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5.53. Carauſsius.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 81] CArauſſius,Carauſ|ſius. a Bri|ton of vnknowen birth, as witneſſeth the Britiſh hiſtories, after he had vãquiſht & ſlain Baſſianus (as yt ſame hiſtories make mẽtiõ, was of the Britayne made kyng and ruler ouer them, in the yeare of ouer Lorde .218.218. Galfrid. as Galfr. hath: but W. Harriſon noteth it to be in an .286. This Carauſſius either to haue the ayd and ſupport of the Picts,Polycron. Fabian. as in the Britiſh hiſto|rie is conteined, either elſe to be at quietnes with them, being not otherwiſe able to reſiſt thẽ, g [...] to them the coũtreis in the ſouth partes of Scot|lande, which ioyne to England in the caſt in [...]|ches, as M [...]rs, Louthian, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But here is to be noted,Galfridus. that the Britiſh wri|ters affirme, that theſe Pictes yt were thus placed in the ſouth parts of Scotland at this time, were brought ouer out of Scythia by Fulgentius, [...] him againſt Seuerus, & that after the death of Seuerus and Fulgentius, which both died of hurtes receyued in the bataile fought betwixt thẽ at Yorke: the Picts tooke part with Baſſianus, & at length betrayed him in the battaile which he fought againſt this Carauſſius: for he corrup|ting them by ſuch practiſes as he vſed, they tur|ned to his ſide, to the ouerthrowe & [...] deſtruc|tion of Baſſianus: for the which [...]raitre [...]s part they had thoſe ſouth countreys of Scotland gi|uen vnto them for their habitation. But by the Scottiſh writers it ſhould appere, that thoſe Pic|tes whiche ayded Fulgentius and alſo Carauſ|ſius, were the ſame that long before had inhabi|ted in the north parts of Britayne, nowe called Scotland. But whatſoeuer they were, trouth it it is (as the Britiſh hiſtories record) that at lẽgth one Alectus was ſent from Rome by the [...]ate with .iij. legions of ſouldiors to ſubdue Carauſ|ſius, which he did, and ſlewe him in the fielde, as the ſame hiſtories make m [...]tion after he had reig|ned the ſpare of .vij. or .viij. yeares: and in ye yeare of oure ſaluation .193.193. as William Hariſon ac|compteth.

5.54. Alectus.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 ALectus in hauing vanquiſhed and ſlayn Ca|rauſſius tooke vpon him the rule and gouern|ment of Britayn,Alectus in the yeare of our Lorde .293.Of vvhom our British hiſto|ries vvrite af|ter this maner. 293.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Alectus when he had reſtored the lande to the ſubiection of the Romaynes, didde vſe EEBO page image 82 greate crueltie agaynſt ſuche of the Britaynes, as hadde maynteined the parte of Carauſſius, by reaſon whereof, he purchaſed muche euill will of the Britons the which at length conſpired a|gaynſt him, and purpoſing to chaſe the Romai|nes altogether out of their countrey, they procu|red one Aſclepiodotus, whom (the Brytiſh chro|nicles name Duke of Cornewall) to take vpon him as chief capitaine of that enterpriſe. Wher|vpon the ſame Aſclepiodotus aſſembling a great armie togither, made ſuch ſharpe warres on the Romains, that they being chaſed from place to place, at length withdrewe to the citie of Lon|don, and there held them til Aſclepiodotus came thither, and prouoked Alectus and his Romains ſo muche, that in the end they iſſued foorth of the Citie, and gaue batayle to the Britons, in the whiche muche people on both partes were ſlayn, [figure appears here on page 82] but the greateſt number dyed on the Romaines ſyde: and amongeſt other, Alectus himſelf was ſlayne. The reſidue of the Romains that were lefte alyue, retired backe into the Citie with a captayn of theirs named Liuius Gallus, and de|fended themſelues within the walles for a tyme right valiantly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus was Alectus ſlayne of the Britons, af|ter he had reigned (as ſome ſuppoſe) aboute the terme of ſixe yeres (or as ſome other write) three yeares.Fabian. Mat. VVeſt.

