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1.23. Queene Elizabeth.

Queene Elizabeth.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1784 [figure appears here on page 1784] Queene Eliza|beth._WHen true knowledge was had ye Queene Mary was deceaſ|ſed, who left hir life in this worlde the xvij. day of Nouẽ|ber as is before mẽ|tioned in the latter ende of hir hyſtorie, in the tyme of a Parliament, the Lordes that were aſſmbled in the vpper houſe, being reſolued according to the lawes of the lande, to declare the Ladie Elizabeth ſiſter to the ſayde Queene to be verie true and lawfull heyre to the Crowne of Englande, ſent immediately to the ſpeaker of the Parliament, willing him with the knightes and Burgeſſes of the neather houſe, without de|lay to repayre vnto them into the vpper houſe, for their aſſents in a caſe of great importaunce: who being come thither, after ſilence made (as the ma|ner is) the Archbiſhop of Yorke Chauncellor of Englande, whoſe name was Nicholas Heth, Doctor in Diuinitie, ſtood vp and pronounced in effect theſe wordes following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The cauſe of your calling hither at this time, is to ſignifie vnto you, that all the Lordes here preſent are certainly certified, that God this pre|ſent morning hath called to his mercie, our late ſoueraigne Ladie Queene Marie, which happe as it is moſt heauie and grieuous vnto vs, ſo haue we no leſſe cauſe an other way to reioyce, wyth prayſe to almightie God, for that he hath left vn|to vs a true, lawfull and right inheritrice to the crowne of this realme, which is the Ladie Eliza|beth, ſecond daughter to our late ſoueraigne Lord of noble memorie King Henrie the eight, and ſi|ſter to our ſayd late Queene, of whoſe moſt law|full right and title in the ſucceſſion of the crowne (thankes be to God) wee neede not to doubt. Wherefore the Lordes of this houſe haue deter|mined with your aſſentes and conſents, to paſſe from hence into the Palace, and there to proclaim the ſayde Ladie Elizabeth Queene of thys realme, without further tract of tyme, wherevnto the whole houſe anſwered with euident appea|raunce of ioy, God ſaue Queene Elizabeth, long may Queene Elizabeth raigne ouer vs: and ſo this preſent Parliament beeing diſſolued by the acte of God, the ſayde Lordes immediately cal|ling vnto them the Kings and Principall He|rauldes at Armes, went into the Palayce of Weſtmynſter, and directly before the Hall doore in the foore Noone of the ſame day, after ſeuerall ſoundings of trumpets made,The Ladie E|lizabeth pro|claymed Queene. in moſt ſolemne maner proclamed the newe Queene, by thys name and tytle, Elizabeth by the grace of God Queene of England, Fraunce and Irelande, defen|der of the fayth, &c. to the great comfort and re|ioyſing of the people, as by theyr maners and countenaunces well appeared, after which Pro|clamation made at Weſtminſter, the ſayde lords to witte the Duke of Norffolke, the Lord Trea|ſurer, the Erle of Oxforde, and diuerſe other lords and Biſhops, with all ſpeede repayred into the Citie of London, where the lyke proclamation was made in preſence of them, and alſo of the lord Maior and Aldermen in their ſkarlet gownes, at the Croſſe in Cheape, with no leſſe vniuerſall ioy and thanks giuing to God of all the hearers: and ſo our ſayd moſt gracious ſoueraigne Ladie Q. Elizabeth began hir happie raigne ouer this realm of Englande, to the great cõfort and gladneſſe of al eſtates, vpõ the foreſaid .xvij. day of Nouẽber, in the yere after the creation of the world .5525. af|ter the birth of our ſauiour .1558.1558 of the Empire of Ferdinando the firſt Emperor of Rome bearing that name, the fyrſte. In the .xij. yere of the raigne of Henrie the ſecond of that name French King, and in the .xvj. yeare of the raigne of Marie Q. of Scotlande.

The Fryday morning being the .xviij. of Nouember, and morrow after the deceaſſe of Q.The death of Cardinall Poole. Marie, Reginalde Poole, Lorde Cardinall, and Archbiſhop of Canterburie departed this life EEBO page image 1785 at Lambeth, and was after buryed at Caunter|bury in Chriſts Churche there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes remouing frõ Hatfielde.On Wedneſday the three and twentith of Nouember, the Queenes maieſtie remoued frõ Hatfielde, vnto the Charter houſe in London, where ſhe lodged in the Lord Northes houſe, in which remouing, and comming thus to the Ci|tie, it mighte well appeare how comfortable hir preſence was to them that went to receyue hir on the way, and likewiſe to ye great multitudes of people, that came abrode to ſee hir grace, ſhe|wing their reioycing hearts in countenance and wordes, with hartie prayers for hir Maieſties proſperous eſtate and preſeruation, whiche no doubt were acceptable to God, as by ye ſequeale of things it may certaynely be belieued, ſith hys deuine Maieſtie hathe ſo directed hir doyngs, that if euer the commõ wealth of this land hath flouriſhed, it maye rightly bee ſaide, that in hir moſt happie raigne, it hathe bin moſt flouri|ſhing, in peace, quietneſſe, and due adminiſtra|tion of iuſtice, mixed with mercifull clemencie, ſo as thoſe whiche cannot contente themſelues with the preſente ſtate of things vnder hir rule, no doubt they are ſuch factious creatures, as wil not reſt ſatiſfyed with anye kynde of gouerne|mẽt, be it neuer ſo iuſt and commendable, from the which ſort of men, the Lord deliuer hir royal Maieſtie, and all hir true and louing ſubiectes, and preſerue hir in long life to all our comforts, and continue hir in ſuch happie proceedings, as ſhe hath begun to the ende.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Monday, the eyghte and twentith of Nouember, about two of the clocke in the after noone, hir grace remoueth agayne,Hir grace re|moueth to the Tower. and takyng hir Charet, rode from my Lorde Northes houſe alongſt the Barbican, and entring by Criple|gate into the Citie, kept along the wall to By|ſhoppes gate, and ſo by blanke Chapelton vnto Marke lane.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At hir entring into blanke Chapelton, the ar|tillerie in the Tower began to goe off continu|ally, ſhooting for the ſpace almoſt of halfe an houre, but yet had made an ende before hir Ma|ieſtie was aduanced to Berking Churche, and ſo with great ioy and preaſe of people, of whom all the ſtreetes were full as ſhe paſſed, declaring their inward reioycings by geſture, wordes, and countenance, ſhe entred the Tower,Hir remouing to Somerſet houſe. where ſhee continued til the fifth of December being Mon|day, on the whiche daye, ſhe remoued by water vnto Somerſet place in the Strond, where ſhee arriued aboute tenne of the clocke in the fore|noone the ſame day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirtenth of December beeing Teweſ|daye, the corps of Queene Mary was ryghte honorably conueyd from hir manor of Sainte Iames, vnto the Abbey of Weſtminſter.Queene Mary buryed. Hir picture was layd on the coffin, apparelled in hir royall robes, with a Crowne of gold ſette on the head thereof, after a ſolemne manner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Abbey was a riche and ſumptuous herſe prepared and ſet vp with waxe, and richely decked with penons, baners, and ſcutchions, of the armes, of England and Fraunce, vnder whi|che herſe, the corpſe reſted all that nighte, and the next day it was brought into the new Chap|pell, where King Henry the ſeuenth lyeth, and [figure appears here on page 1785] there in the ſide Chappell it was enterred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 obſequie [...] or the [...]oure.The four and twentith of December, beeing the euen of the natiuitie of our Lord, was a ſo|lemne obſequie kepte in the Abbey Churche of Weſtminſter, for Charles the ſeuenth late Em|perour, who departed this life in September laſt, the one and twentith of the ſame moneth, in the Monaſterie of Saint Iuſtus in Caſtille, being then of age about eyght and fiftie yeares, hauing gouerned the Empire before hee renounced the EEBO page image 1788 ſame a ſixe and thirtie yeares, and hys Kyng|domes of Caſtill, Aragone, Naples, Sicill, and others, aboue fortie yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The deceaſſe of the Queene of Fraunce.Moreouer in this yeare .1558. there dyed two of the ſaide Emperours ſiſters, that wente wyth him into Spayne, after he had reſigned the Em|pire, to witte, Queene Leonore, firſt maried vn|to Emanuel King of Portingale, and after his deceaſſe, vnto the Frenche King Frances the firſt of that name. She deceaſſed in Februarye laſt paſt. His other ſiſter Mary, Queene of Hũ|garie,The deceaſſe of the Queene of Hungarie. late regente of the lowe Countreys, de|ceaſſed on Sainte Lukes day, the eyghtenth of October laſt paſt, and ſo the one preuenting him, the other taried not long after him, in ſo muche, that King Philip dyd celebrate the exe|quies in the Towne of Bruſſels, of his father the Emperoure, of hys Aunt Mary, Queene of Hungary, and of his wife Mary, Queene of England, in this preſent moneth of December ſubſequently, after the moſt pompous and ſo|lemne manner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


The Letany. The Epiſtle and Goſpell in Engliſhe.

On Sonday the firſt of Ianuary, by vertue of the Queenes Proclamation, the Engliſhe Letanie was redde accordingly as was vſed in hir graces Chappell, in Churches through the Citie of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And likewiſe, the Epiſtle and Goſpell of the day began to bee redde in the ſame Churches at Maſſe time in the Engliſh tong, by commaun|dement giuen by the Lord Maior, according to the tenor of the ſame Proclamation, publiſhed the thirtith of the laſt moneth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Thurſeday the twelfth of Ianuary, the Queenes maieſtie remoued from hir Palace of Weſtminſter by water, vnto the Tower of London, the Lord Maior and Aldermen in their Barge, and all the Citizens, with their Barges decked and trimmed with targets & banners of their miſteries accordingly, attending hir grace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Bachelers Barge of the L. Maiors cõ|pany, to wit, ye Mercers, had their Barge with a Foiſt, trimmed with three toppes, and artillerie aboorde, galantly appointed to waite vpon thẽ, ſhooting off luſtily as they went, with great and pleaſaunt melodie of inſtruments, which playde in moſt ſweete and heauenly manner. Hir grace ſhut the Bridge aboute two of the clocke in the afternoone, at the ſtill of the ebbe, the L. Maior and the reſt following after hir Barge, attẽding the ſame, til hir Maieſtie tooke land at the priuie ſtaire at the Tower Wharfe, and then the ſayd Lorde Maior with the other Barges returned, paſſing through the Bridge againe with the floud, and landed at the Wharfe of the three Cranes in the vintrie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Vpon Saterday, whiche was the fourtenth day of Ianuary, in the yeare of our Lorde God. 1558. about two of the clocke at after noone, the moſt noble and Chriſtian Princeſſe, oure moſt dradde ſoueraigne Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queene of England, Fraunce and Ire|land, defendour of the faith. &c. marched from the Tower, to paſſe through the Citie of London toward Weſtminſter, richly furniſhed, and moſt honorably accompanyed, as well with Gentle|men, Barons, and other the nobilitie of thys Realme, as alſo with a notable trayne of goodly and beautifull Ladyes, richely appointed. And entring the Citie, was of the people receyued maruellous entierly, as appeared by the aſſem|bly, prayers, wiſhes, welcommings, cryes, ten|der wordes, and all other ſignes, whiche argue a wonderfull earneſt loue of moſt obediente ſub|iects toward their ſoueraigne. And on the other ſide, hir grace by holding vp hir hands, and mer|rie countenance to ſuche as ſtoode farre off, and moſt tender and gentle language to thoſe that ſtoode nigh to hir grace, dyd declare hir ſelfe no leſſe thankefully to receiue hir peoples good will, than they louingly offred it vnto hir. To al that wiſhed hir grace well, ſhe gaue heartie thankes, and to ſuch as bade God ſaue hir grace, ſhe ſayd againe God ſaue them al, and thanked thẽ with all hir heart. So that on either ſide ther was no|thing but gladnes, nothing but prayer, nothing but comfort. The Queenes Maieſtie reioyſed maruellouſly to ſee yt, ſo exceedingly ſhewed to|ward hir grace, which al good Princes haue euer deſired, I mean ſo earneſt loue of ſubiects, ſo eui|dẽtly declared euẽ to hir graces owne perſon be|ing caried in ye middeſt of thẽ. The people again were wõderfully rauiſhed wt the louing anſwers & geſtures of their princeſſe, like to ye which they had before tried at hir firſt cõming to the Tower frõ Hatfield. This hir graces louing behauioure preconceiued in ye peoples heads, vpon theſe con|ſiderations was then throughly cõfirmed, and in deede emplanted a wonderful hope in them tou|ching hir worthy gouernement in the reſt of hyr raign. For in al hir paſſage ſhe did not only ſhew hir moſt gracious loue toward the people in ge|neral, but alſo priuatly if yt baſer perſonages had either offred hir grace any floures or ſuch like, as a ſignification of their good wil, or moued to hir any ſute, ſhe moſt gently, to ye cõmon reioyſing of al ye lokers on, & priuat cõfort of ye party, ſtaid hir chariot, and heard their requeſts. So that if a man ſhould ſay well, he could not better tearme the Citie of London that time, than a Stage, wherein was ſhewed the wonderfull ſpectacle of a noble hearted princeſſe toward hir moſt lo|uing people, and the peoples exceeding comfort in beholding ſo worthy a ſoueraigne, and hea|ring ſo princelike a voice, which coulde not but haue ſette the enimie on fire, ſince the vertue is EEBO page image 1787 in the enimie alway cõmẽded, much more could not but [...]flame hir naturall, obedient, and moſt louing people, whoſe weale leaneth only vpõ hir grace, and hir gouernement. Thus therefore the Queenes Maieſtie paſſed from the Tower, tyll ſhee came to Fanchurche, the people on each ſide ioyouſly beholding the viewe of ſo gracious a Lady their Queene, and hir grace no leſſe glad|ly noting and obſeruing the ſame. Neere vnto Fanchurch was erected a ſcaffold richely furni|ſhed, whereon ſtoode a noyſe of inſtruments, and a childe in coſtly apparell, whiche was appoyn|ted to welcome the Queenes Maieſtie in the whole Cities behalfe. Againſt which place, whẽ hir grace came, of hir owne will ſhe commaun|ded the Chariot to bee ſtayde, and that the noyſe might be appeaſed, till the child had vttered hys welcoming Oration, which he ſpake in Engliſh metre as heere followeth.

O pereles Souerayne Queene, behold what thys thy Towne
Hath thee presented with, at thy fyrſt entraunce heere:
Behold with how riche hope ſhe leades thee to thy Crowne,
Behold with what wo gyftes, ſhe comforteth thy cheere.
The fyrst is bleſſing tongs, which many a welcome ſay,
Which pray thou maiſt do well, which prayſe thee to the Skye,
Which wish to thee long lyfe, which bleſſe this happie day,
Which to thy kingdome heapes, all that in tongs can lye.
The second is true heartes, which loue thee from theyr roote,
Whose ſute is triumph now, and ruleth all the game.
Which faithfulnes haue wonne, and all vntruth driuen out,
Which skippe for ioy, when as they heare thy happy name.
Welcome therefore O Queene, as much as heart can thinke,
Welcome agayne O Queene, as much as tong can tell:
Welcome to ioyous tongs, and hearts that will not ſhrinke,
God thee preserue we pray, and wiſh thee euer well.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 At which words of ye laſt line, the whole peo|ple gaue a great ſhout, wiſhing with one aſſent as the child had ſaid. And the Queenes maieſtie thanked moſt hartily, both the Citie for this hir gentle receyuing at the firſt, and alſo the people for confirming the ſame. Here was noted in the Queenes Maieſties countenance, during the time that the child ſpake, beſides a perpetuall at|tentiuenes in hir face, a maruellous change in loke, as the childs words touched either hir per|ſon, or the peoples tongs and hearts. So that ſhe with reioicing viſage did euidently declare that the words toke no leſſe place in hir minde, than they were moſt heartely pronounced by the childe, as from all the heartes of hir moſt heartie Citizens. The ſame verſes were faſtned vp in a table vppon the ſcaffolde, and the latine thereof likewiſe in latine verſes in another table, as heereafter enſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Vrbs tua quae ingreſſu dederit tibi munera primo,
O Regina parem non habitura, vide.
Ad diadema tuum, te ſpe quàm diuite mittat,
Quae duo letitia det tibi dona, vide.
Munus habes primũ, linguas bona multa precãtes,
Quae te quum laudant, tum pia vota ſonant,
Foelicem diem hunc dicunt, tibi ſecula longa
Optant, & quicquid deni longa poteſt.
Altera dona feres, vera, & tui amantia corda,
Quorum gens ludum iam regit vna tuum.
In quibus eſt infracta fides, falſum peroſa,
Quae tuo audito nomine laeta ſalit:
Grata venis igitur, quantum cor concipit vllum,
Quantum lingua poteſt dicere, grata venis.
Cordibus infractis, linguiſ per omnia laetis
Grata venis: ſaluam te velit eſſe deus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Now when the child had pronounced his O|ration, and the Queenes highnes ſo thankeful|ly had receiued it, ſhe marched forward towarde Gracious ſtreete, where at the vpper ende, before the ſigne of ye Egle, the Citie had erected a gor|geous and ſumptuous arke as heere followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſtage was made whiche extended from the one ſide of the ſtreete to the other, richly vawted with batlementes conteining three portes, and ouer the middlemoſt was aduanced three ſeue|rall ſtages in degrees.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the loweſt ſtage was made one ſeate royall, wherein were placed two perſonages, re|preſenting King Henry the ſeuenth, and Eliza|beth his wife, daughter of King Edwarde the fourth, eyther of theſe two Princes ſitting vnder one cloth of eſtate in their ſeates, no otherwiſe deuided, but that the one of them whiche was Kyng Henry the ſeuenth, proceeding out of the houſe of Lancaſter, was encloſed in a red roſe, and the other which was Queene Elizabeth, be|ing heire to the houſe of Yorke, encloſed with a white roſe, eache of them royally crowned, and decently apparelled, as apperteineth to Princes, with Scepters in their handes, and one vaute ſurmounting their heads, wherein aptly were placed two tables, eache conteyning the title of thoſe two Princes. And theſe perſonages were ſo ſet, that the one of them ioyned handes wyth the other, with the ring of Matrimonie percey|ued on the finger. Out of the whiche two roſes, ſprang two braunches gathered into one, which were directed vpward to the ſecond ſtage or de|gree, wherein was placed one, repreſenting the valiaunte and noble Prince Kyng Henrye the eyghte, whiche ſprong out of the former ſtocke, crowned with a Crowne imperiall, and by him ſate one repreſenting the righte worthy Ladye Queene Anne, wiſe to the ſaid King Henry the eyght, and mother to our moſt ſoueraine Ladye Q. Elizabeth that now is, both apparelled with Scepters and diademes, and other furniture due to the ſtate of a King and Queene, and two tables ſurmounting their heads, wherein were written their names and titles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From their ſeate alſo proceeded vpwards one braunche, directed to the thirde and vppermoſt EEBO page image 1788 ſtage or degree, wherein likewiſe was planted a ſeate royall, in the which was ſet one, repreſen|ting the Queenes moſt excellent Maieſtie Eli|zabeth, now our moſt dradde ſoueraigne Lady, crowned & apparelled as ye other Princes were.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Out of the foreparte of this Pageaunt, was made a ſtanding for childe, whiche at the Queenes Maieſties comming, declared vnto hir the whole meaning of the ſaide Pageaunt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two ſydes of the ſame were filled wyth loude noyſes of muſicke. And all emptie places thereof were furniſhed with ſentences concer|ning vnitie. And the whole Pageant garniſhed with redde roſes and white. And in the forefront of the ſame Pageaunte, in the faire wreath, was written the name and title of the ſame, whyche was. The vniting of the two houſes of Lancaſter and Yorke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Pageaunte was grounded vppon the Queenes Maieſties name. For like as the long warre betweene the two houſes of Yorke and Lancaſter then ende, when Elizabeth, daugh|ter to Edwardd the fourth marched in marriage with Henrye the ſeuenth, heyre to the houſe of Lancaſter: ſo ſince that the Queenes, Maieſties name was Elizabeth, and for ſomuch as ſhee is the only heire of Henry the eyght, whyche came of both the houſes, as the knitting vp to cõcord, it was deuiſed, that the lyke as Elizabeth was the firſt occaſion of concord, ſo ſhee another Eliza|beth, mighte maynteyne the ſame among hyr ſubiects, ſo that vnitie was the ende whereat the whole deuiſe ſhotte, as the Queenes Maieſties name moued the firſt grounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Pageant nowe againſt the Queenes Maieſties comming, was addreſſed with chil|dren, repreſenting the forenamed perſonages, with all furniture due vnto the ſetting forthe of ſuch a matter well meante, as the argument de|clared, coſtly & ſumptiouſly ſette forth, as ye be|holders can beare witnes. Nowe the Queenes Maieſtie drew neere vnto ye ſaid Pageant, & for ſomuch as the noyſe was great, by reaſon of the preaſſe of people, ſo that ſhee coulde ſcarce heare the childe, which did interprete the ſaid Pageãt, and hir Chariot was paſſed ſo farre forwarde, that ſhe could not well view the perſonages re|preſenting the Kings and Queenes aboue na|med: ſhe required to haue the matter opened vn|to hir, and what they ſignified, with the ende of vnitie and ground of hir name, according as is before expreſſed. For the ſight whereof, hir grace cauſed hir Chariot to be remoued backe, and yet hardly could ſhe ſee, bycauſe the childrẽ were ſet ſomewhat with the fartheſt in. But after that hir grace had vnderſtoode the meaning thereof, ſhee thanked the Citie, prayſed the faireneſſe of the worke, and promiſed that ſhee would do hyr whole endeuour, for the continuall preſeruation of concord, as the Pageante did importe. The child appoynted in the ſtanding abouenamed, to open the meaning of the ſayde Pageaunt, ſpake theſe words vnto hir grace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
The two Princes that ſitte vnder one cloth of ſtate,
The man in the redde Roſe, the woman in the white:
Henry the ſeuenth, and Queene Elizabeth his mate,
By ring of marriage, as man and wife vnite.
Both hetres to both their blouds, to Lancaſter the Kyng,
The Queene to Yorke, in one the two houſes did knitte,
Of whome as heyre to both, Henry the eyght did ſpring,
In whoſe ſeate his true heire thou Queene Elizabeth doſt fitte
Therefore as ciuill warre, and ſhede of bloud did ceaſſe,
when theſe two houſes were vnited into one,
So now that iarre ſhall ſtint, and quietnes encreaſe,
We truſt, O noble Queene, thou wilt be cauſe alone.

The which alſo were written in latin verſes, and both drawen in two tables vppon the fore|front of the ſaid Pageant as hereafter foloweth.

Hij quos iungit idem ſolium quos annulus idem:
Haec albente nitens, ille rubente Roſa:
Septimus Henricus Rex, Regina Elizabetha,
Scilicet haeredes gentis vter ſua.
Haec Eboracenſis, Lancaſtrius ille dederunt
Connubio, è geminis quo foret vna domus.
Excipit hos hares Henricus copula regum
Octauus, magni Regis imago potens
Regibus hinc ſuccedis auis Regi parenti
Patris iuſta haere Elizabeth tui.

Sentences placed therein con|cerning vnitie.

Nulla concordes animos vires domant.
Qui iuncti terrent, deiuncti timent.
Diſcordes animi ſoluunt, concordes ligant.
Augentur parua pace, magna bello cadunt.
Coniunctae manus fortius tollunt onus.
Regno pro moenibus aeneis ciuium concordia.
Qui diu pugnant diutius lugent.
Diſsidentes pricipes ſubditorum lues.
Princeps ad pacem natus non ad arma datur
Filia concordiae copia, neptis quies.
Diſſentiens reſpublica hoſtibus patet.
Qui idem tenent, diutius tenent.
Regnum diuiſum facilè diſſoluitur.
Ciuitas concors armis fruſtrà tentatur.
Omnium gentium conſenſus firmat fidem. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe verſes and other pretie ſentences were drawen in voide places of this Pageant, all ten|ding to one ende, that quietnes might be main|teyned, and all diſſention diſplaced, and that by the Queenes Maieſtie, heire to agreement, and agreeyng in name with hir, which tofore hadde ioyned thoſe houſes, whiche had bin the occaſion of muche debate and ciuill warre within thys EEBO page image 1789 Realme, as may appeare to ſuche as will ſearch Chronicles, but be not to bee touched heerein, onely declaring hir graces paſſage though the Citie, and what prouiſion the Citie made therfore. And ere the Queenes Maieſtie came within heating of this Pageant, ſhee ſente cer|taine as alſo at all the other Pageauntes, to re|quire the people to bee ſilent. For hir Maieſtie was diſpoſed to heare all that ſhoulde bee ſayde vnto hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the Queenes Maieſtie had hearde the childes Oration, and vnderſtoode thẽ meãning of the Pageant at large, ſhe marched forwarde towarde Cornehill, alway receiued with lyke reioycing of the people, and there as hir grace paſſed by the cõduit, which was [...]ouſly trim|med againſte that time with rich banners ador|ned, and a noyſe of loude inſtruments vpon the toppe therof, ſhe eſpyed the ſeconde Pageaunt; and bycauſe ſhe feared for the peoples noyſe, that ſhe ſhould not beare the child which did expound the ſame, ſhee enquired what that Pageant was ere that ſhee came to it. And there vnderſtoode, that there was a childe repreſenting hir Maie|ſties perſon, placed in a ſeate of gouernemente, ſupported by certaine vertues, whiche ſuppreſſed their contrarie vices vnder their feete, & ſo forth, as in the deſcription of the ſaide Pageaunt ſhall heereafter appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Pageant ſtanding in the nether ende of Cornehill, was extended from the one ſyde of the ſtreete to the other, and in the ſame Page|ant was deuiſed three gates all open, and ouer the middle parte thereof, was erected one chaire or ſeate royall, with a cloth of eſtate to ye ſame apperteyning, wherein was placed a childe, re|preſenting the Queenes highnes, with conſide|ration had for place conuenient for a table, whi|che conteyned hir name and title: and in a comely wreath artificially and well deuiſed, with perfite ſighte and vnderſtandyng to the people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the front of the ſame Pageãt was writtẽ the name and title thereof, which is The ſeate of worthy Gouernaunce, which ſeate was made in ſuch artificiall manner, as to the apprea|rance of the lookers on, the foreparte ſeemed to haue no ſtay, and therefore of force was ſtayde by liuely perſonages, which perſonages were in number foure, ſtanding and ſtaying the fore|front of the ſame ſeate royall, eache hauing hys face to the Queene and people, whereof euerye one had a table to expreſſe theyr effects, whyche are vertues, namely, Pure Religion, Loue of Subiectes, VViſedome and Iuſtice, which did treade their contrary vices vnder their feete, that is to witte, Pure Religion dyd treade vpon Superſtition and Ignoraunce, Loue of Subiects, did treade vpon Rebelliõ and Inſolencie, VViſedome did treade vp|pon Follie and Vaine glory, Iuſtice dyd treade vpon Adulacion and Briberie. Eche of theſe perſonages according to their proper names and properties, had not only their names in playne and perfite writing ſet vppon theyr breaſtes eaſily to be redde of all, but alſo euerye of them was aptly and properly apparelled, ſo that is apparell and name dyd agree to expreſſe the ſame perſon, that in title he repreſented.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This part of the Pageant was thus appoin|ted and furniſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two ſydes ouer the two ſide portes had in them placed a noyſe of inſtrumentes, whyche immediately, after the childes ſpeeche, gaue an heauenly melodie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the toppe or vppermoſt part of the ſaid Pageant, ſtoode the armes of England, royal|ly portratured with the proper beaſtes to vphold the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 One repreſenting the Queenes highnes, ſate in this ſeate, crowned with an imperial crowne, and before hir ſeate, was a conuenient place ap|poynted for one childe, which did interprete and apply the ſaid Pageant, as heereafter ſhall be de|clared. Euery voyde place was furniſhed with proper ſentences, commending the ſeate ſuppor|ted by vertues, and defacyng the vices, to the vtter extirpation of Rebellion, and to euerla|ſting continuance of quietneſſe and peace. The Queenes Maieſtie approching nigh vnto thys Pageaunte thus beautifyed and furniſhed in all poyntes, cauſed hir Chariot to be drawen nygh therevnto, that hir grace myght heare the childs Oration, which was thys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
While that Religion true, ſhall ignorance ſuppreſſe,
And with hir weigtie foote, breake ſuperſtitious head,
whyle loue of ſubiects, ſhall Rebellion diſtreſſe,
And with zeale to the Prince, inſolency downe treade.
Whyle Iuſtice, can flattering tongs and briberie deface,
While follie and vayneglorie to wiſedome yeeld their handes
So long ſhall gouernement not ſwarue from hir right race,
But wrong decayeth ſtill and rightwiſenes vp ſtandes.
Now all thy ſubiuects heartes, O Prince of yereles fame,
Do truſt theſe vertues ſhall mainteyne vp thy throne,
And vice be kept downe ſtill, the wicked out to ſhame,
That good with good may ioy, & naught with naught may mone.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whiche verſes were painted vpon the ryghte ſide of the ſame Pageant, and the latine thereof on ye left ſide in another table, which were theſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Quae ſubnixa altè ſolio regina ſuperboeſt,
Effigiem ſanctae principis alma refert,
Quam ciuilis amor fulcit, ſapientia firmat,
Iuſticia illuſtrat, Relligio beat,
Vana ſuperſtitio & craſſa ignorantia frontis
Preſſae ſub pura relligione iacent.
Regis amor domat effraenos, animoſ rebelles
Iuſtus adulantes, Doniuoroſ terit.
EEBO page image 1790Cùm regit imperium ſapiens, ſine luce ſedebunt
Stultitia, at huius numen inanis honor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſide theſe verſes, there were placed in eue|ry voyde rome of the Pageant, both in Engliſh and latin, ſuch ſentences, as aduanced the ſeate of gouernaunce vpholden by vertue. The groũd of this Pageante was, that lyke as by vertues (whiche doe aboundantly appeare in hir grace) the Queenes Maieſtie was eſtabliſhed in the ſeate of gouernemente: ſo ſhee ſhoulde ſitte faſt in the ſame, ſo long as ſhee embraſed Vertue, and helde vice vnder foote. For if vice once gote vp the head, it woulde put the ſeate of gouerne|ment in perill of falling.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes Maieſtie when ſhe had heard the childe, and vnderſtoode the Pageant at full, gaue the Citie alſo thankes there, and moſt gra|ciouſly promiſed hir good endeuour for ye main|tenance of the ſaide vertues, and ſuppreſſion of vices, and ſo marched on, till ſhe came agaynſte the great conduit in Cheape, whiche was beau|tified with pictures and ſentences accordingly, againſt hir graces comming thither.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Againſt Soper lanes ende was extended frõ the one ſide of the ſtreete to the other, a Pageant which had three gates all open. Ouer the midle|moſt whereof were erected three ſeuerall ſtages, whereon ſate eyght children, as heereafter follo|weth. On the vppermoſt one childe, on ye middle three, on the loweſt foure, eache hauing the pro|per name of the bleſſing, that they did repreſent, written in a table, and placed aboue their heads.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the forefront of this Pageant, before the children which did repreſent the bleſſings, was a conueniẽt ſtanding caſt out for a child to ſtand, which did expound the ſayd Pageante vnto the Queenes Maieſtie, as was done in the other tofore. Euery of theſe children were appointed & apparelled, according vnto the bleſſing which hee dyd repreſent. And on the foreparte of the ſayde Pageaunte, was written in faire letters the name of the ſayde Pageant in this manner following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eight beatitudes expreſſed in the fifth Chapter of the Goſpell of Sainte Mathew, applyed to oure ſoueraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ouer the two ſide portes was placed a noiſe of inſtruments. And all voyde places in the Pa|geant were furniſhed with pretie ſayings, com|mending and touching the meaning of the ſaid Pageaunte, whiche was the promiſes and bleſ|ſings of Almightie God, made to hys people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Before that the Queenes highnes came vnto this Pageaunte, ſhee required the matter ſome|what to be opened vnto hir, that hir grace might the better vnderſtand, what ſhould afterwarde by the child be ſayde vnto hir. Which ſo was, yt the Citie had there erected the Pageaunte with eyght children, repreſenting the eyght bleſſings touched in the fifth Chapter of S. Mathewe. Wherof euery one vpon iuſt conſideratiõs, was applyed vnto hir highneſſe, and that the people thereby putte hir grace in mind, that as hir good doings before had giuen iuſt occaſion, why that theſe bleſſings might fall vpon hir, that ſo if hyr grace did continue in hir goodnes as ſhe had en|tred, ſhee ſhoulde hope for the frute of theſe pro|miſes out vnto thẽ, that do exerciſe themſelues in the bleſſings: whiche hir grace heard maruel|lous graciouſly, and required that the Chariot might be remoued towardes the Pageaunt, that ſhe might perceiue the childs words, which were theſe, the Queenes Maieſtie giuing moſt attẽ|tiue eare, and requiring that the peoples noyſe might be ſtayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Thou haſt bin eyght times bleſt, O Queene of worthy [...]
By meekenes of thy ſpirit, when care did thee beſette,
By mourning in thy griefe, by mildnes in thy blame,
By hunger and by thirſt, and iuſtice couldſt none gette.
By mercy ſhewed, not felt, by cleanes of thine heart,
By ſeeking peace alwaies, by perſecution wrong.
Therefore truſt thou in God, ſince he hath helpe thy ſmart,
That as his promis is, ſo he will make thee ſtrong.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When theſe words were ſpoken, all the peo|ple wiſhed, that as the childe had ſpoken, ſo God woulde ſtrengthen hir grace againſte all hir ad|uerſaries, whome the Queenes Maieſtie dyd moſt gently thanke for their ſo louing wiſhe. Theſe verſes were painted on the left ſide of the ſayd Pageaunte, and other in latin on the other ſide, which were theſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Qui lugent hilares fient, qui mitia geſtant
Pectora, multa ſoli iugera culta metent:
Iuſtitiam eſuriens ſitienſue replebitur: ipſum
Fas homini puro corde videre deum:
Quẽ alterius miſeret, dominus miſerebitur huius:
Pacificus quiſ quis, filius ille Dei eſt:
Propter iuſtitiam quiſquis patietur habet
Demiſſam mentem, caelica regna capit.
Huic hominum generi terram, mare, fidera vouit
Omnipotens, horum quiſque beatus erit.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſides theſe, euery voide place in the Pa|geant was furniſhed with ſentences touchyng the matter and ground of the ſayd Pageaunte. When all that was to be ſayd in this Pageant was ended, the Queenes Maieſtie paſſed on forward in Cheape ſide.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the Standert in Cheape, which was dreſ|ſed faire againſt the time, was placed a noyſe of Trumpettes, with banners and other furni|ture. The Croſſe lykewiſe was alſo made faire, and well trimmed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 EEBO page image 1791And neere the ſame, vppon the porche of Saint Peeters Church dore, ſtoode the Waites of the Citie, which did giue a pleaſaunte noyſe with their inſtrumentes, as the Queenes Ma|ieſtie did paſſe by, whiche on euery ſide caſt hyr countenance, and wiſhed well to all hir moſt lo|uing people. Soone after that hir grace paſſed ye Croſſe, ſhe had eſpyed the Pageant erected at the little conduit in Cheape, and incontinent requi|red to know what it might ſignifie. And it was tolde hir grace, that there was placed Tyme. Tyme? quoth ſhee, and Tyme hath broughte me hither. And ſo forth the whole matter was opened to hir grace, as heereafter ſhall be decla|red in the deſcription of the Pageant. But in the opening, when hir grace vnderſtoode that the Byble in Engliſhe ſhoulde be deliuered vnto hir by Trueth, which was therin repreſented by a childe: ſhe thanked the Citie for that gift, and ſayd, that ſhe would oftentimes reade ouer that Booke, commaunding Sir Iohn Parrat, one of the Knights which helde vp hir Canapie, to goe before, and to receiue the Booke. But lear|ning that it ſhoulde bee deliuered vnto hir grace downe by a ſilken lace, ſhee cauſed him to ſtay, and ſo paſſed forwarde till ſhee came agaynſte the Aldermen in the high ende of Cheape tofore the little conduite, where the companyes of the Citie ended, which beganne at Fanchurche, and ſtoode along the ſtreetes, one by another enclo|ſed with rayles, hanged with clothes, and them|ſelues well apparelled with manye riche furres, and their liuery whodes vpon their ſhoulders in comely and ſeemely maner, hauing before them ſundrye perſons well apparelled in ſilkes and chaynes of golde, as wyflers and garders of the ſayde companyes, beſide a number of riche han|gings, as well of Tapiſtrie, Arras, clothes of golde, ſiluer, veluet, damaſke, Sattin, and other ſilkes plentifully hanged all the way as the Queenes highneſſe paſſed from the Tower tho|rough the Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Out at the windowes and penthouſes of e|uery houſe, did hang a number of riche and coſt|ly banners and ſtreamers, till hir grace came to the vpper ende of Cheape. And there by appoint|mente, the ryght worſhipfull Maiſter Ranulph Cholmeley, Recorder of the Citie, preſented to the Queenes Maieſtie a purſe of crymeſon ſat|tine, richely wroughte with golde, wherein, the Citie gaue vnto the Queenes Maieſtie a thou|ſande markes in golde, as Maiſter Recorder did declare briefely vnto the Queenes Maieſtie, whoſe words tended to this ende, that the Lord Maior his breethren, and communaltie of the Citie, to declare their gladnes and good will to|wards the Queenes Maieſtie, did preſente hyr grace with that gold, deſiring hir grace to con|tinue their good and gracious Queene, and not to eſteeme the value of the gift, but the mynde of the giuers. The Queenes Maieſtie with both hir hands, tooke the purſe, and aunſwered to him againe maruellous pithily, and ſo pithily, that the ſtanders by, as they embraced entierly hyr gracious aunſwere, ſo they maruelled at the cowching thereof, which was in wordes truely reported theſe. I thanke my Lorde Maior, hys breethre, and you all. And whereas your requeſt is that I ſhould continue youre good Lady and Queene, bee yee enſured, that I will be as good vnto you, as euer Queene was to hir people. No will in mee can lacke, neyther doe I truſt ſhall there lacke any power. And perſwade your ſelues, yt for the ſafetie and quietneſſe of you all, I will not ſpace, if neede be, to ſpend my bloud, God thanke you all. Whiche aunſwere of ſo noble an hearted Princes, if it moued a maruel|lous ſhoute and reioycing, it is nothing to bee maruelled at, ſince both the heartineſſe thereof was ſo wonderfull, and the wordes ſo ioyntly knitte. When hir grace had thus aunſwered the Recorder, ſhee marched towarde the little con|duit, where was erected a Pageant with ſquare proportion, ſtanding directly before the ſame conduit, with battlementes accordingly. And in the ſame Pageant was aduanced two hylles or Mountaynes of conuenient height. The one of them beeing on the North ſyde of the ſame Pa|geante, was made cragged, barren and ſtonie, in the whiche was erected on tree, artificially made, all withered and dead, with braunches accordingly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And vnder the ſame tree at the foote thereof, ſate one in homely and rude apparell crokedly, and in mourning maner, hauing ouer hys head in a table, written in Latin and Engliſhe, hys name, whiche was Ruinoſa Reſpublica, A de|cayed common weale.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And vppon the ſame withered tree were fixed certayne Tables, wherein were written proper ſentences, expreſſing the cauſes of the decay of a common weale. The other hill on the South ſyde was made fayre, freſh, green, and beauti|full, the ground thereof full of floures and beau|tie, and on the ſame was erected alſo one tree, very freſhe amd faire, vnder the whyche, ſtoode vpright on freſhe perſonage well apparelled and appoynted, whoſe name alſo was written both in Engliſh and Latin, which was, Reſpu|blica bene inſtituta, a flouriſhing common Weale.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And vpon the ſame tree alſo, were fixed cer|taine Tables conteyning ſentences, whych ex|preſſed the cauſes of a flouriſhing common Weale. In the myddle betweene the ſayde hylles, was made artificially one hollow place EEBO page image 1792 or caue, with dore and locke encloſed, out of the which, a little before the Queenes highnes com|ming thither, iſſued on perſonages, whoſe name was Tyme, apparelled as an old man, with a Sythe in his hande, hauing wings artificially made, leading a perſonage of leſſer ſtature than himſelfe, which was finely and well apparelled, all cladde in white ſylke, and directly ouer hyr head, was ſette hir name and title in latine and Engliſh, Temporis filia, the daughter of Tyme. Whiche two ſo appoynted, wente forwarde to|ward the South ſide of the Pageant. And on hir breſt was written hir proper name, which was Veritas, Truth, who helde a Booke in hir hand, vpon the which was written, Verbum veritatis, the word of trueth. And out of the South ſyde of the Pageant, was caſt a ſtanding for a child, which ſhoulde interprete the ſame Pageant. A|gainſte whome, when the Queenes Maieſtie came, he ſpake vnot hir grace theſe words.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
This old man with the ſythe, olde father Tyme they call,
And hir his daughter Trueth, which holdeth yonder Booke,
Whome he our of his rocke hath brought forth to vs all,
From whence this many yeares ſhe durſt not once out looke.
The ruthfull wight that ſitteth vnder the barren tree,
Reſembleth to vs forme, when common weales decay,
But when they be in ſtate triumphant, you may ſee
By him in freſhe attire that ſitteth vnder the baye.
Nowe ſince that Tyme agayne his daughter Trueth hathe brought,
We truſt O worthy Q. thou wilt this trueth embrace,
And ſince thou vnderſtandſt the good eſtate and naught,
We truſt welth thou wilte plant, and barrennes diſplace.
But for heale the ſore, and cure that is not ſeene,
Whiche thing the Booke of trueth doth teach in writing playne:
She doth preſent to thee the ſame, O worthy Queene,
For that, that words do flye, but writing doth remayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the childe had thus ended his ſpeeche, hee reached his Booke towardes the Queenes Maieſtie, which a little before, Trueth had lette down vnto him from the hill, whyche by Sir Iohn Parrat was receiued, and deliuered vnto the Queene. But ſhee as ſoone as ſhe had recey|ued the Booke, kiſſed it, and with both hir hands helde vp the ſame, and ſo layd it vpon hir breſt, with great thankes to the Citie therefore. And ſo wente forwarde towardes Paules Church|yarde. The former matter whiche was rehear|ſed vnto the Queenes Maieſtie, was written in two tables, on eyther ſide the Pageant eight verſes, and in the middeſt, theſe in latine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Ille, vides falcem laeua qui ſuſtinet vncam,
Tempus is eſt, cui ſtat filia vera comes
Hanc pater exeſa deductam rupe reponit
In lucem, quam non viderat ante diu.
Qui ſedet à laeua cultu male triſtis inepto
Quem duris creſcens cautibus orbis obit,
Nos monet effigie, qua ſit reſpublica quando
Corruit, at contra quando beata viget
Ille docet inuenis forma ſpectandue amict [...]
Scitus, & aeberna laurea fronde virens.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſentences written in latine and Eng|liſhe vpon both the trees, declaring the cauſes of both eſtates, were theſe.

Cauſes of a ruinous common weale are theſe.

    Compare 1587 edition: 1
  • Want of the feare of God
  • Diſobedience to rulers
  • Blindnes of guides
  • Briberie in Magiſtrates
  • Rebellion in ſubiects
  • Ciuill diſagreement
  • Flattering of Princes
  • Vnmercifulneſſe in Rulers
  • Vnthankefulneſſe in Subiects.

Cauſes of a flourishing common weale.

    Compare 1587 edition: 1
  • Feare of God
  • A wiſe Prince
  • Learned Rulers
  • Obedience to officers
  • Obedient ſubiects
  • Louers of the common Weale
  • Vertue rewarded
  • Vice chaſtned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The matter of this Pageaunte dependeth of them that went before. For as the firſt declared hir grace to come out of the houſe of vnitie, the ſecond that ſhe is placed in the ſeate of gouerne|mente ſtaid with vertues, to the ſuppreſſion of vice, and therefore in the thirde, the eyght bleſ|ſings of almighty God mighte well bee applyed vnto hir: ſo this fourth nowe is, to put hir grace in remembraunce of the ſtate of the common weale, which Time with Trueth his daughter doth reueale, which Trueth alſo hir grace hathe recieued, and therefore cannot but bee mercifull and carefull for the good gouernement thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From thence, the Queenes Maieſtie paſſed towarde Paules Churchyard, and when ſhee came ouer againſte Paules Schoole, a child ap|poynted by the Scholemaiſter thereof, pronoũ|ced a certayne Oration in Latine, and certayne verſes, whiche alſo were there written as follo|weth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Philoſophus ille diuinus Plato inter multa pre|clarè ac ſapienter dicta, hoc poſteris proditum re|liquit, Rempublicam illam faeliciſsimam fore, cui princeps ſophiae ſtudioſa, virtutibuſ ornata cõ|tigerit, Quem ſi vere dixiſſe cenſeamus (vt quidé EEBO page image 1773 veriſsme) cur non terra a Britannica plauderet [...] cur non populus gaudium at letitiam agitaret [...] immo, cur non hunc diem, alb [...] (quod aiunt) lapit|ly rot [...]ret [...] quo princeps talis nobis adeſt, qua|lem priores non viderant, qualem poſteritas haud facile aernere poterit, dotibus quum a noni, tum corpuris v [...]di [...] faeliciſsima. Caſti quidem corporis dorels ita apertae ſunt, vt oratione non egeant Animi veru tot tantae vt ne verbis quidem ex rimi poſsint. Haec nenipe regibus ſum|mis orta, morum at animi nobilitate genus exu|perat. Haias pectus Chriſti religionis amore fla|grat. Haec gentem Britannicam virtusibus illu|ſtrabit, clipeo iuſtitiae teget. Haec literis gracis & latinis eximia, ingenio praepollens eſt. Hac imperante pictas vigebit, Anglia florebit, aurea ſecula redibunt. Vos igitur Angli tot commoda accepturi Elizabetham Reginam noſtram celeber|rimam ab ipſo Chriſto huius regni imperio de|ſtinatam, honore debito proſequimini. Huius imperitjs animo libentiſsimo ſubditieſtote, voſ tali principe dignos prebete. Et quoniam pueri non viribus ſed praecibus, Off [...]cium praeſtare poſ|ſunt, nos Alumni huius ſ [...]holae ab ipſo Coleto o|lim Templi Paulini Decano, extructae teneras palmas ad Caelum tendentes Chriſtum Opt. Maxi praecaturi ſumus vt tuam celſitudinem annos Neſtoreos ſummo cum honore Anglis im|peritare faciat, matrem pignoribus charis bea|tam reddat. Amen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Anglia nune tandem plaudas, laetare, reſulia,
Preſto iam vita eſt, praeſidium tibi
En tua ſpes venit tua gloria, lux, decus omne
Venit iam, ſolidam quae ſibi preſtat ope [...].
Succurret tuis rebus quae peſſum abiere.
Perdita quae fuerant haec reparare volet
Omnia florebunt, redeunt ni [...] aurea ſecla.
In melius ſurgent quae cecidere bona.
Debes ergo illi totam te reddere fidam
Cuius in acceſſu commoda tot capies.
Salue igitur dicas, imo de pectore ſummo.
Elizabeth Regni non dubitanda ſalus,
Virgo venit, veni at optes comitata deinceps.
Pignoribus charis, laeta parens veniat,
Hoc deus omnipotens ex alto donet olympo,
Qui caelum & terram condidit at regit.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Which the Queenes Maieſtie moſt atten|tiuely hearkned vnto. And when the childe had pronounced, he did kiſſe the Oration which hee had there fayre written in Paper, and deliuered it vnto the Queenes Maieſtie, which moſt gent|ly receyued the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And when the Queenes Maieſtie had heard all that was there offred to bee ſpoken, then hir grace marched towarde Ludgate, where ſhee was receyued with a noyſe of Inſtruments, the forefront of the gate beeyng ſuch tr [...]med vp agaynſt hir Maieſties comming.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From thence by the way as [...]e went downe towarde Fleetebridge, one abdure hir grace no|ted the Cities charge, that there was no coſt ſpared. Hir grace anſwered, that ſhee did well conſider the ſame, and that it ſhoulde be remem|bred. An honourable aunſwere worthie a no|ble Prince, which may comfort all hir ſubiects, conſidering that there can be no point of gentle|neſſe, or obedient loue [...]wen toward hir grace, which ſhe doth not moſt tenderly accept, and graciouſly wey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys maner, the people on euerie ſyde reioyſing, hir grace went forwarde towarde the Conduyte in Fleeteſtreete, where was the fyft and luſte Pageant erected in forme fol|lowing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From the Conduyte which was beautified wyth paynting, vnto the Northſyde of the ſtreete, was erected a Stage, embattayled with foure Towers, and in the ſame a ſquare platte ryſing wyth degrees, and vpon the vp|permoſt degree was placed a Chayre, or ſeate royall, and behinde the ſame ſeate, in curious artificiall maner was erected a tree of reaſo|nable heigth, and ſo farre aduaunced aboue the ſeate, as a did well and ſeemely ſhadowe the ſame, withoute endamaging the fight of anye part of the Pageant, and the ſame tree was be|autified with leaues as greene as Ar [...] coulde deuiſe, being of a conuenient greatneſſe, and conteyning therevpon the fenite of the Date, and on the toppe of the ſame tree in a Table was ſet the name thereof, which was A Palme tree, and in the aforeſayd ſeale [...] Chayre was placed a ſeemely and meete perſonage richely appatayled in Parliament Ro [...]es, with a ſcep|ter in hir hande, as a Queene crowned wyth an open Crowne, whoſe name and ryth [...] in a Table fixed ouer hir head, in this fort. De|bora the Iudge and reſtorer of the houſe of Iſraell Iudic. 4. And the other degrees on eyther ſide were furniſhed with [...]ixe perſonages: two repreſenting the Nobilitie, two the Clear|gie, and two the Comunaltie: And before theſe perſonages was writters [...] a Table, Debora with hir eſtates, conſoling for the good gouernment of Iſraell. At the feete of thoſe, and the loweſt part of the Pageant, was ordey|ned a conuenient roome for anihelde to open the meaning of the Pageant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the Queenes Maieſtie drewe neare vnto thys Pageant, and perceyued, as in the other, the childe readie to ſpeake, [...] Grace requyred me [...]e, and commaunded hir Chariot to bee rerewared nigher, that ſhee myght plainly heare the childs ſpeake, whiche EEBO page image 1774 ſayde as hereafter followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Iabin of Canaan king had long by force of armes
Oppreſt the Iſraelites, which for Gods people went,
But God mynding at laſt for to redreſſe theyr harmes,
The worthie Debora as iudge among them ſent.
In warre ſhe through Gods ayde, did put hir foes to flight.
And with the dint off worde the band of bondage braſt.
In peace ſhe, through Gods ayd, did alway mainteyne right,
And iudged Iſraell till fortie yeares were paſt.
A worthie preſident, O worthie Queene, thou haſt,
A worthie woman iudge, a woman ſent for ſtay.
And that the like to vs endure alway thou mayſt,
Thy louing ſubiects will with true hearts and tongs pray.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Which verſes were written vpon the Pa|geant, and the ſame in latine alſo.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Quando dei populum Canaan, rex preſsit Iaben,
Mittitur a magno Debora magna deo:
Quae populum eriperet, ſanctum ſeruaret [...]udan,
Milite quae patrio frangeret hoſtis opes.
Haec domino mandante deo lectiſsima fecit.
Faemina, & aduerſos contudit enſe viros.
Haec quater denos populum correxerat annos
Iudicio, bello ſtrenna, pace grauis,
Sic, O ſic populum bello & pace guberna,
Debora ſis Anglis Elizabetha tuis.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The voyde places of the Pageant were fil|led with pretie ſentences concerning the ſame matter. The ground of this laſt Pageant was, that forſomuch as the next Pageant before had ſet before hir graces eyes the flouriſhing and de|ſolate ſtates of a common weale, ſhee might by this be put in remembrance to conſult for the worthie gouernment of hir people, conſidering God oftentymes ſent women nobly to rule a|mong men, as Debora, which gouerned Iſraell in peace the ſpace of .xl. yeares: and that it beho|ueth both men and women ſo ruling to vſe ad|uiſe of good counſaile. When the Queenes ma|ieſty had paſſed this pageãt, ſhe marched toward Temple barre. But at S. Dunſtones Church where the children of the Hoſpitall were appoin|ted to ſtand with their gouernors, hir grace per|ceyuing a childe offred to make an oration vnto hir, ſtayed hir Chariot, and did caſt vp hir eyes to heauen, as who ſhoulde ſay, I here ſee this mercifull worke towarde the poore, whome I muſt in the middeſt of my royaltie needes re|member, and ſo turned hir face towarde the childe, which in Latin pronounced an Oration to this effect, That after the Queenes highneſſe had paſſed through the Citie, and had ſeene ſo ſumptuous, riche, and notable ſpectacles of the Citizens, which declared theyr moſt heartie re|ceyuing, and ioyous welcomming of hir grace into the ſame: this one ſpectacle yet reſted, and remayned, which was the euerlaſting ſpectacle of mercie vnto the poore members of Almightie God, furthered by that famous and moſte noble Prince king Henrie the eight hir graces father, erected by the Citie or London, and aduaunced by the moſt godly vertuous and gracious prime King Edwarde the ſixt, hir Graces deare and louing brother, doubting nothing of the mercie of the Queenes moſte gracious clemencie, by the which they may not onely bee relieued and helped, but alſo ſtayed and defended, and there|fore inceſſantly they woulde pray and crie vnto almightie God, for the long life and raigne of hir highneſſe, with moſt proſperous victorie againſt hir enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The childe after he had ended hir Oration, kiſſed the Paper wherein the ſame was written, and reached it to the Queenes Maieſtie, which receyued it graciouſly, both with wordes and countenaunce, declaring hir gracious mynd to|warde their reliefe. From thence hir grace came to Templebarre, which was dreſſed finely with the two Images of Gotmagot the Albion, and Corineus the Briton, two Gyants, bigge in ſtature, furniſhed accordingly, whiche helde in theyr handes euen aboue the Gate, a Table, wherein was written in Latin verſes, the effect of all the Pageants which the Citie before had erected, which verſes were theſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Ecce ſub aſpectu iam contemplaberis vno
O princeps populi ſola columna tui.
Quicquid in immenſa paſsim sim per ſpexeris vrbe
Quae cepere omnes vnus hic arcus habet.
Primus te ſolio regni donauit auiti,
Hares quippe cui vera parentis eras.
suppreſsis vitijs, domina virtute, Secundus
Firmauit ſedem regia virgo tuam.
Tertius ex omni poſuit te parte beatam
Si, qua caepiſti pergere velle, velis.
Quarto quid verum, reſpublica lapſo quid eſſet
Quae florens ſtaret te docuere tui.
Quinto magna loco monuit te Debora, miſſam
Caelitus in regni gaudia longa tui.
Perge ergo regina, tuae ſpes vnica gentis,
Haec poſtrema vrbis ſuſcipe vota tuae.
Viue diu, regna diu, virtutibus orna
Rem patriam, & populi ſpem tueare tui.
Sic o ſic petitur caelum. Sic itur in aſtra
Hoc virtutis opus, caetera mortis erunt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Which verſes were alſo written in Engliſh meter, in a leſſe table as hereafter foloweth.

Beholde here in one view, thou marſt ſee all that plaine,
O princeſſe to this thy people the onely ſtay:
what eche where thou haſt ſeene in this wide towne, againe
This one arche whatſoeuer the reſt concernd, doth ſay
The first arche as true heyre vnto thy father deere,
Did set thee in thy throne where thy grandfather ſat,
EEBO page image 1775
The ſeconde did confyrme thy ſeate as Princeſſe here,
Vertues now bearing ſway, and vices bet downe flatte.
The thirde, if that thou wouldeſt go on as thou began,
Declared thee to be blessed on euery syde
The fourth did open Truth, and also taughte thee whan
The common weale ſtoode well, and when it did thence ſlide.
The fift, as Debora declared thee to be ſent
From heauen, a long comfort to vs thy ſubiects all,
Therfore go on O Queene, on whome our hope is bent,
And take with.thee this wish of thy towne as finall.
Liue long, and as long raigne, adorming the Countrey.
With vertues, and mainteine thy peoples hope of thee,
For thus, thus, heauen is wonne, thus must thou pierce the skie
This is by vertue wrought, all other muſt needes die.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the Southſide was appoynted by the Citie a noyſe of ſinging children, and one childe richly attyred as a Port, which gaue the Quee|nes Maieſtie hir farewell in the name of the whole Citie, by theſe wordes.

