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Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 Prince Edward the kings sonne, and diuerse o|ther great lords of England before this legats depar|ture out of the realme,Prince Ed|ward recei|ueth the crosse. receiued the crosse at his hands in Northampton on Midsummer day, mea|ning shortlie after according to promise there made, to go into the holie land to warre against Gods e|nimies. Fabian. A fraie in Lõ|don betwéene the gold|smiths and tailors. In this yeare fell great variance betwéene the corporations or fellowships of the goldsmiths and tailors within the citie of London, wherevnto e|uill words flowing from the toong gaue originall, for

Pondus valde graue verbosum vas sine claue,
so that one euening there were assembled to the number of fiue hundred in the stréets in armour, and running togither made a fowle fraie, so that manie were wounded and some slaine. But the shiriffes hearing thereof, came & parted them, with assistance of other trades, and sent diuerse of them being taken vnto prison, of the which there were arreigned to the number of thirtie, and thirtéene of them condemned and hanged.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 In the fiftie & third yeare of king Henries reigne, there was such an excéeding great frost, Anno. Reg. 53. Thames frosen. beginning at saint Andrewes tide, and continuing till it was néere candlemasse, that the Thames from the bridge vpwards was so hard frosen, that men and beasts passed ouer on féet from Lambeth to Westminster, and so westward in diuerse places vp to Kingston. Also merchandize was brought from Sandwich and other places vnto London by land. For the ships by reason of the yce could not enter the Thames. ¶And about the feast of S. Uedast, which falleth on the 6 of Februarie, fell so great abundance of raine, that the Thames rose so high, as it had not doone at any time before, to remembrance of men then liuing; so that the cellars and vaults in London by the water side were drowned, and much merchandize marred & lost.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 About S. Georges day there was a parlement holden at London, Abington. A parlement holden at London. for the appeasing of a controuer|sie depending betwixt prince Edward the kings son and the earle of Glocester: at the which parlement were present almost all the prelats and péeres of the realme. At length they put the matter in compro|mise, into the hands of the king of Almaine, vnder|taking to be ordred by him high and low touching all controuersies: and likewise for the iournie to be made into the holie land, but the king of Almaine did little in the matter to any great effect. ¶ In the beginning of Lent the king gaue to his sonne prince Edward the rule of the citie of London, with all the reuenues and profits thereto belonging. After which gift, the said prince made sir Hugh Fitz Othon con|stable of the towre and custos of the citie of London. ¶ Upon the ninth day of Aprill, Edmund the kings sonne, surnamed Crouchbacke, married at West|minster Auelina the daughter of the earle of Au|marle. Prince Edward commanded the citizens of London to present vnto him six citizens,Prince Ed|ward appoi [...]|teth the ma [...] and shiriffes of London. of the which number he might nominate two shiriffes, and so ap|pointed William de Hadstocke and Anketill de Al|berne, which were sworne to be accomptants as their predecessours had beene.

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1.8. Henry the thirde.

EEBO page image 608

Henry the thirde.

[figure appears here on page 608]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 Henry the .iij. An. reg. .1. _HEnry, the thirde of that name, the eldeſt ſonne of King Iohn, a childe, of the age of nine yeres, be|gan his raigne ouer the Realme of Englande the nineteenth daye of October, in the yeare of our Lord .1216. 1216 in the ſe|uenth yeare of the Emperour Fredericke the ſe|cond, and in the .36. yeare of the raigne of Phillip the ſecond King of Fraunce. Immediately after the deathe of his father Kyng Iohn, William Marſhall Earle of Pembroke generall of his fa|thers army,Williã Mar|ſhall Earle of Pembroke. broughte this yong Prince with hys brother and ſiſters vnto Glowceſter, and there called a Counſell of all ſuch Lords, as had taken part with Kyng Iohn: and ſoone after, when it was once openly knowen, that the ſonnes and daughters of the late deceaſſed Prince were brought into a place of ſafetie, a great number of the Lords and chiefe Barons of the Realme ha|ſted thither, I meane not only ſuch as had holden with King Iohn, but alſo diuers other, whyche vpon certayne knowledge had of his death, were newly reuolted from Lewes, in purpoſe to ayde the yong King Henry, to whome of righte the Crown did apperteyne. Thither came alſo Val|lo or Guallo the Popes Legate (an earneſt refen|der of the Kings cauſe) with Peter Biſhoppe of Wincheſter, and Iocelin Biſhop of Bath.Ma [...] [...] Alſo Ranulph Earle of Cheſter, William Ferrers Earle of Derbie, Iohn Marſhall, and Phillip de Albeny, with diuers other Lords and Peeres of the Realme, and alſo a great number of Abbots, and Priors, who by and by fell to councell togi|ther what way ſhould be beſt to take, for the good order of things now in ſo doubtfull and perilous a time as this. The peeres of the Realme beeyng thus aſſembled, William Earle of Pembroke bringing the yong K. into their preſence, and ſet|ting him before them, vſed theſe words:This [...] b [...] M. [...] Behold (ſaith he) right honorable & welbeloued, although we haue perſecuted ye father of this yong Prince for his euill demeanor, & worthily, yet this yong child whom here ye ſee before you, as he is in yeres tender, ſo is he pure & innocẽt frõ thoſe his fathers doings: wherfore, in aſmuch as euery mã is char|ged only with the burthẽ of his owne works and trãſgreſſiõs, neither ſhal the child (as ye Scripture teacheth vs) beare the iniquitie of hys father: wee ought therfore of duety & conſcience to pardõ this yong & tender Prince, & take cõpaſſion of his age as ye ſee. And now, for as much as he is ye kings natural & eldeſt ſon, & muſt be our ſoueraigne, and King, and ſucceſſor of this kingdome, come, and let vs appoint him our K. and gouernoure, and let vs remoue from vs thys Lewes the Frenche kings ſon, & ſuppreſſe his people, which are a cõ|fuſion & ſhame to our natiõ: and the yoke of their ſeruitude, let vs caſt from off our ſhoulders. Whẽ the Barons had heard this Earles wordes, after ſome ſilence and conference had, they allowed of his ſayings, and immediately with one conſente, proclaimed the yong Gentlemã K. of England, whom the Biſhops of Wincheſter and Bath did Crowne and annoynt with all due ſolemnities [figure appears here on page 608] EEBO page image 609 there at Glouceſter, vpon the day of ye feaſt of the Apoſtles Simon & Iude in preſẽce of the Legat, bryng thus crowned, he was committed to the gouernance of his brother in lawe, the foreſayde Willyam Marſhall, Earle of Pembrooke, who to wynne the good wyll of the people towardes the young kyng, ſente foorthe Meſſengers with Letters into all parties of the Realme, to ſigni|fye the newes of the kynges Coronation, with an offer alſo of pardon to all ſuch of the Barons ſide as woulde turne to his parte: and lykewyſe of greate rewardes to thoſe whiche hauing hi|therto continued faythfull woulde ſo remayne vntyll this trouble ſhoulde be ouerpaſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 By this means it came to paſſe, that his fren|des greatly reioyced of theſe newes, and manye of thoſe, whyche tyll that tyme hadde ayded the Frenchemen, reuolted from them, and in hope of pardon and rewarde, tourned to king Henry.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It is reported by writers, that amongſt other thyngs, as there were dyuers whiche withdrewe the hearts of the Engliſhemen from Lewes, the conſideration had of the confeſſion which the vi|count of Melune made at the houre of his death was the principall. The order whereof, in the la|ter ende of the lyfe of king Iohn, ye haue heard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Truly how little good will inwardly Lewes and his Frenchemen bare towardes the Engliſhe nation, it appeared ſundry ways. And firſt of all in that they had them in a maner in no regard or eſtimation at al, but rather ſought by all meanes to ſpoyle and keepe them vnder, not ſufferyng them to beare anye rule, nor puttyng them in truſte wyth the cuſtodye of ſuche places as they had brought them in poſſeſſion of. Secõdly, they called them not to councel, ſo often as at the firſt they vſed to doe, neyther dydde they proceede by theyr directions in their buſineſſe, as before they were accuſtomed. Thirdly, in all maner of theyr conuerſation, [...]e pride of Frenchmen [...]cureth them [...]ed. neyther Lewes nor his Frenchmen vſed them ſo familiarly, as at their firſt cõming: but (as their maner is) ſhewing more loftie coũ|tenances towardes them, they greatly increaſed the indignation of the Engliſhe Lordes againſt them, who myght euyll abyde to be ſo ouer ru|led. To conclude, where greate promiſes were made at their entring into the lande, they were ſlowe ynough in perfourmyng the ſame, ſo as the expectation of the Engliſh barons was quite made voyde: For they perceyued dayly that they were deſpiſed and ſcoffed at, for their diſloyaltie ſhewed towardes their owne naturall Prince, hearyng nowe and then nyppes and tauntes o|penly by the Frenchemen, that as they had ſhe|wed them ſelues falſe and vntruſtye to theyr owne lawfull Kyng, ſo they woulde not con|tynue anye long tyme trewe vnto a Straun|ger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus all theſe thyngs layde togyther, gaue occaſion to the Englyſhe Barons to remember themſelues, and to take iuſt occaſion to reuolte vnto Kyng Henrye, as before wee haue men|cioned. But nowe to the purpoſe of the Hi|ſtorye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ye haue hearde howe Lewes has ſpent long tyme in vayne about the b [...]yng of the Ca|ſtell of Douer for although [...] conſtrayned them within ryght fore, yet Huberte de Burghe and Girarde de Sotigam bare them ſelues ſo man|fully, and therewith ſo politikely, that their ad|uerſaries coulde not come to vnderſtande their diſtreſſe and daunger within the Caſtell, in ſo muche that diſpairing to winne, it in [...]y ſhorte tyme, euen before the deathe of Kyng Iohn was knowne as (ſome write) [...]e [...] [...] con|tented to graunte a truce to them that kept this Caſtell, tyll the feaſte of Eaſter nexte en [...]yng: but as it appeareth by other thys tru [...] was not concluded till after the death of Kyng Iohn was ſignified to Lewes who greately reioycing thereat, ſuppoſed nowe wythin a ſhorte tyme, to bryng the whole Realme vnder hys ſub|iection: and therefore rayſyng his ſiege from Douer, in hope to compaſſe enterpriſes of grea|ter conſequence, came backe vnto the Citie of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When they within the Caſtell of Douer ſaw the ſiege remoued, they came foorthe and brente ſuche houſes and buyldyngs as the Frenchemen hadde reyſed before the ſame Caſtell, and com|myng abroade into the Countrey, gotte togy|ther ſuche victuals and other neceſſarie prouiſion as myghte ſerue for the furniſhing of theyr for|treſſe for a long ſeaſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After that Lewes was retourned vnto Lon|don, he remayned not long there, but wyth a greate armye marched foorthe vnto Harteforde, where he beſieged the Caſtell, whyche was in the keepyng of Walter de Godardule ſeruaunte of houſeholde vnto Foulques de Brente,Mat. Paris. who defended the place from the feaſt of Saint Mar|tine, vnto the feaſte of Saincte Nicholas,Hartford Ca|ſtell deliuered to Levves. and then delyuered it by compoſition that he and his people myghte departe wyth all theyr goodes, horſe and armour.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From thence Lewes wente vnto Berkham|ſtede, and beſieged that Caſtell, whyche was valiauntly defended by a Dutche Capitayne na|med Waleron, who with hys people behaued hymſelfe ſo manfully, that a greate number of Frenchemen and other of them without, were lefte deade in the ditches.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At an iſſue alſo made vpon the ſide toward the North where the Barons lay, they ſpoyled the carriage and truſte of the ſayde Barons, and EEBO page image 610 and tooke therwithall the Standerd of William Maundeuyle. Finally about the .xx. day of De|cember, they yet yeelded the place vnto Lewes,The [...] B [...] ſ [...] bycauſe they were no longer able to kepe it theyr [figure appears here on page 610] lyues, goodes, horſe and armour ſaued.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Mat. Paris.Lewes hauyng furniſhed this caſtell with a ſufficient garniſon, returned back towards Lon|don, and comming to Sainte Albanes, con|ſtrayned the Abbotte to giue vnto him foure ſcore markes of ſyluer, for a fyne, to be reſpected of do|ing his homage vnto the feaſte of the Purifica|tion of our Ladye nexte enſuyng. Whiche poore Abbot was made to beleue, that he ought to take thys dealing to be an acte of great courteſy, the Earle of Wincheſter being an earneſt meane for hym that he myght ſo eaſily eſcape.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Bernewell.

A Truce.

About the ſame tyme was a generall truce ta|ken betwixte the kyng and Lewes, and all their partakers, till the .xx. daye after Chriſtmaſſe, for the obteyning of whiche truce (as ſome write) the Caſtell of Berkchamſteede was ſurren|dred vnto the ſame Lewes, as beefore yee haue hearde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 After Chriſtmaſſe, and whyleſt the truce yet dured,1217 Lewes and the Barons aſſembled at the Councell whiche they helde at Cambridge, and the Lordes that tooke part with the kyng, mette likewyſe at Oxford, and muche talke there was, and great trauayle imployed to haue concluded ſome agreemente by compoſition beetwixte the parties, but it would not bee, nor yet any longer truce (which was alſo ſought for) could be gran|ted: Wherevpon Lewes beſieged the Caſtell of Hydingham, the whiche togyther with the Ca|ſtels of Norwich, Colcheſter, and Orford: were ſurrendred vnto hym, to haue a truce graunted vntill a moneth after Eaſter next enſuing. And ſo by this meanes all the eaſt parte of the realme came vnto the poſſeſſion of Lewes. For the Iſle of Elye was wonne by his people a little before the laſte truce, whyleſt he hymſelfe lay at ſiege of Berkhamſtede, excepted one fortreſſe belongyng to the ſame Iſle, into the whiche the Souldiors that ſerued ther vnder the king were withdrawn. But yet although Lewes might ſeme thus part|ly to preuayle in hauing theſe caſtelles delyuered into his handes, he beeing yet aduertiſed that dayly there reuolted diuers of the barons of En|glande vnto king Henry, which before had taken part with him: he ſtood in great doubt and feare of the reſte, and therfore furniſhed all thoſe Ca|ſtels which he had woon with conuenable garni|ſon, and namely the Caſtell of Hertford, and af|ter wente to London,Polidor there to vnderſtande what further truſt he myght put in the reſt of the En|gliſhe Lordes and Barons: for as diuers had al|readie forſaken hym, as it is ſayde, ſo the reſi|due were doubtefull what were beſte to doe. For firſt they conſidered, that the renouncing of their promyſed fayth vnto Lewes,The p [...]+tie i [...] [...] the b [...]+ſtoode. whome they hadde ſworne to maynteyn as king of England, ſhuld be a great reproche vnto them: and agayne they well ſawe that to continue in their obedience to|wardes hym, ſhould bring the realme in greate daunger, ſyth it woulde bee harde for any lo|uyng agreemente, to contynue betweene the Frenche and Engliſhemen, their natures being ſo contrarye. Thyrdly, they ſtoode ſomwhat in feare of the Popes curſſe, pronounced by hys Legate, bothe agaynſt Lewes and all his par|takers. Albeeit on the other ſyde to reuolte vn|to Kyng Henrye, thoughe the loue whyche they did beare to theyr countrey, and the greate towardneſſe whyche they ſawe in him greately moued them, yet ſith by reaſon of his young yeares, hee was not able eyther to followe the warres himſelf, or to take councell what was to be done in publike gouernement, they iudged it a EEBO page image 611 verie daungerous caſe. For where as in warres nothyng can be more expedient than to haue one head by whoſe appointment all things maye bee gouerned, ſo nothyng can be more hurtfull than to haue many rulers, by whoſe authoritie things ſhall paſſe and be ordered. Wherfore theſe conſi|derations ſtayed and kepte one parte of the En|gliſhe Lords ſtill in obedience to Lewes, namely for that diuers of the confederates, thoughte that it ſtoode not with their honours ſo to forſake him tyll they myght haue ſome more honorable co|lour to reuolte from their promiſes, or elſe that the matter ſhould be taken vp by ſome indifferent agreement to be concluded out of hande betwixt them. Herevpon they reſorte in lyke maner vnto London, and [...] with Lewes take counſell what was to bee done with their buſineſſe [...]ou|ching the whole ſtart of th [...] cauſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here he ſhall note, that before the con [...]ing of this laſt truce Foul [...] de Brent the Ca [...]yn of the Caſtel of Be [...] [...] together a [...]ber of ſouldiors out of the garn [...] of the Caſtels of Oxford, Northampton, Bedford, and W [...]d|ſor, and comming with them to Sainct [...]ns [figure appears here on page 611] the two and twentie of Februarye ſpoyled the Towne and Abbey, [...] Albanes [...]oyed. in like maner as he had done al the townes and villages by the way as he paſ|ſed thorough the countrey, from Bedforde vnto Saint Albanes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The meſſengers whiche Lewes had remay|nyng in the Courte of Rome, ſignifyed vnto hym aboute the ſame tyme, that excepte he de|parted out of England, the ſentence of excom|munication which Gualo or Walo the Legate had pronounced againſt him, ſhoulde bee confir|med by ye Pope on Maũdie Thurſday next en|ſ [...]yng. Wherupon Lewes was the more incli|ned to graunt to the truce before mencioned, that he might in the meane tyme go ouer into France to his father, who had moſte earneſtly written and ſent in commaundement to hym, that in any wyſe he ſhould retourne home to talke with him, and ſo about Midlent after the truce was cõclu|ded, bee prepared himſelfe, and ſayled ouer into Fraunce, and as Polydore ſayth (but with what authoritie I knowe not) the Kyng of Scottes went alſo with him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]t. Paris.

[...]le men re| [...]ng from [...]

After his departure ouer, William Earle of Saliſbury, William Earle of Arundell wyth Willyam Earle Warrein, and diuers other re|uolted to king Henrye. Moreouer Williã Mar|ſhall Erle of Pembroke, ſo trauailed with his ſon William Marſhall the yonger, that he likewiſe came to take parte with the yong king: wherby the ſyde of Lewes and his Frenchmen was ſore weakened, and theyr hartes no leſſe appalled for the ſequele of their affaires. Lewes returned yet into Englande before the truce was expired.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lordes that helde on the kings parte, in the abſence of Lewes were not forgetfull to vſe oportunitie of tyme: for beſyde that they hadde procured no ſmall number of thoſe that before tyme helde with Lewes to reuolte from hym to the kings ſyde, they at one ſelf tyme beſieged dy|uers Caſtelles, and recouered them out of theyr aduerſaries handes, as Marlebrough, Farnham, Wincheſter, Ciceſter, and certayne other, thee whyche they ouerthrewe, and raſed; bycauſe they ſhould not be taken, and kepte agayne by the enemie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 For ye muſte vnderſtande, that the goyng o|uer of Lewes nowe at that tyme when it ſtode hym moſte vppon, to haue bene preſente bee [...]e in that troubleſome tyme, broughte no ſmall hyndrance to the whole ſtate of all his buſineſſe, in ſo muche that hee was neuer ſo hyghly regar|ded afterwardes among the Engliſhemen as before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 612

Mat. Paris.

The Earle of Cheſter.

About the ſame tyme Ranulfe Erle of Che|ſter, William Erle of Albemarle, William erle Ferrers, Robert de Veypount, Bryan de Liſle, William de Cantlowe, Philip de Marr, Robert de Gaugi, Foulkes de Brent, and others aſſem|bled their powers, and comming to Mountſorel, [figure appears here on page 612] beſide Loughborough in Leyceſterſhire,The caſtell of Mountſorell beſieged. beſieged the Caſtell there. The Capitayne whereof was one Henry de Braybroke. This Henry defended the place ryght manfully,Henry Bray|broke. and doubting to be in diſtreſſe by longe ſiege, ſente with all ſpeed to the Earle of Wincheſter,Saer de Quin|cy Earle of VVincheſter. Saer de Quincy, as then being at London with the Frenchmen, requiring him to ſende ſome ſuccour to remoue the ſiege.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An armie ſente from London to remoue the ſiege of Mont|ſorell.Herevpon the Erle of Wincheſter, to whome that Caſtel belonged, required Lewes, that ſome conuenient power might be ſent, wherby the ſiege might bee remoued. Wherfore vpon Counſell taken with deliberate aduiſe, it was ordeyned, that an army ſhoulde bee ſente thyther wyth all ſpeede, not only to raiſe the ſiege, but alſo to ſub|due that countrey vnto the obedience of Lewes. Herewith there went out of London vj. hundred knightes, and wyth them aboue twentie thou|ſande men in armour, greedye (as it ſeemed) to haue the ſpoyle of other mennes goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Their chiefe Capitaines were theſe: Saer de Quincy Earle of Wincheſter, Robert Fitzwa|ter and others, and they did ſette forwarde vpon the laſt of Apryll, whiche was the Monday be|fore the Aſcention daye, paſſing through Sainct Albons, where they lodged the fyrſte nighte, and ſo to Dunſtable, and by the way ſuche Souldi|ours as were vſed to ſpoyle and pillage, played their partes, not ſparing to robbe and ranſacke as well religious houſes as other. From Dun|ſtable keeping on their iourneye Northwardes, at length they come to Mountſorell, but the erle of Cheſter and the other Lordes, aduertiſed of their approche,The Earle of Cheſter raiſeth his ſiege. were retyred before to Noting|ham, determining there to abyde tyll they might vnderſtande what way the enimies would take.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 In the meane tyme the Earle of Wincheſter and the other Barons, fyndyng their enimyes departed, and the ſiege rayſed, determyne forth|with to goe vnto Lincolne, where Gilberte de Gaunt and other hadde kepte ſiege a long tyme before the Caſtell, but yet in vayne.Ber [...] For there was a noble Lady within that Caſtell named Nichola, who demeaned hir ſelf ſo valiãtly in re|ſiſting all aſſaults and enterpriſes, which the eni|mies that beſieged hir coulde attempte by anye meanes agaynſt hir, that they rather loſte than wanne honour and eſtimation at hir handes day|ly. Therefore Roberte Fitzwater and the other leaders of this armye, to the ende they myghte get that Caſtel out of hir and other their enimies handes, they take theyr iourney forwarde,The v [...] Be [...] and paſſing thorough the vale of Beauvere, all thin|ges there that came to ſighte fell into the handes of the greedie Souldiours. For the French foot|men whiche were as it had bene the ſcumme and refuſe of theyr countrey, left nothyng vntouched that they might laye handes vpon, not ſparyng Churche nor Churchyarde, halowed place more than common or prophane.The p [...] ſtate of [...] French [...] di [...]. For they were ſo poore and ragged, that they had vneth any [...]a [...]ers to couer theyr priuie partes withall. Finally cõ|ming vnto Lincolne, they aſſaulted the Caſtell with al maner of engins, & aſſayed by all wayes poſſible wherby they hoped to aduance theſe pur|poſe. Thus whiles the Barons with the French|men were muche buſyed about the ſiege of Lin|colne caſtell, William Marſhall Erle of Pem|brooke by the aduiſe of the legate Gualo or Wal|lo, and of Peter Biſhoppe of Wincheſter, and other of the Counſell with king Henrye,S [...] to ray [...]e [...] [...]ie for [...] kyng. cauſes ſummonaunce to bee giuen to all Capitaynes and Chatelayns on the kings parte, to be at Ne|warke vpon Monday in Whitſon weeke, with ſuche power as they myght make, from thence to marche vnto Lincolne, there to rayſe the ſiege, & deliuer ye country frõ imminẽt oppreſſiõ. Wher|vpon there aſſembled at the day & place prefixed, a EEBO page image 613 great puiſſaunce of people deſirous to fighte for defence of their countrey againſt the Frenchmen and other aduerſaries, rebelles to the Pope, and excommunicated perſons, ſo that when the mu|ſter was taken, ther was numbred .iiij. C. knigh|tes. CCi. croſſebowes, beſydes demylaunces and horſemen in greate numbers, whiche for neede might haue ſupplyed and ſerued in ſteede of men of armes, being verie well furniſhed for the pur|poſe, and armed at all poyntes. The chiefe Ca|pitaines of this companie were theſe, [...] captaines [...] kyngs [...]e. Willyam Marſhall Erle of Pembroke, and his ſon Wil|liam Marſhal the yonger, Peter biſhop of Win|cheſter, a man right ſkilful in feats of warre, Ra|nulph Earle of Cheſter, William Earle of Sa|liſburye, William earle Ferrers, William earle of Albemarle, beſydes Barons, as Willyam de Albeney lately releaſed oute of captiuitie, Iohn Marſhall, William de Cantlowe, and William his ſonne, Foukes de Brente, Thomas Baſſotte, Robert de Veypount, Bryenne de Liſle, Geffrey de Lucy, Philippe de Albeney, with many other Chatelayns and Conſtables of ſundry Caſtels.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Legate [...]ſeth Le| [...] and his [...]lites.The Legate being there preſente alſo on the Friday in the Whitſon weeke aforeſaid, reueſted in a white Albe, accompanyed with the Clergie, accurſed in ſolemne wyſe Lewes the French kin|ges ſonne, with all his fautours and complices, and eſpecially thoſe whiche helde ſiege before the Caſtell of Lincolne, with all the Citie: and the more to encorage all thoſe that ſhould paſſe forth in this armye, to rayſe the ſiege, he graunted to them free remiſſion of al their ſinnes, wherof they were truly confeſſed, and by auctoritie whiche he had from the Almightie God, and the Apoſtolike ſea, he promiſed to them the guerdon of euerla|ſting ſaluation. Herewith when the armie hadde receyued abſolution, & the Legates bleſſing, euery man marched forth in his order and place apoin|ted, and comming to Stow, an eight miles from Lincolne, lodged there all night. In the mornyng alſo they paſſed foorth towardes Lincolne, vnder the conducte of the ſayd Earle of Pembroke as generall of the whole armie, who beeing comen thyther, compaſſeth about the Citie with his ar|mie. And to cauſe the enimie the ſooner to leaue the ſiege of the caſtel, he aſſaulted the gates of the Citie, enforcing his power to beare downe and breake them open. The Frenchemen perceyuing all the daunger to be aboue the gates, withdrewe a little from the aſſayling of the Caſtell, and re|ſorting to the walles of the Citie, doe their beſte wyth ſhootyng and caſtyng of ſtones and other things, to driue their aduerſaries from the gates.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus whiles they are here occupyed on bothe partes,Foulkes du Brent. Foulkes du Brent en [...]th into the Caſtel by a poſterne gate on the backeſide, and a greate number of Souldiours with him, and ruſhing into the Citie oute of the Caſtell, beginneth a fierce battayle with the Citizens within the Ci|tie: whyche, when the Frenchmen perceyued by the noyſe and cry rayſed at theyr backs, they ran to the place where the affrayle was, doyng theyr beſte to beate backe the aforeſayde Foulques du Brent wyth hys companye: But in the meane tyme the Engliſhmen vnder the leading of Sa|uarye de Mauleon, a Poyctou [...]n, of whom you haue hearde in the lyfe of Kyng Iohn, brake o|pen the gates, and entred the Citie. Then the fyght was ſore encreaſed and maynteyned for a tyme with great furye: ſo that it was harde to iudge who ſhoulde haue the better. But at length the Frenchemenne and thoſe Engliſhe Lordes that were with them, beyng ſore layde to on eche ſyde, began to retyre towardes the gates, and fi|nally to tourne theyr backes, and ſo fled away:The Frenche|men put to flight at Lyn|colne. but being beſette rounde aboute with the Kinges horſemen, they were ſtraight wayes eyther ſlain [figure appears here on page 613] or taken for the moſte part of them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Earle of [...]che ſlayne.Amongeſt other that were there ſlayne, the Erle of Perche a Frencheman was one, who be|ing gotten into a Churchyarde manfully defen|ded himſelf till his horſe was killed vnder hym, and laſtly hymſelfe was alſo beaten downe and ſlayn. [...]ble men ta| [...] priſoners. There were taxen of Engliſhmẽ, Saer de Quincy earle of Wincheſter, and Humfrey de Bohun Earle of Hereforde,Gilberte de Gaunt by gifte of Levves. Gilberte de Gaunt Earle of Lincolne, by gifte of Lewes, Richard de Montfichet, William de Mombraye, Willi|liam de Beauchampe, William de Ma [...]duyt, Oliuer de Harebur [...], Roger de Creſſy, William de Coleville, William de Roos, William de Ropeley, Raufe Chanduit, and diuers other: ſo that of knights there were taken to the number of EEBO page image 614 foure hundred, beſide ſuche multitude of demy|lances, and other horſmen and footmen, as could not well be numbred. Morouer, al the prouiſion, truſſe, and baggage loden in cartes, clothſackes, and males belonging to the barons and French|men was taken, and the Citie was ſpoyled, ry|fled and ſacked.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Levves his faire.This enterpriſe and diſcomfiture at Lincolne whyche was in deriſion called Lewes his fayre, chaunced the .xiiij. Calends of Iune, beeing Sa|terday in the Whitſon weeke. Many of the ho|neſt Matrones of the towne were drowned, as they were got into boates to auoyde the daunger of theyr perſons, wanting ſkill how to guyde the ſame boates.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Erle of Pembroke the ſame daye before he receyued any repaſt, rode backe in poaſt to the kyng, whome he had left at Stow, and there de|clared the ioyful newes of his good ſpeede, in van|quiſhing of the enimies. On the next morrowe, news came to the king, that they which had kept the Caſtell of Montſorell were fledde out of the ſame,The king com|maundeth the caſtel of Mont|ſorell to be raſed. and had left it voyde. Whervpon immedi|atly he ſent in commaundement vnto the Sheriff of Notynghamſhire, that goyng thyther in hys owne perſon, he ſhoulde ruinate the ſayd Caſtell, and make it playne with the grounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenchmen which eſcaped with lyfe from the ſlaughter at Lincolne, as the Marſhall of Fraunce, the Chatellain of Arras, with others, made towardes London with all poſſible ſpeede, in hope to eſcape ſo well as they myght: but ma|ny of them, and namely the footmen were ſlayne by the coũtrey people where they paſſed, and that in great numbers: for the huſbandmen fell vpon them with clubbes and ſwords, not ſparing thoſe whome they got at aduauntage.Mi [...] Two hundred knights or men of armes (as we may cal them) getting to London, preſented vnto Lewes the ſo|rowful report of their miſaduenture, and were of hym not moaned, but blamed and ſore rebuked, for that they had fled, and ſhamefully left the reſi|due of their companies to be diſtreſſed, taken, and ſlayne by the aduerſaries, where if they had man|fully ſtood to it, they might haply haue ſaued their fellowes, and obteyned victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Chronicle of Dunſtable ſheweth in deed that Simon de Peſchi and Hẽry Braybroc per|ceyuing that Foulkes du Brent was entred into the Citie,Ch [...] and that they were now aſſayled both afront, and on the backs they withdrew, and get|ting togither .lxxx. French knights or men of ar|mes, (if we ſhall ſo call them) departed out of the citie, and fleeing through the countrey by Linne and S. Edmunds Bury, at length got through to London. Howſoeuer they were welcomed of Lewes, certain it is, that the Lordes that tooke part with king Henry, were put in no ſmall hope by the atchieuing of this ſo greate a victorie, to bring within a ſhorte tyme all the realme to the obediẽce of K. Henry: & herevpon marching forth into the countrey, put the people in ſuche feare, [figure appears here on page 614] that they ſubmitted themſelues vnto the gouer|nement of king Henry in all places were ſoeuer they came.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the other parte, Lewes who all thys ſeaſon remayned at London, beeyng ſore diſ|mayed for the loſſe of his people, began to feare euery day more and more, leaſt by ſome practiſe he ſhould be betrayed and deliuered into his eni|mies hande. Therefore he goeth aboute to make hymſelfe as ſtrong as was poſſible,Levv [...] [...]+deth to [...] their for [...] and fortify|eth the citie, ſending meſſengers into Fraunce, to require his father to fende him more ayde. Hys father ſorye to heare of his ſonnes diſtreſſe, and loth that he ſhuld take the foile, cauſed his daugh|ter, the wyfe of Lewes, to prepare a power of men, that the ſame myght paſſe wyth all ſpeede EEBO page image 615 ouer into Englande to the ayde of hir huſbande. For the Frenche king himſelfe woulde not ſeeme to ayd his ſonne bicauſe he was excommunicate: but his daughter in lawe hauing licence and cõ|miſſion thereto, [...] armie pre| [...]red in Frãce [...]come to the [...]or of Le| [...]es. gat togither .iij. C. knightes, or men of Armes, the whyche with a greate num|ber of other ſouldiours and armed men, ſhe ſent downe to Caleys, where Enſtace the Monke had prouided a nauie of ſhippes to conuey them ouer into Englande. But howe they ſped, you ſhall after heare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme the Earle of Pembrooke approcheth towards Lõdon, [...]lidore. purpoſing to aſſaile the Citie now in this oportunitie of tyme, letting paſſe no occaſion that myght further his procee|dings, night and day, ſtudying how to recouer the Realme wholy out of the Frenchemens handes, and to ſet the ſame at libertie: ſo that what was to be deuiſed, [...]he diligence [...] the Erle of [...]broke. he did deuiſe, and what was to bee done that he dyd, not forſlowing any occaſion or oportunitie that might be offered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Engliſhe Barons alſo calling to mynde the benefite which they had receiued at the French mens handes in tyme of their moſt neede, ſought nowe by all meanes poſſible, ſome waye howe to procure a peace betwixt King Henry and the ſaid Lewes, cauſing dayly new articles of agreement to be preſented in writing vnto the ſayde Lewes, as from king Henrye. But whyle theſe thinges were a dooing, the Earle of Pembroke, and other the Lordes that tooke parte with King Henrye,Mat. Paris. hauing aduertiſement, that a newe ſupply of men was readye to come once do the ayde of Lewes they appoynted Philip de A [...]neye and Iohn Marſhall to aſſociate with the [...]he [...] of the fine por [...], and to watche for the comming of the aduerſaries, that they might kepe them ſton [...]an|ding, who an Sainte Bartholomewe day, ſette foorthe from Caleys, [...] purpoſe to [...]e in the Thames, and ſo to come vp the riuer to London. Howbeit Hubert de Brough capitain of the Ca|ſtell of Douer, together with the ſayd Philyp de Albeney and Iohn Marſhal, with other ſuch po|wer as they could get togethers of the f [...]re portes, hauing not yet aboue the number of .xl. ſhippes great and ſmall, vppon the diſcouering of the Frenche ſ [...]eet, which conſiſted of .lxxx. great ſhips beſides other leſſer veſſels well appointed & trim|med, made foorth to the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And fl [...]te coaſting a looſe from them till they had got the wynde on their backes,Hubert de Burgh aſſaileth the Frenche fleete came finally with the [...] mayne force to aſſaile the Frenchmen, [figure appears here on page 615] and with helpe of their Croſſebowes and archers at the firſt ioyning, made great ſlaughter of their enimies,The Frenche [...]cere is van| [...]shed. and ſo crapelyng togyther, in the ende the Engliſhemen bare themſelues ſo manfully, that they vanquiſhed the whole Frenche fleete, and obteyned a famous victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Mat. Paris.Enſtace the Monke was founde amongeſt the captayns, who although he offred great ſum|mes of gold for his raunſom, [...]tace the [...]onke taken [...] beheaded. ſo that he myghte haue had his lyfe ſaued, & alſo to ſerue K. Henry, yet the Engliſh capitaynes would none of that, but Richard the baſterd ſonne of king Iohn,Richard baſe [...]ne to king [...]hn. toke him, & cut off his head, and ſent it vnto K. Hen|ry his brother, as a witneſſe of this their atchie|ued victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Enſtace was a Flemyng borne,Euſtace the Monke vvhat he vvas. and ſometyme a Monke, but renouneyng his coole to receyue ſuche heritage as fell to hym by the death of his brethren, deceaſſing wythoute iſ|ſue, hee became a notable Pyrate, and hadde doone in his dayes muche miſchiefe to the En|glyſhemenne, and therefore was nowe rewarded accordyng to his demerites.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſpoyle and praye of the Frenche ſhip|pes was verye ryche,A riche ſpoyle. ſo that the Engliſhmen being loden wyth ryches and honour, vpon their ſafe returne home were receyued with great ioye and gladneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 616But Lewes after he vnderſtoode of this miſ|chaunce happened to his people that came to his ayde, began not a little to diſpayre of al other ſuc|cour to come vnto hym at any time heereafter: wherfore he enclined the ſooner vnto peace: ſo that at length he tooke ſuche offers of agreemente as were offred vnto him, and receiued furthermore a ſumme of money for the releaſe of ſuche hoſtages as he had in his handes, [...]n accord be| [...]wixt K. Hen| [...] and Levves. together with the title of the kingdom of England, and the poſſeſſion of al ſuch Caſtels & holds as he held within the realm.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French Chronicle (to the which the chro|nicle of Dunſtable and Mathewe Paris doe alſo agree) affirmeth that he receyued .xv.M. markes.The Englishe [...]hronicle ſay| [...] a thou| [...]nd pound. Moreouer, the Popes Legate aſſoyled Lewes, & all thoſe that had taken his part of the offence of diſobedience ſhewed in attempting the warre a|gaynſt the Popes commaundement.Math. Paris.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After whiche, Lewes with all his complices that had bin excommunicate ſware vpon the ho|lye Euangeliſt, that they ſhuld ſtande to the iud|gement of holy Churche, and from thencefoorth be faythfull vnto the Pope and to the Churche of Rome. Moreouer, that he with his people ſhould incontinently depart out of the realme, and neuer vpon euil intent returne agayn. And that ſo farre as in him lay, he ſhould procure his father King Philip, to make reſtitution vnto king Henry of all the right which he had in the parties of beyond the ſea: & that when he ſhould be king of France, he ſhould reſigne the ſame in quiet maner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the other part, King Henry tooke his othe together with the Legate, and the Erle of Pem|broke gouernor of the realme, that he ſhoulde re|ſtore vnto the Barons of his realme, and to other his ſubiectes, all their rightes and heritages, with all the liberties before demaunded, for the whiche the diſcorde was moued betwixte the late Kyng Iohn and his barons. Moreouer, all pryſoners on both parties were releaſed and ſette at libertie, without paying any ranſom, yea and thoſe whi|che had couenaunted to paye, and vpon the ſame were ſet at libertie before the concluſion of thys peace, were nowe diſcharged of all ſummes of money whiche then remained vnpayed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus peace was concluded on the .xj. daye of September, not farre from Stanes, harde by the riuer of Thames, where Lewes himſelf, the Le|gate Guallo, and diuers of the ſpiritualtie wyth the erle of Pembroke, lord gouernor of the realm, and others, did meete and talke about this accord.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When all things were ordred and finiſhed a|greable to the articles and couenants of the peace, ſo farre as the tyme preſent required, the Lordes of the realme when Lewes ſhould departe home|warde attended him to Douer in honorable wiſe, as appertayned, and there tooke leaue of him, and ſo he departed out of the realme about the feaſt of Saint Michaell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Henry by this meane being put in full poſſeſſion of the realme, according to the preſcript of that article conteined in thoſe conditions of the peace lately ſpecified, pardoned all thoſe that had ayded his aduerſale Lowes during the warres, except certain of the ſpiritualtie, whiche were put to ſuche fynes, that they were compelled to laye all that they had to pledge,The p [...] are fyne. to leuie ſuche ſummes of money, as they might with the ſame obteyne the kings fauoure againe: and beſide that; to ſue to Rome for their entier abſolution at the Popes owne handes. Amongeſt other, Hugh Biſhop of Lincolne returning into England, was com|pelled to paye a thouſande markes to the Popes vſe for recouerie of his Biſhoprike, and an hun|dred markes alſo to the Legate of good and law|full money.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Suche cheuaunce made the Legate amongeſt them of the church,

An. reg. 2

VVhat cha|uance the Lo|gate made

as well perſons ſecular as re|gular, that he got together .xij. thouſand markes toward his charges, whereby it appeared, that he loſte no tyme in England. But to proceede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The realme now being in quiet of al outward felicitie, a number of vnruly perſons, ſuch as de|liting in ydleneſſe, knew not how to lyue in tyme of peace, aſſembled themſelues together (and ap|pointyng Foulkes du Brent,Foukes de Brent. who was a man of greate ſtomacke and more raſhneſſe, to bee their capitayne and ringleader) began to make watre againſt the Kyng, and to ſpoyle the townes and countreys about them, ſo that their euill doings might haue cauſed no ſmall perill to haue enſued by ſome great ciuill ſedition if the Erle of Pem|broke had not in tyme preuented their attemptes. For he aſſẽbling the kinges power, haſted towar|des the rebelles, and what by his owne auctoritie and by the reuerend regard of ſome biſhops in his companie, more than by vſing of any force of ar|mes, he ſtayd the matter for that time,Math. Pari [...] ſo that no farther miſchiefe folowed of this mutenie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſydes the foreſayd Foulks du Brent, there were other of the Nobilitie alſo whiche practiſed the lyke myſorder, as William Earle of Albe|marle, Roberte de Veypounte, Bryan de Liſle, Hugh de Baliole, Philip de Marc, and Roberte de Gaugi, the whiche Robert withheld the Ca|ſtell of Newarke that belonged to the Biſhoppe of Lincolne,The Caſtel [...] Nevvarke [...]|ſtored to the bishop of Li [...]|colne. and would not deliuer it tyll the K. with Willyam Marſhall Earle of Pembrooke had layne at ſiege before it an eight days: In the ende of which terme by mediation of friendes, the matter was taken vp, and the Biſhop recouered his caſtell, paying to the ſayde Robert de Gaugi an hundred poũds ſterling for the victuals which he left within the ſame caſtell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Soone after this, Ranulph Earle of Cheſter, was ſent into the holy lande by king Henry, with EEBO page image 617 a faire companie of ſouldiours and men of war to ayde the Chriſtians there againſte the Infi|dels,

Mat. Paris.

The earle of [...]heſter goeth [...]to the holy [...]nde.

whiche at the ſame time had beſieged the citie of Damieta in Egypt, in which enterpriſe the valiancie of the ſame Erle after his cõming thyther, was to his greate prayſe moſte appa|raunt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There went with him in that iourney Saer de Quincy Earle of Wincheſter, William de Albeney Earle of Arundell, beſide dyuers ba|rons, as the Lord Robert Fitz Walter, Iohn Conſtable of Cheſter, [...]onne to kyng [...]ohn belyke. William de Harecourt, and Olyuer Fitzroy ſonne to the kyng of En|gland, and diuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 3.

1219.

The deceaſſe of the Earle of [...]embroke.

The next yeare whiche was after the birthe of our Lord .1219. dyed William Marſhal the forſayde Earle of Pembroke, and gouernoure both of the realme and alſo of the Kings per|ſon, a man of ſuche woorthineſſe both in ſtout|neſſe of ſtomacke and martiall knoweledge, as Englande had few then lyuing that might be compared wyth hym. [...]e is buried in [...]he Temple [...]hurche. Hee was buryed in the newe Temple Churche at London vppon the Aſcention day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare alſo Wallo or Guallo the legate returned to Rome,Randulph made [...]ishop of Nor|wiche. and Pandulph (who (as before is expreſſed) did the meſſage ſo ſtout|ly from Pope Innocent to king Iohn) is alſo made Biſhop of Norwiche.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the gouernement of king Henry after the death of William Marſhall the elder, Earle of Pembroke, was committed vnto Pe|ter Biſhop of Wincheſter:The bishop [...] VVincheſter [...] gouernour to the kyng. For the yong king was almoſte deſtitute of any of his kinred that wer worthie to haue the rule of him:Queene Iſab [...] maryed to th [...] Erle of Mar [...] foraſmuch as his mother Quene Iſabell was lately ma|ryed to Hughe Brune the Earle of Marche in Fraunce, vnto whome ſhee was promyſed before king Iohn toke hir to wife, as in the life of the ſame Kyng Iohn is before mentioned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The biſhop of Wincheſter being now in the poſſeſſion of the kings perſon, doubting leaſt he had taken a greatter charge vppon him than hee might well anſwer, cauſed diuers ſage and ho|norable perſonages to he admitted of the kings Councell to aſſiſte him in the adminiſtration of the Common weale and good gouernance of the realme. Which being done,

A parliamen [...] and a ſubſidi [...]

R. Fabian.

a parliamente was holden at London, wherein a Subſidye was graunted to the King of .ij.ſs. to be gathe|red and leuyed of euery ploughe lande within his dominions towardes the relieuing of the great charges whiche hee had ſuſteyned by the warres againſt the foreſayd Lewes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time alſo,The nevve churche of VVeſtmin. begonne. he began the buil|ding of the new worke of the Church at Weſt|minſter.

An. reg. 4.

Mat. VVest.

The Earle of Cheſter retur|neth home, Polidor.

[figure appears here on page 617] In whiche meane tyme the Citie of Damieta afore mene ioned, was won by the Chriſtian Princes, and Ranulph Erle of Che|ſter returned home, leauyng the Erle of Arun|dell with a great number of ſouldiors behynde him there in ayde of the chriſtians agaynſt the Sarazins, which dayly attempted the recoue|rie of the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1220Moreouer, in the yeare enſuing, whiche was of our Lord .1220. and vpon the .xvij. daye of May being Whitſunday, the K. was eftſoones ſolemnely crowned at Weſtminſter,The king cro [...]|ned the ſecon [...] tyme. to the end it might be ſayd, that now after the extinguiſh|ment of all ſeditious factions, he was crowned by the general cõſent of all the eſtates and ſub|iects of his realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare alſo was the bodie of Tho|mas Archbiſhop of Canterbury tranſlated,Mat. Paris. and Hugh biſhop of Lincoln canonized for a ſaint.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In like maner in the vigile of Peter & PauleMat. Paris. the king fynding the Caſtels of Rokingham and Sauveye at that preſente vnpurueyde of EEBO page image 618 victuals, tooke the ſame into his handes againſte the will of William of Albemarle, whiche before helde the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]an. Higd.

proclamati. [...] to auoyde [...]angers.

This yeare alſo was a proclamation made in London, and throughout all the realme, that all ſtraungers ſhould auoide the land before the feaſt of Saint Michaell then nexte following, except thoſe that came with marchandiſe. Furthermore Ranulphe Earle of Cheſter, after hee was come from the holy land,

[...]he caſtelles [...] Chartley & [...]eſton buyle.

[...]an. Higd.

beganne to build the Caſtels of Chartley and Beeſton, and afterward he alſo builded the Abbey of Dieu Lencreſſe, commonly called Delacreſſe of the white order. Toward his charges ſuſteined aboute the building of whiche Caſtells and Abbey, he tooke toll throughout all his Lordſhippes of all ſuche perſons as paſſed by the ſame with any cattel, chaffre or marchandiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Anno reg. 5.

1121.

Ths yeare deceaſſed alſo Henry de Boun carle of Hereford, and Saerde Quincy earle of Win|cheſter in theyr iourney which they made into the holy land. Alſo the ſame yeare the Prieſtes or ca|nons that inhabited within the kings caſtell of olde Saliſbury, remoued with the biſhoppes ſea,Salisburye. vnto newe Saliſbury, whiche by the king was made a citie. The biſhop Richarde procured this remouing, through the kings helpe, who was ve|ry willing thereunto, as it ſeemed by his charters largely graunted in that behalfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this king Henry helde his Chriſtmaſſe at Oxforde,Math. Par [...] at what tyme William de fortz Erle of Albemarle meaning to trouble the kin|ges peace, and to ſette things in a new broyle,The Earle of Albemarle. departed from the Courte in the nyght ſeaſon, withoute leaue or licence, and haſted with all ſpeed vnto the Caſtell of Biham,The [...] Biham. where he aſ|ſembled a ſorte of youthfull perſons, giuen to lewde demeanor, and wearie of quietneſſe, as to whome theft and robberies were moſt plea|ſaunt. By whoſe helpe he ſpoyled dyuers tow|nes and villages aboute him, as Tenham and [figure appears here on page 618] Depyng, with other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 There were of counſell with hym alſo (as was thoughte) Foulques du Brent, Philip de Marc, Peter de Maulcon, Engellard de Athie, and many other, who priuily ſente men to hys ayde. In the meant tyme the countrey people withdrewe to the Churches, and gatte theyr goodes into the Churchyardes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the Peeres of the realme aſſem|bled themſelues in counſell at Weſtm. where the king was preſent, and whither the Earle of Albemarle was ſummoned to come, who fay|ning s as though he had ment to haue gone thy|therward directly, turned ſodeynly his way to the Caſtel of Fodringhey, [...]e caſtell of [...]ringhey. and toke it vpon the ſodayne, furniſhing it alſo with a garniſon of Souldiours, to be kepte hereafter to hys owne vſe. That Caſtell was in the keeping of the Earle of Cheſter, who at that inſtant had but fewe ſouldiours there in garniſon, whereby it was the ſooner ſurpriſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When this news came to the king, he reyſed a power, and came with all ſpeed to the Caſtel of Byham,The caſtel of Biham y [...]|ded. vpon the wedneſday nexte after the feaſt of Candelmaſſe, and then compaſſing the ſame about with a ſtrong ſiege, he conſtreyned them within (by force of ſuche engins as they vſed in thoſe dayes) that finally on the eyghte day of February they came forth and ſubmitted themſelues and all that they had into the kings pleaſure. Who cauſed them to be ſafely kept till he might take further aduiſement what ſhould be done with them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane whyle alſo commeth the Erle of Albemarle, and by helpe and mea [...]es of the Archebiſhop of Yorke, and the Lega [...]e Pan|dulphe, he purchaſed his peace a the Kings hands, the rather in dede bycauſe he had faith|fully EEBO page image 619 ſerued bothe the kyng and his father kyng Iohn in theyr warrs,

[...]th. Paris.

[...] ſeruice [...]ed.

before that time. Al thoſe men of armes and ſouldiours alſo, whiche had ſubmitted them ſelues, and remained as priſo|ners, wer pardoned. Which ouer great cle [...]|cye cauſed others miſgouerned perſones to at|tempt the like offence of rebellion ſhortely after. [...] VVelch| [...] beginne [...]re. At the very ſelfe ſame time the Welchemen be|ganne to ſturre, and vnder their prince and lea|der Leolin, they entred vpon the engliſhe mar|ches, and with greate crueltie ſpoyled and rob|bed the ſame, wherevpon it was determined by the councell, that the king (as he was comming toward the caſtell of Biham) ſhould deuide his army, [...]dor. and ſo he did, ſending one parte thereof againſt the Welchmen: whervpon Leolin af|ter he vnderſtoode that the kyngs power came toward him, as one not able to reſiſt the ſame, caſt off his armor, and ſubmitted himſelfe to his mercy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]b. Paris.There bee whiche write, that where Prince Le [...]lin had beſieged the Caſtel of Buet belon|ging to Reginalde de Breuſe, [...]nolde de [...]e. the ſame Regi|nalde beſought the king to helpe to remoue that ſiege. The king cotented with his requeſt, came with a puiſſant armye into thoſe partyes, and therwith the ſiege was rayſed, for the Welche|men (acording to theyr accuſtomed maner) fled. The king then entring further into the country came to the place where Mountgomerie nowe ſtandeth, [...]tgomerie [...]ll buylt. and perceiuing the ſite of the ſame to ſerue well for fortification, he cauſed a caſtell to he builded there, to reſtrain the Welchmen from theyr accuſtomed trade of harrying the coun|trey. And ſo after he had foraied thoſe quarters, and taken order for the full accompliſhment of that caſtell, hee returned,Eſcuago pay d [...] the nobles graunting to him of euerye Knightes ſee two markes of ſiluer. Theſe things being thus brought to qui|et, the king (who by dayly experience of mat|ters grewe to more knowledge from time to tyme) beganne nowe of himſelfe to order his a [...]ayres for his owne behalfe,Polidor [...] namely [...]oudyng the eſt [...]e of his kingdome: and bicauſe he was minded to allaye the recoueryt of thoſe places which his father had loſte in Fraunce, he order|ned Sauarye de Man [...]on to be his lieutenant in Guyeme, wherof a great part as yet remai|ned in his handes,K. Henry requi|reth reſtitution of his right of the Frẽch king. and moreouer ſent ambaſſa|dors vnto the Frenche king, requiring of him reſtitution of thoſe places whiche he had taken from his father.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe Oratours being come into Fraunce, and admitted to the kings preſence, receyued aunſwere, that nothing oughte to be reſtored;The Frenche kings anſvver. whiche by lawe of armes was rightly conque|red: And other redreſſe at that tyme, woulde none bee graunted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But a maruayle it was to conſider heere at home in how ſhort a ſpace, the ſtate of the En|gliſhe Common wealthe was chaunged, and from a troubled fourme reduced to a flouri|thyng and proſperous degree: chiefly by the diligente heede and carefull prouiſion of the king himſelfe. So muche auaileth it to haue him that ruleth to attende that whiche belon|geth to his office.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, to the intent that whiles he might be occupied in warres abroade, he ſhoulde not be troubled with ciuile diſcorde at home, he de|uiſed to ioyne in affinitie with the Scots,Mat. VVest. Mat. Paris. gi|uing his ſiſter Ioan in mariage vnto Alexan|der [figure appears here on page 619] the king of Scotlãd, [...]ges [...]lud [...]d. and Hubert of Burgh on the other ſide maried the ſiſter of the ſame Alexander cleped Margaret.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe mariages were ſolempniſed at Yorke on the morrowe after the feaſte of Saint Iohn Baptiſt, in the preſente of a greate number of EEBO page image 620 the nobles bothe of Englande and Scotland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 6.

1222.

A councell or ſynode at Ox|ford.

A councell alſo was holden by the Archebi|ſhoppe of Canterbury at Oxforde for reforma|tion of the ſtate Eccleſiaſticall and the Reli|gion of Monkes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In which Coũcel two naughtie felows were preſẽted before him, that of late had bin appre|hended, eyther of them naming himſelf Chriſt, and preached many thinges againſte ſuche a|buſes as the Clergie at thoſe dayes vſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Tvvo diſſem|blyng perſones apprehended.

Mat. VVest.

Moreouer, to proue theyr erroure to haue a ſhewe of truth, they ſhewed certein tokens and ſignes of woundes in theyr bodies, handes and feet, like vnto our ſauiour Ieſus, that was nai|led, on the croſſe. In the ende being well appo|ſed, they were found to be but falſe diſſemblers, wherefore by dome of that councell, they were iudged to be nailed vnto a croſſe of woode, and ſo thoſe to whome the execution was aſſigned, had them forthe to a place called Arborberie, wher they nailed them to a croſſe,They are exe|cuted. and there left them till they wer dead. The one of them was an Hermophrodite, that is to wit, bothe man and woman.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Tvvo vvomen counterfaiting themſelues to be, the one our Lady, the o|ther Marye Magdalene.

Radulphus Cogeſhall.

Alſo there were two women condempned, of whome the one had taken vpon hir to be that bleſſed Virgin Marye, and the other fained hir ſelfe to be Marye Magdalen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Rafe Cogheſhall ſheweth this matter other|wiſe, and ſaith, that there were two men and two women in deede broughte before the arch|biſhoppe, at this Councell, of the whiche one of the men being a deacon, was accuſed to bee an Apoſtata, and for the loue of a woman that was a Iewe, he had circumciſed himſelfe: he beeing hereof conuict and diſgraded, was committed to the ſecular power, and ſo burnt by the ſeruã|tes of Foulkes de Brent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The other beeing a yong man, was accuſed of contempning the ſacramentes of the church, and that he had ſuffred himſelfe to be crucified, hauing the printes of the fiue woundes appea|ring in his bodie, and counterfaited himſelfe to be Chriſt, reioicing to haue the two women to giue out and ſpread the rumor abroade, that hee was Chriſte in deed, one of the which women being very aged, was alſo accuſed of witchery, hauing with hir ſorcerie and witchcrafte, brou|ght that yong man vnto ſuche wicked folie and madnes. They two being hereof cõuicted, wer cloſed vp betwixte two walles, where they re|mayned till they died, the other woman being ſiſter to the yong man, was pardoned and let go, bicauſe ſhe had reuealed the deuiliſh practiſe of the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare alſo was the building of the ſtee|ple belonging to the Churche of ſaint Paule in London fynyſhed. And this yeare alſo vpon Saint Iames day the citizens of London kept a playe of defence and wraſtling at the hoſpitall Mat. [...] [figure appears here on page 620] of Saint Iames, againſt other their neyghbors of the ſuburbes, & the quarters next adioyning. In the ende whereof, it ſo fortuned,Mat. P [...] Mat. [...] that the Londoners had the vpper hande: And amongſt other that were put to the foile, the ſtewarde of the Abbot of Weſtminſter with his folkes went away: with the worſe, to theyr greate griefe: Wherupon the ſame ſteward, deuiſed an other game of wraſteling to be holden at Weſtmin|ſter on Lammas day next following,Abell [...] ſome [...] and that whoſoeuer coulde gette the vpper hande there, ſhoulde haue a Ramme for the price, whiche the ſtewarde had prepared.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 At the daye appointed, there was a greate aſ|ſemblie, and the Stewarde hadde gotte together out of all partes, the beſt wraſtlers that might be hearde of, ſo that there was harde holde betwixte them and the Londoners. But finally,A ri [...] [...]|ted v [...] tence of [...] ſtelyng. the Ste|ward vpon deſire of reuenge, procured them to fal together by the eares without any iuſt cauſe, ſo that the Londoners were beaten and wounded, and conſtrayned to flee back to the citie in greate diſorder. The Citizens ſore offended to ſee their people ſo miſuſed, roſe in tumulte, and rang the cõmon bell to gather the more company to them.Rober [...] Maior o [...] [...]+don. Robert Serle Maior of the Citie wold haue pa|cified the matter, perſuadyng them to lette the iniurie paſſe, tyll by orderly playnt they mighte get redreſſe, as lawe and iuſtice ſhoulde aſſigne. But a certayne ſtoute man of the Citie named Conſtantine Fitz Arnulfe,

Conſtan| [...] Cu [...] [...]+don p [...] the c [...] reuenge [...] cauſe by [...] of [...]

Math. [...]

of good auctoritie a|mongſt them, aduiſed the multitude not to her|ken vnto peace, but to ſeke reuenge out of hand, ſo as the houſes belongyng to the Abbotte of Weſtminſter, and namely the houſe of his ſte|warde might be ouerthrowen and beaten flatte with the grounde. This lewde Councell was ſoneſt receiued and executed by the outrageous people, Conſtantine himſelfe being chiefe leader of them. crying with a loude voice Mount ioy, EEBO page image 621 Mounte ioye, God bee our ayde and our ſoue|raigne Lewes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Lord Iu| [...] taketh in| [...] [...]on of the [...] This outrageous parte comming to the no|tice of Hubert de Brough Lord chiefe Iuſtice, he gat togither a power of armed mẽ, and came to the citie with the ſame, and taking inquiſitiõ of the chiefe offenders, founde Conſtantine as conſtante in affirming the deede to be his, [...]antine [...]hended. as he had before conſtantely put it in practiſe, where|vppon he was apprehended and two other citi|zens wyth hym. And on the nexte daye in the morning Foulkes de Brent was appoynted to haue them to execution: And ſo by the Thames he quietly led them to the place wher they ſhuld ſuffer when Conſtantine had the haltee aboute his necke, hee offered .xv.M. markes of ſiluer to [figure appears here on page 621] haue bin pardoned, [...] executed but it would not be. There was hanged with him his nephewe named alſo Conſtantine, and one Geffrey, who made the proclamation, deuiſed by the ſaide Cõſtantine. The crye alſo whiche Conſtantine vſed to the ſetting forwarde of his vnlawfull enterpriſe in the name of Lewes moſte of all offended the kings frends, as the lord chief Iuſtice & others, who not ſatiſfied with the deathe of the three be|fore remembred perſones, but alſo entring the Citie againe with theyr bands of armed man, apprehended diuerſe of thoſe whome they tooke to be culpable, not onely putting many of them into priſon, but alſo puniſhing other of them, as ſome with loſſe of a foote, ſome of an hande, and other of theyr eye ſight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The King furthermore to reuenge this mat|ter, depoſed all the Magiſtrates of the Citie, and ordeined newe in their roomes. Whiche cauſed greate hartburning againſt diuers of the nobi|litie, but chiefly the Lorde Hubert and Foulkes de Brent, on whom in time they hoped to haue reuenge. And as the broſle vexed the Citie of London, [...] tempeſt. ſo in this yeare there chaunced greate tempeſt of thunder, lightning and rayne, wher|by muche hurte was done in dyuers partes of the realme, [...]enerall [...]der. and at ſundry times, as by throw|ing downe of Steeples, Churches, and other buildings, with the rootewalting of trees, aſwel in woodes as in orchards, righte maruellous to conſider, namely on the eighte day of February at Grauntham in Lincolneſhire, where there chaunced beſide the thunder, ſuche a ſtinke and filthie ſauour to followe in the Churche, that the people fledde out, for that they were not able to abide it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Likewiſe in the daye of the exaltation of the Croſſe, a generall thunder happened throughe the Realme, and thereof folowed a continuall ſeaſon of fowle weather and wet, till Candel|mas nexte after, which cauſed a dearth of corn,Great dearth of corne. ſo as wheate was ſolde at twelue ſhillings the quarter. Likewiſe on the day of Saint Andrew an other terrible tempeſte of thunder happened through the Realme,An other tem|peſt of thunder. throwing downe and ſha|king buildings in many places, in ſo much that at Pillerdeſton in Warwikeſhire,Polidore. in a knights houſe, the Ladie thereof and .vj. other perſones were deſtroyd by the ſame: and a Turbary ther|by compaſſed aboute wyth water and matreſſe was ſo dried vp that neyther graſſe nor mire remained, after which enſued an Earthe quake. Moreouer on the euen of ſaint Lucy, a mightie winde raged, whiche did muche hurte in ſundry places of the Realme Furthermore aboute this time there appeared in Englande a wonderfull Comet or blaſing ſtarre.A Comete or blaſing ſtarre. The ſea alſo roſe with higher tides and ſprings than it had bin accu|ſtomed to doe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 All the whiche wounders were afterwarde iudged to betoken and ſignifye the loſſe whiche the Chriſtians ſuſteined the ſame yere in Egipt EEBO page image 622 when they wer conſtrained to ſurrender the ci|tie of Damieta into the Sarazins hands,The loſſe of the citie of Da|mieta. which lately before, as ye haue heard, they had wonne with long and chargeable ſiege. After the yel|ding vp of Damieta,VVilliam Dal|benye earle of Arundell de|parted this lfe. William de Albeney erle of Arundell (whome Ranulfe Earle of Cheſter left behinde hym in the holy lande) with many ſouldiers and men of warre, (when he returned from thence) came nowe homewardes towards Englande,

An. reg. 7.

Iohn Scot ma|rieth the daugh+ter of Leolyn prince of VVa|les.

and dyed by the waye, Aboute the ſame tyme Iohn the ſonne of Dauid Earle of Anguiſhe in Scotlande ſyſters ſonne vnto Ranulphe Erle of Cheſter, married the daugh|ter of Leolin prince of Wales, as it wer to pro+cure a finall accorde betweene the ſaide Leolin and Ranulf. After which mariage, king Henry helde his Chriſtmas at Oxford,

1223

Math. Paris.

