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1.11. King Edward the thirde.

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King Edward the thirde.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]dward [...]e. 3. _EDwarde the thirde of that name, the ſonne of Edwarde the ſeconde, and of Iſabell the onelye daughter of Philip le Beau, and ſiſter to Charles the fifth, king of Fraunce, be|gan his raigne as king of England, his father yet liuing, the .xxv. day of Ianuarie, after the crea|tion .5292. in the yeare of our Lorde .1327. after the account of them that beginne the yeare at Chriſtmaſſe, 867. after the comming of the Sax|ons, 260. after the conqueſt, the .13. yeare of the raigne of Lewes the fourth then Emperor, the ſe|uenth of Charles the fift king of Fraunce, the ſe|cõd of Andronicus Iunior Emperor of the Eaſt almoſt ended, and about the end of the .22. of Ro|bert le Bruce king of Scotland, as Wil. Hariſon in his Chronologie hath diligently recorded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 He was crowned at Weſtminſter on the day of the Purification of our Ladie next enſuing, by the handes of Walter the Archbiſhop of Canter|burie. [...]ers [...]ted. And bycauſe he was but .xiiij. yeres of age, ſo that to gouerne of himſelfe he was not ſuffici|ent, it was decreed that .xij. of the greateſt lordes within the realme ſhoulde haue the rule and go|uernment till he came to more perfite yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The names of which lords were as followeth. The Archbiſhop of Cãterburie, the Archbiſhop of Yorke, the Biſhops of Wincheſter & of Hereford, Henrie Erle of Lancaſter, Thomas Brotherton Erle Marſhal, Edmond of Woodſtocke Erle of Kent. Iohn Erle of Warren, the Lord Thomas Wake, the Lord Henry Percy, the Lord Oliuer de Ingham, and the Lorde Iohn Ros. Theſe were ſworne of the kings counſaile, and charged with the gouernment as they woulde make an|ſwer. But this ordinance continued not long: for the Queene, & the Lorde Roger Mortimer tooke the whole rule ſo into their handes, that both the king and his ſayde Counſaylours were gouerned only by them in all matters both high and lowe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He confirmed the liberties and franchiſes of the citie of London, and graunted that the Maior of the ſame Citie for the time being might ſit in all places of iudgement within the liberties therof for chief Iuſtice, aboue all other,The franchiſes of the Citie of London con|firmed. the kings perſon on|ly excepted, and that euery Alderman that had bin Maior ſhoulde be Iuſtice of peace through all the Citie of London and countie of Middleſex, and euery Alderman that had not bene Maior, ſhould be Iuſtice of peace within his owne warde. He graunted alſo to the Citizens, that they ſhoulde not be conſtrayned to go forth of the Citie to any warres in defence of the lande, and that the fran|chiſes of the Citie ſhould not be ſeaſed frõ thence|forth into the kings hands, for any cauſe, but on|ly for treaſon and rebellion ſhewed by the whole Citie. Alſo Southwarke was appoynted to bee vnder the rule of the Citie, and the Maior of Lõ|don to bee Baylife of Southwarke, and to or|daine ſuch a ſubſtitute in the ſame Borough as pleaſed him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 In the firſt yeare of this kings raigne,Recordes of Burie. wee finde in the Recordes belonging to the Abbey of S. Edmondſburie in Suffolke, that the Inhabi|tants of that towne rayſed a ſore commotion a|gaynſt the Abbot and Monkes of the ſame Ab|bey, and that at ſeuerall tymes, as firſt on the Wedneſday next after the feaſt of the conuerſion of Saint Paule, in the ſayde firſt yeare of thys Kings raigne, one Robert Forton, Rycharde Drayton, and a great number of other, aſſem|bling themſelues togither in warlike order and array, aſſaulted the ſayd Abbey, brake downe the Gates, Wyndowes, and Doores, entered the houſe by force, and aſſayling certain Monks and ſeruaunts that belonged to the Abbot, did beate, wounde, and euill entreate them, brake open a number of Cheſts, Coffers, and forcers, tooke out Chalices of golde and ſiluer, bookes, Veſtments, and other ornaments of the church, beſide a great quantitie of riche plate, and other furniture of houſebolde, apparel, armour, and other things, be|ſide fiue hundred pounds in readie coyne, and alſo three thouſand Florens of gold. All which things they tooke and caried away, togither with diuerſe Charters, wrytings, and miniments, as three Charters of Knute ſomtyme king of Englande, foure Charters of king Hardiknute, one Char|ter of king Edwarde the Confeſſour, two Char|ters of king Henrie the firſt, other two Charters of king Henrie the thirde, which Charters con|cerned as wel the foundation of the ſame Abbey, as the grauntes and confirmations of the poſſeſſi|ons and liberties belonging thereto. Alſo they tooke away certaine writings obligatorie, in the whiche diuerſe perſons were bounde for the pay|ment of great ſummes of money, and deliuerie of certaine wines vnto the hands of the ſayd Abbot. Moreouer they tooke away with them ten ſeueral bulles, conteyning certaine exemptions & immu|nities EEBO page image 886 graunted to the Abbots and Monkes of Burie by ſundrie Biſhops of Rome. And not herewith contented, they tooke Peter Clopton Prior of the ſaid Abbey, and other Monkes forth of the houſe, and leading them vnto a place called the Leaden hall, there impriſoned them, till the Thurſday next before the feaſt of the Purificatiõ of our Ladie, and that day bringing them backe againe into the chapter houſe, deteyned them ſtill as priſoners, till they had ſealed a writing, cõtey|ning that the Abbot and conuent were bound in ten .M. pound to be payd to Oliuer Kemp and o|thers by them named. And further, they were cõ|ſtreyned to ſeale a letter of releaſe for all actions, quarels, debts, tranſgreſſions, ſuites & demaũds, which the Abbot might in any wiſe clayme or proſecute againſt the ſayd Oliuer Kempe and o|thers in the ſame letters named. For theſe wrõgs and other, as for that they would not permit the Abbots, Baylifes, and officers to kepe their ordi|narie courtes as they were accuſtomed to doe, as well three dayes in the weeke for the Market, to wit, Monday, Wedneſday and Fryday, as the Portman mote euery Tueſday three weekes, and further prohibit them from gathering ſuch tolles, cuſtomes, and yearely rentes, as were due to the Abbot for certain tenements in the towne, which were let to ferme, the Abbot brought his action againſt the ſaid Foxton, Drayton & others, & ha|uing it tried by an inqueſt, on the Friday next af|ter the feaſt of S. Lucie the virgin, in a Seſſions holden at Burie by Iohn Stonore, Walter Friſkney, Robert Maberihorp, and Iohn Bouſ|ſer, by vertue of the kings writ of Oyer and De|terminer to them directed, the offenders were cõ|demned in .40000. pounds, ſo that the ſayde Ri|chard Drayton, and others there preſent in the Court, were committed to priſon in cuſtodie of the Sherife Robert Walkefare, who was com|maunded alſo to apprehende the other that were not yet areſted, if within his Bayliwike they might be founde, and to haue their bodies before the ſayd Iuſtices at Burie aforeſayd, on Thurſ|day in Whitſonweeke next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Beſide this, there was an other inditement and action of treſpaſſe founde there the ſame day agaynſt the ſayde Richard Drayton and others, for a lyke diſorder and ryot by them committed,The ſeconde ryot. on the Thurſday next after the feaſt of the Puri|fication of our Ladie, in the ſame firſt yeare of this king, at what time they did not onely breake into the Abbey, and beate the Abbottes menne, but alſo tooke the Abbot hymſelfe, beeyng then at home, wyth certayne of hys Monkes, kee|ping both him and them as priſoners, til the next day that they were conſtreyned to ſeale certayne wrytings. And amongeſt other, a Charter, in which it was conteyned, that the Abbot and his Conuent, did graunt vnto the Inhabitaunts of the towne of Burie, to be a corporation of them|ſelues, and to haue a common ſeale wyth a gylde of Marchants and Aldermen: alſo they were cõ|pelled to ſeale another Charter, wherein was cõ|teyned a graunt to the ſayde Inhabitaunts, that they ſhould haue the cuſtodie of the towne gates, and likewiſe the wardſhip of all Pupils and Or|phanes wythin the ſame towne, beſide diuerſe o|ther liberties. Moreouer they were in like maner conſtreyned to ſeale three ſeuerall obligations, in which the Abbot and Conuent were bound to the ſayde Inhabitantes, as to a communaltie of a corporation in .vij. M. pounds, as in two .M. by one obligation, and in two .M. by another, and in three .M. by the thirde obligation, and fur|ther they were driuen to ſeale a letter of releaſe of all treſpaſſes, and other things that myght bee demaunded agaynſte the ſayde Inhabitauntes, with a generall acquittaunce of all debts.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſide this, the ſayde riotous perſons tooke the ſame tyme forth of the Abbey great ryches, as well in plate, Armor, Bookes, apparell, as in o|ther things. They alſo brake downe two houſes or Meſſuages, that belonged to the Abbey, and ſituate within the towne of Burie: they alſo de|ſtroyed his fiſh pondes, and tooke out ſuch ſtore of fiſh as they found in the ſame: they cut downe alſo .lx. Aſhes there growing, on the ſoyle that belonged to the ſayde Abbot, and did many other great outrages and enormities, ſo that it was founde by the inqueſt, that the Abbot was dam|nifyed to the value of other fortye thouſande poundes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe ryottes may ſeeme grieuous and ve|rie ſtraunge,The ch [...] but yet the ſame were not ſo hey|nouſly taken, as an other whiche the ſayde In|habitants of Burie attempted agaynſt the ſayde Abbey in maner of a plaine commotion, vpon S. Lukes day in the ſame yeare, at what time (as by the Recordes of that Abbey it ſhoulde appeare) both the Abbot and his houſe were in the kinges ſpeciall protection, and the ſayde Inhabitantes prohibited by his letters to attempt any iniurie agaynſt hym or hys Conuent. But neuerthe|leſſe we fynde that not onely the Inhabitants of Burie, but alſo a great number of other miſgo|uerned perſons, that reſorted to them from pla|ces there about, arrayed and furniſhed with horſe, armour and weapon, after the maner of warre, came and aſſaulted the Abbey Gates, ſette fyre on them, and burned them wyth dyuerſe o|ther Houſes neare adioyning, that belonged to the Abbay, and continued in that theyr ry|otous enterpryſe all that daye and nyght follo|wing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame night alſo they burnt a Manor of ye Abbots called Holdernes barn,The M [...] Hold [...] b [...]ne. wt .ij. other manors EEBO page image 887 called the Aunianers berne, and Haberdone alſo the Grangles, that ſtoode withoute the South gate,The Manour [...] Weſtley [...]ne. and the Manour of Weſtley, in which pla|ces they burned in corne and graine, to the value of a thouſande pounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The nexte day they entered into the Abbey Court, and burnt all the houſes on the north ſide, as ſtables, Brewhouſes, B [...]houſes, Gray [...]is, and other ſuch houſes of offices, and on the other ſide the Court, they burnt certaine houſes belon|ging to the Aumenerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 On the next day they burned the More hall, and Bradford hall, with the new hall, and diuerſe chambers and ſollers to the ſame halles annexed, with the Chapell of S. Laurence at the ende of the hoſpitall hall. Alſo the Manor of Eldhall, the Maner of Horninger, with all the corne & grain within and about the ſame. The next day they burnt the ſoller of ye Sollerer, with a chapel there: alſo the kytchen, the larder, and a part of the Far|marie. On the Thurſday they burnt the reſidue of the Farmarie, and the lodging called the blacke lodging, with a Chapell of S. Andrew therein.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In executing of all theſe riotous diſorders, one Geffrey Moreman was an ayder, who wyth di|uerſe other perſons vnknowne, departed forth of the towne of Burie,The Manour [...] Fornham [...]n. & by the aſſent of the other his complices he burnt the Manor of Fornham.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame day alſo other of their companie, as William the ſonne of Iames Neketon, Raufe Grubbe, Richard Rery, and a great number of o|ther perſones vnknowne, by the aſſent and ab|betment of the other that committed the ſayd diſ|orders, burnt two Manors belonging alſo to the ſayde Abbey in great Berton, with all the corne and graine there founde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon knowledge had of theſe great riots, and perillous commotions, there was a commiſſion directed from the king, vnto Thomas Earle of Norfolk high Marſhall of Englãd, to Thomas Bardin [...], Robert Morley, Peter Wedall, Iohn Howard, and Iohn Walkfare, authoriſing them with ye power of the counties of Suffolk & Norf|folke, to apprehend, trie and puniſh, ſuch lewde diſordered perſons, & rebellious malefactors, which had committed ſuch felonious enterprices, to the breach of the kings peace, & daungerous diſquie|ting of his ſubiects: but the ſaid Commiſſioners proceeded not according to the effect of their Cõ|miſſion in triall of any felonies by the ſame per|ſons committed and done, but onely cauſed them to be indited of treſpas: albert Robert Walkfare, and Iohn Clauer, with their aſſociates Iuſtices of peace, in their Seſſions holden at Elueden the Tueſday next after the feaſt of the Apoſtles. Si|mon and Iude, in the ſayd firſt yeare of this king Edward the third, proceeded in ſuch wiſe againſt the ſayd Malefactors, ye Iohn de Berton Cord|wayner, Robert Forton, and a great number of other were indyted of felonie, for the myſdemea|nours afore mentioned, and the Indytements ſo founde were after ſent and preſented vnto, Iohn Stonore, Walter de Friſkeney, Robert Malber|thorpe, and Iohn Bouſſer, who by vertue of the kings Commiſſion of Oier & Determiner to thẽ directed, ſat at S. Edmundſbury the Wedneſday next after the feaſt of Saint Lucie the virgin, and then and there ſent forth precepts to the Sherife, commaunding him to apprehende the ſayd Ber|ton, Forton, and others, that were indyted of the foreſayde felonies, and alſo to returne a ſuf|ficient Iurie to trie vpon theyr arraignment the ſayde Malefactors by order of law, the Fryday next after the ſayde feaſt of Saint Lucie. Here|vpon Alane de Latoner, and Robert Dalling, with .xvij. others, being arraigned, were founde guiltie, and ſuffered death according to the order appoynted for felons.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 888One Adam Miniot ſtoode muet, and refuſed to be tryed by his countrey, and ſo was preſſed to death, as the law in ſuch caſe appoynteth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Diuerſe other were ſaued by their bookes, ac|cording io the order of Clerkes conuict, as Alex|ander Brid perſon of Hogeſete, Iohn Rugham perſon of little Welnetham, Iohn Berton Cordwayner, and diuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Some were repriued, as one woman named Iulian Barbor, who being big bellied was reſpi|ted, till ſhe were deliuered of child. Benedict Sio, and Robert Ruſſell were repriued, and commit|ted to the ſafe keeping of the Sherife, as triers or appeachers (as we terme them) of other offenders: and bycauſe there was not anye as yet atta|ched by theyr appeales, they were commaunded againe to priſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 One Robert de Creſwell was ſaued by the kings letters of ſpecial pardon, which he had there readie to ſhew. As for Robert Foxton, Adam Cokefielde, and a great number of other, whome the Sherife was commaunded to apprehende, hee returned that he coulde not heare of them within the precinct of his Baylifewike, wherevpon exi|gentes were awarded agaynſt them, & the Sherif was cõmaunded, that if he might come to attach them, he ſhould not fayle but ſo to do, and to haue theyr bodies there at Burie before the ſayde Iu|ſtices, the Thurſday in Whitſunweeke next en|ſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Diuerſe alſo were arraigned the ſame time of the ſayd felonies, and therof acquited, as Michael Scabaille, Raufe Smeremonger, and others. In+deed thoſe that were founde guiltie,The common people often deceyued by lewde infor|mations. and ſuffred, were the chiefe authours, and procurors of the cõ|motion, bearing others in hande, that the Abbot had in his cuſtodie a certaine Charter, wherin the king ſhould grant to the inhabitants of the town of Burie, certaine liberties, whereby it might ap|peare that they were free, and diſcharged from the payment of dyuerſe cuſtomes & exactions: wher|vpon the ignorant multitude eaſily giuing credit to ſuch ſurmiſed tales, were the ſooner induced to attempt ſuch diſorders as before are mentioned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus haue ye heard all in effect that was done in this firſt yeare of king Edward the thirde hys raigne, by and agaynſt thoſe offenders. But by|cauſe wee will not interrupt matters of other yeares with that which followed further of this buſineſſe, we haue thought good to put the whole that wee intende to write thereof here in thys place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ye ſhall therefore vnderſtand, that diuerſe of thoſe agaynſt whome exigentes were awarded, came in, and yeelded their bodies to the Sherifes priſon, before they were called the fifth Countie day. Albeit a great meinie there were that came not, and ſo were outlawed. Robert Foxton got the kings pardon,Robert [...] pardoned. and ſo purchaſing forth [...] perſedias, the ſute therevpon agaynſt him [...] ſtayed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Sherife therefore in Whitſu [...] the ſeconde yeare of this kings raigne, made his returne touching Benedict Sio, Robert Ruſ|ſell, and Iulian Barbor, that hee delyuered them vnto the Baylifes of the libertie of the Abbot of Burie, by reaſon of an auncient priui|ledge,A priuiledge. which the Abbot claymed to belong to hys houſe. The Baylifes confeſſed they had receyued the ſayde priſoners, but forſomuch as they had bene arraigned at a Portmane mote,Portman [...] which was vſed to be kept euery three weekes, and vpon their arraignment were found guiltie of certaine other fellonies, by them committed, within the towne of Burie, and therevpon were put to execution,The Abb [...] officers has [...]+med. Adam Finchmã the kings Attourney there, tooke it verie euill, and layde it grieuouſly to the change of the Abbots officers, for their haſtie & preſump|tuous proceeding agaynſt the ſayde priſoners, namely bycauſe the ſayde Sio, and Ruſſell were repriued, to the ende that by their vtterance, many heynous offences might haue beene brought to light. The ſame day that is to wit, Thurſday in Whitſunweeke, the foreſayde Robert Foxton, & diuerſe other came in, and were attached by the Sherif to anſwere the Abbot to his action of im|paſſe, which he brought againſt thẽ, and putting the matter to the triall of an Inqueſt,A conde [...]|tion. they were condemned in .lx. M. pounds to be leuied of theyr goods and cattalles to the vſe of the Abbot, and in the meane time they were committed to priſon, but firſte they made ſute that they might bee put to their fines, for their offences committed a|gaynſt the kings peace, & their requeſt in that be|half was graunted, ſo that vpon putting in ſuffi|cient ſureties for their good abearing, their fines were aſſeſſed, as ſome at more and ſome at leſſe, as the caſe was thought to require.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus reſted the matter for a long ſeaſon after, till the fifth yere of this kings raigne, in which the Thurſday next after the feaſt of the bleſſed Tri|nitie, the king being himſelfe in perſon at S. Ed|mondſburie aforeſaid,An agreeme [...] a finall agreement and cõ|cord was concluded, betwixt the ſaid Abbot and his conuent on the one party, and Richard Dray|ton and other the Inhabitants of that towne on the other party, before the right reuerend father in God Iohn Biſhop of Wincheſter and Chancel|lor of England, and the kings Iuſtices, Iohn Stonore, and Iohn Cambridge ſitting there the ſame time, by the kings commaundement. The effect of which agreement was as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Firſt where as the ſayd Abbot had recoueredThe Arri [...] of the agre [...]|ment. by iudgement before the ſayde Iohn Stonore and other his aſſociates iuſtices of Oier and De|terminer in the ſaid towne of Bury the ſumme of EEBO page image 889 vij. ſcore thouſand poundes for treſpaſſes to him and his houſe cõmitted and done, by the ſaid Ri|chard Drayton, and other the inhabitãts of Bu|rye. nowe at the deſyre of the ſayde Kyng, and for other good reſpectes hym mouyng, her par|doned and releaſed vnto the ſayde Rycharde Drayton, and to other the inhabitantes of Bu|rie, to their heires, executours, and aſſignees the ſum of 12 [...]333. pounds .viij. ſs. 8. d of the ſaide to|tal ſum of .140000. pounds. And further the ſaid Abbotte and Conuent graunted and agreed for them and theyr ſucceſſours, that if the ſayd Ri|charde Drayton, and other the inhabitantes of the ſayd towne of Bury, or any of them, their heyres, executours, or aſſignees, ſhould paye to the ſayd Abbot and Conuent, or their ſucceſſors within twentie yeares next enſuyng the date of that preſent agreement, two thouſande markes, that is to ſaye, one hundred markes yearely at the feaſtes of Saincte Michaell and Eaſter, by euen portions: that then the ſayde Richarde and other the inhabitauntes of the Towne of Bury ſhoulde bee acquited and diſcharged of foure thouſand markes parcell of .17666. pounds .xiij. ſs .iiij. d reſidue behynde for euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer, wheras the ſaid Abbot & conuent, and the ſaid Abbot by himſelf, ſith the .xix. yeare of the reigne of king Edwarde the ſeconde vnto that preſent tyme, had ſealed certayne charters, deedes, and writinges, as well with the proper ſeale of the Abbot, as with the common ſcale of the Abbot and conuent, if the ſayd Richard & the inhabitants of the ſaid town of Bury did reſtore vnto the ſaid abbot & conuent all the ſame wri|tings, or take ſuche order, that neither the Ab|botte nor conuent be impleaded, or in any wyſe hindred, endamaged nor moleſted by force of the ſame: & further if neither the ſaid Richard, nor a|ny the inhabitantes of the ſayde towne, nor their heires, executors nor aſſignes, ſhall goe about to reuerſe the iudgemẽnts againſt them, at the ſuite of the ſaid Abbot, nor ſhall ſeeke to impeache the executions of the ſame iudgements by any falſe or forged acquitãces or releaſes, nor implead nor moleſt any of the Iurie, by whome they wer cõ|uict, yt then they & their heires, executors & aſſigns ſhal be acquited & diſcharged of .x.M. lb parcel of the ſaid .17666. lb .xiij. ſs. iiij. d. And furthermore if ye ſaid Richard & other the inhabitãts of ye ſaid towne of Bury, do not hereafter maliciouſly riſe againſt the ſaid Abbot or conuente, nor ſeeke to vexe them by any conſpiracie, confederacie, or by ſome other ſecrete vniuſt cauſe, nor lykewyſe euill intreate any man by reaſon of the indite|mente founde agaynſt them, nor yet clayme to haue any Corporation of themſelues, within that towne, that then the ſayde Richarde, and the ſayde Inhabitauntes, theyr heyres, ſucceſ|ſours, and aſſignees, ſhall remayne acquyted and diſcharged of al the reſidue of the ſaid .17666. poundes thirte [...] ſhillings foure pens for thee and the ſayde Abbot and conuent [...]o graunt for them [...] their ſucceſſor that their intention is not, that if any ſingular perſon of his owne priuate malice, ſhall ryſe agaynſte the ſayde Ab|bot and conuent, their ſu [...]ceſſoures, Monkes, Baylyffes, or ſeruauntes, [...] do them, or any of them iniurie or diſpleſure, that thoſe which do not partakes of the offence, ſhall bee in anye wyſe puniſhed for the ſame, ſo that the offenders bee not maynteyned by any of the ſame towne, but that the inhabitauntes there, doe aſſiſt the Abbot and conuents their ſucceſſoures, Bayliffes, ſer|uauntes and officers, that the ſame offenders, may be puniſhed, according to theyr dementes as reaſon and lawe ſhall a [...]de.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Thys was the effecte of the agreemente at lengthe had and made betwixte the Abbot and Monkes of Burye on the one parte, and the in|habitauntes of that towne on the other parte, and for the more confirmation thereof it pleaſed the King to put his Seale to the charter contey|ning the ſame agreement. But howe ſoeuer it chaunced it ſhoulde appeare by ſuche recordes as came to the hands of maſter Foxe [...]he alledgeth in the firſte thome of his booke of actes and mo|numentes, this agreement was but ſorilye kept:This mighte come to paſſe before the a|greement vvas made in the .v. yeare of the Kyngs raigne as aboue is mentioned, and ſo therevppon he mighte be reſtored. for diuers of the former offenders bearing grudge towardes the abbot for breaking promiſſe with them at London, did confederate themſelues to|gither, and priuily in the night comming to the Mannor of Chennington where the abbot then did lye, braſte open the gates, and entring by force, firſt bounde all his ſeruants, and after they had robbed the houſe, they took the abbot, and ſha|uing hym, ſecretely conueyed him to London, and there remouing hym from ſtreete to ſtreete vnknowne, hadde hym ouer the Thames into Kent, and at lengthe tranſported hym ouer vnto Diſte in Brabant, wher they kept him for a time in much penurie thraldome and miſerie, vntill at length the matter being vnderſtood, they were al excõmunicate, firſt by the Archb. and after by the Pope. At the laſt his frendes hauing knowledge where he was, they found meanes to deliuer him out of the hãde of thoſe theues, & finally brought him home with proceſſion, & ſo he was reſtored to his houſe again. Thus muche touching thoſe troubles betwixt the townſmẽ of Bury & the ab|bot & Monks there, & now we wil return to other general matters touching the publike ſtate of the realme. And firſt you ſhal vnderſtãd yt in the be|ginning of this kings raign the land truly ſemed to be bleſſed of God: for the earth became fruitful, the aire temperate; & the ſea calme & quiet. This king though he was as yet vnder ye gouernmẽt of other, neuertheles he begã within a ſhort time to ſhew tokẽs of grit towardnes, framing his mind EEBO page image 890 to graue deuices, and fyrſt he prepared to make a iorney agaynſt the Scottiſhemen, the whiche in his fathers tyme had done ſo many diſpleaſures to the Engliſhmen, and nowe vpon confidence of his minoritie, ceaſſed not to inuade the bor|ders of his realme, & namely the verie ſelfe nyght that folowed the day of this kinges coronation,

R. Southwell.

Robert Man|ners capitayne of Norham ca|ſtell.

they had thoughte by ſkalyng to haue ſ [...]olne the Caſtell of Norham: but Robert Maners Cap|tayne of that place, vnderſtandyng of their en|terpriſe aforehand by a Scottiſhman of the gar|niſon there, ſo well prouided for their comming, that where a ſixeteene of them boldely entred vpon the wall, he ſlew nyne or ten of them, and toke fiue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was thoughte an euill token, that they ſhuld ſtill be put to the worſe in this kyngs time, ſith they had ſo badde ſucceſſe in the verie begin|ning of his reigne: but they continuing in their malicious purpoſes, about Sainte Margaretes tyde inuaded the lande with three armies, the Earle of Murrey hauyng the leading of one of the ſame armies,The Scots in|made Englande. and Iames Douglas of ano|ther, the third was guyded by the Earle of Mar.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Kyng Edwarde aduertiſed hereof, aſſembled not onely a great power of Engliſhmen, but al|ſo required Iohn Lorde Beaumonte of [...]|nault,The [...] of [...] whome he had lately ſente home ryght honourably rewarded for his good aſſiſtance, to come againe into Englande, wyth certayne han|des of men at armes, and he ſhould receyue wa|ges and good entertainement for them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Beaumount, as one that [...] deedes of armes, was glad to accompliſhe Kyng Edwardes requeſte:Caxton. and ſo therupon with ſeuen hundred menne at armes, or fyue hundred, (as Froſſart hath) came ouer into England agayn, to ſerue agaynſt the Scottes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The generall aſſemble of the armie was ap|poynted to bee at Yorke, and thyther came the ſayd lorde Beaumont with his people, and was ioyfully receyued of the Kyng and his Lordes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here whyleſt not onely the Scottiſhe ambaſ|ſadours, (whiche had bin ſente to treat of peace; were hearde to tell their meſſage) but alſo why|leſt the Counſell tooke ſome leyſure in debalyng the matter howe to guyde theyr enterpryſe, whi|che they had now in hand: vpon Trinitie Sun|day, it chanced that there aroſe contention with|in the Citie of Yorke, betwixte the Engliſhe ar|chers, and the Straungers, whiche the Lorde Beaumount of Haynnault had broughte wyth [figure appears here on page 890] hym,

An affraye be|twixt the En+gliſhe archers and the Hen|n [...]yers

Caxt [...]

in ſo muche that fighting togyther there were ſlayne to the number of foure ſcore perſons of thoſe archers, whiche were buried within the Churche of Saint Clement in Foſgate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Some write, that ther wer ſlayn to the num|ber of three hundreth Engliſhemenne: yet by|cauſe the Haynuyers came to ayde the Kyng, their peace was cried vppon paine of life. And further,Froiſſart. it was founde by an enqueſt of the citie, that the quarrell was begunne by the Engliſhe|men, the which as ſome write were of the Lin|colne ſhire men,Caxton. Froiſſart. of thoſe that ſometyme belon|ged to the Spencers, and to the Earle of Arun|dell, ſo that there was cauſe, why they bare euill will to the Haynnuyers whych had aided (as ye haue heard, to bring the ſaide Earle and Spencers to their confuſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane time the Scottes beeyng en|tred into Englande, hadde done muche hurt, and were come as farre as Stannop Parke in Wyredale:

Stanhop parke.


and thoughe they hadde ſent theyr Ambaſſadours to treate wyth the Kyng and hys counſell for peace, yet no concluſyon followed of their talke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the ſame tyme, bycauſe the Engliſh ſoul|diours of this armie were cloathed all in coates and hoodes embroudred with Floures and bran|ches verye ſeemely, and vſed to nouriſhe theyr beardes: the Scottes in deriſion thereof, made a ryme, whiche they faſtned vppon the Churche dores of Sainct Peter towarde Stangate, con|teyning as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Long beardes, harteleſſe,A ryme in [...]+ [...]ion of the Engli [...].
Paynted hoodes, wytleſſe,
Gaye coates, graceleſſe,
Make Englande thriftleſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng when he ſawe it was but a va [...] thing to ſtay any longer in cõmunication with the Ambaſſadors about peace, departed frõ York with his puiſſant armie, and getting knowledge how the Scots were cloſely lodged in the woods of Stanop parke, he cõmeth & ſtoppeth all the EEBO page image 891 paſſages, ſo it was thought that he ſhould haue had them at his pleaſure, but through treaſon (as was after reported) of the Lord Roger Morty|mer, after that the Scottes had bin kepte within their lodgings for the ſpace of fifteene dayes, till they were almoſte famiſhed, they did not onely fynd a way out, but about two hundred of them vnder the leading of the Lorde William Dou|glas,


The lorde Douglas.

aſſayling th part of the Engliſh campe where the kings Tenteſtoode, in the night ſeaſon, miſſed not muche of eyther taking the King or ſleayng hym: And hauing done hurte ynough o|ther wayes, as in the Scottiſhe Chronicle is al|ſo touched, they followed their companye, and with them retourned into Scotlande wythoute impeachement.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It is ſayde, that Henry Earle of Lancaſter, and Iohn the lord Beaumont of Heynalt wold gladly haue paſſed ouer the water of Wyre, to haue aſſayled the Scots, but the Erle of March through counſell of the Lord Mortimer preten|ding to haue right to the leading of the fore ward and to the gi [...]yng the of on ſet firſte, woulde not ſuffer them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Howe ſoeuer it was, the Kyng miſſed hys purpoſe, and right penſiue therfore, brake vp his fielde, and retourned vnto London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Walter Biſhoppe of Canterburie departed this lyfe in Nouember, and then Simon Me|phan [...] was aduaunced to the gouernemente of that ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Beaumount of Heynalt was ho|norably rewarded for his paynes and trauayle,

The Lorde Beaumont re|turned home.


and their licenced to returne into his countreye, where he had not bene long, but that through his meanes, (then as ſome write) the mariage was concluded betwene king Edward, and the Lady Philip daughter to William Earle of Haynaule and neece to the ſayde Lorde Beaumount, who had the charge to ſee hee brought ouer hither into Englande about Chriſtmaſſe.


1 [...]8

Where in the ci|tie of Yorke vpon the euen of the Conuerſion of Saint Paule, being Sunday, in the latter ende of the firſt yeare of his raigne, Kyng Edward [figure appears here on page 891] ſolemnely maryed hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the ſeconde yeare of his reigne aboute the feaſt of Pentecoſt,

An. reg. 2.

A parliament [...]e Northamp| [...]on.

king Edward helde a parlia|ment at Northampton, at the which parliament by euill and naughtie counſell, whereof the lord Roger Mortymer and the Queene mother bare the blame,A dishonourable peace. the Kyng concluded wyth the Scot|tiſhe King both an vnprofitable and a diſhono|rable peace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For firſte, hee releaſſed to the Scottes their feauſtie and homage. Alſo hee delyuered vnto them certayne olde aunciente writings, ſealed with the ſeales of the Kyng of Scottes, and of dyuers Lordes of the lande both Spirituall and Temporall Amongeſt the whyche, was that Indenture,Ragman. whyche they called Ragman, with many other Charters and patents, by the which the kinges of Scotlande were bounde as feoda|ries vnto the Crowne of Englande,R. Fabian. Caxton. at whiche ſeaſon alſo were deliuered certain Iewels, which before tyme had beene wonne from the Scottes by Kynges of Englande, and among other,The blacke Croſſe. the blacke Croſier or Roode is ſpecially named.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And not onely the King by his ſiniſter coun|ſell loſte ſuche ryghte and title as he had to the realme of Scotlande, ſo farre as by the ſame Counſell myght bee deuyſed, but alſo the Lor|des and Barons, and other menne of Eng|land that had any lands or rents within Scot|lande, loſte theyr ryghte in lyke manner, except they woulde dwell vppon the ſame landes, and become liege menne to the Kyng of Scot|lande.A marriage concluded. Herevppon was there alſo a marryage concluded betwyxte Dauid Bruce the ſonne of EEBO page image 892 Robert Bruce king of Scotland, and the Ladie Iane ſiſter to king Edwarde, whiche of diuers writers is ſurnamed Ioan of the Tower, and the Scots ſurnamed hir halfe in deriſion,Ione make peace. Ioan make peace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This marriage was ſolemniſed at Berwike vpon the day of Mary Magdalen. The Queene with the Biſhops of Elye, & Norwich, the Erle Warreyn,R. Southwell. the Lorde Mortimer, and diuers o|ther Barons of the lande, and a great multitude of other people were preſente at that marriage, whyche was celebrate wyth all honoure that might bee.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The VValſ. Adam Me|rimouth. Polidore.

Creations of Earles.

After the Quindene of Saincte Michael, K. Edwarde helde a parliamente at Saliſbury, in whiche the Lorde Roger Mortymer was crea|ted Earle of Marche, the Lorde Iohn of El|tham the kings brother, was made erle of Corn|wall, and the Lorde Iames Butler of Ireland, Erle of Ormonde who aboute the ſame tyme had marryed the Earle of Herefordes daughter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But the Earle of March tooke the moſt part of the rule of all things perteyning eyther to the King or realme into his owne handes:The Earle of Marche ruleth all thinges at his pleaſure. So that the whole gouernment reſted in a maner betwixt the Queene mother and hym. The other of the Counſell that were firſt appoynted, were in ma|ner diſplaced: for they bare no rule to ſpeake of at all, whiche cauſed no ſmall grudge to ariſe a|gainſt the Queene and the ſayd Erle of March, who maynteyned ſuche portes,Caxton. and kept among them ſuche retinue of ſeruauntes, that their pro|uiſion was wonderfull, whiche they cauſed to be taken vp, namely for the Queene, at the kinges price, to the ſore oppreſſion of the people, which tooke it diſpleaſauntly ynough.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Earle of Lancaſter.There was lyke to haue growen great vary|ance betwixte the Queene and Henrye Earle of Lancaſter, by reaſon that one ſir Thomas Wi|ther, a knighte pertayning to the ſayde Earle of Lancaſter,Robert Hol|lande [...]y [...]e. had ſlayne Robert Holland, who had betrayed ſometyme Thomas Earle of Lanca|caſter, and was after committed to pryſon by Earle Henries meanes, but the Quene had cau|ſed hym to be ſet at libertie, and admitted him as one of hir counſell. The Queene would haue had ſir Thomas Wither puniſhed for the mur|ther, but Erle Henry cauſed him to bee kepte out of the way, ſo that for theſe cauſes and other, the Earle Henry of Lancaſter went about to make a rebellion, and the Queene hauing knowledge thereof, ſought to apprehende hym: but by the mediation of the Earles Marſhall and Kent,The Archbish. of Canterburye vvas the chie [...]e procurer of the agreement and reconcilia|tion of the erle, (at Mer [...]outh hath.) the matter was taken vp, and Erle Henry hadde the kings peace granted him for the ſumme of xi.M. pound, which he ſhould haue payde, but he n [...]er payde that fine, thoughe it was ſo aſſeſſed at the time of the agreemente. There were diuers lor|des and great men that were confederated with hym, the lord Thomas Wake,A [...] [...] the lorde Henry Beaumount, the Lorde Foulke Fitz Warreyn, Sir Thomas Roſſelyn, Sir William Truſ|ſell, and other, to the number of an hundred Knightes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the third yeare of his reigne,


An. reg. [...].

about the Aſ|cention tyde, King Edwarde wente ouer into Fraunce, and comming to the Frenche Kyng Philyp de Valoys, as then being at A [...]yens, did there his homage vnto him for ye duchie of Guy|enne (as in the Frenche hiſtorie appeareth.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare Simon the Archebiſhoppe of Canterburie held a Synode at London, wherin all thoſe were excommunicated that were guyl|tie to the death of Walter Stapleton Biſhop of Exceſter, that had bin put to deth by the Londo|ners, as in the laſt kings tyme ye haue heard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Biſhop of Exceſter founded Exceſter colledge in Oxford, and Harts hall. But nowe to the purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king aboute the beginning, or as other haue, about the middle of Lent,Tho. VVe [...] held a parliamẽt at Wincheſter, during the whiche Edmunde of Woodſtock, erle of Kent,R. So [...] the kings Vncle was arreſted the morow after Saint Gregories day,Addition to Me [...]. and being arraigned vpon certayne confeſſions and letters founde about him, he was found gil|tie of treaſon. There were dyuers in trouble a|bout the ſame matter, for the Erle vpon his open confeſſion before ſundrie lordes of the realme, de|clared, that not only by cõmaundement from the Pope, but alſo by the ſetting on of dyuers nobles of this land (whom he named) he was perſuaded to endeuor himſelf by all ways and meanes poſ|ſible how to deliuer his brother king Edward the ſeconde out of priſon, and to reſtore him to the Crowne, whome one Thomas Dunhed,Tho. Du [...] a Fryer. a Frier of the order of Preachers in London, aſſigned for certain to be aliue, hauing (as he himſelf [...]id) called vp a ſpirite to vnderſtande the truthe ther|of, and ſo what by counſell of the ſayd Frier, and of three other Friers of the ſame order,Tho. VV [...] he hadde purpoſed to woorke ſome meane howe to dely|uer hym, and to reſtore hym agayne to the kingdome

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among the letters that were found about him diſcloſing a greate part of his practiſe, ſome there were, whiche he had written, and directed vnto his brother the ſayd king Edwarde, as by ſome writers it ſhoulde appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of London and certayne other great perſonages, whome he hadde accuſed,1330 were permitted to go at libertie,An. reg. [...] vnder ſureties taken for their good demeanour and foorth commyng. But Roberte de Touton, and the Frier that hadde rayſed the Spirite for to knowe whe|ther the Kynges father were lyuyng or not, EEBO page image 893 were committed to priſon, wherein the Fryer re|mayned tyll he dyed. The Earle hymſelfe was had out of the Caſtell gate at Wincheſter, and [figure appears here on page 893] there loſt his head the .xix. day of Marche,The Earle of [...]ent beheaded. chief|ly (as was thought) through the malice of the Queene mother, and of the Earle of Marche: whoſe pride and hygh preſumption the ſayd Erle of Kente myght not well abyde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 His death in deede was the leſſe lamented, by|cauſe of the preſumptuous gouernement of hys ſeruantes and retinue,Naughtye ſer|uantes bryng [...]he maiſter into [...]no [...]r. whiche he kept about him, for that they riding abrode, woulde take vp thin|ges at their pleaſure, not paying nor agreeyng with the partie to whome ſuche things belonged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The yong Queene Philippe was brought to bedde at Woodſtocke the .xv.The blacke [...]ince borne. day of Iune of hir firſte ſonne, the whyche at the Fourſtone was named Edwarde, and in proceſſe of tyme came to greate proofe of famous chieualrye, as in this booke ſhall more playnely appeare. He was com|monly named when hee came to rype yeares, Prynce Edwarde, and alſo ſurnamed the blacke Prince.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixteenth day of Iuly chaunced a great Eclipſe of the Sunne,


An Eclipſe.

and for the ſpace of two Moneths before, and three monethes after, there fell exceding greate rayne, ſo that thorough the greate intemperancie of wether, corne could not rypen, by reaſon whereof, in many places they beganne not harueſt tyll Michaelmaſſe,A late harueſt. and in ſome place, they inned not their wheate tyll Al|hallonfyde, nor their peaſe tyl S. Andrews tyde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Chriſtmaſſe euen, aboute the breake of dy, a meruaylous ſore and terrible wynd came,A mightye vvinde. foorthe of the weſte, whyche ouerthrewe houſes and buyldings, ouertourned trees by the rootes, and did muche hurte in diuers places.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare ſhortely after Eaſter, the Kyng wyth the Biſhoppe of Wincheſter, and the lord Willyam Montacute hauing not paſte fifteene horſes in their company paſſed the ſea, apparelled in [...] to marchantes, he lefte his brother the Earle of Cornewall his deputie, and gardian of the realme till his retourne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, he cauſed it to bee proclaymed in London, that he went ouer on pilgrimage, and for [...] other purpoſe. He retourned before the [...] ende of Aprill, and then was there holden a Tourney at Dertforf.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Monday after Saint Mathewes day in [figure appears here on page 893] September the Kyng helde a ſolemne Iuſtes in Cheape ſyde, betwixt the greate Croſſe and So|per lane, he with .xij. as Chalengers, anſwering all defendants that came. This ſolemne Iuſtes and tourney continued .iij. dayes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queene with many Ladies beeing pre|ſente at the ſame, fell beſyde a ſtage, but yet as good happe would, they had no hurte by that fall, to the reioycing of many that ſaw them in ſuche danger, & yet ſo luckily to eſcape without harme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo in a Parliament holden at Notingham, aboute Saincte Lukes tyde, Syr Roger Mor|tymer EEBO page image 894 the Earle of Marche was apprehen|ded the ſeuententh daye of October within the Caſtell of Notyngham, where the Kyng with the two Queenes, his mother and his wife, and diuers other were as then lodged: and thoughe the keyes of the Caſtell were dayly and nightly in the cuſtodie of the ſayd Earle of March, and that his power was ſuche, as it was doubted howe he myght be arreſted:Additions to Triuet. for he hadde as ſome writers affirme at that preſente in retinue nyne ſcore knights, beſyde Eſquires, Gentlemen and yeomen: yet at lengthe by the kings healpe, the Lorde William Montacute, the Lorde Hum|freye de Bohun, and his brother ſir William, the Lorde Raufe Stafforde, the Lorde Robert Vf|forde, the Lorde William Clinton, the Lorde Iohn Neuill of Hornbie, and diuers other, whi|che had accuſed the ſayd Earle of March for the murder of Kyng Edwarde the ſeconde, founde meanes by intelligence had with ſir William de Elande Couneſtable of the Caſtell of Noting|ham, to take the ſayd Earle of March wyth his ſonne the Lorde Roger or Geffreye Mortimer, and ſir Simon Bereforde, with other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Hugh Trumpington or Turrington (as ſome Copies haue) that was one of his chiefeſt frendes, with certayne other were ſlayn, as they were aboute to reſiſt agaynſt the Lorde Monta|cute, and his companie in taking of the ſayd erle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The maner of his taking I paſſe ouer, bicauſe of the diuerſitie in report thereof by ſundry wri|ters. From Notingham he was ſent vp to Lon|don with his ſonne the Lorde Roger or Geffrey de Mortimer, ſir Symon Bereforde, and the o|ther pryſoners, where they were committed to priſon in the Tower.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after was a parliamẽt called at Weſt|minſter, chiefly as was thought for reformation of things diſordered through the miſgouernance of the Earle of Marche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But who ſoeuer was glad or ſory for the trou|ble of the ſayd Earle, ſurely the Queene mother tooke it moſte heauyly aboue all other, (as ſhe that loued him more (as the fame wente) than ſtoode well with hir honour. For as ſome write,M [...]. F [...]. ſhe was founde to be with chylde by him. They kepte as it were houſe togither, for the Earle to haue hys prouiſion the better Cheape, layde hys penye with hirs, ſo that hir takers ſerued him as well as they did hir bothe of victualles and caria|ges. But nowe in this Parliamente holden at Weſtminſter hee was attainted of highe treaſon expreſſed in fiue articles, as in effecte followeth.The Earle of Mar [...] a| [...]yned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 Firſt, he was charged that he hadde procured Edwarde of Carneruan the kings father to bee murthered in moſt haynous and tyrannous ma|ner within the caſtel of Berkley. Secondly, that the Scottes at Stanhope Parke throughe his meanes eſcaped. Thirdy, that he receiued at the hands of the lord Iames Douglas, at that time generall of the Scottes, great ſummes of money to execute that treaſon, and further to conclude the peace vppon ſuche diſhonorable couenantes as was accorded with the Scottes at the parli|ament of Northampton. Fourthely, that hee had gotte into his handes a greate parte of the Kyngs treaſure, and waſted it. Fyfthly, that hee hadde impropried vnto hym dyuers war|des that belonged vnto the Kyng: and had bin more priuie wyth Queene Iſabell the Kynges mother, than ſtood eyther with Gods law, or the kynges pleaſure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe articles wyth other beeyng proued a|gainſt him, he was adiudged by authoritie of the parliament to ſuffer death, and according there|vnto, vppon Saincte Andrewes euen nexte en|ſuing, he was at London drawen and hanged, at the common place of Execution, called in [figure appears here on page 894] EEBO page image 895 thoſe dayes the E [...]mes and nowe Tyborne, as in ſome bookes we fynde.

Adam Me|remuth.

The Earle of Marche exe|cuted.

His bodie remayned two dayes and two nightes on the Gallowes, and after taken downe was deliuered to the Fri|ers Minors, who buryed him in their church the morrowe after he was deliuered to them, wyth greate pompe and funerall exequies, althoughe afterwardes, hee was taken vp and carried with Wigmore, whereof he was lorde. He came out to his anſwere in iudgement, no more than any other of the nobilitie had done, ſince the death of Thomas Earle of Lancaſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Syr Symon Bereford exe|cuted.Syr Symon de Bereford knyghte that had bene one of the kings Iuſtices, was drawne al|ſo and hanged at London, vpon S. Lucies day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this parliament holden at Weſtminſter the Kyng tooke into his hande by a [...]u [...]ce of the eſta|tes there aſſembled, all the poſſeſſions, lands and reuenues that belonged to the Queene, his mo|ther,Some bookes haue thre thou|ſande pound. ſhe hauing aſſigned to hir a thouſand poun|des by yeare, for the maintenaunce of hir eſtate, being appointed to remayne in a certayne place, and not to goe elſe where abroade: yet the King to comforte hir, woulde lyghtely euerye [...] once come to viſite hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that the Earle of Marche was [...]|ted (as ye haue hearde) dyuers noble men that were departed the Realme, bycauſe they coulde not abyde the pride and preſumption of the ſayd Earle,Adam Mer+ [...]uth. howe returned: A [...] the ſonne and heyre of the Earle of Arundell, the Lorde Thomas Wa [...]e, the Lorde Henry Beaumont, ſir Tho|mas de Roſſelyn, Sir Foul [...]e Fitz W [...]|reyne; Sir Gryffyn de la [...]oole, and [...] other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. reg. 3.

Edvvard [...]al| [...] commeth [...]to Englande.

In the fifth yeare of King Edwardes [...] Edward [...] came [...] of Fraunce [...] Englande, and obteyned ſuche [...] for our, the aſſiſtance of the Lorde Henrye Beaumont, the Lord Dauid of Scrabogy Earle of [...] the Lorde Geffrey de Mowbray, the lord Wal|ter C [...]y [...], and other that king Edward gran|ted hym: licence to make his prouiſion in Eng|lande to paſſe into Scotlande wyth an [...] of men to attempte the recouerie of his right to the crowne of Scotlande, with condition that if he recouered it, he ſhoulde acknowledge to holde it of the kyng of Englande as ſuperiour Lorde of Scotlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The commyng awaye of Edwarde Bal|liolie oute of Fraunce is dyuerſelye reported by writers:Caxton. ſome ſaye, that hee was ayded by the French king, whoſe ſiſter he had maryed: and o|ther ſaye, [...]ohn Barnabie that he being in priſon in Fraunce, for the eſcape of an Engliſhman, one Iohn Barna|bye Eſquier, which had ſlaine a Frenchman by chance of quarelling in the town of Dampierre, where the ſame Barnabie dwelled with the ſaide Edwarde Balliol, it ſo came to paſſe that the Lord Henrie Beaumont hauing occaſion of bu|ſyneſſe wyth the Frenche Kyng,The Lorde Beaumont. that fauoured him w [...]ll came ouer into Fraunce, and there vn|der ſtanding of Balliols impriſonement, procu|red his deliueraunce, and brought him ouer into Englande, and cauſed him to remayne in ſe [...] wiſe at the Manor of [...]all vppon [...] Yorkeſhire, with the Ladie [...]eſ [...]ie, till hee had purchaſed the Kinges graunt for him to make his promiſ [...] of men of warre and ſhips within the Engliſhe dominions.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the [...]te yeare of King Edwards raigne Reignolde Erle o Gelderland maried the Ladie Eleanor ſ [...]er to this King Edwarde the thirde,


An. reg. 6.


The Earle of Gelderlande.

who gaue vnto the ſayde Earle wyth hir for hir portion, fifteene thouſande poundes ſter|lyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Iſabell the kinges daughter was borne alſo this yeare at Woodſtocke. After that Ed|warde Balliol had prepared and made read [...] his purueyances for his iourney, and that his men of warre wer aſſembled & come togither, being in al not paſte [...] of armes and about twoo thouſande archers and other footemen hee tooke thoſe [...] at Rauenſpurgh in Yorkeſhire, and [...] thence directing his courſe Northewarde he arriued at lengthe in Scotland;Edvvard Bal|lioll crovvned K. of Scotland. wher he atchie|uing g [...]t vict [...]es (as in the Scottiſh chronicle yee may reade more at large) was finally crow|ned king of that Realme. It may ſeeme a won|der to many [...] that the king of Englande woulde perſuit Edwarde Balliol to make his prouiſion thus in Englande and to ſuffer his people to aide him againſte his brother in lawe Kyng Dauid that had married his ſiſter (as before yee haue heard,) In deede at the firſte hee was not [...]erie read [...] to graunt theyr ſute that moued it,The cauſe that moued K. Ed|vvarde to ayd the Ballioll. but at lengthe hee was contented to diſſemble the matter, in hope that if Edwarde Balliol had good ſucceſſe, hee ſhoulde then recouer that a|gaine, whiche by the concluſion of peace du|ring his minoritie, hee had throughe euill coun|ſel, reſigned out of his handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scot [...]neuertheleſſe in December cha|ſed theyr newe Kyng, Edwarde Balliol out of Scotlande, ſo that hee was faine to retire into Englande, and celebrated the feaſte of the Na|tiuitie at Carleil, in the houſe of the Friers mi|nors, and the morrows after, beeing Sainct Stephens daye, hee wente into Weſtmerlande, where of the lorde Clifforde hee was right ho|nourably receyued,

Ro. Southwell

Edvvard Bal|l [...]oll chaſed out of Scotlande.


to whome hee then graun|ted Douglas, Dale in Scotlande, whiche had bene graunted to the ſaide lord Cliffords grand|father in the dayes of Kyng Edwarde the firſt, if hee might at any time recouer the Realme of Scotlande out of his aduerſaries handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 896After thys, he went and lay a tyme with the Ladie of Gynes,An. reg. 7. that was his kinſewoman. Fi|nally about the .x. day of Marche, hauing aſſem|bled a power of Engliſhemen and Scottiſhmen he entred Scotlande,Borvvike be|ſieged. and beſieged the towne of Berwike, duryng the whyche ſiege, many en|terpriſes were attempted by the parties: and a|mongeſt other, the Scottes entred Englande by Carleile, doing muche miſchiefe in Gilleſtande, by brennyng, killyng, robbing, and ſpoylyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king aduertiſed hereof, thought himſelfe diſcharged of the agreement concluded betwixte him and Dauid Bruce, the ſonne of Rob. Bruce that had married hys ſyſter, and therfore tooke it to be lawfull for hym to ayde his couſin Edw. Ballioll, the lawfull king of Scottes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And herewyth aſſembling an armie, came to the ſiege of Berwike, together with his brother Iohn of Eltham, Earle of Cornewall,The v [...] of Engl [...] at Ha [...] and o|ther noble menne, ſeeking by all meanes poſſible howe to winne the Towne and finally diſcom|fited an armie of Scots, whiche came to the reſ|kue [figure appears here on page 896] therof vpon Halidon hill, in ſleaing of them what in the fighte and chaſe, ſeuen Earles, nine hundred knightes and baronnettes, foure hun|dred Eſquiers, and vpon .xxxij. thouſande of the common people: and of Engliſhmen were ſlain but .xv. perſons, as our Engliſh wryters make mention.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scottiſh writers confeſſe, that the Scot|tiſhemen loſt to the number of .xiiij. thouſande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bervvike deli|uered.On the morrowe folowing, being S. Mar|garets day, the towne of Berwike was rendred vnto king Edward, with the Caſtell, as in the Scottiſhe Chronicle ye maye reade, with more matter touchyng the ſiege and battaile afore|ſayde, and therefore here in fewe words, I paſſe it ouer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edward hauing thus ſp [...] his buſines left a power of men with Edward Balliole,The lord Ri|chard Talbot. vn|der the conduct of the lord Richard Talbot, and returned himſelfe backe into. Englande, appoyn|ting the Lorde Percye to bee gouernoure of the Towne of Ber [...]re, and ſir Thomas Greye knight, his lieutenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord Iohn Daroy, lorde chiefe Iuſtice of Ireland,The Lorde Iu|ſtice of Ireland commeth into Scotlande. leauyng the Lord Thomas Burgh his deputie in that countrey, pa [...]d ouer wyth an armye into Scotlande, to ayde the Kyng, who (as ye haue hearde) was there the ſame tyme in perſon. And ſo by the kyng on one ſyde, and by the Iriſhmenne on an other, Scotlande was ſubdued, and reſtored vnto Balliole, who the morrowe after the Octaues of the Natiui|tie of our Ladie, helde a Parliament at Sainct Iohns towne, in the whiche he reuoked & made voyde all actes, whyche the late King of Scots Roberte Bruce hadde enacted or made: and fur|ther ordeyned, that all ſuche landes and poſ|ſeſſions as the ſayde Bruce hadde giuen to any manner of perſon, ſhould bee taken from them, and reſtored to the former and true inhery|toure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys yere about the twelfth of October, Si|mon Mepham Archbiſh. of Canterbury, depar|ted this life, in whoſe place ſucceded Iohn Steet forde,Ada [...] [...]+mouth. being remoued from the ſea of Wynche|ſter, whereof hee was Biſhoppe, before that hee was thus called to the ſea of Canterbury.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After Candelmaſſe,


A [...]. reg. Ad [...] [...] Ada [...]+ [...]th.

