The Holinshed Project

Holinshed Project Home

The Texts

Previous | Next

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Notwithstanding all this, K. William sought to tame & vanquish those of the English Nobilitie, who would not be at his becke. They againe on the other side made themselues strong, the better to resist him, choosing for their chéefe capteines and leaders, the earles Edwine & Edgar Etheling, who valiantlie resisted the Normans, and slue many of them with great rage and crueltie. And as they thus procéeded in their matters, king William being a politike prince, forward and painefull in his businesse, suffe|red them not altogither to escape cléere awaie, but did sore annoy and put them off to remediles losses, though he abode in the meane time many laborious iournies, slaughters of his people, and damages of his person. Herevpon the English Nobilitie euer after, yea in time of peace, were hated of the king and his Normans, and at length were kept so short, that being mooued partlie with disdaine, and partlie with dread, Polydor. Anno Reg. 2. Matth. Paris. Matth. West. Diuers of the English No|bilitie forsake their natiue countrie. they got them out of the realme, some into Scotland, some into Denmarke, others into Norway; and among these, the two earles Edwine and Marchar, with certeine bishops & others of the cleargie, besides manie also of the temporaltie, es|caped into Scotland. Marleswine & Gospatricke, with a great number of other the Nobles of Nor|thumberland, Edgar Ethling with his mother A|gatha, and his sisters Christine and Margaret, chan|ced also to be driuen into Scotland by tempest, as they sailed towards the coasts of Germanie, purpo|sing to haue returned into Hungarie, where the said Edgar was borne: howbeit being arriued in Scot|land, he found so friendlie entertainment there, that finallie Malcolme the third then king of that realme, tooke his sister Margaret to wife, and Christine be|came a nunne, as in the Scotish chronicles more plainelie dooth appéere. Polydor. King William héereby per|ceiuing daily how vnwilling the Englishmen were to be vnder his obeisance, was in feare of rebellious commotions; and therfore to subdue them the better, he builded foure castels,Two at York, wherein he left fiue hun|dred men in garrison. Simon Dun. one at Notingham, another at Lincolne, the third at Yorke, and the fourth néere vnto Hastings, where he landed at his first com|ming into England.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Moreouer, to reduce the English people the sooner vnto obedience and awe, he tooke from them all their armour and weapons.The Conque|ror taketh frõ the English|men their ar|mour. He ordeined also that the maister of euerie houshold about eight of the clocke in the euening, should cause his fire to be raked vp in a [...]hes, his lights to be put out, and then go to bed. Besides this, to the end that euerie man might haue knowledge of the houre to go to rest, he gaue order, that in all cities, townes, and villages, where anie church was, there should a bell be roong at the said houre, which custome is still vsed euen vnto this daie, and commonlie called by the French word, Couer few first instituted. Couer few, that is, Rake vp the fier.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 This yeare on Whitsunday, Maud the wife of king William was crowned Queene by Acldred archbishop of Yorke. Matth. We [...]. The same yeare also was Hen|rie his sonne borne here in England: for his other two sonnes Robert and William were borne in Normandie,Edmund the great. before he had conquered this land. About the same time also, Goodwine and Edmund surna|med the great, the sonnes of K. Harold, came from Ireland, and landing in Somersetshire, fought with Adriothus that had béene maister of their fathers horsses, whom they [...]ue, with a great number of o|thers; and so hauing gotten this victorie, returned into Ireland, from whence they came with a great bootie which they tooke in their returne out of Corne|wall, Deuonshire, and other places thereabouts. In like maner, Excester did as then rebell, and like|wise the countrie of Northumberland, wherevpon the king appointed one of his capteines named Robert Cumin, Wil. Mal [...] Simon Dun. a right noble personage (but more valiant than circumspect) to go against the northerne people with a part of his armie, whilest he himselfe and the other part went to subdue them of Excester: where, at his comming before the citie, the citizens prepared themselues to defend their gates and wals: but after he began to make his approch to assaile them, part of the citizens repenting their foolish at|tempts, opened the gates, and suffered him to enter. Thus hauing subdued them of Excester, he greeuous|lie punished the chéefe offendors. But the countesse Gita, the sister of Sweine K. of Denmarke, and sometime wife to earle Goodwine, and mother to the last K. Harold, with diuers other that were got in|to that citie, found meanes to flie, and so escaped ouer into Flanders. King William hauing passed his businesse in such wise in Deuonshire, hasted backe towards Yorke, being aduertised in the waie, that the Northumbers hauing knowledge by their spials, that Robert generall of the Normans being come to Durham, did not so diligentlie cause watch and ward to be kept about the towne in the night season as was requisite, did set vpon him about midnight, & slue the same Robert with all his companie,This chaun|ced the 28. of Ianuarie on a wednesday. Polydor. so that of seauen hundred which he brought with him, there was but one that escaped to bring tidings to the king their souereigne.

Previous | Next