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1.9. Edward the fyrſte.

EEBO page image 825

Edward the fyrſte.

[figure appears here on page 825]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4


An. reg. 1.

_EDVVARDE the firſte of that name after the Conqueſt, beganne hys reigne ouer the Realme of of Englande, [...]Vil. Hariſon [...] his chrono| [...]gie. the xvj. daye of Nouẽ|ber in the yere of the world, 5239. of our Lorde .1272. of the Saxons . [...]4. after the conqueſt 206. the vacation of the Empire after the deceaſſe of Frederike the the ſeconde as yet enduring (though ſhortly after in the yere next following, Radulf of Habſpurge was elected Emperor) in the third yeare of Phi|lippe the third as then reigning in Fraunce, and Alexander the thirde as yet lyuyng in gouer|nemente of the Scottiſhe Kyngdome. Thys Edwarde the firſt when his father dyed beyng a|boute the age of .xxxv. yeares olde, was as then in the holy lande, or rather in his iourney home|wards: but whereſoeuer he was at that preſent, the nobles of the [...]ãd after his father was departed this life,

[...]. VVeſt.

[...]vve Seale [...]de.

aſſembled at the new Tẽple in London, and cauſing a new ſcale to be made, they ordey|ned faithfull miniſters and officers, which ſhuld haue the treaſure in keeping, and the adminiſtra|tion of iuſtice for the mayntenaunce of peace and tranquilitie wythin the lande, and on the .xxij. daye of Nouember hee was proclaymed Kyng, [...] Dunſt. who after he had remained a time in the holy lãd, and perceyued himſelfe deſtitute of ſuche ayde as hee looked for at the handes bothe of the Chriſti|ans and Tartarians, [...]at. VV [...] he left in the Citie of Acon certayn ſtipendarie ſouldiers, and taking the ſea ſailed homewards,1273. arriuing firſt in Sicill, where of Charles Kyng of that lande hee was honora|bly receiued and conueyed, til he came vnto Ca [...]|ta Vecchia in Italy, where Pope Gregorye as then laye with his Courte, of whome as of his olde friende that had bene wyth hym in the holy land he obteined that Erle Aldebrandino Roffo, and Guy of Mountfort, that had murthered the Lord Henry, eldeſt ſonne to Richarde Kyng of Almain, might be ſent for. Earle Aldebrandino purged hymſelfe, [...]y de Mont| [...] exco [...]e. but Guye de Mountfort was excommunicate, as a violatour of the churche, a murderer and a Traytour, ſo as he was diſen|herited turn vnto the fourth generation, til he had reconciled hymſelfe to the church. After this it is wonderfull to remember with what great honor kyng Edward was receyued of the Cities, as he paſſed throughe the countreys of Tuſkayne and Lu [...]ldy. At his comming ouer the mountains at Eh [...]n in Burgundy, he was at a Iuſtes and tourny which then was there holden by the french men againſt the Engliſhmen, the honor wherof remained with the Engliſhmen. In this Tor|ney the fight of the footmen was greate: for the Engliſhemenne beeyng ſore prouoked, ſlewe manye of the Frenche footemenne, but bycauſe they were but raſkalles no greate accompte was made of them, for they were vnarmed, ga|ping for the ſpoyle of them that were ouerthro|wen. King Edward paſſing foorth came to the Frenche court, where of his couſin germayn king Phillippe, he was ioyfully receyued. Here King Edwarde doing homage to the Frenche Kyng for the landes whiche he ought to holde of hym in Fraunce, paſſed into Guyenne.

An. Reg. 2. Mat. VVeſt.

A diſme graun|ted to the king and his brother

A Tenthe of of the Clergye was graunted this yeare to the Kyng and to his brother Edmund Erle of Ley|ceſter and Lancaſter by the Popes appointment for two yeares, a chaplein of the Pope a Eaſcoin borne named Reymond being ſent into Englãd for that purpoſe, who gaue parte vnto them, and parte thereof he kept to himſelfe,1274 towardes hys charges, but the moſte parte was reſerued to the Popes diſpoſing. Whileſt the Kyng remained in Gaſcoigne he had ſomewhat to doe againſte certaine rebelles as Gaſton de Bierne, and other that were reuolted from hym. The Caſtelles be|longyng to the ſaide Gaſton, he ſubdued, but his perſon he coulde not meete with. Finally, after he had ſet order in things aſwell in Guyenne as in other places in the partes of beyonde the ſeas, he haſted homewards,

Nic. Triuet.

K. Edvvard his returne home.

and came to London the ſeconde daye of Auguſt, where he was receyued wyth all ioye that might be deuiſed. The ſtreetes were hanged wyth riche cloths of ſilke, arras, and tapeſtrie,Mat. VVeſt. the Aldermen and Burgeſſes of the ci|tie threwe out of theyr wyndows handfulles of golde and ſiluer, to ſignifye the greate gladneſſe which they had conceyued of his ſafe returne the Cundits ran plentifully wyth white wine & red, that eche treature myght drink his fill. Vpon the xix. day of Auguſte in this ſeconde yeare of hys raygne he was crowned at Weſtminſter, togy|ther with his wife Quene Elianor, by the hands of Robert Kilwarby Archbiſhop of Canterbury.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At this coronation were preſent Alexander Kyng of Scottes, and Iohn Earle of Britayn, with their wiues that were ſiſters to Kyng Ed|ward. The Kyng of Scots did homage vnto Kyng Edward for the Realme of Scotlande, in EEBO page image 786 like maner as other the kyngs of Scotlande; be|fore hym had done to other Kyngs of England auncetours to this Kyng Edwarde. At the ſo|lempnitie of this coronation there were let goe at libertie, catche them that catche myght, fiue hundred great horſes by the King of Scottes, the Erles of Cornwall,Caxton. Glouceſter, Pembroke, Warren, and others, as they were alighte be|ſide theyr backs. On ſaint Nicholas euen there chaunced ſuche an earthquake with lightning and thunder, and therewythall the appearing of the brẽning drake, and a blaſing ſtarre called a comete, that the people were brought into no ſmall feate vpon conſideration thereof. But nowe to the poynte of the hiſtorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Kyng Edward at the fyrſte like a prudente prince choſe foorth of the wyſeſt and worthyeſt men to be of his couſell, to purchaſe the loue of his ſubiects, whoſe myndes were ſomwhat of|fended towardes his father (by reaſon that he refuſed to keepe promiſe wyth them, touchyng the reſtitution of gentle and fauourable lawes) Kyng Edwarde ſhewed himſelfe ſo gentle to|wardes all degrees of men, that he ſeemed to excede the reaſonable bonds of curteous huma|nitie, muche more than became his royall eſtate. After this,


An. Reg. 3.

he reformed dyuers lawes and ſta|tutes, and deuiſed ſome new ordinãces, greatly for the wealthe of the realme. He helde his firſt Parliament at Weſtminſter,A parliament. where the ordi|nances were made, called the ſtatute of Weſt|minſter the firſt.The ſtatute of VVeſtminſter. The Prince of VVales Lle|vvellin. To this Parliament was the prince of Wales Lewelin ſummoned to come and doe his homage, hauing bin requeſted firſt to come to the kings coronation, but he refuſed, and nowe hauing ſummonance to come to this Parliament, he excuſed hymſelf, affirming that hee durſte not come for feare of certayne noble men that laye in wayte for his life, requiring to haue pledges deliuered for his ſafe comming and going, the Kyngs ſon, and Gilbert Earle of Glouceſter, with Robert Burnell the Lord Chauncellour. The Kyng was greatly offen|ded with ſuche a preſumptuous demaunde, but paſſed it ouer, till after the ende of the Parlia|ment,The king cõ|meth to Che|ſter. and then repairing to Cheſter he ſent eft|ſoones meſſengers to the ſaid Llewelin, requi|ring to come and doe his homage, but hee ſtill detracted time, ſo that in the ende the Kyng reyſed an armye, meanyng to recouer that by force, whiche otherwiſe he could not obteine by quiet meanes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the people payd a fifteenth to the Kyng of all theyr temporall goodes which was ſayde to be graunted firſte to his father.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Mat. VVeſt.

Bracton bishop of Hereforde departeth this lyfe.

The same yeare departed this life, Iohn Breton bishoppe of Hereford, who being very experte in the lawes of the lande, compiled a booke of the called le Breton. The eleuenth of September, a generall earthquake chaunced betwixt the first houre and thirde of the same daye, the Church of Saint Michaell on the hill wythout Glastenbury, was therwyth throwen downe to the grounde. And after this, it rained bloude in the countrey of Wales, It rai [...] [...] as a prodigyouse euill token to that nation, wyth whose bloud shortely after that Regyon was in many places moysted and stayned. For as it chaunced shortly after,


An. reg. [...]

Llewellin the sonne of of [sic] Griffyn came to haue the gouernement of Wales, who partly to reyne new seditions in England, and partly to purchase hym friendship and alyaunce in Fraunce, sente vnto king Phillipe, requiring of him that he myght haue in marriage the Ladye Eleanor daughter to Symon Mountfort Earle of Leycester, the whiche togyther wyth hir mother and brother Emerike, remayned as banyshed persons in France. The French K. granted his request, and sent hir vnder the conducte of hir saide brother to be conueyed into Wales vnto Llewelin who had promised to marry hir. But ere they approched to Wales, at the Isle of Silly bothe the brother and sister were taken by foure shippes of Bristowe, The [...] M [...] [...] p [...] [...] of [...] the owners wherof that so tooke them, sent them vnto King Edwarde. When Llewelin vnderstood that his wife was take(n) from him by the way as she was co(m)ming, he was not a little wrothe, L [...] pri [...] [...] to [...]. and incontinently beginneth to make warre vppon Kyng Edwardes subiectes that bordered neare vnto Wales, killing the people, spoiling their goods, and brenning vp theyr Townes and houses on eche side.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Herewith the Kyng of Englande was so moued, M [...]. P [...] that although the said Llewellin made suite for peace and offered no small summe of moneye to haue the daughter of the Earle of Leycester his fianced wife deliuered to hym, yet woulde not the Kyng by any meanes consent to that marryage nor receyue any money of hym, except he would restore vnto the right owners such landes as hee had inuaded and got into his possession, and further repaye such Castels as hee had destroyed. Herevpon grew no small grudge betwixt the Welchemen and Englishmen, so that to represse the inuasion of the enimies in the parties towards Bristow, Montgomerie and Chester, the king sent three hundreth men at armes on horse backe. In the quindene of Pasche, the King departing from Westminster, hasted towardes Wales wyth a mighty power,

Mat. VV [...]

The Eſ [...] and the king bẽch, [...] to Sh [...]+bury.

and caused the courts of the Escheker, and of hys benche, to remoue vnto Shrewesbury, that they myght be neere vnto hym, making forwarde wyth all conueniente speede EEBO page image 787 speede The caſtell of [...]d taken. to come to the ayde of his people. And therevppon entring into Wales, tooke the castell of Rutlande, and sent into west Wales a valiant Capitayn named Paine de Camurcijs [figure appears here on page 787] which with fyre and sworde wasted that country,

An. Reg. 5.


so that the people offring themselues to the Kyngs peace, deliuered vnto the sayde Paine the Castell of Stridewy wyth the country adioyning. [...]he caſtell of [...]devvy. [...]evvellin ſu| [...] for peace. Then Llewelin the prince of Wales perceyuing that hee was not able to resiste the Kyngs power, made sute for peace, in so much that finally it was agreed, [...]ic. Triuet. [...] that commissioners for bothe parties shoulde talke concerning certayne articles, and whatsoeuer they concluded, aswell the Kyng as the saide Llewelin should holde the same for firme and stable.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng appoynting one of his commissioners, to wit, the Lorde Robert de Tiptost, to take an oth for hym, and aucthorising the saide Robert, Anthony Beke, and frier Wylliam de Southampton, Prior prouinciall of the friers preachers, commissioners nominated on his behalfe, to receyue the like othe of the saide Lewellin. Which Llewelin appoynted commissioners for his parte. Tuder ap Edeuenet, and Grono ap Helin, the which commissioners wyth good deliberation concluded vpon certain poyntes and articles, of whyche the principall were as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 First, that the saide Llewelin shoulde set at libertie all prisoners which hee helde in captiuitie for the Kyng of Englandes cause freely and without all chalenge. [...]e articles of [...]ment be| [...]wixt King [...]vvarde and [...]vvellin. Also to haue peace and the Kings of Englands fauour, he shulde giue vnto the saide king fiftye thousand pound sterling, the dayes of the payment whereof to reste in the Kyngs will and pleasure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Also yt the lande of the four Candreds without all contradiction shoulde remaine for euer to the King and his heyres, with all lands conquered by the Kyng and his people, the Isle of Anglesey excepted, Angleſey. which Isle was graunted to the prince, so that he shulde pay for the same yerely the summe of one thousand marks, and fiue thousand markes for an income, and if the Prince cha(n)ced to dye without issue, then ye said Isle to reuert again vnto the kings hands. Also that the Prince shall come to Rothelan or (Rothlande as it is commonly called) there to do fealtie to the Kyng, and before his co(m)ming thither, he shuld be assoyled and haue the interdiction of his landes released, and at his being at Rothelan, a daye shall be appoynted hym by the king for his comming to London, there to do his homage: and hereupon was order taken for his safecounduit, aswell in his comming to Rothelan, as to Lo(n)don. Ther be that wryte that he was appoynted to come vnto London, at the feast of the Natiuitie of our Lord. Also it was further conuenanted, that all the homages of Wales should remaine to the Kyng except only of fiue barons which inhabited neare vnto the castell of Snowdon: for otherwise the said Llewlin could not conueniently call himselfe Prince, except he had some Barons vnder him. Also that he shoulde reteyne the title and name of Prince so long as he liued, and after his deceasse the homages of those fiue barons shoulde reuerte to the Kyng and to his heyres for euer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer the kyng graunted vnto the ſaide Llewlin,

N. Triuet.

Dauid Llevvel lines brother prouided for.

the landes that belonged to his bro|ther Dauid, for term of the ſaid Llewlins life, and in recompence thereof was contented to ſa|tiſfie the ſaid Dauid with other lands in ſome other p [...]e, yt which after the deceſſe of the ſaid Llewlin or Dauid ſhould reuert agayne to the Kyng and his heyres For the aſſuraunce of EEBO page image 895 whiche articles and couenaunts the Prince de|liuered for hoſtages tenne perſons of the beſt in Wales, whiche he coulde get without impri|ſonment, diſenheriting or terme of deliuerance, and of euery Candred twentye perſones, of the beſte and moſte ſufficient to be choſen by ſuche as the Kyng ſhall thither yearely ſend, [...] othe to be receyued. ſhall be from yeare to yeare ſworne vpon the Euange|liſts, in preſence of the bailifs of the ſaid Lle|wellin, that whenſoeuer the Prince ſhal breake any of theſe articles, & vpon admonition doth not reforme hymſelfe, they ſhall forſake hym, and in all thinges he vnto hym open enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Alſo beſides this, the Prince ſhall as farre as in him may lie,Llevvellines brethren. pacifie his brethren, of the which he had put two in priſon, Owen and Roderik, the thirde named Dauid, eſcaping his handes, fled into England, and remained many yeares wyth King Edward, who receyuing him into his ſeruice,Dauid revvar|ded by Kyng Edvvard. made him knight in this warre, and gaue vnto him a caſtel at Denbigh in Wales, wyth landes to the yearely value of a thouſande markes, in recompẽce of thoſe poſſeſſions whi|che he ought to haue had in Angleſey, the which as before is ſaid, the king graunted vnto Llo|wellin for terme of his life, and after his deceſſe, to reuert vnto the Kyng and to his heyres. Moreouer,Dauid prefer|red in marriage. he preferred Dauid to the mariage of a loylie widowe, that was daughter to the Erle of Darby.The article cõ|cerning Ovven As concerning Owen, through the Kyngs fauour he was deliuered out of pri|ſon, by force of ye articles concluded at this pre|ſent by the comiſſioners, vnder this forme and maner: that vppon his being ſet at libertie, cer|tayne perſons appoynted by the Kyng ſhoulde make offer to hym, to choſe whether he would firſte compounde wyth his brother, and ther|vppon come to the Kyng, and beſeeche hym to allowe the compoſition, or elſe to put hymſelfe vnder the ſafe keeping of the King, till accor|ding to the lawes and cuſtomes of Wales, in the place where he did tranſgreſſe, iudgement ſhould be giuen of the matter: And if he were acquitte, then mighte hee demaunde his heri|tage if he thought it ſo expedient: and which of theſe two wayes he ſhuld choſe, the ſame ſhuld be made firme and ſtable in the kyngs preſence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 All these articles with other additions, were accorded by the saide commissioners at Aberconwey, the Tuesday before the feast of confirmatio(n) made therof by the king, dated at Rutlande the tenth daye of Nouember, in the fifth yeare of his raigne. Also the saide Llewellin by the name of Llewellin ap Griffyn, prince of Wales, with letters vnder his seale, confirmed the abouesaid articles on his behalfe, for ye releasing of his right to the foure Cantredes & other things that shuld remain vnto the king, which letters bare date at Aberconwey, the foresaide Tuesday in the said yere 1277. Also the king released vnto the said Llewellin, the saide sum of .I.M. poundes and the saide summe of a M. markes yearely to be payde for the Isle if Anglesey, as by his letters dated at Rutlande the saide .xj. of the saide moneth of Nouember, it is euident that he receyued of the saide Llewellin the summe of .ii.M. markes sterling by the hands of Thomas Beke keper of his wardrobe. The [...]. Moreouer the Kyng in the west part of Wales buylt at the same tyme a castell at La(m)perdeuaur to kepe vnder ye rebelliouse attempts of the Welchemen.

An. reg. [...]

127 [...]

Llew [...] vviſ [...] to [...]

Kyng Edwarde gaue in mariage by way of restitution vnto the foreremembred Llewellin Prince of Wales, the erle of Leicesters daughter, which was take(n) (as ye haue hearde) at the Isle of Silly. He also bare all the charges of the feaste at the daye of the marriage, and honoured the same with the presence of himselfe and of the Queene. A subsidie of ye .xx. parte of euery mans goods was granted to the Kyng towards his charges susteined in the Welche warres. Moreouer in the sixte yeare of his raigne kyng Edward helde a parliame(n)t at Glocester, [...] in the which were certayn actes and statutes made for the welth and good gouernment of the realm, which vnto this day are called the statutes of Glocester. Alexander kyng of Scottes came into England, to commune with king Edward, of matters touching the kyngdome of Scotlande. Shortely after, kyng Edwarde went ouer into Fraunce, and there receyued certayne Townes that were restored to hym, but not the moitye of those that were promised to his father, when he released his title vnto the Duchie of Normandie. Roberte Kilwarby Archebishoppe of Canterbury was by pope Nicholas aduaunced to the dignitie of a Cardinall, [...] and made Byshoppe of Portua, so that he went to Rome, and gaue ouer the archbyshopricke of Canterbury, Iohn P [...] Archbi [...] of Y [...]. to the whiche throughe the Popes graunt, Frier Iohn Peckham was admitted Archebishoppe. This yere ther was inquirie made in Lo(n)don for such as had clipped, [...]. washed, and counterfeted the kings coigne, wherevppon the Iewes of the citie and diuers goldsmithes that kepte the Exchange of silver were endited, An. reg. 7. N. Triues. and after to the number of .ij.C.lxxxvij. persons were condempned, & in diuers places put to execution. There were but .iij. Englishemen among them, all the residue were Iewes but dyuers Christians that were participante: with them in theyr offences were EEBO page image 789 wer put to their sines, & not without iust cause. About the same time [...]ro. Dunſt. ye Kyng remoued all suche sherifs as were either priestes or strangers, & in theyr places appoynted knyghts to be sheriffes, yt were of ye same countrey where theyr offices lay. Moreouer about this season king Edward builded yt castell called Flint, [...]e caſtells of [...]nt & Rut| [...] [...]ay [...] & fortified yt castell of Rutland & others, placing garrisions of english me(n) in the same to defende ye countrey, & to kepe ye Welchme(n) vnder obedience. 1279 But Llewellin so smally regarded all conuena(n)ts made, & benefites receiued, that shortly after vpon the death of his late maryed wife, being summoned to come to a parliament holden by king Edward, he disdained to obey, [...]evvellin be| [...]eth nevve [...]arre. & vpon a very spite began to make new warre to the Englishme(n), in wasting & destroying ye countrey: but being put in feare with ye Kings comming towards him wt his power, [...] ſ [...]eth for [...] he laid armor aside, & bega(n) eftsoones to require peace, which the king now yt second time did not deny to graunt, bycause he would not lose time in warring wt ye mou(n)tains, wods, & marishes places of refuge for ye Welchme(n) in those days whe(n) they wa(n)ted power to abide bataile & keepe the fieldes. About the same time the king gaue vnto David the brother of Llewellin the lordship of Frodesham in Cheshire, and made hym Knight. Moreouer this yeare the King held a parliame(n)t, [...]he ſtatute of [...]ortmayne. in which the stature of Mortmain was established.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Frier Iohn Peccham, whome the Pope had alreadye consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, being the .xlvij. in number that had gouerned in that sea, came this yere ouer into England to supplie the roomth. Also Walter Giforde, Archebishop of Yorke, departed this like, in whose place succeded Willyam Wickwan, the .xxxvij. Archbishop there. [...] Synode at [...]ading. The archbishop of Canterbury held a Synode at Reding about the latter ende of Iuly, in the whiche he renued the constitutio(n)s of the generall cou(n)cell, as thus: That no ecclesiasticall person shuld haue about one benefice to the which belo(n)ged cure of soule, and agayne that all those that were promoted to any ecclesiasticall liuing shoulde receyue the order of priesthoode wythin one yeare after his being promoted therto. Moreouer this yere the Kyng tooke order for the amending of his money and coyne, which in that season was fouly clipped, washed, and cou(n)terfeted by those naughty men the Iews, and other, as before you haue partely hearde. The King therefore in the octaues of the Trinitie sente forth commaundement to all the sherifes within the lande, that suche mony as was cou(n)terfeted, clipped, or washed, shoulde not be currant from thenceforth: and furthermore hee sente of his owne treasure good mony and not clipped, vnto certaine cities and towns in the realme, that exchange might be made wyth the same till newe money were stamped. And about the thirde day of August the first exchange was made of the newe money of pence and farthings, but yet the olde money went all this yeare togyther wyth the newe, & then was the olde coyne generally forbidden, and commandement giuen by publike proclamation, that fro(m) thenceforth it should no more be allowed for currant: and herewith also halfpence whiche had bene stamped in the meane time, beganne to come abroade the same daye in which the old money was prohibited. The Lord Roger Mortimer kept a great feast at Killingworth, with iustes and triumphes of an hundred Knyghts and as many Ladyes, to the which resorted Lords, Knyghts, and gentlement from dyuers countryes and landes to shew profe of their valiancie in practice of warlike feates and exercises. In the meane season king Edward standing in need of money,

An. reg. 8.


Nic. Triuet. Polidore. Abingdon.

A shift to get money.

deuised a newe shift to serue his tourne, as this: whereas he was chiefe Lorde of many Lordeshippes, manours possessions and tenementes, he well vnderstoode, that partely by length and proces of time, & partly by casualties during the troubles of the ciuill warres, many mens euidences, as theyr charters, deedes, copies & other writings were lost, wasted, and made awaye, hee therefore vnder colour to put the statute of (quo waranto) in execution, whiche was ordeyned this yere in the parliame(n)t holden at Gloucester in August last paste, as some write, did nowe co(m)maunde by publike proclamation, that all suche as helde any landes or tenementes of hym, shuld come and shew by what right and title they helde the same, that by suche meanes their possessions might returne vnto him, by escheate, as chiefe Lord of the same, and so to be solde or redeemed agayne at his handes. Ordinances for money. This was thought to be a sore proclamation, that a more greuous, had not lightly been herd of. Me(n) in euery part made complaint and shewed the(m)selues greeuouslie offended, so that the king by means thereof came in great hatred of his people: but the meane sort of men, though they stood in defense of their right, yet it auailed them but little, bicause they had no eudence to shew, so that they were constrained to be quiet wyth losse, rather than striue agaynste the streame. Many were thus called to answere, till at lengthe the Lorde Iohn Warren Earle of Surrey, a ma(n) greatly beloued of the people, perceyuing the Kyng to haue caste his net for a praye, and that there was not one whyche spake against him, determined to stand against those so bitter and cruell proceedings, and therfore being called afore the Iustices aboute this matter, EEBO page image 896 matter be appeared, and being asked by what right he held his landes? He sodenly drawing forth an olde rusty sworde. The ſaying of the Earle of Surrey. By this instrument (sayde he) doe I holde my landes, and by the same I entende to defende them. Our auncestours comming into this Realme with William Conquerour, conquered theyr lands with the sworde, and wyth the same will I defende me from all those that shall be aboute to take them from me, he did not make a conquest of this Realme alone, our progenitors were with him as participators and helpers with him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng vnderstoode into what hatred of his people by this meanes hee was fallen, and therefore to auoyde ciuill dissention and war that mighte thereby ensue, he left off his begun practise: so that the thing which generally shuld haue touched and bene hurtfull to all men, was now sodeinly stayed by the manhood and couragiouse stoutnesse only of one man, the forsaid Earle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A Synode at Lambeth. The archebishoppe of Canterburie helde an other Synode at Lambheth, in the whiche hee receyued and confirmed the orders and constitutions decreed and established by the Legates Otho and Othobone, in councels by them kept here within this Realme, adding diuers other of his owne: and in the same councell hee went aboute to adnihilate certayne Liberties belonging to the crowne, as the taking knowledge of the right of Patronages and the Kings prohibitions In placitis de catallis, and suche like, which seemed merely to touche the spiritualtie: but the Kyng by some in that councell wythstoode the Archebishoppe openly, and wyth menaces stayed hym from concluding any thing that mighte preiudice his royall liberties and prerogatiues. A p [...] Kyng Edward helde a Parliament at London, in the which he demaynded a fifteenthe of the Clergie, whyche lately before he had got of the temporaltie. Th [...] [...] The archbishoppe of Yorke was content at the firste to graunte this fifteenth to bee payde of the Clergie wythin his diocesse in twoo yeares, but the Archebyshoppe of Canterbury helde of, and required respite till the nexte parliament to bee houlden after Easter, The [...]+ [...]hop of [...]+ter [...]. and then hee graunted vnto the Kyng the dismes of all his Clergie for three yeares, that in some poynt hee might be different from the Archbishoppe of Yorke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the ninthe yeare of Kyng Edwardes raigne,

An. reg. [...]

128 [...]

The [...] VVa [...] Dauid [...] th [...] of [...] and [...] co [...] [...]+bell.

the feaste of the rounde table was kept at Warwike wyth greate and sumptuous triumphe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Whylest these thinges were a doing, Dauid brother to Llewellin Prince of Wales, forgettyng the greate benefices whiche hee had receyued at the handes of Kyng Edward, became his aduersarie, and caused his said brother the prince of Wales with a great number of other noble men if that country to rebell: and to encourage them the sooner to attempt the warre, he beginneth the firste exploite himselfe, The La [...] C [...] [...] takyng the saide Lorde Roger Clifforde, (a right worthie and famous Knight) in his castell of Hawardine, vppon Palme sondaye, the [figure appears here on page 896] saide Lorde being in no doubte of any suche matter. Diuers knyghts and other that were in the same castell at that time and made resistance were slaine. After this the foresaid Dauid retourned to his brother, the Prince, and therwith assembling an army, they went bothe togyther and beseiged the castell of Rutlande. The Ca [...] Rut [...]land [...] [...]+ſieged. Kyng Edward at the same time being in the parties aboue Salisburye, where he kept hys Ester at the Vies, sent out Commissioners to leuie an army, and commaunded suche men of warre as he had then in a redines, to hast foorth to EEBO page image 791 to the rescue of the castell of Rutlande. And in the meane time, [...]e caſtell of [...]p [...]. the castell of Lampardenaur was taken vp by Rice ap Malgone and Griffyth ap Meridocke. Also diuers other castells were taken by other of the Welche nobilitie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer about this time by the labour and sute of Iohn the Archebishoppe of Canterbury, Emericke de Mountfort, [...]icke de [...]fort ſet [...]bertie. whiche had bene reteyned in prison (sith that hee was firste taken togither with his sister at the Isle of Sillie by the Bristowmen) was now set at libertie and permitted to retourne into Fraunce. The said Archebishoppe of Canterburye was sent into Wales to perswade Llewellin and his brother wyth the other rebels vnto peace and quietnes,

[...]vvellin and [...]r the [...]lche rebels [...]rſed.

[...]n. reg. 10.

but retourning into Englande wythout bringing any thing to passe, he denounced them accursed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3


[...]e kyng en| [...] into [...]ales.

