commeth thereinto from Grinston to Sette|rington at southeast, and thence it goeth on the Mal|ton and Malton (where the prouerbe saith that a bu|shell of rie and an other of malt is woorth but six pence, carie awaie whilest you may, so as you can kéepe them from running through the sarkes) Sut|ton, Wellam, Furbie, and Kirkeham, receiuing by the waie one rill on the one side and an other on the other, whereof this commeth from Burdfall, that o|ther from Conisthorpe. From Kirkeham it goeth to Cramburne and Owsham bridge (crossing by the waie an other brooke comming from saint Edwards gore, by Faston) then to Aldbie, Buttercram (aliàs Butterham) bridge, Stamford bridge, Kexbie bridge Sutton, Ellerton, Aughton, Bubwith, Wresill, Babthorpe, and so into the Ouze, wherewith I finish the description of Darwent: sauing that I haue to let you vnderstand how Leland heard that an arme ran some time from the head of Darwent also to Scarborow, till such time as two hils betwixt which it ran, did shalder and so choke vp his course.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 The Fosse (a slow streame yet able to beare a good vessell) riseth in Nemore Calaterio, Fosse: that is, Galters wood or Cawood, among the wooddie hilles, and in his descent from the higher ground, he leaueth Crake castell, on his west side: thence he goeth by Marton abbeie, Marton, Stillington, Farling|ton, Towthorpe, Erswtjc, Huntington, & at Yorke into the Ouze. The Kile riseth flat north at New|borow,Kile. from whence it goeth by Thorneton on the hill, Ruskell parke, Awne, Tollerton, and so into the Ouze about Newton vpon Ouze.Swale. The Swale is a right noble riuer, & march in some places betwéene Richmondshire and Westmerland, it riseth not far from Pendragon castell in the hilles aboue Kirke|dale, and from this towne it goeth to Kelde chap|pell, Carret house, Crackepot, Whiteside, and neere vnto Yalen taketh in the Barneie water,Barneie. which com|meth from the north east. Thence it goeth by Harca|side to Reth (where it méeteth with the Arcleie)Arcleie. and so to Flemington, Grinton, Marrike (taking in the Holgate that commeth from by south:Holgate. and in the waie to Thorpe, the Mariske becke,Mariske becke. or peraduenture Applegarth water, as Leland calleth it, that descen|deth from the north) then to Thorpe, Applegarth, Rich|mond, Easbie and Brunton.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Here by north it interteineth two or thrée waters in one chanell, called Rauenswath water, whereof the two furthest doo ioine not farre from the Dawl|tons,Rauenswath. and so go by Rauenswath, Hartfoorth, Gil|ling, and at Skebie méet with the third, comming from Richmond beaconward. By west also of Brunton, the Swale méeteth with the Rhe,Rhe. running from Resdale, and being past Brunton, it goeth to Caterijc bridge beneath Brunton, then to Ellerton, Kirkebie, Langton parua, Thirtoft, Anderbie stée|ple: and before it come vnto Gatenbie, it meeteth with the Bedall brooke, aliàs Lemings becke,Bedall aliàs Leming. that commeth west of Kellirbie, by Cunstable, Burton, Langthorpe, Bedall, and Leming chappell. From Gattenbie likewise it goeth to Mawbie, & at Bra|kenbirie receiueth the Wiske,Wiske. which is a great wa|ter, rising betwéene two parkes aboue Swanbie in one place, and southeast of Mountgrace abbeie in another; and after the confluence which is about Sid|dlebridge, goeth on betwéene the Rughtons to Ap|pleton, the Smetons, Birtbie, Hutton Coniers, Danbie, Wijc, Yafford, Warlabie, and taking in there a rill from Brunton Aluerton, it procéedeth to Otterington, Newlie, Kirbie Wiske, Newson, and Blackenburie, there méeting (as I said) with the Swale, that runneth frõ thence by Skipton bridge, Catton, Topcliffe, and Raniton, and aboue Eldmire méeteth with sundrie other rilles in one bottome, whereof the northwesterlie is called Cawdebec:Cawdebec Kebecke. the south easterlie Kebecke, which ioine est of Thorneton moore, and so go to Thorneton in the stréet, Kiluing|ton, Thruske, Sowerbie, Grastwijc, and soone after crossing another growing of the mixture of the Wil|low, and likewise of the Cuckewold beckes,Cuckwolds becke. which ioine aboue Bridforth, and running on till it come almost at Dawlton, it maketh confluence with the Swale, and go thence as one with all their samons by Thorneton bridge, Mitton vpon Swale, and so into the Ouze.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Skell riseth out of the west two miles from Founteines abbeie,Skell. and commeth (as Leland saith) with a faire course by the one side of Rippon, as the Ure dooth on the other. And on the bankes hereof stood the famous abbeie called Founteines or Ad|fontes, so much renowmed for the lustie monks that EEBO page image 95 sometimes dwelled in the same. It receiueth also the Lauer water (which riseth three miles from Kirbie,Lauer. and meeteth withall néere vnto Rippon) and finallie falleth into the Ure, a quarter of a mile beneath Rip|pon towne, & almost midwaie betwéene the North and Huicke bridges.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Nidde,Nidde. which the booke of statutes called Ni|dor (anno 13. Edw. 1) and thereto noteth it to be in|riched with store of samon, as are also the Wheof and Aire, riseth among those hilles that lie by west north|west of Gnarresborow, fiue miles aboue Pakeleie bridge, and going in short processe of time by West|houses, Lodgehouses, Woodhall, Newhouses, Mid|lesmore, Raunsgill, Cowthouse, Gowthwall, Bure|leie, Brimham, Hampeswale, and soone after mée|ting with the Killingale becke,Killingale. it goeth after the con|fluence by Bilton parke, Gnaresbridge, Washford, Cathall, Willesthorpe, Munketon, or Nonmocke, and so into the Ouze, fouretéene miles beneath Gna|resborow, being increased by the waie with verie few or no waters of anie countenauce. Leland ha|uing said thus much of the Nidde, addeth here vnto the names or two other waters, that is to saie, the CouerCouer. and the Burne,Burne. which doo fall likewise into the Ure or Ouze. But as he saith little of the same, so a|mong all my pamphlets, I can gather no more of them, than that the first riseth six miles aboue Couer|ham by west, and falleth into the Ure, a little beneath Middleham bridge, which is two miles beneath the towne of Couerham. As for the Burne, it riseth at More hilles, and falleth into the said riuer a little be|neath Massham bridge. And so much of these two.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Wharffe or Gwerfe ariseth aboue Ughter|shaw,Wharfe aliàs Gwerfe. from whence it runneth to Beggermons, Rosemill, Hubberham, Backden, Starbotton, Ket|tlewell, Cunniston in Kettlewell, and here it mee|teth with a rill comming from Haltongill chappell, by Arnecliffe, and ioining withall northeast of Kil|neseie crag, it passeth ouer by the lower grounds to Girsington, and receiuing a rill there also from Tresfeld parke, it proceedeth on to Brunfall bridge. Furthermore at Appletréew [...]jc, it méeteth with a rill from by north, and thence goeth to Barden towre, Bolton, Beth and Misseie hall, where it crosseth a rill comming from by west, thence to Addingham, ta|king in there also another from by west, and so to I|keleie, and receiuing yer long another by north from Denton hall, it hasteth to Weston Uauasour, Ote|leie, and Letheleie, where it taketh in the Padside,Padside. & the WashburneWashburne. (both in one streame from Lind|leie ward) and thence to Casteie chappell, and there it crosseth one from by north, and another yer long from by south, and so to Yardwood castell, Kerebie, Woodhall, Collingham, Linton, Wetherbie, Thor|patch, Newton, Tadeaster, and when it hath recei|ued the Cockebecke from southwest, that goeth by Barwie,Cockebecke. Aberfoorth, Leadhall, and Grimston, it runneth to Exton, Kirbie Wharfe, Uskell, Rither, Nunapleton, & so into the Ouze beneath Cawood, a castell belonging to the archbishop of Yorke, where he vseth oft to lie when he refresheth himselfe with change of aire and shift of habitation, for the auoi|ding of such infection as may otherwise ingender by his long abode in one place, for want of due purga|tion and airing of his house.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Air or Arre riseth out of a lake or tarne south of Darnbrooke,Air. wherein (as I heare) is none o|ther fish but red trowt, and perch. Leland saith it riseth néere vnto Orton in Crauen, wherfore the ods is but little. It goeth therefore from thence to Maw|lam, Hamlith, Kirbie, Moldale, Calton hall, Are|ton, and so foorth till it come almost to Gargraue, there crossing the OtterburneOtterburne. water on the w [...]st, and the WinterburneWinterburne. on the north, which at Flasbie re|ceiueth a rill from Helton, as I heare. Being past Gargraue, our Air goeth on to Eshton, Elswood, and so foorth on, first receiuing a brooke from south|west (whereof one branch commeth by Marton, the o|ther by Thorneton, which meete about Broughton) then another from northeast, that runneth by Skip|ton castell. After this confluence it hasteth by ma|nifold windlesses, which caused thirteene bridges at the last to be ouer the same within a little space, to Newbiggin, Bradleie, and Kildwijc, by south east whereof it méeteth with one water from Mawsis, and Glusburne or Glukesburne,Glike. called Glike; ano|ther likewise a little beneath from Seton, beside two rilles from by north, after which confluence it run|neth by Reddlesden, and ouer against this towne the LacockeLacocke. and the WoorthWoorth. doo meet withall in one cha|nell, as the MoretonMoreton. water dooth on the north, al|though it be somewhat lower. Thence it goeth to Rishfoorth hall, and so to Bungleie, where it taketh a rill from Denholme parke to Shipeleie, and there crossing another from Thorneton, Leuenthorpe, and Bradleie, it goeth to Caluerleie, to Christall, and so to Léedes, where one water runneth there into by north from Wettlewood, & two other from by south in one chanell, wherof the first hath two armes, of which the one commeth from Pudseie chappell, the other from Adwalton, their confluence being made aboue Farnesleie hall. The other likewise hath two heads, whereof one is aboue Morleie, the other commeth from Domingleie, and méeting with the first not far southwest of Leedes, they fall both into the Air, and so run with the same to Swillington, and there taking in the Rodwell becke south of the bridge, it proceedeth to Ollerton, Castleford, Brotherton & Ferribridge, there receiuing the Went, a becke from Pontefract or Pomfret,Redwell. Went. which riseth of diuerse heads, wherof one is among the cole pits. Thence to Beall, Berkin, Kellington, middle Hodleseie, Templehirst, Gowl|dall, Snath, Rawcliffe, Newland, Armie, and so into the Ouze with an indifferent course. Of all the ri|uers in the north, Leland (in so manie of his bookes as I haue séene) saith least of this. Mine annotations also are verie slender in the particular waters wher|bie it is increased: wherfore I was compelled of ne|cessitie to conclude euen thus with the description of the same, and had so left it in déed, if I had not recei|ued one other note more to ad vnto it (euen when the leafe was at the presse) which saith as followeth in maner word for word.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 There is a noble water that falleth into Air, whose head (as I take it) is about Stanford. From whence it goeth to Creston chappell, to Lingfield, and there about receiuing one rill neere Elfrabright bridge, and also the Hebden by northwest, it goeth to Brear|leie hall,Hebden. and so taking in the third by north, it procee|deth on eastward by Sorsbie bridge chappell (and there a rill from southwest) and so to Coppeleie hall. Beneath this place I find also that it receiueth one rill from Hallifax, which riseth from two heads, and two other from southwest, of which one commeth by Baresland, and Staneland in one chanell, as I read. So that after this confluence the aforesaid water go|eth on toward Cowford bridge, and as it taketh in two rilles aboue the same on the north side, so be|neath that bridge there falleth into it a pretie arme increased by sundrie waters cõming from by south, as from Marsheden chappell, from Holinesworth chappell, and Kirke-Heton, each one growing of sun|drie heads; whereof I would saie more, if I had more intelligence of their seuerall gates and passages.