As at thine entrance firſt O Prince of high renowne,
Thou wast presented with tongues ans hearts for thy fayre,
So now sith thou muſt needes depart out of this towne,
This Citie sendeth thee firme hope and earneſt prayer.
For all men hope in thee, that all vertues ſhall raigne,
For all men hope that thou, none errour wilt ſupport.
For all men hope that thou wilt truth reſtore againe,
And mend that is amiſſe, to all good mennes comfort.
And for this hope they pray, thou mayest continue long,
Our Queene amongst vs here, all vice for to ſupplant,
And for this hope they pray, that God may make thee strong,
As by his grace puiſſant, ſo in his truth constant
Farewell O worthie Queene, and as our hope is ſure,
That into errours place thou wilt nowe truth reſtore,
So trust we that thou wilt our ſoueraigne Queene endure,
And louing Ladie ſtande, from henceforth euermore.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 While theſe wordes were in ſaying, and certaine wiſhes therin repeated for maintenance of truth, and rooting out of errour, ſhe nowe and then helde vp hir handes to heauenwarde, and willed the people to ſay, Amen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the childe had ended, ſhe ſayde, deye well aſſured, I will ſtande your good Queene, At which ſaying, hir grace departes forth throgh Temple Barre toward Weſtminſter, with no leſſe ſhouting and crying of the people, than ſhee entred the citie with a noyſe of ordinance which the Towne ſhot off at hir graces entrance fyrſt into Towre ſtreete.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The childes ſaying was alſo in latin verſes written in a Table whiche was hanged vppe there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
O regina potens, quum prima vrbem ingredereris
Dona tibi, linguas fida corda dedit.
Diſcedenti etiam tibi nunc duo munera mittit,
Omnia plena ſpei, vota plena precum.
Quippe tuis ſpes eſt, in te quod prouida virtus
Rexerit, errori nec locus vllus erit.
Quippe tuis ſpes eſt, quod tu verũ omni reduces
solatura bonas, dum mala tollis, opes.
Hac spe freti orant, longum vt regina gubernes,
Et regni excindas crimina cuncta tui.
Hac spe freti orant, diuina vt gratia fortem,
Et verae fidei te velit esse basin.
Iam Regina vale, & ficut nos spes tenet vna,
Quod vero inducto, perditus error erit.
Sic quoq; speramus quod eris regina benigna
Nobis per regni tempora longa tui.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus the Queenes highneſſe paſſed tho|row the Citie, which without any foraigne per|ſon, of it ſelfe beautified it ſelfe, and receyues hir grace at all places as hath beene before mentio|ned, with moſt tender obedience and loue, due to ſo gracious a Queene and ſoueraigne Lady. And hir grace likewiſe of his ſide in all hir gra|ces paſſage, ſhewed hirſelfe generally an Image of a worthie Ladie and Gouernour, but pri|uately theſe eſpeciall poputes were noted in hir grace, as ſignes of a moſt Princelyke courage, whereby his louing Subiectes may grounde a ſure hope for the reſt of hir gracious doyngs hereafter.

1.23.2. Certaine notes of the Queenes maieſties great mercie, clemencie, and wiſdom vſed in this paſſage.

Certaine notes of the Queenes maieſties great mercie, clemencie, and wiſdom vſed in this paſſage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the nether ende of Cornehill towarde Cheape one of the knightes about hir grace had eſpyed on auncient Citizen, which wept, and turned his head backe, and therewith ſayde thys Gentleman, yonder is an Alde [...] an (for ſo hee tearmed him) which weepeth, and turneth hys face backwarde. Howe may it bee interpreted that, he ſo doth, for ſorowe, or for gladneſſe. The Queenes Maieſtie heard him, and ſayd, I war|rant you it is for gladneſſe. A gracious inter|pretation of a noble courage, which would turn the doubtfull to the beſt. And yet it was well known that as hir grace did confirme the ſame, the parties cheare was mooued for verie [...] gladneſſe for the ſight of hir Maieſties perſon, at the beholding wherof, he tooke ſuch comfort, that with teares be expreſſed the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Cheape ſide hir grace ſmyled, and being thereof demaunded the cauſe, anſwered, for that ſhe heard one ſay, Remember olde king Henrie the eight. A naturall childe, which at the verie re|membrance of hir fathers name tooke ſo great a ioy, that all men may well thinke, that as ſhee reioyced at his name whom this Realme doth holde of ſo worthie memorie: ſo in hir doings ſhe will reſemble the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the Cityes charge without partia|litie, and onely the Citie was mencioned vn|to hir grace, ſhe ſayd it ſhoulde not be forgotten. Which ſaying might moue all naturall Engliſh men heartily to ſhew due obedience & entierneſſe EEBO page image 1776 to theyr ſo good a Queene, which will in no poynt forget any parcell of duetie louingly ſhe|wed vnto hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The aunſwere which hir grace made vnto maſter Recorder of Lõdon, as the hearers know it to be true, and with melting heartes hearde the ſame: ſo may the reader thereof conceyue what kinde of ſtomacke and courage pronoun|ced the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 What more famous thing doe wee read in auncient hiſtories of olde tyme, than that migh|tie Princes haue gently receyued preſents offe|red them by caſe and l [...]we perſonages. If that be to be wondered at (as it is paſſingly) let mee ſee any wryter that in any one Princes life is able to recount ſo many preſidents of this vertue as hir grace ſhewed in that one paſſage through the Citie. How many Noſegayes did hir grace receyue at poore womens handes? how oftenty|mes ſtayed ſhe hir Chariot, when ſhe ſawe any ſimple body offer to ſpeake to hir grace? A brãch of Roſemary giuen to hir grace with a ſupplica|tion by a poore woman about Fleetbridge, was ſeene in hir chariot til hir grace came to Weſtm. not without the maruellous wondring of ſuch as knew the preſenter, and noted the Queenes moſt gracious receyuing and keeping the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 What hope the poore and nedie may looke for at hir graces hand, ſhe as in all hir iourney con|tinually, ſo in hir harkening to the poore chil|dren of Chriſtes Hoſpitall with eies caſt vp in|to heauen, did fully declare, as that neyther the wealthier eſtate coulde ſtande without conſi|deration had to the pouertie, neyther the pouer|tie bee duely conſidered, vnleſſe they were re|membred, as commended to vs by Gods owne mouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As at hir firſt entrance ſhe as it were decla|red, hir ſelfe prepared to paſſe through a Citie that moſt entierly loued hir, ſo ſhe at hir laſt de|parting, as it were bound hir ſelfe by promiſe, to continue good Ladie and gouernour vnto that Citie, whiche by outwarde declaration did o|pen theyr loue, to theyr ſo louing and noble Prince, in ſuch wiſe, as ſhee hir ſelfe wondered thereat.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But bycauſe Princes be ſet in their ſ [...]ate by Gods appoynting, and therefore they moſt firſt and chiefly tender the glorie of him, from whom their glorie iſſueth: it is to be noted in hir grace, that forſomuch as God hath ſo wonderfullye placed hir in the ſeate of gouernment ouer this Realme, ſhee in all doings doth ſhewe hir ſelfe moſte myndfull of his goodneſſe and mercye ſhewed vnto hir, and amongeſt all other, two principall ſignes thereof were noted in this paſ|ſage. Firſt in the Tower, where hir Grace be|fore ſhe entred hir Chariot, lyfted vp hir eyes to heauen and ſayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 O Lorde, almightie and euerlaſting God, I giue thee moſt harty thãks, that thou haſt bin ſo mercifull vnto me, as to ſpare me to beholde this ioyfull day. And I acknowledge that thou haſt delt as wonderfully and as mercifully with me, as thou diddeſt with thy true and faythfull ſeruant Daniell thy Prophete, whom thou de|liueredſt out of the denne from the crueltie of the greedie and raging Lions: euen ſo was I o|uerwhelmed, and onely by thee deliuered. To thee therfore onely be thankes, honor and praiſe, foreuer. Amen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſecond was the receyuing of the Bible at the little conduit in Cheape. For when hir Grace had learned that the Byble in Engliſhe ſhould there be offred, ſhe thanked the Citie ther|fore, promiſed the reading thereof moſt dili|gently, and incontinent commaunded, that it ſhoulde be brought. At the receyte whereof, how reuerently did ſhe with both hir handes take it, kiſſe it, and lay it vpon hir breaſt? to the great comfort of the lookers on. God will vndoub|tedly preſerue ſo worthie a Prince, which at his honor ſo reuerently taketh hir beginning. For this ſaying is true, and written in the Booke of truth. He that firſt ſeeketh the kingdome of god, ſhal haue all other things caſt vnto him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe therefore all Engliſhe heartes, and hir naturall people muſte needes prayſe Gods mercie which hath ſent thẽ ſo worthie a princ [...], and pray for hir graces long continuaunce a|mongſt vs.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the .xv. of Ianuarie,Hir corona|tion. hir Maieſtie was with great ſolemnitie crowned at Weſt|minſter in the Abbey Church there, by doctor Ogl [...]thorpe Biſhop of Carleil. Shee di [...]ed in Weſtminſter hall, which was richly b [...]ng, and euerie thing ordered in ſuche royall maner as to ſuche a regall and moſt ſolemne feaſt apper|teyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme, whileſt hir grace ſat at dinner,Sir Edwarde Dimmocke [...]. ſir Edwarde Dimmocke knight hir Champion by office, came ryding into the Hall in fayre complete armour, mounted on a beautifull Courſer, richly trapped in clothe of Golde, entred the Hall, and in the middeſt there|of caſt downe his gauntlet, wyth offer to fight wyth hym in hir quarell that ſhoulde denye hir to bee the rightuous and lawfull Queene of this Realme. The Queene taking a cuppe of Golde full of Wine, dranke to hym there|of, and ſent it to hym for his ſee togither wyth the Couer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And after thys,The L. Ma [...] of London ſerueth the Queene of Ipocraſſe. at the ſeruing vp of the Wafers, the Lorde Maior of London went to the Cupboord, and fitting a cup of golde with I|pocraſſe, bare it to the Queene, and kneeling EEBO page image 1777 afore hir tooke the aſſay, and ſhee receyuing it of him, and drinking of it, gaue the Cuppe wyth the couer vnto the ſayde Lorde Maior for his fee, which Cuppe and couer weyed. xvj. dunzes Troy weight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally this feaſt being celebrated with all royall ceremonies, and high ſolemnities, due and in like caſes accuſtomed, tooke ende wyth great ioy and contentation to all the beholders.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Parliament.Wedneſday the .xxv. of Ianuarie the Par|liament began, the Queenes Maieſtie ryding in hir Parliament Robes, from hir Palaice of white Hall, vnto the Abbey Churche of Weſt|mynſter, with the Lordes ſpirituall and tempo|rall, attending hir likewiſe in theyr Parliament Robes. Doctor Coxe ſometime ſcholemaiſter to King Edwarde the ſixt, and nowe lately re|turned frõ the parties of beyonde the ſeas, [...] Stow. where during the dayes of Queene Marie he had liued as a baniſhed man, preached nowe before the e|ſtates there aſſembled in the beginning of the ſayd Parliament.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt fruits and tenthes re| [...]ed to the [...]ne.In this Parliament, the firſt fruits & tenthes were reſtored to the crown, and alſo the ſupreme gouernment ouer the ſtate eccleſiaſticall, which Queene Mary had giuen to the Pope. Likewiſe the booke of common prayer and adminiſtration of the Sacraments in our mother tongue was reſtored.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer in the time of this Parliament, a motion was made by the common houſe,A motiõ made in the Parlia|ment houſe. that the Queenes Maieſtie might be ſued vnto, to graũt hir graces licence to the ſpeaker, knights, Citizens, and Burgeſſes, to haue acceſſe vnto hir graces preſence, to declare vnto hir matter of great importance, concerning the ſtate of thys hir graces realme. The which petition being mooued to hir grace, ſhe moſt honourably agreed and conſented therevnto, and aſſigned a day of hearing. When the day came, the ſpeaker and common houſe reſorted vnto hir graces palaice at Weſtmynſter, called the white Hall. And in the great Gallerie there, hir grace moſt honou|rably ſhewed hir ſelfe readie to heare their moti|on and petition. And when the ſpeaker had ſo|lemnely and eloquently ſet forth the meſſage (the ſpeciall matter whereof moſt ſpecially was tomoue hir grace to mariage,) whereby (to al our comforts) wee might enioy (as Gods pleaſure ſhould be) the royall iſſue of hir bodie to raigne ouer vs. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes Maieſtie after a little pauſe, made this anſwere folowing, as nere as I could beare the ſame away,Graft. abr. ſayth Grafton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes [...]re.As I haue good cauſe, ſo doe I giue to you my heartie thankes for the good zeale and care that you ſeeme to haue as well towarde mee, as to the whole eſtate of your Countrey. Your petition I gather to be grounded on three cau|ſes, and mine anſwere to the ſame ſhall con|ſiſt in two partes. And for the firſt I ſay vnto you, that from my yeares of vnderſtanding, knowing my ſelfe a ſeruitour of almightie God, I choſe this kind of life, in which I doe yet liue, as a life moſt acceptable vnto him, wherein I thought I coulde beſt ſerue him, and with moſt quietneſſe doe my duetie vnto him. From which my choiſe, if either ambition of high eſtate offred vnto me by mariages (whereof I haue recordes in this preſence) the diſpleaſure of the Prince, the eſchewing the daunger of mine enimies, or the auoyding the perill of death (whoſe Meſſenger the Princeſſe indignation was no little tyme continually preſent before mine eyes, by whoſe meanes, if I knew or do iuſtly ſuſpect, I will not now vtter them, or if the whole cauſe were my ſiſter hirſelfe, I will not nowe charge the deade) coulde haue drawne or diſſwaded me, I had not nowe remayned in this Virgins eſtate wherein you ſee me. But ſo conſtant haue I al|ways continued in this my determination (that although my wordes and youth may ſeeme to ſome hardly to agree togither) yet it is true, that to this day I ſtande free from any other mea|ning, that eyther I haue had in tymes paſt, or haue at this preſent. In which ſtate and trade of liuing wherwith I am ſo throughly acquain|ted, God hath hitherto ſo preſerued mee, and hath ſo watchfull an eye vpon me, and ſo hath guided me and ledde me by the hand, as my full truſt is, he will not ſuffer me to go alone. The maner of your petition I doe lyke, and take in good part, for it is ſimple, and conteyneth no ly|mitation of place or perſon. If it had bene other|wiſe, I muſt haue miſlyked it verie much, and thought in you a verie great preſumption, being vnfitte and altogither vnmeete, to require them that may commaunde, or thoſe appoynt, whoſe partes are to deſire, or ſuch to binde and limitte, whoſe dueties are to obey: or to take vpon you to draw my loue to your lykings, or to frame my wil to your fancies. A guerdon conſtrayned, and a gift freely giuen can neuer agree. Neuer|theleſſe, if any of you be in ſuſpect that whenſoe|uer it may pleaſe god to incline my heart to that kinde of life, my meaning is to do or determine any thing wherewith the realme may haue iuſt cauſe to be diſcontented: Put that out of your heades, for I aſſure you (what credence my aſ|ſurance may haue with you I cannot tell, but what credite it ſhall deſerue to haue, the ſequele ſhall declare) I wil neuer in that matter cõclude any thing that ſhall bee preiudiciall vnto the realme: For the weale and good ſafetie where|of, as a good mother of my Countrey, I will neuer ſhooune to ſpende my lyfe. And EEBO page image 1778 who ſoeuer my choyſe may lyght vpon, he ſhall be as carefull for the preſeruation of the Realme as you, I will not ſay as my ſelfe: for I cannot ſo certainly promiſe of another, as I doe ſure|ly knowe of my ſelfe, but as any other can be. And albeeit it doth pleaſe almightie God to con|tinue me ſtill in this minde to liue oute of the ſtate of mariage, it is not to be feared, but hee will ſo worke in my heart, and in youre wiſe|domes, that as good prouiſion may bee made in conuenient tyme, whereby the Realme ſhall not remaine deſtitute of an heyre that may bee a fitte Gouernour, and peraduenture more be|neficiall to the Realme than ſuche ofſpring as may come of mee. For though I bee neuer ſo carefull for your well doings, and mynde euer ſo to be, yet may mine iſſue growe out of kinde, and become vngracious. And for mee it ſhall bee ſufficient, that a Marble ſtone declare that a Queene, hauing raigned ſuche a tyme, ly|ued and dyed a Virgine. To make an ende, I take your comming to mee in good part, and gyue vnto you eftſoones my heartie thankes, more yet for your zeale, good will, and good meaning, than for your meſſage and pe|tition.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The returne of the Prote|teſtants from exile.Many that for feare of perſecution in Queene Maries dayes were fled the Realme, and liued in voluntarie exile, nowe that all perſecution ceaſſed by the gracious clemencie of this noble Princeſſe Queene Elizabeth, they returned with all conuenient ſpeede home into their na|tiue Countrey, giuing to Almightie God moſt humble thankes for that his mercifull deliue|rance, in ſending them a gouernor, that not on|ly permitted libertie of conſcience, but alſo was readie to aduaunce religion, and command free exerciſe of common prayer, preaching and ad|miniſtration of the Sacraments, according to the right inſtitution of the primitiue Churches.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fryday the .xvij. of Februarie, one of maiſter Hunnings ſeruants,One ſet on the Pillorie. that was alſo one of the takers of freſhe fiſhe for the prouiſion of the Queenes houſe, was ſet on the Pillorie in Cheape ſide in the fiſhe market ouer agaynſt the kings head, hauing a baudrike of Smeltes han|ging about his necke with a Paper on his fore|heade, written for buying Smelts for .xij. pens the hundred, and ſolde them againe for tenne pens the quarter. He ſtoode ſo likewiſe on the xviij. and .xx. day of the ſame moneth, euerye of thoſe three dayes from .ix. of the clocke vn|till twelue. The laſt day he ſhould haue had one of his eares ſlitte, if by great ſuyte made to the Counſayle by the Lorde Maior of London, be hadde not beene pardoned and releaſed oute of priſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This penaunce was aſſigned to him by the Queenes owne appoyntment, when to hir Grace his treſpaſſe was reuealed. Whereby ſhe gaue a taſte to the people of a zealous minde to haue iuſtice duely miniſtred, and faults accor|dingly puniſhed, namely of thoſe which vnder pretence of hir Graces authoritie ſhoulde goe aboute to wrong and oppreſſe hir louing ſub|iects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in the Eaſter holidayes,Preachers. on the Monday preached at the Spittell Doctor Bill, on the Tueſday doctor Coxe, and on the Wed|neſday Doctor Horne: the firſt was hir Maie|ſties Chapleine, the other two had remayned at Geneua, and in other places beyond the ſeas all Queene Maries time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On low Sunday maiſter Sampſon made the rehearſall Sermon, but when the Lord Ma|ior and Aldermẽ came to their places in Pauls Church yarde, the Pulpet doore was locked, and the key could not bee bearde of, wherevpon the Lord Maior ſent for a Smith to open the lock, which was done, and when the Preacher ſhould enter the place, it was founde verie filthie and vncleanly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer the Verger that had the cuſtodie of the Key that opened the doore of the place where the Prelates and other vſe to ſtande at the Sermon time would not open the doore, but the Gentlemen with a forme brake it open, and ſo came in to heare the Sermon. This diſorder chaunced by reaſon that ſince Chriſtmaſſe laſt paſt, there was not a ſermon preached at Pauls Croſſe, by reaſon of an inhibition ſent from the Counſaile vnto the Biſhop of London, that he ſhoulde admit no Preacher bycauſe of the con|trouerſie betwixt the Biſhops and other of the Clergie that were now returned into the realm, from the parties of beyonde the Seas.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The laſt of Marche the Parliament yet continuing,A Conference appoynted. was a conference begon at Weſt|minſter concerning certaine Articles of Religi|on betwixt the Biſhops and other of the Clear|gie, on the one part, and certaine learned prea|chers of whom ſome had beene in dignitie in the Churche of Englande before that tyme on the other parte, the declaration of the proceeding wherein, and the cauſe of the breaking vp of the ſame conference by default and contempt of cer|taine Biſhoppes parties of the ſayde conference was publiſhed in a little treatiſe, and imprin|ted by Richarde Iugge and Iohn Cawood, Printers to the Queenes maieſtie, as here follo|weth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes moſt excellent Maieſtie, ha|uing hearde of diuerſitie of opinions in cer|taine matters of Religion amongſt ſundrie of hir louing Subiectes, and beeing verie deſy|rous to haue the ſame reduced to ſome godly EEBO page image 1776 and Chriſtian concorde, thought it beſt by the aduice of the Lordes, and other of hir priuye Counſayle, as well for the ſatiſfaction of per|ſones doubtfull, as alſo for the knowledge of the verye truth in certayne matter of diffe|rence: to haue a conuenient thoſen number of the beſte learned of eyther parte, and to con|ferre togyther theyr opinions and reaſons, and thereby to come to ſome good and charitable a|greement.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And herevppon by hir Maieſtyes commaun|dement, certayne of hir priuye Counſayle, de|clared thys purpoſe to the Archebiſhoppe of Yorke (beyng alſo one of the ſame priuie Coun|ſayle) and requyred him that he woulde imparte the ſame to ſome of the Biſhoppes, and to make choyſe of eight, nine, or tenne of them, and that there ſhoulde bee the lyke number na|med of the other parte: and further alſo declared to hym (as then was ſuppoſed) what the mat|ters ſhoulde be: And as for the tyme, it was thought meete to bee as ſoone as poſſible myght bee agreed vpon. And then after certaine dayes paſt, it was ſignifyed by the ſayde Archbiſhoppe, that there was appoynted by ſuche of the By|ſhoppes to whome hee hadde imparted this mat|ter, eight perſones, that is to ſaye, foure By|ſhoppes, and foure Doctours, who were con|tent at the Queenes Maieſties commaunde|ment to ſhewe theyr opinions, and as he tear|med it, render accounte of theyr fayth in thoſe matters whiche were mentioned, and that ſpe|cially in wryting, although he ſayd they thought the ſame ſo determined, as there was no cauſe to diſpute vpon them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 It was herevppon fullye reſolued by the Queenes Maieſtie, with the aduice aforeſayde, that according to theyr deſyre, it ſhoulde bee in wryting on both partes, for auoyding of muche altercation in woordes, and that the ſayde Byſhoppes ſhoulde, bycauſe they were in authoritie, of degree Superiours, fyrſte declare theyr myndes and opinions to the matter, with theyr reaſons in wryting, and the other number beeing alſo eyght menne of good degree in Schooles, and ſome hauing beene in dignitie in the Churche of Englande, if they had any thing to ſay to the contrarie, ſhoulde the ſame day declare theyr opinions in lyke manner. And ſo eche of them ſhoulde de|lyuer theyr Wrytings to the other, to be con|ſydered what were to bee improoued therein, and the ſame to declare agayne in wryting at ſome other conuenient daye, and the lyke or|der to bee kept in all the reſt of the matters: all this was fully agreed vpon with the Archbiſhop of Yorke, and ſo alſo ſignifyed to both partyes. And immediately herevpon, diuerſe of the No|bilitie and States of the Realme, vnderſtan|ding that ſuch a meeting and conference ſhoulde bee, and that in certayne matters, wherevpon the Courte of Parliament conſequentlye follo|wing, ſome lawes myght bee grounded: they made earneſt meanes to hir Maieſtie, that the partyes of thys conference, myghte putte and reade theyr aſſertions in the Engliſhe tongue, and that in the preſence of them of the Nobili|tie, and others of the Parliament houſe, for the better ſatiſfaction and inhabling of theyr owne Iudgementes, to treate and conclude of ſuch lawes as myght depende herevpon. Thys alſo beeing thought verie reaſonable, was ſig|nifyed to both partyes, and ſo fully agreed vp|pon, and the daye appoynted for the firſt mee|ting to bee the Fryday in the forenoone, being the laſt of Marche at Weſtmynſter Church, where both for good order, and for honour of the con|ference, by the Queenes Maieſties commaun|dement, the Lordes and others of the priuye Counſayle were preſent, and a great part of the Nobilitie alſo, and notwythſtanding the for|mer order appoynted, and conſented vnto by both partes, yet the Biſhoppe of Wyncheſter and his Colleges, alleging they had myſtaken that theyr aſſertions and reaſons ſhould be writ|ten, and ſo onely recyted out of the Booke, ſayde theyr booke was not readie then written, but they were readie to argue and diſpute, and there|fore they woulde for that tyme repeate in ſpeache that which they had to ſay to the fyrſt propoſiti|on. This variation from the order, and ſpecially from that whiche themſelues had by the ſayde Archbiſhoppe in wryting before requyred, ad|ding thereto the reaſon of the Apoſtle, that to contende wyth wordes is profitable to nothing, but to ſubuerſion of the hearer, ſeemed to the Queenes Maieſties Counſayle ſomewhat ſtraunge, and yet was it permytted wythoute any greate reprehenſion, bycauſe they excuſed themſelues with miſtaking the order, and agreed that they would not fayle but put it in writing, & according to the former order, deliuer it to the o|ther part, and ſo the ſayd Biſhop of Wyncheſter and his Colleges appointed Doctor Cole Deane of Paules, to be the vtterer of theyr myndes, who partlye by ſpeeche onely, and partlye by reading of authorities written, and at cer|tayne tymes beeyng infourmed of hys Colle|gees what to ſaye: made a declaration of theyr meanings, and theyr reaſons to theyr fyrſt propoſition, which beeing ended, they were aſked by the priuie Counſaile, if any of them had any more to be ſayde: and they ſayde no. So as then the other parte was lycenced to ſhewe theyr myndes, which they did according to the firſt order, exhibiting all that whiche they mente EEBO page image 1800 to bee propounde in a Booke written, which after a prayer and inuocation made moſt hum|bly to Almightie God, for the enduing of them wyth hys holy ſpirite, and a proteſtation alſo to ſtande to the Doctrine of the Catholike Church, buylded vpon the Scriptures, and the doctrine of the Prophetes and the Apoſtles: was diſtinctly read by one Robert Horne Bachelour in Diui|nitie, late Deane of Dureſme. And the ſame beeing ended wyth ſome likelyhoode, as it ſeemed that the ſame was muche allowable to the au|dience: certaine of the Biſhoppes began to ſaye contrarie to their former anſwere, that they had nowe muche more to ſay to this matter, where|in although they myght haue beene well repre|hended for ſuch manner of cauillation, yet for a|uoyding of any miſtaking of orders in thys col|loquie or conference, and for that they ſhould vt|ter all that which they had to ſay: It was both ordered, and thus openlye agreed vppon of both partes in the full audience, that vpon the Mon|day following, the Biſhops ſhoulde bring theyr myndes and reaſons in wryting to the ſeconde aſſertion, and the laſt alſo if they coulde, and firſt reade the ſame, and that done, the other parte ſhoulde bring likewiſe theyrs to the ſame. And being read, eche of them ſhoulde deliuer to other the ſame wrytings. And in the meane tyme the Biſhops ſhould put in writing, not onely al that which Doctour Cole had that day vttered: but all ſuche other matters as they anye otherwiſe coulde thinke of for the ſame, and as ſoone as they might poſſible, to ſende the ſame booke tou|ching that firſt aſſertion to the other part, and they ſhoulde receyue of them that wryting which Maiſter Horne had there read that day, and vp|on Monday it ſhoulde be agreed what day they ſhoulde exhibite their aunſwers touching the firſt propoſition. Thus both partes aſſented thereto, and the aſſemblie quietly diſmiſſed. And there|fore vpon Monday, the like aſſembly beganne a|gaine at the place and houre appoynted, and there vpon what ſiniſter or diſordered meaning is not yet fully knowne (though in ſome part it be vnderſtanded) the Biſhop of Wincheſter and his Colleages, and eſpecially Lyncolne, refuſed to exhibite or reade, according to the former no|torious order on Fryday, that whiche they had prepared for the ſeconde aſſertion. And therevp|pon by the Lorde keeper of the great Seale, they being firſt gentlye and fauourably requyred to keepe the order appoynted: and that taking no place, bring ſecondly as it behoued, preſſed with more earneſt requeſt: they neyther regarding the authoritie of that place, nor theyr owne reputa|tion, nor the credite of the cauſe, vtterly refuſed that to doe. And finally being againe particular|ly euerie of them a parte diſtinctly by name, re|quyred to vnderſtande theyr opinions therein: they all ſauing one (whiche was the Abbot of Weſtminſter, hauing ſome more conſideration of order and his duetie of obedience than the o|ther) vtterly and plainly denied to haue theyr booke read, ſome of them as more earneſtly than other, ſome ſo alſo, ſome other more vndiſcretely and vnreuerently than others. Wherevpon gy|uing ſuch example of diſorder, ſtubbornneſſe and ſelfe will, as hath not beene ſeene and ſuffered in ſuch an honourable aſſembly, beeing of the two eſtates of this Realme, the Nobilitie and the Commons, beſides the preſence of the Queenes Maieſties moſt honourable priuie Counſaile, the ſame aſſembly was diſmiſſed, and the Godly and moſt Chriſtian purpoſe of the Queenes Maie|ſtie made fruſtrate. And afterwarde for the con|tempt ſo notoriouſly made, the Biſhoppes of Wincheſter and Lyncolne, hauing moſt obſti|nately both diſobeyed common authoritie, and varyed manifeſtly from theyr owne order, and ſpecially Lyncolne, who ſhewed more folly than the other: were condignly commytted to the Tower of London, and the reſt (ſauing the Ab|bot of Weſtmynſter) ſtoode bounde to make day|ly their perſonall apparance before the Counſaile, and not to departe the Citie of London and Weſtminſter, vntil further order were takẽ with them for their diſobedience and contempt.

1.23.4. The three propoſitions wherevpon conference was determined to haue bene at VVestminſter.

The three propoſitions wherevpon conference was determined to haue bene at VVestminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1 It is agaynſt the worde of God, and the cu|ſtome of the auncient Church, to vſe a tongue vnknowne to the people, in common prayer, and the adminiſtration of the Sacraments.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Euerie Church hath authoritie to appoynt, take awaye and chaunge Ceremonies and Ec|cleſiaſticall rytes, ſo the ſame bee to edifica|tion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 3 It cannot bee proued by the worde of God, that ther is in the Maſſe offred vp a ſacrifice pro|piciaſorie for the quicke and the dead. The names of ſuch as had conference in the propoſitions aforeſayde.
The names of ſuch as had conference in the propoſitions aforeſayde.
    Compare 1587 edition: 1
  • The B. of Wincheſt.
  • The B. of Lichfield.
  • The B. of Cheſter.
  • The B. of Carliel.
  • The B. of Lincolne.
  • Doctor Cole.
  • Doctor Harpeſfeld.
  • Doctor Langdall.
  • Doctor Chedſye.
  • D. Scorie B. of Chich.
  • Doctor Coxe.
  • Maiſter Whitehead.
  • Maiſter Grindall.
  • Maiſter Horne.
  • Maiſter doctor Sandes.
  • Maiſter Geſt.
  • Maiſter Aylmer.
  • Maiſter Iuell.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1801The Byſhops and Doctors ſate on the one ſide of the queere at a table of them prepared, and the other learned men ſate at an other table on the other ſide the ſame queere.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And at ye vpper ende thereof at an other table, ſate the Queenes Maieſties Counſell, deſirous to haue ſeene ſome good concluſion of the ſayde conference, although as ye may perceyue by that whiche is aboue recited, it came to ſmall effect.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A treatie for peace.In his meane time, a treatie of peace, which had bin in hande the laſt yeare, firſt at Liſle, and after at the Abbey of Cercamp, a three leagues from Dorlens, betwixt ye two kings of Spaine and France, was nowe renued againe, and the Deputies were appoynted to meete at Chaſteau Cambreſi, a ſixe leagues diſtant from Cambray.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the K. of Spayne, the Duke of Alua, the Prince of Orange, the Byſhop of Arras. Ri|gomes de Silua Earle of Mellito, Monſieur Viglius Zwichem, Knight & preſidente of the priuie Counſell in the low Countreys, who ne|uertheleſſe came not, bycauſe hee was letted by ſickneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Deputies recommiſsio|ners appoint|ted for the Princes.For the French King there came the Cardi|nall of Lorayne, the Conneſtable, the Marſhall of Saint Andrew, the Byſhop of Orleans, and Claude de Aubeſpine, ye ſaid kings Secretarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the Queene of England, the Byſhop of Elie, the Lorde William Howard Baron of Effingham, Lorde Chamberlayne to the ſayde Queene, Doctor Nicholas Wutton, Deane of Caunterbury and Yorke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the Duke of Sauoy, there were the Erle of Stropiana, and the preſident of Aſti. And as a meane or mediatrix betwene the parties, there was Chriſtierna Duches of Loraine, with hir ſonne the yong Duke, whiche Duches, as well heere, as before at Cercamp, trauelled moſt ear|neſtly to doe good betwixte the parties, and to bring them to a ſmall accord, whoſe endeuoure therein was, to the greate good liking and con|tentation of all the ſaid parties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that this treatie had continued a long time, and nowe reſted nothing to ſtay them frõ concluding a generall peace, but only the article touching Calais, Ca [...]nico Sa [...] ardini. The articles of the peace betwixt the Queenes Ma|ieſtie and the French kyng. at length that matter was al|ſo accorded by a ſpeciall treatie, betwixte the Queenes Maieſtie of England, and the French King, Guido Caualcanti a Gentleman of Flo|rence beeing the meane to bring the ſame to ef|fect. The ſubſtaunce of whiche article was, that Calais ſhould reſt in the Frenche mens handes, for the tearme of eyght yeares, and at the end of that tearme, they couenaunted to render ye ſame, or elſe for defaulte, to forfeite to the Queenes highneſſe the ſumme of fiue hundred thouſande Crownes, and for Puretie heereof, to deliuer four hoſtages, ſuch as hir Maieſtie ſhould thinke ſuf|ficient: and in caſe the towne were not deliuered at the ende of the ſayde eyghte yeares, although the money were payde according to the coue|nauntes, yet notwithſtanding the right and title to the ſaide Towne and Countrey adioyning, ſhoulde alwayes remayne and be reſerued vnto the Crowne and Realme of England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was further concluded alſo, that a peace ſhould be firmed and had betwixt the Realmes of England and Scotland, ſuch fortreſſes to be raſed as had bin built and made by the Scottes and French on the bordures towards Englãd, as Hay mouth and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iohn Maſon Knighte,Sir Iohn Maſon. Secretarie for the Frenche tong, was ſente ouer in poſt wyth inſtructions vnto the Engliſhe commiſſioners, after whoſe comming,A generall peace betwixt the Kings of Fraunce and Spayne. within two or three dayes, a generall peace was concluded betwixte all the parties, the articles whereof not touching England, we haue of purpoſe omitted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe after the concluſion of this peace, the ſayde Sir Iohn Maſon returned in poſt with the ſame: and ſo therevpon, the ſeauenth of Aprill, the ſayde peace was proclaymed, to wit,The peace proclaymed. betwixt the Queenes Maieſtie on the one part, and the French K. on the other, their Realmes, dominions, and ſubiects, and likewiſe betwixte hir ſayde Maieſtie and the King Dolphin and Queene of Scottes his wife, their Realmes, dominions, and ſubiects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Proclamation was made by Garter and Norrey Kinges at armes, accompanyed with three other Herraultes, and fyue Trum|pettors, the Lorde Maior of London and the Aldermed in their ſcarlet gownes beeing alſo preſent, and riding in company of the ſaid Her|raultes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame time alſo,Playes and enterludes forbidden for a time. was another Procla|mation made vnder the Queenes hand in wri|ting, inhabiting, that from thenceforth no playes nor enterludes ſhuld be exerciſed, til Alhallowen ride next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vppon Saterday the two and twentith of Aprill, the Lorde Wentworth,The Lords Wentworth arraigned and acquited. late Deputie of Calais, was araigned at Weſtminſter, vppon an enditemente of treaſon found agaynſt him, in the late Queene Maries dayes, for the loſſe of Calais, but hee was acquit by his peeres, the Lorde Marques of Northampton ſitting that day as chiefe Steward of Englande, vnder the cloth of eſtate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyghth of May, the Parliamente brake vp, in whiche Parliamente, beſide other thyngs before recited, concluded, and paſſed in the ſame, a ſubſedie was graunted to the Queenes high|nes,A ſubſedie, of two ſhillings eyght pence the pounde of mouable goodes, and foure ſhillings of lands, to bee paide at two ſeuerall paymentes, of euerye EEBO page image 1802 perſon Spirituall and temporall, towardes the better furniſhing of hir Maieſtie with money, for the neceſſary charges which ſhe was preſẽtly occaſioned to ſuſteyne, finding the treaſure of the Realme greatly conſumed, and the reuenewes of the Crowne ſore diminiſhed, and the ſame Crowne muche endebted, by taking vp of no|table ſummes of money by way of loane vppon intereſt, as well in the dayes of hir brother king Edward, as of hir ſiſter Queene Mary.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourtenth of May beeing Whitſonday, the ſeruice in Churches began according to the Booke of common prayer, ſet forthe and eſtabli|ſhed in this laſt Parliamente, correſpondent to that which was vſed in the dayes of hir brother King Edward.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


A Muſter at Greenewiche.

Vpon Sonday the ſeconde of Iuly, the Citi|zens of London ſette forthe a muſter before the Quenes Maieſtie at Greenewich in the Parke there, of the number of fourteene hundred men, whereof eyghte hundred were pykes, armed in fiue corſelettes, foure .C. ſhot in ſhirtes of male, with Morians, and two hundred halbarders, armed in almayne riuets. Theſe were furniſhed forth by the craftes and companies of the Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To euery hundred, two wifflers were aſſig|ned, richely appoynted and apparelled for the purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were alſo twelue wardens of the beſt companyes mounted on horſebacke in coates of blacke veluet, to conduct them, with drummes and Pfiffes, and ſixe enſignes, all in Ierkins of white Satten of Bridges, cutte and lined with blacke ſercenet, and cappes, hoſen, and ſkarfes according. The Sergeant Maiors, Captayne Conneſtable, and Captayne Sanders, brought them in order before the Queenes preſence, pla|cing them in battaile aray, euen as they ſhould haue fought, ſo as the ſhew was very faire, the Emperours and the Frenche Kings Ambaſſa|dors being preſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this moneth alſo, ye Archbiſhop of Yorke, the Biſhops of Elie, London, and others, to the number of thirtene or fouretene, being called be|fore the Queenes Counſayle,Byſhops de|priued. and refuſing to receiue the othe touching hir Maieſties ſupre|macie, and other articles, were depriued from their Byſhoprickes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And in like manner, were dyuers Deanes, Archdeacons, perſons, and Vicars, remoued from their benefices, and ſome of them commit|ted to priſon in the Tower, Fleete, Marſhalſea, and Kings benche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Commiſsio|ners ſent a|brode for e|ſtabliſhing of Religion.Moreouer, about the ſame time, were com|miſſioners appoynted to viſit in euerye dioceſe within the Realme, for the eſtabliſhmente of Religion, according to the order appoynted by acte and Statute, paſſed and confirmed in the laſt Parliament.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For London were appointed Sir Richarde Sackuille Knighte, Roberte Horne Doctor of Diuinitie, Doctor Huic a Ciuilian, and mai|ſter Sauage, who calling before them dyuers perſons of euery pariſh, ſware them to enquire and make preſentment accordingly, vppon cer|taine iniunctions drawen and deuiſed, for the better accompliſhmente and execution of that which they had in charge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, about the ſame time, by vertue of an Acte eſtabliſhed in Parliament,Religious houſes ſup|preſſed. all ſuch re|ligious houſes as were againe erected and ſette vppe, were nowe ſuppreſſed, as the Abbeys of Weſtminſter, the houſes of the Nunnes, and breethren of the Sion and Sheene, the blacke Friers of Greenewiche. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And on the twelfth of Auguſt being Sater|day, the high Aulter in Poules Churche,Images taken downe. with the Roode and the Images of Mary and Iohn, ſtanding in the Roode loft, were taken downe, and the Prebendaries and petie Canons com|maunded to weare no more their gray Amiſes, and to vſe onely a ſurplice in the ſeruice tyme, and thys was done by commaundemente of Doctor Grindall, newly elect Byſhop of Lon|don, Doctor May, then alſo newly ordeyned Deane of Poules, and other the commiſſioners then appoynted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, on the euen of Saint Bartholmew, the daye and morrowe after. &c. were burned in Poules Church yarde, Cheape ſide,Images brea [...]. and dyuers other places of the Citie of London, all the Roodes and other Images of Churches, and in ſome places, the coapes, veſtmentes, and Alter clothes, Bookes, banners, Sepulchers, and roode loftes, were likewiſe committed to the fyre, and ſo conſumed to aſhes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon Friday the eight of September, was kepte in Poules Churche of London,An obſequie for the French Kyng. a ſolemne obſequie, for Henrye, the ſeconde of that name, King of Fraunce, who departed this life, about the tenth of Iuly laſt paſt, of a wound receyued the nine and twentith of Iune, in running at Tilt in a ſolemne Iuſtes holden at Paris, in honor of the marriage celebrated betwixt his ſi|ſter the Lady Margaret of Fraunce, and Phili|bert, Duke of Sauoy. Hee was ſtriken on the viſer with a lance, as he ran againſt the Counte de Montgomerie: the ſpilts entring by the ſight of his head peece, and piercing through his eye into his head, ſo periſhed his drayne, that there was no meane to ſaue his life.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The obſequie for him was kept in verye ſo|lemne wiſe, with a rich herfe, made like an impe|riall Crowne, ſuſteyned with eyght pillers, and couered with blacke veluet, with a valence frin|ged with golde, and richly hanged with ſcutchi|ons, EEBO page image 1803 pardons, and banne [...] of the French Kings armes, without any lightes. And on the Beere was layde a riche palle of cloth of golde, with a cote armour of the armes of Fraunce, and a creſt, with an imperiall Crowne, ſtanding vppon the Beere.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Doctor Parker Archebyſhop of Caunterbu|ry elect, Doctor Barlow Byſhop of Chicheſter elect, and Doctor Scory Byſhoppe of Here|ford elect, executing at ye Dirge of thys euening ſong in Engliſhe, they ſitting in the Biſhop of Londons ſeate, in the vpper queere, in ſurpli|ces, with Doctors hoodes about their ſhoulders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The chiefe mourner, was the Marques of Wincheſter, Lorde Treaſorer, aſſiſted with tenne other Lordes mourners, with all the Her|raltes in blacke, and their coate armours vpper|moſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the morrow being Saterday, and ninth of Septẽber, a Sermon was preached by Doc|tor Scory, in place of Doctor Grindall, By|ſhop of London, who being appointed to preach that Sermon, was letted by ſicknes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After the Sermon, ſixe of the Lords mour|ners receyued the Communion with the By|ſhops, whiche Byſhops were in copes and ſur|plices, only at the miniſtration of the ſaid Com|munion. Whiche beeing finiſhed, there was a greate dinner kepte in the Biſhop of Londons Palace by Poules, where the mourners appar|relled them, and ſo ended the ſolemnitie of ye ſaid exequits.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhoppes had blacke gownes gyuen them, and eyght blacke coates a peece, for theyr ſeruauntes, at the Queenes charges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys meane time, through cõtrouerſie rei|ſed betwixte the Scottiſhe nobilitie, and the Queene dowager of Scotland, [...]able in [...]lande. which chanced, ſpecially about matters of Religion, certayne of the Lordes there minding a reformation therin. And the Queene reſiſting them to hir power, in purpoſe to mainteyne the olde Popiſhe Religi|on, which ſome name Catholique, diuers com|panies of Soldyers and men of war, were ſente out of Fraunce into Scotland to ayde the ſayde Queene,Frenchmen [...] into Scot|lande. where they were placed in dyuers Townes and fortes, to the high diſpleaſure of the more part of the Scottiſhe nobilitie, who lo|thing to bee oppreſſed with ſtraungers in that ſorte,The Scottes [...] to the Queenes ma|ſter of Eng|land for ayde againſt the French. were forced to ſue vnto the Queene of Englande for ayde, to expell the Frenche, who ſoughte to ſubuerte the auntiente ſtate of that Realme, and to annex the ſame vnto ye Crowne of France.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Their ſure was the better liked of, for that it was doubted leaſt the Frenchmen vnder pre|tence of bringing an armye into Scotlande to appeaſe the Scottes, mighte attempt ſome in|uaſion heere in Englande; conſidering, that by procuremente as was thoughte of the Duke of Guiſe, Vncle to the Queene of Fraunce and Scotlande, a title ſhould ſeeme to be pretended by his neece, the foreſayd Queene, as might bee gathered by manifeſt coniectures, of the vſur|ping of armes and ſo forth.The Lords of Scotland that were confede|rate togyther agaynſt the French.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The names of the Lords of Scotlande that made ſute for ayde againſte the Frenchmen at this ſeaſon, were theſe.

    Compare 1587 edition: 1
  • The Duke of Chateau le reault.
  • The Earle of Arraine his ſonne.
  • The Lorde Iames, Prior of Sainte An|drewe.
  • The Earle of Arguile.
  • The Earle of Glencarne.
  • The Earle of Rothouſe.
  • The Earle of Southerland.
  • The Earle of Mounſeith.
  • The Earle of Huntley.
  • The Earle of Catnes.
  • The Earle of Erxolle.
  • The Earle of Marſhall.
  • The Earle of Morton.
  • The Earle of Caſſils.
  • The Earle of Eglenton.
  • The Earle of Montros.
  • The Lord Ruithuen.
  • The Lord Boyde.
  • The Lord Ogletree.
  • The Lord Erſkin.
  • The Lord Dromond.
  • The Lord Hume.
  • The Lord Rooſe.
  • The Lord Chreighton.
  • The Lord Leuingſton.
  • The Lord Somerwell.
  • The maiſter of Lindſey.
  • The maiſter of Maxwell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes Maieſtie with aduice of hyr graces Counſell, conſidering of thys weightie buſines, and withall, foreſeeing the malitious purpoſe of hir aduerſaries, and how the Queene of Scottes was in Fraunce married, and go|uerned, ſo as ſhe was not able to vſe the libertie of hir Crowne, dyd thinke it beſt to preuente ſuch miſchiefes as might enſue, if timely reme|die were not vſed, to diſplace ſuch daungerous neighbors the Frenchmen, that began to [...] themſelues thus ſtrongly ſo neere at hande, for no good purpoſe, as eaſily might be geſſed.The Queenes Maieſtie de|termineth to aid the Scottes

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevppon was a power reyſed and ſente forth, both by Sea and land, the Duke of Norf|folke beeing appoynted generall, and ſente into the North, for the direction thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And firſte, maiſter William Winter,Sir William Winter. ap|poynted Vice Admirall of the Queenes nauie Northwardes, made ſaile towards Scotlande, EEBO page image 1804 and waſting alõgſt the coaſt in Ianuary,1560 came into the Forth, and ſo to the road of Lieth, and there caſt ancre, as well to impeach the landing of ſuche Frenchmen, as might haply be ſente forthe of Fraunce, to the ayde of the Frenche there, againſt the Scottiſh Lords, named of the congregation, as alſo to keepe them that lay in Inſkeith from vittayles: and likewiſe to ſee, that none of the Frenchmen by water ſhoulde paſſe to or from Lieth, but to watch them ſo, as they ſhoulde not enioy any commoditie that mighte come to eyther place by the ſame water.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, after that the army by lande was come togither into the North partes,The Lorde Grey, generall of the army. and hadde ſoiourned a time at Berwike and thereaboutes, the Lord Grey of Wilton being appoynted ge|nerall of the ſaid armye, departed with the ſame out of the boundes of Berwike, and marched to Coldingham, where they encamped that night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iames Croft.Saterday the thirtith of March, Sir Iames Croft, and Sir George Howard departed Ber|wike to the armye,The numbers of horſemen and footemen in the army. with all the launces and light horſemen, conteyning ye number of twelue hundred and fiftie horſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The number of the footemen, amounted to aboue ſixe thouſand in all.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The chiefeſt in charge in this army.The chiefe gouernoures of which army were theſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord Grey of Wilton, Lieutenant ge|nerall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iames Crofte, aſſiſtãt with him in that charge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord Scrope, Lord Marſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir George Howard, generall of the men at armes and demilances.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter Barnaby Fitz Patricke, hys Lieue|tenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Henry Percy, generall of the light horſe|men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thomas Hugghens Eſquier, prouoſt Mar|ſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thomas Gower, maiſter of the ordinance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter William Pelham, Captayne of the pioners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Edward Randol Eſquier, Sergeant maior.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter Thomas Bourrough.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter Cutbert Vaughan.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter Williams, and maiſter Cornewall Corporals.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Dunglas.This Saterday night, the army encamped at Dunglas, the Horſemen lodged in ſundrye Villages neere about.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iames Croft lay that nighte at Co|berſpeth, in the Lard of Whitlayes houſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the laſt of March, the army remo|ued from Dunglas,A skirmiſh at Dunbar. and marching by Dunbar, there iſſued out of the Towne certayne Horſe|men and footemen, offering a ſkirmiſh, towards whome, certayne of the Engliſh launces and pi|ſtoliers, with certayne barquebuſters, made for|wardes, but they kepte themſelues within theyr ſtrength, but yet ſome of the Engliſh horſemen approched them ſo neere, that in ſkirmiſh, two of the enimies horſemen, and one footeman were ſlayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhmen receyued little damage, ſauing that Peter Miace, due of their horſe|men, was hurt there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done,Linton bridg the armye marched vnto Linton Brigges, where the footemen encamped that night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Horſemen lay at Hadington, and in di|uers other ſmall townes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iames Croftes lay at Clarkington, Weſt of Hadington, at the Lard of Cockburnes houſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the firſte of Aprill, the Camp re|moued from Linton Brigges vnto Salt Pre|ſton,Salt Preſton. and there encamped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This euening, Sir Iames Croft, with dy|uers of the Captaynes in his companye, mette with the Earle of Arrayne, the Lorde Iames,The Earle of Arraine. Priour of S. Andrewes, the maiſter of Max|well, ſir William Kirkaudy, Lard of Grange, and dyuers other of the Scottiſh nobilitie, with three hundred horſe in their trayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After they were mitte and had ſaluted eache other, they rode altogither vnto Salt Preſton, where at the ende of the towne, my Lord Grey, Lorde Lieutenante mette them, and embraces them, and ſo they lighted from theyr horſes, and entred into communication for the ſpace of an houre, and after tooke leaue eache of other, and ſo departed for that night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tewſday the ſeconde of Aprill, my Lorde Grey, Sir Iames Croft, my Lord Scrope, ſir George Howard, with diuers of the Captaines, rode to Muſkelbourrough Church,The Duke of Chateau le reault. & there tar|ried the cõming of the D. of Chateau le reaulte, for the ſpace of two houres, at length he came, accompanyed with his ſonne, the Earle of Ar|rayne, the Earles of Arguile, Glencarne, Sou|therland, Monteith, and Rothus, the L. Iames Prior of Sainte Andrewes, the Lorde Ruyth|nen, alias Riuen, the Lorde Ogiltree, the Lorde Boyd, the maiſter of Maxwel, the Lard of Or|m [...]ſton, the maiſter of Lindſey, the Byſhop of Galloway, the Abbot of Saint Colmes Inch, the Abbot of Cultos, the Lard of Pettirowe, the Lard of Cunnynghã head, the Lard of Grange, and diuers other. They were a two hundred horſe in trayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the Dukes approche, they all lighted on foote, as well on the one part as the other, and after courteous embracings, and gentle ſaluta|tions, they entred into the houſe of one Willi|am EEBO page image 1805 Atkinſon, neere to Vndreſke Church, & ſate there in counſell the ſpace of two houres, and then departed for that night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The army lay ſtill in Camp at Salt Pre|ſton, frõ Monday, till Saterday, Palme Son|day euen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Wedneſday, the third of April, my Lord Grey, ſir Iames Croft, and my Lorde Scrope, Sir George Howard, Sir Henrye Percy, and dyuers other Captaynes and Gentlemen, rode vnto Pinkey, a houſe of ye Abbot of Dunfernes, diſtant a mile & an half from ye Campe, where ye Earle of Arrayne, and the Lorde Iames Ste|ward, with diuers other noble men of Scotland meeting them, did conduct them into the ſayde houſe, where they had long conference togither, which ended, they went to dinner, and after din|ner, they returned with my Lord Lieutenante vnto Salt Preſton, and viewed the Engliſhe Camp.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſdaye the fourth of Aprill, fyue yong Gentlemen,The Scottiſhe [...]edges. appoynted to paſſe into Englande for pledges, and bound thither by Sea, through contrary windes, were forced to come a land at Salt Pannes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theyr names were as followe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord Claude Hamilton, fourth ſonne to the duke of Chateau le reault, Robert Dow|glas, halfe brother to the Lorde Iames Ste|warde, Archebalde Cambell, Lord of Loughen|nell, George Gream, ſeconde ſonne to the Earle of Monteith, Iames Coningham, ſonne to the Earle of Glencarne, they were broughte vp to Salt Preſton, and remayned there that nyght.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the ſixth of Aprill, beeyng Palme Sonday euẽ, the Camp reyſed from Salt Pre|ſton, and marched forwards.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Halfe a myle frõ Leſterike, beneath a cragge, called Arthurs ſeate,Arthurs ſeate. the Duke of Chateau le re|ault, the Erle of Arrayne, the Earle of Arguile, the Lorde Iames, Prior of Saint Andrewes, and the reſt of the noble men of Scotlande, ac|companyed with two hundred Horſemenne, or thereaboutes, and fiue hundred footemen, ſtayed for the comming of the Engliſh army. Where|vpon the Lord Grey, Sir Iames Croft, the L. Scroupe, Sir George Howard, and Sir Henry Percye, repaired to them, and hadde conference there with the Duke, and other of the Scottiſhe Lords that were in hys company.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane while the army ſtayed, but yet at length, the Horſemen, the vantgard and bat|tayle, were commaunded to march forthe, who accordingly paſſing forwarde alongſt by the place where the Duke and Scottiſhe Lordes ſtoode, helde vpon their way, till they approched neere to Leſtericke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At their commyng thither, Trombull, the Queene regents Trumpet, came to my Lorde Lieutenant, and brought with him a ſafe con|duit, giuen vnder hir hand and ſeale, for the ſafe repaire of Sir Iames Croft, Sir George Ho|ward, and ſixe other to accompany them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wherevpon, they preparing themſelues to goe to hir (after they had talked with my Lorde Lieutenant,Sir Iames Croft, and fit George Ho|ward, went to talke with the Queene. and the duke of Chateau le reault) they departed towardes Edenburgh, where the ſayde Queene as then lay within the Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There went with them maiſter Somerſette, maiſter Pelham, and foure other Gentlemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt they were in conference with the Queene, although an aſiſtinence of all hoſtili|tie by appoyntmente taken betwixte my Lorde Grey and the ſayd Queene ought to haue reaſ|ſon the Frenchmen, to the number of nine hun|dred, of a thouſande ſhot, backed with fiue hun|dred corſelettes and pikes, and about fiftie horſe|men, were come forth of Lieth, vnder the condu|ction of Monſieur Doyſell, and the Counte Mar [...]igues, coronell of the French footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 My Lord Grey vnderſtanding therof, came vp to the hille, appoynted an officer at armes called Rouge Croſſe, to goe vnto them,My Lorde Greys meſſage ſent to the Frenchmen. wyth commandement from him, that they ſhould re|tire their forces forth of the fielde, into ye Towne of Lieth: for if it were not for the promiſe which hee hadde made to the Queene Dowager, hee would cauſe them to departe, not much to their eaſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Herrault doyng his meſſage, receyued aunſwer, that they were vpon their maiſter and miſtreſſe ground, and therfore meante not to re|moue from it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Rouge Croſſe returning with this aunſwer, was ſent agayne from my Lord Lieutenant, to commaunde them eſtſoones to goe theyr way backe to Lieth, for if they did not, hee woulde ſurely ſend them away with a miſchiefe. But vnneth had the Herrault done this ſecond meſ|ſage, when the Frenchmen ſtepping forthe, diſ|charged a whole volee of their ſhot into the field againſt my Lord Grey and his company.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevppon, the Engliſhmen and they fall in ſkirmiſhe,A ſharp and a long skirmiſh whiche continued for the ſpace of foure houres and more, ſo hot [...], and earneſtly maynteyned an both partes, that the like hadde not lightly bin ſeene manye a daye before. At length yet,The French|men repulſed. the Engliſhmen droue the Frenche footemen ouer the hill, wonne the cragge from them, and put them from a Chappel, where they had ſtoode a greate while, vſing it for a couerte and ſafegard for them againſt the Engliſhmẽs ſhotte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then the enimies that were in Lieth, ſhot off diuers peeces of their greate artillerie out of the Towne againſte the Engliſhmen, who on the EEBO page image 1806 other parte broughte forth two fielde peeces, and couered them with a troupe of Horſemen, and hauing planted them to ſome aduantage, diſ|charged the ſame among the enimies, who per|ceiuing that, gaue place, and ſuddaynely, the Engliſhe demilaunces gaue a charge on them, brake in amongſt them, and ſlewe dyuers of them.