The Kyng hasted foorthe to come to the rescue of his people, wherevppon Llewellin and his brother Dauid retired wyth their people to Snowdon hilles and fortified the castel there wyth a strong garrison of men. The king entring into Wales, when hee heard that his enimies were wythdrawn into the mounteyns, hee passed foorth till hee came neare vnto them, where hee pitched downe his fielde, and the nexte daye, causing his horsemen to issue foorth of the campe, filleth all the plaines which compasse the foote of those hilles (aswell on the East side as towarde the South) wyth the same horsemen, and herewyth placed his footemen more aloft on the side of the hills in couert: this done, he prouoketh his enimie to come foorth to fight, but when he saw this woulde not be, then that he might stoppe them from all places of refuge, hee causeth his ships to take the Isle of Anglesey, bycause the Welchmen vsed to flie thither oftentimes for theyr safegarde, The Marriners of the cinque Portes. in the whiche enterprise the Marriners of the cinque ports bare them selues right manfully. After this, ioyning certayne vessels togither, he caused a Bridge to be made in the riuer of Meneth, Meneth. into the which an other small riuer falleth that riseth at the roots of those hilles of Snowdone, to keepe the enimies from lodging on the further side of that ryuer. This bridge conteining roomth for .lx. armed me(n) to passe afront, was made ouer ye riuer of Sient, by the which men saile into the Isle, whiche by the course of the sea ebbeth & floweth euery twelue houres. But so it came to passe, that before the Bridge was well bourded ouer, whylest the Kyng yet remained at Aberconway, diuers of the english Nobilitie, to the number of seuen Banerettes wyth three hundreth armed men rashely passed ouer, and as they surueyed the fort of the mou(n)taine, the tide began to come in so swiftly, that where the englishemen were aduanced a good pretie way from the water side, they could not nowe get backe again to the bridge, which as yet was not fully made vp. The Welchemen perceyuing this, came downe beside the mountain, and assailed the Englishmen right fiercelye, and with theyr great multitude so oppressed them, that for feare the Englishmen were driuen [figure appears here on page 791] to take to the water, [...]e English| [...] diſtreſſed the vvelch| [...]. and so by reason they were loaden wyth armor, many of them were drowned. And amongest other, that famouse knight sir Lucas de Thanie, [...]e Lorde [...]ford. Robert Clifford, sir Wyllyam Lindsey, and two gentlemen of good accompte that were brethren to Robert Burnell as then byshoppe of Bath. Chro. Dunſt. There perished in all (as some write) thirtene Knyghts, seuenteen yong gentlemen, and to the number of twoo hundred footmen. Sir Wyllyam Latimere, yet as good happe would, escaped, and dyuers other. This mischaunce happened on the EEBO page image 792 Sainct Leonardes daye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Glouceſter ma|keth vvarre on the vvelchmen. In this meane time in an other parte of the countrey the Earle of Gloucester wyth an armye, made sore warre to the Welchemen, and neare vnto the Towne called Lantilaware, fought a sore battaile wyth them, in the whiche many of the Welchmen beeing slaine, the Erle loste also fiue Knyghtes vppon his partye, as Wyllyam Valence the yonger: beeing one of that number, who was the Kynges cousin.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 The Erle of Glocester then departing from thence, Llewellin the Prince of Wales entred into the countrey of Cardigan and Stradwye, destroying the landes of Rice and Meridocke, which nowe helde wyth the Kyng againste the saide prince. An. reg. 11. At length, prince Llewellin going towardes the land of Buelth wyth a small company, Llevvellin in|no [...]eth the kings friendes. lefte his maine army behinde hym alofte vpon the top of the mountaine near to the water called Waye, and he had set a number of his people to kepe the bridge of Orewin: and so the Welchemen kept on the one side, and the Englishmen on the other, The Lorde Gifforde and Mortimer. of whome were capitaines the Lorde Iohn Gifforde and the lorde Edmunde Mortimer, the whiche perceyuing the Welchemen that were ready to defend the bridge, and a greate hoste of them vpon the top of the mountain, they consulted togither what they were best to doe. At length by the couragious exhortation of one Hellas Walewayne they drewe on the one hand alongest the riuer, where was a forde passable in deede, [...] thoughe not wythout daunger: but yet the Englishemen by the conducte of the same Hellas, got ouer by the same foorde, so that it bare the name long after of Helias waye. And so the Welchmen that kept the bridge (perceyuing the Englishmen to be got ouer vnto that side) fled, whervppon the residue of the Englishe armye passed ouer at the Bridge, whereof rose a great noise, whiche Llewellin lurking not farre off might well heare, but yet at the first he coulde not bee brought to thinke that by any possible meanes the Englishemen were gotte ouer to that side of the water. At length yet perceyuing it to be true, hee drew backe towardes the heighth of the mountaine agayne, but beeyng discouered by one Stephan de Franketon, Prince [...] named by some writers Swarde, hee was so narrowly ouertaken and slaine. Stephan not knowing whome he had slain, returned to the host, the whiche was nowe mounting vp the hill to ioyne with the Welch army that stoode still looking for the returne of theyr prince Llewellin, (though in vaine) yet they manfully abode by theyr tackle, discharging plentie of arows and dartes at the Englishemen as they came vp towards [figure appears here on page 792] them, & the english archers which were mingled amongst the horsmen, payd them home again with their shot, so that finally the english horsmen, winning the top of the hill, slew many of them standing stoutly at defence, and put the residue to flight. Stephen Sward that had slain Llewelin, after the victorie was atchieued rode to the dead body which he had slaine in the beginning of the batail, and vpon view taken of him perceued who he was, of which good hap the englishmen wer very ioyful. Llevvellyns [...]es preſented to the kyng. His head was herewith cut off, which the Lord Edm. Mortimer tooke with him vnto Rutlande (where the king as then was lodged) vnto whome he presented it: and the king sent it vnto Londo(n), appointing that there shuld be an Iule crown set vpon it, in toke(n) that he was a prince, and so being adorned, a horsman carried it vpon the end of his staffe throughe Cheape side, holding it as he rode on heigth, that all me(n) might see it, til he came to the toure, & ther it was pight vp aloft vpon one of ye highest turrets, remaining there a long time after, A [...] fulfilled and so was the prophecy fulfilled which was told to him dy [sic] an olde woma(n) taken for a southsayer, of whom he required to know how he shuld speede in this warre, whervnto she answered, that he shuld boldly go forwarde in them, for he should ride with a crown on his head throughe Cheape side: & so by yt deceaueable prophesie, he was deluded & brought to distruction. The encou(n)ter wherin the Welchemen wer va(n)quished (as before ye haue herd) chau(n)ced on the Friday before S.Lucies day. King Edwarde being certified thus of the victorie, streighte wayes marcheth forth with his people, and appoynteth at euery passage certeine bandes of souldiours to lye in wayte for the enimies. Also at the foote of the hylles he EEBO page image 793 he leaueth his Horsmen, and mounteth vp the hilles himself, with the residue of his army. There were certaine Gascoignes, whihc the Lord John Vescy had brought with him out of their countrey, to serue the Kyng, whiche brenned many Townes, [...]e Gaſ| [...]es purſue [...] Welchmẽ [...]ly. and slew great numbers of ye Welchmen, all that came in their way, and finally, they giuing an assaulte to Snowdon Castell, wanne it by fyne force.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In this meane tyme, the Welchemen, when they sawe themselues enclosed, and stopped from all wayes to escape, after the manner of wilde beastes, flee into the thicke woddes and caues, some of them make shift to get downe through the steepe and broken rockes, and some of them seeking to escape by flight, fall into their enimies, fall into their enimies handes, and are eyther slayne or taken, and amongst these, aboute Midsommer, was Dauid taken, togither with his wife, two sonnes, and seuen daughters, and brought to the Kyng, who sent them first vnto Rutland Castell, there to be safely kept. K. Edward hauing subdued the Welchmen that inhabited in the Mountaynes, went all about the Countrey to conquere the residue, assembling all his army togither, and then pursuing his aduersaries, made great slaughter of them on eache side, Wales deui|ded into ſhires. so that there were slayne aboue three thousand men: then hauing the countrey at his will, he gaue vnto the English Lords Townes in the middest of Wales, and deuided the countrey into Shires, ordeined Sherifes, and other officers as then were vsed in Englande. At Aberconow hee builded a strong Castell, where before, was an house of white Monkes, the whiche hee remoued to the Vale royall in Cheshire, The Vale Royall buile by K. Edward the firſte. where he builded a fayre Abbey of the Cisteaux [figure appears here on page 793] order, and endowed it with greate landes and reuenewes. He also made and fortified the Castell of Canaruan fast by Snowdon, and repared agayne the Towne of Lambaterwhir, otherwise called Abreswich, which Lewline had before beaten downe. Also, he placed English garrisons in the Castels and holdes by the Sea sides, & made Englishmen Lords of the groundes and possessions belonging to the same. Rees a Bouan one of the chiefest and mightiest Captaynes of all Wales, which during the warres, had done more displeasure to the English men, than any other, in spoyling their confynes, and making greate slaughters vpon them, vnderstanding nowe both of the death of Prince Llewline, and the takyng of his brother Dauid, and also, perceyuing hymselfe pursued on each side, at length, yeelded hymselfe and his complices, [...]s a Bouan [...]deth hym| [...]e vnto K. [...]rde. vnto Humphrey de Boun Erle of Hereforde, who straight wayes sente him to the Kyng, and the Kyng sente him to London, there to be kept prisoner in the Tower.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Thus Kyng Edwarde, hauing broughte the rebellious Welchmen vnder his correction, hee appoynted his generall Lieutenaunt there, the Lorde Robert Tiptoft, and when hee had set all things in good order, about Michaelmas he came to Shrewesbury, A Parliament at Shreweſbu|rie. where a Parliament by hym there holden, the foresayde Dauid (that was broughte thither) as chiefe procurer of all thys warre, was condemned of treason, Dauid con|demned of treaſon. and was afterwarde executed, according to iudgement pronounced againste him, that is to witte, hee was hanged drawen and quartered. He is execu|ted. His head was sent to London, and set vp by the head of his brother Lewline. His quarters were deuided, and sent to be set vp on the gates of four of the chiefest Cities of England. During these warres, Nic. Triuet. the King had of the Temporaltie, the thirtith parte of all their goodes, and of the Spiritualtie, the twentieth parte, towardes the maintenance of the same EEBO page image 794 same warres

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The same yeare also after Michaelmas, the Kyng helde a Parliamente at Acton Burnell, wherein, those statutes were ordeyned, whiche vnto this day beare the name of the place where they were made.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 12.


Edward the ſecond borne.

In the twelfth yeare of this Kings raigne, his eldest sonne Alfonse departed this life at Windsor, and on Saint Markes daye, hys sonne Edward that after succeeded him in the Kingdome, was borne at Carnaruan, where the King had builded a strong Castell, and was come thyther with the Queene at that tyme, to see the same.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Abingdon. Also this yeare, in the Quindene of Sainte Michaell, the Iustices Itinerantes began to goe their generall circuites.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 On Easter day, A [...] day [...] which fell this yeare the ninth of Aprill, beeing also leape yeare, in the morning about the rising of the sunne, the elemente was shadowed with suche darknesse and thicknesse of aire, that it seemed to waxe night again, and suddainely rose an horrible tempest, fyrste of hayle and rayne, and after of snow, that couered all the Earthe and then followed suche thunder and lightning, that men were maruellously amased therewith, considering it seemed to bee against the nature of the season for [...] in Aprill shall ye heare any such thunder. At length yet it brake vp, and the element recouered hir accustomed clearnesse.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the thirtenth yere of his raigne,

An. reg. [...]

12 [...]

King [...]|ward kept his Chriſtmas at Briſtowe, [...] [...]e there a priuate Councell, but no generall Parli|amente, [figure appears here on page 794] and this was the firſte tyme that anye Engliſhe King can be remembred, to haue kepte any ſolemne feaſt at Briſtowe.Briſtowe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King then leauing his Court of Chan|cery at Briſtowe, with his children, came to Lõ|don,Ambaſſadors from the French kyng. where he had not bin almoſt of three yeares before. Heere came meſſengers to him from the Frenche King, requiring him to come in perſon, with a certayne number of men of warre, to ayde him in the warres againſt the King of Aragone, as of right he ought to doe, by reaſon of the Du|chie of Guyenne which he held of him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

William the Archbyſhop of Yorke de| [...]lled.

Iohn Romane Archbiſhop [...] Yorke. [...]on Col| [...] Ox| [...].

The ſame yeare, dyed William the Archby|ſhop of Yorke, after hee had gouerned that See ſixe yeares, and then ſucceeded one Iohn ſur|named Romayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute this ſeaſon, was Marton Colledge in Oxforde founded by Walter Marton that was Lord Chauncellour of England, and a [...]r By|ſhoppe of Rocheſter. King Edwarde ſeaſed the [...]tiſes and liberties of London into hys [...]es, and diſcharged the Maior then beeing Gregory Rokkeſley, & appointed for Cuſto and Guardein of the Citie, one Stephen Sandwich, the which from the day of the cõuerſion of Saint Paule, till the Monday following the Purifica|tion of our Lady, continued in that office & was then diſcharged, and Sir Iohn Breton Knighte charged therewith for the reſidue of the yeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There is no certain knowledge left in records, why the Kyng tooke ſuche diſpleaſure with the Citie, ſaue that the Mayor, the ſayde Gregory Rokkeſley, as the ſame went, tooke bribes of the bakers, and ſuffred them to ſell bread, lacking ſixe or ſeauen ounces of weight in a peny loſe.

The new worke of the Church of Weſtmin|ſter, to the ende of the quiar, begun as before is ſhewed, in the thirde yeare of Kyng Henry, was this yeare fully finiſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The nineteenth of Marche,The de [...] the Sco [...] Kyng. dyed Alexander Kyng of Scotlande by a fall whyche he caught as hee ranne a ſtirring horſe: hee left no iſſue be|hinde hym, nor any certain knowne heire to ſuc|ceede hym, by reaſon whereof enſued greate EEBO page image 795 burne to that Realme (as in the Scottiſh hiſto|rie, may more at large appeare.) The manner of whoſe death, as in Richard Southwell I fynde it reported, I haue thought good briefly to touch, for that in recitall thereof, hee ſomewhat diſa|greeth from the Scottiſh hiſtorie. [...] South. There went (ſaith he) a common ſpeeche through Scotlande all this yeare, before the Kynges deathe, that the ſame nineteenth of Marche, ſhoulde the daye of Iudgement be: and herevpon, as the ſayd king ſate at dinner in the Caſtell of Edenburgh, ha|uing a diſhe of excellente good Lampreys before him, he ſent part thereof vnto one of the Lordes that ſate at ſome other table, not farre from him, and willed him by the Gentleman that bare it, to be merrie, and to haue in minde, that this was the day of doome: the Lorde ſente him thankes a|gayne, and prayed the meſſenger to tell the king merily, that if this were the day of doome, they ſhould riſe to iudgemente ſpeedily with their bel|lies filled with good meates and drinkes. After that they had dyned, and nighte began to drawe on, hee tooke his Horſe, and onely accompanyed with three Gentlemenne, woulde needes ride to Kingorne, where the Queene his new wife then lay, and before he coulde get vnto Innerkenin it was darke nighte, ſo that hee tooke there two guides to leade him the way, but they hadde not ridden paſt two miles, but that the guides hadde quite loſt the way, ſo that they were driuen to gyue their horſes libertie to beate it out them|ſelues: but herewith, the King being feuered from his company, how he ruled his Horſe it is harde to ſay, but downe he was throwen, and immedi|ately died with the vehement fall which he thus caught, eyther headlong down one of the cliffes, or otherwiſe, and thus he came to his ende, on a monday being Saint Cuthberts euen the nyne|tenth of March (as before is noted) after he hadde, raigned ſixe and thirtie yeares & nine monethes, as the ſame Southwell writeth, who alſo con|trary to that which Hec. Boc. writeth, affirmeth, that ye ſame day was ſo tempeſtuous with wind, ſnow, hayle and raine, that hee, and many other that thẽ liued and felt it, durſt not vncouer theyr faces in going abrode againſte the bitter Nor|thren winde, that droue the ſnow and ſleete moſt vehemently vpon them. And although that ſuche foule weather might haue ſtayed him frõ takyng his iorney in that ſort, yet he made no accompte thereof, as hee that was accuſtomed to ride as wel in foule weather as faire, and ſpared neyther for tempeſt, waters, nor craggie rockes, thick nor thinne, for al was one to him, oftentimes takyng his iourney in diſguiſed apparell, accompanyed only with one ſeruaunt. But to returne vnto the doings in England. This yeare, the Kyng tooke eſcuage fortie ſhillings of euery Knightes fee, to|wards the charges of his laſt warres in Wales. A Parliamente was holden at Weſtminſter, at the which were made ye ſtatutes called Addica|menta Gloceſtriae, or rather the ſtatutes of Weſt|minſter the ſeconde.

An. reg. 14.


Thomas Pi|wileſdon a Citizen of London.

In the fourtenth yeare of K. Edward, a Citizen of London named Thomas Piwileſdon, the whiche in time of the Barons warres had bin a greate doer to ſtirre the people againſt Kyng Henry, was now accuſed, that hee with other ſhuld goe about to make new diſtur|bance within the Citie: whereof, enquirie beeyng made and had before ſir Raufe Standiſch as thẽ Cuſtos, or guarden of the Citie, the ſaid Piwileſ|don, & other, to the number of fiftie,He with other are baniſhed the Citie. were bani|ſhed the Citie for euer. Alſo, where of olde tyme before this ſeaſon, the merchaunte ſtraungers were vſed to be lodged within the dwelling hou|ſes of the Citizens of London, and ſold all theyr merchandice, by procuration of their hoſtes, for the whiche their ſayde hoſtes had a certayne allowance, after the rate of euery pound.A new order for merchant ſtraungers. Now it was ordered, that the ſayde merchaunt ſtraun|gers myghte take houſes to hyre, for to inhabite therein, and for ſtowage of their wares, and no Citizen to intermedle with them or their wares: by reaſon whereof, they vſed many deceyptes, both in vttering counterfaite wares, and alſo vniuſt waightes: and moreouer, muche of thoſe wares which they ſhould haue wayed at ye kings beame, they wayed at home within their houſes,Strangers committed to the Tower. to the hinderance of the Kings cuſtome. Heere|of, ſearch being made vpon a ſuddayne, and their waightes founde and prooued falſe, twentie of the ſayde ſtraungers were arreſted and ſente to the Tower and theyr wayghtes brent, deſtroyed and broken to peeces in Weſt cheape, the thurſe|day before the feaſt of Simon and Iude. Fy|nally, the ſayde Merchauntes were deliuered, be|ing putte to a fyne of a thouſande pounde, after ſore and hard impriſonmente.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Iewes in one nyghte were generally apprehended, and putte in priſon,1286 through all the parties of Englande, and ſo kept in durance, till they hadde fyned at the Kynges pleaſure.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It is reported, that the commons of Eng|lande graunted to the Kyng, the fifte parte of theyr moueables, to haue the Iewes baniſhed out of the land: but the Iewes to put the Engliſhmẽ from their purpoſe, gaue to the Kyng greate ſummes of money, whereby they tarried yet a whyle longer.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edward went ouer into Fraunce vpon the fiue and twentith of May,

N. Triuet.

The Kyng paſſeth ouer into Fraunce.

paſſing through Pycardy vnto Amiens, and there the Frenche Kyng to doe him honor, was ready to receyue hym. Heere Kyng Edwarde dyd homage vn|to the Frenche Kyng for ye lands which he ought to holde of hym in Fraunce. And after, hee was EEBO page image 796 alſo preſent at a Parliament, the which ye Frẽch King helde at Paris, in the whiche hee obteyned many things for the liberties of his ſayd landes, as then by diuers wayes wrongfully oppreſſed, though ſuch graunt continued not long in force. After Whitſontide, King Edward departed frõ Paris, and wente into Gaſcoigne, togither with his wife Queene Eleanor, the whiche was with him in all this iorney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 15.


This yeare, the King wente into Aragone, where his authoritie auayled muche, in the ma|king of agreement betwixt the kings of Aragone and Naples, whereby, Charles King of Naples was then ſet at libertie, vpon certayne couenants paſſed, and agreed betwixt them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kings mother Queene Eleanor thys yeare forſooke the world,Rich. South. and tooke vppon hir the habite of a Nunne at Ambreſbury, but yet ſhee ſtill reteined and enioyed hir dower by the Popes authoritie and diſpenſation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute this time, a Squire called Chamber|laine, with his complices, ſet fire in the merchãts boothes, at Saint Butholpes fayre, [...]riſtow faire robbed. and whyleſt the Merchauntes were about to quench the fire, the ſayde Squire and his complices ſet vpon he ſayd Merchaunts, ſlewe many of them, and r [...]|bed them of their goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare,Vari [...] twi [...] Lord P [...] Tip [...] [...] fell variance betweene the Lo [...] Payne Tiptoft, Wardeine of certayne Caſt [...]es in Wales, and a Welch Knight called Sir Ric|ap Meridocke, ſo that ſundry ſkirmiſhes were foughten betwixt them, and men ſlayne on both ſides, to the great diſturbance of the Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The cauſe of this warre, roſe chiefly, for that the ſaid Lord Tiptoft, & the Lord Alane Plu [...]|net, the kings Steward in Wales, would ha [...] cõſtreined the ſaid Rees to appeare at counties & hundreds, as the vſe in other parts of Wales thẽ was, contrary to ſuch liberties as he had obteined of the K. as he pretẽded. But when the K. wrote vnto the ſame Rees, requiring him to keepe the peace, til his returne (at what time, he promiſed to reforme al things in due & reaſonable order) Rees hauing already put armour vpõ his back, would not now encline to any peace, but to reuenge hys cauſe, aſſẽbled a great multitude of Welchmẽ,N. Triuet. with whoſe help hee brente and deſtroyed many Townes in Wales, ſo that the King being then [figure appears here on page 796] beyond the ſeas, ſent vnto the Erle of Cornwal, whom in his abſence, he had appointed his Lieu|tenant ouer England, requiring him to ſende an army of mẽ into Wales, to reſiſt the malice and riottous attemptes of the Welchmen. The Erle ſhortly therevpon prepared an army, and wente with the ſame into Wales, or as other write, the Biſhop of Elie, ye Lord Prior of Saint Iohns, the Earle of Glouceſter, and diuers Barons of the land went thither, and chaſing the ſaid Rees, diſperſed his army, and ouerthrewe and raſed his caſtells, but by vndermining and reuerſing the walles of the Caſtell of Druſlan, with the fall therof, the Baron Stafford, and the Lord Wil|liam de Monchency, with many other Knightes and Eſquiers, were oppreſſed, & bruſed to death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare, the Kyng at Blankfort in Geſ|coigne, tooke vpon him the Croſſe, purpoſing eſt|ſoones to make a iorney againſte Gods enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the winter of this yeare, great flouds chã|ced by reaſon of the exceeding abundaunce of raigne that fell and the Sea alongſt the North|eaſt coaſtes from Humber to Yermouth, brake into the land, ouerflowing the ſame by the ſpace of three or foure leagues in breadth, as the author of the Chronicle of Dunſtable affirmeth,Chron. [...] ouer|throwing buildings, and drowning vp mẽ and cattaylle, that coulde not auoyde the daunger, by the ſuddayne commyng in thereof, name|ly, about Yermouth, Dunwiche, and Gippeſ|wiche EEBO page image 797 Likewiſe in the Mers lande of Lin|colneſhire, it did paſſing greate hurte, bringing al the Countrey into water. This chanced in the very night of the beginning of this yeare, to wit in the feaſt of the circumciſion of our lord, and in December it, brake out againe in Northfolke, and Suffolke, wher it did much harme, namely about Yermouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4

[...]n. reg. 16.


[...]ron. Dunſt.

This yeare, and likewiſe the yeare laſt paſt, was ſuche plentie of grayne that wheate was ſolde in ſome places of this lande, for twentie pence a quarter, and in ſome places for ſixteene pence, and peas for twelue pence a quarter. The ſommer this yeare exceeded in heate, ſo that men through the intemperate exceſſe thereof, dyed in diuers places. It chanced in Gaſcoigne, that as the King and Queene ſate in their chamber vpõ a bedde talking togither, the thunder bolte com|ming in at the windowe behinde them, paſſed through betwixt thẽ as they ſate, and ſlewe two of their Gentlemen that ſtoode before thẽ, to the great terror of all yt were preſent.Southwel. This yeare, dy|uers of thoſe yt had robbed the faire at Boſton, were executed. Moreouer, wheras Rees an Me|ridocke continued ſtil in his miſcheuous doings, at length, the Lorde deputie of Wales.Polidor. Ran. Higd. Nic. Triuet. Roberte Ti [...]toft, vſing both ſpeedy diligence, and tymely counſell, gathering all ſuche power as hee coulde make paſſed forth againſt his aduerſaries. Wher of, when ſir Rees was aduertiſed, and vnderſtan|ding that the Engliſhmen were for [...] nũ|ber than his Welchmẽ, he thought to ouer [...]aw them at his pleaſure, and therfore encouraging his people, with many cõſtable [...] their manhood vpõ the Engliſhmens [...] haſted to wente th [...]. The Welchmen being for the more part but yong ſouldiers, and not tray [...]|ned to keepe any order of battayle, [...]anne firmely vpon their enimies, aſſayling the [...] [...] the fr [...], before on the ſides a fla [...], and on the [...] behinde, enforcing themſelues [...] the [...] of their power to breake their [...] But ye Eng|liſhmen valiantly reſiſted, ſo that there w [...] [...]+fore battayle for a while, and the [...] [...]g [...]|ouſly yt Welchmen aſſailed y [...]w [...] [...]tly the Engliſhmen defended, in keeping thẽſelues cloſe togither, & beating back their aduerſaries an [...] at lẽgth, perceiuing thẽ to faint & were [...]erry, they ruſh forth into ye middle of ye Welchmen, a brake them in ſunder, ſo that when they ſaw thẽſelues [figure appears here on page 797] thus repulſed by the Engliſhmẽ, contrary vnto all their expectation, they knew not what to doe, for they durſt neyther fighte nor flee, [...] Welch [...]omfited. [...]e [...]ap Me [...]i [...]ke taken and ſo by ye meanes were beaten downe on euery ſide. Meri|docke himſelfe was taken, but the moſte part of al his army was ſlain, to the number of four M. mẽ. Thus were the Welchmẽ worthily chaſti|ſed for their Rebellion. Sir Rees ap Meridocke was had to Yorke, wher at lẽgth, after ye K. was returned out of Gaſenigne,

[...]n. reg. 17.


[...]n. Marl.

[...]e tempeſt [...]ayle. [...]. Higd.

he was hãged, drawẽ and quartred. This yere on S. Margarets euen, that is, the [...]9. day of Iuly, fel a wonderful tẽpeſt of haile, that ye like had not in ſeene nor heard of by any mã thẽ liuing. And after, thee enſued ſuch continuall rain [...], ſo diſtempe [...]ing ye ground, that corne waxed very deare, in ſo muche, that where wheate was ſolde before at three d a buſhell, the market ſo roſe by little and little,A great dearth beginneth. yt it was ſolde for two ſs. a buſhell and ſo ye dearth encreaſed ſtil almoſt, by ye ſpace of 40. yeres, til ye death of Ed|ward the ſecõd, in ſo much, that ſometime a bu|ſhell of wheate, London meaſure, was ſolde at tenne ſhillings.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The King, after he hadde remained a three yeares, two moneths, and fifteene dayes in Gaſ|coigne, and in other parts there beyond the ſea, he returned into Englãd the fourth day of Auguſt, & vpõ the euen of our Ladys day ye Aſſumptiõ, he EEBO page image 798 came to London, where he was moſt ioyfully re|ceyued, & ſo came to Weſtminſter: wher ſhortly after, were preſented vnto him many greeuous complayntes and informations, againſt dyuers of his Iuſtices, as ſir Thomas Weyland, Adam S [...]erton, and others, the which were had in exa|mination, and therevpon, found giltie of manye treſpaſſes and tranſgreſſions, in ſo much, that it was giuẽ him to vnderſtand, yt there were amõg them that had giuen conſent to the cõmitting of murders & robberies, & wittingly had recepted the oſtendors.Chron. Dunſt. Wherevpõ, the K. cauſed ſtraight en|qulite to be made by an inqueſt of 12. ſubſtantiall perſonages,Thomas Weyland Lord chiefe Iuſtice of the kings benche. who found by verdict, that Thomas Weyland Lord chiefe Iuſtice of the kings bẽch, had cauſed a mu [...] her to be done by his ſeruants, and after ſuccoured and maynteyned them: wherevpon, he was by the kings officers arreſted, but eſcaping their hãds, he tooke Saintuarie in ye Church of ye Friers minors at S. Edmonde ſou|rie, & was admitted into their habite, but within 40. dayes after, order was giuen by the K. that no kind of vittayles ſhould bee ſuffered to be con|uey into that houſe, ſo that all the Friers came forth, except three or four, & at length, he was cõ|ſtreyned to take vpon him a lay mans apparell, and comming foorth, was deliuered to the hands of Robert Malet knight,Robert Mal|let. who had before, the cu|ſtody of him, & now hauing him againe, brought him to the Tower of London. At length, he was put to his choyſe of three wayes, which ſoeuer of them he would take, that is, whether to be tryed by hys peeres, or to remaine in perpetuall priſon, or to abiure the Realme: he choſe the laſt, and ſo bare footed, and bare headed, bearing a Croſſe in his hand, hee was conueyed from the Tower to Douer, where taking the Sea, hee tranſported to the further ſide of the Sea hys goodes, mouable and vnmouable,William Brampton. Roger Leice|ſter. beeing confiſcate to the Kinges cofers. Wil. Brampton, Roger Leiceſter, Iohn Luneth, aſſociates of ye ſaid Thomas, [...] & I [...] of ye kings bench: Alſo, Roberte Lithbury [...]|layn, & maſter of ye rolles, being accuſed of [...]|ful iudgemẽts and other treſpaſſes were cõm [...] to priſon within the Tower, and at length [...] much adoe, eſcaped with paying their fyues, ſo yt hee whiche payed leaſt, gaue a thouſand ma [...] Moreouer, Salomon of Rocheſter,Solomon [...] Ro [...] T [...] S [...] [...] Walter [...] R [...] de H [...]g [...]. Tho [...] Sudington, Richard de Boylande, & Walter de Hopton, Iuſtices Ieimerantes, were like wiſe [...] ſhed, & for ye ſemblable offences, put to their [...] Sir Rauf de Hinghã a Iuſtice alſo, to whom [...] ye kings abſence, the ordering of ye Realme chiefly apperteyned, being accuſed of diuers tranſgre [...]|ons, & cõmitted to ye tower, redeemed his offence for an infinit ſumme of money.Adam de S [...], chiefe [...] Adam de S [...]|ton, Lord chiefe Baron of the eſchecker, being cõ|uicted of many hainous crimes, a man plentifully prouided both of temporall poſſeſſions, and eccle|ſiaſticall reuenewes, loſt all hys temporal ly|uings and 34. thouſande markes in ready c [...], beſide other mouables, in cattaile, iewels & [...]|ture of houſhold, which were all confiſked, & for|feyted wholly: and it was thought, he was g [...]tly dele, yt he eſcaped with life, & ſuch ſpiritual liuings as to him remained. Henry Bray eſcheator,Henry [...] & the Iudges ouer the Iewes, were reported to haue cõ|mitted many greeuous offences, but for money they bought their peace. To conclude, there was not found any amõgſt al ye Iuſtices and officers cleere & voyde of vniuſt dealing,Iohn de Me|tingham, [...] Elias de [...]|kingham. except Iohn de Metingham, & Elias de Bekingham, who only among ye reſt, had behaued themſelues vprightly. Whẽ therfore, ſuch greeuous complayntes were exhibited to ye K. he appoynted the Earle of Lin|colne, ye Biſhop of Elie and others, to heare euery mans complaint, and vpon due examinatiõ and triall, ſee them aunſwered accordingly as right & equitie ſhuld require. In the 18. yere of his raigne,

An. reg. [...]

129 [...]

the K. married two of his daughters, that is to [figure appears here on page 798] EEBO page image 799 witte, [...]. Marle. [...]ic. Triuet. Ioane de Acres vnto Gilberte de Clare Earle of Glouceſter, and the Lady Margaret vnto the Lord Iohn ſonne to the Duke of Bra|bant. T [...] Kyng ordeyned, that all the [...]le which ſhould be ſolde vnto ſtraungers, ſhould be brought vnto Sandwich, where the ſtaple ther|of was kept long time after.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e ſtatutes Weſtmin| [...] the third [...]bliſhed.The foure yeare, was a Parliamente holden at Weſtminſter, wherein, the ſtatutes of Weſt|maſter the third were ordeyned. It was alſo de|creed, that all the Iewes ſhoulde auoide out of that land in conſideration whereof, a fiftenth was graunted to the King, and ſo herevpon, were the Iewes baniſhed out of all the Kings dominiõs, [...]e Iewes [...]iſhed out Englande. and neuer [...]hence, could obteyne any priuiledge to returne hither againe. All their goodes not mo|ueable, were confiſcate, with their railties and ob|ligations, but all other, theyr goodes that were moueable, togither with their coyne of golde and ſiluer, the King licenced them to haue and con|deigh with them: A ſort of the richeſt of them, be|ing ſhipped with their treaſure in a mightie falle ſhippe which they had hired, when the ſame was vnder ſay [...]e, and gote downe the Thames to|wards the month of the riuer beyonde Quindo|rowe, the maſter Mariner bethoughte him of a wile, and cauſed his menne to caſt ancre, and ſo rode at the ſame, till the Shippe by ebbing of the ſtreame, remayned on ye drie ſands. The ma|ſter herewith entiſed the Iewes forth with him to walke a land for their recreation, and at lẽgth, when he vnderſtoode the tide to be comming in, he gote him backe to the ſhippe, whether he was drawen vp by a corde. The Iewes made not ſo muche haſt as he did, bycauſe they were not ware of the daunger, but when they perceyued how the matter ſtoode, they cried to him for helpe: but hee [...] the, that they ought to crie rather to Moy|ſes, by whoſe conduct their father paſſed through the redde Sea, and therefore, if they would can to him for helpe,Iewes drow|ned. hee was able ynough to help them out of thoſe raging flouds whiche nowe came in vpon them: they cried indeede, but no ſuccour ap|peared, and ſo they were ſwallowed v [...] in wa|ter. The maſter returned with the Shippe, and tolde the King howe hee had vſed the matter, and had both thanks and reward, as ſome haue writ|ten, where other affirme,Chro. Dun. and more [...]uely as ſhould ſeeme, that diuers of thoſe marr [...]rs whi|che deal [...] ſo wic [...]y againſte the Iewes, were hanged for their wicked practiſe, and ſo receyued a iuſt rewarde of there [...]dulente and miſche|uous dealing. But now to the purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the foreſayde Parliamente, the Kyng de|maunded [...]yde of money of the Spiritualtie, for that (as he pretended) h [...] meane to make a ior|ney into the holy lande,The eleuenth part a eccleſi|aſticall reue|newes, graun|ted to the K. to ſuccour the Chriſtians there: wherevppon, they graunted to him the ele|uenth parte of al their moueables. He receiued the money aforehande, but letted by other buſineſſe at home, he went not foorth vpon that iorney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the ninetenth yeare of King Edwarde, Queene Eleanor Kyng Edwardes wife dyed vpon Saint Androwes euen at Herdeby,

An. Reg. 19.