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to proceed. From Cowford bridge it runneth to Munfeld, and receiuing yer long one rill from Leuersage hall, and another from Burshall by Dewesburie, it goeth on northeast of Thornehull, EEBO page image 96 south of Horbirie thornes, and thereabout crossing one rill from by south from Woller by new Milner Dam, and soone after another from northwest, cal|led Chald;Chald. rising in the Peke hils, whereon Wake|field standeth, and likewise the third from southeast, and Waterton hall, it goeth by Warmefield, New|land, Alto [...]es, and finallie into the Aire, west of Ca|stelworth, as I learne. What the name of this riuer should be as yet I heare not, and therefore no mar|uell that I doo not set it downe, yet is it certeine that it is called Chald, after his cõfluence with the Chald, and finallie Chaldair or Chaldar after it hath ioined with the Air or Ar. But what is this for his denomi|nations from the head? It shall suffice therefore thus farre to haue shewed the course thereof: and as for the name I passe it ouer vntill another time.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Trent is one of the most excellent riuers in the land,Trent. not onelie for store of samon, sturgeon, and sundrie other kinds of delicate fish wherewith it dooth abound, but also for that it is increased with so manie waters, as for that onelie cause it may be compared wither with the Ouze or Sauerne, I meane the second Ouze, whose course I haue latelie described. It riseth of two heads which ioine beneath Norton in the moore, and from thence goeth to Hil|ton abbeie, Bucknell church, and aboue Stoke recei|ueth in the Foulebrooke water, which commeth thi|ther from Tunstall,Foulebrooke. by Shelton, and finallie making a confluence they go to Hanfleet, where they méet with another on the same side, that descendeth from Newcastell vnder Line, which Leland taketh to be the verie Trent it selfe, saieng: that it riseth in the hils aboue Newcastell, as may be séene by his com|mentaries.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to proceed. At Trentham, or not farre from thence, it crosseth a riueret from northeast, whose name I know not, & thence going to Stone Aston, Stoke Burston, the Sandons and Weston, a little aboue Shubburne & Hawood, it receiueth the Sow, a great chanell increased with sundrie waters, which I will here describe, leauing the Trent at Shub|burne, till I come backe againe.Sow. The Sow descen|deth from the hilles, aboue Whitemoore chappell, and goeth by Charleton, and Stawne; and beneath Shal|ford ioineth with another by northeast that commeth from bishops Offeleie, Egleshall, Chesbie, Raunton. After this confluence also it runneth by Bridgeford, Tillington, & Stafford, beneath which towne it cros|seth the Penke becke, that riseth aboue Nigleton,Penke. & Berwood, & aboue Penke bridge vniteth it selfe with another comming from Knightleie ward, by Gnas|hall church, Eaton: and so going foorth as one, it is not long yer they fall into Sow, after they haue pas|sed Draiton, Dunstan, Acton, and Banswich, where loosing their names, they with the Sow & the Sow with them doo ioine with the Trent, at Shubburne, vpon the southerlie banke.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 From Shubburne the Trent goeth on to little Harwood (meeting by the waie one rill at Ousleie bridge, and another south of Riddlesleie) thence by Hawksberie, Mauestane, Ridware, and so toward Yoxhall; where I must state a while to consider of o|ther waters, wherewith I meet in this voiage. Of these therefore the lesser commeth in by south from Farwall, the other from by west, a faire streame, and increased with two brooks, whereof the first riseth in Nedewood forrest, northeast of Haggersleie parke, whereinto falleth another west of Hamsteed Rid|ware, called Blith,Blith. which riseth among the hilles in Whateleie moore, aboue Weston Conie, and thence going to the same towne, it commeth to Druicote, aliàs Dracote, Painsleie, Gratwitch, Grimleie, Ald|maston, Hamstéed, Ridware, and finallie into the Trent, directlie west of Yoxhall, which runneth also from thence, & leauing kings Bromleie in a parke (as I take it) on the left hand, and the Blacke water comming from Southton and Lichfield on the right, goeth streightwaie to Catton, where it mée|teth with the Tame,Tame. whose course I describe as fol|loweth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 It riseth in Staffordshire (as I remember) not farre from Petteshall, and goeth foorth by Hamsted, toward Pirihall and Brimichams Aston, taking in by the waie a rill on each side, whereof the first grow|eth through a confluence of two waters, the one of them comming from Tipton, the other from Aldbu|rie, and so running as one by Wedburie till they fall into the same. The latter commeth from Woolfhall, and ioineth with it on the left hand. After this, and when it is past the aforesaid places, it crosseth in like sort a rill from Smethike ward: thence it goeth to Yarneton hall, beneath which it méeteth with the Rhée, and thence through the parke, at Parke hall by Watercote,Rhée. Cote. crossing finallie the Cole, whose head is in the forrest by Kingesnorton wood, and hath this course, whereof I now giue notice. It riseth (as I said) in the forrest by Kingesnorton wood, and going by Yareleie and Kingeshirst, it méeteth betweene that and the parke, with a water running betwéene Helmedon and Sheldon.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thence it passeth on to Coleshull, by east where|of it ioineth with a brooke,Blith. mounting southwest of Golthull called Blith, which going by Henwood and Barston, crosseth on ech side of Temple Balshall, a rill, whereof one commeth thorough the Quéenes parke or chase that lieth by west of Kenelworth, & the other by Kenelworth castell it selfe, from about Hase|lie parke. After which confluences it procéedeth in like maner to Hampton in Arden, and the Pac|kingtons, and so to Coleshull, where it meeteth with the Cole, that going a little further, vniteth it selfe with the Burne on the one side (whereinto runneth a water comming from Ansleie on the east)Burne. and soone after on the other dooth fall into the Tame, that which some call the Rhee,Rhée. a common name to all waters that mooue and run from their head. For [...] in Gréeke is to flow and run, although in truth it is proper to the sea onelie to flow. Leland nameth the Brimicham water, whose head (as I heare) is a|boue Norffield, so that his course shuld be by Kinges|norton, Bremicham, Budston hall, till it fall beneath Yarneton into the Tame it selfe, that runneth after these confluences on by Lée, Kingesbirie parke, and going by east of Oraiton, Basset parke, to Falkes|leie bridge, it méeteth with another water called Burne, also comming from Hammerwich church, by Chesterford, Shenton, Thickebrowne, and the north side of Oraition, Basset parke, wherof I spake before. From hence our Tame runneth on to Tam|worth, there taking in the Anchor by east, whose de|scription I had in this maner deliuered vnto me.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 It riseth aboue Burton, from whence it goeth by Nonneaton,Anchor. Witherleie and Atherstone. Yer long also it taketh in a water from northeast, which com|meth by Huglescote, Shapton, Cunston, Twicrosse (vniting it selfe with a water from Bosworth) Rat|cliffe, & so to the Anchor, which after this confluence passeth by Whittendon, Crindon, Pollesworth, Ar|mington, Tamworth, & so into Tame, that hasteth to Hopwash, Comberford hall, Telford, and soone af|ter crossing a rill that riseth short of Swinfield hall, and commeth by Festirike, it runneth not farre from Eroxhall, and so to Catton, thereabout receiuing his last increase not worthie to be omitted. This brooke is named Mese,Mese. and it riseth in the great parke that li|eth betwéene Worthington, and Smothike, from whence also it goeth by Ashhie de la Souche, Pac|kington, Mesham, and Stretton, and therabout cros|sing EEBO page image 97 a rill about Nethersale grange, from Ouer|sale by east, it proceedeth by Chilcote, Clifton, Crox|all, into the Thame, and both out of hand into the maine riuer a mile aboue Repton. Leland writing of this riuer (as I earst noted) saith thereof in this wise. Into the Thame also runneth the Bremicham brooke, which riseth foure or fiue miles about Bremi|cham in the Blacke hils in Worcestershire, and go|eth into the aforesaid water a mile aboue Crud|worth bridge. Certes (saith he) this Bremicham is a towne mainteined chieflie by smiths, nailers, cut|lers, edgetoole forgers, lorimers or bitmakers, which haue their iron out of Stafford and Warw [...]jc shires, and [...]oles also out of the first countie. Hitherto Le|land. Now to resume the Trent, which being grow|en to some greatnesse, goeth on to Walton, Drake|low, and there crossing a water that commeth by Nowbold hall, it runneth to Stapenell, Winshull, Wightmere, and Newton South, where it recei|ueth two chanels within a short space, to be described apart.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The first of these is called the Dou or Doue, it ri|seth about the thrée shires méere,Dou. and is as it were limes betweene Stafford and Darbishires, vntill it come at the Trent. Descending therefore from the head, it goeth by Earlesbooth, Pilsburie grange; Hartington, Wolscot, Eaton, Hunsington grange; and aboue Thorpe receiueth the Manifold water,Manifold. so called, bicause of the sundrie crinckling rills that it receiueth, and turnagaines that it selfe sheweth be|fore it come at the Dou. Rising therefore not farre from Are edge crosse (in the bottome thereby) it run|neth from thence to Longmore, Shéene, Warslow chappell, and Welton, Beneath Welton also it ta|keth in the Hansleie water that commeth out of Blackemoore hilles to Watersall,Hansleie. where it falleth in|to the ground: and afterward mounting againe is receiued into the Manifold, north of Throwleie (as I heare) which goeth from thence to Ilam, and aboue Thorpe dooth cast it selfe into Dou. Hauing therefore met togither after this maner, the Dou procéedeth on to Maplington, beneath which it crosseth one water descending from Brassington by Fennie Bentleie, and another somewhat lower that commeth from Hooston hall by Hognaston and Ashburne, and then going to Matterfield, Narburie, Ellaston, Rawston Rowcester, it meeteth with the Churne,Churne. euen here to be described before I go anie further. It riseth a good waie aboue Delacrasse abbie, and comming thither by Hellesbie wood, it taketh in the Dunsmere,Dunsmere. be|tweene Harracrasse and Leike.