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5.102. Hardiknought, or Hardic [...]ute.

Hardiknought, or Hardic [...]ute.

[figure appears here on page 266]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 AFter that Harrolde was dead,Hardi|cnute. all the nobles of the realm, both Danes and Engliſhmen agreed to ſende for Hardiknoughte, the ſonne of Canute by his wyfe Queene Emme, and to make him kyng. Here is to be noted, that by the death of king Cnute, the ſtate of thinges was muche altered in thoſe countreys of beyonde the ſea where he had rule & dominion.Alteration in the ſtate of things. For the Nor|wegians elected one Magnus, the ſonne of O|lavus, to be their king and the Danes choſe this Hardiknought, whom theyr writers name Ka|nute the thirde, to their king and gouernor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Hardiknought or Canute being aduer|tiſed of the death of his halfe brother Harold, and that the Lordes of England had choſen him to their king, with all conuenient ſpeed,Si. D [...]el and M. VVeſt. ſay, that he vvas [...]ruges in Hã|ders vvith his mother vvhat he vvas thus ſent for, being come thither to viſite [...]. prepared a nauie, and imbarquing a certain number of men of warre, tooke the ſea, and had the wynde ſo fa|uourable to his purpoſe that he arriued vpon the coaſt of Kent the .vj. day after he ſet out of Dẽ|mark, and ſo comming to London, was ioyful|ly receyued and proclaymed king, & crowned of Athelnotus the Archb. of Canterbury in the yere of our Lord. 1041. in the firſt yere of the Empe|ror Hẽry yt third, in the .ix. of Henry the firſt of that name king of Fraunce, and in the firſt yere of Mag [...]inloch, alias Machabeda king of Scot|lande. Incontinently after his eſtabliſhements in the rule of this realme,Queene Emme ſent for. he ſent into Flaunders for his mother Queene Emme, who during the tyme of hir baniſhment had remayned there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For Normandie in that ſeaſon was gouerned by the French king, by reaſon of the minoritie of Duke Williã, ſurnamed the baſtard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, in reuenge of the wrong offe|red to Queene Emme by hir ſonne in lawe Harrolde, Kyng Hardiknoughte dydde cauſe EEBO page image 267 Alfrike archbiſhop of Yorke and Erle Goodwin,The bodie of king Harolde taken vp, and throvven into Thames. with other noble men to go to Weſtminſter, and there to take vp the bodie of the ſame Harold and withall appoynted, that the head therof ſhould be ſtriken off, and the mounke of the body to be raſt into the riuer of Thames. Whiche afterwarde beyng found by Fiſhers, was taken vp and bu|ried in the Churchyard of Saint Clement Da|nes without Temple borre at London.S. Clement Dano [...]. He com|mitted the order and gouerment of thyngs to the handes of his mother Queene Emme, and of Goodwyn that was Erle of [...]ent.A tribute rei|ſed. He le [...]ied a ſore tribute of his ſubiectes heere in Englande to paye his ſouldiers and mariners of his nauie,H. Hunt. as firſt .xxj. M. pound. and . [...]ix. pound: and af|terward vnto .xxxij.Si. Dunelm. VVil. Mal. Mat. VVest. Simon Dun. ſhippes, there was a paye|ment made of eleuen thouſand and .xlviij. pound. To euery mariner of his nauie he cauſed a pay|ment of .viij. markes to bee made, and to euerye maiſter .xij. markes. Aboute the payment of this money, great grudge grew amongſt the people, inſomuche as two of his ſeruants, whiche were appointed Collectors in the citie of Worceſter, the one named Feader, and the other Turſtane, were there ſlain. In reuenge of which contenuit a great part of the countrey with the Citie was brent, and the goodes of the Citizens put to the ſacke by ſuch power of Lords, and men of warre as the king ſent againſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after, Edward, king Hardiknoughts brother, came foorth of Normandie to viſyte him and his mother Queene Emme, of whome he was moſte ioyfully and honorably welcomed and entertayned, and ſhortly after made returne backe againe.Mat. VVest. Ran. Higd. ex Mariano. It ſhould appere by ſome writers, that after his comming ouer out of Normandie he remayned ſtill in the Realme, ſo that he was not in Normandie when his halfe brother Har|diknoughte dyed, but heere in Englande: al|thoughe other make other reporte, as after ſhall be ſhewed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polyd.Alſo (as before ye haue hearde) ſome writers ſeeme to mean that the elder brother Alfrid came ouer at the ſame tyme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But ſurely they are therein deceyued: for it was knowne well inough howe tenderly kyng Hardienute loued his brethren by the mothers ſyde, ſo as there was not any of the Lordes in his dayes, that durſte attempte any ſuche in|iurie agaynſte them.The bishop of of VVorceſter accuſed for making avvaye of Alvred. True it is, that as well Earle Goodwyn, as the biſhop of Worceſter, (that was alſo put in blame & ſuſpected for the apprehending and making away of Alvred (as before ye haue heard,) were