[figure appears here on page 1806]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude, they were putte from theyr grounde, and forced to retire backe into Lieth, beeing followed welneere to the very gates of that Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlayne in thys ſkirmiſhe of the French,Churchyard. about a ſeauen ſcore, and amongſt thẽ twelue men of name, beſide ſome of them that remayned priſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Of the Engliſhmen, there were alſo dyuers ſlayne, and many hurt, but if the grounde hadde bin knowen to the Engliſhmen, and what ad|uantage was offered to them by that preſump|tuous comming of the enimies ſo farre from their hold, it was thoughte, their whole power mighte eaſily haue bin cutte off, and vtterly di|ſtreſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French|men driuen into Lieth.After that this ſkirmiſhe was ended, and the Frenchmen driuen into Lieth, the army encam|ped at Leſterike.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, the Scottiſh hoſtages were embarqued to paſſe into England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Towardes euening, Sir Iames Croft, and Sir George Howard, returned from ye Queene regent, after they had ſpente a long time in talke with hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the ſeuenth of Aprill a newe trenche was caſt beſide the cragge, and thereon two pee|ces of ordinance planted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, Sir Iames Croft, Sir Ge|orge Howard, and Sir Henry Percy, wente a|gayn vpon aſſurance, to talke with the Queene Dowager.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the eyght of Aprill, the Frenchmen ſhot at the Engliſhe Camp very ſore out of S. Nicholas Steeple,Saint Nicho|las Steeple. where there were two greate peeces placed for to anoy them, although they did no great hurt, but the ſame nighte, the En|gliſhmen caſt a trenche beyond the cragge, and placed in the ſame trench certaine ſmall peeces of artillerie, which went off the next day againſt the enimies, and they likewiſe ſhotte off agayne at the Engliſhmenne, and ſo likewiſe on Wed|neſday the tenth of Aprill, on which day,Ordinance landed. a great part of the carriages for the great ordinance, and dyuers bullets for the ſame, were landed, and muche thereof remoued, and brought to the in|nermoſt trenche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the eleuenth of Aprill, the greate ordinance was landed, and two peeces thereof mounted into their carriages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The twelfth of Aprill, beeing good Friday,Good Friday a bullet of a great peece of ordinance, being ſhotte out of Lieth earely in the morning, did light in the Camp, and ſlew three men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame night, they were anſwered againe with foure or fyue Canons, and demy Canons.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday was ſpente in warding the tren|ches, and mounting the great artillerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the fourtenth of April, being Eaſter day, the Engliſhmen ſhotte off in the morning all their great ordinance, and the Frenchmenne aunſwered them agayne, and ſo they continu|ed moſt parte of that daye, in ſhooting one at a|nother.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The footemen alſo ſkirmiſhed ſo, that dyuers were hurt on both partes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye,The pile of Blackneſſe. the pile of Blackneſſe was ſurrendred to maiſter Winter, vpon ſight of the EEBO page image 1807 Canon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were within it eyghteene Frenchmẽ, who were broughte away priſoners, and the houſe deliuered to Maiſter Iames Hamelton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, nyne Frenchmen, apparelled like women, [...]he French| [...]n womẽs [...]parell. came forthe of Lieth, and counter|f [...]iting ſome like demeanor, to ye apparel where|in they were diſguiſed, trayned one of the En|gliſh ſkoutes within their daunger, whom they tooke, and chopped off his head, which they ſent vpon the toppe of one of their Church ſteeples.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the .15. of Aprill about noone. there iſſued out of Lieth a fiftie Horſemen, [...]e Mon| [...]y. and about fiue hundred harquebuſiers, who making to the new trenches,The French|men winne the trenche. were vpon the Engliſhmen, that warded in ſuch wiſe vppon the ſuddayne, before they could be brought into any order, that ſo en|tring the trenches, they ſlewe and wounded no ſmall number, and poſſeſſing the trẽches awhile, ſtopped and cloyed the touch holes of three pee|ces of the artillerie,Maurice Bark|ley taken pri|ſoner. tooke maſter Maurice Bark|lry priſoner, and his enſigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Brian Fitz Williams was fore wounded, and a foule fright there was.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The alarme beeing brought to the Camp, ſir Iames Croft and other repaired towardes the trench with all expedition, and perceiuing the Frẽchmen to be maſters of one of the trenches, he called to Captayne Vaughan, commaun|ding hym with his band to enter the trench, and to relieue thoſe that were hardly beſette of the Frenchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French|men repulſed.This was done with great manhood ſhewed by the ſayde Vaugham and others, who entring the trench, repulſed the enimies, and ſlew [...]tr [...]ne of them there in the trench.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Captayne Somerſet and Captaine Reade with their bands followed them alſo, as they re|tired, and maiſter Arthur Grey, with certayne of his demilances, of whome he had the conduc|tion, ſuddaynely came vpon them, and charging them with greate courage, droue them into the Towne, and made no ſmall ſlaughter of them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In whiche charge,Maiſter Ar|thur Grey hurt. maiſter Arthur Grey was ſhotte through the ſhoulder.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The greate artillerie in Lieth was not idle during this ſkirmiſh, diſcharging to the number of an hundred ſhotte, greately to the annoyance of the Engliſhe, and vnderſtaunce of the ſeruice, which elſe myghte by them haue bin atchieued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys nyghte, the Engliſhmen drewe darke their ordinaunce whiche the Frenchmen hadde cloyed with nayles and Wyers in the touche holes, but the ſame were planted agayne before day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, oure pioners caſt a newe trenche alongſt by the olde Chappell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tewſday the ſixtenth of Aprill,A new ſupply commeth to the army. a ſupplye of two thouſand and two hundred footemen, came to the Campe, ouer whome were Captaynes, Sir Andrewe Corbet, Sir Rowland Stanley, Sir Thomas Heſketh, Sir Arthur Manwe|ring, Sir Laurence Smith, maiſter Frauncis Tunſtall, maiſter Edwarde Littleton, Cap|tayne Caruell, Philippe Sturley, and Dauid Morris.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They were guarded with fyue hundred horſ|men, Sir Rauſe Sadler, Sir Franncis Looke, Sir Iohn Forſter, and ſir Nicholas Strange, hauing charge to ſet them ſafely conducted, who after they hadde brought them paſt all daunger of entities, left them in ſafetie by the way, and were come a daye or two before them to the Campe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wedneſday the ſeuententh of Aprill, it ray|ned ſore the more parte of the day, but yet the ſame nighte, maiſter Winter cauſed dyuers of the ſhippe boates, beeing very well manned, to giue a greate alarme at the ſyde of the Towne towardes the water,An alarme. diſcharging many baſſes & harquebuſlers of croke into the Towne: the a|larme was very hote for the ſpace of an houre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During this buſines, there was a right piti|full one made by the women and children with|in the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Pioners beeyng applyed in worke to make trenches, Friday all daye, at nyghte,Ordinance planteo [...]. they placed certayne peeces of the ordinaunce in the trenches beſide the Chappell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the twentith of Aprill, many pee|ces were ſhotte off out of the trenches into the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There iſſued notwithſtanding out of the gates an hundred ſhotte, whyche placed them|ſelues into wholes of the bankes, to haylſe ſuche of the Engliſhmenne, as came forthe to offer the ſkirmiſhe. All thys daye alſo, the Pio|ners, both Scottes and Engliſh, were occupy|ed in makyng of a newe trenche neere to the EEBO page image 1808 Towne. Sir Gerneys Clifton, and Captaine Reade with their bands guarded them, and two hundred launces.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye, the reſidue of the greate ordi|nance with armour, was brought a land.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhop of Valence.Sunday the one and twentith of Aprill, the Biſhop of Valence named Monluc, accompa|nyed with Sir Henry Percy, and three hun|dred light Horſemen, came to Leſtericke, the Lord Lieutenant, Sir Iames Croft, the Lord Scrape, and Sir Raufe Sadler met him at the further ende of the ward; that was ſet of purpoſe for his entring into the Camp.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After they had receyued him with ſalutati|ons according to the manner, he was conducted by Rouge croſſe the officer of armes, from the Camp vnto Edenburgh, and ſo went vp to the Caſtell to conferre with the Queene Dowa|ger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hee was no ſooner entred into the Caſtell, but that there iſſued forthe of Lieth the number of two hundred Frenchmen, aboute twelue of the clocke,A skirmiſh. and beganne a hote ſkirmiſhe, whyche continued two houres, at the whyche, dyuers were ſlayne on both partes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 More ordi|nance planted.The ſame night, the Lorde Lieutenant cau|ſed nine peeces of the great ordinance to be plan|ted in the new trench, ſo that the next day being Monday, the ſame peeces were ſhotte off verye earely, directly towardes the Steeple of Sainte Anthonies Churche, and although thoſe peeces lay a quarter of a mile off, the peeces of ordinãce that lay in the ſame ſteeple, were diſmounted by them, and likewiſe thoſe that lay in the Steeple of S. Nicholas Churche, at the whiche dyuers peeces were leuyed,The enimies ordinance diſplaced. and within ſixe or ſeauen tire, the peeces that lay in that Steeple, were al|ſo diſplaced, and a gunner ſlayne that ſtoode at one of them, the peece and the Gunner com|myng tumblyng downe both togyther.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this Churche as was reported their ſtore of vittayles and munition was layd, ſo that ba|terie was made againſte the ſame all that day, and a greate peece of the Churche wall beaten downe, and the Steeple defaced.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhoppe of Valence after hee hadde talked with the Queene Dowager, returned to commune with the Lordes of the congrega|tion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tewſday the three and twentith of Aprill,A fort reyſed beeyng Saint Georges day, the pioners Scot|tiſh and Engliſh, were buſily applyed in worke, about the caſting of trenches, to make a forte, and ſtill the artillerie wente off agaynſte the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wedneſday the foure and twentith of A|prill, about three of the clocke in the after noone, there iſſued out of Lieth ſeuenteene horſemen,A skirmiſh. who offered the ſkirmiſhe, and vnder the place called little London, where they were buſy in fortifying all that day, three or foure hundred of their ſhotte were placed, ready to breake out if occaſion ſerued: at length, certayne of the En|gliſh launces gaue a charge vppon their horſe|men, who therewith retiring, drewe the Eng|liſhmen within daunger of their ſhotte, but al|though the Frenchmen that day ſhewed them|ſelues very valiante in ſkirmiſhing euen in the face of the Engliſh artillerie,The French repulſed. yet beeing nowe e|grely purſued by thoſe launces, they were forced to retire withoute anye greate hurte done to the Engliſhmen, although the ſkirmiſhe continued neere hand two houres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this laſt charge, yong maiſter Browne was hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſdaye the fiue and twentith of Aprill, the Pioners laboured ſore for the moſt parte of the day, in finiſhing the new fort, named Mont Pellham, to the guarde whereof, Captayne Vaughan was appoynted gouernoure, with twelue hundred ſouldyers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This forte was reiſed on the South ſyde of the Towne, the plotte wherof was caſt ſquare, with foure bulwarkes at euery corner, & twelue battering peeces planted in places conuenient within the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Thurſday alſo, about fiue the clocke in the after noone, there iſſued out of Lieth on the Eaſt ſide ſeuentie or eyghtie horſemen, and two hundred harquebuſiers, offering the ſkir|miſhe,Another skir|miſhe. towardes whome, certayne of the En|gliſh lighte horſemen roundly made, and char|ging them, droue them backe to their footemen, who with theyr ſhotte, receiued the light horſe|men [figure appears here on page 1808] EEBO page image 1809 ſo ſharpely,Iames Hamil|ton taken pri|ſoner. that they were forced to retyret in which retyre Iames Hamilton a Scottiſh|man was taken priſoner, for the reſkue of whom the horſemen made forwarde agayne, but the enimies ſhotte was ſo hote, that they were not able to recouer him, but yet they ſlue two of the French horſemen in ſight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During the tyme of thys ſkyrmiſhe, there was great ſhooting off with the great ordinance on both ſides, and much hurt done as well to the Engliſh as French.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This day Captaine Perith, and Captaine Hayes, hauing charge of a troupe of lighte horſemen, vnder ſir Henrie Percie, and the Lard of Grange, were taken priſoners before Dun|barre, and to the number of twentie or thirtie o|ther, were lykewiſe taken or ſlayne the ſame tyme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame night alſo, two thouſande foote|men with the Pioners, were ſent to the other ſide of the towne, beyonde the Canon Mylles, where the Pioners caſt a trench for the ſafe lod|ging of the armie,The armie re|moueth from Leſtericke to the red Brays. which remoued the next day being Fryday, and .xxvj. of Aprill, from Leſte|ricke downe into the valley by the ſayde Ca|non Milles, called the red brayes neare to the Riuer ſide on the South part of the towne of Lieth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As the armie was thus remoouing from Leſtericke towardes the ſayde place called the red Brayes, the Frenchmen within Lieth ſhotte off many of theyr great peeces of artillerie, but without doing any great hurte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As the army was encamping, certaine of the enimies horſemen and footemen ſkirmiſhed with the Engliſh Launces, [...] skirmiſh. and light horſemen a long tyme: there were two Frenchmen ſlain and their horſes alſo. In tyme of this ſkyr|miſh, two Canons were conueyed and plan|ted in the new trench, which diſcharged diuerſe ſhottes at the enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the .xxvij. of Aprill,The planting of the great artillerie. the great Ar|tillerie was planted aloft on the hill aboue the campe within leſſe than a Curriers ſhot of the towne walles, and the Pioners were ſet a worke to caſt newe trenches from the place where the ſame ordinãce was lodged vnto Montpelham, drawing ſo neare vnto Lieth, as the Harquebuſe might reache them that watched and warded within the greene Bulwarke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There iſſued out of Lieth vnder the weſt Bulwark certaine of the Frenchmen, the which were chaſed into ye town by the Lord of Grange and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French kept the ſame day a Trenche, which they had made without the towne, conti|nually ſhooting at the Engliſhmen in the camp,A trench won from the enimies. but the ſame night the Engliſhmen wanne that trench from them, ſlue diuerſe of them therein, togither with their ſkoute. And this done, they gaue a great alarme to the towne both by lande and water, the ſhippe boates ſhooting off againſt the towne verie hotely, and they within the towne likewiſe at the Engliſh men. The ſame night was the great ordiance planted,Great ordi|nance planted and mai|ſter Markham hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the .xxviij. of Aprill, the ſayd great ordinance went off and ſhotte continually the more part of that day. The Biſhop of Va|lence departed the ſame day towards Berwike, and this night ſir George Howarde, that had bene ſent back to Barwik, to ſignifie to the duke of Norffolk the eſtate of the ſiege, returned with ſir Richard Lee, being conducted with fiue hun|dred horſmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the .xxx. of Aprill, the peeces of the great artillerie were occupied in ſhooting off ve|ry hotely, & the French likewiſe ſhot off theyrs,A skirmiſhe. [figure appears here on page 1809] EEBO page image 1810 and comming forth of the Towne, ſkirmiſhed with the Engliſh men. This night the Pioners made new Trenches towarde the South Bul|warke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tuiſday the laſt of Aprill, was ſpent in ſhoo|ting off the great Artillerie into the towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About fiue of the clocke in the after noone, a ſodaine fire was rayſed within the towne, which hugely increaſed and continued the moſt part of that night.A fire in Lieth At the beginning when it firſt ap|peared, the Engliſh Ordinaunce was ſhot off to the place where the fire was, whiche ſhotte togither with helpe of the winde, that was verie great at that preſent, did marueilouſly augment the ſame fire: yet neuertheleſſe the French at that preſent time offered a ſkirmiſh, and continued the ſame neare hand for the ſpace of two houres, manned theyr walles, and made the beſt proui|ſion they might for doubt of ſome aſſault. It was in deed appoynted, that certaine bandes ſhould make an alarme to the Towne,Captaine Vaughan. inſo|much that Captaine Vaughan with dyuerſe of the ſouldiours of Montpelham entred the ditch, and approching the Walles, diſcouered the heigth of them and notwythſtanding that the French did what they coulde to annoy them in the Ditches wyth Currier ſhotte, yet did Cap|taine Vaughan ſtay in the ditch a pretie while, and retyred with his men without receyuing any great hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wedneſday the firſt of May, the Frenche menne ſette vp verie early in the morning theyr Maye Polles in certaine Bulwarkes,Maypolles ſet vp in Lieth. and fourtene Enſignes, the whiche beeing diſcoue|red of them in the Campe, they ſaluted them wyth a peale of great Ordinaunce, and lyke|wyſe the Frenchmen aunſwered them againe, and ſo continued the moſte parte of that daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A trench won from the French.The ſame day Iohn Brian Lieutenant to Captaine Capell, wanne a Trenche from the French at the weſt ſyde of the towne, and in de|ſpite of them kept it all that day, with the loſſe onely of one man.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the ſeconde of May, the Pioners made the Trenches for the Artillerie to be plan|ted in batterie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The night following, they remoued and pla|ced the ſame Artillerie in the new Trench, and the next morning being Fryday and thirde of May, about foure of the clocke, the ſame bat|terie went off, and continued all that day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the after Noone of the ſame day, cer|taine French men iſſued out of the weſt Bul|warke, and ſkyrmiſhing with the Engliſhmen on that ſyde the water, returned without anye great hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The night enſuyng, the Pioners made a new Trenche by the Citadell, wherein they myghte lodge ſome ſhotte, and Captayne Vaughan wyth diuerſe of the bandes in Mont|pelham, gaue two falſe aſſaultes to the towne, entred the Ditches, and viewed the Flankers, wherevppon the Frenche ſhotte off the ſame Flankers, and manning theyr Walles,Captaine Vaughan vieweth the enimies flan|kers. ſhotte off two or three Volecs of theyr ſmall Ar|tillerie, ſleayng and hurting to the number of twentie of the Engliſhmen. Among other, little Norton loſt hys lyfe that nyght, and ſo at length the reſidue returned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the fourth of May, there were three Enſignes appoynted to garde the newe Trenches, and towardes night when the ward ſhoulde bee relieued, and the watche ſette, the Frenche men that were in the Trenche vnder the Citadell, made a ſally vppon the ſodaine, wherevppon the Engliſhmen that garded the ſayde Trenche, were conſtrayned to abandon a great parte thereof for a tyme, but yet the Engliſhe menne eftſoones takyng courage,The French repulſed. layde to them agayne, repulſed them, and draue them backe into theyr owne Tren|ches, ſlue foure of them in ſight, and hurt many other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whyleſt this was in doing, the French had ſtuffed their Bulwarkes and Rampyres wyth Curriers and Harquebuſiers of Croke, as thicke as was poſſible, which went off withoute ceaſ|ſing, at the Engliſhmen, for the ſpace of an houre and more.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhe Artillerie planted in the Trenches did anſwere them againe continual|ly, and the great peeces did muche hurt among them, in ſight of them that watched in the ſame Trenches.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame nyght the Engliſhe men con|ueyed two Culueringes ouer the water to ſkower the Mylles, and before the breake of the daye they hadde burnt one of the ſame Mylles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the fifth of May, early in the mor|ning at the relieuing of the watch,The Mylles burnt. and entring of the ward, foure ſoldiours that belonged to the great Ordinaunce iſſued out, and ſet fyre on the other Mylle, whiche burnt verie outragiouſ|ly wythout ceaſſing, for the ſpace of an houre or more.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche beganne to aſſemble towardes the Myll, in hope to haue quenched the fire, but they were deceyued, for ſodaynly the Engliſhe menne cutte two holes through theyr Tren|ches, and placing in the ſame the two demie Culuerings, ſhotte them off at the French|men, ſo that they were dryuen to forſake the Myll, and in theyr retyre ſome of them were ſlaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1811This day alſo, as foure French Gentlemen came forth to diſcouer the Engliſh Trenches, Captaine Reade commaunded one of his ſoul|diours to ſhoote at them, but through myſhap his peece burſt,Captain Rea| [...]e arme [...]ken. and a ſhiuer thereof fiue oute, and brake the arme of his ſayde captaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the ſixt of May, the armie lying quiet all the morning, in the after noone, the Engliſh Ordinance on the further ſide the wa|ter, began to ſhoote off agaynſt the enimies very hotely, ſo continuing till night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This day the Earle of Arguyle, and diuerſe other noble men of Scotlande, [...]e Earle of Arguyle. came to Eden|bourgh with two thouſande horſemen and foot|men, who ſhewed themſelues in order of a mu|ſter, on the hill vnderneath the Caſtell, which be|ing perceyued of the Frenche within Lieth, they ſhotte off three great peeces of Artillerie at them, but (as God woulde haue it) wythout hurt, for two of the bullets lighted ſhort, and the thirde did fall in a Garden within the towne of Eden|bourgh.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The night enſuing, the great Ordinance in the Engliſhe mens Trenches and Bulwarkes continued ſhooting on euerie ſide: and herewith commaundement was giuen by the Lord lieu|tenant, and the Counſaile, that the whole army ſhould be readie armed with their weapon and furniture according, by midnight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the morning by two of the clock the .vij. of May being Tuiſday,The aſſault gi|uen to Lieth [...] [...]nth of [...]y. diuerſe hands paſſed forth towards the towne, & entring the ditches offred the ſkale: other captaines with their men appro|ched the Bulwarkes, & other there were appoin|ted to enter beſide the Mylles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſyde, the Engliſh bandes commaunded thus to giue the aſſault, there were a thouſande Scottes ioyned with them, whereof fiue C. with captaine Vaughan, & ſuch other captaines as were commaunded to attempt the Bulwark next to Montpelham, & other fiue C. went with ſuch of the Engliſh captains as were commaun|ded to aſſault the breach beyond the water.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer as well the Launces as lyght horſemen,The horſemen ioyned to [...]ed the field. were aſſigned to garde the fields. Sir George Howard with the Launces keeping be|twixt the Forte of Montpelham and the Sea Weſtward, and ſir Henrie Percie with the light horſmen, betwixt the campe and the Sea Eaſt|ward. The reſt of the footemen that went not to the aſſault, were alſo appoynted to garde the trenches and fielde, in ſuch wiſe as was thought expedient, ſo that perfite direction was giuen in euerie behalfe by the Lorde Lieutenant, and o|ther of the Counſayle, and vpon warning gy|uen by Captaine Rondall Sergeant Maior, ſuche as hadde beene commaunded to giue the aſſaulte in theyr ſeuerall appoynted places, preaſſed forwarde wyth courage ynough, and boldly aduentured to climbe the Walles, and enter at the breaches, but yet theyr attempte wanted the wyſhed ſucceſſe: for what through the Frenche mennes policie in ſtopping the currant of the Ryuer that nyght, and other deuyſes for theyr owne ſafegarde, and the an|noyance of the aſſaylantes, and what by rea|ſon of the vnfitneſſe of the Ladders, beeing too ſhorte by two yardes and more,The Engliſh men repulſed. the aſſaylantes were repulſed. For duryng the whole tyme of the aſſaulte, whiche continued for the ſpare of an houre and an halfe, the Frenche ſhotte off theyr Flankers, and mainteyned their ſhot from the walles ſo thicke, that it ſeemed a verie hell for the time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They alſo hurled downe ouer the Walles vppon the aſſaylantes heades, greate plentie of ſtones, logges, and mightie peeces of tymber, which did muche hurt to the Engliſh men and Scottes, that forced themſelues to climbe vp. But yet neuertheleſſe, manye there were that entered the Towne in ſundrye places, of the whyche ſome came backe agayne, al|though others were beaten downe and ſlaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude at length all that eſcaped with lyfe, were forced to retyre with the loſſe of ſeuen or eyght ſkore Engliſhmen, ſome haue ſayde two hundred, which were ſlaine outryght,The number ſlaine and hurt at the aſſault. be|ſyde thoſe that were wounded, being in number at the leaſt two or three hundred, and amongeſt other, there were dyuerſe Capitaynes and Gen|tlemen that were hurt, as Syr Thomas Heſ|keth, Maiſter Sutton, Maiſter Newporte, maiſter Conwey, Captaine Wood, Thomas Fitton, with others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vppon the repulſe thus giuen to our men, by the French they aduaunced and ſet vp four|tene Enſignes preſentlye aboute the Towne, and continewed otherwyſe quyet all that daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wedneſday the eyght of May in the after Noone, ſir George Howarde, and ſir Richarde Lee departed towardes Barwike wyth cer|tayne Companies of Horſemen for their ſafe|conduction.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the ninth of May, the French|men wrought verie earneſtly within the towne, to fortifie the neceſſarie places, and repayre the breaches, euen in the face of the Engliſh ordi|nance, which went off dyuerſe tymes, and dyd them much hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye alſo the Frenche hadde manned to the Sea wardes a Boate fraught wyth fyftie Harquebuſiers, meaning to con|uey them ouer to Inſketh, but the Engliſhe Shippes diſcouering them, prepared certayne Boates to encounter them, whereof they beyng aware, returned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1812Fryday the tenth of May, Maiſter Ingle|bie, Captaine Pickman,A ſupply from Barwike. and Captain Browne, came to the Campe from Berwike, with a ſup|plie of .450. ſouldiours.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day aboute tenne of the clocke at night, there chaunced a brawle to fall oute a|mong the Scottes that watched in the tren|ches neareſt vnto the Towne of Lieth an the Weſt ſide, inſomuch that one of them fell to and killed an other: which diſorder being perceyued of the French within Lieth, they iſſued out and ment to haue vſed the aduantage, but the Eng|liſh men that watched neare vnto the Scottes ſtayed the fray, and did not onely bring them to quiet, but alſo put the French men to flight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sunday the .xij. of May, about midnight the Frenchmen to the number of two hundred ſal|lied forth of the towne, minding to giue a cami|ſado to the Engliſhe men that kept watche that night in the trenches at the Weſt ſide of Mont|pelham, but they were diſcried, and certaine of them killed, and ſo had the repulſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Fraunces Leake brin|geth a ſupply to the campe.Wedneſday the .xv. of May, ſir Frauncis Leake, came to the campe with a ſupplie of fiue hundred men from Barwike.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the .xvj. of May, towardes night the Frenchmen to the number of one hundred footmen, and .xxx. horſemen, came abroade & ſhe|wed themſelues very braue, ſkirmiſhing with the Engliſh men at the weſt end of their towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tuiſday the .xxj. of May, about .vij. of the clocke at night, there iſſued forth of Lieth ſixe horſemen, and one hundred footmen Harquebu|ſiers, marching towarde Montpelham to offer ſkirmiſh,A ſkirmiſh. wherevpon Captaine Vaughan went forth to them verie orderlye, and ſkyrmiſhed with them a pretie while, and in the meane tyme, off went the greate Ordinance on both ſides. In the end the French men were driuen to retyre into the towne, for the Engliſh men ſhe|wed themſelues verie egre, and valiantly char|ged their enimies, put them to retyre, and cha|ſed them in at theyr gates,The French men chaſed. to the whiche they followed them right hardily.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame night, maiſter Frauncis Somer|ſet and other Captaines were appoynted to kepe a Fort buylt aboue the campe, and now finiſhed, tooke name of him being Captaine thereof, and was after called Somerſets Mount.Somerſets Mount.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day a ſouldiour of captain Dru|ries band was hãged for going to Edenbourgh, contrarie to a Proclamation, inhibiting any ſol|diour ſo to do without ſpeciall licence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Peter Carew.Wedneſday the .xxij. of May, ſir Peter Ca|rew came to the Campe, beeing ſent from the Court.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the .xxiiij. of May at ſeuen of the clocke at night, the French ſallied forth to the number of two hundred footmen, and .xx. horſe|men, at the relief of the wardes when the watch ſhoulde be ſet, meaning as it appeared to haue woonne the Trenches from the Engliſhmen, wherevpon a ſore ſkyrmiſhe followed, dyuerſe ſlaine, and many hurt on both partes, yet in the ende the Frenche menne were dryuen home by plaine force. This was at the Weſt ſyde of the towne, where they had fortified towards the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day the Frenchmen of Dunbarre tooke an Engliſh Hay laden with double beere,An Engliſh hoy taken. biefe, oxen, and flitches of bakon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the .viij. of Iune, ſir Iohn Neuill with .CCC. men, Captaine Bridges, and cap|taine Drurie, with other three hundred, ſet from Barwike towards the campe, where they arry|ued on Monday the .x. of Iune,The Queene Dowager de|parteth this life. on which day the Queene Dowager departed this life.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xiij. of Iune, ſir William Cicill, prin|cipal Secretarie to the Queenes Maieſtie, now Lorde Burley and high Treaſorer of England, and Doctor Wotton deane of Canterburie and Yorke came to Barwike, appoynted Commiſ|ſioners on hir ſayde Maieſties behalfe, to treate of an accorde with the Conte de Randon, and the biſhop of Valence, cõmiſſioners ſent for that purpoſe from the French king, and his wife Ma|rie Queene of Scotland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xiiij. of Iune being Fryday, a certaine number of French men came forth of Lieth to gather Cockles on the Sands towards Mont|pelham,The French gather cockles to their hin [...]|derance whereof the Engliſhmen perceyuing, ſet vpon them, ſlue .lxx. and tooke xvj. of them pry|ſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Sunday the .xvj. of Iune, the forere|membred commiſſioners came to Edenbourgh,Sir William Cicil, and doctor Wotton came to E|denbourgh. and as maiſter Secretarie and Doctor Wotton paſſed the Engliſh fortes and campe, they were ſaluted with a gallant peale of the harquebuſters that ſhot off their harquebuſſes verſe liuely.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monday the .xvij. of Iune about eight of the clocke, an abſtinence of warre was concluded, warning being giuen by the diſcharging of two peeces of the great artillerie out of the Caſtell, and then the Frenchmen ſhewed and aduaunced themſelues vpon their rampiers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the .xxij. of Iune, the abſtinence was broken of, which till then had beene truely kept and obſerued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thurſday the fourth of Iuly, about three of the clock in the after noone, the French came out of Lieth, according to their accuſtomed maner to gather Cockles, whervpon the Lord Lieutenant being at that preſent in Montpelham, ſent a Drumme vnto Monſieur Doyſell to ſignifie to him that his ſoldiours had gone further without theyr boundes than they might do by the order EEBO page image 1813 taken by the Cõmiſſioners of both parts. Doy|ſell anſwered, that they were no ſouldiours, but poore people which went to gather Cockles for their reliefe and ſuſtenance. The Drumme ſaid, that if they kept not themſelues within their ap|poynted limits, my Lorde Lieutenant ment to ſend them backe not greatly to their eaſe: wher|vnto Doyſell replied, that if he ſo did, he woulde do the beſt he could to ayd them. [...]chmen [...]oones bea| [...]s they ga| [...]d cockles Herevpon the Engliſh horſmen and footmen out of Montpel|ham gaue a charge vpon them, and ſlue of them to the number of fiftie, and tooke certaine of the reſidue priſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Friday the ſixt of Iune, about ſix of the clock in the after noone, iſſued out of Lieth .xiiij. horſ|mẽ, & and C. footmẽ, which offred the ſkirmiſh, but vpon the ſhooting of the great artillery frõ Mõt|pelham, they retired home again into the towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Scattergood Gunner.The night following about .xij. of the clocke, one Scattergood an Engliſhman that was a Gunner, and had feyned himſelfe to flee from the Engliſh campe for manſlaughter into Lieth, and was receyued of the Frenchmen, beleeuing that he had ment no deceyt, came out of the towne, after he had remayned there about ſeuen dayes, in which meane while he had vnderſtoode fully the ſtate of the towne, and now vpon hys returne, made relation thereof as he knew.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday the ſixt of Iune, the Lord Gray L. Lieutenant, maiſter Secretarie Cicill, and ſir Raufe Sadler, betwixt three and foure of the clocke in the after noone, gaue order that there ſhoulde no peece be ſhotte, nor ſhew of hoſtilitie made till ſeuen of the clocke the ſame night: and herewith ſent ſir Gerueys Clifton vnto all the ſouldiours that warded in the Trenches & Bul|warkes on the weſt ſyde of Lieth, to cõmaunde them to obſerue the like order, and ſir Iohn Ne|uill was ſent with like commaundement vnto the ſouldiours that lay in Somerſets Mount.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The peace concluded.The peace now in the meane time being con|cluded, on the morrow being Sunday and .vij. of Iune, ſir Francis Leake, & ſir Gerueys Clif|ton, accompanied with two French gentlemen, were ſent to the towne of Lieth, to ſignifie vnto Monſieur Doyſell, the Biſhop of Amiens, La Broſſe, Martigues, and other the French Lords and Captaines, that they were come thither by commaundement from the Commiſſioners to cauſe the peace alreadie concluded, to bee pro|claymed, which accordingly was done in maner as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The peace pro| [...]ed.The moſt mightie princeſſe, Elizabeth by the grace of God, Queene of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the fayth. &c. and the moſt chriſtian king, Francis, and Marie, by the ſame grace of God king and Queene of Fraunce and Scotland, haue accorded vpon a reconciliation of a peace and amitie to be inuiolably kept, be|twixt them, their ſubiects, kingdomes & coũtries, and therefore in their names it is ſtraitly com|maunded to all maner of perſons borne vnder their obeyſances, or being in their ſeruice, to for|beare all hoſtilitie either by ſea or land, & to keepe good peace eche wt other frõ this time forwards, as they will anſwere thereto at their vttermoſt perils.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediatly after this proclamation was en|ded,Sir Francis Leake, and ſir Gerueys Clif|ton banketted by M. Doyſel. ſir Francis Leake, and ſir Gerueys Clifton were brought to Mon. Doyſels lodging, where was prepared for them a great banket of .xxx. or xl. diſhes, and yet not one either of fleſh or fiſhe, ſauing one of the fleſh of a pouldred horſe, as a certain perſon hath written that taſted thereof, as he himſelfe auoucheth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Thus haue I bin more large in this matter concerning the ſiege of Lieth, than maye bee thought peraduenture neceſſarie, ſith the thing is yet freſh in memorie: but bycauſe there came to my handes certaine notes of one or two per|ſons that were there preſent, and for help of their own memories wrote the ſame, I haue thought it not impertinent to inſert the effect of thẽ, that the ſame may ſerue to further thoſe that hereaf|ter ſhall write the Hyſtorie of this time more at large, ſith my purpoſe is not to cõtinue the ſame otherwiſe than I finde things noted in the A|bridgemẽts of Iohn Stow and Richard Graf|ton, except in ſome recitall of expeditions and iourneis made, as this, and other into Scotland, and that ſame of the right honourable the Earle of Warwike into Normandie, whiche I haue thought good to enlarge, according to ſuch notes as haue come to my hande, beſeeching the rea|ders to accept the ſame in good part: and if any thing be omitted, eyther in this place or any o|ther, yt were as neceſſarie to be ſpoken of, as thoſe poynts which I haue touched, or afterwardes may touch, to impute the fault to the want of good inſtructions, and not to anye negly|gence or lacke of good will in me to aduaunce euerie mannes worthie doings according to his merites.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

But nowe concerning the Articles of the peace, being about .xiij. in all,The articles of the peace at the ſiege of Lieth. the chiefeſt maye ſeeme to reſt herein, that the French ſouldiours and men of warre ſhould depart out of the realm of Scotlande within a ſhort time limitted .xx. dayes, as Ludouico Guiciardini hath noted, ſixe ſcore of them only excepted, as .lx. to abyde in Inſketh, and .lx. in the Caſtell of Dunbarre, they to be anſwered theyr wages at the handes of the Eſtates of Scotlande, and to bee ſub|iectes vnto the lawes and ordinaunces of that realme. That the fortifications about Lieth ſhoulde bee razed and demoliſhed, and likewyſe EEBO page image 1814 the Fort which had beene buylt and rayſed be|fore the Caſtell of Dunbarre by the French, for a ſtrength thereto. That the Frenchmen ſhould not conuey into Scotland any men of warre, or munitions without conſent of the Parliament aſſembled of the three eſtates of that realm. That the King and Queene of Fraunce and Scot|lande, ſhoulde not from thencefoorth beare the armes of Englande, ſith the ſame apperteyned only to the Queenes Maieſtie of England, and to none other perſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe and other articles were compriſed and eſtabliſhed in the concluſion of thys peace, as well to the honour and ſuretie of the Queenes Maieſtie of Englande, hir Realmes, Domi|nions, and Subiectes, as alſo for the wealth and preſeruation of the Realme of Scot|lande,See more here of in Scotland. the Nobles and other Subiectes of that Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that this peace then was fully eſta|bliſhed, agreed, and concluded, the Frenchmen were embarked at Lieth in Engliſhe veſſelles, thoſe onely excepted (that were appoynted to remaine as pledges with the Engliſhmen tyll the Shippes came back againe) and a few other that were permitted to paſſe through Englande into their Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus were the French forces remooued out of Scotland, a matter ſo much importing to the confirmation of peace betwixte vs and that Realme, and alſo to the auoyding of further perilles, that this iourney ended with ſo honou|rable and profitable a peace, concluded by the highe induſtrie and prudente policie of oure Queenes Maieſties Commiſſioners afore mentioned, maye bee accompted one of the moſt neceſſarie expeditions, and moſt beneficiall ſeruices that had beene made and put in practiſe in many yeares before. For the Queenes Maie|ſtie (as ſome haue truely written) had not one|ly hir chiefe deſire,Churchyard. by remoouing the French, hir daungerous neighbours, that were about to neſtle themſelues ſo neare hir elbowe, but alſo a perfite peace with the Scottes was thereby procured, lyke to continue many yeares (if the ſayd Scottes ſhall not ſeeke theyr owne woe,) beeing full vnable to aduauntage themſel|ues by warres agaynſt vs, as to the wyſer and beſte ſorte of them I truſt is not vn|knowne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to leaue the further conſideration of the benefite that may growe hereof to this Realme, vnto theyr iudgements that haue ryper heades to vnderſt and the ſame, I will proceede, & here|wyth make an ende of this matter, concer|ning the ſiege of Lieth. After that the French+men were departed, and the Fortes about Lieth and Dunbarre razed and demoliſhed, accor|ding to the couenants of peace, the Queenes Maieſtie called backe hir armie without retey|ning any peece within Scotlande to hir owne vſe. In whiche honourable and vpright dea|ling, ſhe wanne more fame and eſtimation, than if ſhee had ſeyſed and kept in hir poſſeſſion halfe the realme of Scotland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queenes Maieſtie by the aduice of hir moſt honourable Counſaile, meaning to a|boliſh all corrupt, baſe, and copper moneys then currant in this realme of Englande, coyned in the tymes and reignes of King Henrie the eight, and King Edwarde the ſixt, to the great hynderaunce and decay of the common wealth of this Realme, and therewith to reſtore vnto all hir ſubiectes fine and pure Sterling moneys, both of Golde and Siluer, to the great honour and benefite of the whole Realme,Stow. publiſhed a Proclamation on Michaelmaſſe Euen before Noone, that the Teſton coyned for twelue pens, and in the reigne of King Edwarde embaſed by Proclamation to ſixe pens, ſhoulde nowe foorthwith (that of the beſt ſort marked wyth the Portculeis) be currant for foure pens halfepenie: the ſecond marked with the Greyhound for two pens farthing, the third and worſt ſort not mar|ked as afore, not to be currant at all, nor recey|ued for any value. The grote to be currant for two pens, the former peece of two pens for a pennie. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was not long after this,An. reg. 3. but that hir grace reſtoring to hir ſubiects fine ſterling mo|ney, called all the ſayde baſe and corrupt coyne into hir Maieſties Mynt, allowyng to them therfore after the rate before mentioned, ſo much of the ſayd fine moneys as they brought in of the ſayde baſe moneys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame tyme,


Additions to Lanquet.

hir grace alſo fyn|ding this Realme greatlye vnfurniſhed of Ar|mour, Munitions and Powder for the defence thereof in tyme of neceſſitie, did ſo largely and plentifully prepare and cauſe to bee brought in|to the ſame, ſuch ſufficient furniture of armour and weapons, as Englande hath iuſt cauſe to prayſe and giue thankes to God and hir Maie|ſtie, for that it is certaine, that the realme was neuer ſo amply ſtored nor prouided of all maner of kindes of conuenient armor and weapons, as it is at this preſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxj. of Marche a notable Grammer ſchoole was founded by the maiſter, wardens,The Merchan [...] Taylors f [...]ee Schoole. and aſſyſtents of the right worſhipfull compa|nie of the marchant Taylors of London, in the Pariſh of S. Laurẽce Pountney in the ſame ci|tie, the right worſhipfull Emanuell Lucar, Ro|bert Roſe, William Merick, Iohn Sparke, and Robert Duckington then beeing maiſter and wardens of that companie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1815


William Gef| [...]y whipped.

The tenth of Aprill was one William Gef|frey whipped, from the Marſhalfey in South|warke, to Bedlem without Biſhops gate of London, for that hee profeſſed one Iohn Moore to be Chriſt our ſauior, on his heade was ſet a Paper, wherein was written as foloweth, Wil|liam Geffrey a moſt blaſphemous heretike, de|nying Chriſt our ſauiour in heauen. The ſayd Geffrey being ſtayed at Bedlem gate, [...] to Chriſt [...]pped. Iohn Moore was brought forth, before whom Williã Geffrey was whipped, till he confeſſed Chriſt to be in heauen. Then the ſayde Iohn Moore be|ing examined, & anſwering ouerthwartly, was commaunded to put off his coate, dudlet, and ſhyrt. which he ſeemed to do very willingly, and after being tyed to the Cart, was whipped an Arrowes ſhot from Bedlem, where at the laſt he alſo cõfeſſed Chriſt to be in heauen, and him|ſelfe to be a ſinfull man: then was Iohn Moore ſent again into Bedlem, and William Geffrey to the Marſhalſey, where they had layne priſo|ners nigh a yeare and a halfe, the one for pro|feſſing himſelfe to be Chriſt, the other a diſciple of the ſame Chriſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]les ſteeple [...] fire.On Wedneſday the fourth of Iune, betwene foure and fiue of the clocke in the after noone, the ſteeple of Pauls in Lõdon being fiered by light|ning, braſt forth as it ſeemed to the beholders, two or three yardes beneath the foot of the croſſe, and from thence burnt downe the ſphere to the none worke and belles, ſo terribly, that within the ſpace of four houres the ſame ſteeple with the roofes of the Church ſo much as was tymber or otherwiſe combuſtible, were conſumed, whiche was a lamentable ſight and pitifull remem|brance, to the beholders therof.

[figure appears here on page 1815]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this miſchaunce, the Queenes Ma|ieſty being much grieued for the loſſe of ſo beau|tifull a monument, directed hir highneſſe letters to the Maior of the Citie of London, wylling him to aſſemble the Citizens to take ſome order for ſpeciall ayd and help for the repayring again of the ſayd monument, and theof hir moſt gra|cious diſpoſition to giue a comfort vnto other for the furtherance thereof, did preſently giue & deliuer in golde one M. markes, and a warrant for. M. load of tymber, to be taken out of hir ma|ieſties woods or elſwhere, and the citizens of Lõ|don granted one beneuolence, and three fiftenes to be forthwith payed, and the Clergie of Eng|lande vnder the Prouince of Canterburie, gran|ted to giue the .xl. part of the value of their bene|fices, beeing charged with firſt fruites, and not beeing charged with firſte fruites, to paye the thirtith part. And the Clergie of the dioceſſe of London graunted to giue the .xxx. part of their benefices being in firſt fruites, and the .xx. part being out of firſt fruites. And immediately by the commandement of the Queenes highneſſe, hir priuie counſaile, tooke order that ſix Citizens of London, and two of the Clergie of the church of Paules, had charge and commaundement to ouerſee and ſet forwarde this worke, who made ſuche expedition, that within one moneth next following the burning thereof, the whole Church, that is to ſay, all the foure great rouſes of the ſame were couered with bourdes and leade, after the maner of a falſe roufe. And the greatneſſe of the worke diſpatched in ſo ſhort tyme coulde fearcely bee credited of any, but of ſuch as ſaw and knewe the ſame. And the cauſe of this great hall was for feare of raine, whiche might haue periſhed the vawtes, to the deſtructi|on of the whole Churche, and the people that were therein. And before the ſayde yeare was fully ended, all the ſayde Iſles of the ſayde Church were made and framed of newe and maine Tymber, and couered with lead and ful|ly finiſhed. And the ſame yeare alſo, the greate roufe of the Weſt ende was framed, and made of new & great timber in Yorkſhire, and brought to London by Sea, and ſet vp and couered with lead, and fully finiſhed. And in like maner with|in the ſayd yeare, the whole roufe and frame of the Eaſt ende of the ſayde Church was made in Yorkſhyre, and brought by Sea to London, and there ſayde readie to be rayſed when the ſea|ſon of the yeare ſerued. This one thing reſteth to be tolde, that by eſtimation of wiſe men, ten M. pound more than is yet granted vnto it, will not perfite and finiſhe the Church and Steple in ſuch ſore as it was before the burning thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane time alſo by reaſon of the Qeenes Maieſties letters directed to the Maior and his brethren of the Citie of London aboute the burning of Paules there were certain Alder|men and Commoners of the ſaid City named & called togither by the authoritie of the Maior, ſo deniſe ſome good order & [...]erdie remedie for the reliefe and comfort of the ſayd Citie whenſoeuer EEBO page image 1816 any chaunce of fire hereafter ſhould happen (as God forbyd) wythin the ſayde Citie or liber|tyes thereof. And the perſons ſo called after ſundrie meetings, and with good aduiſement and deliberation, agreed and penned a certaine order for the ſpeedie remedie thereof, as well for the readie knowledge of the place, whereſoeuer the ſame fire ſhould happen to be, and for the ſo|dain extinguiſhing and ſuppreſſing of the ſame, as alſo for the ſafe keeping of the goodes of ſuche perſons in whoſe houſe any fire ſhould chaunce. Which orders and rules vndoubtedly would be to the great comfort and ſafetie of the Citie and Citizens of the ſame, if they were publiſhed and made knowne in tyme, and executed accor|dingly. But what ſhould I ſay, I can but la|ment: not onely for this, but alſo for manye ſuch paynfull and profitable labours, whiche for good gouernment of this Citie had beene ta|ken. And as ſoone as the talking thereof is done and the Bookes framed and delyuered, ſo ſoone is it put in obliuion, and nothing at all thought vppon, vntill an houre after the myſ|chiefe be paſt: I cannot blame no bodie, but there is a fault in ſome bodie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare was choſen Lorde Maior of London a woorthie Citizen named William Harper, one of the companie of the marchant Taylers. This man wiſhing in his lyfe time to benefite his Countrey, founded a free ſchoole in the Towne of Bedford where he was borne, and nowe lyeth buryed, prouiding a compe|tent ſtipende and lyuing for a Schoole maiſter, there to traine vp and inſtruct children in vertue and learning for euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fiftenth of Nouember, the Queenes Maieſtie publiſhed a Proclamation,New coynes. wherein ſhe reſtored to the Realme diuerſe ſmall peeces of ſiluer money, as the peece of ſixe Pens, foure pens, three pens, two pens, and a penny, three halfe pens, and three farthings. And [figure appears here on page 1816] alſo forbad all foreyne coynes to bee currant within the ſame Realme, as well golde as ſil|uer, calling them to hir Maieſties Myntes, ex|cept two ſortes of Crownes of Golde, the one the Frenche Crowne, the other the Flemiſhe Crowne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in Englande were many mon|ſtrous byrthes:An. reg. 4. in Marche a Mare brought forth a foale with one bodie and two heads,Monſtrous byrthes. and as it were a long taile growing out betwene the two heades. Alſo a Sow farrowed a pig with foure legges, like to the armes of a man childe with handes and fingers. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Aprill a Sow farrowed a Pigge with two bodies, eight feete, and but one head:1562 many calues and lambes were monſtrous, ſome with collers of ſkinne growing aboute their neckes, like to the double ruffes of ſhyrtes and necker|cheffes then vſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxiiij. of May, a man chylde was borne at Chicheſter in Suſſex, the heade, ar|mes, and legges whereof, were like a notamie, the breaſt and belly monſtrous bigge from the Nauell as it were a long ſtring hanging: a|bout the necke a great coller of fleſhe and ſkinne growing lyke the ruffe of a ſhyrt or necker|chefe, comming vp aboue the eares pleyting and folding. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Realme of France being in great trou|ble aboute this ſeaſon, by the meanes of ciuill diſſentiõ and warres, that roſe betwixt the houſe of Guiſe and other of that faction vpon the one ſide, and the Prince of Condee and other that tooke part with him on the contrary ſide. The Queenes Maieſtie informed how that the duke of Guiſe and hys partakers hauing gotte into theyr poſſeſſion the perſon of the yong King, vnder a pretext of his authoritie, ſought the ſubuerſion of many noble men and good ſub|iects of the Crowne of Fraunce, namely ſuch as were knowne or ſuſpected to be zealous for a re|formation to bee had in matters of Religion. Hir Maieſtie therevppon conſidering, that if theyr purpoſe myght bee brought to effect, it was to bee doubted, that they woulde not ſo reſt, but ſeeke to ſette things in broyle alſo within thys hir Realme of Englande, and o|ther Countreys neare to them adioyning: firſt as one that had euer wyſhed a quyetneſſe ra|ther than the troubles of warre,Sir Henrie Sydney ſent Ambaſſador into France. ſent ouer Sir Henrie Sydney at that preſent Lorde Preſi|dent of Wales (a manne of ſuche eſtimation as his worde ought to haue deſerued credite) to trye if hee myght doe any good to bryng the partyes to ſome attonement, but ſuch wil|full headyneſſe ſeemed to reſt in ſome that were chyefe of the one faction, that theyr deſyre ſeemed altogyther bente to enter in|to EEBO page image 1817 to warres. [...]other Am| [...]ſade in Iuly. Hir Maieſtie yet hoping the beſt, appointed to ſend another honorable ambaſſade, which by their wiſedomes & good aduiſe, might perſwade the parties vnto concord, whereby the due authoritie, honor, and dignitie might be re|ſtored to the King, and euery other degree keepe their roomthes and places as to them appertey|ned, but all in vayne: for this motion of a paci|fication to be hadde, could take no place, neyther might the will of the yong King, or of his time|rous mother, as it then ſeemed, bee regarded, o|therwiſe than as ſtoode with the pleaſure and appoyntmente of thoſe that were knowen to bee the chiefe authors and furtherers of all thoſe troubles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whyleſt the Queenes Maieſtie therfore did thus trauell in reſpect of the ſuretie whiche hyr grace bare to hir welbeloued brother the ſayde King, and to the commoditie and quietneſſe of both the factions, an open iniurie was offered to hir maieſtie, ſo as it might appeare, what minds they bare towards hir, that hadde thus excluded, and refuſed all offers and meanes to growe to ſome good and indifferente concluſion of peace. [...]hippes of London, Exe|ter, and Fal| [...]outh, ſpoiled by the French [...] Britayne, the thirtith of Iuly, and nine|tenth of Au|guſt. For whereas manye Merchauntes, as well of London as of Exeter, and other of the Weſt partes of hir Realme were ſoiourning, for cauſe of traffique, in diuers portes and hauens of Bri|taigne, and hauing diſpatched their buſines, and gote their lading aboorde, their Shippes were readye to hoyſt vp ſayles, and to returne eache one towardes the place from whence he came, they were ſuddaynely arreſted, their goodes ſea|ſed vppon, and they themſelues caſt in priſon: and ſome that in reuenge of ſuch offered iniurie attẽpted to make reſiſtance, were cruelly ſlaine, their Shippes conueyd away, their goodes con|fiſcate, without other pretence, but only that it was ſayd to them, that they were Huguenotes: neyther was thys done by priuate perſons, but by open violence of the gouernours and magi|ſtrates of thoſe places where the ſame diſorder was executed, ſo that it appeared from whence they had their commiſſion to vſe ſuch wrongful dealing, and how farre the ſame would extende, if they might once haue time and occaſion to ac|compliſh their purpoſed intentions.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, when complaynt of ſuch iniuries was made vnto the lawfull magiſtrates there, they found no redreſſe at all.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For what might the poore Merchaunts pro|fite by their complayntes, when the packets of the Ambaſſadors letters, directed to hir, were ta|ken from the bearer,Letters taken from the Queenes Am|baſsadors ſer|uantes. and no puniſhmente had a|gainſt thoſe that committed ſo vnciuill an vn [...]|rage: a thing that offended hir Maieſtie ſo much the more, for that as ſhee tooke the matter, there wanted no good will, eyther in the King, or his mother, or in the King of Nauarre, the Kyngs generall Lieutenant, to ſee ſuch a preſumptuous and vnruly part puniſhed of their people, but ra|ther that there lacked in them authoritie to haue it redreſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, it greately greeued hir, that the yong frẽch King, hir deere brother was brought to ſuche a ſtreighte, that hee was neyther able to defend the libertie of his people, nor the authori|tie of his lawes, nor to deale vprightly with o|ther Princes and potentates accordingly, as by the boundes of leagues, and couenanted aliẽces had bin requiſite.The French troubles touch moſt the Q of Englande. Neyther did ſuche diſorder in gouernemente of the Kingdome of Fraunce, touche anye ſo muche and particularly, as the Queenes Maieſtie of England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 She therefore lamenting that the King and Queene mother ſhoulde be thus in the hands of them that procured all theſe troubles, and ledde vp and downe at their pleaſures, and driuen to behold the ſpoyle and ſacking of diuers hys Ci|ties, and miſerable ſlaughter of his ſubiects, and againe, hir grace thinking it expedient to pre|uent that ſuch as were knowen to beare no good will, eyther to hir or hir Realme,The chiefe cauſes that moued the Queenes Ma|ieſtie to ſend a power into Fraunce. ſhould not get into their poſſeſſions ſuch Townes and hauens as lay againſt ye Sea coaſtes of hir ſaid Realm, whereby they ſtuffing the ſame with garriſons and numbers of men of warre, might eaſily vp|pon occaſions, ſeeke to make inuaſions into this hir ſayd Realme, to the great annoyance of hir, and hir louing ſubiectes, ſhee at the requeſt of the French themſelues, thought it expedient to put in armoure a certaine number of hir ſubiects, to paſſe ouer into Normandy, vnto ſuche Hauens as neere approched to thys hir Realme of En|glande, as well for the ſafegarde of the ſame, as alſo for the reliefe and preſeruation of the inha|bitantes there, and other that profeſſed the Goſ|pell, liuing in continuall daunger to be murthe|red and oppreſſed, and therefore crauing hyr ayde, to ſaue and deliuer them out of the blou|dy hands of their cruell aduerſaries, that ſought their haſtie deſtruction.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the conduction therefore of ſuche forces as ſhe meante to ſende ouer at that preſent, ſhee ordeyned the Lorde Ambroſe Dudley Earle of Warwike, to be hir principal Lieutenant, Cap|taine generall, chiefe leader and gouernoure of hir ſayde ſubiects, that ſhoulde in ſuch wiſe paſſe ouer into Normandy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon, the ſayd Earle,The Earle of Warwike ſent into Norman|dy with an armye. the ſeuententh of October, in this fourth yeare of hir Maieſties raigne, toke ſhipping at Porteſmouth in the ha|uen there at one of the clocke in the after noone, being aboorde himſelfe in the Queenes Shippe, called the newe barke, and ſetting forward, ſay|led all that after noone, and the night following EEBO page image 1818 directly towards Newhauen, but in the mor|ning about eyght of the clocke, when his Lord|ſhip was within twentie myles of the Towne of Newhauen, the winde ſuddainely changed cleane contrary to hys courſe, ſo that being dri|uen to returne about the next midnight, he arri|ued in the downes, and there remayned at an|ker, till about eyght of the clocke in ye next mor|ning being Monday, and then was ſet a ſande by boate at Sandon Caſtell beſides Deale, and the ſame day at night came to Douer, and there lay till Friday three of the clocke in the after noone, and then taking Shippe agayne, ſayled forth, but finding the winde nothing proſperous for his courſe, after he had layne all that nyghte and day following, toſſing and tumbling on the Seas, he was cõſtreyned to come backe againe, and arriued in the Hauen of Douer, about tenne of the clocke on Saterday at nyghte, and ſo re|mayned there, till Tewſday next enſuing, three of the clocke in the after noone, and then went to Shipbord againe in the ſayd Shippe, called the new barke, and directing his courſe forward, on Thurſdaye morning aboute eight of the clocke, his Lordſhippe landed at Newhauen,The Earle of Warwike landeth at Newhauen. where he was moſt ioyfully receyued with a greate peale of artillerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The nexteday, being Friday, and thirtith of October,Light horſe|men Scottes. ther came to Newhauẽ from Dieppe, fiftie light Horſemen Scottes, broughte by one of maiſter Killigrues ſeruauntes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saterday, the laſt of October, the Earle of Warwikes commiſſion was proclaymed in Latine, Engliſh, and French, by Bleumantell, Purciuant at armes, whiche beeing ended, hys Lordſhip went into the Churche, and there Sir Adrian Poynings,An oth recey|ued by the Lord Lieute|nant, and other officers. Knight Marſhall, gaue him his oth, and then my Lorde gaue the ſayde Sir Adrian his othe, and after him were ſworne Cutbert Vaughan Comptroller, Iohn Fiſher Knight porter, William Bromfield maiſter of the ordinãce, William Robinſon water Bai|life, and Captayne Thomas Wood Clearke of the Counſell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Monday, the ſeconde of Nouember, the Earle of Warwike, with the Knight Marſhall, and the Comptroller, rode out of Newhauen to Hauteuille, & ſo towards Moundeuille, accom|panyed with all the Horſemen Engliſhe and Scottiſh, and a thouſand footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scottiſhmen and Montgomeries band paſſed forth,A skirmiſhe. and ſkirmiſhed with them of Mon|deuille, and the Scottes brought away with thẽ a booty of three hundred Sheepe, but in the morning, they were returned backe agayne by commaundement of the Earle of Warwike.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maiſter Comptrollers Souldyers wente as farre as Harflew, and there ſkirmiſhed with thẽ of that garriſon, but without any hurt to eyther parte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 My Lorde Lieutenante riding all about the hilles, viewed the Countrey, and at nighte re|turned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Wedneſday the fourth of Nouember,A priſe. a barke of Newhauen, belonging to Frauncis Clearke, broughte into the Hauen of the ſame Towne, foure Britons laden with wines, to the quantitie of two hundred tunnes of good Gaſcoigne wine, whiche they meante to haue brought to the enimies, but being thus taken as a good priſe, it was diſcharged in Newhauen, & ſtoode the Engliſhmen and other of that towne in good ſteede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Friday the ſixth of Nouember, aboute nine of the clock in the morning, a great alarme roſe in the ſayd Towne of Newhauen:An alarme. for vpon the hilles on the North ſide of the Towne, the Reingraue, and the ſonne of the Vice admirall of Fraunce, ſhewed themſelues, accompanyed with two thouſand footemen, and fiue hundred horſemen. And heerewith, the Reingraue ſent a Trumpettor to the Towne, to aduertiſe the L. Lieutenaunte, that he was on the hilles there at hande, and that vnderſtanding his Lordſhippe was come into the Countrey, and entred into Newhauen, if it woulde pleaſe him to promiſe vppon his honor, and by the faith of a Gentle|man, that he might come, and returne in ſafetie, he would be glad to come to ſee him, and talke with him. Wherevpon, the Lord Lieutenaunt, taking with hym certayne Captaynes and Gentlemen, rode forth of the Towne, and ſente before him Sir Adrian Poinings the Marſhall, with Stephen Medcalfe,Stephen Med|calfe. hir Maieſties Trum|pettor, vnto the Reingraue, who talking wyth him returned, and mette with the Lord Lieute|nant, who therewith paſſed forward, and mee|ting with the Reingraue,The Earle of Warwike and the Reingraue talke togither they embraced eache other, and conferred togither as they had occaſi|on, and the Reingraue tolde the Lorde Lieute|nant among other talke) that he was come to he his neighbor, and ſo with ſuch merrie ſpeech, they communed togithers, and after taking leaue eyther of other, they returned to theyr homes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Countie Montgomerie, and Monſieur Beauvoys had ſome talke alſo with the Rein|graue, caſting out bitter and ſharp wordes, in deprofe of the Duke of Guiſe, and other that were of his faction.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Reingraue comming backe to his ar|my the ſame after noone forraied all the Coun|trey, and droue away the moſt parte of all the cattayle that they might meete with, and com|ming to the Churche of Hauteuille, where an hundred and fiftie of Montgomeries band lay, EEBO page image 1819 they ſkirmiſhed wyth them, and in the ende, Montgomeries Souldiers were forced to re|tire, and abandon the place, leauing it to the e|nimies, and comming away, withdrewe the ſame night into Newhauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Almaynes the ſame euening, deuidyng their army into two partes, the one halfe of thẽ went and lodged at Mondeuille, and the other halfe at Harflew.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Church [...] Haulteuille [...]nered.The morrow after, the Frenchmen that had abandoned the Church of Hauteuille the nyghte before, went thither againe, tooke and kepte it a|gainſt the enimies, in like manner as they helde it before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Proclama|tion.The eleuenth of Nouember, a Proclama|tion was made in name of the Lorde Lieute|nant, by the officer at armes Bleumantell, as well for good orders to be kept by the Souldy|ers aueynſt the Frenche inhabitauntes of the Towne, and reforming of certayne greeuan|ces, whereof the Frenche had made complaynte, as alſo for theyr comming to Churche to heare common prayer and preaching at due times, for the auoyding of vnlawfull games, whoredome, wicked othes, and other blaſphemies, and lyke|wiſe concerning dyuers other good orders to bee obſerued, and diſorders to bee eſchued, as was thought neceſſary to giue warning of, with cõ|digne paynes appoynted for puniſhemente of thoſe that ſhould tranſgreſſe in the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Thurſdaye the twelfth of Nouember, there wente out of the Towne of Newhauen towards Harflewe, three bands of Frenchmen, conteyning aboute ſixe hundred footemen, and ſuddaynely they were beſette by the Almaynes and Frenchmen of the garriſon of Harflewe, ſo that the Frenchmen Proteſtantes, were driuen to take a Village called Grauille, where they maynteyned the ſkirmiſhe for the ſpace of two houres,A skirmiſh before Har|flewe. till the Lord Lieutenant hearing of the perill in whiche they ſtoode ſent forth with the Comptroller, the number of a thouſande foote|men, and all the Engliſh and Scottiſhe Horſe|men, and Monſieur Beauvoys, with dyuers frenche Horſemen, who comming before Har|flewe, fel in ſkirmiſh with the enimies, to whoſe ſuccoure, there iſſued forthe of Harflew a greate number of the Almaynes, both Horſemen and footemen, but the Engliſhmen behaued them|ſelues ſo valiantly, that they beate them out of the fielde, and dryue them in the ende to the very gates of theyr towne.

