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14.3. Richard the second.

Richard the second.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 _EDmund Mortimer earle 1381 The earle of March the kings lieu|tenant. 1383 of March & Ulster was made the kings lieutenant in Ire|land. In the yeare 1383 a great mortalitie reigned in that countrie. This was cal|led the fourth pestilence. In the yéere 1385 Dublin bridge 1385 fell. Beside Edmund Mortimer earle of March, Campion affirmeth, that in this Richard the seconds daies, there are iustices and lieutenants of Ireland speciallie recorded; Roger Mortimer sonne to the said Edmund, Philip Courtneie the kings cousine, Iames earle of Ormond, and Robert Uere earle of Oxford, marquesse of Dublin lord chamberleine, who was also created duke of Ireland by parlement, and was credited with the whole dominion of the realme by grant for tearme of life, without paieng anie thing therefore, passing all writs, and placing all officers, as chancellor, treasuror, chiefe iustice, ad|merall, his owne lieutenant, and other inferiour charges vnder his owne Teste. In the yeare 1390, 1390 Robert de Wikeford archbishop of Dublin depar|ted this life, and the same yeare was Robert Wal|debie translated vnto the archbishop of Dublin an Augustine frier.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 In the yeare 1394, king Richard sore afflicted and 1394 king Richard goeth ouer in|to Ireland. troubled in mind with sorrow for the decease of his wife quéene Anne, that departed this life at Whit|suntide last past, not able without teares to behold his palaces and chambers of estate, that represented vnto him the solace past, & doubled his sorrow, sought some occasion of businesse: and now about Michael|mas passed ouer into Ireland, where diuerse lords and princes of Ulster renewed their homages, & pla|cing Roger Mortimer erle of March his lieutenant, returned about Shrouetide. In the yeare 1397, Ri|chard Roger Mor| [...]er lord lieutenant. Thom. Wals. de Northalis archbishop of Dublin departed this life, that was the same yeare from another see remooued thither: he was a frier of the order of the 1397 Carmelites.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The same yeare Thomas de Craulie was chosen and consecrated archbishop of Dublin. Also sir Tho|mas de Burgh, and sir Walter de Birmingham, Six hundred [...]shmen [...]e. slue six hundred Irishmen, with their capteine Mac|downe. Moreouer, Edmund earle of March lord de|putie of Ireland, with the aid of the erle of Ormond, wasted the countrie of an Irish lord called Obren, and at the winning of his chiefe house he made se|uen knights, to wit, sir Christopher Preston, sir Iohn Bedlow, sir Edmund Londores, sir Iohn Lon|dores, sir William Nugent, Walter de la Hide, and Robert Cadell. But after this it chanced, that on the Ascension daie, certeine Irishmen [...]ue fortie Eng|lishmen: and among them these were accounted as principall, Iohn Fitzwilliams, Thomas Talbot, and Thomas Cambrie. But shortlie after Roger Morti|mer earle of March and Ulster the kings lieutenant was slaine, with diuerse other, by Obren and other Irishmen of Leinster at Kenlis. Then was Roger Roger Gr [...]e lord iustice of Ireland. Greie elected Lord iustice of Ireland.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 The same yeare on the feast daie of saint Marke the pope, the duke of Surreie landed in Ireland, and with him came sir Thomas Craulie the archbishop of Dublin. King Richard informed of the vnrulie parts and rebellious sturres of the Irishmen, min|ded 1398 King Richard passeth the se|cond time o|uer into Ire|land. to appease the same; and speciallie to reuenge the death of the earle of March: wherevpon with a na|uie of two hundred sails he passed ouer into Ireland, and landed at Waterford on a sundaie, being the morrow after saint Petronilla the virgins day. The fridaie after his arriuall at Ford in Kenlis within the towne of Kildare, there were slaine two hundred Irishmen by Ienicho de Artois a Gascoigne, and such Englishmen as he had with him: and the mor|row after, the citizens of Dublin brake into the countrie of Obren, slue thirtie & thrée of the enimies, and tooke fourescore men with children.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 The fourth kalends of Iulie, king Richard came The king commeth t [...] Dublin. to Dublin, and remained there for a time; during the which diuerse lords and princes of the countrie came in and submitted themselues vnto him, by whome they were courteouslie vsed, and trained to honoura|ble demeanor and ciuilitie, as much as the shortnes Sée more hereof [...] England. of time would permit, as in the English historie you maie find set foorth more at large. Whilest king Ri|chard thus laie in Dublin to reduce Ireland into due subiection, he was aduertised that Henrie duke of Lancaster, that latelie before had béene banished, was returned, & ment to bereaue him of the crowne. The sonne of which duke, togither with the duke of Glocesters sonne, the king shut vp within the castell of Trim, and then taking the seas, he returned and landed in Wales, where he found his defense so weake, and vnsure, that finallie he came into his ad|uersaries hands, and was deposed by authoritie of parlement, and then was the said duke of Lancaster admitted to reigne in his place.