A parliament at Yorke.

the Kyng of Englande repaired towardes Yorke, there to holde a par|liament, to the whiche (beginnyng the Monday in the ſeconde w [...]ke in Lent,) when Edwarde Balliol doubting to be ſurpriſed by his aduerſa|ries, coulde not come, hee ſente yet the Lorde Henrie de Beaumont, and the Lorde William de Montat [...]te, to make excuſe for him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The kyng of Englande, paſſing farther into the Northe partes, helde hys Wh [...]ſon [...]yde at Newe Caſtell vpon Tyne, with greate royal|tie: And ſhortly after, Edward Balliol Kyng of Scottes came thither,Edvvard Bal|lioll d [...] ho+mage [...] king of Eng|land for S [...]+lande. and vpon the ninteenth daye of Iune, made his homage vnto the king of Englande, and ſware vnto him fealtie in the preſence of a greate number of Nobles and Gentlemen there aſſembled, as to his ſuperiour and chiefe Lorde of the Realme of Scotlande, byndyng hymſelfe by that othe, to hold the ſame realme of the king of Englande, his heires and ſucceſſors for euer. He alſo gaue & grãted vnto ye K. of England at ye time .v. coũties next adioy|ning vnto ye borders of Englãd, as Berwik and EEBO page image 897 Rockſburgh Peplis, and Dunfres, the townes of Hadington and Gedworthe, with the caſtell, the forreſtes of Silkirke, Etherike, and Ged|worth, ſo as all theſe portions ſhould be ele [...]e|ly ſeparated from the crowne of Scotland, and annexed vnto the crowne of England for euer. And theſe thinges were confirmed and robora|ted with othe, ſcepter, and witneſſe ſufficient.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whiche thinges done in due order as was requiſite, the Kyng of Englande retourned home, and the Kyngs wente backe into Scot|lande. And then were all ſuche lordes reſtored againe to their landes and poſſeſſions in Scot|lande, whiche in the dayes of Edwarde the ſeconde had bene expulſed from the ſame: and nowe they did theyr homage vnto the King of Scotlande for thoſe landes as apperteyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediatly after, the Kyng of Englande called a counſell of his Lordes ſpirituall and temporall at Notingham, commaundyng them to meete h [...]m there aboute the thirteenthe daye of Iuly, there to conſult, with hym of weightie cauſes concerning the ſtate of the realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare on Sainct Clementes daye at night whiche falleth on the three and twentieth of Nouember, throught a maruellouſe inu [...]|dation and ciſing of the ſea all alongeſt by the coaſtes of this realme, [...]ation of [...]e ſea. but eſpecially about the Thames, the ſea bankes or walles were broken and borne downe with violence of the water, and infinite numbers of heaſtes and cat [...]aile drowned, fruitfull grounds and paſtures were made ſalte marſhes [...]o as there was no hope that in long time they ſhoulde recouer againe theyr former fruitfulneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane time the Frenche Kyng was appoynted to haue made a viage againſte the Sarazins enemies of our faith, and had ſente to the Kyng of England, requering him of his companie in that iourney. But the king of Englande beeing otherwiſe occupied wyth the affaires of Scotlande, ma [...] no direct aun|ſwere therevnto,Ambaſſadors from the Frẽch [...]ng. ſo that the Frenche kyng per|ceyuing that the kyng of Englande was not in all things well pleaſed with him, thought good before hee ſet forewarde on that iourney to vn|derſtande his meaning, and therevppon ſente eftſoones vnto him other ambaſſadours. Theſe ambaſſadours arriued here in Englande and had audience, but nothing they concluded in effect, ſaue that the kyng promiſed to ſende his ambaſſadours ouer into Fraunce to haue fur|ther communication in the matter touching ſuche pointes of variaunce as depended bee|twixt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Although Edward Balliol by the puiſſ [...]ce of the king of Englandes, aſſiſtaunce had gotte the moſte parte of the Realme of Scotland in|to his handes, yet diuers caſtels were holden a|gainſte him, and the Scots dayly ſtipped from him, and by open rebellion moleſted him dy|uers wayes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king of England aduertiſed therof cal|led a parliament at London,

R. Southwell.

A parliamente at London.

wherin hee tooke order for his iourney into Scotland, had a tenth and a fifteenth graunted hym, and ſo abouts At ballontide, hee came to Newecaſtell vppon Tine, with his army, and remained there [...]ill the feaſt of Saint Katherin, and then entring into Scotlande, came to Rockeſburgh,

The king en|treth into Scot+land vvith an armie.


where he repared the Caſtell which had ben aforetime deſtroyed. After the thirde daye of Chriſtmaſſe was paſte the kyng of Englande entred into Ethricke [...]r [...]ſt, beating it vp and downe, but the Scottes would not come within his reach: wherevpon he ſent the Kyng of Scottes that was there preſent with him, and the Earles of Warwicke and Oxforde and [...]rten other ba|rons and knyghtes, wyth theyr retinues vnto Carlei [...] to keepe and defende thoſe Weſt parts of the realme from the Scottes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In their iourney thitherwardes, they went by Peplis to apprehend certaine Scots, whome they heard to be lodged & abiding thereabouts, but when they founde them not, they waſted the countrey, and tourned ſtreight to Carleiſ, whereafter the Epiphanie there aſſembled an armie foorthe of the Counties of Lancaſter, Weſt [...]and and Cumberland by the kinges appointement, whiche army togither with the kyng of Scottes and the other Lordes there founde, entred Scotland, and did muche [...] in the country of Galloway,Marl. deſtroying towns and all that they found abroade, but the people were fled and withdrawe [...] out of theyr way. And when they had taken their pleaſure, the Kyng of Scottes ratourned backe to Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare three foll g [...]e abundaunce of raine,A dearth and death of cattel. and therevppon enſued morraine of beaſtes: alſo corne [...]o failed this yeare, that a quarter of wheate was ſolde at fortie ſhillings

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally when the kyng had finiſhed his buſi|neſſe in Scotlande,An. reg. 9. as to his ſeeming ſtoode with his pleaſure, he retourned into England,Ambaſſadours ſent into Frãce and ſhortely after hee ſente the Archbyſhoppe of Canterburye, ſir Phillippe de Montacute, and Geffrey Scrope vnto the Frenche king to conclude a firme amitie and league with him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe Lords comming into France, were not at the firſte admitted to the Frenche Kings preſence, till they ſhewed themſelues halfe greened with that ſtraunge [...]raling: for then finally were they brought vnto hym who gent|ly receyued them, and cauſed the matter to bee entreated of aboute the whiche they were ſente, in furthering whereof, ſuche diligence w [...] EEBO page image 898 vſed that finally a concluſion of peace and con|cord was agreed and ſo farre paſſed, that pro|clamation thereof ſhoulde haue bene made in Paris, and in the countrey thereabout the next day: but vnneth were the engliſh Ambaſſadors returned vnto theyr lodgings when they were ſent for back againe, and further enformed that the Frenche King minded to haue Dauid king of Scotlande compriſed in the ſame league, ſo that hee might be reſtored vnto his kingdome, and the Balliol put out. The Engliſhe Am|baſſadors anſwered, that their commiſſion ex|tended not ſo farre, and therefore they coulde not conclude any thing therin. Herevppon all the former communication was reuoked, and therely made voide, ſo that the engliſhe ambaſ|ſadors retourned home into Englande with|out anything concluded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Aboute the feaſte of the Aſcention, the king helde a parliament at Yorke, orderning for his iourney into Scotlande, R. Southwell. A parliament. and alſo deuiſing by [...]horitie therof dyuers profitable ſtatutes for the common wealthe. Aboute Midſommer, he came [...]tie his army vnto Newcaſtell vppon Tine. whether came to him from Carleil the king of Scots, and there order was taken that the Kyng of Englande and his brother the erle of Cornwall, the Earles of Warwike, Lan|caſter, Lincolne, and Hereforde, with all theyr retinnes, and the Earle of Guliekerlande, that had married the Kings ſiſter, and with a farre companie was come to ſerue the Kyng in theſe warres ſhuld paſſe to Carletie, and on the .xij. of Iuly enter Scotland. The king of Scots, the Erles of Surry, and Arundell, and the lord Henry Perey a baron of greate might and po|wer, beeyng all of bin of the king of Scottes, with their retinnes ſhoulde goe to Berwicke, and there enter the ſame daye aboue mentio|ned, and as it was appointed, for it was p [...] in practiſe: for bothe the kings the ſame day en|tring Scotlande in ſeuerall part is, they paſſed forward without reſiſtance at theyr pleaſures, waſting and brenning all the countreys, both on this ſide,The VVelche|men. and beyonde the Scottiſh ſea. The Welchemen ſpired neyther religious perſons nor their [...]les, making no more accompt of them thã of others: the mariners of Newcaſtel alſo brent a great parte of the towne of Dun|dee.Dundee brent. The Earle of Namure. The Earle of Namure aboute the ſame tyme comming into Englande to ſerue the king in his warres, tooke vpon him to paſſe into Scotlande wyth a bande of an hundreth men of armes, beſide ſeuen or eighte Knightes whiche he brought ouer with him, and certaine Engliſhemen to be his guides from Barwike,Fourdon. but hee was affa [...]ed before he coulde get to Edinburgh by the Erles of Murrey and Dun|barre, and the Lord William Douglas, ſo that notwithſtandyng the ſtraungers bare them|ſelues verie manfully, yet oppreſſed with mul|titude, they were forced to giue place, but yet ſtill fighting and defending themſelus till they came to Edinburgh, and there taking the hill where the ruynes of the caſtell ſtoode, kept the ſame all the night following, but the nexte day they diſpairing of all ſuccours, and hauing nei|ther meate nor drinke,The Earle of Murrey take [...] R. South. at length yelded them|ſelues, whom the Earle of Murrey receyuing right curteouſly, ſhewed them ſuch fauour, that without raunſome he was contẽted they ſhould return into their countreys: and for more ſure|tie, he conueyed the ſaid erle of Namur (whom the Scotiſhe bookes call Earle of Gelderlande) and his companie backe to the borders,Fourdon. but in his retourne or ſhortely after, the ſame Earle of Murrey that tooke himſelfe for gouernour of Scotland was encountred by the Engliſhmen that lay in garniſon within Rockeſburgh, and by them taken priſoner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde William Douglas being there alſo with him eſcaped, but Iames Douglas brother to the ſaide Lorde William Douglas was at that bicketing ſlain with diuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the feaſte of the Aſſumption of our Lady,Scottes [...] them to the King of Eng|lande. diuers of the Scottiſhe nobilitie came and ſubmitted themſelues to the king, namely the Earle of Atholl and other, but Earle Pa|trike of Dunbarre, and the Earle of Roſſe,The child of Kildrumme. the Lorde Andrew de Murrey, the lord William Douglas, and the lorde William de Keth, and many other woulde not come in, but aſſem|bling themſelues togither, did all the miſchiefe they coulde vnto thoſe that had receyued the Kynges peace. The Earle of Atholl in the winter ſeaſon beeſieging the Caſtell of Kil|drummy beyond the Scottiſh ſea was ſet vpon by the Earles of Dunbarre and Roſſe,The Earle of Atholl [...] ſo that they flewe him there in fielde, for his men fled from him (through ſome traiterous practiſe as was thought) and lefte him and a fewe other in all the daunger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King of Englande being retourned foorth of Scotlande remayned for the moſte parte of the winter in the Northe partes and held his Chriſtmas at Newcaſtell vpon Tine, and after the Epiphanie hauing aſſembled an army readie to paſſe into Scotland to reuenge the Earle of Atholles deathe, whiche hee tooke very diſpleaſauntly, there came in the meane time Ambaſſadours bothe from the Pope and the Frenche Kyng,1338 and founde the Kyng of Englande at Berwicke readie with his armie to ſet forewarde into Scotlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 But theſe ambaſſadors did ſo muche by en|treatieAn. reg. [...] with the two kings of Englande and EEBO page image 899 Scotlande, that aboute the feaſte of the Puri|fication,A truce graun|ted to the Scot [...] a truce was agreed vpon to endure till Midlent. And then ſhould a parliament be holden at London, and herewith articles were drawn, & certaine petitions put foorth, vpon the whiche if the parties in the meane time coulde agree, the peace accordingly might be eſtabli|ſhed, if not, then the warre to be proſecuted as before. The chiefeſt article and petition which the Scots proponed, as deſirous to be therein reſolued, was to vnderſtande which of the two that claimed the crowne of Scotland, to witte Edward Balliol, and Dauid Bruce, had moſt righte thereto. But when in the parliament time the lorde Maurice de Murrey ſlewe Sir Geffrey de Roſſe, a Scottiſh Knight, that was Sheriffe of Ayre, and Lenarke, beeing of the Balliolles ſide, for that in time of open warre the ſame ſir Geffrey had ſlaine his brother, vpon reſpect of this preſumptuous parte,The ſtoutneſſe of Scottes hin|dered the con|cluſion of the peace. and by rea|ſon of ſuch ſtoutneſſe as the Scottes otherwiſe ſhewed, no concluſion of peace could be brought to effect. Before the feaſte of the Aſcention the king of Englande ſente forewarde the king of Scottes the Earles of Lancaſter, Warwike, Oxforde, and Anegos, and diuers lordes and capitaynes wyth an armye, the whiche after Whitſontide,An armie ſente into Scotland. entring into Scotlande, paſſed ouer the Scottiſhe ſea,S. Iohns tovvn fortified. and comming to Saint Iohns towne (whiche the Scottes had brent diſpairing to defende it againſt the Englyſhe power) they ſet in hande to fortifie it, compaſ|ſing it with deepe ditches and a ſtrong rampier of earthe. Aboute the ſame tyme the Kyng called a parliament at Northampton, where leauing the prelates,Adam Me| [...]muth. and other to weate of ſuche matters as were proponed the himſelfe to be Northewardes, and comming to Berwike, tooke with him a ſmall bond of men of armes, and ſetting forewarde,The K. goeth [...] Scotlande haſted forth till he came to Sainct Iohns towne, where he founde the king of Scottes, and other his nobles greatly wondering of his comming thither to vnlooked for. After hee had reſted there a little hee tooke with him parte of the armie, and paſſing for|warde ouer the mountaines of Scotlande euen vnto Elgen in Murrey, and Inuernes, further by many miles than euer his grandfather had gone:Abirden brent [...]h [...]. VValſ. [...]r Thomas [...] [...]lyn ſtayn. In his retourne hee brent the towne of Aberden in reuenge of the deathe of a right va|liant knight called ſir Thomas Roſſelin, that cõming thither by ſea tooke land there, and was ſlaine by ye enemies: he brẽt diuers other towns and places in this voyage, ſpoyling and wa|ſting the countreys where he came, not finding any to reſiſte him.The Earle of Cornvvall. Aboute Lammas the Earle of Cornewall with the power of Yorkeſhire and Northumberlande, and the lorde Anthony Lucy with the Cumberlande and Weſtmer|lande men entred Scotlande, and deſtroyed the Weſt partes, as Carrike,The Lorde Douglas. and other whiche o|beyed not the Ballioll. The lorde William Douglas ſtill coaſted the Engliſhemen, doing to them what domage he might. At lengthe this armie loden with praies, and ſpolle retur|ned home, but the Erle of Cornewall with his owne retinue came throughe to Sainct Iohns towne, where he founde the king being retur|ned thither frõ his iourney which he had made beyonde the mountains. The king ſtayed not long there, but leauing the king of Scottes with his companie in that towne, he went to Striueling, where on the plat of grounde vp|pon which the deſtroyed caſtell had ſtoode,Striuelyn Ca|ſtell buylt, or rather repared. hee built an other fortreſſe, called a Pile. And now bicauſe he had ſpent a great deale of treaſure in thoſe warres of Scotlande, hee ſummoned a parliamẽt to be holdẽ at Notingham; in which there was graunted to him a .x. of the clergie, and likewiſe of the citizens, and burgeſſes of good townes, and a .xv. of other that dwelte foorth of cities and boroughes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 About the latter end of October Iohn of El|tham Earle of Cornwall the kings brother,The deceſſe of the Earle of Cornevvall. de|parted this life at ſaint Iohns towne in Scot|lande: his bodie was afterwardes conueyed to Weſtminſter and there buried with all ſolẽpne funeralles. The Scottiſh writers affirme that he was ſlaine by his brother king Edward for the crueltie he had vſed in the Weſte partes of Scotlande, in ſleaing ſuche as for ſafegarde of their liues fledde into churches.The deceſſe of Hughe de Freſ|nes Earle of Lincolne. Moreouer in December there deceaſſed at ſaint Iohns town aforeſaid, Hugh de Freſnes that in right of the counteſſe of Lincolne was entitled Earle of Lincolne. He died of the flixe, or as was ſaid, throughe exceſſiue colde,VValter Giſ|burgh. Tho VValſ. whiche in thoſe quar|ters in that cold time of the yeare, ſore afflicted the engliſhe people. In the meane time aboute the feaſte of ſaint Luke the Euangeliſte the K. went with an armie into Scotlande towarde the caſtell of Bothuille, and comming thither repared the ſame,The lord Staf|forde. whiche by the Scottes had lately before bin deſtroied. The baron Stafford the ſame time cõming towards the king with a power of men, took Douglas Dale in his way, taking in the ſame a greate praye of cattell and other thinges. Before Chriſtmaſſe the king re|turned into England, but the king of Scottes remained all the winter in ſaint Iohns town, with a ſober cõpanie. When the king had ſet|led the ſtate of Scotlande vnder the gouerne|ment of the Balliol, thoſe Scottiſhmen which toke part with the Ballioll,A ſtatute ordei+ned by the Scots in fauour of the king of England. ordeyned as it wer in recompence of king Edwardes frindeſhippe a ſtatute, wherby they bounde themſelues to the EEBO page image 600 ſaide King Edwarde and his heyres kinges of Englande, that they ſhould aide and aſſiſt him againſte all other princes: and whenſoeuer it chanced that eyther he or any king of England being rightful inheritor, had any warrs againſt any prince, either within the lande or without, the Scottiſhemen of their owne proper coſtes and expences ſhoulde finde .iij.C. horſemen, and a .M. footemen well and ſufficientely ar|raied for the warre, the which xiij.C. men, the Scottes ſhoulde wage for a whole yeare: and if the king of Englande ended not his warres within the yeare, then he to giue wages to the ſaide number of .xiij.C. Scots as he dothe to other of his ſouldiors and men of warre. There be that write,Polidore. that the king of England ſhould not only fortifie ſaint Iohns towne about this time, as before is mencioned, but alſo ſaint An|drowes,Tovvnes forti|fied by King Edvvard in Scotlande. Cowper, Aberdine, Dunfermeling, with certen other caſtels, leauing garniſons of men in the ſame. But for ſo muche as yee may read ſufficiently of thoſe troubles in Scotland, and of the returne of K. Dauid foorth of Frãce, and how his realme was recouered out of the Balliols hands in the Scottiſh chronicles, we neede not here to make any long diſcourſe thereof.

Tho. VValſ. Croxden.


The Queene was deliuered of hir ſe|conde ſonne at Hatfield, who was therfore na|med Williã of Hatfield, who liued but a ſhort tyme, departing this worlde when he was but yong.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King ſtudieth to ga|ther money to maintaine his vvarres.The king being returned home foorthe of Scotlande, ſeeketh all wayes poſſible howe to recouer money, bothe to ſupplie his charges for the Scottiſhe warres, and alſo to furniſhe the other warres whiche he ment to take in hande againſte the French king: he got ſo muche into his handes (as it is reported by writers, that it was very ſcant & harde to come by: throughout the whole realme: by reaſon of which ſcarcitie and want of money, or vpon ſome other neceſ|ſarie cauſe,Greate cheap|nes of vv [...]res and ſcarcitie of money. victuall, and other chaffer, and merchãdiſes were exceding cheaper for at Lon|don a quarter of wheate was ſolde [...] .ii. ſs a fat oxe for .vj. ſs .viij. d a fat ſheepe for .vj. d or .viij. d halfe a doſen pigeons for .j. d a fatte gooſe for .ij. d. a pig for .j. d and ſo all other victualles after the like rate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare was the warre proclaimed be|twixte Englande, and Fraunce, chiefly by the procurement of the Lord Roberte Da [...]tois, a frenchmã, as then baniſhed out of France, vp|pon occaſion of a claime by him made vnto the erledome of Artois. This lorde Roberte after he was baniſhed Fraunce, fledde ouer vnto K. Edward, who gladly receiued him, and made him Earle of Richmont. All the goodes of the Italians were by the kings commaundement this yeare confiſcate to his vſe, and ſo likewi [...] were the goodes of the Mo [...]kes of the C [...]g [...]|acke, and C [...]ſter [...] orders. This yeare alſo a come to or blaſing [...]e appeãted, with ſong and terrible ſtreames paſſing from it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this .ij. yeare of his raigne, the Kyng helde a parliament at Weſtminſter,


An. reg. [...]

aboue the time of Lent, during the whiche, of the Earle|dome of Cornwall he made a duchre, and ga [...]e it vnto his eldeſt ſon Edwarde,Tho. VVa [...] Ran. H [...]g [...] Polidore. Fabian. that was then Earle of Cheſter, who [...] alſo as ſome write, he created at the ſame [...] prince of Wales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer in rewarde of ſeruice, there were vj. noble men at this Parliament [...] to the honour and title of Earles, as the lorde Henry ſonne to the Earle of Lancaſter,Creation of noble men. was created Earle of Derbie, or after ſome writers, Earle of Leiceſter. William Bohun was crea|ted Earle of Northampton: William Mon|tacute, Earle of Saliſburie: Hughe Audeley Earle of Glouceſter: William Clinton Earle of Huntingdon:Addition to Mer [...]. Croxde [...]. and Roberte Vfford Erle of Suffolke. This creation was on the ſeconde Sunday in Lente, and the ſame day were .xx. Knights made, whoſe names for bri [...]eneſſe we doe here omitte. In this parliament it was enacted,An acte of a [...]raye, agai [...] ſu [...]pta [...]es parell. that no man ſhoulde weare any man|ner of ſake in gown, cote, or doubler, except he might diſpende of good and ſufficient rent an hundred poundes by yeare, whiche acte was not long obſerued. It was alſo ordeined by the aduice of this parliament, that Henry of Lan|caſter newly created Earle of Derbie ſhoulde goe ouer into Gaſcoigne, there to remaine as the kinges lieutenant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 But Richarde Southwell ſayth, that the Earle of Saliſburie, and not the Earle of Der|bie was appointed to goe into Gaſcoigne at that time and the erle of Warwike into Scot|lande.

An acte ſtraint of [...]porting [...] vvolles.

Ad [...] [...]rem [...]th.

Moreouer in this parliament it was enacted that no wo [...]ll of the engliſhe growthe ſhoulde goe forthe of the lande, but bee here wrought and made in clothe: and farther an acte was ordeined for receyuing of ſtraungers that were Clotheworkers, and order taken that fitte, and conuenient places ſhoulde doe aſſigned forth to them where to inhabite, with many priuiledges, and liberties, and that they ſhoulde haue wages and ſtipends allowed thẽ, till they were ſo ſetled as they might gaine cõmodiouſlie by their occupation and ſcience:

R. South.

The cal [...] Bot [...]

but now to return to other maters. The Scots this yeare tooke the caſtell of Both [...]lle by ſur|render, ſo as the engliſhemen that were within it, departed with their liues, and goods ſaued. Diuers other caſtels and fortreſſes were taken by the Scots in Fife, and in other parties, but the countrey of Galloway was by them ſpeci|ally EEBO page image 901 ſore afflicted, bicauſe the people there helde with theyr lord Edwarde Ballioll. Herevpon it was agreed in this laſte parliament, that the earle of Warwike beeyng appoynted to go thither, ſhoulde haue with him the power be|yonde Trent Northwards. But when about the Aſcention tide the Scotts had beſieged the caſtell of Striuelin, the king of Englande in perſon haſted thitherwards, of whoſe approch the Scots no ſoner vnderſtood, but that ſtreight wayes they brake vp their ſiege, and departed thence: the king therefore returned backe into the Southe partes. [...] Euſtace [...]ackevvell. Aboute the ſame time Sir Euſtace de Maxwell knighte, Lorde of Carla|uerocke, reuolted from Edwarde Balliol vnto Dauid le Bruis his ſide, and ſo that parte daily encreaſed, and the warre continued, with da|mage inoughe to bothe partes. [...]e Earle of [...]arvvike [...]deth [...]cotlande. In the begin|ning of September the erle of Warwike with an army entred Scotlande by Berwike, and the lorde Thomas de Wake, and the Lorde Clifforde with the biſhoppe of Carleil accom|panied with the Weſtmerlande, and Cumber|lande men entred by Carleil, and within twoo dayes after mette with the Earle of Warwike as before it was appointed, and ſo ioyning to|gyther, they paſſed forewarde, ſpoyling, and waſting Tevidale, Mofeteidale, & Nideſdale. The lorde Anthony Lucie with a parte of the armie entred into Galloway, and after he had waſted that countrey, he returned to the army, which by reaſon of the exceeding great [...]eat yt fel in yt ſeaſon, they could not kepe on their ior|ney into Douglaſdale, and to Ayre, as they had appointed: but hauing remained in Scotland a twelue dayes, they returned altogither vnto Carleil. Edwarde Balliol was not with the [...] in thys iourneye, but remayned ſtill in En|gland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scots in reuenge hereof made dyuers rodes into Englande, withdrawing ſtill with theyr pray and booties, before the engliſhe pow|er coulde aſſemble to giue them battaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The caſtell of [...]denburgh be| [...]ged.Aboute A [...]hallontide, the Scotts beſieged the caſtell of Edenburgh, but the Byſhoppe of Carleil, the lorde Randoll Dacres of Gilleſ|lande, with the power of the counties of Cum|berlande, and Weſtmerlande, and the King of Scotts Edwarde Balliol, with the Lorde Anthony Lucie, and ſuche companie as they brought from Berwicke, meeting at Rockeſ|burghe,The ſiege is [...]ed. marched forthe vnto Edenburghe and chaſing the Scots from the ſiege, tooke order for the ſafe keeping of the caſtell from thence foorth, and returned into Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The K. practi| [...] vvith the [...]ings.In this meane time things happened ſo well to the purpoſe of King Edwarde, that by practiſe he alienated the [...]artes of the Flemings from the obedience of their Earle, being alto|gither [...]neſt friende to the Frenche king. He therefore vnderſtanding the mindes of his people, ſought to winne them by ſome gentle treatie, and ſo did euen at the firſt, concluding an agreement with them of Gaunt, which were fully at a point to haue entred into league with the king of Englãd, as with him whoſe frend|ſhippe by reaſon of the Trafficke of merchan|dize, (and namely of the engliſh woolles,) they knewe to bee more neceſſarie for their countrey than the Frenche kings.The Bishop of Turney. Althoughe by the helpe of the Biſhoppe of Turney the earle of Flaun|ders cauſed them to ſtaye from concluding or ioyning in any ſuche bondes of amitie with the king of Englande for that time, he yet doubted the arriuall of ſome power out of Englande, and therevppon appointed his baſtarde brother Guy of Rijckenburgh,Iames Mair. and certayn other noble men and captains,The Iſle of Cadſant. with a crue of men of warre to lie in the Iſle of Cadſant to defende the paſ|ſage there, and to ſee that no Engliſh ſhippes ſhoulde come or goe that way by the ſeas: whereof the king of Englande beeing aduerti|ſed, ſent thither the Earle of Darbie,An armie ſente by ſea into Flaunders. the lorde Lewes Beauchampe, the lorde Reginalde Cobham, alſo the lorde William ſonne to the earle of Warwike, the lord Walter de Man|ny an Hanneuyer, and other lordes, knightes and capitaines, with a power of fiue hundreth men of armes, and two thouſande archers,Foure thouſand ſaith Iac. Meir. the whiche comming to the foreſaide Iſle of Cad|ſant, founde the Flemmings about fiue thou|ſande in number, redie arranged on the towne dikes and ſandes,Froiſſart. in purpoſe to defende the en|trie, which they did a certaine ſpace right vali|antly: but in the ende they were diſcomfited, and three thouſande of them ſlain in the ſtretes, hauen, & houſes. Sir Guy the baſtard of Flaũ|ders was taken with diuers other knightes and Gentlemen, the Towne was brent, and the goodes with the priſoners were carryed into Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This chaunred on a Sunday the day before the feaſte of Saincte Martin in Nouember. Where the Lorde Walter de Manny might haue hadde .xj. thouſande pounde ſterling for the raunſome of the ſaide Sir Guy, and other priſoners, the king bought them of him in the fourteenthe yere of his raygne for eighte thou|ſande pounde ſterling, as by recordes in the Tower it appeareth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the feaſte of Sainct Martine in winter,Tvvo Cardi|nalles come in|to Englande. there came vnto London two Cardi|nals, ſente by the Pope to treate for a peace be|twixte the kings of Englande, and Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archebiſhoppe of Canterburie, with the Byſhops of Wincheſter, Elie, Chiceſter, EEBO page image 902 Couentrie, & the cõmeners of the citie of Lodon met them on Shoters hill.Additions to Meri. The duke of Corn|wall with the earle of Surrey, and many other of the nobilitie receyued them a mile without the Citie. The Kyng himſelfe receiued them at the leſſer Hall dore of his Pallace at Weſt|minſter, and brought them into the paynted chamber, where they declared theyr meſſage: wherevppon the king cauſed a Parliament to be ſummoned at London, to beginne the mor|rowe after Candelmas daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King helde his Chriſtemaſſe at Ox|forde, and within the Octaues of the ſame [...] hee tooke his iourney towardes Scotlande, de rather as other haue, he ſente thither the Earles of Saliſburie: Glouceſter: Derbie:

133 [...]

R. S [...]

The [...].

An. reg. [...]

and A [...]|gos, with three Barons, the lords Percy, [...]|uill, and Stafforde, the whiche with .xx. thou|ſande men beſieged the Caſtell of Dunbarre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This ſiege beganne euen in the beginning [figure appears here on page 902] of the twelfth yeare of king Edwardes raigne and continued for the ſpace of ninteene weeks, with ſmall gaine, and leſſe honour to the en|gliſhemen, in ſo muche that the ſame brake vp vnder a coloure of a truce when there was no hope of winning the place, and that the noble men that lay there at ſiege, haſted to make an ende, that they might attende the King in his iourney ouer into Brabante.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A parliament.The morrowe after Candelmaſſe daye, the parliament began, in whiche there was a graunte made to the king by the Laitie of the one halfe of their woolles throughe the whole realme for the nexte ſommer, Croxden. A ſubſidie. whiche he recei|ued, and likewiſe he leuied of the Clergie the whole, cauſing them to paye nine markes of euery ſacke of the hoſte wooll. But after the rate of the one halfe he tooke in whoſe hands ſo euer it was founde aſwell merchantes as other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, hee tooke a fifteenthe of all the communaltie of his realme in wooll, the price of euery ſtone conteyning fourteen pounde ra|ted at twoo ſhillings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinals retourne.The one & twentith of March the two Car|dinals took the ſea at Douer, and in their com|panie went ouer the Archebiſhoppe of Canter|burie, and the biſhoppe of Durham to treate of a peace, if by any good meanes the two kings might bee made friendes, but as it appeared theyr trauayle was in vayne, for although they abode togither for a time on the Frõters doing their beſte endeuour, yet their trauaile no|thing auailed, as by that whiche followethe is moſte manifeſte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Flemings that fauoured Kyng Ed|warde, were put in ſuche comfort, by the ſafe victorie obteined by the Engliſhemen in the Iſle of Cadſont, that fallyng to their former practiſe,Iames [...] one Iaques or Iacob van Arteveld a [...] honymaker of the town of Gaunt, was choſen amongſt them to bee as it were the defender of the people, and namely of the weauers,His [...] and other clothworkers. Finally, his aucthoritie grewe ſo hugely amongeſt all the whole num|ber of the commons in Flaunders, that hee might doe more with them than their Earle, and yet the Earle to reconcile the people to his fauour, ceaſſed not to vſe all curteous meanes towardes them that he coulde deuiſe, as re|leaſing cuſtomes, and dueties of mony, par|doning offences, forfeitures,A L [...] tvvi [...] [...]+land [...] and [...]+der. and other ſuche like, but all woulde not auaile him. The king of England had ſo wonne them by the meanes of the ſaide Iaques van Arteuelde, that in the ende Iohn Archebiſhoppe of Canterburie, and Richarde the Biſhoppe of Durham, came into Flaunders as ambaſſadours from king Ed|warde, and trauailed ſo earneſtly to dra [...]e EEBO page image 903 the Flemings vnto an amitie with their maſter king Edwarde, [...] be| [...]ixt Englãd [...]d Flaunders. that finally a league was con|cluded betwixt the countrey of Flaunders, and the ſaide King at Gaunt, [...]. Me [...]r. in the preſence of the Erle of Gelderlande, as then beeing there. The chiefe aucthours of this league were the ſaid Iaques van Arteveld, and a noble man of Flaunders, [...]ger de Cur| [...]y. called Siger de Curtrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But this Siger being immediatly after ap|prehended by the Earle of Flaunders, was put to death. Which act procured the earle ſo much hatred of the people, that ſhortely after com|ming to Bruges, and attempting to force the towne to his will, hee was forced himſelfe to fled from thence, for otherwiſe hee had bene ei|ther taken or ſlaine: The cõmons of the towne and namely the Fullers,The Fullers [...] G [...]. of whom he had ſlain ſome there in the ſtreetes, roſe ſo faſte vppon him. Herevppon fleeing home to his houſe, he tooke his wife, [...]e Earle of [...]anders [...]eth into [...]nce. and a ſonne whiche hee hadde, and fledde with them into Fraunce, ſo forſa|king his countrey whiche was nowe gouerned by Iaques van Arteveld, as though he had bin immediate lorde thereof. After this, the Earle retourned home againe, [...] retourneth [...]. as it were with the Frenche Kinges commiſſion, to perſwade the Flemings to renounce the league concluded with the King of Englande: but hee coulde bring nothing to paſſe, but was ſtill in danger to haue bene arreſted and ſtayed of his owne ſubiectes, bothe at Gaunt and in other places, but namelie at Dirmen, [...]en. where if hee had not made the more haſte away, hee had bene taken by them of Bruges. [...]e eftſoones [...]th.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Amongeſt other of his ſtuffe whiche hee left behinde him in that haſtie departure, his ſignet was forgotten, and not miſſed till hee came to Sainct Omers, whether hee fledde for his ſafegarde. [...]ders [...]holy at the [...]tion of [...]g Edvvard. Thus yee maye perceiue that Flaunders reſted wholy at King Edwardes commaundement, who to eſtabliſhe amitie alſo with the Duke of Brabant, and other Princes of the Empire, about the middeſt of Iuly ſailed ouer vnto Antwerp, [...]ng Edvvard [...]eth to [...]vverpe. with his wife quene Phi|lip, his ſonne the prince of Wales, and a greate number of other of the peers and Barons of his realme, where hee was moſte ioyfully receiued of the duke of Brabant, and other lordes of the empire.


[...]e Marques [...] Gulickerlãd

Ther was ſent vnto the Emperour to procure his friendſhip, from the king of Eng|lãd, the Marques of Gulik with certain noble men of England, and alſo certen of the duke of Gelderlãd his coũſel, the which Marques was made at ye time an erle, & the erle of Gelderlãd was made duke.The Earle of [...]elderlande [...]cared Duke. This duke of Gelderland na+med Reginald had maried the ladie Iſabell ſi|ſter of K. Edward, and therfore in fauour of the king his brother in law, trauailed moſt ear|neſtly to procure him all the friendes within the Empire that he coulde make. The princes and lordes then, with whome king Edwarde was alied and confederated at that time,King Ed|vvardes confe|derates. I finde to bee theſe, the Dukes of Brabant, and Gelderlande, the Archb. of Colen the marques of Gulike, ſir Arnold de Baquehen, & the lorde of Wal [...]burghe, who all promiſed to defie the Frenche K. in the king of Englands quarrel, & to ſerue him with notable numbers of men, where and whenſoeuer it ſhoulde pleaſe him to appoint. The alliaunce of the erle of Hay|naulte, firſt procured the king of England all theſe friendes, vnto the whiche erle he had ſent ouer the biſhop of Lincolne and other in am|baſſade immediatly after that he had reſolued to make warres againſt Fraunce, by the coun|ſell, and aduice of ſir Roberte Dartois, as in the Frenche hiſtorie more plainelie appeareth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane ſeaſon was Queene Phillip brought to bed at Antwarpe of hir third ſonne,Lionell that vvas alter duke of Clarence borne. whiche was named Lionell. The K. of Eng|land earneſtlie followed his buſines, and had many treaties with his friendes and confede|rates, til at length he made ſure to him ye frend|ſhip of all thoſe townes and countreys, whiche lie betwixt Fraũce and the riuer of Rhein: on|ly the cities of Tourney and Cambray held of the frenche kings parte, thoughe Cambray be|longed to the Empire.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this .xij.

Additions to Adam Me|rimouth.

A parliament at Northamp|ton.

A Subſidie vp|pon vvooll. The Clergie graunteth a tenthe.

yeare of K. Edwards raigne at a counſell holden at Northampton by the duke of Cornewall, lorde Wardein of Englãd in abſence of the king his brother, and by many of the prelates and barons of the realme, there was graunted to the king a ſubſidie in wooll to the great burden of the cõmons: but for ſo much as the Clergie of the land was not preſent at that counſell, it was ordeined that they ſhoulde be called, and ſo they aſſembled in a conuoca|tion at London the firſte day of October, in which the clergie graunted to the king a .x. for the thirde yere then to come, ouer and beſide the ij. tenthes before graunted, and that the .x. of this preſent yeare ſhoulde be paide in ſhorter time than it was appointed: but they flatly de|nyed to graunt their woolles, whiche neuerthe|leſſe the laitie paid, and that to their great hin|drance, for it roſe double to a Fifteene.Greate raine From the begynnyng of October, vnto the begin|ning of December this yeare, fell ſuche abun|daunce of of raine, that it hindered greatly the haſbandemen in ſowing of their winter corne: and in the beegynnyng of December came ſuche a vehement froſte continuing the ſpace of xij. wreks, that it deſtroyed vp all the ſeede al|moſt that was ſowen, by reaſon whereof ſmall ſtore of winter corne came to proofe in the ſom|mer EEBO page image 904 following: but though there was no plẽ|tie,


An. reg. 13.

yet all kindes of graine were ſolde at a reaſonable price, through want of money.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Frenchemen by ſea ſore infeſted the ſea coaſt of this realm, ſpecially where the Cham|pion countreis ſtretch towards the ſea coaſtes. At Haſtings in the feaſt of Corpus Christi, The frenchmẽ inuade the coaſtes of this lande. Plimmon the brente. they brent certayne fiſhermens houſes, and ſlewe ſome of the inhabitantes. Alſo in the Hauens aboute Deuonſhire, and Cornewall, and to|wards Briſtowe, they tooke and brent certaine ſhippes, killing the marriners that came into their handes, and in the Whitſon weeke they landed at Plimmouth, and brente the more part of the towne: but Hugh Courtney earle of De|uonſhire,The Earle of Deuonshire. a man almoſte .lxxx. yeres of age, and other knightes and men of the countrey came againſte theſe Frenchmen, ſleaing ſuch as came into their hands to the number of .v.C. as was eſteemed,R. Southwell & chaſed the reſidue. The Scots alſo aboute the ſame time did muche hurt to ye eng|liſhmen both by ſea & lande. In the beginning of Iuly the lord Will. Douglas with a nũber of men of warre returned frõ Fraũce home in|to England,VVilliam Dou|glas. & to him vpon his return, ye caſtell of Cowper was deliuered with al the country there abouts. After this, cõming to the ſiege of S. Iohns towne, which the gouernor the erle of Murrey,Hect. Boetius the erle of March, Patrik de Dun|barre and other of the Scottiſhe lords had be|ſieged, at length it was ſurrendred by ſir Tho|mas Vthred capitaine there of the engliſh ga|riſon, departing in ſafetie home into England. Three dayes before the feaſt of the Aſſumption of our Lady, there chaunced in the night ſeaſon ſuche a mightie and ſoden invndation of water at Newcaſtell vpon Tine,A floude. that it bare downe a peece of the towne wall a .vj. perches in lẽgth neare to a place caled Walknow, where a .C. and .xx. temporall men with diuers prieſts and many women were drowned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe to returne to the K. which al this while remained in Brabant. Ye haue hearde howe ye citie of Cambray held with the French king: wherefore the king of Englande aſſem|bling togither a mightie ſtrong army aſwell of engliſhmẽ as of the low countreys of Teutch|lande, ment to beſiege it, but firſte he ſente the archebiſhoppe of Canterburie with the biſhops of Lincolne and Durham vnto Arras, as com|miſſioners from him to meete there with the Archebiſhoppe of Roven,Commiſſioners ſente to treate of peace. and the biſhoppes of Langres, and Beauvais, appointed to come thither as commiſſioners from the French king, to treate with the engliſhmen of a peace, but they coulde not agree vppon any concluſion,They cannot agree. wherevppon King Edwarde comming fore|warde with hys power,Cambray be|ſieged. approched to Cambray and planted his ſiege rounde about it. But the biſhoppe meaning not to deliuer the [...] king Edwarde nor to any other that [...] demaund into the dehoofe of the emptie o [...] [...] doui [...] of Bauiere, as then excommunication the Pope,Ia. M [...]. had receiued into the towne [...] Frenchmen with the french kings eldeſt [...] the Duke of Normandie lately re [...] [...] of Guyenne, and the lorde Theobald M [...] with certaine companies of Sauoiſius, ſo that the citie was ſo defẽded, that the king of Eng|lande perceiuyng he ſhould but loſe time [...]+ed his ſiege, and entred into Fraunce,

The King [...]+ſeth his [...] and [...]

Fabia [...]. Vh. VV [...]

pitchyng his fielde at a place called Flamingo [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time had the French king not onely made himſelfe ſtrong by lande, [...] by ſea, hauing ſente foorthe a ſtrong [...] of ſhips and galleys towards the coaſtes of Eng|lande, [...] whiche arriuing at Southampton the Monday after Michaelmaſſe day, took and ſp [...]+led the town, & the morow after ſet [...] in v. places, ſo that a great part of it was [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Alſo .xiij. ſayles of the French fleete [...]the with .v. engliſhe ſhips, & after ſore fight whiche continued .ix. houres, tooke two of thoſe be|ing tall and goodlye ſhyppes, the one called the Edwarde, and the other the Chriſtofer,Tvvo [...] shippes t [...] the o|ther .iij. being ſmaller veſſels, as two of [...] Barks and the other a Caruell eſcaped by that ſwiftneſſe of ſailing. There was ſlaine in th [...] fight vpon bothe partes aboue the number of vj.C. men. The Frenche king himſelfe hea|ring that the king of England woulde inuade his realme, made his generall aſſemble of hys army at Peronne, and when he hearde that he was entred France,The Frenche Kings [...]. he remoued towards hym with his whole power beeing at the poinct of C. thouſande men as in the frenche Chronicle ye may reade more at large.Ia. Mer. The K. of Eng|lande had not paſte .lx.M. in his armie at the moſte: but whileſte he lieth there vpon the bor|ders of Fraũce, his people did much, hurt ma|king roads abrode beyond the water of Some,Tovvn by the en [...] men in Fr [...] brenning and ſpoiling abbeis towns and villa|ges, as Orignie ſaint Benoit, Ribemont in Thieraſſe, ſaint Gouan, Marle, and Creſſ [...]e. Alſo the lorde Beamont of Heynnaulte brente the towne of Guyſe,The [...] b [...]. though his daughter was as then within the ſame towne wiſe to Lewes Erle of Blois:The Earle of Heynault. his brother Williã erle of Hey|nault was lately before deceſſed leauing ye erle|dom to his ſon named alſo Will. who continu|ed with ye K. of Englãde ſo long as he lay be|fore Cambray, & kept him within the bondes of the empire, as though his allegiaũce had boũde him to no leſſe, but after the ſaid K. was paſſed the Ryuer of Leſcault, otherwiſe called the Skell, and in latine Scaldis, whiche deuideth the empire from the kingdome of Fraunce, hee woulde no longer ſerue the king of England, EEBO page image 905 but departed from hym for feare to offende the French king, accounting that the matter pertey|ned not nowe to the Empyre, but to the priuate quarell and buſineſſe of the king of Englande: notwithſtanding his vncle the ſayde ſir Iohn like a faythfull gentleman continued ſtill in king Edward his ſeruice.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The armies approch neare togither.The two armies of England and Fraunce approched within foure myles togyther, ſo that euery man thought that there woulde ſure haue beene battaile betwixt them, as there had bene in deede, if the Frenche king had beene willing, yet ſome ſaye,Froiſſart. that hee of himſelfe was diſpoſed ther|to, but hys Counſaylours aduyſed hym to the contrarie, by reaſon of certayne ſignes and to|kens whiche they myſlyked, as the ſtarting of an Hare amongſt them, and ſuch like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo it was ſayde that Robert King of Na|ples beeing then come into France,Robert king of Sicill diſ| [...]wadeth the French king to fight with [...]he king of Englande. whoſe know|ledge in Aſtronomie was knowne to bee greate, diſwaded the Frenche King by hys letters, that in no wyſe hee ſhoulde fight wyth the King of Englande, for hee hadde vnderſtanding by arte of the heauenly influences and diſpoſition of the bodies aboue, that if the Frenche King fought wyth thys Edwarde King of Englande, hee ſhoulde aſſuredly bee put to the worſe: whether this was the cauſe, or any other, ſure it is that the French men had no mynde to fight, ſo that theſe two mightie armies departed in ſunder without battaile,The armies [...]re without battaile. and the king of Englande returned into Flaunders, ſorie in deede that he had not fought, for though he had not with him halfe the number that the French king had, yet in truſt of the va|liancie of his ſouldiers, choſen out of the pykeſt men through Englande and all the lowe Coun|treyes on this ſyde the Rhine, he ment verily to haue encountered his enimyes, if they had come forwarde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] councell at [...]kils.At his comming back into Brabant, there was a Councell called at Bruſſels, where were pre|ſent all thoſe Lordes of the Empyre whiche had beene with him in that iourney, as the Dukes of Brabant, Guelderlande, and Gulicke, the Marques of Blankbourgh, the Earle of Bergen, the lord Beaumont of Heynault, otherwiſe called ſir Iohn de Heynault, the Lord of Valkẽbourgh, and many others. Thither came alſo Iaques Arteueld chiefe gouernor of Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here in counſail taken how the king of Eng|lande might beſt maintaine the warres which he had begonne thus agaynſt the Frenche king, hee was aduyſed that he ſhoulde in any wyſe require them of Flaunders to ayde hym, and in hys quarell to defie the Frenche King, and to go with him agaynſt the ſayde Frenche King, and if they woulde thus doe, then ſhoulde hee promiſe them to recouer and delyuer into theyr handes the townes of Lyſle, Doway, and Bethon. The king of England according to this aduiſe to him giuen, made ſuch requeſt to the Flemings, who therevpon deſired tyme to conſult togither, what they might doe therein, and finally they declare for anſwere, that they woulde gladly ſo doe, but yet whereas they were bounde by faithe and othe and in the ſumme of two millions of Florens in the Popes chamber, not to make nor moue any warre againſt the King of Fraunce, whoſoeuer he were, on paine to loſe that ſumme,The motiõ of the Flemings to haue the K. of England to take vpon him the title to the crowne of Fraunce. and beſyde to runne in the ſentence of curſing, they beſought hym that it myght ſtande wyth hys pleaſure, to take vppon hym the tytle and armes of France, as the ſame apperteyned to hym of ryght, and then woulde they obey him as righfull King of Fraunce, and requyre of hym acquittaunces in diſcharge of theyr bondes, and he to pardon them thereof, as rightfull king of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King of Englande, though he hadde iuſt cauſe to clayme the Crowne of Fraunce, in ryght of hys mother Queene Iſabell, yet to take vppon hym the name and Armes of that Realme, before hee hadde made conqueſt of any part thereof, hee thought it ſtoode not with much reaſon: but yet after he hadde cauſed the matter to bee throughly debated, amongeſt them of hys Counſayle, as well to ſatiſfie the Flemings as for other reſpects, hee ſawe it ſhoulde bee the beſt way that might bee taken to the aduaunce|ment of his purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then hee aunſwered the Flemings,The kings an|ſwere to the Flemings. that if they woulde ſweare, and ſeale to thys accorde, and promiſe to mainteine his warre, he would be contented to fulfill theyr deſyre, and alſo hee promyſed to get for them againe the townes of Liſle, Doway, and Bethune.Theſe townes had beene engaged to the king of France for money.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon was a day aſſigned to meete at Gaunt: the King came thither, and the moſte parte of the ſayde Lordes, and all the Coun|ſaylers of the good Townes and places in Flaunders were there aſſembled, and ſo all the foreſayde matters were rehearſed, ſworne,The quarte|ring of the armes of Eng|land & France. and ſealed, and the armes of Fraunce were then quar|tered with thoſe of Englande, and from thence|forth he tooke vppon hym the name of King of Fraunce, in all his wrytings, proclamations, and commaundements.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sith then that we bee come to this place,Polidor. it ſhall not bee muche amyſſe to rehearſe ſome|what of the ryght and tytle whereby king Ed|warde did thus clayme the Crowne of Fraunce, hauing of purpoſe omitted to ſpeake thereof, tyll nowe that he entituled himſelfe wyth the name, and tooke vppon him to beare the armes alſo of Fraunce, vpõ occaſion before expreſſed. It is wel EEBO page image 906 knowne that Philip le Beau King of Fraunce hadde iſſue by hys wyfe Queene Ioane three ſonnes,The iſſue of Philip le Beau. Lewes ſurnamed Hutine, Philippe le Long, and Charles le Beau: Alſo two daugh|ters, the one dying in hir infancie, and the other named Iſabell lyued, and was maryed vnto Ed|warde the ſeconde of that name King of Eng|lande, who begotte of hir this Edward the thirde, that made this clayme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The three ſonnes of the foreſayde Philip le Beau reigned eche after other, as Kinges of Fraunce. Firſt after Philip the father, ſucceeded his eldeſt ſonne Lewes Hutine,Lewes Autine. who had iſſue by his firſte wife Margaret, daughter to Robert Duke of Burgoigne, a daughter named Ioane, the whiche was anone gyuen in maryage vnto Lewes Erle of Eureur: but ſhe liuing not long, dyed without iſſue. Hir father the ſayde Lewes Hutine, maryed after the deceaſſe of his firſt wife, an other wyfe named Clemence, daughter to Charles Martell, the father of Robert King of Scicill, whome hee left great wyth childe when he dyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The childe beeing borne proued a ſonne, and was named Iohn, but liued not many dayes af|ter.Philip le Long. Then Philip the Long was admitted to the Crowne of Fraunce, though many ſtoode in opinion that Ione the daughter of Lewes Hu|tine, whiche yet was aliue, ought to haue inheri|ted the kingdome after hir father: and namely O|do Duke of Burgoigne. Vncle to the ſaid Ione, was moſt earneſt in that matter in fauour of his Nece. But myght ouercame ryght, ſo that hee was conſtrayned to bee quiet. Philip le Long, after he hadde raigned fiue yeares dyed alſo, and left no iſſue behinde hym.Charles le Beau. Then laſtly Charles le Beau tooke vpon hym the kingdome, and the ſeuenth yeare after dyed, his wyfe bigge bellyed, which ſhortly after brought forth a Mayden na|med Blaunche, that ſtreight wayes haſting to followe hir Father, lyued no whyle in thys worlde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 By this meanes then the bloud royall in the heyres Male of Philippe le Beau was extingui|ſhed in hys Sonne the foreſayd Charles le Beau, whereof the contention tooke begynning aboute the right to the Crowne of Fraunce, betwyxte the Frenche menne and Engliſhe menne, whiche hangeth as yet vndecyded tyll theſe our dayes. For King Edwarde auerred that the kingdome of Fraunce apperteyned vnto hym as lawfull heyre, bycauſe that hee alone was remayning of the kings ſtocke, and touched hys Mothers fa|ther Philip le Beau, in the next degree of con|ſanquinitie, as hee that was borne of his daugh|ter Iſabell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Therefore immediately after the deceaſſe of the ſayd Charles le Beau, by Ambaſſadours ſent vnto the Peeres of Fraunce,King E [...] [...] right [...] crowne of Fraunce. hee publiſhe [...] to them hys right, requyring that they woulde [...]|mitte hym king according therevnto: but hys Ambaſſadours coulde neuer bee quietly hearde, and therefore returned home wythout anye to|wardly anſwere, whiche mooued him in the ende to attempt the recouerie of hys lawfull inheri|taunce, by force, ſithe by lawe hee coulde not pre|uayle, and now by aduice of hys friendes to take vpon him both the tytle and Armes of Fraunce, to ſignifie to the Worlde what right he hadde to the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that this league therefore was conclu|ded with them of Flaunders,

Iames M [...]

King Edw [...] tooke vpon him the [...] and armed of K. of Fraunce The Fl [...] ſweare [...] to the king [...] England.

and that king Ed|warde had taken vppon him the name of king of Fraunce with the Armes, the Duke of Guclder|land, and Iaques van Arteueld, went vnto al the good townes and iuriſdictions of Flaunders to receyue theyr othes of fidelitie vnto king Ed|warde, perſwading with the people, that the ſu|preme rule belonged vnto hym, ſauing to the townes their auncient lawes and liberties, and to their Earle his right of proprietie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the latter ende of this .xiij.Addit [...] Tri [...]e [...] yere of king Edwardes raigne, the mariners and Sea man of the cinque Portes, getting them abourde into a number of ſmall ſhippes and Balingers, well trimmed and appoynted for the purpoſe, paſſed o|uer to Bullongne, where they tooke lande one day in a thicke foggie weather,The Engl [...] men burn the French ſhippes in Bolongne. and ſetting on the Baſe towne, they burnt .xix. Gallies, foure great ſhippes, and to the number of .xx. ſmaller veſſels, togither with their tackle and furniture.

[figure appears here on page 906]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They ſet fire alſo on the houſes that ſtood nere to the water ſide, & namely they burnt one great houſe, wherein lay ſuch a number of oares, ſayles, armor & croſſebows, as might haue ſufficed to fur|niſh ſo many men as could be wel abourd in .xix. Galleys. There were many ſlaine on both partes in atchieuing this enterpriſe, but more of the Frenchmen than of the Engliſhmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time the Queene of England EEBO page image 907 was deliuered of hir fourth ſonne in the towne of Gaunt,Iohn of Gaunt [...]borne. the which was named Iohn, firſt created Erle of Richmond, and after Duke of Lancaſter. He was borne about Chriſtmaſſe in this .xiij. yeare of king Edwards raigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. Reg. 14.

When king Edward had finiſhed his buſineſſe with the Flemings at Gaunt, he left his wife Q. Philip there ſtil in that towne, and returned him|ſelfe vnto Andwarpe, and ſhortly after about the feaſt of Candlemaſſe, tooke the Sea, and came backe into Englande, to prouide for money to mainteyn his begon warres. And herevpon about the time of Lent following,A Parliament. hee called his highe court of Parliament at Weſtminſter, in the which he aſked of his commons towardes hys charges for the recouerie of his right in Fraunce the fifth parte of theyr moueable goodes,H [...]n. Marl. Polidor. the cu|ſtomes of woolles for two yeares, to be payde a|forehand, and the .ix. ſheafe of euery mans corne. At length it was agreed, that the king ſhoulde haue for cuſtome of euerie ſacke of wooll fortye ſhillings,A ſubſidie. for euery three hundred wool felles forty ſhillings, and for euerie laſt of leader .xl. ſhillings, and for other marchandice after the rate, to begin at the feaſt of Eaſter, in this .xiiij. yeare of the kings raigne, & to endure till the feaſt of Pẽtecoſt then next folowing, & frõ that feaſt, till the feaſt of pẽtecoſt thẽ next enſuing into one yere, for which the king graunted that from the feaſt of Pente|coſt which was then to come into one yeare, hee nor his heyres ſhould not demaunde aſſeſſe, nor take, nor ſuffer to bee aſſeſſed or taken, more cu|ſtome of a ſacke of wooll of any Engliſhman, but halfe a marke, and vpon the wooll felles & leader the olde former cuſtome.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſide this, the Citizens and Burgeſſes of ci|ties and good townes, graunted to giue the ninth part of all their goods, & the forrain marchants & other not liuing of gaine, nor of breeding cattell, nor of ſheepe, ſhoulde giue the .xv. part of all theyr goods lawfully to the value: for the which he grã|ted that aſwell now in time of warre as of peace, all marchants denizens, & forreyners, (thoſe except that were of the enimies countreys) might with|out let, ſafely come into the realme of Englande with their goods & marchandices, and ſafely tarie, and likewiſe returne, paying the cuſtomes, ſubſi|dies, & profites reaſonable thereof due, ſo alwayes that the franchiſes, and free cuſtomes granted by him or his predeceſſors reaſonably to the citie of Lõdon, and other cities, burroughes, and townes might alwayes to them be ſaued. Moreouer there was granted vnto him the .ix. ſheafe, the .ix. fleeſe, and .ix. lambe, to be taken by two yeares next cõ|ming. And for the leuying therof, the Lords of e|uerie ſhire through the lande, were appoynted to anſwer him, euery one for the circuite within the which he dwelled. And bycauſe the K. muſt needs occupie much money ere the receyt of this ſubſidie could come to his hands, he borowed in ye meane time many notable ſummes of diuerſe cities, and particular perſons of this land, amõgſt the which he borrowed of the citie of Lõdon .20000. marks.The Citie of London len|deth the king money. to be payed againe of the money comming of the foreſayde ſubſedie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane while, now that king Edwarde was come backe into England, the warres were hotely purſued agaynſt his friends, that had their landes neare to the borders of France, and name|ly agaynſt ſir Iohn de Heynault Lorde Beau|mont, for the Frenchmen burned all his lands of Chymay, except the fortreſſes, and tooke from thence a great pray.The Frontiers of France full of men of war. All the frontiers were full of men of war, lodged within townes in garniſon, as at Tourney, Mortaign, S. Amond, Doway, Cambray, and in other ſmaller fortreſſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe men of warre lay not ydle, but were doing oftentymes in Flaunders, and ſometyme otherwhere, neyther was the Countrey of Hey|nault ſpared, though the Earle (as ye haue beard) did not onelye refuſe to ſerue the king of Eng|lande, agaynſt Fraunce, but alſo when the ſame king entred Fraunce, hee reſorted to the Frenche king, and ſerued him, yet by the ſuggeſtion of the Biſhoppe of Cambray, who complayned of the Haynuyers, for the domages which they hadde done him, the French garniſons of the Frontiers there about, were commaunded to make a roade into that Countrey, which they, did burning the [figure appears here on page 907] town of Aſpere, & brought frõ thẽce a great hootie.The towne of Aſpere burnt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Heynault ſore mooued there|with to haue his landes ſo ſpoyled and burnt;The Earle of Heynault de|fieth the frẽch king. de|fied the French king, and ioyning with his vncle the Lorde Beaumont, entred with an armie into Thieraſſe, tooke and deſtroyed Aubenton wyth Mawbert Fontaine. De ube [...]ville, & diuerſe other.Townes burne in Thieraſte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane tyme the Frenche king pro|cured the Pope to pronounce hys Curſſe a|gaynſt the Flemings for theyr Rebellion, and to ſuſpende all diuine Seruice that oughte to EEBO page image 908 be ſayde in any hallowed place,Flaunders in|terdicted. ſo that there were no Prieſtes to be founde that woulde take vpon them to ſaye any diuine ſeruice: wherevpon the Flemings ſent ouer into Englãd certaine Meſ|ſengers to giue notice to King Edwarde howe they were entreated, but hee ſent them worde that he woulde bring at his comming ouer vnto them, Prieſtes that ſhould ſay Maſſes, and other ſeruice whether the Pope would or not, for hee had priuiledge ſo to do.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Aprill William Melten Archebiſhop of Yorke departed this lyfe, after whome variaunce roſe in the election of a newe Gouernour to that Churche, ſo that two were elected, William la Zouche, and William Killeſby: but at length William la Zouche tooke place,Mert [...] being the [...] Archbiſhop that had ſit in that ſeate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earles of Saliſburie and Suffolke,Meri [...]. Iames M [...] whiche were left in Flaunders by King Ed|warde to helpe the Flemings, ſhortly after Ea|ſter, or (as other haue) in the tyme of Lent, were diſcomfited by the garniſon of Lyſle, and taken priſoners as they woulde haue paſſed by that Towne, to haue ioyned with Iaques Arteueld,The Earles Salisburie [...] Suffolk th [...] meaning to beſiege Tourney, but nowe by the taking of thoſe two Earles that entterpriſe was broken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of Normandie with a greate ar|mye entered into Heynault,The Cou [...] of Heynault [...] inuaded. burning and wa|ſting the Countrey, euen to the Gates of Va|lenciennes, [figure appears here on page 908] and Queſnoy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And thus were they occupied in thoſe partyes, whileſt the king of Englande prepareth hymſelfe wyth all diligence to returne into Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Gaguin.The French king being aduertiſed, that the king of Englande ment ſhortly to returne in|to Flaunders wyth a greate power, in pur|poſe to inuade the Realme of Fraunce on that ſyde,A great nauie prepared by the French K. aſſembled a nauie of foure hundred ſhips vnder the leading of three expert Captaynes of the warres by Sea, as Sir Hugh Kiriell, Sir Peter Bahuchet, and a Geneweis named Barbe Noir, appoynting them to the coaſtes of Flaunders to defende the King of Englande from landing there, if by any meanes they might.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe three Captaynes or Admirals came and lay with theyr Shippes wythin the hauen of Sluiſe, for that it was ſuppoſed the King of Englande woulde arriue there, as his mea|ning was in deede, wherevpon when his menne, Shippes, and prouiſions were once readie in the Moneth of Iune, hee tooke the Sea with two hundred ſayle, and directing hys courſe towards Flaunders, there came vnto hym the Lorde Robert Morley,The king of England ta|keth the [...] wyth the North Nauye of Englande, ſo that then hee hadde in all aboute three hundred ſayle, or as other ſay, two hun|dred and three ſcore.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French nauie lay betwixt Sluife and Blaneberg,Polidor. Iames [...] ſo that when the King of Englande approched, eyther part diſcryed other, and there|with prepared them to battayle. The king of Englande ſtayed till the Sunne whiche at the firſt was in hys face, came ſomwhat Weſtward, and ſo had it vpon his backe, that it ſhoulde not hynder the ſight of his people,The king of England ta|keth vpon [...] enimies. and ſo therewyth ſetteth vppon hys enimyes wyth great manhood, who lykewyſe verye ſtoutely encountered hym, by reaſon whereof, enſued a ſore and deadlye fight betwyxt them. The Nauies on both ſides were deuided into three battayles.Addition [...] Tri [...] On the Eng|liſhe parte, the Erles of Glouceſter, Northamp|ton and Huntingdon, who was Admirall of the Fleete that belonged to the cinque Portes, and the Lorde Robert Morley Admirall of the Northren Nauie hadde the guyding of the fore warde, bearing themſelues right valiauntly, ſo EEBO page image 915 that at length the Engliſhe men hauing the ad|uauntage, not onely of the Sunne, but alſo of the wynde and tyde, ſo fortunately, that the Frenche Fleete was dryuen into the ſtreyghts of the Hauen, in ſuche wyſe that neyther the Souldiours, nor Mariners, coulde helpe them|ſelues, inſomuche that bothe Heauen, the Sea, and Winde, ſeemed to haue conſpyred agaynſte the Frenche menne.The victory of the Engliſhmẽ at the battaile of Sl [...]ſe. And herewith many ſhippes of Flaunders ioyning themſelues wyth the Engliſhe Fleete, in the ende the Frenche menne were vanquiſhed, ſlaine, and taken, theyr Shippes beeing alſo eyther taken, bowged, or broken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Additions to Triuet and Meremouth.When night was come vppon them, there were thirtie Frenche ſhippes, that yet had not en|tred the battayle, the whiche ſought by couert of the nyght to haue ſtolen away, and one of them being a mightie great Veſſell, called the Iames of Deepe, woulde haue taken away with hyr a Shippe of Sandwiche that belonged to the Pri|our of Caunterburie:The Iames of Deepe. but by the helpe of the Earle of Huntington, after they had fought all the night tyll the nexte morning, the Engliſhe men at length preuayled, and taking that great huge ſhippe of Deepe, founde in hir aboue foure hundred dead bodies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude, verie fewe of the French ſhips eſcaped,

[...]be [...].


except ſome of theyr ſmaller Veſſelles, and certaine Gallies with their Admirall Bar|benoir, who in the beginning of the battayle got forth of the Hauen, [...]uesburie. [...]ho. VValſ. Meremouth. aduiſing the other Cap|taynes to doe the lyke, thereby to aduoyde the daunger, which they wylfully embraced.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There dyed in this battayle fought (as ſome write) on mydſommer day in the yeare aforeſayd,

[...]roiſſart. [...]ames Mair. [...]. Southwel.

The number [...]i [...]e.

[...]ob Southw.

of Frenche menne to the number of thirtie thou|ſande, of Engliſhe menne about foure thouſande, (or as other haue that liued in thoſe dayes, not paſte foure hundred:) amongeſt whome there were foure Knightes of great Nobilitie, as Sir Thomas Monhermere, Sir Thomas Lati|mer, Sir Iohn Boteler and Sir Thomas Poy|nings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It is ſayd alſo, that the king himſelf was hurt in the thigh. The two Engliſh ſhippes that had bene taken the yeare before, the Edward, and the Chriſtopher, were recouered at this time, amõgſt other of the French ſhips that were taken there. Sir Peter Bahuchet was hanged vpon a Croſſe poale faſtened to a Maſte of one of the ſhippes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Through the wilfulneſſe of this man, the French menne receyued this loſſe (as the Frenche Chronicles report) bycauſe he kept the nauie ſo long within the Hauen, tyll they were ſo enclo|ſed by the Engliſhe men, that a great number of the Frenchmen could neuer come to ſtrike ſtroke, nor to vſe the ſhotte of theyr Artillarie, but to the hurt of their fellowes. Howſoeuer it was, the Engliſhe menne gotte a famous victorie, to the great comfort of themſelues, and diſcomfort of their aduerſaries.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king of England after he had thus van|quiſhed his enimies, remayned on the Sea by the ſpace of three dayes, and then comming on lande, went to Gaunt, where he was receyued of the Queene wyth great ioy and gladneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys meane whyle hadde the Duke of Normandye beſieged the Caſtell of Thuyne Leueſques, neare to Cambray, Southwell: The king go|eth to Gaunt. Froiſſard. which was ta|ken by Sir Walter of Manny, a Lorde of Hey|nault at the firſt begynning of the warres, and euer ſince till that tyme, kept to the king of Eng|lande his vſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Heynault who had beene of late both in Englande with king Edwarde, and alſo in Almaine with the Emperour to purchaſe theyr aſſyſtaunce for the defence of his Coun|trey agaynſte the inuaſions of the Frenche menne, was nowe returned home, and meaning to reſcue ſuch as were beſieged in Thuyne, ſente for ſuccours into Flaunders, and into Al|maigne, and in the meane tyme leuying ſuche power, as hee coulde make within hys owne Countrey, came therewyth vnto Valenciennes, whither forthwyth reſorted vnto hym the Earle of Namure, wyth two hundred Speares, the Duke of Brabant wyth ſixe hundred, the Duke of Guelderlande, the Earle of Bergen, the Lord of Valkenhergh, and dyuerſe other, the which to|gither, with the Earle of Heynault,The ryuer of Leftault, or the Scelle. went and lodged alõg by the riuer of Leſtault ouer againſt the Frenche hoſt whiche kept ſiege (as yee haue hearde) vnder the conduct of the Duke of Nor|mandie before Thuyne Leueſche, that is ſituate vpon the ſame ryuer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There came alſo to the ayde of the Earle of Heynault, Iaques Arteuelde,The Flemings with three ſcore thouſand Flemings. It was thought that they would haue fought ere they had departed in ſun|der, but they did not. For after it was knowne how the king of Englande was arriued in Flan|ders, and had diſcomfited the French Fleete, the Duke of Brabant and other, thoughte good to breake vp theyr enterprice for that tyme, and to reſorte vnto the King of Englande, to vnder|ſtande what hys purpoſe was to doe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Neyther were the French men haſtie to giue battaile, ſo that after the Captaynes of Thuyne Leueſche,Sir Richard Lymoſin. Sir Richarde Lymoſyn Knyght an Engliſhe manne, and two Eſquiers, brethren to the Earle of Namure, Iohn, and Thierry, had left theyr Fortreſſe voyde, and were come ouer the Ryuer by Boates vnto the Earle of Hey|naultes Campe, the armyes on both ſides brake vppe and departed, the Frenche menne into EEBO page image 910 Fraunce, and the other to Valenciennes, and from thence the Princes and great Lordes drew vnto Gaunt,The armies breake vp. to welcome the king of Englande into the Countrey, of whome they were ryghte ioyfully receyued: and after they had comma|ned togither of theyr affayres, it was appoynted by the King, that they ſhoulde meete hym at Villefort in Brabant at a daye prefixed, where he woulde be readie to conſult with them aboute his proceedings in his warres againſt his aduer|ſaries the Frenchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The aſſemble of the Princes at Villelorde.At the day appoynted, there came to Ville|fort the Dukes of Brabant, and Guelderlande, the Erle of Heynault, Gulicke, Namure, Blac|kenheym, Bergen, ſir Robert Dartois Earle of Richmont, the Erle of Valkenburg, and Iaques Arteveld, with the other rulers of Flaunders and many others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here it was ordayned, that the Countreys of Flaunders,The couenants betwixt the K. of England & his cõfederats. Brabant, and Heynault, ſhoulde be ſo vnited and knitte in one corporation, that nothing ſhoulde bee done amongeſt them in publike affayres, but by common conſent, and if any warres were mooued agaynſt any of them, then ſhoulde the other be readie to ayde them, a|gaynſt whome any ſuch warre was moued: and if vpon any occaſion anye diſcorde roſe betwixt them for anye matter, they ſhoulde make an ende of it amongeſt themſelues, and if they coulde not, then ſhoulde they ſtande to the iudge|ment and arbitrement of the king of Englande, vnto whome they bounde themſelues by othe to keepe this ordinance and agreement.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French king being enfourmed that the king of Englande ment to lay ſiege vnto Tour|ney, as it was in deede deuiſed at this counſaile holden at Villefort,

Froiſſa [...].