The deceaſſe of Q Eleanor.

or Her|deley (as ſome haue) heere to Lincolne the Kyng beeyng as the on his way towards ye bordures of Scotlãd: but hauing now loſt ye iewell which hee moſt eſtemed,Tho. VVal. he returned towards Londõ to ac|cõpany ye corps vnto Weſtminſter, wher it was buried in S. Edwarde Chapell, at the feete of K. [figure appears here on page 799] Henry the third. [...] prayſe of Queene called. She was a right godly & modeſt princes, ful of pitie, & one yt ſhewed much fauour to ye Engliſhe natiõ, ready to releeue euery mans griefe that ſuſteyned wrong, and to make them EEBO page image 800 friendes that were at diſcorde, ſo farre as in hir lay.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In euery Towne and place where the corpes reſted by the way, the Kyng cauſed a Croſſe of cunning workmanſhippe to be erected in remem|brance of hir, and in the ſame, was a picture of hir engrauen.

[figure appears here on page 800]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Charing croſſe and other erected.Two of the like Croſſes were ſet vp at Lon|dõ, one at Charing, & the other in Weſt Cheape.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, he gaue in almes euery wedneſday whereſoeuer hee wente, pence a peece, to all ſuche poore folkes, as came to demaund the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 1291Aboute the ſame time, bycauſe that the Kyng ſhoulde bee the more willing to goe into the holy land as he had promiſed to doe, hauing money to furniſh him foorth, the Pope graunted vnto hym the tenth of the Church of Englãd,The tenth of ſpiritall re|uenewes grã|ted to the K. Scotlãd and Ireland, according to the true value of all the re|uenewes belonging to the ſame for ſixe yeares. He wrote to the Biſhops of Lincolne and Win|cheſter, that the ſame tenth ſhould be layde vp in Monaſteries and Abbeyes, til the King was en|tred into the Sea, called Mare Maggiore, forwardes on hys iorney Eaſtwardes, and then to be payde to his vſe. But the King after|wards, cauſed the collectors to make payment to him of the ſame tenth gathered for three yeares, and layde vp in Monaſteries, although he ſet not one fote forward in that iorney, as letted through other buſineſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Alſo, by reaſon of the controuerſie whiche de|pended as then betwixt diuers perſons, as com|petitors of the Crowne of Scotland, he went in|to the North partes, & kept his Eaſter at New|caſtell, and ſhortly after, called a Parliamente at Northampton, where by the aduice of the Pre|lates and other of his councell, learned in both the lawes, vpon knowledge had by ſearch of records, and Chronicles of aunciente time, bee cauſed all the Prelates and Barons of Scotland to be cal|led afore him, and there in the Pariſh Church of Norham, hee declared vnto them his right to the ſuperioritie of the Kingdom of Scotland [...] [...]+quiring of them, that they woulde recogniſe [...] ſame, proteſting, that he would defende the [...] of his. Crowne, to the ſhedding of his own bl [...] that a true certificate & information might come to light of his title and rightfull clayme, vnto the direct and ſupreme dominion, ouer the Realm [...] Scotland. He had cauſed verily all the Hiſtories, Chronicles and monumẽts that were to be [...] within Englãd, Scotlãd & Wales, to be ſo [...] vp and peruſed, yt it might be knowen, what right he had in this behalfe wherevpon, it was fo [...] by ye Chronicles of Marianus the Scot Wil of Malmeſ. Roger Houeden, Henry Huntington Rauf de Diceto, & others, yt in the yere of our lord 910. K. Edwarde ſurnamed Senior, or the elder ſubdued to him the kings of Scottes & Welchmẽ alſo, that in the yere 921. the ſame people choſe the ſaid Edward to be their King and patrone. And likewiſe, in the yeare 926. Athelſtane King of England, vanquiſhed Conſtantine K. of Scot|land, and permitted him yet to raigne vnder him. Moreouer, Edred ye brother of Athelſtan and [...] of Englãd, ouercame the Scottes and Northũ|bers, yt which ſubmitted themſelues to him and ſware to him fealtie. Alſo Edgar K. of England vanquiſhed Kineth the ſonne of Alpine Kyng of Scotland, who ſware fealtie to him. Likewiſe Cnute K. of Englãd and Denmarke, in the ſix|tenth yere of his raigne ouercame Malcolme K. of Scottes, and ſo became K. of four kingdoms, England, Scotland, Denmarke and Norway. Furthermore, that bleſſed K. Saint Edwarde, gaue ye kingdome of Scotland vnto Malcolme the ſonne of the K. of Cumberlande, to holde the ſame of him. Again, Willi. Baſtard the Normã Conquerour, in the ſixth yere of his raigne van|quiſhed Malcolme K. of Scotland, & receyued of him an oth of fealtie. Alſo, Wil. Rufus did [...] like vnto Malcolme K. of Scottes, and to two of his ſonnes that ſucceſſiuely raigned ouer that realm. Alſo, Alexander ſucceeded his brother Edgar in the Kingdome of Scotland, by conſent of Kyng Henry ye firſt. Alſo, Dauid K of Scotlande, dyd homage to K. Stephen, and Wil. K. of Scottes, did homage to Henry, the ſon of K. Henry ye ſe|cond, whẽ in his fathers life time, he was Crow|ned, and againe, to Henry the father, in the twẽ|tith yeare of his raigne, as by an agreemẽt made betwixt thẽ two, it doth appere. Alſo, Ro. Ho [...]ed. ſaith, that Willi. K. of Scotland, came to his ſo|ueraigne Lord K. Henry into Normandy, and likewiſe to K. Richard, & moreouer, to K. Iohn, at Lincolne, doing to them his homage. Alſo, in the Chronicles of S. Albons it is found, that A|lexander King of Scotlande married at Yorke Margaret the daughter of K. Hẽry the third in ye 35. yeare of his raigne, and did to hym homage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 801And further when king Edwarde himſefle was crowned at Weſtminſter, in the yere of our Lorde .1274. being the ſeconde of his raigne, the laſt deceeſſed king of Scotlande, Alexander the third of ye [...]ame, did homage vnto him at Welſt, the morow after the coronatiõ. All which homa|ges and fealthes thus done by ſundrie kings of Scotland vnto ſundrie kings of England, were directly and moſt manifeſtly proued to bee done for the Realme of Scotlande, and not onelye for the landes whiche they helde of the kings of Englande within Englande, as the Scottiſhe wryters woulde ſeeme to colour the matter. But things being then freſh in memorie, no ſuch ca|uillation might be auerred. And ſo herevpon king Edwardes tytle being ſubſtantially proued, [...]g Edwarde [...]guiſed for [...]rior lorde [...]otland. he was recogniſed ſuperiour Lorde of Scotlande, of all them that pretended tytle at that tyme to that kingdome, by wrytings the [...] made and con|firmed vnder theyr ſea [...]s, the which being writ|ten in French conteyned as [...] followeth. [...] Copie of Charter.

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A Tousi ceulx, qui ceſte preſente lettre verrunt ou orrunt, Florence Counte de Holland, Robert de Brus ſeigneur du Val Danand, Iohn Bailol ſeig|neur de Gallaway, Iohn de Haſtings ſeigneur de Abergeuenne, Iohn Comin ſeigneur de Badenaugh Patrique de Dunbar Count de la Marche, Iohn de Veſey pur ſon perẽ, Nichol de Seules, & Guilaum de Ros, ſalux en deu.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Come nous entendons d'ouer droyt en reaume d' Eſcoce, & c [...]lle droyt munſtrer, chalãger, & auerer deuant celuy, que plus de poor, iuriſdiction, & reeſon, euſt de trier noſtre droyt, & le noble prince Sire Edward, par la grace de dien, [...]ey d' Angleterre, nous a enforme per bonnes & ſuffiſaunt reeſons, que aluy apent, & auer doyt la ſouerein ſeigneurie, du dict reaume d' Eſcoce, & la cogniſaunce de oir, trier & [...]erminor noſtre droyt. Nous de noſtre propre volũtaté, ſanz nulle manior [...] de force ou deſtreſſe, voluns, [...]ions, & grantons de receiuré droyt deuaunt luy, come ſou [...]rein ſeigneur de la terre. Et voluns in lemeins & promettons, que nous auerons, et tendrons, ferme, & eſtable ſ [...] fait, & que celui emportera le realme, a qui droyt le durra deuant luy. En teſsimogne de ceſte choſ [...], nous auonsmis nos ſeaules a ceſt eſcript.

VVhich in Engliſh is as followeth

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TO all them that theſe preſent letters ſhall ſee or beare. Florence Earle of Holland, Robert le Bruce Lorde of Annandale, Iohn Comyn Lorde of Badenaw, Patrike de Dunharre Erle of Marche, Iohn de Balliol Lord of Galloway, Iohn Haſtings Lorde of Abergeuenny, Iohn de Veſey in ſtead of his father, Nicholas de Sules and Walter Ros, ſende greeting in our Lorde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whereas wee intende to haue right in the king|dome of Scotlande, and intende to declare, cha|lenge, and prone the ſame before him that hath the beſt authoritie, iuriſdiction and reaſon to exa|mine our right, and that the noble Prince the Lorde Edwarde, by the grace of God King of England, by good and ſufficient reaſons hath in|formed vs, that the ſuperior dominion of Scot|land belongeth to him, and that he ought to haue the knowledge in the hearing, examining, and de|fining of our right, we of our free willes without all violence and conſtrayne, will, conſent, and graunt, to receyue one right before him, as the ſu|perior Lord of the lande: We will alſo and pro|miſe, that we ſhall haue and holde his deede for fyrme and ſtable, and that he ſhall haue the king|dome, vnto whom before him beſt right ſhall aſ|ſigne the ſame. In witneſſe whereof we haue to theſe letters put our ſeales:

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The recogniſing therefore made of the ſupe|rioritie and ſubmiſſion of graunt to receyue that which before the king of England ſhould by law he defined, the ſayde king requyred to haue the Caſtels, and the whole lande deliuered vnto hys poſſeſſion that by peaceable ſeyſ [...]e thereof had, his right of ſuperioritie now recogniſed by theyr letters and wrytings, might be the more manifeſt and apparant to the whole world. They ſtreight way agreed to the kings requeſt, and wrytings thereof were made and confirmed wyth theyr Seales, being written in Frenche. The tenour whereof enſueth.

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A Tousi ceulx, que ceſte preſente lettre verrunt on [...]rront. Florence Counte de Holland, Robert de Brus ſeigneur du Val Danaund, Iean de Baillioll Seigneur de Gallawey, Iehan de Haſtings ſeigneur de Abergeuenny, Iehan Comin ſeigneur de Ba|denaw, Patrique Dunbar Counte de la Marche, Iean de Veſcy, pour ſon pere, Nichol de Seules, & Guilaume de Ros, ſaluz en dieu.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Come nous aions o|trie, & graunte, de noſtre bonne volunté, & comu|ne aſſent ſans nulle deſtreſſe, a noble prince Sire Ed|ward, par la grace de dieu, rey de Angleterre quil come ſouerein ſeig. de la terre de Eſcoce puiſſe oir trier, & terminer nos chalenges, & nos demandes, que nos enten dons monſtrer, & auerrer pur noſtre droyt en la reaume de Eſcoce, & droyt receiuer de|uant luy, come ſouerein ſeigneur de la terre, promet|tons [...]a lemains que ſon fait auerons & tendrons forme & eſtable, & qu' il emportera le reaume, a qui droyt le durra deuant luy. Mes pour ce que lauandict roy de Ang. ne puiſt nulle manier conu|ſance faire ne a coplier ſauns iugement, ne iugement doit eſtre ſauns execution, ne execution ne peult il faire duement ſauns la poſſeſsion, & ſeyſine de meſ|me la terre, & de chaſteaux. Nous volons, otrions, & grantons, qu il come ſouereine ſeigneur, a par|faire les choſes auant dictes, ait laſeyſine de toute EEBO page image 802 la meſme terre, & de chaſteaux de Eſcoce, tant que droyt ſoit feit & perfourme, as demandans en tiel maniere, que auant ceo qu il eit le ſeyſine auant dict face bonne ſeurte, & ſuffiſante as demandants & as gardiens, & a la commune du reaume d' E|ſcoce, a faire la reuerſion de meſme le royalme, & de chaſteaus, oue toute la royauté, dignité, ſeignou|rie, franchiſes, couſtumes, droitures, leys, ſages, & poſſeſsions, & t [...]nz manieres des apurtenances, en meſme le eſtate, quils eſt [...]ient quant la ſeyſine luy fuſt bailleé, & liuereé a celuy que le droyt empor|tera par iugement de ſa royaute, ſauue au roy den|gliterre le homage de celuy, qui ſerra rey. Yſsint que la reuerſion ſeit feit dedans les deux moys apres le iour que le droyt ſera tricé & affirmé. Et que les yſſues de meſme la terre en le moyne temps reſceus, ſoient ſauuement mis en depos & bien gardees par la main le Chamberleyn d' Eſcoce que ore eſt, & de celuy qui ſerra aſsigne a luy de par le rey deng|literre, & de ſous leur ſeaus ſauue renable ſuſti|nance de la terre, & des chauſtiaux & des mini|ſtres du royaume. En teſtimoigne de ceſtes choſes a|uandicts, nous auons mis nos ſcaules a ceſte eſcript.

The Engliſh whereof is thus.

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The Copie of the ſeconde charter tou|thing the poſ|ſeſsion of the lande.

TO all thoſe which theſe preſent writings ſhal ſee or heare, Florence Erle of Hollãd, Robert de Bruce lord of Annãdal, Iohn de Balliol Lord of Galloway, Iohn Haſtings Lorde of Aberge|uennie, Iohn Comin Lord of Badenaw, Patrik de Dunbarre Earle of Marche, Iohn de Veſey inſteade of his father, Nicholas de Sules, Wil|liã de Ros, ſend greeting in our Lord.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Bycauſe that of our good wil and common aſſent without all conſtraint, we do conſent and graunt vnto the noble prince the Lorde Edwarde, by the grace of God king of England, that he as ſuperior Lorde of Scotland, may heare, examine, define & deter|mine our claymes, chalenges, & petitions, whiche we intend to ſhew and proue for our right, to bee receyued before him as ſuperior Lord of the land, promiſing moreouer, that we ſhall take his deed for ſleme and ſtable, and that he ſhall inioy the kingdome of Scotland, whoſe right ſhall by de|claration beſt appeare before him. Where as then the ſayde king of England cannot in this maner take knowledge, nor fulfill our meanings with|out iudgement, nor iudgement ought to be with|out execution, nor execution may in due forme be done without poſſeſſion and ſeyſine of the ſayde land and Caſtels of the ſame, we will, conſent, and graunt, that he as ſuperior Lord to perform the premiſſes may haue the ſeyſine of all the land and Caſtels of the ſame, till they that pretend ty|tle to the crowne be ſatiſfied in theyr ſute, ſo that before he be put in poſſeſſion and ſeyſine, he finde ſufficient ſuretie to vs that pretende tytle, [...] the Wardens, and to all the comunaltie [...] kingdome of Scotland, yt he ſhal reſtore the [...] kingdome with all the royaltie, dignitie, [...]rie, liberties, cuſtomes, rightes, lawes, vſages [...]ſeſſions, and all and whatſoeuer the app [...]ces, in the ſame ſtate wherein they were [...] the ſeyſine to him delyuered, vnto him to [...] by right it is due, according to the iudgement [...] his regalitie, ſauing to him the homage of [...] perſon that ſhall be king: and this reſ [...] be made within two Moneths after ye day [...] which the right ſhall be diſcuſſed and eſtab [...] the iſſues of the ſame lande in the meane [...] ſhall be receyued, layd vp, and put in ſafe [...] in the handes of the Chamberlaine of Scot [...] which nowe is, and of him whome the [...] Englande ſhall to hym aſſigne, and thys [...]der theyr Seales, [...]ing and allowing the rea|ſonable charges for the ſuſtentation of the la [...]e, the Caſtelles and [...]s of the Kingdome. In witneſſe of all the which premiſſes, we haue [...] to theſe letters ſet our Seales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe two letters the King of England [...] vnder his priuie Seale vnto diuerſe Monaſteries within his realme, in the .xix. yeare of his raigne, that in perpetuall memorie of the thing thus paſ|ſed, it might be regiſtred in their Chronicles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And thus by the common aſſent of the chie|feſt of the Lordes in Scotlande, king Edwarde receyued the lande into his cuſtodie, tyll by due and lawfull tryall had, it myght appeare who was rightfull heyre to the crowne there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The homage or fealtie of the Nobles of Scot|land was expreſſed in wordes as followeth.

Rich. [...]

The [...] tenor of [...] homage.

By|cauſe that all wee are come vnto the allegiance of the noble Prince Edwarde King of Eng|lande, wee promiſe for vs and oure heyres vpon all the daunger that wee may incurre, that wee ſhall bee faythfull, and loyally holde of hym a|gaynſte all manner of mortall menne, and that wee ſhall not vnderſtande of any domage that may come to the king, nor to his heyres, but wee ſhall ſtay and impeache the ſame to our powers. And to this we binde our ſelues and our heyres, and are ſworne vpõ the Euangeliſts to performe the ſame. Beſide this, we haue done fealtie vnto our ſoueraigne lord the ſaid king in theſe wordes eche one by himſelf: I ſhall be true and faythfull; and fayth and loyaltie I ſhall beare to the King of Englãd Edward and his heyres, of life mem|ber and worldely honour agaynſte all mortall creatures.
Maiſter [...]phe [...] of R [...] The King hauing receyued as well the poſſeſſions of the Realme, Caſtelles, Manours, and other places belongyng to the EEBO page image 902 crowne of Scotlande, [...]dens of [...]ealme of [...]and ap| [...]ted by K. [...]arde. he committed the gouern|ment and cuſtodie of the realm vnto the Biſhops of Saint Andrewes and Glaſgo, to the Lordes, Iohn Cumyn, and Iames Stewarde, who had put him in poſſeſſion, to that vnder him they [...]o the ſame, in maner as they had done before. But in diuerſe Caſtels hee placed ſuch Captaynes as he thought moſt meeteſt, to keepe them to hys vſe, till he had ended the controuerſie, and placed him in the kingdome, to whome of ryght it be|longed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He alſo willed the Lordes of Scotland to elect a ſufficient perſonage to bee Chancellour of the Realme, [...] Biſhop of [...]eſſe elec| [...] chancellor [...]otlande. which they did, naming Alane Biſhop of Catneſſe, whom the king admitted, ioyning with him out of his Chapleynes named Walter Armundeſham, ſo that on the .xij. of Iune, vpon the greene ouer agaynſt the Caſtell of Norham, neare to the ryuer of Tweede, in the Pariſhe of Vpſetelington, before Iohn Ballioll, Robert Brute, the Biſhops of Saint Andrewes, and Glaſgo, the Lordes Cumyn and Steward, war|dens of Scotlande.He receyueth his ſeale. The Biſhop of Cathneſſe re|ceyued his Seale, appoynted him by the king of England, as ſupreme Lorde of Scotlande, and there both the ſaid Biſhop,He is ſworne. & Walter Amonde| [...]ham were ſworne truly to gouerne themſelues in the office.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The morow after were the Wardens ſworne and with them as aſſociated Brian Fitz Alam,The wardens ſworne. and there all the Earles and Lordes of Scotland that were preſent ſware fea [...]tie vnto king Ed|warde, [figure appears here on page 902] as to theyr ſupreme ſoueraine Lorde, and withall, there was peace proclamed, and publike Edictes ſet forth in the name of the ſame King, intituled ſupreme Lorde of the realme of Scot|lande. The reſidue of the Scottiſhe Nobilitie, Earles, [...] Scottiſh [...]ilitie doth [...]e to king [...]arde. Barons, Knightes, and other, with the Biſhops and Abbottes, vpon his comming into Scotland, ſware fealtie eyther to himſelfe in per|ſon, or to ſuch as he appoynted his deputies to re|ceyue the ſame, in ſundrie townes and places ac|cording to order giuen in that behalfe. Suche as refuſed to doe theyr fealtie, were attached by their bodies, till they ſhoulde doe their fealties, as they were bounden. Thoſe that came not, but excu|ſed themſelues vpon ſome reaſonable cauſe, were heard, and had day giuen vnto the next Parlia|ment: but ſuch as neyther came, nor made any reaſonable excuſe, were appoynted to bee diſtray|ned to come.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Biſhop of Saint Androwes, and Iohn Lorde Comyn of Badenoth, with Brian Fitz Alain, were aſſigned to receyue ſuch fealties at Saint Iohns towne. The Biſhop of Glaſgo, Iames Lorde Stewarde of Scotlande, and Ni|cholas Segraue were appoynted to receyue them at Newcaſtell of Arc. The Earle of Souther|land, and the Sherife of that Countrey with his Baylifes, and the Chatellain of Inuerneſſe were ordeyned to receyue thoſe fealties in that Coun|tye, the Chattelain firſt to receyue it of the ſayde Earle, and then he with his ſayd aſſociates to re|ceyue the ſame of others. The Lorde William de Saintclare, and William de Bomille, were appoynted to receyue fealtie of the Biſhoppe of Whitterne, and then the ſayd Biſhop with them to receyue the fealties of all the Inhabitantes of Galloway.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Amongſt other that did theyr homage to the king himſelfe, was Marie Queene of Man, and Counteſſe of Stratherne, vpon the .xxiij. day of Iuly, the king being then in Saint Iohns tow [...], otherwiſe called Perth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 To conclude, he was put in full poſſeſſion of the Realme of Scotlande, and receyued there homages and fealties (as before ye haue hearde) as the direct and ſupreme Lorde of that lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 804This done, and euery thing ordered as ſeemed moſt expedient, King Edwarde returned into the South parties of his realme to be at his mo|thers buriall,The kings mo+ther deceaſed. that in this meane tyme was de|parted this lyfe. Hir hart was buried in the church of the gray Friers at London, and hir bodie at Ambreſburie in the houſe of the Nunnes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After the funerals were ended, king Edwarde returned into the north parties againe: he ſtayed a while a Yorke, and during his abode there, Rees ap Meridoc, (of whom ye haue heard before) was by order of law condemned and executed.

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An. reg. 20.


Nic. Triuet.

This yeare after Eaſter, as the Fleet lay be|fore S. Mathewes in Britaine, there roſe certain diſcorde betwixt the Mariners Normans, and them of Bayon and ſo farre the quarel increaſed, that they fell to trie it by force, the Engliſh men aſſyſting them of Bayon, and the French kings ſubiects taking parte with the Normans, and now they fraught not theyr ſhips ſo much with Merchandiſe, as with armor and weapon At length the matter burſt out from ſparkes into o|pen flambe, the ſequele whereof hereafter ſhall appeare, as we fynde it reported by wryters.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 But nowe touching the Scottiſhe affayres. At lẽgth the king comming into Scotland, gaue ſummonce to al thoſe that claymed the Crowne, to appeare before him at the feaſt of the Natiuitie of S. Iohn Baptiſt next enſuing, yt they might declare more at large by what right they claimed the kingdome. Herevpon when the day of theyr appearance was come, and that king Edwarde was readie to heare the matter, hee choſe out the number of xl. perſons, the one halfe Engliſhmen, and the other Scottiſh men, which ſhoulde diſ|cuſſe with aduiſed deliberation and greate dili|gence the allegations of the competitors, defer|ring the finall ſentence vnto the feaſt of S. Mi|chael next enſuing, the which feaſt being come, after due examination, full triall, & aſſured know|ledge had of the right,Iohn Ballioll obteyneth the kingdome of Scotlande. the kingdome by al their aſ|ſents was adiudged vnto Iohn Balliol, whiche deſcended of the eldeſt daughter of Dauid king of Scotland, Robert le Bruce, betwixt whom and the ſame Balliol at length (the other being ex|cluded) the queſtiõ and triall only reſted, was deſ|cended of the ſeconde daughter of king Dauid, though otherwiſe by one degree he was nearer to him in bloud.Nic. Triuet. Thus writeth Nicholas Triuet. Albeit other affirme, that after long diſputation in the matter,Polidor. by order of king Edward, there wer appoynted .lxxx. auncient and graue perſonages, amongſt the which were .xxx. Engliſh men, vnto whome (being ſworne and admoniſhed to haue God before their eyes) authoritie was giuen to name him that ſhould be king. Theſe .lxxx. per|ſons, after they had well conſidered vnto whome the right apperteyned, declared with one voyce, that Iohn Balliol was rightful king King Ed|ward allowed their ſentence, and by his [...]+tie confirmed, vnto the ſame Iohn, the poſſeſſion of the kingdome of Scotlande, with con [...] that if he did not gouern that Realme with [...]+ſtice, then vpon complaint, the king of Englande might put vnto his hande of reformation, [...] was bounde to doe by hys ryght of ſuperior [...] that in him was inueſted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herevpon king Edwarde awarded forth [...] writ of deliuerie of ſeyſine at the fute of the ſande Ballioll,Out of my booke of cordes [...] St. [...] vnto William and Robert, Biſhops of Saint Androwes and Glaſgo to Iohn [...]de Cumyn, Iames Lorde Steward of Scotlande and to the Lorde Brian Fitz Alain, worden [...] of Scotlande, commaunding them to deliuer vnto the ſayde Iohn Balliol the ſeyſme and poſſeſſion of that realme, ſauing the [...] and debts [...] to him of the iſſu [...] & profites of the ſame realme, vnto the day of the date of the writ, whiche was the .xlx. day of Nouember, in the .xx. yeare of his raigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo there was another writ made, and [...]|ted to ſuch as had the keeping of the Caſtell [...] in their handes, in forme as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


EDwardus dei gratia rex Angliae,The C [...] the [...] the de [...] of the [...] dominus Hi|berniae, dux Aquitaniae, & ſuperior dom [...]m regni S [...]tiae,

delecto & fideli ſuo Petro Burdet, Cõ|ſtabulario caſtri de Berwike ſalutem.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Cùm Iohannes de Baliolo nuper in Parliamente nostre apud er| [...]icum ſuper Tuedam, veniſset coram nobis, & [...]ti|uiſſe [...] praedictu regnũ Scotiae ſibi per nos adiudi [...]ri, & ſeiſinam ipſius regni, vt propinquiori ha [...]di Margaretae filiae regis Norwegiae domina Sco [...]a, iure ſucceſsionis liberari, ac nos, auditis & intel|lectis petitionibus, & rationibus diligenter exi|minatis, inuenerimus prafatum Iohannem de [...]|liola eſſe propinq [...]orem haredem praedictae Marga|retae, quo ad praedictum regnum Scotiae abtinendum propter quod ide regnum Scotiae, & ſeiſinam eiuſ|dem, ſaluo uire noſti [...], & [...]eredũ noſtrorũ cùm v [...]|luerimus inde loqui, pradicto Iohanni reddidm [...]: tibi mandamus quòd ſeiſinã praedicti caſtri de [...]er|vico cum omnibus pertinentijs ſuis, vna cum alij [...] omnibus rebus tibi per cyrographũ traditis, ſecundũ quod in praedicti caſtri tibi commiſſa cuſtodiares hu|iuſmodi recepiſſi, ſine dilatione praefato Iohanne de Balliolo, vel attornat, ſu [...] has litteras deferẽtibus, deliberari facias.

The ſame in Engliſh is thus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


EDward by the grace of god, king of Englãd, lord of Ireland, duke of Aquitaine, and ſuperi|or lord of the realme of Scot.

to his welbeloued & faithful ſeruant Peter Burdet Coneſtable of the Caſtell of Berwike, ſendeth greeting.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Where Iohn de Ballioll late in Parliamente hol|den at Berwicke vppon Tweede, came EEBO page image 805 before vs, and demaunded the ſayde Realme of Scotlande to be adiudged to him by vs, and ſea|ſine of the ſame realme to bee to him deliuered as next heyre to Margaret daughter to the king of Norway, Ladie of Scotlande by right of ſuc|ceſſion. We hauing heard and vnderſtoode the ſame petitions and reaſons beeing diligentlye wayed and examined, we finde the ſayde Iohn Ballioll to be next heyre vnto the ſayde Marga|ret, as to obteyne the ſayde kingdome of Scot|lande, wherevpon wee haue deliuered vnto him the ſayde kingdome of Scotlande, and the ſeyſin thereof, ſauing the right of vs and our heyres, when it ſhall pleaſe vs to ſpeake thereof. Wee therfore commaund you, that you deliuer vp vn|to the ſayde Iohn Ballioll, or to his attourneys, that ſhall bring with them theſe our preſent let|ters, the ſeyſine of the ſayde Caſtell of Barwike, with all the appurtenances, togither with all o|ther things to you by Indenture deliuered accor|dingly as you did receyue the ſame, with the cu|ſtodie of the ſayde Caſtle to you committed: and this without delay.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the ſame forme of wordes were writtes awarded forth, to all and euery other the keepers of Caſtels and Manors belonging to the crowne of Scotlande, and being at that time in king Ed|wards handes, the names of places and the per|ſons that had them in cuſtodie onely chaunged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...] Seale [...]ken.The ſame day alſo in the Caſtel of Berwike was the Seale broken which had bene appoyn|ted to the gouernors during the time that the realme was vacant of a king. It was broken in|to foure partes, and put into a purſe to bee reſer|ued in the treaſurie of the king of Englande, in further and more full token of his ſuperioritie and direct ſupreme dominion ouer the Realme of Scotland. Which things were done in preſence of the ſayd Iohn Balliol then king of Scotland, Iohn Archbiſhop of Dublin. Iohn Biſhoppe of Wincheſter, Anthonie Biſhoppe of Dureſme, William Biſhop of Ely, Iohn Biſhop of Car|leil, William Biſhop of Saint Andrewes, Ro|bert Biſhop of Glaſgo, Marke Biſhop of Man, and Henrie Biſhop of Aberdene, with diuerſe o|ther Biſhoppes, beſides Abbottes and Pri|ors of both Realmes, Henrie Earle of Lyn|colne, Humfrey Earle of Hereforde, Roger Erle of Norffolke, Iohn Erle of Buchquane, Doue|nalde Earle of Mar, Gylbert Earle of Angus, Patrike Earle of Marche, and Maliſius Earle of Stratherne, with the .xxiiij. Auditors of Eng|lande, and the .lxxx. Auditors of Scotland, chap|laynes. Alſo Henrie de Newmarke Deane of Yorke, Iohn Lacie Chancellour of Chicheſter, William de Grenefielde Chanon of Yorke, and Iohn Ercurie Notarie, and many other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iohn Ballioll beeing thus created King of Scotlande, on the .xx. day of Nouember, in the Caſtell of Norham, did fealtie vnto king Ed|warde for the kingdome of Scotlande in maner as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

This heare you my Lorde Edward king of Englande,The forme of the fealtie of Iohn Ballioll. ſoueraigne Lorde of the Realme of Scotlande, that I Iohn de Ballioll K. of Scot|lande, which I holde and clayme to hold of you, that I ſhall be faythfull and loyall, and owe faith and loyaltie to you, I ſhal beare of life and mem|ber, and of earthly honor, agaynſt all people, and lawfully I ſhal acknowledge and do the ſeruices which I owe to doe to you, for the Realme of Scotlande aforeſayde. So god me helpe and his holy Euangeliſts.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Hereof alſo hee made letters patents witneſ|ſing that he had thus done fealtie vnto king Ed|warde, which letters hee ſealed and deliuered in preſence of William biſhop of Saint Andrews, Robert biſhop of Glaſgo, Iohn Erle of Bouch|quane, William Earle of Ros, Patrike Earle of Marche, Walter Earle of Men [...]eth, Iames lord Stewarde of Scotlande, Alexander de Ergay, Alexander de Ballioll Lorde of Caures, Patrike de Graham, and William de Saintclere. This done, king Edwarde appoynted Anthonie Bi|ſhop of Dureſme, and the lord Iohn Saint Iohn to paſſe with the Ballioll into Scotlande, and there to put him into the corporall poſſeſſion of the ſame realme of Scotlande, whiche they did,

An. reg. 21.