14.4. Henrie the fourth.

Henrie the fourth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 _AT Whitsuntide in the 1400 yeare 1400, which was the first yeare of the reigne of Henrie the fourth, the cone|stable of Dublin castell, and diuerse other at Stanford in Ulster, fought by sea with Scots, where manie Eng|lishmen were slaine and drowned. In the second 1401 Sir Iohn Stanie [...]e lord lieutenant. yeare of king Henrie the fourth, sir Iohn Stanleie the kings lieutenant in Ireland returned into Eng|land, leauing his vnder lieutenant there sir Willi|am Stanleie. The same yeare on Bartholomew Sir Steph [...] Scroope. [...]uen, sir Stephan Scroope, deputie vnto the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings brother, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, arriued there to supplie the r [...]e of Alexander bishop of Meth, that exercised the same office vnder the said lord Thomas of Lan|caster, before the comming of this sir Stephan Scroope; which sir Stephan for his violence and ex [...]or|tion before time vsed in the same office vnder king Richard, was [...]re cried out vpon by the voices of th [...] EEBO page image 74 poore people, insomuch that the ladie his wife hearing of such exclamations, would in no wise continue with him there, except he would receiue a solemne oth on the bible, that wittinglie he should wrong no christian creature in that land, but dulie and trulie he should sée paiment made for all expenses: and hereof (she said) she had made a vow to Christ so de|terminatlie, that vnlesse it were on his part firmclie promised, she could not without perill of soule go with him. Hir husband assented and accomplished hir request effectuallie, recouered a good opinion for his vpright deling, reformed his caters & purueiors, inriched the countrie, mainteined a plentifull house, remission of great offenses, remedies for persons indangered to the prince, pardons of lands and liues he granted so charitablie and so discréetlie, that his name was neuer recited among them without ma|nie blessings and praiers, and so chéerefullie they were readie to serue him against the Irish vpon all necessarie occasions. The lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, ar|riued the same yeare at Dublin, vpon saint Brices daie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 The maior of Dublin Iohn Drake, with a band of his citizens neere to Bre, slue foure thousand of The Irish o|uerthrowne by the maior of Dublin. the Irish outlawes (as Campion noteth out of the records of Christs church) but Marlburrow speaketh onelie of 493, and these being all men of warre. The verie same daie that this victorie was atchiued, to wit, the eleuenth day of Iulie, the church of the friers prechers of Dublin was dedicated by the archbishop of that citie. The same yeare in September, a parle|ment was holden at Dublin, during the which in Urgile sir Bartholomew Uerdon knight, Iames White, Stephan Gernon, and other their complices, slue the shiriffe of Louth Iohn Dowdall. In the yere 1403, in Maie, sir Walter Betterleie steward of 1403 Ulster, a right valiant knight was slaine, and to the number of thirtie other with him. The same yeare about the feast of saint Martin, the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne returned into England leauing the lord Stephan Scroope his deputie there: who also in the beginning of Lent sailed ouer into Stephan Scroope. England, and then the lords of the land chose the earle of Ormond to be lord iustice. The earle of Ormond lord [...]. 1404 The archbi|shop of Ir|magh de|ceased.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 In the fift yere of Henrie the fourth, Iohn Colton archbishop of Armagh the seuen & twentith of Aprill departed this life, vnto whom Nicholas Stoning suc|céeded. The same yeare on the daie of saint Uitale the martyr, the parlement of Dublin began before the earle of Ormond then lord iustice of Ireland, where the statutes of Kilkennie and Dublin were confirmed, and likewise the charter of Ireland. In the sixt yeare of Henrie the fourth, in the moneth of 1405 Maie, thrée Scotish barks were taken, two at Green castell, and one at Alkeie, with capteine Macgolagh. The same yeare the merchants of Brodagh entered Scotland, and tooke preies and pledges. Also on the