A Councell at London.

and ſhortly af|ter the Twelfride came to London: where aſ|ſembling a counſell of his Barons, he was ear|neſtly required by the Biſhoppe of Canterbury and other Peers, to confirme the liberties, fran|chiſes,Note the redi|neſſe of this bi|shop to broche nevve conten|tion. and freecuſtomes of the realme, for whi|che the warres in his fathers tyme had bin mo|ued: which to deny (as the archbiſhoppe ſeemed to alledge) he mighte not with anye reaſon, ſith he had couenaunſed and all the baronage with him, to ſee the ſame obſerued by the articles of the peace concluded with Lewes, when the ſame Lewes departed the realme.The aunſvvere of VVilliam Brevver to the Archbishops demaunde. Herevpon Williã Brewer one of the kings counſell, hearing the archbiſhop ſo earneſt in theſe matters, told him, that [...]th theſe liberties wer procured and [...]+ted rather by force than otherwyſe, of [...] being vnder age, they wee not to be obſe [...]ed. Whervnto the archbiſhoppe replied, [...] that if [...] loued the king, he wold be loth to ſeeke to [...]ro [...]|ble the quiet ſtate of the realme. The king per|ceiuing the archebiſhoppe to be chaſed, to be the tale himſelf, and made a curteous anſwere, and vpon further aduiſe had in the matter, ſent forth writtes to the Sheriffe of euery County, com|manding them by inquirie of a ſufficient. [...]|ry impaneled, to make certificat within ye quin|dene of Eaſter, what were the liberties in [...]me, of his grandfather king Henry, vſed within the Realme of Englande. The ſame yeare w [...]les William Marſhall erle of Pembroke wa [...]b [...]|ſie in Ireland in the warres againſt Hugh La|cyt, Leolin prince (or king) of Wales, as ſome haue intitled him, tooke by force two Caſtelles that belonged to the ſame Earle: whereof when he was aduertiſed, with all ſpeede he retourned out of Irelande rayſed an army, and recouered the ſaid Caſtels,The [...] P [...] [...] the P [...]i [...] VVa [...] putting to death all ſuch as he founde in the ſame, to requite Leolin with the like damage as hee had ſhewed hym before in his abſence. This done he entred into the lande of Leolin, waſting and ſpoiling the ſame, [...]her of when the ſaide Leolin was enformed he aſ|ſembled an hoſte of Welchemen, and comming into the fielde gaue battell, but the victorie re|ſted on the Erle of Pembrokes ſide: ſo that ther [figure appears here on page 622] were taken and ſlaine in this bickering to the number of nine thouſande Welchemen.The prince of VVales diſ|comfited There was in this yeare a conſpiracy alſo begonne by the Earle of Cheſter,A conſpiracie againſt the L. chief Iuſtice. and other noble men, a|gaynſte Huberte de Broughe, Lorde chiefe Iuſtice of Englande, by whoſe counſell (as it was thought) the king was more ſtraighter to|wardes the nobilitie and other his Subiectes, in ſtaying his graunte to confirme the Charter of liberties, than otherwiſe he woulde haue bin, if the ſame Hubert and other had not adui|ſed him to the contrarye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Math. Paris.

The king of Ieruſalem cõ|meth into En|glands.

In thys ſeaſon alſo Iohn de Brenne king of Ieruſalem, and the Lorde greate maiſter of the Knightes Hoſpitallers came into Englande, where they were honourably receyued of King Henrye, and liberally rewarded. The cauſe of their comming was to require ayde of the king for the recouery of the holy lande out of the poſ|ſeſſion of the Sarazins.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In like maner aboute the ſame time Leolin Prince of Northwales, with certein Engliſhe Lordes, as Hugh Lacy and others, vpon an ha|tred whiche they bare towardes king Henry for his fathers ſake, ſuppoſing that ſo euill a ſtocke as they tooke him to be, coulde not bring forthe any good brãch, ſought by open warres to bring William Marſhall Earle of Pembroke and other Barons that wer faithfull friendes to the king vnto their purpoſe, but the whole Country riſinge againſt them, they were diſappointed to their owne confuſion, ſo that they coulde neuer EEBO page image 623 bring that to paſſe, whiche they ſo earneſtly in|tended.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]eath of [...]cheIn this yeare alſo Phillip the Frenche kyng departed this life, and after him ſucceded Lewes his ſonne, vnto whome king Henry [...] in am|baſſade the archebiſhoppe of Canterbury with [figure appears here on page 623] three other biſhops to require nowe that accor|ding to his othe made and reteined at his return out of England, [...] to Frãce. he woulde reſtore and deliuer vp to hym the Dukedome of Normandie with other ſuche landes and poſſeſſions as his father in times paſte had taken from King Iohn, and ſtill did wrongfully withholde. King Lewes aunſwered hereunto, that hee helde Normandy and the other lands by good right and iuſt title, as hee coulde well proue and iuſtifie, if Kyng Henry would come to ye Parliament in France to heare it. And as touching the othe whiche hee had ſworne in Englande, hee affirmed that the ſame was firſt broken by kyng Henry, both in ye his men which had bin taken at Lincolne were put to greuous ranſomes, and alſo for that their liberties for whiche the warre firſt began, were not obſerued, but denyed to the Engliſhe ſub|iects, contrarie to that whiche was concluded at the agreemente betwixte them at the ſame time made.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, King Henry ſent other ambaſſa|doures to Rome, who purchaſed a Bull of the Pope, wherby hee was adiudged to be of age ſufficient to receyue the gouernmẽt of the king|dome of England into his owne handes, ther|by to order and diſpoſe al things at his pleſure, and by the aduiſe of ſuche councellers as hee ſhoulde elect and choſe to be aboute him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Wheruppon after the ſayde ambaſſadoures wer returned, all thoſe Erles, Barons and no|bles whiche helde any caſtelles, honors, manors or places, apperteining to the king, were com|maunded to deliuer and reſigne the ſame to his vſe, whiche cauſed muche trouble, as after ſhall appeare: for dyuers noble men whoſe hartes were filled with couetouſnes, woulde not obey the Popes order herein, but ſore repined, (yet not to muche againſte the Kyng as againſte the Lew [...] Hu [...] de Burghe, by whoſe counſell the king [...] moſte ledde and [...]iled.) And ther|fore they did put hym in all the blame, as one that ſhulde ſet the king againſte them, and ſtay him front ſuffering them to inioye th [...]ſe liber|tyes,An. reg. 8. whyche they from tyme to tyme ſo muche laboured to [...]ant had to them granted & confle|med Vpon this [...]tion therefore,

Polidor.

The king gy|ueth a gentle, anſvvere to his Lordes.

they [...]ued to the Kyng for the reſtitution of the auncient lawes according to his promyſe, who to pacifie them for the tyme, gaue them a gentle anſwere, aſſuring them, that hee woulde perfourme all that he had promyſed, ſo ſoone as opportunitie woulde permit and ſuffer hym ſo to doe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Howebeit, afterwardes by the aduiſe of cer|tayne olde counſellours which has bene of the priuy counſell with Kyng Iohn his father, he founde a ſhift to diſappoynt them of theyr de|maundes, by requyring them on the other ſide to reſtore vnto hym thoſe things whiche they had in tymes paſt receiued of his auncetors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, bicauſe he would the more ea|ſily obteyne his purpoſe, and make the reſidue afraide to followe a ſuite ſo diſpleaſaunte and yrkeſome, he thoughte beſte to beginne wyth the chiefe auctors and firſte procurers of the ſayd petitions, and to take from them whatſoeuer they helde belonging to his crowne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hereuppon therfore aſſembling a greate po|wer aboute hym,

1224.

The kyng de|maundeth reſti|tution of par|cels of inheri|tance belon|ging to the crovvne.

he demaunded of Ranulphe Earle of Cheſter, the reſtitution of certayne Lordeſhippes whiche aunciently appertained to the Crowne of the Realme, whiche Earle not being as then able to reſiſt, readyly obeyed the Kyngs pleaſure, and reſigned them all; By this entraunce of the Kyng into the execution of his purpoſe, diuers of the reſt of the Barons were brought into ſuche feare, that they were contented alſo to doe the like, ſo that by this meanes the Lordes being cut ſhorte and wea|kened in power, ſurceaſed as then from mole|ſting the Kyng any further with the demaunde of other landes or liberties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archebiſhop of Canterbury alſo threat|ned them with the darte of excommunication, if they wente aboute to diſquyet the Realme with any ciuile commotions, thoughe no man was more deſyrous to haue that matter goe forwarde than hee, as appeared by his diligent trauaile therin (hoping as now in ſhort proceſſe of tyme, and that by curteouſe meanes, to per|ſwade the King to his purpoſe) but the Kyng droue hym off with fayre wordes, and mynded nothing leſſe than to alter any one of the lawes whiche he knewe to be profytable to hym ſelfe, EEBO page image 624 and his ſucceſſoures after hym. Wherevppon diuers myſlykyng hys dealyng herein, with|drewe themſelues ſecretly, ſome into one place, and ſome into an other, to the intent they might auoyde the dayely ſyghte of ſuche abuſes, as they for the moſte parte coulde not well abide to heare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt King Henry thus politikely proui|deth for his affaires at home, Sauary de Man|leon maketh prouiſyon in Guyenne to with|ſtande ſuch perils and dangers as he ſaw moſte lykely to enſue by the practiſes of the Frenche|menne. But as hee was moſte buſily occupyed aboute the purueyaunce of ſuche thynges as ſhoulde bee verye neceſſarye for his dooyngs, there ſprang a greate dyſſention beetwixte hym and Wyllyam the Earle of Saliſburye,Diſcorde be|tvvixt Sauary de Mauleon and the Earle of Salisbury. who was ſente ouer into that Countreye, with Commiſſion to ſurueye the ſtate thereof, and by coloure of the ſame Commiſſion, tooke vpon hym to order all thyngs at his owne pleaſure. Whereas the foreſayde Sauarye de Mauleon (being a man of highe parentage in thoſe parties where hee was borne) iudged it to be a matter nothyng ſtandyng wyth his ho|nour, that an other man ſhoulde order thyngs at his will and commaundement wythin the Countrey, whereof hee him ſelfe had the chiefe charge, as the Kings lieuetenaunt: And ther|fore determined not to ſuffer it any longer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And herevpon verily roſe the contention bet|wixte them, whiche the Engliſhe ſouldydars that were there, did greatly encreaſe, fauouring the Earle as the Kyngs vncle, and coute [...]|ning the lieuetenaunt as a ſtraunger borne, by meanes whereof, the foreſayde Sauarye doubting leaſt if he ſhoulde fight with his ene|mies and throughe ſuche diſcorde as was nowe amongeſt them, be put to the worſe, the faulte ſhoulde bee laide wholy in his necke: [...] Ma [...] [...] Fren [...] he ſecrete|ly departed and fledde to Lewes the Frenche Kyng who was lately come to the Crowne of Fraunce by the deathe of his father king Phi|lip, as you before haue hard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Aboute the ſame tyme alſo Foulkes du Brent being a man of an vnquiet mynde,

Ma [...] [...] Mat. [...]

F [...] B [...] Br [...] [...]

rea|dye to miſchiefe and lothe to liue in peace as ſome ſaye conſpired againſt the King of Eng|lande, and aduertiſed the Kyng of Fraunce that if hee woulde boldely beginne the warres againſte King Henry in Fraunce, hee woulde not faile but rayſe warre agaynſte hym here in the middeſte of his Realme of Englande, ha|uing diuers noble men in a redineſſe, that wold willingly take his parte. But howſoeuer it fell out, certayne it is that this Foulkes hauyng fortifyed his Caſtell of Bedforde, attempted many enterpriſes greatly to the preiudice of the [figure appears here on page 624] Kyngs peace, aſwell in robbyng and ſpoyling the Countrey aboute him, as otherwiſe. And nowe fearyng to bee puniſhed therefore by or|der of lawe, hee ſhewed his malice agaynſte ſuche as had the execution of the ſame lawes chieflye in theyr handes. Herevpon he tooke pri|ſoner Henry Braybroke, one of the Kyngs Iuſtices of his benche, and ledde hym to his Caſtell of Bedforde, and there ſhutt hym vp cloſe as his lawfull priſoner.

Mat. [...]

Henry [...]+brok [...] Fo [...] Bre [...], [...] pr [...]

In deede the ſaid Henry de Braybroke, wyth Martin de Pate|ſhull, Thomas de Multon, and other of the Kyngs Iuſtices were come to keepe theyr cir|cuit at Dunſtable. Where vpon information gyuen and preſented before them, Foulkes du Brent was condempned to the King in greate ſummes of money. Wherewithall this Foul|kes tooke ſuch indignation and diſpleſure, that EEBO page image 625 he commaunded his men of warre whyche lay in ye Caſtell of Bedford, to ride vnto Dunſtable, and there to apprehende the ſayd Iuſtices, and to bring them vnto Bedford, where (as he ſayde) he meant to cõmẽ further with them. But they ha|uing knowledge of his purpoſe, fledde quickly out of the Towne, ſeeking to eſcape euery man whi|che way he might beſt deuiſe. Howbeit, the ſoul|diers vſed ſuch diligẽce, that Henry de Braybroe fell into their hands, and ſo was broughte cap|tiue to Bedford as theyr maſter had commaun|ded them. The Kyng aduertiſed hereof by the greeuous complaynts of hys ſubiectes, was as then at Northampton (where hee had aſſembled hys Parliament,) and therevpon hauing gathe|red ſpeedily a power, with all expedition hee ha|ſted towards Bedford. At his comming thither,Bedford Caſtel beſieged. he beſieged the Caſtell on each ſide, and at length after two monethes, though not without muche adde, hee wanne it, and hanged them all whiche [figure appears here on page 625] were taken within, being in number 80. or aboue: And amongſt other, William de Brent, the bro|ther of the ſayd Foulkes was one. There were but three that eſcaped with lyfe, who were pardo|ned, vpon condition they ſhould paſſe into the ho|ly lande, there to ſerue among the Templers. The ſiege began on the Aſcention euen, and con|tinued till the fiftenth day of Auguſt, beeing the feaſt day of the aſſumption of our Lady. [...]s in the [...]res of [...], where [...]le of [...]t was [...]. Foulkes hymſelfe whileſt the ſiege continued, lay aloofe in Cheſhire, and on the bordures of Wales, as one watching to do ſome miſchiefe: but after the Ca|ſtell was wonne, he gote hym to Couentrie, and there was ere long apprehended, and brought to the Kyng, of whome he obteyned pardon of lyfe, but yet by the whole conſente of the nobles and peeres of the Realme, he was exiled the lande for euermore, and then wente to Rome, where hee knewe to purchaſe his pardon eaſily ynough for money, of what crime ſoeuer he ſhould be iudged culpable. His wife, bycauſe ſhe neuer conſented to his doyngs, nor yet willingly to the marriage hadde betwixte hir and him, was acquited of all blame, and ſo likewiſe was his ſonne Thomas. Howbeit at length, the foreſayd Foulkes, hauing obteyned hys purpoſe at Rome (by meanes of his Chaplayne Roberte Paſlew an Engliſhman, [...]nde of [...]es de [...]. who was his ſollicitor there,) as hee returned to|wards England in the yeare enſuing, was poy|ſoned, and dyed by the way, making ſo an ende of his inconſtant life, whiche from the time that he came to yeares of diſcretion, was neuer bente to quietneſſe. But nowe to leaue theſe things, and returne to the doings in Fraunce where wee left. Yee ſhall vnderſtande, that after Sauery de Mauleon was reuolted to the Frenche King, the ſayde Kyng with all ſpeede, determined to make warre vppon Kyng Henry, and to winne from hym certayne Townes & fortreſſes with|in the countrey of Poictou.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche Writers affirme, that Kyng Lewes recouered out of the Engliſhmens hands the Townes of Niorte, Saint Iohns d'Angeli, and Rochell, before that Sauar de Mauleon re|uolted to the French part.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In deede, the Chronicle of Dunſtable ſayth,Dunſtable. that after the truce tooke ende, thys yeare the Frenche Kyng rayſed an army, and tooke Ni|ort, and after they of Saint Iohn d'Angeli ſub|mitted themſelues to hym. From whence hee went to Rochelle, within the whiche at that pre|ſente, was the ſayde Sauary de Mauleon with ſeuenty Knightes, and Richarde Gray, with Geffrey Neuille, who had in their retinue ſixtie Knightes. Theſe with the forces of the Towne, fallied foorth, and encountring with the Frenche EEBO page image 626 army, ſlewe many of their aduerſaries, and loſt ſome of their owne people. Yet after this, the Frenche Kyng beſieged the Towne, and in the ende wanne it, whileſt the King of Englande being occupied about the aſſieging of Bedforde Caſtell, neglected to ſende them within Rochell neceſſary ſuccoures.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Poicto|uins lend to King Henry.But Polidor Vergill writeth, that now after that Sauary de Mauleon was become the Frẽch Kings man, the Poictouins ſente vnto Kyng Henry, ſignifying, that they were ready to reuolt from the Frenche Kings ſubiection, and yeelde themſelues vnto him, if hee woulde ſende vnto them a power of men to defende their countrey from the French men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe Kyng Henry hauyng receyued theſe letters, enterteyned them that brought this meſ|ſage very curteouſly, and promiſing them to ſend ouer ayde with all expedition, he cauſed his nauie to be made ready for that voyage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time, the Frenche Kyng ſente foorthe an army vnder the leading of Sauary de Mauleon, who then tooke Niort and Rochelle, placing in the ſame ſundry garriſons of Souldi|ers, but chiefly,Roch [...] he fortified Rochelle (whiche had bin long in the Engliſhmens handes, and al|wayes ſerued them to very good purpoſe, for the handſome landing of their people, when any oc|caſion required.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Frenche Kyng therefore hauing got it, fortifyed it, and meant to keepe it, to the intente the Engliſhmen ſhoulde not haue heereafter in tyme of warre, ſo neceſſary a place for their ar|riuall in thoſe coaſtes.Mat. [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Henry holding his Chriſtmas at Weſt|minſter,

A [...] [...]

A Parli [...]

called his high Courte of Parliamente [figure appears here on page 626] there the ſame time,1225 and demaunded a reliefe of money, towardes ye mayntenaunce of his warres in Fraunce,A fiftenth graunted to the Kyng. and had graunted to him the fiftenth peny, in value of all the moueable goodes, to bee founde within the Realme, as well belonging to the ſpiritualty as temporally, but vnder conditi|on, that hee ſhoulde confirme vnto his ſubiectes, their often demaunded liberties. The King vpon deſire to haue the money, was contented to con|diſcende vnto theyr requeſtes, and ſo the two Charters were made, and by the Kyng confir|med,Magna Carta and Carta de Forreſta con|firmed. the one entituled Magna Charta, and the o|ther Charta de Forreſta Thus at this Parliamẽt were made and confirmed theſe good lawes and laudable ordinaunces, whyche haue bin from time to time by the Kyngs and Princes of thys Realme confyrmed, ſo that a greate parte of the law now in vſe dependeth of the ſame. The ſame Charters alſo were [...]i [...]ected and ſente foorthe into euerie Countie within the Realme to bee pro|claymed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was moreouer decreed, that at a certayne day after Eaſter, there ſhoulde bee an inquiſition taken by the Inqueſt of a ſubſtantiall Iury, for the ſeuering of Forreſtes,Forreſ [...] the newe from the olde, ſo as all thoſe groundes whyche hadde bin made Forreſtes, ſith the dayes of Kyng Henry the Graundfather of this Henry the third ſhoulde bee diſforreſted. And therevppon after Eaſter, Hugh de Neuile, and Brienne de Liſle, were ſente foorthe as Commiſſioners, to take that in|quiſition. By force whereof, many wooddes were aſſerted and improued to arrable land by the ow|ners, and ſo not onely men, but alſo dogges, whyche for ſafegarde of the game were accuſto|med to loſe theyr clawes, hadde good cauſe to reioyce of theſe confyrmed liberties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme, and about the feaſt of the purification. King Henry (hauing iuſt occa|ſion to purſue the warre, for recouery of thoſe townes taken, as before you haue hearde by the Frenchmen,) ſente ouer hys brother Richarde EEBO page image 627 whome hee had made Earle of Cornewall and Poictow, [...]. Paris. [...]dor. with a mighty nauie of Shippes vnto Gaſcoigne. This Earle, hauing in his company the Earle of Saliſbury, Phillip de Albanie, and others, with proſperous winde and weather ar|riued at Burdeaux with foure hundred ſayles, [...]e hun| [...] hath [...]in. and there landing his men, went ſtraighte vnto the Towne of Saint Machaire, ſituate vppon the banke of Garon, where vppon his firſte com|ming, he gate the Caſtell, and ſacked ye Towne, and then paſſing further, [...]nes won [...]e Eng| [...]en. wanne dyuers other Townes, as Louguile, Bergerat, and other, and after, wente with greate diligence to beſiege and recouer Rochell, or rather Riole. The French K. aduertiſed of the Earles arriuall, and of theſe hys atchieued enterpriſes,The Earle of Marche, hath Math. Paris. ſente foorthe by and by the Earle of Champaigne with a mighty army into Guyenne to ayde his people there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Cornewall vnderſtanding of the comming of that Frenche army, taketh a part of his hoſt, and therewithall goeth to meete hys enimies, and lying in ambuſhe for them by the way, taketh them at a good aduauntage,The French|men taken at aduantage. and ſlewe greate numbers of them. After this, the [figure appears here on page 627] Earle of Champaigne keeping his men within their trenches and Campe, without attempting any other exployte, the Earle of Cornewall thought it ſufficiente, if he myght keepe the Gaſ|coignes in obedience, whiche had already practi|ſed a Rebellion, by ſending letters and meſſen|gers for ye ſame intent vnto ye French K. & there|fore breaking vp his ſiege before ye Riole,Earle of [...]ewall [...]th his [...] from [...]iol [...]. he ſtay|ed awhile from exployting any further enterpriſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time, the Earle of Saliſbury returning homewards out of Gaſcoigne, was ſo toffed and turmoyled on the Seas by tempeſtes of weather,

[...] death of [...]arle of [...]bury.

[...]. Par.

that hee fell ſicke thereof, and within a few dayes after hys arryuall dyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare alſo, there came foorth a decree frõ the Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury, and his ſuf|fraganes, [...]es con| [...]es [...] [...]n Chri| [...]buriall. that the concubines of Prieſtes and Clearkes within orders (for ſo were theyr wiues then called in contempt of their wedlocke) ſhould be denied of Chriſtian buriall, except they repen|ted whyleſt they were aliue in perfect healthe, or elſe ſhewed manifeſt tokens of repentaunce at the tyme of their deathes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame decree alſo prohibited them from the receyuing of the pax at Maſſe time, and alſo of holy bread after Maſſe, ſo long as the Prieſtes kept them in their houſes, or vſed their company publiquely out of their houſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, that they ſhoulde not bee purified when they ſhoulde be deliuered of childe as other good women were, withoute that they found ſuf|ficient ſuretie to the Archdeacon, or his officiall to make ſatiſfaction at the next Chapter or Courte to be holden, after they ſhould be purified. And ye Prieſts ſhould be ſuſpẽded, which did not preſent all ſuch their concubines as were reſiaunt within their Pariſhes. Alſo, all ſuch women as were cõ|uict to haue dealt carnally with a Prieſt, wet ap|pointed by the ſame decree to doe open pennance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yeare, or as ſome haue in the nexte, the Kyng graunted to the Citizens of London free warreyn, that is to meane, libertie, to hunt with|in a certaine circuite about London, and that all weites in ye Thames ſhuld be plucked vp and de|ſtroyed. Alſo in this ninth yeare of his raigne, K. Henry graunted to the Citizens of London, that they might haue and vſe a common ſeale. About the time of the making of whiche ordinaunces,

An. Reg. 10.

A Legate from the Pope.

Mat. Paris.

Otho ye Cardnal of S. Nicholas in Carcere Tul|lcano came as Legate from Pope Honorius into England to King Henry, preſenting him with letters from the Pope. The tenor whereof when the Kyng hadde well conſidered, hee declared to the Legate, that withoute the whole aſſente EEBO page image 628 of the eſtates of his Realme, he coulde doe little in that whiche the Pope as then required. Here|vpon therfore he cauſed a Parliament to be ſum|moned at Weſtminſter,A Parliamente called. there to be holden in the octaues of ye Epiphanie: This Legat alſo moued the king in the behalfe of Foulkes de Brent, that he might be reſtored to his poſſeſſions, and to en|ioye his wife as before tyme he had done: but the King declared that for his manifeſt treaſon com|mitted, he was iuſtly exiled, and not only by his, but by the ſentẽce of the nobles and other eſtates of the whole Realme: which aunſwere when the Legat had heard, he left off to ſolicite the king for Foulkes, and from thenceforth talked no more of that matter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Shortly after by way of proxie, the ſaid Le|gate gathered a duety whyche he claymed of the ſpiritualtie, that was of euery cõuentual Church within the Realme two markes of ſiluer.

1226

The Kyng is ſicke.

In this yere the king held his Chriſtmas at Wincheſter, and after cõming to Marlebridge chaunced there to fall ſicke, ſo that he laye in deſpayre of life for certaine dayes together. In the meane time alſo came the daye appoynted for the Parliament to beginne at Weſtminſter, where the Legate and other of the Spiritualtie and Temporaltie being aſſembled, the ſayde Otho ſhewed forthe the Popes letters, and accordyng to the tenor and purporte of the ſame, was earneſtly in hande to haue the Prieſtes to graunte to the yearly pay|ment of a certaine pention or tribute to the Pope, and toward the maintenaunce of his eſtate, whi|che they generally denied. When he ſaw that this baite woulde not take, hee onelye demaunded a tenth parte of al their ſpirituall liuings for main|tenaunce of the warres againſte the Sarazins, whiche was eaſily graunted, as more reaſonable than the firſt.

Mat. VVeſt. Mat. Paris.

The Cardi|nals requeſt.

Here by dyuers credible writers of good credite, it ſhoulde appeare, that the Pope de|mãded to haue aſſigned to him out of euery Ca|thedrall Church two prebendes, one of the porti|on belonging to the biſhoppe, and an other out of the portion belonging to the Deane and Chapi|ter: and likewiſe of the Abbeyes, where there were ſeuerall portions, that is to witte, ſo much of the conuent as belõged to the finding of one Monke, and as much alſo of euery Abbots liuing, as ſhuld counteruaile the ſame. The Cardinall vſed iolly perſwaſions to induce the Prelates to aſſent to this graunte, alledging that the Church of Rome was runne in great ſtander for taking of money in diſpatche of ſutors, cauſes, whiche aroſe by meanes there was no mayntenaunce of liuyng ſufficient for the Churchmen there: and therefore he added, how it was the parts of naturall childrẽ to releue the neceſſitie of theyr louing mother, and that except the charitable deuotion of them and other good and well diſpoſed perſons were ſhort|lye extended, they ſhoulde wante neceſſary mayn|tenaunce for the ſuſtentation of their lyues, whi|che ſhoulde bee altogither an vnſeemely thyng for the dignitie of the Romane Churche. The Cleargie reſorting togyther to take aduice what aunſwere they ſhoulde make, at length vppon theyr reſolute determination,The [...] of Iohn [...] Archi [...] of Bed [...] Iohn the Arch|deacon of Bedforde was appoynted to tell the tale for them all: who comming before the Car|dinall, declared boldly vnto hym, that the de|maunde whyche hee hadde proponed, touched the Kyng eſpecially, and generally all the nobi|litie of the Realme, whyche were patrones of a|ny Churches. Hee added furthermore, how the Archbyſhoppes and Byſhoppes, and many other of the Prelates of Englande (ſithence the Kyng by reaſon of ſickneſſe could not be there, were alſo abſent, ſo that they whych were there preſent, be|yng but as it were the inferiour part of the houſe, neyther myghte nor ought to make any reſolute aunſwere in this matter as then. Immediately heerewith alſo came the Lorde Iohn Marſhall, and other meſſengers from the Kyng vnto all the Prelates that helde anye Baronies of the Kyng, ſtraightly commaundyng them, that they ſhoulde in no wiſe bynde and endaunger hys lay ſee vnto the Churche of Rome, whereby hee myghte bee depriued of hys due and accuſto|ſtomed ſeruices, and ſo euery man heerevpon de|parted and went home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,Fabian. the plees of the Crowne were pleated in the Tower of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And the ſixtenth day of Marche in this tenth yeare of his raigne, the Kyng graunted by hys Charter enſealed, that the Citizens of London ſhoulde paſſe tolle free through all England,A gra [...] the Cit [...] of London and if anye of them were conſtreyned in any Citie, borough or Towne within the Realme, to pay tolle, that then the Sherifes of London myghte attache any man of the ſayde Citie, Bourrough or Towne where ſuche tolle was eracted, beyng founde within the liberties of London, and hym retayne with hys goodes and cattalles, till the Citizens that payde ſuche tolle were ſatiſfied, by reſtitution of the ſame, with all coſtes and char|ges ſuſteyned in the ſute. But yet about the ſame tyme,Mat. I [...] the Kyng conſtreyned the Londoners to gyue vnto hym the ſumme of fyue thouſande markes as a fyne, for that they badde ayded and ſuccoured hys aduerſary Lewis agaynſte hym, and lente to the ſayde Lewis at hys departure out of the Realme a lyke ſumme. But it maye rather bee thought they gaue vnto the Kyng the ſayde fyue thouſande markes for hys fauoure ſhewed in graunting vnto them the aboue men|tioned freedome and liberties. At the ſame tyme, hee hadde alſo twelue hundred pounde of the burgeſſes of Northampton, beſydes the fifteenth, EEBO page image 629 whyche not onely they, but alſo the Londoners and all other generally through the Realme, paid accordingly as it was graunted.

An. Reg. 11.

1227

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In February, the Kyng called a Parliamente [figure appears here on page 629] at Oxforde,

Parliament Oxforde. [...]he King of [...]wfull age.

Mat. Par. [...]idor.

in the which he made open declara|tion vnto all the aſſembly, that hee was nowe of lawfull age to gouerne of himſelfe, withoute any to haue rule ouer him, and ſo whereas before hee was gouerned firſte by the Earle of Pembroke Lord protector whyleſt he liued, and after by the Byſhoppe of Wincheſter and others, hee nowe remoued them from hym by the counſell of the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, takyng the regiment whol|ly to himſelfe, and to ſuche as ſhould pleaſe hym from thencefoorth to appoynt. Alſo in the ſame Parliamente, [...]e charters [...]celled. hee dyd cancell and diſanull the two charters before mẽtioned, after that the ſame had bin vſed through the Realme for the ſpace of two yeares, pretending them to bee of no va|lue, ſith they were ſealed and ſigned whileſt hee was vnder age. This deede of the King was greeuouſly taken, and all the blame put in the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice. Heerewith all ſuche alſo as claymed any manner Charters of liberties, were appoynted to remoue the ſame, (a practiſe onely to gette money by) and to get them confyrmed with the Kings newe ſeale, the olde being made voyde and pronounced of none effect.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e death of [...]es the [...]nch king.In this yeare dyed the French Kyng Lewes the eyght, and his ſonne Lewes the ninth ſuccee|ded hym, a childe of twelue yeares of age, by rea|ſon of whoſe infancie, dyuers peeres of ye Realme began to withdrawe their obedience from hym, as Theobalde Earle of Champaigne, Hugh Earle of Marche, and Peter Duke of Britaine. Howbeeit, the Earle of Champaigne was eaſi|ly reduced againe to hys former obedience, by the hygh wiſedome and policie of the Queene mother, who hadde the gouernemente of hir ſonne the yong Kyng, and hys Realme com|mitted vnto hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But the Earle of Marche conſtante in hys purpoſe, came ouer to Kyng Henry,The Earle of Marche com|meth ouer to the king and offereth hym his ſeruice. whoſe mo|ther hee hadde married, and declareth vnto hym, that nowe was the tyme for hym to recouer againe thoſe places whych king Phillippe hadde vniuſtly taken from hys father Kyng Iohn: and to bryng the ſame to paſſe, hee offered hym|ſelfe and all that hee coulde make, in the furthe|ring of thys voyage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Kyng beeyng thus pricked forwarde with the Earle of Marche hys wordes,Polidore determi|ned withoute delay to take in hande the warre. Heere authors varye, for ſome write,

Mat. Paris.

Ambaſſadors ſent into Fraunce.

that kyng Henry ſente ouer certayne perſons, as the Arch|byſhoppe of Yorke, the Byſhoppe of Care|leill, and the Lorde Phillippe Dalbeny, to vnderſtande the myndes of the Normans, the Britaines, and Poictouins, and for that thoſe that were ſente, broughte worde againe that the ſayde people were not greatly myn|ded to forſake the Frenche gouernemente, hee ſurceaſſed from attempting any exployte at that tyme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Other write, that gatheryng a greate ſumme of money of hys ſubiectes, towardes the mayntenaunce of hys charges, hee prepa|red a nauie of Shippes, and ſayled ouer with the ſayde Earle of Marche into Britaigne, and there waſted the confynes of the Frenche dominions, and that when the Frenche kyng was ready with an army to ſuccoure his ſub|iectes, hee ſoddaynely retired to hys Shippes, and returned into Englande, without atchie|uing any enterpriſe worthie of remembrance, ſo that whether hee wente hymſelfe or ſente,Polidor. EEBO page image 630 it forceth not: for certayne it is, that hee profited nothing at that ſeaſon, either by ſending meſſen|gers to procure him friendſhip, or by going ouer himſelfe to make an entry of the warres. When the Frenche buſineſſe was thus at a ſtay, within a few monethes after,

The Earle of Cornewall re|turneth home.

Mat. Paris.

Richard Earle of Corne|wall returned foorth of Galcoigne into Englãd, and ſhortly after, bycauſe he heard, and was cre|dibly enformed, yt a certaine manour place whi|che Walerane ye Teutchman, Captaine of Ber|kamſtede caſtell held, by the gift and aſſignement of Kyng Iohn, apperteyned to his Earledome of Cornewall,The Earle of Cornewall. he ſeaſed that Caſtel into his hands. So that Waleran being thus diſpoſſeſſed, exhi|bited his bill of complaynt to the King, who in|continently ſente to the Earle, commaundyng him to make reſtitution, which he vtterly refuſed to do. But forthwith, comming to the King, and withoute reteyning anye aduocate, declared hys right which he offred to auerre in open preſence, and in any of the kings Courtes, before whatſo|euer peeres of the Realme ſhould be there aſſem|bled. This addition (the peeres of the Realme) nothing pleaſed the Kyng and hys Counſell, namely the Lord chiefe Iuſtice, by whoſe aduice the King meante to haue apprehended the Earle the ſame nyght after he was withdrawen to hys lodging. But the Earle warned thereof, ſecretely departed,He departeth frõ the Courte ſecretely. accompanyed only with one man, and neuer drew bridle out of hys Horſes mouth, vn|till he came to Readyng (whether his ſeruauntes reſorted to him) and from thence, he rode ſtraight to Marlebridge, where he founde hys deare friend William Earle Marſhall, with whome hee dyd participate of the daunger likely to haue befallen hym. Then they drewe to the Earle of Cheſter, and taking order with him for the rayſing of an army,He ioyneth himſelfe with the Earles of Cheſter and Pembroke and others. They meete at Stanfort with an army. there met ſhortly after at Stamford theſe perſons whoſe names heereafter enſue, Ranulfe Earle of Cheſter, William Marſhall Earle of Pembroke, Richard Erle of Cornewall ye kings brother, Gilberte Earle of Glouceſter, William Earle Warenne, Henry Earle of Hereforde, William Erle Ferrers, William Erle of War|wike, and dyuers Barons, Lords and Knights, hauing there with them a great puiſſance of war|like perſonages. The Kyng hauing vnderſtan|ding as well of their demeanor, as alſo what they required by their letters and meſſengers to hym dayly ſente, thought good for a time to pa|cifie their fury,A day appoin+ted to meete at Northamp|ton, or a trea|tie of pacifi|cation. and therevpon appoynted a day at Northampton, where he woulde meete, and mi|niſter ſuche iuſtice vnto thẽ, as ſhould be thought reaſonable, and to ſtande with their good willes and contentation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyngs graunt to hys brother.Wherevpon, the parties comming to North|hampton at the daye aſſigned, hee graunted to the Earle his brother (at the inſtant deſire of the Lordes) all hys mothers dower, with all thoſe landes whyche belonged to the Earle of Bry|tayne within Englande, and withall, thoſe lands alſo that apperteyned to the Earle of Bollongne deceaſſed. And thus the matter being pacified, e|uery man departed to hys home, whereas, if the Kyng had bin froward, warres had immediately bin rayſed betwixt them, namely bycauſe many of the Lordes bare a ſecret grudge towardes the Kyng, for that hee had reuoked certayne liberties whyche in the beginning of his raigne hee hadde graunted to be holden, though now to take away the enuy whiche mighte bee conceyued towardes hym for hys doyng, he alledged, that hee dyd not infringe any thyng that hee hadde then graunted, but ſuch things as his gouernoures hadde ſuffe|red to paſſe whyleſt hee was vnder age, and not ruler of hymſelfe: hee cauſed them therefore to re|deeme many of the ſame priuiledges, whereby he gayned great finaunce for the ſettyng too of hys newe ſeale, (as before ye haue heard.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, in thys yeare there were ſent cer|tayne perſons from Pope Gregory the nynth,The P [...] horte [...] Chriſ [...] make [...]+ney ag [...] the S [...] (that ſucceeded Honorius) into all the parties of Europe, to moue by Preaching the Chriſtian people to make a iourney into the holy lande, a|gaynſte the Sarazens. Suche a multitude by meanes heereof dyd aſſemble togyther from all parties, and that within a ſhort tyme, as the lyke hadde ſeldome tymes bin hearde of. It is ſayde, that amongſt them there ſhoulde bee at the poynt of fortie thouſand Engliſhmenne, Mat. [...] ſixty [...] of whome Pe|ter Byſhoppe of Wincheſter, and William Bi|ſhop of Exceter wer the chiefe. Captaynes alſo of that greate multitude of croſſed Souldiers that wente foorthe of ſundry countreys were theſe, Theobalde Earle of Champaigne, and Phillip de Albeny,Polidor. through whoſe negligence the ſequele of this noble enterpriſe came but to ſmall effect. But to proceede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this time alſo,

A [...]. re [...]

12 [...]

Mat. P [...] Weigh [...] me [...] Polid [...]. Hube [...] Burg [...] Erle of [...]

the kyng minding the benefyte of the cõmon wealth, cauſed ye weightes and meaſures generally within the land to be re|formed after one ſtanderd. And furthermore, hee created Hubert de Burgh Earle of Kent, whych Hubert, how muche prayſe ſo euer hee got at the beginning for his valiancie ſhewed in the defen|ding of Douer Caſtell, and in vanquiſhing the Frenche fleete that was comming to the ſuccour of Lewes by battayle on the Sea, it is certaine, yt he now purchaſed hymſelfe double aſmuch ha|tred & euil wil, bycauſe that being of ſecret coun|ſell with the King, and thereby after a ſort ſeque|ſtred from the Lords, he was knowen to diſwade the ſayde Prince from reſtoring of the auntiente lawes and cuſtomes vnto the people, whyche the Barons oft required, whereby it came to paſſe, that the more hee grewe in fauoure with the EEBO page image 631 Prince, the further hee came into the enuie of the nobilitie, and hatred of the people, which is a cõ|mon reward to ſuch as in reſpect of theyr maſter, do little regard the profite of others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]hen Arch| [...]op of Cã| [...]ury de| [...]ed this life [...]ard We| [...]heid ele| [...] in hys [...].Furthermore, vppon the ninth of Iuly dyed Stephen the Archbiſhop of Caunterbury, after hee hadde gouerned that ſee the tearme of one and twentie yeares, and after him ſucceeded Richard Wetherſheyd Deane of Poules, who became the three and fortith Archbyſhoppe of that See. The [figure appears here on page 631] Monkes of Caunterbury had firſte elected one of theyr owne conuent,

[...]ath. Paris.

[...]ter Hel| [...]ham.

named Walther de Helme|ſham: whiche election was made by the ſame Monkes the thirde daye of Auguſt next enſu|ing the death of their ſayd Archbyſhop Stephen, but the Kyng would not conſent that hee ſhould haue the place for dyuers cauſes, whych he obiec|ted: As firſt, for that he knew hym to hee ſuch a man as ſhoulde be vnprofitable, both to him and to his Kyngdome. Secondly, bycauſe hys father was a Theefe, and thereof beeyng conuict, ſuffe|red deathe vppon the gallowes. Thirdly, for that he hymſelfe hadde ſtoode againſt Kyng Iohn in tyme of the interdiction. On the other ſide, the Byſhops Suffraganes to the Churche of Caun|terbury obiected alſo againſte hym, that he hadde vſed the familiar company of a Nonne, and be|gote of hir certayne children. Moreouer they al|ledged, that any election without their conſente, could not be good, nor ought to take place: but the Monke making his appeale, ſtoode in it, and ta|king with him certayne of hys fellowes Monkes of Caunterbury, [...]ew trouble [...]et the e| [...]on of the [...]hb. of Can. went to Rome, and there made ſupplication to the Pope, that his election by his authoritie might be ratified & cõfirmed: Whereof the Kyng and the other Byſhops being aduerti|ſed, did put their obiections in writing vnder their ſeales, and ſent the ſame vnto Rome to be exhibi|ted to the Pope by the Byſhops of Weſtcheſter and Rocheſter, and Iohn the Archdeacõ of Bed|ford, who vſed ſuch meanes, that his election was iudged voyde, and then the ſayde Richard We|therſheid was out of hand elected and confirmed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 In that yeare alſo,Fabian. a graunt was made to the Citizens of London, that they ſhoulde haue and vſe a common Seale. And in this meane while,

Polidor.

The Earle of Marche wor|keth to induce the Normans and Poicto|uins to fauour the King of Englande.

The Normãs write to the K. of England.

Hugh the Earle of Marrhe ſo laboured with the Normans and Poyctouins in the behalfe of the Kyng of England, that they began to encline to hys purpoſe: and heerevpon ſent letters by ſecrete meanes vnto Kyng Henry, ſignifying to hym, that if it woulde pleaſe him to come ouer with an army to make warre againſt the Frenche King, they woulde be ready to turne vnto his ſyde, and receyue him as their ſoueraigne. Kyng Henry taking aduice what to aunſwere and doe herein, with hys welbeloued Councellour Huberte of Bourgh, thoughte it not good to attempte anye thing raſhly in this matter, bycauſe the dealings of ye Normans were neuer without ſome fraude: but yet to ſatiſfie ye requeſt of hys friends, he pro|miſed to come ouer ſhortly vnto them, if in the meane time he might perceyue that they remay|ned ſtedfaſt in their purpoſe, giuing them further|more many greate and harty thankes for theyr good meaning and ſingular kindneſſe towardes hym. The eſtate of things beyond the Sea,Math. Paris. ſtan|ding now in this order, it hapned in the moneth of Auguſt, that the Souldiers whiche lay in gar|niſon within the Caſtel of Montgomerike, tooke in hande to ſtocke vp a Woodde not farre from the ſayde Caſtell, through whiche lay an high way, where oftentimes many fellonious robbe|ries and murders were committed by the Welſh: and as the Souldiers wer buſie at worke in ſtoc|king vp the wood, there came vpon them an am|buſhment of Welſhmẽ, which not only droue thẽ away from their worke, but alſo tooke and ſlewe diuers of them,The Welſh|men beſiege the Caſtell of Montgomerie conſtreyning the reſidue to flee in|to the Caſtell, which immediately the Welchmẽ enuironed alſo about with a ſtrong ſiege, thin|king to fynde the defendaunts vnprouided. They within aduertiſed Hugh de Burgh, the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice (to whome the Caſtell belonged by the Kings late gift) of the exployte and enterprice attempted by their enimies, with all poſſible haſt: wherevpon, the king at requeſt of the ſaid Hubert leuied a power, and came to rayſe the ſiege: but the Welchmen hearing of the Kings approche,The King with an army, commeth to the ſuccour of them with|in the Caſtell. fledde away like ſheepe, ſo that comming to the Caſtell, hee found no reſiſtance: howbeeit, for aſ|much as he ſaw the foreſayde woodde to be trou|bleſome and an annoyance to the ſayd Caſtel, he willed it to be deſtroyed. True it is, that the ſame woodde was very thicke and rough, and further it conteyned alſo fiue leagues or fifteene miles in length, yet by ſuche diligence as was vſed, the ſame was aſſerted, ſtocked vp, and quickly ridde out of the way by fire and other meanes, ſo that ye countrey was mad: plain by a great way about.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 EEBO page image 632After this, ye King parted foorth into ye Welſh confynes,The Abbey of Cride brẽned. and comming to an Abbey of ye white Monkes called Cride, he cauſed it to be brenned, bicauſe it ſerued as a refuge for his enimies. Thẽ by the aduice of the Lord chiefe Iuſtice Huberte de Burgh,The [...]+gi [...] bu [...] he ſet in hand to buyld a Caſtel there, [figure appears here on page 632] bicauſe the place ſeemed very fitte for fortificatiõ. But after ye King with his army had laine there a three monethes, through lacke of vittayles (the Welſhmen ſtill cutting the Engliſhmen off as they went abroade to fetche in forrage and other prouiſion) hee was conſtreyned to fall to agree|ment with Leoline their Prince, and receyuing of the ſayde Prince the ſumme of three thouſand markes, hee was contented that ſo muche of the Caſtell as was already builded, ſhoulde be raſed and made flatte agayne with the ground, before his departure from thence.He is conſtrei|ned to agree with the Welſhmen. Heerevpon, many men tooke occaſion to ieſt at the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice and his doings about this Caſtell, who at the be|ginning named it Hubertes folly. Amongſt other alſo that were taken priſoners by the Welſhmen whyleſt the Kyng thus vaynely ſpent hys tyme about the buyldyng of that forte,The Lorde William de Breuſe taken priſoner. William de Breuſe a righte valiant man of warre was one, who being taken by Lewline Prince of Wales, was afterwards by hym cruelly put to deathe (as after it ſhall appeare) for the which acte, and other ſuch iniuries receyued at ye ſame Lewlines [...]ãds, King Henry at length greeuouſly puniſhed him. And for the moſt part of the ſommer ſeaſon, great thunders happened in Englande: Mat. Paris. Stringe ſights in the ayre. the Elemente alſo ſeemed, as though it had brenned with con|tinuall flames: Steeples, Churches, and other high buildings were ſtriken with lightning: & the harueſt was fore hindred through cõtinual raine. Alſo in the middeſt of the day there came a won|derfull darkneſſe vpon the Earth,Polidor. that the bright|neſſe of the aire ſemed to be couered & takẽ away.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

An. Reg. 13.

1229

In the thirteenth yeare of this King, Stephen the Popes Chaplayne and his Nuntio came o|uer vnto K. Henry, requiring to haue towardes the maintenaunce of the Popes warres agaynſte the Emperour Fredericke, a tenth part of all the mouable goodes within the Realmes and Coun|treys of Englande, Wales, and Ireland, as well of ſpirituall perſons as temporall. Wherevppon,A Parlia [...] or a co [...] holdes. a Parliament, or an aſſemblie of the Lordes was called at Weſtminſter, on the ſeconde Sunday after Eaſter, whiche was the .29. of Aprill. At whiche Parliamente, when the Popes Bulles were red, and the matter therin conteined playne|ly opened and examined, to the ende it mighte appeare vppon what neceſſary cauſes the Pope was conſtreyned to purſue the ſayd warres, and to aſke reliefe of faithfull Chriſtian people, beyng members of the holly Churche: The Kyng, by|cauſe hee had by his procurators at Rome afore hand promiſed and bound himſelfe to ſuche pay|ment of tenthes, ſate ſtill, and aunſwered not to the contrary, (whereas the hope of a greate num|ber was repoſed in him, that by hys deniall the Popes requeſt ſhoulde haue bin fruſtrate) ſo that when by his ſilence, he was adiudged to conſente,The re [...] Lords re [...] to ayde [...] Pope with money. yet the temporall Lords and ley men vtterly de|nied to agree vnto ſuche paymente, not willing in any wiſe to bynde their Baronies and tempo|rall poſſeſſions vnto the Church of Rome. How|beit, the Biſhops, Abbots, Priors, and other ec|cleſiaſticall perſons after they had ſhewed them|ſelues to reſt doubtfull (not without great grud|ging and murmuring in the meane tyme, for the ſpace of three or foure dayes togyther) at length, for feare of excommunication, conſented to bee contributaries, but in ſuche ſorte, as they hadde eſcaped for a farre more reaſonable ſumme,Stephen [...] Segrane. if Stephen Segraue one of the Kynges coun|ſell hadde not by compacte (as was thoughte EEBO page image 633 made with the nuncio) wrought ſo in the matter, that the tenthes were finally graunted, [...] tenthes [...]e ſpiritu| [...] granted [...]e Pope. to the great impoueriſhment and ineſtimable domage of the Church and realme of England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 After this, the nuncio ſhewed the procuratorie letters, wherby he was authorized to gather thoſe tenthes, and that not after a common maner, but by a right ſtrayte and hard valuation. And for the more ſure way of proceding herein, he had letters of authoritie from the Pope, to excomunicate all ſuch as ſhould withſtand him or his deputies in proceding with thoſe affayres. He ſhewed himſelf moreouer verie extreme in collecting of this mo|ney, and namely towardes the Prelates of the Church, inſomuch that appoynting him a certen day in the which vnder paine of excomunication they ſhould make payment, diuerſe for want of readie money, were compelled to make ſhift with the Chaliſes, and other veſſels and ornamẽts be|longing to their churches, and other were glad to take vp money vpon intereſt, and for that ſhyfte ther were come ouer with the nuncio diuerſe wic|ked vſurers, [...]ers. vnder the name of marchants, which when they ſaw thoſe that ſtood in neede like to bee excommunicate for want of readie money, they would offer themſelues to lend vnto any yt would borow, after the rate of one noble for the loane of xx. by the month, ſo bringing the needie into their ſnares, to their irrecouerable loſſes and vndoing. Hereby the land was filled with bitter curſings, (though in ſecrete) by thoſe that wiſhed ſuch vn|reaſonable exactors neuer to ſee good ende of the vſe of that money. And from that day forwarde, ther wanted not in England certain vſurers cal|led Caurſini, [...]. Par. which ſought nothing elſe but the wealthes of ſuch perſons as they might get into their ſnares, namely thoſe whom the Churche of Rome doth vexe and put to trouble with hir ex|actions and payments.Earle of [...]er would [...]ermit the [...]es to be [...]red with| [...] lande. The Erle of Cheſter on|ly ſtoode manfully agaynſt the payment of thoſe tenthes inſomuch that he woulde not ſuffer hys lands to be brought vnder bondage, neither wold he permit the religious men and prieſts that held of his fee to pay the ſame, although the reſt of England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland, were compelled to be contributories therto, hauing on|ly this comfort, that not they alone, but alſo other foraine regions were driuen to do the like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 But let this paſſe: King Henrie purpoſing to ſaile ouer into Brytain and inuade France, [...] Henrie [...]reth to [...]ouer into [...]ce. came to Porteſmouth about Michaelmaſſe, with ſuche an army aſſembled out of England, Wales, Ire|land, and Scotlãd, as the like for number of peo|ple had not bene knowne to haue paſſed ouer with any of his aunceſters: howbeit when hee ſhoulde come to the very point of embarquing his people, with vytayles, armor, and other prouiſion, there were not ſhippes ſufficient to paſſe ouer the one halfe of the armie: wherefore when the king ſawe this default, he was ſore offẽded, but chiefly with Hubert the Earle of Kent, Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, inſomuch that he openly called him olde traytor, and layde to his charge, how he had thus vſed the matter of purpoſe, and onely for to pleaſure the Queene of Fraunce,The Earle of Kent fallen in|to the kings diſpleaſure. of whom (as he ſayd) he had receiued fiue thouſand Markes to hinder his pro|ceedings. In this heate if the Earle of Cheſter and other had not beene at hande, hee had ſurely ſlaine the chiefe Iuſtice euen there with hys drawne ſworde, who was glad to auoyde hys preſence, till his moode was ſomewhat pacified.Henrie Earle of Britaine. In the meane time there arriued Henrie Earle of [figure appears here on page 633] Brytaine on the .ix. of October, whiche ſhoulde haue conducted the king into his Countrey.The kings iourney de|ferred. But ſith winter was come vpon them, he aduiſed him to ſtay till the next Spring, and ſo he did. Thẽ e|uery man was licenced to depart home, and the Earle of Kent reconciled againe into fauor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The erle of Britain in like maner did homage to the king for Brytaine, & the king reſtored him to all his rights in England and further gyuing him fiue thouſand Markes to defende his Coun|trey agaynſt the enimies, ſent him home againe in moſt curteous and louing maner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare of our Lorde. 1230. King Hen|rie helde his Chriſtmaſſe at Yorke,

An. Reg. 14.

1230

Math. Paris.

The king of Scots kept Chriſtmaſſe with the king of Englande at Yorke.

togither with the king of Scots, whom he had deſired to come thither at that time, that they might make m [...]y: and ſo for the ſpace of three dayes togyther, there was great banquetting and ſport betwene them. On the fourth day they toke leaue either of other, the king of Scots with rich giftes returning to|wardes his Countrey, and the king of Englande towardes London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the .xxv. day of Ianuarie alſo,Mat. Paris. whileſt the Biſhop of London was at high Maſſe with|in the Church of Saint Paule in London,A ſtraunge tempeſt at London. a [...]o|daine darkneſſe ouerſhadowed the Quiere, and therwith ſuch a tempeſt of thunder and lightning that the people there aſſembled, thought verily the EEBO page image 634 Church and ſteeple had come downe vpon theyr heades. There came moreouer ſuch a filthie ſa|uour and ſtinke withall, that partly for feare, and partly for that they might not abide the ſauour, they voyded the Churche, falling on heapes one vpon another, as they ſought to get out of the ſame. The Vicars and Canons forſooke theyr Deſkes, ſo that the Biſhop remained there onely, with one Deacon that ſerued him at Maſſe. Af|terward, when the ayre began to cleare vp, the people returned into the Church,Mat. Paris. and the Biſhop went forward and finiſhed the Maſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king ga|thereth money towards his journey into France.In the meane time the king leuyed a greate ſumme of money of the Prelates of his lande to|wardes his iourney into Fraunce: Hee had al|ſo a great reliefe of the Citizens of London. And the Iewes were conſtrayned to gyue to hym the thirde part of all theyr moueable goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Math. Paris.In the Moneth of Apryll, Llewelline prince of Wales, cauſed William de Breuſe, whome he had taken priſoner long before (as aboue is mentioned) to bee hanged on a payre of Gal|lowes,The Lorde Wil. de Breuſe hanged. P. V. for that hee was taken (as was repor|ted) in adulterie with the wyfe of the ſayd prince. And on the laſt day of Aprill, the King wyth a puyſſaunt armye tooke the Sea at Porteſ|mouth,The king ſay|l [...]th ouer into France. and landed at Saint Malos in Bry|tayne on the thirde daye of May, where he was ryght ioyfully receyued of Henrie Earle of that Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After he was thus arryued in Brytayne, he entered into the Frenche dominions, with the ſayde Earle, and the Earle of Marche hys fa|ther in lawe, doing muche hurte wythin the ſame. Hys armye dayly encreaſing by the great numbers of Normans and other, whiche at the fame of the King of Englandes arryuall in thoſe partyes, came flocking from dyuerſe places to ayde him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Amongeſt other there were two brethren that were Normãs, Foulke, and William,

T [...] of the neb [...] [...]+ne [...]

Ma [...]

of the fa|milye and ſurname of the Paganelles, or Pay|nelles, being men of great byrth and eſtimation in theyr Countrey, whiche brought with them threeſcore knightes or men of armes, right wor|thie and valiaunt in feates of warre. Theſe no|ble men woulde faine haue perſwaded the King to haue entred into Normandie, for that as they affyrmed, it ſhoulde bee an eaſie matter for him to ſubdue the whole Countrey:The [...] Kẽt [...] now [...] the [...] euery [...] a [...]. whereto the King woulde gladly haue conſented, if the Earle of Kent had not aduiſed him otherwiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, they beſought him at the leaſtwiſe to graunt them two hundred knightes or menne of Armes of hys armye, wyth whoſe ayde they doubted not to bee able (as they ſayde) to ex|pulſe all the Frenche men out of Normandie, but neyther woulde thys bee obteyned, ſo that thoſe Norman Lordes remayned without com|fort, whyleſt the Frenche King cauſed theyr Caſtelles and Manours to bee ſeazed vnto his vſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 During this time,Polid [...] King Lewes (who a few dayes afore had taken from the Duke of Bry|tayne the townes of Ardone, Campanelle,He [...] towne [...]+ſtel of S. I [...]n [...] le [...]. The [...] of A [...] and Beleſme) beeing nowe certifyed by his eſpy|alles, of the landing and inuaſion made by the King of Englande, haſted forth wyth hys ar|mie into the Countrey of Aniou, and there by the ſide of the Loyre, he encamped to ſtay the king of England, that he ſhould not paſſe ouer the ſame riuer into Poicton, ſuſpecting leaſt ye Poictouins (whom he had always in ſome iealoſie) would re|uolt vnto him. But the K. of Englãd aduertiſed of his approch, paſſed that riuer ſooner thã any mã wold haue iudged, & encãped firſt in the coũtry of [figure appears here on page 634] EEBO page image 635 Poictou,Poictou and Xantonge. and after drew into the cõfines of Xan|tonge, the French king ſtill following, and by the way deſtroying the townes of Fountney, & Vil|lars, apperteyning to one Guy de Rochfort, a captaine belonging to the Erle of Marche. After|ward alſo he paſſed the riuer of Charent, and wa|ſted all the Countrey of Xantonge. Where (if we may beleue ſome wryters) the two kings ioyned battaile, which continued a long time right fierce and cruel:The French [...]et the vpper [...]ande. but at length the Engliſh men giuing backe, the victorie remayned on the French ſyde, a great number of their aduerſaries beeing ſlaine and taken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this battaile, they ſay alſo, that a peace was concluded betwixt them. But other writers haue recorded, that the matter was firſt taken vp by a truce without any battaile, bycauſe both the kings being yong men, and as yet not verie ſkil|ful in martial affayres, were content to giue eare vnto Queene Blanche, to Philip Earle of Bol|longne, and to Ranulfe Earle of Cheſter, whiche three tooke vpon them to entreate a peace, and preſcribe the couenants of agreement, by whiche meanes they were at the laſt accorded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Amongſt other things which were concluded at this preſent time, the Duke of Brytaine, and the Earle of Marche were made friendes agayne with the French king, and receyued eftſoones in|to his fauour.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Thus ceaſſed the warres for that time be|twixt the kings of Englande and Fraunce (as ſome haue witneſſed.) But if we ſhall beleeue o|ther, which wrote and liued in thoſe dayes, there was no peace at that time concluded: But after that king Henrie had paſſed through Aniou,Mat. Par. and Poictou without battail, he came into Gaſcoign, where he receyued the homages and fealties of many noble men in thoſe parties, and returning [figure appears here on page 635] into Poictou, not onely had the lyke alſo of ſun|drie Lordes and men of honour in that countrey, but alſo tooke the Caſtell of Mirabean by aſſault, [...]irabeau. through the manhoode of the Engliſh men. This done, [...]ing Henry [...]urneth to Brytayne. and order taken for the ſafe keeping of thoſe quarters, he returned into Brytayne, and com|ming to the Citie of Nauntes, he remayned for a while there, ſpending the time vainely in plea|ſure and banquetting. Finally in the Moneth of October he tooke the Sea, [...]e ſayleth [...]me into Englande. and returning into Englande after many perilles, landed at Porteſ|mouth, the .xxvij. of October, leauing behind him in Brytaine fiue hundred knightes or menne of armes, [...]e Earle of [...]heſter left [...]e kings lieu| [...]nant in Bry| [...]ne. a thouſand yeomen or ſtipendarie ſouldi|ers, for defence of the Countrey agaynſte the French men, and appoynted for theyr Captaine the Earle of Cheſter, the Earle Marſhall, and the Earle of Albemarle, with certaine other vali|ant and approued warriours, who after the de|parture of the king, made two rodes into the French Countreys, but fyrſt into Aniou, where they remayned xv. dayes without battaile,What feates he wrought. ta|king and deſtroying the Caſtell of Gonner, alſo Newchatell vpon the riuer of Sart, and finally laden with plentie of riche ſpoyles, they returned into Brytaine from whence they ſet forth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after they entred into Normandie, deſtroying the Caſtel of Pontorſon,Pontorſon burnt. and burning the towne: which enterpriſe whẽ they had accom|pliſhed at theyr willes, they returned eftſoones in|to Brytaine, where they were ioyfully receyued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Cheſter hauing in this meane while fortified the Caſtell of S. Iames de Bew|meron,Saint Iames de Bewmeron. which (bycauſe it belonged to the right of his wife) the Erle of Brytaine had ſith the kings comming ouer reſtored vnto him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare vpon the .xiiij. of May,A ſtraunge Eclipſe. a mar|uellous Eclipſe of the Sunne chaunced immedi|ately after the ryſing thereof, ſo that the earth ſee|med as it had beene couered againe with ſhade of EEBO page image 636 night.An. Reg. 15. On the .xxij. day of Nouẽber, the Moone was likewiſe eclipſed, beeing as then thirteene dayes olde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Duke of Saxonie com|meth into Englande.Furthermore, whileſt the king was in France, there came ouer into England the duke of Sax|onie, couſin to the king, and of the Citizens of London was honourably receyued. Hee was a man of ſuch high and tall ſtature, that men tooke great pleaſure to beholde him. And in the ſame yeare alſo in the Moneth of Iuly, an Iriſhe king that was gouernor of Connagh,The king Connagh vnderſtanding that both the king of Englande, and the Earle Marſhall were gone ouer into Fraunce, and ſo Irelande left without any greate ayde of men of warre on the Engliſh part, rayſed a mightie ar|mie, and with the ſame entered into the marches of the Engliſh dominion, ſpoyling and burning the Countrey before him: whereof when Geffrey [figure appears here on page 636] de Mauriſh Lord chiefe Iuſtice of Ireland was aduertiſed,Geffrey de Mauriſh Lord chiefe Iuſtice of Irelande. he called to him Walter de Lacie, and Richarde de Burgh aſſembling therewithall a mightie armie, whiche hee deuided into three partes appoynting the ſayde Walter de Lacie, and Richarde Burgh,Walter de La|cie, Richarde de Burgh. with the two firſt partes to lie in ambuſh within certaine woods, through the which he purpoſed to drawe the enimies, and marching forth with the thirde, whiche he reſer|ued to his owne gouernment, hee profered bat|taile to the Iriſhe menue, the whiche when they ſawe but one battaile of the Engliſh men bold|lye aſſayed the ſame. The Engliſhe menne according to the order appoynted, feigned as though they had fledde, and ſo retyred ſtill backer and backer, till they had trayned the Iriſh within daunger of their other two battailes, which com|ming forth vpon them, did ſette on them egrely, whileſt the other which ſeemed before to flee re|turned backe againe,The Iriſhmen vanquiſhed by the Engliſhmẽ in battaile. and ſet vpon them in like maner, by meanes whereof the Iriſh men being in the midſt, were beaten downe on al partes, and vtterly vãquiſhed, with loſſe of .xx. thouſand men (as it was credibly reported.) The king of Con|nagh was alſo taken and committed to pryſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 12 [...]1In the meane time king Henrie hauing ſpent a great deale of treaſure in his iourney made in|to Fraunce, there was graunted vnto him a fif|tenth of the temporaltie, with a diſme and a halfe of the ſpiritualtie, towardes the newe furniſhing forth of a power of men to be ſent into Spain a|gaynſt the Sarazens,

A .xv. [...] grauntes the king.