Iohn Ballioll crowned king of Scotland.

and ſo hee was crowned at Scone vppon Saint Andrewes day, being placed in the Marble chaire within the Abbay Church there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſolemnitie of which coronation beeing ended, he returned into Englande, and comming to Neweaſtell vpon Ti [...]e, where king Edward that yeare kept his Chriſtmaſſe, he there did ho|mage vpon Saint Stephens day vnto the ſayde king Edwarde in fourme of wordes as follo|weth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 My Lorde,The forme of the king of Scots homage. Lorde Edwarde king of Eng|lande, ſuperior Lorde of Scotlande, I Iohn de Balliol king of Scotlande, do acknowledge and recogniſe mee to be your liegeman of the whole Realme of Scotlande with all the appurtenan|ces and whatſoeuer belongeth thereto, the which kingdome I hold and ought of right and cl [...]me to holde dy inheritance of you and your heires kings of Englande, and I ſhall beare fayth and loyaltie to you and to your heires kings of Eng|land, of life, of member, and earthly honor, againſt all men, which may liue and die. This homage in forme aforeſayde did king Edwarde receyue, his owne and others right ſaued.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then did the king of Englande without de|lay,1293 reſtore vnto the ſayd Iohn Balliol the king|dome EEBO page image 806 of Scotlande with all the appurtenances.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Richarde Bagley.This yere, as one Richard Bagley an offi|cer of the Sherifes of London, led a priſoner to|wards the gayle, three perſons reſeued the ſayde priſoner, and tooke him from the officer, the which were purſued & taken, and by iudgement of lawe thẽ vſed,The offenders loſt their hãds. were brought into weſt Cheape, & there had their hands ſtriken off by the wreſtes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A great ſnow and tempeſt of winde in May.The .xiiij. day of May fell a wonderfull ſnow, and therwith blew ſuch an exceeding winde, that great harme was done thereby in ſundrie places of Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archbi. of Canterbury deceaſeth.The ſame yeare died Frier Iohn Pecham Archbiſhop of Canterbury, and then was Robert of Winchelſey elected Archbiſhop, the .xlviij. in number that had ruled that ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the middle of September following, the Erle of Bar a Frenchman,The kings daughter ma|ried to the Erle of Bar. maried the ladie Ele|nore the kings daughter in ye towne of Briſtow.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yeare wheate was ſolde at London for two ſhillings a buſhel. This yeare alſo the warre was begonne betwene the kings of England and Fraunce.War betwixt England and Fraunce. For whereas king Edwarde had fur|niſhed forth ſixe ſhippes of warre, and ſent them vnto Burdeaux for defence of the coaſtes therea|boutes, two of them as they ſayled alongeſt the coaſt of Normandie,Two Engliſhe ſhips taken. and fearing no burt by e|nimies, were taken by the Norman fleet, and di|uerſe of the Mariners hanged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Lorde Robert Tiptoſt that was Admi|rall of the Engliſh fleete, aduertiſed hereof, got togither a great number of ſhippes, and directed his courſe with them ſtreight towardes Nor|mandie and finding no ſhips of the Normans a|brode in the ſeas,The Lord ad|mira [...]l of Eng|land ſetteth vpon the Nor|man ſhippes. vpon a deſire to be reuenged en|tred the mouth of the ryuer of Same, and ſet vp|on the Norman ſhippes that lay there at anere, fiue many of the Mariners, and tooke ſixe ſhips away with him, and ſo returning to the Sea a|gaine, caſt ancre not farre off from the land [...] prouoke the Frenchmen to come forth with [...] fleete to giue battail. And as he lay there at an [...] it chaunced that certaine Norman Shipp [...] fraught with Wine, came that wayes as they returned out of Gaſcoigne. The Lorde Tiptoſt ſetting vpon them, tooke them with little a doe, and ſleaing neare hand the thirde part of all the Mariners ſent the ſhips into England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Frenchmen to reuenge this act, prepare a nauie, and furniſhing the ſame with ſouldiers went forth to the Sea to encounter the Engliſh men: but ere they met, Meſſengers were ſent to and fro, the Engliſh men accuſing the French|men of truce breaking, and the Frenchmen again requiring reſtitution of their goodes taken from them by violence. And now foraſmuch as thys buſineſſe had bin moued raſhly betwixt the Eng|liſh men and the Normans, without any com|miſſion of their Princes, their mindes there|fore were not ſo kindled in diſpleaſure, but that there had beene good hope of agreement betwixt them, if Charles Earle of Valoys the Frenche kings brother (being a man of a [...]ote nature,Charles [...] of Vi [...] cureth [...] betwixt [...] land [...] and deſirous of reuenge) had not procured hys bro|ther to ſeeke auengemente: by force of armes. Wherevpon the French fleete made towardes the Engliſh men, who mynding not to detract the battel, ſharply encoũter their enimies in a certain place betwixt England & Normãdy, where they had layde a great emptie ſhip at an ancre, to giue tokẽ where they ment to ioyne. There were with the Engliſh men both Iriſhmen & Hollanders, & with the Normans there were Frenchmen and Flemings, & certain veſſels of Genowayes. The fight at the firſt was doubtfull, & great ſlaughter made, as in the meeting of two ſuch mightie na|uies muſt needes enſue.The Ea [...] men v [...] by ſea. In the end yet the victory fell to the Engliſhmen, & the French ſhips put to [figure appears here on page 806] EEBO page image 807 chaſe and ſc [...]tred abrode. The number of ſhips loſt is not recorded by ſuch wryters as make re|port of this conflict, but they write that the loſſe was great. King Philip being aduertiſed of this diſcomfiture of his fleet, was ſore diſpleaſed, and as though he would proceede agaynſt king Ed|ward by order of law, he ſummoneth him as hys liegeman to appeare at Paris, [...]ng Edward [...]mored to [...]eate at [...]is. to anſwere what might be obiected agaynſt him, but withall by|cauſe he knew that K. Edward would not come to make his appearance, he prepareth an army.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]rd earle [...]ancaſter [...] to the [...]ch king.In the meane time K. Edwarde ſendeth his brother Edmond Erle of Lancaſter to be his at|torney, & to make anſwere for him before all ſuch Iudges as might haue hearing of the matter: but the Iudges meaning nothing leſſe thã to trie out the truth of the cauſe, admit no reaſons that the Erle could allege in his brothers behalf, & ſo pro|nounce K. Edward a rebel & decree by areſt, [...]ng Edward [...]emned in [...] French [...]gs Court. that he had forfeyted all his right vnto the Duchie of Guienne. Theſe things thus done, he ſendeth pri|uy meſſengers vnto Burdeaux, to procure the ci|tizens to reuolt frõ the Engliſhmen, [...]old de [...]le ſent in| [...] Gaſcoigne [...] an army. & appointed the Coneſtable of France the L. Arnold de Neall to follow with an army, who cõming thither ea|ſily brought thẽ of Burdeaux vnder the French dominion, being alredy minded to reuolt through practiſe of thoſe that were lately before ſent vnto them from the French king for that purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, the ſaid Coneſtable brought the peo|ple neare adioyning vnder ſubiection, partly mo|ued by the example of the chiefe and head Citie of all the Countrey, and partly enduced thervnto by bribes and large giftes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſh men that were in the Countrey, after they perceiued that the people did thus reuolt to the French king, withdrew incõtinently vnto the townes ſituate neare to the ſea ſide, but eſpeci|ally they fled to a towne called the Rioll, which they fortifie with all ſpeed. Thus ſayth Polidor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Triuet.Nicholas Triuet writing hereof, declareth the beginning of this warre to be on this maner. The Engliſh Marchants being diuerſly vexed vpon the ſeas, made cõplaint to the K. for loſſe of their marchandice. [...]ie eare of [...]olne. The king ſent the Erle of Lincoln Henrie Lacie vnto the French king, inſtantly re|quiring, that by his aſſent there might ſome way be prouided with ſpeed by them and their counſel, for ſome competent remedie touching ſuch har|mes and loſſes by ſea as his people had ſuſteined. In the meane time whileſt the Earle tarieth for anſwere, a nauie of the parties of Normandy cõ|teyning two .C. ſhips and aboue being aſſembled togither, that they might the more boldly aſſayle their enimies and the more valiantly reſiſt ſuche as ſhould encounter them ſailed into Gaſcoigne, determining to deſtroy all thoſe of their aduerſa|ries that ſhould come in their way. But as theſe Norman ſhips returned back with wines, glory|ing as it were that they had got ye rule of the ſea onely, to themſelues, they were aſſayled by .lx. Engliſh ſhips, which toke them, and brought thẽ into Englãd the Fryday before Whitſunday: all the men were eyther drowned or ſlaine, thoſe on|ly excepted which made ſhift to eſcape by boates. The newes hereof being brought into France did not ſo much moue the K. & the counſel to wonder at the matter, as to take therof great indignation.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were appointed Ambaſſadors to go in|to Englãd, the which on the behalf of the French [figure appears here on page 807] king, might demaunde of king Edward reſtitu|tion of thoſe ſhips and goodes thus taken by hys ſubiects, and conueyed into his realme, without all delay, if he mynded to haue any fauour in the French Court touching his affayres that belon|ged to his Countrey of Gaſcoigne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king of England hearing this meſſage,The Biſhop of London ſent with an anſwer vnto the french king. tooke therein deliberation to anſwere, and then ſent the Biſhop of London, accompanied wyth other wiſe and diſcreete perſons into Fraunce, to declare for aunſwere vnto the French King and his Counſayle as followeth, that is: Where as the King of Englande, hath his regall Courte without ſubiection to any man, if there were therefore anye perſones that founde themſelues hurt or endomaged by hys people, they myght come to hys Court, and vppon declaration of theyr receyued iniuries, they ſhoulde haue ſpeedie iuſtice, and to the ende they might thus do with|out all daunger, whoſoeuer mynded to com|playne, hee woulde giue vnto them a ſafecon|ducte to come and goe in ſafetye through hys lande: But if this way pleaſed not the Frenche King, then he was contented that there ſhoulde bee Arbitratours choſen on bothe ſydes, the whiche weighing the loſſes on bothe partyes, might prouide howe to ſatiſfie the complaynts: and the King of Englande woulde for hys parte enter into bondes by obligation to ſtande to and abyde theyr order and iudgement herein, EEBO page image 808 ſo that the French king would likewiſe be bound for his part and if any ſuch doubt fortuned to a|riſe, which could not be decyded by the ſayde ar|bitrators, let the ſame be reſerued vnto the kings themſelues to diſeaſſe and determine, and the king of Englande vpon a ſufficient ſafeconduct had, woulde come ouer to the Frenche King, if he woulde come downe vnto any ha [...]n towne neare to the Sea coaſt, that by mutuall aſſent an ende might be had in the buſineſſe: but if nei|ther this waye ſhoulde pleaſe the Frenche king nor the other, then let the matter bee committed to the order of the Pope, to whom it apperteyned to nouriſh concorde among Chriſtian Princes, of bycauſe the Sea was as then voyde let the whole Colledge of Cardinals or part of them take order therin, as ſhould be thought neceſſarie, that ſtrife and diſcord being taken away and re|moued peace might again flouriſh betwixt them and their people, as before time it had done.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The French counſaile weyed nothing at all theſe offers, & would not ſo much as once vouch|ſafe to giue an anſwere vnto the Engliſh Ambaſ|ſadors earneſtly requiring the ſame. Finally, the French king ſent vnto the Citie of Aniou which is knowne to belong vnto the Duchie of Gui|enne,The king of England cited to appeare where he there cauſed the king of England to be cited to make his appearance at Paris, at a certaine day, to anſwere to the iniuries and re|bellions by him done in the Countrey of Gaſ|coigne, at the which day when he appeared not, the French king fitting in the ſeate of iudgement in hys owne proper perſon,Sentence geuẽ againſt the king of Eng|lande. gaue ſentence there agaynſt the king of Englande, for making de|fault, and withall commaunded the high Cone|ſtable of Fraunce to ceaſe into his handes all the Duchie of Guienne, and eyther take or expulſe al the king of Englandes officers, ſouldiours, and deputies, which were by him placed within the ſayde Duchie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king a little before had ſent thither a va|liant knight, named the Lord Iohn Saint Iohn, which had furniſhed all the Cities, townes, Ca|ſtels, and places, with men, munition, and vyt|tayles, for defence of the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. Reg. 22. In the meane time the king of Englande de|ſirous to be at quiet with the French men, ap|poynted his brother Edmunde Earle of Lanca|ſter, as then ſoiourning in France, to go vnto the Frenche kings counſaile to procure ſome agree|ment, which both might be allowed of the French king, and not bee diſhonourable vnto him: But when the Erle could not preuaile in his ſute, hee tooke his iourney towardes Englande, vtterlye diſpayring to procure any peace. But e [...]e be came to the ſea ſide,1294 he was ſent for backe againe by the two Queenes of Fraunce, Ioan wife to King Philip, and Marie his mother in lawe, whiche promiſed to frame ſome accorde betwene the [...] kings, & ſo therevpon after diuerſe com [...]+ons by them had in the matter with the ſaid [...] of Lancaſter, at length it was accorded, that for the ſauing of the French kings honour which ſeemed to bee touched by things done by the king of Englandes miniſters in Gaſcoigne,The [...] th [...] [...] ſixe Ca|ſtels ſhoulde remaine at the ſayde kings pleaſant, as Sanctes, Talemonde, Turnim, Pomorall, Penne, and Mount Flaunton. Alſo there ſhould be let a ſeruant or ſergeant in the Frenche kings name, in euerie Citie and Caſtell within all the whole Duchie of Guienne, except B [...]rde [...], Bayon, & the Rioll. And further hoſtages ſhould be deliuered at the French kings pleaſure, of all miniſters to be placed by the king of England in Gaſcoigne and other places throughe all the Countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Theſe things done, the French king ſhoulde reuoke the ſummonance publiſhed and pronoun|ced in the Court of Paris agaynſt the king of England. Alſo he ſhould reſtore all the Caſtels (his ſeruants being remoued which he had pla|ced in the ſame) togither with the pledges incon|tinẽtly, at the requeſt of the ſame Queenes, or of either of them. The king of Englande hauing a ſafe conduct ſhould come to A [...]iens, that there meeting with the French king, peace and [...]ie might be confirmed betwixt them. Then [...]re there writings made and engroſſed touching the foreſayd Articles of agreement, one part deliuered to the erle, ſealed with the ſeales of the Queenes, and other remayned with the foreſayd Queenes ſealed with the ſeale of the Earle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The k. of Englãd certified hereof,L [...] [...]. ſent his letters patents, directed vnto all his officers & miniſters in Gaſcoigne, commaunding them to obey in all things the French kings pleaſure. Theſe letters patents were firſt ſent vnto the Erle of Lãcaſter, that he might cauſe thẽ to be conueyd into Gaſ|coigne when he ſhould ſee time. The Earle ha|uing receyued thoſe letters, doubting whether the French king would obſerue the agreement which the Queenes had made & concluded or not, he re|quired of thẽ that he might heate the French K. ſpeake the worde, that he would ſtande vnto that which they had concluded. Whervpon in the pre|ſence of the ſaid Erle & his wife Blanch Queene of Naua [...]re, mother to the French Queene, alſo of the duke of Burgoigne, Hugh Ve [...]on to the Erle of Oxford, & of a Chaplain cleped ſir Iohn Lacie, the French king promiſed in the fayth of a Prince, that he would fulfill the promiſes of the ſaid Queenes, and the couenants by them accor|ded. Shortly herevpon was ſent into Gaſcoigne a knight of the Erles of Lancaſter, called ſir Gef|frey de Langley with letters from the French K. directed to the Coneſtable,Sir G [...] La [...] to call him back again EEBO page image 823 from his appoynted enterpriſe. And the foreſayd Chaplaine ſir Iohn Lacy was ſent alſo thither with the letters patents of the king of England, directed vnto his officers there, in forme as is a|boue mentioned, wherevpon the Lorde Iohn Saint Iohn the king of Englands lieutenant in Gaſcoigne, vnderſtanding the concluſions of the agreemẽt, ſold all ſuch prouiſions as he had made and brought into the Cities, townes, and fortreſ|ſes for the defence of the ſame, and departing out of Gaſcoigne, came towardes Paris to returne that way into England. But beholde what fol|lowed:The Frenche [...]ings minde [...]aunged. ſodainly by the enimie of peace was the French kings minde quite chaunged. And where the king of England was come vnto Canterbu|rie, and kept there his Eaſter, that immediately vpon the receyt of the ſafeconduct he might tranſ|port ouer the ſeas, and ſo come to Amiens, accor|ding to the appointment made by the agreement, [...]s vnieſt [...]ing. now not only the ſafeconduct was denied, but al|ſo the firſt letters reuocatorie ſent vnto the Co|neſtable to call him backe, by other letters ſent af|ter were alſo made voyde, and he by the latter let|ters appoynted to keepe vpõ his iourney, ſo that ye Coneſtable entring into Gaſcoine with a power, found no reſiſtance, the Captains & officers ſub|mitting themſelues with the townes & fortreſſes at his pleaſure, according to the tenor of the let|ters patents lately to them deliuered. All the offi|cers and captains of the fortreſſes were brought to Paris as captiues and pledges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Within a few dayes after, the Erle of Lan|caſter required the Queenes, that they would 'cal vpon the king to grant his ſafeconduct for the K. of Englãd, to reuoke the citatiõ or ſummonãce, to reſtore the lands taken from him, and to dely|uer the pledges: [...] French K. [...]unceth [...]t he had [...]e. but the French king by the mou|thes of certain knights ſent vnto the Erle, renoũ|ced al ſuch couenants as before had bin cõcluded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Lancaſter then perceyuing that both he and his brother king Edward were moc|ked thus at the French kings hands, returned in|to Englande, and informeth the king and hys counſaile from poynt to poynt of all the matter. Herevpon a Parliament being called at Weſt|minſter, at the which the king of Scotlande was preſent, it was decreed by the eſtates, that thoſe landes which were craftily taken ſo from the king ſhould be recouered againe by the ſworde. And the king herewith ſent vnto the French King a Frier Preacher named Hugh of Mancheſter, [...]h of Man| [...]er a Frier [...]to the [...]ch king. and a Frier Minor called William de Gayneſ|bourgh, both being wiſe and diſcreete men, and Doctours of Diuinit [...], to declare vnto him, that ſithe he woulde not obſerue ſuche agreements as had beene concluded betwixt their anceſters, and further had broken ſuch couenantes as were now of late agreed vpon betwixt thẽ, by the trauaile of hys brother Edmonde Earle of Lancaſter,The king of England re|nounceth the French king. there was no cauſe why hee ought to accounte hym being King of Englande, and Duke of Guien as hys liegeman, neyther did he intende further to bee bounde vnto hym by reaſon of hys ho|mage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time did the King of Eng|lande ſende the Archebiſhop of Dubline,Ambaſſador [...] ſent into Ger|man [...]e. and the Biſhop of Duteſme into Germanie, aboute the concluding of a league with Adolph King of Romaines, to whom was giuen a great ſumme of mony (as was ſayd) vpon couenantes, that he ſhoulde ayde the king of Englande agaynſt the French king, with all his maine force, & that ney|ther of them ſhould conclude peace with the ſayd French king without conſent of the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the Aſcention tide,Wolles ſtayed Fabian. king Edward ſtayed the woolles of this lande, aſwell belonging to ſpi|rituall men as temporall men, till the marchants had fined with him for the ſame,A ſubſidie ray+ſed of woolles ſo that there was a ſubſidie payed for all ſurpliers of wool that went out of the realme, and in ſemblable wife for felles and hydes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He alſo ſent an army by ſea into Gaſcoigne,A army ſent in to Gaſcoigne. vnder the cõduct of his nephew Iohn of Britain that was Erle of Richmond, appoynting to him as counſailers, the Lord Iohn Saint Iohn, and the Lord Robert Tiptoſt, men of great wiſdom, and right expert in warlike enterpriſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 He alſo cauſed thre ſeueral fleetes to be prepa|red,Nich: Triuet: and appoynted to them three ſundrie Ad|mirals, for the better keeping of the ſeas. To them of Yerniouth and other of thoſe partyes,Three fleetes appoynted to the ſea. he aſſigned the Lorde Iohn Bote [...]ourt: to them of the cinque Portes, William de Leyborne: and to them of the weſt Countrey, and to the Iriſhe men, he appoynted a valiant knight of Irelande to their chieftaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare in England was a great dearth & ſcarcitie of corne,

A dearth.

Rich. South [...].

ſo that a quarter of wheate in many places was ſolde for .xxx. ſs. By reaſon wherof poore people died in many places for lack of ſuſtenance.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About Michaelmas,The Engliſh armie paſſeth into Gaſcoign. the Engliſh fleet toke the ſea at Porteſmouth, & after ſome contrary winds at laſt yet they arriued within the riuer of Garon, and ſo paſſing vp the ſame Riuer,

Townes won.

Nich. Triuet. Polidor. Abingdon.

wanne diuerſe townes, as Burg, Blaynes Rions, and other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The kings Coffers by reaſon of furniſhing forth of this army, and other continuall charges which he had ſuſteined, were now in maner emp|tie: for remedie whereof, Wil. Marche one of the kings Treaſurers purpoſed with other mens loſ|ſes to ſupplie that wante. He knewe that in Ab|beys & Churches was much many kept in ſtore,

Mat. VVeſt.

A ſhift for money.

the which if he comaunded to be taken frõ thence, he thought that he ſhould not com [...] any offence, but rather doe a good deede, that the money EEBO page image 810 might come abrode to the vſe of the people, wher|by the ſouldiers might be ſatiſfied for theyr wa|ges. Such Captaines therefore, as he appoynted to worke the feat, placing their ſouldiers in eue|ry quarter through the Realme,Abingdon. make ſearche at one ſelfe time, the fourth of Iuly at three of the clocke in the after noone, for all ſuche money as was hid and layde vp in all hallowed places, and taking the ſame away,The Treaſurer accuſee. brought it vnto the king, who diſſembling the matter, as he that ſtoode in neede,The king ex|cuſeth himſelf excuſed the acte done by hys Treaſorer ſo well as he coulde to auoyde the enuie of the people, and not content herewith, hee called to|gyther ſhortly after, to witte on Sainte Ma|thewes day the Apoſtle, at London, all the Arch|biſhoppes, Biſhoppes, Deanes, and Arche|deacons,Abyngdon. not in theyr proper perſons, but by two Procuratours of euerie Dioces. Here when they were once aſſembled, the King declared vn|to thẽ the warres which he was driuen to main|teyne agaynſt the Frenchmen,The ſpiritual|tie called [...]o [...] counſaile. and the changes which hee was at for the ſame. Hee alſo ſhewed them, that the Earles, Barons and Knights of the Realme, did not onely ayde him with theyr goods, but put their perſons forward to ſerue him in defence of the lande whereof they were mem|bers euen to the ſhedding of theyr bloud, and of|tentymes with loſſe of theyr lyues. Therefore (ſayeth he) you which may not put your perſons in perill by ſeruice in the warres, it ſtandeth with good reaſon you ſhoulde ayde vs wyth youre goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cleargie hauing no ſpeciall head by rea|ſon that the Sea of Canterburie was voyde, wiſt not well how to gouerne themſelues. At length Oliuer Biſhop of Lincolne, required in all theyr names to haue three dayes reſpite to make an|ſwere to the matter, the which time expired, they offred to the king two diſmes to be payde within one yeare.Th [...] offer not lyked. The which when the King heard, hee tooke great diſdaine therewith, and breatned by ſome of his men of warre to put the Cleargie out of his protection, except they would graũt to him the half of their goodes. The Clergie [...] are herewith,The halfe part of ſpirituall liuings gran+ted to the king R. Fabian. Polidor. and ſome of them alſo deſirous to wyn the kings fauour, graunted to his requeſt, and ſo the king at that time got the halfe parte of euerye ſpirituall mans liuing and benefice for one yeres extent to bee payde in portions wyt [...] three yeares next enſuing, beginning at .xx. Marke benefice,Abingdon. and ſo vpwardes. And the ſooner to in|duce them herevnto, hee promiſed the Biſhops to graunt ſomething that myght bee beneficiall to the Cleargie, if they woulde demaunde it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The prelates require to haue the ſta|tute of Mort|main repealed.The Biſhops taking counſaile togither, re|quired of him that ye ſtatute of Mortmain might be repealed, which they ſawe to be moſt preiudi|diall to theyr order. But the King anſwered them, that without the whole conſent of a Par|liament hee coulde not breake that ordinaunce, whiche by authoritie of Parliament had [...] once eſtabliſhed,The K. [...]eth th [...] and therfore he wiſhed that they woulde not requyre that thing which lay not in him to graunt, and ſo by that meanes he ſhyfted them of.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſpiritualtie was not onely charged with this ſubſidie, but they of the temporaltie were alſo burdened.Ni [...]. T [...] For the Citizens & Burgeſſes of good towns gaue to the king the ſixt part of their goods and the reſidue of the people gaue the tenth part.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer about the ſame time, the Welch|men eftſoones rebelled agaynſt the King,The W [...] men ar [...] and in dyuerſe parts made diuerſe rulers amongſt them. Thoſe of Northwales which inhabited aboute Snowdone hilles,Madoc. Ca [...] b [...] hauing to their Captaine [...]e Madock, of the line of their former Prince Li [...]|line, burned the towne and caſtel of Carnar [...], ſleaing a great multitude of Engliſhmen, which doubting no ſuche matter, were come thi [...]er [...]o the Fayre. Thoſe of the Weſt part hauing cho|ſen to theyr ruler one Malgon in the parties of Pembroke and Carmardyn ſhires,Malg [...]. did muche miſchiefe. And one Morgan hauing them of Southwales at hys commaundement,Morgan [...]neth the [...] of Glo [...] out of G [...]+gan [...] expul|ſed and droue the Earle of Glouceſter out of his Countrey of Glamorgan, which Earle had be|fore tyme diſherited the aunceſters of the [...] Morgan.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king therfore to repreſſe the Welchmens attempts, called backe his brother Edmond Erle of Lancaſter, and the Earle of Lincolne, beyng [...]adie to haue ſayled ouer into Gaſcoigne,The E [...] L [...]nc [...] Lincolne [...] qui [...] Wel [...] the which Earles as they approched neare vnto the Caſtell of Denbigh vpon Saint Martyns day, the Welchmen with great force encountred thẽ, and giuing them battaile, droue them backe and diſcomfited their people.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polidore iudgeth that this ouerthrow happe|ned to the Engliſhmen, the rather for that the ar|my was hyred with ſuche money as had beene wrongfully taken out of the Abbeys and other holy places, howbeit it is but his opinion onely.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king kept his Chriſtmaſſe at Aberco [...]|wey in Wales,An. reg [...] 125 [...] and hearing that the now Arche|biſhop of Canterburie, doctor Robert Wynchel|ſey being returned from Rome (where of Pope o [...] [...]e [...]e be had receyued his Pall) was cõming towards hind [...] one of his Chaplaines [...] Iohn [...]tewike with a power of ſouldiers to conduct him ſafely vnto his preſence. And [...] the Archebiſhoppe had done this dealtie to the King accordingly as of dutie and cuſtome hee was bound, he was licẽced to returne with great honor ſhewed vnto him at the kings handes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon the day of the circumciſion of our Lord,Ba [...] [...]ded to [...] Engli [...] was the Citie of Bayon rendred vnto the Lorde EEBO page image 811 Iohn Saint Iohn, the which the day before had beene taken by the mariners by force of aſſaulte. Many of the Citizens which were knowne to be thiefe enimies vnto the king of Englande were apprehended and ſent into Englande. The Ca|ſtell was then beſieged, [...]e Caſtell of [...]e won. and after eight dayes ta|ken. The Lorde of Aſpermont with diuerſe o|ther that helde it, [...]o French [...]ys taken. were cõmitted to priſon. There were alſo taken two Galleys which the French King had cauſed to bee made, and appoynted to bee remaining there vppon defence of that Citie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]t Iohn de [...]des.Shortly after, the towne of Saint Iohn de Sordes was deliuered vnto the Engliſhe men, who wan many other townes & fortreſſes, ſome by ſurrender of their owne accord, & ſome by force and violence. The Engliſhe army greatly en|creaſed within a while, after the deceyte of the Frenchmen once appeared, [...]e Gaſ| [...]nes ayde [...] Engliſhe [...]. for the Gaſcoigns re|turned vnto the Engliſh obedience, in ſuch wife that foure thouſand footmen and two .C. horſe|men came to ayde the Engliſh captaines.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e king en| [...]th into [...]ales.In the meane time, the king of England paſ|ſing ouer the riuer of Cõwey with part of his ar|my to go further into Wales towardes Snow|done, loſt many cartes and other cariages which were taken by the Welchmen, being loden with the prouiſions of vittayles, ſo that hee with hys people indured great penurie, and was conſtray|ned to drink water mixt with honie, and eat ſuch courſe breade, and ſalt fleſh as he could get, til the other part of the army came vnto him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]hingdon.There was a ſmal quantitie of wine amongſt them, which they woulde haue reſerued onely for the king, but he refuſed, ſaying, that in time of neceſſitie all things ought to be common, and all men to be contented wyth lyke dye [...]. For as tou|ching him (being the cauſe and procurer of theyr want,) he woulde not bee preferred vnto anye of them in his meates and drinkes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Welchemen compaſſed him aboute in hope to diſtreſſe him, for that the water was ſo ryſen that the reſidue of his armie coulde not get to hym. But ſhortly after when the water fell, they came ouer to hys ayde, and therewith the aduerſaryes fled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Warwike hearing that a great number of Welchmen was aſſembled togyther,The Earle of Warwike. Nic. Triuet. and lodged in a valley betwixt two wooddes, he choſe out a number of horſemen, with certayne Croſbowes and Archers, and comming vpon the Welchemen in the night, compaſſed them rounde about, the which pytching the endes of their Speares in the grounde, and turning the poyntes agaynſt theyr enimies, ſtoode at defence ſo to keepe off the horſmen. But the Earle ha|uing placed his battaile ſo, that euer betwixt two horſemen there ſtoode a Croſbowe, a great parte of the Welchmen which ſtoode at defence in ma|ner aforeſayde with theyr Speares, were ouer|throwne and broken with the ſhotte of the qua|rels,The Welche men ouer|throwne by the Earle of Warwike. and then the Earle charged the reſidue with a troupe of horſemen, and bare them downe with ſuch ſlaughter, as they had not ſuſteyned the like loſſe of people (as was thought) at any one time before.