5.55. Aſclepiodotus duke of Cornewall.

Aſclepiodotus duke of Cornewall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aſcle|piodotus Galfr. Mon. Mat. VVest. [figure appears here on page 82] ASclepiodo|tus, Duke of Cornewall, began his reign ouer the Bri|tons in ye yeare of oure Lorde 232.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After he had vanquiſhed the Romaynes in battayle, as before is recited, he layd his ſiege a|bout the citie of London, and finally by knight|ly force entred the ſame, and ſlew the fornamed Liuius Gallus neere vnto a brooke, whiche in thoſe dayes ranne through the citie, and threwe him into the ſame brooke: By reaſon whereof long after it was called Gallus or Wallus brooke. And at this preſente the ſtreet where the ſame brooke did runne, is called Walbrooke.VValb [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then after that Aſclepiodotus had ouercome all his enimyes, hee helde this lande a certayne ſpace in good reſt and quiet, and miniſtred iuſtice vprightly, in rewarding the good, and puniſhing the euyll. Till at lengthe through ſlaunderous toungs of malicious perſons, diſcorde was rey|ſed betwixte the king and one Coyll or Coylus, that was gouernoure of Colcheſter: the occa|ſion wherof appeareth not by writers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But whatſoeuer the matter was, there en|ſued ſuch hatred betwixt thẽ, that on both partes great armies were rayſed, [...] Mat. VVeſt. [...] and meetyng in the fielde, they fought a fore and myghtie battayle, in the whiche Aſclepiodotus was ſlayn, after he had reigned .xxx. yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus hath Geffrey of Monmouth, and our common Chroniclers written of Carauſſius, [...]. Alectus, and Aſclepiodotus, whyche gouerned her in Britayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But Eutropius that famous writer of the Romayne hiſtories, in the Actes of Diocletian hath in effecte theſe wordes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame tyme Carauſſius, the whiche being borne of moſte baſe ofſpring, atteyned to highe honour and dignitie by order of renow|med Chiualrie and ſeruice in the warres, receiued charge at Bolein, to kepe the ſeas quiet alongſt ye coaſts of Britain, Frãce, and Flaunders, & other EEBO page image 83 countreys thereaboutes, bycauſe the Frenche|men, whiche yet inhabited within the boundes of Germanye) and the Saxons ſore troubled thoſe ſeas. Carauſſius taking oftentymes ma|ny of the enimies, [...]he couetous [...]ctiſing of [...]. neyther reſtored the goddes to them of the countreye from whom the enimies had bereft the ſame, nor yet ſent any parte ther|of to the Emperours, but kept the whole to his owne vſe. Whervpon when ſuſpition roſe, that he ſhoulde of purpoſe ſuffer the enimies to paſſe by hym, tyll they had taken ſome pryſes, that [...] their returne with the ſame, he myght encounter with them, and take that from them whyche they hadde gotten, (by whiche ſubtile practiſe he was thought greatly to haue enriched himſelfe) Maximianus that was fellowe in gouernement of the Empire with Diocleſianus, remayning then in Gallia,Maximianus [...]rpoſeth to [...] Carauſsius. and aduertiſed of theſe doinges, commaunded that Carauſſius ſhoulde be ſlayn, but he hauing warning thereof rebelled, and v|ſurping the imperiall ornamentes and title, got poſſeſſion of Britayne, againſt whom (being a man of greate experience in all warlyke know|ledge) when warres had ben attempted and folo|wed in vayn,Polydore. at lengthe a peace was concluded with him, and ſo he enioyed the poſſeſſion of Bri|tayn by the ſpace of .vij. yeares,Eutropius. and then was ſlaine by his companion Alectus, the whiche af|ter him ruled Britayn for the ſpace of .iij. yeares, and was in the end oppreſſed by the guyle of Aſ|clepiodotus gouernour of the Pretorie, (or as I may call him) lord Lieutenant of ſome precinct and iuriſdiction perteyning to the Romayne em|pire. And ſo was Britayn recouered by the fore|ſaid Aſclepiodotus about .x. yeres after that Ca|rauſſius had firſt vſurped the gouernment there, and about the yere of our Lord .300.300. as Polydor iudgeth, wherin he varieth muche from Fabian and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to ſhew what we fynde further written of the ſubduing of Alectus, I think it not amiſſe to ſette downe what Mamertinus in his Ora|tion written in prayſe of Maximianus doth re|port of this matter:Mamertinus After he hath reckened vp di|uers noble victories by the ſayde Maximianus atchieued, & ſundry nations by his force ſubdued, he beginneth with Britayn in this wyſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Now then all the compaſſe of the earth