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Thence it goeth to the Walgrange, and a little beneath receiueth the Yendor that commeth from a|boue Harton,Yendor. thence to Cheddleton, and hauing cros|sed the Ashenhirst brooke aboue Cnutes hall,Aula Canuti. Ashenhirst. it run|neth by Ypston, Froghall, Below hill, Alton castell, Préestwood, and at Rowcester falleth into the Dou, which yer long also receiueth a rill from Crowsden,Teine. and then going to Eton méeteth first with the Teine that commeth thither from each side of Chedleie by Teinetwone, Bramhirst and Stranehill. Secondlie with the Uncester or Uttoxeter water,Uttoxeter or Uncester. and then go|ing on to Merchington, Sidberie, Cawlton, it cros|seth a brooke from Sidmister college, by Saperton. From this confluence in like sort it passeth foorth to Tilberie castell, Mars [...]on, and at Edergton méeteth with the water that commeth from Yeldersleie by Longford (where into runneth another that commeth from Hollington) and so to Hilton. These waters be|ing thus ioined, and manie ends brought into one, the Dou it selfe falleth yer long likewise into the Trent, aboue Newton Souch. So that the maine riuer being thus inlarged, goeth onwards with his course, and betwéene Willington and Repton mee|teth with two waters on sundrie sides, whereof that which falleth in by Willington, riseth néere Dawbe|rie Lies, and runneth by Trusselie and Ashe: the o|ther that entereth aboue Repton, descendeth from Hartesburne, so that the Trent being past these, ha|steth to Twiford, Inglebie, Staunton, Weston, Newton, and Aston, yer long also méeting with the Darwent; next of all to be dispatched.Darwent. The Dar|went, or (to vse the verie British word) Dowrgwine (but in Latine Fluuius Dereuantanus) riseth plaine west, néere vnto the edge of Darbishire, aboue Blackwell a market towne, and from the head run|neth to the New chappell, within a few miles after it be risen. From hence moreouer it goeth by Howden house, Darwent chappell, Yorkeshire bridge, and at Witham bridge dooth crosse the Neue or Nouius that commeth from Newstole hill,Neue. by Netherburgh, Hope (crossing there one rill from Castelton, ano|ther from Bradwell, and the third at Hathersage, from Stonie ridge hill) and so goeth on to Padleie, Stockehall, receiuing a rill by the waie from by west, to Stonie Middleton, and Baslow, and hauing here taken in the Burbrooke on the one side, and an|other from Halsop on the other,Burbroke. it goeth to Chat|worth and to Rowseleie, where it is increased with the Wie comming from by west, and also a rill on the east, a little higher. But I will describe the Wie before I go anie further.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Wie riseth aboue Buxston well,Wie. and there is increased with the Hawkeshow,Hawkeshow. and the WileWile. brooke, whose heads are also further distant from the edge of Darbishire than that of Wie, and races som|what longer, though neither of them be worthie to be accompted long. For the Wile, hauing two heads, the one of them is not farre aboue the place where Wilebecke abbeie stood, the other is further off by west, about Wilebecke towne: and finallie ioining in one they runne to Cuckneie village, where recei|uing a becke that commeth downe from by west, it holdeth on two miles further, there taking in the se|cond rill, and so resort to Rufford, or the Manbecke. Unto this also doo other two rills repaire,Rufford aliàs Manbecke. wherof the one goeth through and the other hard by Maunsfield, of which two also this latter riseth west about foure miles, and runneth foorth to Clipston (three miles lower) and so likewise to Rufford, whereof I will speake hereafter. In the meane time to returne a|gaine to the Wie. From Buxston well, it runneth to Staddon, Cowdale, Cowlow, New medow, Mil|houses, Bankewell, and Haddon hall, beneath which it receiueth the Lath kell,Lathkell. that runneth by Ouerhad|don, and the Bradford,Bradford. both in one bottome after they be ioined in one at Alport. And this is the first great water that our Darwent dooth méet withall. Being therefore past the Rowsleies, the said Darwent go|eth to Stancliffe, Darleie in the peake, Wensleie, Smitterton hall, and at Matlocke taketh in a rill by northeast, as it dooth another at Crumford that go|eth by Boteshall.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 From Mattocke, it procéedeth to Watston, or Watsond, Well bridge, Alderwash, and ioineth with another streame called Amber comming in from by north by Amber bridge,Amber. whose description shall insue in this wise, as I find it. The head of Am|ber is aboue Edleston hall, or (as Leland saith) est of Chesterfield, and comming from thence by Middle|ton to Ogston hall, it taketh withall another brooke, descending from Hardwijc wood, by Alton and Streton. Thence it goeth to Higham, Brackenfield, and aboue Dale bridge meeteth with a brooke run|ning from Hucknalward to Shireland parke side, there crossing the Moreton becke,Moreton. and so to Alferton, except I name it wrong. From Dale bridge it go|eth by Wingfeld, to Hedge, Fritchlin, and so into EEBO page image 98 Darwent, taking the water withall that descendeth from Swanswtjc by Pentridge, as Leland doth re|member. From this confluence likewise it runneth to Belper, where it méeteth with a rill comming from Morleie parke: thence to Makenie, and at Duf|feld,Eglesburne. receiueth the Eglesburne, which ariseth about Wirkesworth or Oresworth, but in the same parish out of a rocke, and commeth in by Turnedich. From Duffeld, it passeth to Bradsall, Darleie abbeie, and at Darbie taketh in a rill comming from Mirkaston by Weston vnderwood, Kidleston and Merton. If a man should say that Darwent riuer giueth name to Darbie towne, he should not well know how euerie one would take it, and peraduenture therby he might happen to offend some. In the meane time I beleeue it, let other iudge as pleaseth them, sith my coniec|ture can preiudice none. To proceed therefore. From Darbie it runneth on by Aluaston, Ambaston, the Welles, and so into Trent, which goeth from hence to Sawleie, and north of Thrumpton taketh in the Sore, a faire streame, and not worthie to be ouerpas|sed.Sora, or Surus.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 It riseth in Leicestershire aboue Wigton, and thence goeth to Sharneford, Sapcote, and beneath Staunton taketh in a rill that commeth by Doun|ton and Broughton Astleie. Thence to Marleborow, and before it come to Eston, crosseth another on the same side (descending by Burton, Glen, Winstow, Kilbie and Blabie) then to Leircester towne, Bel|graue, Burstall, Wanlip; and yer it come at Cus|sington or Cositon, crosseth the Eie,Eie. which riseth néere Occam aboue Bramston, Leland calleth one of these rilles Croco. going by Knawstow, So|merbie; Pickwell, Whitesonden; and beneath (a litle) receiueth a rill on the right hand from Coldnorton. Thence to Stapleford, & soone after crossing a brooke from aboue Sproxton, Coson, Garthorpe and Sax|bie, it runneth to Wiuerbie, Brentingbie; and yer it come at Milton, meeteth with two other small rilles, from the right hand whereof one commeth from a|bout Caldwell by Thorpe Arnold, and Waltham in the Would; the other from Skaleford ward, and from Melton goeth by Sisonbie, there méeting with another from northeast ouer against Kirbie Hellars, after which time the name of Eie is changed into Warke or Urke, and so continueth vntill it come at the Soure.Warke, Urke, or Wr [...]ke. From hence also it goeth to Asterbie, Radgale, Habie, Trussington, Ratcliffe; and soone after crosseth sundrie waters not verie farre in sun|der, whereof one commeth from Oueston, by Twi|ford, Ashbie, and Gadesbie; another from Losebie, by Baggraue, and Crawston, and ioining with the first at Ouennihow, it is not long yer they fall into the Warke. The second runneth from Engarsbie, by Barkeleie, and Sison. But the third and greatest of the thrée, is a chanell increased with thrée waters, whereof one commeth from Norton by Burton, Kil|bie, Foston and Blabie, the other from Dounton by Broughton and Astleie, and méeting with the third from Sapcoth, and stonie Staunton, they run togi|ther by Narborow, and soone after ioining aboue El|ston, with the first of the thrée, they go as one by El|ston to Leircester, Belgraue, Wanlip, and aboue Cussington doo fall into the Warke, and soone after into the Soure. The Soure in like sort going from thence to mount Sorrell, & taking in another brooke southwest from Leircester forrest, by Glenfield, Au|stie, Thurcaston and Rodelie, ioineth with the Soure, which goeth from thence to mount Sorrell, and Qua|rendon (where it taketh in a water comming from Charnewood forrest, and goeth by Bradegate and Swithland) and then procéedeth to Cotes, Lughbo|row and Stanford, there also taking in one rill out of Notinghamshire by northeast; and soone after an|other from southwest, comming from Braceden to Shepesheued, Garrington, & Dighlie grange, and likewise the third from Worthington, by Disworth, long Whitton, and Wathorne. Finallie, after these confluences, it hasteth to Sutton, Kingston, and Ratcliffe, and so into the Trent.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 These things being thus brought togither, and we now resuming the discourse of the same riuer, it dooth after his méeting with the Some, proceed with|all to Barton, where it taketh in the Erwash, which riseth about Kirbie,Erwash. and thence goeth to Sel [...]on, Wansbie, Codnor castell, Estwood, and crossing a water from Be [...]all, runneth to Coshall, Trowe [...] (and there taking in another rill comming from He|nor by Shipleie) it proceedeth on to Stapleford, long Eaton, and so into the Trent. This bring soone it goeth to Clifton, and yer it come at Wilford, it mee|teth with a brooke that passeth from Staunton by Bonnie and Rodington, and thence to Notingham, where it crosseth the Line, wh [...] riseth aboue New|sted; and passing by Papple [...], H [...]eknall, Bafford, Radford and Linton, next of all to Thorpe & Farm|don, where it brancheth and maketh an Iland, and into the smaller of them goeth a brooke from Beuer castell, which rising betweene east Well and Eaton in Leircester is called the Dene,Dene. and from thence runneth by Bramston to Knipton, & beneath Knip|ton méeteth with a brooke that commeth by west of [...]roxston, and thence holdeth on with his course, be|twéene Wille [...]horpe and Beuer castell aforesaid and so to Bottesworth, Normanton, Killington Shilton, there receiuing the Snite from by south (whose head is néere Clauston,Snite. & course from thence by Hickling, Langer, Whalton, Orston, and Flare|borow) and yer long another comming from Bing|ham, and Sibthorpe. Thence our Trent runneth to Coxam, Hawton, Newarke castell, and so to Win|thorpe, where the branches are reunited, and thence go on by Holme to Cromwell (and soone after taking in a brooke comming from Bilsthorpe, by Kersall, Cawnton, Norwell and Willowbie) to Carlton, and to Sutton, there making a litle Ile, then to Grinton, where it toucheth a streame on ech side, whereof one commeth from Morehouse by Weston & Gresthorpe, another from Langthorpe, by Collingham, and Bos|thorpe. From hence likewise it passeth to Clifton, Newton, Kettlethorpe, Torkeseie, Knath, Guinsbo|row, Waltrith, Stockwith; and leauing Axholme on the left hand, it taketh withall Hogdike water out of the Ile, and so goeth foorth to Wildsworth, East|ferrie, Frusworth, Burringham, Guinmeis, Hix|burgh, Burton, Walcote, and at Ankerburie into the Humber, receiuing the swift Doue by the waie, which for his noblenesse is not to be ouerpassed, espe|ciallie for that Anno 1536 Hen. 8, 28, it was (by Gods prouidence) a staie of great bloudshed like to haue fallen out betwéene the kings side and the rebelles of the north, in a quarrell about religion. For the night before the battell should haue béene stricken, and without anie apparent cause (a little showre of raineA miracle. excepted farre vnpossible vpon such a sudden to haue made so great a water) the said riuer arose so high, & ran with such vehemencie, that on the morow the ar|mies could not ioine to trie & fight it out: after which a pacification insued, and those countries were left in quiet. Secondlie, the description hereof is not to be ouerpassed, bicause of the fine grasse which grow|eth vpon the banks thereof, which is so fine and bata|ble, that there goeth a prouerbe vpon the same; so oft as a man will commend his pasture, to say that there is no better féed on Doue banke: that maketh it al|so the more famous.