charged by Hardi|cnute, as culpable in that maſter, inſomuch that the ſayd Biſhop was expulſed oute of his ſea by Hardiknought: And after twelue months ſpace was reſtored by meanes of ſuch ſummes of mo|ney, as he gaue by waye of an [...]nde [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Earle Goodwyn was also put to his purgation, Erle Good|vvin excuſeth ſelfe. by taking an othe that hee was not giltie. Whiche othe was the better allowed, by reason of suche a present as he gaue to the King for the redeemyng of his fauour and good will, The gift vvhi|che Erle Good [...]vvin gaue to the king. that is to wit, a shippe with a sterne of gold, conteyning therin Lxxx. souldiours, wearing on eche of their armes two bracelettes of golde of .xvj. ounces weyght, a triple habergion gylte on their bodies, with guilt burgenets on their heads, a sworde with gilt hiltes girded to their wastes, a battaile Axe after the maner of the Danes, on their lefte shulder: a tergat with bosse and & mailes gilt in their left hand: a darte in their right hande: And thus to co(n)clude, they were furnished at all peeces with armour and weapon according.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It hath binſayd, that Erle Goodwyn wyll|ded to marrie his daughter to one of theſe bre|thren,Polidor. and perceyuing that the elder brother Al|fred would diſdayne to haue hir, thought good to diſpatche him, that the other taking hir to wyfe, might be nexte heire to the Crowne, and ſo at length enioy it, as it afterwardes came to paſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo about that tyme, when the image of the kings of Englande was in marier extincte, the Engliſhe people were muche carefull (as hathe bene ſayde) aboute the ſucceſſion of thoſe that ſhoulde enioy the crowne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wherevpon as one Brightwold, a Monke of Glaſtenburye, that was afterwarde Biſhop of Wincheſter, (or as ſome haue written) of Wor|ceſter, ſtudyed oftentymes theron: It chaunced that he dreamed one nyght as he ſlepte in bedde, that he ſawe Saincte Peter ſacre and annoynt Edwarde the ſonne of king Egelred (as then re|maining in exile in Normandie) king of Eng|lande. And as he thought, he dyd demaunde of Saincte Peter, who ſhoulde ſucceede the fayde Edwarde 3 Wherevnto aunſwere was made by the Apoſtle, Haue thou no care for ſuch mat|ters: for the kingdome of Englande is Gods kingdome, which ſurely in good earneſt may ap|peare by many great argumentes to be full true vnto ſuche as ſhall well conſider the ſtate of this realme from time to tyme, howe there hath bin euer gouernours rayſed vp to maynteyn the ma|ieſtie of the Kingdome, and to reduce the ſame to the former dignitie, when by any infortunate miſhap, it hath bin brought in daunger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to return now to Kyng Hardiknought, after that hee had reygned two yeares lackyng tenne dayes,The death of K. Hardicnute. Sim. Dunel. Math. VVeſt. 1042. as hee ſatte at Table at a greate feaſt holden at Lambheth, he fell downe ſoden|ly with the [...]ot in his hande, and ſo dyed, not without ſome ſuſpition of poyſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Thys chaunced the .8. daye of Anne at Lam|bheth aforſaid, where the ſame daye a marriage EEBO page image 268 was ſolemniſed betweene the lady Githa, the daughter of a noble man called Oſgote Clap|pa, and a Daniſhe lorde called Canute Prudan. His bodie was buried at Wincheſter beſides his fathers.K. Hardicanute his conditions. His liberalitie in houſekeping. He was of nature very curteous, gentle, and liberall, ſpecially in keeping good cheere in his houſe, ſo that he woulde haue his table coue|red foure tymes a day, furniſhed with great plen|tie of meats and drinks, wiſhing that his ſeruan|tes and all ſtraungers that came to his palaice,Hen. Hunt. might rather haue than want. It hath bin com|monly told that Engliſhmen lerned of him their exceſſiue gourmandize and vnmeaſurable filling of their panches wyth meates and drinks,Of vvhome the englishemen learned exceſ|ſiue feedlng. wher|by they forgate the vertuous vſe of ſobrietie, ſo muche neceſſarye to all eſtates and degrees, ſo profitable for all common wealths, and ſo com|mendable both in the ſight of God, and all good men. In this Hardiknought ceaſed the rule of the Danes within this lande, with the perſecuti|on which they had executed againſt the Engliſh nation, for the ſpace of .250. yeres and more, that is to witte,The end of the Danish rulers. euer ſith the .x. yeare of Brithrike the king of Weſtſaxons, at what time they firſt be|gan to attempt to inuade the Engliſhe coaſtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Howebeit (after Hariſon) they ſhoulde ſeeme to haue ruled heere but .207. reckening from their brynging in by the Welchemen in deſpite of the Saxons, at which time they firſt begã to inhabit here, whiche was .835. of Chriſte .387. after the comming of the Saxons, and .35. neere complet of the reigne of Egbert.

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