being recouered through your noble prowes, not one|ly ſo farre as the limittes of the Romayne em|pire hadde before extended, but alſo the enimyes bordures being ſubdewed, when Almayne had ben ſo often vanquiſhed, and Sarmatia ſo often reſtreyned and broughte vnder,Vitungi, Qua|di, Carpi, and people of Ger|manie & Po|lona. the people called Vitungi, Qua|di, Carpi, ſo often put to flighte, the Gothe ſubmitting himſelfe, ye king of Perſia by offering giftes, ſuing for peace, one deſpiteful reproche of ſo myghtie an Empire and gouern|ment ouer the whole, [...] vs to the [...], as nowe at length wee will [...] to confeſſe, and to vs it ſeemed the more [...], by|cauſe it onely remayned to the accompliſhing of your perfecte renomne and glorie: and verily not lyke as there is but one name of Britayne, ſo was the loſſe to be eſteemed ſmall to the comon wealth of a lande ſo plentyfull of corne, ſo abun|dant with ſtore of paſtures, ſo ſlowing wyth vaynes of mettall, ſo gaynefull with reuenues, riſing of cuſtomes and tributes, ſo [...]nuironned with hauens, ſo huge in circuite, the which when Ceſar, the founder of this your honourable title, being the firſt that entred into it, writte that he had founde an other worlde, ſuppoſing it to bee ſo bigge, that it was not compaſſed with the ſea, but that rather by reſemblaunce, the greate Ocean was compaſſed with it: and at that time Britayn was nothyng furniſhed with ſhippes of warre, and the Romains nowe after the warres of Carthage and Aſia, had lately bene exerciſed by ſea agaynſt Pyrates, and afterwardes by rea|ſon of the warres agaynſte Mithridates, were practiſed as well to fighte by ſea as lande: be|ſyde thys the Britiſhe nation then alone was accuſtomed but onely to the Pictes and Iriſh|men, enimies halfe naked as yet,Picts and Irish men. and not vſed to weare armour, ſo that the Britons for lacke of ſkill, eaſylye gaue place to the Romayne puiſſaunce, in ſo muche that Ceſar myght by that voyage onely glorye in this, that he had ſayled and paſſed ouer the Ocean ſea. But in thys wycked rebellious robberie, firſte the na|uie that in tymes paſte defended the coaſtes of Gallia was ledde awaye by the Pyrate, when he fled his wayes: and beſide this, a great num|ber of other ſhyppes were buylt after the mould of oures, the Legion of Romayne Souldiours was wonne, and broughte to take parte with the ennimie, and dyuers bandes of ſtraungers that were alſo Souldioures, were ſhutte vp in the Shippes to ſerue alſo agaynſt vs. The mer|chauntes of the parties of Gallia were aſſem|bled and broughte togyther to the muſters, and no ſmall numbers of barbarous nations, procu|red to come in ayde of the Rebelles, truſtyng to enryche themſelues by the ſpoyle of the pro|uinces: and all theſe were trayned in the war|res by ſea, thorough the inſtruction of the firſte attemptours of this miſchieuous practiſe. And althoughe oure armyes were inuincible in force and manhoode, yet were they rawe and not ac|ſtomed to the ſeas, ſo that the fame of a gree|uous and greate trouble by warre that was to|warde by this ſhamefull rebellyous robberye, was blowen and ſounded in eche mans eare, al|though we hoped well of the end. Vnto the eni|mies forces was added a long ſuffrance of theyr, EEBO page image 84 wicked practiſes without puniſhement whyche had puffed vp the preſumptuous boldneſſe of de|ſperate people,Long ſufferãce of euill, increa|ſeth boldneſſe in the authors. that they bragged of our ſtay, as if it had bin for feare of them, where the diſad|uauntage whiche wee hadde by ſea, ſeemed as it were by a fatall neceſſitie to deferre our victorie: neyther dydde they beleeue that the warre was put off for a tyme by aduyſe and counſell, but rather to be omitted through deſpayre to doe any good againſt them, in ſo much that now the feare of common puniſhment being layd aſide, one of the mates ſlew the archpyrate or capitayn rouer as I may call him,Carauſsius ſlayne. hoping in reward of ſo great an exployte to obteyne the whole gouernemente into his handes. This warre then being bothe ſo neceſſarie, ſo hard to enter vpon, ſo growne in tyme to a ſtubburne ſtiffneſſe, and ſo wel proui|ded for of the enimies part, you noble Emperor, did ſo take it in hand, that ſo ſoon as you bent the thũdring force of your imperiall maieſtie againſt that enimie, eche mã made accompt that the en|terpriſe was already atchieued: for firſt of al, to ye end yt your diuine power being abſent, the barba|rous nations ſhould not attempt any new trou|ble (a thing chiefly to be forſene) it was prouided for aforehand by interceſſiõ made vnto your ma|ieſtie: for you your ſelfe, you I ſay mightie lord Maximian eternall emperor, vouchedſafe to ad|uãce the cõming of your