Polidor.

Engliſh [...] ſent i [...] agaynſt [...] Saray [...].

which made ſore warres vpon the Chriſtians in that Country, whervpon king Henrie being required of the king of Aragon to ayde him with ſome number of Souldiers, he ſent a great power thyther wyth all ſpeede, and ſo lykewiſe did the French king by meanes whereof, the Spaniardes beeing ioyned with Engliſhe men and Frenche men, obteyned a noble victorie, in vanquiſhing thoſe theyr eni|myes. Thus hath Polidore.Math. P [...] But other wryte that the King on the .xxvij. day of Ianuarie, holding a Parliament at Weſtminſter (where the Nobles both Spirituall and Temporall were aſſembled) demaunded eſcuage of all thoſe that helde any baronies of him, that is to witte,Eſ [...]ge de|maunded. forraine Knightes fee, fortie ſhillings, or three markes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the Archbiſhop of Canterburie,The Arch [...] Canterbur [...] ſtãdeth [...] the king [...]+fence of [...] Cleargie. (as they ſay) ſtoode agaynſt the king in this de|maunde, mainteyning that the Cleargie ought not to be ſubiect vnto the iudgement of lay men, ſith this eſcuage was graunted in the parties be|yonde the ſeas without their conſent. Whervpon the matter as touching the Biſhops was defer|red till the quindene of Eaſter, albeit that all the laitie, and other of the ſpiritualtie conſented to the kings will.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 About this time alſo there chaunced to ryſe a greate ſtrife and contention betwixt Richarde EEBO page image 637 the Archbiſhop of Canterburie, and Hubert the Earle of Kent, [...]ntion [...]r the [...] and the [...] of Kent. who as garden to the yong Erle of Glouceſter, had got into his handes the Ca|ſtell of Tunbridge, with the towne, and certaine other poſſeſſions which belonged to the Archbi|ſhops Sea, and therfore did the Archbiſhop com|plaine to the king of the iniurie which he ſuſtey|ned: but when hee perceyued no hope likely to come for any redreſſe at the kings handes, hee tooke an other way: [...] Paris. and firſt by his pontificall authoritie, accurſed all thoſe that withhelde the ſame poſſeſſions, and all theyr mainteyners, (the king excepted) and therewith appealing to the Pope, he went to proſecute his appeale to Rome, whither the king and the Erle ſent alſo their pro|curators, and made the Pope their arbitratour to iudge of the matter. In the ende Pope Gregorie hauing heard the whole proces of the cõtrouerſie, iudged the right to remaine with the Archbiſhop, who hauing then obteyned his deſire, haſted to|warde England: but as he was returning home|wards, he dyed by the way, not farre from Rome, whereby the Popes iudgement tooke no place: for whileſt the ſea was voyde, there was none that woulde follow the ſute: and ſuch was the ende of this controuerſie for this tyme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 [...]r Neuill [...]d Archb. [...]nterbury.After the deceaſſe of this Archbiſhop Richard, the Monkes elected Raufe Neuil Biſhop of Chi|cheſter the kings Chauncellor, an vpright man, and of iuſt dealing in all his doings. In whome alſo it is to be noted, he would not giue one half-penie, to the Monks towards the bearing of their charges in their iourney to Rome, whiche they ſhoulde take vpon them from thence to fetche hys confirmation, according to the maner, leaſt hee ſhoulde burden his conſcience with the crime of Simonie which he greatly abhorred, although ſome imputed this to proceede rather of a cloked ſpice of couetouſnes. But to ye purpoſe. Whẽ the Monks came to the popes preſence, vpon inquirie made,Simon Lang|tons report of the concitions of Rauf Neuil. & chiefly by report of Simon Langtõ (who as ſome thinke gaped for ye dignitie) he vnderſtood that the ſaide Raufe Neuill ſhould be a man vn|learned, a courtier, haſty & ſhort of word, and that which moſt diſpleaſed the Pope, it was to be fea|red, that if he ſhould bee preferred to that roumth, he would go about to deliuer the realme of Eng|land frõ the thraldom of the Pope, & the Court of Rome (into the which being made tributorie by k. Iohn it had lately bin brought) that (as he ſhuld alledge) it might ſerue God & holy Church in the old accuſtomed libertie. And to bring this to paſſe (hauing the king thereto greatly inclined, & al the realme ready to aſſyſt him in the ſame) he would not ſticke to put his life in ieopardie, namely vpõ confidence of the right and appeales of Stephen the late Archb. of Canterburie, made in ſolemne wiſe before the aulter of S. Paul in the cathedral Church of London,The Pope ma|keth voyde the election. when K. Iohn reſigning his crowne into the handes of the Legate, made that writing obligatorie moſte execrable to the whole world. When the Pope had heard this tale tolde, he ſtreight diſanulled the election & requeſt of the confirmation of the ſaid Rauf Neuil, graunting libertie to the Monkes to choſe ſome other which might proue a wholſome ſhepherd for the ſoule of mã, profitable to ye church of Englãd, & a faithful ſon to the ſea of Rome: & ſo the Monks returning home, made relation to the couent how they had ſpe [...]. After this the monks elected the prior of their houſe named Iohn vnto their Archb. who going to Rome for his cõfirmation, was perſuaded in ye end to renoũce his electiõ: ſo yt at length one Ed|mõd yt was treaſurer of ye colledge of Saliſb. was elected, cõfirmed, & cõſecrated, a mã of great zeale, being the .xliiij. Archb. yt had gouerned in that ſee.The Earle of Cornewal ma|rieth the Coũ|teſſe of Glou|ceſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yere the kings brother ye erle of Cornwal maried the Counteſſe of Gloceſter, widow to the [figure appears here on page 637] EEBO page image 638 late Earle Gylbert,

The Earle of Pembroke de|parted this [...]e.

Polidor.

and ſiſter to William Mar|ſhall Erle of Pembroke, the which Erle of Pem|broke ſhortly after ye ſame mariage departed this life, and was buried on the .xv. day of April, with|in the newe Temple at London, neare vnto hys father.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Llewellin prince of Wa|les inuadeth the Engliſhe borders.Moreouer, Llewellin Prince of Wales a|bout this ſeaſon enterpryſed to inuade the Eng|liſhe confines, and burned and waſted the Coun|trey in moſt cruell wyſe. Whereof the King being aduertiſed, haſted forth by great iourneyes, with purpoſe to reuenge ſuch iniuries. But the enimyes hearing of his comming (according to the cuſtome of their Countrey) wythdrewe into the Mountaynes, Bogges, and Mariſhes. Wherefore the King (ſeeing that hee coulde not haue them at his pleaſure, and leaſt hee ſhoulde bee thoughte to ſpende tyme in vayne) came backe, and left behinde him a ſmall crewe of ſouldiers to reſyſt theyr attempts, if they ſhould happen to riſe vp any more. The Welch men hauing intelligence that the King was returned home, brake forth againe as before into the Eng|liſhe Marches, and not onely tooke prayes and booties, but went about to deſtroy with fyre and ſworde all that ſtoode in theyr way. Howbeit in their returne, and as they raunged abrode ſome|what vnaduiſedly, they were intrapped by the ſol|diers which the king had left there for the defence of the Countrey, and put to flight neare to the Caſtell of Mongomerie,The W [...] men p [...] flight. with great ſlaughter and loſſe of their people.

[figure appears here on page 638]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But Llewellin [...]dig diſmayed therewith, aſſembled a greater power than hee had before, and began forthwyth to ron [...]e and ſpoyle with|in the Engliſhe Marches wyth Paganiſme ex|tremitie, which thing when it came to ye vnder|ſtanding of the king, he was verie ſore diſpleaſed that ſo meane a man as Llewellin was, ſhoulde put him to ſo muche trouble, therefore hee rayſed a farre greater armie than hee had done at anye tyme before,

The king go|eth agaynſt the Welch men.

Math. Paris.

and with the ſame came to the Ci|tie of Hereford.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time Llewellin comming neare vnto the ſayde Caſtell of Montgomerie, by the practice of a trayterous Monke, trayned forth the Engliſh ſouldiers which lay in garniſon there, and counterfeyting to flee,The Engliſhe men diſtreſſed tyll he had layde them vp in Bogges and Myres with theyr horſes, ſo as they coulde not helpe themſelues, he fell vpon them, and ſo fiue and tooke a great number of them euen as he coulde haue wiſhed. The King aduertiſed hereof, haſted the faſter forwarde, and comming into thoſe partyes, as he paſſed by an Abbey of the Ciſteaux order (of whiche houſe the Monke, was that had betrayed the Engliſhe men of Mountgomerie) hee burned a graunge that belonged to the ſame Abbay, and further ſpoyling the ſame Abbay it ſelfe, he had ſet it on a light fire alſo, if the Abbot thereof had not re|deemed it with the ſumme of three hũdred marks of ſiluer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this,Mawd [...] repayred. he cauſed Mawdes Caſtell to bee repayred and fortified, which the Welch men in tymes paſt had ouerthrowne, and when the work was finiſhed, hee left there a ſtrong garniſon of ſouldiers to kepe back the Welch men from ma|king their accuſtomed incurſions.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt the king was thus occupied in Wa|les, there was ſome buſineſſe in Fraunce:Mat. P [...] for in the Moneth of Iune, the French king with an armie came to inuade the Countrey of Britain,Henry f [...] Brytain [...], [...] erle of C [...] diſtreſſe [...] French [...] cariages. but Erle Henrie with the Erle of Cheſter and the other Engliſh Captains found meanes to take & deſtroy all the cariages and wagons which came with vitailes and other prouiſion to ſerue the French armie. Thus when the French men per|ceyued they coulde not haue their purpoſe by me|diation EEBO page image 639 of the Archbiſhop of Reiſmes, and the Erle of Bollongne on the Frenche part, and by conſent of the Erles of Brytain and Cheſter on the Engliſh part, [...]ce taker. a peace was cõcluded, or rather a truce to endure for three yeres betwixt the two kings of Englande and Fraunce. This agree|ment was made the fifth day of Iuly, and then the Earles of Brytayne and Cheſter, wyth Ri|charde Marſhall, came ouer into Englande, and rode to the king, whom they founde at Mawdes Caſtell, where he remayned tyll the worke was finiſhed, and then in the Moneth of October re|turned into Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

[...]n. Reg. 16.

1232

[...]. Paris.

In this meane time no ſmall grudge aroſe a|mong the people, by reaſon that their Churches were occupied by incumbents that were ſtraun|gers, promoted by the Popes and their Legates, who neyther inſtructed the people, nor could well ſpeake any more Engliſh than that which ſerued for the collection of their tythes, inſomuche that for ye inſolencie of ſuch Incumbentes, as well the Noble menne and thoſe of good reputation, as other of the meaner ſorte by an vndeſcreete pre|ſumption attempted a diſorderly redreſſe, [...]orderly [...] preſump| [...] attempt. confe|derating themſelues togyther, and taking vpon them to wryte and direct theyr letters vnto Bi|ſhops and Chapters, commaunding them by way of inhibition, not to ſeeme to interrupt thoſe that ſhould ſeaze vpon the beneficed ſtraun|gers, or vppon theyr reuenues. They alſo tooke vpon them to wryte vnto ſuche Religious men and others, whiche were fermours vnto any of thoſe ſtraungers, forbydding them to ſtande ac|countable vnto the ſayde ſtraungers, but to re|teyne the rentes and profites in theyr handes to aunſwere the ſame vnto ſuch as they ſhoulde appoynt for the recept thereof. The ſuperſcrip|tion of theyr letters was this. [...] ſuper| [...]tion of [...]rs.
Tali Epiſcopo, & tali Capitulo vniuerſitas eorum qui magis volunt mori quam à Romanis confundi Salutem.
That is to ſay,
To ſuch a Biſhop and Chapter, all thoſe which had rather to die than bee confounded by the Romaines, ſend greeting.
In the ſeale wher|with the ſayde letters were ſealed, were two ſwordes engrauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This matter went ſo farre forth, that there were ſundrie perſons armed and diſguiſed lyke Mummers, whiche enterpryſed not onelye to take dyuerſe of thoſe ſtraungers that were be|neficed men, [...]king [...]ſhers. but alſo came to theyr Barnes, threſhed vp theyr grayne, and eyther made ſale thereof, or gaue it awaye for God hys ſake, ſhewing ſuch coũterfeyted letters vnder the kings ſeale, which they had procured for theyr warrant as they did pretende.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Pope cõ| [...]eth to [...]ing in [...]ng him,At length the Pope vppon complaynt made vnto him of ſuch violent doings, wrote to king Henrie, blaming him not a little for ſuffering ſuche myſorders to bee committed wythin hys Realme,The Pope co|maundeth t [...] offenders to be accurſed. commaunding hym vpon paine of ex|communication, to cauſe a diligent inquirie to be had of the offenders, and to ſee them ſharpely pu|niſhed, to the example of others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer hee ſent letters to the Biſhop of Wincheſter, and to the Abbot of Saint Ed|mondſburie, to make the like inquiſition, and to accurſe all thoſe that ſhoulde bee founde culpable within the South partes of Englande, as hee did to the Archbiſhop of York, to the Biſhop of Dur|ham, and to an Italian named Iohn a Canon of Yorke, to do the like in the North partes, ſo that the offenders ſhoulde remaine accurſed, till they came to Rome, there to fetche their abſolution.Inquiſitions taken. Herevpon therfore a generall inquiſition was ta|ken, as well by the king as by the Biſhops, and many found guiltie, ſome in fact, and ſome in cõ|ſent: amongſt which number, there were both Bi|ſhops and Chapleynes to the king, with Arche|deacons, and Deanes, Knights, and many of the laitie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſome Sherifes and Baylifes alſo which by the kings commaundement were ar|reſted and put in priſon, and diuerſe of all ſortes did keepe themſelues out of the way, and woulde not as yet be founde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In like maner, Hubert the Earle of Kent,The Earle of Kent put in blame. Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, was accuſed to bee chiefe tranſgreſſour in this matter, as he that had giuen forth the kings letters patents to thoſe diſ|guiſed and maſking threſſhers, who had takẽ vp|on them ſo to ſequeſter other mens goods, wherto they had no right. There came alſo to the King one ſir Robert de Twing,Sir Robert de Twing. a knight of the North parties whiche named himſelfe William We|therſe, & had led about a companie of the foreſaid Maſkers) proteſting that he had done it vpon iuſt cauſe to be reuenged vpon the Romaines, which went about by ſentence of the Pope, and manifeſt frande to ſpoyle him of the perſonage of a certaine Church which he helde, and therefore he ſayde, he had leuer ſtande accurſed without iuſt cauſe for a tyme, than to loſe his benefice withoute due iudgement. Howbeit the king and the other cõ|miſſioners counſayled him in the ende to go vn|to Rome, for to purchaſe his abſolution, ſithe he was fallen in daunger of excommunication, and there to ſue for his pardon in the Popes con|ſiſtorie: and to encourage him the better ſo to do, the King wrote alſo in his fauour to the Pope, teſtifying the right which he had to the Churche which he claymed, whereby at length he obteyned his ſuyte (as after ye ſhall heare.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King called a Parliament at Weſt|mynſter,

Polidor.

A Parliament.

wherein declaring what charges hee hadde beene at dyuerſe wayes, hee requyred to haue a Subſidye graunted vnto hym, for EEBO page image 640 the reliefe of his want, which was flatly denyed, the Nobles and other eſtates excuſing the pouer|tie amongeſt all degrees of menne,A ſubſedie de|maunded, and denied. by many eui|dent reaſons. Herevpon the Byſhop of Win|cheſter beeing a verye eloquent and well lan|guaged man,The Biſhop of Wincheſters counſell giuen to the king. openly counſayleth the King to fauour his people, whome hee had alreadie made poore and bare with continuall trybutes and ex|actions, and if ſo it were that hee ſtoode in ſuche neede as was alledged, that then he ſhoulde take into his hands again ſuch poſſeſſions and things, which during the time of his yong yeares hee had beſtowed vpon his ſeruants, without any good aduiſed conſideration, for lacke of rype iudgement and diſcretion, and againe to take from certaine couetous perſons, who now were become Horſ|leches and Caterpyllers in the common welth, all ſuch offices as they helde, and had verie much ab|vſed, cauſing them to yeelde vp their accountes, and to vſe thẽ after the maner of ſponges, ſo that where hee had in tymes paſt made them full of moyſture, he might nowe wring them drie, fol|lowing herein the example of Veſpaſian. And by this meanes it was not to be doubted but he ſhuld haue ynough of his owne, without doing iniury to any man.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king fol|loweth the Bi|ſhop of Win|cheſters coun|ſaile.The king gaue verie good eare to the By|ſhoppes wordes, and following his counſayle, cauſed his receyuers, treaſurers, and other ſuche as had medled wyth any of his receytes to come to a reckening. And vnderſtanding by the Audi|tours appoynted to take theyr accountes, that the moſt parte of them had receyued much more and by other meanes than they had entred into theyr reckening, he compelled them to reſtore it out of hand with intereſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Alſo he cauſed the Magiſtrates to be called to a reckening, and many of them beeing conuicted of fraude, were condemned to make reſtitution. And amõg other,

Mat. Par.

Ranulfe Bry|tainer, Peter de Riuales.

Reynulf Brytõ treaſorer of his chamber was put beſide his office, & fined at. M. markes, in whoſe place was ſet Peter de Riuales, or after ſome copies de Oruiales, a Poictouin, nephew or rather ſon to the Biſhop of Winche|ſter, by whoſe aduice the king tooke a more ſtraite account of his officers, and often remoued ſuche as he adiudged guiltie.

The Earle of Kent diſchar|ged of his of|fice of chiefe Iuſtice.

Mat. Par.

At the ſame time alſo, Hubert Erle of Kent was depoſed from the office of high Iuſtice, and Stephen Segraue appoyn|ted in his roumth. The ſaid Hubert (bycauſe he refuſed to ſatiſfie a certaine duetie which was de|maunded of him to the kings vſe) ranne ſo farre into his diſpleaſure, that he durſt not abide hys ſight,The Earle of Kent taketh Sanctuarie. but for ſafegarde of himſelfe got him to the Abbey of Merton, and there tooke Sanctuarie. The king hearing of this his demeaner, was ſo highly offended withall, that he ſent to the Lon|doners, willing them to go thither and fetche him to his preſence. The Londoners which in no wiſe loued him, bycauſe of the death of their Citizen Conſtantine, were verie readie to accompliſh this comaundement,The C [...] of Lo [...] good [...] towar [...] Earle [...] inſomuch that where the Maior ouernight late declared to them the effect of the kings commiſſion, there were .xx. M. of them in armor gotten forwarde early in the morning to|wards Merton, in full hope nowe to be reuenged of him, for the ſmall good will that hee had borne vnto their citie heretofore. But the king being in|formed by the Erle of Cheſter and others, that if the Londoners being thus in armor, & in ſo great a number, ſhould cõmit any other outrage by the way, the matter might grow to ſome ſuch incon|uenience as would not eaſily be ſtayed, he ſent to them a countermaund to returne back to the citie againe, which they did, though ſorie in their harts that they might not go through with their ſo deſi|red an enterpriſe. Furthermore (ſee here the mu|tabilitie of fortune and hir inconſtancie) for now that the Erle of Kent was thus out of the kings fauour, there were few or none of thoſe whom he had before bin beneficiall vnto, that ſhewed them|ſelues as friends & louers vnto him, but al forſooke and were redie to ſay the worſt of him, except on|ly the the Archbiſhop of Dubline, who yet obtey|ned of the king reſpite for him to make anſwere vnto ſuch things as ſhoulde lawfully be obiected agaynſt him, both for the debt which ſhoulde bee due to the king, and alſo vpon poynts of treaſon, which were now layde to his charge. After this, as the ſayde Hubert would haue gone to S. Ed|mondſbury in Suffolk, where his wife as then re|mayned, he was apprehended at Burntwood in Eſſex, within a Chapel there (as ſayth Fabian.) But as Math. Paris hath,Mat. [...] ſir Robert de Crane|combe, with three hundred armed men was ſent to apprehende him by the Kings commaunde|ment, and ſo he was taken in a village belon|ging to the Biſhop of Norwiche in Eſſex, and by the kings commaundement caſt into priſon, but yet afterwardes he was recõciled to the kings fauor, after he had lien foure Monthes in priſon, and .xiij. Monethes baniſhed the Court.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yeare, on the exaltation of the Croſſe,A ſub [...] gra [...] a Parlia [...] holden [...] Lamb [...] at Lambeth in the aſſemble of the ſtates there, a ſubſedie was graunted to the king of the .xl. part of euerie mans goodes towardes the diſcharge of his debtes which he ought to the Earle of Bry|tayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo in the beginning of the .xvij.An. R [...] yeare of his raigne, Raynulfe Earle of Cheſter and Lincolne departed thys lyfe the .xxvj. daye of October,

Mat. P [...]

Ranch [...] of Che [...] parteth [...] life.

whoſe bodie was buried at Cheſter, and his bo|wels at Walingford where he died.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This Erle Ranulf was thrice maried, firſt to Conſtance daughter and keyre to Conan Earle of Brytayne and Richmonde,Earle P [...] thrice [...] and ſo in ryght EEBO page image 641 of hir was intituled Earle of thoſe two places: which Conſtance had bin firſt maried vnto Gef|frey the third ſonne of king Henrie the ſeconde, by whom ſhee had iſſue Arthure, (as before ye haue heard.) But by Erle Ranulfe ſhe had no iſſue at all, but was from him diuorced, and afterwardes maried vnto Guy vicont de Touars. Then after that Erle Ranulf was ſo deuorced from the ſayd Conſtance, [...]is Clemẽce [...] daughter [...]le Ferrers. he maried a Lady named Clemence, and after hir deceaſſe, he maried the thirde time the Ladie Margaret, daughter to Humfrey de Bo|hun Erle of Hereford and Eſſex, Coneſtable of England: but he neuer had iſſue by any of thoſe his wiues, [...]e partition [...]is landes. ſo that Iohn Scot hys nephew by his ſyſter Mawde ſucceeded him in the Earledome of Cheſter, and William Dalbeney Earle of Arundell, nephew to him by his ſyſter Mabell, had the Manour of Barrow, and other landes that belonged to the ſayde Ranulfe, of the yeare|ly value of fiue hundred pounds. Robert Quin|cie, he that maryed hys ſyſter Hauiſe, had the Earledome of Lyncolne, and ſo of a Baron be|came an Earle, who had iſſue by hys wife, Mar|gerie Counteſſe of Lyncolne, that was maryed to Edmonde Lacie Earle of Lyncolne. Wil|liam Earle Ferrers, and of Darbie, that had ma|ryed Agnes, ſyſter to the ſayde Ranulfe, had the Caſtell and Manour of Chartley, togyther wyth other landes for hys pourpartie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Here is alſo to be remembred, that the afore mentioned Erle Ranulf (or Randulf whether ye liſt to call him) atchieued many high enterpriſes in his time, as partly in this booke ye haue alredie heard: he held ſore warres agaynſt the Welch|men, till at length an agreement was concluded betwixt him & Llewellin prince of Wales. I re|member I haue read in an olde record, that vpon a time as this Earle paſſed into Wales with an army, his chance was to be ouerſet by the Welch men, ſo that he was driuen to retire into a caſtell, wherin the Welchmen did beſiege him. [...]ir Roger [...]y is ſurna| [...]d Helle. And as it fortuned at that time, Roger Lacy ye Coneſtable of Cheſter was not thẽ with him, but left behind at Cheſter to ſee the Citie kept in order (for as it ſhould ſeem, their ſolemne playes which cõmon|ly are vſed at Whitſuntide were then in hande, or elſe their Faire which is kept at Midſommer.) The Erle therfore ſent a meſſenger in all poſſible haſt vnto his Coneſtable, praying him with ſpeed to come to his ſuccors, in that extreme poynt of neceſſitie. Lacy made no delay, but aſſembling all the foreyners, players, muſitians, & others which he could find within that citie fit to wear armor, went forth with them, and in moſt ſpeedy maner marched toward the caſtell, where the Welchmẽ kept the Erle beſieged, who now perceyuing ſuch a multitude of mẽ cõming towards them, incon|tinently left the ſiege and fled away. The Earle then being thus deliuered out of that preſent dan|ger, came forth of the Caſtell, returned with hys Coneſtable vnto Cheſter, and in recompence of that ſeruice, he gaue vnto his ſayde Coneſtable Roger Lacie, the rule, order, and authoritie ouer all the foreyners, players, muſitians, and other ſtrangers reſorting to Cheſter, at the time when ſuch publike playes (or elſe fayre) ſhoulde be kept and holden.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iohn Lacie the ſon of the ſayd Roger, maried Alice the daughter of Gylbert de Aquila, and after hir deceaſſe, he maried the Ladie Margaret, the daughter of Robert Quincy Erle of Lyncolne, of whom he begat Edmonde Lacie, Coneſtable of Cheſter, which Edmond after the deceaſſe of hys father, maried Alice the daughter of the marques of Saluces in Italy, which Lady was ſurnamed the Queene, of whom he begat Henrie Lacy erle of Lincoln, which Henry maried the Lady Mar|garet, daughter to William Long eſpee Earle of Saliſbury, by whom he had two ſonnes, Edmõd and Iohn, and two daughters, Alice and Ioan, which Alice Thomas Erle of Lancaſter maried, who claymed & had the ſame rights and priuiled|ges which aunciently belonged to the ſayde Ro|ger Lacy, and others the Coneſtables of Cheſter, concerning the fines of foreyners and of other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And this haue I the more willingly declared, that it may appeare in what eſtimation & credite the Lacies Conſtables of Cheſter by inheritance liued in their time, of whoſe high valiancie, and likewiſe of other of that familie, highly commen|ded for theyr noble chiualrie in martiall enterpri|ſes ye may reade in ſundrie hyſtories at large.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to returne and ſpeake of other do|ings which chaunced aboute the tyme in whiche the ſayd Ranulfe Erle of Cheſter departed thys life. The king in the meane while ſeazed into his handes a great portion of the treaſure which Hubert de Burgh Earle of Kent had committed to the keping of the Templers: but where as there were that trauailed to haue had him put to death, the king in reſpect of the ſeruice which he had done to him, and to his predeceſſors, king Richard, and king Iohn, graunted him life, with thoſe landes which hee had eyther by purchaſe,The Erle of Kent kept in priſon within the caſtell of Vees. or by gyft of king Iohn, but neuertheleſſe he cauſed him to be kept in free priſon at the caſtell of the Vees, vnder the cuſtodie of foure knightes belonging to the Erles of Cornwall, Warren, Pembroke, & Fer|rers, whiche foure Earles were become ſureties for him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare alſo, about the ſame time, to wit,

Mat. Par.

A great thun|der.

the morow after S. Martyns day, chaunced great thunder and lightning, which continued for the ſpace of .xv. dayes togither, to the great terror and feare of the people, and namely of the Londoners, which haue that kinde of weather ſo familiar to EEBO page image 942 them, that if there bee any abroade in the lande, they haue their part thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

1233

A wet ſõmer.

Moreouer on the .xxiij. of March, was heard an other great and terrible tempeſt of thunder, & after folowed a maruellous wette Sommer with many flouds. Alſo on the .viij. day of April, in the parties about Hereford,Foure Sunnes beſide the ac|cuſtomed Sun. and Worceſter, there ap|peared four Sunnes in the Element, beſide the naturall Sunne, of red colour, and a great circle of chriſtaline colour, the which cõpaſſed with his largeneſſe as it had bene the whole circuit almoſt of the whole realme of Englande,Mat. Paris. from the ſides wherof went forth certaine halfe circles, in whoſe ſections appeared the ſayd foure ſunnes. The na|turall ſonne was at the ſame tyme in the Eaſt part of the firmament, for it was about the fyrſt houre of the day, or betwixt ſix and ſeuen in the morning the aire being the ſame time very bright and cleare. The Biſhop of Hereford, & ſir Iohn Monmouth knight, and many others beheld this wonderfull ſight, & teſtified the ſame to bee moſte true.Mat. Par. And after this there followed the ſame yeare in thoſe parties cruell warre, ſlaughter, terrible bloudſhed, and a generall trouble through Eng|land, Wales, and Irelande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſtraunge wonder.About the ſame time, to wit in Iune, in the ſouth parts of Englãd neare to the ſea coaſt two huge dragons appeared fighting in the aire, and after a long fight the one ouercame the other, and followed him, fleeing into the depth of the Sea, and ſo they were ſeene no more.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreuer in this yeare great variance & ſtrife roſe betwixt the king and his barons, for the king tooke great diſpleaſure towards all other his offi|cers,Polidor. and ſo muche the more he miſtruſted them, for that he found himſelfe deceyued in the Erle of Kent, to whom he had cõmitted a further credite than to any other, and had made him high iuſtice of Englande, onely for the good will that he al|wayes bare vnto him.The king be|ginneth to fa|uor ſtrangers. Therfore perceyuing this, he was doubtfull now whom he ſhould truſt, he diſcharged the moſt part of thoſe Engliſhmẽ that bare any office about him, & in their roumes pla|ced ſtraungers, as Poictouins, and Brytaines, of yt which their came ouer vnto him many knights and other, to the nũber of two. M. which he pla|ced in garniſons within caſtels in diuerſe places of the lande,The Biſhop of Wincheſter. & cõmitted the order of all things for the moſt part to the Biſhop of Wincheſter, and to his nephew or ſon Peter de Riuales, wherewith hee offended ſo much the myndes of his Nobles, that Richard Marſhal Erle of Pembroke,The Earle of Pembroke. (chiefe of that familie, & boldeſt to ſpeake, now that Ra|nulf of Cheſter was gone) as well in his owne name, as in the names of others, tooke vpon hym openly to reproue the kings doings herein,Straungers al|wayes odious to the home borne. as per|nicious and daungerous to the ſtate of the realm. Hereunto the Biſhop of Wincheſter (whoſe coũ|ſaile as it ſeemed he folowed) made anſwere, that the king had done nothing in that behalf vnadui|ſedly, but vpon good and deepe conſideration: for ſith he might perceyue how the Engliſh nobilitie had fiſt purſued his father with malicious hatred and open war, and now had found diuerſe of thẽ whom he had brought vp and aduaunced to high honors, vnfaythfull in the adminiſtration of their offices, he did not without iuſt cauſe receyue into his fauour ſtraungers, and preferre them before thoſe of his own nation, which were not ſo faith|full in his ſeruice and obedience as they.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 This anſwere of the Biſhop ſo pricked and wounded the mindes of the Engliſhe nobilitie, that many of them (amongſt whom the ſaid Erle of Pembroke was the chiefe) began an open rebel|lion, ſome of them reſorting to one place, & ſome into an other to gather people for their purpoſe. The names of ſuch Barons as ſturred vpon this occaſion were theſe.

The L [...] that wi [...] into W [...]

Mat. [...] Polidor.

Richard Marſhall Earle of Pembroke afore named, Gilbert Baſſet and his brethren, men of great honor, & right hardy cap|tains: alſo Richard Sward a warlike perſonage, trayned vp in feates of armes frõ his youth, with Walter Clifford a worthy knight, and many o|thers.The king [...] claym [...] traytors. The king hauing knowlege of their doings proclaymed them all traytors, confiſcated theyr goodes, and ſent for a great power of men out of Flanders, to ſerue him in his warres.Strangers ſent f [...] Whileſt K. Henrie thus prouideth himſelfe of an armie, the Lords with their captain Richard Marſhal ioine themſelues with Llewellin prince of Wales, and doubting the comming of the king ſpoyled al the marches next adioyning to England, leauing no vittailes nor cattaile any where aboute in thoſe parties wherby the kings army might haue relief: and further made all things readie for their owne defence ſo well as they could deuiſe. The Erle of Kent about the ſame time,

Mat. P [...]

The E [...] Kent eſ [...] and tak [...] Sanct [...]

by helpe of two yeo|men that attended vpon him, eſcaped out of the Caſtel of Vees, and tooke Sanctuarie in the next Church: but when thoſe that had the charge of him and the Caſtell in keeping, miſſed him, and heard where he was, they fetched both him, and the two yeomen that holpe him to make the eſ|cape out of the Church,He is f [...] out. and bringing them backe to the Caſtell, impriſon the Erle. And though the Biſhop of Saliſburie came thither and threatned to accurſe them, if they woulde not deliuer the Earle, and reſtore him to Sanctuarie agayne: they made anſwere, that they had rather the Erle ſhoulde hang for himſelfe, than they for hym. And ſo bycauſe they woulde not delyuer hym, the Byſhop did excommunicate them, and after ryding to the Court, and taking with him the Biſhoppe of London, and other Biſhoppes, dyd ſo much by complaynt exhibited to the king, that the Earle was reſtored to the Churche agayne, EEBO page image 643 the .xviij. [...] reſtored [...]anctuarie. day of October. But ſo as the Sheriff of the ſhire had commaundement to compaſſe the church about with men, to watch that no re|liefe came to him, whereby he might be conſtray|ned through famiſhing to ſubmit hymſelfe. Not|withſtanding, [...]n. Reg. 18. ſhortly after there came a power of armed men,Erle of [...] releued [...]onueyed Wales. and fetched the ſayde Earle from thence (ſetting him on horſebacke in fayre com|plete armour) and ſo conueyed hym into Wales, where he wyned with other of the kings enimies, the .xxx. day of October.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Within a fewe dayes after came the king with his armie, and entring into Wales,

Polidore.

The king en|treth into Wa|les with an armie.

for want of vitayles was conſtrayned to retyre backe into the marches, betwixt Worceſterſhire, and Salopſhyre, ſtaying certayne dayes togy|ther in thoſe partyes, hys Souldiers ſtraying abroade in the Countrey vnaduiſedly, and kee|ping no watche nor warde aboute theyr campe, were ſurpryſed in the night by theyr enimies, and ſlaine on euerie ſide. The ſlaughter had bin grea|ter, but that the reſidue whiche laye in campe, [figure appears here on page 643] brake forth about mydnight, and in a plumpe togyther fledde into a Caſtell which was neare at hande, called Groſſemounde, in the whiche the king himſelfe was lodged. There were ſlaine a|boue fiue hundred men, and all the truſſe and ba|gage of the campe loſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Yet Mathew Paris ſayth there were but two knightes ſlaine, which caſt away themſelues by theyr owne wilfulneſſe, that would needes ſtande to it and make reſiſtance, where the reſidue being ſpoyled of all that they had with them, got away by flight, as the Biſhoppes of Wincheſter and Chicheſter, the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice Stephen Segrane, Peter de Riuales treaſurer, Hugh Bi|got Earle of Norffolke, William Earle of Sa|liſburie, William Lord Beauchampe, and Wil|liam Dalbeney the yonger, who were witneſſes of this loſſe amongeſt the reſidue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hereof it came to paſſe, that many of the kings armie (ſpecially thoſe which had loſt their horſes, armour, money and other furniture, with theyr vytayles) returned into their Countrey, to theyr great confuſion. For the Welchmen and other outlawes, hauing ſpoyled the campe, returned with the cariages and ſumpters which they had taken, into places of ſafe refuge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]or.The king hauing receyued this loſſe, and of|tentimes tryed fortune nothing fauourable vnto him in thoſe parties, by reaſon of the ſtraytes and diſaduauntage of the places, he thought good to reſerue the reuenge of his receyued iniuryes, vn|to a more conuenient time:The king re|turneth out of Wales. and therevpon retur|ned to Glouceſter, and furniſhed diuerſe Ca|ſtels and fortreſſes in the borders of Wales, with gariſons of Souldiers, namely Poictouins and other ſtraungers to defende the ſame agaynſte William Marſhall and the other his comp [...]ces, who vpon occaſions dayly ſought to ſuppreſſe and diſtreſſe the ſayde ſtraungers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And beſide other encounters, in the whiche manye of thoſe Poictouins and other ſtraun|gers were ſlaine and oppreſſed by the ſayde Wil|liam Marſhall and his adherentes, it chaunced that vpon Saint Katherins day, the ſayd Wil|liam Marſhall comming neare to the Caſtell of Monmouth to view the ſame, was in daun|ger to haue remayned pryſoner in the enimyes handes, through an iſſue made by Sir Bald|wine de Guynes, Capitaine of that Caſtell,The Earle of Pembroke in daunger. with his Poiectouins and Flemings. But by ſuche reſcue as came to his ayde, he was delyuered out of their handes,He is reſcued, The Poicto|uins diſcom|fited. and the Poictouins and other of the garniſon diſcomfited.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At this ſkirmiſh ſir Baldwin himſelfe being EEBO page image 644 ſore wounded, was borne out of the fielde into the Caſtell, loſing .xv. knightes of his partie, and a great ſort of other which were taken priſoners, beſyde no ſmall number that were ſlaine in the place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Dearth.The ſame yeare chaunced great dearth, by reaſon that the growth of all things was muche hindered with the extreeme colde weather.Tempeſtes. Alſo there happened aboute the begynning of No|uember greate thunder and lyghtning, and ther|with followed an Earthquake,An Earth|quake. to the great feare of the Inhabitantes of the towne of Hunting|ton [...]ẽ other places thereabout.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A death.After this, came a great death amongeſt the people, beeing commonlye euer a companion to great famin and death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Pembrooke Richard Marſhall in this meane tyme ceaſſed not to waſt the Mar|ches of Englande next adioyning to Wales, and dayly diuerſe of the Engliſh nobilitie repayred to him, ſo that ye king was ſore troubled in his mind. And as it chaunced, the ſame time one Iohn of Monmouth a right valiant Captain that led the kings armie, receyued a great ouerthrow at the handes of Richard Marſhall. For where as the foreſayd Iohn hauing aſſembled a mightie hoſt, made great haſt towardes his enimies, in hope to haue come vpon them at vnwares, and therefore marching by night, that he might be readie to aſ|ſayle them ſomewhat afore the breake of the day, which in the Sommer ſeaſon is the moſt ſilent time of all the night, it chaunced farre otherwiſe than he looked that it ſhould haue done. For the Earle of Pembroke hauing knowledge by hys ſpyes of his aduerſaries intent, lay himſelfe with his people within a wood in ambuſhe by the way where the ſayd Iohn ſhould paſſe, and ſetting vp|pon him as hee approched, put his people in ſuche feare by the ſodain encounter, that they knew not what captaine or enſigne they might follow, and ſo immediatly fel to running away. The ſlaugh|ter was great on euery ſyde,Math. [...] both of Poictou [...]s [figure appears here on page 644] and other.Ioho Mon|mouth recey|ueth an ouer|throw. Diuerſe of them fleeing alſo into the next Wooddes, were receyued by ſuche as were layde there to cutte them off, and ſo ſlaine or taken out of hande. Howbeeit theyr chiefe cap|tayne the forenamed Iohn of Monmouth eſca|ped,

1234

Polidor.

with a fewe other in his companie. This o|uerthrow chaunced the morrowe after Chriſt|maſſe day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The nexte day Richarde Marſhall hauing thus got the victorie, deſtroyed certaine houſes and Lordſhippes there in the Marches which be|longed to the ſayde Iohn of Monmouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſelfe time alſo, Richard Sward with other outlawes deſtroyed the poſſeſſions belon|ging to the Erle of Cornwal beſide Brehull:Mat. Par. and alſo there burned a place called Segrane, where Stephen de Segraue the lord chiefe Iuſtice was borne, and likewiſe a village belonging to the Biſhop of Wincheſter, not farre from Segraue, aforeſayde. This was the maner of thoſe out|lawes, that they burnt no perſon, but onely thoſe counſaylers about the king by whome they were exiled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Immediately within the Octaues of the [...]e [...]|piphanie, the Erle Marſhall, & Llewellin Prince of Wales waſted and robbed at the Marches be|twixt Wales and Shrewſburie,

A part of towne of Shrew [...] borne.

Polidor.

a part of which towne they alſo burnt. King Henrie being hereof certified as yet ſoirning at Glouceſter, was ſore troubled in his minde, and calling togither hys councell, aſked aduice what way he might beſt take to redreſſe ſuch iniuries. After ſundrie opini|ons amongſt them declared, they agreed al in one ſentence, that it ſhoulde be moſt expedient to ap|peaſe EEBO page image 645 appeaſe the mindes of the rebels with gentle of|fers to graunt them pardon of their offences. Alſo to d [...] from the Court diuerſe that [...]ar [...] rule, and namely Peter the Biſhop of Winche|ſter, and his ſonne or nephew Peter de Rinales, by the counſaile of which two perſones all things had beene chaunged in the kings houſe. Moreo|uer, to put from him ſuch ſtraungers as haue of|fices, and to reſtore Engliſhmen againe to the ſame. The king allowing this aduiſe to be good, followed it accordingly, and fyrſt of all [...]e diſ|charged the Biſhop of Wincheſter of all pub|like adminiſtration of things, and commaunded him to repayre home vnto his dioces, and to ſee to the gouernment thereof, as to hys dutie, ap|perteyned. He alſo vaniſhed from hys preſence Peter de Riuales, Stephen Segraue, Robert Paſſelew, [...] Paris. and dyuerſe other of his chiefe Coun|ſaylors, by whoſe meanes he had procur to the e|uill [...]ll of his Nobilitie. Then receyued he a|gaine [...] olde ſeruants and officers, and [...] ſent the Archbiſhop of Canterburie, the Biſhops of Cheſter and Rocheſter vnto the Barons [...] Wales, to [...]er them peace and pardon of all paſſed [...]tes, if they woulde returne) to hys obedience. And thus in the ende there was a [...] t [...] betwixt the King and the Rebelles,Mat. Paris. to beginne at Candlemaſſe, and to endure v [...] Eaſter next [...]uſuing, in which meane time,The Earle of Pembroke paſ|ſeth ouer into Irelande. Ri|chard the Erle of Pembroke, hearing that Mau|riſhe Fitz Geralde with Walter Lacie, Richard Burgh, and others, waſted his landes and poſ|ſeſſions in Irelande (according to ſuch commiſ|ſion as they had receyued of late from King Hen|rie and his Counſayle) he paſſed ouer thyther, and there encountering with his enimies, was [figure appears here on page 645] ſore wounded and taken pryſoner, [...] taken [...]ner. hauing en|tered the battayle verie raſhly, and with a ſmall companie of his people about him, onely by the trayterous perſwaſion of Geffrey Mauriſh, [...]ey Mau| [...] who with other fled at the firſt brunt, and left him in maner alone, to ſtande to all the daunger. Thoſe that thus tooke him, brought him into his owne Caſtell, the which the Lord chiefe Iuſtice Mau|rice Fitz Geralde had lately woon. This encoun|ter in which Richard Marſhall was thus taken, chaunced on a Saterday, being the firſt of April, and on the .xvj. of the ſame Moneth, by reaſon of the wound which he had receyued, [...] death of Earle of [...]broke. hee departed this life.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 We find alſo that the Biſhop of Wincheſter, and his ſon (or kinſman as ſome haue called him) Peter de Riuales, had procured the king to ſend commiſſion vnder his ſeale vnto the foreſayd no|ble men in Ireland, that if the ſaid Erle of Pem|broke Richard Marſhall chaunced to come thy|ther, they ſhould do their beſt to take him, and in reward of their paynes, they ſhould enioy all his lands and poſſeſſions which he held in that coun|trey. But after his death, and when the king had remoued thoſe his Counſailers from him, he con|feſſed he had put his ſeale to a wryting, but that he vnderſtood what were the contents thereof, hee vtterly denied. Finally, ſuch was the end of this worthie Erle of Pembroke Richard Marſhall, a man worthie to be highly renowned for his ap|proued valiancie. His death ſurely was greatly bewayled of king Henrie, openly proteſting that he had loſt the worthieſt captain that then liued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, the Lordes that had remayned in Wales, by ſafecõduct came to ye king, & through the diligent trauaile of the Archbiſhop of Canter|burie, he receyued them into fauour. Amongeſt them were theſe men of name, Gilbert Marſhall, the brother of the foreſayde Richarde Marſhall,Polidor. Mat. Par. Hubert Earle of Kent, Gilbert Baſſet, and Ry|chard Sward, beſide diuerſe other. Vnto Gilbert Marſhall he deliuered his brothers inheritaunce, EEBO page image 646 and vpon Whieſunday made him knight, giuing vnto him the Rodde of the office of Marſhall of his Court,Gilbert Mar|ſhall Earle of Pembrooke. according to the ma [...], to vſe and exerciſe as his annceſters had done before hym. And herewyth the Earle of Kent Gy [...] Boſ|ſ [...] and Richarde Swarde, were receyued againe into the Court, and admitted to be of the kings [...] Counſaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ne after this, Peter de Rin [...] Stephen [...]aue, and Robert Paſſelew were called to accountes, that it might appeare howe the [...]ngs tre [...]e was ſpent, and how they had vſed them|ſelues with the kings ſeale.Officers called to accountes. The two laſt remem|bred kept themſelues out of the waye and coulde not bee founde. Stephen Segra [...]e [...]eowdyng himſelfe in ſecrete within the Abbay of [...]eyco|ſter, and Robert Paſſe [...]ew feyning himſelfe ſicke, held him ſecret within the new Temple at Lon|don Peter de Rinales alſo, with his father the Biſhop of Wincheſter tooke ſanctuarie at Win|cheſter, for they were afrayde leaſt their bodies ſhuld not be in ſafetie if they came abrode, bicauſe they vnderſtoode that their manors & grange pla|ces were ſpoyled and burnt by thoſe that bare thẽ diſpleaſure. At length yet vnder the protection of the Archbiſhop of Canterburie they came to their anſwere, and were ſore charged for their [...]ſt [...]ing, trayterous practice, & great fa [...]d vſed in [...]me of their bearing office, and as it appeareth by wr [...]s, they could but ſorily cleare thẽſelues in moſt matters wherewith they were charged: but put by reaſon of their protection they were re|ſtore [...] to the places frõ whence they came, or elſe otherwiſe ſhifted of the matter for the time, ſo that v [...]e [...]d not of any great bodily puniſhmẽt which they ſhould receyue as then. And at length alſo were pardoned and reconciled vnto the kings fa|uour, vpon paiment of ſuch fines as were aſſeſſed vpon them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare bycauſe the truce ended betwixt the Kings of Englande and Fraunce,The truce ended. King Henrie ſent ouer to ayde the Earle of Brytayne,Welc [...] ſent [...] the ay [...] the Earl [...] Bry [...] threeſcore knightes, and two thouſande Welche men, the which whẽ the French king came with his armie to enter and inuade Brytayne, did cut off and take his cariage laden with vittailes, ar|mour, and other prouiſion, ouerthrowing alſo no ſmal number of the French men, and taking from them their horſes, returned backe in ſafetie, with|out hurt or notable damage receyued.

[figure appears here on page 646]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Yet after this the French king enforcing a|gaine his power, waxed too ſtrong for the Earle of Brytayne, ſo that he was conſtrayned to take a truce to endure till the feaſt of all Saintes, that hee mighte in the meane tyme vnderſtande if the King of Englande woulde, come ouer with ſome puyſſant armie to hys ayde or no: but by|cauſe it was perceyued in the ende that the ſayde Earle of Brytayne ſought nothing elſe but how to get money out of King Henries Coffers, and to doe him no pleaſure for it, bycauſe he was in maner at an other agreement alreadie with the King of Fraunce, King Henrie refuſed to ſa|tiſfie his requeſtes at ſuch time at hee came ouer vnto him (after the taking of that truce) for more money. Herewith alſo the ſayd Erle being offen|ded, got him back into his own country,The Ear [...] Brytay [...] [...]+mitt [...] ſelfe to [...] French [...] & ſhortly after apparantly ſubmitted himſelf to the French K. which (as the report went) he had done before in ſecrete.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe things being thus brought to paſſe,

An. re [...]

123 [...]

Polido [...] Fabian.

and all troubles quieted, the king as thẽ being at Lõ|don, there was brought before him by one Tolie, a cõplaint exhibited agaynſt the Iewes of Nor|wich, which had ſtolen a yong childe, being not paſt a .xij. monthes olde, and ſecretly kept him an whole yeare togither, to the ende that hee myght (when Eaſter came) crucifie him in deſpite of our EEBO page image 647 ſauiour Ieſus Chriſt, and the chriſtian religion, the matter as it happened fel out well for the lad: for within a fewe dayes before that thoſe curſed murtherers purpoſed to haue ſhed this innocents bloud, they were accuſed, conuicted and puniſhed, whereby he eſcaped their cruell handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]at. Paris:About the ſame tyme, to witte the ſeuenth of Februarie died Hugh de Welles Biſhop of Lin|colne, a great enimie to Monkes and Religious men. Robert Groſted was then preferred to hys roumth, a man of great learning, and trayned vp in ſcholes euen from his infancle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare, the Emperour Frederick the ſecond, maried the Ladie Iſabell the kings ſiſter.The Emperor Frederick ma|rieth the king of Englands ſiſter. This Iſabell was a moſte beautifull Ladie, of comely perſonage, and of age about .xxj. yeares. She was fianced by procuracie, about the .xxvij. of Febr. And after Eaſter, the Archb. of Colen, & the Duke of Louaine came ouer from the Em|perour, to haue the conueyance of hir vnto the Emperors preſence.A great and ſumptuous feaſt. There was ſuch a feaſt hol|den, ſo ſumptuous ſeruice, ſo riche furniture, and [figure appears here on page 647] royall banquetting kept the day before hir depar|ture from London towardes the Sea ſide, that more coulde not bee ymagined. The ſame feaſt was kept at Weſtminſter on the fifth day of May, and the day following ſhe did ſet forward, and by eaſie iourneyes came to Sandwich, the King bringing hir thither with three thouſande horſes. Finally, ſhee tooke the Sea the .xj. of May, the king taking leaue of hir not without teares, when they thus departed the one from the other. And ſo with proſperous wind and weather ſhee arriued at Andwerpe, and from thence paſ|ſed forwarde, tyll ſhee came to hir huſbande the Emperour, by whome ſhee was receyued wyth greate ioye and comfort at Wormes, where the maryage was conſummate vppon a Sunday being the .xxij. daye of Iulye, or as Mathew Weſtminſter hath, the .xxvij. of May, being Whitſunday.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Biſhop of London pronoun|ced the ſentence of excommunication againſt cer|taine vſurers called Caorſini.

Math Paris.

[...]ſurers called C [...]orſini.

But bycauſe the ſame vſurers ſhadowed themſelues vnder the pre|text of the Popes marchants (as they named thẽ|ſelues) they did ſo much by the fauor of the court of Rome, that the ſayde Biſhop being ſicke and feeble, was cited peremptorily in the parties of beyonde the Sea, before Iudges choſen forth by the ſame vſurers, to make anſwere for ſuche high iniurie as he had here done to the Popes factors. The Biſhop willing by the example of Sem, ra|ther to couer his fathers ſhame, than to reueale it to the whole world, did quietly put vp the matter: and to pacifie the trouble, ſuffred their wickednes, commending in the meane while the cauſe vnto his patrone Saint Paule.The Biſhop of London hys doctrine. And when he preached of the force of fayth, he vttered this ſaying: And if an Angell preache contrarie doctrine to vs in theſe things, let him be accurſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the .xx. yeare of King Henryes raigne,An. reg. 20. in the Aduent tyme, the noble Baron the Lorde Robert Fitz Water departed this lyfe, and ſo likewiſe did a noble yong man deſcended of a no|ble parentage, one Roger de Somerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the .xiiij. day of Ianuarie enſuing,

1236

King Henrie marieth the Ladie Eleanor daughter to the Earle of Prouance.

the king maryed the Ladie Eleanore, daughter to the Earle of Pronance named Raymonde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys maryage was ſolemniſed at Can|terburie, and in the Vtas of Sainte Hyl|larye nexte enſuyng beeing Sunday, ſhee was crowned as Queene of Englande at Weſt|mynſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At the ſolemnitie of this feaſt and coronation of the Queene, all the high Peeres of the realme,Mat. Paris. both ſpirituall and temporall were preſent to ex|erciſe their offices as to them apperteyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 EEBO page image 648The Citizens of London were there in great array, bearing afore hir in ſolemne wiſe, three hundred .lx. Cuppes of golde and ſiluer, in to|ken that they ought to wayte vpon hir Cuppe. The Archbyſhoppe of Canterburie (according to his dutie) crowned hir,The Earle of Cheſter. the Biſhop of London aſ|ſiſting him as his Deacon. The Earle of Che|ſter bare the ſworde of Saint Edwarde before the king, in token that he was Earle of the Pa|lace, and had authoritie to correct the King, if he ſhould ſee him to ſwarue from the limites of Iu|ſtice,The Coneſta|ble of Cheſter. his Coneſtable of Cheſter attending vpon hym, and remoouing the people where the preſſe was thicke, with hys rodde or warder. The Earle of Pembroke high Marſhall bare the rod before the king,The Earle of Pembroke. and made rowmth before hym, both in the Church and in the Hall, placing euery man, [...]wardens [...]q [...]e [...]. The [...]le of Leyceſter. [...]e Waren. and ordering the ſeruice at the Table. The wardens of the cinque portes bare a Canapie o|uer the king, ſupported with foure ſpeares. The Erle of Leyceſter held the Baſon when they wa|ſhed. The Earle of Warren, in the place of the Erle of Arundell, bycauſe he was vnder age, at|tended on the kings cap. M. Michaell Belet was Butler by office.The Earle Here [...] The Erle of Hereford exerciſed the roome of high Marſhal in ye kings houſe. The Lord William de Beauchampe was aulmoner.Lord W [...] Bea [...] The chiefe Iuſtice of the Foreſtes on the righte hand of the king, remoued the diſhes on the table, though at the firſt he was ſtayed by ſome allega|tion made to the contrarie.The C [...] of Lo [...]don. The Citizens of Lõ|don ſerued forth wine to euerie one in great plen|tie. The Citizens of Wincheſter had ouerſight of the Kitchen and Larderie.The C [...] of Winc [...] And ſo euery perſon (according to his dutie) exerciſed his roumth: and bycauſe no trouble ſhould riſe, many things were ſuffered which vpon further aduiſe taken therein were reformed. The Chancellor and al other or|dinarie officers kept their place. The feaſt was plentifull, ſo that nothing wanted that coulde be wiſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, in Tuthill fielde royall Iuſtes were holden by the ſpace of right dayes togy|ther.

[figure appears here on page 648]

Compare 1587 edition: 1

A Parliament at London

Poli [...]re

And ſoone after the king called a Parliament at London, where many things were enacted for the good gouernment of the Realme, and there|with the king demaunded a ſubſedie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Straunge ſightes.

Mat. Paris.

Aboute the ſame time, wonderfull ſtraunge ſightes were ſeene. In the North partes of Eng|land, not farre from the Abbay of Roch or Rupy, there appeared comming forth of the earth com|panies of armed men on horſebacke, with ſpeare, ſhielde, ſworde, and baners diſplayed, in ſundrie fourmes and ſhapes, ryding in order of battaile, and encountering togyther: and this ſight was ſeene ſundrie dayes eche after other. Sometyme they ſeemed to ioyne as it had bin in battaile, and fought ſore, and ſometime they appeared to iuſt and breake ſlaues, as it had bene at ſome trium|phant iuſtes or iorney. The people of the country beheld them a far off, with great wonder: for the thing ſhewed ſo liuely, that nowe and then they might ſee thẽ come with their emptie horſes ſore wounded and hurt: and then mẽ likewiſe mãgled and bleeding, that pitie it was to ſee thẽ. And that which ſeemed more ſtrange, & to be moſt maruel|led at, the prints of their feet appeared in ye groũd, & the graſſe troden down in places where they had beene ſeene. The like ſight was alſo ſeene more apparantly in Ireland, & in the parties therabout.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediatly folowed, or rather preceded paſ|ſing great tempeſts of raine,

Great rai [...]

Math. Pa [...]

which filled the earth full of water, and cauſed monſtrous flouds: for this raine continued by all the ſpace of the mo|nethes of Ianuarie, Februarie, and a great parte of Marche,Mat. VVe [...] (and for eyght dayes it rayned (as ſome write) in maner withoute ceaſſing) and EEBO page image 649 vpon the tenth of February, immediately after the chaunge of the Moone, the Thames roſe with ſuch an high tide, that boates might haue bin ro|wed vp and downe in Weſtminſter Hall. In the winter before, [...]reat thũder on the twentith of December, there chanced a great thunder, and on the firſt friday in December, whiche was the fifth of that moneth, there was a counterfet ſunne ſeene beſide the true ſunne. Moreouer, as in ye ſpring preceding, there happened ſore and exceeding great raynes, ſo in ye ſommer following, ther chaunced a great drouth,A dry ſommer continuing by ye ſpace of four monethes or more.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yere was a Parliament holdẽ at Mertõ, a Towne in Surrey, diſtante from London ſe|uen [figure appears here on page 649] miles, where was an Abbey of regular Chã|nons founded, [...]bert Nor| [...] founder [...] Merton [...]ey. by one Gilbert, a Lord of Normã|dy, that came into the Realme with William Conquerour.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At this Parliamente, diuers good and profita|ble lawes were made and eſtabliſhed, whych yet remayne in vſe, bearing the name of the place where they were fyrſte ordeyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]n. reg. 21. In the beginning of the one and twentith yere of King Henries raigne, on the morrow after the feaſt of Saint Martine, and certaine dayes after, the Sea burſt out with ſuche high tides and tem|peſtes of winde,

[...]gh tides.

Math. Paris.

that the marriſh countreyes nere to the ſame were drowned vp and ouerflowen: and beſide greate heardes and flockes of Cattell that periſhed, there was no ſmall number of men loſt & drowned. The Sea roſe cõtinually in flo|wing the ſpace of two days and one night, with|out ebbing, by reaſon of the mighty violence of contrary windes. [...]ſbech. [...]ple peri| [...]g by rage waters. At Wiſbech alſo, and in Vil|lages thereaboutes, the people were drowned in great numbers, ſo that in one Village there were buryed an hundred corpſes in one day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the daye before Chriſtmas euen, there chaunced a great winde, with thunder and raine, in ſuche extreame wiſe, that manye buyldings were ſhaken and ouerthrowen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 1237In a Parliament holden at Weſtminſter a|bout the Octaues of the Epiphany, the King re|quired a ſubſedie of his ſubiects, the which requeſt was not very well taken, but yet at length, vpon promiſe that he would be good Lord vnto them, and not ſeeke to infringe and diſanull the grants which he hadde made by pretence of want of the Popes coifyrmatiõ (as it was thought he meant to doe,A ſubſedie.) they agreed to giue him the thirtith part of all mouable goodes, as well of the ſpiritualtie as the temporaltie, reſeruing yet to euery man his ready coine, with Horſe and armoure, to bee em|ployed for the profit of the common wealthe. In conſideration of which graunt, the Kyng beyng of perfect age, and in his owne rule and full go|uernaunce, of his free and meere good will, at the requeſt, and by the councell of the Lordes of hys Realme, eftſoones graunted and confirmed the li|berties and cuſtomes conteyned in the two char|ters, the one called Magna charta, The confir|mation of the charters. and the other carta de Foreſta, with this addition in the ende,

Nunc autem conceſsimus & hac praeſenti charta cõ|firmanimiss omnibus praedictis de regno noſtro om|nes libertates & liberas conſuetudines contentas in cartis noſtris, quas eis fidelibus noſtris fieri fecimus cùm in minori eſſemus aetate, ſcilicet tam in Magna carta noſtra, quam in carta de Foresta. Et volumus pro nobis, & haeredibus noſtris, quòd praefati fideles noſtri, & ſucceſſores, & haeredes eorum habeant, & teneant imperpetuum omnes libertates, & li|beras conſuetudines praedictas, non obſtante quòd praedictae cartae cõfectae fuerint cùm minoris eſſemus aetatis, vt praedictũ eſt, hijs teſtibus, Edmonde Cant. Archiepiſcopo, & omnibus alijs in Magna carta nominatis Dat. per manum venerabilis patris Ci|ceſtrienſis epiſcopi, cancellarij noſtri 28. die Ianuarij, Anno Regni noſtri. 21.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 650 Mat. Paris.Beſide the confirmation of theſe charters, the King further to winne the fauoure of his people, was contẽted to remoue and ſequeſtre from him diuers of hys Counſellers that were thought not to be well minded towardes the aduauncemente of the common wealth, and in their places to ad|mitte the Earle of Waren, William de Ferrers, and Iohn Fitz Geffrey, who were ſworne to giue to the King faithfull councell, and in no wiſe to goe out of the right way for any reſpect that might otherwiſe moue them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 About the firſte day of Marche, there beganne ſore rayne and tempeſtuous weather, whereof enſued great flouds, as before in the beginning of the yeare paſſed, had chaunced, though not doyng ſo much hurt as before.Iohn S [...] Erle of C [...]+ſter d [...] this l [...]e. Iohn Scot alſo Earle of Cheſter & of Huntington, dyed at Deren Haule the ſeuenth day of Iune, without iſſue, and was [figure appears here on page 650] buried at Cheſter. He was poyſoned by the diue|liſhe practiſe of his wife, that was daughter to Lewline Prince of Wales as Math Paris hath. He hadde foure ſiſters,

Ran. Higd.

His ſiſters.

of whome the firſt named Margaret, was married to Allen of Galloway, by whome ſhee had iſſue a daughter named De|uorgoylle, whiche Deuorgoille was married to Iohn Baliolle, by whome ſhe hadde iſſue Iohn Baliolle that was afterward King of Scotlãd. The ſecond named Iſabell, was married to Ro|bertle Bruys. The thirde named Maude, dyed withoute iſſue, and the fourth called Alda, was married to Henry Haſtings. But bycauſe the lande pertayning to the Earledome of Cheſter, ſhould not goe amongſt rockes and diſtafes, ha|uing ſuch royall prerogatiues belonging thereto, the King ſeaſed them into his owne hands, and in recompence, aſſigned other land to the foreſaid ſiſters, as it had bin by way of exchaunge.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe ſith the Earles of Cheſter, I meane, thoſe of the line of Hugh Lupus, tooke end in thys Iohn Scot. For the honor of ſo noble a lignage, I haue thought it not impertinent to ſet downe the diſcente of the ſame Earles, beginning at the foreſayd Hugh the firſte that gouerned after the Cõqueſt, as I haue ſeene the ſame collected forth of auntient recordes, according to their true ſuc|ceſſion in ſeuen diſcents one after another, as here followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

The true genealogie of the famous and moſt honorable Earles of Cheſter.