[figure appears here on page 1819]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys ſkirmiſhe was ſtoutely mainteyned, and cõtinued for the ſpace of three long houres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Their greate artillerie was ſhotte off freſhly from the walles and bulwarkes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length, when the nighte drewe on, the re|tire was ſounded, and ſo the Engliſhmen came their way backe to Newhauen with honor, ha|uing loſt not paſt eight of their Souldyers, that were ſlayne, and ſixe other hurt, where as there was one of the enimies Captaynes ſlayne in ſighte, with twenty Souldyers, and another of their Captaynes, with diuers other of theyr numbers, greeuouſly wounded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monſieur Beauvoys ſhewed hymſelfe that day very forwarde and valiant,Monſieur Beauvoys. and ſo likewiſe did the Scottiſhmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirtenth of Nouember, a pineſſe of the Frenchmen that belonged to Newhauen, being gone forth the night before, brought into the ha|uen a Shippe laden with Rochell wines, fiue and twentie tunnes, that was bound to paſſe vp to the enimies, and ſo eſteemed a good priſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And the fourtenth of Nouember,Priſes taken and brought to Newhauen. another Shippe fraught with twentie tunnes of Gaſ|coigne wine, was brought in as a priſe, likewiſe taken by a barke of Newhauen, that belonged EEBO page image 1820 to a Frenchman, called Iehan de Boys, an ear|neſt aduerſarie to the Papiſtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg. 5. A Proclama|tion.The ſeuententh of Nouember, a Proclama|tion was made by Bleumantel, concerning or|ders taken and paſſed by the Lorde Lieutenant, that no Engliſhman nor Frenchman ſhoulde ſhoote off any harquebuze within the Towne, nor that any Frenchmã, except Monſieur Be|auvoys, or Monſieur Bricquemault, or theyr companyes ſhoulde be out of their lodgings af|ter nine of the clocke at nyght till the next mor|ning, on payne of deathe, excepte in caſes of a|larmes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The twentith of Nouember, aboute ſixe of the clocke at nighte, one of the Milles without the gate was ſette on fyre by ſome of the Pa|piſtes as was thought,An alarme. whereof roſe a greate a|larme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirtenth of Nouember, the Reingraue was ſeene on the North hilles of the Towne, with foureſcore Horſemenne, wherevppon the Scottiſhe Horſemen, and three bandes of foote|men, iſſued out, marching vp towards the ſame hylles, in hope to meete with the enimies, but they were retired towardes Mondeuille, and ſo nothing was done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was reported for a certayne truth, that the Duke Daumale was there at that preſente, with the Reingraue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Wedneſday, the fiue and twentith of Nouember, one of Captayne Cockſons Soul|dyers,Execution. was hanged in the market place, and an other that was brought thither likewiſe to be ex|ecuted hadde his pardon, at the ſute of certayne Frenche Gentlemen, and heerewith was Pro|clamation made,A Proclama|tion. that where it had bin proclay|med afore, that none ſhould take any thing for|cibly from the Frenche on payne of death, for breache whereof, ſuche execution was preſently done, the Lorde Lieutenaunt did by this Pro|clamation eftſoones charge and commaunde, that none vppon like payne, ſhoulde breake or ſpoyle any houſe or Shippe, or take any timber wood or other thyng from the Frenche, without their good will, conſent and agreement.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame after noone, came into the Hauen Hoyes and boates,Priſes brought to Newhauen. laden with wine, cider, perrie, wheate, beefe, biſquet, meale, and other prouiſion of vittailes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Two French Shallops of Newhauen, had taken them beſides Humfleu, and beaten backe a Shallop of the enimies, ſleying ten or twelue Frenchmen that came forth of Humfleu to haue ſuccored the Hoyes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſupplie of ſouldiers out of Eſſex, ar|riue at New|hauen.The fiue and twentith of Nouember, there landed at Newhauen ſixe hundred Souldiers Eſſex mẽ, vnder the leadyng of Auerie Darcy, Reignald Hygate, and William Twedie, each of them hauing hys appoynted number of two hundred to his enſigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, where as well diuers prentiſes, as other Engliſhmen, were come ouer, ſith the pla|cing of the garriſon in that Towne of New|hauen, not offering their ſeruice any way, other than by ſtragling abrode to ſeeke pillage, wher|by they fell oftentimes into the handes of the e|nimies, both to the diſhonor of theyr Countrey, and loſſe of their owne lyues,A Proclama|tion. for reformation whereof, Proclamation was made the laſt of Nouember, that all Engliſhmen within the ſayde Towne, aboue the age of ſixteene yeares, and vnder threeſcore, beeyng not reteyned in the Queenes Maieſties pay, ſhoulde at one of the clocke that preſente daye, repaire to the Bul|warke, called the Bulwarke Saint Addreſſez, there to preſente hys name and perſon to the Comptroller, that order myghte bee taken howe to employ thẽ in ſome certayntie of ſer|uice, vppon payne to euery one fayling heereof, to ſuffer tenne dayes empriſonmente, and alſo to be baniſhed the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, the Queenes Shyppe called the Hare, comming from Porteſmouth,Sir Iohn Por|tinatie a Flo|rentine, and an excellent In|geniare. arriued at Newhauen, and in hir came Sir Iohn Por|tinarie, whoſe rype ſkill, deepe iudgemente, and great experience in matters of fortification, had bredde in hym ſuche knowledge, as hee maye worthely be accompted a perfect maiſter in that ſcience.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They were by the way aſſayled by a frenche Shippe of foureſcore and tenne tunnes, and better, but they that were aboorde in the Hare, ſo manfully acquitte themſelues, that they van|quiſhed the enimies, tooke the ſame Shippe, and broughte hyr wyth them, beeyng laden wyth wynes, whyche they meante to haue conueyde to the aduerſaries in ſome garri|ſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye,Sir Iohn More bringeth a ſupplie of ſouldiours to Newhauen out of Deuon|ſhire. Sir Iohn More landed at Newhauen, brynging ouer wyth hym fiue hundred Souldyers out of Deuonſhire, for a ſupply of the garriſon there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hee hymſelfe returned backe into England, but the Souldyers were appoynted to the leading of other Captaynes, ſo that Frauncis Somerſette, brother to the Earle of Worcet|ter, hadde three hundred of them, Oliuer Ma|ners an hundred, and Edwarde Ormeſby the other hundred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Tewſday the eyghte of December, Monſieur de Beauvoys, Captayne Frauncis Somerſette, and Captayne Edward Horſey, with diuers other Captaines, officers and Gen|tlemen, rode to the Reingraue, lying at a fayre houſe not farre from Mondeuille, where they dyned wyth hym, hadde greate and hartie EEBO page image 1821 cheare, and after returned agayne to Newha|uen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]reſent ſent the Rein| [...] to the [...]e of War|wike.The ſame day, the Reingraue ſent for a pre|ſent vnto my Lord of Warwike, a great horſe, very fayre, with ſaddle and bridle, eſteemed to be well worth an hundred poundes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the ſame day at nighte, the double Roſe, with certayne other b [...]tes and Shallops Frenche,Edwarde Dudley. paſſed forthe of the H [...]ra, Edwarde Dudley, and Captayne Iohn Ward, being a|boorde in the ſaid double [...]oſe, with diuers other Engliſhmen and Frenchmen, to the number of an hũdred good Souldyers, who ſayling downe the riuer, landed beſydes Tankeruille, and lay cloſe all that night in the woodde, and in ye mor|ning about nine of ye clock, Monſieur B [...], enſigne bearer to the Counte Montgomeri [...], with ſixe or ſeauen Frenchmen vnarmed, wente to the Caſtell gate, and there fell in talke with Monſieur [...], that was Captayne of that fortreſſe, hauing with him about ten Soul|diers, that were appointed to remaine with him vpon the gard of the ſame Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt they were thus in talke, the En|gliſhmen and other Frenchmen comming forth of the woodde that was there at hand, reared vp their ladders (whiche they had brought with thẽ for that purpoſe) at the breach, which was made the So [...]er before by ye Duke Daumale, and en|tring by the ſame,The Caſtell [...] Tanker| [...] wonne [...] the En|gliſhmen. came downe into the baſe Court: which thing, when the Frenche Souldy|ers that kept talke with them within at the Ca|ſtell gate perceyued, they beganne to laugh, the Captayne of the Caſtell therewith turning hys face, and beholding as good as threeſcore armed men within the Caſtell at his back, he ſuddaine|ly ſayd, Ha, le ſuis voſtre, I am yours Sirs, and ſo yeelded with his tenne ſouldyers, and in this ſort was the Caſtell taken, and the Captayne brought priſoner to Newhauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the twelfth of December, at tenne of the clocke in the morning, the Earle of Warwike, Monſieur de Beauvoys, and Mõſieur de Bric|quemault, with all the Horſemen, and three M. footemen, paſſed forth of Newhauen vnto Har|flewe, out of which Towne, there iſſued ſeauen hundred Reiſters, of the retinue of the Counte Reingraue,A ſkirmiſh [...]o [...]e Har| [...]we. The French|men beatẽ in|to Harflewe. and three hundred footemen, who fell in ſkirmiſh with the french and Engliſhmen very hotely, but at length the Engliſhmẽ draue them to the very gates of Harflew, and ſlew thẽ euen at the ſame gates, and vpon ſhe walles of the Towne, in ſo muche, that they were con|ſtreyned to ſhutte theyr gates, and off went the ordinance from the gates and bulwarkes, diſ|charging bullets amongſt the Engliſh Souldi|ers freely, but yet there were not ſlayne paſt ſe|uen of the Engliſh part, albeit diuers were hurte and wounded, and amongſt other,Monſieur Beauvoys, and Captayne Antwiſell hurt. was Mon|ſiuer de Beauvoys ſhot into the ſide of the necke through hys gorget, and Captayne Antwiſell through the arme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, whereas they carried forth wyth them foure [...]rrels of gunpouder to maynteine the ſkirmiſh, through negligence by ſetting fyre in the ſame, there were to the number of twenty greeuouſly brent. Of the enimies were ſlayne that day, aboue thirtie, and heart, aboue fiftie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Many of their horſes were alſo ſlayne in this ſkirmiſh, which continued aboue three hour [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As the Engliſhmen were returning backe, the Reingtane with two hundred horſes, and a certaine number of footemen, was layd faſt by in an a [...]uſhe, thinking to haue cut off parte of their menne, but he fayled of his purpoſe, for the Lord Lieutenant marching with his menne in battayle army, broughte them ho [...]e in ſafetie, without other impeachment.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeuententh of December, the Counte Montgomerie, and Sir Hugh Paule [...], arriued at Newhauen in one of the Queenes Shippes called the Ayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ninetenth of December,A Proclama|tion. a Proclamati|on was made for orders to be obſerued, concer|ning the embarquing of ſuch ſouldyers, as were [...]ed to depart by paſſeport or otherwiſe, and likewiſe prohibiting the taking into anye veſſell any drie fiſh, wine, [...]ugre, or any houſhold ſtuffe, without ſpecial licence of the Lord Lieutenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt things paſſed thus in Normandye at Newhauen, and thereaboutes, where ye noble Erle of Warwike, and other valiant Captaines were ready to make proofe of their high prowes in time and place as occaſion might ſerue, theſe ended his life at home, that honorable Baron,The deathe of the Lorde Grey of Wil|ton. and right famous Captayne in his dayes, Wil|liam Lorde Grey of Winton, Knighte of the moſt noble order of the Garter, and at that pre|ſente, Gouernour of Berwike, and warden of the [...]ſt marches an [...]uſt Scotland. He deceaſ|ſed the fyue and twentith of December, this yere 1562. at Cheſhnut in Hertfordſhire, then the houſe of Henrye Deny Eſquier, that had mar|ried miſtreſſe Honor Grey, the ſayd Lord Greys only daughter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixe and twentith of December, the Counte de Montgomerie tooke ſhypping at Newhauen roade, accompanyed with foure hundred harquebuſiers Frenchmen, and ſayled to Dieppe there to be gouernoure of that towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He wente in an Engliſh barke, belonging to Nicholas Muſby. Secretary to the Earle of Warwike Lord Lieutenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The third of Ianuary,1563 a Shallop that was ſent the ſame morning from Newhauen, laden with beere and other vittailes to paſſe vnto EEBO page image 1821 Tankeruille, was aſſayled aboute Harflewe, by a Shallop of Hunfleu, whiche droue the Hoy to the ſhore, ſo as the Engliſhmen forſooke theyr Hoy, and came running to Newhauen, to de|clare what had happened.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevpon, the Lord Lieutenant ſente for the foure French Shallops by water, and the Horſ|men with ſixe hundred footemen paſſed forth by land, and vſed ſuch diligence, that they came e|uen as the Frenchmen were haling vp the Hoy towardes Harflewe, and ſkirmiſhing with the Frenchmen, beeing foureſcore good Harquebu|ſiers for the ſpace of a long houre, at length, re|couered the Hoy,A Hoy reco|uered, which the Frenche had taken. and tooke three of their Shal|lops, with their ordinance, which they broughte to Newhauen, with the loſſe of one onely man, an Harquebuſier of Captayne Zouches bande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth of Ianuary in the morning, the Engliſhe ſkoute beeing thirtie good Harquebu|ſiers, were ſette vpon by the enimies, that droue them vnto the very gates.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They ſhot alſo with their Harquebuſies in|to the Towne, and ouer the Mont Royall, a|mong the Engliſh Souldyers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They hurt at that preſent three of ye ſcoutes, but when they perceyued that the Engliſhmen were in a readineſſe to approche them, they de|parted, beeing in number three hundred horſe|men, and a thouſande footemen, Souldyers of Mondeuille, and Harfleu.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fifth of Ianuary, wer apprehẽded Cap|tayne Blondell. Captaine Moucombell, Mon|ſieur Demainie, and Vitanua with others, for ſome conſpiracie or trayterous practiſe whyche they went about, and had malitiouſly contri| [...]ed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, Captayne Edward Horſey, with his two hũdred Souldyers, and Captaine Francis Blont, with his hundred, tooke ſhip|ping at Newhauen road, and ſayled to Dieppe, there to remayne with the Conte Montgome|rie, whoſe wyfe the Counteſſe Montgomerie wente alſo with them to hir huſbande the ſame tyme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the Saterday following, the twelfth day after Chriſtmas,A great tem|peſt in Lei|ceſter. being the ninth of Ianu|ary, a greate tempeſt of winde and thunder hap|pened in the Towne of Leiceſter, whiche vnco|uered two and fortie bayes of houſes, and ouer|threwe many, renting and tearing them in pee|ces, in a ſtrange and maruellous manner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The people that were aſſembled that daye in the market place to buy and ſell their vſuall cha|fer, wares, and commodities, were fore amazed and aſtonyed with the hideouſneſſe of that moſt outragious and violent tempeſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Thurſday the fourtenth of Ianuary, at one of the clocke in the morning, there iſſued forth of Newhauen threeſcore Horſemen, and a thouſande footemen, all Engliſhmen, and com|ming to Mondeuille, where the Reingraue lay,An alarme giuen to Mondeuill [...] gaue to them within an alarme, but neyther the Reiſters, nor the Almayne footemen, nor french that were within that Towne, woulde come forth, and therefore after the Engliſhmen hadde tarried there the ſpace of foure houres, they re|turned backe againe to Newhauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fiftenth of Ianuary, at one of the clocke in the after noone, there iſſued forth of Newha|uen threeſcore Horſemen, and fifteene hundred footemen, whiche commyng to Harfle [...],An alarme giuen to H [...]flewe. gaue a like alarme to that towne, but none of the gar|riſon there woulde come forthe, where vpon, the Engliſhmen returned home agayne to New|hauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixtenth of Ianuary,The Caſtell Tankeruille deliuered to the Rein|graue. the Caſtell of Tã|keruille was ſurrendred to the R [...]ingraue, after he had layne about it an eyght dayes, with two thouſand Horſemen and footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was nowe yeelded by compoſition (after it had bin kept by the ſpace of thirtie eight days) that thoſe within, ſhould depart with bagge and baggages, the galley beeing ſent from Newha|uen to fetch them away.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were no moe within it at that tyme when it was thus deliuered, but Captayne Iohn Warde, Captaine Edward Dudley, and Captayne Saule, hys Lieutenant Riley, with threeſcore and tenne Engliſhe Souldyers, and thirtie French.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ninetenth of Ianuary, there landed at Newhauen Captayne Tremayne, with fiftie Horſemenne, very well appointed,Tremayne. to ſerue the Queenes Maieſtie there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The foure and twentith of Ianuary,Frauncis Clearke. Fran|cis Clearke Frenchman, arriued at Newhauẽ, with two tall Shippes of his owne, right well appoynted for the warres, bringing with hym three rich priſes,Priſes taken by him. valued at aboue fiftie thouſand Crownes, one of them was a mightie greate Hulke, laden with woade and allume.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixe and twentith of Ianuary, Captaine Tremayne with all his Horſemen, and Cap|tayne Clearke with his Scottiſh Horſemen, and ſixe hundred footemen, went forth of Newhauẽ towards Mondeuille, and by the way in a little Village, there was a Frenche Captayne come forthe of Mondeuille, named Monſieur E|merie, hauing with hym thirtie Souldiers, where falling in hande to ſpoyle the ſame Vil|lage, the payſants aboute gathered themſelues togyther, and ſet vpon him and his Souldyers: and whileſt they were thus in fighte, the Scot|tiſh Horſemenne came ſuddaynely vpon them,Captayne Emerle taken by the Scot|tiſh horſemen. tooke the ſayde Captayne ſore wounded, flewe twelue of hys Souldyers, and tooke foureteene EEBO page image 1823 other of them priſoners, whome with their Cap|tayne wounded as hee was, they broughte home the ſame night vnto Newhauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]clama| [...] The three and twentith of Ianuary, a Pro|clamation was made for orders to bee obſerued by the Souldyers, and other reſ [...]ants within the Towne of Newhauen, concerning politike go|uernement thereof, as well for the better defence againſte the enimies without, as the quiet de|meanor of the mẽ of war & inhabitants within.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fifth of February, two ſhippes of Bri|tons, [...]ere brou| [...] into New| [...]en. laden with Gaſcoigne wine, butter, ba|kon, larde, ſalt, and other vittailes, were brought into Newhauen by a Shallop of Killebeuf, that was reſia [...] with other Frenchmen in Newha|uen, ſeruing againſt the Papiſtes, and had taken thoſe two veſſels, as they were going to vittaile the enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixth of February, three fayre myghtie Shippes of war, [...] other [...]. belonging to Francis Clearke, brought into Newhauen three rich priſes, laden with ſackes, baſterdes, ſuger, Orenges, graines, and other merchandizes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Clearke hadde not bin forthe paſt ſixe weekes at this time, and yet he hadde got aboue eightene priſes, wel worth by iuſt valuation, the ſumme of fiftie thouſand poundes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saterday the ſixth of February, a Soul|dier of Captayne Appleyards band, was execu|ted in the market place, [...] Souldiour [...]cuted, for [...]g [...]ting con| [...]ry to the [...]ers in that [...]e giuen. for that contrary to or|der taken and publiſhed afore that time by Pro|clamation, he had not only drawen his weapon againſte another Souldiour, but alſo may|med him, and played other lewde partes in con|tempt of the Lord Lieutenants commaunde|mentes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was another alſo condemned to dye, and two others adiudged to loſe their hands, [...]re other [...]. but the Lorde Lieutenant of his mercifull clemen|cie, graunted to thoſe three his pardon, for theyr paſſed offences.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Sonday the ſeuenth of February, was Humfleu ſommoned by an Herrault, ſente from the Frenche Admirall, Monſieur de Chatil|lon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Admirall [...] Fraunce ſommoneth Hunflew.On Monday the eyght of that moneth, the ſayd Admirall came before Hunflew, with ſixe thouſande Horſemen Reiſters, and other of hys owne retinues, beſide footemen, and a thouſande horſemen of the Countreys thereabout.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And about ſixe of the clocke at nighte, there was a greate peale of ordinance ſhotte off at Newhauen, for a welcome to the ſayde Admi|rall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The twelfth of February, the Frenche Gal|leaſſe of Newhauen paſſing forth, and wafting about Hunflew to ſeeke aduentures, in hope of ſuretie, by reaſon the Lorde Admirall of France lay therby at Touque, road at an anker, whileſt ſome of them that were aboorde in hir, wente a lande to gayne ſomewhat of the enimies, but they within Hunfleu perceyuing this, made one their greate Galeaſſe, with fiftie good Mariners and Souldiers, who comming vpon the Gale|aſſe of Newhauen lying at anker, putte hir in great daunger of taking, for there were but fif|teene men left aboorde in hir at ye preſent, wherof three of them were Engliſhmen, who percey|uing in what daunger they ſtoode, wayed anker with all ſpeede, and drew towardes the ſhore, to take in the reſt of their company, and getting thẽ aboorde vnto them, they manfully ſtoode to their defence, being in all but foure and twentie men. Neuertheleſſe, they ſo behaued themſelues,The greate Galeaſſe of Hunflewe taken. that continuing in fight aboue a long houre, at lẽgth they ouercame their enimies, ſlew ſeuen of them outright, wonnded ſeuen and thirtie, tooke theyr Galeaſſe, and brought hir to Newhauen, wyth thirteene belles, diuers coapes, and Churche or|namentes, Sheepe, and other ſpoyles, whyche they had gote abroade in the Countrey, togither with three and fortie good priſoners, and the ar|tillerie whiche was found aboorde in the foreſaid great Galeaſſe, wherewith ſhee was verye well appoynted and furniſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Of the Frenche Proteſtants, there were but three ſlayne, and ſixe hurt, and one of the three Engliſhmen was alſo hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As it hath bin credibly reported, the Frenche Proteſtants might thanke thoſe three Engliſh|men that were with them in theyr Galeaſſe, for that their good happe, for if they had not man|fully ſtoode to it at the firſt, and beſtowed ſuche artillerie as they hadde aboorde with them freſh+ly againſt the enimies, the Frenche hadde yeel|ded, but by Gods good help, and theyr wor|thy courage, the victory remayned on theyr ſide.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourtenth of February, there came from the Lorde Admirall of Fraunce,Noble men ſent from the Admirall of France to the Earle o [...] War|wike. lying then at Touque, Monſieur de Rohen, and Monſieur de Grandemont, a Knighte of the order, Mun|ſieur Telegnie, the Admirals ſonne in lawe, and dyuers other Frenche Gentlemen, to con|ferre with the Lorde Lieutenant, who receyued them ryght gladly, and made them greate cheere.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They remayned in Newhauen till the eygh|tenth of February, and then departed, and went to Caen, whither the ſayde Lord Admirall was remoued, and had entred the Towne, and laye within it, preparyng with all ſpeede to beſiege the Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day that the French Lords depar|ted from Newhauẽ towardes Caen,Sir Nicholas Throckmor|ton. Monſieur Briquemaulte, & ſir Nicholas Throckmorton EEBO page image 1824 knight arriued at Newe Hauen in one of the Queenes ſhippes called the Ayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Caen Caſtell beſieged. The Marques Dalbeul, bro|ther to the D. of Guiſe.The Admirall Chatillion being got into the Towne of Caen, kepte the Caſtell beſieged, within the which was encloſed the Marques Dalbeuf.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſent to him from Newhauen the xxv. of Februarie, ſeuen Canons, two denye Culuerines, and one minyon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the morrowe following, beeyng Friday, and .xxvj. of February, Sir Nicholas Throck|morton Knight, Monſieur Bricquemault, and Monſieur Beauvoys, with a thouſand Soul|dyers Frenche,Ayde ſent to the ſiege of Caen. and as many Engliſh, to witte, Captaine Zouch, Captayn Twedie, Captaine Hygate, each of them with two hundred: Cap|tayne Iohn Warde, Captayne Parkinſon, Captaine Saul, and maiſter Wheler, Captaine Fiſher Lieutenant with his band, eache of them with his hundred, and Captayne Pelham with the laborers, were embarqued in the roade at Newhauen, and ſayled forth towards Caen, to come to the ſiege, which the Admiral of France had layd to the Caſtell there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day, as the Counte Montgome|rie hadde embarqued at the Hauen of Dieppe in an Engliſh veſſell, and was comming towards Newhauẽ, there came out from Feſtamp three Shallops, by the appoyntmente of the Rein|graue (as was ſayde) whiche made towards Montgomerie, whoſe meaning, when he percei|ued, he ſet vpon the ſtrongeſt of the ſame Shal|lops,The Count [...] Montgom [...] taketh a [...]re [...] Shallop. ſo that there followed a ſharp conflict be|twixte them, but in the ende, the victory fell to [figure appears here on page 1824] Montgomerie, the Shallop beeyng taken, the Captayne and maiſter flayne, and three En|gliſh vittaylers reſkued, whiche the ſayde Shal|lops had taken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Montgomerie heerewith arriuing at New|hauen, and bringing hys priſe with hym, was ioyfully receyued, and after he had talked awhile with the Lord Lieutenant and the Counſell,Montgomerie goeth to Caen to ſpeake with the Admirall. he went aboorde agayne, and ſayled to Caen, there to conferre with the Admirall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt of March in the morning, they be|ganne to batter the Caſtell of Caen, in ſuche wiſe, that aboute foure of the clocke in the after noone, they within beganne to parley, but it tooke none effect, and then went off the artillerie agayne till night,The Caſtell of Caen battered. and in the morning, the bat|terie eftſoones beganne, and before that two tires of the ſayde artillerie had gone off, they within offered to parley againe, and finally agreed by compoſition to yeelde, and ſo on that Tewſday by tenne of the clocke,It is rẽdred to the Admirall. the Caſtell was ſurren|dred into the hands of the French Admirall, and the Marques Dalbeuf, and other that had the place in keeping, departed in ſafetie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Wedneſday the thirde of Marche,Bayeulx, Fa|leyſe, and S. Lo. yeelded to the Admirall. the Towne of Bayeulx was alſo yeelded vnto the Lord Admirall of Fraunce, and on the morrow following, Faleiſe, and afterwards Saint Loe, with diuers other Townes and Caſtels, yeel|ded likewiſe vnto him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The tenth of March, the great galley and the Foyſtes were ſent away from Newhauẽ, with a Canon and ſhotte & powder vnto Humfleu, where they mette with Monſieur de Mouy, that came thither with a faire company of horſ|men, and dyuers footemen French, and of En|liſhmen, Captayne Tutty with his two hun|dred, and Captayne Fiſher with his hundred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Canon which came from Newhauen,The Canon layd to the Caſtell of Hunfleu. was immediately planted, and about tenne of the clocke in the forenoone it was ſhotte off, and after it had bin ſixe times diſcharged, they with|in began to parley, and in the ende,It is yeelded. they agreed to yeelde vp ye Caſtel vnto Monſieur de Mouy, EEBO page image 1825 with condition, that their Souldiers and men of warre might depart only with their rapiers and daggers, leauing all the reſidue of their mo|nables behinde them. And according to this ca|pitulation, Captayne Lion with his hundred Souldiers, and Captayne Nicholas with hys hundred, and fiftie other Souldyers which were within departed, and left the Caſtel vnto Mon|ſieur de Mouy, whereby hys Souldyers, as wel Engliſhe as others, gayned greately by the ſpoyle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A proclama|tion.The twelfth of March, a Proclamation was made in name of the Lord Lieutenant, that no Souldier ſhoulde drawe weapon to doe hurte therewith to anye of the Frenche within the Towne of Newhauen, or limits of the ſame, nor to moleſt them, nor to ſpoyle nor take anye thing violently away from any of them, nor to breake downe their houſes, nor to carrie away their timber, on payne of death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A proclamatiõ [...]n the Frenche dogs name.There was alſo a Proclamation made in name of the King and Admirall, that no Cap|tayne, Burgeſſe, Souldier, Marriner, or other of the French nation within the towne or with|out, ſhoulde drawe any weapon, nor pike anye quarrell, nor vſe any iniurious words agaynſte anye man, to moue them to wrath, ſpecially, a|gainſt the Engliſhmen, on payne of deathe, nor that any burgeſſe or inhabitant, of what quali|tie or condition ſoeuer, except Captaynes, Gen|tlemen, and Souldiers, receyuing pay, ſhoulde beare any weapon on the like paine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 ſir Adrian Poynings.The fiue and twentith of Marche, Sir Adri|an Poynings Knight, Marſhall of Newhauen, departed from thence, and returning into En|gland, remayned there ſtill. Whereas Mon|ſieur de Beauvoys, had by the Admirall Chatil|lions commaundemente, charged by publique Proclamation,The Frenche appointed to depart out of Newhauen. all Straungers, forreyners, and Frenche Souldyers, to departe the Towne, by the three and twentith of Marche laſt paſt: and that all other, hauing their wiues, and families, ſhould depart with them, within four dayes af|ter the ſame Proclamation, to giue ayde for the conſeruation and keeping of the Townes of Hunflew, Caen, Bayeux, Falaize, Saint Lo, and other places, lately brought into the obedi|ence of the King, vnder the authoritie of the Prince of Conde, vnder payne for making de|fault, to be taken as good priſoners of warre to thoſe that ſhoulde apprehend them. Proclama|tion was alſo therevpõ made in the Lord Lieu|tenants name, the ſixe and twentith of Marche, beeing Friday, that it ſhoulde bee lawfull to the Queenes Maieſties ſubiects and friends, to ap|prehende and take as their good and lawfull pri|ſoners, all ſuche, as contrary to the former Pro|clamation, ſhoulde remayne in the Towne of Newhauen after fiue of the clocke after noone of the day then nexte following beeing Saterday, (thoſe perſons only excepted) whoſe names had bin preſented and enrolled in hilles, remayning with the Lord Lieutenants Secretary.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Prouided that no perſon, ſeaſing vppon the body of anye ſuche offendor, ſhould by vertue or colour thereof, ſpoile any of their houſes, meddle with their goodes or monables, without order and meane of Iuſtice vpon payne of death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the Sonday yet beeing the eyght and twentith of March, another Proclamation was made, to giue reſpite to the ſaide Straungers, forreyners, and French Souldiers, vntill foure of the clocke in the after noone of the ſame daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And further, there was another Proclama|tion publiſhed thys Sonday, that none ſhoulde ſeaze vppon anye of thoſe Straungers, forrey|ners, or Frenche Souldyers, by colour of the two former Proclamations, vntill the Lorde Lieutenauntes pleaſure ſhoulde more fully bee knowen therein.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirtith of Marche beeyng Tewſday,An other pro|clamation. Proclamation was eftſoones made, that where all forreyners, being not any of the Burgeſſes, or proper inhabitauntes of the ſayd Towne of Newhauen, nor of the garriſon or armye of the Engliſhmen in the ſame Towne, had bin war|ned by ſeuerall Proclamations to departe the Towne, and yet the ſame Proclamations not|withſtanding, a greate number made their a|bode ſtill in the Towne, in contempte of thoſe Proclamations. The Lord Lieutenant by this Proclamation, gaue full power and authoritie to the ſayde Prouoſt Marſhall of the garriſon of the Engliſhmen in that Towne, to appre|hende, and take as good and lawfull priſoners, all ſuche forreyners, as well Souldyers, and Marriners, as other without exception, whyche ſhoulde bee founde in the Towne at anye tyme after fyue of the clocke in the after noone on Sa|terday then nexte commyng, Monſieur Bean|voys and hys familie, and all Miniſters then beeyng within the Towne, beeyng neuerthe|leſſe cleerely excepted, and dyuers prouiſions alſo included in this ſelfeſame Proclamation, for the mitigating of extremities, by wrong in|terpreting thereof, in behalfe of them that were to departe, as alſo that the gayne that ſhoulde come by euery particular priſoner ſo arreſted by the Prouoſt Marſhall, ſhoulde returne to anye of the Queenes Maieſties ſubiectes, by whoſe meane and procuremente, ye ſame priſoner was detected, and cauſed to be apprehended.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 On Monday the fifth of Aprill, the Rein|graue with foure hundred Horſemen, and about fiue hundred footemen, came downe the hill, be|twixt Saint Addreſſez and Englefielde, where EEBO page image 1826 Sir Hugh Paulet knight met with him, by ap|pointment of the L. Lieutenant, accompanyed with .40. horſemẽ, and a M. Engliſh footmen, & after they had talked togither by the ſpace of an houre, they departed the one from the other, mai|ſter Paulet returning to Newhauen, and the Reingraue to Mondeuille, the place where he v|ſually remained.Execution. On Eaſter euen, two ſoul|dyers that had ſerued vnder Captayne Parkin|ſon, were hanged in the market place of New|hauen, for running away to the Reingraue, and vnto Dieppe. Another alſo that ſerued vnder Captain Tourner, was condemned for the lyke offence, but pardoned, through the great clemen|cy of the L. Lieutenant.A Proclama|tion. The .28. of Aprill, Proclamation was made, ye al the Papiſts, and the wiues and children of al them that were de|parted forth of Newhauẽ, and made their abode at ye preſent in Monſtreuilliers, Harflen or elſe where abrode in the Countrey, and lykewiſe all other, whome the laſt Proclamation for their a|noiding out of the towne in any wiſe touched, ſhoulde depart on Saterday then next enſuing, on paine to haue their bodyes arreſted as priſo|ners, and their goodes to be confiſcate. Other Articles were conteined in the ſame Proclama|tion, as well for Forreyners that ſhoulde come forth of the Countrey to the market, as for the behauiour and demeanor of the French inhabi|tants of the Towne, with promiſe of reward to ſuch as ſhould diſcouer and apprehende any eſ|piall, either dwelling in the Towne, or cõming and going to or from it. The firſte of May, Garter,Garter King of armes. principall Kyng of armes, arriued at Newhauen, bringing with him the Garter to ye L. Lieutenant, choſen on S. Georges day laſt paſt, to be one of the confreres of that moſt noble and honorable order. The fourth of May, Proclamation was made, that all the Frenche burgeſſes and others, ſhould bring and deliuer all their armour and weapon into the Towne Hall of Newhauen, whiche commaundemente was incontinently obeyd and accompliſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Proclama|tion.The ſeauenth of May, Proclamation was made, for the auoiding of all ſuch, to whome the former Proclamations hadde in anye wiſe tou|ched, for their departure forthe of the Towne, that they ſhould depart by Tewſday nexte (the miniſters of the Church excepted) and that none ſhould enter into the Towne, of what conditi|on or eſtate ſoeuer he ſhoulde be, without licence of the L. Lieutenant, except he were a Burgeſſe of ye towne, & of the number of thoſe yt had their names enrolled, as by the rolles laſtly made it myghte appeare, on payne to be apprehended as good and lawfull priſoners. The .xij. of May, it was prohibited by Proclamation to all Bur|geſſes, inhabitãts, & other, not to goe vnto Har|ſlen, or Mõtreuiſliers, or elſe where out of ſight of ye towne of Newhauen, on payne to be taken as lawful priſoners. The xv. of May, a Mar|riner of ye great Galley ſuffred in ye market place of Newhauẽ, for robbing and pilfering of ſhips therein the Hauẽ,Execution. and three other that were cõ|demned for the like offence, had their pardons.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The ſixtenth of May, Proclamation was made, that all Frenchmenne,A Proclama|tion for the auoyding of the Frenche out of New|hauen. beeing within the Towne of Newhauen, otherwiſe called Haure de Grace, as well mẽ, women, as childrẽ, ſhould depart the Towne, betwixt that preſent time, & ſixe of the clocke at night on the next day beeing Monday, except Chirurgiens, Apotecaries, Ba|kers, Bouchers, Smithes, Maſons, lockſmiths, Carpenters, and other ſuch artificers, vpõ paine to be attached as good and lawful priſoners, and their goodes to bee confiſcate. By the tenor of theſe ſeuerall Proclamations it maye appeare, that the Lorde Lieutenante proceeded nothyng rigorouſly againſt the French, in remouing thẽ forth of the Towne, although it maye be, that ſome whiche had to deale therein, dealte hardly ynough with them, but in ſuch caſes, there muſt of neceſſitie be ſome diligent heedefulneſſe vſed, for otherwiſe in ſuch packing away ſome might peraduencure carrie with them too muche, and others too little. But howſoeuer this matter was handled, true it is, that it was thought ex|pedient to auoide the French out of the towne: for after the Duke of Guiſe was ſlayne be|fore Orleans, and that the parties were agreed, as by the Edict of the pacification publiſhed in March laſt paſt, it may appeare, the whole deui|ſes as well of them of the one Religion as the o|ther tended to this ende, how to recouer ye towne of Newhauen out of the Engliſhmens handes,The Engliſh|men for theyr owne ſuretie were forced to double theyr watche nightly. eyther by practiſe, or open force, and ſuche intel|ligence was vſed betwixte the Frenche within that Towne, and the enimies without to bring this to paſſe, that the Engliſh could aſſure them ſelues no more of the one, than of the other, and ſo were driuen for their owne ſafeties, to rydde ye Towne of ſo doubtfull partakers. The .xxvij. of May, Proclamatiõ was made, ye al mance of furniture & apparel, apperteining to ſhips within ye garriſon, hauen, or roade of ye towne of New|hauen, ſhuld be brought in, or a note to be giuen therof in writing, to the L. Lieutenant & Coũ|ſel there, before .xij. of the clocke ye next day. Sa|terday the .22. of May, about one of the clocke in the morning, ye Reingraue with fiue C. Horſe|men, and .22. enſignes of footemen, came downe to the village called Lheure, neere vnto the new fort, which by order of the L. Lieutenant, was lately before begun to be built, ſir Iohn Porti|nary being chief deuiſer of ye fortifications about the ſame. The enimies meaning was, to haue EEBO page image 1827 taken the ſame forte by a ſuddayne aſſaulte, but the Engliſh ſkoutes looking wel to their charge, gaue intelligence to the Lorde Lieutenaunte thereof, who incontinently going to the Bul|warke ryall, ſet out by the poſterne Captayne Iohn Warde with his hundred Souldiers, and Captayne Parkinſon with his hundred to paſſe to the forte, there to bee an ayde and defence to them that lay in the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute three of the clocke in the morning the Reingraue ſuddaynely with hys bandes of Horſemen and footemen, [...] alarme [...]en to the [...]er lort by [...]e Rein| [...]r. gaue them in the forte an hote alarme, and immediately, the Earle of Warwike gaue in charge to theſe Captaynes: Reade, Appliarde, Turry, Souche, Antwiſell, Warde, Morton, and Parkinſon, hauing with them a thouſande footemen, and twenty Horſe|men, to ſette vpon the enimies in the Village of Lheure, neere adioyning vnto the ſayde newe forte, where the valiante Engliſhe Souldyers ſhewed well the wonted valure of theyr worthy aunceſtors,The hardy [...]efer of the Engliſhmen, rude vpon [...] yr aduer| [...]ies. gyuing ſuche an hardy onſette vpon their aduerſaries, that greater manhoode had not lightly appeared in any encounter, than was v|ſed by thoſe martiall Captaines, and their war|like bandes at that preſente, to the high honor of their Coũtrey, in ſomuch, that they beate backe their enimies, ſlewe and tooke of them to the number of foure hundred, beſyde thirtie fayre Horſes, and an enſigne, whiche one Eaſtwike, Lieutenant to Captayne Antwiſell got.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Amongſt the numbers of them that were ſlayne, there were found aboue thirtie handſome Gentlemen, and very well appoynted. To con|clude, the Engliſhmen behaued themſelues ſo manfully on eache ſide, that by playne force of armes,The Almaines put to flight. they droue the enimies quite out of the Village, and after ſet it on fire, bycauſe the eni|mies ſhoulde not come to encamp therein, as their purpoſe was to haue done at that pre|ſente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixe and twentith of May, the French|men in number about three thouſand Horſemẽ, and footemen, came downe towards the winde milles, neere to the Bulwarke called S. Ad|dreſſez, againſt whome, the Engliſh Horſemen and footemen iſſued forth of the Towne, giuing them a right hote ſkirmiſh,Another skir|miſhe. which continued for the ſpare of two houres, in ſo muche, that there were ſlayne of the Frenchmen to the number of two hundred, beſide an hundred and aboue that were hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the Engliſhe ſyde that daye were loſt, a|bout a dozen or thirteene perſons, and amongſt other, was Captayne Tremayne ſlayne, and many hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude, the Engliſhmen like hardye and worthy Souldyers, wanne and kepte the helde, ſo as the Frenchmen in the ende were dri|uen to retire,The French|men driuen to retire. and beſide other loſſes whiche they receyued, they hadde aboue fiftie of their horſes killed and hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this ſkirmiſh, being one of the notableſt yt had bin lightly ſeene manye a day before,Captayne Horſeys va|liancy. Cap|tayne Horſey ſhewed worthy proofe of his moſt valiant courage, winning to himſelfe ſuch com|mendation, as the ſame will not bee forgotten, whileſt anye ſhall remayne aliue that behelde hys manfull healings, beeing ſuche at that pre|ſente, as deſerue to bee regiſtred in the Booke of Fame, to continue with poſteritie for euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saterday the fifth of Iune, at ſeauen of the clocke at nyghte, the Reingraue hauyng layde in the Village of Lheure, an ambuſhe of ſixe hundred Horſemenne, and fifteene hundred fotemen, there came downe alſo, betweene the Abbey and the Village called Englefield to|wards the Towne,Another [...]kir|miſhe. the number of a thouſande footemen, whiche beganne a very hote ſkirmiſh, firſte at the newe forte, comming euen harde to the ditches, where the Engliſhmen manfully encountred them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerewith alſo, the Reingraue appoynted other to come downe, and approche the Bul|warkes of Sainte Addreſſez, Sainte Francis, and Saint Michell, and to conclude rounde a|bout the Towne, ſo that there were of them the number of ſixe thouſand that were employde in this ſkirmiſhe, whyche was mainteyned ryghte fiercely, for the ſpace of two houres, with ryghte ſharpe and cruell fight, in the ende,The number which the French loſt in this skirmiſh. the enimies were forced to giue place, with the loſſe of fyue hundred of their men, Almaynes, Frenchmen, Gaſcoignes and Spanyards.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhmen verily in thys ſeruice ſhe|wed, that they were nothing degenerated from the auntiente race of theyr noble progenitors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſide thoſe that were ſlayne on the French parte, amongſt whome, was one of their Cap|taynes of good accompte amongſt them, they tooke alſo Baſſompeere an Almayne,Baſſompeere. coronell ouer tenne enſignes of footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The preſence of the Lorde Lieutenante was not wanting that daye, both to encourage hys worthy Souldyers, and alſo to ſee them apply|ed with weapon and munition, ſo as they ſhould not bee vnprouided of anye thyng that was needefull for ſeruice.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Of Engliſhmen there were hurte Captayne Ielbert, and Captayne Pelham,Captayne Ielbert, and Captayne Pelham hurt. and about fif|teene other hurt and ſlayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeuenth of Iune,Edward Dud|ley. Captaine Edwarde Dudley arriued at Newhauẽ, with an C. ſoul|diers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The morrowe after, beeing the ſeauenth of Iune, the firſte Canon ſhorte lighte within the EEBO page image 1838 Towne of Newhauen, neere to the Bulwarke of Saint Addreſſez, ſtriking into ye houſe where Captayne Wheler was lodged, which ſhot be|ing brought to my lord of Warwike by Blew|mantell, Purſeuant at armes, his honor behol|ding it, reioyſed thereat, and ſaid, by Gods grace he would aunſwere them againe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A new ſupply of Berwike Souldyers.The ninth of Iune, arriued at Newhauen three Captaynes with their bandes, of an hun|dred a peece, being of the garniſon of Berwike, to witte, Captayne Tremayne, Captayne Cornewall, and Captayne Carew.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Captayn Ran|doll.Edward Randoll alſo landed there the ſame bay, appoynted to be Knight Marſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For yee muſt vnderſtande, that Sir Adrian Poynings, being Knight Marſhal, vpon his re|turne into Englande, was otherwiſe employd, and wente not backe agayne,Sir Thomas Finche. and then was Sir Thomas Finche of Kent appoynted to goe ouer to ſupply the roointh of Knight Marſhall, who making hys prouiſion ready, ſent ouer hys brother Eraſmus Finche, to haue charge of hys bande, and his kinſman Thomas Finch, to bee his Prouoſt Marſhall, whileſt bee ſtaying till he hadde euery thing in a readineſſe to paſſe ouer himſelf: at lẽgth embarqued in one of ye Quenes Maieſties Shippes called the Greyhound, ha|uing there aboorde with hym, beſyde threſcore & ſixe of his own retinue, foureteene other Gen|tlemen, two of them deeyng breethren to the Lorde Wentworth, Iames Wentworth, and Iohn Wentworth, with diuers others, who in the whole (accompting the Marriners) amoun|ted to the number of two hundred perſons, and vpwarde: and as they were on the further coaſt towarde Newhauen, they were by contrarye wind and foule weather, driuen backe towarde the coaſt of Englande, and plying towardes Rie,Sir Thomas Finch drow|ned. they forced the Captayne of the Shippe, a very cunning Seamã named W. Maline, & al|ſo the maiſter and marriners, to thr [...]ſt into the Hauen before the tide, and ſo they all periſhed, [figure appears here on page 1838] ſeuen of the meaner ſorte only excepted, wher|of three dyed ſhortly after they came to land.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The dead body of Sir Thomas Finche a|mongſt other, was caſt a ſhore, and being kno|wen, was conueyd home to his houſe, and there buryed in his pariſh Churche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this miſchance, & loſſe of that worthy Gentleman,Edward Ran|doll. the ſayde Edwarde Randoll was appoynted Knight Marſhall, who ordeyned a righte ſufficiente perſonage, Captayne Iohn Shute, to be his prouoſt Marſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fiftenth of Iune, Captayne Richarde Sanders,A ſupply of Soldyers. and Captayne William Saul wyth theyr bandes of an hundred Souldiers a peece, and Captayne Drury, with two hundred, arri|ued at Newhauen, and the morrowe after, arri|ued Captayne Robertes with another hundred of Souldiers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And on the ſeuententh of Iune, being Thurſ|day, Sir Frauncis Knolles,Sir Francis Knolles. Vicechamberlaine of the Queenes Maieſties houſe, landed there, being ſente ouer by hir Maieſtie and hir Coun|ſell, to viewe the ſtate of the Towne.

[figure appears here on page 1838]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Friday the eyghtenth of Iune, a Serge|ant of Captayne Bluntes bande, and a Soul|dyer of Captayne Darcies bande, were execu|ted in the Market place of Newhauen, for dra|wing their weapons agaynſt their Captaynes, and forſaking their appoynted places of war|ding, and ſuche other lewde partes whiche they had committed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fiue and twentith of Iune,A Proclama|tion. Proclama|tion was made, that no Souldier of the newe fort ſhould reſort to the Towne of Newhauen, without licence of his Captayne, or ſome of his principall officers, on payne of death, or that any man ſhoulde preſume to paſſe the limits of the ſayd new fort, except vpon occaſion of ſeruice, in company of his Captayne or Lieutenaunt, on like payne, and thys order was taken, bycauſe dyuers ſtragling abroade, had bin taken priſo|ners, and ſlayne by the enimies, to their owne EEBO page image 1839 reproch and hinderance of the Princes ſeruice.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyght and twentith of Iune, the French men came downe to the Village of Lheure, and there very neere to the forte, began to ſkirmiſhe with the Engliſhmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were of them tenne enſignes of foote|men, [figure appears here on page 1839] and two hundred horſemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

A long skir|miſh without [...]ay greate hurt.

[...]mo [...]s placed [...] beate the Towne.