diuine excellẽcie by the nereſt way that might be, which to you was not vnknowne: you therefore ſodeynly came to the Rhine, and not with any armie of horſemen or footmen, but with the terrour of your preſence, did preſerue & defend al that frontier: for Maxi|mian once being there vpon the riuage, counter|uayled any the greateſt armies that were to bee founde. For you (moſt inuincible Emperor) fur|niſhing & arming diuers nauies, made the enimie ſo vncertain of his own doings and voyd of coũ|ſel, that then at length he might perceyue that he was not defended but encloſed with the Ocean ſea. Here cõmeth it to mynde how pleaſant and eaſefull the good lucke of thoſe princes in gouer|ning the cõmon wealth with praiſe was, whiche ſitting ſtil in Rome had triumphs and ſurnames appointed them of ſuch nations as their captains did vanquiſhe.Fronto comp|ted Ciceros [...]atche. Fronto therefore, not the ſeconde, but matche with the firſt honour of the Romaine eloquence, when he yelded vnto the emperor An|toninus the renome of the warre brought to end in Britayn, although he ſitting at home in his palace within the citie, had cõmitted the cõduct & ſucceſſe of that war ouer vnto the ſame Fronto, it was cõfeſſed by him, yt the Emperor ſitting as it were at the helme of the ſhip, deſerued ye prayſe by giuing of perfect order to the full accõpliſhing of the enterpriſe. But you moſt inuincible Em|perour, haue bin not onely the appointer foorth howe all this voyage by ſea, and proſecuting the warre by lande ſhoulde be demeaned, as apper|tayned to you by vertue of your Imperiall rule and dignitie, but alſo you haue bene an [...] and ſetter forward in the things themſelues, and through example of your aſſured conſtancie, the victorie was atchieued. For you taking the Sea at Sluyce, didde put an irreuocable deſire into their heartes that were readye to take ſhippe the ſame tyme in the mouth of the ryuer of Sayne, in ſo muche that when the Capitaynes of that armie were about to linger tyme, by reaſon the ſeas and ayre was troubled, they cryed to haue the ſayles hoyſed vp, and ſigne giuen to launche foorth that they myght paſſe forwarde on theyr iourney, deſpiſing certayne tokens which threat|ned theyr wrecke, and ſo ſet forward on a raynie and tempeſtuous daye, ſaylyng wyth a croſſe|wynde, for no forewynde myghte ſerue theyr tourne. But what was hee that durſt not com|mitte him ſelfe vnto the ſea were the ſame neuer ſo vnquiet, when you were once vnder ſayle, and ſette forwarde? One voyce and exhorta|tion was amonge them all (as reporte hathe gone thereof) when they hearde that you were once got foorth vppon the water, what doe wee doubte? what meane we to ſtaye? hee is nowe lewſed from lande, he is forwarde on his way, and peraduenture is alreadie got ouer: let vs put all thyngs in proofe, lette vs venture thorough anye daungers of ſea whatſoeuer, what is there that we may ſtand in fear of? we folow the em|perour: neyther didde the opinion of your good happe deceyue them: for as by reporte of them|ſelues, wee doe vnderſtande, at that ſelfe tyme there fell ſuche a myſte and thycke fogge vpon the Seas, that the enimyes Nauie layde at the Iſle of Wyghte, watchyng for theyr aduer|ſaries and lurkyng as it were in awayte, theſe your ſhippes paſſed by, and were not once per|ceyued, neyther did the enimie then ſtaye, al|though he coulde not reſiſte. But nowe as con|cerning that the ſame armye vnvanquiſhable fyghting vnder your enſignes and name ſtreight wayes after it came to lande, ſet fyre on theyr ſhippes: what moued them ſo to doe, excepte the admonitions of your diuine motion? or what other reaſon perſwaded them to reſerue no fur|theraunce for theyr flight if neede were, nor to feare the doubtfull chaunces of warre, nor as the Prouerbe ſayeth, to thinke the hazarde of mar|tiall dealyngs to be common, but that by con|templation of your proſperous happe, it was verie certayne that there needed no doubte to bee caſte, for victorie to be obteined? There were no ſufficiẽt forces at that preſent amõg them, no mighty puiſſant ſtrength of Romains but they had only conſideration of your vnſpeakable for|tunate EEBO page image 85 ſucceſſe commyng from the heauens aboue, for what ſo euer battalle doth chaunce to be offered, to make ful accompt of victorie, reſteth not ſo muche in the aſſuraunce of the ſouldiours, as in the good lucke and felicitie of the Capitaine generall. [...]he good [...]cke in a [...]aptayne. That ſame ring|leader of the vngratious faction, what mente he to depart frõ that ſhore whiche he poſſeſſed? Why did he forſake bothe his nauie and the hauen? but that (moſte inuincible Emperour) hee ſtoode in feare of your commyng, whoſe ſayles hee behelde