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14.8. To the right worshipfull, and with all mine heart entierelie beloued brother, the earle of Salisburie.

To the right worshipfull, and with all mine heart entierelie beloued brother, the earle of Salisburie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 _RIght worshipfull, & with all my hart The copie of a [...]ter. entierelie beloued brother, I recommend me vnto you as heartilie as I can. And like it you to wit, sith I wrote last vnto the king our souereigne lord his highnesse, the Irish enimie, that is to saie Magoghigam, and with him thrée or foure Irish capteins, associat with a great fellowship of English rebels, notwithstanding that they were within the king our souereigne lord his peace, of great malice, and against all truth haue ma|ligned against their legiance, and vengeablie haue brent a great towne of mine inheritance in Meth, called Ramore, and other villages thereabouts, and murthered and brent both men, women, and children, withouten mercie: the which enimies be yet assem|bled in woods and forts, awaighting to doo the hurt and gréeuance to the kings subiects, that they can thinke or imagine. For which cause I write at this time vnto the kings highnesse, and beseech his good grace for to hasten my paiment for this land, accor|ding vnto his letters of warrant now late directed vnto the treasuror of England, to the intent I may wage men in sufficient number for to resist the ma|lice of the same enimies, & punish them in such wise, that other which would doo the same for lacke of resi|stance, in time maie take example. For doubtlesse, but if my paiment be had in all hast, for to haue men of warre in defense and safegard of this land; my power can not stretch to kéepe it in the kings obei|sance: and verie necessitie will compell me to come into England to liue there vpon my poore liuelihood. For I had leauer be dead than anie inconuenience should fall thervnto by my default: for it shall neuer be chronicled nor remaine in scripture (by the grace of God) that Ireland was lost by my negligence. And therefore I beséech you right worshipfull bro|ther, that you will hold to your hands instantlie, that my paiment maie be had at this time in eschew|ing all inconueniences. For I haue example in o|ther places (more pitie it is) for to dread shame, and for to acquit my troth vnto the kings highnesse, as my dutie is. And this I praie and exhort you good bro|ther, to shew vnto his good grace, and that you will be so good, that this language maie be inacted at this present parlement for mine excuse in time to come, and that you will be good to my seruant Roger Ro Roger Ro. the bearer of these, and to my other seruants, in such things as they shall pursue vnto the kings highnes, and to giue full faith and credence vnto the report of the said Roger, touching the said matters. Right worshipfull, and with all my heart intierlie beloued brother, our blessed Lord God preserue and keepe you in all honour, prosperous estate, and felicitie, & grant you right good life and long.

Your faithfull true brother Richard Yorke.


Compare 1577 edition: 1 Of such power was Magoghigam in those daies, who as he wan and kept it by the sword, so now his Magoghi|gam his power. successors in that state liue but as meane capteins, yéelding their winnings to the stronger. This is the miserie of lawlesse people, resembling the rudenesse of the rude world, wherein euerie man was richer and poorer than other, as he was in might and vio|lence more or lesse inabled. Here began factions of the nobilitie in Ireland, fauouring diuerse sides that stroue for the crowne of England. For the duke of Yorke, in those ten yeares of his gouernement, ex|céedinglie wan the hearts of the noblemen and gen|tlemen of that land, of the which diuerse were slaine with him at Wakefield; as the contrarie part was the next yeare by his sonne Edward earle of March at Mortimers crosse in Wales. In which meane time the Irish grew hardie, & vsurped the English coun|tries in sufficientlie defended, as they had doone by like oportunitie in the latter end of Richard the se|cond. These two seasons set them so af [...]ote, that henseforward they could neuer be cast out from their forcible possessions, holding by plaine wrong all Ul|ster, and by certeine Irish tenures no small portions of Mounster and Connagh, least in Meth and Lein|ster, where the ciuill subiects of the English bloud did euer most preuaile.