  • HVgh Lou or Lupus, firſt Earle of Cheſter after the Conqueſt, nephew to Wil. Conque|rour by his ſiſter Margaret, wife to Richarde Vicount of Aurãches, maried a noble Lady na|med Armetruda, by whom he had iſſue Richard that ſucceded him in the Earledome, Robert Ab|bot of S. Edmonds bury, and Otuell. He depar|ted this life about the yere of our Lord .1102. whẽ he had bin Earle about 40. yeares.
  • Richard Lupus, eldeſt ſonne to Hugh Lupus, and ſecond Erle of Cheſter, married Maude the daughter of Stephen Erle of Bloys, Charters & Champaigne, and ſiſter to K. Stephẽ. This Ri|charde with his brother Otuell was drowned in the Seas, in the yeare of our Lord 1120. as before hath bin ſhewed, after he had bin Earle about 19. yeres.
  • Ranulf or Randulf ye firſt of that name called Bohun, and otherwiſe Meſtheins, the ſonne of Iohn de Bohun, and of Margaret, ſiſter to Hugh Lupus, ſucceeded Richarde, as Couſin and heire to him in the Erledome of Cheſter, and was the third Erle in number after ye Conqueſt. He mar|ried Maude the daughter of Auberie de Vere Erle of Giſney and Oxford, by whom he had iſ|ſue Ranulfe ſurnamed Geruous ye fourth Earle of Cheſter. He dyed about the yeare of our Lorde 1130. after he had continued Earle eight yeares.
  • EEBO page image 651 Ranulfe, or Randulfe Bohun, the ſeconde of that name, and fourth Earle in number after the Conqueſt, ſurnamed Geruous, ſucceeded his fa|ther, and married Alice, daughter to Robert Erle of Glouceſter baſe ſonne to King Henry the firſt, by whome he had iſſue Hugh Keuolocke, the fifte Earle of Cheſter. He deceaſſed about the yeare of our Lord .1152. when he had bin Earle .29. yeres.
  • Hugh Bohun, otherwiſe Keuelocke, the ſonne of the ſayd Ranulfe, was the firſt Earle of Che|ſter after the Conqueſt, and ſecond of that name. He married Beatrice, daughter to Richard Lacy Lorde chiefe Iuſtice of England, by whome hee had iſſue Ranulfe the thirde of that name, & foure daughters, Maude married to Dauid that was Earle of Anguis and Huntington and Lorde of Galloway, Mabell married to William Dal|bigney Erle of Arundel, Agnes married to Wil|liam Ferrers Erle of Derby, and Hauiſa ioyned in marriage with Roberte Quincy, a Baron of great honor. This Hugh dyed about the yeare 1181. when he had bin Earle .28. yeares.
  • Ranulfe Bohun the third of that name, other|wiſe called Blũdeuille, ye ſon of Hugh Keuelocke, was the ſixth Erle of Cheſter after ye Conqueſt. He was alſo Earle of Lincolne, as next couſin & heire to Wil. Romare Erle of Lincolne. He had three wiues (as before ye haue heard) but yet dyed without iſſue, about the yeare of our Lorde .1432. after he had bin Earle .51. yeares.
  • Iohn Scot, the ſon of Dauid Earle of Angus & Huntington, was in the right of his mother the ſeuenth Earle of Cheſter after the Conqueſt. He dyed without iſſue (as before yee haue hearde) by reaſon whereof, the Erledome came into ye kyngs hands in the yeare .1237.
Thus much may ſuffice (with yt which is ſaid before) touching ye diſcẽt of theſe Erles of Cheſter. And now therfore to pro|ceede. [...]dinall O| [...] or Otho| [...]. The ſame yere that Iohn Scot died, Car|dinall Otho by ſome writers named Othobon, about the feaſt of S. Peter and Paule, came into England from Pope Gregory, He was receyued with all honor and ſolemne reuerence as was decent, yea and more than was decent, the Kyng meeting him at the Sea ſide. His comming was not ſignified afore to the nobles of the Realme, whiche cauſed them to miſlike the matter,The Lords grudge at the K. for recey|uing the Car|dinall without their know|ledge. and to grudge againſt the King, ſeeing that hee dyd all things cõtrary to order, breaking lawe, fayth and promiſe in al things: he hath coupled himſelf ſaid they in marriage with a ſtraunger, without con|ſent of his friendes and naturall ſubiects, and now he bringeth in a Legate ſecretly, who wil take vp|pon him to make on alteratiõ in ye whole ſtate of the Realme.The Legate prayſed for his ſober behaui|oure. But this Legate ſhewed himſelfe a right ſober & diſcret perſon, not ſo couetous as his predeceſſors, in ſomuche, that hee refuſed dyuers giftes which were offered vnto him, though ſome he receyued, and indeede, commaunded the other to be reſerued for him. He alſo deſtributed liberally the vacant rentes vnto ſuche as hee brought with him, as wel being perſons worthy as vnworthy, & pacified ſuche controuerſies as were ſprong be|twixt the Nobles & peeres of ye Realm, ſo that he made them friends, as ye Biſhop of Wincheſter, ye Erle of Kent, Gilbert Baſſet, Stephẽ Siward & others, which had borne ſecret grudge and ma|lice each againſt other a long time, which hatred was at point to haue broken foorthe, and ſhewed it ſelfe in perilous wiſe, at a Torney holden at Blie in the beginning of Lent;A torney at Blie. where the Sou|thernmen ſtroue againſt the Northern men and in the ende the Southerne men preuayled, & tooke diuers of their aduerſaries, ſo that it ſeemed not to be a triumphãt Iuſtes, but rather a ſharp chal|lenge and encoũter betwixt enimies. But amõgſt al others, Erle Bigot bare himſelfe very ſtoutly.Erle Bigot. After that the Legate had thus agreed the noble|men, he aſſembled a Synode at Londõ, the mor|rowe after the octaues of Saint Martin, wherin [figure appears here on page 651] EEBO page image 652 many ordinaunces were newly conſtituted for the ſtate of the Cleargie but not altogyther very acceptable to diuers yong Prieſts and Scollers (as ſome write) in ſo muche, that the Legate af|terwards comming to Oxforde,

1238

The Legate commeth to Oxforde.

and lodging in the Abbey of Oſney, it chaunced as certaine ſcol|lers preſſed to the gates thinking to come in and do their duetie (as they tooke the matter) vnto the Legate, the Porter kepte them backe, and gaue them ouerthwart wordes, wherevppon they ru|ſhed in vpon him, and began a fray betwixt them and the Legates men,A fray betwixt the Legates men, and the Scollers of Oxforde. who woulde haue beaten them backe. It fortuned in this hurly burly, that a poore Iriſhe Scoller beeyng got in neere to the kitchin dreſſer, beſought the Cooke for Gods ſake to giue hym ſome reliefe: but the Cooke (as many of that calling are collericke fellowes) in a greate furie,A Cookes Almes. tooke vp a ladle full of hote broath out of a kettill wherein fleſhe had bin ſodden, and threwe it right vpon the Iriſhmans face, whiche thyng when an other Welch Scoller that ſtoode by be|helde, he cryed out, what meane we to ſuffer thys villany, and therewithall, taketh an arrow, & ſet|teth it in his bow which he had caught vp in his hand at the beginning of the fray, and drawing it vp to the head,The Legates Cooke ſlayne. let flie at the Cooke, and ſo ſlewe him there outright. Herevpon againe, noyſe and tumult roſe round about the houſe, the Legat for feare got him into the Belfray of ye Abbey, where he kept himſelfe cloſe til the darke of the night had ſtayed the vprore, and then ſtale forth, & takyng his Horſe, he eſcaped as ſecretely as he could ouer the Thames, and rode with al ſpeede to ye Court, whiche lay not farre off, at Abington, and there made his complaynt to the King in ſuch lamen|table wiſe,The Legate complayneth to the King. The Earle of Waren ſent to app [...]ehend the offenders. that he forthwith ſent the Erle Wa|ren with a power of armed men, to fetche away the reſidue of the Legates ſeruauntes whiche re|mayned behynde in the Abbey, and to apprehend the chiefe offenders. The Erle cõming thither, tooke thirtie Scollers, with one maſter Odo a lawyer, and brought them to Wallingford Ca|ſtell, and there committed them to priſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Legate alſo in reuenge of the iniurie in this wiſe to him done,The l [...] c [...]ſe [...] pronounced the curſe a|gaynſte the myſdoers, and handled the matter in ſuche wiſe, that the regentes and maiſters of the Vniuerſitie were at length conſtreyned to come vnto Londõ,

The [...] of the [...] fiue a [...]

Polid [...]

and there to goe bare footed through Cheape ſide, vnto the Churche of Saint Paule, in ſuche wiſe to aſke hym forgiueneſſe, and ſo with muche adoe they obteyned abſolution.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Legate among other thynges deman|ded ſoone after the tenth parte of all ſpirituall mens yearely reuenewes, towardes the mayn|tenaunce of the warres againſte the Sarazens in Aſia.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the Emperour of Conſtantinople,

Math. [...]

The [...] of Co [...]+ [...]ople [...]+meth [...] Engl [...]

Baldwine ſonne to Peeter Earle of Auſſerre, be|ing expelled foorth of his Empire, came this yeare into England, to ſue for ayde: but at his firſt arri|uall at Douer, he was told, that he had not done well to come ſo preſumptuouſly into the lande of an other Prince, without his ſafecõduit: but whẽ the ſayd Emperour ſeemed to be ſorie for hys of|fence, and to excuſe his innocencie and ſincere meaning, the king was pacified, and willed him to come to London, where at his commyng thi|ther, being the .22. of Aprill, he was honorably receyued, & at his departure with rich gifts high|ly honored, ſo that he had away with him to the valewe of about ſeauen hundred markes as was reported. About this time alſo,The C [...] of Pe [...] ſiſter [...] King [...] to Si [...] M [...] Eleanor the kings ſiſter (that was ſometime wife vnto William Marſhall Earle of Pembroke) was nowe by the Kyngs meanes married the ſeconde time vnto Simon Mountforth, a man of high parentage, and noble prowes.

[figure appears here on page 652]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 EEBO page image 653This Simon was endowed with ſuche ver|tue, good councell, courteous diſcretion, and other amiable qualities, that hee was highly fauoured as was ſuppoſed, both of God and man. He was yet baniſhed out of Fraunce, vppon diſpleaſure which Blanch the Queene mother conceyued a|gainſt him. But now comming into Englande, hee was ioyfully receyued of King Henry, who not only gaue vnto him (as aboue is mentioned) his ſiſter in marriage, with the Erledome of Lei|ceſter in name of a dower, but alſo aduanced him vnto offices of greateſt honor within the Realme of Englande. [...]chby| [...] [...]f Caun+ [...]y diſ| [...] with [...]arriage. Howbeit, this marriage was very diſpleaſant vnto Edmond the Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury, bycauſe that the foreſaid Eleanor, after ye death of hir firſt huſband, had vowed per|petuall chaſtitie, and betaken hir as was ſaide, to the mantel and the ring. And as the Prelate was not pleaſed with this match, ſo the King was as highly offended with the Archbiſhop for not fa|uouring the cauſe, in ſomuch, that the Archbiſhop went ſoone after to Rome, [...]eth to [...] to com| [...] of the [...] where he not only cõ|plaineth of certayne iniuries receyued lately at the Kings hands, but alſo ſignifieth the eſtate of this marriage, to procure a diuorce. In lyke manner,

[...]arle of [...]wall is [...]fended [...]e ſame [...]ge.

Paris.

Richard the Kings brother found great faulte with the King for the ſame matter, but chiefly, for that he ſtroke it vp, without makyng hym and other of the nobles of councell therein. To be ſhort, it was not lõg ere this grudge grew ſo farre, that ciuill warre was very likely to haue followed therevppon. But when the Kyng ſawe that all the Lordes leaned to his brother, he ſou|ght to pacifie the matter by curteous meanes and ſo by mediation of the Legate, the Kyng and hys brother were reconciled, to the greate griefe of the Lordes, whych hadde brought the matter nowe to that poynte, that the Kyng coulde not haue ſo reſiſted theyr force, but that they were in good hope to haue deliuered the Realme out of bondage from all manner of ſtraungers, as well of thoſe Romanes that were beneficed men, as of any other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Simon the Earle of Leiceſter alſo perceiuyng howe the matter wente, made ſhift another way, to get all the money he coulde in preſt or other|wiſe in ſo muche, that he hadde of one burges of Leiceſter, named Simon Curlenath,The Earle of Leiceſter ga|thereth money fiue hun|dred warkes,) and leauing his wife in the Caſtel of Kelingworth, hee ſecretely departed out of the Realme, and got him to Rome, to purchaſe a confirmation of hys marriage,He goeth to Rome to get a diſpenſation or rather con|firmation of his marriage. whiche hee caſtly obteyned, notwithſtanding the Archbyſhop of Caunterburies former and very vehement infor|mation againſt hym, and ſo hauing brought hys purpoſe about in the latter ende of thys yeare, he returned into Englande, and was ioyfully re|ceyued, firſte of the Kyng, and after of hys wife whome hee founde at Kelingworth, neere to the tyme of hir trauaile, and ſhortly after, deliuered of a yong ſonne whome they called Simon after the name of his father.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame time, Fredericke the Emperour go|ing into Italie,Ayde ſente forth of Eng|lande to the Emperour. hadde a greate number of Eng|liſhe Souldiers with him, whyche Kyng Henry furniſhed foorthe for hys ayde, vnder the leadyng [figure appears here on page 653] of a right valiaunt warrioure, [...] Tru| [...]e. Manſell. named Henry de Trubleuille, with whom went alſo Iohn Man|ſell, whoſe valiancie in that iourney well appea|red,Hardell. and William Hardell a Citizen of London, was threaſorour & paymaiſter to the Souldiers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Pope heereof was ſore offended, & wrote his minde thereof to the King, who ſort [...]th re|turned an eloquente aunſwere, requiring him to be more fauourable to the Emperour, conſidering his cauſe was ſuch as could not iuſtly offend hys holineſſe. About the ſame time, or rather, (as by ſome writers it ſhoulde appeare) ſomewhat EEBO page image 654 before, the Kings ſiſter Ioane Queene of Scot|land, comming into England to ſee hir brother, fell into a ſickneſſe, and dyed. Moreouer, ye Arch|biſhop of Caunterbury returned into England, who at his comming to Rome, obteyned little or nothing touching the ſute which he hadde before the Pope, for (as ſome haue written) the Legate Otho being his heauy friende, had ſo ſtopped the Popes eares from hearing any of his compleints, that al his whole trauaile did come to none effect. In like maner,The Biſhop of Wincheſter departeth thys life. Peter des Roches B. of Winche|ſter dyed this yeare in his manor at Farnham, about the ninth of Iune, whiche Prelate had go|uerned that See about 32. yeres. He was a mã of greate wiſedome and dexteritie in ordering of weighty affayres touching the ſtate of temporall regiment. He builded many goodly Monaſteries, as ye Abbeys of Hales, Tikborne and Seleborne, with the Hoſpitall at Porteſmouth. He made al|ſo a notable teſtamente, and beſides his bequeſtes which were greate, he left his Biſhopricke ſo ſto|red and throughly furniſhed, that there was not ſo much diminiſhed of that which he found at his comming in value, as the Cattell that ſerued to drawe the very ploughes. Alſo about this time, a learned Eſquire, or rather a Clearke of the Vni|uerſitie of Oxford, bearing ſome malice towards the K. fained himſelfe madde, and eſpying there|by the ſecrete places of his houſe at Woodſtocke where he then lay, vpon a night by a Windowe,

Mat. P [...]

A [...] w [...] to [...] [...]+troy [...]

he gote into the kings bedchamber, and comming to the beds ſide, threw off the couerings, and with a dagger ſtrake diuers times into a pillowe, ſup|poſing yt the K. had bin there, but as God would, that night, the K. lay in another chamber with ye Queene. In the meane time, one of the Queenes chambermaydes named Margaret Biſet, hauing eſpied the felon, made an outery, ſo that ye Kings ſeruants whiche came to vnderſtande what the matter meante, preſently apprehended the ſayde Clearke, who being conueyed to Couentrie, was there arreigned, & by lawfull proufe hadde of hys malitious intent, was condemned, and executed as a Traitor.

[figure appears here on page 654]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At his death he confeſſed, that he was ſent frõ Wil. de Mariſh, the ſon of Geffrey de Mariſh to murther ye K. by ſuche maner of meanes, not ca|ring what had become of himſelfe ſo he myghte haue diſpatched his purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4

An. reg. 23.

1239

Mat. Paris.

Variance be|twixt the king and the Erle of Pembroke.

In the 23. yere of his raigne, K. Henry held his Chriſtmas at Wincheſter, where roſe greate grudge betwixt him and Gilbert ye Erle of Pem|broke, by reaſon that the ſaid Earle with his ſer|uants (hauing tippe ſtaues in their comming to the Court, were not ſuffered to enter within the gates, but were kept backe by the porters and o|ther. Of which iniurie when he had compleyned, the K. made him ſuche an ouerthwart aunſwere, that ye Erle perceyuing him not to like very well of his ſeruice, departed forthwith, & rode into the North countrey, ſo that from that day forth, nei|ther hee nor his brother Walter loued the K. as they ought to haue done. Soone after this depar|ture of Erle Gilbert, vpon Candlemas daye the K. gaue the Earledome of Leiceſter vnto S [...]nõ de Mountford, & inueſted him thereinto, hauyng firſt pacified Earle Almerike that was elder bro|ther to the ſame Simõ. Yet about the beginning of ye next Auguſt, the K. was ſo incenſed againſt Erle Simon,Simon [...] of L [...] fled ou [...] Fraunce The [...] King E [...] the [...] that both he and his wife wer glad to get them ouer into France, til the kings wrath were more pacified. Alſo vppon the ſixtenth daye of Iune, the kings eldeſt ſonne named Edward, and after ſurnamed Longſhanke by the Scottes in mockage, bycauſe hee was a tall and ſlender man, was borne at Weſtminſter, who after hys fathers deceſſe, ſucceded him in ye kingdome.Polidor. Be|fore ye birth of this Edward, there appeared earely EEBO page image 655 in the morning certaine daies togither before the ſunne was vp, [...]or. [...]nge [...]e. a Star of a large cõpaſſe, yt which with ſwift courſe was carried through a lõg cir|cuit of ye aire, ſometimes ſhewing as it had borne fire with it, & ſometimes leauing as it were ſmoke behind it, ſo yt it was after iudged, yt the gret dedes which were to be atchieued by the ſame Edward, were by this wonderful conſtellation foreſhewed and ſignified. About ye ſame time, by reaſon of an accuſation made by a priſoner againſte Ranulfe Briton, (ſometime the Kings Chauncellour, but now leading a priuate life, [...]. Paris. being a Canon of the Cathedrall Churche of S. Paule in London) the ſame Ranulfe by commaundemente from the King, [...]lfe Bri| [...]ken out [...] houſe, [...]ed to the [...]er. ſente to the Maior of the Citie William Ioyner, was taken out of his houſe, had to the Tower, and there empriſoned, wherevppon, the Deane of Poules, maſter G. Lucy, in abſence of the Byſhop, accurſed all thoſe that had preſump|tuouſly attempted to lay hands on the ſayd Ra|nulfe, and further, he put his owne Church of S. Paule vnder interdiction. To conclude, through threatning of excommunication to be pronoun|ced againſt ye K. and other for this fact by ye Le|gate and the Biſhops of the Realme, as namely, Caunterbury and London, the Kyng was com|pelled to releaſſe and ſet at libertie the foreſayde Ranulfe: finally, the priſoner that had accuſed the ſayd Ranulf and other, being one of ye kings pur|ſeuants, when for his wicked doings he came to ſuffer death, openly confeſſed, how he had accuſed thoſe perſons, only in hope to defer his owne exe|cution, being conuicted as acceſſary to the treaſon of the Clearke that ſuffered at Couentrie the laſt yere. He had accuſed not only ye ſaid Briton, but diuers of the nobilitie alſo to be priuie and giltie of the ſame conſpiracie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 This yeare for the ſpace of foure monethes to|gither, fell exceeding great raine, yet at length,Great rayne. it began to hold vp about Eaſter. In this while, the Lords of the Realme practiſed ſundry driftes likewiſe, as men that woulde fayne haue bin rid of the Legates company: but the King did what hee coulde on ye other ſide, (by fending to ye Pope for licence) to haue him to remaine ſtill here, who began now indeede to looke to his owne profit,The Legate beginneth to looke to his owne commo+ditie. as by way of procuraties and other meanes, ſo that he got togither gret ſummes of money, although in the beginning he ſeemed to forbeare, and not to ſeeke for any ſuch gaine. Alſo, he tooke vpon hym to beſtow benefices withoute conſent of the pa|trones that were temporall men, wherevpon, cõ|plaint was made to the Pope, namely,Sir Robert de Twinge. by one ſir Robert de Twinge, who claymed as patrone the preſentatiõ of ye rectorie of Luthun in Yorkſhire, and could not be permitted to enioy it, by reaſon of the Popes prohibition, but vpon the hearing of his title in the Popes conſiſtory, he obteyned let|ters from the Pope to be reſtored, and alſo an in|hibition, that from henceforth, no perſon ſhoulde be promoted to any ſpirituall benefice or Church, without conſent of the patrone. The King and the peeres of the Realme vnderſtanding them|ſelues to be touched in this wrong offered to this Knight, had written in his fauour to the Pope, ſo that his ſute had the better ſucceſſe. Moreouer, the Iewes in this yeare, for a murther whiche they had ſecretly cõmitted, were greeuouſly puniſhed,The Iewes puniſhed by the purſe. A Synode holden at London. namely by the purſe, for to buy their peace, they were glad to giue the King the thirde parte of all their goodes. The Legate alſo aſſembled a Sy|node of the Cleargie at London vpon the laſt of [figure appears here on page 655] Iuly, in the which he demanded procuraties, but the Biſhops vppon deliberation had in the mat|ter, anſwered, yt the importunatnes of ye Romane Church had ſo oftẽ conſumed ye goods of ye Eng|liſh church, yt they could no lõger ſuffer it, & ther|fore ſaid they, let thẽ giue you procuracies which EEBO page image 656 vnaduiſedly haue called you into the Realme, if they will, for of vs you ſhall bee ſure to come by none at all, howbeit, hee gote his demaund of the Abbots and other religious men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 About the feaſt of the aſſumption of our Lady, Thomas Erle of Flaunders, vncle to ye Quene, arriued at Douer, and was receyued of the King [figure appears here on page 656] with greate ioy and gladneſſe, who rode thither|ward to meete him, and ſo brought him to Lon|don, where the Citizens came foorthe alſo, & mee|ting him on the way, brought him into the Citie with all honor that might be deuiſed, he dyd ho|mage to the King as Authors write, and at hys departure, had in reward fiue hundred markes and a penſion aſſured to him of as much yearely out of the Eſchecker, of the Kings free gift. This Earle Thomas was ſonne to the Earle of Sa|uoy, and a little before his comming into Eng|land, he had married Ioane Counteſſe of Flan|ders, whiche hadde firſt bin coupled in marriage with Ferdinando, as in the life of K. Iohn it fur|ther may appeare. In the fourtenth yeare of hys raigne,

An. Reg. 24.

1240

Mat. Paris. Mat. VVeſt.

Baldwine de Riuers Earle of the Ile of Wight.

King Hẽry held his Chriſtmas at Win|cheſter, where hee made Baldwine de Riuers Knight, and inueſted him with the right of the Earledome of the Ile of Wighte, in the preſence of ye Erle of Cornewall, who procured hym thys honor, bycauſe he had ye wardſhip of him, & mar|ried him to his daughter in law ye Lady Amicia, that was daughter to his wife the Counteſſe of Glouceſter by hir former huſband. The Erle of Leiceſter, alſo meaning to goe into ye holy lãd, re|turned out of Frãce, wher he had remained a cer|taine time as an exile, but was now receyued ho|norably of ye K. and other peeres of the Realm, & after that he had ſene ye K. and done his duetie as apperteined, he wẽt to his poſſeſſiõs to make mo|ney for his furniture neceſſary to be had in ye iour|ney,The wods a|bout Leiceſter fielde. for the which he ſolde at yt time his wooddes about Leiceſter, vnto the Knightes of the Hoſpi|tall, and to the Canons of Leiceſter, receyuing of them for the ſame about the ſumme of a thouſand poundes. About the ſame time, to witte,L [...] of W [...] pa [...] life. the .14. of Aprill, dyed Lewline Prince of Wales, and then followed cõtention betwixt his ſonnes Grif|fin & Dauid for the principalitie, which atlength Dauid obteyned through K. Henries ſupporte (though he were the yonger brother) bycauſe hee was begot in lawfull bed on ye ſiſter of K. Hẽry. The whole coũtrey of Wales was maruellouſ|ly in trouble about their quarrels. At length, a day of meeting was appoynted betwixte them, to grow by way of talke vnto ſome quiet ende, & Griffin meaning no deceite, came in peaceable wiſe with Richard B. of Banger and others to ye place aſſigned, where they ſhould haue met: but Dauid by a traine tooke Griffin, and committed him to priſon, whervpon afterwards, the yere en|ſuing, by continual plaint and earneſt ſute of the B. of Bangor, K. Henry entred Wales with an army, & conſtreined Dauid to ſubmit himſelfe, and to deliuer ye ſaid Griffin into his handes, and further alſo to put in ſureties to appeare at Lon|don, there to receiue ſuche order in the Kynges Courts,Griffin Ma [...] as to him by lawe ſhoulde be orderly a|warded. Griffin ap Maddocke and diuers other great Lords of Wales ioyned with ye K. in thys iourney againſt Dauid, as in ye next yere ye ſhal further heare. About the ſame time, there was great ſtrife & contention ſtill remaining betwixte the Emperour Fredericke and Pope Innocent ye fourth, ye ſucceeded Celeſtine ye fourth, in ſo much yt ſore & mortal warre followed.King H [...] ayde [...] [...] Pope [...] money [...] the Em [...] But K. Henry by the procurement of ye Legate Otho, ayded the Pope with money, though hee was ſomewhat loth to do it, bycauſe that ye Emperour had mar|ried his ſiſter. Indeede, the Emperoure wrote to the K. to ſtay his hand, but the diligence of ye Le|gate was ſuch in furthering his maſters buſines, that the money was gone ouer ere the Emperors letters came. At this time alſo, Edmõd ye Archb. of Cãterbury greatly diſalowed ye often exactiõs & ſubſedies which ye Legate cauſed dayly to be le|uied of ye Engliſh Cleargie. Howbeit, in hope to haue his purpoſe the rather againſt ye Monkes of Caunterbury, with whome hee was at variance, he firſt granted to ye Legates requeſt made on the Popes behalfe in a Synode holden at Readyng, for the hauing of the fifth part of ſpiritual mens reuenewes, and ſo by his example other were en|forced to do the like. He gaue alſo eyght hundred markes to the Pope, but whether of his owne free will, or by conſtreynt. I cannot ſay, but now vtterly miſliking all things done by the Legate contrary to his minde, after he had done and ſaid what he coulde for redreſſe, and whẽ he ſawe no hope at hande for anye reformation eyther in the K. or the Legate, who eſtemed not his words, as a man not longer able to ſee his countrey ſo ſpoi|led, he wente ouer into Fraunce, and gote hym EEBO page image 657 vnto Pontney, there to remain in voluntarie ex|ile, after the example of his predeceſſor Thomas Becket, whoſe doings he did folow in very ma|ny things. Verily the collectiõs of money which the Pope in theſe dayes by his Legates gathered here in this realm were great and ſundry, ſo that (as it appereth by hiſtoriographers of this time) the clergie and other found themſelues ſore gree|ned, & repined not a little againſt ſuche couetous dealings, and vnmeſurable exactions, in ſomuch that they ſpake to the king in it, and ſayd, Right famous Prince, [...]laint to [...]ng of the [...]iõs made [...] Pope. why ſuffer you Englande to be made a play and deſolation to all the paſſers by, as a vineyarde without an hedge, cõmon to the wayfaring man, and to be deſtroyed of the Bo|tes of the field, ſith you haue a ſufficiẽt priuilege that no ſuch exactiõs ſhuld be made in this king|dom? and ſurely he is not worthy of a priuilege whiche abuſeth the ſame being graunted. The kyng anſwered thoſe that went thus aboute to perſwade him, that he neither would nor durſte gayneſay the Pope in any thyng: [...]nſvvere [...]e king. and ſo the peo|ple were brought into miſerable diſpayre. There be yt write how that there were other occaſions of the Archbiſhops departure out of the realm, of the which this ſhuld be one,

[...]ore.

[...]auſes that [...]d the Ar| [...]op Ed| [...] to depart [...]lme.

when he ſaw religiõ not to be regarded, & that Prieſts were had in no ho|nor, neither that it lay in his power to reform the matter, ſith the king gaue no eare to his admo|nitions, he determined to abſent himſelfe tyl the king (warned by ſome miſhap) ſhuld repent him of his errours, and amend his miſdoings: Other ioyne an other cauſe herevnto, whiche was this. Wheras the kyng by the enſample of other kin|ges, (begon by William Rufus) vſed to kepe bi|ſhops ſeas, and other ſuch ſpiritual poſſeſſions in his hands, during the vacation, till a conuenient perſon were to the ſame preferred, the Archebi|ſhop Edmund, for that he ſaw lõg delays made oftentymes ere anye coulde bee admitted to the roomth of thoſe that were deceaſſed, [...] VVeſt. [...] Paris. [...]or. or by any o|ther meanes depriued, he was in hande with the king, that the Archbiſhop of Canterbury might haue power only to prouide for ſucceſſors in ſuch roomths as chãced to be vacant, aboue the terme of .vj. moneths, which thing the K. for a certain ſumme of money graunted: but afterward per|ceyuing what hinderance he ſuſteyned therby, he reuoked that graunte, ſo muche to the diſpleſure of the Archbiſhop, that he thoughte good no lon|ger to continue in the realme. At his commyng to Pontney, he ſo ſeemed to deſpiſe all worldly pompe and honor, giuing himſelf wholly to di|uine contemplation, to faſting & prayer, that the former opinion, which men had conceiued of his vertues, was marueliouſly confirmed. At length being ſore vexed with ſicknes, ſuppoſing that hee might recouer helth by changing of aire & place, he cauſed himſelf to be cõueid into an other houſe of religion,The death of Edmund arche+bishop of Can|terbury, ſurna|med of Põtney named Soyeſy .ij. days iorney from Pontney, wher finally he died ye .16. of Nouẽber, and his body was brought again to Pontney, & there buried, where alſo through ſundry miracles ſhewed (as they ſay) at his graue, he was reputed for a ſaint, and at length canonized by Pope In|nocẽt the .iiij. He was borne at Abingdon, beſide Oxford, & therby ſome named him Saint Ed|mund of Abingdon, and ſome Saint Edmunde of Pountneye, after the place where he was en|ſhrined. The ſea of Canterburye was voyde more than three yeares after his diſeaſe, till at length by the kings comnmandement, the monks of Cãterbury elected one Boniface of Sauoy vncle to queene Eleanor, being the .xlv. Archb. whiche ruled ye church. Ther was this yere a certain per|ſon of honeſt conuerſation & ſober,A Charterhous Monke appre|hended. repreſenting in habite one of the Carthuſian Monkes, taken at Cãbridge, being accuſed for yt he refuſed to come to the churche to heare diuine ſeruice, & vpon his examination, bicauſe he anſwered otherwiſe thã was thought cõueniẽt, he was cõmitted to ſecret priſon, & ſhortly after ſent vp to the legat to be of him examined. This mã opẽly proteſted, ye Gre|gory was not the true pope nor hed of ye church, but that ther was another head of the church, and that the church was defiled, ſo yt no ſeruice ought to be ſaid therin, except the ſame were newly de|dicate, & the veſſels & veſt ments again halowed & conſecrate. The deuil (ſaid he) is loſed, & the Pope is an heretik, for Gregorie which nameth himſelf Pope, hath polluted the church. Hereupon in the preſence & audience of the Abbot of Eueſhã, ma|ſter Nic. de Femhã, and diuers other worſhipful perſonages, the legate ſaide vnto him being thus out of ye way is not power graunted to our ſoue|rain lord the Pope frõ aboue both to loſe & binde ſouls, ſith he executeth ye roomth of S. Peter vpõ earth: & when al men looked to hear what anſwer he wold make, beleuing his iudgement to depend vpon the ſame, he ſaid by way of interrogatiõ, & not by way of aſſertion, how can I beleue yt vnto a perſon ſpotted with ſimonie & vſurye, & haply wrapt in more greuous ſins, ſuch power ſhould be grãted as was granted vnto holy Peter who immediatly folowed ye Lord, as ſoone as he was made his apoſtle, & folowed him not onely in bo|dily footſteps, but in cleernes of vertues. At whi|che worde the legate bluſhed, & ſaide to ſome of ye ſtãders by, a mã ought not to chide with a foole, nor gape ouer an ouen. In this ſeaſon the K. ſẽt his iuſtices Itinerantes in circuit about ye lãd, the which vnder pretext of iuſtice puniſhed many per+ſons,Iuſtices itine|rantes. & ſo leuied greate ſummes of money to the kings vſe Sir William of Yorkprouoſt of Be|uerley was aſſigned to viſit the South partes, and ſir Robert de Lexinton the north parts. Alſo EEBO page image 758 the Erle of Cornwall Richard the kinges bro|ther,VVilliam de York, Robert L [...]inton Iu|ſtices. with a nauie of ſhippes ſayled into Syria, where in the warres agaynſte the Sarazins, hee greatly aduanced the part of the Chriſtians.The Erle of Cornvval go|eth into the ho|lye lande. There wente ouer with hym the Earle of Sa|liſbury William Longeſpee, & Williã Baſſet, Iohn Beauchamp, Geffrey de Lucy, Iohn Ne|uill, Geffrey Beauchamp, Peter de Breus, and William Furniual. The Earle of Montforde alſo went ouer the ſame time:The Earle of Leyceſter goth thyther alſo. but where the erle of Cornwall tooke the ſea at Marſiles, the Erle of Leyceſter paſſed through Italy and tooke the water at Brandize, & with him wente theſe per|ſones of name, Thomas de Furniuall, wyth hys brother Gerarde de Furniuall, Hughe Wake, Almericke de S. Aumond, Wyſcharde Ledet, Puncharde de Dewynne, William de Dewinne that were brethren, Gerarde Peſmes, Foulke de Baugye, and Peter de Chauntenay.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Albemarle.Shortly after alſo, Iohn Erle of Albemarle, William Fortis, & Peter de Mallow, a Poicto|uin, men for their valiancie greately renoumed wente thither leading with them a great num|ber of Chriſtian ſouldiors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this yere alſo and vpon the day of S. Re|migius, was the church of S. Paule in the Citie of London dedicated by Roger Biſhop of that Citie,The dedicatiõ of the Churche of Saint Paule in London. the king and a great number of Biſhops, and other noble men beyng preſent, which were feaſted the ſame day by the ſayd Biſhop Roger and the canons. Moreouer, there dyed this ſame yeare the Counteſſe Iſabell, wyfe to Richarde Erle of Cornewall,The death of Iſabell, the Counteſſe of Cornvvall. The lord Iohn Fitz Roberte. A Comete. and two Earles, William Earle Warreyn, and Iohn Earle of Lyncolne, alſo the lord Iohn Fitz Robert, one of the chief Barons in all the north parties of the Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo in Februarye there appeared a Comete or blaſyng ſtarre righte dreadfull to beholde, for the ſpace of .xxx. dayes togyther. Moreouer, on the coaſt of England there was a great battayle amongſt the fiſhes of the ſea,

A batrayle be|tvvixt Fishes.

Math. Paris.

ſo that there were rj. Whales or Thirlepooles caſt on lande, beſide other huge and monſtrous fiſhes, which appea|red to be dead of ſome hurtes, and one of thoſe myghtie fiſhes, commyng into the Thames a|lyue, was purſued by the Fyſhers, and coulde v|neth paſſe through the arches of London bridge. At length with dartes and other ſuch weapons, they ſlewe hym before the Kyngs Manour at Mortlake,The kynges Manour at Mortlake. whether they folowed hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was alſo a greate ſounde hearde this yeare in ſundrye partes of Englande at one ſelfe tyme, as if it hadde bene the noyſe of ſome myghtie mountayne that had fallen into the Sea. And vpon the ſeuenth of May there chan|ced a greate boyſterous wynde that ſore trou|bled the ſkye.A great vvynd

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare alſo the King cauſed the Citizens of London, and the Gardians of the fiue ports,A [...] ce [...] and many other to receiue an othe to be true and faithfull to his ſonne Prince Edwarde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Fryers Preachers and Minors, and o|ther men of the churche that were diuines, aſſoy|led ſuche as had taken vpon them the Croſſe, re|ceyuing of them ſo muche money as would ſuf|fiſe to haue borne their charges in that iourneye, and this not without ſelaunder redoundyng to the church, and the ſame meane to get moneye, was practiſed alſo by the Legate Otho, hauing authoritie therto of the Pope.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare alſo the Seneſhall of Aqui|tayne came ouer to the king,The [...] of [...] and gaue hym to vnderſtande, that if tymely prouiſion were not had, all thoſe countreyis on the furſyde the ſea, would be loſte. No other incident chaunced the ſame yeare neither in warre abroade, nor in the ſtate of gouernement of the common wealth of home, wherof any great accompt is to be made, but that the Legate Otho got great ſummes of money by dyuers wayes, namely of Religious men to the Popes behoofe: whervpon certayn ab|bots made complaynts to the king, but in place of comfort, they receiued diſcomfort, and know|ledge therof giuen to the Legate, hee was more extreme with them than hee was before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo ſhortly after one of the Popes familiars and kinſman named maiſter Peter Roſſo came from Rome,Pe [...] takyng Englande in his waye to goe into Scotlande, and vſed in both ſuche dili|gence in the Popes cauſe, that he got a .xv. gran|ted here, whyche he ſpeedily gathered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And about the ſame tyme one Peter de Su|pino, was ſent into Irelande,Peter [...] no [...] the [...] of pr [...] and there lykewiſe he got a vintieſme, bringing from theſe the ſum of .xv C. markes, and aboue. But the collection which Peter Roſſo got out of the Scottiſh con|fines doubled that ſumme, as was thought.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In his returne alſo from thence, viſiting the houſes of religion, and ſearching the conſciences of religious perſons, by newe ſhiftes he craftyly got yet more money to the Popes vſe, cauſyng them to ſweare to keepe this myſterie ſecrete, as it were ſome priuitie of Confeſſyon for the ſpace of one halfe yeare, whereby hee dydde tourne the heartes of manye menne from the loue of the Churche of Rome, woundyng them wyth greate griefe and remorſe of conſcience to ſee this pillery.

An. [...]

12 [...]

In the fiue & twentyth yeare of his raigne Kyng Henry kept his Chriſtmaſſe at Weſtminſter, at which tyme the legate was ſent for to retourne vnto Rome, and after he had ben honorably feaſted of the King, on the fourth daye of Chriſtmaſſe he departed from London towardes the ſea ſide, after he had remained here aboue three yeares. Peter of Sauoye that was vncle to the Queene came into Englande, and EEBO page image 659 was honorably receiued and entertained of King Henry, who had giuen to him the Earledome of Richmond.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

[...]ce de [...]oy elected [...]bishop Canterbury.

[...]ath. Paris.

His ſonne Boniface was they yeare alſo elec|ted archebiſhop of Canterbury, a tall gen [...]eman and of a goodly perſonage, but neyther ſo learned nor otherwiſe meete for that roomthe. But ſuche was the Kynges pleaſure, who in fauour of the Queene to whome he was coſin ge [...]ma [...] ſought to aduaunce him, and getting the Popes fauour in that behalfe procured the Monkes & biſhops to graũt their cõſents although muche againſt th [...]e mindes, if they might haue had their owne willes fulfilled. Moreouer the Gel [...] of Cornwal retur|ning out of the holy land in ſafetie, after he had ſettled things there, by cõcluding an abſt [...]ce of warre beetwixte the Saraſins and Chriſtians, aboute the Octaues of Saincte Iohn Baptiſte, [figure appears here on page 659] he arriued in Sicil, & hearing there in what place the Emperour as then [...]o [...]ourned, he repayred vn|to hym, of whome and of his ſiſter the Elap [...]e he was mo [...]e [...]y [...]y receyued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wy [...] [...] dayes after,The Earle of Cornvvall an interceſſour for a peace to be had betvvixte the pope and the Emperour. hee went to the Cou [...]t [...] [...], to trye if he myght or [...]e ſo [...] agreement o [...] [...] the Emperor and the Pope, but findyng the Pope to [...], and nothyng con|form [...] [...]ept he myght haue had all his owne will (whyche was, that the Emperour ſhoulde haue ſubmytted hymſelfe to the Popes plea [...], and to ſtande to whatſoeuer order the Churche ſhoulde appoynt, he re [...]our [...]ed [...]ke to the Em|perour without concludyng any thing with the Pope, and declaring vnto hym as he had found After this hee remayned a two monethes wyth the Emperor, & then taking his leaue he was ho|noured wyth greate giftes at his departure, and ſo retournyng towardes Englande,He returneth into Englande. at length arriued at the towne of Do [...] on the morrowe after the feaſte of the Epiphanie in the yeare fol|lowing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time that the erle of Corne|wall was in his returne forthe of the holy lande, there was [...]nly r [...]iſed newe warre in Wales, whyche happened well for Kyng Henry. There were dyuers of the Welchemen that coulde not well like wyth the gouerment of Dauid, and therefore ſore lamenting the captiuitie of his bro|ther Griffin, whome before (as ye haue heard) he had by a traine taken and kept ſtill as priſoner, began to make warre vnto the ſaide Dauid, and to thoſe that toke his parte, the whiche on the o|ther ſide ſought to oppreſſe theyr aduerſaries,VVarres be|tvveene the VVelchmen. ſo that there enſued muche bloudſhed and ſlaughter beetwene the parties.

[figure appears here on page 659]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The wyfe alſo of the ſayde Griffin, and ſuche other noble men as were become enemyes vn|to Dauid, ſente and writte vnto Kyng Hen|rye, requiryng hys ayde, that Griffyn myghte bee delyuered out of hys brothers handes, pro|myſing him greate helpe and furtherance, with large condytions of ſubmiſſyon, and aſſu|raunce furthirmore to bee at his commaunde|ment, EEBO page image 700 and to receyue him for their true and ſoue|raigne lorde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Henrye goeth into VVales vvith an armye.Kyng Henrye vnderſtandyng all theyr do|ings and intentes, thought that this contention betwene the two brethren for the title of Wa|les would ſerue verie well for his purpoſe, and therfore he haſted foorth wyth a ſpeedye army of men into that countrey, purpoſing to reduce the ſame vnder his obeyſaunce. And herewith Se|nena or Guenhera, the wyfe of Griffyn, (and other of the Welche Nobilitie, that tooke parte wyth hir) conclude a league with Kyng Hen|ry, vppon certayne conditions as the ſame are conteyned in an inſtrumente or Charter the te|nour wherof beginneth as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 See Math. Par. in the printed boke. pag. 840.

Conuenit inter dominum regem Henrieum re|gem Angliae. &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And for the performance of the articles in this inſtrument or writing conteyned, the ſaid Lady in name of hir huſbande, procured dyuers noble men to becom ſuerties or pledges, that is to wit, Raufe de Mortimer, Walter de Clifforde, Ro|ger de Monthault Seneſhall of Cheſter, Mail|gun ap Mailgun, Meredoc ap Robert, Griffin ap Maddoc of Bromefield, Houwell and Mere|doc brethren, Griffin ap Wenuwen: which per|ſones vndertooke for the ſaide Lady, that the co|uenauntes on hir parte ſhould be perfourmed, and therof they alſo bounde themſelues by their wri|tings vnto the ſaide Kyng. Giuen on the Mon|daye next before the Aſſumption of our Lady, in the fiue and twentye yeare of the ſame Kynges reigne, as in Mathewe Paris yee may finde the ſame recorded. Pag. 840.841. and .843. in the printed copie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Dauid driuen to his vvittes ende.But nowe to oure purpoſe. When Da|uid vnderſtoode of the kyngs approche wyth ſo puiſſaunt an armye, he was brought into great perplexitie, & the more in deede, not onely bicauſe there chaunced the ſame yere for the ſpace of four monethes togither a greate drouthe, ſo that the mariſhes and bogges were dried vp and made paſſable for the kyngs people, but alſo for yt ma|ny of the Welch nobilitie, as chiefly Griffin Ma|dock and others, ſought his deſtruction in fauour of his brother Griffin (whoſe deliueraunce they earneſtlye wiſhed) and for that he ſtoode excom|municate by the Pope. All whiche things well conſidered, cauſed him to doubt of a further miſ|chiefe to hang ouer his head: Whervpon he ſent to the king, ſignifying that he would delyuer his brother Griffyn freely into his hands, but letting him withall to wit by many good reaſons, that if he did ſet him at libertie, he ſhuld miniſter ma|ny newe occaſions of continuall warres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer this couenaunt Dauid required at the kyngs handes, that the kyng ſhould reſerue him ſo to his peace, vnder the bonde of Fidelitie and hoſtages, that he ſhould not diſinherite [...] which when the king courteouſly granted, Da|uid ſent vnto hym his brother Gryffin to diſpoſe of hym as he ſhould thinke requiſite.Dauid [...]+reth [...] The Kyng receiuing him, ſent him to London, vnder the cõ|duct of ſir Iohn de Lerinton, togither with other [...]o (whom hee had receiued as hoſtages bothe of Dauid and others the nobles of Wales) appoin|ting them to be kept in ſafetie wythin the To|wer there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was alſo a Charter or deede made by the ſame Dauid vnto King Henrie, contay|ning the Articles, couenauntes, and grauntes made betwixt the ſayd Prince, and the forſayde Dauid, beginning thus.

Omnibus Chriſti fidelibus ad quos praeſentes lite|ra &c.
And after this, that is to ſay,See [...] pag. 842. within .viij. dayes after the ſayd feaſt of Saint Mychael the foreſayde Dauid came to London,Dauid the p [...] of [...] [...]ge. and there dyd homage to the Kyng and ſware feaultie, and after returned in peace backe agayne vnto hys countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time there chanced a contro|uerſie to ryſe betwixt the king and the Biſhop of Lincolne, for the beſtowing of the benefice of Thame, [...] the which Iohn Manſel the kings cha|pleyne hadde gotten in poſſeſſion by the Kinges fauor through prouiſion graunted of the Pope, where the Biſhoppe alledgyng priuiledges to the contrary, had graunted it to an other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At length the Kyng hauing his fathers trou|ble before his eies, and doubting the Biſhoppes woordes, threatning ſome euill myſhappe to fo|lowe, if he ſhoulde ſtande long in the matter a|gaynſte the ſayde Biſhoppe, gaue ouer hys [...]|nute: and therewythall prouyded Iohn Maun|ſell of a farre more [...]yehe benefice, that is to [...]ye, of the perſonage of Maydſtone, whereinto the Biſhoppe ſpeedyly inueſted hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys yeare many noble men ended theyr ly|ues,Death of [...]|ble men. as well ſuche as were gone with the Er|les of Cornewall and Leyceſter into the holye lande, and others remaynyng ſtill at home. Amongeſt whyche number were theſe: Wyl|liam Forz Earle of Albemarle, Walter Lacy,Lacye l [...] iſſue [...] kinde [...] that [...] inhe [...] his landes. one of the chiefeſt nobles in all Irelande, Ste|phen de Segraue, Gilberte de Baſſet and hys ſonne and heire, named alſo Gilberte. Moreo|uer Iohn Biſet hygh Iuſtice of the Fo [...]eſtes, and Peter de Mallow, Hughe Wak, Roberte Marmion, Peter de Bruys, Guyſ [...] a [...] Lai|dec, Euſtace Stoutville, Eudo Hamon, ſur|named Peccham, Baldwyn de Be [...]un, Iohn Fitz Iohn, Stewarde of houſeholde to Earle Richarde, Iohn de Beau lieu, Gerarde de Fur|niuall. There dyed alſo the Ladye Elea|nore the Counteſſe of Brytayne, wyfe vnto Geffrey, that was ſomtyme Earle of Britayn, EEBO page image 701 (whyche Counteſſe hadde beene long kepte pry|ſoner at Bryſtowe) wyth dyuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, there dyed thys yeare Roger Bi|ſhop of London, and Hughe Biſhoppe of Che|ſter. Alſo Gilberte Marſhall Earle of Pem|brooke in a Tornaye whyche he had attempted at Hereforde agaynſt the kinges licence, was by an vnruly horſe caſte, and ſo hurte, that imme|diatly he dyed thereof. Neyther was thys yeare onely mournefull to Englande for the loſſe of ſuche hygh Eſtates, but alſo in other places ma|ny notable perſonages departed out of this tran|ſitorie lyfe. As two Popes, Gregorie the ninthe and his ſucceſſour Celeſtine the fourthe, beſydes Cardinalles: [...]inall So| [...]ote an en| [...]an. amongſt the whiche, Robert So|mercote an Engliſhe man was one.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the later ende of this .xxv. yeare, the ſixth daye of October,Eclipſe. there appeared a righte ſore Eclypſe of the Sunne, verie ſtraunge to the beholders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2

[...]n. Reg. 26.

[...] death of Empreſſe [...]ell.

1242

[...]rres re| [...]d betvvixt [...] kinges of [...]lande and [...]nce.

In the .xxvj. yeare dyed the Empreſſe Iſa|bell, wyfe vnto Fredericke the Emperoure. In which yeare alſo beganne the warres agayn be|twixte Kyng Henrye, and Lewes the kyng of France, for the quarell of Hugh Erle of M [...]he who refuſed to do homage vnto Alfonſe th [...] bro|ther of kyng Lewes, whyche Alfonſe had ma|ryed the onely daughter and heyre of Raymund Earle of Tholouze, and therefore ſhoulde ſuc|ceede the ſame Earle in his eſtate and inheri|taunce. His brother kyng Lewes had alſo gy|uen vnto hym the Earledome of Poictou with all the landes of Aluergne:

[...] Earle of [...]rche.

[...]guinus. [...]at. VVeſt.

and bycauſe the earle of Marche woulde not doe homage vnto hym, kyng Lewes made warre vppon the Earle of Marche, who thervpon ſought to procure king Henrye (whoſe mother hee had maryed) to come ouer wyth an armie vnto hys ayd.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Kyng Henry beyng ſollicited with Lett [...]s, not onely from hys father in lawe, but alſo [...]n [...] dyuers other noble menne of Poictou, who wil|lyngly woulde haue bene vnder hys gouerne|mente, aſked aduyſe of hys counſell what hee oughte to doe in the matter. Some were of o|pinion, [...]ndry opini| [...] in the kin| [...] counſellors that ſith there hadde bene a truce taken betwixte the Kings, it were not reaſon in any wyſe to breake the ſame: but other thought, that ſith the Frenche men in tymes paſte had taken from King Iohn hys lawfull heritage in Nor|mandie and Poictou, and wrongfullye defay|ned the ſame ſtyll in theyr poſſeſſion wythoute reſtitution, it coulde not bee at any tyme vn|lawfull vpon occaſion giuen to recouer the ſame out of their handes. Thys opinion was allo|wed for good, and the beſt that myght bee bothe of the Kyng, and alſo of the Earle of Corne|wall, lately returned from hys iourney whiche he had made into the holy land.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But nowe all the ſtaye reſted in gatheryng money, which beyng earneſtly demaunded in a parliamente begon at Weſtmynſter the Tuiſ|daye before Candlemaſſe, was as ſtyffly denied, alledging in excuſe theyr often payementes of Subſidies and Reliefs, whiche had bene gathe|red ſith the comming of the king to his crowne, as the thirteenth, fifteenth, ſixteenth and fortieth partes of all their mouable goods,Charugage a certain duetie for euerye plovv [...]ando. beſide Charu|gage, hydage, and ſundrye Eſcuages, namely the great eſcuage graunted for the Mariage of his ſiſter the Empreſſe: and alſo beſide the thir|tieth within four yeres laſt paſt, or theraboutes, graunted to him, which they thought remayned vnſpent, bicauſe it could not be vnderſtood about what neceſſarie affaires for the common wealth it ſhoulde be layde foorth and imployed, where as the ſame was leuyed vpon condition, that it ſhoulde remayne in certayn Caſtels, and not to be expended but by the aduiſe of foure peeres of the realme, as the Earle of Warren, and o|thers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer, they alledged, that the eſcheats and amerciamentes whyche had bin gathered of late were ſuche as muſte needes fill the kings Cof|fers: and ſo to conclude, they woulde not con|ſente to graunt any Subſidie. But yet the king ſo handeled the matter with the richer ſort, and namely thoſe of the ſpiritualtie, that partely by gifte, and partely by borrowing, hee got togy|ther a greate maſſe of treaſure, and ſo prepared an armie and ſhippes to paſſe ouer into Gaſcoyn with all conuenient ſpeede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme, bycauſe he woulde leaue thynges in more ſuretie at home, hee ſente the Biſhop of Durhant into Scotlande,The Bishoppe of Durham ſent into Scot|lande. by whoſe diligence a marriage was concluded betwixte the Lorde Alexander, eldeſt ſonne to the king of Scottes, and the Ladie Margaret daughter to king Henry. Moreouer, the marches of Eng|lande adioyning to Scotlande, were committed to the king of Scots as warden of the ſame,The K. of Scot+tes vvarden of the Englishe mar-hes. to kepe and defende, whyleſts kyng Henry ſhoulde abyde in the parties of [...]yo [...] the ſea. The arch|biſhop of Yorke in the kings abſence,The Archbi|shop of Yorke gouernour of the realme. was alſo appoynted chiefe gouernour of the realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 When this prouiſion [...] once ready, aboute the middeſt of May, the king tooke the ſea, toge|ther with the Queene his wyfe, his brother Ri|charde Earle of Cornewal, and ſeuen other Er|les, and aboute three hundred knights or men of armes. The Poictouins hadde written to hym that he needed not to bring ouer with him anye great armie of men, but rather plentie of money to retain ſuch as he ſhuld fynd there redy to ſerue him at his comming.Thirtie barrels of english coin. The K. paſſeth ouer into Frãce Whervpon he tooke with him. 30. barrells of ſterling coyne: And at length (but not without contrary wynds) he ariued on EEBO page image 702 the coaſt of Gaſcoyne, in the mouthe of the ri|uer of Garon, and taking land, was ioyfully re|ceyued [figure appears here on page 702] of the people, and namely of Reynolde lord of Pons. The French king aduertiſed that the K. of Englãd was cõmen ouer into France, to the aide of the Erle of Marche, and other hys ſubiects againſt him, prepareth a mightie armie, in the whiche were reckoned to be to the number of foure thouſand men of armes, well appointed and armed at all peeces, beſides .xx.M. of Eſqui|res,The Frenche king inuadeth the Batle of Marches lande. Gentlemen, yeomen and croſſebowes: and with the ſame immediatly he entred the domini|ons of the Erle of Marche, and taketh from him diuers townes and caſtels, as Fountney, wherin he tooke one of the Erles ſonnes: Alſo Meruant with diuers other. In the meane whyle the king of England was aduaunced forward and com|men neere vnto Tailborge (lying with his ar|mie in the fayre medow by the riuer ſide of Cha|rent faſt by the Caſtell of Thonay) he had there with hym in campe .xvj.C. knyghtes,The [...] the [...] a [...]ye. or ra|ther men of armes, and twentie thouſande foote|men, with ſeuen hundred that bare croſſebows.) Hee made there his two halfe brethren, the ſon|nes of the Earle of Marche knights, and gaue to the one of them fyue hundred markes, and to the other .vj.C. markes yerely to be payde out of his Eſcheker, till he had otherwyſe prouided for them in landes, and reuenues equall to that pen|ſion. Now the Frenche king being aduertiſed, that king Henry laye thus neere to Tailbourg, marched thytherwardes with all his puiſſaunce lately reenforced with new ſupplies, and appro|chyng to Tailburg,Tailebur [...] hadde the towne deliuered vnto hym. This chaunced aboute the latter ende of Iulye. Then after the Frenche Kyng hadde gotten poſſeſſion of Tailburg, he mente to paſſe the water, and if by mediation of a truce politikely procured by the Earle of Corn|wall (and as it were at a narow pinch) the king of Englande had not founde meanes to remoue in the night ſeaſon, he had bin in great daunger to haue bin taken, through wante of ſuche ayde as he looked for to haue had at the handes of the Poictouins and other his confederates. But yet he got awaye (thoughe with ſome ſtayne of honour) and withdrew to Xainctes,Xand [...]. whether al|ſo the French king followed,An en [...] betw [...] Engli [...] Frenche. and comming neere to the towne, there was a ſharpe encounter be|gon betwixt the French and the Engliſh, wher|in the Engliſhmen were victors, and in whyche [figure appears here on page 702] by the Frenchmens owne confeſſion, if the En|gliſhe power had bin lyke to theyrs in number, they had fully atchieued the honour of a fough|ten field, and for a light ſkirmiſhe, a ſounde and perfect victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The vallancie of the Earle of Leyceſter and others.The highe prowes and valiancie of the Ear|les of Leyceſter, Saliſburie, Norffolke, wyth other noble menne, as Iohn de Bourgh, War|reyn de Mounte Chenille or Cheincy, Hubert Fitz Mathewe, and Raufe Fitz Nicholas dyd in this fight righte well appeare: and lykewyſe other of the Engliſhenation bare them ſelues ſo manfullye,Iohn K [...] that they deſerued no ſmall com|mendation. Amongeſt other alſo ſyr Iohn Maunſell the Kyngs Chaplayne, and one of hys priuie counſayle dydde ryghte worthylye, takyng Pryſoner wyth hys owne handes one Peter Orige, that was Stewarde vnto the Earle

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 703There was moreouer taken on the Frenche part ſir Iohn de Barris, [...]ohn Bar| [...] a man of good accompt, by William de Sey, [...]ll. de Sey. [...]erte de [...]e ſtayne. beſide ſundry others. On the Engliſhe parte (was ſlayn Gilbert de Clare) and Henrye Haſtings taken priſoner, with o|ther to the number of twenty knyghtes, or men of Armes, if I maye ſo call them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After thys encounter, by reaſon that the Frenche armye encreaſed by newe bandes ſtyll reſortyng to theyr Kyng,Earle of [...]che is re| [...]led to the [...]h king. the Earle of Marche ſecretely ſoughte meanes to bee reconciled vn|to hym: and fynally by the helpe of the Duke of Brytayne, hys olde acquayntance and frende at neede, his peace was purchaſed, ſo that hee hadde his landes agayne to hym reſtored, except certayne Caſtels, whyche for further aſſuraunce the Frenche kyng retayned in his handes by the ſpace of three yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng of Englande perceyuyng hym|ſelfe too too muche deceyued in that he had putte ſuche confidence in the Earle of Marche and o|thers of that countrey, whiche ſhoulde haue ay|ded hym at thys preſente, and agayne aduerti|ſed, that the Frenche Kyng mente to beſiege hym wythin the Citie of Xainctes, departed wyth all ſpeede from thence, and came to Blay, a towne in Gaſcoigne, ſituate neare to the riuer of Garon, and diſtaunt ſeauen leagues from Burdeaux.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]h. Paris.

[...] Counteſſe [...]ern.

And whyleſt he laye here at Blay, there came vnto hym the Counteſſe of Bierne (a woman of a monſtrous bygneſſe of bodye) bryngyng wyth hir to ſerue the Kyng hir ſonne, and three ſcore knyghtes, in hope to get ſome of hys ſter|lyng moneye, whereof ſhe knewe hym to haue plentye: and ſo couenaunting for hir entertayn|mente, remayned ſtill wyth hym, and receyued euery day .xiij. lb. ſterlyng, & yet ſhe neuer plea|ſured hym to the worthe of a groate, but rather hyndered hym, in makyng hym bare of money, whiche ſhe receyued, purſſed vp and tooke away wyth hir when ſhe departed from hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 re [...]ng [...]er Frẽch [...]es.In the meane tyme the Lordes de Pons, Mirabeau, and Mortaigne, ſodaynely reuol|ted, and ſubmitted themſelues to the Frenche kyng, with the Vicount of Touars, and all o|ther the Lordes and knyghtes of Poictou, and the marches theraboutes, that not long before hadde procured Kyng Henrye to come ouer to thery ayde. The Citie of Xainctes was lyke|wyſe rendred to hym immediately vppon kyng Henries departure from thence. At whyche ſea|ſon the Frenche kyng mente to haue followed hym to Blaye, but by reaſon of a greate deathe whyche chaunced in his armie, he was conſtrai|ned to alter his purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]th in the [...]ch campe.Surely as Authours haue recorded, what thorough peſtilence and vnwholſomneſſe of the ayre, a great number of Frenchemen dyed that tyme, and dayly more fell ſicke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The number of them that dyed, as Mathewe Paris, and Mathew Weſtmin. affirme, amoun|ted to twentie thouſande perſones, beſyde foure|ſcore of the Nobilitie that bare banners or Pe|nons. Kyng Lewes hymſelfe alſo beganne to waxe diſeaſed and craſye,

Truce renued betvvixt the tvvo kings.

Polidore.

ſo that hee was conſtrayned to renewe the truce wyth Kyng Henrye, and therewyth departed home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Kyng Henry remayned at Blaye till the feaſt of the Aſſumption of our Lady,The Queene of Englande deli|uered of a daughter. and then went to Burdeaux to viſite the Quene, which in this meane whyle was brought to bedde about Mid|ſommer of a young Ladye, whome they na|med Beatrice, after the Queenes mother.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And whyleſt Kyng Henrye was thus occu|pyed in Poictou and Gaſcoine,VVilliam Ma|riſch executed. William Ma|riſch, the ſonne of Geffreye Mariſch (by com|maundement ſente from the Kyng) was put to death at London, with ſixteene of his com|plices on the euen of S. Iames the Apoſtle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This William Mariſch falling into the kin|ges diſpleaſure, gotte hym to the ſea, and played the rouer, keepyng the Iſle of Lundaye in the Weaſt countrey, tyll fynally he was taken and brought priſoner vnto the Towre, wher he was charged with ſundry Articles of treaſon, as that he ſhoulde hyre that counterfaite madde manne whyche ſoughte to haue murthered the kyng at Woodſtocke, as before ye haue heard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Yet when he ſhoulde dye, he vtterly denyed that euer he was priuie to any ſuche thing. He was fyrſte had from Weſtminſter to the towre, and from thence drawne to the Gibet, and there hanged, till he was dead, and after beyng cutte downe, hadde his bowelles ripped out, and bur|ned, and when his heade was cut off, the body was diuided into foure quarters, & ſent vnto foure of the principall Cities of the realme. His com|plices were alſo drawne thorough the Citie of London vnto the ſame gibet, and there hanged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the tyme of this warre alſo betwixt En|glande and Fraunce,The ſeas trou|bled vvyth men of vvarre. there was much hurt done on the ſea betwixte them of the Cinque Por|tes and the Frenchemenne of Normandie, and other: as the Caleys menne and the Brytons, whyche did make themſelues as ſtrong as they coulde agaynſte the Englyſhemenne by ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whervpon diuers encounters chaunced betwixt them, but more to the loſſe of the Engliſhmen, than of the Frenchemen: in ſomuche that they of the Portes were conſtrained to require ayde of the Archbiſhop of Yorke, the Lorde gouernor of the realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About which time, and after the K. was with|drawne to Burdeaux, dyuers noble men, as the erles of Norffolk, and Wincheſter, with others, EEBO page image 704 got licence to returne into Englande. Soone af|ter whoſe arriual,

Eſcuage gathe|red .xx. shil|lings of euery knightes fee.

Mat. VVeſt.

