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12.15. The death of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 15.

The death of the earle Strangbow. Chap. 15.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 WHilest these things were thus adooing in Desmond, there came a messenger in all hast from Dublin, with letters to Rei|mond from his wife Basilia, the effect whereof the messenger knew not. These letters Rei|mond foorthwith deliuered to a familiar fréend of his to read them vnto him secretlie, and apart from all others, the tenure of them was as followeth. To Reimond hir most louing lord and husband, his The ladie Basilias let|ter to hir hus|band Rei|mond. owne Basilia wisheth health as to hir selfe. Know yee my déere lord that my great cheeketooth, which was woont to ake so much, is now fallen out; where|fore if yée haue anie care or regard of me, or of your selfe, come awaie with all spéed. Reimond hauing considered of this letter, did by the falling of the tooth fullie coniecture the death of the earle, for he laie ve|rie sicke at Dublin before his comming awaie from thense. But he being thus deceased, which was about the kalends of Iune, they at Dublin did what they could to kéepe the same secret, for feare and in doubt of the Irishmen, vntill that Reimond were come with his band of souldiers vnto them. Reimond himselfe foorthwith returned vnto Lime|rike: and notwithstanding he were verie sorrie and much gréeued with this newes, yet dissembling the same, and bearing it out with a good countenance, would not nor did vtter or disclose it to anie bodie, sauing to a few wise and discréet men of his famili|ars and trustie councellors. And then vpon good ad|uise and deliberation had among them, it was con|cluded and agréed vpon, that forsomuch as the earle was dead, and that Reimond also was to depart a|waie ouer into England; that the citie of Lime|rike which was so farre remoted and in the middle of manie enimies, should for the time be left, and the garrison to be conducted and brought from thense in|to Leinster, for the defense and safe keeping of the townes and forts vpon the sea coasts. There Rei|mond full much against his will yéelded to this their aduise and counsell, being much gréeued that ha|uing taken paines to recouer the citie of Limerike, he was now neither able to kéepe it himselfe, nor yet had any to leaue behind him, who would take charge vpon him. But at length he sent for Donald prince of Thomond, being the kings baron & sworne sub|iect, and vnto him he committed the custodie and charge of the citie: who foorthwith pretending all truth and fidelitie was contented therewith; and did not onelie put in hostages, but also tooke a corpo|rall oth, and was solemnlie sworne for the safe kee|ping and the restitution of the same at the kings will and pleasure, as also in the meane time to kéepe the peace.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 Then Reimond and all his companie departed and went awaie: but they had not so soone passed o|uer the one end of the bridge, but that the other end was forthwith broken downe, euen at their heeles; and the citie which was well walled, defended and vittelled, was set on fire in foure sundrie parts, which they saw and beheld with no small greefe of mind. The false traitor then openlie shewing and teaching what credit was to be giuen thenseforth to the Irish nation, who so wickedlie, impudentlie, and perfidi|ouslie did periure themselues. The king of England not long after, being aduertised héereof, is said to haue thus said: Noble was the enterprise in the gi|uing of the first aduenture vpon the citie, but grea|ter was the rescuing and recouering thereof a|gaine: but it was onelie wisedome, when they left and forsooke it. Reimond then returned vnto Du|blin with his whole garrison in safetie, and then the erle, whose corps by his commandement was reser|ued vntill Reimonds comming, was buried in the church of the Trinitie at Dublin, before the rood there, by the appointment of Laurence the archbi|shop, who did execute all the funerall seruices and obsequies.