[figure appears here on page 811]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane while, king Edwarde to re|ſtrayne the rebellious attempts of thoſe Welch|men, [...] woods in [...]les cut [...]n [...]. cauſed the wooddes of Wales to bee cutte downe, wherein before tyme the Welchmen were accuſtomed to hyde themſelues in time of daunger. He alſo repaired the Caſtels and holdes in that Countrey, and buylded ſome new, as the Citie and Caſtell of Bewmariſe with other,Beanmares buylt. ſo that the Welchmen conſtrained through hũger & famine, were enforced within a while to come to the kings peace. Alſo at length aboute the feaſt of Saint Laurence, the Welcheman Madocke, EEBO page image 812 that tooke himſelfe for Prince of Wales was taken priſoner,

Madock ta|ken priſoner.


and being brought to London was committed to perpetuall priſon. By ſome wryters it ſhoulde appeare, that Madocke was not taken, but rather after many aduentures and ſundrie conflictes, when the Welch men were brought to an iſſue of greate extremitie, the ſayde Madocke came in and ſubmitted himſelfe to the kings peace, and was receyued, vpon condition that he ſhoulde perſue Morgan till hee had taken him and brought him to the kings priſon, which was done, and ſo all things in thoſe parties were ſet in reſt and peace, and many hoſtages of the chiefeſt amongeſt the Welch nobilitie were deli|uered to the king,Welchmen impriſoned. who ſent them to diuerſe caſtels in Englãd where they were ſafely kept almoſt to the end of the warres that folowed with Scotlãd.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polidor.About the ſame time Charles de Valoys bro|ther to the French king being ſent with an army into Gaſcoigne, and comming vpon the ſodaine, found the Engliſh men wandring abrode in the Countrey out of order, by reaſon whereof taking them at that aduantage, he cauſed them to leaue theyr booties behinde them,Charles de V [...]+loys chaſeth the Engliſh men. fiue part of them, and chaſed the reſidue, the which fled to theyr ſhippes, or to ſuch hauen townes as were in their poſſeſ|ſion. The Captaines of ye Engliſhmen, as Iohn de Britaine Earle of Richmond,The Earle of Richmond. and the Lorde Iohn Saint Iohn, after they had gotte togither their ſouldiers whiche had bene thus chaſed, ſent two bandes vnto Ponteſey to defend that towne agaynſt the enimies: alſo other two handes vn|to Saint Seuere: and they themſelues went to Rion to fortifie that place. Charles de Valoys aduertiſed hereof, thought he would not giue thẽ long reſpyte to make themſelues ſtrong by ga|thering any newe power, and therefore appoyn|ted the Coneſtable Sir Raufe de Neale (who hadde woonne the Citie of Burdeaux from the Engliſh men lately before) to goe vnto Po [...]|ſey and beſiege that towne, whileſt hee w [...] vnto Ryon, [...] which he beſieged and fiercely aſſaul|ted. But the Engliſh men and Gaſcoignes due not onely defende the Towne ſtoutely, but alſo make an iſſue forth vppon their enimies, though (as it happened) the ſmaller number was not able to ſuſtaine the force of the greater multitude, and ſo were the Engliſh men beaten backe into the towne agayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt they trie their manhood thus at Rion,Ponteſey the Coneſtable winneth Ponteſey or Pontſ [...] vpon Dordone, and commeth to ioyne with the Earles de Valoys at Rion, and ſo enforce both their powers to winne that towne. The Eng|liſh men and Gaſcoignes, though they were put in ſome feare, yet they ſhew their approued vali|ancie in defending the towne, tyll at length whẽ they ſaw they could defend it no longer, and were in no hope of ſuccor from any part, they fled out about midnight, and made toward their ſhippes; but diuerſe of them were takẽ by the way: for the Frenche men hauing knowledge of their intent, forlay the paſſages, and taking ſome of them that firſt ſought to eſcape thus by flight, ſlue them, but there was not many of thoſe, for all the reſidue when they perceyued that the French men had layde betwixt them and their ſhips, making vir|tue of neceſſitie, ſtood ſtil in defence of the towne, till the Frenchmen entred it by force of aſſaulte the Fryday in Eaſter weeke.

Nic. T [...]

R [...] [...]

[figure appears here on page 812]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Abingdon.Some write, that the ſame night in whiche they ſo ment to flee to theyr ſhippes, there chaun|ced a great tumult and muteny betwixt the foot|men and horſemen, ſo that they fought togither, or elſe might the whole number of them haue eſ|caped. The horſemen that got forth left their hor|ſes behind them readie brideled and ſadled, which the Frenchmen vpon entring the towne in the morning tooke, after they had ſlain the moſt part of the footemen. The Frenchmen hauing got a bloudie victorie, ſaued onely the Captaines and Gentlemen, and ſlue the other, aſwell Engliſhe men as Gaſcoignes. There was takẽ of knights,Eng [...] [...]ake [...] Sir Raufe Tanny, ſir Amis de Saint Amand, with his brother ſir Raufe de Gorges Marſhall of the armye, Sir Roger Leyborne, Sir Iohn EEBO page image 813 Kreting, ſir Iames, Kreting, ſir Henrie Bo|ding, ſir Iohn Mandeuile, ſir Iohn Fuleborne, ſir Robert Goodfielde, [...]bingdon. ſir Thomas Turb [...]ruile, and ſir Walter, with .xxxiij. Eſoniers, whiche were ſent all vnto Paris.Adam Kre| [...] killed. Sir Adam Kreting was killed, [...] Walter [...]de. a right valiant knight by treaſon of one ſir Walter Gyfford a knight alſo which had dwelled in Fraunce manye yeares before as an outlaw

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...] Senere [...].

[...]h: Triuet: [...]gh Veere. [...]les de [...]oys.

The ſame day was the tongue of Saint Se|uere deliuered vnto the Engliſhmen, the whiche Hugh (or as Abingdon hath) Robert Veer, bro|ther to the Earle of Oxforde tooke vpon him to keepe as Captaine there with two hundred men of armes. Charles de Valoys aduertiſed thereof, departed from Rion with all ſpeede to beſiege the foreſayde towne of Saint Seuere, [...] Seuere [...]ged. ere the Eng|liſh men ſhould haue time to fortifie it. But the foreſayde Hugh Veer kept him out the ſpace of xiij. (or as Abingdon hath .ix.) Weekes, to the great loſſe of the Frenche men, no ſmall parte of theyr people dying in the meane tyme, both of peſtilence and famine. At length when vittailes beganne to fayle within, a truce was taken for xv. dayes, within the which it might bee lawfull for them within the towne to ſende vnto Bay|oune for ſuccor, which if it came not within that tearme, the towne ſhoulde bee yeelded vnto the French men, [...]t Seuere [...]lded by [...]poſition. and ſo it was vpon theſe conditi|ons, that the Engliſhmen and other that would depart, ſhoulde haue libertie to take with them their armor and goodes, and be ſafely conueyed two dayes iorney on their way from the French army. Alſo that thoſe which were minded to re|maine ſtill in the towne, ſhould not ſuſteyne any loſſe or domage in theyr bodies or goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The pledges alſo which aforetime were taken out of that towne by the Frenche kings Sene|ſchall, ſhould returne in ſafetie to the towne, and haue their goodes reſtored vnto them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]les de [...]ys retur| [...] into [...]ce.This done, Charles de Valoys appoynted a garriſon of ſouldiers to remaine there for the kee|ping of the towne, and then returned backe into Fraunce. The Engliſhmen which eſcaped out of thoſe places from the French mens handes, [...]dor. re|payred vnto Bayonne to defend that towne with theyr Captaynes the foreſayde Earle of Rich|mont, and the Lorde Iohn de Saint Iohn; the which of ſome are vntruely ſayde to haue beene ſlaine at Rion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then ſhortly after that Charles de Valoys was departed out of the Countrey, the Towne of Saint Seuere was againe recouered by the Engliſh men.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Earle of [...]ord then [...]ng hight [...]ert V [...]er, [...]nce Hugh [...].It ſhoulde appeare by report of ſome writers, that Hugh Veer whome they wrongly name to be Earle of Oxforde, was ſent ouer as then from king Edward to the ayde of his captains in Gaſ|coigne, and at his firſt comming, recouered the towne of Saint Seuere, and afterwards ſo vali|antly defended it againſt the French men, ſo that honourable mention is made of him, both by Ni. Tri. and alſo by ſome Frẽch writers,Niche [...] Tr [...] for his high manhood therein ſhewed. But whether he were brother or ſonne to the Earle of Oxforde, I can not ſay howbeit about the .xxvij. yere of this king Edwardes raigne, we find one Hugh Veer, that was a Baron, which I take to be this man, but Earle I thinke hee was not. For (as Euerſde [...] hath) one Robert Veer that was Earle of Ox|forde deceaſſed in the yeare next enſuing, and af|ter him ſucceeded an other Earle that bare the ſame name (as by records it may appeare.)

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polidore ſpeaking of the ſiege of Saint Se|uere,Polidore. rehearſeth not who was Captaine as then of the towne, but in the yeelding of it vnto Char|les de Valoys, after he had layne more than three moneths before it, he agreeth with other writers.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame yeare Berarde Biſhoppe of Al [...]a and Simon Archbiſhop of Bourges two Car|dinalles of the Romaine Sea were ſent vnto the kings of Englande and Fraunce to moue them to conclude a peace.


Cardinals ſent to the kings of Englande, and France to treat a peace.

Mat. VVeſt.

They fyrſte came into Fraunce, and after into Englande, but percey|uing the myndes of the kings nothing inclyned to concorde, they returned to Rome without a|ny concluſion of theyr purpoſe, but not without money gathered of Religious men to beare oute theyr expences,The Cardinals gather money. for they had authoritie by the Popes graunt to receyue in name of procuraties and expences, ſixe Markes of euery Cathedrall and collegiate Church through the Realme, be|ſydes diuers other rewardes. And where anye poore Chapiter of Nu [...]es or religious perſons were not able of themſelues, the Pariſhe Chur|ches next adioyning were appoynted to bee con|tributories with them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame tyme ſir Thomas Turberuile a knight,

Polid [...]r. Nich. Triuet. Mat. VVeſt.

Sir Thomas Turberuiles promiſe to the French king.

and one of thoſe (as before ye haue heard) which were taken at Rion, to ſaue his life and to deliuer himſelfe out of captiuitie, though he was neuer proued falſe before, promiſed King Phi|lippe that if he woulde ſuffer him to returne in|to Englande, bee woulde ſo worke with King Edwarde, that he might be made by him Admi|rall of the Seas, which thing brought to paſſe, be would deliuer the Engliſh Nauie into the hands of the ſayde King Philippe. Herevpon was he ſet at libertie, and ouer hee commeth into Eng|lande. And for as muche as he was knowne to bee a manne of ſyngular and approoued valy|auncye, King Edwarde receyued hym verye courteouſly, who remembring hys promyſed practiſe to the Frenche King, fell in hande by procuring friendes to bee made Admirall of the Seas. But King Edwarde (as God woulde EEBO page image 814 haue it) denied that ſute.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The French king ſendeth forth a fleet a|gainſt englãd.


The French king in the meane time hauing prepared his nauie, coteining three hundred ſaile, what with the Gaſleys and other Ships for hee had got diuerſe doth fro Merſelles & Genoa) ſent the ſame forth to the ſeas, that vpon ſuch occaſi|on the king of Englande might alſo ſende forth his Fleete. But the Frenche name comming neare to the coaſt of Englande, and lying at An|cre certaine dayes looking for ſir Thomas Tur|beruile, when hee came not at the day prefixed, the Captaynes of the Frenche fleete appoynted one of theyr Veſſelles to approche neare to the ſhore, and to ſette a lande certaine perſons that knewe the Countrey, to vnderſtande and learne the cauſe of ſuche ſtay. They beeing taken of the Engliſhe men and examined, coulde make no direct anſwere in theyr owne excuſe, and ſo were put to death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Abingdon.Some write that they ſent fiue Galleys to|wards the ſhore to ſuruey the coaſt, of the which Galleys one of them aduauncing forth afore hir fellowes, arriued at Hide neare to Rumney ha|uen, where the Engliſh men eſpying hir, to draw the French men a lande, feigned to flie backe in|to the Countrey, but returning ſodainly vppon the enimies,French men ſlaine. A Gally burnt. they ſlue the whole number of them, being about two hundred and fifty perſons. They ſet fire on the Galley alſo and burned hir.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Admirall of the French fleete kindled in anger herewith, ſayled ſtreight vnto Douer, and there landing with his people,Douer robbed by the French. robbed the towne and Priorie. The towneſmen being ſtriken with feare of the ſodaine landing of their enimies, fled into the Countrey, and rayſed people on [...] ſide, the which being aſſembled togither in [...] numbers, towards euening came to Douer, [...] inuading ſuch French mẽ as were ſtrayed abro [...] to ſeeke prayes, ſlue thẽ downe in ſu [...] [...] places. The French Admiral which had bene [...] at the day in p [...]ring the towne,The [...] hearing the noyſe of thoſe Frenchmen that came running towardes the ſea ſide, ſtreight ways getteth him to his ſhip [...] with ſuch pillage as he could take with him. The other French men whiche were g [...]e abrode into the Countrey to fetche prayes, and coulde the come to theyr ſhippes in tyme, were ſtatue euery mothers ſonne. Some of them hid themſelues in the corne fieldes, and were after ſlaine of the Country people.French [...] [...] Douer. There was little leſſe than .viij. hundred of them thus ſlaine by one meane and other at that time. There were not manye of the men of Douer ſlain, for they eſcaped by [...]ight at the firſt entrie made by the Frenchmen: But of women and children there dyed a great num|ber, for the enimyes ſpared none. There was alſo an olde Monke ſlaine named Thomas a man of ſuche vertue (as the opinion went) [...] after his deceaſſe, many myracles through [...] were ſhewed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Sir Thomas Turberuile being troubled in his minde that he could not bring his trayterous purpoſe to paſſe, beganne to aſſay another way, which was to procure Iohn Ballioll King of Scotlande to ioyne in league with the Frenche K. but ere any of his practiſes coulde be brought aboute, his treaſon was reuealed,Sir [...] and he co [...]ſt thereof was put to execution.

[figure appears here on page 814]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nic. Triuet.Nich. Tri. ſaith, yt he had promiſed the French king to cauſe Wales to reuolt frõ K. Edwarde, and that by procurement of the Prouoſt of Pa|ris, he conſented to worke ſuch treaſon. And as ſome write,Caxton. hee did not onely homage vnto the Frẽch K. but alſo left two of his ſonnes in pledge for aſſurance to worke that which he had promi|ſed. His ſecretarie that wrote the letters vnto the French K. cõteining his imagined treaſons,Abing [...] with other aduertiſements touching king Edwardes EEBO page image 815 purpoſes, fearing leaſt the matter by ſome other meanes might come to light, as well to his de|ſtruction as his maiſters for concealing it, diſclo|ſed the whole to the king. He hauing knowledge that he was bewrayed by his ſeruant, fled out of the Court, but ſuch diligence was vſed in the pur|ſute of him, that he was taken within two dayes after, and brought backe agayne to London, where he was conuicted of the treaſon ſo by [...]y [...] imagined, and therfore finally put to death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare the Cleargie gaue to the king the tenth part of their goodes, the Citizens a ſixt part, and the commons a twelfth part, or rather [...]s Euerſden hath the Burgeſſes of good tow [...]s gaue the ſeuẽth, and the commons abrode the .xj. peny.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e death of [...]ble men.The ſame yeare died Gilbert de Clary Earle of Glouceſter, which left iſſue behinde him, be got of his wife the Counteſſe Ioan the kings daugh|ter (beſide three daughters) one yong ſonne na|med alſo Gylbert to ſucceede him as his he y [...]e.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Counteſſe his wife, after hir huſbandes deceaſe maried a knight of mean [...] eſtate, borne in the Byſhoprike of D [...]reſme, [...] Raule [...]uthermer [...]dded the [...]teſſe of [...]uceſter. named Sir Ra [...]e Monthermer, that that [...] Earle [...]ee fyrſt huſbande in hys lyfe tyme. The king at the firſt tooke diſpleaſure herewith, but at length tho|row the high valiantie of the knight, diuerſe ty|mes ſhewed and apparantly approued, the matter, was ſo well taken, that he was entituled, Erle of Gloceſter, and aduanced to great honor.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...] Iohn Romain Archbiſhop of Yorke alſo this, yeare died after whom one Henry de Newinarke d [...]aue of the Colledge there ſucceded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer the ſame yeare William de Va|lence Earle of Pembroke departed this life, and lyeth buryed at Weſtmynſter, and then Aimer his ſonne ſucceeded him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]e king of [...] conclu| [...] a league [...]h the Frẽch [...] Iohn king of Scotlande [...]anceth his ſonne Edwarde Ballioll with the daughter of Charles on Val [...]ys brother to the French king, and con|chideth with the ſayde Frenche king a league a|gainſt the king of England. Nothing moued the Scottiſhe king ſo much hereto, as the affection which he bare towards his natiue Countrey, for he was a French man borne, & lord of Harecourt in Normandie, which ſ [...]gnorie was after made an Earledome by Philip du Valoys King of Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]at. VVeſt.The Scottiſhmen had choſen .xij. Peeres, that is to ſay foure Biſhops, foure Earles, and foure Barons, by whoſe aduiſe and counſayle the King ſhoulde gouerne the Realme, by whom he was induced alſo to conſent vnto ſuch accorde wyth the French men, contrarie to his promiſed fayth giuen to king Edward when he did to him homage.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edwarde not fully vnderſtanding the concluſion of this league, requyring ayde of the Scottiſh king for the maintenance of his warres againſt France, and receyuing a doubtfull an|ſwere he began to ſuſpect the matter, and there|vpon required to haue three Caſtels as Berwik Ed [...]irgh and Ro [...]eſbourgh deliuered vnto him as gages till the ende of the warre,

King Edwards requeſt made to the Scottes is denied.


and if the Scottiſhmen continued faythfull vnto him, hee woulde then reſtore the ſame Caſtelles when the warres w [...] ended vnto th [...] again. This to dothe Scottiſh men vtterly denied, alledging that their Countrey was free of it ſelfe, and acquit of all [...]de or bondage, and that they were in no condition bounde vnto the L [...]n [...] of Scotland, and therefore they would receyue the Merchants of Fraunce [...] Flaunders,The diſloyall dealing of the Scottes. or of any other Coun|trey without exception, as they thought g [...]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There w [...]t ſh [...] [...]n of Barwicke [...] the ſame time, certain Engliſh [...] hõ the [...]cottes [...] [...]ſſault, and wounded ſome of them, and ſome of them they ſiue, and chaſed the reſidue, the [...]ch returning into England made complayn [...]and ſhewed in what euill ma [...]er [...]ey had bee [...] of [...] with.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edward herevpon perceyuing the [...]ur|poſes of the Scottes,N. Triuet. determined to make warre vpon them with all ſpecede, and to con [...]uer the whole Countrey, if they coulde, not cleare them|ſelues of ſuch euill dealing as of them was repor|ted and thought to be be put in practiſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the conuerſion of Saint Paule in Ia|nuarie,

The of Lanca|ſter ſent into Gaſcoigne.


king Edwarde ſent ouer into Gaſcoigne his brother the Lorde Edmonde Earle of Lan|caſter with the Earle of Lyncolne, and other, to the number of .xxvj. Baronittes, and ſeuen hun|dred men of armes, beſides a great multitude of other people They arryued at Blay, aboute the mydſt of Lent, and ſtayed there tyll towards Eaſter.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In which meane ſeaſon, a great ſort of Gaſ|coignes and other people reſorted vnto them, ſo that they were two thouſande men of armes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vpon [...]e [...] Thurſday, the Caſtell de Leſ|parre was deliuered vnto the Erle of Lancaſter,

The Caſtell of Leſpar deliue|red vnto him.

Nic. Triuet.

and after that diuerſe other Caſtels. At his ap|proching neare vnto Burdeaur, vpon the Thurſ|day in Eaſter Wicke, as he reſted to refreſh him|ſelfe and his armie in a little village called Kekel, an armye of Frenche menne, iſſuyng oute of Burbeaux, meant to come vppon the Eng|liſhe menne at vnwares: But they hauyng warning thereof, prepared themſelues to bat|tayle ſo well as the ſhortneſſe of tyme woulde permit and ſo therevpon encountring with theyr enimies, and fighting a ſore battaile,The French|men forced to retire. at length conſtrayned the French menne to returne vnto the Citie, and purſuyng them as they fledde, two Engliſhe Knightes beeing brethren to Sir EEBO page image 816 Peter de Mallow and an other that was a Gaſ|coigne, entred the Citie with two ſtanderde bea|rers belonging to the Erle of Richmond, and to the Lord Alane de la Zouch, whom the French men tooke, cloſing them within the gates. The o|ther Engliſhmẽ being ſhut out,Polidor. firſt fel to ye ſpoile of the ſuburbs, and then ſet fire vpon the ſ [...]e.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this there were certain of the Citize [...] that ſecretly were at a poynt with the Earle of Lancaſter, to haue deliuered the Citie into his handes, but their practiſe being eſpied, they were taken and executed ere they coulde performe that [figure appears here on page 816] which they had promiſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then the Earle perceyuing he ſhould but loſe his labor to ſtay any longer there, vpon certaine weightie occaſions he returned vnto Bayonne,The Earle of Lancaſter de|parteth this life. where he ſhortly after fell ſicke and died. He left behind him three ſonnes, Thomas that ſucceded him in the Erledome of Lancaſter, Henry Lorde of Monmouth and Iohn whom he had begot of his wife Blanch, the which before had bene ma|ried vnto Henrie Erle of Chãpaigne, and king of Nauarre, by whom ſhe had but one onely daugh|ter, that was maried vnto the French king Phi|lip le Beau.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this the Engliſh army beſieged the City of Aques,Aques beſie|ged. but through want of vittayles he was conſtrayned to riſe from thence and breake vp the ſiege.The Earle of Arthoys ſeat with an army into Gaſcoin. The Earle of Arthoys being ſent of the French king with an army into Gaſcoigne, en|countreth with the Engliſhmen, and chaſeth thẽ with the ſlaughter of a great number, & after re|couereth diuerſe townes & fortreſſes in the coũtry.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Nic. Triu [...].

Burg beſieged

Thoſe Engliſh men that kept the towne of Burg, being cõpaſſed about with a ſiege by mon|ſeur de Sully, obteyned truce for a certaine ſpace, during the whiche they ſent vnto Blaynes for ſome reliefe of vittayles: and where other refuſed to bring vp a ſhip loden wyth vittayles, whiche was there prepared,The Lord Si|mon de Mon|tagew his en|terpriſe to re|ſcue the garni|ſon of Burg. the Lorde Simon de Mon|tagew, a right valiant chiefetaine, and a wyſe, tooke vppon hi [...] the enterpriſe, and through the middle of the French Galleyes whiche were pla|ced in the ryuer to ſtoppe that no ſhippe ſhoulde paſſe towardes that towne, by helpe of a proſpe|rous winde, he got into the hauen of Burg, and ſo relieued them within of theyr wante of [...]yt|tayles, by meanes whereof,The ſ [...]reyſed. Mounſeur de Sal|lye brake vppe his ſiege, and returned into Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane time,The [...] leag [...] [...] Fl [...] king Edwarde not [...]|ping his buſineſſe, procured Guy Earle of Flan|ders to ioyne with him in league agaynſte the French men. This Guy was the ſonne of Mar|garet Counteſſe of Flaunders, whom ſhe had by hir ſeconde huſband William Lord of Damner in Burgoygne. Alſo king Edwarde proc [...]ed Henrie Earle of Bar,He co [...] a leag [...] w [...] o [...]. to whome (as before yet haue hearde) he had giuen his daughter Ele [...] in mariage, to make warre vpon the Frenchmen, ſo that at one tyme the Earle of Bar inuaded the Countrey of Champaigne,The [...] B [...] [...] Cham [...] and the Earle of Flaunders made incurſions vpon thoſe Coun|treyes of Fraunce which ioyne vnto Flaunders.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Philip hereof advertiſed, ſent forth one Walter de Creſſie with a great armie agaynſte the Earle of Bar, ſo that beſieging the chiefeſt Towne of Bar, he conſtrayned the ſayde Earle to leaue off his enterpriſe in Champaigne, and to returne home, for doubt to loſe more there than he ſhould winne abrode.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But now to touche more at large the cyr|cumſtaunces of the occaſion that moued the Earle of Flaunders to make warre agaynſte the French king,A mari [...] conc [...] I find in Iacob Mayer that there was a maryage concluded betwixte the Lorde Edward the eldeſt ſonne of king Edwarde, and the Ladie Philip daughter to the foreſayde EEBO page image 817 Guy Earle of Flaunders, which marriage was concluded by Henry Byſhop of Lincolne, and the Erle Warren, being ſent ouer as Ambaſſa|dors by Kyng Edwarde, vnto the ſayde Earle Guy for the ſame purpoſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Flaunders [...]reſted.In the yeare following, the ſayde Earle of Flaunders togither with his wife, comming to viſite the Frenche Kyng at Corbeill, were arre|ſted, and ſent to Paris, there to remayne as pri|ſoners, bycauſe that the Earle had fiaunced hys daughter to the French Kings aduerſarie, with|out his licencer neyther mighte they be deliuered, till by mediation of the Pope,The Pope in [...]rmedleth in [...]e matter. and ſuretie hadde vppon the promiſe of A [...]edey Earle of Sauoy, they were ſet at libertie, with theſe conditions, that they ſhould deliuer into the Frenche Kyngs handes their daughter, whiche was ſo fiaunced vnto Kyng Edwardes ſonne, and further coue|naunted, not to conclude any league with the Kyng of England,The Earle of flaunders [...]ced to a| [...]ee with the [...]ench kyng. but in all poyntes to obſerue a certaine peace which was concluded with Fer|dinando Earle of Flaunders, in the yeare .1225. And if Earle Guy brake the ſame peace, then ſhould he be excommunicated, and all his coun|trey of Flaunders interdited by the Archbyſhop of Reims, and the Byſhoppe of Senlis, Iudges appoynted heerein by authoritie of the Pope.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The Earles daughter beeing ſente for, and brought vnto Paris, the Erle and his wife were releaſſed, [...]he Earle of flaunders [...]er [...]d, re| [...] [...]ome and ſuffered to returne into Flaunders, and ſhortly after, the Earle made earneſt ſure to haue his daughter reſtored vnto hym agayne, in ſo muche, that hee procureth Pope Boniface to bee a meane for him vnto the French Kyng, but all would not ſerue, no, though as ſome ſay, the Pope accurſed the Frenche Kyng for reteyning hir, [...]e French [...]ng [...] aunſwer [...] the Pope. aunſwer being made, that matters perteining to worldly gouernemente, belonged not to the Pope to diſcuſſe. Finally, Earle Guy perceyuing he coulde not preuayle in that ſute, to haue hys daughter agayne, vpon high diſpleaſure conclu|ded to ioyne in league with King Edward and his confederates. [...]new league [...]twixt the [...] of England, [...] [...]emperour [...]d others [...] the [...] king. Herevpon, at an aſſemblie or Councell kept at Gerardmount, there was a ſo|lemne league made an agreed betwixt Ado [...] the Emperoure of Almaine, Edwarde Kyng of England, Guy Earle of Flaunders, Iohn Duke of Brabante, Henry Earle of Bar, both ſonnes in lawe to Kyng Edwarde, and Albert Duke of Auſtrich, againſte Phillip King of Fraunce, and Iohn Earle of Henault his partaker. [...]at. VVeſt. The Merchauntes of Flaunders procured the Earle to conclude this league with Kyng Edward as ſome write the rather in reſpect of the great com|modities whiche roſe to their countrey, by reaſon of the entercourſe of merchandiſe vſed betwixte Englande and Flaunders, and for that through ayde of the Engliſhmen, they mighte the better withſtande the malice, both of the Frenche, and all other their [...]mies. This league being pro|claymed in England, there were ſente ouer into Flaunders, the treaſorer of the Exchequer, and diuers other noble men, to fetche hoſtages from thence, and to giue to the Erle fifteene thouſand pounde of ſiluer, towardes the fortifying of his Caſtels and holdes. King Phillip beeing heereof aduertiſed, by counſel of the peeres of his Realm, ſent two honorable perſonages, as the Captaine of Mounſtrell, and the Captayne of Belquerke, whiche ſhould attach the Earle of Flaunders by his body, and ſummon hym to yeelde himſelfe priſoner at Paris, within the ſpace of fifteene dayes next enſuing. This attachment made,The Earle of Flaunders defieth the French king. and ſommonance giuen, the Earle of Flaunders ſendeth his defiance vnto the Frenche King by the Abbots of Gemblois, and Seneſſes, vnto whome he gaue ſufficient letters procuratorie, to authoriſe them thereto, dated at Male in ye yeare of grate .1 [...]6. after ye accompt of the Chronicles of Flaunders, which begin their yeare at Eaſter: and ſo this chanced in the fiue and twentith yere of King Edwards raigne, the Wedneſday nexte after the feaſt of the Epiphany.The Earle of Flaunders accurſed. Heerevppon was the Earle accurſed, and Flaunders interdited by the Archbiſhop of Reims, and the Biſhoppe of Senlis comming vnto Terwane for that pur|poſe, about the fifteene day of Iune,His ſonne appealeth from the in|terdiction. in the yeare 1297. But the Lorde Robert the Earles ſonne appealed from that interdict vnto the Pope, and ſo the Flemings tooke themſelues free and out of daunger of the ſame. Earle Guy alſo obteyned of King Edwarde, that it mighte be lawfull for them of Bruges, to buy woolles, through Eng|lande, Scotlande and Irelande, as freely as the Italians might, by their priuiledge and graunt. But to returne now to the doings of Kyng Ed|ward, whiche in this meane time, hauing perfect knowledge of the league concluded betwixt the King of Fraunce and the King of Scotlande, prepared an army,Ambaſſadors ſent to the K. of Scottes. and firſte ſente Ambaſſadors into Scotland to giue ſummonance vnto Kyng Iohn, to appeare at Newcaſtell within certayne dayes, that he might there ſhew the cauſe why he had broken the league. And further, to declare vnto him, that he was deceyued, if he thought he might ſerue two maſters, contrary to the words of the Goſpell, for ſo much fauour as the purcha|ſed at the hands of the Frenche King, as muche diſpleaſure mighte he aſſure himſelfe to procure at the hands of the King of Englande, whome to obey, it ſhould be moſt for his aduantage. The Ambaſſadors that were ſente, did their meſſage throughly, but King Iohn was ſo farre off from aunſwering any thing that mighte found to the mayntenance of peace, that ſhortly after he ſente lettere of complaynte vnto King Edwarde, for EEBO page image 818 wrongs whiche he alledged to haue ſuſteyned by his meanes & at his hands. Herevron, King Ed|ward by aduice of his councell, determined to ſet forward with his army into Scotland. Nic. Triuet. The Lord Ros reuolteth to the K. of Scots In the meane time, Roberte Ros, Captayne of Warke Caſtell, reuolted to the Scottiſh Kyng, moued thervnto through the loue of a Scottiſh Gentle|woman, whome hee meante to marry, notwith|ſtanding, he had ſworne fealtie vnto King Ed|ward.William de Ros continu|eth faithfull to the King of Englande. Wherevpon, his brother William de Ros giuing knowledge to Kyng Edwarde, required to haue ſome ayde, whereby hee myghte defende the Caſtell againſt the Scottiſhmen. King Ed|ward ſent vnto him a thouſand Souldiers (Po|lidor ſayth an hundreth) the which as they lodged one night in a Town called Preſtfen,Engliſhmen diſtreſſed. they were ſlayne by the Scottiſhmenne of the garriſon of Rockeſborrough, that were ledde and guided by the ſayd Robert Ros: ſome of them although but few eſcaped away by flight. K. Edward aduerti|ſed hereof, haſted forth, & came to the ſaid Caſtell, glad in this, as is reported, that the Scottiſhmen had firſt begun the warre, meaning as it ſhoulde ſeeme by their procedings, to follow the ſame, for vpon good friday,Ri. South. diuers Scottiſhmen entring the bordures, brente ſundry villages, and ſpoyled the Abbey of Carham.Nic. Triuet. And furthermore, whileſt K. Edward kept his Eaſter at Warke, ſeuen Erles of Scotlãd, as Bouchan, Menteth, Stratherne, Lennor, Ros, Atholl and Mar, with Iohn Co|min the Maſter of Badenawe, hauing aſſembled an army togither of fiue hundred men of armes on Horſebacke,


The Scottes [...]uade Eng|land.

and ten M. footemen in Annan|dale, vpon Monday in Eſter weeke entred Eng|land, & putting all to fyre and ſworde, approched to Carleill, and layde ſeige therevnto on eache ſide,N. Tri [...] paſſing the water of Eden by a forde [...] Richardſton, and did ſo much, that they br [...] the ſuburbes and aſſaulted the gates, at why [...] enterpriſe, a gentleman of Galloway as he [...]|tured ſomewhat neere to the gate, was [...] vp by an iron hooke, of thoſe that ſtoode aloft vpon the gates to defende the ſame, and there ſla [...], and thruſt through with ſpeares. In the meane time, a ſpie, yt which had bin taken and commit|ted to priſon, ſet fire on the houſe wherein he was encloſed, and ſo the flames catching hold vpon ye other buildings, a greate parte of the Citie was thereby brent. The men yet and the women get|ting themſelues to the walles, droue their eni|mies backe, and ſo defended the Citie frõ taking. Wherevppon, the Scottiſhe Lordes, perceyuing they could not preuaile,The S [...]reiſe they [...] ſiege [...] Carele [...]. left their ſiege on ye thurſ|day in Eaſter weeke, and returned agayne into Scotland. The ſame thurſday. K. Edward with his army paſſed ye r [...] of Tweede, & ſo ent [...] into Scotland, ſent to the burgeſſes of Berwike,Berwike ſu [...] offering them peace vpon certayne conditions, & ſtayed a whole day for an aunſwere, but whiche could haue none that liked him, nor that ſounded in any thing to peace, [...]he approched the Tower, and lodged in the Monaſterie of Caldeſtrey [...],Abing [...] His army conſiſted as ſome write of ſ [...]me thou|ſand mẽ of armes on Horſeback, and [...] M. [...]|men, beſide fiue .C. men of armes on horſebacke, and a M. footemen of the Biſhopricke of [...] At the ſame time, there came 24. The [...] Engliſh ſhi [...] ye marriners wherof, beholding where the Engliſh army was placed in battell aray vpon a playne, the Kyng making there certaine Knightes, th [...] thought his meaning was to haue giuen f [...]th with an aſſault, & ſo entring yt hauẽ, & approching [figure appears here on page 818] to ye land,Four engliſhe ſhippes loſt. began to fight with yt towneſmẽ, wher they loſt foure of their ſhips, & were cõſtreined to withdraw with ye reſidue, with help of yt falling water. Some haue written,Abing [...] that they loſt but three ſhippes, whiche were conſumed with [...]+a [...]ed that the Mariners and Souldiers of one of EEBO page image 819 thoſe ſhippes, after they had defended themſelues by great manhoode from the firſt houre of ye day, till eleuen of the clocke, eſcaped away, ſome by the boate of that ſhippe, and ſome leaping into the water, were ſaued by the boates of other ſhips that made in to ſuccour them. The tumor of the Marriners attempt being bruted through the ar|my, the Kyng paſſing forwarde towardes the Towne, gote ouer a ditche, whiche the Scottes hadde caſt to impeache his paſſage, and ſo com|ming to the Towne,

[...]ke won| [...] ſir Ri| [...]d Corne| [...] was bro| [...] to the [...] of Corn| [...].


wanne it, not loſing anye man of renowme, ſauing Sir Richarde Corne|wall, the which was ſlayne by a quarrell whyche a Flemming ſhot out of a Croſſebowe, beyng in the red hall, which the Merchaunts of Flaunders helde in that Towne, and had fortified it in ma|ner of a Tower, but when they would not yeeld, and coulde not eaſily otherwiſe bee wonne, the houſe towardes euening was ſet on fire, and ſo they being thirtie in number, were brenned to death within it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame nighte, the King lodged in the Ca|ſtell, whiche was yeelded vnto him by them that kepte it, their liues and lymmes ſaued, and re|ceyuing an othe, that they ſhould not from thẽce|foorthe beare armour againſte the King of Eng|land, they were permitted to depart whether they thoughte good, theyr Captayne Sir William Dowglas excepted, whome the Kyng ſtill kepte with him, till the ende of the warres.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ton.Some write, that there ſhoulde bee ſlayne of Scottiſhmen at the winning thus of Berwike, aboue the number of twentie thouſand men,

Eight thou|ſande hath Abyngdon, but Richard Southweſt [...]h, there were ſlayne fifteene thou|ſand at the leaſt of one and other.