Death of noble men.

eſcuage was gathered through the Realme towardes the bearyng of the kings charges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, in this yeare of the King there dyed ſundry noble men of naturall infirmities, as the Earle of Warwike, Gilberte de Gaunt, Baldwyn Wake, Philyp de Kyme, and Ro|ger Berthram of the North, with diuers other. Howbeit the king hymſelfe retourned not home, but laye all the Wynter tyme at Burdeaux, meanyng to attempt manye enterpryſes, but he broughte none to paſſe, ſauyng that in protra|ctyng tyme, he ſpente muche money, and to lit|tle purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg. 27. Aboute the beginning of the ſeuen and twen|tith yeare of his reigne, his brother the Earle of Cornewall, myſlyking the order of thyngs whi|che he ſawe dayly in the king his brothers pro|ceedyngs, woulde needes retourne backe into Englande, but chiefly when hee perceyued that his counſell and aduice could not bee hearde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng was ſore offended herewyth, but hee coulde not well remedye the matter, nor perſwade hym to tarye. And ſo the ſayde Earle of Cornewall,The Earle of Cornevvall & and other re|tourne home. togyther wyth the Earles of Pembrooke and Hereforde, and dyuers other no|blemen tooke the ſea, and after manye daungers eſcaped in theyr courſe, at lengthe on Saincte Lucies daye they arriued in Cornewall, though ſome of the veſſelles that were in the compa|nye were dryuen by force of the tempeſtuous weather vppon other contrarye coaſtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute thys ſeaſon alſo, that is to witte, on the daye of Saint Edmunde the Kyng, there happened a maruellous tempeſt of thunder and lightenyng, and therewyth followed ſuche an exceedyng rayne (whyche contynued manye dayes togyther) that Riuers roſe on maruel|lous heygthe, and the Thames it ſelfe, whyche ſeldome ryſeth, or is increaſed by lande flouds, paſſing ouer the bankes, drowned all the coun|trey for the ſpace of ſix myles about Lambheth, ſo that none myght get into Weſtmynſter hall, except it were on horſebacke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame tyme the Kyng ſente ouer into Englande to the Archbiſhop of Yorke lord Gouernour of the Realme,Prouiſion of grayne and vi|ctuals taken vp and ſente to the kyng. to cauſe prouiſyon of grayne and Bacon, to be conueyed ouer vn|to hym, whiche he appoynted to be taken out of the poſſeſſions of the Archebiſhopryke of Can|terburye, and other Biſhoprikes that were va|cant, and out of other ſuche places, as ſeemed to hym good to appoynt. Herevpon were ſent ouer to hym ten thouſande quarters of wheate, fyue thouſande quarters of Oates, with as ma|ny Bacons. Alſo there was ſent vnto him great prouiſion of other things, as cloth for apparell, and liuereys, but muche of it periſhed in the ſea by one meane or other, that little therof came to his vſe, who remayned ſtill at Burdeaux to his great coſt and charges, and ſmall gayne, ſauing that he recouered certayne townes and holdes there in Gaſcoyne that were kept by certain re|belles: At whyche tyme, bicauſe he was incly|ned rather to follow the counſell of the Gaſcoy|nes and other ſtraungers than of his owne ſub|iectes,

124 [...]

The kyng by Ste [...]

and gaue vnto them larger entertayn|ment, not regarding the ſeruice of his owne na|turall people:He is eu [...] [...]+ken of. he was maruellouſly euill ſpoken of here in Englande, and the more in deed, by|cauſe his iourney had no better ſucceſſe, and was yet ſo chargeable vnto him and all his ſubiectes. The noble menne that remayned with hym, as the Erles of Leyceſter and Saliſbury, with o|ther, were conſtrained to borrow no ſmall ſum|mes of money to beare out theyr charges: and ſo likewyſe the Kyng himſelfe ranne greately in debte, by takyng vp money towardes the diſ|charging of his importable expenſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At lengthe by mediation of ſuche as were Commiſſioners a truce was concluded betwixt hym and the Frenche kyng for fyue yeares,A truce t [...] for [...]e y [...] and then he retourned towarde Englande, but hee arriued not there tyll the nynth of October, al|thoughe the truce was concluded in Marche vp|on Saint Gregories day: for beſide other occa|ſions of hys ſtaye, one chaunced by ſuche ſtryfe and debate as roſe amongeſt the Gaſcoignes, whyche cauſed hym to retourne to lande, that he myght pacifye the ſame, when he was alrea|dye embarqued, and hadde hoyſſed his ſayle im|mediatlye to ſette forwarde.Nicolas de Mucles [...] te [...] coigne. Hee lefte in Guy|enne for his Lieutenaunt one Nicholas de Mu|cles or Moles, to defende thoſe townes, which yet remayned vnder his obeyſaunce, for he putte no greate confidence in the people of that coun|trey, the whiche of cuſtome beeing vexed with continuall warre, were conſtrained not by will, but by the change of tymes, one whyle to holde on the Frenche ſyde, and an other while of the Engliſhe. In deede the Townes, namely thoſe that hadde their ſituation vppon the Sea coaſtes, were ſo deſtroyed and decayed in theyr walles and fortifications, that they coulde not long bee anye greate ayde to eyther parte, and therefore beyng not of force to holde oute, they were compelled to obeye one or an other, where by their willes they wold haue doone otherwyſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And this was the cauſe that the king of En|glande, oftentymes vppon truſte of theſe tow|nes, whiche for the moſte were readie to receyue hym, was broughte into ſome hope to recouer his loſſes, and chiefly for that he was ſo manye tymes procured to attempte his fortune there, at the requeſte of the fickle mynded Poycto|uins, EEBO page image 705 who whyleſt they dydde ſeeke ſtyll to purge theyr offences to the one Kyng, or to the other, they dayely by newe treaſons defamed theyr credit, and ſo by ſuche meanes the king of Englande oftentymes with ſmall aduantage or none at all, made warre againſt the French Kyng, in truſte of theyr ayde, that coulde or (vppon the leaſt occaſion conceyued,) quickely woulde doe little to his furtheraunce. And ſo therby Kyng Henry aſwell as his father Kyng Iohn, was oftentymes deceyued of his vaine conceyued hope.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this ſeuen and twentith yeare of Kyng Henryes raygne, dyuers noble perſonages departed this lyfe, [...]eath of noble [...]n. and firſte aboute the begin|ning of Ianuarye, deceaſſed the Lord Richard de Burghe, a man of greate honoure and eſti|mation in Irelande, where he helde many faire poſſeſſions, by conqueſte of that noble Gen|tleman his worthye father. Alſo that valiaunt warriour Hughe Lacye, [...]gh Lacy. who had conquered in hys tyme a greate parte of Irelande. Alſo the ſame yeare the ſeuenth of Maye Hughe de Albeney Earle of Arundell departed this life, in the middeſt of his youthfull yeares, and was buried in the Priorie of Wimundham, whiche his auncetores had founded. After his deceaſſe that noble heritage was deuided by partition amongeſt foure ſiſters.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo aboute the ſame tyme, to wit, on the twelfthe daye of Maye, Hubert de Broughe Earle of Kent departed this life at his Manor of Banſlude, and his bodye was conueyed to London, and there buryed in the Churche of the Friers preachers, vnto the whiche Fryers he had bene verie beneficiall: And amongeſt other things, hee gaue vnto them his goodlye Pallace at Weſtminſter adioyning neare to the Pallace of the Earle of Cornewall, why|che the Archebiſhoppe of Yorke afterwardes purchaſed. [...] Fabian. The Monkes of the Ciſteaux were this yeare ſomewhat vexed by the Kyng, by|cauſe they had refuſed to aide hym with money towardes his iourney made into Gaſcoyne. [...]ath. Paris. Alſo the pleas of the Crowne were kepte and holden in the Towre of London. And in the nighte of the ſixe and twentyth daye of Iuly ſtarres were ſeene fall from the ſkye after a maruellous ſort, [...]arres fallen [...]er a ſtraunge [...]ner. not after the common maner, but thyrtye or fortye at once, ſo faſte one after an other and glaunſing to and fro, that if ther had fallen ſo many verye ſtarres in deed, there woulde none haue bene lefte in the firmament.

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An. reg. 28.

[...]he [...]ounteſſe Pro [...]ance [...]other to the [...]eene com| [...]nouer into [...]glande.

In the eighte and twentye yeare of Kyng Henryes raygne, the Quenes mother the La|dye Beatrice Counteſſe of Prouaunce arry|ued at Douer on the fourteenthe daye of No|uember, bringing with hir the Ladye Sancta her daughter, and in the octaues of ſaint Mar|tine they were receyued into London in moſte ſolemne wiſe, the ſtreetes beeing hanged wyth ryche clothes, as the maner is at the coronati|ons of Princes. On Saint Clementes daye, Rycharde Earle of Cornewall the Kings bro|ther marryed the ſaide Ladie Sanctia,The Earle of Cornvvall ma|ried to the La|dy Sanctia. whych mariage was ſolemniſed in moſte royall wiſe and with ſuche ſumptuous feaſtes and banque|tings, as greater coulde not be deuiſed. Final|ly, the Quenes mother the Counteſſe of Pro|uance being a righte notable and worthie La|dy, was honored in euery degree of hir ſonne in lawe king Henry in moſt curteous and ſump|tuous manner, and at hir departure out of the realme, which was after Chriſtmaſſe, ſhe was wyth moſte riche and Princely gyftes honora|bly rewarded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame tyme alſo,VVilliã Ra|legh bishop of Norvviche. where as Wil|liam de Ralegh was requeſted to remoue from the ſea of Norwyche vnto Wyncheſter, and conſentyng therevnto, without the Kyngs ly|cence, obtained his confirmation of the Pope. The king was highly diſpleaſed therwith,He is conſecra|ted bishop of VVincheſter by the Pope. by|cauſe he ment it to an other. Whervpon when the ſayde Wyllyam Ralegh was retourned from Rome to be inſtalled, the Kyng ſente commaundement to the Mayor and Citizens of Wincheſter, that they ſhoulde not ſuffer him to enter the Citie. Wherevppon hee beeing ſo kept out, accurſed bothe the Citie and the Ca|thedrall Churche with all the Monkes and o|thers that fauoured the Prior, whiche had in|truded himſelfe onely by the Kyngs aucthori|tie, and not by lawefull election and meanes, as was ſuppoſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 At length the ſayde Biſhoppe vpon griefe conceyued that the Kyng ſhoulde bee ſo heauy Lorde vnto him, got into a ſhippe at London,1244. and ſtale awaye into Fraunce, where of the Frenche Kyng hee was well receyued,He ſtealeth out of the realme. and greatly cheriſhed. Alſo he found ſuche meanes that the Pope in fauour of his cauſe wrote let|ters bothe to the Kyng and to the Quene, namyng hir hys coſin, but whyche waye that kinred ſhould come aboute, as yet it was neuer knowen. The Biſhoppe to ſhewe hym ſelfe not vnthankefull for ſuche friendeſhyppe,He giueth to the Pope. 6000 markes. gaue to the Pope aboue ſixe thouſande Markes (as is ſaide) and the Pope bycauſe he woulde not be accompted a diſdainefull perſon, turned not backe one pennye of that whiche was ſo gently offred hym. At lengthe partely at contempla|tion of the Popes letters, and partly by reaſon the Biſhoppe humbled himſelfe in aunſwering the articles whyche the Kyng had obiected a|gaynſte hym in cauſe of the controuerſie bee|twixte them, he graunted hym his peace, and EEBO page image 706 receyued hym into the lande, reſtoryng to hym all that had bin taken and deteyned from hym. Moreouer, in this meane while the Pope tru|ſting more than inoughe vpon the Kyngs ſim|plicitie and patience, who in deede durſte not in any caſe ſeeme to diſpleaſe him, had ſente an other Collector of money into Englande na|med Martin,Martine the Popes Collec|tour. not adorned wyth power Le|gantine, but furniſhed wyth ſuche auctorities and faculties as had not bene heard of. He was lodged in the Temple, where he ſhewed what commyſſion hee had to gather vp the Popes reuenues, and to exacte money by ſundry ma|ners of meanes, and ſo fell in hand therewyth, vſing no ſmall diligence therin, vnto the great griefe and hurt of conſcience of many: he had power to ſtaye the beſtowing of benefices, tyll he was ſatiſfied to the full contentation of his mynde. Benefices of ſmall valew hee regarded not greatly, but ſuche as were good liuynges in deede felt hys heauye and rauenous handes extended towardes them. He had power alſo to excommunicate, to ſuſpende, and punyſhe all ſuche as ſhoulde reſiſte his will, althoughe neuer ſo wilfully bent, in ſomuche that it was ſaide, he had ſundrye blankes vnder the Popes bulled ſeale, bycauſe that vpon the ſodayn hee brought forthe ſuche as ſeemed beſte to ſerue for his purpoſe. Hee vſed this his vnmeaſurable aucthoritie to the vttermoſt, and therin did not forget his own profit, but tooke palfreis and o|ther preſentes of religious men, as he thought good. But to declare all the practiſes of this the Popes agent, it wold be too long a proceſſe. Fi|nally when men ſawe ſuche vnreaſonable coue|touſneſſe and polling,The nobles cõ|playne to the king of the Po|pes collectour. ſome of the nobilitie of the Realme, not able longer to beare it, came to the Kyng, and exhibited to hym theyr com|plaint hereof, namely for that the Popes procu|rator beſtowed diuers riche prebends and other roomths in Churches vnto ſtraungers knowen to be infamed for vſurie, ſimonie, and other hei|nous vices, whiche had no reſpect to preaching, nor to keping of any hoſpitalitie, for maintei|naunce wherof, their auncetors had giuen forth theyr landes to the enriching of the Churche, not meaning to haue the ſame beſtowed on ſuch maner of perſons. The Kyng vnderſtoode that truthe it was which was tolde him,The king vvri|teth to the Pope. and ther|fore writte to the Pope in humble wiſe, beſe|ching hym of his fatherly care to take order for ſome redreſſe therin.

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Polidore.

The king aſ|keth counſell hovv to pro|ceede in hys vvarres againſt the French K.

Aboute this tyme the Kyng beganne to re|newe his imagination for the following of the warres againſte the Frenche Kyng, and ther|fore aſked the aduice of his counſell how hee might beſt attempt the recouerie of thoſe lands in Fraunce whiche were wrongfully deteyned from him, The moſte parte of all his auncient counſellors were of this opinion, that to make warre agayn in truſte of others ayde, as had bin attempted ſo often before without any pro|fit, ſhould be no wiſdom, and therfore he ought either to forbeare, or els ſo to prouide hymſelfe of power ſufficiẽt, without truſting to the ſup|port of ſtraungers, as he might be able with his owne puiſſaunce and force to atchiue his enter|priſe, for otherwiſe his trauaile ſhuld proue but vaine and to very ſmall effect. The Kyng per|ſwaded wyth theſe ſound reaſons, thought not good to attempt any thyng more touchyng the ſayde warre vnaduiſedly: And to the ende it ſhould not be ſaid how he truſted in vain vpon the aide of ſtrangers, he cauſed all ſuch poſſeſſi|ons as the Normans helde in Englande to be cõfiſcated,The p [...] of the No [...] confiſcated. to the intẽt that aſwel the Normans as Britons and Poictouins might well vnder|ſtande, that he mynded not from thenceforth to credite the falſe promiſes of rebelles, as he that woulde nowe vſe only the ſeruice of his owne people the engliſhmẽ, which in reſpect of others painted promiſes he had before contemned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The occaſion that moued the king ſo to diſ|inherit the Normans,

Math. Pa [...]

The occ [...] vvhy the [...]+mand vve [...] diſi [...]d.

chiefly roſe of the French Kynges dealing, who aboute the ſame tyme calling to hym all thoſe that had lands in En|gland, required them eyther to ſticke vnto him inſeparably, either els to the King of England ſithe no man might ſerue two maſters. Wher|vpon ſome forſaking theyr landes in England, liued on thoſe, whiche they had in France, and other forſoke thoſe liuings whyche they had in Fraunce, and came ouer into England to liue on thoſe poſſeſſions whyche they had here. But in the Frenche Kyngs doynges was no enfor|cing of men, eyther to forſake the one or the o|ther: wherfore the proceedings of the Kyng of Englande ſeemed ſomwhat more iniurious, & partly ſounded to the breach of the truce. How beit al was paſſed ouer without apparãt trou|ble. Whileſt all things were thus in quiet, & the kyng himſelfe not troubled with any outward warres,

Polid. Math. Pa [...] Mat. VV [...]

Dauid Prince of VVales meaneth as ſub [...] [...] to the Pope.

the Welchemen (who thoughe they wer ſubdued yet could not reſt in quiet) receiue agayne the fornamed Dauid to theyr Prince, the whyche for a pollicye determined hymſelfe to make offer to the Pope to holde his lande of hym, yelding therefore yearely vnto hym the ſumme of fiue hundreth markes (as is ſaide) to the end that vnder the wings of the Popes pro|tection he might ſhadowe hymſelfe, and be de|fended againſt all men: at length by large gifts of no ſmall ſummes of money he purchaſed let|ters of the Pope in hys fauour to the preiudice of the crown of Englãd, as touching the right whiche the King of Englande had to the do|minion EEBO page image 707 of Wales, as by the tenor thereof it may appeare, beginning as here enſueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 Math. Paris.

Illustri viro domino Henrico Dei gratia Regi Angliae. &c.
See Math. Par. pag 880. Thus Dauid being encouraged herewyth & ſuch o|ther of the Welchmen as took his part, at time appointed did ſet vpon the Kyngs capitaines as they ſtragled abrode, whom at the firſt brunt they put to flight, and flewe many of them here and there as they tooke them at aduenture. The Engliſhemen when night was commen, and that the Welchemen withdrewe to reſt, aſſem|bled themſelues agayne togyther, and in the morning wyth newe recouered force bothe of minde and body, came vppon the Welchemen and begunne with them a new battaile, which [figure appears here on page 707] continued the ſpace of .iij. houres together, til at length the Welchmen,The VVelch| [...]en diſcom| [...]ed. which raſhly had en|tred the fight, begun to ſhrink back, and fled to theyr wonted places of refuge, the woods and mariſhes. Their chief capitayn Dauid fledde into Scotlãd, [...]uid fled into [...]cotland. (hauing loſt in ye batail the moſt part of all his ſouldiers whiche he hadde there wt him.) At his cõming into Scotlãd, & whileſt he there remained, he incenſed kyng Alexander againſt K. Henry to his vttermoſt power, put|ting into his head how reprochfully the engliſh men ſpake of the Scottes, [...] prouoketh [...] K. of Scots make vvarre [...]ainst En| [...]ds. reprouyng them of cowardiſe and lacke of ſtomacke. Alſo that they liued according to the preſcripte of the Engliſh nation, as ſubiects to the ſame: and many other things he forged, which had bene able to haue moued a moſte pacient man vnto indignation and diſpleaſure. Finally either by the prouoking of this Dauid, [...]e king of [...]ots inuadeth [...]glande. or by ſome other occaſion, king Alexander, mẽt to make warres to king Henry in deed, and reiſing an army made a roade in|to Englande, and did ſome hurt by incurſions and further ſignifyed to Kyng Henry, as ſome write, that he neither ought nor woulde holde any parte or portion of Scotlande of the King of Englande.Math. Paris. Kyng Henry ſore offended here|with, purpoſed in time to be reuenged, & ſhort|ly after, called a Parliament at Weſtminſter, in the whiche he earneſtly moued the Lordes and other eſtates to ayde hym with money to|wards the furniſhing of his cofers, [...]ng Henrye [...]reth an [...]e of money [...]is ſubiects. being emp|tied as they knew by his exceeding charges in his laſte iourney into Gaſcoig [...]. He woulde not open his meanyng which he had to make warre to the Scottes, bycauſe he woulde haue his enterpriſe ſecretly kept, till hee ſhoulde bee ready to ſet forwarde. But although the kyng had got the Pope to write in his fauour vnto the Lords both ſpirituall and temporal, to aide him in that his demaunde of money there was muche a doe, and playne deny a [...] made at the [...]rſt, to graunt at that tyme to any [...]he pay|ment as was demaunded: and eftſones they [...]el in hand with deuiſing newe orde [...], and name|ly to renewe agayne theyr ſuite forthe confir|mation of the auncient libertyes of the realme,N [...]v orders deuiſed by the Lords. ſo as the ſame might be obſerued, according to the graunt thereof before made by the Kynges Letters Patentes, without all fraude or con|tradiction. They alſo appoynted, that there ſhoulde bee foure Lordes choſen of the moſte puiſſaunt and diſcreteſt of all other within the realme, whiche ſhould be ſworne of the Kyngs counſell, to order his buſines iuſtly and truly, and to ſee that euerye man had ryght wythout reſpecting of perſons. And theſe foure chiefe counſellours ſhoulde be euer attending aboute the Kyng, or at the leaſt three or twoo of them. Alſo that by the view, knowledge and witnes of them, the Kynges treaſure ſhoulde bee ſpent and layd forthe, and that if one of them chaun|ced to fall away, an other ſhuld be placed in his roomth by the apointment of the reſidue remai|ning.Vnreaſonable, requeſtes. They wold alſo yt the lord chief Iuſtice & EEBO page image 708 the Lorde Chauncellor ſhould be choſen by the generall voyces of the eſtates aſſembled, and bicauſe it was needfull that they ſhoulde be of|tentymes with the King, it was thought they might be choſen out of the number of thoſe four aboue rehearſed conſeruators of Iuſtice. And if the Kyng at any tyme chaunced to take the ſeale from the Lorde Chauncellor, whatſoeuer writing were ſealed in the meane tyme ſhould be of none effect. They aduiſed alſo, that there ſhoulde be two Iuſtices of the Benches, two barons of the Eſcheker, and one Iuſtice for the Iewes: and theſe for that preſent to be appoin|ted by publike voyces of the eſtates, that as they had to order al mens matters and buſines, ſo in theyr election the aſſenſ of all men myght bee had and giuen: and that afterwards when vp|pon any occaſion there ſhoulde be any elected into the roomthe of any of theſe Iuſtices, the ſame ſhoulde be appoynted by one of the afore mencioned foure Counſellors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 But as the nobles wer buſie in three wekes ſpace aboute the deuiſing of theſe ordinaunces and other, to haue bene decreed as ſtatutes, the ennemy of peace and ſower of diſcorde, the de|uill, hindred all theſe thinges by the couetouſ|nes of the Pope,The Pope ſen|deth for ſome ayde of money to maynteyn vvarres againſt the Emperour. who had ſent his Chaplayne maſter Martin, with auctoritie to leuie alſo an ayde of money for his needes to mainteine his warres withall againſt the Emperour, and the [figure appears here on page 708] Emperour on the other part, ſent ambaſſadors to the Kyng to ſtaye him and his people from graunting anye ſuche aide vnto the Pope: ſo that there was no leſſe harde holde and diffi|cultie ſhewed in refuſing to cõtribute vnto this demaunde of the Popes Nuncio, than vnto the kyngs. At length yet in an other ſitting which was begon three weekes after Candelmaſſe, they agreed to giue the King eſcuage to runne towards the mariage of his eldeſt daughter,Eſcuage graun|ted to the king. of euery Knyghts fee holden of the Kyng twenty ſhillings to be paid at two termes, the one half at Eaſter, and the other at Michelmaſſe. After this, the Kyng mynding to inuade the Scots, cauſed the whole force of all ſuche as ought to ſerue him in the warres to aſſemble, & ſo with a mightie hoſt he goeth to newe Caſtell vppon Tine, meaning from thence to march towards Scotlande and to inuade the ſame in reuenge of ſuche iniuries as the Scots had done vnto hym and his ſubiects,The K [...] an [...] tovvard [...] lande. & namely for that Wal|ter Cumin a mighty Baron of Scotlande and other noble men had built two Caſtelles neare to the Engliſhe confines, the one in Galoway, and the other in Louthian, and further had re|ceyued and ſuccoured certayne rebelles to the Kyng of Englande, as Geffrey de Mariſ [...]h de Marcis an Iriſh man, and others. The Kyng of Scottes was aduertiſed of Kyng Henryes approche, and therefore in defence of hymſelfe and his countrey, he had reyſed an huge army. Hereuppon certayne noble men vppon eyther ſide, ſorye to vnderſtande that ſuche bloudſhed ſhould chaunce as was like to follow (and that vpon no great apparãt cauſe) if the two kings ioyned battel, tooke pain in the matter to agree them, which in the end they brought to paſſe,The king [...] England [...] Scotland [...]. ſo that they were made friends and wholy recon|ciled. There was a publike inſtrument alſo made therof by the K. of Scots vnto K. Hen|ry, firmed wyth his ſeale, & likewiſe wyth the ſeales of other noble mẽ, teſtifying his allegi|ance which he ought to the K. of England, as his ſuperior Lord, in fourme as here enſueth.

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1.8.1.

Alexander Dei gratia Rex Scotia,

omnibus Chriſti fidelibus hoc ſcriptum viſuris vel audituris,The [...] Alexa [...] Scotlan [...] to Henry [...] third [...]. Salutem.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Ad veſtram volumus venire notitiam nos pro nobis & haeredibus noſtris conceſsiſſe, & fi|deliter promiſiſſe chariſsimo & ligio Domino nostro Henrico tertio dei gratia regi Angliae illustri Do|mino Hiberniae, Duci Normaniae & Aquitaniae, & Comiti Andegauiae, & eius haeredibus, quod imperpetuum bonam fidem ei ſeruabimus, pariter & amorem. Et quod nunquam aliquod foedus inierum per nos vel per aliquos alios ex parte nostra, cum in|imicis Domini regis Angliae vel haeredum ſuorum, ad bellum procurandũ vel faciendum, vnde dam [...] eis vel regnisſuis Angliae, & Hibernia, aut c [...]|teris terris ſuis eueniat, vel poſsit aliquatenus ene|re: niſi nos iniuſte grauent: ſtantibus in ſuo rebere conuentionibus inter nos & dictũ dominum egem Angliae initis vltimo apud Eboracum in preſentia domini Othonis tituli S. Nicholai in carcere Tullia|no, diaconi Cardinalis, tũc apostolicae ſedis legati in Anglia. Et ſaluis conuentionibus ſuper matrimo|nio contrahendo inter filiũ nostiũ & filiã dicti do|mini regis Anglia. Et vt haec nostra conceſsio & promiſsio pro nobis & haeredibus nostris perpetuae firmitatis robur obtineant, fecimus iutare in animã noſtram Alanum Oſtiarũ, Henrieũ de Baliol, Da|uid EEBO page image 709 de L [...]ndeſey, VVilhelmũ Gifford, quod omnia praedicta bona fide firmiter & fideliter obſeruaba| [...]. Et ſimiliter iurari fecimus venerabiles patres, Dauid, VVilhelm [...], Galfridũ, & Clemente Sun [...] Andreae Glaſcomenſem, Dunk [...]denfem, Dublin [...] ſem epiſcopos. Et praeterea Maltolmũ comite de F [...], fideles nostros, Patricium Comite [...] de Dunbar, Maliſiũ comitẽ de Strathern, VValterũ Cum [...]n co|mite de Menteth, VVilhelmum comitem de Mar, Alexandrã comitẽ de Buchquhan, Dauid de Ha|ſtings comitẽ de Aethol, Robertũ de Bruis, Alanũ Oſtrarium, Henricũ de Bailiol, Rogerum de Moun|bray, Laurentium de Abirnethiae, Richardum Cu|min, Dauid de Lindeſey, Richardũ Siward, VVil|helmum de Lindeſey, VValterũ de Morauia, VVil|helmum Giffarde, Nicholaum de Sully, VVil|helmum de Veteri Ponte, VVilhelmum de Brewer, Anſelmum de Meſue, Dauid de Graham, & Ste|phanum de Suningham. Quod ſi nos vel haeredes noſtri, contra conceſsionem & promiſsionem prae|dictam, quod abſit venerimus ipſi, & haeredes eo|rum nobis & haeredibus nostris, nullum contra cõ|ceſsionem & promiſsionem praedictam, auxilium, vel conſilium impendent, aut ab alijs pro poſſe ſuo impendi permittent. Imo bona fide laborabunt erga nos & haeredes nostros, ipſi & haeredes eorum, quòd omnia praedicta à nobis & haeredibus noſtris nec non ab ipſis & eorum haeredibus firmiter & fideliter obſeruentur in perpetuum. In cuius rei teſtimonium tam nos quam praedicti Prelati, comi|tes & Barones nostri praeſens ſcriptum ſigillorum ſuorum appoſitione roborauimus.

VVhiche Charter is thus in engliſhe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3

1.8.1.

ALexander by the grace of god, Kyng of Scotland,

to all faithful Chriſtian people that ſhal ſee or heare this writing, ſendeth gre|ting:

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 We wyll that it be knowen to you, that we for vs and our heires haue granted & faith|fully promiſed to our moſt deare and liege lord Henry the thirde, by the grace of God, the noble king of England, Lorde of Ireland Duke of Normãdy, and Guyenne, and Erle of Anion, and to his heyres, that we will beare and keepe vnto him good faith and loue for euer, and that we ſhall not enter into any league with our ſelues, or by others in our behalfe with the eni|myes of our ſayde ſoueraigne Lord the king of England, or of his heyres, to procure or make war whereby any domage may happen to come to them or to theyr kyngdomes of Englande & Ireland or to their other lands, except iniuſtly they do moleſt and oppreſſe vs. The couenan|tes always ſtanding in force, which wee con|cluded betwixte vs at our laſte being togither at Yorke, in the preſence of Othodeacon Car|dinal of ſaint Nicholas in Carcere Tulliano, then [...] Cumin Earle of Menteth, William Earle of Mar, Alexander Earle of Buchquhan; Dauid de Haſtings Erle of Athole) Robert de Bruis, Alane Porter, Henrye de Bailliol, Roger de Mombraie, Laurence de Abirnethi, Richarde Cumin, Dauid de Lindeſey, Richarde Si|warde, Wyllyam de Lindeſey, Walter de Mueraye, Wyllyam de Giffard, Nicholas de Sully, Wyllyam de Weyponte, Willyam de Brewer, Anſelme de Meſſue, Dauid de Gra|ham, & Steephen de Suningham. That if ey|ther wee or our heyres, agaynſte the foreſayde graunt and promiſſe, ſhall doe any thing to the breache thereof (whyche God forbid), they and theyr heyres ſhall not imploye eyther ayde or counſell agaynſt the ſayd graunt and promiſſe, nor ſhall ſuffer other to imploye any ſuche aide or counſell, ſo farre as they maye hinder them therein: yea rather they and theyr heyres ſhall in good faith and playne meaning, endeuour aneinſt vs and our heyres that all the premiſſes maye firmely and faithfully be obſerued & kept of vs and our heyres, and likewiſe of them and their heyres for euer. In witnes wherof aſwell we our ſelues, as the ſayd Prelates, our Earles and Barons haue confirmed this wrytyng by putting their ſeales vnto the ſame, the Prelates Earles and Barons heefore reherſed, beeing wytneſſes thereunto. In the yeare of oure raigne, &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſeales of Kyng Alexander hymſelfe, of William de Brewer, Wyllyam de Verpont, Willi. de Lindeſey, Stephen de Suningha [...], the ſeales of the reſte were ſet to afterwardes, and the writing ſente ouer to the kyng of En|gland at Chriſtmaſſe next enſuing, by the Pri|our of Tinmouth, who had trauailed diligent|ly and faithefully in this negotiation to the ho|nour of bothe partes.The pope re|queſted to con|firme the fore|ſayd Chapter. This writing alſo was ſente to the Pope, that hee might confirme the ſame in manner as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

1.8.1.

EEBO page image 710

Sanctiſsimo in Christo patrid. Dei gratia ſumum pontifici, Alexander eadem gratia Rex [...]iae [...]|me. Patricius, Comes de Strathern, Comes Leueno [...], Comes de Anegus comes de Marca, Comes de A| [...]holiae, comes de R [...], comes de C [...]ene [...], Comes de [...]h, Rogerus de M [...]bray, Rogerus de Abinne|thiae, Petrus de Ma [...]e, Richardus Cu [...], VVi [...]|hel [...] de Vateri Pa [...], Robertus de Britis, Rogerus Auerel, Richardus de Sully VVilhel [...] de Mur|ray de Dunfel, VVilhelmus de Murefe de P [...]ein, Iohannes Biſet ruuenis, VVilhelmus de Lindeſey, Iohannes de Vallibus, Dauid de Lindeſey, VVil|helmus Gifford, Dũcanus de Ergatilia, [...]de Matre|uers, Hemerus filius eius, Rogerus [...] VVinto|nienſis, H. Comes [...]ſis, VV. de V [...]ye, Ri|chardus Siwarde, VVilhelmus de R [...]os, Rogerus de Clere, Henricus fil [...] comitis de Bre [...]ere, Eusta|chius de Stout ville, Malcolmus de Fifcomes de Mẽ|cethſhire, VValter [...] filius Alani, VValterus Oli|f [...], [...]ernardus Fraſer, Henricus de Bailliol, Dauid Cu [...]yn, Dauid Ma [...]eſchallus, Dauid filius Ranulfi VVilhelmus de F [...]rtere, Ioannes de Bailliol, & Ro|bertus de Ros, Salutem & debitam cum omni ho|nore reuerentiam.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Sanctitati veſtra ſignificamus, nos Sacramentum corporaliter praeſtitiſſe coram ve|nerabili patre Ottine, tituli Sancti Nicolai in car|cere Tulliano Diacano Cardinaliiũ Anglia, Scotia, & H [...]bernia, tũc Apoſtolicae ſedis legato, ac char|tam noſtram confeciſſe, quae ita incipat. Sciant prae|ſentes & futuri, quod ita conuenit in praeſentia do|mini Othonis Sancti Nicolai. &c. Quae charta penes Dominum regem Angliae, & nos rema [...]et Chyro|graphata. Item aliam quae ſic incipit. Ad om|nium vestrum notitiam volumus peruenire. Cum vt ex forma praecedentium nostrarũ pateat Obliga|tionum ſubiecimus nos iuriſdictioni vestra, vt nos & haeredes nostros, per Cenſuram Eccleſiaſticam poſsitis coerceere, ſi aliquo tempore contra memora|tã pacem venerimus. Etſi nonnunquam continget, quod quidam nostrum omnes vel vnus contraue|nire temere praeſumerint vel praeſumere nituntur vel nitentur. Et ex hoc tam animabus nostris quam haeredum nostrorum graue poſsit generari periculum, & corporibus nostris & rebus non mi|nimum immineret detrimentum. Sancti paterni|tati veſtra ſupplicamus, quatenus alicui Suffraga|neorum Archiepiſcopi Cantuarienſis decis in man|dati, vt nos, & haeredes noſtros ad praefatae pacis ob|ſeruationem compellat, prout in inſtrumentis inae confectis plenius continetur. Aliàs ſuper eadem pace quod Canonicum fuerit auctoritate veſtra ſta|tuat contradictores. &c.

Et ad iſtius petitionis noſtrae conſummationem praeſenti ſcripto ſigilla no|ſtra appoſuimus.

VVhiche is thus in Engliſhe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

1.8.1.

The letter of the Lords to Pope Innocent

TO our holy father in Chriſt I. by the grace of God, the hygheſt Biſhoppe, Alexander by the ſame grace Kyng of Scotlande, Erle Patricke the Earle of Stratherne, the Earle of Leuenox, the Erle of Angus, the Earle of Mar, the Earle of Athole, the Earle of R [...], the Earle of Catneſſe, the Erle of Buch, Ro|ger de Mombeay, Laurence de Ahirne [...], Peter de Manuere, Richarde Cumyn, Wil|liam de Veypont, Roberte de Brus, Roger Auenel, Nicholas de Souleys, William de Murray de Dunfel, William de Murray de Petin, Iohn Biſet the yonger, Willyam de Lyndeſey, Iohn de Valeys, Dauid de Li [...]d|ſey, William Giffarde, Duncan de Ergyle, Iohn de Matreuers, Eymere his ſonne, Ro|ger Earle of Wincheſter, Hugh Earle of Ox|forde, William de Veſey, Richard Siw [...], William de Ros, Roger de Clere, Henrye Fitz Conte de Breffere, Euſtace de Sto [...]te|ville, Earle Malcolme of Fife, the Earle of Mentethſhire, Walter Fitz Alayne, Wallet Olyfarde, Bernarde Fraſer, Henry de Ball|lio [...], Dauid Cumyn, Dauid Mareſchall, Da|uid Fitz Randulf, William de Fortere, Iohn de Baiſtiol, and Roberte Ros, ſende greetyng and due reuerence with all honoure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 We doe ſignifye vnto your holyneſſe, that we haue re|ceyued a corporall othe before the reuerend fa|ther Otho, deacon Cardinall of Sainct Ni|cholas in carcere Tulliano, Legate to the Sea Apoſtolike, in Englande, Scotland, and Ire|lande, and haue made our Charter or died, whyche beginneth thus.

Sciant praeſentes. &c.
Whyche Charter or deed indented and ſea|led, remaineth with the Kyng of Englande, and with vs. Alſo an other deed or writing that beginneth thus.
Ad omnium veſtrum notitiam volumus peruenire.
Wheras therfore by the fo [...] of our precedent deedes obligatorie, wee haue ſubmitted our ſelues to your iuriſdiction, that you may brydle and reſtrayn vs, & our hel [...]s [...]y the Eccleſiaſtical cenſures, if at any time we go againſt the ſayd peace. And if it happen at any time, that any of vs all, or one of vs, ſhall for|tune to preſume raſhly and vnaduiſedly to got againſt it, or be aboute, or hereafter ſhall de a|bout ſo to preſume, & therby may procure [...] perill as well to the ſoules of our owne ſelues, as of our heires, and no ſmall danger may al|ſo be redy through the ſame our default to [...]ight vpon our bodies and goodes, we beſeeche your holy fatherhood, that you will giue in cõman|dement vnto ſome of the Suffraganes of the Archbiſhop of Canterbury, that he do compe [...] vs and oure heires, vnto the obſeruing of the ſame peace, accordingly as in the inſtruments therof more fully it is conteined, or elſe ſo order by your authoritie vppon the ſame peace, that which ſhal be agreable to the Ch [...] [...].

And to the performaunce of this our petition, wee EEBO page image 611 haue to this preſent writing ſet our ſeales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When all things were throughly concluded, and order taken in what ſorte the aſſuraunces of this accorde ſhuld paſſe, the king of Scottes retourned into the inner partes of his Realme, and the King of Englande likewiſe retourned to London. [...]e VVelch| [...] ſ [...]orre [...]les. At the ſame time alſo, the Welch|men wer very buſy: for hearing that the Kings of Englande and Scotland were agreed, they doubted leaſte all the burthen of the warre woulde be turned agaynſte them. Wherefore (as it were to preuente the matter,) they began to waſte the engliſhe confines.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The King aduertiſed thereof, ſente Hubert Fitz Mathew wyth three hundreth Knyghtes or men of armes to defende the engliſhe Mar|ches againſte the Welchmen, that made day|lye warre agaynſte thoſe that dwelled on the Marches, and namely agaynſte the Earle of Herforde, whiche chiefly occaſioned this warre by deteyning the lande whyche apperteyned vnto the wife of Prince Dauid, as in the right of hir purpartie.Math. Paris. And therupon when ye Welch|men vnderſtoode that the Kyng had broken vp his armye and was retourned to London they inuaded theyr enemies, namely the ſaide earle of Herfordes men and the Mortimers, ſleaing and cutting in peeces two valiant and noble [figure appears here on page 611] Knyghtes, and mayming the third, they ſlewe and ouerthrewe of the footebandes aboute an hundred, ſo that all the Engliſhe armye was diſordered, and the Welchemen wyth victorie retourned to theyr places of refuge. Whyche when the foreſaid Hubert Fitz Mathew vnder|ſtoode, the morrowe after he made ſoorthe wyth his three hundreth waged men of armes in hope to hemme in and take the Welchemen at ad|uantage: but hee was preuented and by them diſtreſſed, in ſo muche that he was conſtreined wt loſſe of men & horſes to returne to his holds, and vneth coulde be ſuffred to remain there in ſafetie.The deceaſſe [...] the bishop Ciceſter. This yere Rafe Neuil biſh. of Ciceſter and Chauncellour of Englande departed this life: and Griffin the ſonne of Leuline prince of Wales, brake his necke as he woulde haue eſcaped out of the Tower of London, on the firſt day of March, hauing tied togither ſheets, couerings of beddes and hangings, by helpe wherof hee aſſaied to eſcape. When the King hearde thereof, hee was ſore offended wyth his keepers, that had looked no more circumſpectly to him, and comaunded that his ſon, whom he kept alſo in the tower, ſhuld be more ſtreightly looked vnto. The ſayd Griffyn when hee was founde deade in the mornyng, had his heade and necke almoſte beaten in and thruſte within his boulke wyth the fall, for he was a mightie perſonage and full of fleſh and therfore (by rea|ſon of the greate weighte of his bodie) he was the more bruſed and diſfigured.An. Reg. 29 [...]V. In the nine and twentye yeare of his raigne Kyng Henry hauing ſpente muche treaſure with the greate preparation of warres whiche he had taken in hande againſte the Scots, and alſo bycauſe hee was conſtrayned to bee at further charges for the Welche warres, hee called a Parliament to beginne on the third daye of Nouember,A ſubſidie of the richer ſort. in the whyche hee demaunded a greate reliefe of money, but the ſame being generally denyed of all men,M. Par. he exacted it in perticular of the ri|cher ſorte of his ſubiectes,The Citizens of London. and amongeſte other he cauſed the citizens of London to giue vnto him .xv.C. Markes for a fine, bycauſe they had receyued a baniſhed man, one Walter Bukerel into theyr citie, contrary to the lawe and order: but this they denyed, affirmyng that his bro|ther had got his pardon, as by the kings owne letters patentes they coulde proue, but they were anſwered, that the King was vnder age when theſe letters were purchaſed, and therfore were of none effect. Aboute the ſame time,The Seneſchal of Gaſcoyne vanquished the K. of Nauarre. Anno. 1242. as Mat. VVeſt. hath, and Mat. ſir Nicholas de Molis or Mules Seneſhall of Gaſcoigne, hauing warres agaynſte the King of Nauarre, gotte the victorie in battaile. And aboute the middeſt of Nouember, greate thun|der and lightning chaunced, with a marueilous vntemperat ſeaſon for ye ſpace of xv. daies togi|ther, as a ſigne of ſome miſfortune to ſucceede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On ſaint Hughs day died the Counteſſe of Penbroke Margaret the widowe of Gilbert Marſhall late Earle of Penbroke, and ſiſter to the Kyng of Scottes, and ſhortely after the bi|ſhoppe of Exeter Williã de Brewer, likewiſe deceaſed, as yet beeing in his floriſhing age, a EEBO page image 712 man in manners parentage, and knowledge right honorable and highely commended.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the daye of Saint Marcellus was the Queene deliuered of a man childe, whyche at the fonte ſtone was named Edmonde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Lent folowing nere to the Caſtell of Mountgomerye in Wales, three hundred Welchemen, were ſlayne by them that laye in gariſon there by a pollycie of the Capitayne, whyche faining a counterfeted flight, drew the Welchemen wythin daunger of an Ambuſhe, whiche hee had layde to ſurpriſe them vnwares as it came euen to paſſe acording to his deuiſe.Dauid king or prince of VVa|les. Dauid that tooke himſelfe for Kyng of Wales coueting to be auenged of this diſpleaſure, ceſ|ſed not daye nor night to make incurſions and to exploite enterpriſes to the domage of the marchers the whiche valyantly reſiſted the en|nemies, and droue them oftentimes into the mountaines, woodes, bogs and other places of refuge, and oftentimes the enimies hauing the aduantage of place, did much diſpleaſure to the Engliſhmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As at one time being got to the heigth of an hill, they caſt downe ſtones, and threwe dartes vpon the Engliſhmen yt aſſailed them beneath, and amongſt other, they chanced to ſlea with a mightie ſtone, which they threw downe by the ſide of the hil, ſir Hubert Fitz Mathew,Sir Hubert Mathew [...] a right valiant Knight, and a man of greate accompt for his knowledge and ſeruice in warres. And thus the warres cõtinued betwene the parties, and oftentimes ye Welchmen by the ſoden in|uaſions got the better: and their Prince Dauid comming to the Caſtell of Monthault beſieged it, and within a ſhorte time wanne it, ſlaying [figure appears here on page 712] or taking all thoſe whome he founde within it.The caſtell of Monthault ta|ken by the VVelchmen. The owner therof the Lorde Roger de Mont|hault by chance was nor at home, which hap|ned well for him, where otherwiſe he had bene in great danger: but nere to the caſtel of Mõt|gomery, the Welchemen yet were eftſoones o|uerthrown and .ij C. of them ſlaine by an Am|buſh that brake forth vpon their backes. Aboute the middeſt of Lent the Prelates of Englande were ſommoned to come to a general counſel, the which Pope Innocent had appointed to be holden at the feaſt of ſaint Iohn Baptiſte next following.A generall Councell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It chaunced that aboute this time, a poſte commyng from the Pope with Letters to his [...]unc [...]o maiſter Martin,The Popes le| [...]s ſtayed. conteyning inſtructi|ons how he ſhoulde proceede for the gathering of money, was ſtaied at Douer, by the practiſe of ſuche noble men as were greeued to ſee any ſuche ſummes of money to be conueyed out of the realm in ſort as was vſed. He was had into the caſtell & his letters taken from him, wherin ſuche ſecrets were conteyned for the getting of money, as ought not to haue bin reueled. M. Martin hearing that the poſte was thus ſtayed and impriſoned, made a greiuouſe complaint vnto the K. ſo that the poſt was ſet at libertie, had his letters to him reſtored, & ſo came vnto maſter Martin, and deliuered them vnto hym that he mighte vnderſtande the Popes pleaſure, which others to his grief vnderſtoode nowe as well as himſelfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King this yeare cauſed inquiſition to be made thorough euery countye within the realme to vnderſtande the true valuation of all ſuche benefices & ſpirituall promotions as were in the hands of any incumbents that were ſtrã|gers borne,The va [...] of bene [...] [...]+ken, that p [...]+tained to [...]+ge [...]. and ſuche as had bene preferred by the Courte of Rome, and the whole ſumme of all their reuenues was found to be ſixty thou|ſande markes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 On Whitſondaye the K. made the Earle of Glouceſter, Gilbert de Clare knight,This Gilbert vvas [...] Glouceſter, Herefor [...] [...] Lord of [...] and xl. other yong gentlmen that attended vpon him. And perceyuing by the late inquiſition what great reuenues ye beneficed ſtrangers had & poſ|ſeſſed wtin the realm, & again cõſidering the ex|ceding great ſums of money which the court of Rome had recouered of his ſubiects, he begã to deteſt ſuch couetous deling. And herupõ was a EEBO page image 713 letter deuiſed by the whole body of the Realme, wherein were conteyned, the ſundry extortions and many folde exactions of the Popes Legates, and other of his Chaplaynes, whiche vnder cou|lour of his authoritie they had vſed. [...]aſſadors [...]o the [...]al Coun| [...] There were appoynted alſo to goe with theſe letters vnto the generall Counſell, certayne honorable and diſcret perſonages, as Roger Bigod Earle of North|folke, [...]e were [...]. Iohn Fitz Geffrey, William de Cantlow, Phillip Baſſet, and Raulfe Fitz Nicholas, with other, the which preſenting the ſame letters vnto the ſayde aſſembly, ſhould declare the griefe of the whole Realme, and require ſome redreſſe and eaſement therein. Moreouer, it chanced, that there was a great number of Lordes, Knightes, and Gentlemen aſſembled togither at Dunſtable and Luyfon, [...]ſtes and [...]ey ap| [...]ted, and [...]e Kings [...]maunde| [...] diſap| [...]ted. to haue kepte a martiall Iuſtes, and triumphant Torney, but they had a countercom|maundemente from the Kyng, not to goe for|warde with the ſame: whervpon, when they were diſappoynted of their purpoſe heerein. Vpon oc|caſion of their being altogither, on the morrowe after the feaſt of Peter and Paule, they ſent from them Foulke Fitz Wareine, [...]ke Fitz [...]ein com| [...]deth the [...]es Nuncio [...]oy de the [...]me. to declare vnto ma|ſter Martine the Popes Nuncio, as then lod|ging at the Temple in London, in name as it were of all the whole body of the Realme, that he ſhoulde immediately departe out of the lande. Foulke doing the meſſage ſomewhat after a rough manner, maſter Martine aſked him what hee was that gaue foorth the ſaide commaunde|ment, or whether hee ſpake it of himſelfe or from ſome other. This cõmaundement (ſaith Foulke) is ſente to thee from all thoſe Knightes and men of armes whiche lately were aſſembled togyther at Dunſtable and Luyton. Maſter Martin hea|ring this, got him to the Court, and declaring to the king what meſſage hee had receyued, required to vnderſtand whether he was priuy to the maſ|ter, or that his people tooke vpon them ſo raſhly without his authoritie or no. [...] Kings [...]wers vnto Popes [...]cio. To whome the King aunſwered, that he had not giuen them a|ny authoritie ſo to commaunde him out of the Realm: but indeede (ſaith he) my Barons do vn|neth forbeare to riſe againſt me, bycauſe I haue mainteyned and ſuffered thy pilling, and iniuri|ous polling within this my Realme, and I haue had much adoe to ſtay thẽ from running vpõ thee to pull thee in peeces. Maſter Martin hearing theſe words, with a fearefull voice beſoughte the K. that hee mighte for the loue of God, and reue|rence of the Pope, haue free paſſadge out of the Realme: to whome the King in greate diſplea|ſure aunſwered, [...]t. Paris. [...]. VVeſt. the Deuill that brought thee in, carrie thee out euen to the pitte of hell for me. At length yet, when thoſe that were about the kyng had pacified hym, hee appoynted one of the Ma|riſchals of hys houſe, cleped Roberte Northe or Nores, to conduct him to the Sea ſyde,The Popes Nuncio ſent out of the Realme. and ſo he did, but not withoute greate feare, ſithence hee was afrayde of euery buſhe, leaſt men ſhoulde haue riſen vpon him and murthered him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Wherevpon, when he came to the Pope, hee made a greeuous complaynte, both againſte the King and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Church of Saint Peter at Weſtminſter was enlarged, and newly repaired by the Kyng,Saint Peters Churche at Weſtminſter. ſpecially all the Eaſt parte of it, the olde walles beeing pulled downe, and buylded vp in more comely forme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The generall councell according to the ſum|monance giuen, was holden this yeare at Ly|ons, where it began about Midſomer, in ye which the Engliſh Ambaſſadors being arriued,The Engliſh Ambaſſadors come to the Counſell. preſen|ted to the Pope their letters, directed frõ ye whole body of ye Realm of Englãd, requiring a redreſſe in ſuche things, wherewith as by the ſame letters it appeared, the Realm foũd it ſelfe ſore annoyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Pope promiſed to take aduice therein, but ſith the matter was weighty, it required re|ſpite. Finally, when they were earneſt in requi|ring a determinate aunſwere, it was giuen them to vndeſtande, that they ſhould not obteyne their deſires, whervpon in great diſpleaſure, they came away, threatning and binding their wordes with othes,The Engliſhe Ambaſſadors threaten the Pope, that hee ſhould not haue any tri|bute out of Englande. that from thencefoorthe they woulde neuer pay, nor ſuffer to bee payde anye tribute to the Court of Rome, nor permit the reuenewes of thoſe Churches whereof they were patrones, to be pulled away, by any prouiſion of the ſame Court.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Pope hearing of theſe things, paſſed them ouer patiently, but hee procured the Eng|liſh Biſhops to ſet their Seales vnto that Char|ter whiche King Iohn had made concerning the tribute againſt the minde of the Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury Stephen Langton, who at that time, when King Iohn ſhould ſeale it, ſpake ſore againſt it. When King Henry was enformed hereof, he was greeuouſly offended, and ſware in a greate chafe, that although the Biſhops hadde done otherwiſe than they ought, yet woulde hee ſtand in defence of the liberties of his Realm, and would not ſo long as he had a day to liue, day a|ny duetie to the Court of Rome, vnder the name of tribute. In this meane while, the Kyng with a puiſſante army inuaded the Welch Rebels,Mat. Paris. to reduce them to ſome quiet, whereas with theyr continuall incurſions and other exploytes, they had ſore hatried, vexed, and waſted the landes of the Kings ſubiectes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevpon, the King being entred the Coun|trey, inuaded the ſame,The King inuadeth Wales. He buildeth a Caſtell at Gannocke. vnto the confynes of Snowdon, and there he began to builde a ſtrõg Caſtell at a place called Gannocke, remayning there about the ſpace of tenne weekes, during the EEBO page image 714 which, the army ſuffered greate miſery through want of vittayles and other prouiſions, namely apparrell, and other helpes to defende themſelues from colde, which ſore afflicted the ſouldiers and men of warre, bycauſe they lay in the fielde, and Winter as then began to approche. Moreouer, they were driuen to keepe watch and warde very ſtrongly, for doubt to bee ſurpriſed by ſuddayne aſſaultes of the enimies, the which watched vpon occaſion, euer to doe ſome miſchiefe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The deceſſe of the Coun|teſſe of Ox|ford, and of the Earle of Deuonſhire.The morrowe after the Purification of oure Lady, Iſabell de Boteber Counteſſe of Oxforde departed this life, and likewiſe the morrowe after Saint Valentines day, dyed Baldwine de Ri|uers Earle of Deuouſhire, and of the Wight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Geffrey de Marche de|ceaſſeth.Moreouer, Geffrey de Mariſh, a man ſome|time of great honor and poſſeſſions in Irelande, after hee had remayned long in exile, and ſuffered great miſerie, he ended the ſame by natural death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The deceſſe of Raymond Erle Prouãce.Alſo Raymond Earle of Prouance, rather to the Queenes of Englande and Fraunce deceſſed this yeare, for whome was kepte in Englande a moſt ſolemne obſequie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The deceaſſe of the Lorde Humfreuille.Alſo in the weeke after Palme Sunday, dyed a right noble Baron, and Warden of the North partes of England, the Lorde Gilberte Humfre|uille, leauing behind him a yong ſonne, the cuſto|dy of whome, the King forthwith committed to the Earle of Leiceſter, not withoute the indigna|tion of the Earle of Cornewall, who deſired the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 An. Reg. 30. Finally, after that the Kyng had l [...]n at Gan|nocke aboute the fortifying of the Caſtell there, the ſpace of tenne weekes, and ſawe the worke now fully finiſhed, hee appoynted foorthe ſuche as ſhould lie there in garriſon, and therewith, on the morrowe after the feaſt of Simon and Iude, hee rayſed his field,The King re|turneth foorth of Wales. Iriſhmen de|ſtroyed Angle|ſey. and returned towards England, leauing the Welchmen in great miſerie, and lyke to ſterue for want of neceſſary foode. For the Ile of Angleſey, whiche is as a nurſe to the Welch|men, thoſe Iriſhmen that came to the Kynges ayde, had vtterly waſted and deſtroyed. Agayne, the King of purpoſe had conſumed all the proui|ſion of Corne and vittayles whiche remayned in the Marches, ſo that in Cheſhire, and other the parties adioyning, there was ſuch dearth, that the people vnneth could get ſufficiente vittayle to ſu|ſteyne themſelues withall. The King alſo gaue forth commandement,A dearth. that no prouiſion of corne or vittayles ſhould be conneyed vnto the Welch|men, out of any partes, eyther of Englande, or Irelande, on payne of forfeyting lyfe, landes and goodes.Brine pittes deſtroyed in Wales. The Lorde Maurice chief Iuſtice of Irelande. Moreouer, he cauſed the brine pittes in Wales to be ſtopped vp and deſtroyed. Thus the Kyng hauing ordred his buſineſſe, returned into Englande, and ſhortly after, taking diſpleaſure with the Lord Maurice, chiefe Iuſtice of Irelãd, bycauſe he had not made ſuche ſpeede as had [...] conuenient in bringing the Iriſhmen to his [...] he diſcharged him of the office of chiefe Iuſtice and placed in his roomth, Iohn Fitz Geffrey,I [...] [...]+frey [...] I [...] this .xxx. yere of K. Henries raigne, Ma The [...] of W [...] [...] Walter Erle Marſhal and of Pembroke departed this life and ſhortly after, to witte, three dayes before Chriſt|mas, his brother Anſelme that ſucceeded him [...] the inheritance, deceaſſed alſo without iſſue: and ſo all the fiue ſonnes of the great Earle William Marſhall, beeing departed this world withoute heires of their bodies begotten, the whole heritage diſcended to ye ſiſters, and ſo was deuided amõgſt them as coparteners.124 [...] The K. this yeare held hys Chriſtmas at London, and had there with hym, a greate number of the nobilitie of his Realme, whiche hadde bin with him in Wales, that they mighte be partakers of paſtime, mirth and plea|ſure, as they had bin participaũt with him in ſuf|fering ye diſeaſes of heate, colde, and other paines abroade in the fieldes and high Mountaynes of Wales. But that no pleaſure ſhould paſſe, with|out ſome ſteyne of griefe, ther was a rumor ſpred abroade, that the Pope had conceyued freſhe ran|cor in his ſtomacke againſt the K. and Realm of England, for the complayntes which had bin ex|hibited in the Counſell at Lion by the Engliſhe Orator, for the oppreſſion done to the Church of England: that therevpon, minding nowe to bee reuenged as was ſayde,The Po [...] qui [...] French [...] to make again [...] lande. hee earneſtly moued the Frenche King to make warre againſt the Eng|liſhmen and to ſubdue them vnder his dominion: whiche enterprice, the French King vtterly refu|ſed both for that hee and the King of Englande were Couſins, and againe,The Fr [...] King [...] to g [...] Pope [...] bycauſe the Kyng of Fraunce had no iuſt title of right to make claime to Englande. And further, there was as the [...] a truce betwixt England and Fraunce, and before that Englande could be ſubdued, muche giltleſſe bloud ſhould be ſpilt. Alſo, the Chriſtians in the holy lande were ſore oppreſſed, and looked dayly for the arriuall of the Kyng of Fraunce, & there|fore he would be loth to attempt any new enter|priſe to hinder his iorney thither. But about the feaſt of the Epiphany, other newes came out of Prouaunce, that troubled the Kyng of England worſe than the other before, as thus,The C [...] of Pro [...] dealeth [...]+ſtly wit [...] King of [...] land [...] in la [...]. That the Counteſſe Beatrice his wiues mother, had dely|uered vp the Countie of Prouaunce into ye Frẽch Kings handes, togyther with ſixteene Caſtels, whiche in right of the Queene ought to haue re+mayned vnto the King of England, and for the ſafekeeping of the ſame to hys vſe. The ſayde Counteſſe Bratrice hadde receyued yeerely for the tearme of fyue yeares laſt paſt, the ſumme of foure thouſande markes of the Kyngs of Eng|lande, and get nowe in the deliuering of them, with the reſidue of the Countrey vnto ye French EEBO page image 715 King, ſhe neuer made any mention of his right.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]es the [...] Kings [...]er, is [...] Earle of [...]ace.Shortly after alſo, Charles the French kings brother, married the Ladye Beatrix, yongeſt daughter of Earle Raymond, and had with hir the ſame Countie of Prouaunce, and ſo was en|tituled Earle thereof, as in the Frenche Hiſtory appeareth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Arch| [...]op of [...]terbury [...]aſeth [...]e of the [...] to leuie [...]y.Moreouer, the Archbyſhop of Caunterbury procured a graunt from the Pope, to recouer for one yeare the firſt fruites of all Charges that chã|ced to be voyd within the Citie, dioceſſe, and pro|uince of Caunterbury, by & during the tearme of ſeuen yeares then next following, till the ſumme of tenne thouſand markes were leuied, towardes the diſcharge of the ſayde Archebyſhops debtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The collection of the whiche tenne thouſande markes, was aſſigned by the Popes Bulles vnto the Byſhop of Hereford, who ſhoulde alſo leauie two thouſande markes, of the reuenewes belon|ging to the Churche of Caunterbury, to be con|uerted to the ſame vſe. The King at the firſt was ſore offended heerewith, but ſhortly after, hee was pacified, and ſo the Archbyſhop had his will.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]d prince [...]ales ce| [...]th thisAfter this, aboute the beginning of the nexte ſpring, Dauid Prince of Wales departed thys life, after great penſiueneſſe of mynde, for the de|ſtruction and miſerie into the which his countrey had bin broughte, through the preſente warres with the Engliſhmẽ. After his deceſſe, ye Welch|men elected to ſucceede in his place,Griffin [...]n Prince Wales. the ſonne of Griffin, whome King Henry had reteyned in ſeruice, and honorably vſed, euen of a childe: but now that he heard that the Welchmen had elec|ted him to their Prince, he ſtale away, and fledde into Wales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the day of the Purification of our Lady, a robberie was committed vpon certayne Iewes at Oxforde, [...]es robbed Oxford. for the whiche fact, fiue and fortie of the offendors were put in priſon, but at the ſute of Robert Biſhop of Lincolne, they were deliue|red by the Kyngs commaundement, bycauſe no man impeached them of any breache of peace, or other crime. [...]e Londo| [...] pay a [...]ge. The Citizens of London alſo about the beginning of the ſpring, were compelled to pay a talage, wherewith they founde themſelues ſore agreeued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]arliament.About the middeſt of Lent, there was a Parli|ament holden at London, wherin diuers ſtatutes and ordinances were deuiſed, as penalties for thoſe that offended in other mens Parkes, [...]tu [...] a| [...] hũters. and warrennes: but the chiefeſt occaſion of aſſem|bling this Parliamente, was to take aduice in matters touching the griefes wherewith the Church of England ſeemed to be oppreſſed by the Pope and the Court of Rome. The Pope indede to quiet the Engliſhe Ambaſſadors, and to putte the Kyng and Realme in ſome good hope of re|liefe and deliuerance out of ſuche oppreſſions as were opened vnto him in the face of the whoſe councell, dyd not onely promiſe largely, but alſo cauſed diuers priuiledges to be ma [...] and delyue|red vnto the ſayd Ambaſſadors very fauourably, in the behalfe of their requeſt. But yet the ſame notwithſtanding ſith the breaking vp of the [...]ay [...] generall Counſell, and returne of the Ambaſſa|dors, many things were done to the e [...]reaſing and continuation of the fo [...]er griefes, ſo that they ſtoode in doubt of further oppreſſions to fol|lowe, rather than in hope of the promiſed redreſſe. Herevpon, they concluded eſt ſoones to write vn|to the Pope, and to the Cardinals to th [...] name of the King, of the Byſhops, and Prelates, of the Earles, Barons, and other eſtates of the Tem|poraltie, and of the Abbots and Priors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the mean time, the Pope for a while, ſome|what relented in the poynt of beſtowing benefi|ces here in England, for when any of his friends or kinſmen was to hee prefe [...] to any benefice within this Realme, hee would ſue to the Kyng for his graunt and good wil that ſuche one might be admitted and not ſeeme of himſelfe to graunte it without the Kings conſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Sauoy in the preſence of then Archbyſhop of Caunterbury,The Earle of Sauoye doth homage to the Kyng of Englande. and the Biſhoppe of Hereford and others, did homage to the Kyng of England, acknowledging to holde of him cer|tayne fees, as thoſe of Suſe, Auillian, S. Mar|rice de Chablais, and the Caſtell of Bard, whych hee might well doe, not preiudicing the righte of the Empire, ſith hee helde nothing of the ſame Empire, except Aigues and the paſſages.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the office of Earle Marſhall was giuen to Roger Bigod Earle of Northfolke;Roger Bigod, entitled to the office of Earle Marſhall. in right of hys wife the Counteſſe, that was eldeſt daughter vnto the greate Earle William Mar|ſhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer this yeare, the King holding hys Eaſter at London,

Math. Paris

Harold King of Man.

