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Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Duke of Albany, hearing of the greate preparation that ye Erle of Shreweſburie made, to raiſe an army of foureſcore thouſande men to inuade Scotlande, hee likewiſe ſente vnto all the Earles,The Duke of Albany rey|ſeth an Army to inuade Englande. Lords, and Nobles of the Realme, wil|ling them to raiſe all ſuche power as they coulde make in defence of their coũtrey, which they did, and ſo being aſſembled, the Duke with a mighty army of Scottiſhmen and certayne Frenchmen, with greate artillerie, marched forwarde, till bee came to the water of Eſke foreaneynſt Carkle, and perceiuing that the Engliſh armie came not then forwarde, he did what he could to perſwade the Noble men to enter into Englande, but as they were in counſell togither about that earneſt motion made to them by the Duke, a certayne graue perſonage ſayde to them in this manner:

My Lords,The words of a Counſeller. hither be we come by the commaun|dement of my Lord gouernor Duke of Albany, & albeit we be ready to defende our owne natiue Realm, cõtraire ye inuaſiõ of our auld enimies of Englande, yet neuertheleſſe it ſeemeth not guid, nor for the weale of our realme of Scotlande to paſſe within England with our army to inuade the ſame at this time, and the earneſt perſwaſiõs whilke the gouernoure makes to vs to doe the ſame, proceedes alane [...]ly for ye pleaſure of Frãce, it appeareth to be ſufficiẽt ynough for vs ſo lang as the king our ſoueraigne Lord is within age to defende our owne Realme, and not to inuade: o|therwiſe, we mar put the hayle countrey, and no|bilitie thereof in hazard of Tinſall, for K. Iames the fourth brought the Realme of Scotlande to the beſt that it euer was and by the warre, it was brought to the worſt almoſt that might bee: for by that warre, was hee and his nobilitie tinte, whilke Scotlande ſare laments. Wherefore by mine aduice, let vs goe to the gouernor, & knowe of him the cauſe why he waulde perſwade vs to inuade England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Then they all came to the gouernours tente, and the Earle of Arrane, an aunciente wiſe man ſpake for them al,The Earle of Arrane decla|reth to the go|uernor the mind of the Lordes. and ſayd. My Lord gouernor, by your will and commandement, here is aſſem|bled the maiſt of the nobilitie of Scotlande with their power, vpõ a pretẽce to enter within Eng|land, my Lords here wauld know the cauſe and quarrell why this warre is begun, gif it myghte pleaſe your goodneſſe it ſhould well ſatiſfie theyr mindes. The Duke ſtudied a little ſpace,The Dukes anſwere to the Erle of Arrane. and ſayde, this queſtion woulde haif bin demaunded ere now, for well you know, that I for very lufe I beare to the Realme of Scotland of ye whilke I haue my name, honor and liguage haife paſ|ſed the Seas from the noble Realme of Fraunce, into this Realme of Scotlande, and great cauſe there was for me ſo to do, to bring you to a vni|tie, when ye ware in diuiſion, by reaſon whereof, youre Realme was like to haue bin conquered and deſtroied. And alſo the king of France, by my ſuites & interceſſion, will ioyne with you in aide againſt ye Engliſh nation: and when this warre was determinate in the Parliamente, you made me Captayne, authoriſing me to inuade Eng|land with Banner diſplayde. Then was no de|maund made of the cauſe or quarrell, and that I haif done, is by your aſſente and agreemente, and that I will iuſtifie. But to anſwere youre de|maund, me thinke you haife iuſt cauſe to inuade England with fire, ſwoorde, and bloud, gif ye bee not forgetfull, and without you will beare diſ|honor and reproch for euer. For yee knowe, that this Realme of Scotland is our inheritance, as a portion of the worlde allotted to our nation and aunceſtors whome we ſucceede, then where may there bee better warre, than to maintayne thys our naturall inheritance? Is it not dayly ſeene, the greate inuaſions that the Engliſhmen on vs make, the greate manſlaughter and murders, with thefts and ſpoyles that they do daily? Is not this one cauſe of warre? to defend the coun|trie is the office of a king the