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Doue therefore riseth in Yorkeshire amongDoue. the Peke hilles, and hauing receiued a water com|ming by Ingbirchworth (where the colour thereof is EEBO page image 99 verie blacke) it goeth to Pennistone, which is foure miles from the head: then by Oxspring to Thurgo|land, and soone after (ioining by the waie with the Midhop water,Midhop. that runneth by Midhop chappell, and Hondshelfe) it méeteth with another comming from Bowsterston chappell. Then goeth it by Waddesleie wood to Waddesleie bridge, and at Aluerton recei|ueth the Bradfeld water. Then passeth it to Crokes, and so to Sheffeld castell (by east whereof it receiueth a brooke from by south that commeth through Shef|feld parke.) Thence it procéedeth to Westford bridge, Briksie bridge; and southwest of Timsleie receiueth the Cowleie streame that runneth by Ecclefield.Cowleie. Next of all it goeth to Rotheram, where it méeteth with the Rother,Rother. a goodlie water, whose head is in Darbieshire about Pilsleie, from whence it goeth vnder the name of Doleie, till it come at Rotheram, by north Winfield church, Wingerworth, and Fore|land hall, twelue miles from Rotheram, to Chester|ford, where it méeteth with the Iber,Iber. and BramptonBrampton. water that commeth by Holme hall, both in one cha|nell. Thence it runneth to Topton castell, and yer long crossing one water comming from Dronefeld by Whittington on the one side, and the second from aboue Brimington on the other, it goeth through Stalie parke, and soone after méeteth with the Craw|leie becke, whereof I find this note.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Crawleie riseth not farre from Hardw [...]jc,Crawleie. and going by Stanesbie and Woodhouse, it receiueth aboue Netherhorpe, one water on the one side com|ming from the Old parke, and another from Barlbo|row hill on the other, that runneth not farre from Woodthorpe. After this confluence likewise they run as one into the Rother, which hasteth from thence to Eckington (there crossing a rill that runneth by Bir|leie hill) and so to Kilmarsh, in the confines of Dar|bieshire,Gunno. where it taketh in the Gunno from by east. Thence to Boughton, vniting it selfe therabout with another by west from Gledles, called Mesebrooke,Mesebrooke. which diuideth Yorkeshire from Darbieshire, and so runneth to Treton, Whiston, there taking in a rill from Aston, and so to Rotheram, where it méeteth with the Doue, and from whence our Doue (yéelding plentie of samon all the waie as it passeth) hasteth to Aldwa [...]ke, Swaiton, Mexburge, there taking in the Darne, which I will next describe, and staie with the Doue, vntill I haue finished the same. It riseth at Combworth, and so commeth about by Bretton hall, to Darton ward, where it crosseth a water that run|neth from Gonthwake hall, by Cawthorne vnited of two heads. From hence it goeth to Burton grange, then to Drax, where it toucheth with a water from southwest, & then goeth to Derfield and Goldthorpe: but yer it come to Sprotborow, it vniteth it selfe with a faire riuer, increased by diuerse waters, before it come at the Doue, & whereinto it falleth (as I heare) northeast of Mexburgh. After this confluence like|wise the Doue goeth by Sprothorow, to Warnes|worth, Doncaster, Wheatleie (there méeting with the Hampall créeke on the northeast side,Hampall. which riseth east of Kirbie) thence to Sandall, Kirke Sandall, Bran|with ferrie, Stanford, Fishlake, and so to Thuorne or Thurne, where it crosseth the Idle (whose description followeth) and finallie into Trent, and so into the Humber.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But before I deale with the description of the Idle, I will adde somewhat of the Rume, a faire water. For though the description thereof be not so exactlie deliuered me as I looked for; yet such as it is I will set downe, conferring it with Lelands booke, and hel|ping their defect so much as to me is possible. It ri|seth by south of Maunsfield, fiue miles from Rumford abbeie, and when the streame commeth neere the ab|beie, it casteth it selfe abroad and maketh a faire lake. After this it commeth againe into a narrow chanell, and so goeth on to Rumford village, carrieng the Budbie and the Gerberton waters withall.Budbie Gerberton. From thence, and with a méetlie long course, it goeth to Bawtrie or Uautrie, a market towne in Notting|hamshire, fiue miles from Doncaster, and so into the Trent. Beneath Rumford also commeth in the Girt, which goeth vnto Southwell milles,Girt. and so into the Trent. Now as concerning our Idle.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The Idle, which some call Brier streame,Idle. riseth at Sutton in Ashfield, from whence it runneth to Maunsfield, Clipston & Allexton, where it taketh in a water that riseth in the forrest, one mile north of Bledworth, and runneth on by Rughford abbeie, till it come to Allexton.Manbecke. The forresters call this Man|becke, whereof Leland also speaketh, who describeth it in this maner. Manbrooke riseth somewhere about Linthirst wood, from whence it goeth to Blisthorpe, and so to Allerton. But to procéed. The Idle hauing taken in the Manbecke, it runneth to Bothomsall, by Boughton, & Perlethorpe: but yer it come there, it méeteth the Meding Maiden, or Midding brooke, which rising about Teuersall,Meding becke. goeth to Pleasleie, Nettleworth, Sawcan, Warsop, Budleie, Thursbie, Bothomsall, and so into the Idle. After this it procee|deth to Houghton, west Draiton, but yer it touch at Graunston or Gaunston, it taketh in the Wilie,Wilie. which commeth from Clowne, to Creswell, Hol|becke, Woodhouse, Wilebecke, Normenton, Elsleie, Graunston, and so into the Idle. Being thus increa|sed, the Idle runneth on to Idleton, Ordsall, Retford, Bollam, Tilneie, Matterseie abbeie, and so to Baw|trie, where it méeteth another from the shire Okes, that riseth aboue Geitford, passeth on to Worksop (or Radfurth) Osberton,Blith. Bilbie, and Blith, there vni|ting it selfe with thrée rilles in one bottome, whereof one commeth from Waldingwell to Careleton, and so thorough a parke to Blith towne, another from by west Furbecke thrée miles, and so to Blith: but the third out of the White water néere to Blith, and there being vnited they passe on to Scrobie, and so into the Idle.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 From hence it runneth on to Missen, to Sad|lers bridge, and next of all to Santoft, where it mée|teth with the Sandbecke,Sandbecke. which rising not farre from Sandbecke towne, passeth by Tickhill, Ro|sington bridge, Brampton, Rilholme, Lindholme, and one mile south of Santoft into the Idle water, which runneth from thence to Thorne, where it mée|teth with the Doue, and so with it to Crowleie. Fi|nallie, inuironing the Ile of Areholme, it goeth vn|to Garthorpe, Focorbie, & so into the Trent. Leland writing of the Wilie, Wile, or Gwilie (as some write it) saith thus therof. The Wile hath two heads, whereof one is not farre aboue the place where Wil|becke abbeie stood; the other riseth further off by west aboue Welbecke or Wilebecke towne: finallie ioi|ning in one, they runne to Cuckeneie village, where crossing a becke that commeth in from by west, it holdeth on two miles further, there taking in the se|cond rill, and so resort to Rufford. To this riuer like|wise (saith he) doo two other waters repaire, whereof the one goeth hard by Maunsfield (rising foure miles from thence by west) and then com|meth thrée miles lower to Rufford; the other (so far as I remem|ber) goeth quite through the towne.

Previous | Next

1.12. ¶Of ſuch Riuers as fall into the Sea, betweene Humber to the Thames. Cap. xj.

¶Of ſuch Riuers as fall into the Sea, betweene Humber to the Thames. Cap. xj.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 THere is no ryuer called Humber from the heade,Humber. wherfore that which we now call Humber, hath the ſame denomination no hygher then the confluence of Trent with the Ouze, as beſide Leland, ſundry auncyent writers haue noted before vs both. Certes it is a noble arme of ye ſea, & although it be pro|perly to be called Ouze, euen to the Nuke be|neth Ancolme, yet are we contented to cal it Humber, of Humbrus a King of ye Scithiens, who inuaded this Iſle in ye time of Locrinus, thinking to make himſelfe the Monarch of ye ſame. But as God hath frõ time to time ſin|gularly prouyded of the benefite of Briteine, ſo in this buſines it came to paſſe that Hum|ber was put to flight, his men ſlaine, & fur|thermore whileſt he attempted to ſaue hym|ſelfe by haſting to hys ſhippes, ſuch was the preſſe of his nobilitye that followed him into his owne veſſell, and the rage of weather, which haſtened on his fatall daye, that both he & they were drowned in that arme: And thys is the onelye cauſe wherefore it hath béene called Humber, as our wryters ſaye, and whereof I finde theſe verſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Dum fugit obſtat ei flumen, ſubmergitur illic,
Deque ſuo tribuit nomine nomen aquae.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys ryuer in olde time parted Lhoegres or England from Albania, which was ye por|tion of Albanactus, the yongeſt ſon of Brute. But ſithence that time ye limits of Lhoegres haue bene ſo inlarged, firſt by ye proweſſe of ye Romains, then by ye conqueſts of Engliſh, yt at thys preſent day ye Twede on the one ſide, EEBO page image 41 and the Solue on the other, are taken for the principall boundes, betwéene vs and thoſe of Scotlãd. In deſcribing therfore of the Hum|ber, I muſt néede deſcribe the Ouze, & in lay|ing foor [...]h the courſe of the Ouze, I ſhal hard|eſcape the noting of thoſe ſtreames at large, that fall into the ſame: howbeit ſith I haue of purpoſe appointed a chapter for theſe and the lyke, the next booke, I will here onely ſpeake of the Ouze, and ſay thereof as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Vre therefore ryſeth in the fardeſt partes of all Richmondeſhyre, among the Coterine hilles,Vr [...] alias Ouze, or Iſis. in a moſte, towarde the weſt fourtéene myles beyonde Mydleham. Being therefore iſſued out of the grounde, it goeth to Holbecke, Ha [...]draw, Hawſhouſe, Butter|ſide, Aſkebridge (which Lelãd calleth the Aſ|caran, and ſay [...]h therof & the Bainham, that they are but obſcure bridges) thẽ to Aſkarth, thorowe Wanleſſe Parke, Wenſeley bridg, (made two hundred yeares ſince, by Alwyn, Parſon of Winſlaw) New parke, Spenni|thorne, Danby, Geruiſe Abbay, Clifton and Maſham. When it is come to Maſham, it re|ceyueth the Burne,Burne. by ſouth weſt (as it dyd the wile,Wile. from very déepe ſcarry rockes, be|fore at Aſkaran) and dyuers other wild rilles not worthy to be remẽ [...]red. From Maſham, it haſteth vnto Tanfielde (taking in by the waye, a ryll by Southweſt) then to another Tanfielde, 'o Newton hall, and northbridge at the hither ende of Rippon, and ſo to Huic|kes bridge. But ere it come there it méeteth with ye Skel, which being incorporate with ye ſame,Skell. they run as one to Thorpe, then to Al|borow & ſone after receyueth ye Swale. Here ſayth Lelande,Swale. I am brought into no little ſtreight, what to coniecture of the méeting of Iſis & Vre, for ſome ſay yt the Iſis & the Vre doe méete at Borowbridge, which to me doth ſeme to be very vnlikely, ſith Iſurium taketh his denominatiõ of Iſis & Vro, for it is often ſéene that the leſſe ryuers doe mingle theyr names with ye greater, as in the Thameſis & other is [...]aſie to be found. Neyther is there a|ny more menciõ of the Vre after his paſſage vnder Borowbrige, but onelye of Iſis & the Ouze in theſe dayes, although in olde tyme it helde vnto Yorke it ſelfe, which of the Vre is truely called Vrewijc, (or Yorke ſhorte) or elſe my perſwaſion doth fayle me. I haue red alſo Ewerwijc and Yorwijc. But to pro|céede, & leaue this ſuperfluous diſcourſe. Frõ Borowbridge, ye Ouze goeth to Aldbrough (& receiuing ye Swale by ye way) to Aldworke, taking in Vſourne water, frõ the ſouthweſt then to Linton vpon Ouze, to Newton vpõ Ouze, & to Munketun, méeting wt the Nydde ere long, and ſo going withall to the Read|houſes, to Popleton, Clifton, Yorke (where it crosseth the Fosse) to Foulefoorth, Middlethorp, Acaster, & Acaster [sic], Kelflete, Welehall, Bareleby, Selby, Turmonhall, Skurthall, Hokelathe, Hoke, Sandhall, Rednesse, Whitegifte, Vslet, Blacketoft, Foreflete, Brownflete, & so into Humber. And thus do I describe the Ouze. Nowe beyng entred into ye Humber streame, toward ye sea againe, I wil begin with the Ancolme, and so go along up, on the coast of Lincolneshire tyll I come to Boston in such order as insueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ancolme, a goodlye water ryſeth Eaſt of Mercate Raſing, [...] & frõ thence goeth by mid|dle Raſing. Then receiuing a ſhort ryll from by ſouth, it runneth [...]n vnder two bridges, by the waye, till it come to Wingall, northeaſt, where alſo it méeteth with another brooke frõ Vſſelby that commeth thither, by Vreſ [...]y, and ſouth Kelſey. After this confluence alſo it goeth by Cadney (taking in the two rylles in one botome, that deſcende from Howſham, and north Le [...]