12.16. The comming of William Fitzaldelme and others ouer into Ireland. Chap. 16.

The comming of William Fitzaldelme and others ouer into Ireland. Chap. 16.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 THese things thus doone, the kings mes|sengers vpon these new changes and chan|ces were to take new aduises; and hauing throughlie debated the state of the countrie, and the necessitie of the time, they thought it best and did conclude that Reimond should tarie behind, and kéepe the countrie in good staie and order; but they themselues to returne backe to the king. Who accor|dinglie prepared themselues, and at the next wester|lie wind then following, they tooke shipping and pas|sed ouer into England; and being landed, did in post and with all the hast they could, make their repaire vnto the king; vnto whom they declared the death of the earle, & all other things concerning the state of that land. The king then vpon aduise and delibe|ration had in this matter, sent ouer William Fitz|aldelme, with twentie gentlemen of his houshold, to be his lieutenant, & ioined Iohn de Courcie in com|mission with him, who had attending vpon him ten men. Likewise Robert Fitzstephans and Miles Cogan, who had noblie serued him in his wars two yeeres, were also sent with them, hauing twentie men attending vpon them. These assoone as they were arriued, and come to land, and Reimond ha|uing vnderstanding of the same, assembleth his companie and soldiors, which was a companie well beséene, and marcheth towards Wexford, and there in the confines or marches of the same he met Fitz|aldelme and the rest of his companie, whom he verie louinglie saluted and imbraced: and forthwith accor|ding to the kings pleasure, he yéelded and deliuered vp vnto Fitzaldelme, then the kings lieutenant, all the cities and townes, as also all such hostages as he had within that land.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Fitzaldelme when he saw and beheld so iolie and EEBO page image 41 lustie a companie about Reimond, and well mar|king also Meilerius, and others the nephues of Rei|mond, about the number of thirtie persons, moun|ted vpon their horsses, verie lustie and braue, and well beséene in like armor, with their shields about their necks, and their staues in their hands; coursing vp & downe after their maner about the fields. He enuied there at, and turning backe to his men, said secretlie vnto them; I will shortlie cut off this pride, and quaile this brauerie. Which in the end it partlie so came to passe, for both he and all the rest which followed him in that office, did as it were by a secret conspiracie, enuie and maligne at Reimond, Mei|lerius, Fitzmaurice, sonnes to Fitzstephans, and all other of their race and kindred. For this was al|waies the lucke and fortune of this kindred and fa|milie.

In all seruices of warres they were then the fore|most, and had in best price, and in all martiall af|faires they were the best and most valiant men: but when there was no such seruice in hand, and no néed of them, then were they contemned and no ac|count was made of them; but by a secret malice they were abased, reiected and refused. And albeit great was their malice, yet was their nobilitie so honorable and great; that by no meanes, doo what they could, was the same to be extirpated or rooted out. For euen at this date, such good successe hath their noble beginnings had, that their ofspring hath euer since (1) continued in that land, in much ho|nor, force and power. And to saie the truth, who per|sed the force of the enimies in that land? Euen the Geraldines. Who did best kéepe & prefer the land in safetie? The Geraldines. Who made the enimies to go backe & be afraid? The Geraldines. Who be they which for their good deserts are most maligned and enuied at? The Geraldines. Suerlie, if it had plea|sed the prince to haue considered of them, according to their deserts and worthinesse; no doubt the whole state of Ireland long yer this had béene quieted and established. But causelesse were they alwaies had in suspicion, & their worthinesse still had in gelousie: and they put in trust, as in whome was neither va|liantnesse of seruice, nor assurednesse of trust. But yet ye worthie and noble men, who for to atteine to honor, haue not béene afraid of death; and for to ob|teine fame and renowme, haue not estéemed your selues; be not dismaid, though ye be vncourteousli [...] considered, and without your deserts disdained and maligned at: but go ye onwards, and procéed in your woonted steps of vertue. And if my pen can go according to worthinesse, I shall be happie, and receiue the guerdon of vertue & immortall fame: for vertue cannot faile nor die, but either in this life or in the life to come, or in both, shall haue his iust reward and desert. And albeit your valiant seruice and worthinesse, either by the slackenes of the king, or by meanes of other mens secret and enuious practises, haue not béene hitherto considered nor rewarded: yet shall not I faile, with my pen to publish, and in my writings to remember the same. And therefore shrinke not now, neither [...]oo you giue ouer to labor and trauell from daie to daie to grow and increase in honor, fame and renowme. For the memoriall thereof (farre surpassing all the treasures in the world) for a time through malice maie be co|uered, but neuer suppressed nor extincted: but as fire long hid, shall in the end breake out into great flames, and for euer remaine in perpetuall me|morie.

