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Henrie the fift, prince of Wales, sonne and heire to Henrie the fourth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 _HEnrie prince of Wales, son and heire to K. Henrie the fourth, Anno Reg. 1. borne in Wales at Monmouth on the riuer of Wie, after his father was departed tooke vpon him the regiment of this realme of England, the twentith of March, the morrow after proclamed king, by the name of Henrie the fift, in the yeare of the world 5375, after the birth of our sa|uiour, by our account 1413, the third of the emperor Sigismund: the thrée and thirtith of Charles the sixt French king, and in the seuenth yeare of gouer|nance in Scotland vnder Robert brother to him that (before entrance into his kingdome 1390) had Iohn to name, Wil. Pa [...]ten. Buchanan. [...] Scoticar. [...]ib. 10 which by deuise and order of the states was changed into Robert the third, who at Rotsaie (a towne in the Iland of Got, 1406) deceassed by occa|sion thus. As vpon hope in this gouernor to himselfe conceiued how to come to the crowne, he at the ca|stell of Falkland, latelie had famisht his coosine Da|uid the kings elder sonne and heire (a dissolute yoong prince) yet to his fathers excéeding sorrow, at whose deceasse the father verie carefull, and casting for the safegard of Iames his yoonger son and heire, from Basse the rocke in a well appointed ship, vnder charge of Henrie Saintcleere earle of Orkeneie, into France to his old fréend king Charles for good educa|tion and safetie this yoong prince he sent: who in the course, whether for tempest or tendernes of stomach, tooke land in Yorkeshire at Flamborrow, that after by wisedome and good consideration of the king and his councell was thought verie necessarie here to be reteined. But by the sudden newes of this staie, the father (at supper as he sat) so stroken at hart that well nie streight had he fallen downe dead, yet borne into his chamber, where for greefe and pine within thrée daies next he deceassed. The yoong king Iames his sonne after an eightéene yeares staie, in which time he had béene well trained in princehood, at last with right honorable marriage at saint Marie Oueries vnto I [...]ne daughter to the earle of Summerset, coo|sine vnto Henrie the sixt then king, and with manie other high gratuities here beside was sent and set in his rule and kingdome at home.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 Such great hope, and good expectation was had of this mans fortunate successe to follow, that within thrée daies after his fathers deceasse, diuerse noble men and honorable personages did to him homage, [...]omage doone [...] K. Henrie before his co| [...]cation. and sware to him due obedience, which had not béene seene doone to any of his predecessors kings of this realme, till they had beene possessed of the crowne. He was crowned the ninth of Aprill being Passion sundaie,The day of king Henries [...] tempe| [...]tuous day. which was a sore, ruggie, and tempestuous day, with wind, snow and sléet, that men greatlie maruelled thereat, making diuerse interpretations what the same might signifie. But this king euen at first appointing with himselfe, to shew that in his person princelie honors should change publike man|ners, he determined to put on him the shape of a new man. For whereas aforetime he had made him|selfe a companion vnto misrulie mates of dissolute order and life,A notable ex|ample of a woorthie prince. he now banished them all from his pre|sence (but not vnrewarded, or else vnpreferred) inhi|biting them vpon a great paine, not once to approch, lodge, or soiourne within ten miles of his court or presence: and in their places he chose men of graui|tie, wit, and high policie, by whose wise counsell he might at all times rule to his honour and dignitie; calling to mind how once to hie offense of the king his father, he had with his fist striken the chéefe iustice for sending one of his minions (vpon desert) to pri|son, when the iustice stoutlie commanded himselfe al|so streict to ward, & he (then prince) obeied. The king after expelled him out of his priuie councell, banisht him the court, and made the duke of Clarence (his yoonger brother) president of councell in his steed. This reformation in the new king Christ. Okl. hath reported, fullie consenting with this. For saith he,

Ille inter iuuenes paulo lasciuior antè,
Defuncto genitore grauis constáns repentè,In Angl. proael. sub Hen. 5.
Moribus ablegat corruptis regis ab aula
Assuetos soc [...]os, & nugatoribus acrem
Poenam (si quisquam sua tecta reuiserit) addit,
At ita mutatus facit omnia principe digna,
Ingenio magno post consultoribus vsus, &c.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 But now that the king was once placed in the roi|all seat of the realme, he vertuouslie considering in his mind, that all goodnesse commeth of God, deter|mined to begin with some thing acceptable to his di|uine maiestie, and therefore commanded the cleargie sincerelie and trulie to preach the word of God, and to liue accordinglie, that they might be the lanternes of light to the temporaltie, as their profession required. The laie men he willed to serue God, and obeie their prince, prohibiting them aboue all things breach of matrimonie, custome in swearing; and namelie, wil|full periurie. Beside this, he elected the best learned men in the lawes of the realme, to the offices of iu|stice; and men of good liuing, he preferred to high de|grées and authoritie.A parlement. Immediatlie after Easter he called a parlement, in which diuerse good statutes, and wholesome ordinances, for the preseruation and ad|uancement of the common-wealth were deuised and established. Thom. Walsin. The funerals of king Hen|rie the fourth kept at Can|turburie. On Trinitie sundaie were the solemne exequies doone at Canturburie for his father, the king himselfe being present thereat.

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