King Edward fortifieth Berwike.

A Scottiſhe Frier ſ [...]nt to king Edward.

with ſmall loſſe of Engliſhmen, not paſt eyghte and twentie of all ſorts. Yet may reade more heereof alſo in the Scottiſh hiſtory.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Kyng Edwarde remayned at Berwike at fif|teene dayes, and cauſed a ditche to be caſt aboute the Towne, of foureſcore foote in dreadth, and of the like deapth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme, aboute the beginning of Aprill, the wardein and trader of the Frier Mi|nors of Rockeſborrough called Adam Blont, came vnto him with letters from Kyng Iohn, of complaynt for the wrongs done and offered vn|to him and his Realme, as well in claymyng an vniuſt ſuperioritie, and conſtreyning him to doe homage by vndue and wrongfull meanes, as al|ſo by inuading his townes, ſlaying and robbing his ſubiects, for the whiche cauſes,The Scottiſhe K. renounceth his homage and fealtie vnto the king of Englande. hee teſtified by the ſame letters, that hee ren [...]ced all ſuche ho|mage and fealtie for him and his ſubiects, as hee, or any of them ought for any lands holden with|in England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng hearing the letters red, receyued the reſignation of the homage, and commaunded his Chauncellour that the letter might be regi|ſtred in perpetuall memory of the thing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earles of Scotlande before remembred,The Scottes inuade the Engliſh bor|dures. being aſſembled togither with their powers at the Caſtell of Iedworth, entred into Englande the eighth of Aprill, and with fire and ſword dyd much hurt in the Countreys as they paſſed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Reedeſdale they beſieged the Caſtell of [figure appears here on page 819] Harbottell by the ſpace of two dayes, [...]otell. but when they could not preuayle, they remoued, and paſ|ſing forth by the Eaſt part of the Riuer of Tine, through Cokeſdale, Reedeſdale and Northum|berland vnto Exham, they did muche ſkath, by brenning and harrying the countreys.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]uthwel.At Hexham, they ſpoyled the Abbey Churche, and gote a great number of the Cleargie, as well Monkes, Prieſtes, as Scollers, and other whom they thruſt into the Scholehouſe there, and [...]lo|ſing vp the dores, ſet fire on the Schole, and bre|ned all them to aſhes that were within it. It is wonderfull to reade, what beaſtly crueltie the Scottes vſed in that roade whiche they made at EEBO page image 820 that time in two ſeuerall parties, for the Earle of Boghan,The Earle of Boghan. with them of Galloway, entred by Cumberlande in like manner as the other dyd in Riddeſdale,The crueltie of the Scones brenning and murthering all that came in their way. For whereas all thoſe that were of able age, and luſty to get away, fledde, and eſcaped their handes, the aged impotente creatures, women in childebed, and yong childrẽ that could not ſhift for thẽſelues, were vnmerci|fully ſlayne, and thruſt vpon ſpeares, and ſhaken vp in the ayre, where they yeelded vp their inno|cent ghoſts in moſt pitifull wiſe. Churches were drenned, women were forced, without reſpect to order, condition or qualitie, as well the maydes, widdowes and wiues, as Nunnes, that were re|puted in thoſe dayes conſecrate to God, and af|ter they hadde bin ſo abuſed, many of them were after alſo murthered, and cruelly diſpatched out of life.The Nunry of Lameley brent. At length, they came to the Nunry of Lamelay, and brenned all the buildings there, ſauing the Church, and then returned backe [...] Scotlande with all their pillage and bootles [...] Lane [...]coſt, an houſe of Monkes, which then [...]+wiſe ſpoyled.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Patricke Earle of Dunbar came to the King of Englande, and ſubmitted hymſelfe, with all that hee had into his handes, but the Caſte [...] Dunbar vpon Saint Markes day,The C [...] D [...] [...]+dred [...] Sco [...]. being alled|ged of the Scottes, was rendred vnto them, [...] treaſon of ſome that were within it of whome the Counteſſe, wife to the ſame Earle was the chiefeſt, for recouery whereof,Be [...] [...] Kyng Edwarde ſenſe Iohn Earle of Warren, Surrey and [...]|ſex, and William Earle of Warwike, with a great power, the whiche laying ſiege to that Ca|ſtell, a greate hoſt of Scottiſhmen came vppon them to the reſcue of them within,Nic. T [...] Mat. P [...] ſo that there was foughten a righte ſore and terrible battayle.A [...] A [...] [...]o [...]yle [...] D [...] At length, the victory abode with the Engliſh|menne, and the Scottiſhmen were put to [...]igh [...], [figure appears here on page 820] the Engliſhmen following them in chaſe eyghte myle of that countrey, almoſt to the forreſt of Selkirke:The number ſlayne. the ſlaughter was great, ſo that as was eſteemed,Mat. VVeſt. Abingdon. there dyed of Scottiſhmen that day, to the number of tenne thouſand.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The morrowe after beeing ſaterday, whyche was the eight and twentith day of Aprill, at the Kinges comming thither, the Caſtell was ſur|rendred vnto hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were taken in the ſame Caſtell three Earles, Menteth, Caſſels, and Ros, ſixe Barõs, Iohn Comin the yonger, William Sanclere, Richard Siwarde the elder, Iohn Fitz Geffrey, Alexander de Murtaigne, Edmonde Comin of Kilbird, with thirtie Knightes, two Clearkes, Iohn de Someruile, and William de Sanclere, and three and thirtie Eſquires, the whiche were ſente vnto diuers Caſtels in England, to be kept as priſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After the winning of Dunbar, the Kyng wente vnto the Caſtell of Rockeſburgh,Roke [...] yeelded. whiche incontinently was yeelded by the Lorde Ste|warde of Scotland, the liues and members ſa|ued of all ſuche as were within it at the tyme of the ſurrender.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Then wente King Edwarde vnto Eden|burgh, where he planted hys ſiege about the Ca|ſtell, & reyſed engines, whiche caſt ſtones againſt and ouer the walles, ſore beating and bruſing the buyldings within. But as it chaunced, the Kyng writing letters to aduertiſe his councell at home of his proceedings, and concerning o|ther buſineſſe,Rich. S [...] deliuered ye packet vnto a Welch|man named Lewyn, commaunding hym to goe with ye ſame vnto Lown in al haſt poſſible, for he knewe him to be a right ſpeedy meſſenger and a EEBO page image 821 truſtie alſo, as hee tooke it, but he hauing the let|ters thus deliuered to him, togither with money to beare his charges, got him to a tauerne, where riotouſly conſuming the money (whiche hee had ſo receyued) in play, and making good cheare, in the morning, he cauſed one of his companions to take a target, and beare it afore him in appro|ching the Caſtell, for that he meant (as he coulo|rably pretended) not to depart, til he had wrought ſome diſpleaſure to thẽ within with his Croſſe|bowe whiche he tooke with him for that purpoſe: but comming vnto the Caſtell gates, he called to the warders on the walles to caſt downe to hym a corde, that they mighte plucke him vp to them therewith, for that he had ſomewhat to ſay vnto their Captayne, touching the ſecretes of the kyng of England. They fulfilling his deſire, when hee came in, and was brought afore the Captayne, ſitting then at breakefaſt, hee ſaide vnto hym: be|holde ſir, heere ye may peruſe the Kyng of Eng|lands ſecretes, and withall, raught to him a boxe, wherein the packet of the kings letters were en|cloſed, and appoint me ſayth he vnto ſome corner of the wall, & trie whether I can handle a Croſſe|bowe or not, to defend it againſte youre aduerſa|ries.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Heere when other woulde haue opened the boxe, and haue red the letters, the captaine would in no wiſe conſent thereto, but going into a tur|ret, called to the Engliſhmen belowe, and willed them to ſignifie to the K. that one of his ſeruants being fled to him, ſought to bewray his ſecretes, wherevnto he would by no meanes agree, & there|fore meant to reſtore both the traytor and ye let|ters. Herevpon, the Lord Iohn Spencer, cõming to heare what the matter might meane, the Cap|taine cauſed Lewine to be let downe to hym, to|gither with the letters ſafe, and not touched by hym at all: whiche thing when the Kyng vnder|ſtood, he muche commended the honeſt reſpect of the Captaine, and where he had cauſed engynes to be reiſed to annoy thẽ within, as ye haue heard, he commaunded the ſame to ceaſſe, and withall, vpon their captaynes ſute, he granted them liber|tie to ſende vnto their K. Iohn Ballioll, [...]elchman [...]ed. to gyue him to vnderſtand in what ſort they ſtood. Tou|ching the Welchman, he was drawen and han|ged on a paire of high galowes, prepared for hym of purpoſe, as he had well deſerued. And whyleſt the meſſengers were on their way towards For|fair, where the Scottiſh K. then lay, K. Edward with a parte of his army went vnto Striueling, [...]ling [...]l left [...] where he found the Caſtel gates ſet open, and the keyes hanging on a naile, ſo that hee entred there without any reſiſtance, for they that hadde thys Caſtel in gard, were fledde out of it for feare be|fore his comming. The meſſengers that were ſent from them within Edenburgh Caſtel, com|ming to their king, declared to him in what caſe they ſtoode that were beſieged. King Iohn, for that hee was not able to ſuccour them by anye manner of meanes at that preſente, ſente them worde, to take the beſt way they could for theyr owne ſafetie, with whiche aunſwere the meſſen|gers returning, the Caſtell was immediately de|liuered vnto the Lorde Iohn Spencer,Edenburgh Caſtel deliue|red to the K. of England. that was left in charge with the ſiege, at the Kings depar|ture towards Striueling, with the like conditiõs as the Caſtell of Rockeſburgh had yeelded alittle before. And thus was that ſtrong Caſtell of E|denburgh ſurrendred by force of ſiege, to the kyng of Englands vſe the fiftenth daye, after hee hadde firſte layde his ſiege aboute it. A place of ſuche ſtrength by the height of the grounde whereon it ſtoode, that it was thought impregnable, and had not bin wonne by force at any time, ſith the firſte buylding thereof, before that preſente, ſo farre as any remembraunce eyther by writing or other|wiſe could be had thereof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heere at Edẽburgh, or rather at Rockeſburgh as Abingdon hathe, a greate number of Wicelche footemen came to the Kyng, who ſente home the lyke number of Engliſhe footemen, of thoſe that ſeemed moſt wearie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, at Striueling, there came to the Kyng the Earle of Vlſter, with a greate number of Iriſharẽ. Thẽ paſſing ouer ye riuer of Forth,Saint Iohns towne. the Kyng came vnto Saint Iohns Towne a|boute Midſommer, and there tarried certayne dayes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Whileſt theſe things were a doing, Iohn K. of Scotlande, perceyuing that he was not of po|wer to reſiſt Kyng Edwarde,The King of Scottes ſueth for peace. ſente Ambaſſadors vnto him to ſue for peace: King Edwarde was content to heare them, and therevpon appointed, that King Iohn ſhould reſorte vnto the Caſtell of Brechin, there to commen with ſuche of hys councell as hee woulde ſende thither within fif|teene dayes nexte enſuing,The Biſhop of Durham. to treate of an agree|mente. King Edwarde ſente thither Anthony Byſhoppe of Durham, with full commiſſion to conclude all things in his name. And within the appoynted tyme, came Kyng Iohn, and dyuers of his nobles vnto him, the whiche after manye and ſundry treaties holden betwixt them and the ſayde Byſhoppe,The King of Scottes ſub|mitteth hym|ſelfe vnto the K. of England. at length they ſubmitted them|ſelues and the Realme of Scotland, ſimply and purely, into the handes of the Kyng of Eng|land, for the which ſubmiſſion, to be firmely kept and obſerued, kyng Iohn deliuered hys ſonne in hoſtage, and made letters thereof, written in French, conteyning as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1


JEhan per la grace de Dieu, Rey de Eſcoce,

á touez ceulxs quae ceſtes praeſentes lettes verront ou or|ront Saluz. &c.

EEBO page image 822 The inſtru|ment of the ſubmiſſion.

IOhn by the grace of God King of Scotland,

to all thoſe that theſe preſent letters ſhall ſee or heare, ſendeth greeting.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bicauſe that we through euill counſell and oure owne ſimplicitie, haue greuouſly offended oure ſoueraigne Lorde, Ed|warde by the grace of God Kyng of Englande, Lorde of Irelande, and Duke of Aquitayne, in many thynges, that is to ſaye, in that, whereas wee beeyng and abidyng vnder hys faithe and homage, haue bounde oure ſelues vnto the Kyng of Fraunce whyche then was hys eni|mie and yet is, procuring a marriage with the daughter of hys brother Charles au Valoys, and that wee myghte greeue our ſayde Lorde, and ayde the Kyng of Fraunce with all oure power by warre and other meanes, we haue at length by aduice of oure peruerſe counſell defi|ed oure ſayde Lorde the Kyng of Englande, and haue putte oure ſelues out of hys allegi|ance and homage, and ſente oure people into Englande, to brenne houſes, to take ſpoyles, to committe murther, with many other doma|ges, and alſo in fortifying the Kyngdome of Scotlande, whiche is of hys fee, puttyng and eſtabliſhing armed menne in Townes, Caſtels, and other places, to defende the lande agaynſte hym, to deforce hym of hys fee, for the whyche tranſgreſſions, oure ſayde ſoueraigne Lorde the Kyng, entring into the Realme of Scot|lande with hys power, hathe conquered and ta|ken the ſame, notwithſtandyng all that wee coulde doe agaynſte hym, as by right he maye doe, as a Lorde of hys fee, bycauſe that we did render vnto hym oure homage, and made the foreſayde Rebellion. Wee therefore as yet bee|ing in our full power and free will, doe render vnto hym the lande of Scotland, and all the peo|ple thereof with the homages. In witneſſe wherof, wee haue cauſed theſe letters patentes to made.

Sealed with the common ſeale of the Kyngdome of Scotlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edward paſſeth fore|ward through Scotland.After thys, Kyng Edwarde wente forwarde to ſee the Mountayne countreys of Scotlande, the Byſhoppe of Durham euer keepyng a dayes iorney afore hym. At length, when hee hadde paſſed through Murrey lande, and was come to Elghin, perceyuing all thynges to bee in quiet, hee returned towardes Berwike, and commyng to the Abbey of Scone, he tooke from thence the Marble ſtone,King Edward bringeth the Marble ſtone out of Scot|lande. wherevppon, the Kynges of Scotlande were accuſtomed to ſitte as in a chayre, at the tyme of their Co|ronation, whyche Kyng Edwarde cauſed nowe to be tranſferred to Weſtminſter, and there placed, to ſerue for a Chayre for the Prieſt to ſit in at the Aulter.

[figure appears here on page 822]

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng comming to Berwike, called thi|ther vnto a Parliament all the Nobles of Scot|lande, and there receiued of them their homages,The [...] of Sco [...] fe [...] [...]+ſelues [...] King. the whyche in perpetuall witneſſe of the thyng, made letters patents thereof, written in French, and ſealed with their ſeales, as the tenor him followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2


A Touz ceux que ceſtes lettres verront & u|ront &c.

TO all thoſe that theſe preſent letters ſhall ſee or heare,

we Iohn Comin of Badenaw,The i [...]+me [...] of [...] hom [...] the lan [...] Scotland [...] K. E [...] &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bycauſe that wee at the faithe and will of the moſt noble Prince, and our deareſt Lorde, Ed|warde by the grace of God Kyng of England, Lorde of Irelande, and Duke of Aquitaine, doe vowe and promiſe for vs and our heires, vppon payne of body and goodes, and of all that wee may haue, that wee ſhall ſerue him well and tru|ly againſt all men, whiche maye liue and die, at all tymes when we ſhall bee required or warned by our ſaid Lord the Kyng of Englande, or hys heires, and that wee ſhall not know of any hurte to bee done to them, but the ſame wee ſhall lette and impeach with all our power, and giue them warning thereof: and thoſe things to holde and keepe, wee binde vs our heires, and al our goodes, and further, receyue an oth thereof vpon the holy Euangeliſtes: and after all, wee and euery of vs haue done homage vnto oure ſoueraigne Lorde the King of Englande in wordes as followeth.

I become your liegeman of life, members,The ſ [...] their l [...] and earthly honor, againſt all men which maye lyue and die.
And the ſame oure ſoueraigne Lorde the King receyued this homage vnder thys forme of wordes.The [...] King [...] accep [...] We receyue it for the land of the whi|che you bee nowe ſeaſed, the righte of vs or other ſaued, and excepte the landes whiche Iohn Bal|lioll ſometime Kyng of Scotland graunted vn|to vs after that we did deliuer vnto him ye king|dome of Scotlande, if happely hee hathe giuen to you any ſuche landes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 823Moreouer, all wee, and euery of vs by hym|ſelfe haue done fealtie to oure ſaide ſoueraigne Lord the Kyng in theſe wordes: I as a faythfull and liege man, ſhall keepe faith and loyaltie vnto Edward Kyng of England, and to his heires, of life member and earthly honor, againſte all men whiche may liue and die, and ſhall neuer for anye perſon beare armour, nor ſhall be of councell nor in ayde with anye perſon againſte hym, or hys heyres in any caſe that maye chaunce, but ſhall faithfully acknowledge, and doe the ſeruice that belongeth to the tenementes the which I claime to holde of hym, as God me helpe and all hys Saintes. I witneſſe whereof, theſe letters pat|tentes are made and ſygned with our ſeales.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ficers ap| [...]ynted in [...]tlande by [...]ng Iohn.Then was Iohn Warren Earle of Surrey and Suſſex made by Kyng Edward warden of Scotlande. Hugh Creſſingham Threaforer, and William Ormeſdy high Iuſtice, whome the King commaunded, that hee ſhoulde call all thoſe before him whyche helde any landes of the Crowne, and to reteyne o [...] them in hys name theyr homages and fealties.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iohn Ballioll the late Kyng of Scotlande was ſent to London,Iohn Ballioll ſent to Lon|don. and had a con [...]nt com|pany of ſeruauntes appoynted to a [...]de hym, hauyng licence to goe anye whether abroade, to that hee kepte hym ſelfe w [...]h [...] the [...] of twentie miles neere to London.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Iohn C [...] of Badenaw, and Iohn Ed|mni of Lowan, and diuers othe [...] nobles of Scot|lande were brought into Englande on the South ſide of Ticut, being warned vpõ payne of death, not to returne into Scotlande, till the King [...]d made an ende of his warres with Fraunce.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, at his returne into Englande;A Parliament at Saint Ed|mondeſburie. king Edward held a Parliament of Saint Ed [...]ſ|burie, [figure appears here on page 823] which began the morrow after the feaſt of all Saintes, [...]ubſedie [...]unted. in whiche, the Citizens and burgeſ|ſes of good Townes graunted vnto him an eigth part of their goodes, and of the reſidue of the peo|ple a twelfth part.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Cleargie, by reaſon of a cõſtitution or|deyned and conſtituted the ſame yeare by Pope Boniface, [...]e preten| [...] excuſe of [...] Cleargie. prohibiting vpon payne of excommu|nication, that no [...]aſages nor other exactions ſhould beleiued or exalted of the Cleargie in any manner of wiſe by ſecular Princes, or to be paid to them of things that perteyned to the Church, vtterly refuſed to graunte any manner of ayde to the King, towardes the manie g [...]aunce of hys warres. Wherevppon, the Kyng, to the in|tent they ſhoulde haue tyme to ſtudy for a better aunſwer, deferred the matter to an other Par|liamente to bee holden on the morrowe after the feaſt of Saint Hillarie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This yeare after the feaſt of the Epiphany,

An. reg. 25.


The Earle of Holland mar|ried Eliza|beth the kings daugh|ter.

Elizabeth the Kings daughter was married vn|to Iohn Earle of Holland, Humfrey de Bohun Earle of Hereford and Eſſex, was ſente to con|uey them into Hollande, there to take poſſeſſion of the Earledome, as then diſcended vnto the ſaid Iohn, by the death, of his father lately before ſlayne by his owne [...]uſhe [...]s, by cauſe he woulde haue diſinherited this Iohn, and made a baſtarde ſonne whiche hee hadde to be his heire. The daye appoynted for the Parliamente to bee holden at London bring co [...]e and the Cleargie continu|ing in their de [...]an to graunt, anye ſubſedy the King exluded them out of his protection, for the redeeming whereof, many by themſelues, and many by mediators, did afterwardes giue vnto the King truth parte of all their goodes. The EEBO page image 824 Archbiſhop of Caunterbury being found ſtiffe in the matter, the Kyng ſeaſed all his landes, and commaunded all ſuche debtes as were founde of his in the rolles of the Exchequer, to bee leuied with all ſpeede of his goodes and cattayle.


The Archby|ſhoppe his wordes.

Some write, that when the Archbiſhop of Caunterbu|rie in name of all the reſidue, hadde declared to them whome the Kyng had appoynted commiſ|ſioners to receyue the aunſwere, that whereas they of the Cleargie hadde two ſoueraigne Lordes and gouernoures, the one in ſpirituall matters, and the other in temporall, they ought yet rather to obey theyr Spirituall gouernoure than their Temporall. Neuertheleſſe, to ſatiſ|fye the Kynges pleaſure, they woulde of theyr owne charges ſende to the Pope, that by hys li|cence and permiſſion, they myghte graunte the Kyng ſome aide, or elſe receyue ſome aunſwere from hym, what to doe therein: for ſayeth the Archbyſhoppe, wee beleeue, that the Kyng fea|reth the ſentence of excommunicatiõ, and would be as glad to auoyde it as we.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 When the Commiſſioners hearde this aun|ſwere, they required that they woulde appoynte ſome of theyr owne company to beare this meſ|ſage vnto the Kyng, for they durſt not reporte it vnto hym: which being done as the Commiſſio|ners had required, the Kyng in his furie procee|ded agaynſte them, in ſuche rigorous manner as yee haue hearde,The declara|tion of the Lord chiefe Iuſtice. in ſo muche, that the Lorde chiefe Iuſtice ſitting vppon the benche, ſpake o|penly theſe wordes. You ſirs that be attorneys of my Lords the Archbiſhoppes, Byſhops, Abbots, Priors, and all other the Cleargie, declare vnto youre maſters, and tell them, that from hence|foorthe there ſhall no Iuſtice be done vnto them in the Kyngs courte, for anye manner of thing, although neuer ſo heynous wrong be done vn|to them: but iuſtice ſhall be hadde agaynſte them, to euery one that will complayne, and require to haue it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Clearke|ly handling of the matter by the Archby|ſhop of Yorke his ſuffraganesThe elect Biſhoppe of Yorke, Henry de Ne|warke, with the Biſhops of Durham, Elie and Saliſburie, with certayne other, fearing the Kynges indignation thus kindled againſt them, ordeyned to lay downe in the Churches, a fifte parte as yee haue hearde, of all theyr goodes, to|wardes the defence of the Realme, and maynte|naunce of the Kynges warres in ſuche time of great neceſſitie, and ſo the King receyuing it, they were reſtored to the Kinges protection a|gayne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Friendes of the Byſhoppe of Lincolne founde meanes, that the Sherife of the Shire le|uied and tooke the fifth parte of all his goodes, and reſtored to him agayne hys landes and poſ|ſeſſions.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, all the Monaſteries within his dioceſſe, and within the whole prouince of Caunterbury, were ſeaſed into the Kings handes, and war [...] appoynted, whiche only miniſtred neceſſary [...]|ding vnto the Monkes and other religious per|ſons, and conuerted the ouerplus vnto the kings vſe. Wherevpon, the Abbots and Priors were glad to followe the Courte, and ſuch to rede [...], not their ſinnes, but their goodes, with giuing of a fourth parte thereof. The Cleargie ſuffered many iniuries in that ſeaſon, for religious men were ſpoyled and robbed in the Kynges hygh way, and could not haue anye reſtitution nor re|medie againſte them that thus euill intreated them, till they had redeemed the Kyngs protec|tion. Perſons and Vicars,The [...] of C [...] and other of the Cleargie, when they rode ſoorthe any whether, were gladde to apparell themſelues in lay mens garmentes, ſo to paſſe through the Countrey in ſafetie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Archbyſhoppe of Caunterbury loſt all the goodes that hee hadde,The [...] ſhop of [...]+ter [...] go [...] [...]cale. for hee woulde neyther agree to giue anye thing, nor to lay any thyng downe in the Churche, that the Kyng myghte receyue it. Wherevpon, he was brought to ſuch extreame miſerie, that all his ſeruauntes wente from hym, and commaundemente was giuen foorthe, that no man ſhoulde receyue him, ney|ther within Monaſterie nor without, and ſo not hauing anye one place of all hys Byſhopricke where to laye hys head, hee remayned [...] the houſe of a poore perſon, onely with one P [...]e [...]:The [...] the [...] [...]rbury. and one Clearke: yet he ſtiffely ſtoode in the mat|ter, affirming certaynely, that all thoſe whyche graunted anye thing, eyther to the Kyng, or to any other temporall perſon withoute the Popes leaue, ranne withoute doubte into the daunger of the ſentence pronounced in the Canon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the feaſt of Saint Mathewe in Fe|bruarie,A Par [...] at Sa [...] the Kyng called a Parliamente of hys nobles, (not admitting thereto any of the Clear|gie) at Saliſburie, and there required certayne of hys Nobles to paſſe ouer into Gaſcoigne, but euery of them ſeemed to excuſe hymſelfe, whereat the Kyng beeyng moued, threatned, that they ſhoulde eyther goe, or hee woulde gy [...] theyr landes to other that woulde goe, with whyche wordes, many of them were greeuouſly offended, in ſo muche, that the Earles of Here|forde and Marſhall, Humfrey Bohun, and Ro|ger Bigod, declared that they woulde bee ready to goe with the Kyng if hee wente himſelfe, or elſe not.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And when the Earle Marſhall was eftſoones required to goe, hee aunſwered, I will willingly goe with the King, and marche before hym in the fore warde, as by righte of inheritance I am [...]unden. Yea ſayeth the Kyng, and you ſhall goe with other though I goe not, I am not [...] EEBO page image 825 bounde (ſayth the Earle) neyther doe I purpoſe to take the iourneye in hande with you.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king then in a greate chafe, burſt out and ſware, By God ſir Earle, eyther thou ſhalt goe or hange and I ſwane (fayth the Erle) the ſame othe, that I will neyther goe nor hang: and ſo departed from the Kyng without leaue taking: [...] diſloyall demeanour of [...]he tvvo erles. And immediatly herevpon thoſe two Erles aſ|ſembled many noble men, and other of their fren|des togither to the number of thirtie Ban [...]rettes and aboue, ſo that in all they were founde to be xv.C, men of armes appoynted and ready for battayle, and herewith they withdrew into their countreys, and kepte ſuche ſturre there, that they woulde not permitte the kyngs Officers to take neyther Woolles, leather, nor any thing againſte the owners wyl, but forbad them on pain of loo|ſing theyr heads to come within theyr & co [...]thes, and wythall prepared them ſelues to reſyſte if neede were.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They hadde [...]th them ſix [...]eedmen [...] armes, and [...] thouſande [...]otmen, as A| [...]ngdon hath.In this meane tyme the warre was proſecu|ted in Gaſcoyne. The thurſdaye before the Pu|rification of our Lady, Henry Earle [...] Lyn|colne, and the lord Iohn Saint Iohn departing from Bayonne towardes Bellegard, a place be|ſieged as then by the Earle of Arthoys, to ſuc|cour them within the ſame with victuals (wher|of they ſtoode in neede) as they approched to a wood diſtant from the fortreſſe a three miles, they deuided themſelues into two ſeuerall battailes, the Lord Iohn Saint Iohn leadyng the fyrſt, and the Earle of Lyncolne the ſeconde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]tayle be| [...]ixt the erle [...] Lincoln and [...]e Erle of Ar| [...], vvho had [...]n him .1500 [...] of armies (as [...]bingdõ hath)The Lord Saint Iohn therfore hauyng paſ|ſed the wood with his battayle, and entryng into the playne fieldes, was encountred by the Earle of Arthoys, who tarried there for hym wyth a greate power, where immediatly at the firſt ioy|nyng of the battayles, the Earle of Lincolne retyred backe: ſo that the Lorde Iohn Saint Iohn and his companye ouerſette with preaſſe of enimies, were vanquiſhed: and the ſaid Lorde Saint Iohn with Syr William de Mortymer, Sir William Burmengham and other to the number of eyght Knyghtes, and diuers Eſqui|res were taken, the whiche were ſente to Parys as Priſoners.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Abingdon.Other wryte ſomewhat otherwyſe f thys battayle, as that vppon the firſte encounter the Engliſhmen droue backe one regimente of the Earle of Arthoys hys men of armes, whome hee deuided into foure partes: but when they once ioyned wyth the ſeconde regiment, to the whyche they were beaten backe, forewarde they come agayne, and ſo chargyng the Engliſhe|menne, with helpe of theyr thyrde ſquadrone, whiche was nowe come to them alſo, they ea|ſily put the Engliſhmen oppreſſed with multi|tude vnto flyghte, and followe them in chaſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After thys, came the Englyſhemen whyche were in the rerewarde, and encountryng wyth the fourthe ſquadrone or regiment of the Fren|chemenne, ſtreyghte wayes brake the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerewith was the nyghte come vppon them, ſo ſo that one coulde not knowe an other, a friende from an enimye, and ſo bothe the Engliſhemen and Frenchemen were diſperſed tyll the Moone roſe, and the Frenchemen wythdrewe to theyr Foureſſes, and amongeſt them certayne of the Englyſhemen were myngled, whyche beyng diſcouered, were taken Priſoners, as the Lorde Iohn Saint Iohn, and others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſlaughter was not great,The lord Saint Iohn taken. for there were no [...]hremente on eyther parte, to ſpoyle or kill the men of armes that were thrown beſyde their horſſes: For the Englyſhe footmen remayned in the wood, or were wythdrawne backe, as be|fore yt haue hearde, without attemptyng anye exployte worthie of prayſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Indeede ſome lay the blame in the Gaſcoyne footemen, for the loſſe of this battayle,Mat. VVeſt. bycauſe that they withdrewe backe, and lefte the En|gliſhe horſemen in daunger of the enimies whi|che hadde compaſſed them aboute on euerye ſyde,

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Three hundred of the menne of armes came through to the towne of Bellegarde,Abyngdon. but bicauſe it was nyghte, ſo that they coulde not be diſ|cerned whether they were friendes or foes, they within the towne wold not ſuffer them to enter: wherevpon they departed, and went to S. Se|uere, foure leagues off. Yet further in the night, other of the Engliſhmenne were receyued into Bellegarde, which came thyther after the other, and ſo in the mornyng they of the gariſon with theyr aſſiſtance iſſued foorth, and commyng to the place where the battaile hadde bene, gathe|red the ſpoyle of the fielde, and conueyed into their Towne ſuch prouiſion of victuals as they founde there.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Lincolne wyth a great ma|ny of other wandred a greate parte of the night and knewe not whether to goe.The Earle of Lincolne eſca|ped. At lengthe a|aboute three of the clocke in the morning he came to Perforate, where he had lodged with his army the night before,He commeth home. and there founde a greate number of hys people ryght gladde of hys commyng and happye eſcape oute of daunger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 From thence hee retourned vnto Bayonne wyth the Earle of Richemont ſir Iohn de Brytayne and all hys companye that were lefte. And ſuche was the happe of this iour|neye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In Lent folowing, [...]e that were diſper|ſed here and there abroade reſorted to the Erle of Lincolne, ſoiorning at Bayonne, and in the EEBO page image 826 ſommer ſeaſon, made a iourney towardes Tho|louſe,He inuadeth the countrey about Tholouſe. ſpoyling and waſtyng the Countreyes of Tholouſyne, and other theraboutes, and remo|ued alſo the ſiege whyche thoſe of Tholouſe had layde vnto a fortreſſe called Saint Kiternes, in chaſing them from the ſame ſiege: and towardes Michaelmaſſe, they retourned to Bayonne, and there laye all the Wynter till after Chriſtmaſſe, and then by reaſon of the truce concluded, as af|ter appeareth, betwixte the two kinges of Eng|lande and Fraunce, they retourned home into Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The cuſtom of vvooll rayſed.The ſame yeare the kyng reyſed the cuſtome of Wooll to an hygher rate than had bin payde at any tyme before: for he tooke now forty ſhil|lings of a ſack or ſerpler, where before there was payde but halfe a marke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

Abingdon. Euerſden.