Welchmen receyued to the Kyngs peace, vpon their ſubmiſ|ſion.

honored Harolde Kyng of Man with the order of Knighthoode.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time, diuers noble menne of Wales ſubmitted themſelues, and were receyued to the Kyngs peace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saint Markes daye, was great froſt and ſnow, which nipped the leaues of trees and hear|ves in ſuche extreame wiſe, that for the more parte, they withered and faded away.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, bycauſe that the Pope vnder|ſtoode, that dyuers riche beneficed men were of late dead in Englande inteſtate, as Roberte Hayles the Archdeacon of Lincolne, Almerike, the Archdeacon of Bedforde, and Iohn de Ho|toſpe Archdeacon of Northhampton, he ordey|ned a decree, that all ſuche ſpirituall perſons as dyed Inteſtate,A decree of the Pope. theyr goodes ſhould remayne to the Pope. The execution of whyche decree, EEBO page image 716 hee commaunded to the Friers Preachers and Minors: but the Kyng woulde not ſuffer it to take place, bycauſe hee ſawe that it ſhoulde re|dounde to the preiudice of him and his Kyng|dome.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, where the Pope required a talage of the Cleargie, the King forbad it by his letters inhi|bitorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this mean while, William Powrie Chap|layne, and ſir Henry de Lamere Knight, whych were ſente with the ſeconde letters, deuiſed in the late Parliament (as you haue heard) to be prefer|red vnto the Pope and Cardinals, returned a|gayne without obteyning any towardly anſwer, but rather (as they declared) they founde the Pope ſharp and rough, as thus, the Kyng of England which nowe kicketh againſt the Church, and be|ginneth to play Frederickes part, hath his Coun|cell, and ſo likewiſe haue I, whiche I intende to followe: other aunſwere coulde they not obteyne. Agayne, the Engliſhmen that were ſutors in the Court of Rome, were ſtrangely vſed, and could not get any diſpatche in their buſineſſe, but were rather put backe as Sciſmatikes, and with re|bukes reuiled. Hervpon, the King called a Parli|amente at Wincheſter, to haue the aduice of hys Lordes in this matter,A proclama|tion inhibi|ting money to be ſent to the Pope. where howſoeuer they a|greed, Proclamation was immmediately ſet foorth, and publiſhed in euery ſhire and Countie through the Realme, that no man ſhould conſent to the Popes contribution, nor ſende any money out of the Realme to his ayde. When the Pope hearde of this, hee wrote very ſharply to the By|ſhops, commaunding them on payne of excom|munication and ſuſpenſion, to ſatiſfie his Nun|cio remayning at the newe Temple in London, before the feaſt of the Aſſumption of our Lady. And where as the Kyng minded to haue ſtoode in the matter through threates of his brother the Earle of Cornewall, and of certayne Prelates, namely, the Biſhop of Worcetor (who had au|thoritie as was ſayde to interdite the lande,) hee yeelded, and ſuffred the Pope to haue his will, to the greate griefe and diſcomforte of many.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſore tempeſt of Hayle.On Saint Margarets daye, there fortuned a maruellous ſore tempeſt of hayle, rayne, Thun|der, and lightning, whyche beeyng vniuerſall through the Realme, did muche hurt, and conti|nued the ſpace of ſixteene houres togither with|out ceaſſing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, ſundry noble perſonages depar|ted thys worlde,Iſabel the Kings mother departeth thys life. as Iſabell the Kings mother, wife to the Earle of Marche in Poictowe. Alſo, the Counteſſe of Albemarle, the daughter of A|laine of Galoway, and ſiſter to the Counteſſe of Wincheſter:Roger de Quincy Earle of Wincheſter wherevpon, a great parte of Gallo|way that belonged to hir (for that ſhee dyed withoute iſſue) remayned to Roger de Quincy Earle of Wincheſter, that married the eldeſt ſiſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, Iohn Lord Neuill dyed this ye [...],I [...] [...] whyche hadde bin chiefe Foreſter of Englaunde but hee was not onely put out of that office [...] certayne tranſgreſſions, but alſo out of ye kings fauoure, before hee dyed, where at the fyrſte, none was more eſteemed in the Courte than hee.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhoppe of Saliſbury, named maſ [...] Roberte de Bingham, dyed alſo thys yeare, and Sir Richarde de Argenton Knighte, a right no|ble perſonage, whiche in the holy lande hadde ſhe|wed good proofe of his high valiancie, manhoode, and prowes: likewiſe Sir Henry Bailliol of the North, and dyuers other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the beginning of the one and thirtith yeare of Kyng Henries raigne,An. [...] the Pope ſente into Englande to haue the thirde parte of one yeares profit of euery benificed man that was reſident, and of euery one not reſident, the one halfe. The Byſhoppe of London ſhoulde haue ſcene thys ayde and collection leuied, but it woulde not bee graunted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And in a Parliamente called thys yeare on the morrowe after the Purification of our Lady,

124 [...]

Mat. Pa [...]

it was ordeyned, that newe letters, ſealed with the common Seale of the Citie of Lõdon, ſhould bee ſente by ſufficiente meſſengers, from all the eſtates of the Realme, vnto the Pope and Car|dinals,In [...] e [...] requiring a moderation to be had in ſuche exactions as were intollerable for the Realme to beare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt this Parliamente yet laſted,Peter de [...]| [...]oy Ea [...] Rich [...] there came ouer the Lorde Peter of Sauoy Earle of Richmonde, bringing with hym certayne yong Ladies and Damoſels, to bee beſtowed in mar|riage on ſuche yong Lordes and Gentlemen a [...] were Wardes to the King.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Saint Valentines euen,An E [...] a greate Earth|quake happened heere in England, and namely, about London, on the Thames ſyde, with the whyche manye buyldings were ouerthrowen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe Earthquakes, the ſeldomer they chãce in Englande, the more dreadfull the ſame are, and thoughte to ſignifie ſome greate altera|tion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A little before thys Earthquake, the Sea had ceaſſed from ebbing and flowing for the ſpace of three monethes togyther,A ſt [...] [...] by a long tract neere to the Engliſhe ſhore, to the greate maruell of many, for eyther it flowed not at all, or elſe ſo little, that it might not be perceyued.Co [...] rayne. And after the Earthquake, there followed ſuche a ſeaſon of foule weather, that the ſpring ſemed to be chaun|ged into Winter, for vnneth was there anye day without rayne, till the feaſt of the tranſlati|on of S. Benet.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 717 [...]s made, [...]ſtrayne [...]mptuous [...]titie of ſpiritualtyThere were at this time, dyuers ordinauntes decreed and enacted by way of prohibition, to re|ſtrayne the authoritie of ſpiritual perſons, as that no eccleſiaſticall Iudge ſhould determine in cau|ſes of any Temporal man, except touching cau|ſes of Matrimony and Teſtamentes. They were alſo prohibited to ſue any actions touching tythes, before any ſpirituall Iudge, and the writ whereby they were prohibited, is called an Indi|cauit. Sundry other ſuch ordinances were deui|ſed, which for breefeneſſe we omitte. What ſpeede or aunſwer ſo euer the meſſengers had that were ſent to Rome with the letters deuiſed in the late Parliament, [...] Popes [...]ectors. troth it is, that the Pope ſent ouer into England ſuche of his agents as gathered no ſmall ſummes of money amongſt the Cleargie, as one Marinus, and an other named Iohannes Anglicus a Frier Minor, the which were not en|tituled by the name of Legates, [...]ift by for| [...]ing the [...]e of Le| [...]. to ſaue the priui|ledges whiche the Kyng hadde, that no Legate myghte come into the Realme withoute hys licence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The comming ouer of theſe men, bycauſe it was to gather money contented not many mens mindes, as well appeared in a Parliament called at Oxforde about reformation thereof, but yet notwithſtanding, it was there agreed, that the Pope ſhoulde haue eleuen thouſande markes to be leuied amongſt them of the ſpiritualtie, exempt perſons and places reſerued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time, Baldwine naming himſelfe Emperoure of Conſtantinople, [...] Emperor [...]onſtanti| [...]e, com| [...] into [...]lande. came a|gaine into Englande, to procure ſome newe aide of the King, towardes the recouerie of hys Em|pire, out of the whiche hee was expulſed by the Greekes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, there arriued in England a Cardinall [figure appears here on page 717] that was Byſhoppe of Sabine, [...]ardinall [...]meth into [...]land, re| [...]ng an [...]not to [...]dice the [...]me. hauing firſt recei|ued an oth, that hee came not for any hurte to the Kyng or his Realme, for otherwiſe, hee being a Legate, might not be ſuffered to enter the lande: hee came this way, to paſſe ouer into Norway, whither hee wente to Crowne and annoynt Ha|con, King of that Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There arriued heere with him the three halfe breethren to the King, Guy de Lucignan,The kings halfe breeth [...] came to ſee the King. Wil|liam de Valence, and Athelmare a Prieſte, with their ſiſter Alice. Theſe were begotten by Hugh Brun Earle of Marche, of Queene Iſabell the Kings mother, and were therefore ioyfully re|ceyued of the King, with faithfull promiſe, that hee woulde be to them a beneficiall good brother, whiche hys ſayings with effectuall deedes he af|ter fully performed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cardinall hauyng ſaluted the Kyng, tooke leaue of hym, and came to Linne, where he ſtayed at the poynt of three monethes,The Cardinall maketh ſhift for money. making ſuch purchaſe amõgſt religious men, that what by procuracies and other ſhiftes, hee got as was thought, a foure thouſande markes towards hys charges, and ſo departed. Edmond Lacye Earle of Lincolne, and Richarde de Burgh, as then Wardes to the Kyng, were married vnto two of thoſe yong Ladies of Pronaunce, whiche Pe|ter de Sauoy Earle of Richmond brought ouer with hym, whereat, many of the Engliſh nobi|litie grudged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, about the thirtenth of Auguſt, the La|dy Ioane,William de Valence mar|rieth Lorde Montchencles daughter. daughter to the Lorde Guarine de Monchency, was married vnto William de Valence the Kyngs halfe brother. The ſame Lady, was heyre to hir fathers landes, by the deathe of hir brother the ſonne of the ſaid Lorde Euarine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir William de Bueles Knight, a Norman borne, was made Seneſhall of Gaſcoigne about this ſeaſon,Gaſton de Bi|erne maketh warre againſte the Kynges Lieutenaunt. and was ſore vexed with warres by Gaſton the ſonne of the Counteſſe of Bierne and others, whyche Gaſton ſhewed hymſelfe very vnthankfull, for the Kyng had giuen both to him and to hys mother (a woman of a monſtrous ſtature) right large entertainemente to ſerue him in his warres at his laſt beeing in that countrey (as before yee haue heard.Prieſtes of the prouince of Caunterbury ſuſpended.) The Archbiſhoppe of Caunterbury ſuſpended the Prieſts of hys pro|uince, bycauſe they would not conſent (according to the graunt which he had purchaſed of ye Pope) that he ſhould haue the firſt frutes for one yeare, of euery benefice that chanced to be vacant with|in the ſame prouince. The Earles of Cornewall and Pembroke, gote muche money by way of a collection, towards the reliefe of the warres in the holy lande, hauing purchaſed of the Pope cer|tayne Bulles of Indulgence for the ſame,Sir Foulkes de Newcaſtell the Kings Couſin by his mother departeth thys life. Sir Foulke de Newcaſtell, a valiaunte Knighte, and Couſin germaine to the Kyng on the mo|thers ſide, dyed at London, during the tyme of the Parliament.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the thirtenth of October, was a portion of ye holy bloud of Chriſt (as it was thẽ ſuppoſed) EEBO page image 718 ſhewed in moſt reuerent wiſe in a ſolemne pro|ceſſion, for the King comming to the Church of Saint Paule in London, receyued there the ſame bloud conteyned in a chriſtalline glaſſe, the which he bare vnder a Canapie ſupported with foure ſlaues, through the ſtretes, vnto ye Abbey Church of Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 His armes were alſo ſupported by two Lords as aydes to him all the way as hee wente. The maſters of the Templers and Hoſpitallers, had ſent this relike to the king. To deſcriue the whole proceſſe of the proceſſion and feaſt kept that day, would require a ſpeciall treatiſe. But this is not to bee forgotten, that the ſame day, the Byſhop of Norwich preached before the Kyng in commẽ|dation of that relike,Pardon gran|ted by biſhops pronouncing ſixe yeares, and one hundred and ſixteene dayes of pardon, graunted by the Byſhoppes there preſente, to all thoſe that came to reuerence it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the ſame day & in ye ſame Church, the K. made his halfe brother William de Valence,K [...] [...]e and dyuers other yõg bachelers Knightes. Vnto the ſayde William de Valence, for his further ad|uauncement and mayntenance, he gaue the Ca|ſtell of Hertford, and the honor therto belonging, with great treaſure: and to the elder brother Guy de Lucignan, whiche about the ſame time retur|ned into Fraunce, he gaue right great and hono|rable giftes, lading his ſumpters with plate and threaſure of ſterling money, whych in thoſe days in all countreys was very much eſteemed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Wincheſter remayning in Galloway,

An. reg. [...]

The [...] Wi [...] beſieg [...] Gal [...] his o [...] na [...]

where he had faire poſſeſſions in right of his wife, was beſieged of his owne tenaunts, [figure appears here on page 718] within a Caſtell wherein he lodged, and beeyng in daunger eyther to die through famine, or elſe at the diſcretion of the enimies, hee burſt foorthe, and making way with his ſworde eſcaped, and comming to the King of Scottes, complayned of the iniurie done to him by his people, where|vpon the Kyng tooke ſuch order, that the Rebels were puniſhed, and the Earle ſet in quiet poſſeſ|ſion of his landes againe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 William Earle Ferrers departeth thys life.Toward the latter end of Nouember, Willi|am Earle Ferrers and of Derby, departed thys life, a man of great yeres, and long troubled with the gout, a iuſt man and a peaceable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame moneth the counteſſe his wife dy|ed alſo, a woman of yeares vertue and fame lyke to hir huſband: Thomas Becket the Archbiſhop of Caunterbury did miniſter the Prieſtes office at their marriage. Their eldeſt ſonne William ſucceeded his father in the Earledome, a good mã and a diſcret, but vexed with the gout very piti|fully, hauing that diſeaſe alſo as it were, by inhe|ritance from his father. There dyed lykewiſe o|ther of the nobilitie, as Richarde de Burgh, and William Fitz Ham.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Counteſſe of Prouaunce Beatrice,

124 [...]

[...]he C [...] [...]eg [...] com [...] [...] Englande.

mo|ther to the Queene, and Thomas de Sauoy, late Earle of Flaunders, came into England to viſite the Kyng and Queene, and were honora|bly receyued, and at their departure back towards home, richly rewarded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in the octaues of the purificati|on, a Parliament was bolden at London,A Pa [...] where all the nobilitie of the Realme in manner was preſent. There were nine Biſhops, as the Arch|biſhop of Yorke, with the Biſhops of Winche|ſter, Lincolne, Norwich, Worcetor, Chicheſter, Elie, Rocheſter and Careleil, with the Earles of Cornewall, Leiceſter, Wincheſter, Hereforde, Northfolke, Oxforde, Lincolne, Ferrers, and Warwike, with Peter de Sauoy Erle of Rich|mount, beſydes Lordes and Barons. The Arch|biſhoppe of Caunterbury was at the Courte of Rome, and the Biſhop of Dureſme was lette [...] by ſickneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 719 [...]bſedle de| [...]nded. [...]dor. In this Parliamente, King Henry earneſtly required a ſubſedie, in reliefe of the greate charges which he had diuers wayes ſuſteyned, [...]t. Paris. wherevpõ, he was ſtraightwayes by the peeres of ye Realm, noted both of couetouſneſſe, vnthankefulneſſe, and breache of promiſe, bycauſe he neuer ceaſſed in gathering money, withoute regard had to hys people: and where he had promiſed many things, as that he woulde not bee burdenouſe vnto them and ſuche lyke, hee hadde performed very little of thoſe hys gaye promiſes. Many miſoemeanors, and wrongfull doyngs, to the greeuaunce of hys people were opened and layde before him, [...]e King [...]ged for [...]immode| [...]e enriching Straungers. as cherriſhing and enriching of Straungers, and vſing hys prerogatiues too largelye, to the greate decaye and hinderaunce of the common wealthe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng abaſſhed heerewith, and ſuppo|ſing that the confeſſion of hys faulte ſhould make amendes, and aſſwage the diſpleaſure whyche his Nobles and other had conceyued of his miſ|gouernaunce, to content them all with one aun|ſwere, hee promiſed, that hee woulde reforme all that was amiſſe, and ſo quieting the mindes of hys Barons,The Parlia|ment proro|ged. the Parliament was proroged till the Quindene of the Natiuitie of Saint Iohn Baptiſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time,An ordinance for money. by reaſon that the ſter|ling money was generally ſo clipped, that the in|ſcription was cut off for the moſt part euen to the inner circle, a proclamation was ſet forthe, that no peeces thereof ſhoulde paſſe from one to an o|ther, nor be receyued as currant and lawfull mo|ney, except the ſame were of iuſt weight and faſ|ſhion. Herewith alſo, inquirie was made for thoſe that had ſo defaced it,Inquirie made for waſhers and clippers of money. and ſundry Iewes Ban|kers, and cloth marchauntes of Flaunders were found giltie. Alſo, the French King cauſed ſearch to bee made within his Realme for the ſame of|fendors, and ſuche as were founde giltie, were [figure appears here on page 719] hanged, ſo that hee was more ſeuere in puni|ſhing thoſe falſifiers of the Kyng of Englandes coyne, than the Kyng of England was hym|ſelfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Parliamente began agayne at the daye appoynted, but nothyng to accompt of was then concluded, but rather a diſpleaſure kindled be|twixte the Kyng and hys Barons, for that they looked for a reformation in his doings, [...]at. Paris. and hee for money out of their coffers whyche would not be graunted, [...]e Parlia| [...]nt diſſol| [...] and ſo that Parliament brake vp.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e King [...]en to ſell plate.The Kyng heerevppon for wante of money, was driuen to ſo harde a ſhifte, that hee was con|ſtreyned to ſell hys plate and Iewels (whych the Londoners bought) ſo muche to hys hinderance, that diuers peeces (the workemanſhippe where|of was more worth, than the valew of the ſtuffe) were ſolde notwithſtanding after the rate as they weyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the Kyng cauſed a feyre to bee kepte at Weſtminſter at Saint Edwards tide,Saint Edwards fayre at Weſt|minſter. to endure for fifteene dayes, and to the ende that the ſame ſhoulde bee the more haunted with all manner of people, hee commaunded by pro|clamation, that all other feyres, as Elye, and ſuche like holden in that ſeaſon, ſhoulde not bee kepte, nor that anye wares ſhoulde bee ſhewed within the Citie of London, eyther in ſhoppe or without, but that ſuche as would ſell, ſhould come for that tyme vnto Weſtminſter: whyche was done, not withoute greate trouble and paynes to the Citizens, whyche hadde not roomthes there, but in Boothes and Hales, to theyr greate diſquieting and diſeaſe, for wante of neceſſarye prouiſion, beeyng turmoyled too pitifully in myre and dyrte, through occaſion of EEBO page image 728 rayne that fell in that vnſeaſonable tyme of the yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Byſhoppe of Elye complayned ſore of the wrong done to him by ſuſpending of his faire at Elye aforeſayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Richard Sward de|ceaſſeth.Sir Richarde Sward dyed this yeare, after he had layne a long tyme vered with the Palſey, the which ſir Richard had in his daies bin a right worthy and famous Knight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There dyed alſo the Byſhoppes of Bath and Saint Dauids.D [...] [...]+ſhops.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the firſt day of Iune, the Moone,An Ec [...] immedi|ately vpon the ſetting of the Sunne, was almoſt wholly eclipſed, ſo that little of hir myghte ap|peare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Towne of Newcaſtell vppon Tyne was almoſt wholly conſumed with fyre,Newc [...] b [...]ne by [...]+ſuall f [...]. togither with the bridge there.

[figure appears here on page 728]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archb. of Cant. curſeth.The Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury remay|ning ſtill with the Pope by hys procurator the Deane of Beauveys, denounced all them accur|ſed whiche wente about to impeach him of recey|uing the firſt frutes of benefices that voided, whi|che hee had by the Popes graunt, the Kyng and Queene, with their children, and the Kings bro|ther, the Earle of Cornewall onely excepted out of that curſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 33.

An earthquake

There chaunced another Earthquake a foure dayes before Chriſtmas, namely in the Weſt countrey about Bath and Welles, which ſhooke and ouerthrewe ſome buildings, ſpecially, the toppes and ſummettes of ſteeples, turrets and chimneys were ſhaken therewith, and not ye baſes nor lower partes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1249In Chriſtmas following, the Earle of Lei|ceſter returned out of Gaſcoigne, where he hadde bin as general againſt Gaſton de Bierne, whom he had ſo afflicted and put to the worſe, that the ſame Gaſton was glad to ſue for an abſtinence of warre, where before hee had done muche hurte to the Kings ſubiects.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſayde Erle had alſo with the ayde of the kings ſubiects apprehended an other Rebell, one William Berthram de Egremont, who hadde done much hurt in the parties of Gaſcoigne, and in the confynes there, whome hee had left in pri|ſon within the Caſtel of the Riole.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yere a little before Candlemas, the B. of Durham being a man of great yeres, by licẽce obteined of the Pope, reſigned his miter,The Bi [...] Durham [...]+ſigneth by Biſhop [...] reſeruing to himſelfe only three manors, houeden with the appurtenaunces, Stocton and Euerington.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The K. hauing the laſt yeare receiued of hys ſubiects a deniall of a general ſubſedie to be gran|ted to him,

Mat. P [...]

The King [...]+ctiſeth [...] money.

practiſed this yeare to get ſome reliefe at their hands, in calling each of them a part: but firſt, he got two thouſand markes of the Citie of London, and after, fell in hande with the Abbots and Priors, of whome he gote ſomewhat, though ſore againſt their willes. By occaſiõ of two mar|chante Straungers of Brabant, whych chaun|ced to bee robbed about the parties of Winche|ſter, whileſt the King was there, vpon theyr im|portunate ſute and complaynte, there was a greate neſt of theeues broken,A neſt of theeues [...] amongſt the whi|che were many welthie perſons and freeholders, ſuche as vſed to paſſe on lyfe and death of theyr owne companions, to whome they were fauou|rable ynough you maye be ſure: alſo, there were ſome of the Kyngs ſeruaunts amongſt them. A|bout thirtie of thoſe offendors were apprehended, and putte to execution, beſydes thoſe that eſca|ped, ſome into ſainctuary, and ſome into volun|tary exile, running out of, and vtterly forſakyng the countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Eaſter,The Arc [...] of Roan. the Archbyſhoppe of Roan came ouer into England, and doyng homage for ſuche reuenewes as belonged to his Church EEBO page image 729 here within this realme, had the ſame reſtored vnto him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]th. Paris.

[...]at tayne.

In Iune there fell ſuch aboundance of raine, ſpecially about Abingdõ, that the Willow trees, Mylles, and other houſes ſtanding neare to the water ſyde, were borne downe and ouerturned, with one Chapell alſo: and the corne in the fielde was ſo beaten to the grounde, that breade made thereof after it was ripe, ſeemed as it had beene made of branne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e Earle of [...]sburie & [...]r go into [...] holy land.About the ſame tyme, William de Longeſpee Earle of Saliſburie, and Robert de Veer, with other Engliſh men to the number of two hun|dred knightes, hauing taken on them the Croſſe, went into the holy lande, the ſayde Earle being their chiefe captaine, and had ſo proſperous ſpeed in their iourney, that they arriued ſafe and ſound in the Chriſtian armie, where the Frenche king being chiefe thereof, they were receyued ioyfully. But yet (as Mathew Paris writeth, [...]at. Par.) the pride and diſdaine of the French men was ſo greate, that vpon ſpite and enuie conceyued at the Eng|liſhmens glorie; [...]e ſpite of [...] French to| [...]des the [...]gliſhmen. which bare thẽſelues right wor|thily, the French men vſed the Engliſh men no|thing friendly. Namely the Earle of Arras ſtic|ked not to ſpeake manye reprochfull wordes a|gaynſte the ſayde William de Longeſper and his people, whereat they could not but take great indignation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the ſame ſeaſon, the Earle of Leyceſter who had likewiſe receyued the Croſſe, deferred his iourney for a tyme, and ſayling into Ga [...]|coigne, mightily there ſubdued the kings eni|mies, as Gaſcon de Bierne. Alſo one R [...]ſ [...]eyn, and William de Solares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare died Peter de Genevre,Peter de Ge|nevre. a Pro|uancoys borne, whom the king had preferred in maryage vnto the Ladie Mawde, daughter and heyre of Walter Lacye a man of fayre poſſeſſi|ons in Irelande. Of which maryage there came iſſue a ſonne and a daughter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo about whitſuntide dyed a noble Baron of the North Parties,The deceaſſe Roger Fitz Iohn. named the Lorde Roger Fitz Iohn, whoſe ſonne and heyre beyng yong, was giuen in wardſhip to William de Valence the kings halfe brother.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo this yeare, Hugh Earle of March,The death of Hugh le Brun. father to the ſame William de Valence dyed in Cy|pres, whileſt the French armie wintered there, as then going into the holy lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the feaſt of all Saintes, the Archbiſhop Bonifacius was inthronizate at Canterburie,

An. reg. 34.

The Archb. of Canterburie intronizate.

and kept a ſolemne feaſt, at the which the King & Queene, wiſh the more part of all the Prelates of the lande were preſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon,A iourney hol|den at Brack|ley, or as ſome copies haue, at Barkley. was a great iourney and iuſtes holden at Brackley, where the Earle of Glouceſter (contrarie to his accuſtomed maner) [figure appears here on page 729] fauoured the part of the ſtraungers, whereby they preuayled. Inſomuch that William de Valence handeled one ſir William de Ooingeſſeſſes very roughly, the ſame ſir William beeing a ryght worthie knight.

1250.

[...]ond ſon Richarde [...]e of Corn| [...] borne.

Aboute the ſame tyme, the Counteſſe of Cornewall at Berkhamſted was deliuered of a ſonne named Edmonde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare aboute the begynning of the Spring, the kings brother the Earle of Corne|wall, with other noble men of the Realme, as the Earle of Gloceſter, Henrie Hauings Baron,An ambaſſad [...] lent to the Pope. and Roger Thurkeby, went ouer into Fraunce in Princely array and furniture to viſite the Pope, who helde his Court ſtill at the Citie of Lion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of Lyncolne alſo and the By|ſhop of Worceſter went thither. For what cauſe the other went it was not openly knowne. But the Biſhop of Lyncolne went thither about ſuch buſineſſe as he had in hande agaynſt the Tem|plers, Hoſpitalers and ſuch other whiche had ap|pealed EEBO page image 722 from him to the Court of Rome, where he coulde not bring his purpoſe to paſſe, for his ad|uerſaries with money had purchaſed the Iudges fauor. And ſo the Biſhop returned, hauing ſpent his trauaile and money in vaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king ta|keth on him the Croſſe.The .vj. of March being Sunday, the king tooke vpon him the croſſe, with his brother Wil|liam de Valence, and a greate number of other noble men, and amongſt other the Abbot of Bu|rie, to the preiudice (as was thought) of his order.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The lord Ro|ger de Mont|hault.Roger de Mounthault, a Baron of great ho|nour, meaning verily to goe in that iourney, to recouer money towards hys neceſſarie furniture, ſet and ſolde the moſte part of his liuings. His wooddes and poſſeſſions which he had about Co|uentry, he ſolde and let to fee farme vnto the Co|uent there. The like chieuance was made by ſun|drie noble men, which prepared themſelues to go in that iourney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the .xxvij. day of Aprill thoſe that had taken on them the Croſſe, aſſembled at Bermod|ſey beſides London, to treate of their ſetting for|warde, determining that the ſame ſhoulde bee at Midſommer next: but by the Popes letters which the king procured, they were commaunded to ſtay till the king himſelfe went. Thus their iour|ney for that time was diſappoynted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was of them and their retinues that ment thus to haue gone, fiue. C. knightes, beſides yeomen or demilances and other common ſoldi|ers in great numbers.Gaſcon de Bierne ſub|mitteth him|ſelfe to the K. Gaſcon de Bierne was ſo driuen to his ſhiftes by the high prowes of ye Erle of Leyceſter, that in the ende he was conſtrayned to come ouer into England, and ſubmit himſelfe to the king, whom he found at Clarendon, where he [...]ate ſuch mercie at the kings handes, that hee w [...]s pardoned and reſtored to his landes. But the Earle of Leyceſter put the king in poſſeſſion of the Caſtels of Fronſacke,The Earle of Leyceſter his ſeruice in Gaſcoigne. Egremount, and o|ther, and baniſhed Ruſtein, and William de So|la [...]s with diuerſe other ſtubburne and diſloyall rebels, depriuing them of their landes and inheri|tance in that Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of Lincolne.The Byſhoppe of Lyncolne did excommu|nicate a prieſt within his dioces, that was accuſed of incontinencie. And bicauſe the ſame prieſt con|tinued fortie dayes without ſeeking to bee recon|ciled, the Biſhop ſent to the Sherif of Rutlande within whoſe Bayliwike the ſame Prieſt dwel|led, to apprehende him as a diſobedient and re|bellious perſon: but the Sherif wynked at the matter, and woulde not execute the Biſhoppes commaundement, wherevpon the Biſhoppe did alſo excommunicate the Sherif: whereof the king being enfourmed, tooke diſpleaſure, and ſen|ding to the Pope,An inhibition procured by the king of the Pope. procured an inhibition, that no Archbiſhop nor Biſhop ſhoulde compell any of|ficer belonging to the King, to follow any ſuyte afore them, for thoſe things that apperteyned to the kings iuriſdiction, or giue ſentence agaynſte them for the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Monday before the Rogation weeke, Richarde the kings brother Erle of Cornewa [...],The [...] Co [...] [...] the Pope returned from the Court of Rome, where he had beene about certaine buſineſſe vnknowne to moſt men: but whatſoeuer the ſame was the Pope gaue him moſt courteous and honourable inter|tainment for his welcom, and made to him great chear during his abode at Lion, where the Popes Court as then lay.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon, the king to ridde himſelfe out of debt wherein he was endaungered to cer|taine marchants, leſſened the charges of his houſ|holde, and kept but a meane port, diminiſhing e|uen the accuſtomed almes of the poore,The k [...] [...]+reth to [...] himſelfe [...] of d [...]. and alſo the greate number of Tapers and lyghtes in his Chappell, ſo that he was noted wyth the blame of too muche nygardly ſparyng and pynching: but in that hee diſcharged his debt to the Mar|chants, he was thought to doe wiſely and chari|tably, for that he would not ſee them hyndered is whom he was ſo indebted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame tyme alſo,The [...] ca [...] helpe [...] with [...] hee cauſed the Iewes to gyue vnto him a great portion of their goodes, ſo that they were greatly impoueriſhed. There was one of them named Aaron, borne in Yorke, the whiche ſince the Kings laſte re|turne out of Gaſcoigne, had payed to the King the ſumme of thirtie thouſand Markes,Mat. [...] ouer and beſides two hundred Markes which he had giuen to the Queene, as the ſame Aaron proteſted to Marthew Paris, vpon his fayth and truth which he bare to his law.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Whitſunweeke was a generall Chapiter holden of the Friers preachers,A gene [...] chapter o [...] Friers [...]+che [...]. at Lon|don in Holborne, where out of ſundrye partyes of the Worlde were aſſembled aboue foure hun|dred of them, and they had meate and drink found them of almes, bycauſe they poſſeſſed nothing of theyr owne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt day the king came into their Cha|piter, that he might be partaker of theyr prayers, and founde them meate and drynke that daye, and dyned there with them, to do them the more honour. Another day the Queene likewiſe fedde them, & afterwardes the Biſh. of London, the Ab|bots of Weſtminſter, Saint Albon, and Wal|tham with other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame ſeaſon the Citizens of Lon|don founde themſelues agreeued verye ſore,

Mat. P [...]

Stri [...] [...] the Lon [...] and the [...] of W [...]

for ſuch liberties as the king graunted to the Abbot of Weſtminſter, to the great hinderance and de|cay of the franchiſes of their Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Maior & communaltie reſiſted in all that they might agaynſt thoſe liberties, and finally by the good helpe and fauour of the Lordes, as the EEBO page image 723 Earles of Cornwall, and Leyceſter, they obtey|ned theyr purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]iam de [...]nny kee| [...] of the [...]r ſeale.This yeare maiſter William de Kilkenny, a ſober, faythfull, and learned man, was made kee|per of the great ſeale.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare vpon inquiſition made by Geffrey de Langley, one of the kings counſaile of tranſgreſſors in forreſts and chaſes, many that had offended were preſented, and moſt grieuouſly puniſhed by impriſonment, fines, and exceeding great amerciaments, and namely in the North Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ert de [...]nton de| [...]eth this [...] The .xix. day of May, died Robet de Lerin|ton Clearke, the which hauing continued a long time in the office of a Iudge, purchaſed to himſelf great fame, and alſo moſt large poſſeſſions. But certaine yeares before his death, bycauſe he was diſeaſed with the Palſey, he gaue ouer that office, and drewe himſelfe into a quiet trade of lyfe, ſo ending his dayes in prayers and doing of almes deedes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the feaſt of S. Margaret,

The Lorde Henry Ha|ſtings de|ceaſeth.

Robert Muſ|champe.

died Henrie Haſtings, a noble Baron, and one Robert de Muſchampes, a man of greate renoume in the North parties. Alſo Walter Biſhop of Wyn|cheſter departed this lyfe, about the feaſt of Saint Mathew,Athelmare the kings half bro|ther made Bi. of Wincheſt. in whoſe place (through the kings ear|neſt ſute) his halfe brother Athelmare was pro|moted to ſucceede.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, in the Eaſt partes, that valiaunt Erle of Saliſburie William de Lonegſpee,The Earle of Salisbury ſlain by the Sara|zens. with Robert de Veer, and other, was ſlayne in that vnfortunate battaile, in the which the Sarazens vanquiſhed the Chriſtian armie, and toke Lewes [figure appears here on page 723] the French king priſoner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the firſt day of October, the Moone vpon hir change, appearing exceeding red and ſwelled, beganne to ſhewe tokens of the great tempeſt of winde that followed, [...]ightie [...]de. whiche was ſo huge and mighty, both by land and ſea, that the like had not bin lightly knowne, nor ſeldome or rather neuer heard of by men then aliue. The ſea forced con|trarie to hir natural courſe, flowed twice without ebbing, [...]t. Par. yeelding ſuch a roaring noyſe, that the ſame was heard (not without great wonder,) a farre diſtance from the ſhore. Moreouer, the ſame ſea appeared in the darke of the night to burne, as it had beene on fire, [...]e ſea ſee| [...] to burne and the wanes to ſtriue and fight togither after a maruellous ſort, ſo that the mariners coulde not deuiſe howe to ſaue theyr ſhippes where they lay at ankre, [...]s loſt. by no cunning nor ſhift which they could deuiſe. [...]tburne. At Hertburne three tall ſhippes periſhed without recouerie, be|ſides other ſmaller veſſelles. [...]chelſey. At Winchelſey be|ſides other hurt that was done in bridges, milnes, breakes and banks, there were three hundred hou|ſes, with ſome Churches drowned with the high ryſing of the water courſe. The country of Hol|lande in Lyncolnſhire, and Holland beyonde the ſea, and the Mariſh lande in Flaunders, ſuſtey|ned ineſtimable domage, & in many other places, by reaſon that riuers beaten backe and repulſed (by the ryſing of the ſea) ſwelled ſo on high that they ouerflowed theyr chanels, & much hurt was done in Medowes, Brigges, Mylnes, and houſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the beginning of the .xxxv. yeare of king Henries raigne,

An. Reg. 35.

The practiſe of the Biſhops to diſappoynt the Archb. of Cant. of his purpoſe.

the Biſhops of Englande vnderſtanding that the Archbiſhop of Canterbu|rie, was about to purchaſe of the Pope a graunt to gather money through his whole prouince, of the Cleargie and people for Sinodes and procu|racies, they thought to preuent him, and therfore made a collection euery one through hys owne Dioces, of two pence of euery marke, which any beneficed man might diſpende, which money ſo collected, they ment to employ about charges in the Popes Court, for the ſtay of the Archbiſhops EEBO page image 724 ſuyte, that the graunt ſhould not paſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A earthquake at S. Albons.About the ſame time, to witte, vpon Saint Lucies day, there was a great Earthquake at S. Albons, and in the parties there aboutes with a noyſe vnder the ground, as though it had thũdred. This was ſtraunge and maruellous, bycauſe the ground there is chalky, and ſound not hollow nor looſe as thoſe places be, where Earthquakes for the moſt part happen. Doues, Rookes, and other birdes that ſat vpon houſes, and in boughes of trees afrayd of this ſtrange wonder, flickred vp, & flew to and fro, ſhewing a token of feare, as if a Goſhauke had bene ouer their heades.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Pope ſu|eth for licence to ſoiourne at Burdeaux.The Pope required by ſolenme meſſengers ſent to the king of England, that he might come to the Citie of Burdeaux in Gaſcoigne, and there for a tyme remayne. The king wyſt not well what anſwere to make, for lothe hee was to de|nie any thing that the Pope ſhoulde requyre, and againe hee was not willing for ſundrie reſpectes, that the Pope ſhoulde come ſo neare vnto him. In deede, manye were in doubt, leaſt if he came to Burdeaux,The Popes pre+ſence more like to appaire than mende things. hee woulde alſo come into Eng|lande, and rather appaire the ſtate thereof than amend it by hys preſence, ſithe by ſuche Vſurers and licencious lyuers as belonged to him, the realme had alreadie bene ſore corrupted. Howſoe|uer the matter went, there was delay and ſuch meanes deuiſed and made, that the Pope came not there at that time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

1251

Thunder and lightning.

On Chriſtmaſſe day in the night, great thun|der and lightning chaunced in Norffolke and Suffolke paſt meaſure, in token as was thought of ſome euill to follow.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king kept his Chriſtmaſſe at Winche|ſter, but without any great port or liberalitie, for hoſpitalitie with him was greatly layd aſide.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Guy de Luſig|na brother to the king.About this time, Guy de Luſignan the kings halfe brother came ouer into Englande, after hys returne out of the holy lande, and was of the king ioyfully receyued. Towardes the reliefe of his ex|pences made in that iourney, the king gaue him fiue hundred pounde which he got of the Iewes. Moreouer he gaue to his brother Geffrey the cu|ſtodie of the Baron Haſtings landes, and ſo by ſuch liberal and bounteous gyftes as he beſtowed on them and other ſtraungers, hee greatly in|curred the hatred of his naturall people, the Eng|liſh men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of L [...]yceſter re| [...]urneth.On the day of the Epiphanie, the Earle of Leyceſter came to the king in great haſt oute of Gaſcoigne, giuing him to vnderſtande, that the Gaſcoignes were reuolted in ſuche number, that if ſpeedie ſuccours were not prouided, the whole Countrey woulde fall from the Engliſhe ſub|iection.He had of the king three M. markes. Herevpon the King furniſhed him with money, and the Earle himſelfe got all that hee coulde make of his owne reuenues, and likewiſe of the Vmfreuilles landes, the heyre whereof [...] had in cuſtodie. Hee made no long abode, [...] with all ſpeede returned, [...] and reteyned two hun|dred Rutters oute of the Duke of Brahan [...] Countreys, and with them certaine Croſbow [...] Theſe were egre ſouldiers, and bloudie: But y [...] the Gaſcoignes prepared themſelues to reſ [...] them in all that they myght: howbeit the Ea [...] putte them ſtyll to the worſe. Before h [...] laſte returne from thence, hee hadde razed the Caſtell of Fronſacke flatte with the groun [...] and likewyſe left deſolate the Caſtell of Eg [...] mounte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon, one of the Kings Iuſti [...] named Henrie de Bath,A [...]+ſed her [...]+beyb [...] fell in the kings deſp [...] ſure, bycauſe he was accuſed that he had not ex|erciſed his office vprightly, but to his owne pri|uate gaine, and peruerted iuſtice through bry [...], vppon occaſion of a ſuyte mooued betwy [...]e hym and one Euerarde de Trumpington: [...]e was appealed of falſehoode and treaſon by [...] Philip Darcie Knight. His wife was a ky [...] to the Baſſets and Sanfordes, the whiche procu|red him great friendſhip at the handes of the [...] of Cornewall, and of Iohn Manſell, and o|ther of the kings Counſayle. But for all that they coulde doe, he was in great daunger to haue loſt his life at the Parliament holden that yeare, and begunne on the .xvj. day of Februarie. For the king was ſo ſore moued agaynſt him, that he cauſed proclamation to be made, that if any man had any thing to lay agaynſt the ſayde Henrie de Bathe, they ſhoulde come forth, and their in|formation ſhoulde bee heard. Herevpon diuerſe came and preſented their cõplaints, and amongſt other, one of his owne fellowes that was a Iu|ſtice alſo, declared that he had ſuffred an offender conuict, to eſcape vnpuniſhed, for a bribe, which he receyued to the preiudice of the king, & the danger of his aſſociates the other Iuſtices.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king herewith roſe vp in a greate fume and ſayd openly: If any man will ſlea Henry of Bath, he ſhal not be impeached for his death. For I doe here plainly declare him acquit & guiltleſſe for the ſame. Herewith diuerſe woulde haue r [...] vpon him to haue murdred him, but that Iohn Manſell ſtayed their outrage, ſhewing them that the king might well hereafter repent the wordes which he ſpake thus in his furie, and thoſe ye ſhuld do any violence vnto the man, were not lyke to eſcape puniſhment: for both the Biſh. of London would ſurely accurſe thẽ, and other of his friends would not fail to ſeeke reuenge by tẽporall force: and thus was Henrie of Bathe in the kings high diſpleaſure for the tyme. At length yet through interceſſion of the Earle of Cornewall,Henry [...] put to h [...] and the Biſhop of London, he was put to his fine and pardoned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 725 [...]elmare or [...]mare Bi| [...] of Win| [...]ter con| [...]ed.About the ſame tyme, Athelmare the kings halfe brother was cõfirmed Byſhop of Wincheſter by the Pope, although he was thought ſcarcely ſuf|ficient to haue the place, for lacke of learning and ripe yeares.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this time alſo,A conuocation of the of Bi|ſhops. the Biſhops aſſembling [figure appears here on page 725] at Dunſtable, tooke aduice togyther, how to pre|uent the Archbiſhop of Canterburie that he ſhuld not viſite: and in the ende they concluded to ſende their procurator vnto the Court of Rome, to trie what purchaſe might be made there for money to ſtay the lycence, and not to ſticke for the diſbur|ſing of foure thouſande Markes, if neede requy|red. Their Procurator did ſo much in the matter, that he founde the Pope fauourable to his cauſe, though no determinate anſwere was giuen of a long time, till at length to gratifie the Archbi|ſhop and his kinne, as the Duke of Sauoy and other, the Pope graunted to him lycence to viſite, but not generally: For he might not viſit any pa|riſh Church, except the perſon requyred him ther|to. And whereas he had libertie to viſite cõuentu|all Churches, yet might hee not receyue for pro|curacies aboue foure Markes. For this modera|tion to be had, [...] thouſande [...]kes giuen [...]he Pope. the Procurator for the Biſhoppes gauẽ vnto the Pope ſix thouſand Markes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e Biſhop of [...]colne viſi| [...] Abbeys.The ſame yeare the Biſhop of Lyncolne vi|ſited the Religious houſes within his dioces, to vnderſtande what rule was kept amongſt them, vſing the matter ſomewhat ſtraytely (as they thought:) for he entred into the Chambers of the Monkes, and ſearched theyr beddes. And com|ming vnto the houſes of the Nunnes, hee went ſo neare, as to cauſe theyr breaſts to be tryed, that he might vnderſtande of their chaſte liuings. In Lent following hee was ſuſpended by the Pope, [...] Biſhop of [...]coine ſuſ| [...]ded by the [...]e. bycauſe he would not ſuffer an Italian that had no ſkill of the Engliſhe tongue to enioy a Pre|bend in his Church, which the Pope had giuen to the ſame Italian.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]les ſubiect [...]e Engliſh [...]s.In this ſeaſon, Wales was brought to be ſub|iect vnto the Engliſh lawes, and that part which ioyneth to Cheſſhire,Alain Lorde Zouch. was committed to the cu|ſtodie of Alain Lorde Zouch, the whiche gaue for the hauing of the profites thereof to ferme, xj. hundred Markes, and ſupplanted Lorde Iohn Gray whiche ſhoulde haue had it for fiue hun|dred.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Certaine Vſurers and ſtraungers borne, cal|led Caorſini, had bought at London fayre houſes,Vſurers called Caorſini. and ſo remayned there as inhabitants, occupying their trade without controlment, for the Prela|tes durſt not ſpeake agaynſt them, bycauſe they alledged themſelues to be the Marchants of the Popes highneſſe: and the Citizens durſte not trouble them bycauſe they were defended by cer|tain noble men, whoſe money (as was ſayd) they occupied to gaine after the maner of the Courte of Rome. But at length yet they were called be|fore the ciuill Magiſtrate by the kings procure|ment, and grieuouſly accuſed for theyr vnlaw|full occupying of vſurie, and ſome of them com|mitted to priſon, the reſidue hid themſelues out of the way, tyll at length for a ſumme of money they were licenced to be at reſt, and ſo continued for a ſeaſon. The Iewes reioyced hereat, to haue fellowes with them in their miſerie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this ſeaſon alſo there depended a contro|uerſie betwixt the Archbiſhop of Canterburie and the Biſhoppe of London and his Canons of Paules,Controuerſie betwixt Pre|lates. ſo that the ſayde Biſhop of London and the Deane of Paules, and other of the Canons were excommunicate. But the Biſhop percey|uing which way the world went, recõciled him|ſelfe. But the Deane ſtoode long in the matter, and at length went himſelfe to the Pope to vtter his griefe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This controuerſie hanged long betwixt them, EEBO page image 726 and was handled in ſuch wife, that laye menne laught at their doings, for now and then whom the Pope commaunded to be aſſoyled, theyr ad|uerſaries by colour of the Popes authoritie would commaund to be excommunicate.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Leyceſter pro|ſpereth in Caſ|coigne.The firſt day of Iuly the Erle of Leyceſter in Gaſcoign ouercame many of the kings enimies, and tooke from them a fortreſſe called Chattellõ.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſore tempeſt of thunder and lightning.On S. Dunſtans day there was a maruel|lous ſore tẽpeſt of weather, the ayre being dark|ned on euery ſide from the foure corners thereof, and withall chaunced ſuch a thunder as fewe the like had beene heard of. Firſt it beganne as it had beene a greate waye off, but after it burſt out with ſuch terrible crackes as was wonderful. But one amongſt the reſt exceeded, and withall ſuch lightning flaſhed forth as put men in great feare and terror. The chymney of the Chamber wherein the Queene and hir children then were, was beaten downe to duſt, [...] and the whole buy [...]+ding ſore ſhaken. This was at Windſore, where in the Parke Okes were rent in ſunder, and tur|ned vp by the rootes, and much hurt done, as myl|nes with the Mylners in them, and ſhepefoldes with the ſhepheardes, and plowmen, and ſuche as were going by the way, were deſtroyed and beaten downe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame tyme the ſea on the coaſtes of Englande,High ty [...] roſe with higher tydes than the na|turall courſe gaue, by the ſpace of ſixe foote.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Michaelmaſſe, the Queene dowager of Scotlande, that was daughter to Monſieur de Couſie a French man, came through Englãd to return into France where ſhe was born, & was of the king honourably receyued and welcomed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Nunrie of Marran not farre from Lynne was founded by the Ladie Iſabell,The N [...] Marran [...]+ded. Counteſſe of Arundell.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo this yeare the Lorde William de Cant|low departed this life, in whoſe heritage his ſon named alſo William ſucceeded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, Iohn Cobham, and Geffrey Spencer (that was a man of great fame, and one of the kings counſaile) departed this life, Cobham before Eaſter, and Spencer ſhortlye after the ſame feaſt. Alſo in the Octaues of Pentecoſt, Paule Peyuer or Peure departed this life.Paule Peyuer. Hee was alſo one of the kings chiefe Counſaylers, and Lorde Stewarde of his houſe. This man at the firſt was not borne to any great poſſeſſions, but by purchaſe hee atteyned to greate reuenues. The Ladie Ioan his wife compounded with the king, for the maryage of hir ſonne named Paule, after his father, but the Lorde Iohn Gray payed the money, being fiue hundred marks, and ſo diſ|charging hir of that debt, maried hir ſonne to one of his daughters at his manour of Eyton, and afterwardes at London maried the mother of his ſonne in lawe,The L [...] William [...] married [...] P [...]y [...] wherewyth the King was ſore diſpleaſed, for hee hadde gyuen the maryage of hir vnto a Staunger, one Stephen de Sa|lines, ſo that the Lorde Gray was glad to gyue to the King the ſumme of fiftie markes, by way of a fine to haue his good will.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the .xxxvj. yeare of King Henries raigne,

A [...] Mat. P [...]

The C [...] of Hales [...]+cared.

the Churche of Hales was dedicate of the foun|dation of Richarde Earle of Cornewall. At which dedication hee kept a ſolenme feaſt on the Euen of Saint Leonarde being Sunday. There was preſent the King, and Queene, and almoſte all the Nobilitie of Englande, both ſpiritual and temporall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The buylding of that Churche,The c [...] of the b [...]+ding of t [...] Church of Hales. all char|ges accounted, ſtoode the Earle in tenne thou|ſande Markes, as hee himſelfe confeſſed vnto Mathew Paris.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame tyme the Earle of Leyce|ſter, and Guy de Luſignan the Kings halfe bro|ther EEBO page image 727 came into Englande out of Fraunce, and landed at Douer. The king receyued them with great ioy & gladnes. He gaue to his brother at his return great rewards, as he was euer accuſtomed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]eys and [...] in thoſe [...] were [...]ed in [...]rough [...]r than is [...]n our [...]as ſhuld [...]re, ſo as [...]ame [...] ſeeme [...]r a right [...]ſe of war [...] vtterãceIn the feaſt of the Conception of our Ladie at a Iuſtes holden, at Rocheſter, the ſtraungers were putte to the worſe, and well beaten by the Engliſhe Batchlers and men of Armes, ſo that the diſhonour which they did to the Engliſhmen at Brackley was nowe recompenced with in|tereſt. For the Straungers fleeing to the Citie for ſuccour, were mette by the way by the Eng|liſh Knightes ſeruaunts and yeomen, which fel vpon them, beate them ſore with Clubbes and ſtan [...]s, and handled the very euill. Hereof ſpring a greate hatred betwixt the Engliſhe men and ſtraungers, whiche dayly grewe and encreaſed more and more, the rather bycauſe the king had them in ſo good eſtimation, and reteyned ſo many of them within the realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king did celebrate the feaſt of Chriſt|maſſe at York,1252 whether came Alexander the yong king of Scottes, and was there made Knight by the King of Englande, and on Saint Stephens day he maryed the Ladie Margaret, daughter to the king of England, according to the aſſuraunce before time concluded. There was a great aſſem|bly of noble perſonages at that feaſt.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ouſe of [...]ie.The Queene dowager of Scotland mother to king Alexander, a French woman of the houſe of Coucie, had paſſed the ſea, & was preſent there with a fayre companie of Lordes and Gentlemẽ. The number of knights that were come thither on the king of Englandes part were reckened to be at the poynt of one thouſande. The King of Scottes had with him .lx. knightes and a great ſort of other gentlemen comparable to knightes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ing of [...]d [...] ho| [...] to king [...]gland.The king of Scottes did homage to the king of Englande at that time for the realme of Scot|lande, and all things were done with great loue and fauour, although at the begynning ſome ſtrife was kyndled about taking vp of lodgings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This aſſembly of the Princes, coſt the Archbi|ſhop right deerely, in feaſting and banquetting them and theyr traynes. At one dinner it was re|ported be ſpent at the firſt courſe .lx. fat Oxen. At requeſt of the king of Scottes, the king of Eng|land receyued agayne into fauour Philip Lunell, or rather Luvell as I take it, one of his counſaile againſt whom he had conceiued diſpleaſure in the yere laſt paſt, for ſuch bryberie as he was thought to be guiltie of for to ſhewe fauour to the Iewes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The king of Scottes when he ſhould depart, tooke his leaue in moſt courteous maner, and led with him his new maried wife,Sir Robert Norice, & ſir Stephen Bau|zan. on whom atten|ded ſir Robert Norice knight marſhall of the kings houſe, and ſir Stephẽ Bauſan, and alſo the Ladie Maude, the widow of the Lorde William Cantlow, with other.An exceeding great wind. On the octaues of the E|piphany chanced an exceeding great wind, which did much hurt in diuerſe places of the realm. The B. of Rocheſter returning frõ the court of Rome,The Biſhop of Rocheſters bul brought wt him a bul, authoriſing him to receyue to his owne vſe the .v. part of the reuenues of al ye beneficed men within his dioces.The Gaſ [...]+coignes make warre againſt the Engliſh ſubiects. In this meane while the erle of Leyceſter remaining in Englãd, the Gaſcoignes made ſore war againſt ſuch as he had left behind him, & withal gaue information to the K. that the Erle of Leyceſter was a traytor, & one yt had ſpoiled the kings ſubiects: And further|more by his vniuſt dealings had giuẽ to the Gaſ|coignes cauſe of rebelliõ. The K. to boult out the truth of this matter, ſent firſt his chaplaine Hẽrie Winghã, & afterwards ſir Nic. de Moles de Va|lence, as cõmiſſioners to enquire of ye erles doing, who wẽt & returned wtout finding any manifeſt crime in ye erles demenor. The erle was much of|fended that his innocency ſhuld be thus ſuſpected. EEBO page image 728 But at length being appoynted to returne into Gaſcoigne, he obeyed, and hauing a great ſumme of money, he reteyned a power of men of warre, aſwell French men as other, and meaning to bee reuenged of thoſe that had giuen the information agaynſt him,The Earle of Leyceſter daũ|teth his eni|mies. he ſtrengthned himſelfe with the ayde of the king of Nauarre, and of the Earle of Bigorre and other, ſo that hee oppreſſed his ad|uerſaries on eche hande, and ſo abated their pride, that if they conueniently had might, they would haue yelded themſelues to ſome other prince, and vtterly haue renounced the King of Englande for euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 A ſtraunge wonder of the newe Moone.The .xiij. day of March, the newe moone was ſeene, where the prime chaunge by natural courſe ſhould not haue beene tyll the .xvj. day following, and for the ſpace of .xv. dayes that then next en|ſued, the Sunne, the Moone, and Starres appea|red of a red colour. And herewith the whole face of the earth ſeemed as it had beene ſhadowed with a thicke myſt or ſmoke, the winde notwithſtan|ding remayning North and Northeaſt. And herewith began a ſore drought, cõtinuing a long time, the which togither with morning froſts, and Northerly windes, deſtroyed the fruites and o|ther growing things, which were blaſted in ſuche wiſe, that although at the firſt it was a very for|warde yeare, and great plentie towardes of corne and fruite, yet by the meanes aforeſayd, the ſame was greatly hindered, and ſpecially in the Som|mer ſeaſon, when the Sunnes heat increaſed, and the drought ſtill continued. The reſidue of ſuche fruites as then remayned, withered away, ſo that vneth a tenth part was left, and yet there was in|different ſtore. For if the abundaunce which the bloſſomes promiſed had come forwarde, the trees had not bene able to haue borne the ſame. The graſſe was ſo burned vp in paſtures & medowes,A great drought. that if a man tooke vp ſome of it in his hands and rubbed the ſame neuer ſo little, it ſtreight fell to poulder, and ſo cattel were redie to ſterue through lacke of meate: and bycauſe of the exceeding hote nightes, there was ſuch abundance of fleas, flies, and gnattes, that people were vexed, and brought in caſe to be wearie of their liues. And herewyth chaunced many diſeaſes,Many diſeaſes raigned. as ſweates, agues, and other. And in the Harueſt tyme there fell a great death or murreyn amongſt cattell,A murreyn of cattaile. and ſpecially in Norffolke, in the fennes and other parties of the South. The infection was ſuch, that dogs, and rauens feeding on the dead carraynes, ſwel|led ſtreight wayes and dyed, ſo that the people durſt eate no biefe, leaſt the fleſh happely might be infected.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo this was noted not without great won|der, that yong heyfers and bullockes followed the mylche kine, and as it had beene calues ſucked the ſame kine. Alſo Apple trees and Peare trees now after the time of yeelding their ripe fruite, began againe to bloſſome, as if it had beene in Apr [...] The cauſe of the death of cattell was thought [...] come hereof.The [...] the catte [...] After ſo great a drougth (which ha [...] continued by all the ſpace of the monethes of A|prill, May, Iune, and Iuly,) when there folowed good plentie of raine, the earth began to yeelde hi [...] encreaſe moſt plentiouſly of all growing things, though not ſo wholſome nor of ſuch kindly ſub|ſtance, as in due time and ſeaſon ſhee is accuſto|med to bring forth, and ſo the cattell which before was hungerſtaruen, fed now ſo greedily of thys newe graſſe ſprung vp in vndue ſeaſon, that they were ſodenly puffed vp with fleſhe, and ſuch vn|naturall humors, as bredde infections amongeſt them, whereof they dyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of Lincolne would haue enfor|ced all the beneficed men within his dioces to bee Prieſts, but they purchaſed a licence from Rome,The [...] to remaine at the Vniuerſities for certain yeares, without taking the order of Prieſthoode vpon them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king meaning to go (as he pretended in|to the holy land, had graunt of the Pope to leuie a tenth of his ſubiects both ſpirituall and temporal.The C [...] co [...] to co [...] of the [...] Ley [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Gaſcoines ſore repining at the Earle of Leyceſter his ſtrayte gouernance, (who handled them more roughly than they had beene accuſto|med,) ſent the Archbiſhop of Burdeaux ouer into [figure appears here on page 728] Englande to exhibite a complaint agaynſt him in all theyr names.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Leyceſter aduertiſed thereof, followed him, and comming to the Court, found the Archbiſhop readie to aduouche the informati|on which he had made agaynſt the ſayde Earle, chiefely in that he had ſought the deſtruction of thoſe whome the Earle of Cornewall when hee was ruler there, had graunted life and peace, and whome ſir Henrie Trubleuile, and Waleran the Teutchman, late Stewardes of Gaſcoigne, vnder the king, had cheriſhed and mainteyned.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Many other things the Archbiſhoppe charged EEBO page image 729 him with, the which the Erle wittily refelled and diſproued, [...]e Erle diſ| [...]reth the [...]gations of accuſers. ſo as he was allowed in his iuſtifica|tion by thoſe that ſtoode by, as the Erle of Corn|wall and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e Biſhop of [...]colnes au| [...]rine to in| [...]re Vicars Churches [...]opriate.The Biſhop of Lincolne got authoritie of the Pope to inſtitute Vicarages, in Churches impropriate to religious men, where no Vicars were, and where ſuch were as ſeemed to ſlender|ly prouided of ſufficient allowance, to augment the ſame as he thought expedient: which his au|thoritie he vſed more largely than ſtoode with the pleaſure of religious perſons, bycauſe hee ſhewed great fauour to the Vicars. The copie of the let|ters which the Biſhop had procured of the Pope, authoriſing him herein, followeth as we a [...] the ſame in the Chronicles of Mathew Paris.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Prie [...]t of Popes [...]nt. Innocentius Episcopus. &c. Cum sicut accepimus in tua ciuitate & diocœsi, nonnulli religiosi & alij collegiati ecclesias perochiales in proprios vsus optineant, in quibus nimis exiles ant nullae taxatae sunt Vicariae. Fraternitati tuae per authoritate summam mandamus, quod in eijsde(m) ecclesijs de ipsaru(m) prouentibus vicarias institutas, & institutas exiles aduageas vice nostra: prout iuxta consuetudinem patriae secundum deum videris expedire, non obstantibus si praedicti exepti sint, aut alias muniti apostolicis privilegijs siue indulgentijs, per quae id impediri vel differi possit. Et de quibus speciale oporteat in praesentibus fieri mentionem: contradictores per censuras ecclesiasticas apostolica potestate compescendo. Datu(m) Lugduni. vij. kal. Octob. pontificatus nostri. An. viij.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Leycester is eftsoones sent into Gascoigne by the king, The Earle of Leyceſter ſent eftſoones into Gaſcoigne. who had not cared if hee had fallen into his enimies handes as should appeare. But the Earle hyred souldiers in France, and comming into Gascoigne preuayled agaynst his enimyes, though in one conflict hee was in daunger of loosing both life and the honour of the fielde. But yet through his good happe, Gods fauour, and the valiancie of himselfe and some of his retinue, hee gotte the vpper hande, and putte hys enimies to flight, taking Rusteyn, Ruſteyn takẽ. one of the chiefe ringleaders of the rebels, whome he caused to be presented to the king.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] kings el| [...] ſonne Ed| [...]d created [...] of Aqui| [...]. At the same time had the king inuested hys sonne Edward with the Duchie of Aquitaine to the offence of the Erle of Cornwal, to whom by charter he had before giuen & confirmed the same.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In a Justes holden at Walden, sir Arnold de Moteyny, Arnold de [...]teyny [...]e a right valia(n)t knight, was slaine by sir Roger de Lemborne, for which mischaunce all the Nobles there assembled made great lamentation, and namely the sayde sir Roger: but yet he was suspected to be in blame, bycause the soket of his staffe was polished, and not abated. Hereby it should appeare, that in qualitie of weapon, & not in maner of their running togither, these iustes & turneys in those dayes practised differed from the very order of warre.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] church of [...]dedicete The xvij. of Septem. the cathedral Church of Ely was dedicat, which the B. of that sea named Hugh had builded with his own proper costes & charges, togither with the palace there. The king & a great nu(m)ber of the peeres & nobles of the realm both spiritual & temporal were present at this sole(m)ne feast, which was kept in most ple(n)tiful maner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The xiij. day of October the king held a great feast at London, A Parliament. and had called the estates of the Realme, then and there to assemble in Parliament, wherin he opened to them the popes grant, which he had obteyned of the tenthes :The king de|maundeth the tenthes of the ſpiritualtie. due to the Churche, to be receyued by him for three yeares, towardes his charges in his iourney whiche hee ment to make into the holy lande. The Bishops, and namely Lincolne, vtterly refused to be contributaries to his graunte. The Biſhops refuſe to yeeld to the Popes graunt. They alledged sundrie reasons for their excuse, as the pouertie of the English Church being alreadie made bare myth continuall exactions and oppressions, but chiefly they excuſed themſelues by the abſence of the Archbiſhops of Canterburie and Yorke, of whom the one was beyond the ſea, and the other at home in the north partes. All the reſidue of the Engliſh Biſhops were there, except Hereforde & Ch [...] EEBO page image 730 which Cheſter was ſicke, and therefore without the conſent of thoſe that were abſent and name|ly theyr Primate the Archbiſhop of Canterbury, they coulde not conclude vpon any general point touching the kings demaunde. And although the king fretted and ſtormed agaynſt them, yet could he not bring them to his purpoſe, ſo that the Par|liament for that time was diſſolued. Yet before theyr departure from London, hee communed with the Biſhops apart, to ſee if hee myght per|ſwade them to giue to him ſome portion of mo|ney towardes his charges: but they had tuned theyr ſtrings all after one note, diſcording all from his tenour, ſo that not a penie coulde be got of them:The king highly offen|ded with the Biſhops. wherefore hee tooke high diſpleaſure a|gaynſt them, reuyling them in moſte reprochfull maner, and amongſt other he vpbrayded his half brother, (the elect of Wincheſter) of greate vn|thankfulneſſe, who alſo amongſt the reſidue ſtood agaynſt him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king aſ|ſayeth to get money of the Lordes tem|porall.The king hauing this repulſe at the Biſhops handes, began to fall in talke with the Lordes of the Temporaltie touching the troubles in Gaſ|co [...]gne, where things were in broyle by the harde doings of the Earle of Leyceſter, againſt whome the Gaſcoignes ceaſſed not to make warre ſtyll, and of late hauing beſieged him in the Caſtell of Mountalbon, droue him to ſuch ſhift, that to eſ|cape the preſent daunger, he was glad to ſet at li|bertie certaine rebels, whiche he had before taken captiues. Therfore to reduce that Countrie vnto quiet, the king determined to go thither himſelfe, and to remoue the Earle of Leyceſter out of hys office: but when he came to the pith of the matter, whiche was to deſire them of ayde both of men & money, the Lordes woulde not agree to graunte him any. And where he ſought to burden the erle of Leyceſter with miſgouerning things agaynſt his honour, they excuſed the ſame Earle, and ſo the Lordes alſo departed in diſpleaſure of the king aſwell as the Biſhops.The Londo|ners helpe at a pinche. Of the Lon [...]oners yet the king by way of princely prayer got .xx. thouſand Markes of golde at that time. And to theyr further griefe for better meane to be reuen|ged agaynſt the Biſhop of Elie, he cauſed the ſayde Londoners to keepe S. Edwards fayre for xv. dayes togither at Weſtminſter, and in the meane time to keepe their ſhops ſhut through all the Citie. Which thing (by reaſon of the foule weather chauncing at that time) was very grie|uous vnto them, albeit there was ſuch repayre of people thither, that London had not bene fuller to the iudgement of olde auncient men neuer at any tyme in theyr dayes to theyr remembraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The death of ſir Nicholas Samford.This yeare died ſir Nicholas Samford knight, a man of great reputation and valiancie. Alſo on the .xx. day of October, the Counteſſe of Win|cheſter, daughter to the Erle of Hereford departed this life at Groby,The O [...] of W [...] dep [...] [...]e. a Manor place belonging to hir huſband the Earle of Wincheſter, a little be|ſides Leyceſter, and was buried at Brackley. The ſayde Earle ſhortly after maryed an other wiſe in hope of iſſue. For neither by this his laſte wife,Mat. P [...] neyther by his firſt that was daughter to the Lord Alane de Galoway he had any childrẽ.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo the ſame yeare,The [...] of the [...] de L [...] Wig [...] that noble Ladie Mar|garet Counteſſe of Liſle ſurnamed Riuers, ſom|time wife to Fou [...]s de Brent, departed out of this worlde, about the ſecond day of October.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the .xxxvij. yeare of king Henries raigne,A [...]. [...] one of the Popes notaries called Albiet came in|to England to offer vnto Richard erle of Corn [...]|wall the kings brother,The P [...]+fereth [...] king [...] Sicall [...] Earle [...] wall. the kingdome [...] of [...]+ples and Sicill. But the Erle ſuppoſing it not to ſtande with his honour, to depriue his nephewe Henry ſon to the Emperor Frederick the ſeconde, by his wife the Empreſſe Iſabell that was [...]e to ye ſaid erle, refuſed to take that honor vpõ him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time, that is to ſay, in the Oc|taues of Saint Martin, Boniface the Archbi|ſhop of Canterburie arriued in Englande com|ming from the Court of Rome, where he ha [...] bin long reſiant.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame time there chau [...]ed a great occa|ſion of ſtrife betwixt the ſayd Archbiſhop, and the Biſhop of Wincheſter. For where maiſter [...]u|ſtace de Linne, o [...]all to the ſaid Archbiſhop had firſt excomunicate, & after for his cõtumacie [...]an|ſed to be attached a prieſt which by authority of ye elect of Wincheſter as dioceſane there, was [...]red into poſſeſſion of an Hoſpitall in Southwarke, as gouernour thereof, by the name of Pr [...], [...]th|out conſent of the Officiall, whiche preſ [...]ded tytle as Patrone in hys Maiſters name, the ſayd elect of Wincheſter cauſed a ryotous ſor [...] of per|ſons after the maner of warre to ſeeke [...]nge hereof, the whiche after manye outrages done, came to Lambeth, and there by violence tooke the ſayde Euſtace out of his owne houſe, and ledde him to Farnham, where hee was kepte as priſoner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archbiſhop here of aduertiſed, at his firſt comming ouer, and taking the ſame but for a homely welcom, was maruelouſly offended, and comming to London accompanied with the Bi|ſhops of Chicheſter and Hereforde in the Church of Saint Mary Bowe, being reueſted in Ponti|ficalibus, pronounced all thoſe accurſed whiche were Authours or fauourers of ſuch a raſhe and preſumptuous deede, and further commaunded all the Biſhops within his Prouince, by vertue of their obedience, to denounce the ſame in their Churches euery Sunday and holy day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Biſhop of Wincheſter on the other part, ſent cõmaundement to the deane of Southwarke to reſiſt the Archbiſhop to his face, & to denounce EEBO page image 731 his curſſe to be voyde, vaine, and of no force, but deuiſed of a craftie purpoſe and wicked meaning. The Archbiſhop continuing in his conceiued diſ|pleaſure, went to Oxforde, and there on the mo|row after Saint Nicholas day, renued the ſame curſe in ſolemne wiſe before all the learned men, ſtudents,1253 and ſcholers of the vniuerſitie. At length yet the matter was taken vp betwixt them, for the king in his brothers cauſe, and the Queene for hir vncle the Archbiſhop, [...] Archb. of [...]erourie [...]he Biſhop Wincheſter [...]e friends. [...]liam de [...]ence, and [...] de War| [...] tooke ſome payne to agree them. And ſo in the Octaues of the Epi|phanie they were made friendes, and thoſe aſſoy|led that were excommunicate, in which number William de Valẽce, and Iohn de Warren were thought to be conteyned as thoſe that ſhoulde be preſent in vſing the force againſt the Official (as before ye haue heard.) By inquiry takẽ about this time by the diligence of the Biſhop of Lincolne, it was found that the yearely profites and reue|nues of ſpiritual promotions, [...] value of [...]uall ly| [...]gs in ſtran| [...] handes. and liuings reſting in ſtraungers hands preferred by the Popes pro|uiſions, amounted to the ſumme of .lxx. thouſand Markes, which was more by two thirde partes, than the kings reuenues belonging to his crown.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Glouceſter and the Lord Wil. de Valence went ouer into Fraunce in moſt tri|umphant maner, to conclude a maryage betwixt the ſonne of the ſayde Earle of Glouceſter, and the daughter of the Lorde Guie of Engoleſme. Which mariage the king had mocioned for the affection which he bare towardes the aduaunce|ment of his linage, by the mothers ſyde. Whereat bicauſe they were ſtrangers, the Engliſh nobilitie ſomwhat repined. And wheras like luſtie yõg gẽ|tlemen they attempted a Iuſtes and tourney to ſhewe ſome prouſe of theyr valiaunt ſtomackes, they were well beaten by the French men, that diſdeyned to ſee yong men ſo preſumptuous, to prouoke olde accuſtomed warriours to the tryall of ſuch martiall enterpriſes