14.10. Edward the fourth and Edward the fift.

Edward the fourth and Edward the fift.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 _THomas Fitzmorice earle Lieutenants and deputies in king Ed|ward the fourth his daies. of Kildare, lord iustice till the third yeare of Edward the fourth, after which time the duke of Clarence, brother to the king, had the office of lieutenant while he liued, & made his deputies by sundry turnes, Thomas earle of Desmond, Iohn Tiptost earle of Worcester the kings cousine, Thomas earle of Kildare, and Henrie lord Greie of Ru [...]hin. Great was the credit of the Giraldins euer when the house of Yorke prospered, and likewise the Butlers thri|ued The But|lers. vnder the bloud of the Lancasters: for which cause the earle of Desmond remained manie yeres deputie to George duke of Clarence his good bro|ther: but when he had spoken certeine disdainefull words against the late marriage of king Edward with the ladie Elizabeth Greie, the said ladie being now queene, caused his trade of life after the Irish maner, contrarie to sundrie old statutes inacted in that behalfe, to be sifted and examined by Iohn erle of Worcester his successor; so that he was atteinted The earle of worcester. 1467 of treason, condemned, and for the same beheaded at Droghedagh.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Iames the father of this Thomas earle of Des|mond, Campion out of Sentleger in his collec|tions. being suffered and not controlled, during the gouernment of Richard duke of Yorke his godcept, and of Thomas earle of Kildare his kinsman, put vpon the kings subiects within the countries of Waterford, Corke, Kerrie, and Limerike, the I|rish Irish imposi|tions. impositions of quinio and liuerie, cartings, carriages, lodgings, cocherings, bonnaght, and such like, which customes are the verie bréeders, maintei|ners, and vpholders of all Irish enormities, wring|ing from the poore tenants euerlasting sesse, allow|ance of meat and monie, whereby their bodies and goods were brought in seruice and thraldome, so that the men of warre, horsses, and their Galloglasses lie still vpon the farmers, eat them out, begger the coun|trie, foster a sort of idle vagabonds, readie to rebell if their lord command them, euer nuzled in stealth and robberies.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 These euill presidents giuen by the father, the son did exercise, being lord deputie, to whome the refor|mation of that disorder speciallie belonged. Not|withstanding the same fault being winked at in o|ther, and with such rigor auenged in him, was ma|nifestlie taken for a quarrell sought and procured. Two yeares after, the said earle of Worcester 146 [...] EEBO page image 79 lost his head, whilest Henrie the sixt taken out of the tower was set vp againe, and king Edward procla|med vsurper, and then was Kildare inlarged, whom likewise atteinted, they thought also to haue rid, and shortlie both the earles of Kildare & Desmond were Restitution to bloud. 1470 Flatsburie. restored to their bloud by parlement. Sir Rowland Eustace, sometime treasuror and lord chancellor, was lastlie also lord deputie of Ireland. He founded saint Francis abbeie beside Kilcollen bridge. King Edward a yeare before his death honored his yoong|er sonne (Richard duke of Yorke) with the title of lieutenant ouer this land, which he inioied till his vn|naturall vncle bereft both him and his brother king Edward the fift of their naturall liues.

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3.6. ¶ Henrie the ſixt.

¶ Henrie the ſixt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 LIeutenants to Henrie the ſixt ouer the realme of Irelande were theſe, Edmonde Earle of March, and Iames Erle of Ormond his deputy. Iohn Sutton Lord Dudley, & ſir Tho. Strange knight his deputie. Sir Thomas Stanley, and ſir Chriſtofer Plunket his deputie.Henry. Marle [...] [Thys ſir Thomas Stanley, on Michaelmaſſe day,Here endeth Marleburgh, and all that fo|loweth is ta|ken out of Campion. in the twelfth yeare of King Henrye the ſixth, wyth all the Knightes of Methe and Irrell, fought agaynſte the Iriſhe, ſlue a greate number, and tooke Neill Odonell priſoner.]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 73Lion Lord Welles, & the Earle of Ormonde his deputie. Iames Earle of Ormonde by hym ſelfe, Iohn Erle of Shreweſburie, and the Arch|biſhop of Dublin Lorde Iuſtice in his abſence. Richard Plantagenet Duke of Yorke, father to King Edwarde the fourth and Earle of Vlſter, had the office of Lieutenaunte by the Kings let|ters patents, during the tearme of tenne yeeres, who appoynted to rule vnder him as his deputies at ſundry times, the Baron of Deluin, Richarde Fitz Euſtace Knight, Iames Earle of Ormõd, and Thomas Fitz Morice Erle of Kildare. To this Richard Duke of Yorke and Vlſter then re|ſident in Dublin,Campion out of the Records of Chriſts Church. George Duke of Clarence borne at Du|blin. Iacke Cade. was borne within the Caſtell there his ſecõd ſonne the Lord George, that was after Duke of Clarence: his Godfathers at the fonteſtone were the Erles of Ormond and Diſ|monde. Whether the commotion of Iacke Cade an Iriſhman borne, naming himſelf Mortimer, and ſo pretending coſinage to diuers noble hou|ſes in this land, proceeded from ſome intelligẽce, with the Dukes friends here in Ireland, it is vn|certayne: but ſurely the Duke was vehemently ſuſpected, and immediately after began the trou|bles whiche through him were reyſed. Whyche broyles being couched for a time, the Duke helde himſelfe in Ireland, being lately by Parliamente ordeyned protector of the Realme of Englande: he left his agent in the Court, his brother ye Erle of Saliſburie, Lord Chancellor, to whom he de|clared the troth of the troubles then towarde in Ireland: which letter exemplyfyed by Sir Hen|ry Sidney Lorde Deputie, a greate ſearcher and preſeruer of antiquities, as it came to Campions hands, and by hym ſet downe, we haue thoughte good likewiſe to preſent it here to your viewe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