readie to approche towards him, howeſoeuer the matter ſhoulde fall out, he choſe rather to trye his fortune wyth your capitaynes than to abyde the preſent force of your maieſtie: a madde man that vnderſtoode not, that whether ſo euer he fled, the power of your diuine maieſtie to be preſent, in all places where your countenance and banners are had in reuerence. But hee fleeing from your pre|ſence, fell into the handes of youre people, of you was he ouercome, of youre armies was he oppreſſed. To be ſhort, he was brought in|to ſuche feare, and as it were ſtill looking be|hynde him, for doubte of your comming after him, that as one out of his remembrance ama|zed what to do, he haſted forward to his death, ſo that he neyther ſette his men in order of bat|tayle, nor marſhalled ſuche power as hee had about him, but onely with the olde authors of that conſpiracie, & the hired bands of the barba|rous nations, as one forgetful of ſo great pre|paration which he had made, ran hedlong for|wards to his deſtruction, inſomuch (noble em|peror) your felicitie yeldeth this good hap to the cõmon welth, that the victorie being atchieued in the behalfe of the Romain empire, there al|moſt died not one Romain: for as I heare, all thoſe fields and hilles laye couered with none but only with the bodies of moſte wicked eni|mies, the ſame beeing of the barbarous na|tions, or at the leſt wiſe apparelled in the coũ|terfait ſhapes of barbarous garments, gliſte|ring with their long yealow heares, but nowe with gaſhes of wounds & bloud all deformed, and lying in ſundry maners, as the pangs of death occaſioned by their wounds,Alectus founde dead. had cauſed them to ſtretch foorth or draw in their maymed limmes and mangled parts of their dying bo|dies. And among theſe, the chiefe ringleader of the theeues was founde, who had put off thoſe robes which in his life time he had vſurped & diſhonored,He had diſpoy| [...]ed himſelfe of the imperiall [...]obes bycauſe he vvould not be knovven if [...]e chanced to be ſlayne. ſo as vneth was he couered wyth one piece of apparell wherby he might be kno|wen, ſo neare were his wordes true vttered at the houre of his death, whiche he ſaw at hand, that he would not haue it vnderſtoode howe he was ſlayn. Thus verily (moſt inuincible em|perour) ſo greate a victorie was appointed to you by conſent of the immortall gods ouer al the enemies whom you aſſayled,Francones ſiue Franci. but namely the ſlaughter of the Frankeners & thoſe youre ſouldiours alſo, which as before I haue ſayd, through miſſyng their courſe by reaſon of the myſt that lay on the ſeas, were nowe come to the citie of London, where they ſlewe downe right in eche parte of the ſame citie,London in danger to be ſpoyled. what mul|titude ſoeuer remayned of thoſe hyred barba|rous people, which eſcaping from the bataile, mente after they had ſpoyled the citie to haue got away by flight. But now being thus ſlain by your ſouldiours, the ſubiects of your pro|uince were both preſerued from further daun|ger, and tooke pleaſure to beholde the ſlaughter of ſuche cruell enimies. O what a manyfolde victorie was this? worthie vndoubtedly of in|numerable triumphes, by which victorie Bri|tayne is reſtored to the Empire, by which vic|torie the nation of the Frankeners is vtterlye deſtroyed, and by whiche many other nations found acceſſaries in the cõſpiracie of that wic|ked practiſe, are compelled to obedience. To conclude, the ſeas are purged and broughte to perpetuall quietnes. Glorie you therfore, in|uincible Emperor, for that you haue, as it were gote an other worlde, and in reſtoring to the Romain puiſſaunce the glorie of conqueſt by ſea, haue added to the Romain empire an ele|ment greater than al the compaſſe of the earth, that is, the mightie mayne Ocean. You haue made an ende of the warre, inuincible Empe|rour, that ſeemed as preſent to threaten all pro|uinces, and might haue ſpreade abroade, and burſt out in flame, euen ſo largely, as ye Ocean Seas ſtretche, and the Mediterrane gulfes do reache: neither are we ignorant althoughe thorough feare of you that infection did feſtee within the bowels of Britayn only, and pro|ceeded no further, wt what furie it would haue auanced it ſelfe elſe where if it might haue bin aſſured of meane to haue raunged abroade ſo farre as it wiſhed. For it was bounded in with no bordure of mountayne, nor ryuer, whych garniſons appoynted, were garded and de|fended but euen ſo as the ſhippes although we had your martiall prowes and proſperous for|tune readye to relieue vs, was ſtill at oure el|bowes to put vs in feare, ſo farre as eyther ſeas reache or wynde bloweth: for that in|credible boldeneſſe and vnwoorthy good happe of a few captiues of the Frankeners in