This ſkirmiſhe laſted three houres, and yet there were not paſt foure ſlayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The night following, they placed fiue Can|nons betwixte the Towne, and the brickhilles, and likewiſe they placed other peeces of their ar|tillerie at the foreſayd Village of Lheure, ſo that they ſhotte both into the Towne and fort.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt of Iuly, about midnight, they iſſued forthe of their trenches, and ſkirmiſhed with the Engliſhe ſkoutes, droue them vnder the Bul|warke of Saint Addreſſez, and there perceyuing that the Engliſhmen had a priuie ſallie out, af|ter a long ſkirmiſh, they retired.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They had meante to haue ſet the Milles be|longing to the Towne on fyre, but they hadde ſuche play made them, that aboute three of the clocke in the morning, they became to be quiet, and left the Engliſhmen in reſt, hauing done to them little or no hurt at all.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The greate ordinance on both ſides was not idle, whileſt thys ſkirmiſh was in hande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Six hundred out of North|folke, and three hundred out of Suf|folke.The ſeconde and third of Iuly, there landed nine hundred Souldyers that came forthe of Northfolke and Suffolke, yellowe clokes and blewe clokes, verye well appoynted, hauyng to their Captaynes Ferdinando Liggens, Philip Sturley, Iohn Highfielde, and Edw. Driuer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, there came the ſame time fiftie Carpen|ters, ſixteene Sawyers, and eyght Smithes, to ſerue the Queenes Maieſtie in hir workes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, on the thirde daye of Iuly, aboute tenne of the clocke at night, the Frenche gaue a greate alarme to the towne, beat in the ſkoutes, but incontinently, iſſued forth fiue hundred ſoul|diers out at the ſallying place, vnder the greene Bulwarke, and beat the Frenchmen backe into their trenches, and kepte them waking all that nighte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Captayne [...]anders hurtThe ſame tyme, Captayne Sanders was hurt with a ſhotte in the legge, wherof he ſhort|ly after dyed: other loſſe at that time the Eng|liſhmen receyued not.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fifth of Iuly, a Proclamatiõ was made for Soldyers to reſorte in time of alarmes, vn|to that part and quarter, which was aſſigned to their Captaynes, and not to abſente themſelues from their enſignes, whether it were at alarmes, watch, warde, or any other ſeruice.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixth of Iuly,Ordinance planted. about three of the clocke in the morning, the enimies planted three Can|nons, and three culuerings, diſcharging that morning, to the number of foureſcore and tenne ſhottes, but perceiuing they did little hurt, they ſtayed their ſhooting, ſauing that now and then they ſhot into the Bulwarke, and ouer it into ye Towne: they alſo leuelled a peece, and ſhot it off towards the new galley, ſlewe therin two men, the hurt three or four other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye, a Cannon and a culuering were ſent forth of the Towne to the new forte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xij. of Iuly, about four of the clocke in the morning, the French layd batterie to ye Bul|warke of S. Addreſſez, continuing the ſame all that day. They alſo diſmounted the ſame daye,The ordinãce in the ſteeple diſmounted. the ordinance in the ſteeple of Newhauen, and beate downe the great Bell, cleane defacing the Steeple. They diſcharged that day agaynſt the Towne (as was gathered by due eſtimatiõ) the number of twelue hundred Cannon ſhotte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame euening,William Ro|binſon killed. William Bromfield hurt. was William Robinſon Eſquier, water Bailife of the Towne of New|hauen ſlayne with a ſhotte, & William Brom|fielde, maiſter of the ordinance, hurte wyth the ſame, and being conueyd ouer into England, he ſhortly after dyed of that hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourtenth of Iuly,A new ſupply of Wilſhire and Glouce|ſterſhire men. Sir Hugh Paulet Knighte landed at Newhauen, bringing wyth him eyght hundred ſouldiers out of Wiltſhire & Glouceſterſhire. The ſame day came ye French men downe to the number of three M. euẽ hard to the gates of the Town, beating the Engliſh|men out of their trenches, but yet in the ende, they were forced to retire, and of Engliſhmen there were not paſt twentie ſlayne, and aboute an hundred hurte, but the Frenchmenne as was eſteemed, loſt aboue four hundred Horſe|menne and footemenne, albeit they tooke from EEBO page image 1830 the Engliſhmen at that preſente a culueryng, whiche was ſette forthe to anoy them: but theyr force at that time was ſuche, as they preuay|led, and ſo retired with that peece, though they wel payde for it. The ſame day alſo in the after noone, ye little Galeaſſe called the Fox, went out of the Hauen, fraught with fiftie men, to flanke alongſt the ſhore, and to beate the Frenchmen wyth hir ſhotte,The Galeaſſe brent. but as ſhee was ſhooting off at them, a linneſtocke fell into a barrell of powder, and ſet it on fyre togither with the veſſel, ſo that ſhe ſuddaynely ſanke, and all that were aboorde in hir were loſt, ſauing fifteene that ſaued them|ſelues by ſwimming.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Conne|ſtable of Fraunce com|meth to the ſiege.The one and twentith of Iuly, the Conne|ſtable of Fraunce, accompanyed with the Mar|ſhals Montmorancy, and Burdillon, and ma|ny other Lords and knightes of the order, came to the Abbey of Grauille, where the Marſhall Briſſac was lodged, who hadde the generall charge in the army, before the comming of the ſayd Conneſtable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They dyned togither there in the ſayd Briſ|ſacks lodging, and after dynner, they ſate in counſell togither how to proceede in the ſiege.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Friday the three and twentith of Iuly, the Conneſtable came into the trench that was caſt ouer againſt the Bulwarke of Saint Addreſſe,The Conne|ſtable ſom|moneth the Towne. alongſt by the ſea ſide, and ſent his Trumpet to ſommone the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Hugh Paulet.The Lord Lieutenant appoynted ſir Hugh Paulet to goe forthe, and make the aunſwer in his name, which was in effect, that ye Queenes Maieſtie of Englande had appoynted hym and others to keepe that Towne, and therefore they meante not to deliuer it to anye other perſon, withoute hir graces eſpeciall commaunde|mente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time, there were diuers of the Engliſhe Captaynes and Gentlemen, whyche accompanyed the ſayde Sir Hugh, offered the wine whiche they had brought out of the towne with them in flagons of ſiluer and gilte, vnto ſuche Captaynes and Gentlemen as accompa|nied the trumpet by commaundemente of the Conneſtable, to ſuruey the ſtate of the trenches, and Paliſade, as the French writers themſelues confeſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Captayne Monnes. Captayne Leighton.Amongſt other, there was Captaine Moni|nes Lieutenãt, of one of the enſignes Coloneils of Monſieur Dandelot, with whome Captaine Leighton, beeing of acquaintance, hadde ſome talke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhmen and Frenchmen were no ſooner departed, they to their trenches, and the Engliſhmen into the Towne, but that the eni|mies hauing planted that morning eyght can|nons in batterie againſt the Caſtell, and ye Bul|warke of the hauen, cauſed the ſame to be ſhotte off, continuing the ſame till Wedneſday noone,The Caſtell battered. being the eyght and twentith of Iuly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſixe other Canons alſo planted by them in ye meane ſpace, which likewiſe made batterie to the Caſtell, and to the Townegate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane tyme alſo,Cutbert Vaughan departeth this life. His worthy prayſe. Cutbert Vaug|han Comptroller, departed out of this life, a ſkil|full man of warre, and no leſſe circumſpect than hardy, both to preſerue thoſe which he had vnder his conduction, and to encourage them to doe manfully, when tyme thereto ſerued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saterday, the foure and twentith of Iuly, the batterie ſtill continuing as before, certayne pee|ces were bent alſo to beate a trauerſe the hauen. The Engliſhmen therefore ſetting fyre in two winde Milles, that ſtoode there, abandoned a trench which they kept, and the Paliſade, Cap|tayne Poyet, Lieutenante of an other of the en|ſignes Colonels of the Frenche footemenne vn|der Monſieur Dandelot, entred with his band, and tooke poſſeſſion of a Tower that ſtoode at the ende of the ſaide Paliſad.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French yet had hote abiding there, not|withſtanding all the diligence and policie whi|che they coulde vſe to lodge there in ſafetie.Richelieu maiſter of the Camp hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among other, Captayn Richelieu, maiſter of the Campe, was hurte in the ſhoulder with an harquebuſe ſhotte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Marſhall Montmorency, cauſed a platforme to be reyſed, ioyning to the Palliſade, where about euening the ſame day, hee planted foure peeces of artillerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Sonday the fiue and twentith of Iuly,Monſieur de Eſtree. Monſieur de Eſtree, great maiſter of the artille|rie, accompanyed with the Seneſhall of Age|noys, vſed all diligence that mighte be, to place the artillerie for batterie,Monſieur de Caillac. wherevnto alſo, Mon|ſieur de Caillac applyed himſelfe by the Con|neſtables commaundement, who had compoũ|ded a matter in variance betwixt him, & Mon|ſieur de Eſtree.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys Sonday and Monday following, they were very buſie to bring their purpoſe in that behalfe to paſſe, and likewiſe to aduaunce theyr trenche vnto the ſyde of the breache.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Marſhall de Burdelon abode in the trenche there all Sonday,The Marſhall de Burdellon. and loſt two of hys Gentlemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Marſhall Montmorency,The Marſhall Monmorency accompany|ed wyth dyuers Lordes and Knyghtes of the order, remayned all Monday in the trenches, to prepare things ready for the batterie, not with|out ſome daunger of his perſon, for the ſtones that were beaten with the bullets comming out of the Towne, flew very faſt about his eares, of the which, there was one that lent him a blowe on ye ſhoulder, & other of them philipped him on EEBO page image 1831 the fingers and lighting alſo in other partes of his bodye if his amount had not defended him the better, hee had not eſcaped withoute further beene.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince of [...]ade, and [...]e Duke of [...]etpencier.The [...] daye the Prince of Coude, and the Duke of Montpenſier, came to the Campe, and alighting at the Couneſtables lodging, went from thence to the trenches, to [...] the Marſhall Montmorency, and to ſupply [...] worth, whyleſt hee myghte in the meane tyme goe to ſayde wyth hys father, and ſo take hys reſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Monſieur Da [...]tren, and the other that hande charge aboute the planting and ordering of the artillierie, vſed ſuche diligence, and were ſo ear|neſtly called vpõ and encouraged by the Prince of Cuade continually remayning in the tren|ches,The Bulwarke [...] Saint Ad| [...]neſſe bat| [...]ed. that on Tewſday in the morning, the ar|tillerie began to barter the Bulwarke of Saints Addreſſe, and other places.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was not done without greate daunger of the Pioners and men of warre that guarded them for as the Frenche deſperately made thoſe approches, they were made by the Engliſhe gunners, to caſt the bitter ſente that the Canon and culuerings yeeldeth, but ſuch was the mul|titude of the Frenchmen that were now aſſem|bled togyther in hope to [...] ouer that Towns (which being poſſeſſed by the Engliſhe, cutt [...] off all traffique from Rouen and Paris, and ſo cõ|ſequently, from the chiefe partes of the whole Realme of Fraunce) that with theyr generall ayde, and drawing the water downe to the ſea, the mariſhes were made paſſable, and firme ground, whiche to men of great experience, was thoughe a thing impoſſible. The Caſtell, the walles, and other defences of the Towne, were battered, breaches made, and the trenche whyche before the comming of the Cõneſtable, was but broughte to the poynte ouer agaynſte the Bul|warke of Saint Addreſſe, was now within four dayes aduanced neere hande the ſpace of two myles, vpon the cauſey or breach which was all of ſtone, without anye earth to couer them, ſo that they were demen to make the beſt ſhift they could, with woolleſackes, ſandebagges, baſkets & faggots. Yet all this had neuer come to paſſe, nor coulde haue bin wrought, withoute infinite ſlaughter and farre more loſſe of French bloud, that neceſſarily ſhould haue bin ſpilt, if yt greate mortalitie of peſtilence whiche entred the towne about the beginning of the Sommer,The great in| [...]ection of peſtilence in M [...]hauen. through a malitious infection had not ſo greately increa|ſed, that it ſlewe and tooke away dayly greate numbers of men, beſide thoſe that beeyng ſicke thereof, eſcaped with lyfe, but were yet ſo feable and weake, that they were not able to help them|ſelues, nor to doe any ſeruice auaylable at all.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There dyed ſo manye dayly through the ve|hemency of the infection,Stow. Additions to Eanquet. that the ſtreetes lay [...]|ne [...]full of dead corpſe [...], not able to be remoued, or buryed, by reaſon of the multitude that peri|ſhed Heerewith they were greeuouſly annoyed for mans of freſh vittayles, but chiefly, of freſhe waters, which the enimie by long ſiege, had cut off. And nowe the ſhotte of the Cannon, lying within ſixe and twenty [...] of the Towne, was ſo terrible as the like had not lightly beene hearde of and ſunday breaches there with yeere already made namely two very great and eaſie for the enimies to enter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 All thoſe daungers and miſeries notwithſtã|ding the worthy Earle of Warwike with his Captaynes and Souldiers in couragious,The high va|liancie of the Earle of War|wike or|der ſtande of thoſe ſeuerall breaches, ready to de|fende, the ſame if the enimies had preſumed to haue giuen the aſſault, which when the Conne|ſtable perceyued, he cauſed a Trumpet to ſound the blaſt of emperley, that [...]alke myght he hadde for the concluding of a compoſition betwixte both the parties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This offer, conſidering that ſore contagious mortalitie wherewith the Towne was moſt greeuouſly infeſted, hauing ſo greately [...]|bled the Engliſhe forces within the ſame, was thought no [...] owne to be cueyued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heere vppon, after a ſally made by the Eng|liſhmen, and a faire ſkirmiſhe betwixt them and the Frenchmen that lay afore ye ſort [...] on the Teuſday the .xxvii. of Iuly, M. Wil|liam Pelhã, Captayne of the fort, with and this Gentleman,Captayne Pel|ham went forth to talke with the Cõ|miſsioners. and a Trumpette went forth by appoyntment, and was receyued fyrſt by Mon|ſieur de Loſſes, who brought which to the Mar|ſhall Montworeney, and after by his appoyn|ment, went with him by the [...]eingra [...]es camp, to the Conneſtable, and till his returne, a t [...]ce was accorded on that ſide of the fort.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that maiſter P [...] haue had talked a ſpace with the Conneſtable, the matter was put to õ|uer till the nexte day, and ſo he returned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The [...] we after beeing Wedneſday, and eyght and [...]tith of Iuly, the Conneſtable a|bout ſeauen of the clocke, came to the ende of the trenches nexte to the Towne where Sir Maurice Deuys, treaſurer of the Towne,The Commiſ|ſioners ap|pointed to talke with the Conneſtable. Sir Hugh Paulet, Captayne Horſey, Captayne Pelham, Captaine Iohn Shute prouoſt Mar|ſhall, and Nicholas Malby Secretary to [...]y Lord Lieutenant, came forthe, and paſſed ouer the Hauen to commune with him, and during the parley betwixt there, [...] was accorded, and aſſented to, by both partes, the which neuer|theleſſe way broken two [...] tymes tho|rough the vnruly inſolence of certayne [...] buſiers, and although by the good diligẽce of the EEBO page image 1832 Captaynes, they wee incontinently quieted and ſtayed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Additions to Lanquet. The Earle of Warwike hurt.Yet the valiaunte Earle of Warwike, ſtan|ding at a breache in hys hoſen and doublet in ſigne of hys enimies, was by a lewde ſouldi|oure of the Frenche (contrary to the lawe of armes) ſhot through the thigh with an arque|buſ [...]de.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Conneſtable and the Engliſh & commiſ|ſioners appointed, hadde long conference togi|ther, and before they concluded, the Mar|ſhals Montmorency and Burdellſon (and at length, the Marſhall Briſſae alſo) came to the place where they were thus in parley,The Conne|ſtable tooke vpon him to be chiefe in authoritie on the French part. but the Conneſtable tooke vpon him to haue onely au|thoritie to accepte or refuſe ſuche conditions, as ſhould be offered or agreed vnto by the Engliſh Commiſſioners in this treatie: and ſo at length they paſſed certayne Articles in forme as follo|weth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Articles of the agree|mẽt touching ſurrender of Newhauen.Firſte, that the Earle of Warwike ſhoulde [...] agayne the Towne of Newhauen, into the handes of the Conneſtable of Fraunce, with all the artillerie and munitions of warre, then beeyng in that Towne, and belonging to the French King and his ſubiects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, that hee ſhould leaue the Shippes that were in the ſayde towne at that preſente, belon|ging eyther to the King or hys ſubiects, with all their furniture, and generally, all ſuch merchan|diſe and other things, being likewiſe at that pre|ſent within that Towne, as either belonged to the King or his ſubiects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, for the more ſuretie of the premiſſes, the ſayd Earle ſhould preſently deliuer into the hands of the ſayde Conneſtable, the greate to|wer of the ſayde hauen, ſo that the Souldyers that were placed therin, enter not into ye towne, and that the ſayde Earle of Warwike ſhoulde cauſe the gates there towardes the Towne to be warded, till it were in the poſſeſſion of ye ſayd Conneſtable, without planting any enſignes on the ſayde Tower, according vnto the ſayde a|greement, and alſo that the ſayde Earle ſhoulde deliuer foure ſuch hoſtages as the ſayde Conne|ſtable ſhould name.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, that the next day, by eight of the clocke in the morning, the ſayd Erle ſhould withdraw his Souldyers whiche are in the forte, to deliuer it immediately into the hands of the ſayd Con|neſtable, or ſuch as ſhould be by hym appoynted to receyue the ſame at the ſayd houre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, that all priſoners that haue bin taken before the ſayde Hauen, ſhoulde bee delyuered on eyther ſide, without paying any raunſome.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, that the Conneſtable ſhoulde for hys parte ſuffer the ſaide Earle of Warwike, and all thoſe that are in garniſon in the ſayde New|hauen, to departe with all thyngs [...] that belonged to the Queene of Englande and hir ſubiects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, that for the departure as well of the ſayd Earle, as the [...] of hys Souldyers, and other things before rehearſed, ye ſayd Con|neſtable agreed to gyue them ſixe whole dayes, beginning the morrow there nexte following, to [...], the .xxix. of Iuly, during whiche ſixe dayes, they mighte [...]ly and fre [...]ly take and [...] away all the ſayde things: [...] wythe or foule weather ſhuld hinder, that their paſſage coulde not be made within the ſayde [...], in this caſe the ſayde Conneſtable ſhould graunte them ſuche further time of delay, as might bee though [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Item, the ſayde Conneſtable dyd likewiſe permite, that [...] Shippes and Engliſh veſ|ſels, and all other that ſhoulde be appoynted for the portage and conueying away of the ſayde things, ſhould ſafely and freely paſſe into and fro the ſayde Hauen, without any ſtay or impeach|ment, eyther by the Frenche army of anye o|ther.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſayde ſome hoſtages were appoynted to bee maiſter Oliuer Maners, brother to the Earle of Rutlande, Captayne Pelham, Cap|tayne Horſey, and Captayne Leighton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In witneſſe whereof, the ſayde Lordes, the Conneſtable of Fraunce, and Earle of War|wike, ſigned theſe articles the eyght and twen|tith of Iuly. Anno .1563.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus the Earle of Warwike,Additions to Lanquer. as he had du|ring the whole tyme of hys abode there in that Towne of Newhauen, ſhewed himſelfe a right hardy and valiaunt Captayne, ſo nowe in the ende hee proued himſelfe to be both prudent and politike, for by accepting of theſe honorable cõ|ditions to goe with all armour, munition, Shippes, goodes, bagge and baggage, in anye wife apperteyning, or belonging eyther to the Queenes maieſtie, or to any of hir graces ſub|iects, he ſaued the liues of a great number, which otherwiſe eſcaping the ſcourge of the infectiue plague, muſt needes haue fallen vnder the edge of the ſword.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Conneſtable during the tyme of the parley, ſente hys yongeſt ſonne Monſieur de Thorree, to the King and Queene mother, to aduertiſe them of the recaſie of this peace, and after it was once concluded and ſigned by the Earle of Warwike, he ſent his eldeſt ſonne the Marſhall Montmorencie, to preſente the ſame vnto them at Criquelot, halfe way betweene Newhauen and Fefeanip,The French King cõmeth to the Camp before New|hauen. who were right ioy|ful of the newes, and the nexte day they came to the Campe, ſhewing greate ſignes of theyr contryued gladneſſe, for the recouering of EEBO page image 1833 that Towne thus [...] of the Engliſhe mens handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Saterday the moſt part of the Eng|liſh men tooke ſhippe and departed homewardes for glad might be thinke himſelfe, that could get ſooneſt out of that vnwholſome and moſt vnſo|uerie [...]. Many ſicke perſons yet were left behinde, impotent and not able to helpe them|ſelues. The miſerie where of Edward Randolfe Eſquier high Marſhall of the towne (who was appoynted to carrie and ſee the vttermoſt of the compoſition accompliſhed) perceyuing, moued with naturall pitie of his Countreymen relin|quiſhed without comfort, cauſed the ſayde ſicke perſonnes to be caried aborde, not ſparing hys ſhoulders, at that tyme feable and full of the plague, himſelfe and his men ſtill bearing and helping the poore creatures on ſhipboorde. Arane fact, worthie rewarde, and no doubt in remem|braunce with God, the true recorder of merci|full deſerts.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus was the Towne of Newhauen re|duced againe into the hands of the French, more vndoubtedly through the extreeme mortalitie that ſo outragiouſly afflicted the ſouldiours and men of warre within the ſame, than by the eni|myes enforcementes, although the ſame was great, and aduaunced to the vttermoſt of the ad|uerſaries power.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſide the meaner ſort of thoſe that dyed of the peſtilence during the ſiege, theſe I find noted as chiefe. Cutbert Vaughan Comptroller of the towne, Frauncis Somerſet couſin to the Earle of Worceſter, Auerie Darcie brother to the Lorde Darcie, Iohn Zouch, brother to the Lorde Zouch, Edwarde Ormeſby, Thomas Drurie, alias Poignard, Richard Croker, Iohn Cockſon, Thomas Remiſhe, Iohn Prowde, William Saul, Wilfreid Antwiſell. Beſyde theſe being Captaynes in chiefe dying there in that towne, or elſe ſickning there and dying vp|on theyr returne into Englande, there were dy|uerſe other gentlemen, and ſuch as had charge, whiche likewiſe ended theyr lyues by force of that cruell and moſte grieuous peſtilent in|fection.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were diuerſe alſo that were ſlaine, as well by Canon ſhotte, as otherwiſe in the fielde in ſkirmiſh, as both the Tremaynes brethren of one byrth, Nicholas and Andrew, Captayne Richard Sanders, with maiſter Robynſon, & maiſter Bromfield, of which two before ye haue heard, alſo one Leighton, a Gentleman and diuerſe moe whoſe names I knowe not, wor|thie neuertheleſſe to be remembred and placed in ranke with ſuch worthie men, as in their coun|treys cauſe haue loſt theyr liues, and are there|fore by Wryters regiſtred to liue by ſame for|euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to paſſe to other matters at home. As ye haue heard,Stow. Peſtilence. the plague of Peſtilence being in the towne of Newhauen, through the num|ber of ſouldiours that returned into Englande, the infection thereof ſpread into dyuerſe partes of this realme, but eſpecially the Citie of London was ſo infected, that in the ſame whole yeare, that is to ſay, from the firſt of Ianuarie .1562. vntill the loſt of December, in .1563. there dyed in the Citie and liberties thereof, conteyning 108. Pariſhes of all diſeaſes .xx. thouſand,108 Pariſhes in London, be|ſides .xi. in the Suburbs. three hundred .lxxij. and of the plague being part of the number aforeſayd, ſeuentene thouſand foure hundred, and foure perſons. And in the out Pa|riſhes adioining to the ſame Citie, being .xi. Pa|riſhes dyed of all diſeaſes in the whole yere, three thouſand two hundred .lxxx. and eight perſons, and of them, of the plague two thouſande feuen hundred .xxxij. ſo that the whole number of all that dyed of all diſeaſes, as well within the Ci|tie and liberties, as in the out pariſhes, was .xxiij thouſand, ſixe hundred and .ix. and of them, there died of the plague, twentie thouſand one hundred thirtie and ſixe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyght of Iuly in the morning,Tempeſt at London. happe|ned a great tempeſt of lightning and thunder, where through a woman and three Kin [...] were ſlaine, in the Couent Gardeyne neare to Cha|ring Croſſe. At the ſame tyme in Eſſex a man was torne all to peeces as he was carying hay, hys Barne was borne downe, and hys Hay burnt: both ſtones and trees were rent in ma|ny places.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Counſell of King Philip at Bruxels commaunded proclamation to be made in And|warpe and other places, that no Engliſh ſhippe with any clothes, ſhoulde come into any places of theyr lowe Countreys: their colour was (as they ſayd) the daunger of the plague, which was that time in London, & other places of England notwithſtanding they woulde gladly haue got our woolles, but the Queenes Maieſtie through ſuyt of our marchant aduenturers cauſed the wooll fleete to be diſcharged, and our cloth fleete was ſent to Emden in Eaſt Friſelande, aboue Eaſter next following, in Anno .1564.Threefolde plague to the poore Citizens of London. Forſo|much as the plague of Peſtilence was ſo here in the Citie of London, there was no terme kept at Michaelmaſſe, to be ſhort, the poore Citizens of London, were this yeare plagued with a three folde plague, peſtilence, ſcarcitie of money, and dearth of vittayles, the miſerie whereof were too long here to write, no doubt the poore remember it, the riche by flight into the Countreys, made ſhift for themſelues. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An Earthquake was in the Month of Sep|tember in dyuerſe places of this realme,Earthquake. ſpecially EEBO page image 1834 in Lincolne and Northampton ſhires.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After the election of the Maior of London by the counſailes letters, the Q. Maieſties pleaſure was ſignified to ſir Thomas Lodge then Ma|ior, that forſomuch as the plague was ſo great in the Citie, the new Maior erected ſhould kepe no feaſt at the Guildhall, for doubt that through bringing togyther ſuch a multitude, the in|fection might encreaſe: for that Weeke three died within the Citie and out Pariſhes, more than two thouſande: Wherefore Sir Iohn Whight the new Maior, tooke his othe at ye vt|termoſt gate of the Tower of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg. 6. Lightning and thunder.From the firſt day of December, till the .xij. was ſuch continuall lightning and thunder, e|ſpecially the ſame .xij. day at night, that the like had not beene ſeene nor heard by any than then lyuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Moneth of December, was dryuen on the ſhore at Grymſbie in Lyncolnſhyre, a monſtrous fiſhe, in length .xix. yardes, his tayle fiftene foote brode, and ſixe yardes betweene his tyes, twelue men ſtoode vpright in his mouth to get the Oyle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


Terme kept at Hertfort.

For that the plague was not fully ceaſſed in London, Hillarie terme was kept at Hertforde Caſtell beſide Ware.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the .xiij. of Aprill, an honourable and ioyfull peare was concluded, Grafton. A peace with Fraunce. betwixt the Queenes Maieſtie, and the French King, theyr Realmes, Dominions and Subiects, and the fame peace was proclaymed with ſounde of Trumpet, before hir Maieſtie in hir Caſtell of Windſore, then being preſent the French Am|baſſadors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And ſhortly after, the Queenes grace ſent the righte honourable Sir Henrie Carie Lord of Honneſdon, accompanied with the Lorde Strange, beſide diuerſe Knights & Gentlemen, vnto the French king, with the noble order of the Garter, who finding him at the Citie of Lion, being in thoſe parties in progreſſe, he there pre|ſented vnto him the ſayde noble order, and Gar|ter King at Armes inueſted him therewith, ob|ſeruing the Ceremonies in that behalfe due and requiſite.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The plague (thanks be to God) being cleane ceaſſed in London, both Eaſter and Midſomer termes were kept at Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wat [...]h on S. Peters night.There was on the vigile of S. Peter a watch in the Citie of London, which did onely ſtande in the higheſt ſtreetes of Cheape, Cornhill, and ſo forth to Algate, which watche was to the Commons of the ſame Citie, as chargiable as when in tymes paſt it had beene commendably done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 [...]b. Hartw.The fift of Anguſt, the Queenes Maieſtie in his progreſſe, came to the vniuerſitie of Cam|bridge,The Queene a progreſſe tho|row Cãbridge and was of all the Students (being in|ueſted according to their degrees taken in the ſchooles) honourably and ioyfully receiued in the Kings Colledge, where ſhee [...] daring hir continuance in Cambridge. The dayes of hir above were paſt in ſeholaſticall exerciſes of Phi|loſophie, Phiſicke, and Diuinitie, the nightes in Comedies, and Tragedies, ſet forth partly by the whole vniuerſitie, and partly by the ſtudents of the kings Colledge. At the breaking vp of the Diuinitie act, being on Wedneſday the [...] of Auguſt (on the which day ſhe roade through the towile, and viewed the Colledges, thoſe goodly and auncient monuments of Kings of Eng|lande his noble pledeceſſors) ſhe made within S. Maries Church a notable Oration in E [...]lin, in the preſence of the whole learned Vniuerſitie, to the ſtudents greate comfort. The next day, ſhee went forward on hir progreſſe to Finch [...]broke by Huntingdon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxx. day of Auguſt,Outer [...]er and Belman for the day. was enacted by a common counſaile of the Citie of London, that all ſuch Citizens as from thence forth ſhould be conſtreyned to ſell theyr houſholde ſtuffe, lea|fes of houſes, or ſuche lyke, ſhoulde firſt cauſe the ſame to be cryed through the Citie by a man with a Bell, and then to be folde by the common out cryer appoynted for that purpoſe, and hee to reteyne one farthing vpon the ſhylling for his paynes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xx.Great flouds in the Thames. of September aroſe great flouds in the Riuer of Thames, where through the ma [...]|ſties neare adioining were ouerflowed, and ma|ny cattell drowned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeconde of October in the after noone,Obſequie for Ferdinando the Emperor. & on the morow in the forenoone, was a ſolemne obſequie at Paules church of London, for Fer|dinando late Emperour, departed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeuenth day of October at night,Fierie impreſ|ſions. from eight of the clocke till after nine of the clocke, all the North partes of the Element, ſeemed to bee couered with flames of fire, proceeding from the Northeaſt, and Northweſt, toward the middeſt of the Firmament, where after it had ſtayed nighe one houre, it deſcended weſt: and all the ſame night (being the next after the chaunge of the Moone) ſeemed nigh as light as it had beene fayre day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xx. of Nouember,An. reg. 7. Houſes ſhat|tered with Gunpowder. in the morning through negligence of a mayden with a candell, the ſnuffe falling in an hundred pounde weight [...]. Gunpowder, three houſes in Bucklerſburie were ſore ſhaken, and the Mayde dyed two dayes after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxj. of December, began a froſt,The Thames frozen ouer. which continued ſo extreemly, that on Newyeares e|uen people went ouer and along the Thames on the Iſe from London bridge to Weſtmynſter. EEBO page image 1835 ſome played at the football, as holdly there, as if it had beene on the drie land: diuerſe of the court being then at Weſtminſter, ſhot dayly at pricks ſet vpon the Thames: and the people both men and women, went on the Thames in greater number, than in any ſtreete of the Citie of Lon|don. On the thirde day of Ianuarie at night it beganne to thaw, and on the fifth day was no Iſe to bee ſeene betweene London bridge, and Lambeth, whiche ſodaine thawe cauſed greate floods and high waters, that bare downe bridges and houſes,Owes bridge [...]ne downe. and drowned many people in Eng|land: eſpecially in Yorkſhire, Owes bridge was borne away with other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Henrie Stuart [...]ed the Q [...] Scottes.The thirde day of Februarie, Henrie Stu|art Lord Darley, about the age of .xix. yeare, el|deſt ſonne to Mathew Earle of Lineux (who went into Scotlande at Whitſuntide before) hauing obteyned licence of the Queenes Ma|ieſtie, tooke his iourney towarde Scotlande, ac|companied with fiue of his fathers men, where when he came, was honourably receyued, and lodged in the kings lodgings, and in the Som|mer folowing, maried Marie Queene of Scot|lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this time, for the Queenes Maieſtie were choſen and ſent Commiſſioners to Bru|ges, the Lorde Montacute knight of the honou|rable order of the Garter, Doctor Wotton one of hir Maieſties honourable Counſaile, doctor Haddon one of the Maiſters of Requeſtes to hir highneſſe, with other, Maiſter Doctor Au|brey was for the marchant aduẽturers of Eng|land: they came to Bruges in Lent. Anno .1565. and continued there til Michaelmaſſe folowing, and then was the dyet prolonged till Marche in the yere .1566. and the Commiſſioners retur|ned into England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


Ladie Lineux [...]et to the Tower.

The .xxij. of Aprill, the Ladie Margaret coũ|teſſe of Lineux, was commaunded to keepe hir chamber at the Whitehall, where ſhe remayned till the .xxij. of Iune, and then conueyed by Sir Francis Knolles, and the garde to the Tower of London by water.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Watch at mid ſ [...]mmer.On S. Peters euen at night, was the lyke ſtanding watch in London, as had bene on the ſame night .xij. Monethes paſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tempeſt at Chelmeſford.The .xvj. of Iuly, about .ix. of the clocke at night, began a tempeſt of lightning and thun|der, with ſhowers of hayle, which continued till three of the clocke in the next morning, ſo ter|rible, that at Chelmeſforde in Eſſex fiue hun|dred acres of corne was deſtroyed, the Glaſſe windowes on the Eaſt ſide of the towne, and of the Weſt and South ſides of the Church were beaten downe, with alſo the Tyles of their hou|ſes, beſide diuerſe Barnes, Chimneys, and the Battelments of the Church, which was ouer|throwne. The like harme was done in many other places, as at Leedes, Cranebroke, Do|uer. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Chriſtofor Prince and Margraue of Ba|den,The Margraue or Marques of Baden. with Cicilie his wife, ſiſter to the King of Swethlande, after a long and daungerous iour|ney, wherein they had trauayled almoſt a .xj. Monethes ſayling from Stockholme, croſſing the Seas ouer into Lifelande, from whence by lande they came aboute by Pollande, Pruſcie, Pomerland, Meckleburge, Friſelande, and ſo to Andwerpe in Brabant, then to Calays, at the laſt in September landed at Douer, and the .xj. day of the ſame they came to London, and were lodged at the Earle of Bedfords place, neare vn|to Iuie bridge, where within foure dayes after, that is to ſay, the .xv. of September, ſhe trauay|led in childbed, & was deliuered of a man child, which childe the laſt of September was chriſte|ned in the Queenes Maieſties Chapell of white Hall at Weſtminſter, the Queenes Maieſtie in hir owne perſon being Godmother, the Archbi|ſhop of Canterburie, and the Duke of Norf|folke Godfathers: at the Chriſtning the Queene gaue the childe to name Edwardus Fortunatus, for that God had ſo graciouſly aſſiſted his mo|ther, in ſo long and daungerous a iourney, and brought hir ſafe to land in that place, which ſhe moſt deſired, and that in ſo ſhort time before hir deliuerance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xj. of Nouember, the right honourable,Mariage of the Earle of Warwike. Ambroſe Earle of Warwike, maryed Anne el|deſt daughter to the Earle of Bedforde: for the honour and celebration of which noble mariage, a goodly chalenge was made, and obſerued at Weſtmynſter, at the Tylt, with eche one ſixe courſes: at the Tourney .xij. ſtrokes, wyth the ſword, three puſhes with the punchion ſtaffe: & xij. blowes with the ſworde at Barriers, or .xx. if any were ſo diſpoſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At ten of the clocke at night the ſame day, a valiant ſeruiceable man,Robert Tho|mas ſlaine. called Robert Tho|mas, maiſter Gunner of England, deſirous al|ſo to honour the feaſt and mariage day in con|ſideration the ſayde Erle of Warwike was ge|nerall of the Ordinaunce within hir Maieſties Realmes and Dominions, made three greate traines of chambers, which terribly yeelded forth the nature of theyr voyce, to the greate aſto|niſhment of dyuerſe, who at the fiering of the ſeconde was vnhappily ſlaine by a peece of one of the Chambers, to the great ſorow and lamen|tation of many.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxiiij. of December, in the morning,Anno. reg. 8. there roſe a great ſtorme and tempeſt of winde, by whoſe rage the Thames and Seas ouer|whelmed many perſons,Poules gate blowen open. and the great gates at the Weſt end of S. Paules Church in London, EEBO page image 1836 (betweene the which ſtandeth the braſen piller) were through the force of the winde, then in the weſterne part of the world blowne open.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Order of ſaint Michaell.


In Ianuarie, Monſieur Rambulet a knight of the order in France, was ſent ouer into Eng|land, by the French king Charles the .ix. of that name, with the order, who at Windſore was ſtalled in the behalfe of the ſayde French King, with the knighthoode of the moſt honourable or|der of the Garter and the .xxiiij. of Ianuarie, in the Chapell of hir Maieſties Palaice of White|hall, the ſayde Monſieur Rambulet inueſted Thomas Duke of Norffolke, and Robert Earle of Leyceſter, with the ſayde order of S. Michael.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Marques of Baden, and the Ladie Ci|cilie his wife,The Marques of Baden re|turneth. ſiſter to the king of Swethen, who came into this lande in the Moneth of Septem|ber laſt paſt (as before is declared) being then by the Queenes eſpeciall appoyntment, at their ar|riuall honourably receyued by the Lorde Cob|ham, an honourable Baron of this Realme, and the Lady his wife, one of the Queenes maieſties priuie Chamber, now in the Moneth of Aprill, 1566. departed the ſame againe, the Marques a few dayes before his wife, being both conducted by a lyke perſonage the Lord of Aburgueuenny to Douer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Certayne houſes in Cornehill, being fyrſt purchaſed by the Citizens of London,The Burſe in Cornhill. were in the Moneth of Februarie cryed by a Belman, and afterwarde ſolde to ſuch perſons as ſhoulde take them downe, and carie them from thence, which was ſo done in the Monethes of Aprill and May next following. And then the ground beeing made playne at the charges alſo of the Citie, poſſeſſion thereof was by certayne Al|dermen in the name of the whole Citizens, gy|uen to the right worſhipfull ſir Thomas Greſ|ham knight, agent to the Queenes highneſſe, there to buylde a place for Marchantes to aſ|ſemble in, at his owne proper charges, who on the ſeuenth day of Iune layde the firſt ſtone of the foundation (beeing Bricke) and forthwyth the woorkemenne followed vppon the ſame with ſuch diligence, that by the Moneth of No|uember, in Anno .1567. the ſame was couered with ſlate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Commiſſioners before named, appoyn|ted for the matters of Flaunders, keeping theyr diet at Bruges, agreed to referre the whole mat|ter to the Princes on both ſides, and if they could not agree, then the Marchants to haue .xl. dayes to repayre home with their marchandiſe, and in the meane tyme all things to ſtande as they were then. Our Commiſſioners departed from Bruges about the .xxvj. of Iune.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxxj. of Auguſt, the Queenes maieſtie in hir progreſſe came to the Vniuerſitie of Ox|forde,The Queenes progreſſe to Oxforde. and was of all the ſtudentes, which had looked for hir comming thither two yeares, ſo honourably and ioyfully receiued, as eyther their loyalneſſe towardes the Queenes maieſtie, or the expectation of their friends did require. Con|cerning orders in diſputation and other Acade|micall exerciſes, they agreed much with thoſe, which the Vniuerſitie of Cambridge had vſed two yeares before. Comedies alſo and Tragi|dies were played in Chriſts Church, where the Queenes highneſſe lodged. Among the which the Comedie entituled Palemon & Arcit made by maiſter Edwardes of the Queenes Chapel, had ſuch tragicall ſucceſſe, as was lamentable.Miſfortune Oxforde. For at that time by the fal of a wall and a paire of ſtaires, and great preſſe of the multitude, three men were ſlaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fifth of September, after diſputations, the Queene at the humble ſuyte of certaine hir Nobilitie, and the king of Spains Ambaſſador, made a briefe Oration in Latin to the Vniuer|ſitie, but ſo wiſe and pithie, as England may re|ioyce, that it hath ſo learned a Prince, and the Vniuerſitie may triumph that they haue ſo no|ble a Patroneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .vj. of September, after dinner, hir grace comming from Chriſts church ouer Car|fox, and ſo to Saint Maries, the ſcholers ſtan|ding in order according to theyr degrees euen to the Eaſt gate, certaine Doctours of the vni|uerſitie did ride before in their ſkarlet Gownes and hoodes, and maſters of arte in black gownes and hoodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Maior alſo wyth certaine of hys bre|thren did ryde before hir in ſkarlet, to the ende of Magdalen Bridge, where their liberties ended: but the doctours and maiſters went forwarde ſtill to Shootouer, a mile and more out of Ox|forde, bycauſe their liberties extended ſo farre, and there after Orations made, hir highneſſe with thanks to the whole Vniuerſitie, had them farewell, and rode to Ricote.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The valiaunt Captaine Edward Randolfe Eſquire, Lieutenaunt of the Ordinaunce,Souldiours tranſported in|to Irelande. and Colonell of a thouſande footemen, in Septem|ber laſt paſt, was wyth hys hande embarked at Briſtow, and within fewe dayes after lan|ded at Knockfergus in the North partes of Irelande, and from thence by water to a place called Derrie, by whiche paſſeth the Ryuer of Longfoyle, there the ſayde Colonell in ſhorte ſpace fortifyed, to the greate annoyaunce of Shane Oneyle, and by greate foreſyght and ex|perience, garded himſelfe and his charge, till the ſayde Oneyle (to hinder and diſturbe his aboade there) the .xij. of Nouember arriued with a great army of Kerne Galawglaſſes & horſemen, with EEBO page image 1837 whom the ſayde Captaine Randall encounte|red, and him there ſo diſcomfited, as after ye con|flict he durſt neuer approch the Queens power: and to his perpetuall fame, the ſayde Captaine by reaſon of his bolde and hardie onſet, that day loſt his life.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ng prince Scottes [...]ened.Charles Iames, the ſixt of that name, ſonne to Henrie Stuart Lorde of Darnley, and Ma|rie, King and Queene of Scottes was borne in Edenbourgh Caſtell,An. Reg. 9. the .xix. of Iune laſt paſt, and the .xviij. of December this yeare ſolemnly chriſtened at Sterling, whoſe Godfathers at the Chriſtning were, Charles king of Fraunce, and Philibert duke of Sauoy, and the Queenes Maieſtie of England was the Godmother, who gaue a font of golde curiouſly wrought and en|ameled, waying .333. ounces, amounting in va|lue to the ſumme of .1043. pounde .xix. ſhillings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]g of Scots [...]thered.


The tenth of Februarie in the morning, Henrie Stuart Lorde of Darneley before na|med King of Scottes, by Scottes in Scot|lande was ſhamefully murthered, the reuenge whereof remayneth in the mightie hande of God.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxij. of Februarie, the Ladie Marga|ret Dowglas Counteſſe of Lineux, mother to the ſayde King of Scottes, was diſcharged out of the Tower of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]een Alder| [...]en deceaſſed [...] London.Within the ſpace of ten Monethes laſt paſt, dyed ſeuen Aldermen of London, the firſt Ed|warde Bankes deceaſſed the .ix. of Iuly. Anno 1566. Richarde Chamberlaine late ſherife, ſir Martin Bowes, ſir Richard Mallorie, ſir Wil|liam Hewet, and ſir Thomas White late Ma|iors, then Richarde Lambert one of the She|rifes for that yeare, the fourth of Aprill .1567.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The towne of [...]niſtry burnt wife in thirty [...]es.The .xxij. of Aprill, by great miſfortune of fire in the towne of Oſſeſtrie in Wales, twelue myles from Shrewſburie, to the number of two hundred houſes, to ſay, ſeuen ſcore within the walles, and three ſcore without in the ſuburbs, beſides cloth, corne, cattell, &c. were conſumed, which fire began at two of the clocke in the after noone, and ended at foure, to the great maruaile of many, that ſo great a ſpoyle in ſo ſhort a time ſhould happen. Two long ſtreetes with great ryches of that Towne was burnt in Anno 1542. And lykewyſe or worſe in .1564.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sergeants feaſtThe .xxiiij. of Aprill, the Sergeants feaſt was kept at Grays Inne neare vnto Holborne, and there were at that time made ſeuen newe Sergeants of the law.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Milnal in Suf|rike burnt.The .xvij. of May in the towne of Milnall in Suffolke .viij. miles from Newmarket .37. houſes, beſides Barnes, ſtables, and ſuche lyke were conſumed with fire in the ſpace of two houres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shane Oneyle, who had moſt trayterouſly rebelled agaynſt the Queenes Maieſtie in Ire|lande, and had done many great outrages in the partes of Vlſter, was this yeare with his great loſſe manfully repelied from the ſiege of Dun|dalke by the garniſon thereof, and afterwarde through the great valiance, and foreſight of ſir Henrie Sidney knight of the order, Shane Oneyle diſcomſited. Statuta regni Hibernie. Campion.and lord de|putie of Irelande, he was ſo diſcomfited in ſun|drie cõflicts, with the loſſe of three thouſand fiue hundred of his men, that now foreſeeing his de|clination to be imminent, he determined to put a coller about his necke, and diſguiſing himſelfe, to repayre to the Lorde Deputie, and penitent|ly to requyre his pardon to haue his life. But Neyl Mackeuer his Secretarie, who had inci|ted him to this rebellion, perſwaded him fyrſt to trie and treate the friendſhip of certaine wylde Scottes, that then lay encamped in Clan Iboy, vnder the conducting of Alexander Oge, and Mac Gilliam Buſke, whoſe father and vncle Shane Oneyle had lately killed in an ouer|throw giuen to the Scottes: neuertheleſſe he wel lyking this perſwaſion, went to the ſayde campe the ſeconde of Iune, where after a diſſembled en|terteynment, and quaffing of Wine, Gilliam Buſke burning with deſire of reuenge for his fa|thers and vncles death, and miniſtring quarel|ling talke, iſſued out of the tent, and made a fray vpon Oneyls men, and then gathering togither his Scottes in a throng, ſodainly entred the tent againe, who there with their ſlaughter ſwordes,Shane Oneyle ſlaine. hewed in peeces Shane Oneyle, his Secretarie, and all his companie, except a verie fewe which eſcaped by flight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saint Iohns euen at nyght,Watch at mid ſommer. was the lyke ſtanding watche in London, as had beene on Saint Peters euen in the yeare laſte before paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 This yeare the Emperour Maximilian the ſeconde of that name, being elected into the moſt honourable order of the Garter, the right honou|rable Thomas Erle of Suſſex .&c. knight of the ſame moſt noble order, was appoynted by the Queenes Maieſtie to go vnto the ſayde Empe|rour, with the ſayde order of the Garter, accor|ding to his ſayde election, who being honorably accompanied with the Lorde North, ſir Tho|mas Mildmay knight, Henrie Cobham eſquier, one of the Penſioners, and others, departed from London the .xxv. of Iune .1567. vnto Douer, and there embarked, landed at Calays, and his trayne at Dunkerke, and ſo paſſed through the low countreys to Andwerpe in Brabant, where hee was honourably receyued by the Engliſhe Marchants and others, and being there went to viſite Madame de Parma, Regent of the ſayde Countreys, then reſident within ye ſame towne. And from thence paſſed vnto Coleyn, where as EEBO page image 1838 his Lordſhip and traine mounted the Riuer of the Rhine, and by ſundrie continual dayes iour|neys, paſſed by the citie of Ments or Magunce, vnto Oppenham, and there taking his way by lande, paſſed through the Countrey by the Ci|ties of Wormes and Spires til he came to Vl|mes, ſtanding on the riuer of Danow, where he arriued the .xxj. of Iuly, and the .xxiij. his Lord|ſhip road in poſt to Anſpurge, called in Latine Auguſtia Vindelicorum, nine Duche miles from Vlmes. From thence hee departed the .xxv. of Iuly, and met with his traine at Donewert, be|ing come thither vpon ſlottes downe by the ſayd ryuer of Danow. From thence he kept vpon his iourney by Ingolſtat, Reinſpurg, in Latin Katisbena, by Paſſaw and other townes, till he came to Linz, where his Lordſhip ſtayed the firſt, ſeconde, and thirde of Auguſt, by reaſon of the high waters. And departing from thence the fourth of Auguſt, paſſed by Stoanne, and Cremz, by the ſayde Riuer of Danow, and ſo arriued at the Citie of Vienna the fift of Au|guſt in in this foreſayde yeare .1567. where hee was receyued of the Lorde Smeckouites, ha|uing twelue horſes readie with theyr foote clo|thes for his Lordſhip, and the moſt reſpected of his traine, and ſo brought him to the preſence of the Emperour, at that preſent within his Ca|ſtell there in that Citie, by whom hee was right honourabl [...] receyued, and afterwarde conducted to his aſſigned lodgings, where as all prouiſion was prepared and made at the Emperors char|ges. Here his Lordſhip continued till the .xiiij. of Ianuarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In which meane time the Emperour very often as tyme ſerued had the ſayde Earle forth with him, vnto ſuch paſtimes of hunting the Hart, Boare, and ſuch lyke, as the plentifulneſſe of that Countrey yeeldeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, during the time of his Lordſhips abode there at Vienna, Charles Archeduke of Auſtria & Carinth, arriued in that Citie, whom my Lorde went to ſalute.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, vppon the Queenes Maieſties letters brought out of Englande by maiſter Henrie Brooke, alias Cobham, one of hir Ma|ieſties Gentlemen Pencioners, the ſayde Earle of Suſſex vpon Sunday the fourth of Ianuarie in the after noone,1568 preſented and delyuered vnto the Emperors Maieſtie, in his Chamber of pre|ſence, the habiliments and ornamentes of the moſt noble order of the Garter, ſir Gylbert De|thicke knight, alias Garter, principall king of Armes, and officer for the ſayde order, and Wil|liam Dethick then Rouge Croſſe, alſo officer of Armes, giuing their attendance in theyr coates of Armes. And the Emperor at his inueſture of the ſayde habiliments, gaue vnto the ſayd Gar|ter his ſhort Gowne, and vnder garment, fureed throughout with Luzerns, and then proceeded thence into a great Chamber, adorned in forme of a Chapell, where as all the other Ceremonies belonging to the ſayd noble order were there ob|ſerued and accompliſhed. And the ſame night the ſayde Earle ſupped with the Emperours Maieſtie, both being in theyr Robes of the ſayd order.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And ſhortly after, his Lordſhip with certain of his cõpanie taking leaue of the Emperor, de|parted from Vienna the .xiiij. of Ianuarie a|foreſayde vnto Newſtat, and ſo through the Countrey of Styre vnto Gratz, the chiefe Citie of Carinthie, where hee tooke alſo leaue of the ſayde Archeduke Charles, and from thence re|turning paſſed thoſe partes of the Alpes vnto Saltzburgh, where he met with the other part of his trayne, and ſo by continuing iourneys came againe into England vnto the Queenes Ma|ieſtie towardes the latter ende of March.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After a drie Sommer,Stowe. An. reg. 10. followed and extreeme ſharpe Winter, namely the latter part thereof, with ſuch great ſcarcitie of fodder and bay, that in diuerſe places the ſame was ſolde by weight, as in Yorkſhyre, and in the Peake of Darby|ſhyre, where a ſtone of hay was ſolde for fiue pens. There followed alſo a great death of cat|tell, namely of horſe and ſheepe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in the Moneth of Ianuarie the Queenes Maieſtie ſent into the narrowe Seas three of hir ſhippes,Grafton. and one barke named the Anthelop, the Swallow, the Ayde, and the Phenix, the which were manned with fiue hun|dred men. And hir highneſſe appoynted the charge of the ſayde ſhippes and men, to hir tru|ſtie ſeruant William Holſtocke of London eſ|quire, Comptroller of hir highneſſe ſhippes, who had cõmaundement to ſtay the ſubiects of king Philip. And according to his dutie he vſed ſuch diligence, as one hauing care to his charge, in garding as well the Frenche as the Engliſhe coaſtes, did the .xj. day of March next folowing meete with a .xj. ſayle of Flemiſhe Hoyes open vpon Bollongne, which came from Roan, and had in them foure hundred and odde Tunnes of Gaſcoigne and French Wines, which they in|tended to haue caryed into Flaunders: but the ſayde Holſtocke ſtayed all the ſayde .xj. Hoyes, and ſent them to Lõdon, where they made their diſcharge, and the Flemings diſappoynted of thoſe Wines.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the .xxviij. day of the foreſayde Moneth of March, the ſayde William Holſtock ſeruing in the Anthelop (at that preſent Admi|rall) & in his companie, being William Wynter the yonger (at that tyme his Viceadmirall) ſer|uing in the Ayde, and Iohn Baſing Captaine EEBO page image 1839 of the Swallow, and Thomas Gonarly Cap|taine of the Phenix met in the narrow ſeas with xiiij. ſaile of great Hulkes, which were come out of Portugale, & bound to Flanders: their chiefe lading being Portugall ſalt, and yet had good ſtore of Spaniſh Ryals of plate, & alſo of good ſpices: The which .xiiij. Hulkes did mainteyne their fight for the ſpace of two houres. And after that they did perceyue that they coulde not pre|uaile, hauing taſted of the ordinance of the Q. ſhips, to their great hurt, as well in ſlaughter of their men, as alſo in ſpoile of their ſhips, the ſayd Holſtocke & his companie tooke .viij. of the ſayd Hulkes, whereof .vj. were ſent into the Riuer of Thames. And the Admirall, and Viceadmirall of the ſayd Hulkes being two great ſhips (which Holſtocke himſelfe did take) were caried to Har|wich, and there diſcharged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]re [...]kuwin lesThe .xxviij. of Marche, through vehement rage and tempeſt of windes, many veſſelles on the Thames, with two Tileboates before Gra|ueſende, were ſunke and drowned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]biſhop of [...]r deceaſedThe .xxvj. of Iune, deceaſſed Thomas Yong Archbiſhop of Yorke, at the Manor of Shefield, and was honorably buried at Yorke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]onſtrous [...]hes.The .xj. of October were taken in Suffolke at Downam bridge, neare vnto Ipſwich .xvij. monſtrous fiſhes, ſome of thẽ conteyning .xxvij. foote in length, the other .xxiiij. or .xxj. foot a peece at the leaſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ew conduyt [...]e Walbroke.At the coſtes and charges of the Citizens of London, a new Conduit was builded at Wal|brooke corner, neare to Downgate, which was finiſhed in the Moneth of October, the water whereof is conueyed out of the Thames.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 11.


[...] Frenchman executed.

The .xxvij. of Ianuarie, Philip Meſtrell a Frenchmã, and two Engliſhmen were drawne from Newgate to Tiburne, and there hanged, the Frenchman quartred, who had coyned golde counterfeyt, the Engliſhmen, the one had clipped ſiluer, the other caſt teſtons of Tinne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Maſter of Pencioners.The .xxviij. of March, the Pencioners well appoynted in armour on horſeback, muſtred be|fore the Queenes maieſtie in Hide Parke beſide Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Lotterie at [...]los.A great Lottery being holden at London in Paules Churchyard at the weſt dore, was be|gun to be drawne the .xj. of Ianuarie, and conti|nued day and night, till the ſixt of May, wherin the ſayd drawing was fully ended.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]erial for dead prepared.Sir Thomas Roe Lord Maior of London, cauſed to be encloſed with a wall of bricke, nigh one akre of ground, nere vnto Bethlem without Biſhops gate to be a place of buriall for the dead of ſuch Pariſhes in London as lacked conueni|ent ground within their ſayd Pariſhes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſtanding watch on Saint Iohns euen at Mydſommer, and ſir Iohn White Alderman rode the circuyt, as the Lord Maior ſhould haue done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxvij. of Auguſt, Andrew Gregorruiche Sauin, Ambaſſador from Moſcouie,Ambaſſadours frõo Micouie. landed at the Tower Wharfe, and was there receyued by the Lorde Maior of London, the Aldermen and Sherifes in ſkarlet, with the Merchants aduen|turers in coates of blacke Veluet, all on horſe|backe, who conueyed him riding through the ci|tie to the Moſcouie houſe in Seding lane, there to be lodged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The plague of peſtilence ſomwhat raigning in the Citie of London,Terme ad|iourned. Michaelmas terme was firſt adiourned vnto the third of Nouember, and after vnto Hillarie terme next following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xj. of October,Duke of Norf|folke ſent to the Tower. Thomas Howard duke of Norffolke, was brought from Burnam be|ſide Windſore by lande to Weſtminſter, & from thence by water to the Tower of London pri|ſoner, ſir Henrie Neuill being his keeper.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Lord Maior of London went by water to Weſtminſter, & there tooke his othe,No Maiors feaſt. as hath bin accuſtomed, but kept no feaſt at the Guildhall, leaſt through comming togither of ſo great a multitude, infection of the peſtilence might haue increaſed. That weke from the .xxj. vnto the .xxviij. of October, there died in the Ci|tie & out pariſhes of all diſeaſes .152. of the which 51. we accounted to die of the plague.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Thurſday the .ix. of Nouember,The Earles of Northumber|land & Weſt|merlande re|belled. Tho|mas Percey Earle of Northumberland, recey|ued the Queenes Maieſties letters to repaire to the court, and the ſame night other conſpirators perceyuing him to be wauering and vnconſtant of promiſe made to them, cauſed a ſeruant of his, called Beckwith (after he was layd in his bed) to buſtle in, and to knocke at his Chamber doore, willing him in haſt to aryſe, and ſhyft for him|ſelfe, for that his enimies (whom hee termed to be ſir Oſwold Vlſtrop, and maiſter Vanghan) were about the Parke, and had beſet him wyth numbers of men, wherevpon he aroſe, and con|ueyed himſelfe away to his keepers houſe: in the ſame inſtant they cauſed the Belles of the towne to be rung backewarde, and ſo rayſed as many as they coulde to theyr purpoſe. The next night the Earle departed thence to Branſpithe, where hee mette with Charles Earle of Weſtmer|lande, and the other confederates. Then by ſun|dry Proclamations, they abuſing many of the Queenes ſubiectes, commaunded them in hir highneſſe name, to repayre to them in warlyke maner, for the defence and ſuretie of hir Ma|ieſties perſon, ſometymes affyrmyng theyr do|ings to bee with the aduice and conſent of the Nobilitie of this Realme, who in deede were wholy bent (as manifeſtly appeared) to ſpende theyr lyues in dutifull obedience, agaynſt them EEBO page image 1840 and all other traytors, ſomtymes pretending for conſcience ſake to ſeeke to refourme Religion: ſometimes declaring that they were dryuen to take this matter in hande, leaſt otherwiſe for|raine Princes might take it vpon them, to the great perill of this Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon Monday the .xiij. of Nouember, they went to Durham with their Banners diſplayd, and to get the more credite among the fauou|rers of the olde Romiſh Religion, they had a Croſſe with a Banner of the fiue wounds borne before them, ſometime by olde Norton, ſome|time by others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Rebels rent the Byble.As ſoone as they entred Durham, they went to the Mynſter, where they take the Byble, Cõ|munion Bookes, and other ſuche as there were. The ſame night they went againe to Branſ|pithe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xiiij. day of the ſame Moneth, they went to Darington, and there had Maſſe, which the Earles and the reſt heard with ſuch lewde deuotion as they had, then they ſent their horſe|men, to gather togither ſuch numbers of men as they could.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xv. day the Erles parted: of Northum|berland to Richmond, then to Northallerton, and ſo to Borowbridge, of Weſtmerland to Ri|pon, and after to Borowbridge, where they both met againe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg .12. On the .xviij. day they went to Wetherby, and there taryed three or foure dayes, and vpon Clifford Moore,The number of Rebels. nigh vnto Bramham moore, they muſtered themſelues, at which time they were about two thouſande horſmen, and fiue thouſand footmen which was the greateſt num|ber that euer they were. From whence they in|tended to haue marched towarde Yorke, but theyr myndes being ſodainly altered, they re|turned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bernard [...] Ca|ſtel beſieged.The .xxiij. of Nouember, they beſieged Ber|nardes Caſtell, which Caſtell was valiantly defended by ſir George Bowes, and Robert Bowes his brother, the ſpace of .xj. dayes, and then deliuered with compoſition to depart with armor, munition, bag and baggage. In which time the Queenes Maieſtie cauſed the ſayde Erles of Northumberland and Weſtmerland to be proclaymed traytors,The Earles proclaymed traytours. with all their adhe|rents and fauourers, the .xxiiij. of Nouember.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Scrope warden of the Weſt Marches, calling vnto him the Earle of Cum|berlande and other Gentlemen of the Countrey, kept the Citie of Carleil.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Suſſex the Queenes Lieute|nant generall in the North,The Earle of Suſlex went agaynſt the Rebels. publiſhed there the like Proclamations (in effect) as had beene pub|liſhed by hir Maieſtie, agaynſt the ſayd rebels, and alſo ſent out to all ſuche gentlemen as hee knewe to be hir Maieſties louing ſubiects vnder his rule, who came vnto him with ſuch number, of theyr friends, as he was able in fiue dayes to make aboue fiue thouſand horſemen and foote|men, and ſo being accompanied with the Earle of Rutland his Lieutenant, the Lorde Hunſdon general of the horſmen, ſir Raufe Sadler Trea|ſorer the Lord William Eures, that was after appoynted to lead the rerewarde, and dyuerſe o|ther, that with theyr tenants and ſeruants were come to him, remayning as then within the Ci|tie of Yorke. He ſet forward from thence the fift of December being Sunday, and marched with his power which he had thus got togither to|wards the enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir George Bowes hauing ſurrẽdred Ber|nards Caſtell (as before ye haue heard) met the Erle of Suſſex thus marching forward with his armie at Siſay, from whence they kept for|ward to Northallerton, and reſting two nights there, they marched on to Croftbridge, then to Akle, and ſo to Durham, and after to Newca|ſtell, and the .xx. of December they came to Hexam, from whence the Rebels were gone the night before to Naworth, where they counſay|led with Edwarde Dakers concerning theyr owne weakneſſe, and alſo howe they were not onely purſued by the Erle of Suſſex and other with him, hauing a power with them of ſeuen thouſand men, being almoſt at theyr heeles, but alſo by the Earle of Warwike, and the Lorde Clynton, high Admyrall of Englande wyth a farre greater armie of .xij. thouſande men, rayſed by the Queenes Maieſties Commiſſions out of the South and middle parties of the realme. In which armie beſide the Erle of Warwike,The Earle of Warwike and the Lord Ad|mirall Clintõ, ſent agaynſt the rebels. & Lorde Admirall, chiefe gouernours in the ſame, there was alſo Walter Deuereux Vicounte Hereforde high Marſhall of the field, wyth the Lord Willoughbie of Parrham, Maſter Char|les Howarde, nowe Lorde Howarde of Effing|ham, generall of the horſmen vnder the Erle of Warwike, yong Henrie Knolles eldeſt ſonne to ſir Frauncis Knolles, his Lieutenant, Edw. Horſey Captaine of the Iſle of Wight, wyth fiue hundred Harquebuſiers out of the ſame Ile, and captaine Leighton with other fiue C. Har|quebuſiers Londoners, and many other worthie gentlemen and valiant captaines.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The comming forward of theſe forces, cau|ſed the rebels ſo much to quaile in courage, that they durſt not abyde to trie the matter with dint of ſworde. For whereas the Erle of Warwike, and the Lord Admyrall, being aduaunced for|warde to Darington, ment the next day to haue ſent Robert Glouer then Portculeys, and now Somerſet Herault (who in this iourney atten|ded on the Lorde Admyrall, as Norrey king of EEBO page image 1841 Armes did vpon the Earle of Warwike) vnto the rebels, vpon ſuch meſſage as for the time & ſtate of things was thought conuenient. The ſame night aduertiſements came from the Erle of Suffer vnto the Erle of Warwik, and to ye Lorde Admirall, that ther [...]o Earles of Nor|thumberlande, and Weſtmerlande, were ſledde, as the truth was they were indeede, firſte from Durham, whether the ſaide Glouer ſhould haue bene ſent vnto them, and now vpon the Erle of Suſſex his comming vnto Erham,The Barles of the chumber [...]i & Weit husband ſhe [...]n Scotland. they ſhrank quite awaye, and fled into Scotlande, without bidding their companie farewel.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Warwike and hys power marched on to Durham. But the Earle of Suſſex purſuyng thoſe other Rebelles, that had not meane to flie out of the Realme, apprehen|ded no ſmall number of them at his pleaſure, withoute finding anye reſyſtance among them at al.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth and fifth of Ianuarie, did ſuffer at Durham to the number of .lxvj. Coneſtables and other,


[...]ls execu| [...] Durhã.

amongſt whom the Alderman of the towne, and a Prieſte called parſon Plomtree, were the moſt notable. Thẽ Sir George Bowes bring made Marſhall, finding many to be fau|tors in the foreſaid rebellion did ſet them execu|ted in diuerſe places of the Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxi. of Ianuarie, a Prentiſe of Lon|don was hanged on a Gibbet at the north end of Finke lane in London, (to there ſample of o|ther) for that hee the .xiij. of December had ſtey|ken his maiſter with a knife [...] of the dyed.