Tourney [...]+niſhed the ſtrong p [...] of men.

tooke order for the furniſhing therof with men, munition, and vittayles in moſt defencible wiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſent to that towne the beſt men of warre in all Fraunce, as the Earle of Ewe Coneſtable of Fraunce, the yong Erle of Guines his ſonne, the Earle of Foiz and his brethren, the Earle Amerie de Narbon, with many other, hauing with them foure thouſande Souldiers. Sir Godmar du Foy was there before as Cap|taine of the towne, ſo that it was prouided of all things neceſſarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The king of Englande yet according as it was appoynted at the Counſaile holden at Vil|lefort, about the feaſt of Marie Magdalen, de|parted from Gaunt, and came to Tourney, ha|uing wyth hym ſeuen Earles of hys owne Countrey, as Darbie, Pembroke, Hereforde,Tourney be+ſieged. Huntingdon, Northampton, Glouceſter, and Arundell, eyght Prelates .xxviij. Baronettes, two hundred Knightes, foure thouſande men of Armes, and nine thouſande Archers, beſide other [figure appears here on page 910] footemen. Hee lodged at the Gate called Saint Martyn, the way towarde Liſle and Doway. Anon after came the Dukes of Brabante and Gelderlande, the Erle of Gulick, the Marques of Blanqueburg, the Marques of Muſſe, the Erles of Bergen, Sauin [...]s, and Heynault: alſo Iaques Arteueld,

The great nũ|ber of people at the ſiege of Tourney.

Iames Mair.

who brought with him aboue fortie thouſande Flemings. So that there was at thys ſiege to the number of ſixe ſcore thouſande men as ſome wryters doe affyrme. There was alſo an other armie of Flemings, as of the townes of Ipre, Popringue, Furnes, Caſſell, and of the Chateleynye, of Berges beeing to the num|ber of fortie thouſand, appoynted to make warre agaynſte the Frenche menne that kept Saint Omers, and other townes there on the Frontiers of Arthoys, whiche armie was ledde by the Earle of Richmond, otherwyſe called the Lord Robert Dartois, & by ſir Henrie de Flanders,The Earle of Richmond. the which approching one day to ſaint Omers, were EEBO page image 911 ſharpely fought with, for within Saint Omers at that tyme lay a ſtrong power of Frenchemen with the Duke of Burgoyne, the Earle of Ar|minacke and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Flemings were not willing to ſerue, for neyther had they any truſt in their Captain the ſayde Earle of Richmonde, neyther would they wyllingly haue paſſed oute of their owne con|fines, but onely to defend the ſame from the inua|ſion of theyr enimyes, yet through much per|ſwaſion forwarde they goe, deuided into ſun|drie battayles contrarie to theyr manner. [...]e French [...] ſet vpon [...] Flemings. The enimyes perceyuing ſome aduantage, iſſue forth vpon them, and aſſayle them very ſtoutely, inſo|much that the Earle of Arminacke ſetting vpon them of Hypres, ouerthrewe them, and chaled them vnto a towne called Arques, whiche they had a little before ſet on fire and burned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Another companie of Frenchemen, ſkinni|ſhing with them of Frankes, Furnes, and Ber|gis, [...]e variable [...] is [...]es put them alſo to the worſe Contrarily thoſ [...] Frenchemen that encountered with the Lorde Robert Dartois, and them of Bruges whom he ledde, ſuſteyned great loſſe, and were beaten backe into the Citie: the Duke of Burgoyne hymſelfe being in no ſmall daunger for a time, ſo ſharpe the bickering was betwixt them.Addition to [...]mouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There be that write that this fight continu|ing from three of the clocke till euentide, and that the Earle of Richmond was twiſe put to flight, for his people did leaue hym in the plaine fielde:Sir Thomas Vthred. but at length by the aduice of ſir Thomas V|thred, whom the king of Englande had appoyn|ted to attende the ſayde Earle, wyth manye Engliſh meane and A [...]chers, hee aſſembled his people eftſoones togyther agayne, and ſetting on his enimies, nowe when it was almoſt night, neare to the Gates of Saint Omers, he finally ouercame them, where were flame of the French part .xv. Barons, and .lxxx. knightes, beſide a great number of other people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Diuerſe alſo were ſlaine on the Earle of Richmonds part at this laſt encounter, & among other an Engliſh knight, that bare armes eſchec|ked ſiluer and gue [...]s.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally as the Erle of Richmont returned to|wardes his [...]ampe, which lay in the vale of Caſ|ſell, he met with certaine Arteſmes & Frenchmẽ, which had bene chaſing the other Flemings, and though it was late in the euening, that one could not take good view of an other, yet here they fought againe, and ſo diuerſe of the Frenchmen were taken and killed, and amongeſt other that were taken, was a knight of Burgoin; named ſir Wil. de N [...]lly. But when the Erle of Richmond and thoſe that were with him came to the place [figure appears here on page 911] where ye campe, lay they found that all the reſidue of the Flemings were fled and gone, and when the ſayde Earle came to Caſſell,The Ea [...]e of Richmont [...] daunger to [...]e ſlaine. the people were readie to haue ſlaine him, their former malice to|wards him being nowe much encreaſed with the euill ſucceſſe of thys paſſed enterpryſe, ſo that hee was glad to gette hym thence, and to repayre vnto king Edwarde, that lay yet at the ſiege be|fore Tourney, during whiche ſiege many pro|per feates of armes were done betwixte thoſe within, and them without: for fewe dayes paſſed without the atchieuing of ſome enterpriſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the Frenche King hauing made hys aſ|ſemble at Arras,The great ar|my rayſed by the French K. and gotte togyther a mightie hoſt, as well out of the Empyre as of hys owne ſubiectes, came and lodged at the bridge of Bouuines, three Leages from Tourney. There were wyth hym the King of Bohem, the Duke of Lorraine, the Biſhoppe of Metz, the Erles of Bar, Mount Belliard, and Sauoy, alſo the Dukes of Burgoigne, and Burbone, with a great number of other Erles and Lordes, EEBO page image 912 ſo that the greateſt puyſſance of all Fraunce was iudged to be there with the king.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whyleſt hee laye encamped thus at Bou|uins, and the King of Englande at Tourney, manye exploytes were atchieued betwyxt theyr people, who laye not ydle, but ſtill were ryding abroade, and oftentymes mette, and then that parte that was weakeſt payed for the others charges, ſo that many were ſlaine and taken on both ſydes as well of the Nobilitie as other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo dyuerſe Townes were ſacked and bur|ned on the Frontiers of Fraunce, duryng thys ſiege at Tourney, namely at the purſuyte of the Earle of Heynault, as Seclyn, S. Amond, Orchies,The Lady Iane de Valois treateth for a peace. Landas, and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length at the ſuyte of the Ladie Iane de Valois, ſiſter to the Frenche King, and mother to the Earle of Heynault, trauayling ſtyll be|twixte the partyes to bring them vnto ſome ac|corde, it was graunted that eyther partie ſhoulde ſende certayne ſufficient perſones to entreate of the matter, whiche ſhoulde meete at a lyttle Chappell, ſtanding in the fieldes called Eſplo|tyn, and hereto alſo was a truce graunted for three dayes. For the Engliſhe parte were ap|poynted the Duke of Brabant, the Biſhop of Lyncolne, the Duke of Gelderlande, the Earle of Gulicke, and Sir Iohn de Heynault Lorde Beaumont [...] the Frenche part, the King of Boheme, Charles Earle of Alanſon brother to the Frenche king, the Biſhoppe of Liege, the Earle of Flaunders, and the Earle of Armynacke: and the Ladie of Valoſe was ſtill among them as a Mediatrix, by whoſe meanes chiefelye,A truce accor|ded. they at length didde agree vppon a truce to endure for a yeare betweene all partyes and theyr menne, and alſo betweene them that were in Scotland, in Gaſcoigne, and Poictou.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was agreed alſo by theſe Commiſſioners, that there ſhoulde other Commiſſioners of ey|ther parte foure or fiue meete at Arras at a daye appoynted, and thither alſo ſhoulde the Pope ſende his Legates, to treate of a perpetuall peace and full agreement to bee made betwyxt the two kings of England and France.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Flemings releaſed of debts, and of the inter|diction.There was alſo conſideration hadde of the Flemings, ſo that they were releaſed of all ſuche ſummes of money as they were by any bondes endaungered to paye by forfeyture, or other|wyſe, for anye matter before that time vnto the crowne of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo they were releaſed of the Interdicton and Curſe of the Churche, and then alſo was theyr Earle reſtored home.Polidor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Reſtitution of townes to the king of Eng|land.


It was further accorded, that the French king ſhoulde reſtore vnto the King of England cer|tayne Townes and places in Guienne, whiche in the begynning of theſe warres the Earle of Alanſon had taken from the Engliſhe [...], as Penne in Agenoys, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo where as the French king had ſeaſed the Countie of Pontieu into hys handes, [...] was the dower of Queene Iſabell, the mother of King Edwarde, hee ſhoulde alſo reſtore the ſame vnto King Edwarde, to holde it as hee did before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hereupon was the siege raysed from Tourney, The [...] [...]+ney. after it had continued there the space of tenne Weekes and foure dayes. They within stoode in great daunger for lacke of vytayles to haue bene constrayned to the surrendring of the Towne, if thys truce had not beene concluded, whiche caused the Frenche King the sooner to agree, in lyke case as the lacke of money caused the King of Englande to take thys truce, which otherwise as was thought he would not haue done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After he had raised his siege, The Ea [...] [...] Flaunders [...] of [...] he went to Gaunt and thither came also the Earle of Flaunders being nowe restored home to his Countrey, and made the King of Englande great cheare, feasting and banquetting him right princely togyther with the Queene.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally, after the king Edwarde had refreshed himselfe a while at Gaunt, The king [...]+eth [...] la [...] he tooke a verie few with him, and came into Zealande, and there taking the seas to passe ouer into Engla(n)d, he was sore tossed by force of outragious stormes of winde and weather.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length yet after three dayes and three nightes sayling, Co [...]i [...] of Tri [...]. in the nyghte of the feast of Saint Andrewe, hee came on lande at the tower of London aboute Cockes crowe, and wyth hym the Earle of Northampton, the Lorde Walter de Mannie, the Lord Iohn Beauchampe, with two Chapleynes that were his Secretaries, Sir William Killesby and Sir Philip Weston, besides a few other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After his arriuall hee ſente for the Biſhop of Chicheſter that was Lorde Chauncellor, for the Biſhop of Couentree and Lichfield being Lorde Treaſorer,Aue [...] and for ſuche of the Iudges as were then in London. The Lord Chancellor and the Lorde Treaſoree he ſtreightwayes diſcharged of theyr offices, threatning to ſende them into Flan|ders there to remaine as pledges for money that he there ought, or if they refuſed to go thither, then to keepe them priſoners in the towne. But when the Biſhop of Chicheſter declared to him the dan|ger of the Canon eſtabliſhed agaynſt ſuch as im|pryſoned Byſhoppes, hee ſuffered them to de|parte: but the Iudges, to witte Iohn de Sto|nore, Richard de Willoughby, Wil. de Shore|ſhull,Iudges and o|ther officers command [...] the tow [...]. and alſo Nicholas (or as other haue) Math. de la Beche, which was before gardian of his ſon, & lieutenant of the tower: alſo Iohn de Pultney, & EEBO page image 913 William de Poole Merchants, and the chiefe Clearkes of ye Chancerie, Iohn de Saint Paule, Michaell de Wath, Henry de Stretforde, and Robert de Chikewel, and of the Eſchecker, Iohn; de Thorpe, and many other, were committed to diuers priſons, but yet bycauſe they were com|mitted but only vppon commaundements; they were within a while after deliuered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Wake was alſo committed, but ſhortly after, [...]ewe officers [...]ade in place [...] other that [...]re diſchar| [...]ed. he was deliuered to his great honor, as Walſingham writeth. Robert de Bourchier was made Lorde Chancellor, and Richarde de Sadington Lorde Treaſorer: all the Sherifes of Shires, and other officers alſo, were remoued, and other putte in their places, and Iuſtices ap|poynted in euery Shire, to enquire vppon the de|faultes of collectors, and other officers, ſo that few or none eſcaped unpuniſhed, howſoeuer they had demeaned themſelues, ſo ſtraitely thoſe iuſtices proceeded in their commiſſions.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The King indeede was ſore offended with thoſe whome he had put in truſt to leuie money, and to ſee it conueyd ouer to him into the lowe countrey, bycauſe that for want thereof in tyme of neede, hee was conſtreyned to take truce with his aduerſarie the French King, and leaue off his enterpriſe, which he was in good forwardneſſe to haue gone through with, if he had not bin diſap|poynted of treaſure whiche he had commaunded to be ſente ouer vnto him, whiche was not done, but kepte backe, [...]he K. offen| [...]d vvith the [...]chbiſhop of [...]nterbury. in whomſoeuer the fault reſted. There were ſome of his Secretaries, namely, ſir William Killeſby, which ſtirred him to take no ſmall diſpleaſure againſt the Archbiſhop of Can|terbury Iohn Stratford, who therevppon with|drewe him into the Priorie of Chriſtes Churche at Caunterbury, and there remayning for a ſea|ſon, wrote his mind to the King,


The Archbiſ. [...]iteth to the [...]ing.

exhorting hym not to giue too light credite vnto ſuche as ſhoulde counſell him to haue thoſe in contempt that were faithfull and true to him, for in ſo doing, he might happely loſe the loue and good will of his people. Neuertheleſſe, hee wiſhed, that he ſhould trie out in whoſe hands the wolles and money remained, which was taken vp to his vſe, and that vppon a iuſt accomptes had at their handes, it mighte ap|peare, who were in faulte, that he had not money broughte to hym, whyleſt hee lay at ſiege before Tourney, as he had appoynted, and that when the trueth was knowen, they that were in faulte might be worthely puniſhed. And as for his own cauſe, he ſignified, that hee was ready to be tryed by his peeres, ſauing alwayes the eſtate of holye Churche, and of his order. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Further, he beſought the King, not to thynke euill of him, and of other good men, till the trueth might be tried, for otherwiſe, if iudgement ſhould be pronounced, without admitting the partie to come to his aunſwere, as well the giltleſſe as the giltie might be condemned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The King neuertheleſſe ſtill offended towards the Archbiſhoppe,

An. reg. 15.

A letter ſent to the Deane of Paules.

cauſed Adam Biſhop of Win|cheſter to endite a letter againſte him, directed frõ the King, to the Deane and Chapiter of Paules, openly to be publiſhed by them: the effect whereof was, to burden the Archbyſhoppe with vnthank|fulneſſe, and forgetting of his bounden duetie to|wards his ſoueraigne Lorde and louing maſter, namely, in that where he promiſed the Kyng to ſee him throughly furniſhed with money, to|wardes the maintenance of his warres: when it came to paſſe, none woulde be had, which turned not onely to the hinderance of the Kings whole proceedings, but alſo to his great diſcredite, and cauſing him to runne greatly in debt by intereſt, through borrowing of money, for the paymente of the wages of his men of warre, when through the Archbyſhops negligence, who had the chiefe rule of the lande, the collectors and other officers ſlacked their duetie, wherby there was no money ſent ouer according to that was appoynted: and whereas now, ſith his comming ouer, he had ſent to the Archbiſhop to come vnto him, that by hys information, he might the better learne, who they were that had neglected their duety, hee diſobedi|ently refuſed to come, pretending ſome feare of bodily harme, through the malice of ſome yt were about the King. Wherevpon, when Raufe Lord Stafforde, Lord Stewarde of the Kings houſe, was ſente with a ſafeconduit, for him to come in all ſafetie to the Court, he flatly made aunſwere, that hee woulde not come,The Archebi|ſhop refuſeth to come to the courte. except in full Parlia|ment. Many other miſdemeanors was the Arch|byſhop charged with towardes the King in that letter, as malitiouſly ſlaundering the King for vniuſt oppreſſion of the people, confounding the Cleargie, and greeuing the Church with exacti|ons, leuies of money, tolles and tallages: there|fore, ſith he went about ſo to ſlaunder the Kyngs royall authoritie, to defame hys ſeruauntes, to ſtirre Rebellion among the people, and to with|draw the deuotion and loue of the Erles, Lords, and greate men of the lande from the Kyng: hys highneſſe declared, that hee meante to prouide for the integritie, and preſeruation of his good name, and to meete with the Archbyſhops malice, and heerewith, diuers things were reherſed to ye Arch|biſhops reproche, which he ſhould do, procure, and ſuffer to be done, by his euill and ſiniſter counſell, whileſt hee hadde the rule of the Realme in hys handes vnder the Kyng: wherein he had ſhewed hymſelfe not only an acceptor of giftes, but alſo of perſons, in gratifying dyuers that nothing had deſerued ſundry wayes forthe, and preſuming to doe raſhly many other things to the detrimente of the Kynges royall ſtate, and hurte of hys EEBO page image 914 regall dignitie, and to no ſmall damage of the people, abuſing the authoritie and office to hym committed, ſo that if hee perſiſted in his obſtinate wilfulneſſe, and rebellious con [...]umacie, the King by thoſe his letters ſignifyed, that he meant to de|clare it more apparantly in due time and place, and therefore commaunded the ſayd Deane and Chapiter of Paules, to publiſhe all thoſe thyngs openly, in places where they thought conueniẽt according to their wiſedome giuen to them by God, ſo as hee mighte haue cauſe to commende therein their carefull diligence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This letter was dated at Weſtminſter the tenth of February, in the fifteenth yeare of hys raigne ouer Englande, and ſeconde ouer France.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Where the Londoners would not permitte the Kinges Iuſtices to fitte within the C [...] London, contrary to their liberties, the King [...]+poynted them to ſitte in the Tower, and [...] they would not make any aunſwer there, a [...] tumulte was reyſed by the commons of the Ci+tie, ſo that the Iuſtices beeing in ſome perilles they thoughte, feygned themſelues to ſitte there till towardes Eaſter. Wheervpon, when the K. coulde not get the names of them that reyſed the tumult, no otherwiſe but that they were certaine light perſons of the common people, he at length pardoned the offence. After this, thoſe Iuſtices neyther ſate in the Tower, nor elſe where, of all that yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the quindene of Eaſter,A Parliament the Kyng helde a Parliamente at London, in the which, ye Pre|lates, [figure appears here on page 914] Earles, Barons and commons, preſented many petitions,Merimouth. as to haue the great Charter of liberties, and the Charter of Forreſtes duely ob|ſerued, and that they which brake the ſame, ſhuld be diſcharged of their offices, if they were ye kings officers, and that the high officers of the Kyng, ſhuld be elected and choſen by their peeres in Par|liament. The Kyng withſtoode theſe petitions a certayne time, at length yet he graunted to ſome of them, but as concerning the election of his of|ficers, hee in no wiſe woulde conſente, but yet hee was contented, that they ſhould receyue an othe in Parliamente, to doe iuſtice to all men in theyr offices. &c. Vppon whyche Article and others, a ſtatute was made and confirmed with ye Kyngs Seale.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Empe|ror won from the King of Englands friendſhippe.In the meane whyle, the French King had with bribes wonne Lewes of Bauaria, that na|med himſelfe Emperour, from further fauouring the King of Englande, in ſo muche, that vnder a colourable pretence of finding him ſelfe gree|ued, for that the King of England had without his knowledge takẽ truce with the French king, he reuoked the dignitie of being vicar in the Em|pire, from the King of England, but yet ſignified to him, that where the Frenche Kyng had at hys requeſt put the matter in controuerſie betwixte him and the Kyng of England into his handes, to make an ende thereof, if it ſo pleaſed the Kyng of England,The Empe [...] offereth [...] a meane, [...] conclud [...] peace. that hee ſhould treate as an indiffe|rent arbitrator betwixt them, he promiſed to doe his endeuor, ſo as he doubted not, but that by hys meanes he ſhoulde come to a good agreement in his cauſe, if he wold follow his aduice, and to re|ceyue aunſwere hereof, he ſente his Letters by a chaplayne of his, one Eberhard, the reader of the Friers hermites of Saint Auguſtines order, re|queſting the King of England to aduertiſe hym by the ſame meſſenger, of his whole minde in that behalfe. The Kyng for aunſwere, ſignifyed againe by his letters vnto the Emperoure,The Kyngs aunſwere. that for the zeale whiche he hadde, to make an accorde betwixt him and his aduerſarie Phillippe de Va|loys, that named himſelfe French King, he could not but muche commend him, and for his parte, hee had euer wiſhed, that ſome reaſonable agree|ment EEBO page image 915 mighte bee had betwixt them: but ſith hys right to the Realme of France was cleere & ma|nifeſt inough, hee purpoſed not to committe it by writing vnto the doubtful iudgement, or arbitre|ment of anye: and as concerning the agreemente which the Emperor had made with the Frenche Kyng, bycauſe as he alledged, it was lawfull for him ſo to do, ſith without the Emperors know|ledge, hee had taken truce with the ſame Frenche King, he ſaid, if the circumſtances were wel con|ſidered, that matter could not miniſter any cauſe to moue him to ſuch agreement: for if the Empe|ror remembred, he had giuen to him libertie at all times to treate of peace, without making ye Em|peror priuie thereto (ſo that without his aſſent, he concluded not vppon any ſmall peace) which hee proteſted, that he neuer meant to do, till he might haue his prouidente aduice, counſell, and aſſente therevnto. And as concerning the reuoking of the vicarſhippe of the Empire from him, hee tooke it done out of tyme, for it was promiſed, that no ſuch reuocation ſhould be made, till he had obtey|ned the whole Realme of France, or at the leaſt, the more part thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe in effect were the poyntes of the Kyngs letters of aunſwere vnto the Emperor. Dated at London the thirtenth of Iuly, in the ſecond yeare of his raigne ouer Fraunce, and fifteenth ouer England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, about Midſommer,

The deceaſſe of the Lorde Geffrey de Scrope, and of the Byſhop of Lincolne.

The Queene brought to bedde.

or ſomewhat before, at Gant in Flanders, dyed the Lorde Gef|frey Scrope the Kings Iuſtice, and Henry By|ſhoppe of Lincolne, two chiefe counſellors to the King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queene after hir returne into Englãd, was this yeare brought to bed in the Tower of London, of a daughter named Blanch, that dyed yong, and was buried at Weſtminſter.

[figure appears here on page 915]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane while, during the warres be|twixt France and Englande, the Frenche Kyng in fauour of Dauid, king of Scotland, had ſente menne of warre into Scotlande, vnder the con|duit of Sir Arnold Dãdreghen, who was after one of the Marſhals of France, and the Lorde of Garentiers, with other, by whoſe comfort & help, the Scottes that tooke parte with King Dauid, did endeuor themſelues to recouer out of ye Eng|liſh mens handes, ſuche Caſtels and fortreſſes as they helde within Scotland, as in the Scottiſhe hiſtorie ye ſhall finde mentioned, and how aboute this time, their King the foreſaide Dauid, retur|ned foorth of France into Scotland by the french kings help, who hauing long before concluded a league with him, thought by his friendſhippe to trouble the King of England ſo at home, that he ſhoulde not bee at great leyſure to inuade hym in France.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to tell you what chanced of the mee|ting appoynted at Arras,The commiſ|ſioners that met at Arras. for the commiſſioners that ſhould there treate of the peace, when the day aſſigned of their meeting was come, there arriued for the King of Englãd the Biſhop of Lincolne, the Biſhop of Dureſme, the Earle of Warwike, the Earle of Richmond, Sir Robert Dartois, ſir Iohn of Heynault, otherwiſe called Lord Beau|mont, and ſir Henry of Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the french King, there came the Earle of Alaunſon, the Duke of Burbon, the Earle of Flaunders, the Earle of Blois, the Archbyſhoppe of Sens, the Biſhop of Beaunoys, and the By|ſhop of Auxerre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Pope ſente thither two Cardinals, Na|ples and Cleremont, theſe commiſſioners were in treatie fifteene dayes, during the which, many matters were putte foorth, and argued, but none concluded: for the Engliſhmen demanded large|ly, and the Frenchmen woulde departe with no|thing, ſauing with the Countie of Pontieu, the EEBO page image 916 which was giuen with Queene Iſabell in mar|riage to the King of Englande.This truce was prolonged about the feaſt of the decol|lation of Saint Iohn, to en|dure til Mid|ſomer then next follo|wing, as the addition to Adam M [...]ri+mouth hath. The occaſion of the warres of Britaine. So the treatie brake, the commiſſioners departed, and nothyng done, but onely that the truce was prolonged for two yeres further.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus were ye warres partly appeaſed in ſome part of Fraunce, but yet was the truce but ſlen|derly kept in other partes, by reaſon of the deathe of the Duke of Britaine. For whereas contentiõ roſe betwixte one Charles de Blois, and Iohn Earle of Mountfort, about the right to the Du|chie of Britaine, as in the hiſtorie of Fraunce it may more plainely appeare. The Erle of Moũt|fort, thinking that he had wrong offered him at the French Kings hands, who fauoured his ad|uerſarie Charles de Blois, alyed himſelfe with the King of Englande. And as ſome write, after he had wonne diuers Cities and Townes with|in Britaine, he came ouer into England, and by doing homage to King Edward, acknowledged to holde it of hym, as of the ſoueraigne Lorde thereof, ſo that he would promiſe to defende hym and that Duchie againſt his aduerſaries, whyche the Kyng promiſed him to do.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, the French K. made ſuch warres a|gainſt this Earle of Mountfort, that he was at lẽgth taken priſoner in the towne of Nauntes, & committed to ſafe keeping within the Caſtell of the Lovre at Paris: but his wife being a ſtoute woman, and of a manly courage, ſtoode vp in the quarrell of hir huſbande, and preſented a yong ſon which ſhe had by him, vnto ſuch Captaines & men of warre as ſerued hir huſbande, requiring them not to bee diſmayd, with the infortunate chance of hir huſbãds taking, but rather lyke mẽ of good ſtomackes, to ſtãd in defence of his right, ſith whatſoeuer happened to hym, the ſame re|mayned in that yong Gentleman his ſonne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ia. Meir.This Counteſſe of Mountfort, was ſiſter vnto Lewes Earle of Flaunders, and named Margaret, and not Claudia as ſome write. She was very diligente in hir buſineſſe, and ſpared no trauaile to aduaunce hir cauſe, ſo that ſhe wanne not only the heartes of the men of warre, but alſo of the people of Britaine, the whiche fauoured hir huſband, and lamented the miſhap of his taking. She firſte furniſhed ſuche Cities,Froiſſard. Townes, Ca|ſtels, and fortreſſes as hir huſband had in poſſeſ|ſion, with men, munition & vittayles, as Renes, Dynaunt, Guerand, Hanibout and others. This done, ſhe ſente ouer into England, ſir Emerie de C [...]ſſon, a noble man of Britaine, to require the King of Englande of ſuccours, with condition, that if it pleaſed him, hir ſonne Iohn ſhould mar|rie one of his daughters. The King of Englande glad to haue ſuche an entrie into Fraunce, as by Britaine thought not to refuſe the offer, & there|vpon, graunted to ayde the Counteſſe: & forth|with reyſing a power, ſente the ſame ouer him Britaine, vnder the conduct of the Lord Walter of Manny and others: the which at length, after they had continued long vpon the ſea, by reaſon of contrary windes arriued in Britaine, in whi|che meane time, a great army of Frenchmẽ were entred into Britaine, and had beſieged the Citie of Renes, and finally wonne it by ſurrender, and were nowe before the Towne of Hanibout, whiche with ſtraite ſiege, and ſore bruſing of the walles, they were neere at poynt to haue taken, and the Counteſſe of Mountfort within it, if the ſuccours of England had not arriued there, euen at ſuche time, as the Frenchmenne were in talke with them within, about the ſurrender. But af|ter that the Engliſh fleete was ſeene to approch, the treatie was ſoone broken off, for they within had no luſt, then to talke any further of the mat|ter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde of Manny, and the Engliſhmen arriuing at Hanibout thus in time of imminent daunger, wherein the Counteſſe, and the other within that Towne were preſently beſet,The Engli [...] ſuccour [...]+ [...]ed in good time. greatly recomforted the ſaide Counteſſe as ſhe well ſhe|wed by hir cheerefull countenance in receyuing them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after their arriuall,Archers. a certaine num|ber of the Engliſhe archers, iſſuing forthe, beate the Frenchmen from an engine which they hadde reared againſt the walles, and ſet fire vppon the ſame engin. To conclude, the Frenchemen lyked the Engliſhmen ſo well, that ſhortly after being wearie of their companie, they rayſed their ſiege to get themſelues further from them: and in an other parte of the countrey endeuoured them|ſelues to winne Townes and Caſtels as they did indeede,Charles de Blois. hauing their army deuided into two partes, the Lord Charles de Bloys gouerning the one parte, and a Spanyarde called the Lorde Lewes de Spaine the other (which was the ſame that thus departed from the ſiege of Hanibout,Lewes de Spaine. after the arriuall of the Engliſhmenne) and then winning the townes of Dinant and Guerand,Britaine Britona [...] paſſed into the countrey of Britaine, Britonaũt, and there not farre from Quinpercorentine, were diſcomfited by the Engliſhmenne, who fol|lowed them thither.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Of ſixe thouſande Genewaies, Spanyardes, and Frenchmenne whiche the Lorde Lewes of Spayne had there with him, there eſcaped but a few away. A nephewe which he hadde there with him named Alfons was ſlaine, howbeit he him|ſelfe eſcaped, though not without ſore hurtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,

Edmond of Langley that was after Duke of [...] is borne.

Fabia [...].

the fifth of Iune Queene Phillip was deliuered of a ſonne at the towne of Lang|ley the which was named Edmond, and ſurna|med Langley, of the place where hee was thus borne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 917 [...]uſtes and [...]urney at [...]nſtable.Alſo about the ſame time, was a great iuſtes kept by King Edwarde, at the Towne of Dun|ſtable, with other counterfeyted feates of warre, at the requeſt of diuers yong Lords and Gentle|men, whereat, both the King and Queene were preſente, with the more parte of the Lordes and Ladies of the lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Charles de Blois, hauing in the meane time wonne Vannes, and other townes, brought his army backe vnto Hanibout, [...]anibout [...]ſieged. and eft|ſoones beſieged the ſame, and the Counteſſe of Mountfort wtin it: but for ſomuch as it was wel fortifyed, & prouided of all things neceſſarie to defend a ſiege, the Engliſhemen being returned thyther agayne after the ouerthrowe of the Lord Lewes de Spayne, it could not be eaſily wonne. At length,


An. reg. [...]6.

[...]he Coũteſſe [...] Richmont [...]mmeth o| [...] into Eng| [...]de.

[...] army ſente [...]o Britaine.

by the labor of certayne Lords of Bri|taine, a truce was taken for a tyme, during the whiche, the Counteſſe of Richmond came ouer into England, to cõmune with King Edward, touching the affaires of Britaine, who appoyn|ted ſir Robert Dartois Earle of Richmond, the Earles of Saliſburie, Pembroke, and Suffolke, the Lordes Stafford, Spencer, and Bourchier; with other, to goe with hir ouer into Britaine, who made their prouiſion, ſo that they mighte take the ſea, to come thither againſt the time that the truce betwixte the Counteſſe, and the Lorde Charles de Bloys ſhould expire.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]dditions to [...]dam Meri| [...]outh, and [...]uet.There bee that write, how the Lord Walter de Manny, tooke a truce indeede with the Lorde Charles de Bloys, to endure till Alhallowne [...]de next enſuing, but with condition, that if the king of Englande were contented therewith, then the ſame to be firme and fully ratifiede otherwiſe not. Wherevpon, when about the beginning of Iu|ly, the ſayd Lord Walter came ouer into Eng|land, bringing with him the Lord of Lions, and other ſuch priſoners as he had taken, and ſignifi|ed to King Edward, what he had cõcluded tou|ching the truce, the King liked not thereof, and ſo ſente ouer the Earles of Northampton and Deuonſhire, the Lord Stafford,The Earle of Northampton and Deuon|ſhire. and ſir William de Killeſby his Chaplayne, and one of his Secre|taries, with fiue hundred men of armes, and a thouſand archers, whiche taking Shippe, the vi|gill of the Aſſumption of our Lady, ſayled forthe towards Britaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The frenchmen therefore vnderſtanding that this ſuccour was comming, appointed the Lord Lewes of Spaine, ſir Charles Grimaldo, and ſir Antony Doria, with three thouſand Genewes,Genewes re|teined in the French kings wages. and a thouſande menne of armes, embarqued in two and thirtie great Shippes, to lie on the ſea in awayte, to encounter the Engliſhe fleete, as the ſame ſhould approch towards Britaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Eaſter, the Counteſſe of Mountforde with the Engliſh army, appoynted to attend hir, tooke the Sea at Southhampton, and at length,The Engliſh|men and Ge|newayes mete and fight on the Seas. mette with the Lord Lewes of Spayne, and his [figure appears here on page 917] fleete, where betwixt thẽ was fought a ſore bat|taile. The Engliſhmen were a ſixe and fortie veſſels, but the Lorde Lewes of Spayne, hadde nine great Shippes, and of more force, than any of thoſe which the Engliſhmen had, and alſo he had three Galleys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They began to fighte about euenſong tyme, and continued till that nighte parted them, and had gone togither againe in the morning, if by a tempeſt that roſe about midnighte, the ſame night, they had not bin ſcattered in ſunder.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Spanyardes and Genewayes tooke a|way with them foure Engliſh Shippes, whyche being vittellers, were left behinde, and bycauſe the ſame Spanyardes and Genewaies were able to abide the Sea better than the Engliſhmenne, by reaſon of their great ſhippes, they kept the maine Sea, but the Engliſhmen were aduiſed by theyr EEBO page image 918 marriners to drawe vnto the lande, and ſo they did, arriuing at a little hauen, not farre from Vã|nes, where comming a land, they ſtreight ways made towardes that Citie, and beſieged it, [...] ceaſſing to aſſaulte it both day and night,Va [...] till [...] lengthe they wanne it, by giuyng the aſſault in [figure appears here on page 918] two places at once, whyleſt an other number of them ſette vpon in a thirde place, where was no ſuſpition, and ſo entred. After this, the moſte part of the Engliſhmen departed from Vannes, as ſome with the Counteſſe, to bryng hir vnto Hanibout, and ſome with the Earles of Saliſ|bury, Suffolke, and Cornewall, who wente and laide ſiege to Rennes, ſo that the Earle of Rich|mont remayned in Vannes, with the Lordes Spencer and Stafford, to keepe it, hauing a cer|taine number of Archers and other men of warre with them. The Lord Cliſſon, and ſir Henry de Leon, whiche were within Vannes when it was taken by the Engliſhmen, and founde meanes to eſcape, were abaſhed at the matter, that they had ſo loſt the Citie, wherevpon, they ſecretly aſſem|bled a greate power of men thereaboutes, & came againe vnto Vannes, and ſo fiercely aſſailed the gates and walles, that in the ende, they entred by fine force. The Earle of Richmont was ſore hurt, but yet hee eſcaped out at a poſterne gate, and the Lord Stafford with him, but the Lorde Spencer was taken by ſir Henry de Leon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Additions to Triuet.Other write otherwiſe, both of the landyng, and alſo concerning the miſfortune of the Lorde Spencer, alledging letters ſent from the Earle of Northampton (whome the ſame authors repute as generall of that army into Britaine) directed to the Kyng, in whiche was ſignified, howe that within the octaues of the aſſumption of our La|dy, they arriued on the coaſt of Britaine, neere to the Towne and Caſtell of Breſt, in the whyche, the Ducheſſe of Britaine, with hir children were of the enimies beſieged, both by ſea and lande, by ſea with thirteene greate galleys, by lande by the Lorde Charles de Bloys, the Earles of Sauoy and Foiz. But the galleys perceyuing the Eng|liſhe fleete to bee approched vpon them, ere they were aware, ſo that they were compaſſed in, to their great danger, three of the ſame galleys fled, and ſo eſcaped, the reſidue got vp into a riuer of the ſame hauen, where they that were aboorde, left their veſſels, and fledde to the lande, and as wel they, as the other that held ſiege before Breſt and ſuche as kept a Caſtell there, not farre off, called Goule Forreſt, packed away without any more ado.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The engliſh marriners following the galleies (that were withdrawen vp the riuer) with theyr ſmall boates and barges, ſet fire on the ſame gal|leys, and ſo brent them. Thus all the Engliſhmẽ came a lande, and leauing the Lorde Say Cap|tain in the ſaid Caſtel of Gouleforreſt, they paſſe forward into ye countrey, & comming to a Caſtel cõmonly called Monſieur Relix, gaue an aſſault thereto, where many of their men of warre were woũded, and ſir Iames Louel ſlaine. After this, ſtaying a time for ye cõming of their cõfederates, whiche after a fortnightes ſpace, came to them, on ye monday, being the morrow after Michael|mas day, they hearde that the Lorde Charles de Blois was comming in al haſt, with a power of three M. mẽ of armes, twelue C. Genewayes, & a greate multitude of cõmons to reyſe the ſiege. Wherevpõ, ye Erle of Northamptõ with his ar|my marched ſoftly towards thẽ, & choſing a plot of ground conueniẽt for his purpoſe, fought with his enimie, ſlew and tooke of them at ye leaſt, three hundred men of armes. The Erle of Northamp|ton loſt not any noble man in this fight, excepted onely the Lord Edwarde Spencer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 But nowe as touching the Earle of Rich|mont, EEBO page image 919 Froiſſart ſayth, yt he cõming to Hanibout, after he had thus loſt Vannes, tooke the Sea, and ſailed into England: but by reaſon of beeing toſ|ſed on the ſeas, his wounds rancled ſo, that ſhort|ly after his comming to London hee dyed, and was buried in the Church of Saint Paule. The King of Englande was ſore diſpleaſed with hys deathe, [...]he Kyng [...]eth ouer [...]o Brytayn. and immediately after, paſſed ouer hym|ſelfe into Britaine with a greate army: and lan|ding there the nine and twentith of Nouember, at the ſame place where the Earle of Richmont did land at his arriuall there, not farre from Vã|nes, [...]nnes be| [...]ed. he went ſtraight, and beſieged Vannes, but perceyuing that it woulde not bee wonne but by long ſiege, he left the Erle of Arundell, and ye lord Stafford to continue the ſiege, whileſt he wente to Rennes to aide his people, which ſtill lay at the ſiege therof. Before the kings arriual in Britain, thoſe yt were there vnder the Erle of Northamp|ton, [...]ditions to [...]. as the Lord Hugh Spencer, & the L. Richard Talbat, with their retinewes, foughte with the Frenchmen neere to Morleis, where a few Eng|liſhmen, vnneth fiue hũdred, diſcomfited a migh|ty power of Frenchmen, [...] army of [...]enchmen comfited a few En| [...]ſhmen. eſtemed to be aboue fif|tie thouſand, of whome, ſome they ſlewe, & ſome they tooke. Among other, was taken the L. Gef|frey de Charny, accompted for one of the beſt and ſageſt Knightes in Fraunce, whome the Lorde Richard Talbot tooke, and ſent into Englande. But nowe as touching the Kings doings, wee finde, that whileſt hee remayned for this winter ſeaſon in Britaine, his people forreyed ye Coun|trey a four dayes iorney in length, and two days iorney in bredth. After his comming to Rennes, hee ſtayed not paſt fiue dayes, but leauing them whome he found there to continue the ſiege, hee went himſelfe to Nauntes, where he had know|ledge, that the Lorde Charles de Blois was. At his comming thither, hee enuironed the Citie a|bout with a ſtrong ſiege,Nauntes be|ſieged. and made many fierce aſſaultes to walles and gates, but could not pre|uayle, then leauing certaine of his Lords there to continue the ſiege, hee rayſed with the reſidue, and went to Dinan, whiche Towne, with ſore and fierce aſſaultes, hee laſtly wonne, and after that, drew againe towards Vannes, for that he was enformed, howe the Duke of Normandy was comming downe towards him, with an ar|my of fortie thouſand men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Heerevpon, he ſent for them that lay at ſiege before Nauntes to come vnto him, and ſuffered them at Rennes to keepe their ſiege ſtil, till they heard other word from him. The Duke of Nor|mandy with four thouſande men of armes, and thirtie thouſande other men of warre,The duke of Normandie cõmeth downe into Britayne. comming into Britaine to ayde ye Lord Charles of Blois, was aduertiſed, that the King of England was with the moſt part of all his power withdrawen to Vannes, and there lay at ſiege, ſore conſtrey|ning them within: wherefore he alſo drewe thi|therwards, and approching to the place, encam|ped with his army ouer againſt ye King of Eng|land, [figure appears here on page 919] encloſing his field with a great trench.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King of England ſuppoſing he ſhoulde haue battell, ſente vnto thoſe whiche lay at ſiege before Rennes, commanding them to come from thence vnto him: ſo that by this meanes, all the powers, both of the King of Englande, and of the Duke of Normandie, generall to his father the Frenche Kyng in thoſe warres of Bry|taine, beeing aſſembled before Vannes, hande foughten ſome great and bloudy battell as was ſuppoſed, for the whole triall of the right of Bri|taine, if the Cardinals of Cleremount and Pre| [...]ſt [...], as Legates from Pope Clement the ſixth, hadde not taken vp the matter, by concluding a deale betwixte them, for the tearme of three yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 920

Additions to Triuet.

Commiſsio|ners for the King of Eng|lande.

Commiſſioners appoynted to treate with theſe Cardinals, on the behalfe of the Kyng of Eng|lande were theſe, Henry of Lancaſter Earle of Derby, William Bohun Earle of Northamp|ton, William Mountagew Earle of Saliſbu|rie, Raufe Lord Stafford, Bartholmewe Lorde Burgherſe, Nicholas Lorde Cantelow, Regi|nald Lorde Cobham, Walter Lord of Manny, Maurice Lord Berkeley, and Maſter Iohn Vf|ford Archdeacon of Elie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Commiſsio|ners for the french king.For the Frenche King, Odo Duke of Bur|goigne, and Piers Duke of Burbon were depu|ted Commiſſioners: and ſuch diligence was vſed by the parties,1343 that finally they agreed vpon thys truce of three yeares,A truce for three yeares. with certayne articles for meane to conclude ſome final peace, as that there ſhould be ſent from eyther Kyng, ſome perſona|ges of their bloud and others, vnto the Courte of Rome, with ſufficient authoritie, to agree, con|firme, and eſtabliſhe vpon all controuerſies and diſſentions betwixt the ſayde Kings, accordyng to the agreement of the Pope, and ſuch as ſhould be ſo ſent to treate thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was further agreed, that they ſhould haue libertie to declare and pronounce their argumẽts and reaſons before the Pope, but not to haue po|wer to decide and giue ſentence, but only by way of ſome better treatie and order of agreemente to be made. And theſe commiſſioners were appoin|ted to appeare before the Pope, afore the feaſt of Saint Iohn Baptiſt next enſuing, and the Pope to diſpatche the buſineſſe before Chriſtmas after, if by conſent of the ſayde nobles, the tearme were not proroged. And if it ſo were that the Pope could make no agreemente, yet ſhoulde the truce endure the prefired tearme,The conditi|ons of the truce. to witte, till the feaſt of Saint Michaell the Archangell, and for the ſpace of three yeares then next enſuing, betwixte the Kings of Fraunce, England and Scotland, the Earle of Heynaulte and their alies, as the Dukes of Brabant, and of Gilderlande, alſo, the Marques of Guillickerland, the Lorde Beau|mont, otherwiſe called Sir Iohn de Heynault, and the people of Flaunders in all theyr landes and dominions, from the date of the charter made heereof, by all the ſayde tearme aforeſaide, to be obſerued, holden and kept.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, the Kyng of Scottes and the Earle of Heynaulte were appointed to ſende certaine per|ſons, as commiſſioners for them, vnto the ſayde Court of Rome.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys truce was alſo accorded to bee kepte in Britayne, betwixt the ſayde Kyngs and their adherentes, in whyche Countrey, as well as in Gu [...]enne, and other places, euery man ſhoulde remayne in poſſeſſion of that whiche hee helde at the tyme of concluding this truce, ſaue that the Citie of Vannes ſhoulde bee deliuered into the handes of the Cardinall, to bee kepte by [...] the Popes name, during the truce, and th [...] [...] dyſpoſe thereof, as ſhoulde ſeeme to [...] good.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Many other articles were compriſed in the Charter of thys truce, too long heere to rehearſe, all the whyche were confirmed with the othes of the ſayd Dukes of Burgoigne, and Burbone, on the French Kinges behalfe, and of the Earles of Derby, Northampton, and Saliſbury, the Lorde Burgherſts, and the Lorde of M [...]y, for the Kyng of England. In witneſſe where|of, the ſayde Cardinals cauſed the charter to bee made, putting therevnto their ſeales, the nineteenth daye of Ianuary, in the yeare [...]343. in preſence of dyuers Prelates, and of the Earles of Bolongne, Auſſerre, Sancerre, Iuigny, and Porcien, the Lorde Miles de Nohers, the Lorde Ingram de Coucy, and the foreſayde Lordes, Cantelowe, Cobeham, and Berkeley, with ma|nye other, Lordes, Barons, Nobles, and Ge [...]e|menne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When thys truce was thus confirmed,An. reg. ma|nye of the Engliſhe armye returned home tho|rough Fraunce, ſo to paſſe ouer by the narrowe Seas into Englande, but the Kyng hymſelfe,The King England [...] Sea [...]. with a fewe other, taking theyr Shippes to paſſe by long Seas, were maruellouſly [...]|ted by tempeſt, ſo that their Shippes were [...]|tered, and dryuen to take lande at dyuers ha|uens.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Ducheſſe of Britaigne, with hir ſonne and daughter, came a lande in Deuonſhire.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Peers de Veel, [...] and his ſonne Sir Henry Veel, and Sir Iohn Rayne Knyghtes, were drowned, togyther with the Shippe in whyche they paſſed.

[figure appears here on page 920]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng eſcaping very hardly, landed at Weymouth, and the fifth day of March came to London to the Queene.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 921 Parliament. [...]he Kings [...]eſt ſonne [...]eated prince [...] Wales.In the Quindene of Eaſter, he helde a Parli|ament at Weſtminſter, in which, he created hys eldeſt ſonne Edward Prince of Wales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this Parliamente, were diuers matters [figure appears here on page 921] talked of, and ſpecially concerning woolles, and of the aſſeſſemente of a certayne price of them, more and leſſe, according to the ſeuerall parties of the Realme, and of the cuſtomes to bee made of them, to witte, three markes and an halfe, for euery ſacke to be tranſported foorth of the Realm.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]baſſadors [...]oynted to [...] to the [...]e.Alſo in the ſame Parliament, were Ambaſſa|dors appoynted forth, ſuche as ſhoulde goe to the Pope to treate of peace, (as in the Charter of the truce among other articles it was conteyned,) whoſe names followe, Iohn Byſhop of Exeter, Henry de Lancaſter Earle of Derby, Hugh le Diſpenſer Lord of Glamorgan, Couſins to the King: Raufe Lord Stafford, William de Nor|wiche Deane of Lincolne, William Truſſell Knighte, and maſter Andrewe de Vfford a Ci|uilian. Theſe perſons were ſent with commiſ|ſion to ye Pope, to treate with him, not as Pope, nor as iudge, but as a priuate perſon, and a com|mon friende to both parties, to be a meane or me|diator, to fynde out ſome indifferente ende of all controuerſies betwixt the parties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The date of their commiſſion was at Weſt|minſter, the foure and twentith of May, in thys ſeuenteenth yeare of the Kings raigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer in thys Parliamente, a greeuous complaynte was exhibited, by the Earles, Ba|rons, Knightes, burgeſſes, and other of the com|mons, for that ſtraungers, by vertue of reſerua|tions and prouiſions Apoſtolike, gote the beſt be|nefices of this lande into their hands, and neuer came at them, nor bare any charges due for the ſame, but deminiſhing the treaſure of the Realm, and conueying it foorthe, ſore endomaged the whole ſtate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhops durſt not, or woulde not gyue theyr conſents in exhibiting this complainte, but rather ſeemed to ſtande againſte it, till the Kyng compelled them to gyue ouer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevpon, a letter was framed by the Lords of the temporaltie and commons, whiche they directed vnto the Pope in all humble manner, be|ſieching hym to conſider of the derogation done to the Realme of England, by ſuch reſeruations, prouiſions, and collations of benefices, as had bin practiſed heere in Englande, and therefore, ſith the Churches of Englande had bin founded and endowed by noble and worthy men in times paſt, to the ende the people might be inſtructed by ſuche as were of their owne language, and that hee beeyng ſo farre off, and not vnderſtandyng the defaultes had (lyke as ſome of his predeceſ|ſors more than in times paſt hadde bin accuſto|med) graunted by dyuers reſeruations, prouiſi|ons, and collations, the Churches and ſpirituall promotions of this lande, vnto diuers perſons, ſome ſtraungers, yea, and enimies to ye Realme, whereby the money and profites were carried foorthe, the cures not prouided for, almes with|drawen, hoſpitalitie decayed, the Temples and other buyldings belonging to the Churches, rui|nated and fallen downe, the charitie and deuo|tion of the people ſore deminiſhed, and dyuers other greeuous, enormities thereby growen cleane contrary to the founders mindes: where|fore, vpon due conſideration thereof hadde, they ſignifyed to him, that they could not ſuffer ſuche enormities any longer, and therefore beſoughte hym wholly to reuoke ſuche reſeruations, proui|ſions, and collations, to auoide ſuche ſlaunders, miſchiefes, and harmes as myghte enſue, and that the cures myghte therewith be committed EEBO page image 922 to perſons meete for the exerciſe of the ſame: fur|ther alſo, beſeeching him without delay, to ſig|nifie his intention, ſith they meante to employ theyr diligence to remedie the matter, and to ſee that redreſſe myghte bee hadde accordyng to reaſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The date of theſe letters was in full Parlia|ment at Weſtminſter, the eight and twentith of May, in the yeare of grace. 1343.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Sir Iohn Shordiche ſent to the Pope.Beſide theſe letters, were other written, and ſent from the King, conteyning in ſumme, the tenor of the other aboue mentioned, and one Sir Iohn Shordiche Knighte a graue perſonage, and well ſeene in the lawe, was appoynted to [figure appears here on page 922] goe with the ſame, who comming to Auigni|on, and there preſenting his letters in the Popes priuie chamber, where the Pope ſate, with all hys Cardinals about him, receyued no greate curte|ous welcome, after hys letters were once redde: and when the Knight made aunſwere vnto ſuch wordes as hee hearde the Pope vtter, and char|ged hym,The Popes wordes to ſir Iohn Shordich. with giuing the Deanrie of Yorke, vnto one that was reputed the Kynges enimie, the Pope ſayde, well, It is not vnknowen to vs who made and endited theſe letters, and wee knowe that thou madeſt them not, but there is one that pincheth at vs, and wee ſhall puniſhe him well ynough: we knowe all.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevnto, hee added this muche more, that there was a Knighte that ſpake defamous words of him, & the Church of Rome, wherwith hee ſee|med highly offended. To conclude, hee ſayd, that he woulde aunſwere the letters of the Kyng and commons, as touching the poyntes conteyned in the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinals, after they hadde hearde theſe thynges, departed, as if they hadde bin ſore of|fended and troubled therewith: and the Knyghte taking hys leaue of the Pope, departed alſo forth of the chamber, and without anye longer abode, got him away towardes Burdeaux, aboute o|ther of the Kyngs buſineſſe: doubting leaſt if [...] had ſtayed longer, hee myghte haue bin kepte there agaynſte his will. The Pope ſente aun|ſwere indeede, but neuertheleſſe, the King pro|ceeded in prohibiting ſuch prouiſions,Of bene [...] inhibited [...] the Kyng. and colla|tions within his Realme, on payne of empriſon|mente and death to the intruders thereby, as af|ter yee ſhall perceyue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare aboute Midſomer, [...]es in Smithfielde there were ſo|lemne Iuſtes proclaymed by the Lorde Roberte Morley, whiche were holden in Smithfielde, where for challengers, came foorthe one apparel|led lyke to the Pope, bringing with hym twelue other in garmentes lyke to Cardinals, whyche tooke vppon them to aunſwere all commers, for there courſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the defendantes ſide, ranne the Prince of Wales, with many Earles, Barons, Knyghtes and Eſquires innumerable, ſo that thoſe Iuſtes continued three dayes togither, to the greate pleaſure of the beholders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,


An. reg. [...]

King Edwarde ordeyned a cer|tayne newe coigne of golde, whyche hee na|med the Florene, that is, the peny of ſixe ſhillings [figure appears here on page 922] eight pence, the halfe peny of the valewe of three ſhillings foure pence, and the farthing of the va|lewe of twentie pence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys coigne was ordeyned for hys warres in Fraunce, the golde whereof was not ſo fine, as the Noble, whiche in the fourteenth yeare of hys raigne, hee hadde cauſed for to bee coig|ned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,

Tho. VV [...]

A chamber built [...]i [...] the Caſte [...] Windſor, called the round [...]

the King cauſed a great number of artificers and labourers to be taken vp, whome hee ſet in hande to buylde a chamber in the Ca|ſtell of Windeſor, whiche was called the rounde table, the floore whereof, from the center or middle poynte, vnto the compaſſe thoroughout, the one halfe was (as Walſ. writeth) an hundred EEBO page image 923 foote, and ſo the diametre, or compaſſe rounde a|bout, was two hundred foote. The expenſes of this worke, amounted by the weeke, firſt vnto an hundred pounde, but afterwardes, by reaſon of the warres that followed the charges was demi|niſhed vnto two and twentie pounde the weeks, as Thomas Walſingham writeth in his lar|ger booke, entituled, the Hiſtory of Englande, or as ſome Comes [...]ane vnto nyne poundes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ow out of [...]enry de Lei| [...]ſter. The Iſle of [...]an.This yeare alſo, William Montagew Earle of Saliſbury, conquered the Iſle of Man, out of the hands of the Scottes, whiche Iſle, the Kyng gaue vnto the ſayd Earle, and cauſed him to bee entituled, and crowned King of Man:

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Iſle as Robert Southwe [...] [...]teth was wonne by the Scottes, about the ſecond yeare of Edwarde the ſecond his raigne, who in the yeare before, to witte, Anno Chriſti [...] had giuẽ the ſame Iſle vnto Peers de Ganaſton whome hee had alſo made Earle of Cornewall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, about the beginning of this eyghteenth yeare of his raigne King Edwarde held a ſolemne feaſt at his Caſtell of Windſor, where betwixt Candlemas and Lente,Iuſtes and tor|neys holden at Windſore. w [...]re at|chieued many martiall feates, as Iuſtes [...]+mentes, and dyuers other the like warlike pa|ſtimes, [figure appears here on page 923] at the which were preſent, many ſtraun|gers of other landes, and in the ende thereof, hee deuiſed the order of the Garter, and after, eſtabli|ſhed it,The order of [...]e garter [...]unded. as it is at this day. There are ſix and twẽ|tie companions or confreres of this felowſhip of that order, beeing called Knightes of the blewe garter, and as one dyeth or is depriued, an other is admitted into his place. The K. of Englande is euer chiefe of this order. They weare a blewe tobe or mãtel, and a garter about their left legge, richly wrought with golde and precious ſtones, hauing this inſcription in Frenche vpon it, Honi ſoit, qui mal y penſe, Shame come to hym ye euill thinketh.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This order is dedicated vnto Sainct George, as chiefe patrone of menne of warre, and there|fore euery yeare do the knightes of this order kepe ſolemne his feaſt, with many noble ceremonies, at the Caſtell of Windeſor, where King Ed|warde founded a Colledge of Canons, or rather augmenting the ſame, ordeyned therein a Deane with twelue Canons Seculars, eight peticanõs, and thirteene vicars, thirteene Clearkes, and thir|teene Choriſters.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Knightes haue certayne lawes and ru|les apperteyning to their order, amõgſt the whi|che, this is chiefly to be obſerued, as Polidor alſo noteth, that they ſhall ayde and defende one ano|ther, and neuer turne their backes or runne away out of the fielde in tyme of battell, where hee is preſent with hys ſoueraigne Lorde, his Lieute|naunte or deputie, or other Captayne, hauyng the Kynges power royall, and authoritie, and whereas his banners, ſtandertes, or pennous are ſpredde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The reſidue of the lawes and rules appertey|ning vnto this noble order, I doe heere purpoſe|ly omitte, for that the ſame in other place conue|niente by others maye bee expreſſed, ſo farre as ſhall bee thoughte expediente. But nowe tou|ching theſe ſixe and twentie noble menne and Knightes whyche were firſte choſen and ad|mitted into the ſame order, by the fyrſte Soue|raigne and founder thereof, thys Kyng Ed|warde the thyrde, theyr names are as fol|lowe.

    Compare 1587 edition: 1
  • Firſte, the ſayde noble Prince, King Edwarde the thirde.
  • The Prince of Wales Duke of Cornewalle, and Earle of Cheſter hys eldeſt ſonne.
  • Henry Duke of Lancaſter.
  • EEBO page image 924The Earle of Warwike.
  • The Captall de Bench, alias Buz or Beufe.
  • Raufe Earle of Stafforde.
  • William Montacute Earle of Saliſbury.
  • Roger Lord Mortimer.
  • Iohn Lord Liſle.
  • Bartholmew Lord Burwaſch, or Bergheſech.
  • The Lord Iohn Beauchampt.
  • The Lord de Mahun.
  • Hugh Lord Courtney.
  • Thomas Lord Holand.
  • Iohn Lord Gray.
  • Richard Lord Fitz Simon.
  • Sir Miles Stapleton.
  • Sir Shomas Walle.
  • Sir Hugh Wrotteſſley.
  • Sir Neele Loringe.
  • Sir Iohn Chandos.
  • Iames Lord Audeley.
  • Sir Otes Holand.
  • Sir Henry Eme.
  • Sir Sanchet Dabrichcourt.
  • Sir Walter Panell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The occaſion that moued King Edward to inſtitute the order of the garter.The cauſe and firſte occaſion of inſtituting this order is vncertayne. But there goeth a tale amongſt the people, that it roſe by this meanes, It chanced that Kyng Edwarde finding eyther the garter of the Queene, or of ſome La [...],The [...] [...] whome hee was in loue, beeing fallen [...] legge, ſtouped downe, and tooke it vp, [...] diuers of his nobles founde matter to tell, [...] talke their fancies merily, touching the Kyngs affection towards the woman, vnto whome h [...] ſayde, that if hee liued, it ſhoulde come to paſſe that moſt high honor ſhould be giuen vnto the [...] for the garters ſake: and there vpon ſhortly and, he deuiſed and ordeyned this order of the garter with ſuch a poſey, whereby he ſignified that hys Nobles iudged otherwiſe of him than the [...] was. Though ſome may thinke, that to noble [...] order, had but a meane beginning [...] bee true, yet many honorable, degrees of [...] hadde their beginnings of more [...] [...]a [...]e things, than of loue, whiche beeing or [...] [...]oſed, is moſt noble and commendable, h [...] [...] it ſelfe is couered vnder loue, as the [...] ſayth, Nobilitas ſub amere iacet.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 William de Montagewe Earle of [...] bu|rie, Kyng of Man, and Marſhall of [...]de,Addition [...] Adam M [...]+mouth, [...] Tri [...]. was ſo bruſed at ye Iuſtes holdẽ heere at Wind|ſor (as before yee haue hearde) that hee [...]rted thys life, the more was the pitie, within eyghte dayes after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King about the ſame time, to [...], in the quindene of Candlemas, helde a Coun [...]ell at [figure appears here on page 924] London, in the whiche, with good aduice, and ſound deliberation had vppon the complaynt of the commons to hym before time made, hee gaue out ſtraight commaundemente, that no man, on payne of empriſonmente and deathe, ſhoulde in time to come, preſente or induct anye ſuch perſon or perſons, that were ſo by the Pope promoted, without the Kinges agreemente, in preiudice of his royall prerogatiue. Heerevppon, he directed alſo writtes to all Archbyſhops, By|ſhoppes, Abbots, Priors, Deanes, Archdeacons, Officials, and other eccleſiaſticall perſons, to whome it apperteyned, inhibiting them in no wiſe to attempte anye thing in preiudice of that ordinance, vnder pretext of any Bulles, or other writings, for ſuche manner of prouiſions, to come from the Courte of Rome. Other writtes were alſo directed to hys ſonne the Prince of Wales, and to all the Sherifes within ye realme, for to arreſt all ſuche as broughte into the lande any ſuch Bulles or writings, and to bring them before the Kings counſell or his Iuſtices, where EEBO page image 925 they mighte bee puniſhed, according to the treſ|paſſe by them committed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time, the Kyng ordeyned a certayne coigne of fine golde, and named it the Florene, which coigne was [...]uiſed for his warres in Fraunce, for the golde thereof was not ſo fine as was the Noble, which in the fourteenth yeare he had [...] to be coigned: but this coigne con|tinued not long.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After the feaſt of the holy Trinitie, the Kyng held a Parliament at London, in the whych, hee aſked a tenth of the Cleargie, and a fifteenth of the laytie, about which demaunde, there was no finall altercation, but at length he had it graun|ted for one yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame time, the Archbyſhop of Can [...]r|bury helde a conuocation of all the Cleargie at London, in the which, many things were in talke about the honeſt demeanor of Churchmen, whi|che ſeldome is obſerued, as the addition to Nicho|las Triuet ſaith.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]oigne [...]nged.About the feaſt of the Aſſumption of our La|dy, the King diſanulled the Florens, to ye greate commoditie of his Kingdome; ordeyning a grea|ter Florene of halfe a marke, and a leſſer of three ſhillings four pence, and the leaſt of all, of twen|tie pence, and theſe were called Nobles, and not without cauſe, for they were a noble coigne, faire and fine golde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the ſeuententh day of Nouember, the Pope in Auinion created the Lord Lewes de Spaine, Ambaſſador for the Frenche K. Prince of the Iſles called Fortunatae, for what purpoſe it was not knowen, but it was doubted, not to be for any good meaning towardes the king|dome of Englande, the proſperitie whereof, the ſame Pope was ſuſpected not greately to wiſh.