time of ye Emperour Probus came to our remẽbrance whiche Frankeners in that ſeaſon;The piracy of the Frankey|ners called Franci or Frã|cones. conueying away certayn veſſels from the coaſtes of Pon|tus, waſted doth Grecia & Aſia, and not with|out great hurt & damage ariuing vpon diuers EEBO page image 86 partes of the ſhore of Libya, at length tooke the Citye of Saragoſe in Sicile (an hauen towne in tymes paſte hyghely renowmed for victories gotten by ſea:) and after this, paſſyng tho|rough the ſtreytes of Gibralterra, came into the Ocean, & ſo with the fortunate ſucceſſe of their raſhe preſumptuous attempte, ſhewed how no|thing is ſhut vp in ſafety from the deſperate bold|neſſe of pyrates, where ſhips may come and haue acceſſe. And ſo therfore by this your victorie, not Britain alone is deliuered from bondage, but vn|to all nations is ſafetie reſtored, which might by the vſe of the ſeas come to as great perils in time of warre, as to gayne of commodities in tyme of peace. Now Spayne (to let paſſe the coaſtes of Gallia) with hir ſhores almoſt in ſight is in ſure|tie: now Italy, now Afrike, nowe all nations e|uen vnto the fennes of Meotis are voyde of per|petuall cares. Neyther therfore are they leſſe ioy|ful, the feare of danger being taken away, which to feele as yet, the neceſſitie had not brought thẽ: but they reioyce ſo muche the more for this, that both in the guiding of your good prouidence, and alſo furtheraunce of fortune, ſo great a force of rebellion by ſea men, is calmed vpon the entring into their bordures, and Britayne it ſelfe whiche had giuen harburgh to ſo long a miſchief, is eui|dently knowne to haue taſted of your victorie, with hir only reſtitutiõ to quietneſſe.Britayne re|ſtored to qui|etneſſe. Not with|out good cauſe therefore immediatly, when you hir long wiſhed reuenger and deliuerer were once arriued, your Maieſtie was met with greate tri|umph, and the Britayns repleniſhed with all in|warde gladneſſe,The Britaynes receyue Max|imian vvith great ioy and humbleneſſe. came foorth and offered them|ſelues to youre preſence, with their wyues and children, reuerencing not onely youre ſelfe (on whome they ſette their eyes, as on one deſcen|ded downe them to from heauen) but alſo euen the ſayles and tagle of that ſhippe whiche hadde brought your diuine preſence vnto their coaſtes: and when you ſhould ſette foote on lande, they were readie to lye downe at your feete, that you might (as it were) march ouer them, ſo deſirous were they of you. Neither was it any meruaile if they ſhewed them ſelues ſo ioyfull, ſithe af|ter their miſerable captiuitie ſo many yeres con|tinued after ſo long abuſing of their wiues, and filthie bondage of their children, at lengthe yet were they nowe reſtored to libertie, at lengthe made Romaynes, at lengthe refreſhed with the true lighte of the Imperiall rule and gouerne|ment: for beſide the fame of your clemencie and pitie whiche was ſet forth by the report of all na|tions, in your countenaunce (Ceſar) they percei|ued the tokens of all vertues, in your face graui|tie, in your eyes myldeneſſe, in your ruddie chee|kes baſhfulnes, in your words iuſtice: All which thinges as by regarde they acknowledged, ſo with voyces of gladneſſe they ſignifyed on high. To you they bounde them ſelues by vowe, to you they bounde their children: yea and to your children they vowed all the poſteritie of theyr race and ofſpring.Diocleſi [...] Maxi [...] We truely (O perpetuall pa|rentes and lordes of mankinde) require this of the immortall gods with moſt earneſt ſupplication and heartie prayer, that our children and theyr children, and ſuche other as ſhall come of them for euer hereafter, may be dedicate vnto you and to thoſe whome you now bring vp, or ſhal bring vp hereafter. For what better hap can wee wiſhe to them that ſhall ſucceede vs, than to bee enioy|ers of that felicitiie which now we our ſelues en|ioy? The Romaine common wealth doth now comprehende in one coniunction of peace, al that whatſoeuer at ſundry times hath belonged to the Romaines, and that huge power whyche wyth to great a burdeyn was ſhroonke downe, and ri|uen in ſunder, is nowe broughte to ioyne agayn in the aſſured ioyntes of the imperiall gouerne|ment. For there is no parte of the earth nor re|gion vnder heauen, but that eyther it remayneth quiet through feare, or ſubdued by force of ar|mes, or elſe at the leaſt wyſe bounde by clemen|cie. And is there any other thing elſe in other par|tes, whych if wyll and reaſon ſhould moue men therto, that might bee obteyned? beyond the O|cean, what is there more than Brytaine, which is ſo recouered by you,Nations [...] to Britaine obey the [...]