[...]nard Da| [...]retelleth.

About the latter ende of Ianuarie. Lenarde Dacres of Harle ſay began to rebel, in Cumber|berland, and vpon a ſodaine [...]aſed vpon diuerſe houſes belonging to his nephew the L. Dacres, then in poſſeſſion of the D. of Norffolk, & raiſed a power of his pretended tenaunts and frends to the number of 2000. The L. Hon| [...]ſto [...] a poin| [...] to take him footemen and 1600. horſe, of whoſe attemptes the Queenes maieſtie being aduertiſed, directed hir letters to the lord Hun|neſdon Lord gouernour of Barwike, and Lord Wardẽ of the eaſt Marches, fore aneinſt Scot|land, cõmanding him to apprehend ye ſaid Leo|narde Dacres, where vppon he taking with him three hundred ſouldiers of Barwike, and Sir Iohn Forſter Lord Wardẽ of the middle Mar|ches, with ſixe hundred horſemen of Northum|berlande, and two hundred horſe of Yorkſhire men ſet foreward, and comming to Hexam, the xvi [...]. of February, reſted there that night, and ye daye following being Sunday, and the nexte night he marched forwarde towards Naworth Caſtel, where Leonarde Dacres being within toked to haue bin beſieged, but perceiuing that ye Lorde Honneſoon toke an other courſe in paſ|ſing by the Caſtel towards Cartile, he ſent pre|ſently xv. hundred footemen a ſixe hundred horſe|men to ſtoppe his paſſage ouer a M [...] whiche of neceſſitie he muſt paſſe, through the whiche a great Riuer called Ghelte runneth.

About him of the clocke in the morning the rebels were got togither in order of bat|tel, before the Lord Honne ſoon coulde with his foote menent t [...] the plaine, where vppon he com|maunded the footemẽ to kepe thẽſelues in breath, and welled ſir Iohn Forſter with his Northũ|berlande horſemenne,George Hen|ry and Ma|cha [...]l. as a rereward to back the footemen. This done, he himſelf with his three ſonnes, and an hundred horſemen hauing got the hill, and perceiuing the enimies to come ſo faſt forward, that with their arrowes they hurte his Horſe vnder him, and diuerſe other horſes of his troupe, he gaue a ſodain charge vppon them, and by the helpe of God within a ſhorte ſpace ouerthrew al their footemen, of who were ſlaine betwixt foure & fiue hundred.

But Leonarde Dacres himſelfe with his ſixe hundred horſemen (many of mẽ being Scottes) eſcaped into Scotland,Leonard Da|cres chaſed in|to Scotland. being chaſed foure miles of the way, by the Lord Honneſdon & his ſmall company, and had bin taken, if the Scottes had not the better defended him.

The Captaines of Barwike, Reade, Yarley Caruiſle, & Progel, ſhewed that day good proofe of their ſkilful valiancy, bringing their men for|warde in ſuch good order, that no ſmal feare en|tred the hartes of the aduerſaries to trie the bat|taile with them. When they that kept Naworth Caſtel (being about foure hundred men wel ap|pointed) vnderſtoode of the ouerthrow, they abã|doned the place and fledde away, wherof the L. Honneſdon being aduertiſed, ſent certaine of his companie to take poſſeſſion thereof, and wente himſelf to Cartile, where he remained til he had put al the houſes which Leonarde Dacres hadde ſeaſed vppon, into ſafe keeping to the Queenes maieſties vſe, and ſo returned to Barwike, and afterwardes by ſpecial and humble ſute procu|red pardon for thoſe that eſcaped with life, in conſideration that there were ſo many killed as the ouerthrow.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On good Friday the xxvij. of March Simõ Digby of Aſkue, Iohn Fulthorpe of Iulbeck [...] Eſquires, Robert Peneman of Stokeſly, Tho. Biſhop of Poklinton the yonger, gentlemen, were executed at the place of execution without Yorke, and their foure heades ſet ouer the prin|cipal gates of the Citie wt iiij. of their quarters, the other of their quarters were ſet vp in diuerſe places of the Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 William Earle of Pembroke, baron of Car|diffe, Knight of the Garter, one of the priuy coũ|ſaile, and lord ſteward of the Queenes maieſties houſholde, diſceaſed the .xviij. of April, and was EEBO page image 1842 buried in S. Paules Church at London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Suſſex in reuenge of the euill demeanor of the Scottes inhabiting neare to the Engliſh Marches, as well in receiuing and ſuccouring diuerſe of the Engliſhe Rebels, as other naughty practiſes, aſſembled ſuch forces as be thought expedient in the night that followed the .xxvij. of April, and hauing with him the lord Honneſd on gouernour of Barwike, and Lorde Wardeyn of Eaſt Marches, ſir William Dru|rie Marſhall of the ſaide armie and Towne of Barwike,The Barle of Suſſex inua|deth Scotland. came to Warke, being twelue miles diſtant from the ſaide towne of Barwike, and then the nexte daye being the .xviij. of the ſame moneth, they entred into Tiuidale in Scotland, where marching in warlike order, they burnt, ouerthrew, waſted and ſpoyled all the Caſtels, Townes and Villages,The Moſes Tower. as they paſſed, till they came to a Tower called the Moſſe Tower, ſtã|ding in a mariſh, and belonging to the Lard of Buclewgh, whiche likewiſe was raſed, ouer|throwne and burnt, and ſo marching forward, waſted the whole country before them, till they came to a great towne called Crauling.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Iohn For|ſter.The ſame day ſir Iohn Forſter warden of the middle Marches, with all the garniſon and forces of the ſame, entred likewiſe into Tiuidale at Eſpeſgate, diſtant .xvj. myles from Warke, where in like order they burnt and ſpoyled the Countrey before them, til they came to a Caſtel in the poſſeſſion of the mother of the Larde of Ferniherſt, being percel of hir ſonnes landes, whiche likewiſe was ouerthrowen, raſed, and burnt, with all other Caſtels, Piles, Townes, and Villages, all alongſt the ſaide Countrey, till they came to Crauling, ioyning there with the Lord Lieutenants power. This town was likewiſe burnt and ſpoyled. Thus they paſſed the riuer of Tiuet, raſing, burning and ſpoyling the Caſtels, Piles, ſtone houſes, townes, & vil|lages alongſt that Riuer, til they came to Ied|worth, where they lodged for that nighte, and were of the Magiſtrates of that towne courte|ouſly receiued, who had made indifferent good prouiſion for the armie both of vittayles for men, and of bay and prouãder for horſes: where|vppon Proclamation was publikelye made in name of the Lorde Lieutenant, that no Eng|liſhman vpon paine of death, ſhoulde diſturbe or wrongfully take away any thing from anye of the inhabitants of the ſame towne, without diſ|burſing readie money therfore: which thing did ſo much content the Scottes, that the next daye the Lard of Seſford,The Larde of Seſford. wardẽ of the middle mar|ches of Scotland, with all the principall of hys alyes and kyndred, came in to the Lorde Lieu|tenant, ſubmitting themſelues to him, and were receiued into aſſurance, for that neyther he nor any of them had at any time [...] the Eng|liſh Rebelles, neither ayded nor aſſyſted them, neyther yet made any inuaſion into Englande, and wheras ſome of their men, and tenauntes, without their knowledge had to ſpaſſed in ſuch behalfe, they were contented to abide and ſtand vnto the Earle of Suſſex his order, for theyr ſayde men and Tenauntes. And herevppon nei|ther they nor any of theirs receyued any hurte. But by his Lordſhips commaundement were preſerued from ſuſtayning any domage either in bodie or goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xix. day, the armie was deuided into two ſeuerall pattes, whereof the one paſſing o|uer the Riuer of Tiuet,The Caſtel [...] Ferniherſt burnt. burnte the Caſtell of Ferniherſt, vtterly ſpoyling the ſame, and all o|ther Caſtelles and townes that belonged to the Lards of Ferniherſt, Hunthil, and Bedrall,Mintoe. and ſo paſſed to Myntoe, where both the armyes meeting, ioyned togither againe, being not paſte a foure miles from Hawike, whether they marched directly, intending to lodge there that night, bycauſe the Baylifes of the Towne had offred to receiue the whole armie, and to make prouiſion for the Souldiers of all things ne|ceſſarie, they paying readie money for the ſame, and the inhabitauntes to bee aſſured not to bee hurt in body or goodes, as was promiſed.The Scottes Hawike they breach of co|uenaunt. But the Scottes breaking couenant before the com|ming thither of the armie, had vncouered theyr houſes, carried the Thaiche into the ſtreetes, and there ſette it on fire, and thys done, they ſledde their wayes with muſte parte of their goodes, ſo that when the armye approched, there was ſuche a thicke ſmoke, that no manne myghte vnneth enter the Towne: and ſo for that night the Souldiers ſuffred greate lacke of vyt|tayles, lodging, and prouiſion, as well for themſelues, as theyr Horſes: but the fyre whych the Scottes hadde of a malicious purpoſe and ſubtiltye thus begoonne, was by the diligent induſtrie of the Engliſhmen ſo entreaſed, that both the Thatche and Tymber of the whole Towne was conſumed to Aſhes, a ſtone houſe pertayning to the Larde of Drumtanerig one|ly excepted, wherein the Lorde Lieutenaunte laye that night: and bycauſe the ſayde Drum|lanerig was a friende aſſured, the ſayde houſe was ſpared, wyth all the goodes and Corne therein, whereof there was greate plentie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xx. of Aprill, the armie marched to|warde a fayre proper houſe,An houſe of the Larde of Bur|lewes blowes vp with powder called Beaux|ton. belonging to the Lard of Burlewgh, which was blown vp with powder and vtterly ruynated. Here the army was againe deuided as before by the ſayde Lorde Lieutenaunt his appointment, and mar|ching by North the Riuer of Tiuet towardes EEBO page image 1843 Englande, they burnt and ſpoyled all ſuch Ca|ſtels, Pyles, Townes and Villages, as were belonging to the ſayde Lardes of Fernyhurſt and Buclewgh their kinſmens, alies, and adhe|rents, and came that night againe to Iedworth, and there lodged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxj. of Aprill, the armie deuiding it ſelfe againe, the one part vnder the leading of the Marſhall ſir William Drurie, paſſed to the Riuer of Bowbent, and there Tiuidale and Riddeſdale men meeting him, all on both ſides that Ryuer was burnt and ſpoyled. The other part of the armie marching by the Riuer of Catle, waſted and burnt in like maner there, all that was founde on both ſydes that Riuer, be|longing wholy to the Larde of Buclewgh, hys kinſmen, alies and adherents.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done, they returned againe neare to Kelſey, where the Lorde Lieutenant lodged for that night, meaning to haue beſieged Hume ca|ſtell, for the accompliſhment whereof, the ſame night the Lorde of Honneſdon, and his compa|nie went to Warke, to bring from thence the day next following the great Artillerie, but by|cauſe the caryage horſes were returned to Bar|wicke, this coulde not be brought to paſſe, and ſo the Lorde Lieutenant with the whole armie returned into England the .xxij. of Aprill, and came that night to Barwike.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this iourney there were raſed, ouerthrowne and ſpoyled, aboue fiftie Caſtels and Pyles, and more than three hundred townes and vylla|ges, ſo that there were verie fewe in Tiuidale and thoſe parties there aboutes, which had ey|ther receyued the Engliſh Rebelles, or by inua|ſion endomaged the Engliſhe borders, and good Subiectes inhabiting vpon the ſame, that had left to them eyther Caſtell, Pile or houſe, for themſelues, theyr friendes, or tenaunts, be|ſide the great loſſe of goodes which were wa|ſted, taken away or conſumed by this armie vn|der the Lord Lieutenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And in the meane while that hee with hys power thus afflicted the aduerſaryes on that ſyde, the Lorde Scrope Warden of the Weſt Marches, the eyghtenth of Apryll entred Scot|lande on that ſyde, wyth ſuche forces as hee had aſſembled, and the firſt nyght they encam|ped at Egleſham, and in the morning at the diſlodging of the campe, that towne was burnt, and paſſing forwarde through the Countrey, they burnt and ſpoyled dyuerſe other Townes, almoſt tyll they came to Dunfryſe, and hadde dyuerſe conflictes wyth the enimies, gaue them ſundrie ouerthrowes, tooke many of them pri|ſoners, and hauing accompliſhed hys purpoſe, to his highe prayſe and commendation, hys Lordſhippe returned in ſafetie wyth his people into Englande, Hauing burnt in that iour|ney theſe places following, Hoddon: Traile|brow: olde Cockpoole: Sherington: Black|ſhawe: Banke ende: Rowell: Logher wood: Bride Kyrke, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During theſe inuaſions thus made into Scotlande in that ſeaſon, the Marches of Englande were ſo ſtrongly garded in all pla|ces by the Lorde Eures, Sir George Bowes, and others, that the Scottes durſt not ſo muche as once offer to make anye inuaſion, ſo that in abſence of the armies, there was not ſo much as an houſe burnt, or a Cow driuen out of the Engliſh borders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxvj. of Aprill, the Earle of Suſſex Lord Lieutenant, accompanyed wyth the fore|ſayde Lorde of Honneſdon, maiſter Drurie, and dyuerſe other Captaynes and Souldiours, to the number of three thouſande or thereaboutes, ſet from Berwike aboute fiue of the clocke in the after noone towardes Warke, where they arriued aboute nine of the Clocke in the nyght: and continuing there till the next morning, in the meane tyme he put things in order neceſſa|rie for the aſſieging of Hume Caſtell, the win|ning whereof hys Lordſhippe ſeemed to haue vowed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the breake of the day hee ſent forth maiſter Drurie, with certaine horſemen and ſhot before, to enuiron that Caſtell, and to chooſe there ſuch a plot of grounde, where hee myght encampe beſt in ſafetie from the ſhotte of the ſame,The Marſhall ſent before to Hume caſtell. which the ſayd maiſter Drurie according|ly perfourmed and there remayned till the com|ming of the ſayde Lorde Lieutenant with the armie, who ſetting forward the foote bandes, ca|ryage, and Ordinaunce, made haſte to fol|lowe, but yet ere hee coulde paſſe the Ryuer of Tweede, and ſette ouer all the men, Ordi|naunce and caryage it was almoſt tenne of the clocke. Here at thys Ryuer, the Lorde Lieu|tenaunt cauſed all the horſemen to ſtay and to take ouer the footmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done,The order ta|ken by the Earle of Suſ|ſex for the ſafetie of the armie. with good circumſpection he ap|poynted the Demilaunces and other horſemen to remayne behinde in the rerewarde, and putte the footemen in the battaile, for the more ſafe|garde of themſelues, the Ordinaunce and ca|ryages. Then his Lordſhippe himſelfe wyth his owne Standard, and the Lorde of Honneſ|dons guydon, marched forwarde towardes Hume Caſtell, commaunding the reſt of the armye wyth the Ordinaunce to followe af|ter, and ſo aboute one of the Clocke in the af|ter Noone, hee came before the Caſtell, out of the whiche the enimyes ſhotte at his Stan|darde verye hottely, but (God be prayſed) with|oute doyng hurt eyther to manne or horſe, EEBO page image 1844 and encamped vnder a Rocke or cragge (which the Marſhall had poſſeſſed) with his bande of horſemen and certaine footemen, as in a place moſt apt from daunger of ſhotte oute of the Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hume Caſtell beſieged.Herewith a companie of Curriours and Caliuers were putte forwarde, and appoyn|ted to take an other rocke nearer to the Caſtell, which ſhotte at them in the ſayde Caſtell, and the defendantes within it anſwered them again verie roundly, although without any greate hurt on eyther part.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Suſſex vieweth the Caſtell of Hume.In the meane tyme the Lorde Lieutenant himſelfe, accompanied onely with the Marſhall maiſter Drurie, roade ſundrie tymes rounde about the Caſtell to view and ſuruey the ſame, at whome they within ſhotte verie ſore, both with their great Artillerie and ſmall ſhotte miſ|ſing them yet, as God woulde, though verye narrowly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About ſixe of the clock in the Euening came the whole battaile, ordinaunce, and caryages, with enſignes ſpred, ſhewing themſelues verie brauely, at whome alſo the Caſtell ſhotte luſtily but as God woulde haue it, withoute hurting either man or boy. They lodged vnder another Rocke neare adioyning vnto the Lorde Lieutenant vppon the Weſt ſyde, where there were appoynted more ſmall ſhotte to goe to the Trenche, which ſhadowed themſelues vnder the olde walles of the houſes, which the Scots had burnt before the comming of the Engliſhmen, and occupyed them ſo within the ſayde Caſtell, that one of them coulde not ſo ſoone looke out at a loupe, but three or foure were readie to ſalute him: and keeping them in ſuche ſort, that they durſt not well ſhew their heades, the captaine of the Pioners the ſame night by commaunde|ment of the Lorde Lieutenant,A Mount rayſed. rayſed a mount vpon the Northeaſt ſide of the Caſtell, whervp|on the peeces of Artillerie might be planted in batterie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This worke was ſo well applyed, and with ſo great diligence aduaunced, that by fiue of the clocke in the nexte morning it was fini|ſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxviij. of Aprill, the Marſhall maiſter Drurie verie early road about the Caſtell, to ſuruey and view euery thing:Batterie made agaynſt Hume Caſtell. which done, the great Ordinaunce was brought to the appoyn|ted place, and bent agaynſt the Caſtell, to witte, three Canons, and two Faucons. Herewith al|ſo the Lord Lieutenant cauſed ſommonance to be giuen vnto them within to yeelde. And a|bout ſeuen of the clocke the ſame morning, the whole tyre beganne to goe off, and a greate ſhowte was made by the armie, to the great terrour of the defendãts, and of al the Countrey neare adioyning. The foreſayde peeces conti|nued ſhooting till two of the clocke in the after noone, diſcharging within that ſpace a three ſcore ſhottes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During the time of this batterie, there was no great ſtore of ſhotte diſcharged by the greate peeces within the Caſtell, bycauſe their maiſter Gunner within, after he had firſt ſhot of a peece, and done no hurt therewith, as he was aboute to ſhoote againe, the maiſter Gunner of the two Engliſh Faucons hauing eſpied him, tooke hys leuell ſo right, that diſcharging therewith one of the Faucons, he diſplaced the enimies peece,The maiſter Gunner with|in the Caſtell hurt. and ſtroke the Gunners legge off, whereby their great ordinance within ceaſſed, which was an happie turne for the Engliſhmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About two of the clocke they within ſente forth a Trumpet vnto the Lorde Lieutenant,The Scots ſu [...] for a reſpite [...] warre. requiring a reſpite, that they myght talke with the Marſhall maiſter Drurie, and to ſende a Meſſenger to the Lorde Hume theyr maiſter, to knowe hys further pleaſure, for that beeing put in truſt by him with the keeping of that for|treſſe, they could not giue it vp without his con|ſent. And then vpon the returne of the Meſſen|ger, they truſted to giue his Lordſhip contented anſwere.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Marſhall maiſter Drurie talked with them twice, and the Lorde Lieutenaunt was contented to graunt vnto William Trotter,The Captaine within Hume Caſtell. and Gylbert Gray the Lorde Humes wines brother (being principall Captaynes appoyn|ted to the keeping of the ſayde Caſtell) three houres reſpyte, wyth condition, that they ſhould not vſe therein any ſubtiltie, or for the delay|ing of tyme, ſwearing by his honour,The Lorde Lieutenant. that if they ſo did, hee woulde not depart the fielde tyll hee had woonne it by force: and further, that there ſhoulde not one of them eſcape wyth lyfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They being brought in doubt of their owne ſafeties hereby, ſent one in poſte togyther with a ſeruant of maiſter Drurie the Marſhall, vnto the Lorde Hume. And preſently herevpon they ſhewed themſelues vpon the Walles and ram|pyres of the ſayde Caſtell: But immediately the Lord Lieutenant ſent to them a commaun|dement, ſtraightly inhibiting them, that not one of them ſhoulde once in paine of death looke ouer the Walles or Rampyres, to the ende to viewe the breache of the batterie, forſomuch as in the tyme of Parley, it was agaynſt the lawe of ar|mes ſo to doe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe the Meſſenger that was thus ſent to the Lorde Hume, comming to him de|clared in what caſe hys houſe and people ſtoode, who beeing (as was ſuppoſed) not ſo farre off, but that he might heare howe luſtily the Eng|liſhe EEBO page image 1845 Canons did ca [...]as and butter his Hu|miſhe Caſtell Walles, did nowe agree to meete the Marſhall maiſter Drurie two myles diſ|tant from the ſayde Caſtell, and there to com|mon further with him in that matter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vppon the comming backe of the Meſſenger with thys aunſwere, the Lorde Lieutenaunt thought good to ſende the ſayde maiſter Dru|rie vnto the place appoynted, who comming thither mette with the ſayde Lorde Hume: and after they hadde debated the matter togyther, at length the Lorde Hume was contented that the Caſtell ſhoulde bee ſurrendered into the handes of the Lorde Lieutenaunt, wyth con|dition that his people therein might depart with lyfe, which the Lorde Lieutenaunt was con|tented to graunt, ſo that there were no Engliſh+men among them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Caſtell of [...]e deli| [...]red.Herevpon about ryght of the clocke in the Euening, the gates were opened, & the Keyes delyuered to the Marſhall, who preſented them to the Lorde Lieutenant, and then the Lorde Honneſdon, the ſayde Marſhall, and dyuerſe o|ther Gentlemen entered into the Caſtell, and tooke poſſeſſion thereof in the Queene of Eng|lands name, pulled downe theyr Banner of de|fiance, and in place thereof ſet vp the Engliſhe Banners, agaynſt all thoſe in Scotlande that would ſay the contrarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scottes that were within it being in number an hundred three ſcore and eyght per|ſons, were put out in theyr common wearing apparell, wythout armour, weapon, or anye baggage. They comming to the Lorde Lieu|tenant that was then at the place of the batterie on horſebacke, preſented themſelues to him, who according to his worde and promiſe of honour, cauſed them to be ſafely conducted through the watch and ſcoutes, to ſuche place as they re|quyred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Two Engliſh+men ſtayed.Amongeſt them there were two Engliſhe+men, the one of them named Hilliarde, the Erle of Northumberlands man, the other was a vagarant perſon, or a rogue, (as wee maye call him) named William God ſaue hir, alias Lions, whiche both were caryed to Berwike, and there executed the thirtenth of May next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In all this ſiege there were but foure per|ſons ſlaine on both partes, two Scottes, and two Engliſh men but there were many hurt as well on the one part as the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Caſtell of Hume being thus wo [...], the Lorde Lieutenant the Morow after placed therein to keepe the houſe to the Queenes Ma|ieſties vſe,Captain Wod and captaine Pickman. Captaine Wood, and Captain Pik|man, with two hundred ſouldiours. This done, his Lordſhip returned towardes Englande and came backe to Barwike.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During this ſiege there were dyuerſe townes and Villages ſituate within three or foure my|les of the campe, ſet on fire by the Engliſhmen, and vtterly ſpoyled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Lieutenant vpon his returne to Berwike,The Lorde Lieutenant ſicke of an Ague. ſtayed there for a tyme verie euill at raſe, hauing in trauayle aboute the ſiege taken ſuch colde, as therewith he was brought into an extr [...]me Ague.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth of May, his Lordſhippe ſente maiſter William Drurie the Marſhall of Ber|wike, accompanyed with dyuerſe Gentlemen and Captaynes, hauing wyth them aboute two thouſande Souldiours, to take faſt Ca|ſtell, the whiche vppon the fyrſt commonance was delyuided into his handes, who receyuing the Keyes beeing preſented to hym, entered the Holde, and tooke poſſeſſion thereof, in the Queenes Maieſties name, and expelling the Scottes, beeing aboute the number of halfe a ſcore (who according to couenaunt were ſuf|fered to depart with theyr lyues ſaued) hee put terme,Stowe. or as ſome haue fourtone Engliſhmen into that Caſtell, which were thought able and number ſufficient ynough to keepe it agaynſt al the power of Scotlande, the ſituation thereof is ſo ſtrong.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys meane tyme the troubles increa|ſing among the Scottes, by reaſon of the mar|ſher committed in the perſon of the Earle of Murrey the l [...] gouernour, the Duke of Cha|ſtellerault, and other his partakers gathered a power of three thouſande men, and comming to Lithgo, into way betwyxt Sterling and E|denbourgh, remayned there for a tyme, and af|terwardes came to Edenbourgh, in purpoſe [...] make warre agaynſt the Lordes of the Kings part, who hauing ſent to the Earle of [...] then remayning in Englande, earneſ [...]y re|queſted him to repayre into Scotland, where|vppon hee by the Queenes Maieſties licence, [...]ooke hys iourney thytherwardes, and came to Barwyke, wh [...]e hee was alſo vi [...]te [...] wyth ſickeneſſe, and ſo remayned certayne dayes in that Towne: and vnderſtanding that the ſayde Duke of Chaſt [...]rau [...]tes power was ſuche, that the Lordes of the Kings ſide were not able to come togyther, nor he to goe to them wythoute the Queene of Englandes ayde, hee humbly [...] ſued to hir Maieſtye by letters to haue ſome power by hir appoynt|ment to conducte hym into Scotlande, and there to ayde hym and the other Lordes of that ſide agaynſt their aduerſaries the Duke and his complices.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon by hir maieſties commaundement the Erle of Suſſex, as yet not fully recouered of EEBO page image 1846 his ſickneſſe, ordeined maiſter William Drurie ye Marſhall of Barwike, wt ſuch forces as were thought conuenient to go with the ſayd Erle of of Lenox, for the execution of ſuch exploytes in ſeruice as ſeemed moſt expedient. And about the ſame time, to wit the .vj. of May, the L. Scrope Lord warden of the weſt marches made a road into Scotland, encamping the firſt night on the hither ſide of the water of Annan, and the next day marched towards the water of Milke, bur|ning and ſpoyling all on that ſide of Annandale, namely the Land Iohnſons lands, finding ſmal reſiſtaunce, ſauing that the forrey was a little troubled with a fortie or fiftie Scots horſmen, & ſo hauing done his pleaſure, he quietly returned, without receyuing other impeachmẽt: notwith|ſtanding the Lorde Herryes was in Dunfriſe, hauing gathered a gret power in purpoſe to hin|der his enterprice.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to returne to the Earle of Suſſex, who hauing inſtituted ſir Wil. Drurie generall of thoſe hands that ſhould paſſe with the Erle of Lenox into Scotland: bicauſe eche gentleman, ſouldior, and ſeueral bands ſhould dutifully obey the ſayd ſir William their new ordeyned gene|rall in all points of warlike order, the ſaid Earle made an Oration in ſuch pithie forme & maner, as throughly expreſſed the whole ſubſtãce of the ſeruice, the vnſuretie of the ſeaſon, the ſtraunge & malicious dealing of diuerſe aduerſaries, which points be ſo cunningly handled, as the excellen|cie of a perfit orator appeared fully in his ſpeach. At whoſe eloquence the hearer rather ſeemed a|ſtonied than vnſatiſfied in any point or parcel of thoſe matters: for he opened the very bowels of rebellion, the practiſes of enimies, and ſuborning of traytors, & therefore perſwaded euery honeſt mind to haue a dutiful cõſideration of his prince & country, in the defence and libertie wherof, both life, lands; and goodes, are alwayes to bee offred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After which Oration, in reſpect of further ad|uancement as the cuſtom is (for ſeruice paſt, and encouragement to proceede in the like worthie doings) he made theſe knights. Sir Wil. Dru|ry, ſir Thomas Maners, ſir George Carie, and ſir Robert Coneſtable, and placing the ſayde ſir William Drurie the appoynted Generall in full authoritie, he committed them to God, and the good conduct of their chieftaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The ſame day being the .xj. of May, diuerſe foote bands with ſhot and armed pykes were ſet forward into Scotlande, with certaine peeces of artillerie, powder, & munition in good quantitie. Firſt captaine Brickwell with his enſignes de|parted the towne, and then the cõpanies of cap|taine Read, captaine Caruell, captaine Game, captaine Lamberd, and captaine Erington. Theſe old bands of Barwike conteyned fiue C. ſouldiors. After them followed the companie of ſir Robert Coneſtable their ſergeant Maior of three C ſhot, & the cõpanie of ſir Tho. Maners of two C. ſhot Laſtly marched forth captaine Iohn Coneſtable, and captaine Barwike with two C. armed men. Theſe .xij.C. footmen with fiue enſignes marched that night to Coldinghã.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo for the better aſſurance of couenants and promiſes made on the behalfe of ſuch Lordes of Scotland as had made ſuite for this ayde to bee ſent into their coũtrey for their aſſiſtance againſt them of the contrarie faction,Hoſtages d [...]+uered by th [...] Scottiſh lo [...] on the king [...] ſyde. there were certaine hoſtages ſent into England by the ſame Lords, as it was thought expedient, for doubt of double dealing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xij. of May, they marched forward, and the ſame day ſir William Drurie, the Earle of Lenox, and the other newe made knights, with the horſmen, departed from Barwike, and at the Peeſe neare to Dunglas they ouertooke the footmen,The horſm [...] and footme [...] encampe at Dunbar. and the ſame night all the horſmen and footmen came and encamped togither at Dun|bar, being in al not paſt .xvj.C. men. They had foure fielde peeces with them, and good ſtore of powder.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The next day being the .xiij. of May, and Whitſon euen, they made ſuche ſpeed in theyr march, that they came vnto Edenburgh, where they found the Earles of Morton, Mar,Scottiſh lor [...] of the kings ſyde. Glen|carne: the Lordes Rithwen, Lindſey, Symple, Glames, Methven, Ogiltre, and C [...]tcart, with diuerſe other Gentlemen. Here alſo they vnder|ſtoode that the duke of Chaſtellerault and hys partakers were departed from Lithquo, whether they were retyred back againe from Edenburgh vpon knowledge had that the Engliſhmen were comming forwards towardes them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xiiij. and .xv. day they lay ſtil in Eden|bourgh and the morrow after being the .xvj. of that Moneth, they marched forwards to Lith|go, and lodged in that towne that night,Lithgo. where they receyued aduertiſementes that the ſayde Duke of Chaſtellerault had broken vppe hys campe after he had vpon his departure from the ſayde Towne of Lithgo attempted the wyn|ning of the Caſtell of Glaſco, and myſſing hys purpoſe there, was dryuen to retyre with diſ|honour.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next morning being Wedneſday, the armie marched forwarde, and the footemen lay that night at a place called Fa [...]kyrke, a ſixe myles from Lithgo, but the Generall with the horſemen road ſix myles further vnto Sterling,Sterlin [...] where they ſaw the yong King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next day the .xviij. of May, ſir Robert Coneſtable Sergeant Maior with the reſt of the Captaynes of the twelue hundred Engliſhe footemen, and two hundred Scottes footemen, EEBO page image 1847 the which were moſt part ſho [...]e marched along iourney, [...]ey come to [...]. and came to lodge that nyght at Glaſ|co, and the Generall [...] William Drurie came to them with the Horſemen, and the moſte parte of the Noble men of Scotlande, that were on the Kings ſyde, which [...]red the towne and lodged in the ſame, with many horſmen and footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of Chaſtell [...] (as y [...] haue heard) had [...]erue [...]spans beſieg [...] the [...]+ſtell that belonged to the king, but he [...] of the Engliſh mennes comming two dayes be|fore theyr approching thither, [...] ſiege, and departed thence, with the loſſe of [...] of his men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xix. of May, Sir William Drurie Generall of the Engliſhe power, beyng de|termined afore hande on a iourney towardes Dunbreton, ſent foorth that morning before certaine vaunt [...] [...] on horſebacke to ſtay [...] ſuch as they found vpon the way.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Generall [...]eth to view [...]nbreton.This done, hee tooke with him certaine Gentlemen, and ſome ſhotte and roade foorth towardes Dunbreton, to view the ſtraytes and ſituation of that Caſtell, within the whiche were at that preſent the Lorde Fleming that tooke vpon him as Captaine thereof, the Arch|biſhop of Saint Andrewes, and other theyr ad|herents, frendes to the duke of Chaſtellereault, and enimies to the Lords that were aboute the King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After Sir William Drury had viewed the Caſtell, and taken the plotte of the ſituation thereof, hee ſent his Trumpet to knowe who were wythin it, and to whoſe vſe they kept it They within the Caſtell requyred to knowe, what he was that ſent to knowe the ſame. It was aunſwered that it was the Queene of Englandes Generall of hir forces there in Scotlande that made the demaunde: where|vnto aunſwere was returned, that they knewe well hee was not ſo ignoraunt as hee ſeemed (as in deede hee was not) but that hee did well knowe that this Caſtell was, and of long time had beene kepte by the Lorde Fleming, and that accordinglye by hym, hys friendes and ſeruauntes it was nowe mainteyned, whiche aunſwere beeyng reported to the Generall, hee ſente agayne hys Trumpettour, to knowe if the Lorde Fleming woulde come forth and parley vppon aſſuraunce of honour to returne ſafely.The Lord Fle|ming is requi|red to come to parley with the generall. Wherevnto the Lorde Fleming con|ſented, although not meaning ſo to doe, but by a ſubtile practiſe (as was thought) intended to wynde him wythin daunger: for there were some Harquebusiers secretly couched in couert, wythin whose reache when the Generall was come himselfe alone on horsebacke, most dishonestly (hys Trumpettour not yet being returned) they shotte at hym wyth great despyte, meanyng to haue killed hym, wythoute any regarde to the Lawe of Armes, or feare of God, The diſhono|rable dealing of the Lorde Fleming. but through the goodnesse of the Lord Almightie, that wicked practise myssed the pretenced effect: for that woorthie Englishe Knight receyued no bodily hurte, but perceyuing theyr dealings, wyth a bolde courage hee bestowed hys Pystolles as freely at them as they did theyr Harquebushe shotte at him, and so returned to hys companie backe agayne in safetie, yeelding to God due honor and thankes for his mercifull deliuerance from such a murderous practise of his deadly foes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon a newe occasion to vnderstande the certaintie of that, wherof he had some inckling, Sir William Drurie goeth again towards Dunbreton. the .xxj. of May, Sir William Drurie accompanyed wyth the sayde Gentlemen, and horsemen, went agayne towardes Dunbreton, to parley wyth the Lorde Fleming, vppon hys further promise, that hee woulde meete hym three myles from the sayd castell, whervpon the sayde Sir William Drurie sent an Englishe man, and a Scottishman to view the grounde whiche shoulde bee appoynted foorth for theyr meeting, He ſendeth to view the groũd wher he ſhuld meet with the L. Fleming. which they founde to bee so neare to the Castell, as was subiect to all theyr shotte, both great and small, and cleane contrarye to the promise, and so they declared to the Captayne named Iohn Fleming, that was sente foorth of the Castell to appoynt the same, howe it was neyther indifferent nor meete for suche a purpose. The captaine answered, that his maister was a man of honour, and stoode vpon the same, and therefore woulde not hazarde himselfe among horsemen wholy without the daunger of the peece, wherevnto the messengers replied, that the Lorde Fleming for his late euill dealing, was not to bee credited in this case, neyther comparable to the generall of the English armie, for he was there for the Queene of Englande: and further they sayde, that for somuche as they had of late delt so uniustly contrary to promise & the law of armes, and thereby so greatly cracked their credits, stayned their honesties and honour, they could not but wish that their general should be well aduised ere hee did hazarde himselfe any more within their daunger vpon their slipperie promises, except they would appoint some other place of parley, as might be thought indifferent, according to their former offers, which woulde not be graunted, and so they departed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediatly wherevpon, to ſhew ſome peece of their double dealings and vnfaithfull prac|tiſes towardes the Engliſhmen, the Scottes within the caſtell preſently ſent after the Meſ|ſengers a C [...]luering ſhot for a farewell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1848Sir William Drurie then pe [...]teyning that the meaning of the Lord Fleming was not to deale ſimplye in this matter [...]ching a con|ference to be had betwixt thẽ, returned to Glaſ|co, where ſir George Carie being [...]uellouſly inflamed with that vnhoneſt dealing of the Lorde Fleming, made earneſt ſuyte to the Ge|nerall,Sir George Caries ſuyte. that hee myght ſende to him and offer him the Comba [...], in tryall of thys quarell, ſith it was more requiſite that a Gentleman ſoul|diour ſhoulde ſtande in thoſe queſtions,Churchyard. than a Generall, conſidering his calling and office. The Generall thanked Sir George very cour|teouſly, but yet ſayde, that it ſtoode him vpon to ſearche out theſe matters to the vttermoſte, (as hee woulde haue done in deede) were not hys Commiſſion and charge (as was well knowne) to bee otherwyſe employed: yet (quoth hee) ſith your ſuyte is ſo reaſonable (and the whole companie and lawe of Armes al|loweth of it) I graunt your requeſt, and there|in doe as beſt ſhall ſeeme to your byrth and eſti|mation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon Sir George Carie ſtreight wayes deuiſed a letter of chalenge, and deliuered it to an Heraulde to beare from him vnto the ſayde Lorde Fleming, the tenour whereof here en|ſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir George Caries letter to the Lorde Fleming.LOrd Fleming, if eyther your byrth or brin|ging vp, had wrought in you a noble mind or eſtimation of credite, hardly woulde you haue ſo much forgotten and ſtayned your ho|nour, as in a parle [...] of late with our general you did. At whom vilely and vnhonourably ſhoo|ting, you falſed that aſſurance of warre whiche ſouldiours ſubmit themſelues vnto: and tray|ned him to your treaſon vnder truſt, a thing heretofore not accuſtomed, nor preſently to bee allowed of. He aſſuredly pretending your owne and your friends good, commoditie to your coũ|trey, and quietneſſe to the ſtate, twice abaſed and ſubmitted himſelfe, comming to conferre wyth you thereof: but your pride ioined with a harm|full meaning, to thoſe that you profeſſe beſt vn|to, and ſelfe wilfull vainglorie, without cauſe why, refuſed that which reaſon and honor com|maunded you to haue done? Therefore, bycauſe his calling is preſently with his charge better than yours, and mine not inferior, I ſommon you reaſonably to excuſe that fault ſuppoſed to be yours, or elſe to mainteyne that trayterous acte, with your perſon agaynſt mine in fight, when, where, or howe you dare. Otherwiſe I will baffull your good name, ſounde wyth the Trumpet your diſhonour, and paynt your pic|ture with the heeles vpwarde, and beare it in deſpite of your ſelfe. In the meane tyme I at|tende your aunſwere. From Glaſco, the xxij. of May. 1570.

Subſcribed George Carie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Copie of the Lord Flemings anſwere.

The Copie of the Lord Flemings anſwere.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 GEorge Carie, I haue receyued your brain|leſſe letter, making mention of my falſe and treaſonable dealing againſt your Generall, in ſh [...]ting vnder truſt, ſo vilely agaynſt my ho|nor and truth, trayterouſly trayned him vnder my truſt, which is altogither falſe and vntrue. And howbeit your Generall came by the houſe of Dunglas by my appoyntment, which I ſuf|fered, and I appoynted one place of meeting, ſixe men of either partie which he refuſed, and he de|parted, and certaine of his companie came brag|ging vp ye riuer ſide towards the houſe, viewing the ſ [...]me, and the ground thereaboutes, ſhooting your Harquebuſſes agaynſt the ſame: I coulde doe no leſſe, but preſent you with ſuch as I had. Whereas you wryte of your Generalles cal|ling to be preſently better than mine, and yours not inferiour, when your Generall chalengeth me thereof, I ſhall giue anſwere: And as for you, I will not be inferiour to a better than you, or any Souldiour vnder your Generals charge. Whereas you ſommon mee (as you call it) rea|ſonably to excuſe that fault ſuppoſed to be mine owne, or elſe to mainteyne that trayterous acte with my perſon agaynſt yours: you ſhall wyt, I haue Gentlemen of honour, ſeruant Souldi|ours to me, as ye are to your Generall, whiche may be your fellowes, ſhall defende the ſame agaynſt you and your falſe and vntrue inuen|ted wryting: and were not the charge I preſent, or how ſoone I can bee relieued of the ſame, I ſhould lowly my perſon to meet you ſixe Eng|liſh miles from any other perſon. Howbeit ye be but one ſouldiour, aſſure your ſelfe from thys day foorth, I will not receyue no ſuch inuented meſſage, for I haue little to doe with Engliſhe men, ye may raile vpon my honorable name as ye pleaſe. You ſhall haue as honorable gentlemẽ as your ſelfe againſt you fighting. Take this for anſwere.

Iohn Lord Fleming.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 LOrde Fleming, often the Flemings after noone aunſweres, ſmelleth more of Wine than witte. But as to that common cryme, the cuſtome of theyr Countrey yeeldeth them part of pardon: ſo your common acquaintaunce with the ſame condition, knowne to bee verye great, ſhall to mee ſomewhat excuſe your wit|leſſe wryting, wherin firſt you diſalow my right recitall of your trayterous dealing, by tear|ming it falſe and vntrue: for anſwere, knowe EEBO page image 1849 this the truth my penne hath writtẽ, by the wit|neſſe of a number. And my hande I vowe ſhall maynteyne the ſame before the worlde at all tymes: but you in denying it, haue both falſ|ly and vniuſtly lyed in your throate, and dare neyther defend nor diſproue, that in deeds, which in wordes you haue done. Wheras you write, that our generall paſſed Dunglaſſe, by your ap|pointment whiche you ſuffred, therein you doe manifeſtly ſay vnhonourably and vntruly, for that you had no knowledge of our firſte com|ming, but ſaluted vs with your ſhotte and wee lykewiſe ſkirmiſhed with your mẽ euen at their owne ſtrength, vntill we viewed the ground a|boute at oure pleaſure. And touchyng the ap|pointment of ſixe of eyther part, eaſily that may be knowen, to be a playnelye, ſeeing wee hadde neyther parley not conference with you before, to appoynt place or meeting. But whereas you ſay, you coulde doe no leſſe but preſent vs wyth ſuch as you hadde, therein you confeſſe and ac|knowledge ye diſhonor and treaſon that I char|ged you withall, taking vppon youre ſelfe that fault, which I ſuppoſed to haue bin of your ſer|uaunts, for oure generall retired his company farre from him. And his Trumpet beeing wyth you, approched himſelfe alone to haue parled, when vnder truſt you diſcharged two hargue|buſſes agaynſte him: an acte rather ſeemely for a cowardly Traytor, than one that profeſſeth to be a Souldier. Finally, whereas you lette mee witte, that you haue Gentlemen of honor, ſer|uaunts, Souldiers to you, that may be my fel|lowes, whiche ſhoulde defend the challenge that toucheth ſo neere your ſelfe, as with honor you ſhould not haue refuſed it. Firſt, I thinke ſkorne to bee any wayes inferiour to you, though but a Souldier, too honorable a name for you, beeyng better in birth, and vnſteined with reproche as you haue bin. Secondly, I haue more, and as good Gentlemẽ vnder my conduct, as you haue vnder your charge, which ſhall aunſwer as ma|ny as you can bring if with number ye meane to combate, and will put them to that whyche you dare not doe your ſelfe. But aſſure you, my quarrell ſhall remayne euerlaſting, excepte the proofe of your owne perſon againſte mine maye ende it: and when you ſhall dare come out of youre Crowes neſt, I will be ready to ride an hundred Scottiſh myles, to meete with you in any indifferente place, and vntill that tyme. I ſhall accompte you deuoyde of honeſtie and ho|nor, vnworthy to marche vpon grounde, or to keepe company with men. From Hamilton, the 29. of May. 1570.

