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5.8. Albion.

EEBO page image 5


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 5] NEptunus called by Moyſes (as ſome take it) Nepthuim, [...]word. the ſixte ſonne of Oſyris, after the account of In|nius, and the brother of Hercules, had appoyn|ted to hym,Annius Vi [...]erbo. Diodorus Si| [...]lu [...]. of hys father (as Diodorus writeth) the gouernement of the Ocean ſea: wherefore he furniſhed himſelf of ſundry light ſhips for ye more redie paſſage by water, whych in the end grew to the nũber of a ful nauie: [...]neſſes or Ga| [...]y [...]. & ſo by continual exer|ciſe he became ſo ſkilful, and therwith ſo mightie vpon the waters, as Higinus and Pictonius doe write,Higinus. Pictonius. that he was not onely called the king, but alſo eſteemed the god of the ſeas. He had to wife a Lady called Amphitrita, who was alſo hono|red as goddeſſe of the ſeas, and on hir he begate ſundry children: [...]crip. Bri. [...]ent. 1. And as Bale reporteth, he made euery one of them king of an Iland. And in the Iſle of Britayne he landed his fourth ſon called Albyon the Giant, who brought the ſame vnder his ſubiection. And herevpon it reſteth, that Iohn Textor and Polydore Virgile made mention that light ſhippes were firſt inuented in the Bri|tiſhe ſeas,Iohã. Texter. Polyd. Verg. and that the ſame were couered round with the hyde of beaſts, for defending them from the ſurges and waues of the water.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Albion being put by his father in poſ|ſeſſion of this Iſle of Britayne, within ſhorte tyme ſubdued the Samothians, the firſte inha|bitauntes therof, without fynding any great re|ſiſtance, for that as before ye haue hearde, they had giuen ouer the practiſe of all warlyke and o|ther paynfull exerciſes, and through vſe of effe|minate pleaſures wherevnto they hadde giuen themſelues ouer, they were become nowe vnapt to withſtande the force of their enimies: and ſo by the teſtimonie of Nicholaus Perottus,Nichol. Pe|rottus. Ringamanus [...]hileſius. Aristotle. Hum. Lloyd. Rig|manus Phileſius, Ariſtotle, & Humfrey Llhuyd with diuers other, both forraine and home wry|ters, this Ilande was firſt called by the name of Albion, hauing at one tyme bothe the name and inhabitauntes chaunged from the line of Iaphet vnto the accurſed race of Cham.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Albion (that thus chaunged the name of this Iſle) and his companie, are called Gy|ants, which ſignifieth none other thã a tall kind of men, of that vncorrupte ſtature and highneſſe naturally incident to the firſt age (whiche Bero|ſus alſo ſeemeth to allow,Beroſus. where he writeth, that Noe was one of the Gyantes: and were not ſo called only of their monſtrous greatneſſe, as the common people thinke (although in deede they exceeded the vſuall ſtature of men nowe in theſe dayes, (but alſo for ye they tooke their name of the ſoyle where they were born:VV [...]at gigan+tes ſignifyeth. for Gigantes ſignifi|eth the ſons of the earth: the Aborigines (or as Ceſar calleth them Indigina,) that is, borne and bred out of the earth where they inhabited.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus ſome thinke, but verily although that their opinion is not to be allowed in any condi|tion,Againſt the o|pinion of Abo|rigines. which maynteyne that there ſhould be any Aborigines, or other kynde of men than thoſe of Adams lyne, yet that there haue bin menne of farre greater ſtature than are nowe to be founde, is ſufficiently proued by the huge bones of thoſe that haue bin founde in our tyme, or lately be|fore: whereof here to make further relation, it ſhall not neede, ſith in the deſcription of Britain herevnto annexed, ye ſhall fynde it ſufficiently declared.