The Holinshed Project

Holinshed Project Home

The Texts

Previous | Next

3.10. Of Cassibellane and his noble mind, Iulius Caesar sendeth Caius Volusenus to [...]uey the coasts of this Iland, he lieth with his fleet at Calice, purposing to inuade the countrie, his attempt is be|wraied and withstood by the Britains. The tenth Chapter.

Of Cassibellane and his noble mind, Iulius Caesar sendeth Caius Volusenus to [...]uey the coasts of this Iland, he lieth with his fleet at Calice, purposing to inuade the countrie, his attempt is be|wraied and withstood by the Britains. The tenth Chapter.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 3 _GAssibellane the brother of Lud was admitted king of Britaine, in the yéere of the world 3908,Cassibel|lane. after the buil|ding of Rome 692, and be|fore the comming of Christ 58 complet.Gal. Mon. For sith the two sonnes of Lud were not of age able to gouerne,Matt. West. the rule of the land was com|mitted to Cassibellane:Fabian. but yet (as some haue writ|ten) he was not created king, but rather appointed ruler & protector of the land, during the nonage of his nephewes.Gal. Mon. Now after he was admitted (by whatsoe|uer order) to the administration of the common wealth, he became so noble a prince and so bounti|ous, that his name spred farre and néere, and by his vpright dealing in seeing iustice executed he grew in such estimation, that the Britaines made small ac|count of his nephewes, in comparison of the fauour which they bare towards him. But Cassibellane ha|uing respect to his honour, least it might be thought that his nephewes were expelled by him out of their rightfull possessions, brought them vp verie honou|rablie; assigning to Androgeus,Matt. West. London and Kent; and to Theomantius the countrie of Cornwall. Thus farre out of the British histories, whereby it maie be gathered, that the yéeres assigned to these kings that reigned before Cassibellane, amount to the summe of 1058.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 But whether these gouernors (whose names we haue recited) were kings,Polydor. or rather rulers of the com|mon wealth, or tyrants and vsurpers of the gouern|ment by force, it is vncerteine: for not one ancient writer of anie approued authoritie maketh anie re|membrance of them: and by that which Iulius Cesar writeth, it maie and dooth appéere, that diuerse cities in his daies were gouerned of themselues, as héere|after it shall more plainlie appéere. Neither doth he make mention of those townes which the British hi|stoie affirmeth to be built by the same kings. In déed both he and other Latine writers speake of di|uerse people that inhabited diuers portions of this land, as of the Brigantes, Trinobantes, Iceni, Si|lures, and such other like, but in what parts most of the said people did certeinlie inhabit, it is hard to auouch for certeine truth.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 But what Iohn Leland thinketh héereof, being one in our time that curiouslie searched out old antiqui|ties, you shall after heare as occasion serueth: and likewise the opinions of other,Hector Boeti|us his fault. as of Hector Boetius, who coueting to haue all such valiant acts as were atchiued by the Britains to be ascribed to his coun|triemen the Scots, draweth both the Silures and Brigantes, with other of the Britains so farre north|ward, that he maketh them inhabitants of the Sco|tish countries. And what particular names soeuer they had, yet were they all Scots with him, and knowne by that generall name (as he would per|suade vs to beléeue) saieng that they entred into Britaine out of Ireland 330 yéeres before the incar|nation of our Sauiour.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Neuerthelesse, how generall soeuer the name of Scots then was, sure it is, that no speciall men|tion EEBO page image 24 of them is made by anie writer, till about 300 yeares after the birth of our sauiour. And yet the Romans, which ruled this land, and had so much adoo with the people thereof, make mention of [...]i|uerse other people, nothing so famous as Boetius would make his Scotish men euen then to be. But to leaue to the Scots the antiquitie of their originall beginning, as they and other must doo vnto vs our descent from Brute and the other Troians, sith the contrarie dooth not plainelie appeare, vnlesse we shall leane vnto presumptions: now are we come to the time in the which what actes were atchiued, there remaineth more certeine record, and therefore may we the more boldlie procéed in this our historie.More certein|tie from hence forth appea|reth in the historie.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 In this season that Cassibellane had roiall gouern|ment héere in Britaine, Caius Iulius CesarIulius Cesar being appointed by the senat of Rome to conquer Gallia, was for that purpose created consull, and sent with a mightie army into the countrie, where after he had brought the Galles vnto some frame,Caesar de bello Gall. lib. 4. he determined to assaie the winning of Britaine,Britains vn|knowne to the Romans. which as yet the Romans knew not otherwise than by report. The chiefest cause that mooued him to take in hand that enterprise,Caesar de bello Gal. lib. 4. was for that he did vnderstand, that there dailie came great succours out of that Ile to those Galles that were enimies vnto the Romans.Causes of the warre. And though the season of that yéere to make warre was farre spent (for summer was almost at an end) yet he thought it would be to good purpose, if he might but passe ouer thither,Cesars pur|pose. and learne what maner of people did inhabit there, and discouer the places, ha|uens, and entries apperteining to that Ile.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 Héerevpon calling togither such merchants as he knew to haue had traffike thither with some trade of wares, he diligentlie inquired of them the state of the Ile: but he could not be throughlie satisfied in a|nie of those things that he coueted to know. There|fore thinking it good to vnderstand all things by view that might apperteine to the vse of that warre which he purposed to follow: before he attempted the same, he sent one Caius Uolusenus with a gallie or light pinesse to surucie the coasts of the Ile,Caius Uolu|senus sent o|uer into Bri|taine. commanding him (after diligent search made) to returne with spéed to him againe. He him selfe also drew downe|wards towards Bullenois, from whence the shortest cut lieth to passe ouer into Britaine.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 2 In that part of Gallia there was in those daies an hauen called Itius Portus (which some take to be Ca|lice)Iohn Leland. and so the word importeth,Polydor. an harbourgh as then able to receiue a great number of ships. Unto this hauen got Cesar all the ships he could out of the next borders & parties, and those speciallie which he had prouided and put in a readinesse the last yeare for the warres (against them of Uannes in Armo|rica, now called Britaine in France) he caused to be brought thither, there to lie till they should heare further.Uannes in Britane. In the meane time (his indeuour being knowne, and by merchants reported in Britaine) all such as were able to beare armour, were com|manded and appointed to repaire to the sea side, that they might be readie to defend their countrie in time of so great danger of inuasion.

Compare 1577 edition: 1 ¶Cesar in his commentaries agréeth not with our historiographers: for he writeth that immediatlie vpon knowledge had that he would inuade Bri|taine, there came to him ambassadours from diuers cities of the Ile to offer themselues to be subiects to the Romans, and to deliuer hostages. Whome af|ter he had exhorted to continue in their good mind, he sent home againe, and with them also one Co|mius gouernor of Artois,Comius. commanding him to repaire vnto as manie cities in Britaine as he might, and to exhort them to submit themselues to the Romans. He maketh no mention of Cassibel|lane, till the second iournie that he made into the Ile, at what time the said Cassibelane was chosen (as ye shall heare) to be the generall capteine of the Britains, and to haue the whole administration of the warre for defense of the countrie: but he nameth him not to be a king. Howbeit in the British histo|rie it is conteined, that Cesar required tribute of Cassibelane,Which is more likelie i [...] this behalfe, as appeared by the sequel. and that he answered how he had not learned as yet to liue in seruage, but to defend the libertie of his countrie, and that with weapon in hand (if néede were) as he should well perceiue, if (blinded through couetousnesse) he should aduenture to séeke to disquiet the Britains.

Previous | Next