honor of noble men, and the very ſeruice of chiualrie, and the dutie na|turall of the communaltie: for I thinke it a iuſt quarrell, gif we mighte conquere the Realme of England, and annex it to our owne Realme, for the great iniuries and wrongs done by that Na|tion to vs and our predeceſſors: for ſeene the be|ginning of our habitation in this Ile of Bryt|tayne, the Engliſhmen and we haue euer bin e|nemies, and vs haif they euer hated, and yet haue we euer withſtand them. Suppoſe, we at the laſt battell of Flodden by chance, loſt our ſoueraigne Lorde, and diuers noble men, whilke was rather by treaſon of the Lorde Chamberlayne than o|therwiſe, who woulde not relieue the kings army when he might. And yet I thinke we wanne the field, whilke murder all we noble men oughte to reuenge. Therefore I woulde that you ſhoulde couragiouſly aduance your ſelues in this quar|rell to get honor, and to be reuenged.The reply of a wiſe Coun|ſeller. Then one wiſe man that was preſident of the counſell aun|ſwered the gouernour, ſaying. My Lord, fortune of weir is led by him, that al leydes, and he ſtrikes the ſtrake, we can warke na miracles, and heare are the Lords of England ready to encoũter vs. EEBO page image 433 And gif wee inuade their Realme, ſurely they will fighte, for their power ſall encreaſe dayly, and oures will deminiſh. And gif is on graunt vs the victory (as I truſt he ſhall, [...] of wonne the field, for ready comming [...] Earle of Shreweſbury ſa [...]mi [...] [...]read in Fraunce as ye knawe wee, with an great puiſſant army, and there is no doubt, but the King of England [...]+fend or bring another army gif we ſhould cha [...]e to get the firſt battayle, and gif we get the ſecond field, that will not be without great loſſe of ma|ny nobles, by reaſon whereof, the Realme ſhall be weaker, and gif we be ouercommen, how ma|ny ſould be ſtayne, God knawes. They that [...] are worthy to be reputed as Traytors to the K. and ſo by wilfulneſſe and fule hardineſſe, the Realme may be in ieoperdie to be vndone. I ſay, while the king is within age, we aught to mo [...]e na weir, leaſt by weir, we maye bring him to de|ſtruction.The gouer|nours words as the preſi|dents reply. Then ſayd the valiant gouernour, here is an puiſſant army of Scotland, gif we returne, we ſall encourage our enimies. Therefore ſeene you thinke it not gude to inuade, my counſel is, that we camp ſtill on the bordures, while we ſee what the Engliſhmen pretends to doe againſte our Realme, to the which, the nobles conſented, and lay ſtill there in camp certayne dayes after. After this conference had betwixte the Nobles, and the gouernour, the Queene as then beeyng not with them, but aduertiſed of all the procee|dings and determinations, ſent word to the go|uernour,Meanes made for peace. and deſired him, that there might bee a treatie of peace had, and ſhee promiſed to get the Warden of the Engliſh marches to come to the gouernours camp, vpon pledges, wherevnto the gouernour condiſcended. Heerevppon the Lorde Dacres,The Lorde Dacres. Warden of the Weſt Marches of En|gland, came vnto the gouernours camp, and thi|ther alſo at that time, was the Queene hir ſelfe comen, & ſo vpon the eleuenth of September, an abſtinence of war was taken and couenanted, yt in the meane time, ye Duke and Queene ſhould ſend Ambaſſadors into England, to treate and conclude a reſolute peace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 In the moneth of October next enſuing, there were three Ambaſſadors ſent into England, ac|cording to the agreemente in the laſt treatie, but there were ſo hard and extreame conditions pro|poned on the King of Englands behalfe, that the ſame could not be accepted, as being contrary to the honour & weale of ye Realme of Scotlande, as the Scottiſhmẽ toke the matter. And ſo thoſe Ambaſſadors returned, withoute agreemente or concluſion of peace, wherevppon folowed greater trouble betwixte them of the borders of bothe Realmes.The Earle of Northumber|land made Lord Warden. The Earle of Northumberland was made Warden of the whole marches, but ſhort|ly after, he began to make ſute to bee diſcharged of that office, and ceaſſed not [...] he obteyned,