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the beginning of Lent the new Moone was ſeene foure dayes before ſhe ought to haue appeared by hir common courſe.The newe Moone appea|red before hir time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king by a ſhift got of the Lõdoners .1000. Markes. For as it happened about the ſame time the youthfull Citizens (for an exerciſe and triall of their actiuitie) had ſet forth a game to runne at the Quintine,Running at the Quintine. and whoſoeuer did beſt ſhuld haue a Peacocke which they had prepared for a priſe. Certaine of the kings ſeruants, bycauſe the court lay then at Weſtminſter, came (as it were in ſpight of the Citizens) to the game,The Londo|ners called Barons. & giuing re|prochfull names to the Londoners (which for the dignitie of the Citie & auncient priuiledges which they ought to haue enioyed were called Barons) the ſayd Lõdoners not able to beare ſo to be miſ|vſed, fell vpon the kings ſeruaunts, and bet them ſhrewdly, ſo that vpon coplaint, the king cauſed the Citizens to fine for their raſh doings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, about the ſame time, the K. vpon diſpleaſure conceyued agaynſt the Earle of Ley|ceſter, had cauſed him to reſigne his office of the wardẽſhip of Gaſcoigne:The Earle of Leyceſter re|ſigneth his go|uernment of Gaſcoigne. and bycauſe the erle had it by patẽt, the k. not able to find any iuſt cauſe of forfeiture, agreed to pay vnto him for yt reſignatiõ no ſmal portion of money. And wheras the Gaſ|coignes had charged the erle with too much ſtrait hãdling of them, wherby they were occaſioned to rayſe tumults, the matter was now nothing at al amended. For after the erle had reſigned, they cõ|tinued ſtill in rebellion,The Rioll. S. Million. Townes in Gaſcoigne. ſo that the Rioll with S. Millions and other places were taken by the ad|uerſaries [figure appears here on page 731] oute of the Kings handes, and greate ſlaughter of people made in thoſe parties: where|fore the king mynding to goe thither, cauſed mu|ſters to be takẽ, and men put in a redineſſe accor|ding to the cuſtome, that he might vnderſtande what number of able men furniſhed for the war EEBO page image 732 were to be had.Knightes to be made. He alſo tooke order that euery mã that might diſpend yearely .xv. poundes in lands ſhould be made knight.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, for the better preſeruation of peace and quietneſſe amongſt his people, he appoynted watch to be kept by night in Cities & borough townes. And further by the aduice of the Sauoy|ſynes,An ordinance agaynſt rob|bers. which were about him, he ordeyned that if any man chaunced to bee robbed, or by anye meanes damnified by any theefe or robber, he to whom the keeping of that Countrey chiefly ap|perteyned where the robbery was done, ſhoulde competently reſtore the loſſe: and this was after the vſage of Sauoy, but was thought more hard to be obſerued here, than in thoſe partyes, where are not ſo many bypathes and ſtarting corners to ſhift out of the way.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Gaſcoignes continued in their ſeditio [...]s doings and namely Gaſcon de Bierne, who re|nouncing his duetie and obedience to the king of England, ioyned himſelfe to the king of Spaine, through his help to be the ſtronger and more able to anoy the Engliſh ſubiectes. The euill entrea|ting vſed towards the Gaſcoigns which brought hyther Wines, in that the ſame were often|tymes taken from them by the Kings officers,The [...] [...]ed [...] Gaſcoi [...] rebell [...] and other, without readie money allowed for the ſale, gaue occaſion to them to grudge and repine agaynſt the king.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In the quindeue of Eaſter a Parliament be|ganne at London,A Par [...] in which all the eſtates being aſſembled, the matter was mooued for ayding the [figure appears here on page 732] king with ſome reliefe of money towards the ior|ney which he ment to make into the holy lande:A tenth gran|ted of the ſpi|ritualtie. Eſcuage graunted. & ſo at length it was agreed that a tenth part of all the reuenues belonging to the church was gran|ted to him for three yeres ſpace, and that eſcuage ſhould be leuyed for that yeare, after three markes of euery knightes fee, and the king on the other part promiſed faithfully to obſerue and maintain the graunt of the great charter,Magna carta. and all the articles conteyned within the ſame. And for more aſſu|rance hereof, the thirde day of May in the greate hall at Weſtminſter, in the preſence, and by the aſſent of the king and the Earles of Norffolke, Hereforde, Oxforde. Warwicke, and other no|ble men, by the Archbiſhop of Canterburie as pri|mate, and by the Biſhoppes of London, Elye, Lyncolne, Worceſter, Norwiche, Hereforde, Saliſburie, Durham, Exeter, Carlile, Bathe, Rocheſter, and S. Dauies, reueſted and appare|led in pontificalibus, with Tapers, according to the maner, the ſentence of excomunication was pronounced agaynſt all tranſgreſſors of the liber|ties of the Churche, and of the auncient liber|ties and cuſtomes of the realme of England, and namely thoſe which are conteyned in the greate Charter, and in the Charter of Foreſt. Whileſt the ſentence was in reading, the king helde hys hande vpon hys breaſt wyth glad and chearefull countenaunce, and when in the ende they threwe away theyr extinct and ſmoking Tapers, ſay|ing, ſo let them bee extinguiſhed and ſynke into the pytte of hell which runne into the daungers of this ſentence, the King ſayde, ſo helpe mee God, as I ſhall obſerue and keepe all theſe things, euen as I am a Chriſtian man, as I am a knight, and as I am a King crowned and an|noynted. But afterwarde when he through o|ther counſayle brake his promiſe therein,Godly c [...] no do [...] he was aduiſed by ſome to giue a portion of that money which he got at this tyme, to the Pope, that hee might of him be aſſoyled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediately after the breaking vp of the Parliament, that is to vnderſtande, about the fyrſt of Iune, the King beeing earneſtly cal|led vppon by Meſſengers ſente from the Gaſ|coignes to prouyde in tyme for the defence and EEBO page image 733 ſafegarde of that Countrey, ſithe otherwyſe hee ſtoode in daunger to loſe it, [...]he king pur| [...]ſeth to go [...]mſelfe into [...]ſcoigne. with all ſpeede he re|ſolued to goe thither, and therevpon cauſed ſum|mons to bee gyuen to all thoſe that helde of him by knightes ſeruice, to prepare to bee at Porteſ|mouth, with horſe and armour in the Octaues of the Trinitie. Herewith hee made great pro|uiſion of Shippes, the whiche beeing aſſembled, and the armie likewiſe come togyther, through lacke of conuenient winde hee was enforced to ſtay a long tyme, to his great griefe and no leſſe charges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e taketh the [...]n.Finally, on the .vj. of Auguſt, hee tooke the ſea, leauing his brother the Earle of Cornewall, and the Queene in charge with gouernaunce of the Realme, and of his ſonne the Lord Edward. There departed with him frõ Porteſmouth three hundred ſayles of great ſhippes, beſides a number of other ſmaller veſſelles. And thus accompanied he tooke his courſe towardes Gaſcoigne, and a|bout our Lady day the aſſumption, he arriued at Burdeaux, [...] arriueth at [...]rdeaux. where he was of the Citizens honou|rably receyued.

[figure appears here on page 733]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Immediately after his arriuall there, he cau|ſed the towne of the Rioll to be compaſſed about with a ſtrong ſiege, within the whiche a greate number of Rebelles were encloſed, which vali|antly defended the place in hope of reſcue whiche Gaſton de Bierne that was fledde to the King of Spain had promiſed to procure for them. But the king of Englande to preuent them in that poynt, [...]mbaſſadors [...]t into Spain ſent the Biſhop of Bathe, and his truſtie Chaplaine ſir Iohn Manſell vnto the ſayd king of Spaine, to conclude friendſhip and alliaunce with him, ſo that the Lorde Edwarde his eldeſt ſonne might marye the King of Spaine hys daughter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...] mariage cõ| [...]ded betwixt [...]e king of [...]glands ſon [...]d the king Spaynes [...]ghter.After long treatie, by the diligence of the ſayd Ambaſſadors, a full concluſion followed of theyr motion. And whereas the king of Englande had giuen and aſſigned the dominion of Gaſcoigne to his ſayde ſonne the Lorde Edwarde, the King of Spain in the inſtrument that conteyned the co|uenants of the mariage, reſigned & quiteclaymed all the right and tytle within Gaſcoigne which he had or might haue by the gyft of king Henrie the ſecond, & by confirmation of the Kings; Richard, and Iohn. In this meane while, the townes and caſtels which the rebels held, were wonne and de|liuered into the kings hands, and herewith follo|wed a great dearth in the kings armie,A derth in the kings campe. ſo that a hen was ſold for .vj. pence (d.) ſterling, A pound weight in bread was at two pence (d.) or three pence (d.) a gallon of wine at two shillings (ſ) a coome or foure buſhels of wheat at .xx. shillings (ſ.) ſo that a knight with his eſquire, and coiſtrel with his two horſes, might vneth be cõ|petently found for two shillings (ſ.)of ſiluer. The k. therfore to relieue his people there with him on that ſyde the ſea, ſent the Prior of Newbourgh with other into Englãd, to cauſe prouiſion of vitails & other neceſſaries to be cõueyed & brought vnto him into Gaſcoigne, and ſo there was a great quantitie of grayne and powdred fleſh taken vp and ſent a|way with all conuenient ſpeede. The Earle of Leyceſter came to the king, bringing with hym out of Fraunce where he had remayned a certaine time, a faire companie of ſouldiers and men of warre to the kings ayde, and was right courte|ouſtye receyued. The Gaſcoignes then percey|uing the kings power to encreaſe, and ſaw howe not only the caſtels wherein they truſted to haue refuge were wonne and gotten out of their hands by the King of Englande, but alſo that theyr Vines (wherein chiefly conſiſted theyr hope of ſu|ſtentation) were burned vp and deſtroyed,The G [...]ſ|coigns begin to humble themſelues. they began to humble themſelues, and ſo by little and litle returned to their due obedience, after that the Authors of their ſeditions tumults were eyther apprehended, or chaſed out of the countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare died the Biſhop of Chicheſter M. Richard Witz,The Biſhop of Chicheſter Ri|charde Witz and Groſted B. of Lincolne, de part this life a man of great vertue and ſingu|lar knowledge. Alſo that famous Clearke Ro|bert Groſted Biſhop of Lincolne departed thys lyfe on the day of Saint Denyſe in the night, at hys Manour of Bugdene, whoſe learning cou|pled with vertue and vprightneſſe of life wan to him perpetuall commendation.The prayſe of Groſted. He was a mani|feſt blamer of Pope and king, a reprouer of Pre|lates, a correcter of Monkes, a directer of Prieſtes, an inſtructer of Clearkes, a ſuſteyner of Scholers, a preacher to the people, a perſecu|ter of incontinent liuers, a diligent ſearcher of the Scriptures, a contemner and a verie Mallet of ſuch ſtrangers as ſought prefermẽt in this realme by the Popes prouiſions: in houſekeeping liberall, in corporall refection plentifull, and in miniſtring ſpirituall foode, deuoute and godly affected: in his Biſhoplike office diligent, reuerende, and ne|uer awearied.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer there died in Gaſcoigne, Williã de EEBO page image 734 Veſcie a baron of great fame in the north partes.The L. Wal. Veſcie depar|teth this life.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo in the Spring and Sommer of thys yeare was a greate drought, and in the Harueſt ſeaſon fell ſuch wette,Great wea [...]e. that great flouddes by the ryſing of the Ryuers, and ouerflowing theyr Bankes, did muche hurt in ſundrye places of the Realme. Againe in the latter ende of Harueſt about Michaelmaſſe, there was eftſoones ſuche a drought,Great drought that menne coulde gette no grynding at the Mylnes, but were conſtrayned to goe in ſome places a dayes iourney of, to haue theyr corne grounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 38.

The Lady Ka|therin the kings daugh|ter borne.

In the .xxviij. yeare of king Henries raigne, the Queene was deliuered of a daughter whiche was called Katherin, bycauſe the ſame was born on Saint Katherins day.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On S. Lucies day, there fell a great ſnowe, and withall a winters thunder,Winter thũder for a token of ſome euill to follow. The king to ſettle the ſtate of the countrey of Gaſcoigne in better order, ta|ryed there all the winter, and repaired certaine de|cayed townes and Caſtels.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1254The Queene kept hir Chriſtmaſſe at Lon|don, where ſhe lay in childebed, and was purified on the euen of the Epiphanie, making a royall feaſt, at the which many great Lordes were pre|ſent, as the Archbiſhop of Cãterburie, the Biſhop of Elie, the Erles of Cornewall and Glouceſter, and many other.The Queenes lib [...]ie to|wardes the king. She ſent ouer at the ſame time to hir huſband for a new yeares gift the ſumme of fiue C. Markes of hir owne reuenues towardes the maintenance of his warres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſtrange fight in the ayre.On the euen of the Circumciſion of our Lord, in the night ſeaſon whileſt the ayre was moſte cleare and bright with ſhining ſtarres, the Moone being .viij. dayes olde, there appeared in the Ele|ment the perfect fourme and likeneſſe of a migh|tie great Shippe, whiche was fyrſt ſeene of cer|taine Monkes of Saint Albones, who remay|ning at Saint Amphibalus,Redborne. were got vp to be|hold by the ſtarres, if it were tyme for them to go to Mattens, but perceyuing that ſtraunge ſight, they called vp ſuche of their acquayntaunce as lodged neare at hande, to viewe the ſame. At length it ſeemed as the bourdes and ioyntes there|of had gone in ſunder, and ſo it vaniſhed awaye. There followed a maruellous ſore latter ende of a Winter, through colde and ouerſharpe weather, which continued till the feaſt of S. Gregorie in March next enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A death of ſheepe.Alſo there chanced the ſame yere a great mur|reyn & death of ſheepe and Deare, ſo that of whole flocks & heardes, vneth the one halfe eſcaped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt the King remayned ſtyll in Gaſ|coigne, hee ſent for his wife Queene Eleanore, with his eldeſt ſonne Edwarde, but bycauſe he coulde not make an ende of his buſineſſe of al that Winter, hee continued there the Sommer alſo. And foraſmuch as he floode in neede of money, haue ſome reaſonable pretence to demaundeth ſubſedie, in the begynning of Marche, hee ſent to hys brother Richarde the Earle of Cornewall (which was come ouer before chiefly for that pur|poſe) certain inſtructiõs to declare how there was like to follow great warre, by meanes of Alfonie the tenth of that name king of Caſtile, who me|naced verie ſhortly to inuade the confines of Gaſ|coigne perteyning to the Engliſhe dominion,The l [...] [...] and therefore he required of his faithful ſubiectes ſ [...]e ayde of money, whereby he might be able to reſiſt his aduerſarie the ſayd king of Caſtile. Earle Ri|chard did what he could to perſwade the people to this payment, but he caſt his net in vaine, before the face of the feathered foule. For though he ſette forth the matter to the vttermoſt in the preſe [...]e of the nobles and other eſtates, yet woulde they not heare of any payment to bee made, as thoſe that ſmelled out the feyned fetche and forged tale of the Kings neede. For they had intelligence that there was an agreement concluded betwixt him and the king of Spaine. And for the ſame cauſe the Queene and the Lorde Edwarde were gone ouer, that the king of Spaine might haue a ſight of him, as hee had required when the coue|nants of the mariage were accorded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Twice the eſtates of the realme were aſſem|bled at London about the graunt of this paymẽt, but all in vaine, ſo that they were conſtrayned to paſſe it ouer with ſilence, and to ſurceaſſe in the matter to theyr great griefe, and namely the erle of Cornwal, who had taken great paynes there|in. Yet for that he would not returne with emp|tie hande, he leuyed by rygorous meanes a great ſumme of the Iewes (of whom a great multitude inhabited in that ſeaſon in London) and there|with returning to his brother king Henry ſhewed him how he had ſped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king was not a little offended with them that thus had denied to helpe him with money,The ki [...] fea [...] them [...]+fuſed [...] him w [...] money. in ſomuch that vpõ euery light occaſiõ, he was redy to reuenge his diſpleaſure towards thẽ, in taking away ſuch grauntes of priuiledges and liberties, as before he had made. But now to auoyde ſuſ|pition of hys feyned pretence of warre betwixte him and king Alfonſe,Edward [...] kings [...] ſent to the [...] of Caſt [...] hee ſent hys ſonne Ed|warde into Caſtile vnto the ſame Alfonſe, vnder a colour to compound with him for peace, where the verie occaſiõ of his going thither was to pur|chaſe him the Ladie Elenore to wife, that was ſi|ſter to the ſayd king Alfonſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At his comming to the Court of Spaine, he was of the king there verie honourably receyued, and in the ende, vpon conference had of hys meſ|ſage, hee obteyned hys ſuyte, ſo that King Al|fonſe was content to beſtowe vppon hym hys daughter in maryage, wyth the Countie of EEBO page image 735 [figure appears here on page 735] Pontieu in Fraunce, [...]marieth [...] Ladie Ele| [...]re daughter K. Alfonſe. which ſhee helde in right of hir mother Queene Ioan, the ſeconde wyfe of Ferdinando the thirde king of Caſtile, Father vnto this king Alfonſe, which Ioan was the on|ly daughter and heyre of Symon Earle of Pon|tieu, and had iſſue by hir huſband the ſayde Fer|dinando two ſonnes, Ferdinando and Lewes, with one daughter, to wit the foreſayde Elenore, the which by reaſon hir brethren dyed yong, was heyre to hir mother. The Lorde Edward hauing ſped his buſineſſe according to his deſire returned with a ioyfull heart to his father,

[...]n. Higd. [...]lidor.

[...]ward the [...]ngs ſonne [...]eated prince Wales, and [...]rle of Che| [...].

[...]at. Par.

and declared to him what he had done. His father moſt glad ther|of, for an augmentation of honor created hym Prince of Wales, and Erle of Cheſter, and ap|poynted him to be his deputie and generall Lieu|tenant both in Guyenne and in Irelande, & gaue to him the townes of Briſtow, Stanforde, and Granthã. Hereof came it, that euer after the kings eldeſt ſonne was made immediately vpon hys byrth Prince of Wales,

[...]mond the [...]gs yonger [...]ne created [...]ke of Lan| [...]er.

[...]ips of a [...]ange mold.

and Erle of Cheſter. He created alſo his other ſon named Edmond, Earle of Lancaſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon were certain ſhips dryuen by force of winde and weather into certaine Ha|uens on the north coaſtes of England towardes Berwike, which ſhippes were of a right ſtraunge forme & faſhion, but mightie & ſtrong. The men that were aboord the ſame ſhips were of ſome far countrey, for their language was vnknowne, and not vnderſtandable to any man that coulde bee brought to talke with them. The fraught & balaſt of the ſhips was armor and weapon, as haberge|ous, helmets, ſpeares, bowes, arrowes, croſbowes and darts, with great ſtore of vitailes. There lay alſo without the hauens on the coaſt diuerſe other ſhips of like forme, molde & faſhion. Thoſe that were driuen into the hauens were ſtayed for a time by the Baylifes of the Portes. But finally when it coulde not be knowne what they were, nor from whence they came, they were licenced to depart, without loſſe or harme in body or goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Candlemaſſe, Gaſton de Bierne,Gaſton de Bi|erne attemp|teth to take the citie of Bayon. aſ|ſembling togither a multitude of the kings eni|mies, through intelligence of ſome of the Citi|zens of Bayon that fauoured not the K. wrought ſo that certaine of his number entred that Citie, meaning to haue bereft the king of the dominion thereof. But other of the Citizens, (namelye thoſe of the meaner ſorte whiche fauoured the King) made ſuche reſiſtaunce, that the enimyes whiche were entred, were apprehended, and dy|uerſe of them ſuffered puniſhment, as they hadde well deſerued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this,A muteny in the Engliſh armie. there chaunced a mutenye in the Engliſhe armie, bycauſe the kings brethren and the Biſhop of Hereforde tooke vpon them to pu|niſh certain Welchmen, for that without cõmiſ|ſion they had beene abrode to ſpoyle within the French confines. Therefore in aſmuch as the pu|niſhment ſeemed to exceed the degree & qualitie of the offence, and againe for that the Erle of Here|ford being Coneſtable of the hoſt by inheritaunce ought to haue had the order of all corrections in caſes of ſuch offences, the Engliſhe men were in minde to haue ſlaine all the Poictouins in deſpite of the kings brethren, if the king had not in hum|ble wiſe ſought to haue appeaſed their furie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The wind continuing this yeare for the ſpace of three Monethes and odde dayes northerly, did greatly hinder the growth and increaſe of floures and fruites:A mightie ſtorme of hayle. and about the firſt of Iuly there fell ſuche a ſtorme of hayle and rayne, as the lyke had not beene ſeene nor hearde of in thoſe dayes, breaking downe the tyles and other couerings of houſes, with boughes of trees, by the violent abũ|dance and force of the water & haileſtones, whiche continued aboue the ſpace of an houre powring EEBO page image 736 and beating downe inceſſauntly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. Reg. 19.

The king re|turneth home wards through France.

After this, when the king had remayned a|whole yere in Guienne, he returned homewards through Fraunce, and comming vnto Chartres, was honourably there receyued of Lewes the French king, as then lately returned oute of the holy lande, and from thence he was royally by the ſame king Lewes brought vnto Paris.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Coũteſſ [...] of Cornewall.The Counteſſe of Cornwall went ouer with a noble trayne of Lordes, Gentlemen, and o|thers, to bee preſent at thee meeting of hir two ſiſters, the Queens of England & France, ſo that the royaltie of the aſſemble on ech part was great.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally after that king Henry had continued for his pleaſure certaine dayes, hee returned ſtreight into Englande,1255 landing at Douer in Chriſtmaſſe week. This iourney into Gaſcoigne was right coſtly, and to ſmall purpoſe (as wry|ters haue recorded, for the kings charges amoun|ted to the ſumme of .xxvij. hundred thouſande poundes and aboue, except landes and rentes which he gaue vnaduiſedly to thoſe which little deſerued, but rather ſought the hynderance both of him and his Realme, beſydes the gyfte of .xxx. thouſand Markes, which he beſtowed vpon hys halfe brethren by the mother ſide, not reckening the landes nor rentes, neyther yet the wardes nor the horſes, nor Iewelles which he gaue to them beſides, being of price ineſtimable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And thus in two iourneys which he made, the one into Poictou, which Countrey hee loſt, and the other into Gaſcoigne, which he hardly preſer|ued, he ſpent more treaſure than a wiſe chapman would haue giuen for them both if they had beene ſet on ſale (as Mat. Paris writeth.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer to encreaſe the kings vain charges, ſo it fell out, that Pope Innocent bearing grudge towardes Conrade king of Sicill, he offred that kingdome (as before is partly touched) vnto Ri|chard Duke of Cornewall, who refuſed the offer aſwell for other cauſes, as chiefly for that the pope would not agree to ſuch conditions as Erle Ri|chard thought neceſſarie for his aſſurance: where|vpon the Pope graunted that kingdome vnto K. Henrie,The pope offe|reth the king|dome of Sicill vnto the king [...]and. with many goodly promiſes of ayd to his furtherance for atteyning the poſſeſſion thereof. King Henrie ioyfully receyued that graunt, and called his ſonne Edmond openly by the name of king of Sicill, and to furniſh the Pope with mo|ney for the maintenance of his war againſt Cõ|rade, he got togither all ſuch ſummes as he could make, aſwell out of his owne coffers, and out of the Exchequer, as by borowing of his brother erle Richard,The king ma|keth great ſhift for many to ſend to the pope. & likewiſe what he could ſcrape frõ the Iewes, or otherwiſe extort by the rapine of the Iuſtices Itenerantes, all the which he ſent to the Pope, who not content herewith (when he began eftſoones to want) wrote againe to the king for more.He ſ [...] the po [...]+ra [...] to t [...] money. The King through the inſtinct of the diuell to anſwere the Popes auarice, ſont to him his letters patents obligatorie, ſigned with hys [figure appears here on page 736] royall wait, by whiche he might take by way of lone ſuche ſummes of money, as would largely ſerue his turne of the Marchants Italians, wyl|ling him not to ſtick at the diſburſing of treaſure, nor at the great quãtitie of the intereſt riſing vpõ the vſury, for he would diſcharge all. And herevn|to he bound himſelfe vnder paine to forfeyte hys kingdome and other his heritages.Mat. Pa [...] The Pope cõ|ſenting herevnto, accepted this large offer, if he did well herein ſayth Mat. Par.) the Lord the iudge of all Iudges iudge it, to whom apperteyneth the care of al things. To conclude, much money was ſpent,The po [...] [...]+berall of [...]+ther [...] purſe. for the Pope ſpared not the king of Eng|lands purſe, though litle good was done therwith. At length Conrade died, not without ſuſpition of poyſon. The Pope being aduertiſed of his death, reioiced greatly as he wel vttered in plain words, ſaying. Let all vs that be the children of the Ro|main church reioyce, for now two of our greateſt enimies are diſpatched out of ye way, the one a ſpi|ritual mã, that is to wit, Robert B. of Lincoln, & the other a lay man, that is Conrade K. of Sicill,Ma [...] [...]+clay [...] [...] of Sci [...]. but yet the Pope miſſed of his purpoſe, for Man|fred the baſterd ſon of the Emperor Frederick the ſecond, was ſhortly after proclaimed K. of Sicil, and ſo the ſecond error was greater than the firſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the quindene of Eaſter,A Parlia [...] there was a Parliament holdẽ at London, at the which were aſſembled all the eſtates of the realme in greater number than had bin cõmonly ſeene. This Par|liamẽt was called chiefly to let thẽ vnderſtand ye kings neceſſitie of money, for diſcharging of hys debts, & to require them of their ayde towards the ſame? but whereas he requeſted more than was thought ſtoode wyth reaſon,The eſtates [...]+fuſe to gr [...] a ſubſ [...]. they woulde not agree therevnto, but they deſired that he woulde confyrme, and without all cauillation ſweare to obſerue the liberties which by the charter bee had promiſed to hold. Moreouer they required yt by the EEBO page image 737 common councell of the Realme, they myghte chooſe to them the chiefe Iuſtice, the Chauncel|loure and Treaſurer, but they were aunſwered playnely by ſome of the priuie Councell, that this requeſt would at no hand be graunted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Furthermore, the Prelates complayned, that they were driuen to pay the tenthes whiche they promiſed condicionally, as it were now by con|ſtreynt and of duetie, to the preiudice of the liber|ties of the Church. The nobles alſo found them|ſelues greeded for the exactions which they ſawe at hand, but finally, after many thyngs had bene debated touching theſe matters, the Parliamente was adiourned till Michaelmas nexte, [...]e Parlia| [...]nt adiour| [...]. and euery man departed to his home, with no greate truſt of the Kyngs good will towards them, nor anye harty thankes receyued of hym for theyr paynts, as may be thought by that whyche writers haue recorded. Two noble men, to whome the cuſtody and guyding of the Kyng & Queene of Scottes was committed, [...]bert de Ros [...] Iohn Bal| [...] accurſed. that is to witte, Robert de Ros, and Iohn de Baillioll, were accurſed, for miſu|ſing themſelues in the truſt and charge whyche they had taken vpon them. King Henry was the ſame time at Nottingham. The information came foorth by a Phiſition, the which was ſente from the Queene of England, vnto hir daughter the Queene of Scottes, to be about hir for re|gard of hir health, [...]ginald de [...]a Phiſi| [...]. but bycauſe the ſame Phiſiti|on, (whoſe name was Reginalde of Bathe) per|ceyued the Queene of Scottes to bee empayred in health through anguiſh of minde, by reaſon of the miſdemeanor of ſuch as had the gouernemẽt of hir and hir huſbãd, he ſticked not to blame and reprooue [...] then [...] their doings, for the whiche hee was poyſoned as ſome thinke: for ther truth was, he ſhortly after ſickened and dyed, ſignifying vp|pon his death bed vnto the Queene of Englande what he miſliked in thoſe that had the doings a|bout hir daughter and hir huſband the Scottiſhe Kyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Moone ſuffered a maruellous eclipſe,An Eclipſe. on the night following the day of Saint Margaret in Iuly. It began afore midnight, and continu|ed foure houres. The King at the contemplation of his daughter the Queene of Scottes, rayſed a power, and drewe Northwardes,The Earle of Glouceſter and Iohn Manſell ſent into Scotland. ſending he fo [...] him the Earle of Glouceſter, and Iohn Manſell, that was his Chaplayne and one of his Coun|ſell. Theſe two ſo vſed the matter, that they name to Edenburgh, where the King and Queene of Scottes then lay in the Caſtell, into the whyche they entred, and altred the order of the [...]ouſh [...]lde, ſo as ſtoode with the cont [...]tation of the Kyng and Queene, which were in ſuch wiſe vſed before that time, that they were not ſuff [...] to lie togy|ther, nor vnneth come to talke togither.Robert de Ros ſummo|ned to ap|peare. Robert de Ros was ſummoned to appeare before the K. of Englande, to aunſwere to ſuche thynges as might be layd to hys charge. At th [...] firſt he with|drew himſelfe, but afterwardes he came in and ſubmitted him to ye Kings pleaſure. Diuers of ye nobles of Scotland tooke it not well, that ye Erle of Glouceſter and Iohn Manſell ſhoulde thus come into the Caſtell of Edenburgh, and order things in the Kings houſe in ſuche ſort at theyr pleaſure, wherevpon, they aſſembled a power, and beſieged the ſame Caſtell, but at length, percey|uing [figure appears here on page 737] theyr owne error: they rayſed they ſiege and departed. Iohn de Bailiol beeing accuſed of the like crime that was layde to the charge of hys fellowe Roberte de Ros, for a peece of money bought his peace and was pardoned, but the lãds of Roberte de Ros were ſeyſed into the Kynges handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally the King and Queene of Englande came to amen [...]ew with the King of Scottes, and the Queene theyr daughter, and ſetting all EEBO page image 738 things with them in ſuch order as was thought conueniente, they returned agayne towarde the South parties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A ſhift to get money of the Biſhops deui|ſed by the Biſhop of He|reforde.In the meane ſeaſon, the Biſhop of Hereforde deuiſed a ſhift to help ye King to money, towards the payment of his debtes, by obteyning certayne autent [...]e ſeales of the Prelates of this land, with whiche he ſealed certayne inſtruments and wri|tings, wherein it was expreſſed, that he had recey|ued dyuers ſummes of money for diſpatche of buſineſſe perteyning to them and to their Chur|ches, of this and that merchaunt of Florence or Siena, whereby they ſtoode bound for repayment thereof by the ſame inſtruments and writings to made by him theyr agent in theyr names. Thys ſhift was deuiſed by the ſayde Byſhop of Her|ford, with licence obteyned therevnto of the king and alſo of the Pope, vnto whome for the ſame intent, the ſayd Byſhop was ſent, with Sir Ro|bert Walerane Knight. The Pope was the ſoo|ner perſwaded, to graunte licence for the contri|uing of ſuche manner of ſhift, bycauſe the money ſhould goe to the diſcharging of the kings debts, into the whiche hee was runne, by bearing the charges of the warres againſt the King of Sicill.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the feaſt of Saint Edward,A Parli [...] the Parlia|ment [figure appears here on page 738] began agayne at London in the whyche, the eſtates treated of a ſubſedie to be graunted to the King,Richard Earle of Cornewall ſtandeth a|gainſt his brother for the graunt of a ſubſedie. but they coulde not conclude thereof, neyther would Richard Earle of Cornewall diſ|burſe any money at that ſeaſon to his brother the King, bycauſe he allowed not the manner of lay|ing it out for the warres againſt Manfred, beyng taken in hand without his conſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare, the King, by the procuremẽt of his brother Richard Earle of Cornewall, had ſeaſed the liberties of the Citie of London into his owne hands,The liberties of London ſeaſed into the Kings handes. vnder coulour, that the Maior hadde not done his duetie in the iuſt puniſhing of Bakers for breaking of the aſſiſes of their bread. Herevpon, where the Maior and communaltie of the Citie had by the Kings graunte the Citie to ferme, with diuers cuſtomes and offices at a certayne rate, and ſtinted ſumme of money, nowe the Kyng ſet officers therein at his pleaſure, whi|che were accomptable to him for all the re [...]e|newes and profites that grewe within the Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 But where as the malice whiche the Earle of Cornewall bare to the Citie was, for that they would not exchaunge with him certayn grounds that belonged to their communaltie, they were glad to agree with him, and pay vnto him ſixe hundred markes. After whiche agreemente con|cluded, about the ninteenth daye of Nouember, they were ſhortly after reſtored to theyr liber|ties. This chaunced before the Kings comming ouer, who at his comming to London, lodged in the Tower, and vpon newe diſpleaſure concey|ued towards the Citie for the eſcape of a priſo|ner, beeing a Clearke conuict out of Newgate, which had killed a Prior, that was of all [...]aunce to the Kyng, as Couſin to the Queene, the King ſent for the Maior and the [...] Pheriſes to [...]orde be|fore him to aunſwere the matter. The Maior layde the faulte from hym to the Sherifes, for ſo muche as to them belonged the keeping of all the priſoners within the Citie: and ſo the Maior re|turned home agayne,The S [...] of Lon [...] [...] but the Sherifes remayned there as priſoners, by the ſpace of a whole mo|neth or more, and yet they excuſed themſelues, in that the faulte chiefly reſted in the Byſhoppes officers: for whereas the priſoner was vnder hys cuſtody, they a [...]s requeſt had graunted hym licence to empriſon the offender within theyr warde of Newgate, but ſo as hys officers were EEBO page image 739 charged to ſee him ſafely kept. The King not|withſtanding demanded of the Citie three thou|ſand markes for a fyne. Moreouer, whereas hee ſtode in great neede of money, [...]he King de| [...]andeth mo| [...]y of the [...]wes. he required by way of a tallage right thouſand marks of the Iewes, charging them on payne of hanging, not to defer that payment. The Iewes ſore empoueriſhed with greeuous and often payments, excuſed thẽ|ſelues by the Popes vſurers, and reprooued plain|ly the Kings exceſſiue taking of money, as well of his Chriſtian ſubiectes as of them. The Kyng on the other ſyde, to let it be knowen that he tax|ed not his people without iuſt occaſion, and vpon neceſſitie that droue him thereto, confeſſed open|ly, that he was indebted by his bondes obligato|rie, [...]he Kings [...]bt. 3000000 [...]arkes. in three hundred thouſand marks: and again, the yearely reuenewes aſſigned to his ſon Prince Edward, roſe to the ſumme of fifteene thouſande markes and aboue, where the reuenewes that be|longed to the Crowne were greatly diminiſhed, in ſuch wiſe, that without the ayd of his ſubiects, he ſhould neuer be able to come out of debt. To be ſhort, when he had fleeſed the Iewes to the quick, he ſet them to ferme vnto his brother Earle Ri|chard, that hee mighte pull off ſkinne and all, but yet he conſidering their pouertie, ſpared them, and neuertheleſſe, [...]e Barle of [...]newall [...]deth the [...]ng money. to relieue his brothers neceſſitie vp|pon pawne, he lent to him an huge maſſe of mo|ney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Oliphant [...]nt to the K.About the ſame time, Lewes the French king ſent vnto King Henry for a preſent, an Oliphãt, a beaſt moſt ſtraunge and wonderfull to ye Eng|liſh people, ſith moſt ſeldome or neuer any of that kynde had bin ſeene in England before that time.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]n Ewer of [...]arle, per| [...]uenture an [...]at.The French Queene alſo ſente for a preſente vnto the King of England an ewer of pearle like to a Peacocke in forme and faſhion, garniſhed moſt richly with golde, ſiluer, and Saphires to furniſh him foorth in all poyntes of fine and cun|ning workmanſhip, to the very reſemblaunce of a liue Peacocke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ange won| [...]rs. [...]gh tides.Alſo many wonders chaunced about the ſame time. The Sea roſe with moſt hygh tydes, Ry|uers were ſo fylled with abundance of water, by reaſon of the great continual rayne, that maruel|lous finddes followed therevpon.Comete. A Comet alſo appeared, and many high buyldings were ſtriken by force of tẽpeſtes. [...]e deceaſſe Walther [...]chbyſhop of [...]orke. The death of Walther Arch|byſhop of Yorke followed theſe prodigious wõ|ders, who had gouerned that ſee the ſpace of for|tie yeares. After him ſucceeded one Seuall the 34. Archbiſhop of that Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]nor the [...]fe of Prince [...]ward, com| [...]eth to the [...]tie.About the feaſt of Saint Etheldred, the Lady Eleanor, wife of Prince Edwarde the Kinges ſonne, came to London, where ſhe was honora|bly receyued of the Citizens, and conueyed tho|rough the Citie to S. Ioanes withoute Smith|fielde, and there lodged for a ſeaſon, and ere long ſhe remoued vnto the Sauoy.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was not long after, that the King ſeaſed the liberties of the Citie of Londõ into his hãds, for certayne money whiche the Queene claymed as due to hir of a certayne right to be payde by the Citizens, ſo that about the feaſt of Saint Mar|tine in Nouember,The liberties of the Citie reſtored to the Londoners. they gaue vnto the Kyng foure hundred markes, and then had their liber|ties to them againe reſtored, and the Kings vn|der treaſorer diſcharged, the whiche for the tyme was made cuſtos, or keeper of the Citie.A Legate frõ the Pope na|med Ruſcand a Gaſcoigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time, came another Legate from the Pope, one Ruſcand a Gaſcoigne borne, [figure appears here on page 739] The Pope had graunted vnto the Archbiſhop of Caunterbury, and to the Biſhop of Hereford, and to this Ruſcand authoritie,Tenthes ga|thered for the Pope. to collect and gather the tenthes of the ſpiritualty within Englande, Scotlãd, and Ireland, to the vſe of the Pope and the Kyng, notwithſtanding all priuiledges, for what cauſe, or vnder what forme of wordes ſo euer the ſame had paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Ruſcand alſo aſſoyled the King of his vowe made to goe into the holy lande, to the ende he might goe againſt Manfred King of Sicill.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He alſo preached the Croſſe againſt the ſame Manfred promiſing all thoſe remiſſion of theyr ſinnes which ſhould goe to warre againſt Man|fred,The Croſſe preached a|gainſt Mãfred. as well as if they ſhoulde goe into the holye land, to warre againſte Goddes enimies there, whereat faithfull men much maruelled, that hee ſhould promiſe as greate meede for the ſheading of Chriſtian bloud, as of the bloud of Infidels.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The fetches whiche were vſed in this ſeaſon, by this Ruſcande, and the Biſhop of Hereforde, and other theyr complices, for to get money of the Prelates and gouernoures of Monaſteries within this Realme, were wonderfull, and right greeuous to thoſe that felt themſelues oppreſſed therewith, and namely, for the debt whyche the ſayde Byſhoppe of Hereforde hadde charged them with, they beeyng not priuie to the receypt, nor hauing any benefite thereby.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 EEBO page image 740 A Counſell called at Lon|don by the Legate.Ruſcand called a Councell at London, and propoũded great cauſes why the Prelates ought to ayde the Pope, and ſo therevppon, demaunded great ſummes of money. Amõgſt other ſummes [figure appears here on page 740] hee demaunded ſixe hundred markes of the houſe of Saint Albons.

Mat. Paris.

The Church|men beyng pinched by their purſes, fret and fume againſt the Popes procee|ding in that behalfe.

To conclude, his demaundes were eſteemed vnreaſonable, ſo that the By|ſhops and Abbots were in a maruellous perplex|itie, perceyuing into what miſerable ſtate by rea|ſon of immoderate exactiõs the Church of Eng|land was brought. The Byſhop of London ſtic|ked not to ſay, that he would rather loſe his head, than conſent that the Church ſhould be brought to ſuch ſeruitude as the Legate went about to en|force: and the Biſhop of Worcetor openly pro|teſted, that hee would ſooner ſuffer himſelfe to bee hanged, than to ſee the Church ſubiect to ſuch op|preſſion by their examples. Other alſo taking a boldneſſe vnto them,The Biſhops would rather become Mar| [...]is, than loſe their money. affirmed, that they woulde follow the ſteppes of Thomas ſometime Archbi|ſhop of Canterbury, whych for the liberties of the Church, ſuffred himſelfe to haue his braynes cut out of his head. Yet were thoſe prelates euil trou|bled, for the K. was againſt them on the one ſide, and the Pope gaping after money, was become their offer enemie on the other: neyther were the noble men muche moued with pitie towardes the Churche their mother (as the terme then wente) now thus in miſerie. Finally, the Prelates appea|led from Ruſcand, vnto the Popes preſence, and woulde not obey the wilfull and violent oppreſſi|ons of ye ſame Ruſcand, ſo that muche adoe there was,Ruſcand com|pleyneth to the King, of the froward|neſſe of the Prelates. & a great complaint made to the K. by Ruſ|cand, of ye ſtubborne diſobedience of the Prelates, and namely, of ye B. of Londõ. The K. was in a great chafe with him, & threatned, that hee would cauſe ye Pope to puniſh him according to that hee well deſerued:The Biſhop of London his ſayings. but the B. anſwered thereto, let the Pope and K. (ſaith he) which are ſtronger than I am, take frõ me my Biſhoprick, which by law yet they cannot doe: let them take away my my|ter, yet an helmet ſhall remayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare after Saint Lukes day,An. reg. [...] the kyng aſſembled a great number of the nobilitie of Lõ|don, and thither came the Biſhop of Bolognale Graſſe from the Pope,Edmond [...] Kings ſ [...] i [...] of Sici [...] Naples. Chr [...]. [...] bringing with him a ring with the which he inueſted Edmond the Kyngs ſonne, King of Sicil and Naples. About ye ſame time, the burgeſſe of Derby obteyned of the King for a ſumme of money to haue the Iuſtices In|nerantes to holde their aſſiſes at Derby for the Countie of Derby, and likewiſe, the Sheriffes to keepe their tourneys there, and not at Notting|ham, as before they had bin accuſtomed for both the Shires. But now to returne to the Biſhops.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time, the Byſhop of Hereforde and Ruſcand ſought to ſet variance and diſcorde amongſt the Engliſh Prelates, whereby, beeyng deuided in partes, and not conſenting togither, they ſhould be leſſe able to giue true information to the Pope, how the very troth reſted. But fi|nally, bycauſe the Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury was in the parties of beyõd the Sea, and for that alſo the Sea of Yorke was vacante,The Co [...] pro [...]oge [...]. and diuers Byſhops were abſent, the Counſell was proro|ged till the feaſt of Sainte Hillarie, and ſo they departed euery man to his home in a maruellous doubt what way were beſt for them to take, for they ſaw themſelues in great diſtreſſe if Ruſcand did ſuſpend or excõmunicate any of them eyther iuſtly or otherwiſe. For ſure they were, that the K. as a Lion lying in awayte whome he myght deuoure (to get money) after 40. days wer paſt,The King [...]+eth in [...] for men goodes. if they ſubmitted not thẽſelues, would deſpoile thẽ of al their goodes as forfeited, ſo yt the Pope & the K. ſemed, as though ye ſhepherd & Woulf had bin cõfederate togither to ye deſtructiõ of ye pore flocke of the Sheepe, threatning euery mans vndoyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 741Thus by reaſon of couetous greedineſſe to get money for the furniſhing of ye Popes warres againſt Manfred King of Sicill, both the Pope and the King of England ranne in ſlaunder and hatred of the Engliſh nation, namely, of the ſpi|ritualty, [...] Paris. ſo that ſuch as recorded the actes and do|ings of that time, ſpared not to make manifeſt to the worlde by their writings, howe iniuriouſly they were handled, blaming the practiſes of the Courte of Rome in playne tearmes, and affir|ming that the Pope hathe power in thoſe thyngs whiche worke to edification, and not to deſtru|ction.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Lorde [...] forſa| [...] the [...]rte.Aboute this ſeaſon, Iohn Lorde Grey, beeing one of the chiefe Counſellors to the king, a right honorable Knighte, and for his good demeanor and high valiancy greatly commended ouer all, withdrew himſelfe from the Court, either by rea|ſon of age that deſireth reſt, or rather as was thoughte, for that hee doubted to beare blame for ſuch errors as were dayly committed by thẽ that bare rule about the King, whiche coulde not but bring the authors into greate infamie at length, and therefore was hee loth to bee partaker with them of ſuche ſlaunder as might haue redounded to him alſo, if hee hadde ſtill continued amongſt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]es accuſed [...]crucifying [...]ilde at [...]colne na| [...] Hugh.Alſo, vpon the two and twentith of Nouem|ber, were brought vnto Weſtminſter 102. Iewes from Lincolne, that were accuſed for the cruci|fying of a childe the laſt Sommer, in deſpite of Chriſtes Religion. They were vpon theyr exa|mination, ſent to the Tower. The childe whyche they had ſo crucified, was named Hugh, about an eyght yeares of age. They kept him tenne dayes after they had got him into their hands, ſendyng in the meane time vnto diuers other places of the Realme, for other of their nation, to bee preſente at the crucifying of hym. The murther came out, by the diligent ſearch made by the mother of the child, who found his body in a wel, on ye backe ſide of the Iewes houſe, where he was crucified: for ſhee hadde learned, that hir ſonne was laſtly ſeene playing with certayne Iewes children of like age to him, before the dore of the ſame Iewe. The Iewe that was owner of the houſe, was ap|prehended, and being brought before Sir Iohn de Lexinton, vpon promiſe of pardon, confeſſed the whole matter. For they vſed yerely, (if they could come by their praye,) to crucifie one Chriſtian childe or other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King vppon knowledge hadde heereof, woulde not pardon this Iewe that had ſo confeſ|ſed the matter, but cauſed hym to be executed at Lincolne, who comming to the place where hee ſhould die, opened more matter, concerning ſuche as were of councell and preſent at the crucifying of the poore innocent.Eighteene Iewes hanged, Wherevpon at length alſo eighteene of them that were ſo brought to Lon|don, were conuict, adiudged and hanged, the o|ther [figure appears here on page 741] remayned long in priſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1 [...]56When the feaſt of Saint Hillarie was come, the Cleargie met againe at London, and fell to entreate of their former buſineſſe, at what tyme, one maſter Leonard, alias Reginald, that was choſen prolocutor for all the Prelates, amongſt other aunſweres made to the Legate Ruſcande, [...] prolo [...]| [...] aunſwere [...] Popes [...]is. when the ſame Ruſcand alledged that al Chur|ches were the Popes, troth it is ſayd Leonard, to defende, and not to vſe and appropriate them to ſerue his owne turne, as wee ſaye, that all is the Princes, meaning, that all is his to defende, and not to ſpoyle: and ſuch was the intent of the foũ|ders. Ruſcand ſore offended herewith, ſayde, hee would that euery man ſhould ſpeake afterwards for himſelfe, that as well the Pope as the Kyng, might vnderſtand what euery man ſayd in theyr buſineſſe and matters. The Prelates were ſtrikẽ EEBO page image 742 dompe herewith, for they perceyued now how the matter wente:The Prelates appeale. they appealed yet againſte the de|maundes that were made by Ruſcande, who would not chaunge a word of that he had writ|ten, in whiche was conteyned, that the Prelates had knowledged themſelues to haue borowed of the marchaunt ſtraungers, no ſmall ſummes of money, and the ſame to bee conuerted to the vſe of their Churches, which was moſt vntrue as all men well vnderſtoode: wherevpon, the Prelates affirmed, and not without reaſonable cauſe, that there was a greater occaſiõ in this cauſe of mar|tirdome,Marke the cauſe of Mar|tirdome. thã in that of Thomas ſometime Arch|byſhop of Caunterbury.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ruſcand at length perceyuing their manner, became ſomewhat more milde, and promiſed, that hee woulde talke with the Pope of this mat|ter.The Deane of Saint Paule ſent to Rome on the behalfe of the Prelates But fyrſte, there was ſent to Rome ye Deane of Saint Paule in London, and certayne other, as Attorneys or Agents, for the whole Cleargie of Englande. Theſe ſpedde ſo in their ſute, that the Pope tooke order, that if the Prelates payde the money by force of the contriued writings, whereby they ſtoode bound for them, their houſes and Churches, then to eaſe their burthen they might reteyne in their hands ſuch percel of tẽthes as they ought to pay to the Kyng, for furniſhing of hys warres againſt the Sarazens, amounting to the ſumme whyche they ſhould be conſtreyned to pay for the bondes made to the Marchauntes, by the Byſhoppe of Hereforde (as before is re|cited.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Mens deuo|tion towards the Pope wax|eth colde.In this ſeaſon, the deuotion whiche many had conceiued of the Pope and the Church of Rome, began to waxe colde, reputing the vertue whyche he ſhewed at his entring into the Papacy, to bee rather a coulourable ypocriſie, than otherwiſe, ſith his proceedings aunſwered not to his good be|ginnings: for as it was manifeſt, where ſutors broughte their compleyntes into the Courte of Rome, ſuch ſpedde beſt as gaue moſt in bribes, and the two Priors of Wincheſter, the one ex|pulſed, and the other got in by intruſion, coulde well witneſſe the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,

The Bi [...] Salis [...] [...]+p [...]teth [...] life.

Sure of C [...] when it w [...] firſt recey [...] for a live.

dyed William of Yorke Byſhop of Saliſbury, which hadde bin brought vp in the Court, euen from his youth. This Biſhop firſte cauſed that cuſtome to bee receyued for a lawe, whereby the tenauntes of euery Lordſhippe are bound to owe their ſute to the Lordes Courte, of whome they holde their tenements.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the feaſt of Eaſter this yeare, the Kyng a|dorned Magnus Kyng of Man,

Mat. P [...]

Magn [...] [...] of Man.

with the order of Knighthoode, and beſtowed vppon him greate giftes and honors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Counteſſe of Warren Aneſia, or Aeteſia as ſome bookes haue, ſiſter to ye King by his mo|ther, departed this life in hir flouriſhing youth, to the great griefe of hir brother, but ſpecially, of hir huſbande Iohn Earle of Waren, that loued hir entierly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute midde May, the Iewes that were in the Tower, and in other priſons for the murther of the childe at Lincolne, and had bin indited by an inqueſt vpon the confeſſion of him that ſuffe|red at Lincolne, were nowe diſmiſſed and ſette at libertie, to the number of foure and thirtie of them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At Whitſontide was holdẽ a great Iuſtes at Blie, where the Lord Edwarde the Kings eldeſt [figure appears here on page 742] ſonne fyrſte beganne to ſhewe proofe of hys chi|ualrie. There were dyuers ouerthrowen and hurt, and amongſt other, William de Longeſpee was ſo bruſed, that hee coulde neuer after recouer his former ſtrength.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng cauſed a proclamation to bee ſetKnig [...] EEBO page image 743 foorth, yt all ſuch as might diſpend fifteene pound in lands, ſhould receyue the order of Knighthood, and thoſe that would not or coulde not, ſhoulde pay theyr fynes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, a three dayes after the feaſt of S. Ciricus, [...]e tem| [...] winde [...]ayne. a maruellous ſore tempeſt of winde, rayne, hayle and thunder chaunced, that dyd ex|ceeding much ſ [...]ath. Miln [...] [...] by the vio|lence of waters were carried away, and the wind nulles were no leſſe tormented with the rage of winde, arches of bridges, ſhackes of [...]ay, houſes that ſtoode by water ſides, and children in cradle [...] were borne away, that both wonderfull, and no leſſe pitifull it was to ſee. It [...]ed [...]d, the riuer of Duſ [...] dare downe ſixe houſes togither [...] did [...] thereaboutes vnſpeakeable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng of Scottes, Alexander the thyrde, with hys wife Queene Margaret,The King of Scottes com|meth into Englands. came aboute the beginning of Auguſt into England, and fof [...] the Kyng at hys manor of Wodſtocke, where he ſported him a ſeaſon, and had the landes of the Earledome of Huntington reſtored vnto him, which his Graundfather Kyng William in his time loſt and forfeyted. Heere hee dyd homage to Kyng Henry.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpõ the day of the decollatiõ of Saint Iohn, the two Kynges with their Queenes came to London, where they were honorably receyued, and ſo conueyed vnto Weſtminſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On the day of Saint Auguſtine the Byſhop, beeing the eight and twentith of Auguſt,Iohn Maun|ſell feaſted the two Kings. Iohn Manſell the Kyngs Chaplayne beſoughte the two Kings, and other eſtates, to dyne with hym on the morrow following, which they graunted, [figure appears here on page 743] and ſo he made a maruellous great dynner. Th [...] were ſeuen C. meſſes ſerued vp, but ye multitude of gheſtes was ſuche, that vn [...]th the ſame ſu [...]|ſed, his houſe was not able to receyue them all, and therefore hee cauſed tentes and Hales to bee ſet vp for them. The like dinner had not bin ma [...]e by anye Chaplayne before that time. All thoſe that came were worthely receyued, feaſted, and entertayned, in ſuche ſorte, as euery man was ſa|tiſfied.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] deui| [...] the [...]rance of [...]fes.A foure dayes before the feaſt of Saint Ed|warde, Kyng Henry came into the Eſcheker himſelfe, and there deuiſed order for the appearãce of Sherifes, and bringing in of theyr accomptes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Sherifes [...].At the ſame time alſo, there was fiue markes ſet on euery Sherifes head for a fyne, bycauſe they had not diſtreyned euery perſon that myght diſpende fifteene pound land, to receyue the order of Knighthoode, as was to the ſame Sherifes cõ|maunded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The K. of Scottes,The King of Scottes re|turneth into his countrey. after he had remayned a while with the K. of England, returned back in|to Scotlande, and left his wife behinde with hir mother, [...] ſhe ſhould be brought to bed, for ſhee was as then great with childe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the 41. yere of the raigne of K. Henry,

An. Reg. 41.

Richard Earle of Cornewall elected Em|peroure.

hys brother Richard Earle of Cornewall was elec|ted Emperoure, by one parte of the Coruoſters: and diuers Lords of Almayne comming ouer in|to thys land, vppon the day of the Innocents in Chriſtmas,1257 preſented vnto him letters from the Archb. of Colen, & other gret Lords of Almaine, teſtifying their cõſents in ye chooſing of him to be Emperour and withal, that it might ſtand with his pleaſure, to accept that honor. Finally, vppon good deliberation had in the matter, he conſented therevnto wherevpon, the Lords that came with the meſſage, right glad of their aunſwere, retur|ned with all ſpeed, to ſignifie the ſame vnto thoſe from whome they had bin ſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 744 The greate treaſure of Richard king of Almayne.The treaſure of this Earle Richarde now e|lected King of Almaine, was eſteemed to amoũt vnto ſuch a ſumme, that he mighte diſpend euery day an hundred markes, for the tearme of tenne yeares togither, not reconing at all the reuenewes which dayly acerewed to him of his rents in Al|mayne and Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys meane tyme, the vnquiet Welchmẽ, after the death of their Prince Dauid, choſe in his ſteede one Lewline,The Welch|men chooſe them a go|uernour, and rebell againſte the King that was ſonne to the ſame Griffyne that brake his necke as hee would haue eſcaped out of the Tower of London: and heere|with, they began a new Rebellion, either driuing out ſuche Engliſhmen as lay there in garriſons within the Caſtels and fortreſſes, or elſe entring into the ſame by ſome trayterous practiſe, they ſlewe thoſe which they found within them, to the greate diſpleaſure of their ſoueraigne Lorde Ed|ward the Kings eldeſt ſonne, who coneting to be reuenged of their Rebellious enterpriſes, coulde not bring his purpoſe to paſſe, by reaſon of the vnſeaſonable weather and continuall rayne whi|che fell that Winter, ſo reyſing the waters, [...] ſetting the Mariſhes on ſtuddes, that hee coul [...] not paſſe with his army.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, The [...] wa [...] [...]+ney. his father the Kyng wanted money and treasure to furnish him withall, howbeit, Prince Edwarde borowed of his uncle Earle Richarde foure thousande markes towardes the mayntenaunce of that warre. The Rebellion of the Welchmen specially rose, by the hard dealing of Sir Geffrey de Langley Knight, Sir Ge [...] La [...] [...] cauſe [...] Wel [...] R [...] the Kynges Collector amongst them, who handled them so straightly, that in defence of their countrey, lawes, and liberties, as they pretended, they putte on armoure, they tooke and destroyed the landes and possessions which were great and large, of Griffin Brunet, beeing fledde for safegard of his lyfe, vnto the Kyng of England.