An. reg. 19.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the beginning of Lent the ſame yeare, the ſayde Pope had ſente an Archbyſhoppe and a Byſhoppe, Ambaſſadors to the King, who meete them at Oſpring in Kente, and to the ende they ſhoulde not linger long within the Realme, hee quickly diſpatched them withoute effect of theyr meſſage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, ſhortly after Eaſter, the Duke of Britaine, that had bin deteyned priſoner by the Frenche King, and eſcaped out of priſon, came ouer into England. And about the ſame time, the King ordeyned the exchange of moneys at London Caunterbury, and Yorke, to ye greate commoditie of his people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]burie. Ad. Meri. [...]lichron.About Midſomer, or as other bane Michael|mas, the Erle of Derby, with the Erle of Pem|broke, the Lorde Raufe Stafford, the L. Walter de Manny, the L. Iohn Grey of Codnore, and diuers other Lords, [...]e hundred [...]en of armes, and two thou|ſand archers hath Froiſſart. Knightes, and Eſquires, to the number of fiue or ſixe hundred men of armes, and as many archers, ſailed ouer into Gaſcoigne, to a [...] the Kinges ſubiectes there agaynſte the Frenchmen. This Earle of Derby, being gene|rall of the army, after hys arriuall in Gaſcoigne, about the beginning of December, wanne the Towne of Bergerat by force,Bergerat won. hauing putte to fight the Erle of Leſſe, as then the French kings Lieutenant in Gaſcoigne, who lay there with a greate power, to defende the paſſage, but beeyng drawen into the Towne,Froiſſart. and hauing loſt the S [...]thes to the Engla [...] [...] hee fledde out in the night, and ſo left the Towne, withoute anye Souldiers to defende it, ſo that the Towneſmen yeelded it vnto the Earle of De [...], and [...]ware themſelues to be true ſiege men vnto the Kyng of Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, the Earle of Derby paſſed further into the Countrey, and wanne diuers Caſtels and Townes, as Lango le Lacke, Mo [...]rat, Mong [...]e, Punach, La [...]ew, For [...]th, Pondair, Beaumount in Layllois, Bodnall, Abberoch and Li [...]orne, part of them by aſſaulte, and the reſidue by ſurrender.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done, he returned to [...]urdeaux, hauing left Captaines and Souldiers in ſuche places as he had wonne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the King ſent forth a commiſſion vnto certaine perſons in euery countie within this Realme, to enquire, what landes and tene|mentes euery man, aboue fiue poundes of yeere|ly reuenewes, bring of the lay fee myght diſpend, bycauſe he had giuen order, that euery man whi|che myghte diſpende fiue poundes and abdue, vnto tenne pounde of ſuche yeerely reuenewes in lande of the ley fee, ſhoulde furniſhe hymſelfe, or finde an archer on horſebacke, furniſhed with armour and weapon accordingly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hee that might diſpende tenne pounde, ſhould furniſhe hymſelfe, or fynde a demilaunce or a light horſeman if I ſhall ſo tearme hym, beeyng then called an Hobeler with a launce, and hee that myghte diſpende fiue and twentie pounde, ſhoulde furniſhe hymſelfe, or finde a man at armes. And hee that myghte diſpende fiftie poundes, ſhoulde furniſhe two men at armes. And hee that myghte dyſpende an hundred poundes, ſhoulde fynde three men at armes, that is, hymſelfe, or one in his ſteede, with two other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And ſuche as myght diſpende aboue an hun|dred poundes, were appoynted to fynde more in number of menne at armes, accordingly as they ſhoulde bee aſſeſſed, after the rate of theyr landes, whyche they myghte yearely diſpende, beeyng of the lay fee, and not belonging to the Church.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon, the Duke of Britayne,Additions to Triuet. ha|uing wt him the erles of Northãpton & Oxford, EEBO page image 926 Sir William de Killeſby one of the Kings ſe|cretaries, and many other Barons and knightes, with a greate number of men of armes, paſſed o|uer into Britaine, againſte the Lord Charles de Bloys, where they carried a long time, and dyd little good to make anye accompte of, by reaſon that the Duke, in whoſe quarrell they came into thoſe parties,The Duke of Britayne de|parted this life ſhortly after his arriuall there, de|parted this life, and ſo they returned home into England. But after their comming from thẽce, Sir Thomas Dagworth Knighte, that hadde bin before, and nowe after the departure of thoſe Lordes and Nobles, ſtill remayned the Kyngs Lieutenant there, ſo behaued himſelfe againſte both Frenchmen and Britaines, that the memo|rie of his worthy doings, deſerueth perpetual cõ|mendation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The Lorde Beaumount of Heynault for|ſaketh the K. of England his ſeruice.

The king go|eth ouer into Flaunders.

Sir Iohn de Heynault Lorde Beaumont, a|bout the ſame time, changed his coate, and lea|uing the King of Englandes ſeruice, was retey|ned by the French Kyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this nineteenth yeare of King Edwarde I finde, that about the feaſt of the Natiuitie of Saint Iohn Baptiſt, he ſayled ouer into Flaun|ders, leauing his ſonne the Lord Lionell, warden of the Realme in his abſence. He tooke with him a great number of Lords, Knightes, and Gẽtle|men with whome hee landed at Sluſe.

[figure appears here on page 926]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The cauſe of his going ouer was to further a practiſe whiche he hadde in hande with them of Flaunders, the which by the labor of Iaques Ar|teueld, meant to cauſe their Earle Lewes, eyther to do homage vnto Kyng Edward, or elſe if hee refuſed, then to diſinherite him, and to receyue Edwarde Prince of Wales for theyr Lorde, the eldeſt ſonne of King Edwarde.Ia. Meir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edwarde promiſing to make a Duke|dome of the Countie of Flaunders, for an aug|mentation of honor to the countrey, there came vnto Sluſe to the King,Froiſſart. Iaques van Arteueld, and a great nũber of other, appointed as counſel|lors for their chiefeſt Townes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King with all his nauie, [...] of Engl [...] ſhippe. lay in the Ha+uen of Sluſe, where in his great Shippe [...] the Catherine a Counſell was holden vpon thys foreſaid purpoſe: but at length, thoſe of the Coun|ſels of the chiefeſt Townes, miſliked the [...] ſo much, that they would conclude nothing [...] required reſpite for a moneth to conſult with all the communaltie of the Countreys, and to [...] and as the more part ſhould be enclined, ſo ſh [...] the King receyue aunſwere, The King and Iaques Arteueld would fayne haue had a [...] daye, and a more towardly aunſwere, but [...] other could be gotten.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevppon, the Councell brake vp, and Ia|ques Arteueld tarying with the King a certain ſpace after the other were departed, promiſed hym to perſwade the Countrey well ynough to h [...] purpoſe, and ſurely, hee hadde a great gift of [...]+quence, and hadde thereby induced the Countrey wonderfully, to conſent to many things as well in fauour of King Edward, as to his [...] a|nauncement: but this ſ [...]te whiche he went [...]we about to bring to paſſe, was ſo odious [...]to all the Flemings, that in no wiſe they thought it reaſon to conſente vnto the diſinheriting of the Earle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length, when Iaques Arteuelde ſhoulde re|turne vnto Gaunt,

Ia. Meir.

Welchemen appoynted to Iaques Arte|ueld for a [...] Gerard De|nyſe.

Kyng Edwarde appointed fiue hundred Welchmen to attende hym as a garde, for the preſeruation of his perſon, bycauſe he ſayde, that one Gerarde Deniſe, Dean of the waynors, an vnquiet man, malitiouſly purpo|ſed his deſtruction.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Captaynes of theſe Welchmen, were Iohn Matreuerſe, and William Sturine, or Sturrie, and ſo with this crewe of Souldiers, Arteuelde returned to Gaunte, and earneſtly goeth in hand with hys ſute in Kyng Edwardes behalfe, that eyther the Earle ſhoulde doe hys homage to the Kyng of Englande, to whome it was due, or elſe to forfeyte hys Earledome. Then the fore|ſayde Gerard, as well of his owne mynde, as procured thereto by the authoritie of Earle Le|wes, ſtirred the whole Citie againſte the ſayde Arteuelde,Iacob Arte|uelde houſe beſette. and gathering a greate power vnto hym, came and beſette Arteueldes houſe rounde about vpon eache ſide, the furie of the people be|ing wonderfully bente agaynſte hym, crying kill hym, kill hym, that hathe robbed the trea|ſure of the countrey, and nowe goeth aboute to diſinherite our noble Earle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iaques van Arteuelde perceyuing in what danger he was, came to a window, and ſpake to that enraged multitude, in hope with faire and curteous wordes to appeaſe them, but it coulde not bee: wherevpon, hee ſoughte to haue fledde out of hys houſe, but the ſame was broken vp, and ſo manye entred vppon hym, that hee was EEBO page image 927 founde out,Froiſſart. [...]ames Mair. and ſlayne by one Thomas Deniſe (as ſome write.) But other affirme, that a Cob|ler, whoſe father this Iaques van Arteueld had ſometime ſlayne, followed him, as he was fleeing into a ſtable where hys horſes ſtoode, and there with an axe cloue his head in ſunder, ſo that hee fell downe ſtarke dead on the grounde.Iacob van Ar|teueld ſtayne. And thys was the ende of the foreſaide Iaques van ArteLueld, who by hys wiſedome and policie had ob|teyned the whole gouernemente of all Flaun|ders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He was thus ſlayne vpõ a Sunday in ye after noone, being the ſeuententh of Iuly. There were ſlayne alſo tenne other perſons that were of hys counſell, and dyuers of the Welchmen in lyke manner, but the other eſcaped, and got away vn|to King Edwarde, as yet remayning at Sluſe, vnto whome thoſe of Bruges, Caſſell Curtrick, Hypres,Ambaſſadours the the good [...]ovvnes in Flã+ders vnto K. Edvvarde. Aldenard, and other Townes, dyd af|terwards ſende their orators to excuſe thẽſelues, as nothing giltie nor priuie to the deathe of hys friende, and their worthy gouernour Iaques van Arteueld, requiring him not to impute the faulte vnto the whole countrey, which the raſh and vn|aduiſed Gantiners had committed, ſith ye Coun|trey of Flaunders was as ready now to do hym ſeruice and pleaſure as before, ſauing that to the diſinheriting of their Earle, they could not be a|greeable, but they doubted not to perſwade hym to doe his homage vnto the King of Englande, and till then, they promiſed not to receyue him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They put the King alſo in hope of a marriage to be had, betwixte the ſonne of their Earle, and ſome one of the Kings daughters. Heerewith, the King of England (who was departed frõ Sluſe, in greate diſpleaſure with the Flemings became ſomewhat pacified in hys moode, and ſo renued the league eftſoones with the Countrey of Flan|ders: but the Earle woulde neuer conſent to doe homage vnto the Kyng of Englande, but ſtill ſticked to the French Kings part, which purcha|ſed him muche trouble, and in the ende coſt hym his life, as after ſhall appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to returne vnto the Earle of Der|by,Froiſſart. whome wee left in Gaſcoigne. Yee ſhall vn|derſtand, that ſhortly after he was come backe to Burdeaux, from the conqueſt whiche hee hadde made of Bergerat, & other townes thereaboutes. The Earle of Liſle, who (as ye haue hearde) was the French Kings Lieutenant in that countrey, aſſembled an army of twelue thouſand men, and comming before Auberoche, a Towne in Gaſ|coigne,Auberoch be| [...]ged. beſieged it, ſore preſſing them within, in ſo muche, that they were in greate daunger to haue bin taken, if the Earle of Derby, hauyng knowledge in what caſe they ſtoode, hadde not come to theſe reſke [...]e, who with three hundred ſpeares, or men of armes as we may call them, and a ſixe hundred archers, approching neere to the ſiege, layde hymſelfe cloſely within a wodde, till the Frenchmenne in the euening were at ſup|per,The Frenche armie diſtreſ|ſed, and he Earle of Liſle taken. and then he ſuddainely ſet vpon them in their campe, and diſcomfited them, ſo that the Earle of Liſle was taken in his owne tente, and ſore hurte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were alſo taken, the Earle of Valen|tinois, and other Earles, Vicontes, and Lordes of greate accomple, to the number of nyne, be|ſide thoſe that were ſlayne. The reſidue were putte to flight and chaſed, ſo that the Engliſh|menne hadde a fayre iourney, and wanne greate riches by priſoners and ſpoyle of the enimies Campe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After thys, the Earle of Derby, beyng re|turned to Burdeaux, and hauing but the Cap|tiues in ſafekeepyng, aſſembled his power, and marching foorthe into the Countrey, towardes the Ryolle,Townes won by the Earle of Derby. (a Towne in thoſe parties whyche hee meante to beſiege) he wanne dyuers townes and Caſtels by the way as Saint Baſill, Ro|che Million, Montſegure, Aguillon, and Se|gart.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length, he came to the Towne of the Ry|olle, whiche hee beſieged, and lay about it nyne weekes, ere hee coulde winne it, and then was the ſame towne ſurrendred into his handes, but the Caſtell was ſtill defended agaynſte hym for the ſpace of eleuen weekes, at whyche tyme, beeyng ſore oppreſſed, and vndermyned, it was yeelded by them within, conditionally, that they ſhoulde departe only with theyr ar|moure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After thys, the Erle of Derby wanne Mont|peſance, Mauleon, Ville-Franche in Agenois, Miremont, Thomines, the Caſtell of Damaſ|ſen, and at length,Angoleſ [...] came before the Citie of An|goleſme, the whyche made appoyntmente with the Earle, that if no ſuccoures came from the Frenche Kyng, within the ſpace of a moneth, that then the Citie ſhoulde bee ſurrendred to the Kyng of Englandes vſe: and to aſſure thys appoyntmente, they deliuered to the Earle foure and twentie of their chiefe Citizens as hoſta|ges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme,Blaues. the Earle layde ſiege to Blaues, but coulde not winne it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hys men rode abroade into the Countrey, to Mortaigne, Mirabeau, and Aunay, but wanne little, and ſo retourned agayne to the ſiege of Blaues.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the moneth was expired, that they of Angoleſme ſhoulde yeelde, the Earle ſente hys two Marſhals thither, who receyued the homage EEBO page image 928 and fealtie of the Citizens, in the King of Eng|lands name, and ſo they were in peace, and recei|ued againe their hoſtages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length, when the Earle of Derby ſawe, that he did but loſe his time in the beſieging of Blaues, whiche ſir Guiſchart Daugle, and Sir Guilliaume de Rochfort, being Captains with|in, did ſo valiantly defende, that he could obteyne no aduantage of them, hee reyſed hys ſiege, and returned vnto Burdeaux, hauing furniſhed ſuche Townes as hee hadde wonne in that iourneye wyth conueniente garniſons of men to defende them agaynſte the enimyes, and to keepe fron|tier warre as they ſhoulde ſee cauſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Froyſſart ſaith they were in hũdred thou|ſand. Gio. Vil|lani writeth, that they were a ſixe thou|ſand horſe|men, and fiftie thouſande footemen, of Frenchmen, Gaſcoignes, Genewayes, & Lombardes.The Frenche Kyng being ſore moued at the conqueſts thus atchieued by the Earle of Derby, rayſed a mightie army, and ſent the ſame foorth, vnder the leading of his ſonne the Duke of Nor|mandy, into Gaſcoigne, to reſiſt the ſaide Earle, and to recouer agayne thoſe Townes which hee had wonne in thoſe partes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of Normãdy being come to Tho|louz, where his general aſſembly was appoynted, ſet forwarde with his army, and winning by the way Miremoũt, and Ville Franche in Agenois, at length came to the Citie of Angoleſme, whych hee enuironed about with a ſtrong ſiege, conti|nuing the ſame, till finally, the Captayne, na|med Iohn Normell,

Annales de Burgoigne.


An. reg. 20.

required a truce to endure for one daye, which was graunted, and the ſame was the daye of the purification of our Ladye, on the which, the ſame Captayne, with the ſoul|diers of the garriſon departed, and lefte the Citie in the Citizens handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Angouliſme recouered by the Frenchmẽ.The Frenchmen, bycauſe they had graunted the truce to endure for that day withoute excep|tion, permitted them to goe theyr wayes without lette or vexation. The Citizens in the morning yeelded the Citie to the Duke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this,Da [...] Th [...] he wanne the Caſtell of Da [...]+ſen, Thonins, and Port S. Mary, Thonius by ſurrẽder, & the other two by force of aſſaultes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then hee came to the ſtrong Caſtell of Aig|uillone, which he beſieged,Aiguillon b [...]ged. and lay thereat a long ſeaſon. Within was the Earle of Pembroke, the Lorde Walter de Manny, Sir Frãke de [...] and dyuers Knightes and Captaines, which de|fended themſelues, and the place ſo ſtoutely, that the Frenchmenne coulde winne little aduaun|tage at theyr handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt the ſiege continued before thys for|treſſe,Gi [...]. Villani, the Seueſhall of Guyenne departed from the Campe, with an eyght hundred horſemen, and foure thouſand fotemen, purpoſing to winne a Caſtell,The [...] belonging to a nephewe of the Cardi|nall Della Motte a twelue leagues diſtant from Aiguilone. The Archdeacon of Vnfort, owner of that Caſtell, went to the Ryoll, where the Earle of Derby with his army as then was lodges, to whome he made ſute, to haue ſome power of mẽ to reſcue his Caſtel. The Erle appoynted to hym a ſufficiẽt nũber, both of horſemẽ, & alſo of Eng|liſh archers, with whome, ye ſaid Archdeacon r [...]de all the night, & the next morning betimes, beyng the 31. of Iuly, they came to the Caſtell, where the Frenchmen were arriued the day before, and had fiercely aſſayled the Caſtell, doyng their beſt to winne it by force. But the Engliſhmenne without any delay, immediately vpon their com|ming, ſet vpon the Frenchmen, and gaue them ſo ſharp and fierce battaile, that in the ende,Frenchmen diſcomfited. the Frenchmen were diſcomfited: the Seneſhal with [figure appears here on page 928] many other Gentlemen, were taken priſoners, beſide thoſe that were ſlayne. To conclude, the number of them that were ſlaine, and taken pri|ſoners in the whole, amounted to foure hundred horſemen, and two thouſand footemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Godfrey de Harcourt being conſtreyned EEBO page image 929 to flee out of France to auoyde the French kings diſpleaſure, came ouer vnto the king of England, who receyued him right ioyfully, for hee was knowne to bee a right valiaunt and a wiſe perſo|nage. He was brother to the Earle of Harecourt, Lorde of Saint Sauiour le Vicount, and of dy|uerſe other townes in Normandie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A little before that hee fell into the Frenche kings diſpleaſure, he might haue done wyth the king of France, more than any other Lord with|in that Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Additions to [...]remouth.In this .xx. yeare of his raigne, king Edward vpon complaint of the people made agaynſt pur|ueyours of vittayles for his houſholde (the which vnder colour of their Commiſſions, abuſed the ſame, in taking vp among the commons all ma|ner of things that lyked them, without making payment for the ſame, further than the ſayd com|miſſions did allow them) he cauſed inquirie to be made of theyr miſdemeanors, and ſuche as were founde to haue offended of whome there was no ſmall number, ſome of them were put to death on the Gallowes, and other were fined,Puruevers puniſhed. ſo to teache the reſt to deale more warely in theyr buſineſſe [figure appears here on page 929] from thenceforth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]tices.About the ſame time, he cauſed all the Iuſti|ces within his dominions to renounce and giue ouer all their Pencions, fees, and other vyding benefites or rewardes, which they vſed to receiue of the Lordes and great men of the lande, as well prelates, as of them of the temporaltie, to the end that their handes beeing free from gyftes, Iuſtice might more freely haue courſe, and bee of them duly and vprightly miniſtred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Parliament.Alſo this yeare in the lent ſeaſon, the King helde a Parliament at Weſtminſter, and toke in|to his handes all the profites, [...]dinals. reuenues, and emo|luments, which the Cardinals helde within thys land: for he thought it not reaſon, that they which fauoured the Pope and Frenche king beeing hys aduerſaries, ſhould enioy ſuch cõmodities with|in his realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


The king paſ| [...]th ouer into Normandie.

After this, in the Moneth of Iuly following, he tooke ſhipping and ſayled into Normandie, hauing eſtabliſhed the Lord Porcie, and the Lord Neuile, to be wardens of his realme in h [...]s ab|ſence, with the Archbiſhop of Yorke, the Biſhop of Lyncolne, and the Biſhop of Dureſme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Villani [...]yth there [...]ere 2500. [...]rſemen, and 30000. footmẽ and archers, that paſſed o|uer with the king. But whẽ he commeth to ſpeake of the battail, he ſee|meth to en|creaſe the number.The army which he had ouer with him, was to the number of foure thouſande men of armes, and ten thouſande archers, beſide Iriſh men, and Welchmen, that followed the hoſt aſoote. The chiefeſt Captains that went ouer with him were theſe. Firſt his eldeſt ſonne Edwarde Prince of Wales being as then about the age of .xiij. yeres, the Earles of Hereford, Northampton, Arundel, Cornwal, Huntingdon, Warwike, Suffolk, and Oxforde, of Barons the Lorde Mortimer, who was after Earle of Marche, the Lordes, Iohn, Lewes, and Roger Beauchamp, alſo the Lords Cobham, Mounbray, Lucy, Baſſet, Barkcley, & Wyllonghbie, with diuerſe other Lordes, beſides a greate number of knightes and other worthie Captaynes. They landed by the aduice of the Lorde Godfrey of Harecourt, in the Iſle of Con|ſtantine, at the port of Hague Saint Waſt, nere to Saint Sauiour le Vicount. The Earle of Huntingdon was appoynted to be gouernour of the fleet by Sea, hauing with him a hundred men of armes, and foure hundred archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that the whole armie was landed, the king appoynted two Marſhals, the Lord God|frey of H [...]court, and the Earle of Warwike, and the Erle of Arundell was made Coneſtable. There were ordeyned three battayles,The ordering of the kings armie. one to goe on his right hande, following by the moſt of the Sea, and another to March on his left hande vn|der the conduct of the Marſhals, ſo that hee him|ſelfe EEBO page image 930 went in the middeſt with the maine armie, and in this order forwarde they paſſed towardes Caen, lodging euerie night togither in one fielde. They that went by the Sea, tooke all the ſhippes they founde in theyr way, and as they marched forth thus,Harflew. what by water, and lande, at length they came to a towne called Harflewe, whiche was giuẽ vp, but yet neuertheleſſe it was robbed, and much goodes found in it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Chierburg.After this they came to Chierburg, whiche towne they wanne by force, robbed it, and burnt part of it, but the Caſtle they coulde not winne. Then came they to Mountburge,Mountburge. and tooke it, robbed it, and burnt it cleane. In this manner they paſſed foorth, and burnt many townes and villages in all the Countrey as they went.Carentine. The towne of Carentine was deliuered vnto them a|gaynſt the will of the ſouldiers that were within it. The ſouldiers defended the Caſtel two day [...] and then yeelded it vppe into the Engliſh [...] handes, who burnt the ſame, and cauſed the B [...]+geſſes to enter into theyr Shippes. All th [...] done by the battaile that went by the Sea [...] and by them on the ſea togither.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 On the other ſyde, the Lorde Godfrey of Harecourt, with the battayle on the right [...] of the King, roade foorth ſixe or ſeuen [...] from the kings battayle, in burning and c [...] the Countrey. The King had with him ( [...] thoſe that were with the Marſhals) three [...]+ſand men of armes ſix thouſand archers, [...] thouſand men on foot. They left the Citie of Cõ|ſtance,Saint Lo. and came to a great towne called [...]aint Lo, a rich towne of draperie, hauing many wel|thie Burgeſſes within it: it was ſonne taken and robbed by the Engliſh men vpon theyr fyrſt ap|proch. [figure appears here on page 930] From thence the king marched ſtreight to Caen, wherein were Captaines, Raufe Earle of Ewe and Guines Coneſtable of France, and the the Erle of Tankeruile. Theſe noble men ment to haue kept their defences on the walles, gate, bridge, and riuer, and to haue left the Suburbes voyde, bycauſe they were not cloſed, but one|ly with the Riuer: but they of the towne ſaid they would iſſue forth, for they were ſtrong ynough to fight with the king of England. When the Co|neſtable ſaw their good willes, he was contented to follow their deſire, and ſo forth they went in good order and made good face to put their lyues in hazard: but when they ſawe the Engliſh men approch in good order deuided into three battails, & the archers readie to ſhoote, whiche they of Caen had not ſeene before, they were ſore afrayde and fled away towarde the towne without any order or array, for all that the Coneſtable coulde doe to ſtay them.There were ſlaine in all without and within the towne. 5000. men, as Gio. Villani wri|teth. The Engliſhe men followed, and in the chaſe ſlue many, and entred the towne with their enimies. The Coneſtable, and the Earle of Tankeruile tooke a Tower at the bridge foote, thinking there to ſaue themſelues, but perceyuing the place to be of no force, nor able long to holde but, they ſubmitted themſelues vnto ſir Thomas Hollande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But here whatſoeuer Froiſſart doth report of the taking of this tower, and of the yeelding of theſe two noble men, it is to be proued yt the ſayde Earle of Tankeruille was taken by one [...] Legh, aunceter to ſir Peter Legh nowe being,Peter L [...] whether in the fight or within the Tower I haue not to ſay: but for the taking of the ſayde Earle, and for his other manlike prowes ſhewed here and elſe where in this iourney, king Edwarde in recompence of his agreeable ſeruice, gaue to him a Lordſhip in the countie of Cheſter called Han|ley, which the ſayde ſir Peter Ligh nowe leuing doth enioy and poſſeſſe, as ſucceſſor and heyre to his aunceſter the foreſayd Ligh, to whome it was ſo firſt giuen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to returne nowe to the matter where we left: The Frenchmen beeing entred into theyr houſes,Ca [...] [...] caſt downe vpon the Engliſh men [...] in the ſtreetes, ſtones, tymber, hote water, and barres of yron, ſo that they hurt and ſlue more than fiue hundred perſons. The king was [...] mo|ued therwith, that if the L. God. of Harecourt had not aſſwaged his mood, the towne had bin burnt, EEBO page image 931 and the people put to the edge of the ſworde: but by the treatie of the ſayd Lorde Godfray, procla|mation was made, that no man ſhoulde put fire [...]nto any houſe, nor ſlea any perſon, nor force any woman, and then did the towneſmen and ſoul|diers ſubmit themſelues, and rece [...]ed the Eng|liſhe men into theyr houſes. There was great ſtore of riches gotten in this towne, [...]0000. clo| [...]es, as Gio Villani wri| [...]th, were got [...]y the Engliſh [...]en in one place and o|ther in this [...]rney. and the moſt part thereof ſent into Englande with the fleete which the king ſent home with the priſoners, vn|der the guiding of the Earle of Huntingdon, ac|companied with two hundred men of armes and foure hundred Archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When all things were ordred in Caen as the king could deſire, be marched from thence in the fame order as he had kept before burning and e [...]|fling the Countrey. He paſſed by Gureur, and came to Loui [...]rs, [...]iers which the Engliſhe men ſoone entred and ſacked with out mercie. Then went they forth and left Roane, and came to Gyſors,Giſors. the towne they burnt, but the Caſtell they coulde not get they brent alſo Vernon,Vernon. and at Poyſſy they repared the bridge whiche was broken, and ſo there they paſſed ouer the riuer of Saine. The power of the Engliſhe men increaſed dayly,Gio. Villani. by ſuche numbers as came ouer forth of Englande in [...]o [...] to winne by pyllage. Alſo many gen|tlemen of Normandie, and other of the Frenche Nation which loued not the French king, came to the king of Englande, offring to ſerue him, ſo that there were in his armie foure thouſand horſ|men and fiftie thouſand footemen with the Nor|mans, and of this number there were .xxx. thou|ſand Engliſhe Archers, as Giouan Villani wryteth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſh Marſhals manne abrode iuſt to M [...] and bury Saint Germains in Lay:S. Germains in Lay. S. Claude. alſo [...] and Saint Clow [...], and p [...] B [...]|longne [figure appears here on page 931] by Paris, and the Queenes Burge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time had the French king aſ|ſembled a mightie army vpon purpoſe to fyght with the Engliſh men. The Lorde Godfrey of Harecourt, as hee rode forth with fiue hundred men of armes, and .xiij. hundred archers by ad|uenture encountered with a great number of the Burgeſſes of Amiens on horſebacke, who were ryding by the kings commaundement to Paris. They were quickly affayled, and though they de|fended themſelues manfully for a while, yet at length they were ouercome, and .xj. hundred of them ſlaine in the fielde, beſide thoſe that were ta|ken. The Engliſhe men had all their caryage and armour.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus paſſed forth the king of England, and came into Beauvoiſyn, [...] and lodged neare vnto the citie of Beauvois one night in an Abbey cal|led Meſſene, and for that after he was diſlodged, there were that ſet fire in the ſame Abbey, with|out any commaundement giuen by him the cau|ſed .xx.Burners executed. of them to be hanged hot were the firſte procurers of that fyre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 So long the king of England paſſed forward, that finally hee approched neare to the water of Some, the which was large and deepe, and al the bridges broken, and the paſſages well kept, wher|vpon he cauſed his two Marſhals with a thou|ſande men of Armes, and two thouſand archers, to go along the riuer, to the ende to finde ſome paſſage. The Marſhals aſſayed dyuerſe places,Piqueney. as at Piqueney, and other where, but they could not finde any paſſage vncloſed, Captaynes with men of warre being ſet to defende the ſame, inſo|much that the marſhals returned to the king, and declared what they had ſeene and founde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame inſtant time was the French king come to Amiens,The French kings armie. with mor than a hundred thou|ſande men, and thought to encloſe the King of Englande, that he ſhoulde no way eſcape, but bee EEBO page image 932 conſtrayned to receyue battaile in ſome place greatly to his diſaduauntage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The king of England well perceyuing him|ſelfe in daunger, remoued from the place where he was encamped, and marched forwarde through the Countries of Ponthiew and Vimew, appro|ching to the good towne of Abuile, and at length by one of the priſoners named Gobyn de Grace, he was told where he might paſſe with his army ouer the riuer of Some, at a four [...] in the ſame ry|uir, being hard in the bottom, and very ſhallow at an ebbe water. The French king vnderſtanding that the king of England ſought to paſſe the ri|uer of Some,Sir Gormare du Foy. ſent a great baron of Normandie, one ſir Godmare du Foy, to defend the paſſage of the ſame riuer, with a thouſand men of armes, & ſir thouſand on foote with the Genewais. Thys ſir Godfrey had with him alſo a great number of them of Mutterell and others of the Countrey, to that he had in all to the number of .xij.M. men, one and other, and hearing that the king of Eng|lãd was minded to paſſe at Blanchetaque (which was the paſſage that Gobyn Agace had infor|med the king of Englande of) he came thither.Gobin a Grace When the Engliſh men approched, he arranged all his companie to defend the paſſage. And ſurely when the Engliſh men at the lowe water entred the fourde to paſſe ouer, there was a ſharpe bicke|ring, for diuerſe of the Frenchmen encountred the Engliſhmen on horſebacke in the water, and the Genewais did them much hurt, and troubled thẽ ſore with their croſbows: but on the other ſide, the Engliſh archers ſhot ſo wholy togither, that the French men were faine to giue place to the Eng|liſh men,The Engliſh men wan the paſſage ouer the water of Some. ſo that they got the paſſage and came o|uer, aſſembling themſelues in the field, and then the Frenchmen fled, ſome to Abuile, ſome to S. Riquier. They yt were on foot could not eſcape ſo wel as theſe on horſeback, inſomuch that a great number of them of Abuile, Muttrel, Arras, and of S. Riquier were ſlaine and taken, for the chaſe endured more than a great league. Caxton. The number ſlai [...]e Froiſſart. There were ſlaine in all to the number of two thouſande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the king of Englande had thus paſſed the riuer, hee acquit Gobin Agace, and all hys companie of their raunſoms, and gaue to ye ſame Gobin an hundred nobles,Crotay burnt. and a good horſe, and ſo the king roade foorth as he did before. His mar|ſhals roade to Crotay by the Sea ſide, and burnt the towne, and tooke all ſuch wines and goodes as were in the Shippes and Barkes which lay there in the hauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 One of the Marshals road to the gates of Abuile, and from thence to S. Richier, and after to the towne of Rue saint Esperite. This was on a Fryday, and both the Marhsals returned to the kings host about noone, and so lodged all togither about Cressy in Ponthieu, where hauing knowledge that the French king followed to giue hym battaile, he commaunded his marshals to choose a plot of ground, somewhat to his aduantage, that he might there abide his aduersaries. In the mean time the French king being come with al his puissance vnto Abuile, and hearing how the king of Engla(n)d was passed ouer the riuer of Some, and discomfited sir Godmar du Foy, he was sore displeased in his minde: but when he vnderstood that his emimies were lodged at Cressy, and ment ther to abyde him, he caused all his people to issue out of Abuile, and early on the Saterday in the morning, anon after Sunne rysing he departed oute of the towne himselfe, and marched towards his enimies. The king of England vnderstanding that his aduersarie king Philip stil followed him, to giue him battaile, and supposing that the same Saterday he would come to offer it, rose betimes in the morning, and com(m)aunded euery man first to call vpon God for his ayde, then to be armed, and to draw with speede into the field, that in the place before appoynted they might be set in order of battail.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beside this, he caused a parke to be made and closed by the woodde side behinde his host, in the which he ordeyned that all the Cartes & cariages shoulde be set, with all the horses, (for euery man was on foot.) Then he ordeyned three battails: in the first was the prince of Wales, & with him the Earle of Warwike, the Lord Godfrey of Harecourt, the Lord Stafforde, the Lord de la Ware, the Lord Bourchier, the Lord Thomas Clifford, G [...] [...] ſayth, that when they ſhould in [...] [...] Engliſh [...] were y [...] arche [...] Eng|liſh de Wel [...]+men, beſide [...]+ther [...] with [...] Ian [...]ies, and not [...]ully 400 [...] [...] the Lord Reginal Cobham, the Lord Thomas Hollande, sir John Chandos, sir Bartilmew de Browash, sir Rob. Neuil. They were an .viij.C. men of armes, and two. M. archers, & a .M. of other with the Welchmen. In the second battaile was the Erle of Northampton, the Erle of Arundell, the Lords, Ros, and Willowbie, Basset, S. Albine, Multon, and other. The third battaile the king led himselfe, hauing with him .vij.C. men of armes, and two thousande Archers: and in the other battayle were to the number of eight hundred men of Armes, and twelue hundred Archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus was the English armie marshalled according to the report of Froissart.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When euery man was gotten into order of battaile, the king leapt vpon a white Hobbie,

Froiſſ [...]t.

The [...] me [...] [...] the [...]e.

and rode from ranke to ranke to viewe them, the one Marshall on hys right hande, and the other on hys lefte, desiring euerie manne that daye to haue regarde to hys right and honour. Hee spake it so courteously, and wyth so good a countenaunce, that euen they whiche before were discomforted, tooke courage in hearing him speake suche sweete and louing woordes amongest them. It was nine of the clocke or euer he EEBO page image 933 he had thus visited all his battayles, and thervpon he caused euerie man to eate and drinke a little which they did at theyr leysure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 The French king before hee approched neare to his enimies, sent forth foure skilfull knightes to viewe the demeanor of his enimies, the whiche returning againe, made report as they had seene, and that forsomuch as they could gesse, the Englishme(n) me(n)t to abide him, being deuided into three battayles, readie to receiue him and his puissance, if hee wente forwarde in purpose to assayle them. Here was the French king counsailed to stay and not to giue battayle that day, but to aduise all things with good deliberation and regard, to consider well how and what way he might best assayle them. Then by the Marshals were all men commaunded to stay, The diſorder [...]mong the French men. and not to goe any further, they that were formost and next to the enimies taryed, but they that were behinde, would not abide but rode forth, and sayd they would not stay till they were as farre as the formost: and when they before saw them behind come forward, then they marched on also againe, so that neyther the king nor his marshals could rule them, but that they passed forward still wtout order, or any good array, till they came in sight of their enimies: & as soone as as the formost saw their enimies, then they reculed back, wherof they behind had maruaile, & were abashed, supposing that the formost company had bin fighting. The(n) they might haue had roome to haue gone forward, if they had beene minded. The co(m)mons of who(m) all the wayes betwixt Abuile & Cressy were ful, when they saw yt they were nere their enimies, they tooke their swords & cried downe with them, let us slea the(m) all. There was no ma(n) though he were present at the iorney could imagin & shew the truth of the euill order yt was amo(n)gst the French partie, & yet they were a maruellous great number. The Englishmen which beheld their enimies thus approaching towardes the(m), prepared the(m)selues at leysure for the battaile, which they saw to be at hand. The first battaile wherof the prince was ruler, had the archers sta(n)ding in maner of an herse, & the men of armes in the bottom of the battaule. The Erle of the Northa(m)p. and the Erle of Arundell, with the second battail, were on a wing in good order redy to comfort the princes battail, if need were. The lords & knights of Fraunce came not to the assemble togither, for some came before, & some came after, in such hast and euil order, that one of them troubled another. There were of the Genewaies Crosbowes to the number of .xij. or .xv.M.

Charles Gri|maldi & An|thony or O|thonie Doria were captains of theſe Gene|waies, which were not paſt ſix thouſand, as Gio. Villani hath.

Polidor. Froiſſart.

The Earle of Alanſon.

the which were co(m)au(n)ded to go on before, & with their shot to begin the battail, but they were so werie with going on foot that morning, .vj. leagues armed, with their crosbowes, that they said to their Conestables,
we bee not well vsed, in that we are com(m)aunded to fight this day, for we bee not in case to do any great feat of armes, we haue more need of rest.
These words came to the hearing of the Erle of Alanso(n), who said: A man is wel at ease to be charged with such a sort of rascals, that faint and faile nowe at most need. Also at the same instant there fell a great rain, & an eclipse with a terrible thu(n)der, Rain & thun|der with an eclipſe. and before the raine, there came flying ouer both armies a great number of Crowes, for feare of the tempest co(m)ing: then anon the aire began to wax cleare, & the sunne to shine fair & bright, whiche was right in the Fre(n)ch mens eies, & on the English mens backs. Whe(n) the Genewais were asse(m)bled togither, and began to approch, they made a great leape & crie, to abashe the Englishment, The Genewais but they stood stil & stirred not at all for that noise: the(n) the Genewaise the seco(n)d time made an other leap and huge crie, & stepped forward a little, and the Englishmen remoued not a foot: the third time again the Genewais leapt, & pelled and went forth til they came within shot, & fiercely therewith discharged their crosbowes. Then ye English archers [figure appears here on page 933] stept EEBO page image 934 stept forth one pace, and let flie their arrowes so wholy and so thicke togither, The battaile is begon. that is seemed to snow. Whe(n) the Genewais felt the arrowes piercing through heads, armes and breastes, many of them cast downe their Crosbowes, and cutte the strings and returned discomfited. When the French king sawer them flee away, he sayde: flea these rascalles, for they shall let and trouble vs without reason. Then yee might have seeene the men of armes haue dasht in amongst them, and killed a great number of them, and euer the Englush men shot where they saw the thickest prease: the sharpe arrowes ranne into the men of armes, and into their horses, and many fell horse and man amongest the Genewais, and styll the Englishe menne shotte where they saw the thickest prease, and when they were once downe they coulde not recouer againe: the throng was suche that one ouerthrew another, and also among the English men, there were certain some of the footemen with great kniues, that went in among the men of armes, and killed many of them as they lay on the ground, both Erles, Barons, knights, and esquires. The king of Boheme. The valiant king of Bohem being almost blinde, caused his men to fasten all the reynes of the brydles of their horses eche to other, and so hee being himselfe amongst them in the formost rank they ranne on their enimies. The Lord Charles of Boheme, sonne to the same king, and late elected Emperour, came in good order to the battaile, but when he saw how the matter went awrie on theyr part, he departed, and saued hymselfe. His father by the meane aforesayde went so farre forward, that ioyning with his enimies, he fought right valiantly, and so did all his companie: but finally being entred within the prease of their enimye, they were of them enclosed and slaine, togither with the king theyr maister, and the next day founde deade lying about him, and their horses all tyed eche to other. The Earle of Alanſon. The Earle of Alanson came right orderly to the battayle, and fought with the Englishmen, and so did the Erle of Flaunders also on his part. These two Lords coasted ye English archers, & came to the princes battail, & ther fought right valiantly a long time. The Fre(n)ch king perceiuing where their banners stoode, would faine haue come to them, but could not by reason of a greate hedge of archers that stood betwixt them and him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This was a perillous battaile and sore foughten: there were few taken to mercie, for the English men had so determined in the morning. Certaine French men and Almaines perforce opened the archers of the Princes battaile, The princes battail pierced and came to fight with the men of armes and to hand. Then the seconde battaile of the English men came to succor the Princes battaile, and not before it was time, for they of that battail had as then ynough to do, insomuch that some whihch were about him, as the Erle of Northampton, The [...] Northam [...] ſendeth [...] king. and others, sent to the king, where he stood aloft on a Windmil hill, requiring him to aduaunce forward, and come to their ayde, they being as then sore layde to of their enimies. The king herevpo(n) demaunded if his son were slaine, hurt, or felled to the earth? No sayde the knight that brought the message, The kings anſwere. but he is sore matched: well (sayd the king) returne to him and them that sent you, and say to them that they send no more to me for any aduenture that falleth, so long as my sonne is aliue, for I will that this iourney be his, with the honor thereof. With this answere the knight returned, wich greatly encouraged them to do their best for him to win theyr spurres, being halfe abashed in that they had so sent to the king for ayde. At length, when it drew toward euening, & that the Frenchmen were beaten downe & slain on eche hand, The French king depa [...] out of the [...] king Philip as it were by constraint departed out of the field, not hauing as then past .lx. persons about him, of who(m) the L. John of Heynault was one, by whose perswasion he cheifly consented to ride his way for this owne safegarde, when he sawe the losse was such on that day it could not be recouered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſlaughter of the Frenchmen was great and lamentable,

Great ſlaugh+ter of French|men.

Caxton. Iames M [...] Polidor. Froiſſ [...]rt.

Noble m [...]n [...]a [...].

namely for the loſſe of ſo many noble menne, as were ſlaine at the ſame battaile, fought betwene Creſſy & Broy on that S [...]terday next following the feaſt of S. Bartholomew be|ing (as that yeare fell) the .xxvj. of Auguſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among other which died that day, theſe [...] regiſtred by name as chiefeſt, Iohn king of Bo|heme, Raufe Duke of Lorraine, Charles of A|lanſo brother germaine to king Philip, Charles Erle of Bloys, Lewes Erle of Flanders, alſo the Earle of Harecourt, brother to the Lord Ge [...] of Harecourt with the Earles of Auſſere, An|merle, and Saint Poule, beſide diuers other of the nobilitie. The Engliſh men neuer brake out of their battails to chaſe any man, but kept themſel|ues togithers in their wards and ranks, & defended themſelues euer agaynſt ſuch as came to aſſayle them. This battaile ended about euening.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the Frenchmen were clearly ouer [...]e, and thoſe that were left aliue fled & gone, ſo that the Engliſhmen heard no more noyſe of them,The king of England com+meth downe from the h [...] king Edwarde came downe from the hyll (on the which hee had ſtood all that day with his helmet ſtill on his head) & going to the prince, embraced him in his armes, & kiſſed him, ſaying, faire ſ [...]e God ſend you good perſeuerance in this your pro|ſperous beginning, you haue nobly acquit your ſelfe, you are wel worthie to haue the gouern [...]e of a realme cõmitted to your hands for your vali|ant doings. The prince inclined himſelfe to the earth in honouring his father as hee beſt coulde. This done, they thanked God togither with their EEBO page image 935 ſouldiers for their good aduenture: for ſo the king commaunded, and willed no man to make anye boaſt of his owne power, but to aſcribe all the prayſe to almightie God for ſuch a noble victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the Sunday in the morning, there was ſuche a myſt that a man could not ſee an Acre bredth before him. Then by the kings commaun|dement there departed from the hoſt fiue hundred Speares, and two thouſand archers, to trie if they might heare of any French men gathered togither in any place neare vnto them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame morning there were departed out of Abuile and S. Requier in Ponthieu, the cõmons of Roan, and Beauvais, with other that knewe nothing of the diſcomfiture the day before. Theſe met with the Engliſh men, ſuppoſing they hadde bin Frenchmen, & being fiercely aſſayled of them, after ſore fight, and great ſlaughter, the French|men were diſcomfited and fled, of whõ were ſlain in the hedges and buſhes, mo than .vij.M. men.Frenchmen ſlaine the day after the bat|taile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archbiſhop of Roan, and the Graund Prior of Fraunce, ignorant alſo of the diſcomfi|ture the day before, and ſuppoſing (as they were enfourmed) the French ſhoulde not haue fough|ten till that Sunday, were likewiſe encountred (as they came thitherwarde) by the Engliſh men, with whom they fought a ſore battaile, for they were a great number, but yet at length they were not able to ſuſteine the puiſſant force of the Eng|liſh men, and ſo the moſt part of them were ſlain,The Archbi|ſhop of Rouẽ, and the Lorde grand Prior of France ſlain with the ſayd Archbiſhop and grand Prior, and few there were that eſcaped.

[figure appears here on page 935]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 That Sunday morning the Engliſhe men mette with diuerſe French men, that hadde lofte theyr way on the Saterday, and wyſte not where the King nor theyr Captaynes were be|come. They were all ſlaine in manner, ſo ma|ny as the Engliſhe menne coulde meete with, inſomuch that of the Commons and footemen of the Cities and good townes of Fraunce, (as was thought) there were ſlaine this Sunday foure tymes as many as were ſlaine the Saterday in the great battaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When thoſe Engliſhmen that were ſent a|brode thus to view the Countrey, were returned againe, and ſignified to the king what they had ſeene and done, and how there was no more ap|parance of the enimies, the K. ſent to ſearch what the number was of them that were ſlaine, and vpon the view taken, it was reported vnto him, that there were found dead .xj. princes, foure ſcore baronets .xij.C. knights, and mo than .xxx.M. other of the meaner ſort.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Thus was the whole puiſſance of France vã|quiſhed, and that chiefly by force of ſuch as were of no reputation amongſt them, that is to ſay, the Engliſh archers, by whoſe ſharp and violent ſhot the victorie was atchieued, to the great cõfuſion of the French nation. Of ſuch price were the Eng|liſh bowes in that ſeaſon, that nothing was able to withſtand them, whereas now our archers co|uet not to draw long and ſtrong bowes, but ra|ther to ſhoote compaſſe, which are not meete for the warres, nor greatly to be feared, though they come into the field. The K. of Englãd with his army kept ſtil his field, vntill Mõday in the mor|ning, and then diſlodged & came before Mõturel by the ſea, and his Marſhals ran toward Hedyn. The next day they road toward Bolongne, and at Wyſam the king and the prince encãped, and taried a whole day to refreſh their people, & on the Wedneſday being the .30. day of Auguſt,Calice beſie|ged. he came before the ſtrong towne of Calice, & there planted his ſiege, and erected baſtides betwene the town & the riuer, & cauſed carpẽters to make houſes & lod|gings of great timber, which were couered wt reed & broom, ſo many & in ſuch order, yt it ſemed a new town, & in it was a market place apointed of pur|poſe, EEBO page image 930 in the which the Market was dayly kept of vit|tayle, and all other neceſſarie things euery Tueſ|day and Saterday, ſo that a man myght haue bought what he woulde of things brought thi|ther out of Englande and Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe forſomuch as we haue ſpoken of this iorney and inuaſion made by king Edward into Fraunce, in this .xix. yeare of his raigne, ac|cordingly as wee haue gathered out of Froiſſart and diuerſe other authours, I haue thought good to make the reader partaker of the contentes of a letter written by a Chapleyn of the ſayd King, and attendaunt about him in the ſame iourney, conteyning the ſucceſſe of his proceedings after his departure from Poiſſie, which letter is inſerted with others in the hiſtorie of Robert de Aueſburie and Engliſhed by maiſter Fox as followeth.

1.11.1. A Letter of VV. Northbourgh the kings Con|feſſor deſcribing the kings voiage in France.

A Letter of VV. Northbourgh the kings Con|feſſor deſcribing the kings voiage in France.

SAlutations premiſed.Actes and Monuments Pag. 482.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 We giue you to vnder|ſtande, that our ſoueraigne Lorde the King came to the towne of Poiſſie the day before the Aſſumption of our Ladie, where was a certaine bridge ouer the water of Saine broken downe by the enimie, but the king taryed there ſo long tyll that the bridge was made againe. And whiles the bridge was in reparing, there came a greate number of men at armes, and other ſouldiers w [...] armed, to hinder the ſame. But the Erle of Nor|thampton iſſued oute agaynſt them, and fiue of them more than a thouſande, the reſt fled away: thankes bee to God. And at another time, oure men paſſed the water (although with muche tra|uaile) and ſlut a greate number of the common ſouldiers of Fraunce, about the Citie of Paris, and countrey adioyning, being part of the French kings armie, and throughly well appoynted: ſo that oure people haue now made other good brid|ges vpon our enimies, God be thanked, withoute any loſſe and damage to vs. And on the mor|row after the Aſſumption of our Ladie, the king paſſed the water of Sayne, and marched toward Poiſſie, which is a towne of great defence, and ſtrongly walled, and a maruellous ſtrong Ca|ſtell within the ſame, whiche our enimies kept. And when our vauntgard was paſſed the towne, our reregarde gaue an aſſault therevnto, and toke the ſame, where were ſlaine more than three hun|dred men at armes of our enimies part. And the next day following, the Earle of Suffolke, and ſir Hugh Spencer, marched forth vpon the com|mons of the Countrey aſſembled and well ar|med, and in fine diſcomfited them, and ſlue of them more than two hundred, and tooke three ſcore Gentlemen priſoners beſyde others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And after that the King marched towarde graund Vylliers, and while he was there encam|ped, [figure appears here on page 930] the kings vauntgarde was diſcried by the men at armes of the king of Boheme: wherevpon our men iſſued out in great haſt, and ioyned bat|tail with them, but were enforced to retyre. Not|withſtanding, thankes be vnto God, the Erle of Northampton iſſued out, and reſcued the horſe|men with the other ſouldiers: ſo that fewe or none of them were either taken or ſlaine, ſauing only Thomas Talbot but had again the enimie in chaſe within two leagues of Amiens: of whõ we tooke .viij. and ſlue .xij. of their beſt men at armes: the reſt being well horſed, tooke the towne of Amyens.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this the king of England marched to|warde Pountife, vpon Bartholmew day, and came to the water of Some, where the Frenche king had layde fiue hundred men at armes, and three thouſande footemen, purpoſing to haue kept EEBO page image 937 and ſtopped our paſſage: but thanks be to God the king of Englande and his hoſte entred the [...] water of Some, where neuer man paſſed before, withoute loſſe of any of our men, and after that encountered wyth the enimie and ſlue of them more than two thouſande, the reſt fledde to A [...]|uile, in which [...] chaſe was taken many knightes, Eſquiers, and men at armes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye Sir Hugh Spencer tooke the towne of Cro [...]ay, where he and hys Souldi|ers ſlue foure hundred men at armes, and kep [...] the Towne, where they founde great [...]ye of vittayles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame night encamped the king of Eng|lande in the Forreſt of Creſſy vpon the ſame wa|ter, for that the French kings hoſt came on the o|ther ſide of the towne, neare with our paſſages [...] he woulde not take the water of vs, and ſo mar|ched towarde Abuile. And vppon the Frydaye next following, the King beeing ſtill encamped in the ſayde Forreſt, our Scutters deſcryed the French King which marched toward vs in foure great battayles: And hauing then vnderſtan|ding of our enimies, (as Gods will was) a little before the euening tyde, we drewe to the plaine fielde, and ſet our battailes in array: and imme|diately the fight beganne, whiche was ſore and cruell, and endured long, for our enimies behaued themſelues right nobly: but thanks be giuen vn|to God, the victorie fell on our ſide, and the king our aduerſarie was diſcomfited with all his hoſte [...] and put to flight: where alſo was ſlaine the king of Boheme, the Duke of Loraine, the Earle of Alanſon, the Earle of Flaunders, the Earle of Blois, the Earle of Harcourt, wyth hys two ſonnes, the Earle of Danmarle, the Earle de Neuers, and his brother the Lorde of Tronarde, the Archbiſhop of Niſmes, the Archbi. of Sons, the high Prior of Fraunce, the Earle of Sauoy the Lorde of Morſes, the Lorde de Guis, le ſeig|neur de S. Nouant le ſeigneur de Roſingburgh, with ſixe Earles of Almaigne, and diuerſe other Earles, Barons, knightes, and Eſquiers, whoſe names are vnknowne. And Philippe de Va|lois hymſelfe, with an other Marques, which was called Lord Elector among the Romaines, eſcaped from the battaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The number of the menne at armes whiche were founde deade in the fielde, beſide the com|mon Souldiers and footemen, were a thouſande, fiue hundred, fortie and two: and all that nyght the King of Englande wyth hys hoſte aboade armed in the fielde, where the battayle was fought.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the nexte morrowe before the Sunne roſe, there marched towardes vs another greate hoſte, mightie and ſtrong of the French menne But the Earle of Northampton, and the Erle of Nor [...]e iſſue out agaynſt there in three battayles, and after long and [...] [...]ght, them in [...] for they diſco [...]d by Gods greate helpe and grace (for otherwyſe it coulde ne|uer haue beene) where they tooke of Knightes, and Eſquites a greate numbre, and fiue a| [...]e two thouſande pur [...]yng the ch [...]ſe three [...]nes from the place where the battaile was [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame nyghte alſo the King encamped him [...] agayne in the Fo [...] Creſſye, and on the morrowe marched towarde Bolongne, and by the waye hee tooke the Towne of Sta|ples: and them thence hee marched towarde Ca|lays, [...] hys ſiege, and lay his [...]ter [...] to the ſ [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And therefore out [...] Lorde the King willeth and common [...], in all that e [...]er you maye, to ſende to the [...]yde ſiege vittayles conu [...]. For after [...] of our depar|ting from T [...], [...] [...]ayled through the C [...] wyth greate peryll and daunger of our people, and yet alwayes h [...]dde of vittayle be plen|tie, thankes hee to God therfore. But [...] (as the caſe ſtandeth) w [...]e p [...]lye neede youre helpe to hee refreſhed wyth vittayles. Th [...] fare yee well. Written at the Siege before the Towne of Calays, the fourtenth daye of September.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe touching the ſiege of Calays, and to returne where wee loſte, yee ſhall vnder|ſtande that ( [...]s yet haue hearde) the Engliſhe campe was furniſhed wyth ſufficient prouiſio [...] of meate, drynke, apparell, munition, and all o|ther things neceſſarie: and oftentymes alſo the Souldiours made roades and forrayes into the borders of Fraunce nexte adioyning, as to|wardes Guines, and Saint Omer, yea euen to the gates of that Towne; and ſometyme to Bolongne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the Earle of Northampton fetched a bootie out of Arthoys,Iames Mair. and as he returned toward the hoſte, he came to Te [...]ane, which Towne the Biſhoppe had fortifyed and mannen,Terrouan. deliue|ring the cuſtodie thereof vnto Sir Arnold Dan|drehen for when he hearde the Engliſh men ap|proched, he [...]ſt not [...]ame wythin the ci [...] him|ſelfe, but got them to Saint [...]ers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Arnolde ſtoode valiantly to his defence, and would not yeeld, vntil by fiue force the Eng|liſhe men entered the Citie, fiue the Souldiours,Terrouan won by force. and tooke theyr Captaine ſhe fayde Sir Arnolde priſoner. The Citie was put to the ſacke, and af|ter ſet on fyre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And when the Engliſhemen [...] [...] depar|ted, there to [...]e a number of [...]ing [...] the ſiege which they had layd before Saint O [...]ers, and beganne a newe ſpoyle, and [...]ied ſuche EEBO page image 938 houſes belonging to the Canons & other, which the Engliſh men had ſpared. Thus we [...]e thoſe confines in moſt miſerable caſe, for no houſe nor other thing was in ſafegarde, but ſuche as w [...] conteyned within the cloyſure of ſtrong tow [...] and fortreſſes.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 Froiſſart.The king of Englande would not aſſayle the towne of Calais by giuing any aſſault to it, for he knewe he ſhould but loſe his labor, and waſte his people, it was ſo ſtrong of it ſelfe, and ſo well furniſhed with men of war. Captain thereof alſo was one ſir Iohn de Vienne,Sir Iohn de Vienne Cap|tain of Calais. a valiant knight of Burgoigne, hauing with him diuerſe other right ha [...]die and expert Captaynes, Knights, and Eſ|quiers. When the ſayd ſir Iohn de Vienne ſaw the maner of the Engliſh hoſt, & what the kings intention was, he conſtrayned all the poore and meane people to depart out of the towne.The king of Englands pitie towards to poore. The king of England perceyuing that this was done of purpoſe to ſpare vittail, would not driue them backe againe to helpe to conſume the ſame, but rather pitied them, and therfore did not only ſhew them ſo much grace to ſuffer thẽ to paſſe through his hoſt, but alſo gaue them meate & drink to din|ner and moreouer two pens ſterling to euery per|ſon which charitable deed wan him much praiſe, [...] and cauſed manye of his enimies to praye right har [...]l [...] for his [...]ſ [...]eſſe and proſperitie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The French K. [...]ing to rayſe the ſiege frõ Calais which the king of Englande kept there, ſent for his ſon the Duke of Normandie,The Duke of Normandie ſent for. which had lien long at the ſiege of Aygut [...], & now by commaundement of his father left le ſore againſt hys will. In this my due wh [...]le, the Erle of Dar|l [...] [...]mayned as the Citie of Burdeaux, and there had held men du [...]ng all the time that the ſiege lay defa [...] Aig [...]ilom When he once vnderſtood that the ſiege was raiſed, & that the duke of Normãdie had broken vp his con [...]pe, he ſent into Gaſgoigne for all knights and ſinners that held of the Eng|liſh partie.The Erle of P [...]e aſſem|bleth an army. Then co [...] to Burdeaux the L. Daſ|br [...] the lord de Leſpare, the lord de Roſam, the lord of Muſidẽt, the lord of P [...]miers, and a great ſort mo of the lordes and nobles of Gaſcoigne, to that the Erle had .xij.C. men of armes, two .M. archers, and three .M. other footmen. They paſſes the riuer of Garonne, betwixt Burdeaux & Blay, and tooke their way into Xanctonge, to to go vnto Pontiers, and tooke by the way the towne of Mi|rabel by aſſault: they wan alſo the towne and ca|ſtell of Annay, Surgieres and Benon,Townes v [...] by the Earle of Dar [...]. Alſo they tooke Maraunt in Poictow by fine force, they burnt alſo the towne of Luſignen, but the Caſtell they could not win. Moreouer they wã ye bridge, towne, & caſtel of Taliburg, and fine al that were found within it, bycauſe a knight of the Engliſh part was ſlain in the aſſaulting. From thence the Erle of Darby went & layd ſiege to Saint Iohn Dangely, which was yeelded to him by cõpoſiti|on. At Niort he made three aſſaultes, but coulde not win it, & to frõ thence he came to Bourg S. Maximen the which was won by force, & al that were within it ſlain, & in like maner the towne of Montreull Bonnin was won, & the moſt part of the within ſlain, yt toke vpõ thẽ to defend it, which were .200. coyners of money that wrought in the mint, which the French K. kept there. Frõ thence he paſſed forward with his hoſt, and finally came before the Citie of Poictiers, whiche was great & large, ſo that he coulde not beſiege it but on the one ſide. The thirde day after his coming thither, he cauſed the citie to be aſſaulted in three [...]es, & the greateſt number were appointed to affacte the weakeſt part of ye citie. As thẽ ther were no expert men of warre within Poictiers, but a great mul|titude of people, vnſkilfull and not vſed to anye feates of warre, by reaſon whereof the Engliſhe men entered in at the weakeſt place. When they EEBO page image 939 within ſawe the Citie wonne, they fledde out at other gates, but yet there were ſlaine to the num|ber of ſeuen hundred perſons: for all that came in the Engliſh mens way were put to the ſworde, men, women and children. The Citie was ſac|ked and rifled,The Citie of Poicters won by force. ſo that greate ſtore of ryches was gotten there, as well of the inhabitantes as other that had brought their goods thither for ſauegard of the ſame. The Earle of Darbie lay there ten or twelue dayes, and longer myght haue layen, if his pleaſure had ſo beene, for there was none that durſt go about to diſquiet him, all the Countrey trembled ſo at his preſence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 At his departure from Poictiers he left the Ci|tie voyde, for it was to great to be kept: his ſoul|diers and men of warre were ſo peſtered with ry|ches, that they wyſt not what to doe therewith, they eſteemed nothing but golde and ſiluer, and feathers for men of warre. The Erle viſited by the way as he returned homewardes to Burde|aux the towne of Saint Iohn Dangeli,Saint Iohn Dangely. and the other fortreſſes which he had wonne in going to|ward Poictiers, and hauing furniſhed them with men, munition, and vittayles neceſſarie, at hys comming to Burdeaux he brake vp his hoſt, and licencing his people to depart, thanked them for theyr paynes and good ſeruice. All this while the ſiege continued ſtill before Calais, & the French K. among other deuiſes which he imagined how to raiſe the king of England from it, procured the Scots to make warre into England, inſomuch yt Dauid K. of Scotland, notwithſtãding the truce which yet endured betwixt him & the K. of Eng|land, vpon hope now to do ſome great exploite, by reaſon of ye abſence of K. Edward entãgled thus with the beſieging of Calais,The king of [...]cots inuadeth [...]nglande. [...]olidor. he aſſẽbled ye whole puiſſance of his realme, to the nũber of .xl. or .lx. M. fighting mẽ (as ſome write) & with thẽ entred into Englande, burning, ſpoyling, & wafting the country, til he came as far as Durhã. The lordes of England that were left at home with the Q. for the ſure keeping & defence of the realm, percei|uing the K. of Scottes thus boldly to inuade the land, & in hope of ſpoil to ſend forth his light horſ|men to harry the country on eche ſide him,The Engliſhe lords aſſemble a power to fight with the Scottes Froiſſart. aſſem|bled an hoſt of al ſuch people as were able to beare armor, both prieſts & other. Their general aſſẽble was appointed at Newcaſtell, & when they were al togither, they were to the nũber of .1200. men of armes three .M. archers, & .vij.M. other, with the Welchmen: & iſſuing out of the town, they found the Scots redy to come forward to incoũter thẽ. Thẽ euery man was ſet in order of battel, & there were foure battels ordeined, one to ayde another. The firſt was led by the B. of Durh. Gilbert de Vmfreuile Erle of Anegos, Henry L. Percy,R. Southwel. and the L. Henry Scrope: the ſeconde by the Archb. of York, & the L. Rauf Neuil: the third by the B. of Lincoln, Iohn L. Mounbray, & the L. Thom. de Rokeby: the fourth was gouerned by the L. Ed|ward Baillol captain of Berwicke, the Archb. of Cant. & the L. Ros:

Thom. VValſ. Froiſſart.

The Queenes diligence.

beſide theſe were ther W.L. D' Eincourt, Rob. de Ogle, & other. The Q. was there in perſon, & went from rank to rank, and en|couraged hir people in the beſt maner ſhe could, & that done ſhe departed, cõmitting thẽ & their cauſe to God the giuer of all victory. Shortly hereupon the Scots ſet forward to begin the battail, & like|wiſe did the Engliſhmen, & therewith the archers on both partes begã to ſhoot: the ſhot of the Scots did little hurt, but the archers of Englande ſore galled ye Scots, ſo that there was an hard battel. They began at .ix. of the clock, & continued ſtill in fight till noone.The Scottes fight with Axes. The Scots had ſharpe and heauie Axes, and gaue with the ſame great and mightie ſtrokes, howbeit finally the Engliſh men by the helpe of God obteyned the victorie, although they loſt many of theyr men.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 EEBO page image 940There were diuerſe of the nobles of Scotland ſlaine,The Engliſh men obteyne the victorie. The king of Scots taken. to the number of ſeuen Erles, beſide lords. The king was taken in the fielde ſore wounded, for he fought valiantly. He was priſoner to an Eſquier of Northumberland called Iohn Cope|lande, who as ſoone as he had taken him, rode out of the fielde with him, accompanied onely wyth viij. of his ſeruaunts, and reſted not till he came to his owne Caſtell where he dwelled, being .xxx. mile diſtant from the place of the battaile. There was taken alſo beſide him,Hec. Boetius. Southwell: Fabian. Froiſſart. the Erles of Fife, Su|therlande, Wighton, and Menteth, the Lorde William Dowglas, the Lord Veſcie, the Archb. of S. Andrewes, and another Biſhop, wyth Sir Thomelyn Fowkes, and diuerſe other men of name. There were ſlaine of one and other to the number. of .xv.M. This battaile was fought be|ſide the citie of Durham,Neuils croſſe. at a place called Neuils croſſe, vpon a Saterday next after the feaſt of S. Michaell,See in Scotlãd. Pag. 350. & 351 in the yeare of our Lorde .1346. He that will ſee more of this battaile, may finde the ſame alſo ſet forth in the Scottiſhe hyſtorie, as theyr writers haue written thereof. And forſomuch as by the circumſtances of their writings it ſhoulde ſeeme, they kept the remembraunce of the ſame battaile perfitely regiſtred, wee haue in this place onely ſhewed what other wryters haue recorded of that matter, and left that which the Scottiſhe Chronicles write, to be ſeene in the life of king Dauid, without much abridging thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Hec. Boetius.