The Earle of Surrey.

The Lorde Marques Dor|ſet.

The Lorde Dacres.

and then was the Earle of Surrey [...] generall [...] the Lorde Marques Dorſet, wa [...] of the Eaſt and middle marches, the Lord Dac|res continuing all in his [...] of [...] ouer the Weſt marches. Aboute the ſixth day of Marth, the ſayd Lordes came to the borders a|bout which time, the Duke of [...]lbany cõ [...]ing that the wardes betwixte Scotlande and Eng|land were yrkeſome to the [...] of the Realme, bycauſe the ſame warres were th [...] in hands, chiefly to ſerue the Frenche Kings turne, there|fore he paſt by the Weſt Seas into France,

The Duke of Albany goeth ouer into Fraunce.

H [...]s requeſt.

and in the beginning of March where he was eyghts hartily and gladly receyued of the King, his re|queſt was only to haue fiue thouſand horſemen, and ten M. footemen of Almaynes, to bee tranſ|ported into Scotlande, and doubted [...], if hee mighte haue this graunted,His vayne bragge. but that with that power, and the aſſiſtance of the Scottes, he ſhuld be able to ouerthrow the K. of England in bat|tel, or elſe to driue him out of his Realme. But the French K. neyther beliued this vayne brag [...] nor yet myghte ſpare anye ſaid power, hauyng warre at that time both agaynſt Englande, and the Emperoure, neuertheleſſe, he promiſed hym ſome ayde,1523 wherevpon the Duke abode & way|ted for the ſame a long ſeaſon. In the meane while, the Lordes of Scotland cauſed certayne noble men to lie vppon the borders monethly in defence of the ſame againſt the Engliſhmẽ,The borders watched. day|ly looking for ſupport from Fraunce. Euery cõ|pany remayned their monethes, and then depar|ted home as the cuſtome is, and thus they conti|nued ſtill till September following. Much hurt was done on eyther part, and diuers houſes were ouerthrowen and deſtroyed both in Englande & Scotland. During whiche time, the King of Fraunce prepared certayne ſhippes, with men, and munition, to paſſe with the Duke of Alba|ny into Scotland, but the King of England to catch him by the way, had layde a greate nauie of Shippes in the paſe on the Seas, as he ſhould make his courſe: but the Duke embarquing him ſelfe with his people at Breſt in Britayne,The Duke of Albany retur|neth into Scotlande. ſay|led by the Weſt parts of Englande, and the one and twentith of September, landed at Ki [...]|kowbre in the Weſt partes of Scotlande: hee broughte with hym beſide a good number of Frenchmen, Richard de la Poole, a man of great parentage, borne in England, and baniſhed hym Countrey. Whileſt the Duke was on the ſea, making ſayle towarde Scotlande, the Earle of Surrey, with an army of twentye M. men, en|tred Scotlande, and comming to Edenburgh,The Earle of Surrey inua|deth Scotland brenned the Towne and the Abbey. It was thought they meant to haue paſſed further, but the Scottiſhmen aſſembling themſelues againſt EEBO page image 434 theyr inuaſions, they were conſtreyned to re|turne with loſſe (as ſome Scottiſhmẽ haue writ|ten.) The D. immediately after his ariual came to Edenburgh, where he cauſed all the Lords of the Realme to aſſemble in that towne, where he declared the great loue and affection that the K. of Fraunce here to the Realme of Scotlande, in ſo muche, as hearing of the ſlaughters, mur|thers, and brennings, practiſed by the Engliſh|men, he thought that he felt the ſame done vnto him, reputing himſelfe one of their members, and for reuenging thereof, he woulde be partner with them as their member, for more credite whereof, he ſhewed the Kings letter, confirming his declaration. Hee therefore exhorted them to aſſemble an armie, in reuenge of iniuries and wrongs done to them and their Countrey, for he had brought with him money, men, and artille|rie, to the furtherance thereof. Herevpon it was concluded, yt the army ſhould aſſemble at Dow|glas dale the eyghtenth of October, the whyche concluſion they kept, & from thence they marched to Caldſtreame vpon Twede, and ſent ouer the water certayne of their greate artillerie, with a company of frenchmen and Scottes, by ye guy|ding of Dauid Car, and bring got ouer,Dauid Car. Warke Caſtell beſieged. they lay ſiege to the Caſtel of Warke, which was kept by ſir Wil. Liſte Captaine therof, hauing with him a ſtrong garriſon of Engliſhe ſouldiers, & greate prouiſion of artillerie, and all things neceſſarie, yet at the firſte aſſault, the vtter Barnekin was wonne, and the ſaide company of Scottiſhmen and frenchmẽ lay within the ſame, endoenaging the Caſtell in all they mighte.

The Earle of Surrey with an army of fortie thou|ſand men.

The marques Dorſet ap|poynted to kepe Barwike.

The Earle of Surrey and diuers other of the Engliſh nobili|tie, with an army of fortie thouſande men, were at Anwyke, not farre diſtante from Warke, and the Marques Dorſet was ſente with a greate companye to keepe the Towne of Barwike, for doubt leaſt the ſame ſhuld haue bin beſieged. Alſo in the meane time, a newe aſſaulte was made to the inner barnekin of Warke, and the ſame won likewiſe as the other had bin before. After thys, was the Caſtell aſſayled, and parte of it beaten downe with the artillerie lying on the Scottiſh ſide of the war [...]e of Twede. At which breach,Warke aſ|ſaulted. the aſſault was giuen, and the ſame continued, till that through mirknes and lacke of lighte, the aſ|ſaylants [figure appears here on page 434] were driuen to retire.

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