éeuen of the feast day of the seuen brethren, Oghgard was burnt by the Irish. And in Iune sir Stephan Scroope that was come againe into Ireland, retur|ned estsoones into England, leauing the earle of Ormond lord iustice of Ireland. About the same time they of Dublin entered Scotland at saint Ni|nian, and valiantlie behaued themselues against the The citizens of Dublin in|uade Scot|land. They inuade waies. enimies, and after crossing the seas, directed their course into Wales, and did much hurt to the Welsh|men, bringing from thense the shrine of saint Cu|bins, & placed it in the church of the Trinitie in Dub|lin. Iames Butler earle of Ormond died at Bali|gam, whilest he was lord iustice, vnto whom succee|ded The earle of Ormond de|ceased. Gerald earle of Kildare.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 In the seuenth yeare of king Henrie on Corpus Christi day, the citizens of Dublin with the countrie people about them, manfullie vanquished the Irish enimies, and slue diuerse of them, and tooke two en|signes or standards, bringing with them to Dublin the heads of those whom they had slaine. The same yeare the prior of Conall, in the plaine of Kildare, fought manfullie with the Irish, & vanquished two hundred that were well armed, slaieng part of them, and chasing the residue out of the field, and the prior had not with him past the number of twentie Eng|lishmen: but God (as saith mine author) assisted those Hen. Ma [...]. that put their trust in him. The same yeare after Mi|chaelmas, Stephan Scroope deputie iustice to the lord Thomas of Lancaster the kings sonne, and his lieutenant of Ireland, came againe ouer into Ire|land. And in the feast of saint Hilarie was a parle|ment A parlement at Dublin. holden at Dublin, which in Lent after was ended at Trim. And Meiler de Birmingham slue Cathole Oconhur about the end of Februarie. In the yere 1407, a certeine false and heathenish wretch an Irishman, named Mac Adam Mac Gilmore, 1407 that had caused fortie churches to be destroied, as he that was neuer christened, and therefore called Cor|bi, chanced to take prisoner one Patrike Sauage, Corbi what [...] signifieth. and receiued for his ransome two thousand markes, though afterwards he slue him, togither with his brother Richard.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 The same yeare in the feast of the exaltation of the crosse, Stephan Scroope deputie to the lord Thomas of Lancaster, with the earles of Ormond and Des|mond, and the prior of Kilmainan, and diuerse other capteins and men of warre of Meth, set from Dub|lin, and inuaded the land of Mac Murch, where the Irish came into the field and skirmished with them, so as in the former part of the daie they put the Eng|lish power to the woorse; but at length the Irish were vanquished and chased, so that Onolan with his son and diuerse others were taken prisoners. But the English capteins aduertised here, that the Burkens and Okeroll in the countie of Kilkennie, had for the space of two daies togither doone much mischief, they rode with all spéed vnto the towne of Callan, and there incountering with the aduersaries, manfullie put them to flight, slue Okeroll, and eight hundred Okeroll slaine. others. There went a tale, and beleeued of manie, that the sunne stood still for a space that daie, till the Englishmen had ridden six miles: so much was it thought that God fauoured the English part in this enterprise, if we shall beléeue it.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 The same yeare the lord Stephan Scroope passed once againe ouer into England, and Iames But|ler earle of Ormond was elected by the countrie lord iustice of Ireland. In the dais of this K. Henrie the fourth, the inhabitants of Corke being sore afflic|ted with perpetuall oppressions of their Irish neigh|bors, complained themselues in a generall writing directed to the lord Rutland and Corke, the kings deputie there, and to the councell of the realme then assembled at Dublin: which letter because it ope|neth a window to behold the state of those parties, and of the whole realme of Ireland in those daies, we haue thought good to set downe here, as it hath béene enterd by Campion, according to the copie de|liuered to him by Francis Agard esquire, one of the queenes maiesties priuie councell in Ireland.