Prouiſion for the kings iour|ney into Frãce.

Moreouer he commaunded, that agaynſt his iourneye whyche hee meant to make ouer into Fraunce, there ſhoulde be two thouſande quar|ters of wheate, and as muche of Oates taken by the Sheriff in euery countie within the realme to be conueyed to the ſea ſide, except where they had no ſtore of corn, and there ſhould beeues and bakons be taken to a certayne number.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ia. Meir.In the meane tyme the Earle of Flaunders was ſore vexed by warre which the French king made againſt hym,The Frenche king inuadeth Flaunders. being entred into Flaunders with an armie of three ſcore thouſande men, as ſome authors haue recorded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Liſle beſieged.About the feaſte of the Natiuitie of Sainte Iohn Baptiſte he layde ſiege to Liſle, and ſhort|ly after came the Earle of Arthois, being retur|ned out of Gaſcoyne with his power vnto that ſiege,The Earle of Arthois van|quisheth the Flemings in battayle. and was ſent foorth to keepe the Flemings and others occupyed, whyche laye at Furneys, and in other places theraboutes in lowe Flaun|ders, wyth whome hee foughte, and gotte the victorie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Kyng Edwarde therfore, to ſuccour his fren|des prepared to go ouer into Flanders,N. Triuet. and ther|vppon ſummoned all thoſe that ought hym any ſeruice, and ſuche alſo as helde landes to the va|lue of .xx. poundes and aboue, to bee ready wyth horſſe and harneys at London about Lammaſſe to paſſe ouer wyth hym in that iorney.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 A rebellion in Scotlande by the meanes of one VVilliam VValace.In the meane tyme aboute the Moneth of Maye, there beganne a Rebellion in Scotland by the ſettyng on of William Waleys: for the kyng of Englandes Iuſtice Wylliam Ormſ|bye accordynglye as hee hadde in Commiſſion, confyned and put to outlawrye a greate ſorte of ſuche Scottiſhmen, as refuſed to doe fealtie and homage vnto the Kyng of Englande, the whyche Scottiſhemen beeing thus condemned as Outlawes, elected the foreſayde Wylliam Waleys for their captayn, with whom Williã Douglas beeing once aſſociate, the number of them encreaſed hugelye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Erle of Surrey and the Treſures [...] in Englande, thoſe outlawes purpoſed to haue taken the Iuſtice at Scone: but he beyng w [...] though almoſte too late, eſcaped himſelfe, wyth muche adoe, leauyng the moſte parte of his peo|ple as a ſpoyle to the enimies.Eng [...] [...] For Williã [...]|leys and his company kylled as many Engliſh|men as fell into his handes, and taking c [...] religious men, he bound their hands behynd [...], and conſtrained them to leape into the riuer, ta|king pleaſure to beholde howe they plunged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King ſent the Biſhop of Durham into Scotlande, to vnderſtande the certaintie of this rebellion, who retourning from thence, informed him of the truthe. The Kyng not mynding to break his iorney which he had purpoſed to make into Flaunders, appoynted that the Earle of Surrey ſhould haue the leadyng of all ſuch men of warre as myght be leuyed beyonde Trent, to repreſſe the Scottiſh rebels, and alſo wrote vnto Iohn Cumyn Lorde of Badenaw,The [...] and to the other Iohn Cumyn Erle of Boughan, that re|membring their fayth and promyſe, they ſhould retourne into Scotlande, and doe theyr beſte to quiet the countrey: they accordyng to his com|maundement, went into Scotlande, but ſhewed themſelues flow inough to procure thoſe things that perteyned to peace and quietneſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the meane tyme whileſt theſe things were a doing, the Biſhop of Carleile,Abingd [...] and other which lay there vpon the garde of that Citie and Ca|ſtell, hauing ſome miſtruſt of the loyaltie in Ro|bert Bruce the yonger,Robert [...] that was Earle of Car|rike by his mother, they ſente hym word to come vnto them at a certayne daye, bycauſe they had to talke with hym of matters touchyng the kin|ges affaires: he durſt not diſobeye, but came to Carleile together with the Biſhop Gallowaye, and there receyued a corporal othe vpon the ho|ly and ſacred myſteries,The B [...] ſvvorde. and vpon the ſworde of Thomas Becket, to be true to the king of En|glande, and to ayde him and his agaynſt theyr enemyes in all that hee myghte: and further to withſtande that the ſayde Kynge receyued no hurte nor dammage ſo farre as in hym myght lye.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done, he returned agayn into Scotlãd, and for a colour entred into the landes of Wil|liam Douglas, and brent part of them, bringing the wyfe & chyldren of the ſame Wylliam backe wyth hym into Annandale: but ſhortly after,Rober [...] re [...]s the rebelles. he conſpyred with the Scottiſh rebelles, and ioy|ned hym ſelfe wyth them, not making his fa|ther priuye to the matter, who in the meane whyle remayned in the Southe parties of En|glande. He would haue perſwaded ſuch knights, Gentlemen and other as helde their landes of his EEBO page image 827 father in Annandale to haue gone with him, but they would not breake their faith giuen to the K. of England,

N. Triuet.

Three hũdreth [...]en of armes, [...]nd fifty thou| [...]nde footmen [...]th Abyng| [...]on.

and ſo left him. The Erle of Sar|rey aſſembling together his power in Yorkſhire, ſent his nephew the Lord Henry Percy with the ſouldiors of the countrey of Carleile before into Scotlãd, [...]enry Percye [...]e before. who paſſing forth to the town of Ayre, went about to induce them of Gallowaye vnto peace, and hering that an armie of Scottiſhmen was gathered togither at a place lyke a four mi|les from thence called Irwyn, [...]vvyn. he made thither|warde, and comming neere to the Scottiſh hoſt might behold where the ſame was lodged beyõd a certayne lake. In that army were capitaines, the Biſhop of Glaſgowe, Andrewe de Murray Steward of Scotlande, and William Waleys which (as ſhuld ſeeme) were not all of one mind.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

[...]ſcorde in [...]e Scottishe [...]mye.

[...]ir Richarde [...]dye.

There was in the ſame army a knight named ſir Richard Lundy which neuer yet had done ho|mage to the king of England, but now fleing frõ his company, he came to the Engliſh armie, and ſubmitted himſelfe with his retinue vnto the K. of Englande, ſaying that he meant not to ſerue amongſt them any longer that coulde not agree togither. The reſidue of the Scottiſhemen ſued for peace,The Scots ſue [...]r peace. vpon condition to haue lyues, mẽbers, goodes, cattals and lands ſaued, with a pardon of all offences paſt. The Lord Percy vpon pledges and writings hereof deliuered, was contented to graunt their requeſts, ſo that the king his maſter would be therwith pleaſed, who being hereof cer|tified, bicauſe he wold not gladly be ſtayed of his iorney into Flaunders, graunted vnto all things that were thus required.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Then after that the erle of Surrey was come to the Engliſh camp, bicauſe William Waleys ceaſſed not in the meane tyme to aſſemble more people, the Engliſhmen doubting ſome treaſon, reſolued to giue battayle, but whyleſt they were in mynde thus to doe,The Bishop of Glaſcovv and VVilliam Dou+glas. the Biſhop of Glaſcowe and William Douglas to auoyde the note of diſloyaltie and treaſon, came & ſubmitted them|ſelues: and ſo the Biſhoppe was committed to+warde within the caſtell of Rockeſborough, and William Douglas in the caſtell of Berwike. It is to be noted, that euen in the very time that the treatie was in hande betwixte the Lorde Percye and the Scottiſh capitaynes, the Scots of Gal|loway and other ſet vpon that part of the engliſh campe, where the truſſe & baggage laye, whiche they ſpoyled and ranſacked, ſleaing aboue .v.C. perſons what of men, women and children, but the alaruni being reyſed,Abingdon. the Engliſhmen came to the reſkue, and chaſed the Scots, ſlewe aboue [figure appears here on page 827] thouſand of them, and recouered the moſt pa [...] of their owne goods, with more which they toke from their enimies. In this meane time king Edward at the feaſt of Lammas held a counſell at London,The Archeby| [...]op of Can| [...]erbury recey| [...]d into fauor. where he receiued the Archb. of Can|terbury again into his fauor, reſtoring vnto him al his goods and lands. He apointed him and the lord Reynold Grey to haue his eldeſt ſon prince Edw. in keping til his returne out of Flaunders. But Nir. Triuet writeth,Nic. Triuet. yt the ſaid prince Ed|ward being apointed to remain at home as lieu|tenant to his father, there were appoynted vnto him as coũſellors,Gardians ap|pointed to the [...]ngs ſonne in [...]s fathers ab| [...]ce. Rich. Biſh. of London, Wil|liã erle of Warwike, and the forenamed Lorde Reignold Grey, with the lord Iohn Gifford, and the lord Alane Plokenet, men of high wiſedom, grauitie & diſcretion, [...]rles Marshall [...] Hereford re| [...]t to go ouer with the kyng [...]o Flaunders. without making mention of the Archbiſhop of Canterbury in that place.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The two Erles Marſhal and Hereford being cõmanded to attend ye K. into Flanders, refuſed, excuſing themſelues by meſſenger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this,Sir Rafe Mõt|hermer relea|ſed. the King cauſed ſir Rafe Monther|mer (whome hys daughter the Counteſſe of Glouceſter, in hir widdowhoode hadde taken to huſbande without knowledge of hir father) to be deliuered out of the caſtel of Briſtow, wherin he had bin kept priſoner a certain time vpon diſ|pleſure for ye mariage: but now he was not only ſet at libertie, but alſo reſtored to his wife, & to al the lands perteyning to the erledome of Glouce|ſter, appoynting him to finde .l. men at armes to ſerue in ye iorney into Flãders.Scottishmen releaſed. He alſo deliuered the erles of Caſſels & Menteth, Io. Cumyn and diuers other Scottiſhmen, apointing thẽ alſo to go with him into Flãders. Finally hauing aſſẽ|bled his army, ouer the whiche he made the lorde Thomas Berkley Conneſtable,

The Lorde Berckley.

A libell deliue|red to the king from the Earles of Hereforde & Marshall.

& Geffrey Ien|uille Marſhall, hee wente to Winchelſey, and whileſt he lay there before he toke ye ſea, ther was preſẽted vnto him frõ the erles a wryting which EEBO page image 828 conteyned the cauſes of the griefe of all the Archebiſhoppes,A libell deli|uered to the kyng from the Earles of Hert|ford & Mar|shall. Biſhops, Abbottes, Earles, Lordes, Barons, and of all the Communal|tie, as well for ſummonyng them to ſerue by an vndue meane, as alſo for the vnreaſonable taxes, Subſidies, Impoſitions, and payementes whiche they dayly ſuſteined, and namely the im|poſt augmented vpon the cuſtome of Wooll ſee|med to them verye grieuous. For where as for euerye ſacke of whole Woolle there was fortye ſhillings payde, and for euery ſacke of broken wooll one marke: It was well knowne that the wooll of England was almoſt in value eſteemed to bee woorth halfe the riches of the Realme, and ſo the cuſtome thereof payde, would aſcende to a fifth parte of all the ſubſtance of the lande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The kings an|ſvvere.The kings aunſwere therevnto was, that hee coulde not alter any thing, withoute the aduice of his Counſell, of the whiche parte were alrea|dye paſſed ouer into Flaunders, and parte were at London, and therefore hee required the ſayde Earles, that if they woulde not attende hym in that iourney into Flanders, they wold yet in his abſence doe nothing that mighte bee preiudiciall to the realme: for hee truſted by Gods fauour to returne againe in ſafetie, and ſette all thinges in good order.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King paſ|ſeth ouer into Flaunders.At length about the .xxj. day of Auguſt, the king tooke the ſea, and landed in Flaunders neere to Sluyce, about the .xxvij. day of the ſame mo|neth.Abingdon. Hee was no ſooner on lande, but that tho|rough olde enuie and malice depending betwixt [figure appears here on page 828] the Mariners of the cinque Portes,Debate and fighting be|tvvixt the ma|riners of the cinque Portes, and others. and them of Yermouth, and other quarters, a quarell was picked, ſo that they fel togither and fought on the water in ſuche earneſt ſorte, notwithſtanding the kings commandement ſent to the contrary, that there were fiue and twentie ſhips brente and de|ſtroyed of theirs of Yermouth, and other theyr partakers: alſo three of theyr greateſt ſhippes, parte of the kings treaſure being in one of them were tolled foorthe into the highe Sea, and quite conueyed away.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The king from Sluce firſt went to Bruges, and after to Gaunt,Ia. M [...]. finding the countrey in [...] ſtate, by reaſon that the good townes were not all of one mynde: for diuers of them miſlyked with the doings of the Earle, in that he had al|lyed himſelfe with the Frenche Kynges aduer|ſaries.Liſle yeld [...] to the Fr [...] kyng. Aboute the beginnyng of September was Liſle yelded vnto the Frenche king, and af|ter that they of Doway, Curtray, and Bruges, dydde lykewyſe ſubmitte them ſelues vnto the ſame kyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then was Charles Earle of Valoys ſente vnto Bruges to fortifye that Towne,Charles [...] Valoys ſe [...] to Bruges. and to take the Englyſhe Nauye that laye at anker in the Hauen of Damme: but the Engliſhmen hauyng warning thereof, gotte foorth with their veſſelles into the Sea, and ſo the Earle of Va|loys beeing diſappoynted of that praie, ſette in hande to fortifye Bruges and Dam, but the Earle of Auſtriche, and Robert de Neuers ſonne to Earle Guy beeing ſent with a power of En|glyſhmenne, Flemyngs, and other Souldiours vnto Dam, foughte with the Frenchemenne,The Fren [...]+men [...]+ted at Dam. ſlewe foure hundred of them, beſydes dyuers that were taken, and recouered the Towne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They myghte alſo haue recouered Bruges, as was thoughte, if the Englyſhmenne and Flemyngs had not fallen at ſtryfe, and fought togyther about denyding of the praie.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fynally, after thys, the Frenche kyng came to Bruges, and when the Kyng of Englande and the Earle of Flaunders hadde long looked and all in vayne for the Emperoure Adulfe,The Em [...] Adolfe [...]|keth no [...] who hadde promyſed to come to theyr ayde wyth a greate armye, for the charges and wa|ges whereof he hadde receyued greate ſummes of money bothe of the Kyng of England, and alſo of the Earle of Flaunders: they conclu|ded in the ende (when they perceyued he would not come) to make ſome agreemente wyth the Frenche Kyng: and ſo fyrſte was a truce ta|ken, from the myddeſt of October, vnto the Ca|lendes of December, and after by mediation of Charles, (ſurnamed Claudus) Kyng of Sicile, the ſame truce was prolonged, as hereafter yee ſhall heare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In thys meane whyle, to witte,The Earle of Surrey en|treth Scot [...] aboute the ende of Auguſte, the Earle of Surrey when he ſawe that the Scottyſhemen woulde not per|fourme promyſe touchyng the delyuerie of the pledges, and that Wylliam Waleys ſtil mo|ued the people to rebellion, hee aſſembled his ar|my, and with the ſame entring Scotland, came vnto Striuelyng.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Then the Lorde Stewarde of Scotlande and alſo the Earle of Lenox came vnto hym, requiring him to ſtaye tyll they myght haue lei|ſure EEBO page image 829 to ſee if they could bring the people of Scot|lande vnto the Kinges peace: but when they coulde not do it, they returned the tenth daye of September, promiſing to bring to the ayd of the Earle of Surrey on the morrow after .xl. horſe|men, vpon the whiche day .ij. Fryers, of the or|der of Preachers were ſent vnto William Wa|leys, and to the other Scottiſhmen lying beyond the hill aboue the monaſterie of Scambeſkyn to moue them to the kings peace. But their anſwer was, that they were not come to haue peace, but to try the matter by battaile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhe armye withoute good aduice thoroughe the preſumptuous pryde of the Lord Hugh Creſſingham preaſed to the bridge,The pride of Hugh Creſſin|gham. and haſtyng to paſſe the ſame, the Scottyſhemenne came vpon them, ere the one halfe could get ouer, and ſo fiercely aſſayling them,The Scottes aſſayle the En|glishemen. that the Engliſh|men were beaten backe and ſlayne downe. For the Scots after they ſawe ſo many of the Eng|liſhmẽ to haue paſſed the bridge, as the thought themſelues able to diſtreſſe,Abingdon. they made downe to the bridge foot, and with a number of their ſpear|men a foote, cloſed it vp that no more ſhuld come ouer to the ayde of theyr fellowes, nor thoſe that were already paſſed, ſhould returne agayne:The valiancie of ſir Marma|duke Thvveng Yet a right valyaunt knighte, one ſir Marmaduke Thweng, whiche was one of the firſt among the men of armes that came ouer, after that he & his cõpanie had driuẽ down one wing of their aduer+ſaries, & had folowed them in chaſe a good way, at length perceyuing their company behynde di|ſtreſſed by the Scottes, he retourned with thoſe fewe that were about hym, purpoſyng to repaſſe [figure appears here on page 829] the bridge, ruſhed in among the Scots that ſtood afore him with ſuch violence, that he paſſed tho|rough them, making waye for hymſelfe and for his folkes by great manhoode, ſauing one of his nephues alſo which was ſet a foote and wounded after his horſe had bin killed vnder him.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Englishe|men diſcom| [...]ted.At length the diſcomfiture was ſuche, and the Scottes preaſſed ſo earneſtly to winne the bridge alſo of thoſe Engliſhemen whiche were not yet paſſed, that at length the Earle of Surrey com|maunded to breake that end of the bridge, where they ſtoode at defence, to kepe backe the Scots, for elſe had there fewe of the Engliſhemen eſca|caped.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were ſlayne (as ſome haue written) to the number of ſixe thouſand men, and among other was ſlayne ſir Hugh Creſſingham, whoſe ſkinne (as hath bene reported) the Scottes ſtrip|ped off his dead carkaſſe, for the malice whiche they bare towardes him. This diſcomfiture chaunced the .xj. day of September.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of [...]rrey retur|eth in haſt to [...]rvvike.The Earle of Surrey leauing in the caſtell of Striueling the ſaid ſir Marmaduke Thweng promiſed hym to come to his ayde at all tymes when neede ſhoulde be within .x. weekes ſpace, and herewith taking his horſe, rode in ſuch haſte to Barwike, that after his comming thyther, his ſteede beyng ſette vp in the ſtable of the Fry|ers Minors, neuer after taſted meate but dyed: After this, the ſayd Erle making no long abode in Barwike, rode vp to London vnto Prince Edwarde, and lefte the towne of Barwike as a pray to the Scottiſhmen: but thoſe yet that had the caſtel in keping defended it manfully againſt the Scottes, the whiche aſſembled togyther in campe vnder the leading of Alexander Earle of Murrey: and their Capitayne William Wa|leys came to Berwike,The Scots en|ter Barvvike. The caſtel hol|deth good a|gainſt them. and fynding the Towne voyde of all defence entred it, but they could not winne the caſtell by any meanes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Northumberlande men conueyed their wynes, their children, their cattel, and other goo|des which might be remoued out of the countrey for feare of the enimies inuaſion: but when the Scottes lingred tyme, and entred not within the Englyſhe borders for a ſeaſon, they broughte theyr goodes agayne, in hope that the Scottes woulde not come foorth of theyr owne marches at that time. But the Scottes hauing aduertiſe|mente thereof, aboute the feaſte of Saint Luke EEBO page image 830 entred the Engliſhe borders,The Scots in|uade Northũ|berlande, and ſpoyle the coũ|trey. and didde muche hurte within the countrey of Northumberland, ſo that to auoyde the daunger, all the Relygi|ous menne fledde out of the Monaſteries ſituate betwixt Newcaſtel vpon Tyne, and Carleile.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Scottes ſpoyled, harryed, and brente vp and downe the countrey tyll the feaſte of Saint Martine, and in the Octaues of the ſame feaſte they drewe togither, and wente towards Car|leyle, whiche towne they ſummoned in ſendyng a Prieſte to them that kepte it, commaunding them to yeelde: but receyuyng a frowarde aun|ſwere,The foreſt of Inglevvood. they fell too and waſted all that countrey, paſſing through the forreſt of Inglewood, Cum|berlande, and Allerdale, tyll they came vnto Derwent at Cokermouth, not ſparyng neyther Churche nor chapell. Theyr meanyng was to haue gone into the Biſhoprike of Durham, but what thorough ſore weather of hayle, ſnow and froſt, and what thorough vayne feare of wrong information gyuen by their ſpyalles, that the Countrey was well prouided of men of warre for defence, they brake off that iourney, and yet there were not paſte a hundred men of armes, and three thouſande footemen in that countreye, whiche were then alſo diſperſed thorough yrke|ſomneſſe of long ſtaying for the enimies.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Scottes therefore drewe to Exham, [...] there lodged, not wythout vexyng the Cha [...] although they had graunted Letters of prot [...]ecti|on vnto the Prior and couent of the ſame houſe, to endure for one whole yere: and lykewyſe let|ters of ſafeconduite to paſſe and repaſſe for one Chanon, one Squyer, and two ſeruaunts, when ſo euer they ſhoulde ſende to them, duryng that tearme: Whiche letters were gyuen foorth vnder the name of the ſayde Earle of Murreye, and William Waleys.The towne [...] Ryton [...] A [...]. reg. [...] From thence they went to|wardes Newcaſtell, and brente the Towne of Ryton. Fynally, perceyuyng they coulde not preuayle in attempting to winne the towne of Newcaſtell, they deuided theyr ſpoyles,The S [...] [...] and re|tourned home.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the ſame tyme, to witte, a little be|fore Chriſtmaſſe, the Lorde Roberte Clifforde with the power of the Citie of Carleyle, entred Annandale, committyng all to the ſpoyle of the footmen, of whome there was a great number.The [...] [...]forde i [...] A [...].

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The men of armes on horſebacke being not paſt an hundred in all, kepte togyther, and fyndyng their enimies aſſembled nere to Annan kirk,Annan kirk gaue a charge vpon them,Sc [...]es [...] and chaſed them into a ma|reys, within the whiche they kepte them till the footmen came in, and aſſayling them, ſlew a 308. [figure appears here on page 830] perſons, and tooke diuers of them priſoners, and returning againe to their market, brente ten vil|lages, and on Chriſtmaſſe euen retourned wyth their pray and booties vnto Carleil.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2


Annan kirke brent.

In the beginning of Lent they made an other roade, in the whiche they brente the Churche of Annan. Whyleſt theſe things were in hande, Prince Edward the kinges eldeſt ſonne & other, which had the rule of the realme in the kings ab|ſence, ſought meanes to pacifie the Erles Mar|ſhall and Hereforde: Nic. Triuet. The frovvarde dealing of the Erles of Here+ford and Mar|shall. but they woulde not agree but vpon ſuche conditions as pleaſed themſelues to preſcribe, which were, that the king ſhuld cõ|ſi [...]e the great Charter, and the Charter of Fo|reſts, with certain new articles to be included in the ſame great Charter, & that from thenceforth the king ſhould not charge his ſubiectes ſo freely at his pleaſure, as before tyme he had don, with|out conſent of the ſtates of parliament, and that he ſhould pardon his diſpleaſure and malice con|ceiued againſt them for denying to go with him into Flanders. Many other articles they woulde that the king ſhuld graunt, confirme, pardon and eſtabliſhe. The whiche were all ſente ouer into Flaunders vnto the King, that he might pervſe them, and declare whether he wold agree or diſ|agree to the ſame. He as one being driuen to the wall, thought good to yelde vnto the malice and iniquitie of the time to reconcile ye offended min|des of the peeres & barons of his realme, & graun|ted vnto al the ſaid articles, confirming the ſame with his Charter vnder his great ſeale. Abing [...] A ſ [...]bſ [...] graunted. In con|ſideration wherof, the nobles of the Realme and commons granted to the king the .ix. peny of all their goodes: the Archebiſhop of Canterburye, with the clergie of his prouince, the .x. penie, and the elect of Yorke and thoſe of his prouince, grã|ted the fifth penie towardes the mayntenaunce of the warre againſte the Scottes, bicauſe they were next vnto the daunger.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 831The kyng alſo by his ſpeciall letters required the nobles of the Realme, that if they dyd conti|nue in theyr due obedience to hym, as they pro|miſed at his departure out of the realme to doe, that then they ſhoulde reſorte and appeare at his Parliamente to beginne at Yorke, [...]arliament Yorke. the mor|rowe after the feaſt of Saint Hillarie, without all excuſe or delay: for otherwyſe he would ac|compt them as enimies to the common wealthe of the Realme. At whiche daye appeared the Earles of Warreyn and Glouceſter wyth the Counteſſe of Glouceſter his wyfe daughter to the King, the earles Marſhal, Hereford & Arun|dell, Guy ſonne to the Earle of Warwike in his fathers roomth: and of Barons, the lord Henry Percy, the lord Iohn Wake, and the lord Iohn Segraue, with many of the nobilitie, the whiche being aſſembled togither, would that it ſhould to all men be notified in what manner the king had confirmed the great Charter, [...]g [...] Charta and the Charter of forreſts: whervpon the ſame being read with the Articles thervnto added, and put in, the Biſhop of Carleile, adorned in Pontificalibus, did pro|nounce all them accurſſed, that wente aboute to violate and breake the ſame. And bycauſe the Scottiſh Lords appeared not, being ſummoned to be there, it was decreed, that the armie ſhould come togither at Newe Caſtell vppon Tyne in the Octaues of that feaſt of ſaint Hillarie nexte enſuing, ſo that the generall muſters might then and there be taken.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]ate be| [...]ixt the kin| [...] men, and [...] Gantiners.The kyng lay the moſt part of thys winter at Gaunt, in the which mean time tyme ther chan|ced ſedition betweene the Engliſhemen and the Gauntoys, in ſo muche that the Welchmen had lette fyre on the Towne, if the king hadde not ſtayed the matter. But the Flemiſhe writers ſay, the Engliſhmen, ſette fyre in foure partes of the towne in deede, that they mighte the more freely haue robbed in other parties thereof, whyleſt the Towneſmen had gone about to quenche the fire. But the Towneſmen bente on reuenge, aſſem|bled togither in great number, and falling on the Engliſhmen ſlew thirtie of their horſemen, and of their footmen to the number of ſeuen hundred or thereaboutes. They hadde alſo [...]layn the king if a knight of Flaunders hadde not made ſhifte to ſaue hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Indeed (as ſhould appeare by the ſame wri|ters) the Engliſhe footemen had done much hurt in the countrey, & namely one day they ſpoyled the towne of Dam, & ſlew two hundred wor|thy perſonages which hadde yelded themſelues to the Kyng at his firſte commyng into the countrey.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 And although the king cauſed certain of thoſe that had done this outrage to be hanged: yet the Flemings bare this and other iniuries in theyr myndes, and meant to bee reuenged thereof, be|fore the Engliſhmen departed out of their coun|treye, and therefore there drewe out of ſundrye parties into the Citie of Gaunte by ſmall com|panyes, to the number of foure thouſande men of armes, beſides a great multitude of footmen: and when they perceyued them ſelues ſtrong y|nough (as they tooke the matter) at the daye a|mongeſt them appoynted, they cluſtred togy|ther, and vnder the leadyng of the Earles ſons, Wyllyam and Roberte,The Flemyngs ſet vpon the Englishmen in their lodgings. they didde fyrſte ſette vppon the Engliſhmen that were in theyr lod|gyngs, of whome they ſlewe dyuers, and after commyng foorthe into the ſtreates, they meant to haue made ſlaughter of all the reſidue: but by the noyſe that was rayſed, the Kyng hadde warnyng in what ſtate the matter ſtoode, and therewyth getteth hym to armoure, and came forth of hys lodgyng, and ſtreyghtwayes hys people flocked aboute hym. And furthermore, the footemen, whyche were lodged in the Sub|urbes, hearyng of thys tumulte, gette them to armoure, and approchyng the gates, fynd them ſhutte, but with fyre whych they kyndled with ſtrawe, wood, butter, and tallowe, and other ſuch thynges, they brente vp the ſame gates, and ſo got in, loſing not paſ [...]e ſixe perſons, and thoſe were ſlayne at the firſt entring.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Herewith the Earle of Flaunders commeth to the Kyng, and beſeecheth hym to ſtaye hys people from committyng further outrage: but the kyng as he had reaſon ſo to doe, blamed him for the outragious attempte of hys people, and bad hym goe and appeaſe them, or he woulde take payne wyth them hymſelfe to hys owne ſuretie, though not greatly to theyr caſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle went, and didde ſo much,The Earle of Flaunders pa|cifyeth his people. that at length he quieted them, and then was order gi|uen for reſtitution of ſuche thynges as hadde bene taken from anye manne wrongfully, ac|cordyng to the order and direction preſcribed by certayne diſcrete perſons appoynted as Com|miſſioners in that behalfe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng perceyuyng hym ſelfe in ſome daunger, and that withoute the fauoure of the Flemyngs he myght hardly eſcape out of their countrey, bare manye thynges, and ſpake cur|teouſlye, makyng partely amendes for the har|mes doone by his people, as well abrode in the countrey, as in the townes. And finally aboute Midlent he returned into Englande, as after ye ſhall heare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In this meane tyme by the Kyngs appoint|mente,

Nic. Triuet.

