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Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 In the feast of Pentecost next insuing, the king being at Windsor,Thomas a canon of Bay|eux made archbishop of Yorke. Lanfranke consecrated archbishop of Canturburie. Matth. Westm. hath the eight Kal. of Maie, but Wil. Mal. and Eadmerus the fourth Kal. of Sep|tember. gaue the archbishoprike of Yorke vnto one Thomas, a canon of Bayeux, and to Wal|kelme one of his chaplins he gaue the bishoprike of Winchester. After this, calling one Lanfranke an Italian from Caen where he was abbat, he made him archbishop of Canturburie, who was con|secrated there in the feast of S. Iohn Baptist, in the yeare folowing, which was after the birth of our Sa|uiour 1071. The foresaid Thomas was the fiue and twentith bishop that had gouerned in that see of Yorke, & Lanfranke the thrée & thirtith in the see of Canturburie. But yer long, betwixt these two arch|bishops there rose great contention for the primasie of their churches, in so much that the archbishop of Yorke appealed to Rome,1071 Anno Reg. 5. where they both appeared personallie before pope Alexander, in whose presence Lanfranks cause was so much fauoured, Wil. Mal. Eadmerus. that not onelie the foresaid Thomas, but also Remigius the bishop of Dorchester were for reasonable causes de|priued of their crosiers and rings: and Lanfranke at their humble request was a meane to the pope for them in the end, that they might be restored to their staues, which was accordinglie obteined. For when the pope heard Lanfranke declare in their fauour, how necessarie their seruice might be to the king, in the establishment of his new gotten kingdome, he said to Lanfranke;

Well, looke you then to the mat|ter, you are the father of that countrie, and therefore consider what is expedient to be done therein: their staues which they haue surrendered, there they be, take them, and dispose them as you shall thinke most profitable for the aduancement of the christian reli|gion in that countrie.
Wherevpon, Lanfranke tooke the staues, and deliuered them to the former posses|sours, and so were they in the popes presence resto|red to their former dignities. One cause why Tho|mas was depriued (as some writers saie) was, for that he had holpen duke William toward his iour|nie into England when he came to conquer it, for the which pleasure to him then shewed, the duke pro|mised him a bishoprike, if euer he obteined victorie o|uer the English: an other cause, for that he was a priests sonne. Now, when the pope vnderstood the full ground of their contention to be for the primasie of the two sees, Canturburie and Yorke, and had heard what could be alledged on both sides, Wil. Malm. he remitted the determination thereof to the king and bishops of England, that by the histories and records of the land, the matter might be tried, iudged and ordered.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 Wherefore at their comming home, and after long debating and discussing of the cause (as in William Marleburgh it appeareth more at large) at a synod holden at Windsor, Anno Reg. 6. 1072 in the yeare 1072. sentence was giuen on Lanfranks side, so that in all things con|cerning religion and the faith of holie church, Matth. We [...]t. The subiecti|on of the arch|bishoprike of Yorke, to the archbishop|rike of Can|turburie. the archbishop of Yorke should be euer subiect to the archbishop of Canturburie, and come with all the bi|shops of his prouince to what place soeuer the arch|bishop of Canturburie should summon any councell within the realme of England. Moreouer, when anie elected bishop of Canturburie was to be consecra|ted, the archbishop of Yorke (for the time being) should come to Canturburie, and consecrate him there. And if the archbishop of Yorke was to be in|stalled and consecrated, then should he come to Can|turburie, or to what place it should please the archbi|shop of Canturburie to assigne, and there to be con|firmed of him, taking an oth with profession of due obedience vnto the higher see. Now, Polydor. The archbi|shop of Yorke, acknowleged primate of all Scotland. as the said Tho|mas of Yorke did yéeld obedience to Lanfranke of Canturburie, so likewise the elect bishop of Glas|cow in Scotland named Michaell, was soone after consecrated of the foresaid Thomas archbishop of Yorke, and made an oth of obedience vnto the said archbishop, as to the primate of all Scotland: and after him Tothade the bishop of S. Andrewes did the like, by commandement of Malcolme the third of that name king of Scotland, and Margaret his wife, who thought good by this recognisance of obedi|ence and dutie, so to prouide against further incon|uenience to come, that hereafter, one of the bishops of their realme should not take vpon them to conse|crate an other: or doo any thing contrarie to the an|cient decrées of the old fathers, that might be preiu|diciall to the authoritie of the archbishop of Yorke, at whose appointment those and the like things were accustomed to be doone. Ranulph. Ce|stren. lib. 1. cap. 57. & lib. 7. cap. 2. In this controuersie (or the like) it is left written, that in a court held at Rome (the time is not mentioned) the pope perceiuing the strife betwéene these two prelats to be but for the hi|ghest place or primasie in the church; he solemnelie gaue sentence by decree, that the sée of Yorke should haue in title Primas Angliae, & Canturburie Primas totius Angliae, which titles doo yet remain to them both.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But to leaue this, and to speake of other things which chanced in the meane time that this contro|uersie depended betwixt the two archbishops, I find that Edwin and Marchar earles of Mertia and Nor|thumberland, hauing of late obteined pardon for their former misdemeanor, & reconciled to the king, began now so much to mislike the state of the world againe, as euer they did before. For perceiuing how the Englishmen were still oppressed with thraldome & miserie on ech hand, they conspired, & began a new rebellion, but with verie ill successe, as shall herafter appeare. The king vnderstanding of their dealings, Matt. Paris. and being not onelie armed throughlie with tempo|rall force, but also endued with the spirituall power of his archbishop Lanfranke (who aided him in all that he might, for the suppressing of those rebels) wa|sted the countries excéedinglie, where he vnderstood that they had gotten anie releefe, minding vtterlie to vanquish them with sword, fire, and hunger, or by ex|treame penurie to bring them vnder. They on the o|ther part make as stout resistance; and perceiuing that it stood them vpon, either to vanquish or to fall into vtter ruine, they raise a mightie strong host, and make Edgar Etheling their capteine, a comelie gentleman and a valiant, in whome also the whole hope of the English nation was reposed, as appea|reth by this his accustomed by-word, Edgar Etheling Englands dearling. Amongst other noble men that were chiefe dooers in the assembling of this armie, Frederike abbat of S. Albons, a prelate of great wealth and no lesse puissance, was a principall.

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