Subſcribed George Carey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Though many wayes were ſoughte by meſ|ſage and otherwiſe t [...] [...] the Lorde [...]le [...]|ming to defend with battaile the fault and folly committed, yet it wold not be, for he ſuffred [...] the matter ſo as it well appeared, it was but loſt labour further to attempt him therin.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxij.A maſter of Scottiſhmen. of May the Earle of Lenoux ac|companyed with the Erle of Glen [...]rn, the lord Symple, and other his frendes, [...]aries, and alies, muſtered on the Moore before the towne of Glaſco, the number of .4000. horſemen and footmen that were there aſſembled to ſeeke him, in preſence of Sir William Drury, and other of the Engliſh capitayns.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxiij. of Maye Sir William Drurye, the Earle of Lenoux,The army goeth towards Hamilton. and [...]the [...] the Scot [...]ſhe Lords, and the whole armie marched towards the Caſtell of Hamilton, and ſending a Tr [...]m|pettor, and one with hym to parley with the Captaine named Andrew Hamilton, he agreed to come forth, and due other with him, to talke with Sir William Drury, and one other Gen|tleman ſuche as he ſhould thinke good to bryng with him to a place ſomewhat diſtance, as well from the Caſtell as the Camp.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevpon, Sir William Drury wyth hys ſword and tergate, and Sir George Carie, with a caſe of piſtolles, wente forthe to the appoynted place, whither the Captayne of the Caſtell alſo with an halber [...], and one other with him,Sir William Drury talketh with the Cap|tayne of Ha|milton Caſtel. hauing likewiſe a caſe of piſtolles, came according to appoyntment, but after they had talked togither, and that the Captayne would not in anye wyſe conſente to deliuer vp the Caſtell, hee with hys aſſociate returned to their holde agayne, and the Engliſhe generall, with Sir George Carie, came backe to the Campe, and therevppon,The Engliſhe ordinance ſhooteth at the Caſtell. the Engliſh ordinance was preſently placed about the Caſtell, and ſhotte very ſore all that nyghte, but did no greate hurte, by reaſon they were but field peeces, and not fitte for batterie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They in the Caſtell likewyſe ſhot verie ſore at the Engliſhmen, but did no great harme, ſa|uing that there were three of the footmen hurte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the palaice which was a preatie houſe,The Ducheſſe of Chaſtelle|reault. the Ducheſſe of Chaſtellereault was at that tyme reſident, to whom Sir William Drury did re|paire, offring hir all the courteiſy he might, with all that to hir appertayned, willyng hir not to feare any thing, and for hir more aſſurance, he cõmitted hir to the charge of ſir Thomas Ma|ners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxiiij. of May, the generall gaue ſom|monance to the Caſtell, and bycauſe they with|in ſtoode ſtiffely in deniall, to make ſurrender thereof vnto him,Great ordi|nance ſent for. hee was driuen to ſende vnto Striueling for ſome greate peeces of ordinance meete to make batterie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme, the Earles of Lenox EEBO page image 1850 and Morton with the Horſemẽ,The Earles of Lenox and Morton. The Abbey of Kilwin|nings brent. and ſome ſhot, marched into the Countrey to a very faire houſe of the Abbot of Kilwinnings neere adioyning, whoſe name was Gawen Hamilton, whyche houſe they brent and vtterly defa [...]ed, ſpoiling it and raſing it downe to the earth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They brent and ſpoyled alſo ſeuenteene hou|ſes more, belonging to men of that ſurname, ſi|tuate [figure appears here on page 1850] neere thereaboutes, whereof one belonged to a L [...]rde that had married with the ſiſter of Iames Hamilton of Bodwry Haugh, whyche [...]lew the Regent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were alſo brent ſeuen other faire hou|ſes belongyng to others that were not of that ſurname, but yet were of their friendes and a|lyes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, there were diuers other of their kinred and alies that came in with humble ſub|miſſion, and aſſured themſelues, firmely promi|ſing from thenceforthe their obedience to the King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxv. of Maye ſir William Drury the generall, retired his people vppon a policie from the Caſtell, and left it without either watche or warde,The Caſtell ſommoned. for that nyght. The next daye he ſente ſir George Carie to the Caſtel with a trumpet|ter, to knowe if they within woulde deliuer it vp, before the greate ordinaunce ſhoulde come, which the capitayn vtterly refuſed to do: wher|vpon the ſmall ſhotte clapt ſodeynly rounde a|bout the houſe, and kept them within occupied, till that a whole culueryng, & a demy culuering came to them from Sterling, the whiche wyth foure of the Engliſh ſmall field peeces, were in ye night following planted againſte the Caſtell, and being ſhotte off,The Caſtell of Hamilton battered. a bullet of one of the greate peeces paſſed throughe the walles into the Ca|ſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Caſtell eftſoones ſommoned.The .xxvij. of May, about foure of the clocke in the morning, the generall ſente a Trumpet|ter to giue ſommonance againe to ye Caſtell, to whome the Captayne aunſwered, that he cared not for them, and ſo bade them doe their worſt, for he would not yeeld the place to them at anye hand [...] wherevppon, immediately the whole fyre began to play in ſuch forte, that within four vo|lees, both ſides of ye houſe wer battered through, at the ſight whereof, the Captayne was ſo diſ|maid, that forthwith hee cried for parlee,The Captaine of the Caſtell demandeth parlee. and ſo the ſhotte was ſtayde, and vppon humble ſute, the Captaine was admitted to ſpeake with the generall, and ſo comming to talke with him, at length he agreed to yeelde: wherevpon, the Pro|uoſt Marſhall was ſente into the Caſtell to take poſſeſſion thereof. The generall permitted them very courteouſly to depart with their furniture, and other ſuche ſtuffe as they coulde cary wyth them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There came out of the houſe nine and thirtie perſons one and other, four and thirtie mẽ, three boyes, and two women, and therewith was the Caſtell blowen vp and raſed, and the army lay that night in the towne, and in places about it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next day, beeing the eyght and twentith of May, they departed from thence, the Earles of Lennox, Mar, and Glencarne, with other of the nobilitie of Scotland of the Kings parte, taking their leaues, with their company retur|ned to Glaſcow, and ſir George Carie with the Horſemen, came that nighte to Lithquo, where alſo the reſt of the Engliſh forces met.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Caſtell called Combernawd, belonging to the Lorde Fleming, was yeelded to the gene|rals handes, who vppon bonde of aſſurance that the houſe ſhoulde remayne at the deuotion of the Queene of Englande, was contented to ſpare it from fire and ſpoyle. But this was not the firſte nor laſte courteſie whiche the generall EEBO page image 1851 ſhewed in this iourney, vnto ſuche as in any re|ſpect were thought worthy of his fauour. A|mongſt other, the Lady of Lidingtõ being great with childe,The Lady of Lidington. miſtruſting hirſelfe (or hir huſbands double dealings towards our Coũtrey) in great feare began to flie. But Sir William Drury hearing thereof, ſente hir worde hee came not to make warres with women, but rather to ſhewe pitie to the weake and comfortleſſe, and there|vpon, ſhe ſtayed, and had no further harme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The nine and twẽtith of May, when the ar|my ſhould diſlodge from Lithquo, the generall called for the Prouoſt of the Towne, and com|maunded him to prepare with all expedition, to receiue a iuſt puniſhmente and correction tho|rough the whole towne for treaſon, and vnpar|donable offences committed, and declaring that the inhabitantes therof had ſuccoured and ſup|ported traytors to the realme of England,Churchyard. and lykewyſe to their owne King, contrarye to the leagues and quietneſſe of bothe the Realmes of England and Scotlande (for whiche cauſe he was fully reſolued to ouerthrow that town and receptacle of traytours) if therfore there were any women in chylde bedde or impotent people within ye towne,The Towne of Lieth thret|ned to bee brent. he gaue warning thus afore|hand to conuey them out of it: and herwith alſo cõmanding eche capitayne and ſouldiour vnder his charge to ſee due execution of that whiche he purpoſed in this behalfe to haue done; he wil|led the Prouoſt to appoynt a place conuenient, into the which the goodes of the towne mighte be broughte, to the ende that the ſame ſhoulde neither be ſpoyled by the Engliſh ſouldiors, nei|ther yet conſumed through vehemencie of fyre, but to be preſerued al wholy to ye Scottiſh mẽs vſe. Further, he granted, that euery noble mans lodging and capitaines houſe ſhoulde be ſaued from fire.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe the tyme being come for this de|termined execution, the Earle of Morton, that ſtill accompanied the Engliſhe generall, offred himſelfe as an interceſſor to intreate and ſue for a pardon,The Earle of Morton, an interceſſor for the Towne of Lithquo. bringing afore the generall, a multi|tude of waylyng people, whoſe mournful and moſt piteous cries, was lamentable and verye importunate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The generall hearyng theyr requeſts, made anſwere, that for many cauſes the town ought to bee deſtroyed, conſidering howe diuers eni|mies (whoſe inſolent practiſes were not to be ſuffred) had always there a common reſorte to conferre of their wicked deuyſes: And further (quod he) the curteyſye that is ſhewed to ſuche places of repaire, hathe emboldned the reſte of Scotlande to vſe open violence and ſecrete vil|lanies, to the preiudice of Gods glorie, hinde|rãce of ye weale publique, & breach of good lawes and policies, & therefore it was [...] & moſt meete for a warning to thouſands in that caſe of ex|tremitie, to raſe out ſuch monumẽts of miſchief.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But at length, notwithſtanding theſe heauie words vttred by ſir William Drury, the people of all ſorts ſo preaſſed about him, & made ſuch pitifull cries and ſorowfull noyſe, with children ſucking of theyr mothers breaſts, that he taking ruth of their miſerable eſtates, at this their la|mentable ſuite, & ſpecially at the great inſtance of the Earle of Morton,Lithquo ſpa|red from de|ſerued de|ſtruction. The Prouoſt and other en|ter [...]ands. who came bareheaded to ſpeake for them, the generall was contented to ſaue the towne and people therin, taking good band and aſſurance of the Prouoſt and chiefeſt of the Towne that they ſhuld follow the camp, and at all tymes appeare when they were cal|led for at Berwike, and there to ſubmit them|ſelues, their towne, and goodes, to the clemencie of the Queenes highneſſe, and to ſuche order as the Earle of Suſſex hir maieſties generall Lieutenant ſhould by hir conſent thinke neceſ|ſarie: to whiche bande and conditions they of Lithquo agreed. And for that their regent was ſlayne, and none ſince inſtituted (to whome they had giuen fayth of allegiance) they confeſ|ſed, that none myghte commaunde them anye way without licence of him, to whom they had made this bande, ſith to him both their promiſe, and obligation was paſſed: And in this ſorte they continued bounde to him for their good be|hauiours.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The duke of Chaſtellereaults palace in Lith|quo was yet brent and raſed,The Duke of Chaſtelle|reaultes pa|laces brent. and marching to another houſe belonging to the ſaid Duke, called Ken [...]le, diſtante from Lithquo about a myle or more, they likewiſe brent the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus hauing done their pleaſures at Lith|quo, and in the Countrey aboute that Towne, they marched from thence to a proper houſe and Caſtell, belonging to the Lorde Seton, called Neithery, whiche the enimies had fortifyed,Neithery. but yet when the Lady of that houſe came to the ge|nerall,The Lady Seton. and made humble petition on hir knees for his fauor, offering to him the keyes of that place in moſt humble wiſe, ſhe found ſuch cour|teſie at his handes, that with condition that ſhee and a Baron with hir ſhoulde enter bandes for aſſurance that the Caſtell ſhoulde euer after|wardes remaine at the Queene of Englandes pleaſure, hee tooke hir the keyes againe, leauing hir in poſſeſſion of hir houſe and goodes, without doing hir any further diſpleaſure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This nighte, the army came to Edenburgh,Some of the Engliſh army ſpoyled in Edenburgh. where certaine of the company that made hoſt to get thither ſomewhat before the reſt, receyued ſome diſcourteſie, for they were ſpoyled in the ſtreetes of their furniture, and ſuch other things as they had about them: but when the generall EEBO page image 1852 with the reſt of the army was come neere to the Towne, and had knowledge of ſuche foule diſ|order, he thought not good to enter the Towne, without ſtanding ſo ſure on his guard, that he ſhould not neede to doubt any double dealing, or crooked meaſures: which ſure handling of the matter,Churchyarde. did not only ſhew the deuiſer thereof to haue good conduit and experience, but in verye deede auoyded no ſmal inconuenience and miſ|chiefe, that by the enimies was finely contriued (through a fray to be made in the ſuburbes) ſo that a greate ſlaughter had burſt out ſuddayne|ly, and no ſmal bloudſhed followed, if God, and good guiding of the people hadde not ſtayed and tourned away that imminent daunger. To bee ſhorte,Sir Thomas Maners. the generall ſent Sir Thomas Maners with two bandes of Souldyers, vnder one en|ſigne, to ſeiſe vppon the gates at their firſt arri|uall, and ſo the pretenſed conſpiracie was happi|ly preuented: for the reſidue of the power was no ſooner entred the Towne, but that keepyng themſelues in order to cleere the ſtreetes, and to commaund the inhabitãts the better, they ſpent that nighte ſtanding on their guard, as the caſe required.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the morning was come, Sir Willi|am Drewry ſmelling out the couert practiſe, and naughty meaning of ſome, demaunded iuſtice and ſtraight puniſhment of ſuch offences and things as he woulde truely lay to the char|ges of ſome in that Towne: and told them flat|ly, if remedie were not the ſooner prouided, and ſatiſfaction made for the follies and outrage committed, hee woulde bee quickly reuenged, to the diſpleaſure and ſhame of al the contry|uers of that madde and miſcheuous preſump|tion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Reſtitution made of things taken away from the ſouldiers.Heerevpon, not onely ſuche things as hadde bin taken from thoſe few Souldiers which firſt entred the Towne ouer night, were not only re|ſtored, but diuers malefactors were alſo deli|uered to the generall, to bee executed and orde|red by hys diſcretion; who ſeeyng theyr ſub|miſſion, mercifully and frankely ſente them a|way vnto theyr Captaynes, and ſo theſe broyles were pacifyed and thyngs ſette in quiet.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After they had reſted in Edenburgh a two dayes, the fyrſt of Iune they diſlodged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The generall comming to Seaton, the chiefe Caſtell and houſe of the Lord Seatons,Seton Caſtell ſpared at the ſute of the Lady. the Lady was ready there alſo to preſente hym the keyes, with like humble ſubmiſſion as be|fore, and therevpon receyued the like fauour for thys houſe, as was ſhewed to hir for the other. That night they lodged at Hadington.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Anderweeke.It was determined that the pyle of Ander|weeke ſhoulde haue bin ouerthrowen, but vpon ſute and bandes taken of diuers Gentlemen, the place was ſpared, and the offendors recey|ued to mercy. And ſo the nexte day, the gene|rall wyth the Horſemenne came through to Berwike, a iourney of two and thirtie long myles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The footebandes lodged the ſame nighte at Coldingham with ſir Robert Coneſtable, who the next day being the third of Iune, came wt them to Berwike, and ſo ended this iourney to the greate commendation of the generall, and Captains: and conſequently to all the gentle|men and ſouldiours that had beene foorth in the ſame, as well for the good ſucceſſe whiche it pleaſed God the author of al proſperous euents to graunt to them, as alſo for their dutiful obe|dience to all warlyke diſcipline, their paynefull trauayles ſuſteyned, their manly forwardneſſe, and ſkilfull practiſe in all martiall policies ſtill ſhewed, as occaſion of ſeruice was anye where offered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe to returne to the doings at home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt this iourney was made as y [...] haue hearde into Scotlande, Stowe. A Bull from Rome, hanged on the Byſhop of Londons gate. the .xxv. of May in the morning was found hanging at the Biſhoppe of Londons palace gate in Paules Church|yard, a Bull whiche lately had bin ſente from Rome, conteyning diuers horrible treaſons a|gainſt the Queenes Maieſtie: for the whyche, one Iohn Felton was ſhortly after apprehen|ded, and committed to the Tower of Lon|don.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxvij. of May, Tho. Nortõ,The Nortons executed. & Chriſto|pher Nortõ of Yorkeſhire, being both condẽned of high treaſon, for ye late rebellion in ye North, were drawen from the Tower of London to Tiburne, and there hanged, headed, and quar|tered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A conſpiracie was made by certaine Gentle|men and other in the Countrey of Norffolke,Conſpiracy in Norffolke. whoſe purpoſe was on Midſomer daye, at Harleſtone faire, with ſounde of Trumpet and drumme, to haue rayſed a number, and then to proclayme their diueliſh pretence againſt ſtran|gers and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys matter was vttered by Thomas Kete, one of the conſpiracy, vnto Iohn Ken|ſey, who forthwith ſente the ſame Kete wyth a Conſtable to the next Iuſtice, before whome, and other Iuſtices, he opened the whole matter, wherevpon, maiſter Drewghe Drewry imme|diately apprehended Iohn Throckmorton, and after him many Gentlemẽ of the Citie of Nor|wiche, and the Countye of Norffolke, who wer all committed to priſon (and at the nexte ſeſſiõs of gaile deliuery at the Caſtell of Norwich, the 17. of Iuly, before ſir Roberte Catlin Knyghte, EEBO page image 1853 Lord chief Iuſtice, Gilbert Gerard, ye Queenes attourney generall, and other Iuſtices) tenne of them was indicted of high treaſon, and ſome o|thers of contempt: diuers of them were condem|ned, and had iudgement the one and twentith of Auguſt, and afterward, three of them were han|ged, bowelled and quartred, whiche were Iohn Throckmorton of Norwiche Gentleman, who ſtoode mute at his arraignement: but at the gal|lowes confeſſed him ſelfe to be the chiefe conſpi|ratour, and that none had deſerued to die but he, for that he had procured thẽ. With him was ex|ecuted Thomas Brooke of Rolſby Gentleman the thirtith of Auguſt. And George Dedman of Cringeleford Gentleman, was likewiſe execu|ted the ſecond of September.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of Norffolke remoued.The fourth of Auguſt, the Duke of North|folke was remoued from the Tower of Lon|don to the Charterhouſe, nere vnto Smithfield.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Felton araig|ned.The ſame daye was araigned at the Guilde hal of Londõ, Iohn Felton, for hanging a Bull at the gate of the Biſhop of Londons palace: And alſo two yong men, for coyning and clip|ping of coyne, who all were found giltie of high treaſon, and had iudgement to be drawne, han|ged, and quartered. The eyght of Auguſt,Felton and others execu|ted. Iohn Felton was drawen frõ Newgate into Paules Churchyarde, and there hanged on a gallowes new ſet vp that morning before the Byſhoppes palace gate, and being cut downe aliue, he was bowelled and quartred. After this, ye ſame mor|ning, the Sheriffes returned to Newgate, and ſo to Tiburne, with two yong men, which were there executed for coyning and clipping, as is a|foreſayd.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two and twentith of Auguſt,A iourney in|to Scotland by the Earle of Suſſex. the Earle of Suſſex, Lorde Lieutenante generall for the Queenes Maieſtie in the North, and the Lord Scrope, warden of the Weſt marches, with dy|uers others, marched from Carlile with the Queenes army, and force of the North, as well of Horſemen as footemen into Scotlande, paſ|ſing ouer the riuers of Eſke, Leuin and Sarke, whiche riuer of Sarke parteth Englande and Scotland, and ſo to Dornocke woodde, belon|ging to Edward Vrone, the Lord of Bonſhow, and then to Annanne, a ſtrong houſe of the lord Harris, whiche they raſed and ouerthrewe wyth other thereaboutes, from thence to Hodham, which they brente and blewe vp, from thence to [figure appears here on page 1853] Kennell, a towne belonging to the Lord Cow|hill, which they brent. From thẽce to Domfriſe, whiche they ſacked and ſpoyled of ſuch paltry as the fugitiues hadde left, and alſo raſed and ouer|threw a ſumptuous houſe, belonging to the Q. of Scottes, in the keeping of the Lord Harris: then paſſing the riuer of Lõgher, they brent and ſpoyled Cowhilles and Powtracke, and retur|ned to Domfreys, and ſo to the towne of Ban|kend, which they brent, with another houſe per|teyning to William Maxwell of the Iſles, and ſo to the Caſtell of Carlauoracke, ſtanding in a mariſhe, iuſt to an arme of the Sea, whyche parteth Aunerdal and Galloway: which Caſtel they blew vp, and returned homewarde, tranſ|porting their ordinance ouer quickeſandes and bogs, where neuer the like was done before, and ſo came to Dornocke wood.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyght of Auguſt, they marched towards Carelile, where by the way, they brente and o|uerthrewe two houſes, the one beeing Arthur Greames, alias Carlil, the other Riche George, two not able Theenes. The ſame day at night,Knightes made by the Erle of Suſsex. after the L. Lieutenãts comming to Carlile, he made Knightes, Sir Edwarde Haſtings, Sir Francis Ruſſell, Sir Valentine Browne, Sir William Hilton, Sir Robert Stapleton, Sir Henry Curwen, Sir Simon Muſgraue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1854This yeare the fifth of October, chaunced a terrible tempeſt of wind and rayne, both by Sea and lande, by meanes whereof, many Shyppes periſhed, and much hurt done in diuers partes of the Realme, as by a little Pamphlet ſette forthe therof by Thomas Knel Miniſter may appear. The effect whereof enſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Stowe. An. reg. 13. The three and twentith of Ianuary, the Queenes Maieſtie, accompanyed with hir no|bilitie, came from hir houſe at the Strand, cal|led Somerſet place, and entred the Citie of Lõ|don by Temple Barre, Fleeteſtreete, Cheape, and ſo by the North ſyde of the Burſſe, to Sir Thomas Greſhams in Biſhoppes gate ſtreete, where ſhe dyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After dynner, hir grace returning through Cornehill, entred the Burſſe on the South ſide, and after hir higneſſe hadde viewed euery parte thereof, aboue grounde, eſpecially the Pawne, whyche was richly furniſhed wyth all ſortes of the fyneſt wares in the Citie, ſhee cauſed the ſame Burſſe, by an Herrault and a Trumpet, to bee proclaymed the Royall exchange, ſo to bee called from thence forthe,Royal ex|change. and not other|wiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 ſtrange kind of earth mo|uing.The ſeuenteenth of February, at a place cal|led Kynnaſton, neere Marleche hyll, in the County of Hereforde, was ſeene the grounde to open, and certayne rockes wyth a peece of ground remoued, and wente forward the ſpace of foure dayes, makyng at the fyrſte a terrible noyſe as it went on the earth, it remoued it ſelfe betweene .vj. of the clocke in the euening, & .vij. the nexte morrow forty paces, carrying greate trees and ſheepe coates, ſome ſheepe coates wyth threeſcore ſheepe in them, ſome trees fell into the chinkes, other that grewe on the ſame groun [...] growe nowe as firmely on a hill, and ſome that ſtoode Eaſt ſtande Weſt, and thoſe that ſtoode Weſt, ſtand Eaſt. The depth of the hole where it firſt brake out, is thirtie foote, the breadth of the breach is eyght ſcore yards, and in length a|boue twenty-ſcore yardes. It ouerthrew Kin|naſton Chappell. Alſo two high wayes bee re|moued nigh one hundred yardes, with the trees of the hedgerowes. The ground in all is ſixe and twentie acres: and where tillage grounde was, there is paſture lefte in place and where was paſture, there is tyllage grounde gone vp|pon it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ground as it remoued, dr [...]ue the earthe before it, and at the lower parte ouerwhelmed the ground, ſo that it is growen to a greate hyll of twelue faddome hyghe It remoued from Saterday, tyll Monday at nighte following, and ſo ſtayed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer this yeare, aboute Candlemas, Sir Thomas Sackuille, Baron of Buckhurſt was ſent in Ambaſſad [...] frõ the Queenes Ma|ieſtie to Charles the ninth Frenche King, as well to congratulate for his marriage with the daughter of the Emperoure Maximilian as for other weightie affayres And as his Ambaſ|ſage was greate, ſo was his charge no leſſe in furniſhing himſelfe and trayne accordingly, be|ing both in number and furniture, ſuch in euerye poynte as dyd apperteyne, and hys receyuing and enterteynemente in Fraunce by the Kyng and others, was agreeable thereto, for hee was receyued vppon the coaſt by the gouernoures of the fortifyed Townes ryght honorably, by or|der from the King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among other, the Baron of Bourn [...]ſell was one, who beeyng very well mounted and appoynted, lefte not hys Lordſhippe before hee came to the Courte, and from thence accom|panyed hym backe vntill hys embarquemente homewardes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the mayne Countreys, he was accom|panyed with the gouernoures and Nobles of the places aboute. And in the good Townes where hee paſſed, hee was preſented by the chiefe Magiſtrates, wherein theyr good wylles were to bee thankefully accepted, though hys Lordſhippes rewardes, farre ouer valued theyr preſents.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At his approche neere to Paris, hee was en|countred on the way for courteſie ſake by two Marqueſſes of Trans and Salu [...]es, this bee|ing of the houſe of Sauoy, and the other of the worthy family of Foix. Theſe wanted not ſuche as accompanyed them, and the [...]me [...] of the beſt ſorte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the L. Ambaſſadors firſt audience, which EEBO page image 1858 was at the Caſtell of Madrill, otherwiſe called Boloigne neere Paris (where the King then lay) the Queenes Almayn Coches very braue|ly furniſhed, were ſente to Paris for him, in one of the whiche, his Lordſhip with the Marques of Trans, rode towardes the Courte, very nar|rowly eſcaping from a ſhrewde turne and great miſchance, by reaſon the ſame Coche was o|uerthrowẽ by the Dutch Wagoners their neg|ligence, who in a brauery gallopping the fielde, made an ouer ſhort turne, wherewith the Mar|ques was ſore bruiſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord Ambaſſador at his arriuall at the place, was right honorably receyued, hee was banquetted by dyuers, and that very ſumptu|ouſly, whiche by him was not left vnrequited to the vttermoſt, and rather with the better, for his liberalitie among the Frenche was verye large, but hys rewarde at the Kyngs hands was only a chayne, waying a thouſand french Crownes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At that preſent, there was a great dearth and ſcarcitie of vittailes in Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The riuer of Sayne, that runneth through Paris, was not paſſable with veſſels, by reaſon of the greate froſtes, and thereby not onely all kinde of vittayles, but alſo hey and woodde, hard to come by, and not to be hadde, but at exceſſiue priſes, the Countrey thereaboutes hauing be|fore bin ſore harried and ſpoyled by the ciuill tumultes, by reaſon whereof, not only the Lord of Buckhurſt for the ſpace hee remayned there, but alſo Sir Henrye Norrice (nowe Lorde Norrice) and maiſter Frauncis Walſingham, hir Maieſties Ambaſſadors, ligiers ſucceſſiue|ly, were driuen to an increaſe in expenſes, pay|ing for euerye thing they boughte an hygher price, than ordinarily hadde beene accuſto|med.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that the Lord Buckhurſt had bin fea|ſted and banquetted by the Kyng, and other of the Frenche nobilitie, and had accompliſhed the poyntes of hys Ambaſſage, hee tooke leaue of the Kyng, and departed homewardes, ar|riuing heere in Englande a little before Ea|ſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeconde of Aprill,Parliament. a Parliament began at Weſtminſter, wherein was graunted to the Queenes Maieſtie (towarde hir great charges,Stow. in repreſſing the late Rebellion in the North, and purſuing the ſayde Rebelles and theyr fau|tors, whiche were fledde into Scotlande) by the Cleargy, a ſubſidie of ſixe ſhillings in the poũd, and by the Temporaltie two fifteenes, with a ſubſedie of two Shillings and eyght pence in the pounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt, ſecond, and third of May, was hol|den a [...] Weſtminſter before the Queenes Ma|ieſtie, a ſolemne Iuſt at the Tilt,Iuſts at Weſt|minſter. Tourney and [figure appears here on page 1858] Barriers. The challengers were Edward Erle of Oxforde, Charles Howard, Sir Henry Lee, and Chriſtopher Hatton Eſquier, who all dyd very valiantly, but the chiefe honor was giuen to the Earle of Oxford.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Doctor Story executed.The fyrſt of Iune, Iohn Story, a Doctor of the Canon lawe, who before hadde bin con|demned of hygh Treaſon, was drawen from the Tower of London to Tiborne, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered, his head was ſette on London bridge, and his quarters on the gates of the Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 The .xviij. of Iune, in Trinitie terme,A combat ap|poynted at Tuthil. there was a combat appointed to haue bin foughte for a certaine manour and d [...]maine lands belõ|ging therevnto, in the Iſle of Hartye, adioining to the Iſle of Shepey in Kent, Simon Lowe, and Iohn Kime were plaintifes, & had brought EEBO page image 1859 a writ of righte againſte Thomas Paramore, who offered to defend his right by battail, wher|vpon the plaintifes aforeſayde, accepted to aun|ſwer his challenge, offering lykewiſe to defende their right to the ſame mannor and landes, and to proue by battail, that Paramore had no right nor good title to haue the ſame mannor & lands. Herevpon ye ſayd Thomas Paramour brought before the Iudges of the commõ pleas at Weſt|minſter, one George Thorne, a bigge, broade, ſtrong ſet fellowe, and the playntifes broughte Henry Nayler, maſter of defence, and ſeruaunt to the right honorable the Erle of Leyceſter, a proper ſlender man, and not ſo taule as ye other, Thorne caſt downe a gauntlet, whych Nayler tooke vp. Vpon the Sunday before the battaile ſhould be tryed on the next morrow, the matter was ſtayed, and the parties agreed, that Para|mour being in poſſeſſion, ſhould haue the lande, and was bound in fiue hundred pounde, to con|ſider the plaintifes, as vpon bearing the matter, the Iudges ſhould awarde.The quarel of combat ſtayed The Queenes Ma|ieſty was the taker vp of ye matter, in this wiſe. It was thought good, that for Paramores aſ|ſuraunce, the order ſhould be kept touching the combate, and that the plaintifes Lowe & Kime, ſhoulde make defaulte of appearaunce, but that yet ſuche as were ſureties for Nayler theyr Champions appearaunce, ſhould bryng him in, and likewiſe thoſe that wer ſureties for Thorne ſhoulde bring in the ſame Thorne, in diſcharge of theyr band, and that the Courte ſhoulde ſitte in Tuthill fieldes, where was prepared one plot of ground, one and twenty yards ſquare, double rayled for the combate, withoute the Weſt ſquare, a ſtage beeyng ſet vp for the Iudges, re|preſenting the Court of the common pleas. All the compaſſe without the liſtes, was ſette with ſcaffoldes one aboue another, for people to ſtand and beholde. There were behinde the ſquare where the Iudges ſate, two tentes, the one for Naylor, the other for Thorne. Thorne was there in the morning tymely, Nayler aboute ſeauen of the clocke, came through London, ap|pareled in a dublet, and galeygaſcoyne breeches all of Crimoſyn ſatyn, cutte and raſed, a hat of blacke veluet, with a red fether and bande, before him drums and fifes playing: the gauntlet caſt downe by George Thorne, was borne before ye ſayd Nayler vpon a ſwords poynt, and hys ba|ſton (a ſtaffe of an elle long, made taper wiſe, tipt with horne) with his ſhielde of hard leather, was borne after him, by Aſkam, a yeoman of ye Queenes guarde hee came into the palace at Weſtminſter, and ſtaying not long before the Hall dore, came backe into the Kinges ſtreete, and ſo along thorough the Sãctuary and Tot|hill ſtreete into the field, where he ſtayed till paſt nine of the clocke, and then ſir Ierome Bowes brought him to his Tent: Thorne being in the Tent with ſir Henry Cheyney long before. A|bout ten of the clock, the Court of commõ pleas remoued, and came to the place prepared, when the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, with two other hys aſſociates were ſet, then Lowe was called ſo|lemnely to come in, or elſe he to loſe his writ of right. Then after a certayne time, the ſureties of Henry Nailer were called to bring in the ſayde Nayler Champion for Simon Lowe, & ſhort|ly therevppon, Sir Ierome Bowes, leadyng Nayler by the hand, entreth with him the liſts, bringing hym downe that ſquare by which hee entred, beeing on the lefte hande of the Iudges, and ſo about, till he came to the next ſquare, iuſt againſte the Iudges, and there makyng curte|ſie, firſt with one legge, and then with the other, paſſed forthe till hee came to the myddle of the place, and then made the lyke obeyſaunce, and ſo paſſing tyll they came to the barre, there hee made the lyke curteſie, and hys ſhielde was helde vppe a lefte ouer hys head. Nayler put off hys nether ſtockes, and ſo bare foote and bare legged ſaue hys ſylke ſcauilones to the ankles, and hys doublet ſleeues tyed vp aboue the el|bowe, and bare headed, came in as is aforeſayd. Then were the ſureties of George Thorne cal|led to bring in the ſame Thorne, and immedi|ately Sir Henry Cheyney entring at the vpper ende on the right hande of the Iudges, vſed the lyke order in comming aboute by his ſide as Nayler had before on that other ſide, and ſo commyng to the barre with lyke obeyſaunce, helde vp hys ſhielde. Proclamation was made that none ſhoulde touche the barres, nor pre|ſume to come within the ſame, excepte ſuche as were appoynted. After all thys ſolemne order was fyniſhed, the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice rehear|ſing the manner of bringing the writ of Ryght by Simon Lowe, of the aunſwer made there|vnto by Paramour, of the proceeding therein, and howe Paramour had challenged to defende hys righte to the land by battayle, by his cham|pion Thomas Thorne, and of the accepting the triall that was by Lowe with hys Cham|pion Henrye Nayler, and then for defaulte in appearaunce in Lowe, hee adiudged the lande to Paramoure, and diſmiſſed the Champi|ons, acquiting the ſureties of their bandes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hee alſo willed Henrye Nayler to render agayne to George Thorne his gauntlet, wher|vnto the ſayd Nayler anſwered, that his Lord|ſhip might commaund him any thing, but wil|lingly he woulde not render the ſayde gauntlet to Thorne excepte he coulde winne it: and fur|ther hee chalenged the ſayde Thorne to playe with hym halfe a ſcore blowes, to ſhewe ſome EEBO page image 1860 paſtime to the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, and the o|ther there aſſembled, but Thorne aunſwered, that he came to fight, and would not play. Thẽ the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice commending Naylor for his valiant courage, commanded them both quietly to depart the field. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A woman brẽt at Mayd|ſton.The ſixteenth of Iuly, Rebecca Chamber, late wife to Thomas Chamber of Heryette|ſham, was found culpable of poyſoning the ſaid Thomas Chamber hir huſbande, at the aſſiſes holden at Maideſtone in the County of Kent. For the whyche fact, ſhe (hauing well deſerued) was there brent on the next morrowe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Duke of Norf|folke ſent to the Tower.The ſeauenth of September, the Duke of Norffolke was remoued from ye Charterhouſe, to the Tower of London priſoner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two and twẽtith of September, deceaſ|ſed Iohn Iewell Biſhop of Saliſbury,Biſhop of Sa|lisbury de|ceaſed. in hys life a moſt eloquent and diligent Preacher, but a farre more paynefull and ſtudious Writer, as his workes remayning beareth witneſſe, where|by his fame ſhall neuer die.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Sermon in Paules Church for victory a|gainſt the Turkes.The ninth of Nouember, a Sermon was Preached in Paules Church at London, by M. William Foulkes of Cambridge, to giue thãks to almighty God for the victorie, whiche of hys mercifull clemencie it had pleaſed him to graũt to the Chriſtians in the Leuant Seas, agaynſt the common enimies of our faith, the Turkes, the ſeauenth of October laſt paſt. His Theame was taken out of the ſixtieth Pſalme of Da|uids Pſalter, the fourth verſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were preſente at this Sermon the L. Maior of London ſir William Allin, with the Aldermen and craftes in their liueries, and in ye euening, there were bonfiers made through the Citie, with banquetting and great reioycing, as good cauſe there was, for a victorie of ſo greate importance, to the whole ſtate of the Chriſtian common wealth:Contareno. In the which were taken .130. veſſels, that is .117. Galeys, and .13. Galeots, be|ſide other veſſels that were bouged, abando|ned, and let goe at large abroade in the Seas, as Galeys, Foiſtes, and Galeots, to the number of foureſcore or thereaboutes. And of their Chiefetaynes ſlayne in that bloudy bat|tayle, theſe we find by name as Principall Haly Baſſa, high Admirall of the whole nauy, Amar Bey, Captayne of the Ianiſſaries, Aſſan Bey, the ſonne of Barbaroſſa, with his ſonne, Mehe|met Bey, gouernour of Mitilene, Gider Bey, gouernour of Chio, Capſan Bey, gouernour of the Rhodes, Peruis Aga, gouernour of Africa, otherwiſe Mahomeda, Muſtafa Sceluby, high Treaſorer, Affis Clueaga, Captayne of Gali|poli, Tramontana chiefe Maiſter of the Tur|kiſhe Emperours owne Galley, Caracoza, and many other, whoſe names were too long to re|hearſe: but the whole number that were ſlayne of the Turkes, could not be perfectly knowẽ, by reaſon that manye were drowned in the Sea, which came not to ſight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Some yet affirme, that there were ſlayne of them in all, to the number of one and twenty thouſande,Bizari. Contareno. although other ſpeake but of fifteene thouſande: but Contareno writeth, that there were ſlayne and taken .29990. of whiche num|ber, hee reconeth .3846. to haue remayned pri|ſoners, and among them, were theſe perſons of name, Mahemet Bey, Sainus Bey,Bizari. and Si|rocho Bey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There eſcaped yet from thys diſcomfiture, Partau, generall of all the menne of warre and Souldyers by lande, Ochiali, Murate Ray, with hys ſonne, and Ali Genoueſe, and wyth them aboute fortie Galeys, Foyſtes, and Fre|gates.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, there were found in the Turkiſh Galeys that came into the handes of the chri|ſtians .116. double Canons, 265. demy Canons, and ſixteene other great peeces of braſſe: For it is to be remembred, that not only the Turkiſh galeys, but alſo the Chriſtians were through|ly armed, furniſhed and appoynted with men, munition, and ordinaunce in euery behalfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Haly Baſſa his galey there were aboorde iij.C. harquebuſiers Ianiſſaires, and an hun|dred archers. In the Galey of Don Giouan Dauſtria chief Admiral of the Chriſtians wer 400. harquebuſiers Spanyards, of the tierze of Sardigna, beſide a great number of Lords and gentlemen, and alſo beſide the rowers, and in euery other galey were .ij.C. fightyng men at the leaſt, beſide the rowers, and in ſome three hundred, and in other foure hundred, according to the moulde of the veſſelles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The number of the Chriſtian Galeyes and Galiotes, were in all two C. & two, beſyde ſixe great Galeaſſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Turkes had there Galeys, Galiots, and Foiſtes, to ye number of two hundred and fiftie, as appereth by the accompt afore made, of thoſe that were taken, abandoned, and eſcaped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There wer deliuered and ſet at libertie, about twelue thouſand, ſome ſay fourteene thouſande Chriſtian captiues, whom the Turkes kept for ſlaues, & had thẽ chained there aboord with thẽ in their Galeys. But this victory was not got without great loſſe of the Chriſtians, for beſide Auguſtine Barbarigo, the principal proueditore of the Venetians, there dyed ſeuenteene other Gentlemen of Venice, beeing men of good eſti|mation, Iohn Cardone, and Bernardine Car|done Spanyardes, Virginio and Oratio Vrſi|ni Romayns, Troilo, Sabello, Marco Moli|no, beſide diuers other nobles and Gentlemen of EEBO page image 1861 name, as wel Italians, as Spanyards and Al|maynes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]taren.In all, there dyed of the Chriſtans, to the number of ſeauen thouſande ſyxe hundred fiftie and ſixe, beſide thoſe that were hurte, beeing in like number to them that were ſlayne, [...]. among the which was Don Iohn de Auſtria, generall of all the Chriſtian army there, Sebaſtian Ve|niero, the Venetians generall, and the Counte de Santa Fiore, with diuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer, there were Chriſtian Galeys bouged, three of the Venetiãs, one of the Popes, one belonging to the Duke of Sauoy, and an other to the Knights of Malta.Contareno. There was one alſo taken and ledde away by Ochiali, and hys company. Suche was the ſucceſſe of this bat|tayle, which continued for ye ſpace of ſixe houres, in the ende whereof, the victorye remaynyng with the Chriſtians, cauſed no ſmall reioyſing through all parties of Chriſtendome: for if thys victory hadde bin followed, with hys gracious helpe and aſſiſtance that was the giuer thereof, the proude and loftie horne of the Iſmaelite had bin ſo bruiſed, as peraduenture hys courage woulde haue quailed to putte forthe the ſame ſo ſpeedily as he did, but ſuche is the malice of the time, that the Chriſtians haue more pleaſure to drawe theyr weapons one againſt another, than againſt that common enimie of vs all, who re|gardeth neyther Proteſtante nor Catholique, (they may be ſure) thoſe of the Greekiſh Church nor others, as if the merciful prouidence of the Lorde of Hoſtes doe not in tyme diſappoynte hys proceedings, it will bee too ſoone perceyued though happily too late to ſtoppe the breache, when the floud hath gote head, and once wonne paſſage through the banke. It were therefore to bee wiſhed of all thoſe that tender the ſuretie of the Chriſtian common wealth, that Princes woulde permitte their ſubiectes to liue in liber|tie of conſcience, concerning matters of faithe: and that ſubiectes agayne woulde bee ready in duetifull wiſe, to obey their Princes in matters of ciuill gouernemente, ſo that compoundyng their controuerſies among themſelues, wyth tollerable conditions, they myght employ theyr forces againſt the common enimie, to the bene|fite of the whole Chriſtian worlde, whiche the more is the pitie, they haue ſo long exerciſed one againſt another, to each others deſtruction. And as for matters in variance about Religion, ra|ther to decide the ſame with the word, than with the ſworde, an inſtrumente full vnfitte for that purpoſe, and not lightly vſed nor allowed of by the auntiente fathers in time of the primatiue Church. But ſith this is rather to bee wiſhed than hoped for, by anye apparant lykelyhoode, conſidering the ſtrange contrarietie of humors nowe reigning among men in ſundry partes of Chriſtendome, lette vs leaue the ſucceſſe of oure wiſhe to the pleaſure of God, the author of all good happes, who ruleth the heartes of Princes, and frameth the peoples mindes as ſeemeth beſt to hys diuine prouidence. And withall, lette vs alſo humbly offer to him oure prayers, inſtantly beſieching him to ſpare vs in mercy, and not to rewarde vs after oure ini|quities, but rather by hys omnipotente po|wer, to turne from vs the violence of oure e|nimyes, in abridging theyr forces, as it maye ſeeme good to hys mercifull fauour and great clemencie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirtith of December,Earle of Kent. Reynolde Grey was by the Queenes Maieſtie reſtored Earle of Kente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The thirteenth of Ianuary,Sir William Peter deceaſed deceaſſed Sir William Peeter Knyghte, who for hys iudge|mente and pregnant witte, hadde bin Secreta|rye, and of priuie Counſayle to foure Kynges and Queenes of thys Realm, and ſeauen times Lorde Embaſſadoure abroade in forraine lãds: hee greately augmented Exceſter Colledge in Oxforde, and alſo builded tenne Almes hou|ſes for the poore in the pariſhe of Iugar|ſton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixteenth of Ianuary,


Duke of Norf|folke araig|ned.

the Lord Tho|mas Howarde Duke of Northfolke, was ar|raigned in Weſtminſter Hall, before George Lorde Talbot, Earle of Shrewſburye, hyghe Stewarde of Englande for that daye, and there by hys Peeres founde giltie of hyghe Treaſon, and hadde iudgemente according|lye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eleuenth of Februarye, Kenelme Bar|ney, and Edmonde Mather,Mather, Bar|ney, and Rolfe executed. were drawen from the Tower of London, and Henry Rolfe from the Malſhalſey in Southwarke, all three to Tiburne, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered for Treaſon, Barney and Mather for conſpiracye, and Rolfe for counterfayting of the Queenes Maieſties hande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The tenthe of Marche deceaſſed Sir Wil|liam Paulet Knyghte, Lorde Sainte Iohn,Sir William Paulet Lorde, Treaſorer de|ceaſed. Earle of Wilſhire, Marques of Wincheſter, Knyghte of the honorable order of the Gar|ter, one of the Queenes Maieſties priuie Coũ|ſell, and Lorde high Treaſorer of Englande, at his mannour of Baſing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This worthy man was borne in the yeare of oure Lorde .1483. the fyrſte yeare of Kyng Ri|charde the thyrde, and lyued aboute the age of foureſcore and ſeauen yeares, in ſyxe Kynges & Queenes dayes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1862He ſerued fiue Kings and Queenes, Henrye the ſeuenth, Henry the eyght, Edwarde the ſixt, Queene Mary, and Queene Elizabeth. All theſe he ſerued faithfully, and of thẽ was greatly fauoured. Himſelfe did ſee the Children of hys Childrens Children, growing to the number of 103. A rare bleſſing giuen by God to men of his calling.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fyue and twentith and ſixe and twen|tith of Marche, by the commaundement of the Queenes Maieſtie hir Counſell, the Citizens of London aſſembling at theyr ſeuerall Halles, the Maiſters collected and choſe out the moſt likely and actiue perſons of euery theyr compa|nies, to the number of three thouſande, whome they appoynted to bee pikemen and ſhotte, the pikemen were forthwith armed in faire corſlets and other furniture, according therevnto: the Gunners hadde euery of them hys Calliuer, with the furniture, and Morians on theyr heads.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To theſe were appoynted dyuers valiaunte Captaynes, who to trayne them vppe in war|like feates, muſtered them thrice euery weeke, ſometymes in the artillerie yarde, teachyng the Gunners to handle theyr peeces, ſometimes at the Myles ende, and in Sainte Georges fielde, teaching them to ſkirmiſhe. In the whyche ſkirmiſhing on the Myles ende the tenth of April, one of the Gunners of the Gold|ſmithes company was ſhotte in the ſyde with a peece of a ſkouring ſticke, left in one of the Ca|liuers, whereof hee dyed, and was buryed the twelfth of Aprill in Sainte Paules Church|yarde: all the Gunners marchyng from the Miles ende in battell ray, ſhot off theyr Caliuers at his graue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On May day they muſtred at Greenewiche before the Queenes Maieſtie, where they ſhe|wed many warlike feates, but were muche hin|dered by the weather, whyche was all daye ſhowring, they returned that nyght to Lon|don, and were diſcharged on the nexte mor|rowe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Earles of Eſſex and Lincolne created.The fourth of May, Walter Deueroux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, and Viſcount of He|reforde, was created Earle of Eſſex. And Ed|warde Fines Lord Clinton and Say, high Ad|mirall of Englande, was created Earle of Lin|colne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyght of May, the Parliamente be|ganne at Weſtminſter, and that ſame daye in the Parliamente, by the Queenes Maieſties Writtes,Barons made. Sir Henry Compton Knight, Lorde of Compton in the hole, Sir Henrye Cheyney Knyght, Lorde of Todington, Sir William Paulet Knyghte of Baſing, and Sir Henrye Norres Knyght, Lorde of Ricote, were called Barons into the higher houſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this Parliament,Roages brent through the eare. for ſomuch as ye whole Realme of Englande was exceedingly peſte|red with Roges, Vagabonds, and ſturdy Beg|gers, by meanes whereof, dayly happened diuers horrible murthers, theftes, and other greate out|rages, it was enacted, that all perſons, aboue the age of fourteene yeares, beeyng taken begging, vagrant, and wandring miſorderly, ſhoulde bee apprehended, whipped, and brente through the griſtle of the right eare, with a hote yron of one ynch compas for the firſt time ſo taken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The foure and twentith of May,Martin Bul|locke hanged at the well with two buckettes. Martin Bullocke was hanged on a Gibbet by the well with two buckets in Biſhoppes gate ſtreete of London, for robbing, and moſt ſhamefully mur|thering of a Merchant named Arthur Hall, in the Perſonage of S. Martin by the ſaide well.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Martin had procured the ſaid Arthur Hall, to come to the ſaide Perſonage, to buy of hym certaine plate, but after the ſaid Arthur had wel viewed the ſame, he ſaid, this is none of your plate, it hathe Doctor Gardners marke, and I knowe it to be his: That is true ſaide Martin Bullocke, but he hath appointed me to ſell it. &c. After this talke, whileſt the ſaide Arthur was waying the plate, the ſame Martin ſet out of the Kitchen a thicke waſhing beetle, and comming behinde him, ſtrake the ſaid Arthur on the head, that he felled him with the firſt ſtroke, and then ſtrake him againe, and after tooke the ſayde Ar|thurs dagger, and ſticked him, & with his knife cutte his throte, and after woulde haue truſſed him in a Danſke cheſt, but the ſame was too ſhorte, wherevppon hee tumbled him downe a paire of ſtaires, and after thinking to haue buri|ed him in the ſeller, his legges being broken with the firſt fall, and ſtiffe, he coulde not drawe hym downe the ſeller ſtaires being winding, where|fore he cut off his legges with an hatchet, and in the ende, truſſed him with ſtrawe in a drye fat, and ſaying it was his apparell and Bookes, cau|ſed the ſame to be caried to the water ſide, and ſo ſhipped to Rie: but as God would haue it, there was ſuſpition gathered againſt the murtherer, whereby hee was examined before Alderman Branche, then one of the Sheriffes of London, but ſo ſmall likelihoode appeared that he ſhoulde be giltie, that there was an honeſt man dwel|ling in Saint Laurence Pontney, named Ro|berte Gee a Clothworker, ſuppoſing the offen|dor to bee cleere in the matter, vndertooke for hys forthe commyng: wherevppon Bullocke beeyng ſuffered to goe at libertie, ſlipte a|way, fyrſte to Weſtminſter, and there ta|kyng boate, paſſed vppe the Riuer, and com|myng a lande beyonde Kyngſton, paſſed forthe, tyll hee came to Okingham, in the EEBO page image 1863 foreſt of Windeſore, an eyght myles beyond the Towne of Windeſor: and from thence (what moued hym. I leaue to the ſecret iudgemente of God) hee came backe againe vnto London, lodging at the redde Lion in Holborne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time, the foreſayd Gee, vppon knowledge hadde that Bullocke was with|drawen out of the way, was not only hadde in ſome ſuſpition, but alſo committed to warde: albeit ſo as hee hadde libertie to take order to ſende abroade ſuche as ſhoulde make ſute after Bullocke. And amongſt other that went forth, one of hys ſeruauntes was ſent to Rie, whither the drie fatte was conueyd, and comming thi|ther, the ſame drye fat was opened, where the mangled corps of Hall was found, whereby the trouth of the matter came to lighte, and by the good prouidence of God, the reuealet of ſuche e|uill factes, Bullocke was at the very ſame tyme diſcouered at the place in Holborne aforemen|tioned, and there apprehended, did receyue as ye haue hearde due puniſhmente for hys heynous and moſt wicked offence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Earle of Lin| [...]olne and o|ther Ambaſ|ſadors into France.The ſixe and twentith of May, the right ho|norable Earle of Lincolne departed from Lon|don towards France Embaſſador, being accõ|panied with the L. Dacres, the Lord Riche, the Lord Talbot, the Lord Sands, and the Lorde Clinton, Sir Arthur Chambernowne, Sir Hierome Bowes, and Sir Edward Haſtings Knightes, with diuers other Gentlemen, who taking Shippe at Douer, cut ouer to Bulloine, where they were very honorably receyued, and from thence conueyed by iourneys to Paris, where they were lodged in a houſe of the kyngs, named Le chaſteau de Louure, being attended on of the Kings officers. Fiue dayes after, they went to the King at a houſe called Madrill, where the King with hys two breethren, the Admirall, and the moſt parte of the nobles of Fraunce mette them a diſtance from the place, and brought them into the houſe where they dy|ned, and remayned tyl Sonday following, from whẽce the King and his nobles, with the nobles of Englande came to Paris: the King, hys two breethren, and our Ambaſſadour, riding in one Couche togither, and the nobles of Englãd and Fraunce beyng ſo placed alſo in Couches, came to the ſayde Caſtell of Louure, and there dyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After dynner, the Kyng, oure Ambaſſa|doure, with the nobilitie of both Realmes, went to a Churche named Sainte Germaine, where the French Kyng, hys breethren, and nobilitie, heard Euenſong, the noble men of Englande withdrawing them into a Chappell till Euen|ſong was done, were then fetched thence by the nobles of Fraunce, to the King and hys bree|thren that awayted theyr commyng,League with Fraunce con|firmed in Fraunce. where was confirmed the league (which had bin con|cluded at Blois the ninetenth of April, deputies being there for the French party, Francis M [...]|morẽcy, Rainold Birago, Sebaſtian de Lau|beſpine, and Paule de Foix. And for the Queene of England, Sir Thomas Smyth, and Mai|ſter Walſingham Embaſſadors.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This being done, they departed withoute the walles of Paris, to a gardeine of pleaſure, where they ſupped. After ſupper, the King departed to his place of Madrill, and the Nobles of Eng|land to the Caſtell of Loure. On Monday, the Admirall feaſted the Nobles of Englande. On Tewſday, the Duke of Aniou the Kings bro|ther, and on Wedneſday, the Duke of Alanſon, his yonger brother, and ſo paſſed in feaſting and banquetting, with riche giftes on both partes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Friday, the Nobles of Englande tooke leaue of the King, and on Sonday came to S. Denis, and after to Boloine, where they tooke Shyppe, and returned into England the fourth of Iuly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeconde of Iune in the morning bee|tweene the houres of ſeauen and eight,Duke of Norf|folke beheaded Thomas Howard Duke of Northfolke, was beheaded on a Scaffold new ſet vp on the Tower hill.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ninth of Iune,French Am|baſsadors. Francis Duke of Mõtmorency, chiefe marſhal of France, gouer|nour and Lieutenant of the Iſle of France, ge|nerall to Charles the ninth K. of Fraunce, and Paule de Foix of the priuie Counſell to the ſayd King, and Bertrand de Saligners, Lorde de la Mothefenelon, Knightes of the order of Sainte Michaell, Ambaſſadors for the ſame King, ar|riued at Douer. The .xiiij. day they ſhot Lon|don bridge towardes Somerſet houſe at the Strand where they were lodged. The .xv. daye being Sonday, the ſaide Ambaſſadors repaired to the white hall, where they were honorably re|ceiued of the Queenes Maieſtie, with hir nobi|litie, and there in hir graces Chappell, about one of the clocke in the after noone, ye articles of trea|ty, league or confederacy and ſure friendſhippe (concluded at Bloys the .xix. of Aprill as is a|foreſhewed) betwixt the Queenes Maieſtie,League with France confir|med at Weſt|minſter. and the French K. beeing read, the ſame was by hyr Maieſtie and his Ambaſſadors confirmed to be obſerued and kept, without innouation or vio|lation. &c. The reſt of that day, with great parte of the night following, was ſpente in greate tri|umph, with ſumptuous banquets.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The eyghtenth of Iune,Saint Georges feaſt at Win|deſore. the feaſt of Sainte George was holden at Windeſore, where the Frenche Ambaſſadors were royally feaſted, and Fraunces Duke of Mõtmorency, was ſ [...]aulled Knight of the moſt honorable order of the Gar|ter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 1864The eyghte and twentith daye of Iune, the forenamed Ambaſſadors departed from Lon|don towards Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourteenth of Iune, Thomas Lorde Wharton deceaſſed in his houſe of Chanõ row at Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Lord Trea|ſorer, Lorde priuie ſeale, Lord Cham|b [...]rl [...]yne, with other officers.The thirtẽth day of Iuly, the Queenes Ma|ieſtie at White Hall, made ſir William Cicill Lorde of Burghley, Lord high Treaſorer of England: Lorde William Howard, late Lorde Chamberlaine, Lord priuie ſeale. The Earle of Suſſex, L. Chamberlaine: ſir Thomas Smith, principall Secretary, and Chriſtopher Hatton Eſquier, Captaine of the garde. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxij. of Auguſt, Thomas Percy,Earle of Nor|thumberlande beheaded. Erle of Northumberland, late of Topclife, who had bene before attainted by Parliamente of hyghe treaſon, as beeing one of the principall conſpi|ratoures in the late Rebellion, & nowe brought out of Scotland whether he had fledde, was be|headed at Yorke, about two of the clocke in the afternooone, on a newe Scaffold ſet vp for that [figure appears here on page 1864] purpoſe in the market place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Engliſhmen ſent to Vlſtar in Irelande.In thys moneth of Auguſt, Sir Thomas Smith, one of the Queenes Maieſties priuie Counſell, carefully tendering the reformation of Irelande, ſente hys ſonne Thomas Smith Eſquier thither, with a certayne number of Engliſhmenne, to inhabite the Ardes in Vlſter, after the manner of a Colonie vſed by the Ro|maynes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. reg. 51. A ſtrange Starre appea|red.The .xviij. of Nouember in the mornyng, was ſeene a Starre Northward, very bright & cleere, in the conſtellation of Caſſiopeia, at the backe of hir Chaire, which with three chiefe fix|ed ſtarres of the ſaid conſtellation, made a Ge|ometrical figure loſengewiſe, of the learned men called Rombus. This ſtarre in bignes at ye firſt appearing, ſeemed bigger than Iupiter, and not much leſſe than Venus, when ſhe ſeemeth grea|teſt: alſo the ſayde Starre neuer changing hys place, was carried about with the dayly moti|on of Heauen, as all fixed Starres commonly are, and ſo continued (by little and little to the eye appearing leſſe) for the ſpace of almoſt ſix|teene Monethes: at what time it was ſo ſmall, that rather thought by exerciſes of oft viewing moughte imagine the place than any eye could iudge ye preſence of the ſame. And one thing is heerein chiefely to bee noted, that (by the ſkyll and conſente of the beſt and moſt experte Ma|thematicians, whyche obſerued the ſtate, pro|pertie, and other circumſtaunces belongyng to the ſame Starre) it was founde to haue bin in place Celeſtiall, farre aboue the Moone, o|therwiſe than euer anye Comete hathe beene ſeene, or naturally can appeare. Therefore it is ſuppoſed, that the ſignification thereof is direc|ted purpoſely and ſpecially to ſome matter, not naturall, but celeſtiall, or rather ſuperceleſtiall, ſo ſtrange, as from the beginning of the worlde neuer was the like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The four and twentith of Nouember,Earle of Der|by deceaſſed. Ed|warde Earle of Derby, Lorde Stanley, and Strange, of Knocking, Lord and gouernour of the Iſles of Man, Knyghte of the noble order of the Garter, and one of the Queenes Maie|ſties priuie Counſell, deceaſſed at hys houſe called Latham in Lancaſhire. Hys lyfe and deathe deſeruing commendation, and crauyng memorie to bee imitated, was ſuche as follo|weth. Hys fidelitie to two Kynges, and two Queenes in daungerous tymes and great Rebellions, in whyche tyme and alwayes as cauſe ſerued, hee was Lieutenaunt of Lan|caſhire and Cheſhire, and lately offered tenne thouſande menne to the Queenes Maie|ſtie, of hys owne charge, for the ſuppreſſion EEBO page image 1865 of the laſt rebellion. His godly diſpoſition to his tenants, neuer forcing anye ſeruice at theyr handes, but due payment of theyr rent. His li|beralitie to ſtrangers, and ſuch as ſhewed them|ſelues gratefull to him. His famous houſkee|ping, and .xj. ſcore in checkrol, neuer diſcontinu|ing the ſpace of twelue yeare. His feeding eſpe|cially of aged perſons twice a day .lx. and odde, beſides all commers thrice a weeke appoynted for his dealing dayes, and euery good Fryday theſe .xxxv. yeares one with another two thou|ſande ſeuen hundred, with meate, drinke, money and money worth. There was neuer Gentle|man or other, that wayted in his ſeruice, but had allowance from him, to haue as well wa|ges as otherwiſe for horſe and man. His yearely porcion for the diſpences of his houſe foure thou|ſand pounde. His cunning in ſetting bones diſ|ioynted or broke, his chirurgerie and deſire to helpe the poore. His deliuerie of his George and Seale to the Lord Straunge, with exhortation that he might keepe it ſo vnſpotted in fidelitie to his Prince as he had, and his ioy that he dyed in the Queenes fauour. Hys ioyfull partyng this worlde, his taking leaue of all his ſeruantes by ſhaking of handes, and his remembrance to the laſt day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxviij. of Nouember, Iohn Hall late of Battell in Suſſex Gentleman,Hall and Wil|kinſon exe|cuted. and Oſwolde Wilkinſon, late of Yorke, and Gallour of York Caſtel, (being before arraigned and condemned of treaſon) were drawne from the Tower of London to Tiburne, and there hanged, bowelled and quartered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Great froſt & a ſharpe winter.This yeare a greate and ſharpe froſt almoſt continually laſted, from before the feaſt of all Saintes, till after the feaſt of the Epiphanie of our lord, with ſomtime great and deepe ſnowes, and ſometymes raines, which freeſed as faſt as the ſame fell to the grounde, wherethrough at Wrotham in Kent, and many other places, the armes and boughes of Trees being ouercharged with Ice brake off, and fell from the ſtockes of the ſame Trees. Alſo the wynde contynued North, and Eaſt, till after the Aſcention day, with ſharpe froſtes and ſnowes, whereby follo|wed a late ſpring.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


L. priuie ſeale deceaſſed.

The twelfth of Ianuarie, William Lorde Howarde, Baron of Effingham Lorde priuie ſeale, knight of the noble order of the Garter, and one of the priuie Counſaile, deceaſſed at Hamp|ton Court.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Erle of Wor|ceſter ſent in|to Fraunce.The .xviij. of Ianuarie, William Lord So|merſet Earle of Worceſter, began his iourney toward Fraunce, to the Chriſtning of the kings daughter there, in ſtead of the Queenes Maie|ſtie of Englande, who ſent with him a Font of Golde for that purpoſe, weying .326. ounces. The ſayde Earle with many of his companie were robbed vpon the ſea by Pirates of muche of theyr baggage,Erle of Wor|ceſter robbed on the ſea. and three or foure of theyr men ſlaine. In Fraunce he and his trayne were honourablye receyued. At the Chriſtning hee gaue the childe to name Elizabeth. They retur|ned into England the ſeuẽ and twentith of Fe|bruarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Moneth of Februarie through ſun|drie heynous cõplaints brought to the Queenes Maieſtie and hir Counſaile of Pirats that kept the narrow Seas, doing many robberies,The narrow ſeas ſcoured. as alſo the robbing of the Earle of Worceſter (as is aforeſayde) hir highneſſe, by the aduiſe of hir honourable counſaile, tooke order with the Lord Admirall of England, that he ſhould ſend to the ſeas ſhippes and men to ſcowre the narrow ſeas, and to apprehende ſo many Pyrates ſhippes as might be mette with. And for the better doing thereof, it pleaſed hir Maieſtie to ſende one of hir owne ſhippes, named the Swallowe to bee the Admirall, vnder the charge of William Hol|ſtock of London Eſquire, controller of hir high|neſſe ſhippes, who had with him the Gyllian, the Barke Garet, and the Barke of Yarmouth, and three hundred .lx. able Mariners, Gunners, and ſouldiours in the ſayde three ſhips, and one bark which ſcoured the narrow ſea, from the North forelande, as farre Weſtwarde as Falmouth in Cornwall, and tooke .xx. ſhippes and barkes of ſundrie Nations, videlicet, Engliſhe, Frenche,Pirates on the weſt ſeas. and Flemings, (but all Pirates) and in faſhion of warre. He apprehended in thoſe ſhippes and barkes to the number of .ix. hundred men of all nations, and ſent them to warde to Sandwich,Pirates execu|ted. Douer, Wight, and Portſmouth, (wherof three of them that robbed the Erle of Worceſter, were ſhortly after executed at Wight.) Alſo the ſayde William Holſtocke did reſcue and take from the aboueſayd Pirates ſhippes, xv. other marchant ſhips laden with marchandiſes, that were theyr pryſes, being of ſundrie Nations, and ſet at li|bertie the ſaid .xv. Marchant ſhippes and goods: which done, he returned to Porteſmouth, and there ended his voyage in March.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth of March,A man hanged in S. Georges fielde. a man was hanged in chaynes in S. Georges fielde beyonde South|warke of London, for murthering the Gaylour of Horſham in the ſame field.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xvij. of March,Erle of Kent deceaſed. deceaſed Reynald Gray of Ruthen, Erle of Kent at Herneſey, and was buryed at Saint Giles withoute Creplegate. Aboute the ſame tyme dyed Edmonde Lorde Chandos.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxv. of Marche being Wedneſday in Eaſter weke,George Saun|ders murthe|red at Shoo|ters hill. and the feaſt of the Annunciation of our Ladie, George Browne cruelly murthe|red two honeſt men neare to Shooters hill in EEBO page image 1866 Kent, the one of them was a wealthie Mar|chant of London named George Saunders, the other Iohn Beane of Woolwich, whiche murther was commytted in manner as fol|loweth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Tueſday in Eaſter Weeke (the .xxiiij. of Marche) the ſayde George Browne recey|uing ſecrete intelligence by letter from Miſtreſſe Anne Drurie, that Maiſter Saunders ſhoulde lodge the ſame night at the houſe of one Mai|ſter Barnes in Woolwich, and from thence goe on foote to Saint Mary Cray. The next mor|ning he lay in waite for him by the way, a little from Shooters hill, and there ſlue both him and Iohn Bean ſeruant to maiſter Barnes, but Iohn Bean hauing .x. or .xj. woundes, and be|ing left for dead, by Gods prouidence did reuine againe, and creeping awaye on all foure, was founde by an olde man and his Maiden, and conueyed to Woolwich, where hee gaue euident markes of the Murtherer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Immediately vpon the deed doing, Browne ſent Myſtreſſe Drurie worde thereof by Roger Clement (among them called truſtie Roger) hee himſelf repayred forthwith to ye court at Green|wich, & anon after him came thither the report of the murther alſo. Then departed he thence vn|to London, and came to the houſe of Myſtreſſe Drurie, where though hee ſpake not perſonallye with hir, after conference had with hir ſeruaunt truſtie Roger, ſhe prouided him .xx. pounde that ſame day, for the which ſhe layde certaine plate of hir owne, and of Miſtreſſe Sanders to gage. On the next morning being Thurſday (hauing intelligence that Browne was ſought for) they ſent him ſixe poundes more by the ſame Roger, warning him to ſhift for himſelf by flight, which thing he for ſlowed not to doe, neuertheleſſe, the Lordes of the Queenes Maieſties Counſaile, cauſed ſo ſpeedie and narrow ſearch to bee made for him, that vpon the .xxviij. of the ſame Mo|neth he was apprehended in a mans houſe of his owne name at Rocheſter, and beeing brought backe againe to the Court, was examined by the Counſaile, vnto whom he confeſſed the deed, as you haue heard, and that hee had oftentymes before pretended and ſought to doe the ſame, by the inſtigation of the ſaid myſtreſſe Drurie, who had promiſed to make a maryage betweene him and myſtreſſe Saunders (whome hee ſeemed to loue exceſſiuely) neuertheles he proteſted (though vntruly) that myſtreſſe Sanders was not priuy nor conſenting therevnto. Vpon his confeſſion he was arraigned at the kings Bench in Weſt|minſter Hall the .xviij. of Aprill, where he ac|knowledged himſelfe guiltie, and was condem|ned as principall of the murther, according to which ſentence he was executed in Smithfielde, on Monday the .xx. of Aprill: at which time al|ſo vntruly (as ſhe hirſelfe confeſſed afterward) he laboured by all meanes to cleare miſtreſſe San|ders of committing euill of hir bodie with him,George Brow hanged in Smithfield. and then flung himſelfe beſydes the ladder: Hee was after hanged vp in Chaynes neare vnto the place where he had done the fact.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In the meane time miſtreſſe Drurie and hir man being examined, as well by their own con|feſſions, as by falling out of the matter, and al|ſo by Brownes appeachment thought culpable, were committed to warde. And after miſtreſſe Saunders being deliuered of childe, and chur|ched, (for at the tyme of hir huſbandes death ſhe looked preſently to he down) was vpon miſtreſſe Druries mans confeſſion, and other great likeli|hoodes, likewiſe committed to the Tower, and on Wedneſday the ſixt of May, arraigned with miſtreſſe Drurie at the Guildhall. The effect of whoſe inditement was, that they by a Letter written had beene procurers of the ſayde mur|ther, and knowing the murther done, had by mo|ney and otherwyſe relieued the murtherer, wher|vnto they pleaded not giltie.Anne Sanders Anne Drurie, & truſtie Ro|ger hanged. Howbeit they were both condemned as acceſſaries to maiſter San|ders death, and executed in Smithfield the .xiij. of May, beeing Wedneſday in the Whitſun|weeke, at which time they both confeſſed them|ſelues guiltie of the fact. Truſtie Roger, my|ſtreſſe Druries man was arraigned on Fryday the .viij. of May, and being there condemned as acceſſarie, was executed with his miſtreſſe, at the time and place aforeſayd.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Not long after,Anthonye Browne han|ged at Yorke Anthonie Browne brother to the forenamed George Browne, was for no|table felonies conueyd from Newgate to York, and there hanged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .x. of Aprill ſeuen pyrates,Pirate hanged at Wapping. which among other, had beene taken on the North ſeas, were led from Southwarke to Wapping, and fiue of them were there hanged, the other two had theyr pardon at the gallowes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xvij. of Aprill,Foure women on the Pillory a Chandlers wife with|out Aldredes gate of London, who had practi|ſed hir huſbandes death by poyſoning and o|ther wayes, was ſet on the Pyllorie in Cheape, wyth three other women, who had beene of hir counſayle, two of them were wyth hir there whipped.