Counttreys of Scotland ſub|dued by the Engliſhmen.


The Engliſh men after this victorie thus ob|teyned, tooke the Caſtels of Roxburgh, and Her|mitage, and alſo without any reſiſtance ſubdued the Countreys of Annandale, Galloway, Mers, Tiuidale, and Ethrike Foreſt, extending theyr marches forth at ye time vnto Cokburnes Peth, and Sowtray hedge, and after vnto Trarlinlips, and croſſe Cane.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queene of England being certainly en|formed that the king of Scottes was taken, and that Iohn Copland had conueyed him out of the field, no man vnderſtood to what place, ſhe incõ|tinently wrote to him,Iohn Copland refuſeth to de|liuer the king of Scottes. commaunding him forth|with to bring his priſoner king Dauid vnto hir preſence: but Iohn Copland wrote to hir againe for a determinate anſwere, that he would not de|liuer his priſoner the ſayde king Dauid vnto any perſon liuing, man or woman, except onely to the king of England, his ſoueraigne Lord & maiſter. Herevpon the Queene wrote letters to the king, ſignifying to him both of the happie victorie chan|ced to his people againſt the Scots, & alſo of the demeanor of Iohn Coplande, in deteyning the Scottiſh king. King Edwarde immediatly by letters commaunded Iohn Coplande to repaire vnto him where hee laye at ſiege before Calais, which with all conuenient ſpeede he did, and there ſo excuſed himſelfe of that which the Queene had found hirſelfe grieued with him, for deteyning the king of Scots from hir, that the king did not [...]+ly pardon him, but alſo gaue to him .v.C.Iohn C [...] rea [...] pounds ſterling of yearely rent to him and to his hey [...] for euer, in reward of his good ſeruice and valiant prowes, and made him Eſquier for his bodie, cõ|manding him yet vpõ his returne into England to deliuer king Dauid vnto the Queene, whiche he did, and ſo excuſed himſelfe alſo vnto hir, that ſhe was therwith ſatiſfied and content.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Queene then, after ſhe had taken order for the ſafe keping of the king of Scots, and good go|uernment of the realme, toke the ſea and ſayled o|uer to the K. hir huſband ſtil lying before Calais.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt Calais was thus beſieged by the king of Englande, the Flemings which had lately be|fore beſieged Betwine, Iames M [...] The Fle [...] & had rayſed from thence about the ſame time, that the battaile was fought at Creſſy, nowe aſſemble togither againe, and doing what domage they mighte agaynſte the Frenche men on the borders, they lay ſiege vnto the towne of Ayre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer,Froiſſart. they wrought ſo for the king of England (earneſtly requiring their friendſhip in that behalfe) that their ſoueraigne Lorde Lewes,


An. reg. [...]

Earle of Flaunders being as then about fiftene yeares of age, fianced the Ladie Iſabel, daughter to the king of England,The Earle of Fla [...]ders [...]+ſtrayned to promiſe [...]|riage to the king of Eng|lãds d [...]g [...] more by cõſtraint in deed of his ſubiects, than for any good wil he bare to the king of England: for he would often ſay, that he would neuer mary hir whoſe father had ſlain his: but there was no remedie: for the Flemings kept him in maner as a priſoner, till he graunted to fo|low their aduice. But the ſame weeke that the mariage was appoynted to bee ſolemnized, the Earle as he was abrode in hawking at the Hea|ron, ſtale away and fled into France, not ſtaying to ride his horſe vpon the ſpurres, till he came in|to Arthois, and ſo diſhonourably diſappoynted both the king of England, and his owne naturall ſubiects the Flemings, to their high diſpleaſure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 While the king lay thus at ſiege before Calais, diuerſe Lords and knights came to ſee him out of Flaunders, Brabant, Heynault, and Almaigne. Amongſt other came the Lorde Robert of Na|mur, and was reteyned with the king as his ſer|uaunt, the king giuing him three .C. pounde ſterling of yearly penſion out of his Coffers to bee payd at Bruges.The Lorde Charles de Blois taken priſoner. During the time that the ſiege thus continued before Calais, the Lord Charles du Blois, that named himſelfe Duke of Britain, was taken before a Caſtell in Britaine, called la Roche Darien, and his armie diſcomfited, chiefly by the ayde of that valiaunt Engliſhe knight ſir Thomas Dagworth,

Sir Thomas Dagworth.


who had bin ſent from the ſiege of Calais by king Edwarde to aſſyſt the Coũteſſe of Montfort & other his friends againſt the ſayd Charles de Bloys, that with a great ar|my EEBO page image 941 of Frenchmen and Brytaynes, had the ſame tyme beſieged the ſayd Caſtel of Roche Darien, conſtrayning them within in ſuch forceable ma|ner, that they ſtoode in great neede of preſent ſuc|cors.Sir Iohn Har| [...]lle an Eng|liſh knight was alſo there with him. The ſayd ſir Thomas Dagworth aduer|tiſed hereof, with three .C. men of armes, and four C. archers of his owne retinues, beſide certayne Brytaynes, approched to the ſiege, and on the xx. of Iune earely in the morning, a quarter of an houre before day, ſodainly ſet vpon the enimies, who hauing knowledge of his comming, were readie to receyue him all the day before, but bee|ing now ſurpriſed thus on the ſodaine, they were greatly amazed: for they that were within Roch Darien, as ſoone as the apperance of day had diſ|couered the matter vnto them, ſo that they might know their friends from their enimies, they iſſued forth, and holpe not a litle to the atchieuing of the victorie, whiche was clearely obteyned before Sunne ryſing, and the Frenche armie quite diſ|comfited, [figure appears here on page 941] greatlye to the prayſe of the ſayde Sir Thomas Dagworth and his companie, conſidering theyr ſmall number, in compariſon of their aduerſaries, who were reckened to bee twelue hundred good men of Armes, Knightes, and Eſquires, beſide ſixe hundred other armed men, two thouſande Croſbowes, ſixe hundred archers of the Countrey of Brytayne, and foote|men of commons innumerable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were taken beſide, the Lorde Charles de Bloys, naming himſelfe Duke of Brytayne, diuerſe other Lordes and men of name, as Mon|ſieur Guy de la Vaal, ſonne and heyre to the Lorde la Vaal, which dyed in the battayle, the Lord of Rocheford, the Lorde de Beaumanour, the Lord of Loyack, with other Lordes, knights and Eſquiers, in great numbers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlaine the ſayde Lorde de la Vaall, the Vicounte of Rohan, the Lorde of Chaſteau Brian, the Lorde de Maileſtr [...]ite, the Lorde de Quintin, the Lord de Rouge, the Lord of Dereuall and his ſonne, Sir Raufe de Mont|fort, and many other worthie men of armes, Knightes, and Eſquiers, to the number betwixt ſixe and ſeuen hundred, as by a letter wrytten by the ſayde ſir Thomas Dagworth, and regyſtred in the Hyſtorie of Robert de Aueſburie it doeth appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane while, King Philip hauing daylye worde howe the power of his enimie king Edwarde, dyd encreaſe by ayde of the Eaſter|lings and other nations,Fabian. whiche were to him al|lyed, and that his menne within Calais were brought to ſuch an extreame poynt, that wyth|out ſpeedie reſkue they coulde not long keepe the Towne, but muſte of force render it ouer in|to the handes of hys ſayde enimye, to the great preiudice of all the Realme of Fraunce,

Thẽ French king aſſem|bleth an army.


after greate deliberation taken vpon this ſo weightie a matter, hee commaunded euerie man to meete hym in theyr beſt array for the warre, at the feaſt of Pentecoſt in the Citie of Amiens, or in thoſe marches.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the day and place thus appoynted, there came to him Odes Duke of Burgoigne, and the Duke of Normandie eldeſt ſonne to the King, the Duke of Orleaunce his yongeſt ſonne, the Duke of Burbon, the Earle of Fois, the Lorde Lois de Sauoy, the Lorde Iohn of Hey|nault, the Erle of Arminacke, the Earle of For|reſt, and the Erle Valentinois, with many other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe noble men being thus aſſembled, they tooke counſayle which way they myght paſſe to gyue battayle to the Engliſhe menne: It was thought the beſt way had beene through Flaun|ders, but the Flemings in fauour of the king of Englande denyed,The Fleming a beſiege Ayre. not onely to open theyr paſſages to the Frenche menne, but alſo hadde EEBO page image 942 leuied an armie of an hundred thouſande men of one and other,Iames Mair. and layde ſiege to Ayre, and burnt the Countrey all aboute. Wherevpon there were many ſharpe beckerings, and ſore encounters, be|twixt the Flemings, and ſuch French menne as king Philip ſent forth agaynſt them both: nowe whileſt the French armie lay about Amiens, and alſo before, during all the time that the ſiege lay at Calais. For all the French townes vpon the Frontiers were ſtuffed with ſtrong garniſons of Souldiours, as Lyſle, Saint Omers, Arras, Bolongne, Ayre, and Monttreul: and thoſe men of warre were euer redie vpõ occaſion to attempt ſundrie exploytes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, when the armie of the Flemings was broken vp,The French king commeth towarde Ca|lais. and returned home, or rather de|uided into partes, and lodged along on the fron|tiers, the French king with two thouſande men one and other came forwarde, taking his waye through the Countrey, called la Belme, and ſo by the Countrey of Frankeberg, came ſtraight to the hil of Sangate, betwixt Calais & Wiſant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The prepara|tion made by the king of England to re|ſiſt the French king.The king of England had cauſed a ſtrong ca|ſtell to be made betwene the towne of Calais, and the ſea, to cloſe vp that paſſage, and had placed therein .lx. men of armes, and two hundred Ar|chers which kept the hauen in ſuch ſort that no|thing could come in nor out.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo conſidering that his enimies could come neyther to ſuccour the towne, nor to annoy hys hoſte, except eyther by the Downes alongſt the Sea ſyde, or elſe aboue by the high way, he cau|ſed all his nauie to drawe alongſt by the coaſt of the Downes,The Earle of Darbie. to ſtop that the French men ſhould not approche that way. Alſo the Earle of Dar|bie being come thither out of Guyenne, was ap|poynted to keepe Newlande bridge, with a great number of men of armes and archers, ſo that the Frenchmen coulde not approch any way, vnleſſe they woulde haue come through the mariſhes, which to do was not poſſible.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fiftene hundred of the Commons of Tour|ney wan a Tower which the Engliſh men had made and kept for the impeaching of the French mens paſſage by the Downes, but that notwith|ſtanding, when the Marſhals of France had well viewed all the paſſages and ſtraites through the whiche their armie muſt paſſe, if they ment to fight with the Engliſhmen, they well perceyued that they coulde not come to the Engliſh men to giue them battaile, without the king woulde loſe his people, wherupon (as Froiſſart hath ye French king ſent the Lord Geffrey de Charny, the Lord Euſtace de Ribaumont, Guy de Nele, & the Lord de Beauiewe,The requeſt of the Frenche Lords to the king of Eng|lande. vnto the king of Englande, which required him on their maiſters behalfe to appoint certaine of his Counſaile, as he woulde likewyſe appoynt certaine of his, which by cõmon conſent might aduiſe betweene them an indifferent place for them to trie the battaile vpon: wherevnto the king of Englande anſwered, that their hee was, and had beene almoſte a whole yeare,His [...] whiche coulde not bee vnknowne to hys aduerſarie there maiſter, ſo that he might haue come ſooner if hee woulde: but nowe ſithe hee hadde ſuffered hym there to remaine ſo long, withoute offer of bat|tayle, he ment not to accompliſhe his deſire, nor to depart from that, whiche to his great coſt hee had brought at length to that poynt now, that he might eaſily winne it. Wherefore if the French king nor his hoſte coulde not paſſe thoſe wayes which were cloſed by the Engliſhe power, let them ſeke ſome other paſſage (ſayd he) if they think to come hither.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane while,Cardinals [...] to [...] peace. came two Cardinals from Pope Clement, to treate a peace betwyxte the two kings, wherevpon Commiſſioners were appoynted, as the Dukes of Burgoigne, and Burbone, the Lorde Lewes de Sauoy, and the Lord Iohn de Heynault, otherwiſe called Lorde Beaumont, on the French part: and the Erles of Derbie and Northampton, the Lord Reginalde Cobham, and the Lorde Walter de M [...]y, on the Engliſh part. Theſe commiſſioners and the Legates (as intreaters betwene the parties) met & cõmuned three dayes togither, but agreed not vpon any concluſion,They d [...] and ſo the cardinals depar|ted: and the French king perceyuing he could not haue his purpoſe,The French king re [...] into Fraunce. brake vp his hoſt and returned into Fraunce, bidding Calais farewell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After that the French king with his hoſt was once departed from Sangate, withoute mini|ſtring any ſuccour to them within the Towne, they began to ſue for a parlee, which being gran|ted, in the ende they were contented to yeelde, and the king graunted to receyue them and the towne on theſe conditions:The conditi|ons of the [...] reader of C [...]+lais. that ſixe of the chiefe burgeſſes of the town ſhould come forth bare han|ded, bare footed, and bare legged, & in their ſhirtes, with halters about their neckes, with the keyes of the towne and Caſtell in their handes, to ſub [...]t themſelues ſymply to the kings will, and the re [...]|due he was contented to take to mercie. This de|terminate reſolution of king Edward being inti|mated to the commons of the towne aſſembled in the market place by the ſound of the common [...]l, afore the captaine, cauſed many a weeping [...] a|mongeſt them: but in the ende when it was per|ceyued that no other grace would be obteined .vj. of the moſt wealthieſt burgeſſes of all the towne agreed to hazard their liues for the ſafegard of [...] reſidue, and ſo according to the preſcript order deuyſed by the King, they wente forth of the Gates,Sir [...] of Calais pre|ſented to the King. and were preſented by the Lorde Walter de Manny to the King, before whome they kneeled down, offred to him the keyes of ye town, EEBO page image 943 and beſought him to haue mercie vpon them: but the king regarding them with a fell countenance, commaunded ſtreight that theyr heades ſhoulde be ſtriken off. And although manye of the noble men did make greate intreatance for them, yet woulde no grace bee ſhewed, vntill the Queene being great with childe,The Queene [...]neth their [...]on. came and kneeled downe before the King hir huſbande, and with lamen|table cheare and weeping eyes, entreated ſo much for them, that finally the kings diſpleaſure was aſwaged, and hys rygour turned to mercie, ſo that he gaue the priſoners vnto hir to do hir plea|ſure with them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then the Queene commaunded them to be brought into hir Chamber, and cauſed the halters to be takẽ from their necks, clothed them of new, gaue them their dinner, and beſtowing vpon eche of them ſixe nobles, appoynted them to bee con|ueyed out of the hoſt in ſafegarde, and ſette at libertie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Calais yeelded to the king of England.


Thus was the ſtrong towne of Calais yeel|ded vp into the handes of king Edward, the third of Auguſt, in the yeare .1347. The Captaine the Lorde Iohn de Vienne, and al the other captains and menne of name, were ſtayed as pryſoners, and the common ſouldiers and other meane peo|ple of the Towne were licenced to depart, and voyde theyr houſes, leauing all their armor and ryches behinde them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king would not haue any of the olde in|habitantes to remaine in the towne, ſaue onely a Prieſt, and two other auncient perſonages, ſuch as beſt knew the cuſtomes, lawes, and ordinaun|ces of the towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He appoynted to ſende ouer thither amongeſt other Engliſh men there to inhabite .xxxvj. Bur|geſſes of London,Calais made a colonie of Engliſhmen. and thoſe of the wealthieſt ſort, for he ment to people the towne only with Eng|liſhe men, for the better and more ſure defence thereof. The King and the Queene were lod|ged in the Caſtell, and continued there tyll the Queene was deliuered of a daughter named Margaret.The Queene brought to [...]ed in the Ca| [...]el of Calais. Polidor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinals of whom ye heard before be|ing come as Legates from Pope Clement, to moue communication of peace, did ſo much in the matter, that a truce was graunted betwixte the realme of England and Fraunce, for the tearme of .xij. monethes, or two yeares, as Froiſſart hath. But the Engliſh Chronicle,Caxton. [...]ames Mair. [...]. and Iacobus Meir ſeeme to agree, that this truce was taken but for nine monethes, though afterwards the ſame was proroged.Women harde [...] agree To the which truce all parties agreed Brytayne excepted, for the two women there would not be quieted, but ſtill purſued the warre the one agaynſt the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that this truce was accorded, the king with the Queene hys wyfe returned into Eng|lande, and lefte for Captayne wythin Calais, one Sir Amerie of Pauie an Italian Knight,Sir Amerie de Pauie. or as other Bookes haue, he was but Captayne of the Caſtell, or of ſome one of the Towers of that towne, whiche ſeemeth more lyke to be true, than that the king ſhoulde commyt the whole charge of the Towne vnto hys gouernment, beeing a ſtraunger borne, and therefore Iacobus Meir is the more to be credited, that writeth how ſir Amerie of Pauie was left but in charge with the Caſtell onely, and that the towne was com|mitted to the keeping of the Lorde Iohn Beau|champe, and Lewes his brother.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But fow that there was a peace thus conclu|ded betwixt the two kings,


Thom. VValſ.

it ſeemed to the Eng|liſhe people that the Sunne brake forth after a long clowdie ſeaſon, by reaſon both of the greate plentie of all things, and remembraunce of the late glorious victories: for there were fewe wo|men that were houſekeepers within this lande, but they had ſome furniture of houſehold that had beene brought to them out of Fraunce, as part of the ſpoyle got in Caen, Calais, Carẽten, or ſome other good towne. And beſide houſeholde ſtuffe, the Engliſh Maydes and Matrones were bedec|ked and trymmed vppe in Frenche womens Ie|wels and apparell, ſo that as the French women lamented for the loſſe of thoſe things, ſo our wo|men reioyſed of the gaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this .xxij. yeare,

An. Reg. 22.

Great raine.

from mydſommer vnto Chriſtmaſſe for the more part it continually rai|ned, ſo that there was not one day and night drie togither, by reaſon whereof great flouds enſued, and the ground therwith was ſore corrupted, and many inconueniences enſued, as great ſickneſſe, and other, inſomuch that in the yeare following in Fraunce the people dyed wonderfully in dy|uerſe places. In Italy alſo,


An. reg. 43.

A great mor|talitie.

and in many other Countreys, as well in the landes of the Infidels, as in Chriſtẽdom, this grieuous mortalitie raig|ned to the great deſtruction of people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ende of Auguſt, the like death be|ganne in dyuerſe places of Englande, and eſpeci|ally in London, continuing ſo for the ſpace of a twelue month following. And vpon that enſued great barrenneſſe, as well of the ſea, as the lande,Dearth. neyther of them yeelding ſuch plentie of things as before they had done. Wherevpon vittaile and corne became ſcant, and hard to come by.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time died Iohn Stretforde Archbiſhop of Canterburie, after whome ſuccee|ded Iohn Vfforde, and liued not in that dignitie paſt ten monethes, and then followed Thomas Bredwardin, who deceaſſed within one yere after his cõſecration, ſo yt then Simõ Iſlep was cõſe|crated Archb. by Pope Clem. ye .vj. being the .liij. archb. yt had ſit in that ſeat. Within a while after W. Archb. of York died: in whoſe place ſucceeded EEBO page image 944 Iohn Torſby being the .xliiij. Archbiſhop that had gouerned that Church.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Moreouer in this .xxiij. yere of king Edwards raigne, the great mortalitie in England ſtill con|tinuing,A practice to betray Calice. there was a practiſe in hand for the reco|uering againe of Calice to the French kings poſ|ſeſſion. The Lorde Geffray of Charnye lying in the towne of S. Omers, did practiſe with ſir A|merie de Pauie, to be receyued into the towne of Calice by the Caſtell ſecretly in the night ſeaſon. The Italian gaue eare to the Lord Geffrey hys ſute, and to make few wordes, couenanted for the ſumme of .xx.M. crownes to betray the towne vnto him, in ſuch ſort as he coulde beſt deuiſe. Here writers varie:Diuerſitie in writers. for Froiſſart ſayth that king Edwarde had information thereof before that ſir Amerie de Pauie vttered the thing himſelfe, but the French Chronicles, and alſo other writers af|firme, that the Italian aduertiſed the king of all the drift and matter betwixt him and the Lorde Geffrey of Charny before he wente through with the bargaine. [...]a [...]n. But whether by him or by other, truth it is the king was made priuie to the mat|ter at Hauering Bower in Eſſex (where hee kept the feaſt of Chriſtmaſſe) and therevpon departing from thence,Froiſſart. he came to Douer, and the day be|fore the night of the appoyntment made for the deliuerie of the Caſtell of Calice (hauing ſecretely made his prouiſion) he tooke ſhipping and landed the ſame night at Calice, [...] kin [...] ſe| [...]re [...] [...] paſſeth [...] to Calice in ſo ſecrete maner that few of the towne vnderſtoode of his arriuall, hee brought with him out of England three hundred men of armes, and ſix hundred archers, whom hee [...]ayde in Chambers and towers within the caſtel, ſo cloſely that [...]we or none perceyued it, the ma|ner he knewe by ſir Amerie de Pauie his aduer|tiſements (accordingly as it was agreed betwixt them) that the Lorde Geffrey of Charny was appoynted to come and enter the towne that nyght,The L. Geffrey de Charn [...]y for the king had commaunded ſir Amerie to proceede in marchandiſing with the ſayd Lord Charny, and onely to make him, prinie of the day and houre in the which the feate ſhoulde bee wrought. [...] The Lorde Geffrey de Charny be|ing couenanted that he ſhoulde bee receyued into Calice the firſt night of the newe yeare, departed from Saint Omers, where hee hadde aſſembled fiue hundred Speares, the laſt day of December towarde night, and ſo in ſecrite wiſe hee paſſed forth, till aboute the middeſt of the [...]te night after, he approched neare to Calice, and ſending an hundred men of armes to take poſſeſſion of the Caſtell, & to pay ye Italian his .xx.M. crownes, came to the poſterne of the Caſtell, where ſir A|merie de Pauie hauing let downe the Poſterne Bridge, was readie to bring them in by the ſame Poſterne,Sir Edward de Renty. and ſo the hundred men of armes en|tred, and ſir Edwarde de Rentie deliuered to the Italian his twentie thouſand crownes in a [...] who when he had caſt the crownes into a [...] (for he had no leyſure to tell them) he brought the Frenchmen into the dungeon of the Caſtell, as it were to poſſeſſe them of the chiefeſt ſtrength of the fortreſſe. Within this dungeon or tower was the king of England cloſely layd with two .C. men of armes, who iſſued out with their ſwordes and axes in their handes, crying Manny to the reſcue,The ki [...] [...]+eth Manny [...] the reſcue. for the king had ſo ordeyned, that both he and his ſon ſhould fight vnder the bãner of the L. Walter de Manny, as chief of that enterpriſe. Then were the Frenchmen greatly abaſhed, in ſuch wiſe, that perceyuing how no defence might aduaunce thẽ, they yeelded themſelues without any great ſhewe of reſiſtance. Herewith the Engliſhmẽ iſſued out of the caſtel into the town, and mounted on horſ|backe, for they had the French priſoners horſes, & then the archers road to Bollongne gate, where the Lorde Geffray was with his banner before him of Gewels three ſkutchẽs ſiluer. He had great deſire to be the firſt that ſhoulde enter the towne: But ſhortly the king of England with the prince his ſonne was readie at the gate, vnder the Ban|ner of the Lorde Walter de Manny to aſſayle him.The Earles of Stafforde and Suffolke, the Lords Monta|gue, Berkley and la Ware. There were alſo other banners as the Erles of Stafford, and Suffolke, the Lord Iohn Mon|tague, brother to the Erle of Saliſburie, the lord Beauchampe, the L. Berkley, and the Lord de la Ware. Then the great gate was ſet open and all they iſſued forth crying Manny to the reſcue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French men perceyuing that they were betrayed, alighted from their horſes,The French men alight on fo [...]e. and put thẽ|ſelues in order of battayle on foote, determining to fight it out lyke valiant men of warre. The King perceyuing thys, cauſed his people lyke|wyſe to be ſet in order of battayle, and ſent three hundred archers to Newlande bridge to diſtreſſe thoſe French menne, whiche he heard ſhoulde be there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was earely in the morning, but incon|tinently it was day: the Frenche menne kepte theyr grounde a whyle, and manye feates of Armes were done of bothe partes, but the Eng|liſhe menne euer encreaſed oute of Calice, and the French menne diminiſhed, ſo that finally they were ouercome, as well in the one place, as in the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It chaunced that in the hoteſt of the fight,Sir Euſtace de Ribaumont right va [...] knight. the king was matched with ſir Euſtace de Ribau|mont, a right ſtrong and hardie knight. There was a ſore encounter betwixt him and the king, that maruaile it was to behold them. At length they were put aſunder, for a greate companie of both partes came that way, & there fought [...]ne|ly togither.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche menne did behaue themſelues ryght valyauntly, and eſpecially Sir Euſtace de EEBO page image 945 Ribaumount: [...] is taken [...]riſoner by [...]he kyng of [...]nglande. he ſtrake the King that daye twice vppon his knees, but finally, he was taken priſo|ner by the King hymſelfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Geoffrey of Charnye was alſo taken priſoner,The lord Gef| [...]rey de Char| [...]ey is taken. & woũded right ſore, but the king of his noble courteſie, cauſed him to bee dreſſed by ſurgeons, and tenderly looked vnto.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlayne, Sir Henry de Blois, and Sir Pepin de la ware, with other, to the number of ſixe hundred. Monſieur de Memorancie eſca|ped with great daunger. Froyſſart ſayeth, that this battell was fought in the yeare 1348. vpon ye laſt of December, towards ye next morning be|ing Newyeres daye, but as Aueſburie & Wal|ſingham haue, that begin the yeare at our Lady day, this enterpriſe chanced 1349. and ſo conſe|quently, in the 23. yeare of this Kings raigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 All the priſoners were brought to the Caſtell of Calleis, where the King the next night gaue them a ſupper, and made thẽ right hartie cheare,Sir Euſtace de Ribaumoun. and gaue to Sir Euſtace de Ribaumont a riche chaplet of pearles, whiche hee then did weare on his owne head, in token that he had beſt deſerued it for his manfull prowes ſhewed in the fighte, and beſide that, in fauour of his tried valiancie, he acquir him of his raunſome, & ſet him at libertie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 24. The death [...]eaſeth.

[...] A [...]b.

About the ende of Auguſt, the deathe in Lon|don ceaſſed, which had bin ſo great and vehement within that Citie, that ouer and beſide the bodyes buried in other accuſtomed burying places, there were buried that yeare dayly, from Cadlemas til Eaſter, in ye Charter houſe yard of Lõdon, more than two hundred dead corpſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo this yeare, by the earneſt ſute of the two Cardinals which were ſent (as yee haue hearde) from Pope Clement the ſixth, a peace was con|cluded for one yeare.Commiſsio+ners meete to talk of peace. There met neere vnto Ca|leis for the treatie of this peace, the foreſaide two Cardinals, as mediators, and for the King of England, the Byſhop of Norwich Treaſorer, and high Chancellor of the Realme, with o|thers, came thither as commiſſioners. And in like manner for the French King, there appeared the Biſhoppe of Lion, and the Abbot of S. De|niſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in Auguſt dyed Phillippe de Va|lois the French King. Heere is to bee noted,

Men borne with fewer teeth than in tymes paſt.

Caxton. Tho. VValſ. Polichron.

that all thoſe that were borne, after the beginning of that great mortalitie whereof ye haue heard, wã|ted four cheeke teeth, (when they came to ye tyme of grouth) of thoſe 32. which the people before that time commonly vſed to haue, ſo that they hadde but 28.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this 24. yeare of this Kings raigne,A combat. there was a combate fought in Liſtes within ye kyngs palace of Weſtminſter, betwixt the Lord Iohn, baſtard ſonne to Phillip King of Fraunce, and a Knight of the Towne of Ipres in Flaunders, but the baſtard had the vpper hand, and vanqui|ſhed his aduerſarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the feaſt of the decollation of Saint Iohn Baptiſt,Auesburie. Tho. VValſ. King Edwarde aduertiſed of a fleete of Spanyardes returning forth of Flaun|ders, that was laden with clothes and other ri|ches, aſſembled a conueniente power of men of armes, and archers, and at Sandwiche tooke the Sea with them, ſayling forth,

A Spanyſhe fleete.

Spanyardes vanquiſhed by the king of En+gland by ſea.

till vpon the coaſt of Winchelſee hee mette with the Spanyardes, and there aſſayled them, ſo that betwixt hym and thoſe Spanyardes, there was a ſore fighte, and [figure appears here on page 945] long continued, to the greate loſſe of people on both partes, but in the ende, the bright beame of victory ſhone vpon the Engliſh ſailes, ſo that all the Spanyardes were ſlayne, for they were ſo proude and obſtinate (as Walſingham afirmeth) that they woulde not yeelde, but rather choſe to die, and ſo they did indeede, either vpon the Eng+liſhe mennes weapon pointes, or elſe were they EEBO page image 946 drowned there in the Sea,Tho. VValſ. ſixe and twentie of their ſhippes were taken, in the which was found greate ſtore of good ware and riches.Auesburie. And ſo the Kyng thoughte hym ſelfe well reuenged of the Spanyardes, whiche in the laſt yeare, about Al|hallontide, hadde entred into the riuer of Ba|rons, as it runneth vp towards Burdeaux, and there finding many ſhippes fraught with wines, ſlewe all the Engliſhmen they founde aboorde, and tooke away the Shippes with them: whyche iniurie moued the King to enterpriſe thys ex|ployte now at this time againſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


Sir Thomas Dagworth ſlayne.

About the beginning of Auguſt, Sir Raoull de Cahors, and dyuers other Knightes and Eſquires, to the number of ſixe ſcore menne of armes, foughte before a Caſtell called Avleon, with ſir Thomas Dagworth, and there ſlewe the ſame Sir Thomas, and to the number of one hundred men of armes with him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ambaſſadors ſent to the Pope.There were ſente ſolemne meſſengers thys yeare vnto Auignion, for the eſtabliſhing of a peace, mentioned betwixt the King of Englande and Fraunce, at the ſute of the Pope, ſo that K. Edwarde ſhoulde haue reſigned hys title and clayme to the Crowne of Fraunce, and ye Frẽch King ſhould haue giuen ouer vnto him ye whole Duchie of Guyenne, to holde the ſame freely, without knowledging of reſort or ſuperioritie, or doing any manner of homage for the ſame: but ſuche delayes were made, and the ſute ſo prolon|ged by the Pope, that the Earle of Derby, whi|che with others were ſente to him aboute thys matter, returned withoute ſpeede of his purpoſe, for the whych he went.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the fiue and twentith yeare of King Ed|wardes raigne, the Frenchmenne,

An. reg. [...]


hauing layde ſiege vnto the Towne of Saint Iohn Dangell, the Lorde Dalbrettes ſonne, hauing aſſembled ſixe hundred men of armes, Gaſcoignes & Eng|liſhmen, meant to worke ſome feate, for reliefe of them within, wherevppon,Froiſſart. as hee was marching through the countrey of Xainctonge neere vnto Xainctes the eigth of Aprill, or as other haue, the firſte, hee was encountred by the Lord Guy de Neell, one of the Marſhals of Fraunce, and o|ther French Lords, where at length, the French|men were diſcomfited, many ſlayne, and dyuers taken priſoners, of which number was the ſayde Marſhall, with his brother the Lorde William, and ſir Arnolde de Dandrehen, beſide others, to [figure appears here on page 946] the number of three hundred men of armes, but yet the ſiege remayned, till for want of vittayles, the Towne was rendred to the Frenchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare in October, an Engliſhe ar|cher of the ga [...]iſon of Caleis, named Iohn of Dancaſter, by licence of the Lord deputie of Ca|leis, tooke with him threeſcore perſons menne of armes and archers, and in the nighte that goeth before the feaſt day of Saint Vincent, in the laſt quarter of the ſame nighte, hee commyng to the Caſtell of Guynes, founde as well the watch as other faſt a ſleepe, wherevpon, hee paſſed a water that adioyned to the Caſtell, wading vp to the girdell, and ſo came to the wall, where he and hys company rearing vp ladders, mounted by ye ſame ſo ſecretely, that ſlaying the watche, beeing not paſt three or four perſons that were on ye walles, they entred the Caſtell,The Caſtell of Guynes wonne. and finding the French|men a ſleepe, ſleWe thoſe that vppon their wake|ning made anye defence, and tooke the reſidue, whome they ſuffered to departe: and by thys meanes they wanne the Caſtell, finding greate ſtore of vittayles within, and ſo as they founde it, they kepte it to the Kyng of Englande vſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French hiſtories declare, that one Guilliã de Beauconroy, that was Captayne of this Ca|ſtell, betrayed ye place to ye engliſhmẽ, for a ſũme of money, and when the Frenche King required EEBO page image 947 reſtitution, [...]lidor. bycauſe the truce was not yet expi|red, he was ſhifted off with this forged anſwer, ye nothing was excepted by the aſſurance of the truce, concerning things that ſhoulde be bought and ſolde. The Frenchman that betrayed it, was ſhortly after put to execution at Amiens.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]otes and [...]e grotes [...]ſt coigned.In this yeare were the firſt peeces of ſiluer cal|led groates and halfe groates of foure pence and two pence the peece ſtamped, by the Kinges ap|poyntment, through the counſell of William de Edington Byſhop of Wincheſter Lorde Trea|ſorer. Before that time, there were no other coignes, but the Noble, halfe noble, and quarter noble, with the peeces of ſiluer called ſterlings. Bycauſe theſe newe peeces wanted of the weight of the olde ſterling coigne, the prices as well of vittayles as of other wares, did dayly riſe, and ſeruauntes and workemen waxing more craftie than beforetime they had bin, demaunded grea|ter wages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,


An. reg. 26.

vpon the euen of the Aſſumption of our Lady, Sir Iohn Bentley Knight, as thẽ Lord warden of Britaigne, fought with the L. Guy de Nealle, Marſhall of Fraunce, (lately ranſomed out of captiuitie) in the parties of Bri|taine, neere to a place called Movron,Movron. betwixte Rennes and Pluremell, where the ſayd Marſhal was ſlayne, togither with the Lorde of Brique|beke the Chateline of Beauvais, and dyuers o|ther, both Britons and Frenchmen.

[figure appears here on page 947]

Compare 1587 edition: 1

135 [...]

An. reg. 27.

[...]ho. VValſ.

[...] the printed [...]ooke of ſta| [...]tes it ſhould [...]peare, that [...]is Parliamẽt [...]s rather [...]olden in the [...]5. yeare of [...]his Kings [...]oigne.

In the ſeuen and twentith yeare of his raigne, King Edwarde helde a Parliamente at Weſt|minſter, after the feaſt of Eaſter, in which, an or|dinance was deuiſed, what wages ſeruauntes and labourers ſhould be allowed, prohibiting thẽ to receyue aboue the rate whiche they were accu|ſtomed to take before the yeare of the great mor|talitie. Seruantes and labourers were in deede growen to bee more ſubtill than before time they had bin, but by reaſon that the prices of thinges were enhaunced: it is like they demaunded grea|ter wages than they hadde done before time, and one cauſe of the dearth was imputed to the newe coigne of money, beeing of leſſe weight in the alley thereof, than before it had bin, ſo that the Biſhoppe of Wincheſter, being Lord Treaſorer, who hadde counſelled the king to ordeine thoſe groates and halfe groates, was euill ſpoken of amongeſt the people. In this Parliament there were ſtatutes alſo made, [...]tatutes for [...]aking of [...]othes. that clothes ſhould in length and breadth through the Realme, beare the ſame aſſiſe, as was ordeined in the Parliamẽt holden at Northampton. Alſo, that all weares, milles,Weares and [...]illes. and other lettes, ſhould be remoued forth of riuers, that might be any hinderance for ſhips, botes, or lighters, to paſſe vp and down the ſame. But theſe good ordinaunces tooke little or none effect, by reaſon of bribes that walked abroad, and friendſhippe of Lordes and greate men, that ſought rather their owne commodities, than the common wealthes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortely after the feaſte of Pentecoſte,Creations of noble men. the Earle of Derbie, and Lancaſter, was made Duke of Lancaſter, and Raufe Lord Stafforde, was created Earle of Stafforde. Whereas there had bin a treatie betwixte the lordes of Britaine, and the king of Englande, not onely for the de|liueraunce of the lorde Charles of Bloys,The Lorde Charles of Blois. but al|ſo for the matching of his eldeſt ſonne in marri|age with one of king Edwards daughters, and ſo to enioy the Dukedome in peace. This matter was ſo farre forewardes, that in the yeare laſt paſſed, the ſaid lorde Charles, leauing two of his ſonnes and a daughter in pledge for the paymẽt of .xl.M. florens, agreed vpon for his raunſome: hee was permitted to retourne into Britaine, to prouide that money: and withall, to procure a diſpenſation, that his eldeſt ſonne might marrie with one of king Edwards daughters, notwith|ſtanding that otherwiſe they were within the de|grees of cõſanguinitie, prohibiting them to mar|rie. Heerevppon this yeare about Michaelmas, hee retourned into Englande, with the ſame diſ|penſation: but bycauſe aboute the ſame time the EEBO page image 948 Britons had taken by ſtelth an Ilande, wyth a Caſtell therein, that the Engliſhmen had kepte, and put all thoſe whiche they founde therein, to the ſworde, the ſaide Lorde Charles, otherwiſe Duke of Britaine, loſt the Kings fauour, ſo that he woulde heare no more of any ſuche aliance, by way of marriage, as had bin cõmuned of before: by reaſon wherof, the Brittiſh lords, that were in great number come ouer with the lorde Charles de Blois, were cõſtreined to returne home, with|out atchieuing any part of their purpoſe, leauing the ſaide lorde Charles, and his children behinde them ſtill here in Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Debate be|twixt the Dukes of Brunſwike & Lancaſter.The fourth daye of September, the Duke of Brunſwicke, and the Duke of Lancaſter, ſhould haue fought a combate in Paris, about certayne wordes that the Duke of Lancaſter ſhoulde ſpeake, in derogatiõ of the Duke of Brunſwikes honor, for the which, the ſayd Duke had appea|led him in the Court of Fraunce: but when they were ready to haue tryed it, and were on horſe|backe, with their ſpeares in hand within ye liſtes, at poynte to haue runne togither, the Frenche King cauſed them to ſtay, and taking on hym the matter, made them friendes, and agreed them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


Tho. Walſ. affirmeth, that this re|mouing of the ſtaple of woolles, was the 28. yeare of King Ed|wards raigne.

This yeare the King by aduice of his coun|ſell remoued the marte or ſtaple of Woolles from the Townes in Flaunders, and cauſed the ſame to be kept at Weſtminſter, Chicheſter, Lincolne, Briſtowe, Canterbury and Hulle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was done in deſpite of the Flemings, bycauſe they helde not the couenauntes and a|greementes which they had made with the king, in the life time of Iaques Arteuelde, by whoſe prouiſion,Fabian. the ſayde mart or ſtaple had bin kept in ſundry townes in Flaunders, to their greate ad|uauntage and commoditie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Walter Bentley com|mitted to the Tower.Sir Walter Bentley, vppon his commyng ouer foorthe of Britaine, where he hadde bene the Kings Lieutenant, was committed to the To|wer, where he remayned priſoner for the ſpace of twelue monethes, bycauſe hee refuſed to deliuer vp the Caſtels within his gouernemente, vnto ſir Iohn Auenell Knighte, beeing appoynted to receyue the ſame, to the vſe of the Lord Charles de Bloys, at the ſame time when the treatie of a|greement was in hande, betwixte the Kyng, and the ſayd Lord Charles. But after, when it was perceyued what damage mighte haue enſued by deliuery of thoſe Caſtels, Sir Walter was ſet at libertie vpon ſureties yet, that were bound for his forth comming, and that he ſhoulde not departe the Realme: at length, he was receyued agayne into the Kings fauoure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A greate drought.In the Sommer of this .27. yeare, was ſo great a drought, that frõ the latter end of March, fell little raine, till the latter ende of Iulye, by reaſon whereof, manye inconueniences enſued: and one thing is ſpecially to be noted,A dea [...]. that cor [...]e the yeare following waxed ſcant, and the price began this yeare to be greatly enhaunced.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo beeues and muttons waxed deere, for the want of graſſe, and this chaunced both in Eng|lande and Fraunce, ſo that this was called the deare ſommer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde William Duke of Bauiere or Bauarie, and Earle of Zelande,


Corne [...]+gh [...] cut of Zelande.

broughte many Shippes vnto London, fraught with Rie, for re|liefe of the people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the eight and twentith yeare of King Ed|wards raigne,


An. reg. [...] Tho. VV [...] Aneſton.

vpon a treatie that was holden by commiſſioners, appoynted by the two Kings of Englande and Fraunce after Eaſter, they were in manner fully agreed vpon a peace, ſo that no|thing wanted, but putting vnto their ſeales. In the articles whereof, it was conteyned, that the King of England ſhould enioy all his landes of his Duchie of Aquitaine, withoute holding the fame of any by homage, or reſort, and in conſide|ration thereof, he ſhould reſigne all his clayme to the Crowne of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevpon were Ambaſſadors ſent from ey|ther King, vnto the Pope, and a truce taken,A truce be|twixt Eng|lande and Fraunce. to endure till the feaſt of Sainte Iohn Baptiſt in the yeare next following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ambaſſadors for the King of England,Ambaſſador to the Pope. were theſe: Henry Duke of Lancaſter, Iohn Earle of Arundell, the Byſhoppes of Norwich, and Lon|don, and the Lorde Guy de Brian.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For the Frenche King, the Archbyſhoppe of Rouen, Lord Chancellor of Fraunce, the Duke of Burbon, and others: but when the matter came to be heard before the Pope about Chriſt|mas, all went into ſmoke that had bin talked of: for the Frenchmen denyed that the articles were drawen, according to the meaning of their com|miſſioners, and the Pope alſo winked at ye mat|ter, ſo that the Engliſhe Ambaſſadors, (when they ſawe that nothing would be concluded) re|turned home all of them, the Biſhoppe of Nor|wich excepted (who departed this life there,) and ſo their iourney came to none effect.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the tenth of February,


An. reg. [...].

Deba [...] be|twixt the [...]+lers, & [...] men of Ox|forde.

there roſe a ſore debate, betwixt the Scholers and Towneſ|men of Oxforde. The occaſion roſe by reaſon of the falling out of a Scholler, with one that ſolde wine, for the Scholler perceyuing hymſelfe euill vſed, poured the wine on the drawers head, knoc|king the potte about hys pate, ſo as the bloud ranne downe by his eares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevppon beganne a ſore fray, betwixte the Schollers and Towneſmenne, whych continu|ed for the moſt part of two dayes togyther.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlayne a twentie Towneſ|menne, beſyde thoſe that were hurte: but at EEBO page image 949 length, there came a greate number of countrey|men foorth of the villages next adioyning, to ayde the Towneſmenne, entring the Towne with a blacke banner, and ſo fiercely aſſayled the Scho|lers, that they were conſtreyned to flee to theyr houſes and hoſtelles, but their enimies purſuing them, brake vp theyr dores, entred their cham|bers, ſlewe dyuers of them, and threwe them into priuies, tare their bookes, and bare away theyr goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scholers heerewith tooke ſuche diſplea|ſure, that they departed the Vniuerſitie: thoſe of Merton colledge, and other the like colledges on|ly excepted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhoppe of Lincolne inhibited Prieſts to celebrate diuine ſeruice in preſence of anye lay man within that Towne of Oxforde, and the King ſending his Iuſtices thither, to take know|ledge of this diſorderly riot, there were diuers, both of the Towneſmen and Scholers endited, and certayne of the burgeſſes cõmitted to warde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the firſte Sunday in Lente, the King helde a royall Iuſtes at Woodſtocke, for ioy of the Queenes purifying, after the birthe of hir ſixth ſonne, the Lorde Thomas, whome the Biſhoppe of Durham named Thomas, helde at the fontſtone. Hee was borne the ſeuenth of Ia|nuary laſt paſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]ho. VValſ. [...]uesburie.

[...]he quarrell [...]pe [...]ed be| [...]ixt the cholers and [...]wneſmen of [...]xforde.

In the Parliamente holden at Weſtminſter this yeare after Eaſter, the Kyng tooke vppon him to make an ende of the quarrell betwixte the Schollers, and Towneſmen of Oxforde, and ſauing to euery man his right, pardoned ye Scho|lers of all tranſgreſſions: and this he ſignifyed in|to euery ſhire, by writtes directed to the Sherifs, they to proclayme the ſame, for more notice of the thing. And ſo in the ſommer following, the Vniuerſitie began agayne to flouriſhe, ſtudentes reſorting thither from each ſide.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this Parliamente, the proceſſe of ye iudge|ment had and made againſt Roger Mortimer, late Earle of Marche, was reuoked, adnichilate, and made voyd, ſo that the Lord Roger Morti|mer was reſtored to the title and poſſeſſions of the Earledome of Marche, as couſin and heire to his grandfather the ſayd Earle of Marche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]baſſadors [...] the Pope.Moreouer to this Parliament, came the By|ſhop of Carpentras, and the Abbot of Clugny, beeing ſente from Pope Innocente the ſixth, to make ſute to haue the truce proroged betwixte the two Kinges, of Englande, and Fraunce, to whome the King himſelfe in perſon, made this reſolute anſwere, that he would not agree to any longer truce, for that when diuers times, at the Frenchmens ſute, he had conſented to haue truce by mediation of two Cardinals, ſent to hym a|bout the ſame matter, his aduerſaries in ye meane time, whileſt ſuche truces endured, haue done much harme and damage by ſubtill practiſes to perſons, and places beyond the ſea, that were vn|der his rule and gouernemente, yet he ſaide, hee would deliberate heereof with his counſell, and after intimate his pleaſure to the Pope, and to them of Fraunce by meſſengers which he woulde ſende ouer for that purpoſe: and ſo theſe Ambaſ|ſadors within foure dayes after their commyng, were thus diſpatched with aunſwere.

[figure appears here on page 949]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herewith in this Parliamente it was ordey|ned, that the Prince of Wales, beeing as then a|bout foure and twentie yeares of age, ſhoulde paſſe ouer into Gaſcoigne, and haue with him a thouſande men of armes, and two thouſande ar|chers, with a great number of Welchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time,

R. Aueſb.

A nauie pre|pared.

the K. cauſed 40. ſhips to be prouided, rigged, and made ready at Ru|therhive, furniſhed with vittailes for one quarter of a yere, and euery of ye ſayd ſhips had principall ſtreamers of the Duke of Lãcaſters armes, who was appoynted with a greate power of choſen men of armes and archers to paſſe to the Sea wt the ſame Shippes, but fewe or none of his com|pany knewe whither, horſes they hadde none.The Duke of Lancaſter. He had with him two of the Kings ſonnes, Lionell of Andwerpe, and Iohn of Gant, the elder of thẽ being about 16. yeares of age. Alſo, there wente with him the Earles of Northampton, March, & Stafford, beſide many lords, Barõs, & knightes. The 10. of Iuly, he made ſayle to Greenewich, & there and at Sandwich he ſtayed, till ye Aſſump|tion of our Lady, ye winde for ye moſt parte, con|tinuing al that while at Weſt and South, con|trary to his iourney as it mighte appeare. At length with muche difficultie, he came to Win|chelſee, and after to the wight. It was thought, that the Dukes purpoſe was to paſſe into Nor|mandy, to ioine with ye K. of Nauarre, who was at variance with the frenche K. But after it was knowen by eſpials that they were made friendes, the Duke of Lancaſter doubting crooked mea|ſures, & hauing with him no horſemen, returned EEBO page image 950 home, without further attempt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Record. Tur.On S. Kenelmes day beeing friday, and the 17. of Iuly, maſter Humfrey Cherleton, profeſſor of Diuinitie, and Iohn Carleton ye yonger, doc|tor of the lawes, on the behalfe of the Vniuerſitie of Oxford, and Iohn Saint Frideſwide Maior, Iohn Bedeford, and Iohn Norton, burgeſſes of the ſayde towne of Oxforde, on the behalfe of the communaltie of the ſame towne, came before the Kinges counſell at Weſtminſter in the counſell chamber there, neere to the Eſchecker, where the allegations on both parties being hearde, and vp|pon requeſt made, that it might pleaſe his maie|ſties counſell, according to the ſubmiſſions by bothe parties made, vnto the King, and to hys counſell, to take order in the matter in contro|uerſie betwixt them, concerning the late tumulte and buſineſſe whiche hadde chanced in the ſayde towne, by the diſorder of the communaltie of the ſame, in breaking downe, and brenning vppe of houſes, in taking and bearing away the bookes and other goodes of the ſaide maſters and Schol|lers, and in committing other tranſgreſſions, the counſell hauing conſideration thereof, to aduoyd the decaye that mighte haue enſued to the ſayde towne,The ende and awarde made of the quarrell betwixt the Vniuerſitie and towneſ|men of Ox|forde. made thys ende betwixte them, that the communaltie of the ſayde Towne (Iohn Bere|forde, beeing in the Kinges priſon, and Roberte Lardiner only excepted) ſhould be bound to pay vnto the ſaid maſters and Scholers, dampnified in the ſayde tumulte and buſineſſe, for amendes, and reformation of iniuries and loſſes ſuſteyned (death and Maheme excepted) two hundred and fiftie poundes, beſide the goodes taken and borne away, to bee reſtored againe, and this money to bee payde to the ſayde Chancellor, maſters and Scholers, on that ſide ye monday next before the feaſt of Saint Iames, or elſe ſufficiente ſureties put in for the paymẽt thereof, at certain tearmes, as the parties ſhoulde agree vpon: and in reſpecte thereof, the ſaid Iohn Bedeford, and Iohn Nor|ton, ſhall bee releaſſed out of priſon of the Mar|ſhalſea, at the baile of the ſaid Maior, and of Ro|berte de Menkes, and Iohn Dimmoks, till the next ſeſſions of gaole deliuerie, with condition, that the ſaid ſummes of money be paide, or ſure|tie putte in for the paymente thereof, as before is ſaid, or elſe the bodies of the ſaid Iohn Bedeford, and Iohn de Norton, ſhall bee returned to the ſayd priſon, within three dayes after the feaſt of Peter ad Vincula, there to remayne in manner as before they did.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was alſo ordeyned by the counſel, with the aſſent of the ſaid Humfrey, and Iohn Carleton, that all and euery manner of perſons of the ſayde Towne of Oxforde, and the Suburbes of the ſame, indited and arreigned of the felonies and tranſgreſſions before mentioned, that ſhoulde yeelde themſelues to the Kings priſon, to be [...]|ed by lawe, and alſo all other that were at t [...] preſent in priſon, whiche the ſayd Humfrey, a [...] Iohn de Carleton ſhould name (Iohn de Be [...]|ford and Robert Lardiner excepted) mighte bee let to baile, vppon ſufficient ſureties, that ſhoulde vndertake for them, bodyes for bodies, to appeare at the next ſeſſions of gaole deliuerie, there to bee tried, according to the order of lawe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And further it was ordred, that all ſuch goodes and cattels as were taken and carried away frõ the ſaide maſters and Schollers in the ſayde tu|multe and buſineſſe, by the menne of the ſayde Towne and ſuburbes, in whoſe handes, and in what places ſoeuer within the ſaide Towne and ſuburbes, by inquiſitions, informations, or other meanes, they ſhoulde or mighte be found, ſhould bee deliuered vnto the ſayde Chauncellor, and procurators of the ſayde Vniuerſitie, to bee by them reſtored vnto thoſe perſons, to whome they belonged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was the effect of the order taken at that day and place, before the reuerende fathers, Iohn Archbyſhoppe of Yorke, primate and Chancellor of Englande, William Byſhoppe of Winche|ſter, Lorde Treaſorer, Thomas de Brembre, Lorde keeper of the priuie ſeale, and Dauid de Wollore, maſter of the rolles, Henry de Iug [...]|by Clearke, and other of the Kings counſell then there preſente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince of Wales (as yee haue hearde,Tho. VV [...] ) beeing appoynted to paſſe ouer into Gaſcoigne, ſette forwarde from London the laſt daye of Iune,The Prince Wales g [...] [...]er i [...] Gaſcoigne. and comming to Plimmouth where hys nauie was appoynted to be made ready, he ſtay|ed there, for want of conuenient winde and wea|ther a long time after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally, hauing with him the Erles of War|wike, Suffolke, Saliſbury and Oxforde, alſo, the Lord Iohn Chandos, Sir Robert Knolles, ſir Franke de Halle, the L. Iames Audeley, with diuers other of the nobilitie, and of men of armes and archers, a greater number, than in Parlia|mente was firſte to hym aſſigned, hee ſette from Plimmouth on the daye of the natiuitie of oure Lady.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They were in all three hundred ſayle, and finding the winde proſperous, they paſſed ouer into Gaſcoigne, where of the Gaſcoignes they were ioyfully receyued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Auguſt, the Engliſhmen that were in Britaine, warring agaynſte the Frenchmenne, that tooke parte with the Lorde Charles de Bloys, ſlewe many of them, and tooke the Lorde of Beaumanor, the vicount of Roan, and dy|uers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare alſo, aboute Michaelmas the King hauing ſommoned an army to be ready at EEBO page image 951 Sandwich, paſſed ouer to Caleis with the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There wente ouer with him his two ſonnes, Lionell of Andwerp Earle of Vlſter, and Iohn of Gant Earle of Richmont.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He found at Caleis a thouſand men of armes that came to ſerue hym for wages, forthe of Flaunders, Brabant, and Almaigne, ſo that hee had about three thouſand men of armes, and two thouſand archers on horſebacke, beſide archers on foote in great number.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e Citie of [...]don.The Citie of London had ſente to hym fiue and twentie men of armes, and fiue hundred ar|chers, all in one ſute or liuerti, at their owne coſtes and charges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſecond of Nouember, he ſet from Caleis, marching foorthe towardes Saint Omers, wa|ſting the Countrey by the way as he paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche Kyng beeyng the ſame tyme within the Towne of Sainte Omers, [...]e king in| [...]eth France [...]e lord Bou| [...]t. ſente the Lord Bouſicant vnto the Kyng of Englande, that vnder colour of communication, hee might viewe the Kyngs power, who made ſuch reporte thereof, vppon hys returne backe to the Frenche Kyng, that he determined not to fighte with the King of Englande, but rather to paſſe before hym, and ſo to deſtroy vittayles, that for want [...] thereof, the Kyng of Englande ſhoulde hee con|ſtreyned to returne. And as he determined ſo it came to paſſe, for the vittayles were ſo cutte off, that the Engliſhmenne for three dayes togither; dranke nothing but water.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


[...]e Kyng for [...]t of victu| [...] returneth.

When therefore Kyng Edwarde had follo|wed his enimies ſo farre as Heyden, where hee brake the Parke, and brents the houſes within and about the Parke, although he entred not in|to the Towne nor Caſtell, at length, for defence of vitrayles, he returned backe, and came agay [...] to Caleis on Saint Martins day,Auesburie. being the tẽth after his ſetting foorth from thence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The morrow after beeing Thurſday, and the twelfth of Nouember [...] Cõneſtable of Frãce, [...]e Coneſta| [...] of France [...]mmandeth [...]tayle. and other Frenchmen [...] came to the ende of the caulſey of Caleis, with letters of credene [...], offe|ring battaile the tweſday nexte following, vnto the King of Englande, in preſence of the Duke of Lancaſter, the Earles of Northampton and the Lord Walter de Manne, who in the Kings behalfe, declared to the C [...]nneſtable, that the King of Englande, [...]e anſwere [...]de to him. to eſchew ſhedding of bloud woulde fight with the French King body to bo|dy, ſo to [...]ie their right, and if he liked not of that matche, then if hee woulde chooſe three or foure Knightes to him that were neereſt to hym is bloud, hee ſhoulde chooſe the like number: but when this offer would not be accepted, the Eng|liſh Lordes offered battell the next day, beeyng Fridaye, or elſe on Saterday following, at the Frenchemennes choyce, but the Conneſtable of Fraunce and his company, continuing on theyr firſt o [...]r, refuſed both thoſe dayes. Then the Engliſhe Lordes accepted the days by [...]h [...]th aſ|ſigned, with condition, that if they be ougthe not King Edwarde to giue that [...]yle that daye, they woulde [...] priſoners, ſo that the Frenchmenne woulde [...]wiſe vndertake for theyr K [...]ng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Conteſtable [...] no aunſwere rea|dy, ſtayed a [...]hile, and after flatly refuſed to make any ſuch couenaunt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally, when the Engliſh Lordes perceyued there aduerſaries not to [...]e battayle, as theyr wordes of the firſt pretended, they brake aſt, and both parties returned home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King of Englande ſtayed till the tweſ|day, and payd the ſtraungers their wages, and ſo came backe into England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſixth of Nouembre, whileſt the Kyng was thus abroade in Picardy,Berwike taken by Scottes. the Scottes very earely in the morning of that daye, came priuily to Berwike, entred by fle [...] into the towne, and ſ [...]eaing there or foure Engliſhmenne, tooke it, with all the goodes and perſons within it, thoſe excepted, which got to the Caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In a Parliamente ſummoned this yeare,A parliament. the Monday after the feaſt of Saint Edmonde the King, the Lords and commons graunted to K. Edward 50. ſs. of euery ſacke of woolle, that ſhuld be carried ouer the ſea, for the ſpace of ſixe yeares next enſuing. By this grant it was thoughte, ye the K. might diſpẽd a M. markes ſterling a day, ſuch went of woolles had the Engliſh merchants in that ſeaſon. The Parliament being ended, the K. about S. Andrews tide, ſet forward towards Scotland, & held his Chriſtmas at new Caſtell. About which time, by letters ſeat frõ ye Prince, ye K. was aduertiſed of his proceedings after hys arriuall in Gaſcoigne, wher being ioyfully recei|ued of the nobles, & other ye people of that coũtrey, (as before ye haue heard) he declared to them the cauſe of his thither cõming, & tooke aduice with them how to proceede in his buſineſſe, and ſo a|bout ye truth of October, he ſet forward to paſſe againſt his enimies, firſt entring into a countrey called Iuliake, which to get her with the fortreſſes,The procedin|ges of the prince of Wa|les in Aqui|tayne. yeelded whom, witholde any great reſiſtãce. Thẽ he rode through ye countrie Armignac, waſting & ſpoiling the countrey, and ſo paſſed through the landes of the vieountes de la Riuiere, and after entred into the countie de l Eſera [...], and paſſing through ye ſome, came into the countie of Com|myges, finding the Towne of Saint Matan voyde, being a good towne, and one of the beſt in that countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, he paſſed by the lande of the Earle of [...]le, till hee came within a league of Tho|louſe, where the Earle of Armignac, beeyng EEBO page image 952 the French Kings Lieutenaunt in thoſe parties, and other great Lords and nobles were aſſẽbled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince with his army carried there a two dayes, and after paſſed ouer riuer of Ga|ronne, & after ouer an other riuer thereaboutes, a league aboue Tholouſe, lodging that nighte, a league on the other ſide of Tholon ſe [...] and ſo they paſſed through Tholouzaine, taking daylye Townes and Caſtels, wherein they found great riches, for the countrey was very plentifull.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon Alhallowen euen, they came to Caſtell Naudarie, and from thence they tooke the way to Carcaſſon,Carcaſſon. into the whiche, a greate number of men of armes and commons were withdrawen. But vpon the approch of the Engliſhmen, they ſlipt away, and got them to a ſtrong Caſtell that ſtoode neere at hand. The thirde daye after, the Engliſhmen brente the Towne, and paſſing foorth,Narbonne. trauerſed all the countrey of Carcaſſonois, till they came to the Towne of Narbonne. The people there were fledde into the Caſtell, in which the Vicount of Narbõne was encloſed, with fiue hundred men of armes. The Prince ſtayed there two dayes.Two Biſhops ſente from the Pope to the Prince of Wales. The Pope ſent two Biſhoppes to|wardes the Prince, to treate with him of peace, but bycauſe the Prince would not hearken to a|ny treatie, without commiſſion from his father, they could not get any ſaufe conduit to approche neerer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince hauing aduertiſementes heere, that his enimies were aſſembled, and followed him, he turned backe to meete them, but they had no will to abide him: for although the Earle of Armignac, the Conneſtable of Fraunce, the mar|ſhall Eleremont, and the Prince of Orange, with diuers other, neere to Tholouſe, made ſome ſhewe to impeache the Prince his paſſage, yet in the ende, they withdrew, not without ſome loſſe, for the Lorde Batholmewe de Burwaſch: alias Burgherſch, Sir Iohn Chandos, the L. Iames Audeley, and Sir Thomas Felton, being ſente foorth to view them, ſkirmiſhed with two hun|dred of their men of armes, and tooke of thẽ fyue and thirtie. After this, they had no mind to abyde the Engliſhe power, but ſtill ſhranke away, as the Prince was ready to followe them, and ſo hee perceyuing that the Frenchmen would not gyue him battell, he withdrew towardes Burdeaux, after he had ſpente eight weekes in that his iour|ney, and ſo comming thither, he wintered there, whileſt his Captaines in the meane time tooke dyuers Townes and Caſtels abroade in the Countrey. And nowe to the ende yee maye haue more playne information of ye Princes doings in thoſe parties, I haue thought good to make yon partakers of a letter or two, written by Sir Iohn Wingfielde Knighte, attendante on the Prince there in Gaſcoigne.

My Lorde, The [...] Sir Iohn Win [...] leu [...]. as touching the newes in these parties, maye it please you to vnderstande, that all the Earles, Barons, Banerets, knightes and Esquiers, were in health at the making hereof, and my Lord hath not lost either Knighte or Esquier in this voyage, excepte the Lorde Iohn Lisle, who was slaine after a straunge manner with a quarrel, the third day after we were entred into our enimies countreys, he dyed the fifteenth of October. And please it you to vnderstand, that my Lorde hath ridden through the countrey of Arminac, and hathe taken many closed townes, and brente and destroyed them, except certayne which he hath fortified.