To the right worſhipfull, and with all mine hart, intierly beloued brother, the Earle of Salisburie. The copie of a letter.

RIght Worſhipfull, and with all my harte, intierly beloued brother, I recommende me vnto you as hartily as I can.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And like it you to witte, ſith I wrote laſt vnto the King our So|ueraigne Lorde his highneſſe, the Iriſh enemie, yt is to ſay Magoghigam, and with him three or foure Iriſhe Captaynes, aſſociate with a greate felowſhip of Engliſh Rebells, notwithſtandyng that they were within the King our Soueraygne Lord his peace of greate malice, and againſte all truth haue maligned againſt their legiance, and vengeably haue brent a great towne of myne in|heritance in Meth, called Ramore, and other vil|lages thereaboutes, and murthered and brẽt both men, womẽ and children, withouten mercy: the whiche enimies be yet aſſembled in Woods and fortes, aweighting to do the hurt and greeuance to the Kings ſubiects, that they can thinke or i|magine. For whiche cauſe, I write at this tyme vnto the Kings highneſſe, and beſeeche his good Grace for to haſten my payment for this lande, [...]rding vnto his letters of warrant nowe late directed vnto the Treaſorer of Englande, to the intente I may wage men in ſufficiente number, for to reſiſt the malice of the ſame enimies, and puniſh them in ſuch wiſe, that other which wolde do the ſame for lacke of reſiſtance, in time maye take example. For doubtleſſe, but if my paymente be had in all haſt, for to haue men of warre in de|fence and ſafegard of this land, my power cãnot ſtretch to keepe it in the [...]ings obeyſance, and ve|ry neceſſitie will compell me to come into Eng|land to liue there vpon my poore liuelyhood: for I had leuer be dead than any inconuenience [...]oulde fall therevnto in my default: for it ſhall neuer bee chronicled nor remayne in Scripture by ye grace of God, that Ireland was loſt by my negligẽce. And therefore I beſeeche you right Worſhipfull brother, that you will holde to your handes in|ſtantly, that my paymente may bee had at thys time in eſchewing all inconueniences. For I haue example in other places, (more pitie it is) for to dread ſhame, and for to acquit my troth vnto the Kings highneſſe as my duetie is. And thys I pray and exhort you good brother, to ſhewe vnto his good grace, and that you will be ſo good, that this language may bee enacted at this preſente Parliamẽt for mine excuſe in time to come,Roger Roe. and that you will be good to my ſeruant Roger Roe the bearer of theſe, and to my other ſeruaunts, in ſuch things as they ſhall purſew vnto the kings highneſſe, and to giue full faith and credence vnto the report of the ſaid Roger, touching the ſayde matters. Right worſhipful, and with all my hart intierly beloued brother, our bleſſed Lorde God preſerue and keepe you in all honor, proſperous eſtate, and felicitie, and graunte you righte good life & long.

Your faithfull true brother Richarde Yorke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Of ſuche power was Magoghigam in thoſe dayes, who as he wan and kept it by the ſworde,Magoghigam his power. ſo nowe his ſucceſſors in that ſtate liue but as meane Captaines, yeelding their win [...]gs to ye ſtronger. This is the miſerie of lawleſſe people, reſembling the rudeneſſe of the rude world, wher|in euery mã was richer and poorer than other, as he was in might & violence more or leſſe enabled. Here began factions of the nobilitie in Irelande, fauoring diuers ſides that ſtroue for the Crowne of England. For the Duke of Yorke in thoſe ten yeeres of his gouernemente, exceedingly wanne the hartes of the noblemen and Gentlemen of that land, of the whiche diuers were ſlayne with EEBO page image 74 him at Wakefielde, as the contrary part was the next yeere by his ſonne Edward Erle of Marche at Mortimers Croſſe in Wales. In which mean time the Iriſhe grewe hardy, and vſurped the Engliſhe countreys inſufficiently defended, as they had done by like oportunitie in the latter end of Richard the ſecond. Theſe two ſeaſons ſet thẽ ſo a flote, yt hẽceforward they could neuer be caſt out from their forcible poſſeſſions, holding by playne wrong all Vlſter, and by certayne Iriſhe tenures no ſmall portions of Monſter and Con|nagh, leaſt in Meth and Leyniſter, where the ci|uill ſubiects of the Engliſhe bloud did euer moſt preuayle.