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to our purpoſe.Bale. Bergion bro|ther to Albion As Albion held Bri|tayn in ſubiection, ſo his brother Bergion kepte Irelande and the Orkeneys vnder his rule and dominion,Hercules Ly|bicus. and hearing that their couſin Herru|cules Libicus hauing finiſhed his Conqueſtes in Spayn, ment to paſſe through Gallia into Ita|lye, againſt their brother Leſtrigo, that oppreſſed Italy, vnder ſubiection of him and other of his brethren the ſons alſo of Neptune, as well Al|bion as Bergion, aſſembling their powers togi|ther, paſſed ouer into Gallia, to ſtoppe the paſ|ſage of Hercules, whoſe intention was to van|quiſhe and deſtroy thoſe tyrantes the ſonnes of Neptune and their complices that kepte dyuerſe countreys and regions vnder the paynefull yoke of their heauie thraldome.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The cauſe that moued Hercules thus to pur|ſue vpon thoſe tyrantes nowe reignyng thus in the world,The cauſe vvhy Hercu|les purſued his couſins. was for that not long before the grea|teſt part of them had conſpired together, & ſlayne his father Oſyris, notwithſtanding that they were nephues to the ſame Oſyris, as ſonnes to his brother Neptune, and not contented with his ſlaughter, they deuided hys carcaſſe alſo a|mong them, ſo that eche of them got a peece in token of reioycing at their murderous atchieued enterpriſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For this cauſe Hercules whonie Moyſes cal|leth Laabin, proclaymeth warres agaynſt them al in reuẽge of his fathers death: & firſt he killeth Tryphon and Buſyris in Egypt, then Anteus in Mauritania, the Gerions in Spayne, whiche enterpriſe atchieued, he led his army towards I|taly, and by the waye paſſeth through a part of Gallia,Pomp. Mola. where Albion and Bergion hauing vni|ted theyr powers togither, were ready to receyue him with bataile: and ſo nere to the mouth of the riuer called Rhoſne, in latin Rhodanus, they met and fought: At the firſt there was a right terrible and cruell conflicte betwixte them: And albeit that Hercules hadde the greateſt number of menne, yet was it verye doubtefull a greate EEBO page image 6 whyle to whether parte the glorye of that dayes worke would bend: whervpon when the victorie beganne outrighte to turne vnto Albion, and to his brother Bergion, Hercules perceyuing the daunger and likelyhode of vtter loſſe of that bat|tayle, ſpecially for that his men had waſted their weapons, he cauſed thoſe that ſtood ſtil, and were not otherwyſe occupied, to ſtoupe down, and to gather vp ſtones,Hercules diſ|comfiyeth his enimyes. wherof in that place there was great plentie, whyche by his commaundemente they beſtowed ſo freely vpon theyr enimies, that in the ende hee obteyned the victorie, and dyd not only put his aduerſaries to flighte, but alſo ſlew Albion there in the fielde,Albion is ſlayn together with his bro|ther Bergion, and the moſte parte of all theyr whole armie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This was the ende of Albion, and his brother Bergion, by the valiant prowes of Hercules, who as one appointed by the prouidence of GOD to ſubdue the cruell and vnmercifull tyrants, ſpent his tyme to the benefite of mankynde, deliuering the oppreſſed from the heauie yoke of myſerable thraldome, in euery place where he came.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And by the order of this battayle wee maye learne whereof the Poets hadde their inuention,The occaſion of the fable of Iupiters hel|ping his ſonne Hercules. when they fayne in their writings, that Iupiter holpe his ſonne Hercules, by throwyng downe ſtones from heauen in this battayle agaynſt Al|bion and Bergion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, fro hẽceforth was this Iſle of Bri|tayn called Albion,Hovve this Iſle vvas called Al|bion, of the gi|aunt Albion. as (before we haue ſayde) af|ter the name of the ſayde Albion bicauſe he was eſtabliſhed chief ruler and kyng thereof bothe by his grandfather Oſyris, and his father Neptune that cunning ſaylour,Bale. reigning therein (as Bale ſayth) by the ſpace of .xliiij. yeares, till finally he was ſlayne, in manner afore remembred, by his vncle Hercules Lybicus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that Hercules had thus vanquiſhed and deſtroyed his enimies, hee paſſed to and fro tho|rough Gallia, ſuppreſſing the tyrantes in euerye part where he came, and reſtoring the people vn|to a reaſonable kynde of libertie, vnder lawfull gouernours: and as we fynde, he buylded the ci|tie of Alexia in Burgongne nowe called Alize.