After this, hee marched into the vicontie of Rouergue, where he tooke a good Towne named Pleasance, the chiefest Towne of that countrey, which he hath brent and destroyed, with the countrey round about the same.

This done, he we(n)t into ye County d’Astrike wherein he tooke many Townes, wasted and destroyed all the countrey.

After this, hee entred into the countie of Cominge, and tooke many townes there, whiche hee caused to bee destroyed and brent, togither with all the countrey abroade. He tooke also ye town of S. Matan, which is the chiefest Towne of that countrey, being as large in co(m)passe as Norwich.

And after, he entred into ye countie of Lille, and tooke the most part of the closed townes therein, causing diuers of them to be brent and destroyed as he passed. And after [...]uning into the Lordſhip of Tholouſe, we paſſed the riuer of G [...], & all other, a league about Tholouſe, whiche is very great, for our enimies had brent all ye bridges, as well on the one ſide of Tholouſe, as the other, es| [...] the bridges within Tholouſe, for the ryuer runneth through the towne. And ye Comm [...] of Fraunce, ye m [...]ſhal Cleremont, & the Earle of Armmat, were with a greate power w [...] the towne the ſame time. And Tholouſe is a g [...]e Towne, ſtrong faire, and well wa [...]d, and there was none in out hoſt that knew the fou [...]de there, but yet by the grace and goodneſſe of God, wee found it. So then we marched through the ſeig|neurie of Tholouſe, & tooke many good Townes encloſed, and brent and deſtroyed them, and all ye countrey about. And after, wee entred into the ſeigneurie of Carcaſon, and we tooke many good Townes, before we came to Carcaſon, whyche towne we alſo tooke, which is greater, ſtronger, & fairer than Yorke. And as well this towers as all other townes in the countrey were brent and de|ſtroyed. And after we had paſſed by many [...]|neys through the coũtrey of Carca [...], we came into ye ſeigneurie of Narbonne, & we [...]ke many townes, and waſted them, till we came to N [...]|bon, which towne was holden againſt vs, but i [...] EEBO page image 953 was won by force, and the ſayde town [...]ttle leſſe than London, and is [...]itne [...]s vpon the Gree|kes ſea,Hee meaneth the Merantine ſea. for that the diſtance from the ſayd town vnto the Grekiſh ſea is not paſt .ij. leagues, and there is an hauen & a place to arriue at, frõ whẽce ye water cõmeth vp to Narbõne. And Narbone is not but .xj. leagues diſtant from Mountpellier and .i. from Egnemortz, and .30. frõ Anignion. And may it pleaſe you to vnderſtande, that the holy Father ſent his meſſengers to my lord, that were not paſt .vij. leagues frõ him, and they ſent a Sergeaunt at armes, that was Sergeaunt at armes attendant on the dore of our holy fathers chamber, with their letters to my Lord, praying him to haue a ſafeconducte to come to declare to his highneſſe their meſſage from the holy father, which was to treat betwixt my L. & his aduerſa|ries of France: & the ſaid ſergeant was .ij. days in ye hoſt before my lord wold ſee him, or receiue his letters. And the reſon was bicauſe he had vnder|ſtanding, that the power of Fraunce was come forth of Tolouze toward Carcaſſon, ſo that my L. was driuẽ to turn back towards them ſodein|ly, and ſo did. And the third day when we ſhould haue come vpon them, they had knowlege giuen before day, and ſo retiring got them to the moun|tayns, haſtuig faſte towardes Tolonze, and the countrey people that were theyr guydes to leade them that waye, were taken as they ſhould haue paſſed the water. And bicauſe the Popes, ſerge|ant at armes was in my keeeping. I cauſed him to examine the guides that were ſo taken: and for that the guide which was thus examined, was ye Coneſtables guide, & his countreyman, he might wel ſee and know the countenance of the French men vpon this examining him. And I ſayde to the ſame ſergeant, that he might well declare to the Pope and to al them of Auignion that which he had heard or ſeene. And as touching the an|ſwere which my lorde made to them that were ſent to treat with hym you would be wel apayd, if you vnderſtode al the maner: for he would not ſuffer in any wiſe that they ſhoulde come neerer vnto him. But if they came to treat of any mat|ter, he would that they ſhould ſende to the king his father: for my lord himſelfe woulde not doe any thing therein, excepte by commaundemente from my Lord his father. And of my Lords tur|ning back to follow after his enimies, and of the paſſage of the riuer of Garonne, and of the taking of Caſtels and townes in this iourney and of o|ther things whiche he hath done againſt his eni|mies in purſute of them in this iourney, beeyng things right worthie and honourable as manye know very wel, in like maner as ſir Ric. Staf|forde, and Sir Williã Burion can more plain|ly declare than I to you can write, for it were too muche to put in writing. And my Lord rode thus abroade in the countrey of his enimies viij. whole [...]kes, and reſted not paſt eleuen dayes. in all thoſe places where he came. And knowe it for certayne, that ſith this warre began agaynſt the Frenche Kyng, he had neaer ſuche loſſe or deſtruction as hee hath had in this iourney: For the countreyes and good townes whyche were waſted at thys iourney, founde to the Kyng of Fraunce euery yeare more to the mayntenaunce of his warre than halfe his realme hath d [...]n be|ſyde, excepte the exchaunge of his money whiche he maketh euery yeare, and the aduauntage and cuſtome whiche he taketh of them of Poictow, as I can ſhewe you by good remembrance, whi|che were founde in dyuers townes in the recey|uers houſes for Carcaſſon and Le Moignes, whiche is as greate as Carcaſſon, and two other Townes in the coaſtes of Carcaſſon, founde to the King of France yerely wages for a thouſand men of armes: & beſide that C.M. of old crow|nes to mainteyn the warre. And know you, that by the remembraunces whiche we found, that the townes in Tholouzeier which are deſtroyed, and the townes in the countrey of Carcaſſon, and the town of Nerbonne & N [...]bonnoys did find eue|ry yere with the ſums aforſaid, in aid of his wat iiij.C.M. old crowns, as the burgeſes of ye great townes and other people of the countrey whiche ought to know it, haue told vs. And ſo by Gods aſſiſtance if my L. had wherwith to mainteyne this warre, and to make the kings profit and his own honor, he ſhuld enlarge wel the engliſh mar+ches, & gain many fair places: for our enimies ar greatly aſtonied. And at the making heereof, my L. hath apointed to ſend al the Erles, & al the ba|nerets to abide vpon certaine places on the mar|ches, to make roads, & to anoy his aduerſaries.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 My lorde, at this preſent I know none other newes to ſend, but you may by your Letters cõ|mande me as yours to my power. My right ho|norable lord, God graunt you good life, ioy, and health, long to continue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5

1.11.1. The tenor of an other letter written by Sir Iohn Wyngfield, directed to ſir Richard Stafford knight vvho had bin in Gaſcoyne, and there leauyng his familie, vvas novv returned into England.

The tenor of an other letter written by Sir Iohn Wyngfield, directed to ſir Richard Stafford knight vvho had bin in Gaſcoyne, and there leauyng his familie, vvas novv returned into England.

RIght deare ſir, and right louing frende,

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 tou|ching newes after your departure,The copie of an other letter. you maye vnderſtande, that there be taken and yelded fiue Townes incloſed, to witte, Port Saint Mary, Cleyrac, Tonyngs, Burgh Sainct Pierre, Cha+ſtiel Sacret or Satrat, and Braſſack. Alſo ſe|uentene Caſtelles, to wit, Coiller, Buſet, Lem|nak, two caſtels called Boloynes, whiche ioyne the one nere to the other, Mounioy, Vireſch, Fre|chenet, Mountender, Pudeſchales, Mounpoun, Montanak, Valeclare, Cenamont, Leyſtrake, EEBO page image 954 Plaſſake, Cont Deſtabliſon, and Mounriuell. And will it pleaſe you to knowe that my Lorde Iohn Chandos, my lord Iames Audley, & your men that are with them, and the other Gaſcoins that are in their companie, and my Lord Bald|wyn Butetort and that company, and my lord Reynolde Cobham, tooke the ſaid towne, which is called Chaſtiel Sacret, or Satrat, by aſſault: and the baſtarde of Liſle whiche was captaine of the ſayd towne was alſo ſlaine there, as they aſ|ſaulted it, being ſtriken with an arrow through the head: and my Lorde Reynolde is retourned backe toward Languedock: and my lord Bald|win towards Braſſack, with their companies: and ye lords Iohn & Iames, and thoſe of their cõ|pany remain in Chaſtiel Satrat, & haue victuals plentie of al ſorts to ſerue them betwene this and Midſomer, except of freſhe fiſhe, and cabages as they haue aduertiſed vs by letters, whervpon ye need not to take thought for your mẽ. And there be in that towne more than .iij.C. glaiues, and iij.C. yeomen, & an .Cl. archers. And they haue tidde before Agen, & brent and deſtroyed all their Milnes, and haue brente and broken downe all their bridges that lye ouer Garon, and haue takẽ a Caſtell without the ſame towne, and haue for|tified it. And Monſier Iohn Darminak, and the Seneſhal of Agenois, which were in the town of Agen, wold not once put forth their hed, nor any of their people, and yet haue they bin twice before that towne.Buſcicau [...]. And Monſ. Buſgaud was come, & Monſieur Ernald de Spayne, and Grimoton de Chambule, with .iij.C. glaiues, &. iij. ſergeantes Lombards: & they are in the town of Muſchack, which is in Creſſy, & it is but a myle from Cha|ſtiel Satrat or Sacret, & a league from Breſſak, and ye may well thinke that there will bee good companie to taſte one another. And further may it pleſe you to know, that Monſ. Bartholomew is at Coniack with .vj. ſcore men of armes of my lords houſe,The captal de Bu [...]. & ſix ſcore archers, and the captau de Buche or Beuf, the lorde Montferrant, and the lorde of Crotony, which haue with them .iij.C. glaiues, and .vj. ſcore archers, & .ij.C. ſergeantes, beſide them which are in Tailbourgh, Tanney, and Rochford, ſo that when they are togyther, they may be well .vj.C. glaiues, and at the ma|king hereof, they were vpon a iourney towardes Aniou and Poictou, and the Earles of Suffolke, Oxford, & Saliſbury, the lord of Muſeden, Mõ|ſieur Ellis de Pomiers, and other Gaſcoygnes, with the whiche are well more than .v.C. glay|ues, and .ii.C. ſergeantes, and .iij. hundred Ar|chers, and they wer at the making hereof toward the parties of Noſtre Dame de Rochemade, & haue bin foorth aboue twelue days, and wer not returned at the ſending of theſe preſentes. My Lorde Iohn Chandois, my lorde Iames, & my lorde Baldwin, and thoſe which be in the [...]e com|panie are alſo foorth vpon a iourney toward their parties: My Lorde Reinolde and thoſe of the houſhold, with the Gaſecoyns as whiche be in theyr companie, are alſo foorth vpon a iorney towardes their parties. The Erle of Warwick hath be [...]e at Tonings and at Claras, to take thoſe townes, and at the making heereof was gone towards Mermande to deſtroye their Vynes, and all o|ther things which he can deſtroy of theyrs. My Lord is at Leyborn, and the lord of Pomiers at Fronſak, which is but a quarter of a league from Leyborne: and my lordes people lye as well at Sainct Milion, as at Leyborne, and Monſieur Berard de Bret is there with hym, and my lord looketh for newes whyche he ſhoulde haue, and accordyng to the newes that he ſhal haue, he will behaue hymſelfe: for as it ſeemeth, he ſtandeth muche on hys honour. At the makyng hereof, the Earle of Arnimacke was at Auignion, and the Kyng of Arragon is there alſo: and of all other parleys whyche haue bin in diuers places, (wherof you know) I can not certifie you at the makyng hereof. Ryght deare Syr, other thing I can not ſende vnto you, but that you remem|ber your ſelfe to ſend newes to my lord Prince as ſoone as in anye wyſe you maye, and ſo the Lorde graunte you good lyfe and long.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe Letters haue I thought good to make the reader partaker of, as I fynde them in the Chronicle of Roberte Aueſburye, to the ende ye may perceiue how other writers agree ſherwith, ſith the ſame Letters may ſerue as a toucheſtone to trie the truthe of the matter. And ſo nowe I wil returne to ſpeake of the kings doyngs in the north parte where we lefte hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fourteenth of Ianuarie Kyng Edward hauyng hys armye lodged neere the Towne of Berwycke, and hys Nauye ready in the hauen to aſſayle the Scottes that were wythin the Towne, hee entred the Caſtell whiche the En|glyſhemenne hadde in theyr handes, the Lorde Walter de Manny being theyr Capitayn, who hadde gotte certayne Myuers thyther from the Forreſt of Deane, and other parts of the realme, whyche were buſye to make paſſage vnder the grounde by a moyne throughe whyche the En|gliſhmen might enter into the towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon, when the Scottes perceyued in what daunger they ſtoode, and knewe that they coulde not long defend the Towne againſt him, they ſurrendred it into hys handes without fur|ther reſiſtance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Scottyſhe Hiſtoryes it is recorded,Hoc. i [...]ta. that when thoſe whiche were wythin the towne of Berwycke hearde howe that an armye of EEBO page image 955 Engliſhmen came to the ſuccours of the caſtell, they raſed the walles and beene the houſes of the Towne, and ſo departed wyth all the ſpoyle whych they had gotten there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. reg. 30. But howe ſo euer it was, kyng Edward be|ing againe poſſeſſed of the towne, he ſet men a worke to repare it, and paſſyng foorth to Rox|burg,The reſignati| [...] of the realm of Scotlande [...]le by the Ballioll. there met with hym the ryghtfull King of Scots Edwarde Ballioll, who tranſferred and reſigned all the right, title and intereſt, which he had or myght haue to the Crowne and Realme of Scotland into king Edwards handes: which reſignation he confirmed by his Letters patentes therof made and giuen vnder his hand and ſeale, dated the .xxv. of Ianuary .1356. requiring K. Edwarde to perſeuer in purſute of his title to the vttermoſte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edwarde hauing thus receyued the re|ſignation and releaſe of the Crowne of Scot|lande, of Edwarde Ballioll, marched foorthe wyth hys armye tyll hee came to Hadington, brenning and deſtroying the countrey on eche ſide round aboute him, as he paſſed. And whyleſt he laye there, abyding for his ſhippes, his men of warre were not ydle, but raunged abroade in the countrey, and did all the damage to their einmies that they coulde deuiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length his armie whiche he had the ſame tyme on the ſea, arriued on that coaſte, and lan|dyng, ſpoyled a Churche of our Lady, called the White kirke: but being retourned to their ſhips, there roſe ſuche a tempeſt and vehement North|wynde, that many of theyr Veſſels ruſhyng and [figure appears here on page 955] bratyng againſt the banks & ſandes, were drow|ned togither with the men that were within thẽ, for diſpleaſure wherof, Kyng Edwarde fell to the ſpoyle of the countrey agayn,K. Edvvarde [...] [...]fieth the S [...]ots. not ſparing one place more than an other: by reaſon whereof, as well abbeys as all other Churches and religious: houſes both in Hadington, in Edinborough, and through all other the parties of Louthian, where ſoeuer he came, were defaced, and put to ſacke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length when he had accompliſhed his will, and ſo ſette things in order, he returned back in|to Englande with the forſayde Edwarde B [...]|lyoll in hys companie, whom he kepe with him, for doubte leaſt hee ſhoulde reuolte, and procure ſome newe trouble.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the moneth of Iuly the Duke of Lanca|ſter being ſente to the ayde of the King of Na|uarre,The Duke of Lancaſter ſent to ayde the K. of Nauarre. came into Conſtantine, whiche is a por|tion of Normandie, and there ioyned with the Lorde Philippe of Nauarre, brother to the king of Nauarre,Paulus Ae|milius. and with the Lord Godfrey de Har|court, the whiche beyng returned into Fraunce, and reſtored to the Frenche kyngs fauour, was lately agayne reuolted vppon diſpleaſure taken for the death of his nephewe the Lorde Iohn de Harcourte, as in the Frenche hiſtories ye maye reade more at large.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They were in all aboute the number of foure thouſande fightyng men,Froiſſart. and beeyng aſſembled togyther, they wente to Lyſeux, to Orbec,The Caſtell of Orbec resbued to Ponteau, and reſcued the Caſtell there, whiche had bene beſinged by the Lord Roberte de Hote|tot, maiſter of the Croſſebowes in France, more than two monethes: But nowe hearyng that the Englyſhemen and Nauarroys approched, he departed from thende, leauing behynde hym, for haſte, his engins and artillerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The duke of Lancaſter paſſed forwarde vnto Bretuiel, which he cauſed to be relieued and fur|niſhed with neceſſarie things as was conueniẽt.The citie of E|vreux yelded to the French|men. And then leauing the Citie of Eureux, whiche was as then in the Frenchmẽs hands lately yel+ded to them after a long ſiege, he went forwarde with the Lorde Philip de Nauarre in hys com|panye tyll they came to Vernuell in Perch,Vernueil. and there took both the Towne and Caſtel, and rob|bed the towne and brent a great part therof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche Kyng who hadde aſſembled a myghtie armye,The French K. cõmeth to giue the Duke of Lancaſter bat|tayle. beyng aduertiſed of theſe mat|ters, haſted forward towarde the Duke of Lan|caſter, fully purpoſyng to giue him battayle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke and the lorde Philip de Nauarre hauyng knowledge that the French kyng follo|wed them, withdrewe towardes the Towne of the Egle, and the King ſtill wente after them, tyll he came to Tuebeuf two leagues from the towne of the Egle, and there it was ſhewed to hym that he coulde not followe his enimies any further by reaſon of the thicke forreſts, which he coulde not paſſe without greate daunger of hys perſone and loſſe of his people. Then returned he wyth all his hoſte, and tooke from the Na|uarroys the Caſtel of Thy [...]ers, and alſo the ca|ſtel of Brerueil, whiche was yelded to him after two monethes ſiege.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame tyme, that is to ſaye, in Iulye, the Prince of Wales, hauyng aſſembled EEBO page image 956 an armye of menne of warre,


The Prince of VVales inua|deth the french dominions.

to the number of eyght thouſand, entred into the frenche domi|nions, and fyrſte paſſyng thorough Auvergne, at length hee came into the countreye of Ber|rye, waſtyng and brennyng the Townes and vyllages as hee wente, takyng eaſye iourneyes for the better reliefe of his people, and deſtruction of his enimyes: for when hee was entred into anye Towne that was ſufficientely ſtored of things neceſſary, he wold tary there two or three dayes to refreſhe his Souldiours and menne of warre, and when they diſlodged, they woulde ſtryke out the heades of the wyne veſſelles, and brenne the wheate, oates and barley, and all o|ther thynges whyche they coulde not take with them, to the intente theyr enimyes ſhoulde not therwith bee ſuſteyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The citie of Burges.After this, they came before the citie of Burges, and there made a greate ſkirmiſhe at one of the gates, and there were manye feates of armes done. The hoſte departed from thence, without any more doyng,Iſſoldune aſ|ſaulted. and commyng to a ſtrong ca|ſtell called Iſſoldon, they fiercely aſſayled it, but coulde not winne it: The Gentlemenne within defended the walles and gates ſo manfully.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vierzon vvonne.Then paſſed they forewarde, and came to Vierzon, a greate towne and a good Caſtell, but it was nothyng ſtrongly fortifyed, and therfore was it wonne perforce, the people wythin it be|yng not ſufficient to reſiſt the valyant puiſſance of the Engliſhemen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heere they founde wyne and other victuals in great plentie, and therevpon they taryed there three dayes to refreſhe themſelues at eaſe. But before they departed, the Prince had aduertiſe|ment gyuen hym that the Frenche Kyng was come to Chartres, wyth an huge aſſemble of menne of warre, and that all the Townes and paſſages aboue the ryuer of Loire were cloſed and kepte. Then was the Prince counſayled to retourne and paſſe by Touraynne & Poictou,The paſſages ſtopped. and ſo that waye to Burdeaux.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prynce returnethe.The Prince follow [...]ng theyr aduice that thus counſelled hym, ſette forwarde towarde Remo|rentine. The Frenche Kyng hadde ſente into that Countrey to keepe the Frontiers there, the Lord of Craon, the Lord Bouciquault, and the Hermyte of Chaumount, the which with three hundred men of armes had followed the En|glyſhemenne ſixe dayes togyther, and coulde neuer fynde any conuenient occaſion to ſette vp|on them: for the Engliſhemen gouerned them|ſelues ſo ſagely, that theyr enimyes coulde not lightly aſſaile them but to theyr owne diſaduan|tage. One daye the Frenchemen layde them|ſelues cloſely in an ambuſh neere to the Towne of Remorentin, at a meruaylous ſtrayte paſ|ſage, by the whyche the Engliſhemenne muſte needes paſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye there were departed [...] Princes battaile, by licence of the Marſhals [...]|tayne Capitaynes, Engliſhemen, and Gaſ|coignes, as the Lorde Bartholmew de Burg|herſce, or Burwaſche (as ſome wryte hym) the Lorde of Mucident Gaſcongne, Monſieur Pe|titon de Courton, the Lorde de la Ware, the Lord Baſſet, ſir Danel Paſſelew, ſir Richarde Ponchardõ, ſir Noel Loring, ye yong lord S [...]ẽ|cer, and two of the Daubreticouites, Sir Ed|warde, and an other, who hauyng wyth them two hundred men of armes, wente foorthe ſo renne beefore Remorentin,Remorentin. that they myghte viewe the place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 They paſſed foorth alongeſt by the Frenche|men whyche lay in embuſhe, as ye haue hearde, and they wer not aduiſed of them, and they were no ſooner paſſed, but that the Frenchemen brake out, and gallopped after the Engliſhmen with greate randon, hauyng theyr ſpeares in theyr reſtes. The Engliſhemen and the Gaſcoyns hearyng horſſes to come gallopping after them, tourned, and perceyuyng them to bee their eni|mies, ſtoode ſtyll to abyde them. The Frenche|men couragiouſly gaue the charge,A [...]i [...]. and the En|gliſhemen as valyantly defended them, ſo that there enſewed a great ſkirmiſhe, whyche conti|nued a long whyle, ſo that it coulde not be eaſy|ly iudged who had the better, tyll that the bat|tayle of the Engliſh Marſhalles approched, the whyche when the Frenchemen ſawe commyng by a wood ſyde, they fledde ſtreyghte wayes to|wardes Remorentine,The French [...] and the Engliſhmen fo|lowed in chaſe ſo faſte as their horſſes myghte beare them, and entred the towne with the Fren|chem [...]n: but the frenche Lordes and the one half of their companye gotte into the Caſtell, and ſo ſaued themſelues.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Prince hearing what had hapned,The Prynce [...]e at the [...] came into the Towne, and there lodged that nyghte, ſendyng Sir Iohn Chandos to talke wyth the Capitaynes of the Caſtell, to knowe if they woulde yeld: and bycauſe they refuſed ſo to do, on the nexte morrowe hee cauſed his people to giue an aſſaulte to the place, whiche continued the moſte parte of the day, but yet miſſyng their purpoſe, he commanded that they ſhould draw, to their lodgyngs, and reſt them for that night. In the morning as ſoone as the Sunne was vp,The Caſtelle Re [...] euen aſſaulted. the Marſhalles cauſed the Trumpets to ſounde, and thoſe that were appoynted to gyue the aſ|ſaulte agayn, prepared themſelues to it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince himſelfe was preſente perſonal|ly at thys aſſaulte, ſo that the ſame was enfor|ced to the vttermoſte: But when they ſawe that by aſſaultes they coulde not wynne the Caſtell,It is ſet on fier. they deuiſed engines wherewith they caſt wylde EEBO page image 957 fyre into the baſe Courte, and ſo ſette it on fyre, whiche encreaſed in ſuche vehemente ſorte, that it tooke into the coueryng of a great tower, which was couered with reede: and then they wyth|in perceyuyng they muſt eyther yelde or periſhe with fyre, came down & ſubmitted themſelues to the Prince, who as pryſoners receyued them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They vvithin [...]tted them+ſelues.The Caſtell of Remorentine beeyng thus wonne and defaced with fyre, the Prince lefte it voyde, and marched foorthe wyth his armye as before, deſtroying the countrey, and approched to Aniou and Touraine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche [...]ng folovveth the prince of VVales.The Frenche King came forwarde towarde the Prince, and at Ambois heard how the Prince was in Tourayne, meanyng to returne through Poictow. He was dayly aduertiſed of the Prin|ces doings by ſuch as were appoynted to coaſte hym euer in his iourney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then came the king to Hay in Tourain, and his people were paſſed the ryuer of Loire at ſun|drye paſſages, Froiſſart. Seuen thouſãd choſen mẽ hath Tho. VValſin. where moſte conuenientely they myghte. They were in number twentie thou|ſande men of armes: of noble menne there were ſixe and twentie Dukes and Earles, beſyde a greate number of other Lordes and Barons: the foure ſonnes of the Kyng were there, as the Lorde Charles Duke of Normandie, the Lord Lewes after Duke of Anion, the Lorde Iohn after duke of Berry, and the Lorde Philip whi|che was after Duke of Burgongne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche king doubtyng leaſt the Prince ſhoulde eſcape by ſpeedye iourneyes oute of his countrey, before he coulde come to giue him bat|tayle, remoued to Chauuignie, and there paſſed the ryuer of Creuſe by the bridge, ſuppoſing that the Engliſhmen hadde bene before hym, but they were not. Some of the Frenchemen taryed be|hynde at Chauuignie for one nighte,Chauuignie. and in the morning followed the king. They were aboute two hundred menne of armes vnder the leading of the Lorde Craon, the Lorde Raoull de Con|cye, and the Earle of Ioigny. They chaunced to encounter with certain of the auaunt currours of the Engliſhe armie, which remoued that day from a little village faſt by. Thoſe Engliſhmen were not paſt threeſcore men of armes, but well horſed, and therefore perceyuing the greate num|ber of the Frenchemen, they fledde towarde the Princes battayle, whiche they knewe was not farre off. Capitaines of the Engliſhemen were two knyghtes of Heynault, the Lorde Euſtace Dambreticourt, & the Lord Iohn of Guiſtelles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenchemen beholding them in this wiſe to flee, rode after a mayne, and as they folowed in chaſe, they came on the Princes battayle be|fore they were aware. The Lorde Raoull of Couey wente ſo farre forewarde with his ban|ner, that hee entred vnder the Princes banner, [figure appears here on page 957] and fought right valyantly,The lord Ra| [...] de Couey taken. but yet he was there taken, and the Earle of Ioignie, alſo the Vicount of Bruce, the Lorde Chauuignie and dyuers o|ther, ſo that the moſte parte of thoſe Frenche|men were eyther taken or ſlayne, and very fewe eſcaped.Frencheman [...]led. The Prince vnderſtoode by the Priſo|ners, that the Frenche king was ſo farre aduan|ced forwarde in purſute of hym, that hee coulde not auoyde the batayle. Then he aſſembled hys men togither, and comaunded them to kepe or|der, and ſo rode that day beeing Saterdaye from morning till it was towarde night, & then came within two leagues of Poictiers: and herewyth ſending foorth certain captaynes to ſearch if, they could heare where the kyng was, hee encamped hymſelfe that nyght in a ſtrong place amongeſt hedges, vines, and buſhes. They that were ſent to diſcouer the countrey, rode ſo far, that they ſawe where the French king with his great battayle, was marching, and ſetting vpon the tayle of the Frenchemen, cauſed al the hoſte to ſtirre: whereof knowledge being giuen to the king, the which as then was entring into Poictiers, hee returned a|gain, and made all his hoſte to do the like, ſo that it was very late ere he and his people wer beſto|wed in their lodgings that nyght.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Englyſhe eurrours retournyng to the Prince, declared what they had ſeene and done. So, that nyghte, the two armyes beeing lodged wythin a ſmall diſtaunce eyther of other, kepte ſtrong and ſure watche aboute theyr campes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the morrowe after, beeing Sundaye, and the eyghteenth daye of September the Frenche Kyng cauſed hys hoſte to be deuided into three battayls or wards, and in eche of them were ſix|tene thouſande armed men, al muſtered and paſ|ſed EEBO page image 958 for armed men. The firſt battayle was go|uerned by the Duke of Orliance,The ordering of the Frenche battell. wherein were ſixe and thirtie banners, and twice as many pe|nons. The ſeconde was ledde by the Duke of Normandie and hys brethren, the Lord Lewes and the Lorde Iohn. The thirde the French K. hymſelfe conducted. And whyle theſe battayles were a ſettyng in arraye, the Kyng cauſed the Lorde Euſtace de Ribaumount, and two other noble menne to ryde on before, to ſee the dealing of the Engliſhemenne, and to aduiſe of what number they were.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thoſe that were thus ſente, rode foorth, and behelde the order of the Engliſhemenne at good leyſure: and retournyng, enfourmed the Kyng, that as they coulde iudge, the enimyes were a|boute two thouſande menne of armes, foure thouſande Archers, and fifteene hundred of o|thers, and that they were lodged in ſuch a ſtrong place, and ſo well fenced wyth ditches and hed|ges, that it wold be hard aſſaultng them therin.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinall of Piergort the Popes Le|gate,The Cardinall of Piergorte. as then lying in the Citie of Poictiers, came that mornyng to the Kyng, and requi|red hym to abſtayne from battayle, til he might vnderſtande whether the Prince woulde conde|ſcende vnto ſuche conditions of peace as he him ſelfe ſhoulde thynke reaſonable, whyche if it myghte be broughte to paſſe, the ſame ſhoulde be more honourable for hym than to aduenture ſo many noble men as were there wyth hym at that preſent in hazarde of battayle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King was contented that the Cardinall ſhould goe to the Prince,The Prince of VVales con|tented to come to a treatie. and ſee what he could doe with hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinall rode to the Prince, and talked with him tyll hee was contented to come to a treatie. The Cardinall retourned to the Frenche kyng, and required of hym that a truce mighte be graunted tyll the nexte daye Sunne ryſing: whyche truce obteyned, hee ſpente that daye in ryding to and fro betwixt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince offred, to render into the Kyngs handes all that he hadde wonne in that voyage,The offer of the Prince of VVales. as well Townes as Caſtelles, and alſo to re|leaſe all the Priſoners, whiche he or any of his men had taken in that iorney: and further he was contented to haue bene ſworne not to beare ar|mour agaynſt the French king, within the terme of .vij. yeres next folowing.The Frenche Kinges pre|ſumptuous de|maunde. But the French K. woulde not agree thereto: The vttermoſt that hee would agree vnto, was this, that the Prince and an hundred of hys Knyghtes, ſhould yeld themſelues as Priſoners vnto hym: otherwyſe hee woulde not haue the matter taken vp.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince in no wyſe coulde b [...]e broughte to anye ſuche vnreaſonable conditions, and ſo the Cardinall coulde not make them frendes, althoughe hee trauayled earneſtly betwixt them all that daye. When it drew towardes nyght, he retourned towarde Poictiers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhmen were not ydle,The Eng [...]menne [...] whyleſt the Cardinall thus was in hande to bring the par|ties to ſome good agreemente but caſte greate ditches, and made hedges, and other fortifica|tions aboute the place, where theyr Archers ſtoode, and on the nexte mornyng, beyng Mon|daye, the Prynce and hys people prepared them ſelues to receyue battayle, as they had done be|fore, hauyng paſſed the daye before and that nyghte in greate defaulte of neceſſarie thynges, for they coulde not ſtirre abroade to fetche for|rage or other prouiſions wythout daunger to be ſurpriſed of theyr enimyes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinall came agayne earely in the morning to the Frenche Kyng, and founde the Frenche army ready in order of battayle by that tyme the Sunne was vp, and though hee eftſoo|nes fell in hande to exhorte the Kyng to an a|greemente, yet it would not be: and ſo he went to the Prince,The Cardinall traueil in vaine. and declared to hym howe he coulde doe no good in the matter, and therfore he muſte abyde the hazarde of battayle for ought that he coulde ſee: wherewith the Prince was contente, and ſo the Cardinall retourned vnto Poictiers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here is to be remembred, that when (as Tho|mas Walſingham wryteth) thys Cardinall of Perigourt was ſente from the Pope to tra|uayle betwixte the parties for a peace to bee had, and that the Pope exhorted hym verie earneſtly to ſhewe his vttermoſte diligence and endeuor therin: at his ſetting foorth to goe on that meſ|ſage, the ſayde Cardinall (as was ſayde) made this anſwere: Moſt bleſſed father, ſayd he, either will we perſwade them to peace and quietneſſe,

Tho. VVelſ.

A propheſie of Prelate.

eyther elſe ſhall the verie Flint ſtones crye oute of it. But this hee ſpake not of hymſelfe, as it was ſuppoſed, but being a Prelate in that time, he propheſied what ſhould follow: for when the Engliſh Archers had beſtowed all their arrows vppon their enimies, they tooke vp pebles from the place where they ſtoode, beeyng full of thoſe kind of ſtones, and approchyng to their enimies, they threw the ſame with ſuch violẽce on them, that lighting againſt their helmets, armour, and targets, they made a great ringing noyſe, ſo that the Cardinals propheſie was fulfilled, that hee would either perſuade a peace, or elſe the ſtones ſhoulde crye out therof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The worthye Prince lyke a coragious chief|taine, when he ſaw that he muſt needes fyghte,The [...]on of the Prince required his people not to bee abaſſhed of the greate number of theyr enemyes, ſith the vic|torie did not conſiſt in the multitude of menne, but where God would ſende it: and if it fortu|ned EEBO page image 959 that the iourney myghte bee theirs and his, they ſhoulde be the moſte honored people of the world: and if they ſhould dye in that rightuous quarrell, he had the Kyng his father, and alſo hys brethren, in lyke caſe as they hadde freen|des and kynſemenne, that woulde ſeeke their re|uenge. And therfore he deſyred them that day to ſhewe themſelues lyke valyant men of warre: and for his parte hee truſted in God and Sainct George, they ſhoulde ſee in hys perſone no defaulte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Theſe or the lyke woordes dydde thys moſte gentle Prince ſpeake,Noble men with the Prince of VVales. whiche greatly comforted all hys people. There were wyth hym of Ear|les, Warwicke, Suffolke, Saleſburye, Staf|forde: of Lordes Cobham, Spencer, Audeley, Berckley, Baſſette, Wareyn, de la Ware, Bra|deſton, Burwaſch, Felton, Mallowe and dy|uers other: alſo Sir Iohn Chandos, by whome hee was muche counſayled, Sir Richard Staf|forde, Syr Richarde of Penbruche, and ma|nye other Knyghtes and valyaunt Eſquyres of Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, there was of Gaſcoyne, the Ca|pitall of Buz or Boef,The Capitall [...]e Boef. the Lordes of Prumes, Burguenrye, Chaumount, de Leſpare, Roſen, Monferant, Lãduras, the Souldich of Leſtrade, or Leſearde, and other: and of Heynault, ſir Eu|ſtace Daubreticourt, ſir Iohn de Guiſtelles, and other ſtraungers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The number of the prince his army.Al the Princes company paſſed not the num|ber of eight thouſande men one and other, of the whiche (as Iacobus Meire hath) three thouſand were Atchers: thoughe Froiſſart, as I haue re|herſed before, reporteth the number of Archers to be more, as in one place ſixe thouſande, and in an other place foure thouſande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The number of the Frenche.The Frenche kyng hauyng in his armie three ſcore thouſande fighting men, wherof there were more than three thouſande Knyghtes, made ſo ſure accompte of victorie, as anye man mighte of a thyng not yet hadde, conſideryng his great puiſſaunce, in regarde to the ſmall number of his aduerſaries: and therefore immediately after that the Cardinall was departed, hee cauſed hys battayles to marche forwarde, and approchyng to the place where the Engliſhemen ſtoode rea|dye to receyue their enimyes,The battell is beg [...]nne. cauſed the onſette to be gyuen. There were certayne French horſ|menne to the number of three hundred, wyth the Almayns alſo on horſebacke appoynted to breake the arraye of the Engliſhe Archers, but the Ar|chers were ſo defended and compaſſed aboute with hedges and ditches that the horſemen of the Frenche parte, coulde not enter to doe their feate, and beeing galled wyth the ſharpe ſhotte of the Engliſhe bowes,The force of the English ar|chers. they were ouerthrowne horſe and man, ſo that the vawarde of the Frenche|menne, wherein was the Duke of Athens, with the Marſhalles of Fraunce, the Lorde Iohn de Cleremount, and the Lorde Arnolde Dandre|hen or Odenhem beganne to diſorder wythin a whyle, by reaſon of the ſhotte of the Archers, to|gether wyth the helpe of the men of armes, a|mongſt whome in the forefronte was the Lorde Iames Audeley,The Lorde Iames Audely. to perfourme a vowe which the had made, to be one of the firſt ſetters on. There was the Lorde Arnolde Dandrehen taken pry|ſoner, and the Lord Iohn de Cleremont ſlayne, ſo that the noble prowes of the ſayde Lorde Ia|mes Audeley, breaking through the Frenchmens battayle wyth the ſlaughter of manye enimies, was that day moſt apparant.

Tho. VValſ.

The Earles of VVarvvicke and Suffolke.

The loyall con|ſtancie of the Noble Earles of Warwyke and Suffolke, that foughte ſo ſtoutly, ſo earneſtly, and ſo fiercely, was ryghte manyfeſte: and the Prince hymſelfe dyd not only fulfyll the office of a noble chieftayne, but alſo of a ryght valy|ant and experte ſouldioure, attempting what ſo euer any other hardye warriour woulde in ſuch caſes haue done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Neyther was thys battayle quickely diſpat|ched, nor eaſyly broughte to ende, but it was foughte oute wyth ſuche obſtinate earneſtneſſe, that three tymes that daye were the Englyſhe|men dryuen to renewe the fyghte, thorough the multitude of enimies that encreaſſed and came ſtill vppon them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fynally, the Marſhalles battayle was quite diſcomfited: for the Frenchemen and Almayns fell one vpon an other, and could not paſſe forth, and thoſe that were behynde, and coulde not get forewarde, reculed backe: and whileſt the Mar|ſhalles battayle beyng on horſebacke thus aſſay|led the Engliſh armie with great diſaduantage, and was in the ende beaten backe, the two bat|tayles of the Dukes of Normandie and Orle|aunce came forwarde, and lykewiſe aſſayled the Engliſhmenne, but coulde not preuayle, the Ar|chers ſhotte ſo fiercelye, that to conclude, the Frenchemen behynd vnderſtanding the diſcom|fyture of the Marſhalles battayle,The Marſhall [...] battell put to the vvorſe. and howe theyr fellowes before coulde not enter vppon theyr enimies, they opened and ranne to theyr horſſes, in whome they dydde put more truſte for theyr ſafeguarde by galloppyng on them awaye, than in theyr manlyke handes, for all theyr late brauerye and greate boaſtes. One thyng ſore diſcouraged the Frenchemen, and that was this: beſyde thoſe Engliſhmenne that were within the cloſure of their campe, there were certayn men of armes on horſebacke, with a number of Archers alſo on horſebacke, appoin|ted to coaſt vnder the couerte of a Mountayne, adioynyng to the place, where they thought to ſtryke into a ſyde of the Duke of Normandies EEBO page image 960 battayle, ſo that wyth the terroure heereof, and wyth the continuall ſhotte of the Engliſhe Ar|chers,

The Frenche|men ſeeke to ſaue themſelues by [...]ight.


the Frenchemenne not knowyng where to tourne themſelues, ſoughte to ſaue their lyues by flighte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince of Wales, perceyuing how hys enimies (for the more part of them) were fleeyng away, as men diſcomfited, ſent out his horſmen as well on the one hande as on the other, and he hymſelfe wyth hys whole power of footemen ruſhed foorth, and manfully aſſayled the mayne battayle of the Frenchemenne, where the King hymſelfe was, who lyke a valyant Prince wold not flee,


The valiancye of the Frenche king.

but fought ryghte manfully: ſo that yf the fourthe parte of his men had done halfe their partes as he didde hys, the victorie by lykelyhod had reſted (as Froiſſart ſayeth) on his ſyde: but he was forſaken of his three ſonnes, and of hys brother the Duke of Orleaunce, whych fledde out of the battayle wyth cleare handes. Finally after huge ſlaughter made of thoſe noble men, and other whiche aboade with hym euen to the ende,The Frenche king taken. he was taken, and ſo lykewyſe was hys yongeſt ſonne Philippe, and bothe put in greate daunger to haue bin murthered after they were taken, by the Engliſhmen and Gaſcoignes, ſtri|uyng who ſhould haue the kyng to his priſoner, where in deede a knyght of Flaunders, or rather Artoys,

Iames Mair.

Syr Denyſe Morbecke.

borne in Saint Omers, called Sir De|nyſe Morbecke, tooke him, but he was ſtrayghte wayes taken from the ſame ſir Denyſe by o [...] that came in the meane ſeaſon.Froiſſart.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlayne in this battayle of noble men, the Dukes of Burbon, and Athenes,Noble and [...]ayne. the Marſhall Cleremount, ſir Geoffrey [...], Cha [...]ys, that bare the chiefe ſtandert of Fraunce, the Bi|ſhop of Chaalons, ſir Euſtace de Ridaum [...] with diuers other to the number of an right hun|dred Lordes, knyghts and Gentlemen of na [...].Ia. Me [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In all there dyed of the Frenche parte [...]e thouſande of one and other.


The [...]

The chaſe was con|tinued euen to the gates of Poictiers, and ma|nye ſlayne and beaten downe in the ſtreete be|fore the gates, whiche the Citizens hadde clo [...] for doubt leaſt the Engliſhemenne ſhoulde entre with them that fled thyther for ſafegard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were taken beſide the Kyng and his ſonne, the Lorde Iaques de Burbon, Earle of Ponthieu, brother to the duke of Burbon,Froiſſart. A [...]e [...] [...] F [...]ce. that was ſlayne there, the Earle of Ew, the Lorde Charles his brother Erle of Longvile, the Arch|biſhoppe of Sens, the Earles of Vandoſme, Saleſbruche, Ventadore, Tankerville,

Arc [...] Douglas ta [...]

Ia [...]. Me [...].

Eſtam|pes, and Dampmartine: alſo Archembalde Dowglas a noble manne of Scotlande, ſonne to the Lorde William Douglas that was killed in Spayne, the Marſhall Dandrehen or Ode|hem (as Iacobus Meire hath) with other to the number of .xvij. hundred Earles, Lords,Pri [...] [...] Knigh|tes, and Gentlemen, beſyde thoſe of the mea|ner [figure appears here on page 960] ſorte, ſo that the Engliſhemen had twice as manye Priſoners as they themſelues were in number: And therefore it was deuiſed amongeſt them, to put the moſte parte of theyr Priſoners to raunſome there in the fielde, and ſo they dyd for doubt of further daunger, the multitude be|yng ſo greate as it was.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus was the Prince of Wales victor in that notable battayle foughte in the fieldes of Beauvoir and Malpertuſe, two leagues from Poictiers, the nineteenth daye of September be|yng Mondaye,The battayle of Poictiers vvhen it vvas. in the yeare a thouſande, three hundred, fiftie and ſixe: it began in the morning and ended at noone. But bycauſe the Engliſhe|men were ſcattered abroade in chaſe of theyr e|nimyes, the Princes banner was ſette vp in a buſhe, to drawe all his menne togyther. It was almoſte nyght ere they were all retourned from the chaſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince made a greate ſupper in his lod|ging that nyght to the Frenche Kyng,The Prince ſuppe [...] the priſoners. and to the moſte parte of his nobles, that were taken priſoners, and did all the honour that he coulde deuyſe to the Kyng: and where hee perceyued by hys cheere and countenaunce, that hys heart was full of penſiue griefe, carefull thought and heauyneſſe, he comforted hym in the beſte ma|ner that hee myght, and ſayd to him:

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moſte noble King, there is no cauſe where|fore your grace ſhoulde be penſiue,The Prince cheereth the French king. though God this daye didde not conſente to followe youre will. For your noble prowes and dignitie roy|all, wyth the ſupreme type of youre Kyngly Maieſtye, remayneth whole and inuiolate, and EEBO page image 961 whatſoeuer maye rightly bee called yours, ſo that no violente force of time ſhall blotte out or diminiſhe the ſame:Paulus A [...]|milius. the Almightie God hath determined that the chaunce of warre ſhall reſt in his diſpoſition and will, as all other things. Your elders haue atchieued bothe by lande and ſea many noble enterprices. The whole com|paſſe of Europe, al the Eaſt parts of the world, all places and countreys, bothe farre and neare are full of monumentes, witneſſing the noble victories attained by the Frenche people. The cauſe of godlie liuing and religion, the dignity and preheminence of Chriſtianitie hathe bene defended and augmented by you, againſte the moſte mightie and puiſſaunt capitaines of the infidels, enemies to the ſaid Chriſtian religion. All ages ſhall make mention of your worthie praiſes, no nation there is but ſhall confeſſe it ſelfe, bounden at one time or other for benefites receiued at your handes, neyther is there any people but ſuche as hope to be hereafter boun|den to you for reliefe and benefites, to proceede from you in time to come: one or twoo batails haplye haue chaunced amongeſt ſo many tri|umphs otherwiſe than you wold haue wiſhed. Chaunce woulde it ſhoulde be ſo, whiche maye enfeeble and make weake the power of hor|ſes, armor, and weapon: your inuincible cou|rage and royall magnanimitie lyeth in your power to reteyne: neyther ſhall this day take any thing from you or yours. And this realme of Fraunce whiche hathe procreate and brought foorth & noriſhed ſo many of my noble progeni|tors, ſhall perceyue my good meanyng towar|des hir, and not forgetfull of myne elders, and towarde your maieſtie, (if you will vouchſafe that I ſhoulde glorye of that name) a moſt humble kinſman. There are manye occaſions of loue and freendſhippe betwixte you and my father, whiche I truſte ſhall take place, for I knowe all his thoughtes and inwarde mea|nings: you ſhall agree and come to an attone|ment right eaſily togither, and I pray God he neuer take me for his ſonne, except I haue you in the ſame degree of honour, reuerence, and faithfull loue, whiche I owe towardes hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The king as reaſon wold, acknowleged this to proceede of great curteſte,The Frenche King thanketh the Prince. ſhewed towardes him in the prince, and thanked him according|ly. And the Prince performing in deede that whiche hee ſpake with worde, ceaſed from fur|ther vſing of fire, or other endomaging of the Frenche dominions, & taking his way through the countreys of Poictow, and Xaintonge, by eaſie iourneys,The prince re|turneth to Berdeaux Froiſſart. he and his people came to Blay, and ſo paſſed ouer the water to Burdeaux in good ſafetie with all their riches and priſoners. The Prince gaue to the lorde Iames Audeley (who hadde receiued in the battaile many ſore woundes): v.C.The lord Aud|ley revvarded markes of yearely reuenues aſſigned foorth of his landes in Englande, the whiche gifte the knight graunted as freelye as he hadde receiued it vnto foure of his Eſquiers whyche in the battaile hadde bene euer atten|daunt aboute his perſon, without whoſe ayde and valiant ſupport, he knewe well that he had bene ſlaine ſundrie times in the ſame battaile by his enimies. When the Prince hearde that he hadde ſo done, hee marueiled what his mea|ning was therby, and cauſed him to be brought beefore his preſence, and demaunded of hym wherefore he hadde ſo lightlie giuen away that rewarde whiche hee had beſtowed vpon hym, and whether hee thought that gifte to meane for him or not.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Audeley ſo excuſed himſelfe in extoſting the good ſeruice done to him by his Eſquiers, throughe whome he hadde ſo many times eſcaped the daungers of deathe, that the Prince did not onelie confirme the reſignation of the fiue hundred marks giuen to the eſquiers, but alſo rewarded the lord Audley wyth vj.C. markes more of like yearely reuenues, in maner and forme as her had receiued the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the newes of this greate victorie came into Englande of the ouerthrowe of the Frenchemen, and taking of the Frenche king, yee may bee ſure there was greate ioy ſhewed by outwarde tokens, as bonfiers made,Bonfiers. feaſtes and banquets kept, throughe the whole realme: likewiſe the Gaſcoignes and engliſhemen bee|ing come to Burdeaux, made greate reuell and paſtime there, ſpending freely that gold & ſiluer which they had won in the battell of Poictiers, and elſe where in that iourney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in Aprill the Prince of Wales tooke ſhipping with his priſoners at Burdeaux and the fifthe of Maye arriued at Plimmouth.


An. reg. 32.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The foure and twentieth day of May bee was with greate honour ioyfully receiued of the citizens into the citie of London,

Ad. to Me|rimouth.

The prince bringeth the Frenche King ouer into Englande.

and ſo conueyed to the pallace of Weſtminſter, where the Kyng ſitting in Weſtminſter hall, recey|ued the Frenche king, and after conueyed hym to a lodging appointed for him, where he laye a ſeaſon, but after hee was remoued to the Sa|voy, whiche was at that time a goodly houſe, apperteining to the Duke of Lancaſter, though afterwardes it was brent and deſtroyed by Wat Tyler, and Iacke Strawe, and theyr companie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this place the Frenche Kyng laye, and kept houſe a long time after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Winter followyng were royall Iuſtes holden in Smithfielde, at the whiche were preſente the Kings of England,A Iuſtes holden Smithfielde. Fraunce EEBO page image 962 and Scotland, with many greate eſtates of all their three kingdomes, of the whiche the more parte of the ſtraungers were as then priſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was reported, that the French kyng could nor ſo diſſemble nor cloke his inwarde thought, but that there appeared ſome tokens of griefe in his countenaunce, whileſt hee behelde theſe warlike paſtimes: and when the king of Eng|lande,The Frenche King f [...]vvfull. and his ſonne Prince Edwarde with comfortable wordes required hym after ſupper to put all penſiue cares out of his fantaſie, and to bee merrie and ſing as other did, he ſhoulde make this aunſwere with a ſmyling counte|naunce, Quomodo cantabimus canticum in terra alienae?

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tho. VValſ. Fr [...]rt.Aboute the ſame time there came ouer into Englande twoo Cardinalles, the one called Talirande, beyng biſhoppe of Alba, and com|monly named the Cardinall of Pierregort,Ca [...]a [...] Eng|lands and the other hight Nicholas intitled Cardinall of Saint Vitale (or as Froſſart hath) of Dargell, they were ſente from Pope Innocent the ſixte, to entreate for a peace betwixte the Kinges of Englande and Fraunce: but they coulde not bring their purpoſe to any perfect concluſion, (althoughe they remained here for the ſpace of twoo yeares) but only by good meanes yet they procured a truce betweene the ſaide kings, and all their aſſiſtauntes, to endure from the time of the publication thereof, vnto the feaſte of Sainct Iohn Baptiſte,A [...]or [...]. whiche ſhoulde bee in the yeare .1359. out of the whiche truce was excepted the lorde Phillippe of Nauarre, and his alies, the Counteſſe of Mountfort, and the whole Dutchie of Britaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche [...] [...]ed [...] in [...]or.A none after, the Frenche King was remo|ued from the Savoy vnto the caſtell of Win|ſor with all his houſholde, and then hee wente on huntyng and hauking there aboute at his pleaſure, and the lorde Phillip his ſonne wyth him, all the reſidue of the priſoners abode ſtill at London, but were ſuffred to goe vp and downe, and to come to the Court when they woulde.Rennes bee|ſieged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare the Duke of Lancaſter beſieged the Citie of Rennes in Britayne in the title of the Counteſſe of Richemounte, and hir yong ſonne Iohn of Mountfort, that clai|med to bee Duke of Britaine. Thoſe that were within the Citie, as the Vicount of Ro|han, and Berthram de Clayquine, (who as then was a luſtie yong bacheler) and others defended themſelues manfu [...]ie for a time, but yet at lengthe they were compelled to rendee the citie into their enemies handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Aboute the ſame tyme twoo Franciſcane Friers wer brent at London,T [...] VValſ. for matters of re|ligion. Moreouer Quene Iſabel mother vnto king Edwarde the thirde, departed this life the ſeuen and twentith day of Auguſte, and w [...] buried the ſeuen and twentieth daye of No|uember, in the Church of the Friers Minore at London, not yet dedicated. Dauid King of Scotlande, ſhortely after the truce was con|cluded betwixte Englande and Fraunce, and ſette at libertie,Fourdon. paying for his raunſome the ſumme of one hundrethe thouſande markes (as Fourdon ſayeth,The King of Scottes [...].) but whether hee meaneth Scottiſhe or ſteeling money, I cannot ſaye: He alſo was bounde by couenaunt nowe vpon his deliueraunce, to cauſe the Caſtelles in Ne|deſdale to be raiſed,Polidore. which were knowen to be euill neighbours to the Engliſhe borderers, as Dunfriſe, Dalſwinton, Morton, Dunſdere, [...] other nine. His wife Quene Ioan made ſuche earneſſe ſute to hir brother King Edwarde for hir huſbandes deliuerance, that king Edward was contented to releaſe him vpon the paiment of ſo ſmall a portion of mony,Froiſſ [...]. and performance of the couenauntes, for the raſing of thoſe ca|ſtells, (although Froiſſart ſayth) that hee was couenaunted to pay for his deliueraunce with|in the terme of tenne yeares fiue hundrethe thouſande nobles, and for ſuretie of that pay|ment to ſende into Englande ſufficient hoſta|ges, as the earles of Douglas, Murrey, Mar, Sutherlande, and Fiffe, the baron of Veſcye, and ſir William Camoiſe. Alſo he couenaun|ted neuer to weare armour agaynſte Kyng Edwarde, within his Realme of Englande, nor conſent that his ſubiectes ſhoulde ſo doe. And further ſhoulde vpon his retourne home, doe the beſte hee coulde to cauſe the Scottes to agree that their Countreye ſhoulde holde of hym in fee, and that hee and his ſucceſſoures, kings of Scotlande, ſhoulde doe homage to the King of Englande, and his ſucceſſors for the Realme of Scotlande.


An. reg. 32.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this two and thirtie yeare as witneſſeth the frenche Chronicles, Sir Roberte Knolles, Iames Pipe, and one Thomlin Foulke,Annales de Fraunce. with other capitaines and men of warre as ſouldi|ours to the king of Navarre vppon the tenthe daye of Marche carely in the morning ſcaled the walles of the citie of Auxerre, and behaued them ſo manfully, that they were maſters of the Towne before the Sunne was vp. They got exceeding muche by the ſpoile of that citie, and by raunſoming the priſoners whiche they tooke there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At lengthe after they hadde remained eighte dayes in that Citie,The citie of A [...]rre take [...] by ſir Robert Knolles. and taken their pleaſure of all thinges within it, they wrought ſo with the Citizens, that to haue poſſeſſion of their Citie againe, and to haue it ſaued from fyre, they agreed to giue to ſir Roberte Knolles, and to EEBO page image 963 his companie, fiftie thouſand motons of gold, whiche amounted to the ſumme of twelue thouſande and fiue hundreth pounde ſterling or there aboute, and yet was it agreed, that the Engliſhemenne ſhoulde brenne the gates, and throwe downe the walles in diuers pla|ces.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Aprill nexte enſuing, the Towne of Daubignie ſur le Metre was likewiſe wonne by the Engliſhemenne,Danbignie ſur le Metre Cha [...]lon. and the ſeconde daye of Maye Chaſtelon ſur Loigne was taken by the ſayde Sir Roberte Knolles, and put to ſacke as the other were.Nevvcaſtell [...]r Loire. From thence they went to Newecaſtell vppon Loyre. And thus did the Engliſhemenne, and other in title of the Kyng of Nauarre,Talke of a peace and arti|cles thereof dravven. greately endomage the Realme of Fraunce, dayly winning townes and Caſtelles, raunſomyng the people, and waſting the countreys in moſt miſerable wiſe, as in the hiſtorie of Fraunce you may reade more at large.Caxton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane while there was talke of peace betwixte the Kyng of Englande, and the Kyng of Fraunce, and articles thereof drawn in this forme, That the whole countreis of Gaſcoigne, Guyenne, Poictow, Touraine, Xainctonge, Piergourd, Quercie, Limoſin, Engoliſmois, Calais, Guynes, Bolongne, and Ponthieu, ſhoulde remayne to the Kyng of Englande wholy, withoute doyng homage or paying any reliefe for the ſame: but on the other parte, he ſhoulde renounce all his righte, whiche hee mighte by any manner of meane claime to the countreys of Normandie, An|iou, or Mayne. And further, that the Frenche King ſhoulde pay a certaine ſumme of mo|ney for his raunſome, and delyuer ſufficient pledges for the ſame, and ſo departe into Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe articles were ſent ouer into Fraũce, that the three eſtates there might confirm them, whiche they refuſed to doe. Wherevpon when the truce ended, the warres were agayne reuiued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng helde this yeare the feaſte of Sainct George at Windſor, in more ſumptu|ous manner than euer it hadde bene kepte be|fore.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tho. VValſ.The ſame yeare alſo, Frier Iohn Liſle Byſhoppe of Elie beyng (as he tooke it) ſome|what wronged by the Ladye Blaunche de Wake,The Bishoppe [...] E [...]. and other that were of hir counſell, went the laſte yeare againſte the Kynges will vnto the Popes Courte, where exhibiting his complaint, he cauſed the Pope to excommu|nicate all hys aduerſaries, ſending to the Bi|ſhoppe of Lincolne and other of the Clergie, that if they knewe any of them ſo excommu|nicated to bee deade and buried,Excommunica|tion. they ſhoulde drawe them out of their graues: whiche was done: and bycauſe ſome of thoſe that were ex|communicated were of the Kinges counſell, the King tooke ſuche diſpleaſure therewith, that hee greenouſlye diſquieted the Prelates. Wherevpon there were ſente from the Courte of Rome on the behalfe of the Biſhoppe of Elie, certaine perſons, whiche being armed mette the Biſhoppe of Rocheſter Lorde Tre|ſourer, deliueryng to hym Letters from the Pope, the contentes of the whiche were not knowen, and foorthwith they ſhranke awaye: but the Kinges ſeruauntes made ſuche purſute after them, that ſome of them they tooke, and bringing them before the Kynges Iuſtices,Suche as deli|uered the Pope letters hanged. vppon their arreignement they were condemp|ned and ſuffred deathe on the gallowes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Great diſcorde roſe alſo aboute thys time,Dyſcorde be|tvvixt Prieſtes and Friers. or rather afore, betwixte the Clergie, and the foure orders of Friers, as in the booke of Actes and Monumentes ſette foorthe by maſter. Foxe yet maye reade more at large.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare Iohn of Gaunt Earle of Richemont, ſonne to the Kyng,

Tho. VValſ.

Iohn fo Gau [...] married.


An. reg. 33.

the nineteenth daye of Maye married the Ladie Blaunche daughter to Henrye Duke of Lancaſter at Reading, and bicauſe they were couſins with|in the degrees of conſanguinitie, forbidden by the Churche Lawes to marrie, a diſpenſa|tion was procured of the Pope to remoue that obſtacle and lette.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Kyng ſette workemenne in hande to take downe muche olde buildings belonging to the Caſtel of Windſor,

VVinſor caſtell repared.

Additions to Triuet.

and cau|ſed diuers other faire and ſumptuous workes to bee erected and ſette vp, in and aboute the ſame Caſtell, ſo that almoſte all the Maſons and Carpenters that were of any accompte within this lande, were ſente for and employed aboute the ſame workes, the ouerſeer wherof was Wyllyam Wickham the Kyngs Chap|lein, by whoſe aduice the Kyng tooke in hande to repaire that place, the rather in deede by|cauſe hee was borne there, and therefore hee tooke greate pleaſure to beſtowe coſte in beau|tifying it with ſuche buildings as maye ap|peare euen vnto this daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, this yeare in the Rogation weeke was a ſolempne Iuſtes enterpriſed at London, for the Maior,A ſolempne Iuſtes at London. and his four and twen|tie brethren as chalengers did appoint to aun|ſwere all co [...]ers, in whoſe name and ſteede the Kyng wyth hys four ſonnes, Edwarde,


The king vvith his four [...]onnes, are of the cha|lengers parte.

Lionell, Iohn, and Edmunde, and nineteene other greate Lordes, in ſecrete manner came and helde the fielde with honour, to the great pleaſure of the citizens that behelde the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 964Yee haue hearde howe the Frenchemen refuſed the peace whiche was accorded be|twixte King Edwarde, and theyr King as then priſoner here in Englande. Wherevppon King Edwarde determined to make ſuche warre againſte the Realme of Fraunce, that the Frenchemen ſhoulde bee gladde to condiſ|cende and agree to reaſon: and firſte hee com|maunded all manner of Frenchemenne (other than ſuche as were priſoners) to auoide out of Englande.The Frenche King remoued. He departed from Hertfourt the .xxix. of Iulie. Hee alſo appointed the Frenche King to bee remoued from the Caſtell of Hert|forde, where hee then remained vnto the Ca|ſtell of Somerton in Lincolneſhire, vnder the garde and conduct of the lord William Dein|courte,Polidore. beeyng allowed fourtie ſhillyngs the daye for the wages of twoo and twentie men at armes, twentie archers, and twoo watche|menne: as thus, for himſelfe and Sir Iohn Kirketon Banerettes, eyther of them foure ſhillings the daye, for three Knightes, Sir Wyllyam Collevill (in place of the Lorde Roberte Collevill, that coulde not trauayle hymſelfe by reaſon of ſickeneſſe) Sir Iohn Deincourte, and Syr Saer de Rocheforte, eche of them twoo ſhillings the daye, ſeuen|teene Eſquiers eche of them twelue pence the daye, eight archers on horſe backe euery of them ſixe pence the daye, and twelue archers on foote three pence, and the twoo watchemen eyther of them ſixe pence the daye, whiche a|mounteth in the whole vnto nyne and thirtie ſhillings the daye, and the odde twelue pence was allowed to the ſaide Lorde Deincourte to make vp the ſumme of fortie ſhillings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This haue I noted the rather to giue a lighte to the reader to conſider howe charge|able the reteining of men of warre is in theſe dayes in reſpect of the former times. But now to our purpoſe.

The King pre|pareth to make a iourney into Fraunce.


The Duke of Lancaſter.