ſey,) and thence to Newſted, Glanford, Wardeley, Thorneham, Appleby, Horſlow, north Ferr [...]by, and ſo into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſt Ancolme, we go about the Neſſe and ſo to the fall of the water, which commeth from Keleby, by Cotham Abbaye, Nerſham Abbaie, Thorneton, & leaung Cor|hyll by weſt, it falleth into the Ocean. The next is the fall of another brooke comming from Fleting all along by Stallingburne. Thẽ croſſed we Grymſ [...]y gullet which iſſu|ing aboue Ereby cõmeth to Laſeby, the two Cotes, and then into the ſea. After thys wee paſſed by another Portelet, whoſe backwa|ter, deſcendeth from Baleſby by Aſheby, Briggeſley, Wathe, and Towney, and final|ly to the next iſſue, before we came at Salt|flete which braunching at the laſt, leaueth a prety Iſlande wherein Comſholme Village ſtandeth. This water ryſeth ſhort as I here of Tathewel, frõ whence it goeth to Rathby, Hallington, Eſſington, Lowth, Kidirington Auingham, & then braunching aboue North Somerto [...], one arme méeteth with the ſea, by Grauethorp, ye other by north of ſomercote.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saltflet water hath but a ſhort courſe for riſing among the Cockeringtons,Salt [...] it cõmeth to the ſea, at Saltflete hauen, howbeit the next vnto it is of a longer race, for it ryſeth as I take it in Cawthorpe paroche, and de|ſcendeth by Legburne, the Carletons, the weſt myddle and eaſt Saltfletes, and ſo into the Oceane. The water that ryſeth aboue Ormeſby & Dryby, goeth to Cauſ [...]by, Swa|by Abbaie, Clathorpe, Belew, T [...]ttle, Wi|therne, Stane, and north eaſt of Thetilthorpe into the maine ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 32 [...]ple| [...]pe.Maplethorpe water ryſeth at Thareſthorp and going by Markeley, Folethorpe, & Tru|thorpe, it is not long ere it méete wt the Ger|main Ocean, then come we to ye iſſue ye com|meth frõ aboue Hotoft, & thence to Mumby chappel, whether ye water cõming frõ Clar|by, Willowby, and Slouthby (and whereinto another ryll falleth) doth runne, as there to doe homage vnto their Lorde, & Souereigne. As for Ingolde mil créeke, I paſſe it ouer, and come ſtreight to another water, deſcen|ding from Burge by Skegnes. From hence I go to the iſſue of a faire brooke, which as I heare, doth riſe at Tetforde, and thence go|eth by Somerby, Bagenderby Aſhwardby Sawſthorpe, Partney, Aſheby, ye Stepings, Thorpe Croft, and ſo into the Sea. As for Wainflete water, it commeth from the eaſt ſea, and goeth betwéene S. Maries and Ahal|lowes by Wainflete town, and treading the pathe of his predeceſſors, empiteth hys cha|nell to the maintenaunce of the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Now come I to the courſe of the Wytham, a famous riuer, wherof goeth the bye word, frequented of old, and alſo of Ancolme, which I before deſcribed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Ancolme ele, [...]dis [...]ham [...]. and Wytham pike,
Search all England, and find not the like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Lelande calleth it Lindis, diuers the Rhe, and I haue read all theſe names my ſelfe, ex|cept my memory do faile me. It riſeth amõg the Wi [...]hams, in the edge of Lincolnſhire, and as I take it in Southwickã paroche, frõ whence it goeth to Colſterworth, Eaſton, Kirkeſtoke, Paunton, and Paunton, Hough|ton, and at Grantham taketh in a Rill from by ſouthweſt, as I here. From Grantham it runneth to Man; Thorpe, Bolton, & Barne|ſton, where croſſing a becke from North|eaſt, it procedeth farther ſouthweſtwarde by M [...]reſton, toward Foſton, (there alſo taking in a brooke that riſeth about Denton, and go|eth by Sydbrooke,) it haſteth to Dodington, Cl [...]pale, Barmeby, Beckingham, Staple|ford, Baſſingham, Thurſby, and beneth A [...]|burgh, croſſeth a water that commeth from St [...]gilthorpe by Somerton caſtle. After this confluence alſo, our Wytham goeth ſtil forth on his way, to the Hickhams, Bolthã, Brace|bridge, and Lincolne it ſelfe. But ere it come there, it maketh certain pooles (wherof one is called Swan poole) and ſoone after deuiding it ſelfe into armes, they runne both thorough the lower part of Lincolne, eche of them ha|uing a bridge of ſtone ouer it, thereby to paſſe through the principall ſtrete: and as the big|ger arme is well able to beare their fiſher botes, ſo the leſſer is not without his ſeuerall commodities. At Lincolne alſo this noble ri|uer méeteth, with the Foſſe dike,Foſſe dike. whereby in great floudes, veſſelles may come from the Trentes ſide to Lincoln. For betwene T [...]k|ſey where it beginneth, & Lincoln citie where it endeth, are not aboue vij. miles, as Lelande hath remembred. Biſhop Atwater began to clenſe this ditch, thinking to bring great veſ|ſels frõ Trent to Lincoln in his time, but ſith he died before it was performed, there hath no man bene ſince ſo well minded as to pro|ſecute his purpoſe. The courſe moreouer of this our ſtreame followyng, from Lincoln to Boſtõ, is 50. miles by water, but if you mind to ferry, you ſhall haue but 24. For there are 4. common places where men are ferried o|uer, as Short ferry 5. miles from Lincolne: Taterſall fery, 8. miles frõ Short fery: Dog|dike fery a mile, Langreth fery, 5. miles, and ſo many finally to Boſton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to go forward with the courſe of Lin|dis, when it is pa [...]t Lincolne, it goeth by Shepewaſh, Waſſingburg, Fiſkerton, and ſoone after taketh in ſondry riuers in one cha|nell, wherby his greatneſſe is very much in|creaſed. Frõ this confluence it goeth to Bar|dolfe, and there receiuing a Rill (deſcendyng from betwene Sotby and Randby, and go|yng by Harton) it ſlideth forth by Tupham to Taterſall caſtle, taking vp there in like ſort thre ſmall Rilles by the way, wherof I haue ſmall notice as yet, and therfore I referre thẽ vnto the next Treatize, wherin God willing many things ſhal be more plainly ſet downe, that are here but obſcurely touched, and ſome errors corrected, that for want of informatiõ, in due tyme haue ſpedily paſſed my handes. Finally, being paſt Taterſall, and Dogdike fery, the Wytham goeth toward Boſton, & thence into the ſea. Thus haue I briefly diſ|patched this noble riuer, now let vs ſée what we may do with the Wiland, whoſe deſcripti|on ſhall be ſet downe euen as it was deliue|red me, with onely one note added out of Le|land, and another had of Chriſtopher Sax|ton of Wakefield, by whoſe [...]endly helpe I haue filed many things in this that were erſt but roughly handled, and more then rudely forged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Being paſſed Boſton Hauen, we came ſtreight waye to the fall of Wyland.Wyland. Thys ſtreame ryſeth about Sibbertoft, and [...] betwéene Boſworth and H [...]wthorpe, [...] goeth to Féedingwoorth, Merſ [...]n, [...], Truſſell, Herborowe, ( [...] there the Bray, which cõmeth frõ Braylbr [...] caſtle)Bray. to Bowton, Weſton, Wiland, [...], burne, Ro [...]ingham, and C [...]w [...]e, (where a riueret called lyttle Eye meeteth wyth [...]l, comming from eaſt [...] by [...] EEBO page image 42 Stocke, Faſton, and dry ſtocke. From Caw|cot it goeth to Gritto, Harringworth, Seton, Wauerley, Duddington, Colly weſton, E|ſton, and there ioyneth with the thirde called Warke,Warke. not farre from Ketton, which com|meth from Lye by Preſton, Wing, Lindon, Luffenham. &c. Thence it goeth on by Tin|well, to Stanforde (croſſing the Brooke wa|ter,Brooke water. Whitnell. and Whitenelbecke, both in one bottom) and from Stanforde by Talington, Maxſey to Mercate Deping, Crowland (where it al|moſt méeteth with ye Auon) then to Spalding, Waplãd, and ſo into the ſea. Leland writing of this Wyland, addeth theſe words which I will not omitte, ſith in mine opinion they are worthy to be noted, for better conſideratiõ to be had in the ſayd water and his courſe. The Wyland ſayth he, goyng by Crowlande, at Newdrene diuideth it ſelfe into two brãches,New|drene. of which one goeth vp to Spalding called Newdrene, and ſo into the ſea at Foſſedike Stowe:South. the other named ye South into Wiſ|beche. Thys latter alſo parteth it ſelfe to two myles from Crowlande, and ſendeth a ryll called Writhlake by Thorney,Writhlake. where it méeteth wyth an arme of the Nene, that cõ|meth from Peter borow, and holdeth courſe with ye brode ſtreame, till it be come to Mur|ho, ſixe myles from Wyſbech, where it fal|leth into the ſouth. Out of the ſouth in lyke ſort falleth another arme called Shéepes eye,Shepes eye. and at Hopelode (which is fourtéene myles, from Linne) did fal into the ſea. But now the courſe of that ſtreame is ceaſed, wherupõ the inhabitants ſuſtaine many grieuous floudes, bycauſe the mouth is ſtaunched, by which it had acceſſe before into the ſea: hetherto Le|land. Of the courſe of this ryuer alſo from Stanford, I note thys furthermore out of another writing in my time. Beyng paſt Staunten (ſaith he) it goeth by Burghley Vffington, Tallingtõ, Magey, Deping, eaſt Déeping, and comming to Waldram hall, it brauncheth into two armes, wherof that which goeth to Singleſole, receyueth the the Nene out of Cambridge ſhyre, and then going by Doweſdale, Trekenhole, and wyn|ding at laſt to Wiſbiche, it goeth by Liuer|ington S. Maries, and ſo into the ſea. The o|ther arme haſteth to Crowland, Clowthouſe Bretherhouſe, Pikale, Cowbecke and Spal|ding. Here alſo it receiueth ye Baſtõ dreane, Longtoft dreane, Déeping dreane, & thence goeth by Wickham into the ſea, taking with all on the right hand ſondry other dreanes, and thus farre he.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Next of all when we are paſt theſe, we come to another fall of water into ye Waſh, which deſcendeth directly from Whaplade dreane to Whaplade towne in Hollande: but becauſe it is a water of ſmall importãce, I paſſe from thence, as haſting to the Nene, of both, the more noble riuer. The next ther|fore to be deſcribed is the Auon, [...] otherwyſe called Nene, which the author deſcribeth after this maner. [...] The Nene beginneth 4. miles a|boue Northampton in Nene Mere, where it riſeth out of two heades, which ioyne about Northampton. Of this riuer the city & coun|trie beareth the name, although we now pro|noũce Hãpton for Auondune, which error is cõmitted alſo in ſouth Auondune, as we may eaſily ſée. In another place Lelãd deſcribeth ye ſaid riuer after this maner. The Auõ riſeth in Nene mere field, and goyng by Oundale and Peterborow, it deuideth it ſelfe into thre armes, wherof one goeth to Horney, another to Wiſbich, the third to Ramſey: and after|ward beyng vnited againe, they fall into the ſea not very farre from Linne. Finally, the diſcent of theſe waters, leaue here a great ſort of Ilandes, wherof Ely, Crowland, and Merſland, are the chiefe: Hetherto Lelande. Howbeit, becauſe neither of theſe deſcriptiõs touch the courſe of this riuer at the full. I wil ſet downe the third, which ſhal ſupply what|ſoeuer the other do want. The Auon there|fore ariſing in Nenemere field, is encreaſed with many Rilles before it come at North|hampton, and one aboue Kings thorpe, from whẽce it goeth to Dallington, & ſo to North|hamptõ, where it receiueth the Wedon, and here I will ſtay, till I haue deſcribed this ri|uer.Ved [...] The Wedon therfore riſeth at Fauleſſe in maiſter Knightlies pooles and in Badby plaſhes alſo, are certaine ſprings that reſort vnto this ſtreame. Fauleſſe pooles, are a mile from Chareton, where the head of Chare ry|uer is ye rũneth to Banbery. There is but an hill called Albery hil betwene ye heds of theſe two riuers. From the ſaid hill therefore, the Wedon directeth his courſe to Badby New|enham, Euerton, Wedon, betwixt which and Floretowne,Florus. it receiueth the Florus (a prety water riſing of foure heds, wherof the one is at Dauentry, another at Watford, the third, at long Buck, the fourth aboue Whilton) and then paſſeth on to Heyford, Kiſlingbury, Vp|ton, and ſo to Northampton, where it falleth into the Auon, receiuing finally by the way,Bugi [...]