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, by Lilius Giraldus in the lyfe of Hercules it is auouched, that the ſame Hercules came ouer hither into Britayne. And this dothe Giraldus write by warraunt of ſuche Brytons (as ſayth he) haue ſo written themſelues, which thing peraduenture he hath redde in Gildas the auncient Bryton poet: Whiche booke he confeſ|ſeth in the .v. Dialogue of his hiſtories of Poets that he hath ſeen. The ſame thing alſo is confir|med by the name of an head of land in Britayn called Promontorium Herculis, as in Ptolomie ye may reade, whiche is thought to take name of his arriual at that place. Thvs much for Albion and Hercules.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe where as it is not denyed of anye,Dyuers op [...]+ons vvhy Ile vvas cal [...] Albion. that this Ile was called aunciently by the name of Albion: yet there be dyuers opinyons how it came by that name: for many doe not allow of this hiſtorie of Albion the Giannte. But for ſo muche as it appertayneth rather to the deſcripti|on than to the Hyſtorie of this Iſle,See [...] of in the de|ſcription. to rippe vp and lay foorth the ſecrete myſteries of ſuch mat|ters: and bicauſe I think that this opinion which is heere auouched howe it tooke that name of the foreſayd Albion, ſonne to Neptune, may be con|firmed with as good authoritie, as ſome of the o|ther, I here paſſe ouer the reſte, and thus proceede with the hiſtorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When Albion chiefe Capitayn of the Gyants was ſlayn, the reſidue that remayned at home in the Iſle, continued without any rule or reſtraint of lawe, in ſo muche that they fell to ſuch a diſ|ſolute order of lyfe, that they ſeemed little or no|thing to differ from brute beaſtes: & thoſe are they which our auncient Chronicles call the Giants, who were ſo named, as well of the huge propor|tion of their ſtature (ſithens as before is ſayd, that age brought foorth far greater men than are now liuing) as alſo for that they were the firſte, or at the leaſt the furtheſt in remembrance of any that had inhabited this countrey. For this word Gigi|nes, or rather Gegines, from whence our word giant (as ſome take it) is deriued, is a greek word, and ſignifieth borne or bred of or in the earth: for our foreelders, ſpecially the Gentiles, being igno|rant of the true beginning of mankind, were per|ſwaded, that the firſt inhabitaunts of any coũ|trey were bred out of the earth, and therfore when they could go no higher, reckening the diſcented of their predeceſſours,Terraefilius, vvhat is [...]s; [...]fyeth. they wold name him Ter|raefilius, the ſonne of the earth: and ſo the Giants which the Poets fain to haue ſought to make ba|tayle againſt heauen are called the ſonnes of the earth: and the firſt inhabitantes generally of eue|ry countrey, wer of the Grekes called Gigines, or Gegines, and of the Latines Aborigines, Aborigines Indigan [...] and In|diganae, that is, people borne of the earth from the beginning, and cõming from no other countrey, but bred within the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And theſe Giaunts and firſt inhabitauntes of thys Iſle, continued in their beaſtly kinde of lyfe vnto the arriuall of the Ladies, whiche ſome of our chronicles ignorantly write to be the daugh|ters of Diocleſian the king of Aſſiria, wheras in dede they haue bene deceiued in taking the worde Danaus to bee ſhort written for Diocleſianus:The myſtak [...] of the [...] Diocleſianus Danaus. and by the ſame meanes haue dyuers wordes and names bene miſtaken bothe in our Chro|nicles and in diuerſe other aunciente written woorkes. But this is a faulte that learned men ſhoulde not ſo muche trouble themſelues about, EEBO page image 10 conſidering the ſame hath bin alreadie founde by ſundry authors long ſithence, as Hugh the Italiane, Iohn Harding, and