|perour. that thoſe nations which are neare adioyning to the boundes of that Iſle, are obedient to your commaundementes? There is no occaſion that maye moue you to paſſe fur|ther, excepte the endes of the Ocean ſea (which nature forbiddeth) ſhoulde bee ſought for. All is yours (moſte inuincible Princes) whiche are ac|compted worthie of you, and thereof commeth it, that you may equally prouide for euery one, ſithe you haue the whole in your hands: and ther|fore as heretofore (moſte excellent Emperoure) Diocleſian, by thy commaundemente Aſia dyd ſupplye the deſerte places of Thracia with in|habitauntes tranſported thyther, as afterwarde moſte excellente Emperour Maximian, by your appoyntementement, the Frankeners at length brought to a pleaſant ſubiection, and admitted to lyue vnder lawes,The [...] hath [...] I take the [...] be [...] for a. hath peopled and manured the vacante fieldes of the Neruians, and thoſe a|bout the citie of Trier: And ſo nowe by youre victories (inuincible Conſtantius Ceſar) what ſoeuer did lye vacant aboute Amiens, Bean|voys, Troys, and Langres, beginneth to flou|riſhe with inhabitauntes of ſundrye nations: yea and moreouer that your moſt obedient Ci|tie of Autun, for whoſe ſake I haue a pecu|liar cauſe to reioyce, by meanes of thys try|umphaunt victorie in Brytayne, if hathe re|ceyued manye and diuers Artificers, of whome EEBO page image 87 thoſe prouinces were full, [...]tificers forth Britayne. and nowe by theyr workmanſhip the ſame Citie reiſeth vp: by re|pairing of auncient houſes and reſtoryng of publique buyldings and temples, ſo that now it accompteth that the olde name of brother-like incorporation to Rome, is again to hir re|ſtored, when ſhe hath you eftſones for hir foun|der. I haue ſayd (inuincible Emperor) almoſt more than I haue bin able, and not ſo muche as I ought, that I may haue moſte i [...]ſt cauſe by your clemencies licence, both now to end, and often heereafter to ſpeake: & thus I cea [...]e.

Here haue you the ſubſtance of that whiche is written touching Britayn in that H [...]ege|rike oration aſcribed to Mamertinus, whiche he ſet forth in prayſe of the emperors Diocleſian and Maximian: it is entitled only to Maxi|mianus, wheras neuertheleſe both the Empe|rours are praiſed. And lykewyſe as ye maye perceiue, Coſtantius that was father vnto the great Conſtantine, is here ſpokẽ of, being cho|ſen by the two foreſayde Emperours to aſſiſte them by the name of Ceſar in rule of the Em|pire: of whome hereafter more ſhall be ſayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 But now to conſider what is to bee noted foorth of this part of the ſame oration. It ſhuld ſeeme that when the emperor Maximian was ſent into Gallia by appoyntemente taken be|twixt him and Diocletian after he had qu [...]ted things there, he ſet his mynde forthwith to re|duce Britayn vnder the obedience of the Em|pire, the which was at that preſent kept vnder ſubiection of ſuch princes as maynteyned their ſtate, by the mightie forces of ſuche number of ſhips, as the [...] had got togither, furniſhed with al things neceſſarie, & namely of able ſeamẽ, as well Britons as ſtrangers, among whom the Frankeners wer as chief,Franci, or Frankeners, people of Ger|manie. a nation of Germa|nie, as then hyghly renoumed for their puiſ|ſance by ſea, nere to the which they inhabited, ſo that there were no rouers comparable to them. And bycauſe none durſte fliere on theſe our ſeas for feare of the Britiſhe fleet that paſ|ſed to and fro at pleaſure, to the greate anoy|ance of the Romayne ſubiectes inhabiting a|longeſt the coaſtes of Gallia, Maximian both to recouer agayne ſo wealthy and profitable a land vnto the obeyſance of the empire, as Bri|tayne then was, & alſo to deliuer the people of Gallia ſubiects to ye Romains, frõ danger of being dayly ſpoyled by thoſe rouers that were maynteined here in Britayn he prouided with all diligence ſuche numbers of ſhips as were thought requiſite for ſo great an entepriſe, and rigging them in ſundry places, tooke order for their ſetting forward to the moſt adua [...]ntage for the eaſy atcheuing of his enterpriſe: He ap|pointed to paſſe himſelfe frõ the coaſte of Flã|ders, at what time other of his captains with their fleetes from other parts, ſhould likewyſe made ſayle towards Britayn. By this meane Ale [...]a [...] that had vſ [...]rped the [...] and dignitie of king or rather emperor ouer the Britains, knew not where to take heede, but yet vnder|ſtanding of the nauie that was made ready in the mouth of Sayn, he ment by ye which may be coniectured, to intercept that fleet as it ſhuld come foorth and make ſayle forewardes: and ſo for that purpoſe he lay with a great number of ſhips about the Iſle of Wight. But now A [...]