About this time was borne in Gwendelocke a A monstrous man begotten vpon a cow. monstrous man, begotten by a wicked man of that countrie vpon a cow, a vice then too common in that wicked nation. It had the bodie of a man, but all the extreame parts of an oxe, for from the ankles of the legs and the wrists of the armes, he had the hoofes of an oxe, his head was all bald, sauing a few small & thin heares héere and there: his eies great, round and blacke, like an oxe; nose he had none but onelie two holes, speake he could not but onelie bel|lowed like a cow. This monster did dailie resort vn|to the house of Maurice Fitzgerald, about dinner times, and such meate as was giuen him he would take in his hoofes, and put to his mouth, and so feed himselfe, &c: but to returne to the matter. William Fitzaldelme, being now in high authoritie, and ha|uing the gouernement and charge of the land in his hands, marcheth along the sea coasts, and vieweth all the townes, forts and castels that waies: but for the inner countrie, the mounteines and hils vpon the maine land, and bordering vpon the Irishrie, he neither cared nor passed for the same: but yet misli|ked not the welth and riches thereof. For being a ve|rie greedie and a couetous man, and especiallie hun|grie to haue gold and treasure, whereof was good store in that land, he gréedilie scraped and scratched togither whatsoeuer was to be gotten.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 About this time, Maurice (2) Fitzgerald in the ka|lends of September died at Werford, whose death was lamented, & his departure be wailed of all the countrie. For whie, he was a verie graue & a valiant man, & who for his constancie, truth, courtesie & loue left not his like behind. After his death, William Fitzaldelme sent for the sonnes of the said Maurice, and so dealt with them, that he neuer left them, vntill by one means or other he had craftilie gotten from them the castell of Guendoke. Howbeit afterwards he gaue them Fernes in exchange: which albeit it were in the middle of their enimies, yet like lustie and couragious gentlemen, they builded there a strong castell, which they kept & inhabited maugre all their enimies. Walter Almane, so called in name, and not for that he was ether in nature or stature an Almane, being nephue to William Fitzaldelme, was made seneschall of Wexford; who nothing de|generated from the maners & conditions of his vn|cle, but was one who was a corrupt man in all his actions & dooings, being couetous, proud, malicious and enuious. And suerlie it is commonlie seene, that there is none lightlie woorse, than when a beggerlie rascall from nothing, and from a base estate, is ad|uanced to wealth, credit and estimation. For such a one alwaies doubting and mistrusting all things, suppresseth all things, & thinking all things to be law|full for him to doo, vseth all extremities at his will and pleasure. There cannot be (I saie) a woorse beast, than when a cruell rascall and proud begger is raised to estate, and made a ruler ouer his betters.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 This Walter entered into acquaintance with Morogh prince of Kencile, and by him being corrup|ted with great bribes, did what he could to procure the vtter destruction of Reimond, and all his fore|said coosins and kinsmen. And to begin the execution of their practises, the foresaid William first tooke a|waie from Reimond all his lands about Dublin, and about Wexford. And whereas he receiued letters of commandement from the king, to restore vnto Fitzstephans a cantred of land which he had in Ophe|lan, he being well bribed, detracted and lingered the erecution thereof: but yet in the end appointed and assigned vnto them other places which were further off and remoted; and the same the more perillous, be|cause they were in the middle of the enimies.

(1) It is verie true, that these Geraldines euen euer since haue continued in this land of Ireland, and did dailie grow and increase to much honour: there being at this instant two houses aduanced to EEBO page image 42 the titles of earledoms, and sundrie to the estates of barons. And so long as they continued in the steps of their ancestors, they were not so honourable as ter|rible to the Irish nation: but when they leauing English gouernment, liked the loose life of that vipe|rous nation, then they brought in coine and liuerie, and a number of manie other Irish and diuelish im|positions, which hath béene the ruine of their honour, the losse of their credit, & in the end will be the ouer|throw of all their houses and families.

(2) This Fitzgerald was buried, and yet lieth in a monasterie of Greie friers without the walles of the towne of Wexford, which house is now dissolued, and the monument of his buriall almost destroied: there wanting some good and woorthie man to restore the same againe. He deserued well of his prince and countrie: and therefore lamentable it is, that in so unkind a countrie no one good man is to be found, that of so woorthie a knight will not restore so woor|thie a monument.