The King meanyng to paſſe ouer hymſelfe in perſon into Fraunce, he cau|ſed a mightie army to bee muſtered and put in a redineſſe, and ſente beefore hym the Duke of Lancaſter ouer to Callais with foure hun|dreth ſpeares, and twoo thouſande Archers, where the ſaide Duke ioyned with ſuche ſtran|gers as were alreadye comme to Callais in greate numbers, and togyther with them en|tred into the Frenche dominious, and paſſing by Saincte Omers and Bethune, came to Mount ſainct Eloy, a goodly Abbey and a rich, a two leagues diſtant from Arras, and there the hoſte tarried foure dayes, and when they hadde robbed & waſted all the Countrey there|aboute,Bray aſſ [...]l [...]d. they rode to Bray, and there made a greet aſſaulte, at the which a Baneret of En|gland was ſlain with diuers other. When the Engliſhemenne ſawe they coulde winne no|thing there, they departed, and followyng the water of Some, came to a town called Che [...]|ſye, where they paſſed the riuer, and there [...]|ried Allhallowen daye, and the night follow|ing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame daye the Duke of Lancaſter was aduertiſed,The Kyng [...] arri [...] C [...]e. that the Kyng was arriued at Callais, the ſeuenteenth daye of October,Froiſſart. commaunding hym by letters to drawe to|wardes him with all his companye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke according to the Kings com|maundement obeyed, and ſo retourned to|warde Callais.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King beeyng there arriued with all his power, tooke counſell whiche way he ſhulde take.Polidor. Some aduiſed him firſt to inuade Flaun|ders, and to reuenge the iniurious dealing of the Earle and the Flemings: but hee woulde not agree to that motion, for hee purpoſed fully eyther by plaine force to make a conqueſte of Fraunce, or elſe vtterlye to deſtroye and waſte the countrey throughoute with fire and ſworde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevppon hee ſette forewarde the fourthe of Nouember, and paſſing throughe the coun|treys of Arthois, and Vermendois, hee came before the Citie of Reimes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There wente ouer with him in this iour|ney, and with the Duke of Lancaſter,Froiſſart. his foure ſonnes, Edwarde Prince of Wales, Lionell Earle of Vlſter, Iohn Earle of Richemond, and the Lorde Edmunde his yongeſt ſonne. Alſo ther was Hẽry ye ſaid Duke of Lancaſter, with the Earles of Marche, Warwike, Suf|folke, Herford, who alſo was Earle of Nor|thampton, Saliſburie, Stafford, and Oxford, the Byſhoppes of Lincolne, and Durham, & the Lords Percie, Nevyll, Spẽcer, Kirdiſtõ, Roſſe, Manny, Cobhã, Moubrey de la Ware, Willoughbie, Felton, Baſſet, Fitz Water, Charleton, Audeley, Burwaſche, and others, beſide Knyghtes and Eſquiers, as Sir Iohn Chandos, Sir Stephan Gouſſanton, Sir Nowell Loring, ſir Hugh Haſtings, ſir Iohn Liſle, Sir Richarde Pembruge, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The ſiege was layde before Reimes aboute Sainct Andrewes tide,Rei [...]s [...]|ſieged. and continued more than ſeuen weekes: but the Citie was ſo well defended by the Biſhop and the earle of Por|cien, and other capitaines within it, that the Engliſhemenne coulde not obtaine their pur|poſe,1160 and ſo at lengthe when they coulde not haue fourrage nor other neceſſarie thinges a|broade in the countrey for to ſerue their turne, the King rayſed his fielde, and departed with his armie in good order of battaile, taking the way throughe Champaigne and ſo paſſed by Cha [...]lons, and after to Merie on the ryuer of EEBO page image 965 Seyue.

An. reg. 34.

T [...]re vv [...].

From Mery he departed and came vn|to Tonnere, which towne aboute the begin|ning of the foure and thyrtie yere of his reigne was wonne by aſſaulte, but the Caſtell coulde not bee wonne, for there was within is the Lord Fyennes Coneſtable of Fraunce, and a greate number of other good men of warre, whiche defended it valiantly. After the Kyng hadde reſted there fiue dayes, and that his men were well refreſhed with the wines and other ſuch things, which they found in that towne in good plentie, hee remoued and drewe towardes Burgongne,Guy [...]on. cõming to a towne called Guil|lon or Aguyllon, where he laye from A [...]wed|neſdaye vnto Midlente, hauyng good prouiſion of all maner of victualles by the meanes of an Eſquier of hys called Iohn Alan [...]on,F [...]ignie. whiche hadde taken the Towne of Flauignie not farre thence, wherein was greate ſtore of bread and wine and other victualles: and ſtill the Mar|ſhalls roade foorth, and oftentimes refreſhed the hoſte with newe prouiſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhemen had with them in their carriages, Tents, Pauillions, Milles, O [...]ns, and Forges: alſo boates of leather cunningly made and deuiſed able to receyue three man a peece, and to paſſe them ouer waters and Ri|uers.The number of [...]riages. They hadde at the leaſte ſixe thouſande eartes with them, and for euerie carte foure horſes whiche they hadde out of England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane while, the Frenchemenne made certaine veſſelles foorthe to the ſea vndir the gouernaunce of the Earle of Sainct Paule the whiche vppon the fifteenth daye of Marche landed earlye in the morning at Wincheſte,Caxton. Additions [...]o Meri| [...]outh. and beefore Sunne riſing entred the Towne, and findyng the inhabitantes vnprouided to make any greate reſiſtaunce, [...] to and ſacked the houſes,VVinche [...]ſey [...] by the Fr [...]che. ſlewe many men, women and alſo children, and after ſet fier on the Towne, and vppon knowledge hadde that the people of the countrey nexte adioyning were aſſembled, and comming to the reſcue, hee cauſed his men to drawe to their ſhippes, and ſo they taking their pillage and ſpoile with them, gotte them abour [...]e, not without ſome loſſe of their com|panie, whiche were ſlaine in the towne by ſuch as reſiſted their violence. Whileſte the Kyng laye at Aguillon, there came to hym [...]nſeaume de Sa [...]ans Chauncellor of Burgoigne, Ia|ques de Vienne, and other lords of the coũtrey, beeyng ſe [...]e from theyr Duke to agree wyth the Kyng for the ſparyng of the landes and ſeignories apperteining to the duchie of Bur|gongne.A compoſitiõ [...] to ſpate [...] countrey of [...]gogne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Chancellor, and the other Burgoinion Lordes founde the Kyng ſo agreeable to theyr requeſt, that a compoſition was made betwixt hym and the countrey of Burgoine ſo that hee ſhoulde make to them an aſſuraunce for hym, and all his people not to ouerrunne or choo|mage that countrey during the ſpace of force yeares,

Frankes hathe Paradin, in Les Anna|les de Bur|goigne. Froiſſart.

The Kyng of England dravveth to|vvards Paris.

and hee to haue in readie money the ſumme of twoo hundreth thouſande [...]orens of golde whiche of ſterling money amounted to the ſumme of fiue and thirtie thouſand pounds. When this agremẽt was engroſſed vp in wri|ting and ſealed, the Kyng diſlodged and all his hoſte taking the right way to Paris, & paſ|ſing ye riuer of Yonne, entred into Ga [...]ynois and at length by eaſie iourneys, vppon a Tuiſ|daye [...]yng the laſte of Marche in the weeke beefore Eaſter, hee came and lodged beetweene Mon [...] [...]e Herie, and Cha [...]s, and his people in the countrey there aboute.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here the Duke of Normandy made meane for a treaſ [...]e of peace, whiche was laboured by a Frier c [...]d Simon de Langre [...] pro [...]ll of the Friers Iacobins and the Popes legate: hee did ſo muche, that a trea [...]ie was appointed to bee holden on good F [...]ldaye in the Malede|rie of Longeg [...]new,A trea [...] where there appeared for the Kyng of Englande the Duke of Lanca|ſter, the Earles of Warwike and Northamp|ton, with Sir Iohn Chandos. Sir Walter de Manny, and Sir William Cheynle knights: and for the frenche Kyng thither came the Erle of En Conneſtable of Fraunce, and the Mar|ſhall Boucyquaut with other, but their trea|tie came to none effect: Wherfore the Kyng vppon the Tuiſday in the Eaſter weeke remo|ued nearer vnto Paris, and vppon the Fridaye following, beeyng the tenth of Aprill, by pro|curement of the Abbot of Elugny newly come from Pope Innocent the ſixte, the foreſaide Commiſſioners eftſoones did meete to treate of an agreement, but nothing they coulde con|clude, the parties in their offers and demaunds were ſo farre at oddes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Vppon the Sunday nexte following a part of the Kynges hoſte came beefore the Citie of Paris,The Englishe|menne before Paris. and embattailed themſelues in a [...] [...]oe faſte by Sainct Marcilles, abiding there from morning till three of the clocke in the ac [...]e noone, to ſee if the frenchemenne woulde come foorthe to giue battaile: but the frenchemenne woulde not talle of that veſſell. For the Duke of Normandie well conſidering what loſſe had enſued within few yeares paſte vnto the realme of Fraunce, by giuing battalle to the Engliſh|menne, hee woulde not ſuffer any of his people to iſſue foorthe of the gates, but commaundes them to bee readye onelie to defende the walles and gates, althoughe her hadde a greate power of men of war within the citie, beſide the [...]ge multitude of the inhabitantes.Polidore. The Engliſh|menne EEBO page image 966 to prouoke their enimies the ſooner to ſaillie foorthe,


The ſuburbs of Paris brent.

brent diuers partes of the Sub|urbs, and roade euen to the gates of the Citie. When they perceyued that the Frenchemenne woulde not come foorthe, aboute three of the clocke in the after noone they departed out of the fielde, and withdrewe to theyr Campe, and then the Kyng and all the Engliſhe hoſte re|moued towardes Chartres, and was lodged at a place called Doues.


The Bishoppe of Beauvois.

Thither came to hym the Byſhoppe of Beaunois then Chauncellor of Normandie, with other, and ſo handled the matter with hym, that a newe daye of treatie was appoynted to bee holden at Bretignie, whiche is little more than a mile, diſtant from Chartres,A nevv tretie. vppon the firſte daye of Maye nexte enſuing. In whiche day and place appointed, the foreſaide Duke of Lancaſter, and the ſaide Earles and other commiſſioners mette wyth the ſaide Byſhoppe, and other frenche Lordes and Spirituall men to hym aſſociate, on the be|halfe of the Duke of Normandie then regent of Fraunce, to renue the former communica|tion of peace, in full hope to bring it to a good concluſion, bycauſe Kyng Edwarde beganne to frame his imaginatiõ more to accorde with his aduerſaries, than he had done of late, chief|ly for that the Duke of Lancaſter with cour|teous wordes and ſage perſwaſions,The Duke of Lancaſter per|ſvvadeth the King to agree. aduiſed him not to forſake ſuche reaſonable conditions as the frenchemenne were contented nowe to agree vnto, ſith that by making ſuche manner of warre as hee hadde attempted, hys ſouldi|ours only gained, and hee hymſelfe loſte but time and conſumed his treaſoure: and further hee might warre in this ſorte all the dayes of his life before hee coulde attaine to his entent, and leeſe perhaps in one day more than he had gained in twentie yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Suche wordes ſpoken for the welthe of the K. and his ſubiects, conuerted the kings minde to fancie peace, namely by the grace of the ho|ly Ghoſt chief worker in this caſe: for it chaun|ced one daye as hee was marching not farre from Chartres,An hideous ſtorme and tem+peſt of vvether there came ſuche a ſtorme and tempeſt of thunder, lightning, hayle and raine, as the like had neuer bene ſeene by any of the Engliſhe people. This ſtorme fell ſo hideous in the kinges hoſte, that it ſeemed the worlde ſhoulde haue ended: for ſuche vnreaſonable great ſtones of haile fell from the ſkie, that men and horſes were ſlayne therewyth, ſo that the moſte hardyeſt were abaſhed. There periſhed thouſandes therby, as ſome haue written.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng then remembring what reaſo|nable offers of agreement hee hadde refuſed, vppon a remorſe in conſcience, as by ſome wri|ters it ſhoulde appeare, aſked forgiueneſſe of the damage done by ſworde and ſ [...]in [...] partes, and fully determined to gra [...] indifferent articles of peace, for re [...] chriſtian inhabitants of that land:Ky [...] [...] c [...] and ſo [...]|lie after, by the good diligence of the commiſ|ſioners on bothe partes, an vnitie, a [...] [...] peace was accorded, the articles whereof were compriſed in fortye and one articles, the chiefe whereof in effect were theſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Firſte that the Kyng of Englande ſhoulde haue and enioye (ouer and beſide that whiche hee helde alreadie in Gaſcdigne and Gay [...]) the Caſtell, Citie, and Countie of Poictiers,

The a [...]

Fabian. Froiſſart.

and all the landes and countrey of Poyct [...], with the fee of Touars and the land [...] of Be [...]e|nille: the Citie and Caſtell of Xainctes, and [...] the Lands and countrey of Xainctonge on both ſides the riuer of Charent, wyth the towne and fortreſſe of Rochell, wyth theyr appurtenaun|ces: The Citie & caſtel of Agent, and the coun|trey of Agenois: The Citie and Caſtell at Piergort, and all the land and countrey of P [...]|rigueux. The Citie and Caſtell of L [...]ges, and all the landes and countrey of L [...]noſ [...]: The Citie and Caſtell of Cahors, and the lordeſhippe of Cahorſin, the caſtell and coun|trey of Tarbe: the landes countrey and coun|tie of Bigorre: The countie, countrey, and landes of Gaure: The citie and caſtell of An|goleſme: and the countie, land and countre [...] of Augoleſmois: The citie, Towne and caſtell of Rodaix: And all the countie, & countrey of Rouergue: And if there were in the Duch [...] of Guyenne any Lords, as the Earles of foiz, Armin acke, Liſle, and Perigueux, the Vi|countes of Carmain, and Limoges, or other holding any landes within the forſaid hound [...],Ho [...]e and ſ [...]ces. it was accordes that they ſhoulde doe homage and other cuſtomarie ſeruices due for the ſame vnto the King of Englande. It was alſo a|greed, that Callais and Guiſnes, wyth the ap|purtenances, the landes of Nõtreull on the ſea with the Countie of Ponthieu, wholy and en|tirelye ſhould remaine vnto the king of Eng|lande. All the whiche countries, cities, tow [...], and caſtelles, with the other landes and, Seig|niories, the ſame King ſhould haue and holde to him & his heires for euer, euen as they were in demai [...] or fee, immediatly of God and free without recognizing any maner of Souerain|tie in any earthelie man.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In conſideration whereof, King Edward renounced all ſuche claimes, titles and intereſt as hee pretended vnto any parte of Fraunce, other than ſuche as were compriſed within the charter of couenauntes of this peace firſte a|greed vppon at Bretigny aforeſayde, and af|ter confirmed at Callais, as appeareth by the EEBO page image 967 ſame charter dated there the four & twenty day of October in the yeare of our Lorde .1360. The [...]e of [...]e charter of [...]e peace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was alſo couenanted, that the Frenche King ſhoulde pay vnto the Kyng of England thyrtie hundreth .M.The Frenche [...]gs raunſome. crownes in name of his raunſome: For aſſurance of whiche payment, and performaunce of all the couenauntes afore mentioned, and other agreed vppon by this peace, the Dukes of Or. [...]a [...]ce, Aniou, Berry, and Burbon, [...]ages. with diuers other honorable per|ſonages, as Earles, Lordes, and Burgeſſes of euerie good Towne, ſome were appointed to be ſente ouer hither into Englande to remaine as hoſtages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Frenche [...] to aide the [...]cottes.It was farther agreed, that neyther the frenche Kyng nor his ſucceſſours ſhoulde [...]ide the Scottes againſte the King of Englande or his ſucceſſors, nor that King Edwarde nor his heyres, Kings of Englande, ſhoulde ayde the Flemmings againſt the crown of France: And as for the title or right of the Duchie of Britaine,Britaine. whiche was in queſtion betweene the Earles of Bloys and Mountfort, it was accorded, that both Kinges beeing at Callais, the parties ſhoulde bee called beefore them, and if the twoo kyngs could not make them frends, then ſhulde they aſſigne certain indifferent per|ſons to agree them; and they to haue halfe a yeares reſpite for to ende the matter: and if within that terme, thoſe that ſhould bee ſo ap|pointed to agree them, coulde not take vp the matter betwixte the ſaide Earles, then eyther of them might make the beſt purchaſe for hym ſelfe, that hee coulde, by helpe of friendes, or otherwiſe, but alwayes prouided, that neither of the Kinges nor their ſonnes ſhoulde ſo aide the ſaide Earles, whereby the peace accorded betwixte Englande and Fraunce, myght by any meanes bee broken or infringed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, to whether of the ſaide Earles the Duchie of Britaine in the ende chaunced to fall by ſentence of Iudges, or otherwiſe, the homage ſhoulde bee done for the ſame vnto the Frenche King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 All theſe ordinaunces, articles and agree|mentes with many mo (whiche here woulde bee to long to rehearſe) were accorded and ra|tified by the inſtrumentes and ſeales of the Prince of Wales on the one parte, and of the Duke of Normandie Regent of Fraunce on the other parte, as by their letters patentes then ſealed further appeared, bearing date, the one at Lo [...]res in Normandie the ſixteenth day of Maye in the yeare of Grace. 1360. and the other at Paris the tenthe daye of the ſame mo|nethe, and in the yeare aforeſaide, and ouer and beſide this, both the ſaide Princes tooke on them a ſolempne othe to ſee all the ſame arti|cles and couenauntes of agreement throughlye kept, mainteined and performed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done, Kyng Edwarde embarqued hymſelfe with his foure ſonnes and the moſte part of his nobles at Hun [...]en the twentith day of May, and ſo ſailed into Englande,The king of Englande re|turneth home. The Earle of VVarvvicke. leauing behinde hym the Earle of Warwicke to haue the gouernment of all the men of warre which hee left beehinde hym, eyther in Guyenne or in any other place on that ſide the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There dyed in this iourney diuers noble men of this lande,

Tho. VValſ.

The Frenche king goeth o|uer to Callais.

as the Earles of Marche and Oxforde, the Lorde Iohn Gray then Ste|warde of Englande, and the Lorde Geffrey de Say, with diuers other. The eigthe of Iulie nexte enſuyng, the Frenche Kyng hauing li|cence to departe, landed at Callais, and was lodged in the Caſtel there, abiding till the king of Englande came thither, whiche was not till the ninthe daye of October nexte after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the foure and twentith day of October bothe the Kings beeyng in twoo trauerſes and one Chappeſt at Calais,The Kings receiue a ſo|lempne othe to ſee the peace performed. a Maſſe was ſaid be|fore them, and when they ſhuld haue kiſſed the paxe, eyther of them in ſigne of greater friend|ſhippe kiſſed the other, and there they were ſo|lemnelye ſworne to maynteyne the articles of the ſame peace, and for more aſſuraunce therof, manye Lordes of bothe partes were lykewiſe ſworne to mainteine the ſame articles to the vttermoſt of their powers. Whileſt theſe kings lay thus at Callais, there was greate banquet|ting and cheare made betwixt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the Duke of Normandie came from Bolongne to Calais,The Duke of Normandie. to viſite his father and to ſee the King of Englande, in which meane time twoo of King Edwardes ſonnes were at Bolongne. Finally, when theſe twoo Kinges hadde finiſhed all matters in ſo good order and forme that the ſame coulde not be amended nor corrected, and that the Frenche King had de|liuered his hoſtages to the Kyng of England, that is to ſay, ſix Dukes, beſide Erles, Lords, and other honorable perſonages, in all to the number of eight and thirtie:The number of the Frenche hoſtages. On the morrowe after the taking of their othes, that is to ſay on the fiue and twentith day of October, beeyng Sonday, the French King was freely deliue|red, and the ſame daye before noone hee depar|ted from Calais, and rode to Boloigne. The Kyng of Englande brought hym a mile fore|warde on his way, and then tooke leaue of hym in moſte louing manner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince attended hym to Bolloigne, where bothe hee and the Duke of Normandie wyth other were eftſones ſworne to holde and mainteine the forſaid peace without all fraude or colorable deceit: And this done, the Prince EEBO page image 968 retourned to Callais. Thus was the frenche King ſette at libertie,The Frenche King ſette at libertie. after hee hadde bin pri|ſoner here in England the ſpace of foure yeres, and as muche as from the nineteenthe daye of September, vnto the fiue and twenty of Octo|ber. When the King of Englande hadde fi|niſhed his buſineſſe at Callais, according to his minde, he retourned into Englande, and came to London the ninth daye of Nouember.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Strange vvon|ders.In this foure and thirtieth yeare of Kyng Edwarde, men and cattell were deſtroyed in diuers places of this Realme, by lightening and tempeſt: alſo houſes were ſette on fier and brente, and manye ſtraunge and wonderfull ſights ſene. The ſame yeare Edward prince of Wales maried the counteſſe of Kente, whiche before was wyfe vnto the Lorde Thomas Hollande: and before that, ſhe was alſo wife vnto the Earle of Saliſburie, and deuorſed from hym, and wedded vnto the ſame Lorde Holland. Shee was daughter vnto Edmund Earle of Kent, brother to Kyng Edwarde the ſecond, that was beheaded in the beginning of this Kings raigne, as before yee haue heard. And bicauſe the Prince and ſhee were within degrees of conſanguinitie forbidden to marry, a diſpenſation was gotten from the Pope to remoue that lette.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A greate death.In this yeare alſo was a greate deathe of people (namely of men, for weomen were not ſo muche ſubiect thereto.) This was called the ſeconde mortalitie, bycauſe it was the ſeconde that fell in this Kings dayes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Hen. Marl.

The Primate of Ardmache departed this life.

This yeare alſo by the deathe of Richard Fitz Raufe Primate of Ardmache, that depar|ted this life in the Courte of Rome: and alſo of Richard Kilminton, deceaſſed here in Eng|lande, the diſcorde that hadde continued for the ſpace of three or foure yeares betwixte them of the Clergie on the one parte, and the foure or|ders of Friers on the other parte, was nowe quieted and brought to ende.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3

1 [...]36

[...]ions [...]riuer. Meri|uth.

A [...]an [...] [...]ight in the [...]e.

Moreouer, this yeare appeared twoo Ca|ſtelles in the aire, of the whiche the one appea|red in the Southeaſte, and the other in the Southweſte, out of whiche Caſtelles aboute the houre of noone ſundry times were ſene hoſts of armed men (as appeared to mannes ſight) iſſuing foorthe, and that hoſte whiche ſallyed out of that caſtell in the Southeaſte ſeemed white, & the other black. They appered as they ſhoulde haue fought eyther agaynſte other, and firſte the white had the vpper hand, and after was ouercome,Souldiours cal| [...] the compa| [...] did much hurte in Fraunce. & ſo they vaniſhed out of ſight. About the ſame time the ſouldiors whiche were diſcharged in Fraũce and out of wages, by the breaking vp of the warres, aſſembled togyther, and did muche hurte in that Realme,Froiſſart. as in the frenche hiſtories ye may reade. Their chief [...]|ders were Engliſhmen and Goſcoins ſu [...] to the king of England.An [...] A [...] The King aſſe [...] the eſtats of his realme in parliamẽt a [...] Weſt|minſter in the feaſte of the conuenſion of [...] Paule, and there was declared vnto them the tenor & whole effect of the peace concluded be [...]|twixte England and Fraunce,Caxton. wherewith they were greatly pleaſed, and herevpon the nobles of the realme and ſuche frenchemen as were ho|ſtages came togither at Weſtminſter church on the firſt Sunday of Lent nexte following and there ſuche as were not alredy ſworne, re [...] the othe for performaunce of the ſame peace i [...] a right ſolemne manner, hauyng the [...]our of their othes written in certaine ſcroles: and after they had taken their othes vpon the Sacramẽt and maſſe booke, they delyuered the ſame ſcrols vnto certain notaries, apointed to receiue and regiſter the ſame. The mortalitie yet during, that noble Duke Henry of Lancaſter departed this life on the euen of the Aununtiation of our Ladie, and was buryed at Leyceſter. Iohn of Gaunt fourth ſon to the king, who had maried his daughter the Lady Blanche, as before yee haue hearde, ſucceeded him in that Duchie as his heire in right of the ſaid Lady.Tho. VVa [...] Ad. [...] [...]ri [...]. The ſame yere alſo died the lord Reignold Cobhain, the lord Walter Fitz Warein, and three Biſhops, Worceter, London, and Elie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare vpon the .xv.

1 [...]61


day of Ianuarie there roſe ſuche a paſſing winde that the like had not bin heard off in many yeres before. It be|ganne about euenſong time in the South,A migh [...] vvinde. and that with ſuche force, that it ouerthrewe & blew down ſtrong and mighty buildings, as towers, ſteeples, houſes and chimneis. This outrage|ous winde continued thus for the ſpace of ſixe or ſeuen days, whereby euen thoſe buildyngs that were not ouerthrowen and broken downe, were ſo ſhaken yet, that they without repai|ring, were not able long to ſtande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After this, followed a very wette ſeaſon,An. reg. [...] namely in the Sommer time and harueſt, ſo that muche corne and hay was loſte, for want of ſeaſonable weather to gather the ſame. The Lorde Lionell the Kynges ſonne went ouer into Irelande, to be deputie to his father there, and was created Duke of Clarence, and his brother Eadmunde was created Erle of Cam|bridge:

Creations of the Kinges ſonnes to de|grees of [...]

Hen. Ma [...]

Alſo Edwarde Prince of Wales was by his father Kyng Edwarde inueſted Duke of Guyenue, and did homage vnto his father for the ſame, in lyke maner and forme as his father and other Kynges of Englande were accuſtomed to doe for the ſaide Duchie vn|to the Kynges of Fraunce. And afterwardes about the feaſte of Candlemaſſe nexte enſuing, EEBO page image 969 the ſaid Prince ſayled into Gaſcoigne,

The Prince [...] Wales paſ+ [...]eth ouer into Guyenne.

Tho. VValſ.

[...]dditions to [...]d. Merimuth [...] [...]uſtes in [...]hfielde. The Staple of rol [...]es remo| [...]ed to Caleis. A parliament.

and arri|ued at Burdeaux, taking vpon him the gouerne|ment and rule of the countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer this yeare, the fiue firſte dayes of May, were kept, royall Iuſtes in Smithfielde by London, the King and Queene beeing preſente, with a great multitude of the nobles and Gẽtle|men of both the Realmes of England & France: at whiche time came hither Spanyards, Cipri|ottes, and Armenians, requiring ayde of the K. againſt the Infidels, that ſore moleſted theyr cõ|fynes. The ſtaple of woolles was this yeare re|moued to Calais.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the ſixteene of October, a Parliament be|gan, that was called at Weſtminſter, whych cõ|tinued til ye feaſt day of S. Brice, on which day, the K. that time fiftie yeres then paſt, was borne, wherevpon, as it were in the yeare of his Iubilei, he ſhewed himſelfe the more gracious to his peo|ple,A pardon. granting pardon to offendors, releaſſing pri|ſoners, and reuoking outlawes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, it was ordeined in this Parliamẽt, that no maner of perſon, of what eſtate or degree ſo euer hee was, [...] ſtatute a| [...]ainſt p [...]| [...]yo [...]rs. the K. the Q. and Dukes onely excepted, ſhould haue any purueyers of vittailes, nor ſhould take vp any thing, without ready pai|ment, and thoſe that from thencefoorth did con|trary to this ordinance, ſhould bee extremely pu|niſhed. [...] Subſidie. There was granted to the K. in this Par|liament .26. ſs. eight d of euery ſacke of woolle yt was to be tranſported ouer to the Sea, for three yeres next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, at the ſute of the commons it was ordeyned and eſtabliſhed by an acte in thys Parliament deuiſed, that mẽ of law ſhuld pleade their cauſes,

[...]awyers to [...]leade theyr [...]es in En|gliſhe.


Scholemai|ſters to teache ſcholers to cõ|ſtrue their leſ|ſons in En|gliſhe.

and write their actions and plaintes in the Engliſhe tong, and not in the Frenche, as they had bin accuſtomed to doe, euer ſince the cõ|querors time. It was ordeined alſo, that Schole|maiſters ſhould teache their ſcholers to conſtrue their leſſons in Engliſh, and not in french, as be|fore they had bin vſed. The king ſhewed ſo much courteſie to the french hoſtages, that he permitted them to goe ouer to Calais, and there being nere home, to purchaſe friendſhippe, by oft calling on their friends for their deliuerance. They were ſuffered to ryde too and fro about the marches of Calais, for the ſpace of foure dayes togyther, ſo that on the fourth day before ſunne ſetting, they returned into Calais againe. The Duke of An|ion turning this libertie to ſerue his owne turne, departed from thence, & went home into France, wtout making his fellowes priuie to his purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. reg. 37.

[...] VValſ.

This yeare, a Parliamente was called by the Kyng, whiche began the ninth of October, from the whiche, none of the noble men could obteyne licence to be abſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this Parliament, all riche ornamentes of golde and ſiluer vſed to be worne in knyues,Addi. to Adam Merimuth. A ſtatute of a|tay agaynſte coſtly apparel. gir|dles, duches, rings, or otherwiſe, to the ſettyng foorth of the body, were prohibited, except to ſuche as might diſpende tenne pound by yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, that none ſhould weare any ryche clothes or furres, except they myght diſpende an hundred pound by yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer it was enacted, that labourers and huſbandmẽ ſhould not vſe any dayntie diſhes, or coſtly drinkes at their tables. But theſe, & ſuche other actes as were deuiſed & eſtabliſhed at this Parliament, toke non effect, as after it appeared.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In this yeare,Three kinges come into En|gland aboute buſineſſe with K. Edward. there came into Englande to ſpeake with Kyng Edwarde concerning theyr waightie affaires, three Kyngs, that is to witte, the Kyng of Fraunce, the Kyng of Scotlande, and the Kyng of Cypres: They were honora|bly receiued, and highly feaſted. The K. of Scot|lande, and the K. of Cipres after they had diſpat|ched theyr buſineſſe for the which they came, re|turned backe againe, but the Frenche Kyng fell ſicke, and remayned heere till hee dyed, as in the nexte yeare yee ſhall heare. He arriued heere in Englande, about the latter ende of this yeare, and came to Eltham (where King Edward as then lay) on the four and twentith day of Ianu|ary, and there dyned.1364

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After dyner, hee tooke his Horſe, and rode to|warde London, and vppon blacke heath, the Ci|tizens of London cladde in one kynde of liuerie, and very well horſed, met him, and conueid him from thence thorough London, vnto the Sa|uoy, where his lodging was prepared.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the beginning of Marche, in this eight and thirtith yeare,An. reg. 38. the forenamed Frenche Kyng fell into a greuous ſickneſſe, of the whiche he dyed the eight day of Aprill folowing.The death of the French K. His corps was conueyed into Fraunce, and there buryed at S. Denice: his exequies were kepte heere in Eng|lande in diuers places right ſolemnely,Fabian. by Kyng Edwards appoyntment.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yere, by reaſon of an extreme ſore froſt, continuing from the ſeauen and twentith daye of September laſt paſſed, vnto the beginning of Aprill, in this eight and thirtith yeare (or rather from the ſeauenth day of December, till yt nine|tenth day of Marche, as Walſingham, and other olde writers do write,) the ground lay vntilde, to the greate hinderaunce and loſſe of all growing things on the earth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yeare on Michaelmas day,The battayle of Aulroy. before ye Ca|ſtel of Aulroy, not farre diſtant from the Citie of Vannes in Britaine, a ſore battell was foughte betwixt ye Lord Charles de Blois, and the Lord Iohn of Mountford. For when there coulde bee no ende made betwixt theſe two Lords, touching their title vnto the Duchie of Britaine, they re|nued the warres right hotely in that countrey,Froiſſart. EEBO page image 670 and procured all the ayde they might from eache ſide. The King of Fraunce ſent to the ayde of his Couſin Charles de Blois a thouſande ſpeares, and the Erle of Mountford ſent into Gaſcoigne, requiring ſir Iohn Chandos, and other Eng|liſhmen there to come to his ſuccour. Sir Iohn Chandos gladly conſented to this requeſt, and therevppon got licence of the Prince, and came into Britaine, wher he found the Erle of Moũt|forde at the ſiege of the foreſaide Caſtell of Aul|ray. In the meane time, the Lord Charles de Blois, being prouided of men, and all things ne|ceſſary for to giue battaile, came and lodged faſt by his enimies. The Earle of Mountford, aduer|tiſed of his approche, by the aduice of ſir Iohn Chandos, and other of his Captaines, had choſen out a plotte of grounde to lodge in, and meant there to abide their enimies. With ye lord Charles of Blois, was that valiant Knight ſir Berthram de Cleaquin, or Gueſelin, as ſome wryte him, by whoſe aduice,Three thou|ſand and ſixe hundred figh|ting men, as Walſ. hath. there wer ordeined three battailes, and a reregard, and in eche battaile were appoin|ted a M. of good fighting mẽ. On the other part, the Erle of Mountford deuided his men likewiſe into three battailes, and a reregarde. The firſte was led by ſir Roberte Knolles, ſir Walter He|wet, and Sir Richarde Brulle, or Burley. The ſeconde by Sir Oliuer de Cliſſon, Sir Euſtace Daubreticourt, and ſir Mathew Gourney. The thirde the Earle of Mountforde hymſelfe guided, and with hym was ſir Iohn Chandos aſſociate, by whome he was muche ruled, for the King of England, whoſe daughter the Earle of Mount|forde ſhoulde marrie, hadde written to Sir Iohn Chandos, that he ſhoulde take good heede to the buſines of the ſaide Earle, and order the ſame as ſagelie as he might deuiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In eche of theſe three armies were fiue hun|dreth armed menne, and foure hundreth archers. In the arreregard, were appointed a fiue hundred men of warre, vnder the gouernaunce of ſir Hugh Calverley. Beſide ſir Iohn Chandos, and other Engliſhmenne recited by Froiſſarte, there was the Lorde William Latimer, as one of the chiefe on the Earle of Mountfordes ſide. They were not paſt ſixteene hundreth good fighting men on that ſide, as Thomas Walſingham writeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 When the hoſtes were ordered on bothe ſides (as before we haue ſaide) they approched togither, the Frenchmenne came cloſe in theyr order of battaile, and were to the number of fiue and twẽ|tie hundreth men of armes, after the manner of that age, beſide others. Euery man hadde cutte his ſpeare (as then they vſed, at what time they ſhoulde ioyne in battaile) to the lengthe of fiue foote, and a ſhort axe, hanging at his ſide. At the firſte encounter, there was a ſore battaile, and truelie, the archers ſhotte right fiercelie, howbeit, their ſhotte did little hurte to the Frenchemenne, they were ſo well armed and paueſſhed:The [...] ac [...] the Engli [...] [...] the ar|chers perceiuing that (being bigge men and [...] caſt away their bowes, and entred in amongſt the Frenchemenne that bare the axes, and pluc|ked them out of theyr handes, wherewith they fought after right hardely. There was don many a noble feate of armes, many taken, and reſcued againe. Againſte the Earle of Mountfords bat|taile, fought the battaile which the Lord Charles de Blois ruled, and at the firſte, the Earle of Mountfords part was ſore oppreſſed, & brought out of order in ſuche ſorte, that if ſir Hugh Cal|verley hadde not in time relieued them, the loſſe hadde runne on that ſide, but finallie ſo long they fought, that all the battailes aſſembled and ioyned eache to other, except the reregarde of the Engliſhmen,Sir Hugh Caluerley. whereof (as is ſaid) Sir Hugh Cal|uerley was chiefe. He kepte alwayes his battayle on a wing, and euer ſuccoured where hee ſawe neede. At length, the Frenchmen not able to en|dure the valiant doings of their aduerſaries, be|gan to breake. Firſte the Earle of Auxerres bat|taile was diſcomfited, and put to flighte, and the ſaide Earle ſore wounded, and taken priſoner,The Earle of Auxerre [...] Priſoner. but the battaile of ſir Berthram de Cleaquin as yet ſtoode manfully at defence, howbeit, at lẽgth, the Engliſhmen perforce opened it, and then was the ſaid Sir Berthram taken priſoner,Sir Berthram de Cle [...] vnder the banner of ſir Iohn Chandos. Heerewith alſo, all the other battailes of the Frenchmen and Brit|taines, on the part of the Lord Charles de Blois, were cleane diſcomfited, and put out of array, ſo that ſuche as reſiſted, and ſtoode at defence, were ſlayne and beaten downe, and amongſt others, the Lord Charles was there ſlaine himſelfe, and all other, either taken or ſlayne, except thoſe that eſcaped by flight, amongſt the which, there were not many of ye nobilitie. For as Thomas Wal|ſingham ſaith, there were ſlaine about a thouſand men of armes, and there were taken two Earles, ſeuen and twentie Lordes, and fifteene hundred men of armes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The chaſe was followed to the Citie of Raynes, an eight greate leagues from the place where the battaile began.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this victory, the Earle of Mountforde conquered many Townes and Caſtels in Bri|tayne, whereof the French Kyng being aduerti|ſed, ſente hys brother the Duke of Aniou, vnto the wife of the Lord Charles of Bloys now de|ceaſſed, to comfort hir in ſuch an heauie caſe, and to take order for things as ſhoulde bee thoughte expediente, till further prouiſion might be made.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo ſhortly after, there were ſent vnto the Earle of Mountforde,Amba [...] lent to the [...] of Mo [...] the Archebyſhoppe of Reimes, the Marſhall Bouciquault, and the Lord of Cran, as cõmiſſioners, to cõ [...]e [...]ith EEBO page image 971 him of a finall agreement.The variance for Britayne [...]compounded. Whervpon, after hee had ſignifyed the matter vnto the King of Eng|land, and vnderſtoode his pleaſure therein, thys treatie was ſo handled,



that peace thereof follo|wed, and the parties were agreed in the moneth of Aprill next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. reg. 39. This yere as ſome haue written, K. Edwarde finiſhed his warres vpon S. Stephensday, & be|gan the foundation of S. Stephens chappell at Weſtminſter in memorie thereof,Fabian. which Chap|pell was afterwards finiſhed by King Richarde the ſecond that ſucceeded him.Tho. VValſ.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the .39. yere of K. Edwards raigne, and in the moneth of Februarie, in the Citie of Ango|leſme, was borne the firſte ſonne of Prince Ed|ward, and was named after his father, but he de|parted this life in the ſeuenth yeare of his age.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The Lorde Cou [...]y mary| [...] the king of [...]nglandes [...]aughter.


Alſo this yeare, the .27. of Iuly, Ingeram de Guynes Lord de Coucy a Frenchman, married yt Lady Iſabel, daughter to King Edward. The ſolemnization of the marriage feaſt, was kept at Windſor in moſt royall and triumphant wiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſaid Lord Coucy was created Earle of Bedford with an yeerely annuitie of 30. markes, going foorthe of the iſſues and profites of that countie, ouer and beſide a M. markes by yeare, aſſigned to him and to his ſaide wiſe, and to the heires males of their bodyes begotten, to be payde foorth of the Eſchecker.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Froiſſart. Iames Meir.

A treatie of [...]ringe for [...]he Earle of Cambridge.

About this time, there was a treatie alſo for a mariage to be had, betwixt the L. Edmond Erle of Cambridge, and ye Lady Margaret, daughter and heire to the Earle of Flanders, whiche treatie went ſo farre, that the Erle came ouer the Douer, where the King was ready to receiue him, & there the Erle promiſed by words of affiance, to gyue his ſaid daughter vnto ye ſaid L. Edmõd in ma|riage:The Earle of [...]aunders. and after that the Erle had bin at Douer, the ſpace of three dayes, paſſing ye time in greate ſolace & banquetting, whẽ he had finiſhed his bu|ſines, he returned backe againe into his countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lord La| [...]mer.Whileſt the K. was thus at Douer with the Erle of Flanders, the L. Latimer came from the L. Iohn de Mountfort, to vnderſtande his plea|ſure, touching ye offers that were made for peace, vppon whoſe returne with aunſwere, the peace was concluded as before ye haue heard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The king of [...] chaſed [...]e of his [...]alme.


This yere was Peter K. of Caſtile chaſed out of his Realme, by his baſtard brother Hẽry, whi|che was ayded in that enterprice, by ſir Berthrã de Cleaquin, lately deliuered, and other French|men, ſo that the ſaid Hẽry was crowned at Bur|gus, vpon Eaſter day, wherefore the ſaide Peter was coſtreined to flee, & ſo came to Burdeaux to ſue for aid at the hands of the Prince of Wales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yere by ye kings cõmandemẽt, a reſtraint was ordeined, that Peter pence ſhould not be frõ thenceforth any more gathered within his realm, nor any ſuch paymente made at Rome, whyche had bin vſed to be paid there, euer fith the dayes of Ine, King of Weſt Saxons,Peter pens. Ine king of Weſtſaxons. which ordeyned this paymente, towarde the maintenaunce of a Schole for Engliſhe Schollers: but howſoeuer this payment was abrogated at this time by K. Edwarde, it was after renued againe, and ye mo|ney gathered in certayne Shires of this realme, till the dayes of King Henry the eight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare,

A raynye harueſt.


fell greate abundance of rayne in the time of hay harueſt, ſo that much corne and hay was loſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was alſo ſuch fighting amongſt ſpar|rowes in that ſeaſon, that they were founde dead on the ground in great numbers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo,Death. there followed greate mortalitie of peo|ple, the ſickneſſe being ſo ſharp and vehemẽt, that many beeing in perfecte health ouer night when they went to bed, wer found dead in ye morning.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, many dyed of the ſmall pockes, both mẽ, women and children.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer this yeare, Simon Iſlep, Arch|byſhoppe of Caunterbury, departed this life, and Simon Langham Byſhop of Elie ſucceeded in his place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 This yeare at Burdeaux,King Richard the ſeconde borne. was borne the ſe|cond ſonne of Prince Edward named Richard, on ye third day of Aprill, his Godfather at ye fount ſtone was Iamys K. of Maiorke. Peter Kyng of Spayne, whiche as ye haue heard, was expul|ſed out of his realme by his baſtard brother, made ſuche earneſt ſute vnto the Prince of Wales for aide to be reſtored home, that finally the Prince aduertiſing his father K. Edwarde of the whole matter, by aduice from him, determined to bring home the ſaide K. Peter,Froiſſart. & to reſtore him agayne to his kingdome, by force of armes, in deſpite of al his aduerſaries. The Prince indeede was very deſirous to take this enterprice vpon him, both of a certain pitiful affection to relieue the miſerable ſtate of K. Peter, & alſo of an ardent deſire which he had to purchaſe a glorious fame through mar|tiall deedes, and noble actes of chiualrie. There|fore, hauing this occaſion to employ his time in ſuch exerciſes, and now cõmanded thereto of his father, he was exceedingly glad in his mind, and wt all ſpeede yt might be made his prouiſion both of a ſufficient army of mẽ of war, & alſo of all o|ther things neceſſary for the furniture of ſuch an enterpriſe: but firſt, he tooke good aſſurãce of king Peter, for ye paimẽt of ye ſouldiers wages, ſo yt K. Peter left at Baiõne three of his daughters, Be|atrice, Cõſtance, & Iſabell as pledges, for perfor|mãce of al ye couenants agreed betwixt him & the Prince. Thus whẽ ye Prince,


An. reg. 41.

by ye aduice & coũ|ſaile of ſir Iohn Chandos, & ſir Robert Knolles (by whome he was much ruled) had takẽ directiõ in his buſines, for that his iourney into Spayne, EEBO page image 972 in each condition, as was thought behoofefull, he with the K. of Spaine in his company,The prince Setteth fore|ward towardes Spayne. paſſed foorth, with a right puiſſante army, and came to ye ſtreghtes of Ronceualle, at the entrie into Na|uerre, and obteyning ſo muche friendſhip of the King of Nauerre, as to haue the paſſages of hys countrey opened,He entreth in|to Nauarre. they entred into his realme tho|rough the ſame, as friendes, without finding any reſiſtance. In this meane time, Henry Kyng of Spaine hauing knowledge that the Prince of Wales was thus comming againſte him, to re|ſtore his brother King Peter to his former de|gree, by aduice of ſir Berthram de Cleaquin, gote a great number of ſouldiers out of Fraunce, by whoſe aide, he might the better defend himſelfe againſt his enimies. It chanced, that whileſt the Prince of Wales was paſſing thorough Na|uarre,The king of Nauarre taken by the French men. towarde the entrie of Spaine, certaine of thoſe Frenchmenne, vnder the leading of ſir O|liuer Manny, tooke the King of Nauarre priſo|ner, as he was riding from one Towne to an o|ther, many maruelled of that chance, and ſome there were that thought, he ſuffered himſelfe to be taken for a cautele, bycauſe hee woulde not ayde the Prince of Wales anye further, nor conduct him through his Realme, as hee had promiſed to doe. But the Prince nothing diſmaid herewith, paſſed forwarde, by the guyding of a Knighte of Nauarre,Sir Martin de Care. called ſir Martin de Kare, and finally, came to the confynes of Spayne, and lodged at Victoria, not farre from his enimies. For Kyng Henry of Spayne, vnderſtanding whiche way the Prince drewe, came forwarde to encounter him, and pight downe his fielde, not farre frõ the bordures of his Realme, at a place called Saint Muchavle:Saint Mu|chaule. and thus were both the hoſtes lodged within a ſmall diſtance, the one againſte the o|ther.The king of Spayn ſendeth to the prince. King Henry had ſent to the Prince an He|rault of armes with a letter, requiring to knowe of him for what cauſe he moued warre agaynſte him ſith he had neuer offended him. The Prince taking deliberation for aunſwere of this letter, kept the meſſenger with him, and perceiuing that King Henry came not foreward, but lay ſtill at Saint Muchavle,Victoria V [...]|on. ſtrongly encamped, he remo|ued from Victoria, and came to a Towne called Viana, where he ſtayed two dayes to refreſh hys people, and after went forward, and paſſed the ri|uer, which deuideth the Realmes of Caſtile and Nauarre, at the bridge of Groigne. King Henry aduertiſed heereof, departed from Sainte Mu|chavle, and came before the Towne of Nauar|ret, ſcituate on the ſame riuer. Not many dayes before the Prince paſſed the riuer at Groigne, King Henry had ſent forth twoo of his breethren, the Earle Dom Teille, and the Lord Sanches, with ſixe hundred horſemen, to view the Princes hoſt.Polidore. They chanced to encounter two hundred Engliſh horſemen, whome after long and ſharpe fight, they diſtreſſed, and ſlew ſir Wil. Feltõ,Sir Wi [...] Felto [...] [...] Froiſſart. out of the chiefe leaders of thoſe Engliſhmen, and tooke ſir Thomas Felton his brother, ſir Hugh Haſtings, and diuers other, both Knightes and Eſquiers. Whether that King Hẽry was great|ly encouraged by this good lucke in ye beginning, or that he truſted through the great multitude of his people, whiche he had there with him, to haue the vpper hand of his enimies, true it is, that hee coueted ſore to giue them battaile, and although he might haue weeried the Prince, and conſtrey|ned him for want of vittailes to haue returned, or to haue fought with him at ſome greate ad|uauntage, if he had deferred the battayle, as the Marſhall of Fraunce Dandrehen gaue coun|ſaile, yet hee woulde needes fight in all the haſt, and therefore did thus approch his enimies. The Prince perceyuing that his aduerſarie came for|ward to encounter him, diſpatched the Heraulte with an aunſwer to the letter which he hadde of him receiued, conteyning in effect, that for greate conſiderations, he hadde taken vpon him to ayde the rightfull King of Spaine, chaſed out of hys realme by violent wrong, and that if it might be, hee would gladly make an agreemente betwixte them, but ſo algates, that K. Henry of neceſſitie muſt then forſake the adminiſtration, and all the title of the Kingdome of Spaine, whiche by no rightfull meane he could enioy, and therfore if he refuſed thus to doe, hee was for his part reſolued how to proceede. The Herault departed with this aunſwere, and came therewith vnto Kyng Henry, and deliuered it vnto him, as then lodged with his puiſſant army at Nauarret, ſo that thẽ both parties prepared themſelues to battayle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Prince hauing with him thirtie M. men of Engliſhmen, Gaſcoignes,The number of the p [...]s armye. and other ſtraun|gers, ordeyned three battailes, of the which, the firſt was led by the Duke of Lancaſter,The chief [...] of the ſame armye. & with him was ſir Iohn Chãdos, Cõneſtable of Guy|en, ſir Willi. Beauchamp, ſonne to the Earle of Warwike, the Lord Dalbret, ſir Richard Dan|gle, and Sir Stephen Couſenton, Marſhals of Guyẽne, and diuers other. The midle ward was gouerned by the Prince, and with him was the foreſaide Peter K. of Spaine, and diuers other Lords and Knightes of England, Poictow, and other countreys, as the vicountes of Chatelare|ault, and Rochcort, the Lords of Partney, Py|nan, Taneboton, and others, ſir Richard Pont|chardon, ſir Thomas Spencer, ſir Iohn Gren|don, and a great ſort moe, whoſe names it ſhould be too long to rehearſe. The rereward was vnder the gouernaunce of the King of Malorques, and with him were aſſociate the Earles of Armi|nacke, Dalbreth, Piergort, Gominges, the Ca|pitall of Buefz, ſir Roberte Knolles, and manye EEBO page image 973 other valiant lords, knightes and eſquiers. On the ſecond day of Aprill, the Prince with his bat|tell thus ordred, remoued from Groigne, & mar|ching that daye two leagues forwarde, came be|fore Naueret, and there tooke his lodging, within a ſmall diſtance frõ his enimies, ſo yt both partes prepared to giue battaile the next day in the mor|ning, commaunding that euery man, at the ſoun|ding of the firſte trumpet, ſhould apparell them|ſelues, that they mighte bee ready vpon the nexte ſound, to be ſet in order of battayle, and to goe a|againſt their enimies. The Spanyards very ere|ly in the morning, drew into the field, and ordey|ned their battailes in this wiſe.The order of the Span|yardes. The firſt was led by ſir Berthram de Cleaquin, wherein were all the Frenchmen, and other ſtraungers, to the nũ|ber of four M. knights and eſquires, well armed & appointed, after the manner of France. In the ſe|cõd battaile was the Erle Dom Tielle, with his brother the L. Sanxes, hauing with them a fif|tene M. men on fote, and on horſeback. The third battaile, and the greateſt of all, was gouerned by K. Henry himſelfe, hauing in that battaile ſeauen M. horſemen, and threeſcore M. footemen, with croſſebowes, dartes, ſpeares, launces, and other abillements of warre:The number of the Spaniſh armye. ſo in all three battailes, hee had a foureſcore and ſixe M. men on horſebacke and on foote. The Prince of Wales at the brea|king of the day, was ready in the field with hys people, arranged in order of battaile, and aduan|ced forwarde with them towarde his enimies, an hoſting pace, and as they paſſed a little hill, they might ſee as they were deſcẽding downe ye ſame, their enimies comming likewiſe towardes them, in good order of battaile. When they were appro|ched neere togither,The Duke of Lancaſter. and ready to ioyne, the Duke of Lancaſters battaile encountred with the bat|taile of ſir Berthram de Cleaquine, whiche two battailes right egrely aſſayled each other, ſo that there was betwixt them a ſore conflict, and well continued. The Erle Dom Tielle, & his brother the Lord Sanxes, vppon the firſte approch of the Princes battaile towards them, fledde out of the fielde and with them two M. ſpeares, ſo that the reſidue of their battell were ſhortly after diſ|comfited,The Capitall [...] Beufe. for ye Capital of Buz, otherwiſe Beuf, and the Lord Cliſſon, came vpon them on foote, and ſlewe and hurte manye of them, ſo that they brake their array, and fled to ſaue themſelues.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 This chance diſcomforted the heartes of the Spanyards right ſore, but yet K. Henry lyke a valiant Gentleman came forward, and encoura|ged his men in all that he might, ſo yt there was a cruell battel, & well foughten a long time, for the Spanyards with ſlings caſt ſtones in ſuche fierce maner, yt they claue therewith many an helmet & baffenet, hurt many, and ouerthrow them to the earth.The archers. On the other part, the Engliſh archers ſhot freſhly at their enimies, galled & ſlew the Span|yards, & brought them to great cõfuſion: yet king Hẽry nothing abaſſhed herewith, wherſoeuer hee perceiueth his men to ſhrinke, thither he reſorteth, calling vpon them, & exhorting thẽ to remember their eſtimations & dueties, ſo yt by his diligẽce & mãfull encouragemẽt, thrice yt day did he ſtay his people, being at point to giue ouer, & ſet them in ye faces of his enimies again. Neither did ye ſouldi|ers mãfully with their hãds behaue them, but the captaines thẽſelues alſo ſtoutly laid about them. K. Peter like a Lion preaſſed forwarde,King Peter. coueting to meete with his brother Henry, that he myghte ſeeke his reuenge on him with his owne handes. Cruell was ye fight, & tried throughly, with moſt egre & fierce mindes. At length, when the Span|yards were no lõger able to ſuſteine the force and violẽce of ye engliſhmẽ, Gaſcoignes, & other whi|che were there againſt thẽ, they brake their aray, & fled, ſo ye neither ye auctoritie, nor bold exhortatiõ of K. Henry, could cauſe thẽ to tarry any longer:The Span|yards put to flighte. wherevpõ, when he ſaw himſelfe forſaken of hys people, & that fewe abode with him to reſiſt his e|nimies, he alſo to ſaue himſelfe fled out of ye field, being fully perſwaded, yt if hee had bin taken, no raunſome ſhould haue ſaued his life. The battaile that was beſt fought, & longeſt held togither, was that of the ſtraungers, whiche ſir Berthram de Cleaquin led: for if ye Spanyardes had done halfe their partes as well as the Frenchmen, and other in this battaile, the matter had gone harder a|gainſt the Engliſhmen than it did: yet finally, by the noble courage of the Duke of Lancaſter, & the valiant proweſſe of ſir Iohn Chandos, Sir Hugh Caluerly, and others, the frenchmẽ were put to flight, and their battaile quite diſcomfited. The ſlaughter in this battaile was great, both of thẽ that were ſlaine in ye field, & of thoſe that were drowned in ye riuer that runneth by ye Towne of Nauerret. After that ye battaile was ended, and that ſuch as had followed ye chaſe were returned, ye Prince cauſed ye fields to be ſearched, to vnder|ſtãd what nũber had bin ſlain in ye battaile: they yt were appoynted to make the view vpon their re|turne reported, yt there was dead of mẽ of armes fiue C. and .lx. & of commons, about ſeuen M. & fiue C. of ye engliſh part:The number ſlayne at thys battell at Na|uaret. there were ſlain of mã of name, but 4. knightes two Gaſcoignes, one Al|maigne; & the fourth an engliſhmen, and of other meane ſouldiers, not paſt .50. as Froiſſart hath. But other affirme yt there were ſlaine of ye Prin|ces part about a xv [...].C. which ſhould ſeeme to be more like to a troued,Fabian. if ye battaile was fought ſo ſore and fiercely as Froiſſart himſelfe doth make report. How [...]eit, ther be that write,Caxton. how ye Duke of Lancaſter wan ye field by great fortune & vali|ancie, ere ye prince c!ae nere to his enimies. But howſoeuer it was, the Engliſhmen obteyned the EEBO page image 974 victory in this battayle, fought vppon a Sater|day the third of Aprill,Froiſſart. in the yeare .1367.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were taken priſoners, to the number of two thouſande, and amongſt them the Earle of Dene,Caxton. Sir Berthram de Cleaquin, the marſhall Dandrehen, or Daudenhem, and many other mẽ of name.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After the battaile, Kyng Peter went to Bur|gus, and was receyued into the Citie, and ſhortly after, that is to ſay, on the wedneſday following, the Prince came thither, and there helde his Ea|ſter with King Peter,Froiſſart. and tarried there aboue three weekes. In the meane time, they of Aſtur|gus, Toledo, Liſbone, Cordona, Galice, Ciuille, & of all other places of the Kingdome of Spaine, came in, and did homage vnto King Peter, pro|miſing him to be true to him euer after: for they ſawe that reſiſtance would not auayle, ſo long as the Prince ſhould be in the Cuntrey. After thys, the Prince was in hand with Kyng Peter, for the ſouldiers wages, by whoſe ayde, he was thus reſtored into his former eſtate. King Peter went vnto Siuille, to make ſhift for money according|ly, promiſing to returne agayne, within a fewe weekes, and to ſee euery man payd, according as he had couenaunted. For when he was driuen out of his Realme, and came to Burdeaux, to craue aid of the Prince, he promiſed, that ſo ſoone as he ſhuld be reſtored to his kingdome, he would ſee the Souldiers contented of their wages, and bound himſelfe thereto, both by his oth and wri|ting yeuen vnder his ſeale. The Prince tarried for the returne of King Peter, both weekes and monethes, but coulde not heare anye tidings of him. He therefore ſente vnto him, to vnderſtande the cauſe of the ſtay: his aunſwere was, that hee had prouided money, and ſente it by certayne of his men toward the Prince, but the companions that ſerued vnder the Prince, had met with it by the way, and taken it from them that had ye con|ueyance of it: he therefore required the Prince, to ridde the Realme of thoſe Snappehaunſes,King Peters diſsimulation and to leaue behinde him ſome of his officers, to whõe in name of him, he would make payment of ſuch money as was but.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This aunſwere pleaſed not the Prince, but there was no remedie, for other at that preſent he could not haue, for any lykelyhoode he ſawe: and therefore, taking order with King Peter howe the payment ſhould be made, hee prepared to re|turne into Gaſcoigne. The order therefore taken betwixt them, was this. Within foure monethes nexte enſuing, King Peter ſhoulde paye the one halfe of the wages due to the Souldiers for thys iourney, vnto ſuche as the Prince ſhoulde leaue behinde hym to receyue the ſame, and the other halfe within one yeare.Tho. VValſ. The Prince was com|pelled to breake his plate, and to make money thereof, to pay his ſouldiers, namely,The Prince [...] fault of [...]. there opi|nions, which he had called foorthe of Fraunce, ſo that hee lefte himſelfe bare of all riches, to keepe touch with them, although K. Dampeter ſayled in his promiſe each way foorth. For where the Prince ſhould haue had in recompence towardes his charges, the countie of Algezara, and other lands, by the ſayde Dampeters aſſignemente, ſo that he ſente one of his Knightes, to take ſea [...] of the ſame lãds, he was neuertheleſſe diſappoin|ted, for hee could not come by any peaceable poſ|ſeſſion of thoſe lands, and ſo returned greatly em|poueriſhed, hauing ſpente in this iourney al that he could make.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In the meane time, the baſtard Henry, hauing eſcaped out of the fielde by flighte, got him into Fraunce, and there through fauour of the Duke of Aniou, ſo purchaſed for him ſelfe, that hee got togither a certayne number of Britaines and o|ther Souldiers, and comming to the Frounters of the Princes land in Gaſcoigne, got a Towne in Bigore, called Bãnieres, and made warre vp|pon the Princes ſubiects.The Prince returneth i [...] Gaſcoigne The Prince obteyning paſſage for himſelfe and his men, of the Kings of Aragone and Nauarre, returned to Burdeaux, and then did the baſtard Henry forſake his ga [...]|ſon at Bannieres, and wente into Arragon, and there got the King of Arragons aſſiſtance: And finally, in the yeare .1369. returned into Spayne, recouered the kingdome, and ſlew his brother K. Peter, as in ye hiſtory of Spayne it may appeare, which for that it apperteineth not to this hiſtorie of England, I do heere paſſe ouer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 This yeare, in the moneth of Marche,


An. reg. [...]

A blaſing Starre.