. the Bugbrooke water at Heyford, Patſhall water nere Kiſlingbery, and finally, Preſton water beneath Vpton, which running from Preſtõ by Wootton, méeteth at the laſt with Milton Rill, and ſo fal into Auon. Now to re|ſume the tractation of our Auon. Frõ North|hampton therfore, it runneth by Houghton, great Billing, Whitſtone, Dodington and EEBO page image 33 Willingborow, where we muſt ſtay a while, for betwene Willingborow and Highã Fer|ries, it receiueth a prety water comming frõ about Kilmarſhe, [...]ilis. which goyng by Arding|worth, Daiſborow, Ruſhet [...]n, Newtõ, Gad|dington, Boughton, Warketon, Ketteryng, Berton, and Burton, méeteth there wyth Rothewel water, [...]other. which runneth weſt of Ket|tering to Hiſham, the greater Harido [...], and then into the Auon. Beyng therfore paſt Burton, our maine ſtreame goeth to Highã Ferris, Artleborow, Ringſted, Woodford, and (méeting therby with Tra [...]ford Rill) to Thrarſton, [...]cley. north wherof it ioyneth alſo with the Ocley water, that commeth frõ Sudbo|rowe and Lowicke, to olde Vmkles, Wa|den ho, Pilketon, Toke, where it taketh in the Liueden Becke) and ſo to Oundell Cot|terſtocke, Tanſoner, and betwene Tothe|ring and Warmington, receyueth the Cor|by water, which riſing at Corby, goeth by Weldon,Corby. Denethap, Bulwich, Bletherwijc. Fineſhed, Arethorpe, Newton, Tothering, & ſo into the Auon. After this, the ſaid Auon go|eth to Elton, Maſſington, Yerwell, Sutton, Caſtor, Allertõ, and ſo to Peterborow, where it deuideth it ſelfe into ſondry armes, & thoſe into ſeuerall braunches amõg the Fennes & medowes, not poſſible almoſt to benombred, before it méete with the ſea on the one ſide of the countrey, & fal into the Ouze on the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Ouze, which Leland calleth the third Iſis,Iſis. 3. falleth into the ſea betwene Meriland and Downeham. The chief hed of this riuer ariſeth nere vnto Stalies, from whence it cõ|meth to Brackley (ſometyme a noble towne in Northampton ſhire, but now ſcarcely a good village) and there taking in on the left hande one water comming from the parke betwene Syſam and Aſtwell (which runneth by Whitfield and Tinweſton) and another on the right frõ Intley, it goeth on by Weſt|byry,Siſa. Fulwell, Water ſtretford, Buckinghã and Berton, [...]melus. beneath which towne the Eryn falleth into it, whereof I finde this ſhort diſ|cription to be inſerted here. The Eryn ri|ſeth not farre from Hardwijc in Northamp|tonſhire,Erin. from hence it goeth by Heth, Erin|ford, Godderington, Twyford, Steple cladõ, and ere it come at Padbiry,Garan. méeteth with the Garan brooke deſcending from Garanburg, and ſo they go together by Padbiry till they fall into the Ouze, which carieth them after the confluence, to Thorneton bridge (where they croſſe another fall of water commyng from Whitlewood foreſt by Luffeld, Lecam|ſted and Foſcot) and so to Beachampto(n), Culuerton, Stony stratford and Woluerto(n). Here the Ouze meeteth with a water (called as Lelande coniectureth, ye Vere or Were,) on the left hand as you go downeward that co(m)meth betwene Wedon and Werenham in Northamptonshire & goeth by Towcester, and Alderton, and not farre from Woluerth and Hauersham, into ye foresaid Ouze, which goeth also fro(m) hence to Newporte paganell, Verus. where in like sort I must stay a while till I haue described another water, named the Clee, by whose issue the sayd streame is not a little increased. Cle alias Claius. This river riseth in the very confines betwene Buckinha(m) and Bedfordshires, not far from Whippesnade, and goyng on toward the northwest, by Eaton and Layton, it commeth to Linchelade, where it entreth wholy into Buckinghamshire, and so goeth on by Hammond, Brickle, Fenny stratford, Simpson, Walton and Middleto(n), Saw. beneath which it receiueth the Saw from a above [sic] Halcot, & so goeth on till it meete with ye Ouze neere unto Newport, as I have said. Being united therefore we set forward from the sayde towne, and followe thys noble ryuer, to Lathbirye, Thuringham, Filgrane, Lawndon, Newington, Bradfelde on the one side, and Turuey on the other, till it come at length to Bedforde, after many windlesses, & then meeteth with another streame, which is increased with so manye waters, that I was inforced to straye here also, and viewe theyr seuerall courses, from the highest steple in Bedforde, whence (or peraduenture otherwyse) I noted the same as followeth. Certes on the east side where I beganne thys speculation, I sawe one that came from Potton, and mette withal neere Becliswade: another that grewe of two waters, whereof one descended fro(m) Baldocke, the other fro(m) Hitchin, which ioyned beneath Arlesey, and thence went to Langforde and Edwoorth. Theſe riſe not far frõ Michel|borow, and one of thẽ in Higham parke. The third which I behelde had in lyke sort two heades whereof one is not farre from Woode ende, the other from Wooburne (or Howburne) & ioyning about Flitwiic, they go to Flytton, (where they receiue Antill Broke) and so by Chiphil, and Chicksande, they come to Shafforde, from whence taking the aforesayde Langford water with them, they go forth by Becliswade, Sandy, Blumham, & neere unto Themisford are united w(ith) the Ouze, & now to our purpose againe. After this ye Ouze, goeth by Berkeforde, to Winteringhã, Verus or ye Were, (méetyng there with the Wareſley becke) and ſo run|neth to S. Neotes (or S. Nedes) to Paxſton, Offordes, Godmancheſter, Huntingdon,Stoueus. Wilton, S. Iues, Hollywell, and Erith, re|ceyuing in the meane tyme the Stow, nere vnto little Paxton, and likewiſe the Ellen,Helenus. Elmerus. & the Eminer, in one ch [...]ell a litle by weſt of EEBO page image 43 Huntingdon. Finallye the maine ſtreame ſpeading abroade into the Fennes, I cannot tell into howe many braunches, neyther how manye Iſ [...]ettes, are inforced by the ſame, but thys is certeine, that after it hath thus deli|ted it ſelfe with raunging a while about the pleaſant bottomes and lower groundes, it méeteth with the Granta, frõ whence it goeth with a ſwift courſe, vnto Downehã. Betwen it alſo and the Auõ, are large ſundry Mores, or plaſhes by ſouthweſt of Peterborow wher|of Whittle [...]ey méere, and Ramſey méere, (whereinto the Riuell falleth,Riuelus. that commeth from aboue Broughton, Wyſton, and great Riuelley) are ſayde to be greateſt. Of all the ryuers that runne into this ſtreame, that cal|led Granta is the moſt noble and excellent,Granta. which I will deſcribe euen in his place, not|withſtanding that I had earſt appoynted it vnto my ſeconde booke, but foraſmuch as a deſcription of Ouze and Granta, were dely|uered me togyther, I will for his ſake that gaue them me, not ſeperate thẽ nowe in ſun|der. The very fardeſt heade and originall of thys ryuer is in Henham, a large Parke be|longing to the Earle of Suſſex, wherin as the Towneſmen ſay, are foure ſprings that run foure ſundry wayes into the maine Sea. Le|lande ſought not the courſe of thys water, a|boue Newport ponde, & therefore in his Co|mentaries vpõ the ſong of ye ſwan, he writeth thereof after this maner inſuing. But here before I enter into his diſcourſe, I muſt giue you warning, how D. Iohn Caius the learned Phiſition, and ſome other are of the opiniõ, that this ryuer comming from Newport, is properlye to bée called the Rhée, but I may not ſo eaſily diſcent frõ Leland, whoſe iudge|ment in my mynde is by a great deale the more likely, harken therefore what he ſayth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The heade of Grantha or Granta, is in ye pend at Newport, a towne of the eaſt Sax|ons, which going in a bottome beſide ye ſame, receyueth a pretye ryll, which in the myd|deſt thereof doeth driue a mil and deſcendeth from Wickin Bonhaunt, that ſtandeth not far from thence. Being paſt Newport, it go|eth a long in the lower grounde vntil it come to Broke Waldẽ, weſt of Chipping Waldẽ, (now Saffron walden) harde by the Lorde Awdleis place, where of late the ryght hono|rable Lorde Phillip Earle of Surrey, with his houſholde dyd ſoiourne, and ſome|tyme ſtoode an Abbaie, of Benedictine Mon|kes, before theyr generall ſuppreſſion. From Awdley end it goeth to Littlebur [...]e, the leſſe and greater Cheſterfordes, Ycaldune, Hinc|ſtone, Seoſton or Sawſon, and néere vnto Shaleforde receyueth the Babren that com|meth by Linton, Abbington, Babrenham, and Stapleforde: and ſo going forwarde it com|meth at the laſt to Tromping [...]on, [...] which is a myle from Cambridge. But ere it come al|togyther to Trompington, it méeteth wyth the Barrington water, as Leland calleth it, but other ye Rhée,R [...]. (a cõmon name to all wa|ters in the Saxon ſpeache,) whereof I finde thys deſcription, to be touched by the waye. The Rhée ryſeth ſhort of Aſhwell, in Hert|forde ſhyre, and paſſing vnder the brigde be|twéene Gylden Mordon and Downton, and leauing Tadlow on the weſt ſide (as I remẽ|ber) it goeth toward Crawdẽ, Malton, Bar|rington, Haſelingfeld, and ſo into Granta, taking ſundry Rylles with him from ſouth, & ſouthweſt, as Wendy water ſouth weſt of Crawden, Whaddõ brooke ſouthweſt of Or|wel, Mildred becke ſouthweſt of Malton, and finally yt which goeth by Fulmere & Foxton, & falleth into the ſame betwéene Barringtõ, and Harleſton, or Harſon as they call it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe to procéede with our Granta, from [...]rompingtõ on the one ſide, and Grantceſ|ter on the other, it haſteth to Cambridge warde, taking the Burne with it by the way, which deſcendeth from a caſtell of the ſame denomination, wherein the Picotes, & Peue|relles ſometime did inhabite. Thence it go|eth by ſundrye Colledges in Cambridge, as the Quéenes Colledge, the Kings Colledge, Clare Hall, Trinity Colledge, S. Iohns. &c. vnto the high bridge of Cãbridge, & betwene the towne and the Caſtell to Cheſterton, and receyuing by & by the Doure, or Sture, (at whoſe bridge,Stu [...] ye moſt famous Mart in Eng|lande is yearely holden & kept. Frõ Cheſter|tõ it goeth to Ditton, Miltõ, & ere long mee|ting with two rylles (from Bott [...]ſham and Wilberhã, in one bottome) it rũneth to Hor|ningſey and water Beche: and finallye here ioyning with the Bulbecke water, it goeth by Denny, and ſo forth into the Ouze, [...] fiftéene myles from Cambridge, as Leland hath ſet downe. And thus much of the thirde Iſis or Ouze, out of the aforeſayde Authour, where|vnto I haue not onelye added ſomewhat of mine owne Experience, but alſo of other mens notes, whoſe diligent obſeruation of the courſe of thys ryuer, hath not a little hel|ped mée in the diſcription of the ſame. Nowe it reſteth that we come nerer vnto the coaſt of Norfolke, and ſet forth ſuch waters as we paſſe by vppon the ſame, wherin I will deale ſo preciſelye as I maye, and ſo farre will I trauaile therein as I hope ſhall con|tent euen the curious reader, or if any fault be made, it ſhall not be ſo great, but that af|ter ſome trauayle in the finding, it ſhall with EEBO page image 34 eaſe be corrected.