12.17. The description of William Fitzaldelme. Chap. 17.

The description of William Fitzaldelme. Chap. 17.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 THis Fitzaldelme was a grosse and cor|pulent man, as well in stature as in pro|portion, but of a reasonable height; he was verie liberall and courtlike. And albeit he were of great courtesie, and would giue to anie man much honour and reuerence, yet was the same alto|gither with wiles and guiles: for vnder honie he gaue venem, and his sugred words were mingled with poison. And as a venemous serpent couered with gréene leaues, he with an outward shew of courtesse couered his mindfull trecherie. For to the outward shew he was liberall and courteous, but in|wardlie full of rancor and malice. In countenance pleasant, but in a stinking breast was hid a stinking vapor: outwardlie as méeke as a lambe, but within as wilie as a fox: carieng vnder swéet honie most bitter venem. His words as smooth as oile, and yet indeed they were deadlie strokes: whome he honou|red and reuerenced this daie, he would either spoile or destroie the next daie. A cruell enimie against the weake and feeble, and a flatterer vnto the rebell and mightie: gentle to the wild and sauage, and courte|ous to the enimie; but extreame to the good subiect, and cruell to the humble; and by that means he was not fearefull to the one, nor trustie to the other. A man full of flatterie, and yet altogither craftie and deceitfull. He was also much giuen vnto wine and to women. He was a gréedie couetous man, and an ambitious flatterer, being altogither bent to the one and the other.

(1) This William was the sonne of Aldelme fa|ther to Burke erle of Kent (as some saie) and his son Richard was sent into Ireland, and there greatlie aduanced: and of him (being lord of Connagh) des|cended the burgesses called Clanuicards, who were the best blood of the foresaid Richard, and these doo yet remaine in Connagh, of whom is the earle of Clan|rike now liuing.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 At Reymonds comming to Dublin,Earle Strang|bow buried. the bo|die of the Earle was buried in Chriſtes Church within that Citie, the Archebiſhop Laurence do|ing the office of the funerals. For the Earle in his life time had commaunded that his bodie ſhoulde be kept aboue grounde till Reymond were come, and till his comming the Earles death in deede was kept ſecrete, ſo that few vnderſtood thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Earle was of colour ruddye and freck|led, with great eyes, of a feminine vyſage, ſmall voyce, ſhorte necke, of ſtature tall, and a good|ly perſonage, lyberall and curteous, and where ſubſtaunce wanted to ſhewe his franke heart, hee ſupplyed it with gentle wordes, more readie to o|bey than to commaunde. At home more lyke a Souldier than a Captayne, but abrode in the warres he ſhewed himſelfe a Captayne, and not a Souldier. Although he neuer would enterpriſe any exployt of himſelfe without the aduice of o|ther, being once ioyned in fight with his enimies, EEBO page image 37 he ſtoode as an aſſured ſtandard for his people to haue recourſe to, for their ſafetie. And howſoeuer the chance of battail turned he was euer conſtant and ſtable, neyther drowping as one in diſpayre whẽ fortune ſeemed to frown, nor too ioyful whẽ ſhe was diſpoſed to fawne. He left no iſſue behind him in life but one daughter named Iſabell,William Mar|ſhall marieth the daughter of Erle Strang|bow. ma|ried after .xiiij. yeares to William Earle Mar|ſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 After this, the king of Englands Commiſſio|ners perceyuing what eſtimation and opinion the ſouldiers & men of warre had conceyued of Rey|monde,Reymond cõ| [...]ituted the kings lieute|nat. they authoriſed him lieutenaunt, tyll the kings pleaſure therein might be further knowne: and herewith they returned into Englande to in|forme him of the chaunge of things in Irelande by the Earles death. The king throughly infor|med how things ſtoode, ſent William Fitz Al|delme,

W [...]lliam Fitz Aldelme lieu|tenant of Ire|lande.

Iohn Curcy. Williã Cogan

one of his truſtie ſeruants as his lieutenãt into Ireland with .xx. knights, ioyning with him in commiſſion Iohn de Curey, with other tenne knights, alſo Fitz Stephans & Miles Cogã, with xx. knights, which two laſt remembred captaines had ſerued the king right valiauntly in thoſe late ciuil warres, which his ſonnes had reyſed againſt him. Reymond vnderſtãding that they were ar|riued, met them with a braue number of knights, in the borders of Wexford, deliuering all the Ci|ties, townes, & caſtels togither with ſuch hoſtages as he had into Aldelmes hands as the kings lieu|tenant of that kingdome. Fitz Aldelme moued with enuie, to ſee Reymond furniſhed with ſuch a traine of luſtie youthes, he threatned to abate ſuch pride, and to make a ſcatter of thoſe ſhieldes. Frõ that time forth, aſwell he as other lieutenãts of Irelãd that ſucceeded him, ceaſed not (as it had bene by ſome purpoſed conſpiracie) to hinder the good fortune of Reymond,The kinred of Reymond en| [...]yed. Meiller, Fitz Morice, Fitz Gerald, Fitz Stephans, & all that whole ge|neration, although no cankred enuy was able to roote out the plants of ſo plentifull an ofſpring.