14.5. A letter from Corke out of an old record that beareth no date.

A letter from Corke out of an old record that beareth no date.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 _IT may please your wisedomes to haue pittie on vs the kings poore sub|iects within the countie of Corke, or else we are cast awaie for euer. For where there are in this countie these lords by name, beside EEBO page image 75 knights, esquiers, gentlemen, and yeomen, to a great number that might dispend yearelie eight hundred pounds, sixe hundred pounds, foure hun|dred pounds, two hundred pounds, one hundred pounds, an hundred markes, twentie markes, twen|tie pounds, ten pounds, some more, some lesse, to a great numbers, besides these lords. First the lord marques Caro, his yearelie reuenues was beside Dorseie hauen and other créekes, two thousand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Barneuale of Béerhauen, his yearelie reuenue was beside Bo|dre hauen and other créekes, one thousand six hun|dred pounds sterling. The lord Wogan of the great castell, his yearelie reuenue beside his hauens and I thinke ra|ther Gréene castell. créekes, thirtéene thousand pounds. The lord Bal|ram of Enfort, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and creekes, one thousand thrée hundred pounds sterling. The lord Curcie of Kelbretton, his yeare|lie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, one thou|sand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Man|deuile of Barenstellie, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and creekes, one thousand two hundred pounds sterling. The lord Arundell of the Strand, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, one thousand fiue hundred pounds sterling. The lord Barod of the gard, his yearelie reuenues beside hauens & créekes one thousand one hundred pounds sterling. The lord Steineie of Baltmore, his yearelie reuenue beside hauens and créekes, eight hundred pounds sterling. The lord Roch of Poole castell, his yearelie reuenues besides hauens and creekes, ten thousand pounds sterling. The kings maiestie hath the lands of the late yoong Barrie by forfeiture, the yearelie reuenue whereof, besides two riuers and créekes, and all other casualties, is one thousand eight hundred pounds sterling.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 And that at the end of this parlement, your lord|ship, with the kings most noble councell may come to Corke, & call before you all these lords, and other Irishmen, and bind them in paine of losse of life, lands and goods, that neuer one of them doo make warre vpon an other, without licence or comman|dement of you my lord deputie, and the kings coun|cell; for the vtter destruction of these parts is that onelie cause. And once all the Irishmen, and the kings enimies were driuen into a great vallie cal|led Clane onight, betwixt two great mounteines called Maccort, or the leprous Iland: and there they liued long and manie yeares with their white meat, till at the last these English lords fell at variance a|mong themselues, and then the weakest part tooke certeine Irishmen to take their part, and so vanqui|shed their enimies. And thus fell the English lords at warre among themselues, till the Irishmen were stronger than they, and draue them awaie, and now haue the countrie whole vnder them; but that the lord Roch, the lord Barrie, and the lord Curcie one|lie remaine with the least part of their ancestors pos|sessions: and yoong Barrie is there vpon the kings portion, paieng his grace neuer a pennie rent. Wherefore we the kings poore subiects of the citie of Corke, Kinsale, and Yoghall, desire your lordship to send hither two good iustices to sée this matter or|dred, and some English capteins with twentie Eng|lishmen that may be capteins ouer vs all: and we will rise with them to redresse these enormities all at our owne costs. And if you will not come nor send, we will send ouer to our liege lord the king, and complaine on you all. Thus far that letter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 And (as saith Campion) at this daie the citie of The citie of Corke. Corke is so incumbred with vnquiet neighbors of great power, that they are forced to gard their gates continuallie, & to kéepe them shut at seruice times, at meales, and from sun setting to sun rising, not suffering anie stranger to enter the towne with his weapon, but to leaue the same at a lodge appointed. They dare vnneth at anie time