Polich [...] Polidor.

appea|red a blaſing ſtarre, betwixte the North & Weſt, whoſe beames ſtretched towards France as was then marked, threatning as might be thoughte, yt within a ſmall time after it ſhoulde againe bee wrapped and ſet on fire with newe troubles of warre, and euen then, that countrey was not in quiet, but harried in diuers partes, by ſuch ſouldi|ers as had bin with the Prince in Spaine, & [...] now out of wages. The leaders of which people,Froiſſart. were for the more part Engliſhmenne and Gaſ|coignes, as ſir Roberte Briquet, ſir Iohn Treſ|melle, Roberte Ceny, Sir Gaollard Vigier, the Bourg of Bertveill, the bourg Camoys, or Co|minges, as Denice Sauage thinketh, the bourge of Leſpare, Nandon or Nawdon of Bar [...]|rant, Bernard de la Salle. Ortigo, [...] many other. In this .43. The Duke of Clarence [...]|eth into [...] yeare of K. Edwards raigne, his ſecond ſonne the Lorde Lionell Duke of Clarence and Earle of Vlſter, paſſed the [...] with a noble company of Lordes, Knightes, and Gentlemen,The Lady Violant. and wente through Fraunce into Lombardie, there to marrie the Lady Violant, daughter to the Duke of Millane. He was h [...]+rably receiued in all places where he [...] ca [...], and EEBO page image 975 ſpecially at Paris, by the Dukes of Berry, and Burgoigne, the Lord Coucy, and other, the whi|che brought him to the Court, where hee dyued and ſupped with the King, and lodged within ye pallace. On ye next day, he was had to a place, where ye Q. lodged, and dined with hir, and after was conueyed to ye court again, & ſupped yt night with ye K. and on the morrow following, he toke his leaue of the K. and Q. the which gaue to him great gifts, & likewiſe to ye noble mẽ of England, yt came ouer with him, to ye valew of .xx.M. flo|reus, & aboue: he was conueyed frõ place to place, with certaine of ye french nobilitie, till he came to ye bordures of the Realme, and then entring into Sauoy,His entertain|ment in Sauoy he came to Chamberie, where ye Earle of Sauoy was ready to receiue him, and there he re|mained four days, being highly feaſted amongſt the Ladies & damoſels: & then he departed, and ye Earle of Sauoy brought him to Millane, to doe him the more honor,His receyuing into Millan. for his ſiſter was mother to ye bride, which ye Duke ſhould marrie. To ſpeake of ye honorable receyuing of him into the Citie of Millane, and of the great feaſt, triumph and bã|quetting, & what an aſſemble there was in Mil|lane of high eſtates, at the ſolemniſing of ye mar|riage,Corio in the hiſtorie of Millayne. betwixt him, and the ſaid Lady Violant, it were two long a proceſſe to remember. The gifts that the father of the bride, the Lord Galeas gaue vnto ſuche honorable perſonages, as were there preſente, amounted in valewe, to an ineſtimable ſumme. The writers of the Mylaneſe hiſtories affirme, that this marriage was celebrate on the fifteenth day of Iune, in the yere .1367. which be|ing true, [...]a. Meir. Froiſſort. Caxton. the ſame chanced in the .41. yere of thys kings raigne, and not in this .42. yere, though o|ther authors agree, that it was in the yere .1368. But to returne to other doings where we left. Ye haue heard how the Prince of Wales coulde get no money of the K. of Spaine,Froiſſart. for the wages of his men of warre, which he had reteined to ſerue him in the reducing of the ſaide King home into his countrey: wherfore the Prince, hauing bin at great charges in that iourney, was neyther able to ſatiſfie them, nor mainteine his owne eſtate, without ſome great aide of his ſubiectes, & there|fore he was counſailed to reiſe a ſubſedie called a fowage,The Prince of Wales con| [...] [...]o but [...]y [...] his ſub| [...]ct [...] with a [...]re ſubſidie. through al the countrey of Aquitayne, to runne only for the ſpace of fiue yeares. To thys payment, euery chimney or fier muſt haue bene contributorie, paying yerely one frank, the rich to haue borne out the pore. And to haue this paimẽt granted, al the eſtates of the countrey were called togither at Niort: the Poictouins, and they of Xainctonge, Limoſin, Rouergue, and of Rochel, agreed to the Princes requeſte, [...]oyne not to [...] enchaunced [...] abaled. with condition, that he ſhould keepe the courſe of his coigne ſta|ble, for the tearme of ſeauen yeares: but dyuers of ye other parties of Guyẽne refuſed that ordinãce, as the Earles of Arminarke, and Gominges, the Vicount of Carmaigne, the Lords Dalbret, de la Barde, Cande, Pincornet, and diuers other great Barons, but yet to depart quietly from the aſſemble, they required a time to take better ad|uice, and ſo they repaired into their countreys, de|termining neither to returne againe accordyng to their promiſes, nor to ſuffer anye fowage to runne amongeſt them at all,The demaund of this fowage the cauſe of the Gaſcoynes reuolting to the French K. and were ſo muche offended with the motion, that they ſoughte oc|caſions foorthwith to reuolt from the Engliſh o|beyſance. And therefore dyuers Lordes of them went to the French king, and there exhibited into the chamber of the Peares of France, their com|playnts of the greeuous impoſitions, and wron|ges, which the Prince went aboute to laye vpon them, affirming that their reſorte ought to be to the crowne of Fraunce, and to the kyng there, as to their Lord Peramount.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche kyng who woulde not ſeeme to break the peace betwene him and the king of En|gland, diſſimuled the matter, and told them that hee woulde pervſe the tenor of the Charters and letters of the peace, and ſo farrefoorth as he might by permiſſion of the ſame, he would be glad to do them good. The Erles of Arminack, Perigourd, Gominges, and the Lorde Dalbret, with other that were come thither about this matter, were contented with this aunſwere, and ſo ſtayed in Fraunce, till they might vnderſtand further, both of the french kings mind, & of ye Princes doings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in October, was Simon Lang|ham Archb. of Canterbury elected to the dignitie of a Cardinall, and then William Witleſley, Byſhoppe of Worceter, was remoued vnto the Sea of Canterbury.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time,The Earle of Saint Paule. the Earle of Saincte Paule, one of the hoſtages in Englande, ſtale frõ hence, without taking anye leaue, or ſaying fare|well. At his comming into Fraunce, he greatly furthered the ſute of the Lordes of Gaſcoigne, and finally, ſo muche was done on theyr be|halfe, that the Frenche Kyng was contented that the Prince of Wales ſhoulde be appealed,


The prince of Wales appea|led to appeare

and ſommoned to appeare before the Frenche K. as Iudge in that poynt, for reformation of the wrongs which he offered to them that had made their reſort vnto him, as reaſon was they ſhould. This appeale was written, and duelie examined, the tenor whereof was as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


CHarles by the grace of God king of Fraunce,

to our nephue ye prince of Wales & Aquitain ſende greeting.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 So it is, ye diuers Prelates, Ba|rons, knightes, Vniuerſities, communalties, and Colledges of ye marches and limittes of ye coun|trey of Gaſcoigne, and the dwellers and inhabi|tants in the bounds of our Realm, beſides diuers other of the Duchie of Aquitaine, are reſorted, EEBO page image 976 and come to our Court, to haue right of certayne grieues, and vnlawfull troubles, whyche you, by vnaduiſed counſayle, and ſimple information, haue purpoſed to do vnto them, wherof we great|ly maruell. Therefore, to withſtande, and to re|dreſſe ſuche things, we are ſo conioyned to them, that we haue thought good, by our royall power, to commaund you to repaire to our Citie of Pa|ris, in proper perſon, and there to ſhewe and pre|ſente youre ſelfe before vs, in the chamber of oure peeres, that you may bee conſtreyned to do righte to youre people, concerning the greyfes whyche they all edge that you are about to oppreſſe them with, who claymeth to haue their reſort into oure Courte: and that you fayle not thus to doe, in as ſpeedy manner as yee can, immediately vppon the ſighte and hearing of theſe preſent letters. In witneſſe whereof, we haue to the ſame ſette oure ſeale.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. reg. 43. Theſe letters were giuen to a Knighte and a Clearke, to beare and preſente to the Prince, which according to that they had in charge, wẽt to Burdeaux, and there getting licence to come before the Princes preſence, they redde the letters, wherewith he was not a little chafed, and openly tolde them for a playne aunſwere,The Princes anſwer to the meſſenger. that he meant to accompliſhe the French Kings requeſt, for hys commming to Paris, but that ſhoulde bee with hys helmet on his head, and threeſcore thouſande armed men, to beare witneſſe of his appearaunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The meſſengers perceyuing the Prince to bee ſore offended with theyr meſſage, got them a|way, without taking their leaue: but before they were paſſed the limittes of the Engliſhe domi|nion, they were ſtayed by commaundemente of the Prince, and committed to priſon, within the Citie of Agen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The duke of Berry.Aboute the ſame time, the Duke of Berry re|turned into Fraunce, hauing licence of Kyng Edwarde for an whole yeare, but hee bare hym|ſelfe ſo wiſely, that he returned not againe at all, for hee excuſed himſelfe, till time that the warre was open.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In like manner, the more parte of all the o|ther hoſtages, by one meane or other, were retur|ned into Fraunce, and ſome indeede were deliue|red vpon their raunſomes, or other conſiderati|ons, ſo that the Frenche King beeing deliuered of that obſtacle, was the more ready to breake with the King of Englande, and therefore vppon knowledge had of the Princes aunſwere, to thoſe that hee ſente with the appeale, by ſuche of the meſſengers ſeruauntes as were returned, and de|clared howe their maſters were dealte with, hee couertly prepared for the warre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Lorde Chandos.The Lorde Iohn Chandos, and other of the Princes counſayle foreſawe what would enſue of the leauing of the fowage, and therefore coun|ſayled the Prince, not to proceede any further i [...] it, but he hauing only regard to the reliefe of hys ſouldiers and men of warre, woulde needes g [...] forward with it. Indeede, if he might haue brou|ght it to paſſe as it was denied, that euery houſ|holder ſhould haue payde a franke,Chy [...]. for chimniage the ſumme would haue growen to twelue hun|dred thouſand Frankes by the yeare, whiche had bin a greate reliefe, and that made hym the more earneſt, bycauſe he might haue bin able ſo to haue payd his debtes. When it was perceyued certain|ly that open Rebellion would there of enſue, and that King Edwarde was certified of the whole ſtate of the matter, and how dyuers of the Lords of Aquitayne were withdrawen vnto the Court of Fraunce, in manner as before ye haue hearde, he deuiſed a letter, whiche hee cauſed to be publi|ſhed through all the parties of Aquitayne,A l [...] pu|bliſhed by [...] Prince to ap|peaſe the G [...]|coig [...] the ef|fect whereof was this, that where the people of that countrey found themſelues greeued for ſuche exactions as were demaunded of them, he meane therefore vppon examination of their iuſt com|plaints, to ſee their wrongs redreſſed. And fur|ther, he was contented to pardon al ſuch as were withdrawen to the Frenche K. ſo that within a monethes ſpace, they would returne home, requi|ring them, that in no wiſe they ſhould ſtirre anye ſeditions tumult, but to remember their othes of allegiance, and to cõtinue in the ſame, according to their boundẽ dueties, and as for him, he would be ready to ſee them eaſed, that woulde ſhewe by plaine proofe, how they had bin otherwiſe greeued than reaſon might beare. This was his mea|ning, and this was the aduice of all his counſay|lours.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But this courteous Letter little auayled, for dayly the Gaſcoignes reuolted from the Prince, and turned to the Frenche part. Moreouer, ano|ther occaſion of grudge chanced,la. M [...]. to renue the ma|lice betwixt the king of England, and the french King. For whereas ye haue heard, that the Earle of Flaunders had fianced his daughter and haue to the Lorde Edmonde of Langley, Earle of Cambridge, there was ſhift made, namely by the Earles mother, the Counteſſe of Arthois, who was all French,Phi [...] d [...] [...] the Earle of Flanders daughter. that notwithſtanding the ſame affiance, ſhee was married vnto Phillip Duke of Burgoigne, ſurnamed the hardie: he gote that ſurname of hardie by this occaſion, as Iacodus Meir hath. It chaunced, that whileſt hee was priſoner in England with his father, he was vpõ a time appointed to waite at the table,The c [...]ſe of has ſu [...] be H [...]. where his father and the King of England ſate togither at meate, and bycauſe a noble man of Englande that was appoynted likewiſe to attende at the ſame table, ſerued firſt the King of England be|fore the King of Fraunce, this Phillip vp with EEBO page image 977 his fyſt, and tooke the Engliſh Lorde a blow on the eare, ſaying, wilt thou ſerue the king of Eng|lande firſt, where the Frenche king ſitteth at the ſame table? The Engliſh man out with his dag|ger, and would haue ſtriken the ſayd Philip, but the king of Englande ſtraytly charged him to the contrary, and prayſing the deed of the yong ſtrip|ling, ſayde vnto him, Vous estes Philippe le hardie. Thou art (ſayd he) the hardie Philip. And ſo from that day he bare that name euer after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There bee other that ſay, howe he tooke that ſurname, bycauſe in the battaile of Poictiers he a|bode ſtill with his father till the ende of the bat|tail, without ſhewing any token of feare, or faint|neſſe of courage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Erles of Arminacke, and Perigord, with the other Lordes of Gaſgoigne,The Earles of Arminack and Perigord Froiſſart. that had made theyr appeale (as ye haue heard) to the Chamber of the Peeres of Fraunce, when they vnderſtoode that the Prince had impriſoned the Meſſengers, that brought to him the French kings letters, be|ganne to make warre on the Princes lands. The firſt enterprice they made,The L. Wake diſcomfited. was the diſcomfiting of the Lorde Thomas Wake, Seneſchall of Ro|uergue, as he was ryding from Agen, vnto the Citie of Rodais, with threeſcore Speares, and two hundred Archers in his companie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the Frenche King being nowe proui|ded for the warre, and vnderſtanding the minds of the people within certaine townes vnder the dominion of the Engliſh men,


The Frẽch K. proceedeth a|gaynſt the prince in iudge [...] [...]r of the [...]ppeale.


in his high court of Parliamẽt holdẽ at Paris, proceeded in iudge|ment vpon the appellation before made by the Earles of Arminacke, Perigord, and others, a|gaynſt Prince Edwarde. And moreouer he ſent ouer into Englande the Erle of Saliſbruche, and a knight called ſir William Dormon, to ſignifie to the king of England, how he thought himſelfe not honourably vſed, and that the king of Eng|lande did but ſlenderly keepe the couenants of the peace, conſidering that hee did not finde meanes to reforme ſuch of his ſubiects Engliſhmen and Gaſgoignes, as daylye robbed and waſted the Countreys and landes belonging to the Crowne of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe Ambaſſadours were ſtayed for the ſpace of two Monethes, and ſtill they complay|ned of the wrongs that the Engliſhmẽ had done, contrary to the couenantes of the peace, but the king made ſmall account thereof, bycauſe hee perceyued it was forged matter that they alled|ged, and ſo in the ende he ſent them away.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At Douer being vpon their returne, there met them a Brytayn that was comming with letters of defiaunce to the king of Englande from the French king, and as he had in commaundement, he declared to thẽ the effect of his meſſage, where|vpon with al ſpeed they paſſed ouer to Bolongne, and were glad they had ſo eſcaped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Brytaine came to the Court and dely|uered the defiance to the king according to the in|ſtructions which he had receyued.The French king ſent to defie the king of England. When the king had heard the letters read, and perceyued by good viewe taken of the ſeale and ſignet, that the ſame were of authoritie, hee licenced the meſſenger to depart, and fel in counſaile with the Peeres of his realme, what he ſhould do in ſo weightie a mat|ter. Wherevpon it was thought neceſſarie by them, that he ſhoulde aſſemble his court of Par|liament, and ſo he did. In the which vpon decla|ration made, Polidor: A Parliament aſſembled. how iniuriouſly the Frenche king after many wrongfull dealings, had nowe bro|ken the peace, and ſent his defiance vnto the king in ſo deſpiteful wiſe as might be, there was gran|ted towardes the maintenance of the warre thus begon, three fiftenes of the temporaltie,Three fiftenes and three tenthes grãted Fabian. Froiſſart. and three diſmes of the ſpiritualtie, to bee payed in three yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the ſelfe ſame tyme that the defiance was made to the king here in Englande, the Earle of Saint Poll, and Guy de Chatyllon mayſter of the Croſbowes in Fraunce, entred into the coun|tie of Ponthiew, tooke Abuile,Sir Nicholas Louaigne taken. and an Engliſhe knight called ſir Nicholas Louaigne Seneſhall of that Countrey vnder the king of Englande, as then being within it. They tooke alſo Saint Va|lerie, Crotoy, Rue, Pont Saint Reny,The Countie of Ponthiew taken by the French king. and to be ſhort, reduced the whole Countrey of Pon|thiew vnder the French obeyſance, which hadde remayned in poſſeſſion of the Engliſhe men for the ſpace of .Cxij. yeares, euer ſith Edwarde the firſt had the ſame aſſigned to him in name of a dower, with his wife Queene Eleanore, ſiſter to Alfonſe king of Caſtil: and yet were the people of that Country readie now to reuolt to the French dominion, notwithſtanding their former long continued obeyſaunce to the Engliſh men: for otherwiſe coulde not the French men, ſo eaſilye haue come to their purpoſe, but that the people were couenanted before to receyue them, and be|tray thoſe fewe Engliſhmen that were amongeſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time alſo, it fell ſo yll for the Engliſhe men,The prince of Wales diſeaſed with ſickneſſe. that the Prince of Wales was troubled with a ſore ſickneſſe, that had continued long with him, euer ſith his being in Spaine, by reaſon whereof his enimies were the more bolde to make attempts agaynſt him, and dayly went about to allure and intice his ſubiects of the mar|ches of Guienne to reuolt from him,The Citie of Cahors re|uolteth. inſomuche that the citie of Cahors, and diuerſe other townes thereabout turned to the French part. And thus was the peace which had beene ſo ſurely made, and with ſo many ſolemne othes confirmed, vio|lated and broken, and the parties fallen togither by the eares againe in ſundrie places, and namely EEBO page image 978 in Aquitain, where ſundrie armies were abrode in the fieldes, diuerſe ſieges layde, many townes ta|ken, often encounters and ſkirmiſhes made, ſom|time to the loſſe of the one part, & ſomtyme of the other, and the Countreys in the meane time har|ried and ſpoyled, that maruayle it is to conſider, and too long a proceſſe it ſhould be to rehearſe the tenth part of ſuche chaunces as dayly happened amongſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Succors ſent into GaſcoignKing Edwarde ſent ouer into Gaſcoigne the Earles of Cambridge, and Pembroke, with a certaine number of men of armes and archers, the which arriuing in Brytayne paſſed through that Countrey by licence of the Duke, and came to the prince as thẽ lying at Angoleſme in Poictou, by whome they were ſent to ouerrunne the Earle of Perigordes landes,Burdille be|ſieged. and ſo they did, and after layde ſiege to Burdille, hauing with them aboute three thouſande men one and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There came with them forth of England four hundred men of armes, and foure hundred archers (as Froiſſart hath) and of their Captaines beſide, the Earles he nameth theſe, the Lorde of Tabe|ſtonne (or rather Bradſtone, as I take it) ſir Bri|an Stapleton, ſir Thomas Balaſter, and Sir Iohn Triuet.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whyleſt the ſayd Earles went thus to make warre agaynſt the Earle of Perigord.Sir Hugh Cal|uerley. Sir Hugh Caluerley with two thouſand men of warre was ſente alſo to ouerrunne the landes of the Earle of Armynacke,Sir Iohn Chandos and of the Lorde Dalbret, Sir Iohn Chandos lay in the marches of Tholouſe at Mountaubon, and afterwardes beſieged Ter|rieres and in the end wanne it, and ſo likewyſe did the Earles of Cambridge, and Pembroke, wynne Burdille,Burdille won. by reaſon of a ſailly that they wythin made forth, and paſſed ſo farre from their Fortreſſe, that the Engliſh men got betwixt thẽ and home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Robert Knolles.Sir Robert Knolles came from ſuch landes as he had in Brytaine, to ſerue the Prince now in theſe warres of Gaſcoigne, and was by him made chiefe gouernor of all his men of warre, who bare himſelfe right worthily in that charge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt iourney which he made at that time, was into Quercy, hauing with hym beſide hys owne handes, certayne Knightes of the Princes retinue, as ſir Richard Ponchardon, ſir Stephen Gouſenton, ſir Noel Loring, ſir Hugh Haftings, ſir Iohn Triuet, ſir Thomas Spencer, ſir Tho|mas Balaſter, ſir Nicholas Bonde, ſir William le Moine Seneſchall of Aigenois, ſir Baldwin de Freyuille, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At their comming into Quercy, they beſieged a ſtrong Fortreſſe called Durmell, within the which were diuerſe captaynes of the companions as Aymon d' Ortigo, the little Mechin, Iaques de Bray, Perot de Sauoy, and Arnaudon de Pons, the which ſo valiantly defended the pla [...], that although the Lorde Chandos, accompanies with ſir Thomas Felton, the Captall of Beu [...], ſir Iohn de Pommiers, ſir Thomas Percy, Sir Euſtace Daubreticourt, and others come wyth theyr retinues from Montaubon, to reenforce that ſiege, yet coulde they not obteyne their pur|poſe, but rayſing from thence after fiue Weekes ſiege, (conſtrayned thereto through want of vit|tayles,) they marched ſtreyght to a towne called Domme, which they beſieged, hauing in theyr armie fiftene hundred men at armes,De. G [...]. beſide two thouſand archers, and Brigans, ſo called in thoſe dayes, of an armor which they ware named Bri|gandines, vſed then by footemen, that bare alſo Targettes, or Pauoiſes, & certaine Dattes or Iauelynes to throw at their enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Towne and Caſtell of Domme were ſo ſtrong of themſelues, and ſo well prouided of men of Warre that were appoynted to the ga [...]e of the ſame, with the Lorde thereof called ſir Ro|bert de Domme, that after the Engliſh captains perceyued they ſhoulde but loſe tyme to lyngee about the wynning of that Towne, they rayſed theyr ſiege, and marching further into the coun|trey, wanne Gauaches, Freins, Rochmador, and Ville Franche, vpon the Marches of Touſon|zain, greatlye to the diſpleaſure of the Duke of Aniou that lay the ſame time in the citie of Tou|louze, and coulde not remedie the matter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to recyte euery particular enterprice, as the ſame was atchieued by the Engliſhe Cap|taynes and menne of warre in that ſeaſon, [...] ſhoulde bee more than the purpoſe of thys vo|lume might permytte, and therefore I paſſe o|uer dyuerſe things, whiche I fynde regiſtred by Froiſſart and other wryters, onely aduertiſing you that as the Engliſh menne thus made ſore warres agaynſte theyr aduerſaryes abroade in thoſe quarters: ſo the French men on the [...] parte had aſſembled greate numbers of menne of warre, not onely to defende theyr Fron [...]y [...]s, [...] alſo by inuaſions to winne from the Engliſhmẽ townes and Caſtels, and to waſt ſuch counſ [...] as would not turne to their ſide.Aqu [...]erh [...] [...] of warre. Thus were all thoſe Countreys in troubles of warre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two Kinges alſo of Englande, and Fraunce, ſignifyed to theyr neyghbours the cauſes of this warre, laying the fault eyther to other, and excuſing themſelues as cleare and in|nocent therein.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Edward duke of Guelderland nephew to the king of Englande, as ſonne to his ſiſter, and the duke of Gulick coſin to the kings childrẽ by their mother that was daughter to ye erle of Heinault, tooke great diſpite yt the French K. had broken the peace, as they wer throughly perſwaded, & that he had defied K. Edward (as before ye haue heard.) EEBO page image 979 Wherevpon they ſent their defiaunce vnto the French king, threatning to be reuenged on him to the vttermoſte of their powers.The Duke of [...]iere. Duke Albert of Bauier, was once minded alſo to haue aided king Edward in this warre: but afterwards ſuch per|ſwaſions were vſed on the French kings parte, that he choſe to remaine as neutre betwixt them both, refuſing to take any part.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among the ſouldiers alſo called companions which ſerued the Prince in this ſeaſon, there were three Captaines, right hardie and verie expert men of warre, Ortigo, Bernard de Wiſke, and Bernard de la Sale. Theſe three remayning as then in Lymoſin, hearing that the Duke of Bur|bons mother, which was alſo mother to ye Frẽch Queene, lay within the Caſtell of Belleperche in Burbonnois,The Duke of Burbons mo|ther taken. with a ſmall companie aboute hir, road thither in one day and a night, ſo that in the morning they approched the Caſtel, ſcaled it, and toke it, with the Ladie within it: and though they were after beſieged in the ſame Caſtell by the Duke of Burbon and other French men, yet they defended it, till the Earles of Cambridge, and Pembroke with .xv. hundred Speares, and three thouſand of other men of warre, came & offred the French mẽ battail, lodging afore them .xv. dayes, and when they perceyued that the French menne would not iſſue out of the Baſtide (in which they lay) to giue battaile, the Earles of Cambridge & Pembroke cauſed all them within the Caſtell to come forth, and to bring with them the Duches of Burbon, whom they led away in ſight of hir ſonne, leauing the Caſtell voyde and free for him to enioy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French [...] prepareth [...]e.The French king prouided a great number of ſhips to aſſemble togither at Harflew, and leuied a great power of men, minding to beſtow them abourde in the ſame ſhippes, that they myghte ſayle into Englande, and make warre agaynſt king Edward in his owne Countrey. Chieftain of this army ſhoulde haue beene his brother the Duke of Burbon, but this iourney was broken, for the Frenche men were caſed of the paine to come to ſeeke the Engliſh men at home in Eng|lande, they comming ouer into France, and proffering them battaile euen at theyr owne doores. For the king of Englande hauing leuied a power of Archers, and other men of warre, ſent them ouer vnder the leading of his ſonne the duke of Lancaſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of [...]caſter ſent [...] Flaunce with an army.There went with him in this iourney, the Earles of Hereforde and Saliſburie, the Lorde Ros, the Lorde Baſſet, the Lorde Willougbhie, the Lorde de la Ware, the Lorde de la Pole, the Lorde Walter of Manny, the Lord Henry Per|ry the Lord Thomas Grantſon, ſir Alain Bur|hul, ſir Richard Sturry, and diuerſe other. They went ouer about mydſommer, and after they had reſted them a little, the Duke ſet forwarde and roaded forth into the Countrey, ſpoyling and harrying the ſame, and when he ſaw time, retur|ned againe to Calais,

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French K. being at Roan, heard of the ar|riual of this army at Calais, and that his Coun|trey of Picardie was in great daunger: he chaun|ged his purpoſe therefore of ſending an army into England, and with all ſpeede appoynted that his power ſhould with his brother the Duke of Bur|goigne turne toward Calais, to reſyſt the Duke of Lancaſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon when the Duke of Lancaſter heard that the duke of Burgaigne was thus cõ|ming toward him, he iſſued forth of Calais, and cõming into the valley beneath the hil of Turne|ham, there tooke his fielde,The Duke of Lancaſter for|tifieth his campe. and fortified the place with ſtrong hedges and rampiers, the better to be able to reſiſt his enimies if they woulde aſſayle hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke of Burgoigne came ſtill forward,

The Duke of Burgoigne.

Fabian. Froiſſart.

till he approched verie neare to the Duke of Lan|caſters campe, and pight downe his fielde alofte vpon the hill of Turneham, ſo that the frontes of both hoſtes were within leſſe than a mile ey|ther of other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was come to the Duke of Lancaſter a knight of the marches of Almaine,Sir Robert de Namur. called Sir Robert de Namur, with an hundred Speares but yet the Duke of Lancaſters hoſt was but an handfull of men, in reſpect of the huge number of the Frenche armie, wherein were (as Froiſſart writeth) foure thouſande knightes, beſide other. But yet for all his great puiſſance and number of men, he would not aduenture to aſſayle the Eng|liſh men in their lodgings, as it was thought hee would haue done, but kept himſelfe and his men vpon the hill, from the .xxiiii. of Auguſt, vnto the xij. of September, and then diſlodged not muche to his honour, howſoeuer writers doe excuſe it, declaring how his brother had giuen him ſtraight commaundement, that in no wiſe he ſhould fight with the Engliſhmen: and that when he had ſent to his brother for commiſſion eyther to fight, [...] to remoue, he was commaunded to turne, wyth all ſpeede vnto Paris, and to breake vp his armie for that time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 Some there be that write,Caxton. how that after both theſe hoſtes had layen the one agaynſt the other a long ſpace, to the reproufe of both the Chieftains,The Earle of Warwike. it chaunced that the Lorde Thomas Beau|champe Erle of Warwike [...]me thitherward by ſea, to be at the battaile, which he heard woulde ſhortly follow betwene the two armies but are he was come to land, the French men for feare durſt no longer abide, but ſecretely in the night depar|ted and fled towards Heſdyn and ſo to Paris, for the which their flight, the Duke of Burgoigne EEBO page image 980 was after blamed of his brother the French king. In this meane while, that is to ſay, on the Euen of the Aſſumption of our Ladie,


The Queene of England de|parteth this life.

died that noble Princeſſe, the Lady Philip Queene of England. It is ſayd that when ſhe perceyued that ſhe muſt needes depart out of this tranſitorie life, ſhee de|ſired to ſpeake with the king hir huſbande, and when he was come to hir, with a ſorowfull heart to ſee hir in that ſtate,

Hir three pe|titions to the king.

The firſt re|queſt.

ſhee tooke him by the hand, and after courteous wordes of induction, ſhe re|quired of him to graunt hir three requeſtes: one, that all ſuche Merchantes and other men, wyth whome ſhee hadde bargayned in any condition, myght bee aunſwered of all ſuch debtes as ſhee ought to them, whether they dwelled on this ſide the ſea or beyonde.The ſecond. An other was, that all ſuch ordinances and promiſes, as ſhe hadde made to Churches, as well wythin this Realme, as in the parties of the further ſyde the Sea, myght bee perfourmed.The thirde. And the thirde was, that it myght pleaſe him to chooſe oute none other Sepulchre when God ſhoulde call him oute of this worlde, but beſide hir at Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The prayſe of Queene IſabelThis Queene to traine the Engliſhe youth vnto vertuous conuerſation, and to giue occaſi|on that they might be brought vp in learning and good inſtructions,The Queenes Colledge. founded a College at Oxford, furniſhing it with goodly buildings, and a church that they might both ſerue God, and profite in theyr ſtudies, wherevpon it is called the Queenes Colledge euen to this day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to returne to the Duke of Lanca|ſter, ye ſhall vnderſtande that after the departure of the French armie beſide the hill of Tain [...]ham, the ſayde Duke returned to Calais, and there re|freſhed himſelfe and his people the ſpace of three dayes.The Duke of Lancaſter ma|keth a iourney into Fraunce. And then he ſet forward againe, and with him as Marſhals of the hoſt, was the Earle of Warwike, and the Lorde Roger Beauchampe, with the Lordes and knightes before remembred. They tooke theyr iourney to Saint Ouiers, and by Turwin, and then through the Coun [...]e of S. Paule, ſtill burning the Countrey as they went. They rode not paſt three or foure leagues a day,Saint Riquier and keeping on their way, they came by S. Ri|quier, and at the planches vnder Abuile paſſed the riuer of Some, & then entred into the countrey of Vimew, in purpoſe to go vnto Harflew, and there to burne the French kings nauie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus paſſing forward through V [...]mew, and the Countie of Ewe, they entred into the Archbi|ſhoprike of Roan, and marching forth by Deepe, came vnto Harflew: but the Earle of S. Poule, and the Lorde of Fiennes Coneſtable of Fraunce which had coaſted the Engliſh armie in all this iourney, with a great power of men, was gotten before them, and entred into this towne, ſo that they knew how they ſhoulde but loſe theyr paine, if they did aſſayle it, and ſo therfore after they had lyen before it three dayes, on the fourth day they diſſodged, and returned againe towards Ca [...], returning through the Countrey of Ponth [...], & before Abuile chaunced to encounter a number of French men, which gaue to the Duke battail.


The ma [...] of the Cro [...] of Fr [...] taken.

I [...] the which was taken ſir Hugh de Chafellon, ma|ſter of the Croſbowes of Fraunce, wyth other Knightes, Eſquiers, and Burgeſſes of that towne, and ſlaine about .xvj. ſcore of the French parte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There be that write otherwiſe hereof,Froiſſart. ſhewing how the ſayde ſir Hugh de Chaſtellon was taken by an ambuſh layd by ſir Nicholas Louaigne; as the ſame ſir Hugh was come forth of the towne, with not paſt ten or twelue with him, to ſee how the paſſage of Rowray was kept by them that had charge thereof: howe ſoeuer it came to paſſe, taken he was, and brought to the Duke of Lan|caſter, that reioyſed greatly of that good happẽ: and ſo marching forwarde, he paſſed the Riuer at Blanchetaque, and drew towardes the towne of Rew on the ſea ſide, and ſo to Montreull, and finally to Calais.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then were the ſtraungers lycenced to de|part: and bycauſe it was farre in the Winter, as aboute Sainte Martyns tyde, the Duke and the moſt parte of hys armye returned into Eng|lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare chaunced the third mortalitie,

The thirde mortalitie.

Caxton. Polichron.

The Earle of Warwike [...]par [...]eth this life.


which was exceeding great both of men and bea|ſtes, that the like had not bene heard of. And a|mongſt other people that periſhed of that peſtilen|ciall ſickneſſe, that worthie knight and noble cap|taine the Earle of Warwike dyed at Calays in the Moneth of Ianuarie, after his returne from Harflew.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Countrey of Aquitaine was full of trouble in thys meane tyme, eyther parte ſee|king to grieue other to the vttermoſte of theyr powers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iohn Haſtings Earle of Pembroke,Polidor. hauing with him certaine bandes of men of warre, re|couered dyuerſe Townes and Caſtelles in thoſe partyes: but when he perceyued how the enimies that were not farre from the place where he was lodged, ſhewed manifeſt to [...]ens of feare, in mar|ching one while vncertainly forward, a [...] o|ther while ſerching great compaſſes aboute, hee ſomewhat vnwarely ſetting vpon them in theyr campe, was diſ [...]ed and put to flight, ſo that getting hym into a place of the Temple [...]s,Froiſſa [...] that was cloſed aboute wyth a Wall, hee [...]|ned there in great daunger to be taken pryſo|ner of hys enimyes that aſſayled hym, if the Lorde Iohn Chandos Seneſchall of Poicto [...] hadde not come to the reſkue, and pledged hym forth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 981But ſhortly after thr ſayde Lorde Chandos was ſlaine by the enimies (whome firſt hee had ouer|come) whileſt without good aduiſe, Thom VValſ. Sir Iohn Can|dos L [...]os. Froiſſart. he put of his helmet, and ſo receyuing a ſtroke with a glayue that entred into his head, betwixt his noſe and his foreheade, he neuer after ſpake worde, not liuing paſt a day and a night after he was hurt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The death of this right famous, wiſe, and va|liant knight, was bewayled as wel of the French men as Engliſh men. The French king himſelf when he heard that he was ſlaine, greatly lamen|ted the miſhappe, affirming that nowe he beeing dead, there was not any left aliue able to agree the kings and realmes of England and Fraunce: ſo much was he feared, eſteemed, and beloued of all men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Thomas Percy.After he was thus ſlaine, ſir Thomas Percy was made Seneſchall of Poictou.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 By reaſon of the great weete and raine that fell this yeare in more abundance than had beene accuſtomed,

A dearth.

H [...]. Marle.

muche corne was loſt, ſo that the price thereof was ſore enhaunced, inſomuche that wheate was ſolde at three ſhillings foure pence the Buſhell. But as concerning the death, the weſt parts of the realme was foreſt afflicted with this mortalitie, and namely at Oxforde there dyed a great number of ſcholers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Somwhat before this time, the Lady Blanch daughter to Henrie duke of Lancaſter,

The Duches of Lancaſter.


departed this life, and was buried on the north ſide of the high aulter in the Cathedrall Churche of Saint Paule within the citie of London, where hir huſ|bande Iohn of Gaunt was after alſo interred. She ordeyned for hir huſbande, and for hir ſelfe, a ſolemne obite to be kept yearely in that Churche, where the Maior being preſent with the Sherifs, Chamberlaine, and Swordbearer, ſhoulde offer eche of them a pennie, and the Maior to take vp a pounde, the Sherifes eyther of them a Marke, the Chamberlaine ten ſhillings, and the Sword-bearer .vj. ſhillings .viij. pence, and euery other of the Maiors officers .xxij. pens, and the number of viij. officers belonging to the Sherifes, (and by them to be appoynted) .viij. pens the peece.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. reg. 44.

[...]ſſart. [...]chron.

This yeare was graunted to the king in Par|liament aſſembled at Weſtminſter of the ſpiritu|all mennes liuings a tenth for the ſpace of three yeares, and a fiftenth of the temporalty during the ſame tearme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Robert [...]les with a [...]mie ſent [...] [...]o France.This yeare, after that the king had gotten to|gither a great ſumme of money, as well by boro|wing of the Clergie as of the Laitie, he leuied an armie, and ſent the ſame ouer to Calais aboute Mydſummer, vnder the gouernance of that wor|thie Chieftaine ſir Robert Knolles, accompanied with the Lorde Fitz Walter, the Lorde Gran|ſon ſir Alam Buxhall, ſir Iohn Bourchier, ſir William Meuille, ſir Geffrey Wourſeley, and diuerſe other noble men, knightes, and worthie Captaynes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time,Truce with Scottes. the king of Englande concluded an abſtinence of warre with the Scots for the tearme of .ix. yeares, ſo that the Scottes yet might arme themſelues, and at theyr pleaſure ſerue and take wages, either of the Engliſhe or French, by reaſon wherof, ſir Robert Knolles had in his companie an hundred ſpeares of the realme of Scotlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When this armie had lyen and reſted in Ca|lais aboute the ſpace of .vij. dayes, Sir Robert Knolles cauſed euerie man to depart the towne, and to take the fields, marching the firſt day nere to the Caſtell of Fiennes,

Iames Mair.

The number of men of war in this armie.


and there lodged for that night. The whole number of this armie was not aboue .xij. thouſande men. Froiſſart ſayth they were but fiftene hundred ſpeares, and foure thouſand archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Within the Caſtell of Fiennes was the Co|neſtable of Fraunce, that was Lord thereof, with ſuch a number of ſouldiers and men of warre, that the Engliſhe men thought they ſhoulde but loſe theyr labour to aſſaile it. And ſo they paſſed forth by Turrouane, & towards Arras, riding not paſt foure leagues a daye, bycauſe of theyr cariages and footemen. They tooke theyr lodging euer a|bout noone, and lay neare vnto great villages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French king had furniſhed all his townes and fortreſſes in Picardie with ſtrong garniſons of ſouldiers, to defende the ſame agaynſt al chan|ces, that might happen eyther by ſiege or ſodaine aſſault.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſh men therefore thought not good to lynger about the wynning of any of the ſtrong townes, but paſſed by them, waſting or raunſo|ming the Countreys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At Arras they ſhewed themſelues before the barriers, and when none would iſſue to ſkirmiſh with them, they ſet fire on the Suburbes,The ſuburbes of Arras burnt and de|parted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 From thence they tooke the way by Baupal|mes, and ſo came into Vermendo [...]s,The towne of Roy burnt. and burnt the towne of Roy. Then went they to Han in Vermendois, into the which all the people of the Countrey were withdrawen, with ſuch goods as they might carie with them.The French men withdraw into their for|treſſes & ſtrõg townes. And in like maner had thoſe done which inhabited about S. Quin|tin, Peronne, and other ſtrong townes, ſo that the Engliſhe men founde little abroade, ſauing the Barnes full of corne, for it was after harueſt. So they roade faire and eaſily, two or three leagues a day, and ſometime to recouer money of theyr eni|mies, they would compounde with them within ſtrong townes, to ſpare the Countrey from bur|ning and deſtruction, for ſuch a ſumme as they agreed vpõ, by which meanes ſir Robert Knolles got in that voyage aboue the ſumme of an hun|dred EEBO page image 990 thouſand frankes. For the which he was af|ter accuſed to the king of Englande, as one that had not delt iuſtly in ſo doing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus they paſſed the Countrey, and came be|fore Noyon, and after they had reſted a while be|fore the towne, they went forth waſting and bur|ning the Countrey, and finally paſſed the ryuer of Marne, and ſo entred into Champaigne, and paſſed the Riuer of Aube, and alſo dyuerſe times they paſſed to and fro ouer the riuer of Saine: at length drawing towards Paris,The Engliſh men before Paris. and comming before that Citie, they lodged there in the fielde a day and two nightes, and ſhewed themſelues in order of battaile before the Citie. This was on the .xxiiij. of September.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French king was at the ſame time with|in the Citie, and might behold out of his lodging of S. Poule, the fiers & ſmokes, that were made in Gaſtenois, through burning the townes and villages there by the Engliſhmẽ, but yet he wold ſuffer none of his people to go forth of the citie, al|though there was a great power of men of warre within the Citie, both of ſuch as had coaſted the Engliſh army in all this iourney, and alſo of o|ther which were come thither by the kings com|maundement, beſide the Burgeſſes, & inhabitants of the Citie. When ſir Robert Knolles percey|ued that hee ſhoulde haue no battaile, he departed and drewe towardes Aniou, where they wanne by ſtrẽgth the townes of Vaas and Ruelly. But now in the beginning of winter, there fell ſuche diſcorde amongſt the Engliſh captaines, through couetouſneſſe and enuie, that finally they deuided themſelues in ſunder, greatly to the diſpleaſure of ſir Robert Knolles theyr General, who could not rule them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Tho. VValſ.

Sir Simon Minſterworth

There was a knight among them named ſir Iohn Menſterworth, that had the leading of one wing of this army, a good man of his handes, as we call him, but peruers of mind, & verie deceitful and to ſir Robert Knolles to whõ he was muche beholden, moſt vnfaythful.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This knight perceyuing the wilfull minds of certaine yong Lords and knights there in the ar|my, that repined at the gouernment of ſir Robert Knolles, as the Romains did ſomtime at the go|uernance of Camillus. The chiefe of them were theſe, the Lorde Grantſon, the Lord Fitz Water, and others: hee did his beſt to pricke them for|warde, ſounding them in the eare, that it was a great reporche for them being of noble Paren|tage to ſerue vnder ſuch an olde raſcall as he was, eche of them being able to guyde theyr enterprice of themſelues,Bermondſey. wythout his counſayle. In deede this ſir Robert Knolles was not diſcended of any high lynage,Sir Robert Knolles borne in Cheſſhire. but borne in the Countie of Cheſter of meane ofſpring, neuertheleſſe through his va|liant prowes, and good ſeruice in warre, growne to ſuch eſtimation, as he was reputed worthie of all honour due to a noble and ſkilfull warrior, ſo that it was thought the King coulde not haue made his choyſe of one more able or ſufficient to ſupplie the roumth of a chieftaine, than of hym: but yet, although this was moſte true, his ad|uice could not be hearde, nor the authoritie ap|poynted hym by the King beare any ſway: for where he counſayled that they ſhoulde nowe vp|on the approching of Winter drawe forth of Fraunce into Brytayne, and there remayne for the Wynter ſeaſon, they would not ſo agree, nor obey his will.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wherevpon it came to paſſe, that ſir Ber|thram de Cleaquin,Sir Robert Knolles coun|ſaile not fol|lowed. at that time newly made Coneſtable of Fraunce, vnderſtanding this diui|ſion to grow amongſt the Engliſhmen, and that they were deuided into parts, he ſet vpon them ſo much to their diſaduantage, that he diſtreſſed thẽ, and tooke or ſlue the more part of them:

Diſcorde who cõmeth [...]


but ſir Robert Knolles with the flower of the archers and men of warre went into Brytaine, and there ſaued himſelfe, and thoſe that followed him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here may you ſee, how thoſe yt before through amitie and good agreement were of ſuch force as their enimies durſt not once aſſay to annoy them, now by ſtrife and diſſention amongſt themſelues were ſlain or taken by the ſame enimies, and brought to confuſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane time that ſir Robert Knolles made thys voyage throughe the Realme of Fraunce,


The Citie of Limoges beſieged.

the Prince of Wales layde ſiege to the Citie of Lymoges, whiche was reuolted to the Frenchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were with hym at the laying of thys ſiege, his brethren, the Duke of Lancaſter, and the Earle of Cambridge, ſir Guiſhard Dangle, ſir Loys de Harecourt, the Lorde of Pons, the Lorde of Partenay, the Lorde of Pinane, the Lorde of Tannaybouton, ſir Perciuall de Cou|longne, ſir Geffray de Argenton, Poictouyus: and of Gaſcoignes, the Lorde of Mountferrant, the Lorde de Chaumount, the Lorde de Lou|gueren, ſir Amerie de Tharſe, the Lordes of Pommiers, Mucident, de l' Eſparre, the Soul|diche de Leſtrade, the Lorde of Geronde, and many other: of Engliſhe menne there were, ſir Thomas Percye, the Lorde Ros, the Lorde William Beauchampe, ſir Michaell de la Pole, ſir Stephen Gouſſenton, ſir Richarde Pont|chardon, ſir Baldwyn Freuille, ſir Simon Bur|ley, ſir Dangouſſe, Sir Iohn Deuereux, Sir William Menille, (or as ſome Copyes haue) Neuille, and many other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was alſo Sir Euſtace Dambrethi|court, and of the Companions, ſir Perducas Dalbreth, who in the begynning of theſe warres beeing turned Frenche, was by the perſwaſion EEBO page image 991 of Sir Robert Knolles procured to returne a|gayne to the Princes ſeruice before the ſiege of Durmelle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince beeing thus accompanied wyth theſe worthie Captaynes and men of armes, to the number of .xij. hundred, beſide a thouſand ar|chers and other footmen, endeuoured by al wayes he could deuice to endomage them within. In the ende he cauſed the walles to be vndermined, and quite reuerſed into the ditch,Lymoges ta|ken by force. and then giuing aſ|ſault, entred by ye breach, & made an huge ſlaugh|ter of them within, inſomuche that of men wo|men, and children (for none were ſpared in re|ſpect of age or ſexe) there were ſlain and behedded that day aboue three thouſand.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop with certaine knightes and cap|taynes were taken, and had their liues graunted, though the Biſhop was in great daunger to haue leſt his head bycauſe he was a chiefe doer in yeel|ding the Citie before vnto the Frenchmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt the Prince lay at ſiege before Ly|moges (a little before he wanne it) thither came to hym his brethren,Polidor. Froiſſart. the Duke of Lancaſter, and the Earle of Cambridge, the Lorde Ros, ſir Michaell de la Poole, ſir Robert Roux, ſir Iohn Saintlo, & ſir William Beauchampe, wyth a faire number of men of warre, ſpeares, & archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Prince then after he had wonne Lymo|ges, and executed ſome crueltie there to the ter|rour of other. His maladie which ſtill continued vpõ him, rather encreaſed than diminiſhed, ſo that hee was aduiſed by Phiſitions to returne into England, in hope that chaunge of aire ſhould re|ſtore him to health. For the which conſideration and other cauſes of buſineſſe which he had to doe with his father,

The Prince re|turneth into England.

Thom VValſ.

touching certain weighty affaires he tooke the ſea, & came ouer into Englãd, leauing the gouernment of Aquitain vnto his brother the duke of Lancaſter, as his lieutenant there: he lan|ded at Plimmouth in the beginning of Ianuary.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king of Nauar com|meth ouer in| [...]o England.Moreouer in this .xliiij. yeare of king Ed|ward, the king of Nauarre came ouer into Eng|land, and at Claringdon found the king, and ther talked with him of ſuche matters as they had to conclude betwixt them two. But for that the K. of Nauarre could not aſſure the king of ſuch co|uenants as ſhould haue paſſed betwixt them two,Polidor. it was not thought meete by the kings counſayle to worke to farre vpon his bare worde, that had before time ſhewed apparaunt proufes of his in|conſtant dealing. And ſurely this doubt roſe not wythout cauſe,

The king of Nauarres con| [...]tancie ſuſ|pected.


as his doings ſhortly after decla|red: for although he ſeemed nowe at thys pre|ſent to be a very enimie to the French King, yet ſhortly after hee was reconciled to him agayne, and became his great friend for the time it laſted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. reg. 45.

This yeare in the moneth of Februarie was a Parliament called, in the which there was de|maunded of the ſpiritualtie a ſubſidie of fiftie M.


A Subſidie.

poundes, and as much of the Laitie. The tempo|rall men ſoone agreed to that payment, but the Cleargie excuſed themſelues with fayre wordes and ſhyfting anſweres. Inſomuch that the king tooke diſpleaſure with them and depoſed certaine ſpirituall men from their offices of dignitie,Spirituall men depoſed. as the Chancellour, the Priuie ſeale, the Treaſorer and ſuch other, in whoſe rowmes he placed temporal men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of Wincheſter, and the Bi|ſhop of Beanuoys being both Cardinalles were put in commiſſion by Pope Gregorie the .xj.Cardinals ap|poynted to treate of peace to treate betwixt the kings of England and France for a peace, but howbeit they did their endeuour therein, and moued both kings to the vttermoſte of theyr powers, yet theyr mocions tooke none effect, and therefore was the warre purſued to the vttermoſt betwixt the parties, and namely in A|quitaine, where the Fortreſſes were ſo intermed|led one with an other, ſome Engliſhe and ſome French, that one knew not howe to beware of an other, nor to auoyde the daunger, ſo that the Countrey of Poictow and other the marches thereabout were in great tribulation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Robert Knolles, ſir Thomas Spencer,Polidor. ſir Iohn Triuet, and ſir Hugh Haſtings, deui|ding theyr powers in ſunder, went to recouer Townes, ſome in one quarter, and ſome in an other, and certaine they aſſayed, but preuay|led not, the Inhabitantes doubting to bee pu|niſhed for theyr vntruthes, made ſuche ſtoute reſiſtaunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, the Duke of Lancaſter appoyn|ted ſir Robert Knolles, to repayre agayne to Ca|lais, and by the way (if occaſion ſerued) to at|tempt the recouerie of Ponthieu. Sir Robert ta|king his iourney through Fraunce by Paris,The feare which the eni|mies had of ſir Rob. Knolles. came into the marches of Picardie: and bycauſe in compariſon to this manne, all the Engliſhe Captaines were little feared of the French men,Sir Berthram de Cleaquin. Sir Berthram de Cleaquin the Coneſtable of Fraunce leauing the fortreſſes in the marches of Aquitaine ſufficiently ſtuffed with men of war and munition, followed ſir Robert Knolles, ſtill readie to aſſayle the hyndermoſt companies, or elſe to ſet on the ſydes of his enimies. So that there chaunced manye ſkirmiſhes betwixt them, and many men were ſlaine on both partes, but at length, whẽ ſir Robert Knolles ſaw no likelihood to atchieue his purpoſed entent in recouerie of the townes of Põthieu, as Abuile and other, he drew ſtreight to Calais, & the Coneſtable retired backe into Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this .xlvj. yeare. ſir Robert Aſhton was ſent into Ireland as Lord Deputie there,


An. Reg. 46.

and in the ſame yeare, the Duke of Lancaſter being as thẽ a widower, maried the Lady Cõſtãce eldeſt daugh|ter EEBO page image 992 to Peter king of Spaine, whiche was ſlaine by his baſtarde brother Henrie (as before yee haue hearde.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the Lorde Edmonde Earle of Cam|bridge, maried the Ladie Iſabell, ſiſter to the ſame Cõſtance. Their other ſiſter named Beatrice, af|fianced to Don Ferdinando, ſonne to Peter king of Portingale, was departed this life a little be|fore this tyme at Bayonne, where they were all three left as hoſtages by theyr father, when the Prince went to bring him home into his Coun|trey, (as before ye may reade)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Froiſſart writeth, that the Duke maried the Ladie Conſtance in Gaſcoigne, and that ſhortly after he returned into Englande with his ſayde wife and hir ſiſter, leauing the Capital de Bueffz, and other Lordes of Gaſcoigne and Poictou in charge with the rule of thoſe Countreys. By rea|ſon of that mariage, the duke of Lancaſter as in right of his wife being the elder ſiſter, cauſed him|ſelfe to be intituled king of Caſtile, and his ſayde wife Queene of the ſame realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Hereforde being ſent to the ſea, with certaine ſhippes of warre, was encountred by the Flemiſh fleete, before an hauen in Brytain called the Bay, where was fought a ſore battaile, and long continued for the ſpace of three houres: howbeit finally the victorie abode with the Eng|liſh menne, notwithſtanding that the Flemings were more in number, and better prouided for the matter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were taken of them .xxv. ſhippes, with theyr Admirall Iohn Peterſon. They had bene at Rochelle for wine, and now were come to the Bay for ſalt vpon theyr returne homewards, and hearing that the Engliſh men woulde come that way, ſtayed for them, and firſt gaue the onſet. For ye muſt remember, that by reaſon that the Earle of Flaunders had maried his daughter to the duke of Burgoine, whiche he had firſt promiſed to the Earle of Cambridge, there was no perfite friend|ſhip betwixt the Realme of Englande, and the Countreys of the ſayd Erle of Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Guichard Dangle a knight of Poictou, that was come ouer with the Duke of Lanca|ſter, to procure the king to ſende ſome newe ayde into Aquitaine,

Sir Guiſſhard Dangle made knight of the Garter.

Polidor. Caxton.

was for his approued valiauncie and tryed truth to the king of Englande, made knight of the Garter. And moreouer at his in|ſtaunce the king rigged a nauie of ſhippes, and appoynted the Earle of Pembroke as generall, to ſayle wyth the ſame into Aquitayne, and there to remoue the ſiege which the Frenchmen had laid to Rochell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Erle of Pembroke ſent into Guienne.The Earle according to his commiſſion tooke the Sea with a fleete of .xl. ſhippes prepared for him: but ere he could enter the hauen of Rochelle, he was aſſayled by an huge fleete of Spaniards, and there vanquiſhed, taken pryſoner, and [...] into Spaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Spaniards had for captaines foure [...]|full warriours, Ambroſe Bouque negre,Froiſſart. Cabeſſe de Vake or Vakadent, Dom Ferand d [...] P [...], and Rodigo de la Rochelle, who had vnder there gouernment .xl. great carreuelles, and thirt [...] trymme Barques throughly furniſhed and ap|poynted with good mariners and men of w [...]e.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Pembroke had with him no|thing the like number of ſhippes, nor men: for (as Froiſſart writeth) he had not paſt .xxij. knightes with him, or as other haue not paſt .xij. being for the more part of his owne retinue of houſholde: and yet thoſe fewe Engliſhmen and Poictouins that were there with him, bare themſelues right valiantly, and fought it out to the vttermoſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlaine ſir Simon Houſſagre, ſir Iohn de Mortaing, and ſir Iohn Tuchet: and there were taken priſoners, beſides the Erle him|ſelfe, ſir Robert Buffort, ſir Iohn Curſon, Sir Othes de Grandſon, ſir Guicharde Dangle,Theſe [...] laſt [...] Rochelle ayde the [...] the Lorde of Pinane, ſir Iohn de Griueres, ſir Ia|ques de Surgieres, the Lorde of Tannaybouton, ſir Iohn de Hardane, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle had (as Froiſſard wryteth) trea|ſure with him, to haue waged three thouſande men of warre, which neuer did any man good, for as he was informed, the ſhippe wherein it was a|bourd, periſhed with diuerſe other being burnt or ſunke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This battaile was fought on Mydſommer euen, in thys .xlvj. yeare of King Edwardes raigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſh wryters ſay, that it was no mar|uaile though this miſhappe chaunced to him, by|cauſe he had in Parliament ſpoken agaynſt men of the Churche, in giuing counſayle that they myght be conſtrayned to pay grieuous ſubſidies, towardes the maintenance of the kings warres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 By reaſon of this miſfortune thus happened to the Engliſhe fleete, the Frenchmen recouered many townes and Caſtels out of the Engliſhe mens hands, in the Countreys of Poictou, Xa [...]|tonge, Lymoſyn, and other the marches of A|quitaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame tyme, the French king ſente foure thouſande men to the Sea,


Iua [...] a We [...] Gentlem [...].

vnder the guy|ding of one Yuans a baniſhed Welch gentlemã, the whiche landing in the Ile of Gerueſey was encountered by the Captaine of that Ile called ſir Edmond Rous, who had gather .d.viij.C.Sir Edmond Rous mẽ of his owne ſouldiers togither, with them of the Ile, & boldly gaue battail to the Frenchmẽ: but in the ende the Engliſhmen were diſcomfited, and four .C. of thẽ ſlain, ſo that ſir Edmõd Rous fled into the Caſtle of Cornet, and was there beſieged by the ſayd Iuan, till the French king ſent to him EEBO page image 993 to come backe from thence, and ſo he did, leauing the Caſtell of Cornet, and ſir Edmonde Rous within it as he found him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The proſpe|rous ſucceſſe of the French|men in Poic|tou.The Frenchmen this yeare recouered the Ci|tie of Poictiers, alſo Rochelle, and the moſt parte of all Poictou, and finally layde ſiege to Touars in Poictou, wherin a great number of the Lordes of that Countrey were encloſed, the which fell to a compoſition with the French men to haue an abſtinence of warre for themſelues, and theyr landes, till the feaſt of Saint Michaell next en|ſuing, which ſhoulde be in the yeare 1362. And in the meane time they ſent to the king of England theyr ſoueraigne Lorde, to certifie hym what conditions they hadde agreed vnto, that if they were not ayded by hym, or by one of his ſonnes within the ſayde tearme, then they to yeelde them and theyr landes to the obeyſaunce of the French king.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Not long before this, the Captall of Bueffz was taken priſoner, and Sir Thomas Percie with diuerſe other Engliſhmen and Gaſcoignes before Soubiſe by ſir Iuan of Wales and other French Captaines, [...]ers in [...]anger to bee [...]oſt. ſo that the Countreys of Poictou and Xaintonge were in greate daunger to bee quite loſt if ſpeedie ſuccours came not in tyme. Whereupon king Edwarde aduertiſed of that agreement which they within Touars had made,Tho. VValſ. rayſed an armie, rigged his ſhippes, and in Auguſt tooke the ſea, purpoſing to come before the day aſſigned to ye ſuccours of that fortreſſe: but the winde continued for the ſpace of nine weekes ſo contrarie vnto his entent, that he was ſtyll dryuen backe and coulde not get forwarde towarde the coaſt of Rochelle, where he thought to haue landed, ſo that finally when the daye of reſcuing Touars came, he nor any of his ſonnes coulde appeare in thoſe parties, and ſo to hys great diſpleaſure he returned home, and lycen|ced all his people to depart to theyr houſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 By this meanes was Touars delyuered to the Frenchmen, which ceaſſed not in ſuch occa|ſions of aduauntage to take tyme, and folow the ſteppes of proſperous fortune.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


An. reg. 57.

The Duke of [...]ritaine.

About this ſeaſon the Duke of Brytaine be|ing ſore diſpleaſed in hys mynde, that the Eng|liſh men ſuſteyned dayly loſſes in the parties of Aquitaine, woulde gladly haue ayded their ſide, if he myght haue got the Nobles of his Coun|trey to haue ioyned wyth him, but the Lordes Clyſſon, and de la Vale, with the Vicount of Roan, and other the Lordes and Barons of Brytaigne, ſo muche fauoured the Frenche King, that hee perceyued they woulde reuolte from him, if hee attempted any thing agaynſt the French men. Hee therefore meaning by one way or other to further the king of Englande his quarell, and fearing to bee attached by hys owne Subiectes, and ſent to Paris, hee diſpat|ched Meſſengers to King Edwarde, requyring him to ſende ſome power of menne of warre into Brytayne, to defende him agaynſt the malice of ſuche as were altogither Frenche and enimies to Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edwarde forthwith ſent ouer the lord Neuil, with foure hundred men of armes,The Lord Ne|uil ſent into Britaine. and as many archers, the which arriuing at Saint Ma|thewes de fine Poterne, remayned there all the winter. Whervpon the Brytaynes being ſore of|fended therewith, cloſed their townes and fortreſ|ſes agaynſt their Duke, and ſhewed muche euill will towardes him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Coneſtable of Fraunce ſir Berthram de Cleaquin,Engliſhmen diſcomfited by the Cone|ſtable of France. laying ſiege to the towne and Caſtell of Syreth in Poictou, diſcomfited a number of Engliſhe men that came to rayſe his ſiege, by meanes whereof he got not onely Syreth, but al|ſo Nyort, Lucignen,Townes won by him. and all other the townes and Fortreſſes which the Engliſh men helde tyll ye day within Poictou, Xaintonge, & Rochellois.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after this, the Coneſtable returned into Fraunce, and was appoynted by the King there to goe with an armie of men of warre into Brytaine, and there to take into his handes all ſuche townes and Fortreſſes as belonged to the Duke of Brytayne,The coneſtable of France ſente into Britayne. bycauſe he had allyed him|ſelfe with the King of Englande, and receyued Engliſhmen into his Countrey, to the preiudice of the realme of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The duke being aduertiſed of the Coneſtables comming,Sir Robert Knolles. was counſailed by ſir Robert Knolles (whom the K. of England had ſent to ayd him) that he ſhould paſſe ouer into England, & there to be a ſuter in his owne cauſe for more ayde to bee ſent into Brytayne, to reſiſt the Frenchmen that nowe ſought to bring the whole Countrey into their poſſeſſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Duke enclyning to thys aduice,The Duke of Britaine com|meth ouer into Englande. went ouer into Englande, and in the meane tyme the Coneſtable came and wanne the moſte parte of all the Townes and Fortreſſes of that Duchie, except Breſt, where ſir Robert Knolles was, and certaine other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Saliſburie with a great nauie of Shippes,The Earle of Salisbury. well furniſhed with men of armes and archers, lay vpon the coaſt of Brytayne, all that tyme, and greatly comforted them wythin Breſt, inſomuche that he came on lande, and of|fred battaile to the Coneſtable if hee woulde haue come forward and receyued it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the moneth of Iulie in this .xlvij. yeare of King Edwardes raigne,


The Duke of Lancaſter ſent ouer into France with an army.

the Duke of Lanca|ſter was ſente ouer vnto Calays with an ar|mie of thirtie thouſande men, (as ſome wryte) but as Froiſſart hath, they were but thirtene thouſande, as three thouſande men of armes, EEBO page image 994 and ten thouſande archers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iames Mair. Froiſſart.This voyage had bin in preparing for the ſpace of three yeares, before. The Duke of Brytaine was there with them, and of the Engliſh nobility beſide the duke of Lancaſter that was their gene|rall,Noble men that went with him in that iourney. there were the Erles of Warwike, Stafford and Suffolke, the L. Edward Spencer, that was Coneſtable of the hoſt, the Lordes Willoughby, de la Poole, Baſſet, & diuerſe others. Of knights, ſir Henry Percy, ſir Lewes Clifford, ſir William Beauchampe, the Chanon Robertſart, Walter Hewet, ſir Hugh Calnerley, ſir Stephẽ Couſing|ton, ſir Richard Ponchardon, and many other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When they had made redie their cariages and other things neceſſarie for ſuch a iourney whiche they had taken in hande, that is to wit, to paſſe through ye realm of France vnto Burdeaux, they ſet forward, hauing their army deuided into three battayles. The Erles of Warwike and Suffolk led the fore warde: the two Dukes of Lancaſter and Brytaine, the middle warde or battaile: and the rerewarde was gouerned by the Lord Spẽcer Coneſtable of the hoſt. They paſſed by S. O|mers, by Turrouane, and coaſted the Coun|trey of Arthois, and paſſed the water of Some at Corby.They paſſed through the country with|out aſſaulting any townes. They deſtroyed the Countreys as they went, and marched not paſt three leagues a day. They aſſayled none of the ſtrong townes, nor fortreſſes. For the French king had ſo ſtuffed thẽ with notable numbers of men of warre, that they perceyued they ſhould trauaile in vaine about the winning of them. At Roy in Vermandois, they reſted them ſeuen dayes, and at their departure ſet fire on the towne, bycauſe they could not win the church which was kept againſt them. Frõ thence they drew towards Laon, & ſo marched forward, paſſing the riuers of Yſare. Marne, Saine, and Yonne. The Frenchmen coaſted them, but durſt not approch to giue them battaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Neare to Ribanmont, about .lxxx. Engliſhe men of ſir Hugh Caluerleys companie were de|ſtreſſed by ſir ſcore Frẽchmen: and likewiſe beſide Soyſſons,Fabian. ſix ſcore Engliſh ſpeares, (or as other writers) haue fiftie ſpeares, and, xx. archers were vanquiſhed by a Burgonian knight called Sir Iohn de Vienne, that had with him three hũdred French ſpeares. Of more hurt by any encoun|ters I read not that the Engliſh men ſuſteyned in this voyage.The Frenchmẽ ment not to fight with the Engliſhmen For the French men kept them a|loofe, and ment not to fight with their enimies, but onely to keepe them from vittayles, and fet|ching of forrage abrode, by reaſon whereof the Engliſh men loſt many horſes, and were in deed driuen to great ſcarcitie of vitailes. When they had paſſed the riuer of Loire, and were come into the Countrey of Berry,Polidor. they vnderſtoode how the French men layde themſelues in ſundrie Am|buſhes to diſtreſſe them, if they might eſpie the aduauntage: But the duke of Lancaſter placing his light horſmen, with part of the archers in the fore ward,The [...] the D [...] of Lancaſter [...] [...]y in [...]+ching. and in the battail the whole force of his footemen with the menne at armes deuided into wings to couer that battaile, wherein he himſelfe was, the reſidue of the horſmen with the reſt of the archers he appointed to the rereward, and ſo cau|ſing them to keepe cloſe togither, marched forth till he came into Poictou, and then in reuenge of the Poictouins that had reuolted from the Eng|liſh obeyſance, he began a new ſpoyle, killing the people, waſting the Countrey, and burning the houſes and buildings euery where as hee paſſed,

He co [...] into B [...]


The Arch [...] Ra [...] [...] from the [...]

and ſo finally about Chriſtmaſſe came to Bur|deaux.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt the duke of Lancaſter was thus paſ|ſing through the realm of France, Pope Gregory the .xj. ſent the Archbiſhop of Rauenna and the Biſhop of Carpentras as Legates from him, to treate for a peace betwixt the Realmes of Eng|land and France: they rode to and fro betwixt the French king and his brethren, and the Duke of Lancaſter: but the Duke and the Engliſhe men kept on their way, and ſo finally aboute Chriſt|maſſe came to Burdeaux. The Legates purſu|ed their treatie, but the parties were ſo harde, that no reaſonable offers woulde be taken. The two Dukes, of Lancaſter, and Brytaine, lay in Bur|deaux all the reſidue of the winter, and the Lent following.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The ſame yeare that the duke of Lancaſter made this iourney through Fraunce, the king of England ſent certain Ambaſſadors to the Pope,


Meſſenge [...] ſent to the pope ab [...] [...]ſeruation of benefices.

requiring him not to meddle with the reſeruati|ons of benefices within his realme of Englande, but that thoſe which were elected biſhops mighte enioy their ſeas, & be confirmed of their metropo|litane, & Archb. as of auncient time they had bin accuſtomed. The Pope woulde not at that preſent determin any thing herein, but cõmaun|ded them that were ſent, that they ſhould certifie him again of the kings pleaſure and further mea|ning, in thoſe Articles and other touching hym and his realme.