3.7. Edwarde the fourth, And Edward the fifth.

Edwarde the fourth, And Edward the fifth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Lieutenaunts and Deputies in king Ed|ward the fourth his dayes.THomas Fitz Morice Earle of Kildare, Lord Iuſtice vntill the thirde yeere of Edward the fourth, after whiche time the Duke of Clarence, brother to the King, had the office of Lieutenant while he liued, and made his deputies by ſundry turnes, Thomas Erle of Deſmond, Iohn Tip|toft Erle of Wurcetor the Kings couſin, Tho|mas Earle of Kildare, and Henry Lord Grey of Ruthin. Great was the credit of the Giraldines euer whẽ the houſe of Yorke proſpered,The Butlers. and like|wiſe the Butlers thriued vnder the bloud of the Lancaſters: for whiche cauſe the Earle of Deſ|mond remayned many yeres Deputie to George Duke of Clarence his good brother: but when he had ſpoken certayne diſdaynefull words againſte the late marriage of king Edward with the La|dy Elizabeth Gray, the ſayd Lady beeing nowe Queene, cauſed his trade of life after the Iriſhe manner, contrary to ſundry olde ſtatutes enacted in that behalfe,The Erle of Wurceter. to be ſifted and examined by Iohn Earle of Wurcetor his ſucceſſor, ſo that hee was atteynted of treaſon, cõdemned, and forthe ſame beheaded at Droghedagh.1467

[figure appears here on page 74]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Campion out of Saint leger in his collec|tions.Iames the father of this Thomas Earle of Deſmond, being ſuffered and not controlled, du|ring the gouernemẽt of Richard Duke of Yorke his godcept, and of Thomas Erle of Kildare his kinſman, put vpon the Kings ſubiects within the countries of Waterford, Corke, Keary,Iriſh impoſi|tions. and Li|mirike, the Iriſh impoſitions of Quinio and Li|uery, Cartings, Cariages, lodings, Cocherings, Bonnaght and ſuch like, which cuſtomes are the very breeders, maynteyners and vpholders of all Iriſhe enormities, wringing from the poore te|nantes euerlaſting ceaſſe, allowãce of meate and money, whereby their bodies and goodes were brought in ſeruice and thraldome, ſo that the mẽ of warre, Horſes, and their Galloglaghes lye ſtil vpon the fermors, eate them out, begger the coũ|trey, foſter a ſort of Idle vagabonds, ready to re|bell if their Lord commaund them, euer non ſled in ſtelth and robberies. Theſe euill preſidents gi|uen by the father, the ſonne did exerciſe, being L. Deputie, to whome the reformation of that diſ|order ſpecially belonged. Notwithſtanding the ſame faulte beeing winked at in other, and with ſuch rigor auenged in him, was manifeſtly taken for a quarrell ſought and procured.1469 Two yeeres after, the ſayd Earle of Wurcetor loſt his head, while Henry the ſixt takẽ out of the Tower was ſet vp againe, & king Edward proclaymed vſur|per, and then was Kildare enlarged, whom like|wiſe atteynted, they thought alſo to haue rydde, and ſhortly both the Earles of Kildare and Deſ|mond were reſtored to their bloud by Parliamẽt.Reſtitution to bloud. Sir Rouland Euſtace,



ſometime Treaſorer and Lord Chancellor, was laſtly alſo Lord Deputie of Ireland. He founded S. Francis Abbey beſide Kilcollen bridge. King Edwarde a yeere before his death, honored his yonger ſon Richard Duke of Yorke, with the title of Lieutenant ouer thys lande, which he enioyed til his vnnaturall Vncle bereft both him and his brother King Edwarde the fifth of their naturall liues.

3.8. ¶ Richard the third.Richard the third.

¶ Richard the third.Richard the third.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 WHen this Monſter of nature and cruell Tyrant Richard the third had murthered his two yong Nephewes, and taken vpon hym the Crowne and gouernement of England, hee preferred his owne ſonne Edward to the dignitie of Lorde Lieutenante of Ireland, whoſe deputie was Geralde Earle of Kildare that bare that of|fice all the reigne of King Richard, and a while in Henry the ſeuenth his dayes.