Iohn Rouſe of Warwicke,Hughe the Ita|lyan. Hardyng. Iohn Rous out of Dauid Pencair. and others, ſpeciallye by the healpe of Dauid Pencair, a Britiſhe hiſtori|cien, who recite the Hiſtorie vnder the name of Danaus and his daughters: and bycauſe we would not any man to thinke, that the hi|ſtorie of theſe daughters of Danaus is onely of purpoſe deuiſed, & brought in place of Dio|cleſian, to excuſe the imperfection of our wri|ters, whereas there was eyther no ſuch hiſto|rie, or at the leaſt no ſuch women that arriued in this Iſle,Nennius. the authoritie of Nennius a Bri|ton writer may be auouched, who wrote aboue ix.C, yeares paſt, and maketh mencion of the arriuall of ſuche ladies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Belus, Priſcus.To bee ſhorte, the Hiſtorie is thus: Belus the ſonne of Epaphus, (or as ſome wryters haue) of Neptune and Libyes,Dictionarium poeticum. whom Iſis af|ter the death of Apis maried,) hadde iſſue two ſonnes: the firſt Danaus, called alſo Armeus, and Egyptus called alſo Rameſes, and theſe two were kings among the Egyptians.Danaus. Aegyptus. Da|naus the elder of the two, hauyng in his rule the vpper region of Egypt,Higinus. had by ſundry wi|ues .50. daughters, whiche his brother Aegyp|tus gaping for the dominion of the whole, did inſtantly deſire, that his ſons being alſo .50. in number, might matche with thoſe fifty ladies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But Danaus hauing knowledge by ſome prophecie or oracle, that a ſonne in law of his ſhoulde be his death, refuſed ſo to beſtowe his daughters.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon grew warre betwixt the brethrẽ, in the end wherof, Danaus being the weaker, was inforced to flee his countrey, whervpon he prepared a nauie, imbarqued himſelfe & his daughters, and with them paſſed ouer into Greece, where he found meanes to diſpoſſeſſe Gelenor (ſonne to Stenelas king of Argos,) of his rightfull inheritance, driuing him oute of his countreye, and reigned in his place by the aſſiſtance of the Argiues themſelues, that had conceyued an hatred towardes Gelenor, and a great likyng towardes Danaus, who in very deede did ſo farre excell the kings that had rei|gned there before hym, that the Greekes in remembraunce of hym, were after called Danai.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But his brother Aegyptus, taking greate diſdayne for that hee and his ſonnes were in ſuche ſorte deſpiſed of Danaus, ſente his ſons with a greate armie to make warre on theyr Vncle, giuing them in charge not to returne tyll they had eyther ſlayne Danaus, or obtey|ned his daughters in mariage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The yong Gentlemen accordyng to theyr fathers commaundemente, beeing arriued in Greece, made ſuch warre agaynſte Danaus, that in the ende he was conſtrayned to gyue vnto thoſe his fifty nephues his .50. daughters, to ioyn with them in mariage, & ſo acording|ly maried they were: but as the prouerb ſayth, In truſt appeared treacherie: for the firſt night of the mariage, Danaus deliuered to eche of his daughters a ſworde, chargyng them that when their huſbands after their banquets and paſtimes were once brought into a ſoũd ſlepe, eche of them ſhould ſlea hir huſband, menacing them with death vnleſſe they fulfilled his com|maundement. They all therfore obey the will of their father, Hypermneſtra onely excepted, with whom preuayled more the loue of kinred and wedlock, than the feare of hir fathers diſ|pleaſure: for ſhee alone ſpared the lyfe of hir huſbande Lynceus, wakening him out of his ſleepe, and warning hym to departe and flee into Egypt to his father. He therfore hauing all the wicked practiſe reuealed to hym by his wyfe, followed hir aduiſe, and ſo eſcaped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But when Danaus perceiued howe all his daughters had accompliſhed his cõmaundemẽt ſauing onely Hypermneſtra,Pauſanias. he cauſed hir to be brought forth into iudgemẽt for diſobeying him in a matter wherin both the ſafetie & loſſe of his life reſted: but ſhe was acquit