Our Queene at the requeſt of hir couſin the yong King of Scottes, appoynted ſir William Drurie knight marſhal of Barwike, to paſſe in|to Scotland with a thouſande ſouldiours, and fiue hundred Pioners, and alſo certaine peeces of Artillerie, to helpe by ſiege and force of Canon to conſtrayne thoſe that kepte the Caſtell of E|denbourgh agaynſt the ſayde King to yeelde the ſame into his handes.

EEBO page image 1867Herevpon the ſayde ſir William Dunrie ha|uing with him ſir Frauncis Ruſſell, ſir George Carie, ſir Henrie Lee, maiſter Thomas Cecill, maiſter Michaell Carie, Captaine Brickwell, Captaine Read, Captaine Erington maiſter of the Ordinance and Prouoſt Marſhall, captaine Pickman, captaine Yaxley, Captaine Game, Captaine Wood, Captaine Caſe, Captayne Strelley, maiſter Thomas Sutton, maiſter Cotton, maiſter Kelway, maiſter Dier, maiſter Tilney, and others, with the number of the ſoul|diours and Pioners afore mentioned, paſſed frõ Barwik, and by conuenient iourneys came vn|to Lieth, from whence the .xxv. of Aprill all the foote bandes marched to Edenbourgh, at whom were ſhot after they entred the towne, dyuerſe and ſundrie Canon ſhottes out of the Caſtell, which did little harme to any of them (thankes be to God) ſauing that captaine Brickwell was hurt in the face and handes with ſtones rayſed by the ſayde Canon ſhotte. The ſame day the Caſtell was ſommoned by a Meſſenger in ma|ner as followeth.

Sir William Kirkaudie, ſometyme of Graunge, knight, for as muche as the Queenes Maieſtie my ſoueraigne Ladie, vpon the earneſt requeſt of hir deare couſin the King of Scottes your ſoueraigne Lorde, made to hir highneſſe by his Regent, Nobilitie, and ſtates of this realme, after all good meanes vſed to haue reduced you to dutifull obedience of his authoritie by treatie, which hitherto you haue not duly hearkned vn|to, to the only hinderance of the vniuerſall peace in this realme, by withholding that his highneſſe Caſtell, meaning as it ſeemeth to reſerue the ſame for a receptacle of forraine forces, to the manifeſt daungers both of this Realme, and of my ſoueraignes, and therefore neceſſarie to re|moue ſo perillous a danger to both the realmes: for which conſideration, hir maieſtie hath ſente hir ayde and ſuccours of men, Ordinaunce, and Munition, vnder my charge and leading, for the expugnation and recouerie of the ſayde Caſtell, to the ſayde Kings vſe and behoofe: and there|fore according to hir Maieſties commaunde|ment and Commiſſion, this ſhall be in due ma|ner to warne, require, and ſommon you, that you render and delyuer the ſayde Caſtell, wyth the whole Ordinance, Artillerie, Munitions, Iewels, Houſeholde ſtuffe, and ſuche other im|plements within the ſame to mee, to the vſe and behoofe of the King your ſoueraigne, and his re|gent in his name, immediately after this my let|ter of ſommons or knowledge of the ſame, ſhall come vnto you: which if you obey, as of duetie you ought, then will I in hir Maieſties name interpone my ſelfe to trauaile with the Regent, Counſaile, and Nobilitie here, for the ſafetie of your lyues, &c. Otherwiſe if you continue in your former obſtinacie, abyding the Canon, then no further to looke for grace or fauour: but you and the reſt within that Caſtell to be pur|ſued to the vttermoſt, and holden as enimies to hir maieſtie, your owne ſoueraigne and Coun|trey.

by me ſir William Drurie knight, generall of hir Maieſties forces nowe in Scotlande,

The Lorde of Graunge Captaine of the Ca|ſtell, notwithſtanding this ſommonance, refuſed vtterly to yeelde the fortreſſe, who therevpon re|ceyued ſuch aunſwere from the Generall, as ſtoode not greatly to his contentation. Here vp|on were the Pioners ſet in hande to caſt Tren|ches, and to rayſe Mountes in places conueni|ent to plant the Ordinaunce vpon, as by the draught of the plot therof, and herevnto annexed may appeare.

They, within ſpared not to beſtow ſuch ſhot as they had, both great and ſmall, verie roundly, as well at the Pioners as ſouldiours that were appoynted to garde them: inſomuch that dy|uerſe were hurt, and ſome ſlaine, before the ſame Trenches and Mountes might bee brought to any perfection, although no diligence was wan|ting to haſten the ſame.

Amongſt other, one Duberie Lieutenant to Captaine Strelley, was ſtriken with a ſmall ſhot, the firſt day that the ſiege thus began, and dyed of the hurt.

The laſt of Aprill alſo, one maiſter Maunſ|field a gentleman, ſeruing vnder captaine Read, was hurt, but yet without daunger of death.

The .viij. of May, maiſter Neuill a Penci|oner was alſo hurt.

Thus diuerſe were hurt, and ſome ſlaine, both Engliſhmen and Scottes without, and they within eſcaped not altogither free, eſpe|cially after that the Trenches and Mountes were brought in ſtate to defende the aſſaylantes, who watching and warding in the trenches, anſwered them within the Caſtell verie rough|ly. At length the great Ordinance was placed on the Mountes, and in the Trenches, ſo that vpon the .xvij. of May there were .xxx. Canons, ſhotte off, agaynſt the Caſtell, and ſo well be|ſtowed in bat [...]erle at Dauids tower,Dauids tower. that by the ruynes thereof then and after the force of the Engliſh Canons was eaſie to conſider.

The .xviij.xix. and xx. of May, the Canons and demir Canons, were not ydle, but the .xxj. the whole batterie beganne on eche ſide the Ca|ſtell, from the Trenches and Mountes verie hotely,The batterie begon on eche ſide the caſtel. and ſtill tury within ceaſſed not to make anſwere againe with their artillerie, killing and hurting diuerſe, both Engliſhmen and Scottes, but ſuch was the diligence of the Engliſh Gun|ners EEBO page image 1868 encouraged wyth the preſence of the Ge|nerall and others, that they diſplaced the Or|dinaunce in the Caſtell, and ſtroke one of theyr chiefe Canons iuſt in the mouth, whereby the ſame was broken in peeces, and the ſhyuers flue aboute their eares that ſtoode neare it, by rea|ſon whereof the Engliſhmen reſted the more in quiet continually after, ſo long as the ſiege en|dured: Albeit with theyr ſmall ſhotte and ſome tyme wyth theyr great,Peter Burford and Clement Wood gun|ners ſlaine. they wythin ſlue and hurt dyuerſe as well Gunners as other of the Engliſhmen and Scottes in the Mountes and Trenches.

The .xxvj. of May, the Aſſault was giuen at ſeuen of the clocke in the morning to the Spurre,The Spurre woonne. which by the hardie manhoode of the aſ|ſaylants was woonne, and was no ſooner entred by the Engliſhmen, but that the Generals en|ſigne was ſhewed and ſpred vpon the front and toppe thereof, to the great diſcomfort of them within the Caſtell.

In the meane tyme, whyleſt thoſe were ap|poynted to gyue the aſſault thus to the Spurre, there were certaine Engliſhe men and Scottes commaunded to make a countenaunce of an aſſault at the Weſt ſyde of the Caſtell, where|by thoſe that aſſaulted the Spurre, myght the more eaſilye obteyne theyr purpoſe, but they raſhlye aduenturing further than they had in commaundement, were beaten backe and re|pulſed, with twentie and eyght, or thirtie of their companie Scottes and Engliſh, ſlaine and hurte.

A noble cou|rage forgit|ting his dutie.Sir Frauncis Ruſſell for diſobeying the ge|nerals commaundement, in going to the aſſault at the Spurre, contrarie to his generals will and pleaſure (hauing an eſpeciall care for the ſafetie of his perſon) vpon his returne from that ſeruice was by the Generals commaundement com|mitted to warde.

Moreouer the ſame day towardes night, they within the Caſtell by a drumme demaunded parley,They within the caſtell de|maund parley. which being graunted, with a ſurſeance of all hoſtilitie from that houre (which was a|bout fiue of the clocke in the after noone of that day, being the .xxvj. of May) vnto the .xxviij. day of the ſame Moneth, the Larde of Peterroe was let downe by a rope from the Caſtell: and af|terwardes the Larde of Graunge himſelfe, the Captaine of the Caſtell, and Robert Meluin came likewiſe downe to talke with the generall, and ſuch other as were appoynted to accompa|nie him. Herevpon at length, to witte the ſayd xxviij. of May, the Caſtell was ſurrendred into the handes of Sir William Drurie, Generall of the Engliſh forces there. And ſo it reſted in his poſſeſſion for the tyme, and his Enſigne was ſet vppe, and ſpredde during the ſame time in ſundrie places of the Caſtell, and after|wardes, to the greate honour of England,Queene Eliza|beth a fayth-holder. by him it was delyuered vnto the vſe of the king of Scottes.

The .xvj. of Iune the priſoners were deliue|red by the ſayde ſir William Drurie, in preſence of ſundrie Scottes and Engliſhmen vnto the handes of the Regent, and that done, the ſame day the ſayde ſir William Drurie wyth hys power departed homewardes to Barwike.

The names of the priſoners were theſe.

  • Sir William Kirkaudie Larde of Graunge, and Capitayne of the Caſtell of Eden|bourgh.
  • The Lorde Hume.
  • The Lord of Ledington, Secretarie.
  • The Lard of Peterroe, Coneſtable of the ca|ſtell.
  • The Counteſſe of Arguile.
  • The Ladie of Ledington.
  • The Ladie of Graunge, with others.

But yet the priuate ſouldiours, and others of the meaner ſort, were ſuffred to depart with bagge and baggage.

Thus by the valiant prowes, and worthie policie of ſir William Drurie, our Queenes Maieſties Generall, and other the Captaines and ſouldiours vnder his charge, was that Ca|ſtell of Edenbourgh woonne (as before yee haue heard) which by the common opinion of men, was eſteemed impregnable, and not to bee ta|ken by force: inſomuche as many thought it tooke the name of the Mayden Caſtell, for that it had not beene woonne at any tyme before, except by famine or practiſe: but ſuche is the force of the Canon in this age, that no For|treſſe, be it neuer ſo ſtrong, is able of it ſelfe to reſyſt the puyſſaunce thereof, if the ſituation be of that nature, as the grounde aboute it will ſerue to conuey the great artillerie to bee planted in batterie agaynſt it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeuenth of Iune,Haile in Nor|thamto [...]ſhire. betwene the houres of one and two of the clocke in the after noone, a great tempeſt of haile and raine hapned at To|ceſter in Northamto [...]ſhire, wherethrough ſixe houſes in that towne were borne downe, and fourtene more ſore periſhed with the waters which roſe of that tempeſt: the hailſtones were ſquare, and ſixe ynches about, one childe was there drowned, and many ſheepe with other cat|tell, which when the water was fallen, many of them were lying on the highe hedges, where the waters had left them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xvj. of Iune, Thomas Woodhouſe,Thomas Woodhouſe. a Prieſt of Lincolnſhire, who had laine long pri|ſoner in the Fleete, was arraigned in the Guild|hall of London, and there condemned of highe treaſon, who had iudgement to bee hanged and

The names of ſuch Gentlemen and Captaines as had charge at the ſiege and wynning of Edenburgh Caſtell. Anno. 1573.

  • _SIr VVilliam Drurie generall of hir maieſties forces there.
  • Sir Frauncis Ruſſel Knight.
  • Maiſter Henrie Killigrew hir maieſties ambaſſadoure at that preſent in Scotland.
  • Captaine Reade.
  • Captaine Erington maiſter of the ordinance and prouoſt Marſhal, by whoſe skilful in|duſtrie and knowledge got by diligent foremarking the ſtate and manner of that fortreſſe, the enterpriſe was the more ſpedily atchieued.
  • Captaine Pikeman.
  • Captaine Gamme.
  • Captaine VVood.
  • Captaine Caſe.
  • Captaine Sturley.
  • Maiſter Thomas Barton.

The names of ſuche Gentlemen as went thyther to ſerue of their owne free vvilles.

  • SIr George Carie Knight.
  • Sir Henry Lee Knight.
  • Maiſter Thomas Cecil.
  • Maiſter Michael Carie.
  • Maiſter Henry Carie.
  • Maiſter VVilliam Knolles.
  • Maiſter Thomas Sutton.
  • Maiſter Cotton.
  • Maiſter Kelway.
  • Maiſter Dier.
  • Maiſter Tilney.
  • Maiſter VVilliam Killigrew
  • Maiſter VVilliam Selby, and diuerſe other.

Artillerie brought from Barwike by ſea to Leith, and ſo to the ſiege of this Caſtel.

  • SIxe double Cannons.
  • Fourteene whole Culuerins.
  • Two Sacres.
  • Two Mortuys peeces.
  • Two Bombardes.
  • Beſide theſe there were three or foure Pee|ces of the Scottiſh Kings, and foure or fiue bands of Scottes Souldiers.
  • The Engliſh power was a thouſand ſouldiers and three hundred Pioners.
[figure appears here on page 1433] EEBO page image 1435 EEBO page image 1869 quartered, and was executed at Tiburne the .xix of Iune.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xvj. of Auguſt, Walter Erle of Eſſex, accompanyed with the Lorde Riche, [...]le of Eſſex and the Lorde [...]che with o| [...]er ſayled in| [...] Irelande. and diuerſe other Gentlemen, embarked themſelues in ſeue|rall ſhippes at Leirpoole, and the winde ſitting verie well, tooke theyr voyage towardes Ire|lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle after many and great daungers on the Sea, at length wan Copemans Ilande, from whence in a Piniſe of Captaine Perces, he was brought ſafe to Knockfergus. The Lorde Riche with the like daunger landed at Caſtell Killife, where being met by Captaine Malbie, maiſter Smith, and maſter Moore Pencioners, was conducted to Inche Abbay maiſter Malbis houſe, where he had in a readineſſe on the mor|row morning a hundred and fiftie horſemen for theyr ſafegarde to Knockfergus, beſide fiftie Kernes which went a foote through the Woods: there was among theſe a thirtie Bowes with a Bagpype, the reſt had Dartes. Sir Bryan Makephelin had preyed the Countrey, and ta|ken away what was to be caryed or dryuen, but on the ſixt of September he came to Knockfer|gus, to the Earle of Eſſex, and there made his ſubmiſſion: the number of kine were eſteemed thirtie thouſand, beſides ſheepe and ſwine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After him Ferdorough Macgillaſticke, the blinde Scots ſonne, Roze, Oge, Macwilline did the like, and diuerſe other ſent their Meſſengers to the erle, to ſignifie that they were at his lord|ſhips diſpoſition, as the Baron of Dongarrowe Condenell, Odonell, and the captaine of Kylul|to.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Erle of Eſſex hauing the Countrey of Clanyboy & other,Erle of Eſſex captaine gene|rall of Vlſter [...] Ireland. the Q. Maieſtie of England directed hir letters to the Lorde Deputie of Ire|lande, willing him to make by Commiſſion the Earle of Eſſex Captaine generall of the Iriſhe Nation in the Prouince of Vlſter, and to de|uide the Countrey woonne, Clanyboy and elſe where. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xj. of October, Peter Burchet Gentle|man of the middle Temple, with his Dagger ſodainly aſſayled, cruelly wounded, and ment to haue murdered a ſeruiceable Gentleman named Iohn Hawkins eſquire, [...]ter Burchet [...]ounded M. Hawkins. as he with ſir William Winter, and an other gentlemen, rode towards Weſtminſter, in the highe ſtreete neare to the Strand, beyond the Temple barre of London, for which fact the ſayde Burchet beeing appre|hended and committed to the Tower, was after examined concerning the fact, who aunſwered that he tooke the ſayde Maiſter Hawkins for an other Gentleman,Peter Burchet [...]nd to be an heretike. and being further examined, he was founde to holde certaine erronious opini|ons, for the which hee was ſent to the Lollards Tower, from thence being called into the con|ſiſtorie of Poules Church, before the right reue|rend father Edwin Biſhop of London,Peter Burchet abiured his he|reſie, and ſub|mitted him|ſelfe to doe penance. and o|ther, and by them examined, he ſtoode in his opi|nions, till the ſentence of death, as an heretike was readie to haue beene pronounced agaynſte him on the fourth of Nouember: but through the earneſt perſwaſions of dyuerſe learned men, who tooke great paynes in that matter, hee re|nounced, forſwore, and abiured his opinions for erronious and damnable, promiſing neuer to re|turne to them, and alſo willingly to do and per|fourme all ſuch penance as the Biſhop his Or|dinarie ſhould enioyne him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .ix. of Nouember, the ſayd Peter Bur|chet was remoued from the Lollards Tower, to the Tower of London, where on the nexte morrow about noone, whileſt one that had kept him companie was gone downe, and locked the doore after him, leauing an other with him called Hugh Longworth, who ſtoode at the Window reading in the Bible, the ſayd Burchet walking vp and downe in the Chamber, tooke a Billets ende out of the fire,Peter Burchet killeth his keeper. and knocked the ſayd Long|worth on the head, and left not till he had ſtry|ken him ſtarke deade, for the which on the next morrow he was arraigned and condemned at Weſtminſter, and then returned to Somerſet houſe, where he remayned that night, and on the next morrow being the twelfe of Nouember, he was brought to the Gybet, where after his right hande being ſtriken off, and nayled to the Gibet,Peter Buchet hanged. he was hanged nigh the place where he woun|ded maiſter Hawkins.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare aboute Lammas, wheate was ſolde at London for three ſhillings the Buſhell,An. reg. 16. but ſhortly after it was raiſed to foure ſhillings, fiue ſhillings, ſixe ſhillings, and before Chriſt|maſſe to a Noble, and ſeuen ſhillings,Dearth with|out ſearcitie. whiche ſo continued long after: biefe was ſolde for twen|tie pens, and two and twenty pens the ſtone, and all other fleſh and white meates at an exceſſiue price, all kinde of ſaltfiſhe verie deare, as fiue hea|rings two pence .&c. yet greate plentie of freſhe fiſhe, and oft tymes the ſame verie cheape: peaſe at foure ſhillings the buſhell, Otemeale at foure ſhillings eight pens. Bay ſalt at three ſhillings the Buſhell .&c. All this dearth notwithſtan|ding, (thankes bee gyuen to God) there was no want of any thing to hym that wanted not money.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth of Aprill being Palme Sunday there was taken ſaying of Maſſe in the Lorde Morleys houſe within Algate of London,


Prieſts ſaying Maſſe appre|hended.

one Albon Dolman Prieſt, and the Ladie Morley with hir children, and diuerſe others were alſo taken hearing of the ſayde Maſſe. There was alſo taken the ſame day and houre for ſaying EEBO page image 1870 Maſſe at the Ladie Gilfordes in Trinitie lane, one Oliuer Heywood Prieſt: and for hearing of the ſayde Maſſe, the ſayde Ladie Gilforde with diuerſe other Gentlewomen. There was alſo taken at the ſame inſtaunt in the Ladie Browns houſe in Cow lane for ſaying Maſſe, one Thomas Heywood Prieſt, and one Iohn Cowper Prieſt, with the Ladie Browne, and diuerſe other were likewiſe taken being hearers of the ſayde Maſſe. All which perſons were for the ſame offences, indicted, conuicted, and had the lawe according to the ſtatute in that caſe prouided. There was alſo founde in their ſeue|ral Chapels diuerſe latin bookes, Beades, Ima|ges, Palmes, Chalices, Croſſes, veſtmentes, Pixes, Paxes, and ſuch like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A moon ſtru [...] fiſh (but not ſo monſtrous as ſome repor|ted) for his cies being great, were in his heade and not in his backe.The .ix. of Iuly at ſix of the clocke at night, in the Ile of Thauer beſides Rameſgate, in the Pariſh of Saint Peter vnder the Cliffe, a mon|ſtrous fiſh or Whale of the Sea did ſhoote him|ſelfe on ſhore, where for want of water, beating himſelfe on the ſandes, hee dyed about ſixe of the clocke on the next morning, before which tyme he roared, and was heard more than a myle on the lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The length of this fiſh was xxij. yardes, the nether iaw. xij. foote the opening, one of his eyes being taken out of his head, was more than ſixe horſe in a cart could draw, a man ſtoode vpright in the place from whence the eye was taken, the thickneſſe from the backe where on he lay, to the toppe of his bellie (which was vpwarde) was fourtene foote, his taile of the ſame breadth: be|twene his eies. xij. foote, three men ſtood vpright in his mouth, ſome of the ribbes were ſixe foote long, his tongue was. xv. foote long, his lyuer two Cart load, into his noſtrels any man might haue crept: the oyle being boyled out of the head was Parmaſite, the oyle of his bodie was why|tiſh, and ſweete of taſte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Obſequie at Paules for the French king.The ſeuenth of Auguſt, a ſolemne Obſequie was kept in Saint Paules Church at London for Charles the ninth King of Fraunce, who deceaſſed on the twentie day of May laſt before paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xv. of Auguſt being Sunday, Agnes Bridges,Agnes Bridges and Rachell Pinder at Pau|les croſſe for counterfeiting to be poſseſsed a Mayde about the age of .xx. yeares, and Rachell Pinder, a wenche about eleuen or twelue yeares olde, who both of them had coun|terfeyted to be poſſeſſed by the Diuell (whereby they had not onely marueylouſly deluded ma|ny people, both men and women, but alſo dy|uerſe ſuch perſons, as otherwiſe ſeemed to bee of good witte and vnderſtanding) ſtoode before the preacher at Paules Croſſe, where they acknow|ledged theyr hypocriticall counterfeyting, with penitent behauiours, requyring forgiueneſſe of God and the worlde, and the people to praye for them. Alſo their ſeuerall examinations and confeſſions were there openly read by the Prea|cher, and afterwardes publiſhed in prynt, for the further poſteritie hereafter to beware of the lyke deceyuers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourth of September in the afternoone,A lad of .xvii. yeares olde drowned in a chanell in London. ſuch a ſtorme of raine happened at London, as the like of long time coulde not bee remembred, wherethrough the Chanels of the Citie ſodain|ly ryſing, ranne with ſuch a forceable courſe to|wardes the common ſhores, that a lad about the age of. xviij. yeres, minding to haue lept ouer the Chanell neare vnto Downgate, was borne o|uer with the ſtreame, and by the ſame caryed frõ the Conduyt there, towardes the Thames, with ſuch a ſwiftneſſe, that no man with ſlaues or o|ther wayes coulde ſtaye him, tyll hee came a|gaynſt a Cart wheele that ſtoode in the water gate, afore whiche time hee was drowned and ſtarke dead.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Maior of London went by water to Weſtmynſter,No Maiors leaſt at the Guildhall. and there tooke his othe as hath beene accuſtomed: he kept no feaſt at the Guildhall, although great prouiſion had beene made for that purpoſe, but dyned at his owne houſe with his brethren the Aldermen: the com|panies dyned at their ſeuerall halles. This was done by appoyntment of the Queenes maieſties Counſaile, to auoyd infection of the plague, like to haue encreaſed by comming togither of ſuch a multitude. This weeke, from the .xxij. vnto the .xxviij. of October, deceaſed in the Citie and liberties, conteyning .Cviij. Pariſhes, of all diſ|eaſes, one hundred three ſcore and ſixe, of the which number. lxxv. were accounted to die of the plague.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Michaelmaſſe terme,Terme adio [...]|ned. which had beene ad|iourned by Proclamation, began at Weſtmin|ſter on the ſixt of Nouember.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame ſixte day in the morning,Two tides in one houre. there happened two great tydes at London, in the ry|uer of Thames, the firſt by courſe, the other within one houre after, which ouerflowes the Marſhes with many vaultes and ſellers neare adioyning.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xiiij. of Nouember being Sunday,Fierie impreſ|ſions maruey|lous. a|bout midnight following, diuerſe ſtraunge im|preſſions of fire and ſmoke were ſeene in the ayre to proceede forth of a blacke clowde in the north towardes the South, which ſo continued till the next morning that it was day light.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next night following, the heauens from all parts did ſeeme to burne marueylous raging|ly, and ouer our heades, the flames from the ho|rizon rounde about ryſing did meete, and there double, and roll one in another, as if it had beene in a cleare furneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xviij. day at night,An. Reg. 17. was very ſtormie and EEBO page image 1871 tempeſtuous of winds out of the South, I haue not knowne the like out of that quarter) eſpeci|ally after mydnight till the next morning that it was day light. Theſe are to bee receyued as tokens of Gods wrath readie bent agaynſt the worlde for ſinne now abounding, and alſo of his great mercie, who doth onely thus but to ſhewe the rod wherwith we dayly deſerue to be beaten.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare at London after Harueſt, the price of wheate began by little and little to fall, from ſeuen ſhillings to three ſhillings the buſhel, at which price it ſtayed (little or nothing ryſing or falling) all the yeare after: but bay ſalt was rayſed from three ſhillings to foure ſhillings,Bay ſalt deare. fiue ſhillings, and ſixe ſhillings the buſhell, the lyke whereof had neuer bene ſeene or heard wythin this Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


Fies in Fe| [...]uarie the [...]her ſtrange.

The .xxiiij. of Februarie, the feaſt of Saint Mathie, on which day the fayre was kept at Teukeſburie, a ſtraunge thing happened there, for after a floud, which was not great, but ſuch as thereby the Medowes neare adioyning were couered with water, in the after noone ther came downe the Ryuer of Seuerne, great numbers of Flies and Betles, ſuch as in Sommer Eue|nings vſe to ſtryke men in the face, in great hea|pes, a foote thicke aboue the water, ſo that to cre|dible mens iudgement there were ſeene wythin a payre of But lengthes of thoſe Flies aboue a hundred quarters. The Milles there aboutes were damned vp with them for the ſpace of foure dayes after, and then were cleanſed by dygging them out with ſhouels: from whence they came is yet vnknowne, for the day was colde and a harde froſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Earthquake.The .xxvj. of Februarie, betwene foure and ſixe of the clocke in the after noone, great Earth|quakes hapned in the Cities of Yorke, Worce|ſter, Glouceſter, Briſtowe, Hereforde, and in the Countreys aboute, which cauſed the people to runne out of their houſes, for feare they ſhoulde haue fallen on theyr heades. In Teukeſburie, Bredon and other places, the diſhes fell from the Cupbourdes, and the bookes in mens ſtudies from the ſhelues. In Norton Chapell the peo|ple being on their knees at Euening prayer, the ground mouing, cauſed them to runne away, in great feare that the dead bodies would haue ry|ſen, or the Chapell to haue fallen: part of Rithen Caſtell fell downe with certaine bricke Chym|neys in gentlemens houſes. The Bell in the ſhire hall at Denbigh, was cauſed to toll twice by ſhaking of the hall. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Eaſter day, which was the thirde of A|prill, about nine of the clocke in the forenoone, was diſcloſed a congregation of Anabaptyſts, Dutchmen, in a houſe without the Barres of Aldegate at London, whereof .xxvij. were taken and ſent to priſon, and foure of them bearing fa|gots,Anabaptiſts bare fagots at Paules croſſe. recanted at Pauls croſſe on the .xv. of May in forme as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 WHereas I. I. T. R. H. beeing ſeduced by the Diuell the ſpirite of errour, and by falſe teachers his Miniſters, haue fallen into cer|tayne moſte deteſtable, and damnable hereſles, namely:

  • 1 That Chriſt tooke not fleſh of the ſubſtance of the bleſſed virgin Marie.
  • 2 That infants of the faithfull ought not to bee baptized.
  • 3 That a chriſtian man may not be a Magiſtrate or beare the ſworde or office of aucthoritie.
  • 4 That it is not lawfull for a Chriſtian to take an othe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Now by the grace of God, and through con|ference with good and learned Miniſters of Chriſt his Church: I doe vnderſtande and ac|knowledge the ſame to be moſt damnable, and deteſtable hereſies, and doe aſke God here before his Church mercie for my ſayde former errors, and do forſake them, recant, and renounce them, and abiure them from the bottom of my heart, profeſſing that I certainly beleeue.

    Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4
  • 1 That Chriſt tooke fleſh of the ſubſtance of the bleſſed virgin Marie.
  • 2 That infants of the faithful ought to be bap|tized.
  • 3 That a chriſtian man may be a Magiſtrate, or beare the ſworde and office of aucthoritie.
  • 4 That it is lawfull for a chriſtian man to take an othe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And further I confeſſe, that the whole doc|trine, and religion eſtabliſhed and publiſhed in this Realme of Englande, as alſo that which is receyued and preached in the Dutche Churche here in this Citie, is ſounde, true and according to the worde of God, wherevnto in all things I ſubmit my ſelfe, and wil moſt gladly be a mem|ber of the ſayd Dutch Church, from henceforth vtterly abandoning and forſaking all and euery Anabaptiſticall error.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This is my fayth nowe, in the which I doe purpoſe and truſt to ſtande firme and ſtedfaſt vnto the ende, and that I may ſo doe, I beſeech you all to pray with me, and for me, to God the heauenly Father, in the name of his ſonne our Sauiour Ieſus Chriſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The like recantation was made by them afterwardes in the Dutche Church.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xvij. of May,Archbiſhop of Canterburie deceaſed. about mydnight follo|wing, the right reuerend father in God Mathew EEBO page image 1872 Parker, Doctour of Diuinitie, Archbyſhop of Caunterburie deceaſed at Lambeth, and was there honourably buried, on whoſe Tombe be|ing of blacke Marble, is written this Epitaphe following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Mathew Parker liued ſoberly and wiſe,
Learned by ſtudie and continuall practiſe.
Louing, true, of life vncontrolde,
The court did foſter him both yong and olde.
Orderly he delt, the right he did defend,
He liued vnto God, to God he made his ende.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Annabaptiſts baniſhed.The .xxj. of May being Whitſuneuen, one man and ten women Anabaptiſts Dutch, were in the Conſiſtorie of Paules, condemned to bee burnt in Smithfield, but after great paynes ta|king with them, onely one woman was con|uerted, the other were baniſhed the lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the firſt of Iune the nine women being led by the Sherifes officers, the man was tyed to a Cart and whipped, and ſo all conueyed from Newgate to the waters ſide, where they were ſhipped away, neuer to returne againe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fiue perſons of the family loue ſtood at Paules croſſe.The .xij. of Iune, ſtoode at Paules Croſſe, fiue perſons Engliſhmen, of the ſect tearmed the family of loue, who there confeſſed themſelues vtterly to deteſt as well the Authour of that ſect. H. N. as all his damnable errours and he|reſies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxij. of Iuly, two Dutchmen Ana|baptiſts were burnt in Smithfield,Anaba [...]inſts burns. who dyed in great horror with roaring and crying.

[figure appears here on page 1872]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thunder and haile.The .xxx. of Iuly in the after noone, was a great tempeſt of lightning and thunder, where|through both men and beaſtes in dyuerſe places were ſtryken dead. Alſo at that tyme fell greate abundance of hayle, whereof the ſtones in many places were founde to be ſixe or ſeuen ynches a|boute.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Glaſſe houſe burnt.The fourth of September being Sunday, a|bout ſeuen of the clock in the morning, a certain Glaſſehouſe, which ſometyme had bene the croſ|ſed Friers hall, neare to the Tower of London, braſt out on a terrible fire, where vnto the Lorde Maior, Aldermen and Sherifes, with all expe|dition repayred, and practiſed there all meanes poſſible, by water buckets, hookes, and otherwiſe to haue quenched it: all which notwithſtanding, whereas the ſame houſe in a ſmall tyme before had conſumed great quantitie of woodde by ma|king of fine drinking glaſſes, now it ſelf hauing within it neare .xl. thouſand billets of wood, was all conſumed to the ſtone walles, which walles greatly defended the fire from ſpreading further, and doing any more harme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .xxvj. of September, a Pulters wife in the Pariſh of Chriſtes Church within New|gate of London, was deliuered and brought to bed of foure children at one burthen, all females, or mayden children, which were Chriſtened by the names of Elizabeth, Marie, Margaret, and Dorothie, and the ſame day Moneth the mother was buryed, but all the foure Children liuing & in good liking were borne to Church after hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Michaelmaſſe euen at night, the like im|preſſions of fire and ſmoke were ſeene in the aire, to flaſh out the North Eaſt, North & North|weſt, as had beene on the .xxv. of Nouember, laſt before paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The tenth of October many French and ſome Engliſh men, but all Pirates of the Seas, were arraigned at ye admiraltie court in South|warke, where to the number of .xxij. were con|demned, and had ſentence of death pronounced agaynſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Maior of London went by water to Weſtminſter, and there tooke his othe as hath beene accuſtomed, he kept no feaſt at the Guild|hall, but dined at his owne houſe with his bre|thren the Aldermen and other. The compa|nies dyned at theyr ſeuerall Halles. &c. This was done as in the yeare laſt before paſſed, to auoyde the infection of the plague, which might haue encreaſed by comming togyther of greater numbers of people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 That weeke from the .xxij. vnto the .xxviij. of October, deceaſſed in the Citie and libertyes, of all diſeaſes one hundred thirtie and two, of the which number .xxxvj. were accounted to die of the plague.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The next weeke following ending the thirde of Nouember (thankes be giuen to God there|fore) there deceaſed of all diſeaſes, but .Cx. and of them of the plague but .xxvj.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yeare by reaſon of the troubles in the low Countreys, An. Reg. 18. 1576 the Engliſh Marchants ſu|ſteyned great loſſes dyuerſe wayes, for the men of warre that kept the Seas, aduowing them|ſelues to bee reteyned with the Prince of O|range, vnder colour to ſearche for theyr aduerſa|ries goodes, oftentymes bourded the Engliſhe ſhippes as they mette with them on the Seas, EEBO page image 1873 finally to the profite of them to whome the ſame ſhippes & goodes appertayned. Some they ſtayed and tooke away with them, and at length there was a generall reſtraynt made by the Prince of Orange, that no Engliſh ſhippes ſhould paſſe to or fro the towne of Andwerpe by the riuer of Scheld, ſuch being arreſted and deteyned at Fli|ſhing as were comming downe that riuer, and other likewiſe that were bound vp the ſame time towardes Andwerpe. The Engliſh merchants feeling themſelues thus moleſted and damnified at ſundry ſeaſons, exhibited their complaintes to the Queenes Maieſties coũſell, who according|ly dealt frõ time to time with the Prince of O|range and his deputies for redreſſe, but ſpecially now vpõ this general reſtraint: & (although gret difficultie appeared in the mater, aſwell for con|tenting of the aduenturers of Fliſhyng, [...]eſe foure [...]ppes were [...]ed for ſa|tisfaction of [...] Simons [...]ppe, out of [...] whiche a [...] [...]hynger [...] taken cer| [...]yne times of [...]arie wine. as for yt there had bene foure ſhippes belonging to the Prince arreſted & ſtayed at Falmouth) at length yet ſuch Engliſh ſhippes as were kept & holden at Fliſhing were releaſſed and ſent home. But not till two of the Engliſh marchantes aduenturers men of good calling and eſtimation (hauing firſt as hath bene ſaide made a certaine maner of pro|teſte) were faine to enter into bande for the loane of a ſumme of money, [...]tire Cal| [...]y, & Wil|liam Godard. and were therewith kepte at Fliſhyng till the contract in that behalf might be performed, wherevpon the Queenes Maieſtie miſliking that hir ſubiectes ſhould be thus hard|ly dealt with, armed and ſet forth certayne of hir ſhippes, whiche going to the ſeas to ſee that hir ſubiectes might trauerſe the ſame in ſafetie, tooke diuers of the Fliſhingers veſſels and brought thẽ into the Engliſh ſtreames. The Fliſhingers herewith on the other parte, tooke and arreſted o|ther of the Engliſh ſhips, ſo that the troubles ſee|med rather to increaſe than to be in any wiſe ap|peaſed. Although afterwardes by ſending two and fro, the mater was taken vp, and ſuche order had as was thought to ſtande very well for the ſuertie, commoditie, and good liking of the En|gliſh Merchantes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But in the meane time and before this could be brought to paſſe through a diſordered mutinie whiche chaunced among the Spaniſhe Souldi|ers, it ſo fell out, that the States of thoſe lowe countreys agreed with the Prince of Orange, & ſet themſelues wholy agaynſt the Spaniardes, wherevpon the yong Counte de Egmont, the Marques de Hauery entred the towne of And|werpe with a power of Souldiers for ye States, & ment to haue kept that towne againſt the Spa|niardes that helde the Caſtell but they doubting to be encloſed and ſhut vp by ſome ſiege,

This was the [...]eth of No| [...]ber.

[...] one and [...]er ſlayne, [...]ewned and [...].

got moe of their fellowes to them, entred the towne by force, and pitifully killing no ſmall number of people, ſacked the towne, & put aſwel the towneſ|men as others that were Merchantes reſident there to their ranſomes. Amongſt other our En|gliſhmen eſcaped not altogither free, ſo as diuers were ſpoyled of that they had, and the whole nũ|ber put to their ranſome, although vpon the ſen|ding ouer of Doctor Wilſon hir Maieſties Am|baſſadour, ſo much of the raunſom as remayned vnpayde was promiſed to be remitted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus were our Merchants euill intreated on ech hand, by reaſon of thoſe ciuill tumultes in the lowe countreys aſwell this yeare as in the for|mer yeares paſt, and ſmall hope would be of bet|ter ſucceſſe there, if ſome ende ſhoulde not be had of that ciuill diſſention, whiche hath ſo long con|tinued betwixt the King of Spayne & his ſub|iectes in thoſe countreys, not onely to the hinde|rance of themſelues, but alſo of others that haue to trade among them, ſpecially for traffique ſake and entercourſe of Merchandiſe. But at length they haue compounded their controuerſies, and are growen to a full agreement and perfect con|cluſion of peace, whiche God graunt may take place ſo effectually, as may turne to the quietneſſe and publique cõmoditie, not onely of thoſe coun|treys, but of their neighbours, whereby Mer|chants and paſſengers may in ſuertie paſſe to and fro without diſturbance, ſo as no occaſion be giuẽ of breach of leagues and amities betwixt Princes and Countreys, but that the ſame may be mainteyned to Gods glorie, and the ſuretie of the Chriſtian common wealth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Walter Deueroux Earle of Eſſex, and Eu Earle Marſhall of Ireland, Knight of the moſte noble order of the Garter, fell ſicke of a looſeneſſe of his body the .xxj. of Auguſt being Fryday, and for the ſpace of .xxij. dayes togither, hee was ſo greeuouſly tormented therewith,The Earle of Eſſex depar|teth this lyfe. that finally on Saturday the .xxij. of September hee departed out of this tranſitorie life, paſſing from hence to the ioyes of heauen, as by his godly ende all that were aboute him haue giuen teſtimonie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The loſſe of this noble man was greatly bemo|ned, aſwell by the Engliſh, as Iriſh, for the no|ble courage, vertuous qualities, and tender zeale to the aduauncement of the common wealth whiche appeared in him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The .x. of Nouember a proclamation was publiſhed for the free traffike of Merchants to be reſtored as had bene accuſtomed in times paſte betwixte the Kingdomes and Countreys of the Queenes Maieſtie of England and the King of Portingall, whiche traffique had bene diſconti|nued by reaſon of certayne ſtayes and arreſtes, made of diuers ſubiectes on bothe partes, with their goodes and ſhippes. But now it was accor|ded in name of both their Maieſties, that all ma|ner of bothe their ſubiectes of what kingdome or countrey ſo euer they be, from the .xv. day of the EEBO page image 1874 ſayde moneth might vſe the like mutuall traffi|que for marchãdices, and in the ſame places: that is to ſay, hir Maieſties ſubiects in the kingdomes of Portingale, and Algarbia, and in the Iſles of Medera, and Azore: and likewiſe the ſubiectes of the King of Portingale in Englande and Ire|lande, as they were lawfully accuſtomed before the ſayde arreſtes. This reſtitution of the ſayde traffique to remayne from the ſayde .xv. day of Nouẽber in this yeare .1576. during the ſpace of three yeares next enſuing. At the end of which terme, if by the ſayde Princes in the meane time it be not otherwiſe prouided for continuance of the ſayd traffique to endure perpetually, no new arreſtes ſhal be made of any things brought into the kingdomes and Iſles aforeſayde, of either of the ſayd Princes during the time of the ſayd .iij. yeares. It was further agreed by the ſaid Prin|ces for the more ſure preſeruation of the ami|tie & frẽdſhip betwixt them, their ſayd realmes & ſubiectes, that neither of them ſhall receyue any Pirate or rouer into any of the portes or creekes of either of the Realmes, Dominiõs, and Coun|treys, whiche may or ſhall haue committed any Piracie or robberie vpon eyther of their ſubiects, nor ſhall ſhewe any fauour, giue any ayde or ſuccour, or ſuffer any to be giuen directly or indi|rectly to the ſayde Rouers or Pirates. Neither ſhall they during the time of the ſayde amitie, in either of their kingdomes or any place of their dominiõs, fauour, entertaine, receiue or reteyne, nor ſuffer to be fauoured, entertayned, receyued, or retained by any of their ſubiects, and rebelles, traytours or fugitiues, ſubiects to either of them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus farce haue I continued this collection of the Engliſh Hiſtories, noting briefly in theſe later yeares, ſuche things as I finde in the a|bridgement of Richarde Grafton, and in the Summarie of Iohn Stow, increaſed ſomwhat (as may appeare) in places with ſuch helpes as haue come to my hande, humbly beſeeching the Reader to accept the ſame in good parte, and to pardon me where I haue not ſatiſfied his expe|ctation, ſithe herein I muſt confeſſe, I haue no|thing contented my ſelfe, but yet at the requeſt of others haue done what I could and not what I would, for wante of conference with ſuche as might haue furniſhed mee with more large in|ſtructions, ſuch as had bene neceſſarie for the pur|poſe.

But now to obſerue the order which hither|to I haue followed, in mencionyng of ſuch wri|ters of our nation, as liued in the dayes of other Princes, I haue thought good to write alſo the names of ſome of thoſe that haue flouriſhed in the time of the peaceable reigne of our ſoue|raigne Lady Queene Elizabeth, whoſe happie ſtate with long life the Lorde maynteyne. Of whiche wryters as there are many ſome depar|ted and others yet liuing, ſo the greate number of workes, Treatiſes, Poeſies, Tranſlations, and Pamphlets by them publiſhed to the world, may fully witneſſe the flouriſhing ſtate of the Muſes in theſe dayes of peace, in the which lear|ning is bothe cheriſhed, and the ſtudious enioye their wiſſhed quietneſſe, the better to encourage them to vtter their talentes. Suche therefore as I finde eyther rehearſed by Maiſter Bale, or els otherwiſe ſhall come to my memorie, I meane thus to recorde their names as followeth.

  • REginald Poole Cardinall.
  • Mathew Parkar late Archbiſhop of Can|torbury, doctor of Deuinitie, & a great ſearcher of antiquities, deſeruing well of all thoſe that are ſtudious therein, for the furtherance of whoſe knowledge he reſtored many auncient Monumentes to good perfection, and cauſed ſome to bee publiſhed in Prince, to his highe prayſe and commendation.
  • Edmond Grindall now Archbiſhop of Cant.
  • Iames Pilkinton late biſhop of Dureſme.
  • Myles Couerdale ſometime biſhop of Exceſter.
  • Iohn White once biſhop of Wincheſter.
  • Edmond Bonner once biſhop of London, who for his wilfull obſtinacie was empryſoned in the Marſhalſe, where he died.
  • Raphe Bane once byſhop of Couentrie and Lichfielde.
  • Iohn Iewell late biſhop of Sarum.
  • William Barlow late biſhop of Chicheſter.
  • Robert Horne biſhop of Wincheſter.
  • Iohn Scory biſhop of Hereford.
  • Edmonde Freake biſhop of Norwiche.
  • Iohn Aelmer biſhop of London.
  • Thomas Cooper biſhop of Lincolne.
  • Iohn Parkhurſt late biſhop of Norwiche.
  • Alley late biſhop of Execſter.
  • Sir William Cecill Lord Threſourer.
  • Lorde Wentworth.
  • Lord Buckhurſt.
  • Sir Thomas Smith knight.
  • Sir Anthony Cooke knight.
  • Sir Thomas Chalenor knight.
  • Sir Iohn Price knight.
  • Sir Iohn Conwey Knight.
  • Sir Humfrey Gilbert knight.
  • Thomas Hobbey.
  • William Stanford.
  • Edmond Ploydon.
  • Robert Brooke.
  • Iohn Raſtell.
  • William Fleetewood.
  • Walter Haddon.
  • Thomas Wilſon, now Embaſſadour for the Queene in the lowe Countreys, who had ſometimes charge of the bringyng vp of thoſe two worthy impes, Henry Duke of South|folke, EEBO page image 1875 and Charles his brother, both ſonnes to Charles Brandon ſomtime Duke of South|folke, whoſe towardneſſe was ſuche as was well worthy of their calling: but it pleaſed God to call them by the ſweate, Anno. 1551. the elder firſte, and the yonger after: ſo that they bothe died Dukes, whiche I forgote to note in the place where I made mention of the ſame ſickneſſe.
  • Iohn Man.
  • Iohn Hales.
  • Thomas Norton.
  • William Lambert.
  • Iohn Foxe.
  • Alexander Nowell.
  • Iohn Whiteguiſte.
  • Thomas Becon.
  • William Turner.
  • Laurence Humfrey.
  • Dauid Whitehead.
  • Iohn Bale.
  • Iohn Dee.
  • Anthony Gylbie.
  • Chryſtopher Goodman.
  • William Whittingham.
  • Roger Aſkam.
  • Iohn Martine.
  • Barthelmew Clarke.
  • George Ackworth.
  • Iohn Caius, an excellent Phiſition, who foun|ded Caius colledge in Cambridge, or rather by augmenting a hall called Gunhill hall, by a ſeconde foundation, named it Gunhill and Caius colledge.
  • Thomas North.
  • Iohn Marbecke.
  • Edmond Becke.
  • Iohn Pullen.
  • Thomas Phaer.
  • Roger Hutchinſon.
  • Thomas Gibſon.
  • George Conſtantine.
  • Richarde Cockes.
  • Iames Calfhill.
  • Iohn Willocke.
  • Thomas Cartwright.
  • Abraham Hartwell.
  • Robert Crowley.
  • Iohn Gough.
  • Fecknam.
  • Laurence Tomſon.
  • Andrew Kingſmill.
  • Iohn Barthlet.
  • Iohn Harding.
  • Edward Craddocke.
  • Thomas Sampſon.
  • Saunders.
  • Thomas Leuer.
  • William Fulke.
  • Thomas Hill.
  • Edward Deering.
  • Iohn Brydges.
  • Iohn Veron.
  • Iohn More.
  • Daniell Rogers.
  • Michaell Rineger.
  • Peter Morwing.
  • Iohn Northbrooke.
  • Anthony Anderſon.
  • Chryſtopher Carlill.
  • Thomas Palfryman.
  • Steuen Bateman.
  • Thomas Doleman.
  • Iohn Wolton.
  • William Whitaker.
  • Robert Watſon.
  • Humfrey Llhuid.
  • Lewes Euans.
  • Iohn Yong.
  • Iohn Mardley.
  • Iohn Plough.
  • Philip Nicols.
  • Iohn Ioſſelin.
  • Arthur Golding.
  • Edmond Campion.
  • William Hariſon.
  • Richard Stanihurſt.
  • Richard Grafton.
  • Iohn Stowe.
  • Alexander Neuill.
  • Barnabe Googe.
  • William Pattin.
  • William Baldwin.
  • George Ferrers.
  • Arthur Brooke.
  • William Barker.
  • Leonard Digges.
  • Thomas Digges.
  • Williã Cunningham.
  • William Painter.
  • Lodowike Llhuid.
  • Richard Raynolds.
  • Iohn Raynolds.
  • Nicholas Whitalke.
  • Iohn Vowell alias Hooket.
  • Thomas Harman.
  • Vlpian Fulwell.
  • Iames Sandford.
  • Geffrey Fẽton.
  • Thomas Twine.
  • Thomas Hedley.
  • William Saliſbury.
  • Iohn Barret.
  • Iohn Procter.
  • Richard Candiſh.
  • Thomas Nicols.
  • Robert Greene.
  • Raphe Leuer.
  • Edward Grant.
  • Iohn Heywood.
  • Thomas Drant.
  • Nicholas Allen Eſſentian.
  • Thomas Tim.
  • EEBO page image 1876Thomas Luſſer.
  • Thomas Hill.
  • William Borne.
  • Leonarde Maſkall.
  • Thomas Blondeuill.
  • Richarde Eden.
  • Edwarde Hake.
  • Otuell Holinſhed.
  • Iohn Barſton.
  • Iohn Harte alias Cheſter Heralde.
  • Iohn Shute Captaine.
  • Richarde Willies.
  • George Gaſcon.
  • George Turberuill.
  • Thomas Churchyarde.
  • Thomas Brice.
  • George Whetſtone.
  • Nicholas Carre.
  • Iohn Higgins.
  • Edmund Bunny.
  • Iohn Barnarde.
  • Thomas Newton.
  • Meridith Hanmer.
  • Iohn Dauys.
  • Thomas Vnderdowne.
  • Richard Robinſon.
  • William Wolley.
  • Barnabe Garter.
  • Abraham Flemming.
  • Reginalde Scot.
  • Thomas Stockir.
  • Henry Dethike.
  • Iohn Boſwell.
  • William Beuerley.
  • Humfrey Baker.
  • Dionyſe Graye.
  • Thomas Biſhop.
  • George Pettie.
  • Thomas Gale.
  • Iohn Hall.
  • Iohn Studley.
  • Edmund Tilney.

I Haue here (Gentle Reader) diſorderedly ſet downe theſe names, for want of due know|ledge how to place them according to their de|grees, callings, or worthineſſe, euẽ as they came to memory. Although I allowe not of the wry|tings of euery of them, yet bicauſe I haue vnder|taken in the former order of my Booke, to Enre|giſter the writers in eche age indifferently, I muſt of force ſo ende, and leaue the iudgement of their writings to the diſcrete Readers. I know there are others that haue written very well, but haue ſuppreſſed their names, and therfore cannot blame me, though they be not here enregiſtred: I wiſhe ſuche to go forewarde in well doing, and to remember that vertue cannot alwayes be hid|den, but in time their names wilbe remembred among the beſt: that thoſe that are vertuouſly gi|uen, may by their worthy prayſe be encouraged to follow their ſteppes, and indeuour themſelues according to duety to aduaunce learning, and neceſſary knowledge in their countrey.


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Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 The ambassa|dor returneth into Englãd.After that the lord Buckhurst had béene feasted and banketted by the king, and other of the French nobilitie, and had accomplished the points of his am|bassage, he tooke leaue of the king, & departed home|wards, arriuing here in England a little before Ea|ster. The second of Aprill a parlement began at Westminster, wherein was granted to the quéenes maiestie (toward hir great charges,A parlement at Westmin|ster. in repressing the late rebellion in the north, and pursuing the said re|bels and their fautors, which were fled into Scot|land) by the cleargie a subsidie of six shillings in the pound;A subsidie. and by the temporaltie two fiftéens, with a subsidie of two shillings and eight pence in the pound. The first, the second, and third of Maie was holden at Westminster before the quéenes maie|stie a solemne iust at the tilt,Iusts at Westminster at the tilt, iourneie and barriers. tourneie and barriers. The chalengers were Edward earle of Oxford, Charles Howard, sir Henrie Lée, and Christopher Hatton esquier, who all did verie valiantlie; but the chiefe honour was giuen to the earle of Oxford. The first of Iune, Iohn Storie a doctor of the canon law, who before had beene condemned of high treason,Doctor Sto|rie executed for high trea|son. was drawen from the tower of London to Tiborne, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartered, his head was set on London bridge, and his quarters on the gates of the citie. Of this monster disguised in the likenesse of a man, it is verie materiall to record what maister Fox hath noted in his historie.