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Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Danes did weare aloft vppon their ar|mour certaine lynnen garments,The Danes ap|parell. wrought with red ſilke, ſhewing fayre and white both at hande and a farre off.Their weapons Their weapons were of ſuch ſort as ſerued for the puſh rather than for down right blowes, the poynts being of ſuche a handſome EEBO page image 189 ſtrong faſhion, that no armor might lightly hold forth agaynſt them.T [...]ll men of body and lim|bes Theſe kinde of weapons to|gither with the muſter of their huge bodies was dreadfull at the firſt for the Scottiſhe men to be|holde, as they marched towardes them in aray of battail. But anon comming neare togither rea|die to ioyne, the Scots manfully taking to them newe courages,A battayle. ſet vpon the Danes with great violence, who likewiſe beganne the battaile very ſtoutly, ſo that the ſame cõtinued fight fierce and [figure appears here on page 189] cruell a good ſpace. At length the Danes beeing aſſayled on eche ſide, both a front before, and on their backes behinde,The Danes take the flight. oppreſſed as it were wyth multitude, they threwe downe theyr weapons and fled amain. Many of them making towards their campe were ouertaken and ſlaine, diuerſe of them falling into the ditches were oppreſſed with throng, aſwel of their owne companie, as of their enimies, as they paſſed ouer them in following the chaſe, and ſtryuing to enter the campe vpon ſuch as ſtoode to defende them from entring. O|ther ther were that leaping into the water in hope to get ouer, were drowned in the whorling wa|ues of the ſtreame, though ſome (through helpe of their fellowes whiche ſtoode on the other ſyde readie to haue paſſed the water if they might ſo haue done without manifeſt daunger of drow|ning) eſcaped and got ouer,Habba was ſa|ued from drowning. amongſt whom Hub|ba was one, to the great reioyſing of his brother Hungar, to ſee him thus deliuered twiſe from pe|rill of death, as firſt from amongeſt his enimies, and ſecondly out of the roaring ſtreame of that deepe and ſwift raging ryuer. The Scottes ha|uing thus put one part of their enimies to the wurſe,The Scots toke of this victory immoderate ioye. with that happie ſucceſſe tooke ſuch com|fort and immoderate ioy, as though they had bin nowe ſure of victorie ouer all the reſidue, ſo that for two dayes togither, there was ſuch dauncing, ſinging, and pyping amongſt them, as the lyke hath not beene heard of.The Scots for ioy readie to fall out. Yea ſo farre proceeded their inſolent outrage, that they began to contend amongſt themſelues for the priſoners and ſpoyle, which they accopted now theyr owne, as though already they had the ſame wholy in their poſ|ſeſſion: and further reaſoned not without alter|cation, whether the Daniſh Captaines after they had them once in theyr handes ſhould bee put to death, or elſe be kept aliue to be ſhewed to the peo|ple in triumph or no. Great a do and many vaine wordes were ſpent hereabout in ſuch earneſt ſort that they were at poynte to haue fallen out a|mongſt themſelues: but there was no mention at all made touching the ordering of their battailes and other the neceſſarie proceedings agaynſt the enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 At length when the ryuer was fallen & come to his olde courſe againe,Conſtantine proceeded a|gaynſt his eni|mies. ſo that it might eaſily be paſſed, Conſtantine in order of battaile got o|uer with his people, to the other ſyde where the Danes were lodged, who hauing more minde to ſet themſelues in ſuch order whereby they might gain the victory, than to deuiſe for the deuiding of the ſpoile, perceyuing occaſion now offred to giue ye onſet, forthwith arayed their people in this ſort.The order and placing of the Danes armie. Hubba had the right wing. Buerne had the left wing. Hubba with ſixe thouſande Danes, was placed in the right wing. The left was led by one Bu|erne an Engliſhe man borne, who was fled out of his countrey, for that he coulde not beare ſuche iniuries as Oſbert offred him in forcing his wife, to the great reproch and diſhonor of his houſe and name. He had with him in this left wing cer|taine bandes of Engliſhmen with thoſe Pictes that had eſcaped ouer into