by the Ar|giues, and diſcharged: howbeit hir father kept hir in priſon, and ſeeking to fynde oute other huſbandes for his other daughters that hadde obeyed his pleaſure in ſleaing their firſte huſ|bandes, long it was ere he coulde fynde any to matche with them: for the heynous offence committed in the ſlaughter of their late huſ|bandes, was yet too freſhe in memorie, and their bloud not wiped out of mynde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But yet neuertheleſſe to bring his purpoſe the better to paſſe, he made proclamation that his daughters ſhould demaunde no ioynters, and euery ſuter ſhuld take his choyce without reſpect to the age of the ladie, or abilitie of him that came to make his choyce, but ſo as fyrſte come, beſte ſerued, according to their owne phantaſies and likings. But when this poli|cie alſo fayled, and would not ſerue his turne, he deuiſed a game of running, ordeining ther|with, that who ſoeuer got the beſt price ſhould haue the firſt choyce among all the ſiſters, and he that got the ſecond, ſhuld chooſe next to the fyrſt, and ſo foorth eche one after an other, ac|cordyng to the tryall of theyr ſwyfteneſſe of foote.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 How muche this practiſe auayled, I knowe not: but certain it is, diuers of them were be|ſtowed either by this means, or by ſome other: for we finde that Autonomes was maried to EEBO page image 141 Architeles Chryſantas, or (as Pauſanias hath) Scea was matched with Archandrus, Anenome with Neptunus Equeſtris, on whome he begate Nauplius.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]inus.But nowe to returne vnto Lynceus, whome his wyfe Hipermneſtra preſerued, (as before ye haue herd) after he was once got out of the reach and daunger of his father in law king Danaus, he gaue knowledge thereof to his wyfe, in ray|ſing a fyre on heyghte beaconwyſe, [...]uſanias. accordingly as ſhee hadde requeſted him to doe at hys de|parture from hir: and this was at a place which afterwardes tooke name of him, and was called Lyncea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon his returne into Egypt, he gaue his fa|ther to vnderſtande the whole circumſtaunce of the trecherous crueltie vſed by his vncle and hys daughters in the murder of his brethren, and how hardly he himſelfe hadde eſcaped death out of hys vncles handes. Whervpon at tyme conuenient he was furniſhed foorth with men and ſhippes by his father, for the ſpeedie reuenge of that heynous vnnaturall and moſte diſloyall murder, in which enterpriſe he ſped him foorth with ſuch diligence, that in ſhorte tyme he found meanes to diſpatch hys vncle Danaus, ſet his wyfe Hypermneſtra at libertie, and brought the whole kingdome of the Argiues vnder his ſubiection.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This don, he cauſed the daughters of Danaus (ſo many as remayned within the limittes of his dominion) to be ſent for, whome he thought not worthie to lyue, bycauſe of the cruell murther which they had committed on his brethren: but yet for that they were his wiues ſiſters, he would not put them to death, but commaunded them to be thruſt into a ſhippe, without maiſter, mate or mariner, & ſo to be turned into the mayn ocean ſea, and to take and abyde ſuch fortune as ſhould chance vnto them, thinking the worſt that might befall on them, coulde bee no worſſe than they had deſerued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hanlyng. Iohn R [...]s out of Dauid Pen [...].Theſe Ladies thus imbarqued and left to the mercie of the raging ſeas, at length by hap were brought to ye coaſts of this yle then called Albiõ, where they took land, & in ſeeking to prouide thẽ|ſelues of victuals by purſute of wylde beaſts, met with no other inhabitantes than the rude and ſa|uage giauntes, of whome before we haue made mencion, which our hiſtoricians for their beaſtly kynde of lyfe, doe call Deuilles: And with theſe monſters theſe ladies finding none other to ſatiſ|fye the motions of their ſenſuall luſte, ioyned in the act of generation, and ingendred a race of peo|ple