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt ryuer yt therfore we come vnto af|ter we be paſt the confluence of Granta, & the Ouze, and within the iuriſdiction of Norfolke, is called the Burne.Burne. This ſtreame ryſeth not very farre from Burne Bradfeld aboue the greater Wheltham, and from thence it go|eth to Nawnton, Bury, Farneham Martin, Farneham Alhallowes, Farneham Geno|uefa, Hengraue, Flemton, Lackeforde, Ic|lingham, and to Mildenhall, a litle beneath which it méeteth with the Oale water, [...]ale. that ſpringeth not farre from Catilege, and go|ing by Aſheby, Moulton, (a benefice as the report goeth not very well prouided for) to Kenforde, Kenet, Bradingham, Frekenham, it falleth at the laſt not farre from Iſelham into the Burne, from whence they go togi|ther as one into the Ouze. With ye Burne al|ſo there ioyneth a water comming from a|bout Lydgate, a little beneath Iſelham, and not very farre from Mildenhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]unus.The Dune heade and ryſing of Wauenhey are not much in ſunder, for as it is ſuppoſed they are both not farre diſtaunt from the bridge betwéene Lopham and Ford, wherby ye one runneth eaſt & the other weſt, as I haue béene enformed. The Dune goeth firſt of all by Feltham, then to Hopton, and to Kinets hall, where it méeteth with a water, cõming out of a lake ſhorte of Banham (goyng by Quiddenham, Herling, Gaſthorpe) and ſo forth on both in one channell, they runne to Ewſton. Here they méete in lyke ſort, wyth another deſcending from two heads, wher|of the one is néere vnto Pakenham, the other to Taueſtocke, as I here. Certes theſe heads ioyne aboue Ileſworth, not farre from Stow Langtoft, from whẽce they go to Yxworth, Thorp, Berdwel, Hunnington, Fakenham, and ſo into the Dune at Ewſton as I ſayde. Frõ hence alſo they haſte vnto Downeham, which of this riuer doth ſéeme to borowe his name. South rée ryl, I paſſe ouer as not wor|thy the deſcription, bicauſe it is ſo ſmall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]radunus [...]tè.Next vnto thys ryuer on the ſouth ſide is the Braden, or Bradunus, which ryſeth at Bradenham, and goeth by Ne [...]ton, north Peckenham, ſouth Peckenham, Kirſingham Bedney, Langforde, Igbor, Munforde, north olde, Stockebridge, Ferdham, Helgy, and ſo into the Ouze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]nus.The néereſt vnto thys is another which ri|ſeth about Lukeham, and from thence com|meth to Lexham, Maſſingham, Newton, the caſtel acre, Acres, Nerboe, Pentney, Wrõ|gey, [...]ngimus. Rounghton, Weſtchurch, & ſo to Linne, as ſo doth alſo another by north of this which commeth from the eaſt hylles by Cong [...]n|ham, Grymſton, Bawſey, Gaywood, where|of let this ſuf [...]iſe, and now giue eare to the reaſt ſith I am paſt the Ouze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſt the mouth or fall of the Ouze, we méete next of al with the riſing chaſe wa|ter which deſcendeth from two heds,Riſing. & alſo ye Ingel that commeth from about Sne [...]ſham;Ingell. From hence we go by the point of ſ. Edmõd, and ſo hold on our courſe, till we come vnto the Burne, which falleth into the ſea by ſouth from Waterden, and goyng betwéene the Crakes to Burneham thorp, and Burnham Norton, it ſtriketh at the laſt into the ſea, eaſt of Burnham Norton, a mile at ye leſt, except my coniecture doe faile me. The Glow or Glowy, riſeth not farre from Baconſtthorp,Glouius. in the hundred of Tunſted, and goyng by and by into Holt hũdred, it paſſeth by Hunworth; Thornage, Glawnſford, Blackney, Clare, and ſo in the ſea receiuing there at hand alſo a Rill by eaſt, which deſcendeth from the hils lying betwene Killing town and Way|burne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Wantſume riſeth in Northfolke at Galeſend in Holt hundred,Wantſume from whence it goeth to Taterſend, Downton, Skelthorpe, Farneham, Penſtthorpe, Rieburg, Elling|ham, and Billingeſford. And here it recey|ueth two waters in one bottom, of which the firſt goeth by Stanfeld and Beteley, the o|ther, by Wandling and Greſſonhall, and ſo run on eche his owne way, till they méete at Houndlington, ſouthweſt of Billingeſforde with the Wantſume. From hence they go altogether to Below, Iyng, Weſton, and Moreton, but ere it come to Moreton, it mée|teth with the Yowke, which (iſſuyng about Yexham) goeth by Matteſhall and Barrow.Yocus. After this the ſayd Wantſume goeth on by Ringland, and ſo to Norwich the pontificall ſee of the Biſhop, to whom that iuriſdictiõ ap|pertaineth. Beneath Norwich alſo it recey|ueth two waters in one chanell, which I wil ſeuerally deſcribe according to their courſes, noting their confluẽce to be at Bireley, with|in two myles of Norwich, except myne an|notation deceiue me. The firſt of theſe hath two heds, wherof one moũteth vp ſouth weſt of Whinborow, goeth by Gerneſton,Hierus Gerne. & is the very Hiere or Yare that drowneth the name of Wantſume, ſo ſoone as he méeteth withal. The other hed riſeth at Woode in Mitforde hundred, and (after confluence with the Hiere at Caſton) gayng by Brandon, B [...]ton, Ber|ford, Erleham, Eringlefeld (not farre from Bixely as I ſayd) doth méete with his com|panion, which is the ſecond to be deſcribed as followeth. It hath two heads alſo that méete northweſt of Therſtane, and hereof the one EEBO page image 44 commeth from Findon hal, by Wrenninghã from about Wotton; by Hemnal, Fretton, Stretton, and Taſborow, till they ioyne at Therſton, as I gaue notice aforehand. From Therſton therfore they go together in one to Newton, Shoteſham, Dunſton, Caſtor, Ar|minghale, Bixeley, Lakenham and Trowſe, and then fall into the Wantſume beneath Norwich which hereafter is named Hiere. The Hiere Yare or Gare therfore proceding in his voiage, as it wer to ſalute his grãdame the Oceane, goeth from thence by Paſwijc, Surlingham, Claxton and Yardley: and here it méeteth agayne with another Riueret de|ſcending from about Shoteſham, to Thir|ſtane, Shedgraue, Hockingham, and ſo into Gare or Yare, wherof Yardley the town re|ceyueth denomination. After this it goeth to Frethorpe, and aboue Burghe caſtle méeteth with the Wauen hey,Wauen. and ſo into the ſea. In|to this riuer alſo falleth the Bure, which ri|ſing at a towne of the ſame name, paſſeth by Milton, Bureſdune, Corpeſtey, Marington, Blekeling, Bure, Aleſham, Bramptõ, Bux|tõ, Horſted, Wrexhã bridge, Horning, Rane|worth (and beneath Baſtewijc receyueth the Thurine which riſeth aboue Roleſby) then to Oby Clypſby,Thurinus (there alſo receiuing another from Filby) Rimham, Caſtor, and by Yar|mouth into the Ocean.Wauen. The Wauenhey a|fore mencioned, riſeth on the South ſide of Briſingham, and is a limite betwene North|folke and Suffolke, goyng therfore by Dis, Starton, not farre from Octe, it méeteth with the Eie whiche riſeth nere Ockolde, or betwéene it and Braiſworthe, and goeth on by Brome, Octe, and ſo into the Waue [...]y. From thẽce alſo our Waueney, runneth by Sylam, Brodiſh, Nedam, Harleſton, Red|nam, Alborow, Flixton, Bungey, Sheepe|medow, Barſham, Beckles, Alby, and at Whiteacre as I here it parteth in twaine, or elſe receyuing Milforde water, which is the moſt likely, it goeth along by Somerley, Hormingfléete, S. Olaues, (there receyuing the Friſtan brooke,Fritha. out of low or little Eng|lande) Friſtan and Burge caſtell, where it méeteth wyth the Hiere, and from thence|forth accompanieth it as I ſayd vnto the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Willingham water commeth by Henſted Einſted,Einus. or Eniſtate, and falleth into the ſea by ſouth of Keſland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Cokelus.The Cokell ryſeth ſouth ſouth weſt, of Cokeley Towne, in Blythe hundred, and néere vnto Haſtelwoorth, it méeteth with the ryll, that commeth from Wiſſet, and ſo go|ing on togither by Wenhaſton, and Blibo|towe, it falleth into the ſea at an hauen, be|twéene Roydon, and Walderſwicke. A little ryll runneth alſo thereinto from Eſton, by Sowolde, and another from Dunwiche, by Walderſwijke, and hereby it wanteth lyttle that Eſton Neſſe, is not cut of and made a prety Iſlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Forde ryſeth at Poxford,Forde and going by Forderley, and Theberton, it falleth at laſt into the Myſméere créeke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Into the Oreforde hauen, falleth one wa|ter comming from Aldborowe warde,Or [...]. by a narrowe paſſage, frõ the north into the ſouth. By weſt whereof (when we are paſt a lyttle Iſle) it receyueth the ſeconde, deſcending frõ betwéene Talingſton, and Framingham, [...] in Plomes hundred: which cõmming at laſt to Marleforde, méeteth wyth a ryll ſouth weſt of Farneham called the Gleme,Gleme. (that com|meth by Rendelſham, the Gleinhams) and ſo paſſing forth, it taketh another wyth all at Snapeſbridge, comming from Carleton, by Saxmundham, Sternefielde, and Snape.Iken, [...] Ike. Then going to Iken (where it méeteth wyth the thirde ryll at the weſt ſide) it fetcheth a compaſſe by Sudburne eaſt of Orforde, and ſo into the hauen. Next vnto thys by weſt of Orforde, there runneth vp another créeke by Butley, whereinto the waters comming frõ Celleſforde, and from the Ike, doe runne both in one botome, and thus much of Or|forde hauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Deue ryſeth in Debenham,Deue. in the hundred of Herteſméere, and from thence go|eth to Mickeforde, Winſton, Cretingham, Lethringham, Wickham, hitherto ſtill crée|ping towarde the ſouth: but then going in maner full ſouth, it runneth néere vnto Aſhe, Rendleſham, Vfforde, Melton, and Woode|bridge, beneth which, it receiueth on the weſt ſide, a water cõming of two heades, whereof one is by north from Oteley, and the other by ſouth from Henly, which ioyning weſt of Mertelſham, go vnto the ſayde towne, and ſo into the Deue, eaſt of Mertelſham, aboue|ſayd. From thence the Deue goeth by Wal|dringfielde and Henley, and méeteing ſoone after with Brightwell brooke,Claruſ [...] it haſteth in|to ye maine ſea, leauing Badwſey on the eaſt where the fall therof is called Bawdſey ha|uen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vre ryſeth not farre from Bacton,Vr [...]s. in Herteſméere hundred, and thence deſcendeth into Stowe hundred by Gippyng Newe|ton, Dagworth, Stowe, (beneath whiche it méeteth with a water comming from Rat|tleſden, by one houſe,) and ſo goyng on to Nedeham, (thorowe Boſméere and Claydon hundredes) to Blakenham, Bramforde, Ypſ|wiche, (receyuing beneath Stoke, which ly|eth ouer againſt Ypſwiche, the Chatſham EEBO page image 35 water, that goeth by Belſted, & ſo into ye Vre, at the mouth wherof is a marueilous déepe & large pitte, whereof ſome Marryners ſaye that they coulde neuer fynde the bottome, and therefore calling it a Well, and ioyning the name of the ryuer withall, it commeth to paſſe that ye hauen there, is called Vrewel, for which in theſe daies we doe pronounce it Or|well. Into thys Hauen alſo the Sture or Stoure, hath ready paſſage, which remaineth in thys treatize next of all to be deſcribed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]rus.The Sture or Stoure, parteth Eſſex from Suffolke, as Houeden ſaith, and experience cõfirmeth. It ariſeth in Suffolk, out of a lake néere vnto a towne called Stourméere. For albeit there come two rylles vnto the ſame, whereof the one deſcendeth from Thyrl [...], the Wratinges and Ketton, the other from Horſhed parke, by Hauerill &c. Yet in ſõmer tyme they are often drye, ſo that they can|not be ſayde to be parpetuall heads, vnto the aforeſayde ryuer. The Stoure therefore ry|ſeth at Stoure mare, which is a poole contay|ning twentie acres of ground at the leaſt, the one ſide whereof is full of Alders, the other of réede, wherein the great ſtore of fiſhe there bredde, is not a little ſuccoured. From thys méere, alſo