Denmarke, as before is mencioned.Hungar kept the battaile. Hungar with all the reſidue of the armie, kept the battaile or myddlewarde, exhor|ting his men to ſhew their force & manhoode that day, ſith the ſame ſhould eyther put thẽ in poſſeſ|ſion of the whole land of Albion, with all the ſub|ſtance & riches conteyned therein, either elſe bring thẽ perpetuall ſeruitude with ignominie amongſt their moſt cruell & fierce aduerſaries. He therefore himſelf openly in preſence of them al,Hungar made a vowe. vowed with ſolemne othe, either to returne with victorie to his campe, eyther elſe to die in the place, willing them EEBO page image 190 all to make the like couenant. Whereupon the vniuerſall multitude allowed him ſo muche for this his motion,The ſouldiers did make the like vowe. that there was not one amongſt the whole number, which agreed not to ſweare the like othe.King Conſtan|tine placed his men in like maner. Conſtantine keeping in maner the like order, placed in the right wing his brother Ethus, in the left Duncane the Lieutenant or Thane of Athole, appoyning to eyther of them ten thouſande men a peece.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 An incourage|ment giuen to his ſouldiers.All the reſidue were ſet in the battaile where he himſelfe ſtoode. And firſt he gaue them all hartie thankes in that they had ſo valiantly atchieued the victorie in the laſt battaile, requyring them now not to blemiſh their former glorie with any fayntneſſe of courage, recreant cowardice, or diſ|honourable flight: and further he willed them in no wiſe to be afearde of their enimies, in reſpect more for their hugeneſſe of bodie, than for any of theyr valiant ſtoutneſſe of heart: for if they aſſay|led them with one whole and entire conſent, ac|cording to their wonted forwardneſſe and man|like prowes, they ſhoulde quickely put them to flight, and obtaine a ioyfull victorie. Herewith he alſo warned them not to runne raſhly vpon the enimies, but to ſuffer thẽ firſt to giue the charge, for by that meanes he thought the Danes would with their earneſt violence diſorder themſelues, and ſo ſhoulde it bee more eaſie for the Scottes to breake in amongſt them. But this deuiſe did not a little abate the Scottiſh mens corages. For the vſe of the Scots is, when they ſhal enter into battail, to make a great ſhoute & noyſe, and there|with to run vpon their enimies, by which meanes (as they ſuppoſe) they both put the enimy in feare, and incorage thẽſelues to the battail.The Danes ap|proch towards the Scottes. The Danes at the ſound of the trũpet marched forth towards the Scots, where they ſtoode thus in order of bat|tail, but whẽ they perceiued that the Scots came not forwarde, they alſo ſtayed in the midway to refreſhe themſelues, bycauſe at the ioyning they ſhuld not be out of breath. Anon after,The Danes ſhot quarels and threw dartes. paſſing for|warde an eaſie pace they ſhot quarrels, and threw dartes at their enimies right freſhly, & the Scots let flie at them againe with arrowes and darts as thicke as it had beene a ſtorme of haile.The Scottes arrowes and darts as thicke as haile. After this they ruſhed togither with great violence on both [figure appears here on page 190] ſides: but within a while, the Danes had put both the wings of their enimies to flight, and af|ter compaſſing the maine battaile rounde about,The Scottes are put to flight. they conſtraine the ſame in the ende with greate bloudſhed and ſlaughter to giue back and flee out of the field. Ten thouſande Scottes dyed that day in this infortunate battaile with Conſtan|tine himſelfe,Conſtantine is taken and murthered. who being firſt taken was had in|to a Caue by the Sea ſyde amongſt the Rockes, and there cruelly murthered by the enimies. The place was called certaine yeares after the blacke Denne:The blacke den or coue. but nowe they name it the Diuils den, in memorie of that heynous murther there com|mitted. The Scottiſhe Nation alſo had beene vtterly as then deſtroyed,Ethus brother vnto Conſtan|tine was ſaued by flight. had not Ethus the bro|ther of Conſtantine, perceyuing howe the fielde was loſt, eſcaped away with two companies of his beſt men of warre, ſo reſeruing himſelfe to the time of more luckie fortune.

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