walke abroad far from the towne for their recreation, except at sea|sons; and then with strength of men furnished with armor and weapon for their safegard. They match in wedlocke among themselues, so that welnéere the whole citie is alied and ioined togither in consan|guinitie. But now to returne vnto the dooings of the earle of Ormond that was placed lord iustice in Scroops roome. We doo find that in the yeare 1408 1408 A parlement at Dublin. he called a parlement at Dublin, in which the sta|tutes of Kilkennie and Dublin were estsoones reui|ued, and certeine ordinances established vnder the great seale of England against purueiors. The same The lord Thomas of Lancaster commeth o [...]er into Ireland. yeare, the morrow after Lammas daie, the lord Thomas of Lancaster sonne to king Henrie the fourth, lord lieutenant of Ireland, landed at Car|lingford, and in the weeke following he came vnto Dublin, and put the earle of Kildare vnder arrest, comming to him with three of his familie. He lost all his goods, being spoiled & rifled by the lord lieute|nant his seruants, & himselfe kept still in prison in the castell of Dublin, till he had paid 300 marks fine.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 On the daie of saint Marcell the martyr decea|sed The lord Scroope de|ceaseth. the lord Stephan Scroope at Tristeldermot. The same yeare also was the lord Thomas of Lan|caster at Kilmainan wounded (I know not how) and vnneth escaped with life, and after caused sum|mons to be giuen by proclamation, that all such as ought by their tenures to serue the king, should as|semble at Rosse. And after the feast of saint Hila|rie, he held a parlement at Kilkennie for a tallage The lord Thomas re|turneth into England. to be granted. And after the thirtéenth of March, he returned into England, leauing the prior of Kilmai|nan for his deputie in Ireland. This yeare also Hugh Macgilmore was slaine in Cragfergus with|in the church of the friers minors, which church he had before destroied, and broken downe the glasse windowes to haue the iron bars, thorough which his enimies the Sauages entred vpon him. This yeare being in the tenth of Henrie the fourth, in Iune, Ianico de Artois with the Englishmen 1409 Iames de Artois. The sword giuen to the citie of Dub|lin. Bailiffes changed into shiriffes. slue foure score of the Irish in Ulster. This yeare king Henrie gaue the sword to the citie of Dublin, which citie was first gouerned (as appeareth by their ancient seale called Signum praepositurae) by a prouost: and in the thirtéenth of Henrie the third by a maior and two bailiffes, which were changed into shiriffes, by charter granted by Coward the sixt, 1547.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 This maioralitie, both for state and charge of office, and for bountifull hospitalitie, exceedeth anie citie in England, London excepted. In the yeare following, the one and twentith daie of Maie, a par|lement 1410 began at Dublin, which lasted thrée wéekes, the prior of Kilmainan sitting as lord iustice. The same yeare, the two and twentith of Iune, the same iustice tooke the castels of Mibraclide, Oferoll, and de la Mare. Ireland this yeare was sore afflicted for want of corne. The lord iustice entred into the land of Obren with 1500 Kernes, of which number eight A iournie made by the lord iustice. hundred reuolted to the Irish, so that if the power of Dublin had not beene there, it had gon euill with the lord iustice: and yet he escaped not without losse, for Iohn Derpatrike was slaine there. In the yeare 1411, mariages were celebrated among the no|bilitie in Ireland. William Preston maried the 1411 Mariages. daughter of Edward Paris, and Iohn Wogan matched with the eldest daughter of Christopher Pre|ston; and Walter de la Hide with the second daugh|ter of the same Christopher. In the yeare 1412, a|bout 1412 the feast of Tibertius and Ualerianus, which Oconthir. falleth on the tenth of Aprill, Oconthir did much mis|chiefe EEBO page image 76 in Meth, and tooke 160 Englishmen. The same yeare Odoles a knight, and Thomas Fitz|morice fought togither, and either slue other. The The bishop of Meth decea|seth. The death of king Henrie the fourth. foure & twentith of Maie, Robert Mounteine bi|shop of Meth departed this life, to whome succéeded Edward de Audiscie sometime archdecon of Corn|wall. This yeare on saint Cutberts daie king Hen|rie the fourth departed this life.

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