|clepiodotus came ouer with that nauie which was rigged on the coaſts of Flanders, or with ſome other, I will not preſume to affirme ey|ther to or frõ, bicauſe in deed Mamertinus [...] expreſſe mention either of Alectus, or Aſclepiodotus: but notwithſtanding it is eui|dent by that which is cõteined in his oration, that [...] Maximian, but ſome other of his ca| [...]it [...]ng gouerned ye armie, whiche ſlewe Alec| [...]us, [...] we may ſuppoſe that Aſclepiodotus was [...] [...]ain ouer ſome number of ſhips dire|cted to Maximinians appointment to paſſe o|uer into this yle againſt the ſame Alectus: and ſo may this which Ma [...]rtinus writeth, agree with the truth of that whiche we fynd in Eu|tropius. Here is to be remẽbred,Eutropius. yt after Maxi|mianus had thus recouered Britain out of ther [...] rule therof frõ the Ro|mans, it ſhuld ſeem yt not only great numbers of artificers & other people were conueyed ouer into Gallia, there to inhabite and furniſh ſuch cities as were run into decay, but alſo a power of warlike youthes was tranſported thither to defend the countrey from the inuaſion of bar|barous nations. For we fynd that in the dayes of this Maximian, the Britons expulſing the Neruiãs out of the citie of Mons in Henand, held a caſtell there, whiche was called Bretai| [...]ns after them, wherevpon the citie was af|terwarde called Mons, reteyning the laſt ſil|lable only, as in ſuch caſes it hath oftẽ hapned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer this is not to be forgotten, yt as Homf. Llhuyd hath very wel noted in his book intitled Fragmentae hiſtoriae Britannicae, Mamer|tinus in this parcell of his panegerike oration doth make firſt mẽtion of the nation of Picts. of al other the ancient Roman writers: ſo that not one before his tyme, once nameth eyther Picts or Scots. But now to returne wher we left. After that Britain was thus recouered by the Romains, Diocletian & Maximiã caling the Empire, the Ile taſted of the crueltie, that Diorcleſian exerciſed agaynſte the Chriſtians, in perſecutyng them wyth all extremityes, EEBO page image 88 continually for the ſpace of ten yeeres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Amongſt other, one Alban a citizen of Wer|lamcheſter, a town now bearing his name, was the firſt that ſuffred here in Britayn, in this per|ſecution, being conuerted to the faith of Chriſte by the zealous chriſtian Amphibalus, whome he hadde receyued into his houſe: in ſo muche that when there came Sergeants or officers to ſeeke for the ſame Amphibalus,Beda & Gildas. the aforeſayd Albane to preſerue Amphibalus out of daunger, preſen|ted hymſelfe in the apparell of the ſayde Amphi|balus, and ſo being apprehended in his ſtead, was brought before the iudge, and examined: and for that he refuſed to doe ſacrifice to the falſe goddes, he was beheaded on the toppe of an hill ouer a|gaynſt [figure appears here on page 88] the towne of Werlamcheſter aforeſayd, where afterwardes was buylded a churche and monaſterie in the remembrãce of his martirdom, inſomuch that the towne there reſtored after that Werlamcheſter was deſtroyed, tooke name of him, and ſo is vnto this day called ſaint Albons. It is reported by writers, that diuers miracles were wroughte at the tyme of his death, in ſo muche that one whiche was appointed to do the execution, was cõuerted, and refuſing to do that office, ſuffered alſo with him: but he that tooke vpon him to doe it, Bede. See the booke of acts and mo|numents ſette forth by maſter Foxe. reioyced nothing thereat, for his eyes fel out of his head, downe to the ground together with the head of that holy man whiche he had then cut off. There were alſo martyred about the ſame tyme two conſtant witneſſes of Chriſt his Religion, Aaron and Iulius, citizens of Caerleon arwiſk.Io. Roſſus VVarwicenſ. in li. de VVi|gornienſ. E|piſcopis. Lichfielde vvherof it toke name.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer a great nũber of Chriſtians which were aſſembled togither to heare the word of lyfe preached by that vertuous manne Amphibalus, were ſlayn by the wicked Pagans at Lychfield, wherof that towne toke name, as you wold ſay, The field of dead corpſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To be briefe, this perſecution was ſo greate & greuous,Gildas. and therto ſo vniuerſall, that in maner the Chriſtiã religion was therby deſtroyed. The faithfull people were ſlayne, their bookes br [...]t, [...] & churches ouerthrown. It is recorded, that [...] in one monethes ſpace in dyuers places of the worlde there were .xvij.M. godlye menne and women put to death for profeſſing the chriſtian faith in the dayes of that tyrant Diocleſian and his fellowe Maximian.

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