it goeth to Bathorne brydge, to Stocke clare, Cawndiſh, Pentlo, Milforde, Foxerth, Bureſley, Sudbury, Bures, Bor|ſted, Stoke Naylande, Lanham, Dedham, Strotford, eaſt Barforde, Brampton, and to Catwade bridge, where it falleth into the ſea, receiuyng in the meane time ſundry brookes and rylles not here omytted at all. For on Eſſex ſide, it hath one from Hemſted, which goeth by Bumſted, and Birdbrooke: another ryſing ſhorte of Foxerth, that runneth by water Beauchamp, Brundon, and falleth in|to the ſame at Badlington, weſt of Sudbury: and the thirde that glydeth by Horkeſley and méeteth withal weſt of Boxſted. On the north or vpon Suffolke ſide, it receyueth one de|ſcending frõ Ca [...]ledge, by Bradley, Thur|low, W [...]atting, Kiddington, and at Hauerell falleth into this Sture. The ſeconde deſcen|deth from Poſling field, & ioyneth therewith eaſt of Clare. The thyrde aryſeth of two heades, whereof one commeth from Wick|ham brooke, the other from Chedbar in Riſoy hundred, and ioyning about Stanfield, it goeth by Hawton, Somerton, Boxſted, Stanſted, and north of Foxerth, falleth into S [...]our. The fourth iſſueth from betwéene the Wallingfelds, and goeth by Edwardſtone, Boxſted, Alington, Polſted, Stoke, and ſo at ſouth Boxſted falleth into the ſame. The fift ryſeth North Weſt of Cockefielde, and go|eth to Cockefielde, Laneham, Brimſley, Midling,Kettle ba|ſton. and receyuing Kettle Baſton wa|ter ſouthweſt of Chelſworth (and likewiſe the Breton that commeth from Bretenham, by Hitcheham, & Biſſeton ſtreat on the ſouth eaſt of the ſ [...]me towne) it goeth in by Ned|ging, Aldham, Hadley, Lainham, Shelly, Higham, and ſo into the Sture. The ſixt is a lyttle ryll deſcending ſouthweſt from Chap|pell The ſeuenth ryſeth betwéene Chappel, & Bentley, and going betwéene Tatingſton, and Whet [...]ede, Holbrooke, and Sutton, it falleth at length into Stoure, and frõ thence is neuer harde of.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As for Ocley Drill, that ryſeth betwéene Ocley, and Wikes Parkes,Ocley. and goeth vn|der Ramſey brydge, and ſo into the Stoure, on Eſſex ſide, weſt of Harwiche, and eaſt of Rée Iſle, I paſſe it ouer becauſe it is but a ril and not of any greatneſſe, although I ſéeke to remember manye tymes, euen the very ſmalleſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Next vnto this, wée come to another that runneth South of Beamont by Moſſe,Moſ [...]. and falleth into the Sea about the middeſt of the Bay, betwixt Harwich and the Naze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Betwixt the Naze alſo and the mouth of Colue, is another Ryll which riſeth at little Bentley, and thence goeth to Tendryng thorpe,Claco. thorow Clacten parke by great Hol|land, and eaſt of little Holland, into the déepe ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Colne hath thrée heds, whereof one is at Ouington that goeth by Tilbery, and eaſt of Yeldam, falleth into the chiefe head,Colunus. which ryſeth about Redgewell in Eſſex, frõ whence it goeth to Yeldam Henningham. &c. The third falleth in South of Yeldam into Colne, and being once mette all in one chanell: the Colne goeth as I ſayde, to Hedninghã Haw|ſted, Erles Colne, Wakes Colne, Fordon, Bardfold, Colcheſter, and ſo into the ſea at Brickleſey. At ſéemeth here, that when ye ſea entreth betwéene the points of Bradwell and S. Anthonies, it deuydeth it ſelfe into twoo armes, wherof one goeth toward Colcheſter the other toward Maldon. Into the Colne or Colunus (whereof Lelande thinketh Colche|ſter to take hys name, and not a Colonia Ro|manorum) doe run many ſalt créekes beneth Fingering ho, whoſe names ſith I doe not knowe, nor whether they be ſerued with any backwaters or not, I gyue ouer to intreat a|ny farther of theyr poſitions. Into that of Malden runneth many faire waters, wherof I will ſay ſo much as I knowe to be true by experience.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 There is a prety water that beginneth nere vnto Gwinbache or Wimbech church in Eſ|ſex (the very limits of Dunmow Deanery) EEBO page image 45 which runneth directly frõ thence vnto Rad|winter, (a parcell of your Lorſhips poſſeſſy|ons in thoſe parts) and within thrée quarters of a mile of the aforeſaid church. By the way alſo it is increaſed with ſundry prety ſprings wherof Pantwell is the chiefe, and to ſay the truth, hath manye a leaſing fathered on the ſame: there is likewiſe another in a paſture belonging to the graunge, now belongyng to Henry Browne Eſquier, ſoiournyng there|vpon. The third, commeth out of the yarde of one of your Lordſhips Manour there, called Radwinter hall. The fourth, frõ Iohn Cock|ſwettes houſe, named the Rotherwell, which running vnder Rothers bridge, méeteth with ye Gwin, on the northweſt ende of Ferraunts meade, ſoutheaſt of Radwinter church, wher|of I haue the charge by your honors fauora|ble prefermẽt.Froſhwell. The next is named Froſhwel, and of this Spring doth the whole Hundred beare the name, and alſo the Ryuer it ſelfe whereinto it falleth (from by north) ſo far as I remember. Certes, all theſe ſauing ye firſt and ſecond, are within your Lordſhips towne aforeſayd. The ſtreame therfore running frõ hence (and now called Froſhwell, of Froſhe, which ſignifieth a frog) haſteth immediately vnto olde Sandford, then thorow new Sand|forde parke, and afterward with full ſtreame to Shalford, Bocking, Stiſted, Paſwijc, and ſo to blackwater, where the name of Froſh|wel ceaſeth, the water being from henceforth as I here, called Blackwater, vntyll it come to Maldon. From Blackwater therefore it goeth to Coxall, Eaſterforde, Braxſted and Wickham,Barus. where it méeteth wyth the Ba|rus, and ſo goyng togyther, deſcende to Hey|bridge, and finally into the ſaltwater afore|ſayde. As for the Barus, it ryſeth in a ſtately parke of Eſſex called Bardfeld, belonging to the crowne, from whence it goeth to olde Sa|lyng, Brainctrée (receyuing a ryllet by waye comming from Raine, blacke Notley, white Notley, Falkeburne, Wittham, and falleth into the blacke water beneath Braxſted, on the ſouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Beſide thys, the ſayde ryuer receyueth alſo the Chelme or Chelmer,Chelmer. which aryſeth in Wymbeche aforeſayde, where it hath two heads: wherof the one is not farre from Bro|dockes (where Thomas Wiſeman Eſquier dwelleth) the other nigh vnto a farme called Highams, and ioyning ere long in one Cha|nell, they hye them toward Thaxſted, meting in the way alſo with a Ryll commyng from Boyton ende. Beyng paſt Thaxſted, it goeth by Tiltey, and ſoone after receyueth one Ril which ryſeth on the north ſide of Lindſell,Lindis. and falleth into ye Chelmer by north eaſt at Til|tey aforeſayde, and another comming from ſouthweſt, and ryſing ſoutheaſt from Lindſe [...] at moche Eiſton. From thence then holding on ſtyll wyth the courſe, it goeth to Moche Dunmowe, little Dunmow, Felſted, Lies, both Waltams, Springfield, & ſo to Chelme|reſforde. Here vppon the ſouth ſide I finde the iſſue of a water that riſeth 5. miles or therea|boutes, ſouth and by weſt of the ſayde towne, from whence it goeth to Munaſing Butteſ|bury (there receiuyng a Rill from by weſt) to Ingat ſtone, Marget Inge, Wilforde bridge Writtle bridge, and ſo to Chelmereſforde, (croſſing alſo ye ſecond water that deſcendeth from Roxforde ſouthweſt of Writtle by the way) wherof let this ſuffice. [...] From hence the Chelmer goeth directly towarde Mauldon by Badow, Owting, Woodhamwater, Byly, and ſo to Blackwater northweſt of Maldon, receyuing neuertheleſſe ere it come fullye thither a becke alſo that goeth frõ Lée parke, to little Lées, great Lées, Hatfield, Peueryll,Lée. Owting, and ſo into Blackwater (whereof I ſpake before) as Maldon waters, doth a ryll from by ſouth ouer againſt S. Oſithes, and alſo another by Bradwell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Burne, ryſeth ſomewhere about Ron|well, and thence goeth to Hull bridge, [...] ſouth Fambridge, Kirkeſhot fery, and ſo to Foul|neſſe: & as this is the ſhort courſe of that ry|uer, ſo it brauncheth, and the ſouth arme ther|of receiueth a water comming from Hauke|well, to great Stanbridge, and beneth Pake|ſham, doth méete by South, wyth the ſayde arme, and ſo finiſhe vp his courſe, as we doe our voyage alſo about the coaſt of Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus haue I finiſhed the deſcription of ſuch ryuers and ſtreames as fall into the Ocean according to my purpoſe, although not in ſo preciſe an order and maner of handling, as I might, if information promyſed had bene ac|cordingly performed: howbeit, thys wyll I ſay of that which is already done, that from the hauen of Southampton, by ſouth vnto the Twede, that parteth England and ſcotland, by north (if you go backward contrary to the courſe of my deſcription) you ſhall finde it ſo exacte, as beſide a fewe bye ryuers to be tou|ched hereafter, you ſhall not néede to vſe any further aduiſe for the finding and falles of ye aforeſayd ſtreames. For ſuch hath béene my helpe and conference wyth other men about theſe, that I dare pronounce them to be per|fite and exact. In the reaſt I followed Leland in maner worde for worde, what he hath ſayd therefore of them, that haue I examplyfied & publiſhed herein. Such was his dealing [...]|ſo in hys bookes, that he ſought not to be c [...]ri|ous and preciſe in thoſe deſcriptions that hée EEBO page image 36 made, but thought (it ſufficient to ſay ſome|what, and more of thinges then any mã had done before hym, In the next booke therfore, I will in thrée chapiters run ouer theſe mat|ters agayne, and as I haue already borowed ſomewhat of the ſame, in ſettyng downe ſuch braunches as f [...]l into the mayne ſtreames at large, ſo will I there agayne remember ſuch great riuers as I haue here eyther omitted, or not ſo orderly handled as their dignities do require. In reading therefore of the one, refuſe not I beſéeche your honor withall, to haue conference with the other, for what this wanteth, that other ſhall ſupply, and yt which is briefly touched in this, ſhal there be opened at large, the onely occaſion of this deuiſion growyng vpon hope of inſtruction to come in tyme, whereof when I had moſt néede, and the lefe vnder the preſſe, I was left deſtitute and without hope of all reliefe. It is poſſible, that ſome curious head may finde carpyng worke inough in ye courſes of theſe ſtreames, but if ſuch a one wyll enterpriſe the lyke, and try what one man can doe by reading onely, (for I ſayled about my country within the compaſſe of my ſtudy) & therunto remember how many wais, through many mens iudge mentes, and what number of occaſions may ſerue here and there, to inforce the writer to miſtake his Pamphlets, quarters, townes, entraunces, &c. I doe not doubt but it woulde trouble his brayn, although now peraduẽture in table talke, he can find many things, as he doth that ſitteth at home among Ladies and Gentlewomen, and will talke and take order for matters abroad that are to be done in the field, where he neuer ſhewed his face. Vnto the learned therfore, I yeld correctiõ of mine errors onely, and as I confeſſe that ſome vn|knowne vnto me, may and haue eſcaped my handes, ſo by their gentle and brotherly ad|monition, they ſhall be the ſooner amended. Furthermore, this I haue alſo to remember that in the courſes of our ſtreames, I regard not ſo much to name ye very town or church, as the limites of the paroche, and therefore if I ſay it goeth by ſuch a towne, I thinke my duety diſcharged, if I hitte vpon any part or parcel of the paroche. This alſo hath not a lit|tle troubled me, I meane the euill writing of the names of many townes and villages, of which I haue noted ſome one man in the de|ſcription of a riuer to write it two or three maner of wayes, whereby I was inforced to chuſe one (at aduenture moſt commonly) that ſéemed the likelieſt in myne opinion & iudge|ment: but inough of this and theſe things for this preſent.