Mat. P [...]

The [...] of the [...]

There were of those Welch Rebels, at the poynt of twenty thousand men, and of them tenne thousande were Horsemen, the which perceyuing the season to make for their purpose, defended themselues so manfully, that they droue backe Prince Edwarde and [figure appears here on page 744] his army, and so continuing the warres, dyd much hurt to the Englishe marches. Theyr po|wer ſo encreaſed, that at length, they deuided the ſame into two parties, the better to recouer vit|tayles, and in eyther army, there were eſteemed to be a thirtie thouſand men armed after the ma|ner of theyr countrey,The Welch|men deuide their power into two parts. of the whiche, there were a fiue hundred men of armes in eyther hoſt, with barded Horſes all couered in iron. Thus they be|ing of ſuche puiſſance, dyd muche miſchiefe to the Engliſhmen that inhabited on the marches, neyther were the Lordes marchers able to reſiſt them, although the Earle of Glouceſter ayded the ſame Lords in all that he might.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Nic. Triuet.

Stephen Bau|zan, alias Bau|can.

Kyng Henry beeing heereof aduertiſed, ſente with all ſpeede Stephen Bauzan, a man ryght ſkilfull in feates of warre, with a greate number of Souldiers into Wales, againſt thoſe Rebells he comming into that countrey, and entring into the lands of a Welch Lord named Liſe [...]gh|han, was entrapped by ſuche buſtimentes as hys enimies ſayde for hym, and thereby was ſlayne with the more pain of his army.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This ouerthrowe chaunced by the treaſon of Griffin de Brunet,Eig [...] cu [...] [...] the whiche at that preſent re|uolting from the Engliſhe ſide to his countrey men, inſtructed them in all things, howe they might vanquiſh their enimies. And at that time,Nor [...] and Sou [...]+wales i [...] togither league. Northwales and Southwales ioyned in league and friendly a [...]mie togither, whiche commonly was not ſeene in thoſe dayes, they being for the more parte at variance, the one rather ſeeking ſtill how to endomage the other: but nowe in de|fence of their liberties, as they pretended, they a|greed EEBO page image 745 in one.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng ſore moued heerewith, determined to goe himſelfe into Wales, that he mighte take worthy puniſhment of thoſe his aduerſaries,The King paſſeth him|ſelfe in perſon into Wales. that could neuer be ſufficiently chaſtiſed. Heerevppon rayſing a great power, he haſted foorth, and com|ming [figure appears here on page 745] into Wales, put the Rebels in ſuch feare, that they withdrewe to theyr accuſtomed pla|ces of refuge, I meane, the wooddes and m [...]ri|ſhes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng woulde fayne haue hadde them foorth, that hee myght haue puniſhed them accor|ding to their deſertes, and therefore to bring hys purpoſe the better to paſſe, he ſent for an army of Souldiers into Ireland, and tarried for theyr cõ|myng at the Caſtell of Brecknocke, but the yeare was farre ſpente, ere his people could he gathered, ſo that by the aduice of his Lords, hee ſtrength|ned certayne Caſtels, and ſo returned for that yeare into England,

[...] Lorde [...]timer the [...]gs Lieute| [...]t in [...]es.

[...]dor.

leauing the Lorde Roger Mortimer for his Lieutenaunt in Wales, to re|ſiſt the Rebels. But now to ſpeake of other do|ings whiche chaunced in the meane while that the warres thus continued betwixt Englande and Wales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]egate [...]n Rome.Yee ſhall vnderſtand, that in the Lent ſeaſon, the Archbyſhoppe of Meſſina came as Legate from the Pope hyther into England, with letters of procuration, to demaund and receyue, and al|ſo with power, to puniſhe ſuche as ſhould denie and ſeeme to reſiſt, and ſo beeyng heere arriued with a greate trayne of ſeruauntes and Horſes, he ſent foorthe his commaundements in writing to euery prelate, to prouide him money by way of proxie, ſo that of the houſe of Saint Albons, and of the Celles that belonged therevnto, he had one and twentie markes, and when the Monkes of Saint Albons came to viſit him in his houſe, they coulde not bee permitted to depart, but were kept as priſoners, till they had ſatiſfied hys coue|tous demaund: for whereas they alledged that they had not brought any money with them, hee aſked thẽ why they were ſuch beggers, and fur|ther ſayd, ſende ye there to ſome Marchaunt, that will lende to you money, and ſo it was done: for otherwiſe, they might not haue libertie to depart.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Archbyſhop was of the order of the F [...]|ers preachers,Mat. Paris. in whome ſaith Mathew Paris we had hoped to haue found more abundant hu|militie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time,A new order of Friers. there appeared at Lon|don a new order of Friers, not knowen all thoſe dayes, hauing yet the Popes autentike. Bulle [...], which they openly ſhewed, ſo that there ſeemed a confuſion of ſo many orders, as the ſame, Math. Paris, recordeth, bycauſe they were apparelled in Sackcloth, they were called ſacked Friers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the middeſt of Lent, there was a greate Parliament holden, to the whiche,A Parliament. the maſters of the Vniuerſitie of Oxford were ſummoned, that peace might be concluded betwixt them, and the Byſhoppe of Lincolne, whiche had them [...]n ſute about theyr liberties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 There came to the ſame Parliamente, the Earle of Glouceſter, and Sir Iohn Mancell, lately returned out of Almaigne, where they had bin on Ambaſſade from Richard the elect Kyng of Almaigne. Thither came alſo the ſame elect King of Almaigne, and almoſt all the Nobilitie of the Realme, ſo that [...]neth myghte the Citie of London receyue the number that repaired to that Parliamẽt.Mat. Paris. The Kyng of Almaigne meant to take his leaue at that time of the Lordes and peeres of the Realme, purpoſing ſhorthy after, to take his iourney towardes Almaigne, and to or|deyne the Byſhoppe of London gouernour of all EEBO page image 746 his lands and poſſeſſions within Englande. In this Parliament,The Lord Ed|munde the kings ſonne. the Lord Edmond the Kyngs yonger ſonne was ſhewed as King of Naples and Sicile, for the obteyning of the poſſeſſion of whiche Kingdomes, his father King Henry de|maunded no ſmall ſubſedie and ayde of money,A ſubſedie demaunded. both of the temporaltie, and alſo of the ſpiritual|tie, but namely, he required to haue the tenthes of ſpirituall mens liuings, for the tearme of fyue yeares, according to the new taxations without any deductions to be allowed, excepte neceſſary expenſes. Alſo, the frutes for one yeare of bene|fices that chaunced to fall voyde within the ſayde tearme of fiue yere. Moreouer, ſundry other due|ties he required to haue of the ſpirituall men, ſore to their greeuaunce, and ſpecially, bycauſe they knew that ſuch tirannie firſt tooke beginning frõ the Pope. In the ende (though loth they were to conſent) yet conditionally that the Kyng would confirme the liberties conteyned in the greate Charter, and obſerue the ſame throughly, nowe after it had bin ſo many times brought out and redeemed,The offer of the ſpiritualty they offered to giue hym towardes his inſtant neceſſity two & fifty. M. marks, ſo the ir|recouerable danger of empoueriſhing the Church. And yet as it is ſayd, the Kyng refuſed the gift, as that which he thought not ſufficient. Truely it ſhoulde ſeeme, that there was a greate vnto|wardly diſpoſition in the ſubiectes of that time, for the helping of their K. with neceſſary ayde of money, towards ſuch great charges as he hadde bin diuers wayes occaſioned to be at ſith his firſt comming to ye Crowne: but by cauſe it was per|ceyued that he beſtowed no ſmall quantitie of his treaſure to the aduauncing of his kinſfolke and aliances, namely ſtraungers, and agayne, defreid great ſummes, in vayne hope to obteyne ye king|domes of both the Sicils whiche the Pope offred to him freely ynough in words, as before yee haue hearde, the Engliſh ſubiectes conceyued a greate miſliking of the whole gouernement, and name|ly, for that hee ſeemed to be led and ruled by the aduice and counſell of thoſe ſtrangers, who being not throughly acquainted with the nature of the Engliſhe people, nor fully inſtructed in the lawes and cuſtomes of the Realme, cauſed him to doe many things, that procured both to him and thẽ muche euil, will as well of the high eſtates as of commons, whiche as occaſion ſerued, they were ready ynough to diſcouer, and therfore they were very inquiſitiue, both to learne what he receiued, & alſo in what ſorte he beſtowed yt which he dyd receiue. It was therefore knowen, yt ſith he firſte began to waſt his treaſure, his charges amoũted vnto ye ſumme of 950000. markes, as the bookes of accõptes remaining in ye hands of ye Clearkes of his cloſet plainly witneſſed, and yet of al thoſe vaine expenſes, no great aduantage was growẽ therby to the K. or realme, but rather diſ [...] t [...]ge, as ye moſt part of mẽ thẽ tooke it, vnto mar|uell, for there was ſuch hath bu [...]ng amõgſt the nobilitie, one enuying an others aduancemẽt, ſo repining at each others doings, Y [...] was not poſ|ſible to bring any good drift forward amõgſt mẽ ſo far at oddes togither. But to let this paſſe as a thing manifeſt ynough to them yt ſhall wel cõſi|der ye courſe of ye time, we will returne agayne to ye Parliamẽt, before ye end wherof, the Archbiſhop of Colen with a Duke,The [...]+ſhop of [...] and o [...] baſt [...] Alm [...] and an other B. came o|uer out of Almaigne, vnto their elect K. Richard, to whom they did fealty and homage, as to their ſoueraigne liege Lord & gouernour, which thing once done, he gaue to ye ſaid Archb. fiue C. marks to beare his charges, with a riche miter ſette with ſtones, and furniſhed with plates of beatẽ golde, which miter whẽ ye Archb. had ſet it on his head, he hath (ſaith he giuen a riche gift to are [...] to my Church, and verely, euẽ as I haue put this [...]iter on my head, ſo wil I ſet on his head the [...] owne of ye kingdome of Almaigne, he hath mitres me, & I ſhal crowne him. The other lords of Almaine, which at ye the ſame time did homage vnto Erle Richard, were alſo preſented with great and rich giftes. Heere is further to be noted,She [...]+ſhope p [...] at Lond [...] time of [...] Parliame [...] yt there where preſent at this Parliamẽt ſixe Archbiſhops, Cã|terbury, Yorke, Publin Meſſina, Tarento and Colen. The Archb. of Meſſne was come to the K. to ſet him on dotage, for the buſineſſe about ye cõqueſt of Naples & Sicile. At the feaſt of Eſſet next following, the Archb. of Colen returned in|to his Countrey, & the third day after Eaſter, the elect K. of Almaine tooke his leaue,The de [...] of Al [...] taketh [...] leaue of [...] his be [...] & departed to|ward Yermouth where he purpoſed to take ye ſea, to ſayle ouer into Almaine, but by reaſon of con|trary windes, hee was driuen to remaine there a long time, to his greate griefe and ineſtimable charges before hee coulde paſſe ouer, yet finally, about the latter ende of Aprill,He la [...] Dor [...] he got forth to the Sea, and landed at Dordreigh the firſt of May next enſuing.

[figure appears here on page 746]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 747 [...]de.About the ſame time, the Archbyſhop of Cã|terbury called a Sinode of the Biſhops and Ab|bots inhabiting within his prouince, that inuo|cating the grace of the holy Ghoſt, they myghte [figure appears here on page 747] foreſee ſome redreſſe for reliefe of the Engliſhe Church, nowe in theſe late yeares ſore diſquieted by new oppreſſions, more greeuous than had bin accuſtomed: for the Kyng by councell, or rather by the whiſpering of ſome flatterers and enimies to the Realme, was ſo induced, that he permitted certayne euill cuſtomes, as thorny brembles, to encreaſe in the frutefull garden of pleaſure, and to choke vp the trees that brought foorthe frute in great plentie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]t. Paris.Moreouer in this yeare, King Henry cauſed the walles of the Citie of London, whiche were ſore decayed and deſtitute of turrets, to be repay|red in more ſeemely wiſe than before they hadde bin, at the common charges of the Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ree made [...]e Pope.There was an ordinance made at Rome by the Pope and his Cardinals (whiche righte dili|gently foreſawe to aduaunce their temporall cõ|modities, not muche paſſing for other mens ad|uauntages) that euery one which ſhould be cho|ſen an exempt Abbot, ſhoulde come to the Court of Rome to bee there confirmed, and receyue the Popes bleſſing, by whiche haynous ordinaunce, Religion was layde open to great daunger, and the Church depriued of temporall proſperitie (as ſayth Mathewe Paris) for by this meanes (ſaith hee) it was needefull vnto Religious menne, to chooſe to theyr gouernour a man, not religious, but rather halfe temporall, and ſuche one as to whome rather Iuſtinians lawes than Chri|ſtes whiche conuerteth ſoules ſhoulde be fami|liar.

[...]th. Paris.

Monkes [...]ham were ex| [...]munica|te now [...]led.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Monkes of Durham, the whiche onely with the Chanons of Giſborne, reſiſted the wic|ked proceedyngs of the Popes exactors, and ſtood therefore interdited a long tyme, at length, after manye alterations, were aſſoyled. Oh (ſayeth Mathewe Paris) if in that theyr tribulation they myght haue hadde fellowes, and in theyr conſtante doyngs aydors, howe happely hadde the Churche of Englande triumphed ouer hir tormentors and oppreſſors.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Yee haue hearde howe Richarde Earle of Cornewall beeyng elected Kyng of Almayne,Mat. Paris. ſayled thither, where on the Aſcention daye laſt, he was Crowned Kyng by the Archbyſhoppe of Colen, of whome, and dyuers other great Prin|ces of Germanie, hee was holden for their law|full King and gouernour, (as in the Teutch hy|ſtories yee maye finde more largely expreſſed,) though other of them had choſen Alfonſe Kyng of Caſtill, the whych Alfonſe wrote to the King of Englande, as his confederate and alie, requi|ring hym of ayde againſte the ſayde Richarde that was hys owne brother, to the whych vn|reaſonable requeſt, the Kyng woulde in no wiſe conſente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer,

Fabian.

An informa|tion againſt the Lord Mai|or of London.

in this fortie one yeare of Kyng Henries raigne, by reaſon of a rolle cloſed in greene waxe and founde in the Kyngs Ward|robe at Windſor, conteyning as it were, an in|formation againſte the Maior and the Sherifes of London, for oppreſſion and wrongs done to the communaltie of the Citie, the Kyng tooke greate diſpleaſure, and cauſed greate inquiſition to be made, as well by Folke Mootes, as ward Mootes, and by dyuers other meanes. At length, the Maior and Sherifes,The Lorde Maior and Sherifes of London diſ|charged. with the Chamber|layne of the Citie, were diſcharged by Iohn Manſell, one of the Kyngs Iuſtices, afore whome, and other the Kyngs Counſayle, the inquiſition was taken, and then was EEBO page image 748 the cuſtody of the Citie aſſigned vnto the Cun|ſtable of the Tower, and in place of the Sherifes were appoynted Michaell Tony, and Iohn Au|drian. At length, ye Mayor, Sherifes and Alder|men that were accuſed, perceyuing the kings diſ|pleaſure towardes them, ſubmitted themſelues [figure appears here on page 748] wholly to his mercy, ſauing to them, and to all other the Citizens, their liberties and franchiſes, and ſo in the Checker chamber at Weſtminſter afore the King there ſitting in Iudgement vpon the matter,The Lorde Maior and Sherifes fined. they were condemned to pay theyr fynes for their offences committed, and further, euery of them diſcharged of his warde and office.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after, was William Fitz Richarde by the Kyngs commaundement, made Mayor, and Thomas Fitz Thomas, and William Grapiſgate Sherifes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Math. Paris.

The Archby|ſhop of Yorke accurſed.

The Archbyſhop of Yorke was accurſed by the Popes commaundemente through all Eng|lande, with booke, bell and candle, that by ſuche terror, his conſtancy might be weakened: but the Archbiſhop (ſaith Mathewe Paris) enformed by the example of Thomas Becket, and by the ex|ample and doctrine of Saint Edmond ſometime his inſtructor,The conſtan|cy of the arch|byſhop of Yorke. and alſo taughte by the faythful|neſſe of bleſſed Robert, late Byſhop of Lincolne, deſpaired not of comfort from Heauẽ, in bearing paciently the Popes tyrannie: neyther woulde he beſtowe the welthy reuenewes of his Churche vppon Italians, beeing vnworthy perſons and ſtraungers, neyther would he obey and encline to the Popes will like a faint harted perſon, by lea|uing and ſetting aparte the rigor of the lawe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg. 42. About the beginning of the two and fortith yeare of Kyng Henries raigne, the Lord Iames Audeley that had bin ouer with the King of Al|mayne, and was lately returned home in com|pany of the Lord Henry, ſonne to the ſaid Kyng (who came backe from his father about the feaſt of Saint Michael laſt paſt) vnderſtanding howe the Welchmen in his abſence, had brent, waſted, and deſtroyed his lands, poſſeſſions, and Caſtels, which belonged to him in ye confynes of Wales, he meant to be reuenged of thoſe iniuries, and in|uading them, hee ſlewe a great number of them,The [...] Audely [...]+reth v [...] the W [...] ſo reuenging the deathe of thoſe his friendes, ſer|uauntes and tenauntes, whome they before had murthered. The Welchmen were not ſo diſcou|raged heerewith, but that they brake vpon hym out of their ſtarting holes and places of refuge through the mariſhes, and ſlaying their enimies horſes, put them backe to their power, and ceaſ|ſed not to do what miſchiefe they could, by ſpoy|ling, killing, and brenning houſes and Caſtels where they mighte come vnto them, and ſo the Realme of Englande was dayly put to loſſes and hinderance. For out of Wales, Englande was accuſtomed to bee furniſhed with Horſes, Cattell, and other things, to the profit of both the Countreys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time,Ambaſſ [...] ſent [...] France. there was an Ambaſſate ſente from the Kyng of Englande, vnto the Frenche Kyng, as the Biſhop of Worcetor, the elect of Wincheſter, the Abbot of Weſtminſter, the Earle of Leiceſter, and Hugh Bigod Earle Marſhall, with Peter de Sauoy, and Roberte Walcron.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The effect of their meſſage, was to require re|ſtitution of thoſe countreys, lands, Cities, and Townes whiche had bin euicted out of the hands of King Iohn and others, apperteyning by righte of inheritance to the Kyng of England. Theſe Lordes did their meſſage, but as was thoughte, they had no towardly aunſwere, but rather were putte off with trifling wordes and ſkornefull tauntes, ſo that they returned ſhortly againe all of thẽ, the Abbot of Weſtminſter only excepted, who remayned there behinde, for a more ful aun|ſwere, EEBO page image 749 not only to thoſe requeſts exhibited on the part of the Kyng of Englande, but alſo on the behalfe of the Kyng of Almaigne. The marches towardes Wales in this ſeaſon were brought al|moſt deſerte, by reaſon of the continuall warres with the Welchmen, [...] marches Wales fore [...]oueriſhed for what with fire & ſword, neyther building, nor liuing creature, nor any o|ther thing was ſpared, that fire and ſword might bring to ruine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]eat dearth

[...]t. Paris.

In this yeare was an exceeding great dearth, in ſo much, that a quarter of wheate was ſolde at London for four and twenty ſhillings, whereas within two or three yeares before, a quarter was ſolde at two ſhillings. It had bin more deerer, if great ſtore had not come out of Almaigne, for in France and in Normãdy it likewiſe fayled.1258 But there came fiftie greate Shippes fraughte with wheate and barley, with meale and bread out of Teutchland, by the procurement of Richard K. of Almaigne, which greatly relieued the poore, for proclamation was made, and order taken by the K. that none of the Citizens of London ſhoulde buy any of that gray [...] to ſay it vpone [...]ore, [...]oh [...] by it might be ſold at an higher price [...] [...]+dy, but although this prouiſion did [...] caſe, yet the want was great ouer all the Realm. For it was certainly affirmed, that in three ſh [...] within the Realm, there was not found ſo [...] grayne of that yeares growſh, as [...] thoſe fiftie ſhippes.The greedy dealing of the Londoners, to the hurt of the commõ welth The proclamation was ſette [...] foorth, to reſtreine ye Londoners from [...]ngroſſing, vp that grayne, and not withoute cauſe, we the welthy Citizens were euill ſpokẽ of in ye ſeaſon, bicauſe in time of ſcarcetie they would either ſtay ſuch ſhippes as fraught with vittayles we [...] com|ming towards the Citie, and ſend them ſome o|ther way foorthe, or elſe buy the whole, that they myghte ſell it by retaile at their pleaſure vnto the needy. By meanes of this great dearth and ſcar|cetie, the common people were conſtreined to liue vpon herbes and rootes, and a greate number of the poore people dyed through famine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 This yeare after Eaſter, a Parliament was holden at London, in the whiche,

A Parliament.

Math. Paris.

many waighty [figure appears here on page 749] matters were intreated of touching the Kynges cauſes, namely, about the cõqueſt of the Realme of Naples, the Pope hauing ſente a meſſenger named Hurtred for the diſcharge of money, [...]tred, a [...]enger frõ Pope. whi|che the Pope had receyued of Merchaunts, as it were to the Kings vſe, and entred bandes for the payment thereof. Alſo, where the Kyng was ſore diſquieted for the warre whiche the Welchmen made againſte him, he aſked aduice of the ſtates, howe hee might proceede to ſeeke his iuſt reuenge of them, the which by reaſon of their good happ [...] were become very ſtout and loftie, and had of late by the expiring of a truce which hadde bin accor|ded betwixte them, [...] Welch| [...] ſpoyle [...]broke [...]. ſpoyled and waſted the moſt parte of Pembrooke ſhire, of which iniurie, ye Erle of Pembroke, William de Valẽce ſore complee|ned: but whereas the Kyng knowing him to bee riche, willed him to lay out ſome greate portion of money, towards ye mayntenãce of his warres, the Earle tooke greate diſpleaſure therewith, as though the Kyng had made that requeſt, by the ſuggeſtion and ſetting on of ſome of the Eng|liſh Lords, in ſo much,Variance be|twixt the Erle of Pembroke and others. that words paſſed in diſ|pleaſaunte wiſe betwixte him and the Earles of Glouceſter and Leiceſter, ſo farre foorth, that the Earle of Pembroke called the Earle of Leiceſter Traitor, who therewith made towards him, to haue reuẽged ye iniurie, & ſo would haue done in|dede, if the K. had not bin a ſtickler betwixt thẽ. Finally at this Parliament the lords colde ye K. yt they might not aide him with any great ſũmes of money, except it ſhould redounde to their great empoueriſhmẽt: they tolde him alſo, yt he had not [...]o [...] wiſely, to enter into couenãts, for ye purchaſe EEBO page image 750 of the Kingdome of Naples for his ſonne, with|out theyr conſentes. They alſo declared to him, what artycles it ſhould be good for him to pro|pone vnto ye Pope, if he would haue him to con|tinue in bearing ye charges of the warres againſt Manfred. But when thoſe articles were after|wards preſented to the Pope, hee allowed them not, and ſo the matter remayned withoute anye certayne aſſurance of the promiſes, whiche hadde bin, and ſtill were from time to time made, to ſet the Kyng on dotage.The Archby|ſhop of Yorke depriued of his Croſſe. The Archbyſhop of Yorke had his Croſſe taken from him by the Popes cõ|maundement, but the Archbyſhoppe woulde not yet howe his knee vnto Baall, to beſtowe the be|nefices of his Churche vpon aliants, and ſuch as were vnworthy perſons, as it hadde bin to caſt pearles vnto Swine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Manſuetus the Popes Nuncio.There came from the Pope as his Nuncio, vnto Kyng Henry a Frier minor, named Man|ſuetus, furniſhed with great power and authori|tie, [figure appears here on page 750] in ſo muche, that he tooke vpon him to aſſoyle men of chaunging vowes, and to iuſtifie thoſe that were excommunicate perſons, falſe periu|red, and ſuch like. Wherevpon, many of euil diſ|poſition preſumed to offende: for eaſineſſe to pur|chaſe pardon, bred boldneſſe in many, but ye wiſe ſeemed to laugh at ſuch doings. The Parliamẽt ſtill continued, till the Sunday after the Aſcenti|on day, with hard holde betwixte the Kyng and the Lordes, who layde it ſore to his charge, that he hadde not performed the promiſes whiche hee made touching the obſeruing of the liberties con|teyned in the great charter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They alſo compleyned greatly of his miſgo|uernaunce, in that hee aduaunced ſo muche the Poictouins and other ſtraungers, to the impoue|riſhment of himſelfe, and the whole Realme, and further, maynteyned them ſo farre foorthe, that they were ready to offer wrong vnto other, vpon preſumption of his fauoure, and bearing with them, he hauing by commaundement reſtreined that no proceſſe ſhoulde paſſe out of the Chaun|cery againſt certayne of them that were his ro [...] ſins, as the Earle of Pembroke and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Finally, when the Lordes were in doubte which way to worke for their owne ſafeties, they cauſed the Parliament to be proroged,The [...] till ye [...] of Saint Barnabe, then to begin againe at Ox|forde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In the meane time, the Lords of the Realme, as the Earles of Glouceſter, Leiceſter, Hereforde and Northfolke, with other, did confederate thẽ|ſelues togither, bycauſe they ſtoode in feare to bee entrapped by the Kings ſubtile ſleightes, and by the craftie wiles of thoſe ſtraungers which he re|teyned againſt them. The ſame yere by ye wind, which continually certayne monethes togyther kept Northerly, the floures, with other growing things, were ſo hindered, that vnneth they appea|red to any purpoſe,A [...] till ye moſt parte of Iune was paſt, wherevpon, the hope of receyuing the frutes of the earth, was quite taken away,A de [...] acco [...] with [...] and ſo vppon the great dearth that happened, a ſore deathe and mortalitie followed, for want of neceſſary foode to ſuſteyne the languiſhing bodyes of the poore people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They dyed ſo thicke, that there were greate pittes made in Churchyardes to lay the dead bo|dies in one vpon an other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the feaſt of the Aſcention,Se [...]l [...] of Y [...] p [...]+l [...]e. Seuall the Archbyſhop of Yorke departed this life, the which conſtantly had reſiſted the tyrannie of the Court of Rome, in defence of his Churche, ſuffering in this world many greeuous tribulatiõs, but now was remoued from thence vnto the Kingdome of Heauen,Mat. [...] to be Crowned with the elect for hys good deſeruings, as was then certainely belieued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this time alſo, a great number of Poic|touins were come into Englande, by reaſon of their aliance and coſynage to the King, the whi|che by the Kings fauour being highly aduaun|ced, began to waxe proude thereof, and to require to be reſtored vnto ſuch lands and liuings as be|foretime they had poſſeſſed.The K [...] halfe [...] Namely the Kyngs halfe breethren, Athelmare or Odomare, that was a Prieſt, with William Geffrey and Guy, theſe were the ſonnes of Hugh le Brun Earle of Marche, by his wife Queene Iſabell, the mother of Kyng Henry, and being come into England, ſhewed themſelues very loftie and high minded, partly, bycauſe of the Couſinage to the Kyng, and partly, by reaſon of his courteous entertai|ning of them, in ſo muche, that they forgetting themſelues, began to deſpiſe vpon a preſumptu|ous pride, the Engliſh Nobilitie, looking ſtill for prefermente of honor aboue all other. And ſure|ly Odomare obteyned at the firſte a great peece of his purpoſe, beeyng made by the Kyngs gifte Byſhoppe of Wincheſter, and by that meanes bare a ſtout porte, and greately holpe his other EEBO page image 751 brethren.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſh Barons not well able to ſuffer ſuch preſumption in ſtraungers, who ſeemed to haue them in deriſion, compleyned to the Kyng, in ſo much that at length, as well for a reforma|tion heereof, as in other things, a Parliamente was called, (as before yee haue hearde,) fyrſte at London, and after reiorned to Oxeforde, there to be aſſembled about the feaſt of Saint Barna|bie in the moneth of Iune.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 This (of ſome writers) is named Inſanum Parliamentum, [...]ſanum [...]rliamentũ. that is to ſay, the madde Parlia|mente: for at this Parliamente (to the whiche the Lords came with great retinues of armed men, for the better ſafegarde of their perſons) manye things in the ſame were enacted contrary to the Kings pleaſure, and his royall prerogatiue. For the Lords at the firſte, determined to demaunde the confirmation of the auntient charter of liber|ties which his father Kyng Iohn had graunted, and hee himſelfe had ſo often promiſed to obſerue and maynteyne, ſignifying playnely, that they meant to purſue their purpoſe and intent herein, not ſparing eyther for loſſe of life, [...]e demaund the Lordes. lands or goods, according to that they had mutually giuen theyr faythes by ioyning of handes, as the manner in ſuch caſes is accuſtomed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beſides the graunt of the greate charter, they required other things neceſſary for the ſtate of the common wealthe, to bee eſtabliſhed and enac|ted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]dinances [...]de.It was therefore fyrſte enacted, that all the Poictouins ſhould auoide the land, togither with other ſtraungers, and that neyther the King, nor his ſonne Prince. Edwarde ſhoulde in a|nye ſecrete manner ayde them agaynſte the people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]oth exac| [...] of the K.Moreouer, that the Kyng and hys ſonne ſhould receyue an othe, to ſtande vnto the decrees and ordinances of that Parliament, and withall ſpeede, to reſtore the auntient lawes and inſtitu|tions of ther Realme, whyche they both did, ra|ther conſtreyned therevnto by feare, than of any good will [...]nd ſo not only the Kyng himſelfe, but alſo his ſonne Prince Edwarde r [...]d an oth to obſerue the ordinances of that Parliamẽt. But Iohn Earle Warren and the Kyngs halfe breethren, namely, the Earle of Pembroke refu|ſed that othe, and likewiſe the Lord Henry, ſonne to the Kyng of Almayne, excuſed himſelfe by his fathers abſence, without whoſe conſent he would not receyue it, vnto whome thys aunſwere was made, that if his father would not conſente to the agreemente of the Baronage, hee ſhoulde not poſſeſſe one fourrough of lande within thys Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, whereas the Earle of Leiceſter reſigned the Caſ [...]s of Kenelworth and Odiham into the Kyngs handes, the which he had lately recei|ued by his gifte, and newly repaired them, the Earle of Pembroke and his other brethrẽ ſware deepely, that they woulde for no mans pleaſure giue ouer ſuche Caſtels, rentes, and Wardſhips of theirs, as they had of the Kyngs gift:The Earle of Leiceſter threatneth the Earle of Pembroke. but the Earle of Leiceſter tolde the Earle of Pembroke flatly and playnely, that he ſhoulde eyther render them vp, or elſe he ſhoulde be ſure to loſe his head and thys ſaying was confyrmed, by the generall voyces of all other the Barons, bycauſe it was a ſpeciall article concluded amongſt other in that Parliament.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kings halfe breethren,The Kings halfe brethren ſhift away. perceyuing which way the worlde wente, ſtoode in doubt of them|ſelues, and ſecretely therevpon departed frõ Ox|forde, and firſte withdrewe vnto Wincheſter where Odomare, one of the ſame breethren EEBO page image 752 was Biſhop, through whoſe ſupport, and by rea|ſon of the ſtrength of ſuch Caſtels as he held, they truſted to be in more ſafetie: but finally, percey|uing themſelues not to be ſo out of daunger, ſith the Barons minded to purſue them, about the eightenth day of Iuly,They departe the Realme. they departed the Realme with a greate number of other of their countrey|men, and amõgſt thoſe, William de Saint Hee|man the Kyngs karuer was one.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Henry Montfort, ſonne to the Earle of Ley|ceſter, vnderſtanding of their departure out of the Realme, followed, and hearing that they were arriued at Bu [...]eigne, he landes in thoſe parties,Henry [...] [...]de [...] [...] the king bre [...] and by ſuch friendſhip as he found there amõgſt thoſe that bare good will vnto his father, he [...]ore togither a power, and after a manner beſieged the [figure appears here on page 752] Poictouins within Bulleigne, laying watch for them in ſuche ſorte, both by Sea and land, that there was no way left for them to eſcape. When they ſawe themſelues in that daunger,They ſent to the French K. they made foorthe a meſſenger with all poſt haſt vnto the Frenche Kyng, requiring to haue his ſafe con|duit, to paſſe freely through his Realme, as they truſted hee woulde bee contente to graunte vnto ſuche, as for refuge and ſafegarde of life ſhoulde repaire vnto him for comfort. The French King curteouſly graunted to their requeſt, and ſo they were in ſafetie permitted to paſſe quietly through the Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Richard Gray, Captayne of Douer Caſtell, and Lorde warden of the portes.In the meane while, one Richard Gray, Cha|teillayne of Douer Caſtell, a right valiant man and a faithfull, ſuffred no man to paſſe that ways vnſearched, according to that which he hadde in commaundement: wherevppon, he tooke and ſea|ſed into his handes a greate portion of treaſure, whyche was broughte thither to bee tranſported ouer to the Poictouins that were ſo fledde the Realme.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Alſo, there was founde a greate quantitie of treaſure in the newe Temple at London, whych they had gathered and hoorded vp there, the which alſo was ſeaſed to the Kings vſe. But nowe to returne vnto the doings in the Parliamente hol|den at Oxford.Mat. VVeſt. It was ordeyned (as ſome write) that the Kyng ſhoulde chooſe foorthe twelue per|ſons of the Realme, and the communaltie of the land ſhoulde chooſe foorth other twelue, the which hauing Regall authoritie in their hande,Fo [...] and twenty [...] myghte take in charge the gouernaunce of the Realme vpon them, and ſhould from yeare to yeare pro|uide for the due election of Iuſtices, Chauncel|lors, Treaſorers, and other officers, and ſee for ye ſafe keeping of the Caſtels which belonged to the Crowne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Theſe foure and twentie gouernours appoin|ted as prouiders for the good gouernement of the Realme, began to order all things at theyr plea|ſure, in ye mean time, not forgetting to vſe things chiefly to their owne aduantages, as well in pro|uiding efchetes and wardes for their ſonnes and kinſfolkes, as alſo in beſtowing patronages of Churches (belonging to the kings gift) at theyr pleaſures, ſo that theſe prouiders ſeemed to pro|uide all for themſelues, in ſo muche,The ab [...] of thoſe [...] that neyther Kyng nor Chriſt coulde receyue ought amongſt them. There be that write, how there were but twelue of theſe gouernours choſen,Fabian whoſe names were as followe. Firſt, the Archbyſhop of Caun|terbury, the Byſhoppe of Worcetor, Roger Bi|god Earle of Northfolke and Marſhal of Eng|lande, Simon de Montforde Earle of Leiceſter, Richard de Clare Earle of Glouceſter, Humfrey Bohun Earle of Hereford, the Earles of War|wike and Arundell, Sir Iohn Manſell chiefe Iuſtice of Englande, Sir Roger Lorde Morti|mer, Sir Hugh Bigod, Sir Peter de Sauoy, Sir Iames Audeley, and Sir Peter de Mont|forte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 753To theſe was authoritie only giuen to puniſh and correct al ſuch as offended in breaking of any the ordinãces at this Parliament eſtabliſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It was not long after the finiſhing of thys Parliament, but that ſtryfe and variaunce beganne to kindle betweene the King and the Earles of Leyceſter and Glouceſter, [...]ntention be [...]ixt the [...]les of Ley| [...]ſter and [...]ouceſter. by reaſon of ſuch officers as the ſayde Earles hadde remo|ued, and put other in theyr rowmes. Among the whiche Iohn Manſell was diſcharged of his office, and ſir Hugh Bygod, brother to the Earle Marſhall, admitted in his rowmth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo bycauſe the foreſayde gouernours had knowledge that the king minded not to performe the ordinaunces eſtabliſhed at Oxforde, they thought to make theyr part as ſtrõg as was poſ|ſible for them to doe, and therefore vpon the mor|row after the feaſt of Marie Magdalene, [...]e Lordes [...]me to the [...]ildehall to [...]e their or| [...]ances con| [...]ed. the king as then being at Weſtminſter, the Earle Mar|ſhall, the Earle of Leyceſter, and dyuerſe other came to the Guyldhall of London, where the Maior and Aldermen, with the Commons of the Citie were aſſembled, and there the Lordes ſhewed the Inſtrument or wryting ſealed wyth the kings Seale, and with the Seales of hys ſonne Prince Edwarde, and of many other Lordes of the lande, conteyning the Articles of thoſe ordinances whiche had beene concluded at Oxforde, wylling the Maior and Aldermen to ſet alſo therevnto theyr common Seale of the Citie. The Maior and Aldermen vppon aduice amongſt them taken, required reſpyte till they might knowe the kings pleaſure therein, but the Lordes were ſo earneſt in the matter, and made ſuch inſtance, that no reſort coulde be had, ſo that in the ende the common Seale of the Citie was put to that writing, and the Maior and diuerſe of the Citie ſworne to mainteyne the ſame, their allegiance ſaued to the king, with their liberties & franchiſes, according to the accuſtomed maner.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the .ix. day of Auguſt,A Proclamati|on agaynſt purueyers. Proclamation was made in dyuerſe places of the Citie, that none of the kings takers ſhoulde take any thing within the Citie, without the will of the owner, except two tunnes of Wine, which the king ac|cuſtomably had of euery ſhippe comming from Burdeaux, paying but .xl. ſhillings for the tun. By meanes of this Proclamation, nothing was taken by the kings officers within the Citie and liberties of the ſame, except readie payment were made in hande, which vſe continued not long.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon the King helde a Parliament at A Parliament [figure appears here on page 753] Weſtminſter, and another at Wincheſter, or elſe proroged and remoued the ſame thither. Alſo ſir Hugh Bygod Lord chiefe iuſtice, with Roger Turkſey, and other, kept the Terme for plees cal|led Itenerarij, [...]e Iuſtices [...] at Saint [...]uiours. at Saint Sauiours: For you muſt vnderſtande, that in thoſe dayes they were kept in diuerſe places of the Realme, which now are hol|den altogyther at Weſtminſter, and Iudges or|deyned to keepe a cyrcuite, as now they keepe the Sizes in time of vacation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]lifes and [...]er officers [...]niſhed.The foreſayde Iudges ſitting on that maner at Saint Sauiours, puniſhed Baylifes, and o|ther officers very extreemely, which were conuict afore them for diuerſe treſpaſſes, and ſpecially for taking of merciaments, otherwiſe than law gaue them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this the ſame ſir Hugh came vnto the Guyldhall, and there ſat in iudgement and kepte plees without order of law,Bakers puni|ſhed. and contrarie to the liberties of the Citie. Hee puniſhed Bakers for lacke of true ſyze, by the Tumbrell, where before they were puniſhed by the Pillorie,

Math. Paris.

The Poicto|uins ſuſpected to haue poy|ſoned the Eng|liſh Lordes.

and many o|ther things he vſed after ſuch maner more by wil than by any good order of law.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There was a bruyte rayſed (whether of truth or otherwiſe we leaue to the credit of the authors) EEBO page image 754 that the Poictouins had practiſed to poyſon the moſt part of the Engliſh nobilitie. In deede di|uerſe of them were grieuouſly tormented with a certaine diſeaſe of ſwelling and breaking oute, ſome dyed, and otherſome right hardly eſcaped, of which number the Earle of Glouceſter was one, who lay ſicke a long time at Sonninge, a place beſydes Reading. At length hee recouered: but his brother William died of the ſame diſeaſe, and vpon his deathbed layde the faulte to one Walter Scotenye, as the occaſioner of his death, which afterwardes coſt the ſayde Walter hys lyfe. For although he was one of the chiefe Counſaylours and Stewarde alſo to the ſayde Earle of Glou|ceſter, yet beeing had in ſuſpition, and there|vpon apprehended and charged wyth that cryme, when in the yeare next following in Iune hee came to be arraigned at Wincheſter, and put him ſelfe to bee tryed by a Iury,Wi [...] [...]+ney [...] and c [...] the ſame pro|nounced him guyltie: and when thoſe that were empaneled vpon that Iurie were aſked, by the Iudges howe they vnderſtoode that hee ſhoulde bee guiltie, they anſwered bycauſe that where the ſayde Walter was neuer indebted that they could heare of, eyther to William de Valence, or to any of his brethren, they were fully certified that he had of late receyued no ſmall ſumme of money of the ſayde de Valence, for to poyſon both his maiſter and other of the Engliſh nobili|tie as was to be thought, ſithe there was no other apparant cauſe why he ſhoulde receyue ſuch gyft at the handes of their enimie the ſayde William de Valence,He ſ [...] and ſo was the ſayde Walter execu|ted at Wincheſter aforeſayde.

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Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] ha [...] [...].The Harueſt was very lace this yeare, ſo that the moſt part of the corne rotted on the grounde, and that which at length was got in, remayned yet abrode all after Alhallowentide, ſo vntempe|rate was the weather, with exceſſiue weete and raine beyonde all meaſure. [...]th of corn [...]ncreaſeth. Herevpon the dearth ſo encreaſed, that euen thoſe which had of late re|lieued other, were in daunger to ſterue themſel|ues.Fiſts and pro|ceſsions vſed. Finally ſolemne faſtes, and generall Pro|ceſſions were made in diuerſe places of the realm, to appeaſe Gods wrath, and (as it was thought) their prayers were heard, for the weather partly amended, and by reaſon the ſame ſerued to get in ſome ſuch corne as was not loſt, the price thereof in the Market fell halfe in halfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Richard Gray Lord warden of the portes.The Chattellaine of Douer Richarde Gray looking diligently to his charge, tooke a thouſand marks which the Biſhop of Wincheſter had ſent thither to haue bin tranſported ouer into France.Erlow the Popes nuntio returneth home. Erlotus the Popes nuncio perceiuing the trouble that was like to enſue within the realme woulde no longer tary, but wiſely departed and got him home. Herewith certaine wiſe perſonages were ſent to Rome on the part of the king & baronage, to enforme the Pope in what ſtate ye realm ſtood, and to giue him to vnderſtãd how grieuouſly the people had bene handled by the practiſe of certaine Romaine Prelates promoted in this lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yere nere to Carmardin Patrik de Chan|ton lord of Kedwelli, & Hugh de Viun, Mat. Par [...] The Lord [...] Kedwilly [...] & diuerſe other both horſmen & footmen were ſlain through treaſon by the Welchmẽ: yet it ſhould appeare by Mat. Pa. that ye engliſhmẽ procured this miſchief to light on their own heads,Mat. Pa [...] through their diſloial dealing. For where they wer come to the place to talke of an agreement, ſome of the marchers ſup|poſing they had bin to ſtrõg for ye Welchmẽ, per|ſwaded the ſaid L. of Kedwelly to aſſaile thẽ vpõ the ſodain, in hope to haue deſtroyed thẽ al: but in the end ye engliſhmẽ were diſtreſſed through ye va|liancie of Dauid, one of the ſonnes of the great Llewillin & other captains of the Welch nation.Llewellin M [...] Neuertheleſſe Mat. Weſt. ſayth briefly, that the Engliſh men were treaſonably ſlaine, ſo that it EEBO page image 755 ſeemeth that Mathew Paris ſpeaketh rather of an affection and good will whiche hee bare to the Welche proceedings in thoſe dayes, than other|wiſe. [...]th Paris [...] well af| [...]ed towards gouern| [...]t of the [...]me as it [...]n ſtoode. For who that marketh the courſe of hys hyſtorie, ſhall perceyue that he had no good liking of the ſtate in thoſe dayes, neither concerning the eccleſiaſticall nor temporal policie, inſomuch that hee ſticketh not to commende the Welche men greatly for theyr holding togither, againſt the op|preſſion (as he meaneth it) of the Engliſh gouern|mente, and no doubte there was cauſe that mo|ued him to ſuch miſliking, namely the often pay|ments and collections of money by the Popes a|gents, and other ſuche miſorders as dayly were permitted or rather maineteined to the enpoueri|ſhing of both the eſtates ſpirituall and temporall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]dfrey de [...]on Arch| [...]hop of Can| [...]burie.Godfrey de Kynton, was conſecrated Archbi|ſhop of Canterburie at Rome, about the feaſt of Chriſtmaſſe laſt paſt, and ſo returned frõ thence home to his cure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] ordinance [...]yo [...] ex| [...]tion.There was an ordinance made aboute thys time, for puniſhment to be had of the extortion of Sherifes, ſo that aſwell the receyuer, as the gy|uer of brybes was puniſhable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. Reg. 43.

[...]mbaſſadors [...]t to the coũ+ [...]l at Cam| [...]ey.

The biſhops of Worceſter and Lincoln, with the Earles of Norffolke and Leyceſter, were ſent ouer in Ambaſſade vnto a Councell holden at Cambrey, for a league and peace to be concluded betwixt the kingdomes of England and France, and alſo the Empire: but bycauſe the French K. looked to haue the king of England there, when he heard that the ſame king came not, he alſo ſtayed at home, and ſo no concluſion followed at that aſſemble.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]n Coũteſſe [...] Pembroke.Ioan Counteſſe of Pembrooke, the wife of William de Valence the kings halfe brother, de|maunded hir right of dower, in ſuch landes as be|longed to hir by title of inheritance. At length ſhe had to the value of fiue hundred markes aſſigned to hir of the ſame landes, notwithſtanding hir he|ritage amounted to the ſumme of a thouſande markes and aboue of yearely reuenues, but for that ſhe ſhoulde not ayde hir huſbande with part thereof, the one halfe was thought ſufficient for hir maintenance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Aduent next enſuing, ſhee went ouer vnto hir huſband, either for the deſire ſhee had to enioy his perſonall preſẽce, or for that ſhe thought hirſelfe not wel dealt with, to be abridged of thoſe reuenues, which by right of inheritance were hir owne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] great tem| [...]ſt of light| [...]g and [...]nder.In the firſt night of December, there chaunced a maruelous ſore tempeſt of lightning and thun|der, with mightie windes and raine, as a token and ſigne of the troubles that after followed, the more noted, for that thunder in the winter ſeaſon is not commonly heard of.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Guy de Rochford a Poictouin, to whom about two yeares before the king had giuen the Caſtell of Rocheſter, was now vaniſhed the realme,Guy de Roch|ford baniſhed. and depriued of all that he held within this lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About this ſeaſon, there roſe great variance amongſt the ſcholers of Oxford,Variance and debate betwixt the ſtudents of Oxford. being of ſundrie Countreys, as Scottiſh men, Welchmen. Nor|thren men, and Southren men: they fel ſo farre at ſquare, that they raiſed Baners one againſt ano|ther, and fought togither, inſomuch that diuerſe were ſlaine, and many hurt on both parties. The Welchmen this yere notwithſtanding their good ſucceſſe had in theſe late warres, conſidered with themſelues, that if the Barons of Englande did once ioyne in one knot of friendſhip, they would with maine force eaſily ſubdue them,The Welch|men ſeeke to agree with the king. wherefore to preuent that which might chaunce vnto them by ſtubburne reſiſtance, they made ſuyte to be re|ceyued into the kings peace, offring to giue vnto him the ſumme of foure .M. Markes, and to his ſon the Lorde Edward three .C. markes, and to the Queene two .C. marks. The king yet would not accept thoſe offers, and ſo the matter depen|ded in doubtfull balance a certaine time. The Welchmen in the meane ſeaſon attempted not any exployte, but rather ſate ſtill in hope to come at length to ſome reaſonable agreement.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Monkes of Wincheſter meaning to pro|uide themſelues of a biſhop, now that Athelmare aliàs Odomare the kings halfe brother was ba|niſhed the realme,Henrie de Wingham e|lected Biſhop of W [...]eſte [...] elected one Henrie de Winghã the kings Chancellor, in hope that the K. would be contented with his election, and ſo he was, but yet condicionally, that if the Pope woulde allow his ſayde halfe brother for Biſhop, then ſhoulde the other giue place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 About the feaſt of Saint Hillarie, when know|ledge was giuen that king Richarde of Almain ment to returne into Englande,

1259

Ambaſſadours ſent to the K. of Almaine.

there were ſent ouer vnto him the Biſhop of Worceſter, the Ab|bot of Saint Edmondeſburie, Peter de Sanoy, and Iohn Manſell, as Ambaſſadours from the Baronage and comunaltie of the Realme, to re|quire [figure appears here on page 755] EEBO page image 756 of him an othe, to ſtand vnto, and obey the ordinances of the late Parliament holden at Ox|ford: when the ſayde Ambaſſadors come before his preſence, and declared to him the effect of their meſſage, he behelde them with a ſterne looke, and frowning coũtenance, ſaying, & bynding it with an othe, that he would neither be ſworne, nor kepe any ſuch ordinances as had bene made withoute his conſent;His proteſta|tion of their demaunde. neyther woulde hee make them of counſail how long his purpoſe was to ſtay with|in the realme, which the Ambaſſadours required alſo to vnderſtande. Herevnto he further added, that he had no peere in Englande, for he was the ſon of the deceaſed king, and brother of the king that now raigned, and alſo Earle of Cornwall, and therefore if the Barons of England ment to reforme the ſtate of the kingdome, their duetie had beene firſt to haue ſent for him, and not to haue, proceeded ſo preſumptuouſly in ſuche a weightie cauſe, without his preſence or conſent. When one of the Ambaſſadors was aboute to haue made anſwere ſomewhat roundly, and alſo [...]yppingly vnto this ſpeeche vttered by the King of Almaine, he was ſtayed by one of his aſſocia|tes. And ſo the Ambaſſadours vnderſtanding his minde, returned with all conuenient ſpeede. The king of Almaine had aſſembled a great hoſte of men on the further ſide the Sea, meaning wyth all expedition to haue paſſed hither into Eng|land: but when he had aduertiſement giuen that there was a power rayſed in Englande, and be|ſtowed both by ſea and lande to reſiſt him,He chaungeth his purpoſe and commeth ouer into Eng|lande. he chaunged his purpoſe by aduiſe of his friendes ſo that he conſented to receyue ſuche maner othe as the Barons required, and herewith taking the Sea, he arriued at Douer on Saint Iulians day with his owne houſeholde ſeruants, bringing with him no trayne of ſtraungers, except onely two Earles of Almaine, whiche brought with them but onely three knightes, and hee himſelfe had but .viij. knightes: his brother King Henrie was readie to receyue him, and brought him from Douer vnto Canterburie, for neyther of them was ſuffered to enter into the Caſtell of Douer, the Lords hauing them in a iealouſie, leaſt they ſhoulde bee about to breake the ordinances which were concluded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He receyueth an othe not to infringe the ſtatutes of Oxforde.On the Morow after, the king of Almaine re|ceiued the othe in the preſence of Richard Erle of Glouceſter and others, within the Chapter houſe of Cãterburie. And on the day of the Purification of our Ladie, the two kings with their Queenes and a great number of other noble perſonages, made their entrie into the Citie of London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the Octaues of the ſayd Purification, the Parliament began at Lõdon,A Parliament. to the which came the Earle of Leyceſter from the parties of be|yond the ſea where he had for a certaine time re|mayned. There came alſo on Ambaſſador from the French king, one that was deane of Bu [...] [figure appears here on page 756] and ſo there was an earneſt treatie had touching a peace to be concluded betwixt the two kings of Englande and Fraunce,A p [...] cl [...] up [...] betw [...] kings o [...] land & [...] which on the day of Saint Valentine was accorded, and put in Ar|ticles with condition that the ſame ſhould remain firme and ſtable, if the kings would aſſent to that which had beene talked of and agreed vppon by theyr ſpeciall and ſolemne agentes. For the fur|ther perfecting of this agreement and ſmall peace betwixt the kings of England and Fraunce, a|bout the beginning of Aprill, the Earles of Glou|ceſter and Leyceſter, Iohn Mancel, Peter de Sa|uoy, and Robert Valerane were ſent ouer into Fraunce, hauing with them letters of credence to conclude in all matters as had beene talked of by theyr agentes.The C [...] of Ley [...] But when the Counteſſe of Leyceſter would not conſent to quiſeclayme and releaſe hir right in ſuch parcels of Normandie is belonged to hir, which king Henrie had couenan|ted with the reſidue to reſigne vnto the Frenche king,Co [...] twi [...] th [...] of Glo [...] and Ley [...] the Earle of Glouceſter fell at wordes with the Earle of Leyceſter, aboute the ſtubborne de|meanor whiche his wife ſhewed in that matter, and ſo by reaſon that eyther of them ſtood at de|fiance with the other (although by meane of friendes they ſtayed from further inconuenience) they returned back without cõcluding any thing in that whereabout they were ſent.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame time there was a certaine manſion houſe by waye of deuotion giuen vnto the Friers that are called Preachers within the towne of Dunſtable,The Fr [...] preachers [...]+gin to i [...] at D [...] ſo that certaine of the thru|ſting themſelues in there, began to inhabit in that place, to the great anno [...]ance of the Prior & Con| [...] of Dunſtable, and as it were by the example of the other order called Minors (which in the laſt preceeding yeare, at Saint Edmondeſburie in Suffolke had practiſed the like matter agaynſt the willes of the Abbot and Conuent there) they beganne to [...]ylo [...] ryght ſumptuous houſes, EEBO page image 757 ſo that in the eyes of the beholders ſuch [...]gea|ble wordes of building ſo ſodenly aduanced by them that profeſſed voluntarie pouertie, [...]ed no ſmall wo [...] The ſayde Friers [...]y [...]ing them a E [...]a [...] with all ſpeede, and ſetting vp an a [...]|ter immediately beganne to celebrate diuine ſer|uice, [figure appears here on page 757] not once ſtaying for the purchaſe of any ly|cence. And ſo buylding from day to day, they ob|teyned great ayde of ſuch as inhabited neare vn|to them, of whome the Prior and Conuent ought to haue receyued the reuenues that were nowe conuerted to bee employed on the ſayde Friers towardes theyr maintenance. [...]e Monkes [...]dted by [...] comming [...]he Friers. And thus by howe much the more theyr houſe encreaſed by ſo muche the more did the Prior and conuent de|creaſe in ſubſtance and poſſeſſions: for the rentes whiche they were accuſtomed to receyue of the Meſſuages and houſes gyuen to the Friers were loſt, and likewiſe the offerings (which were wont to come to their handes nowe theſe Friers new|ly being entred by occaſion of their preachings, vſurped to themſelues.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Richarde Gray Coneſtable of the Caſtell of Douer, and Lord Warden of the fiue portes was this yeare remoued by the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice, [...]hard Gray [...]harged of [...]fice of [...]d Warden. Hugh Bygod, who tooke into his owne handes the cuſtodie of the ſayd Caſtell and portes. The cauſe why the ſayd Richard Gray was diſchar|ged, we finde to haue fallen out by this meanes. He ſuffered a Frier minor called Walaſcho, [...]ſcho a [...] ſent frõ Pope. cõ|ming from the Pope, (bycauſe he had the kings letters vnder the great ſeale) to enter the land, not ſtaying him, nor warning the Lordes of his cõ|ming, cõtrary (as it was interpreted) vnto the ar|ticles of their prouiſiõs enacted at Oxford. This Frier in deed was ſent from the Pope to haue re|ſtored, Athilmarus or Odomarus, as ſome write him, the kings halfe brother, vnto the poſſeſſions of the Biſhoprike of Wincheſter, to the which he had bene long before elected: but the Lordes were ſo bent agaynſt him, that vpon ſuch ſuggeſtions as they layde forth, Walaſcho refrayned from doing that which he had in commaundement, & returned to make report what he vnderſtand, ſo that Odomare was nowe as farre from his pur|poſe as before.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the feaſt of Saint Michael,The Biſhop of Bangor ſent frõ the Prince of Wales to king Henrie. the Biſhop of Bangor was ſent from Llewellin Prince of Wales vnto the King of Englande, to make of|fer on the behalfe of the ſayd Llewellin and other the Lordes of Wales, of .xvj. thouſande poundes of ſiluer for a peace to be had betwixt the king & them, and that they might come to Cheſter,The Welchmẽ offer to reſort vnto Cheſter. and there haue their matters heard & determined, as in time paſt they had bene accuſtomed. But what anſwere at his returne was giuen to this Biſhop by the king and his nobles it is vncertaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the .xliiij. of king Henries raigne, the Fri|day following the feaſt of Simon and Iude,

An. reg. 44.

A Parliament.

in Parliament holden at Weſtminſter, were read in preſence of all the Lordes and commons, the actes and ordinaunces made in the Parliament holden at Oxford,The ſtatutes of Oxford read, and the brea|kers of the ſame denoun|ced accurſed. with certaine other articles by the gouernours there vnto added and annexed. After the reading wherof the Archbiſhop of Can|terburie being reueſted with his Suffraganes to the number of .ix. Biſhops beſides Abbots and o|thers, denounced al them accurſed that attempted in word or deed to breade the ſayd ſtatutes, or a|ny of them. In the ſame Parliament was gran|ted to the King a taſke called Scutagium, Eſcuage graunted. or eſcu|age, yt is to meane .xl. ſhillings of euery knights ſee throughout England, the which extended to a great ſumme of money. For as diuers writers do agree,Knights fees how manye were then in Englande. there were in Englande at that time in poſſeſſion of the ſpiritualtie and temporaltie be|yond .xl. thouſand knightes fees, but almoſt halfe of them were in ſpirituall mens hands.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 758

Fabian.

A Folkemore.

The [...] day of Nouember the king came vnto Paules, where by his cõmaundement was the Folkemote Court aſſembled, and the king ac|cording to the former ordinances made,The king aſ|keth licence to paſſe the ſeas. aſked li|cence of the comunaltie of the Citie to paſſe the ſea, and promiſed there in the preſence of a greate multitude of people, by the mouth of Hugh By|god hys chiefe Iuſtice, to be good and gracious Lorde vnto the Citie, and to mainteyne the ly|bertyes thereof vnhurt. Herewith the people for ioy made a great ſhoute.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Mat. VVeſt.

The king ſay|leth ouer into Fraunce.

The .viij. day of Nouember hee rode through the Citie towards the ſea ſyde, and vpon the xiij. day of Nouember, he tooke the ſea at Douer and arriued at Whitſand, and ſo from thence hee rode vnto Paris, where of the french king he was moſt honorably receyued. The cauſe of his going ouer was chiefly to conclude ſome aſſured peace with the French king, that he ſhould not need to doubt any forraine enimies, if he ſhould come to haue warre with his owne people, wherof he ſaw great likelihoodes,

1260

He cõpoũdeth all differences with the Frẽch king.

and therefore he made ſuche a|greement with king Lewes (as in the French hi|ſtorie more at large appeareth) which (to be ſhort) I here omit.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This one thing is here to be noted, that beſi|des the money which king Henrie had in hande, amoũting to the ſumme of an hundred fiftie .M. Crownes for his reſignation then made vnto Normandie, Aniou and Maine, it was accor|ded,Polidor. that he ſhould receyue yearely in name of a trybute the ſumme of ten thouſand crownes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nic. Triuet. VVil. Riſang.Other write that he had three hundred thou|ſande poundes of ſmall Turon money, which he receyued in readie payment, and was promiſed reſtitution of landes to the value of .xx. thouſand pounds of yearely rent. And that after the deceaſe of the French, king that then was,Mat. VVeſt. the Countrey of Poictou ſhould returne vnto the Engliſh do|minion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Some write that immediately after King Henrie had concluded this agreement, hee began to repent himſelfe thereof, and would neuer re|ceyue penie of the money, nor leaue oute in hys ſtile the tytle of Duke of Normandie. But it is rather to be thought that ſuch an agreement was at poynt to haue beene concluded, or at the leaſt wiſe was had in talke, but yet neuer conclu|ded nor confirmed with handes and Seales as it ought to haue beene, if they had gone through with it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Diſſention be|twixt Prince Edwarde and the Erle of Glouceſter.In the meane time that king Henry was thus occupied in Fraunce, diſſention fell in Englande betwene prince Edward & Richard Erle of Glo|ceſter, for the appeaſing whereof a Parliament was called at Weſtminſter, to yt which the lords came with great companies, & ſpecially the ſaide Prince and Erle. They intended to haue lodged within the Citie: But the Maior going vnto the Biſhop of Worceſter, to ſir Hugh Bigot, and to ſir Philip Baſſet, (vnto whom, and to the Arche|biſhop of Canterburie, the king had committed the rule of the lãd in his abſence) required to know their pleaſure herein. Wherevpon they thought it good to haue the aduice of Richarde the king of Almaine, and therevpon went to him, where they concluded,P [...] and the [...] of G [...] are not [...] to co [...] [...] in the C [...] of L [...] that neither the ſayde Prince nor Erle nor any of their partakers ſhoulde come within the Citie, the gates whereof were by the Maiors appointment cloſed and kept with watche and warde doth day and night.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Soone after alſo for the more ſafegarde of the Citie, and ſure keeping of the peace, the king of Almaine with the ſayd ſir Hugh, and ſir Philip came and lodged in the Citie with their compa|nies, and ſuche other as they woulde aſſigne to ſtrengthen the citie if need required.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Shortly after the king returned out of France,The king [...]+turneth in England. and about the feaſt of S. Marke came to Lon|don, and lodged in the Biſhops Palace.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bycauſe of tumors that were ſpred abroade ſounding to ſome euill meaning, whiche Prince Edward ſhould haue agaynſt his father, the king brought ouer with him a great power of men of armes ſtraungers, howbeit he brought them not into the Citie, but left them beyond the bridge [...]n the parties of Surrey, but he being entred ye citie, ſo kept the gates & entries, that none was permit|ted to enter, but ſuch as came in by his ſufferance. The Erle of Glouceſter by his appoyntment alſo was lodged within the Citie, and the Prince [...] the Palace at Weſtminſter. And ſhortly after by the kings commaundement, hee remoued to S. Iohns, & all the other Lordes were lodged with|out the citie, and the king of Almaines remoued againe to Weſtminſter. In which time a direc|tion was taken betweene the ſayde partyes, and a newe aſſembly and Parliament aſſigned to bee kept in the quindene of Saint Iohn Bap|tyſt, and after deferred or proroged tyll the feaſt of Saint Edwarde, at the which tyme al things were pacifyed for a tyme, but ſo as the Earle of Glouceſter was put beſyde the rowmth whiche hee had amongeſt other the Peeres,The E [...] Gloceſ [...] feder [...] ſelf w [...] Earle of [...]+ceſter. and ſo then hee ioyned in friendſhippe with the Earle of Ley|ceſter, as it were by way of confederacie againſt the reſidue, and yet in this laſt contention, the ſayde Earle of Leyceſter tooke parte wyth the Prin