in proportion nothing differing from their fa|thers that begote them, nor in conditions from their mothers that bare them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now peraduenture ye will thinke that I haue forgotten my ſelfe in reherſing this hiſtorie of the Ladies arriuall here, bycauſe I make no mencion of Albina, whiche ſhold be the eldeſt of the ſiſters, of whome this lande ſhoulde alſo take the name of Albion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To this we anſwer, that as the name of their father hathe bene miſtaken, ſo lykewyſe hath the whole courſe of the hiſtorie in this behalfe: for althoughe we ſhall admit that to be true whiche is reherſed (in maner as before ye haue heard) of the arriuall heere of thoſe ladies, yet certain it is that none of them bare the name of Albina, from whom this land might be called Albion. For further aſſurãce wherof,Hig [...]. The names of the daughters of Dana [...]. if any mã be deſirous to knowe all their names, we haue thoughte good here to reherſe thẽ as they be founde in Higinus, Pauſanias, & others. 1. Idea. 2. Philomela. 3. Scillo. 4. Phicomene. 5. Evippe. 6 Demoditas 7. Hyale. 8. Trite. 9. Damone. 10. Hippothoe. 11. Mirmidone. 12. Euridice. 13. Cleo. 14. Arania. 15. Cleopatra. 16. Phylea. 17. Hypareta. 18. Chriſo|themis. 19. Piranta. 20. Armoaſte. 21. Danaes, 22. Scean. 23. Glaucippe. 24. Demophile. 25. Au|todice. 26. Polixena. 27. Hecabe. 28. Achamantis, 29. Arſalte. 30. Monuſte. 31. Amimone. 32. Helice, 33. Amaome 34. Polibe. 35. Helicte. 36. Electra. 37. Eubule. 38. Daphildice. 39. Hero. 40. Europome|ne. 41. Critomedia. 42. Pyrene. 43. Eupheno. 44. Themiſtagora. 45. Paleno. 46. Erate. 47. Au|tonomes. 48. Itea. 49. Chryſanta. 50. Hy|permneſtra.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe were the names of thoſe Ladies, the daughters of Danaus: howebeeit, whiche they were that ſhoulde arriue in this Iſle, we can not ſay. But it ſuffizeth to vnderſtande, that none of them hight Albina, ſo that whether the hiſtorie of their landing heere ſhoulde be true or not, it is all one, for the matter concerning the name of this Iſle, which vndoubtedly was called Albion, ey|ther of Albion the giaunt (as before I haue ſayd) or by ſome other occaſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And thus much for the Ladies,See more in the Diſcrip [...] whoſe ſtrange aduenture of their arriual here, as it may ſeme to manie, and with good cauſe incredible, ſo with|out further auouching it for a truthe, I leaue it to the conſideration of the reader, to thinke therof as reſon ſhal moue him, ſith I ſee not how either in this, or in other things of ſuche antiquitie we can haue any ſufficient warrant otherwyſe than by lykely coniectures. Whiche as in this hiſtorie of the ladies they are not moſt probable, yet haue we ſhewed the likelyeſt, yt (as we think) may be demed to agree with thoſe authors yt haue writ of their comming into this yle. But as for an aſſured proofe that this Ile was inhabited with people before the commyng of Brute, I truſte it may ſuffiſe whiche before is recited out of An|nio de Viterbo, Theophilus, Gildas, and other, although muche more might be ſayd: As of the EEBO page image 9 commyng hyther of Oſyris, as wel as into the other parties of ye world: And likewyſe of Vlyſ|ſes his being here, [...] Bri| [...] who in performing ſome vow whiche he eyther then did make, or before hadde made, erected an Altar in that parte of Scotland which was aunciently called Calidonia, as Iu|lius Solinus Polihiſtor in playne wordes doth recorde. [...]olinus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 So that vpon theſe conſiderations I haue no doubt to deliuer vnto the Reader, the opinion of thoſe that thinke this lande to haue bin inhabited before the arriuall here of Brute, truſting it may be taken in good parte, ſith wee haue but ſhewed the coniectures of others, till time that ſome ſuf|ficient learned man ſhall take vpon him to deſci|pher the doubts of all theſe matters.

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