An army aſſem|bled at Yorke.

the Earle of Surreye Lord [...] War|den of Scotland, wyth other Earles and noble menne to hym aſſociate, aboute the feaſte of Saincte Hillarye, had aſſembled an armye at Yorke, hauyng fyrſte ſummoned the Lordes EEBO page image 830 [...] EEBO page image 831 [...] EEBO page image 832 of Scotlande to appeare there at the ſame daye, who yet came not, but contrarily had beſieged the Caſtell of Rockeſburghe.The Scots be|ſiege Rockeſ|burgh. Wherevppon the Earle of Surrey haſted thytherwardes, ſo that Willyam Waleys and other of the Scottyſh|men whiche laye there at ſiege, reyſed the ſame, and departed from thence.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Earle of Surrey entreth Scotland.The Earle of Surrey comming to Rockeſ|burgh, and relieuing them that kept it with ſuch things as they wanted paſſed foorth to Kelſſow, and came afterwards to the towne of Barwike, which the Scottiſhmen had left voyde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here came letters vnto them from king Ed|ward, ſignifying that hee had taken truce wyth the Frenche king, and that he mente ſhortely to [...]etourne into England, and therfore commaun|ded them not to make any further enterpriſe than the defending of the frontiers, and the recouerie of Barwike, til his comming ouer. Herevppon was a greate part of the armie diſcharged, and ſuche only remayned in Barwike as might ſuf|fice for defence therof.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edvvard returneth home vvardes.King Edwarde hauing made an ende of hys buſineſſe in Flaunders, as before ye haue heard, returned now towards England, and came to a Towne called Ardenburg, where the moſte part of ſuche Scottiſhmen as he had broughte with him into Flanders, ſlipped from him, & wentvn|to Paris. The king being returned into Eng|lande, remoued the Barons of the Eſchequer, and the Iuſtices of the Benche vnto York, cal|ling a Parliamente thither, and gaue ſummo|nance to the Lordes of Scotland to come to the ſame:The Scottes ſum [...]ed to the Parliament at Yorke, refu|ſed to come. but making defaulte in their appearance, he ſent forth his comiſſion and letters to warne his ſubiectes to be readie with horſe and harneys at Rockeſburgh in the feaſte of the Natiuitie of S. Iohn Baptiſt next enſuyng. They obeying his comaundement,An army raiſed aſſembled there at the daye appoynted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were in this armie nowe aſſembled at Rockeſborough together with thoſe of the Bi|ſhopricke aboute three thouſande men of armes mounted on ba [...]ded horſes,


The number of men armed in this armye.

beſydes foure thou|ſande other armed menne on horſebacke wyth|out b [...]rdes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There were alſo a great number of footmen, and yet none but ſuch as came vpon their owne good w [...]lles, the whiche were almoſt all Welch|men or Iriſhmen.VVelchmen & Irishmen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 There came alſo afterwardes fyue hundred menne of armes w [...]ll apparelled, furnyſhed and mounted,Gaſcoynes. out of Gaſcoyne: of the which a cer|tayne number were ſente vnto Barwike by the king: where after the battayle fought with the Scottes, they remayned in garniſon.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nic. Triuet.The Earle of Hereford, and the Earle Mar|ſhall were preſente wyth theyr retinues amon|geſt other in thys armie here aſſembled at Roc|keſborough, the whyche vpon ſuſpition co [...]|ned of that they had hearde,The E [...] Here [...] Ma [...] ſ [...] [...] thought it not ſuffi|cient to haue the Kynges Letters patentes tou|ching the confirmation of the two Charters, and other the Articles aboue mencioned ſygnes by hym, whyleſt he was oute of the Realme, a [...] therefore required that he woulde nowe within his owne lande, confirme the ſameagaine.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Here the Biſhoppe of Durham, Iohn Earle of Surrey, Willyam Earle of Warwike, and Raufe Earle of Glouceſter, vndertooke for the kyng, that after hee had ſubdued his enimies, and ſhould be agayne returned into the realme, he ſhoulde ſatiſfie them in that behalfe, and con|firme the ſame articles.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This done, the King marching foorth wy [...]h his armye, came to Temple Hiſton, and ſente foorth the Biſhoppe of Durham to take certayn Caſtelles thereaboutes,Ca [...] [...] by the [...] of D [...] as Orinton (or as ſome Copies haue) Drilton, and other two whiche enterpriſe, the Biſhoppe ſpeedyly accompliſhed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhe fleete that ſhoulde haue come from Berwike, and kepte alongſt the coaſte to haue furniſhed the Armie wyth victualls, was ſtayed and holden backe with contrarie wynd ſo that the armie beganne to be in greate neceſſitie of victuals. The Scottiſhemen were aduertiſed hereof, and ſuppoſyng that the Engliſhemen by reaſon of ſuche want of victuals, had not bene able through feebleneſſe to make any greate reſi|ſtaunce, aſſembled theyr powers togyther, and came towardes the place where the kyng with his army was lodged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The ſame time twoo of the Engliſhe ſhippes arriued there wyth victualles, the whiche beyng beſtowed. Amongſt the ſouldeors, relieued them greately of theyr hunger, amoungeſt other the Welchemen had twoo tunnes of wine deliuered to them for theyr ſhare,


A fraye be|tvvixt the VVelche [...] Engliſhmen

the whiche they taſted ſo greedyly, that ouercome therewyth they fell to quarrelling wyth the Engliſhemen and begunne a fraye, in the whiche they ſlew an eighteen, and hurte dyuerſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Engliſhe horſemenne heerewyth beyng kindeled wyth diſpleaſure, got them to armour, and ſetting vpon the Welchmen, ſlew of them to the number of foure ſcore, and put the other to flight: wherevpon the nexte morning it was ſaid that the Welchemen vppon wrathe conceyued hereof meant to depart to the Scottes: but yet when the campe remoued they followed the ar|my though a farre off, and a part by themſelues,The Eng [...]men [...]nde [...] doubte of the VVelch [...] in ſo muche that many doubted leaſt if the Eng|liſhmen had chaunced to haue had the worſe at the Scottiſhe mensne handes, they woulde haue ioygned wyth them agaynſte the En|glyſhemenne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 EEBO page image 833 N. Triuet.The Kyng nowe hearing that the Scottes were commyng towardes hym, rayſed hys fielde, and wente foorthe to meete them, lod|gyng the nexte nyghte in a fayre playne. In the morning very early, a greate alarme was reyſed, ſo that euery man got him to armour, ſuppoſing the Scottes to bee at hande. The horſe appoynted for the kyngs ſaddle that day, as the Kyng ſhoulde haue got vppon hym, afrighted wyth ſome noyſe, ſtarte aſide, and threwe the Kyng downe wyth ſuche violence, that hee brake twoo of his ribbes, as the reporte went Other write; that his horſe trode on hym in the night as he and his people reſted them, keeping their horſes ſtill bridled to bee readye the ſooner vppon occaſion of any neceſſitie: but howſoeuer hee came by hys hurt, he ſtayed not to paſſe forwarde in his purpoſed iourney, but mounting vppon an other horſe,The battaile [...]f Foukirke. went foorth with hys armye till hee came to a place called Foukirke where bothe the armyes of England and Scotland met and fought.


The order of [...]he Scottishe [...]attayles.

The Scottes were deuided into four ſchiltrons, as they ter|med them, or as we may ſay, round battailes, in forme of a circle, in the whiche ſtoode theyr people, that caried long ſtaues or ſpeares which they croſſed ioyntly togither one wythin an o|ther, betwixt which ſchiltrons or round bat|tails were certain ſpaces left the which wer fil|led wyth theyr archers & bowmen, and behinde all theſe were theyr horſmen placed. They had choſen a ſtrong grounde, ſomewhat ſideling on the ſide of a hill. The Erles Marſhall, Herford,The Earles Marshall, Her|forde, and Lin|colne ledde the fore vvarde. and Lincolne whiche ledde the forewarde of the Engliſhemen, at the firſt made directly to|wardes the Scottes, but they were ſtayed by reaſon they founde a marys, or an euill fauou|red moſſe betwixt theyr enemyes and them, ſo that they were conſtreyned to ſerche a compaſſe towardes the weſte ſide of the fielde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Byſhop of Durham ruling in the ſe|conde battaile of the Engliſhemen conſiſting of ſixe and thirtie ſtanderds or banners,The bishop of Dur [...]m ledde the ſeconde vvarde. know|ing the let of that moſſe or maris, made toward the Eaſte ſide, haſting forth to be the firſte that ſhoulde giue the onſet: but yet when they ap|proched neare to the enemies; the Byſhoppe commaunded his people to ſtaye till the thyrde battaile, which the Kyng led, mighte approch: but that valiant Knyght the Lorde Raufe Baſſet of Drayton ſayde to hym:The Lorde Baſſet of Drai|tons vvordes to the Bishop of Durham. My Lorde Byſhoppe, you may goe and ſay Maſſe, which better becometh you, than to teache vs what we haue to doe, for wee will doe that that belon|geth to the order of warre, and herewyth they haſted foorthe on that ſyde to chardge the fyrſte ſchiltron of the Scottes, and the Earles wyth theyr battaile on the other ſide, and euen vppon the firſte brunt, the Scottiſhe horſemen fledde,The Scottishe horſemen flee. afewe only excepted, which ſtayed to keepe the footemen in order. And amongeſt other, was the brother of the Lorde Stewarde of Scot|lande, who as hee was aboute to ſet in order the bowemen of S [...]lkirke, by chaunce was vn|horſed, [figure appears here on page 833] and ſlaine there amoungeſt the ſame bowemen, and many a tall mans bodye wyth hym. [...]heir archers [...]yue. The Scottiſhe archers thus being ſlain, the Engliſhemen aſſailed the ſpeare men, but they keeping them ſelues cloſe togyther, [...]heſe Scottish [...]are [...]ẽvver, Gallovvaye Euerſden [...]en. and ſtandyng at defence wyth theyr ſpeares like a thicke wood, kepte out the Engliſhe horſemen for a while, and foughte manfully, though they were ſore beaten wyth ſhotte of arrowes by the Engliſhe archers a foote: and ſo at length galled wyth ſhot, and aſſailed by the horſemen on eche ſide, they begun to diſorder and ſhrinke from one ſide to another, and herwith the horſ|men brake in amongſt them, and to they were ſlaine and beaten down in maner all the whole number of them. Some ſaye there dyed of the EEBO page image 834 Scottes that daye (beyng the twoo and twenty of Iuly,N. Triuet. and the feaſte of Mary Magdalene) aboue twentie thouſande. Other write, that there were ſlaine at the leaſte to the number of xv.

Mat. VVeſt. hathe fourtye thouſande.

Polidore. N. Triuet.

The tovvne of S. Androvvns.

thouſande. The Scottiſhe writers alledge that this battaile was loſte by treaſon of the Cumyns and other, as in the Scottiſh hiſtorie ye may more plainly perceiue, with more mater touching the ſame battaile: after this was the towne of Sainct Androwes deſtroyed, no man beeyng wythin to make reſiſtaunce. And from thence the Engliſhe army came throughe Sel|kirke Forreſte vnto the caſtell of Ayre,The caſtell of Aire. whiche they founde voyde: and after they came by the towne of Annan and tooke the caſtell of Loch|maben, and ſo returned into Englande by the Weaſtmarches,


Irishe Lordes. The Iſle of Arayne.

and came to Carleil.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 About the ſame time certaine Iriſhe lords, and amongeſt other as chiefe, one Thomas Biſet landed in the Iſle of Arain, the inhabi|tants whereof yelded themſelues vnto the ſame Thomas, who as was iudged, ment to haue ayded the Scottes: but nowe hearing of the victorie whiche Kyng Edwarde had gotten in a pight fielde, he ſent vnto hym to giue hym to vnderſtande that hee was come in his ayde, and had wonne the ſaide Iſle of Airen,Thomas Biſet requireth the Ile of Arain. and therfore beſought him that it might pleaſe him to graũt it vnto hym and hys heyres, to holde of hym and his heyres for euer. Whiche requeſt the K. graunted:The euill opi|nion of the Erles Marshall and Hereforde tovvardes the Kyng. whereof when the Earles Marſhall & Hereford were aduertiſed, they thoughte this a raſhe parte of the Kyng, conſidering that hee had promiſed to doe nothing of new wythout theyr conſentes and counſell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Therefore the Kyng beyng as ye haue heard returned to Carleill, they got licence to depart home wyth theyr people leauing the kyng ſtill at Carleil, where he remained a time, and held a Parliament there,The Kynges liberalitie to|vvardes his nobles. in the whiche he graunted vnto many of his nobles, the lands and liuings of dyuers noble men of the Scottes, as to the Earles Earledomes, to the Barons baronies, but Gallowaye and Annandall wyth certayne other counties, he aſſigned to none, reſeruing the ſame (as was thought) vnto the foreſayde two Erles, leaſt they ſhould thinke themſelues euill dealt wyth, if they had no parte beſtowed on them amongeſt the reſidue.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The King after this went to Durham, and from thence thoughte to haue returned ſtreight towardes London, but hearing that the Scot|tes ment to make ſome inuaſion, hee went to Tynmouth, and remained there till towards Chriſtmaſſe.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 An. reg. 27. After the Kyng had layne a certen time at Tinnemouthe, hee departed from thence, and drewe Southwarde,Cotyngham. and comming to Coting|ham, a little from Beuerly, helde hys Chriſt|maſſe there,1293. and after drewe towardes Lon|don, where in the begynning of Lent, hee [...] a parliament,

A parliament

Abing [...]

at the which hee was requyred to keepe promiſſe for the confirming of the two charters and articles concluded wyth the Erles of Hereford and Marſhall. The King was no|thyng contented that this matter ſhoulde bee ſo earneſtely called vppon, for lothe hee was to graunte theyr full requeſtes, and agayne to de|nye them, hee ſtoode in doubte howe it mighte bee taken: hee therefore prolonged time, and woulde make no aunſwere eyther to or fro [...] and when the Lordes vrged hym ſore to giue them aunſwere, hee got hym out of the citie,The Lord [...] [...]ll vpon the Kyng to [...] not making them priuie of hys departure, and when they followed hym, and ſemed not well contented that hee ſhoulde ſo diſſemble wyth them, hee excuſed hymſelfe by blaming the [...] of the citie to bee againſte hys health, and there|fore he bare them in hande, that he only ſought to refreſhe hymſelfe in ſome better ayre in the countrey more agreable to hys nature: [...] and as for aunſwere to theyr requeſtes, hee willed them to repayre againe to the citie, and they ſhoulde haue aunſwere by hys counſaile ſo farre as ſhoulde ſtande wyth reaſon to content them.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They returned as hee willed them, and had the charters confirmed according to their re|queſtes, ſauing that this addition was put in the latter end of ye ſame, Saluo iure coronae nostra. The addition put in the [...] Wyth whiche addition, the Lordes were of|fended, and tourned home to theyr houſes in as greate diſpleaſure towardes the Kyng as be|fore.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The counſel doubting ſome ſeditions ſturre to ariſe hereof amongeſt the people, deliuered the charters (ſo ſealed and ſigned as they were) vnto the Sheriffes of London, that the ſame might bee redde openly before the people,The addition re [...] in Poules Churcheyar [...] which was done in Poules Churcheyarde in preſence of a greate aſſemblie there come togyther and gathered for that purpoſe. The people at the firſte before they heard the addition gaue many bleſſinges to the Kyng, for thoſe grauntes, but when they hearde wyth what wordes hee con|cluded, they curſed as faſte as before they had bleſſed. Before this parliament was diſſolued, the Lordes had warnyng to retourne agayne ſhortely after Eaſter, and then they had all thinges graunted and performed as they could wiſhe or deſire.The perambu|lations of [...]|reſt [...] The perambulations of For|reſtes were appoynted vnto three Byſhoppes, three Earles, and three Barons.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the latter ende of Iune there came ouer a Byſhoppe ſente from Pope Boniface as hys Nuncio, and dyuers other wyth hym,A bishop [...] from the [...] to declare the order which the Pope as arbi|trator EEBO page image 835 indifferently choſen betwixte the twoo Kynges of Englande, and Fraunce, for the deciding of all controuerſies depending bee|twixte them) had giuen foorthe and decreed, whiche was in effect as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Popes [...]cree of peace [...]etvvixt the [...]ages of Englande and Fraunce.Fyrſte that Kyng Edwarde beeyng then a widower ſhoulde marry the Frenche Kynges ſiſter named Margaret, notwithſtandyng the degrees of conſangiuinitie, for the whiche the Pope woulde diſpence. Againe that the Lorde Edwarde the Kynges eldeſt ſonne ſhoulde at conuenient tyme take to wyfe the Ladye Iſa|bell the Frenche Kynges daughter. Alſo that the Kyng of Englande ſhoulde make ſatiſfac|tion for the Frenche ſhippes whiche hys men had taken at the beginning of the warre, [...]. Triuet. and that ſundrye townes in Gaſcoyne ſhoulde bee put into the Popes handes, till it might be vn|derſtoode vnto whome the righte apperteyned. But thoſe twoo laſt articles tooke ſmall effect, the Frenche Kyng refuſing to deliuer any of thoſe townes whiche hee had gotten in poſſeſ|ſion.The Popes re| [...]eſt for the [...]leaſing to ly| [...]rtye or Iohn [...]aillol. Moreouer, theſe meſſengers in the Popes behalfe required the Kyng that hee woulde ſet at libertie Iohn Baillol ſometime Kyng of Scotland, and to reſtore thoſe landes vnto his ſonne Edwarde Baillol, whiche hee ought to holde within the Realme of Englande, pro|miſing and vndertaking in the Popes behalfe to preſerue and ſaue the Realme harmeleſſe of all hurte or damage that myghte enſue by, the deliuerie of the ſayde Iohn Baillol.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 King Edward vnderſtanding that ther was greate daunger in ſetting hym at libertie, [...]ohn Baillol [...]lyuered out [...] priſon at the [...]opes ſuite. was contented to deliuer hym vnto the Pope, but hee refuſed to make reſtitution vnto Edwarde Baillol of the landes whiche hee demaunded. The Popes ambaſſadoures receyuing Iohn Baillol at Kyng Edwards handes, tooke hym ouer wyth hym into Fraunce, and there lefte hym in the cuſtodie of the Byſhoppe of Cam|brey,


[...]e departeth [...]is lyfe.

the Popes deputie in that behalfe, where ſhortelye after hee dyed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, according to the couenauntes of agreement made beetwixte the twoo Kynges of Englande and Fraunce, [...] Triuet. the ceptiues vpon either parte were deliuered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Kyng ma| [...]eth the Frẽch [...]ngs ſiſter.In the feaſte of the natiuitie of our Ladye, the Kyng married the Ladye Margaret ſiſter to the Frenche Kyng at Canterburye wyth greate ſolempnitie. Aboute the feaſte of Sainct Martin in wynter the Kyng helde a parliamẽt at Yorke, [...] parliament [...] Yorke. meaning to haue gone from thence into Scotlande, to haue reſcued the caſtell of Strueling, whiche the Scottiſhemen had be|ſieged, and had it ſurrendred vnto them, ere the Kyng coulde ſet forewarde to come to rayſe the ſiege. The ſame yere died Henry Newarke Archbiſhop of Yorke,

The deceaſſe of the Archbi|shop of Yorke.

An. reg. 28.



A proclamati|on for money.

and Thomas Corbridge a doctour in diuinitie ſucceeded hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 In the eyghte and twentye yere of his raign in the Chriſtmaſſe ſeaſon Kyng Edwarde ſet foorth a proclamation, forbidding and prohi|biting all forraine coine to bee receyued and payde as ſteeling mony wythin his dominion, commaunding by the ſame proclamation, that two peeces of them ſhuld go for one ſterlyng, vntill the feaſt of Eaſter. There were diuers moneyes in thoſe dayes currant wythin this realme, as Pollardes, Crocards, Staldinges, Egles, Leonines, Sleepinges, and all theſe were white monyes, artificially made of ſiluer, copper, and ſulphur, ſo that it was an y [...] tyme for baſe moneyes, and muche choppyng and chaunging was vſed in buying and ſelling of thynges. At Eaſter following the King vtter|lye forbad that any of thoſe moneyes ſhoulde be currant at all,Forreyne mo|neys forbidden to go as currãt. and helde his exchaunge in ſun|dry places, and to be rydde of them, men gaue fiue or ſixe of them for one ſterling, not caring for them bycauſe of theyr baſeneſſe, and yet wythin one yeare after that men had learned the ſkill by proofe howe to trie the mettall with melted leade in the fire, they founde that twoo peeces of thoſe baſe moneys were in valewe worthe one ſterling, and many became riche by the exchange, whiche had boughte good ſtore of them, when they were ſo ſmally eſteemed: but the Kyng cauſed enquirie to be made of them that vſed ſuche exchaunge wythout his licence, and put them to theyr fines.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 At a Parliament holden at London in lent this yeare, the Kyng renued the confirmation of the charters, and made certain new ſtatutes concerning fines and Gaole deliueries, very profitable to the common wealth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Aboute the feaſte of Sainct Iohn Baptiſt,


The king goth vvith an armye into Scotlande.

Kyng Edwarde went wyth an armye into Scotlande, and there graunted a truce to the Scots that inhabited the mountaine countryes to endure for eleuen Moneths, that is to wit, till Whitſontide nexte enſuing.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As the Kyng was vppon hys iourney fore|wardes in the Northe partes, hys late married wyfe Quene Margaret was deliuered of hys firſt ſonne at Brotherton,Thomas of Brotherton borne the firſte of Iune a place in Yorkſhire not farre from Pontfret, he was named Tho|mas, and tooke the ſurname of Brotherton, of the place where he was borne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer Pope Boniface at the ſute of the Scottes wrote his letters vnto kyng Edward commaunding hym by the ſame and by the Archebiſhoppe of Canterbury, whome hee ap|poynted to delyuer the ſame letters, by other letters to hym directed, that he ſhould not on|ly releaſe and ſet at libertie all ſuche Scottes EEBO page image 836 as he had in priſon, but alſo giue ouer his war|res which he made againſt the realm of Scot|lande: and if he ment to make any claime to the ſame, then to ſend his procurators vnto the court of Rome, and there to ſhewe what eui|dence hee coulde for hys righte thereto, where the matter (as he mainteined) was to be heard, decided, and iudged and not elſe where. The Archebyſhoppe according to the Popes com|maundement did the meſſage, and preſented the Popes letters vnto the King, who deferred the anſwer vnto the aſſemblie of the eſtates in par|liament, and hereof the Archebiſhop aduertiſed the Pope accordingly as in the letters to hym directed hee was commaunded.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Euerſden.This yeare alſo on Sainct Remigius day, whiche is the firſte of October, dyed Edmunde Earle of Cornewall, the ſonne of Earle Ry|charde, that was alſo Kyng of Almayne: and bycauſe he left no iſſue behynde him to inherite that Erledom, the ſame returned to the crown,

Compare 1587 edition: 1

An. reg. 29.

Mat. VVeſt. Croxden.

In the xxix. yere of king Edwards raigne, on Sainct Oſwaldes daye, or as ſome haue written, the Fryday after the feaſt of Peter ad vincula, his wyfe Queene Margaret was deli|uered of hir ſeconde ſonne,1301. that had to name Edmunde of Woodſtocke, ſurnamed ſo of the place where hee was borne. The Kyng alſo this yere after Chriſtmaſſe helde a Parliament at Lincolne, to the whiche the Earles and Ba|rons of the realme came in armour, to the end (as it is ſaide) that they myghte procure of the Kyng the more ſpeedye execution of the charter of Forreſtes, whiche by hym had hitherto bene delaied, but nowe that hee perceiued theyr ear|neſtneſſe and importunate ſuite, hee condiſcen|ded to their willes in all thynges.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Pope Boniface inhibiteth the king of Englãd further to vexe the Scottes.Pope Boniface beeyng ſolicited by the in|ſtant ſuite of the Scottiſhemen, and offended alſo that the landes in Englande whiche bee|longed vnto Edwarde Bailloll the ſonne of Iohn Baillol, were not to the ſame Edwarde reſtored, hee eftſoones wrote to Kyng Edward forbidding hym from thence foorthe any fur|ther to vexe the Scottes by warres, bycauſe that the kingdome of Scotlande was ſurren|dred alreadye into hys handes by the generall conſent of the Scottiſhemen themſelues, and therefore was it in hys power to beſtowe and take awaye the ſame to whome or from whome ſoeuer it ſhoulde pleaſe hym.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 N. Triuet.There were reaſons alledged why the King of Englande ſeemed to doe wrong in chalen|ging as then the kingdome of Scotlande: and amongeſt other, one was that ſuche homage as had bene done of auncient time to the Kings of Englande, by the Kynges of the Scottes, was onely meant for Tyndale, Penreth, and ſuche other landes as the Scottiſhe Kynges helde within England, and not for the Realme of Scotlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 And whereas the Kyngs of Scotlande had aided the Kyngs of Englande in theyr watres againſte the Rebells of theyr Realme of Eng|lande, and bene preſent at theyr coronation, the ſame was done of ſpeciall fauour and not of dutie. Kyng Edwarde hauyng receyued the Popes preſcript and well conſidered the whole contentes thereof, ſent in writing his anſwere ſo at large, prouing by euident reaſons that the right of propretie of the kingdome of Scot|lande, did moſte iuſtly apperteyne vnto hym, and that the allegations were not true, but for|ged, whiche had bene by ſurmiſed informa|tion preſented againſte hym. Beſide the kyngs letters whiche hee wrote in his owne behalfe, there was an other letter deuiſed and written by all the Lordes temporall of the lande aſſem|bled in parliament at Lincolne, in which letter they aunſwered in name of all the eſtates there gathered, vnto that pointe wherein the Pope pretended a right to be iudge for the title of the Realme of Scotlande, proteſting flatly that they would not conſent that theyr Kyng ſhuld doe any thyng that might tende to the diſenhe|riting of the ryght of the crowne of Englande, and plaine ouerthrow of the ſtate of the ſame realme, and alſo hurt of the liberties, cuſtoms, and lawes of theyr fathers, ſith it was neuer known, that the kings of this land had anſwe|red or ought to anſwere for theyr rights in the ſame Realme, afore any iudge Eccleſiaſticall or ſecular. The Tenour of whiche letter be|ginneth thus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3

TO our moſt holy father in Chriſte, Boni|face by gods prouidence high Byſhoppe of the holye Romaine and Vniuerſall Churche, his deuoute ſons Iohn Earle Warren: Tho|mas Erle of Lancaſter: Rafe de Monthermer Earle of Glouceſter and Hertforde, Humfrey de Bohun Earle of Hereford and Eſſex, and Conneſtable of England: Roger Bigod earle of Norfolke, and Mareſchall of Englande: Guy Earle of Warwike: Rycharde earle of Arundell: Adomate de Valence Lord of Mon|terney: Henry de Lancaſter Lorde of Mon|mouth: Iohn de Haſ [...]ngs Lorde of Berge|uennie: Henry de Perey Lorde of Topelife: Edmunde de Mortimer Lorde of Wigmor: Robert Fitz Water Lord of Wodham: Iohn de Sainct Iohn Lorde of Hannake: Hughe de Veer Lorde of Swaneſtampe: Wylliam de Brewſe Lorde of Gower: Roberte de Mont|hault Lorde of Hawarden: Roberte de Tate|ſhall Lorde of Wokeham: Reignald de Grey lorde of Ruthin: Henry de Grey lorde of Cod|nore, EEBO page image 837 Hugh Bardolfe lorde of Wormegayt: Roberte de Clifforde Chateſtain of Appelbye: Peter de Malowe lorde of Malgreene: Philip lord of Kime: Robert Fitz Roger lord of Cla|uerings: Iohn de Mohun lorde of Duneſter: Almerit [...]e de Sainct Amounde lord of Wide|hay: William de Ferrers lord of Grovy: Alain de Zouche lord of Aſhby: Theobalde de Ver|don lord of Webbeley: Thomas de Furniuall lorde of Schefielde: Thomas de Multon lorde of Egremont, William Latimer lorde of Cor|by, Thomas lorde Berkley: Foulke Fitz War|ren lorde of Mitingham: Iohn lord Segraue: Edmunde de Eincourt lorde of Thurgerton: Peter Corbet lorde of Caus: Wyllyam de Cantelowe lorde of Rauenſthorpe: Iohn de Brauchampe lorde of Harche: Roger de Mor|timer lorde of Penkethlin: Iohn Fitz Reinald lorde of Blenleueny: Raufe de Neuell lorde of Raby: Brian Fitz Alaine lorde of Bedale: Wyllyam Mareſhall Lorde of Hengham [...] Walter Lorde Huntercombe: Wyllyam Martin lorde of Camels: Henry de Thies lord of Chilton: Roger le Ware lord of Iſefielde Iohn de Riuers lord of Angre: Iohn de Lan|caſter lorde of Griſedale: Robert Fitz Payne lorde of Lainnier: Henry Tregoz lorde of Ga|ringes: Robert Pipard lorde of Lomforde: Walter lord Faucomberg: Roger le Strange lorde of Elleſmer: Iohn le Strange lorde of C [...]okyn: Thomas de Chances lord of Nor|ton: Walter de Beauchamp lorde of A [...]edeſter. Rycharde Talbot lorde of Eccleſwell: Iohn Butetwart lord of Mendeſham: Iohn Engain lorde of Colum: Hughe de Poynz lorde of Cornevaler: Adam lorde of Welles: Simon lorde Montacute: Iohn lorde Sulle: Iohn de Melles or rather Moelles Lorde of Candebu|ry: Edmũd baron Stafford: Io. Louel lord of Hackings: [...]tages I [...] i [...]. Edmũd de N. lord of Elch [...] [...]|kes: Rafe Fitz Williã lord of Grimthorp: Ro+bert de Seales lord of N [...]uſells: Wil. Turhet lorde of Lewenhales: Io Abadan lord of De|uerſion: Iohn de Haueringes lord of Grafton: Rob. la Warde lorde of Whitehall: Nic. de Segraue lord of Stow: Walter de Tey lord of Stougraue: Io de Liſle lord of Wodton: Euſtace lorde Hacche: Gilbert Peche lorde of Corby: Wil. Painel lord Trachingron. Rog. de Allis Moliaſterio: [...]inſter [...]ke. Foulk le Strange lord of Corſham: Henry de Pinkeny lord of Wedon: Io. de Hodeleſton lorde of Aneys: Io. de Hun|tingfielde lord of Bradenhã: Hughe Fitz Hen|ry lord of Raueneſwath: Io. Daleton lorde of Sporle: [...] farre out [...] Perkins [...] [...]ple. Ni. de Carri lord of Muleſford: Tho|mas lord de la Roche: Walter de Mũcy lord of Thornton: Io Fitz Marinaduke lord of Hor|den: Iohn lord of Kingſton: Rob. Haſtings the father lorde of Chebeſſey: Rafe lord Gren|don Wil. lord of Leiborne: Io. de Gre [...]e lord of Morpath: Mathewe Fitz Iohn lord of Sto [...]enham: Nic. de Ne [...]eſt lord of Wheried: and Io Pa [...]nell lord of Atel [...]i: with al humble ſubmiſſion.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The holy mother Churche,Out of maiſter Foze pag. 427. by whoſe miniſterie the catholik ſea is gouerned: in hir deedes (as we throughly beleue and hold) proceedeth with that repeneſſe in iudgement, that ſhe wil be hurtfull to none, but like a mo|ther would euerie mans righte be kepte vnbro|ken, aſwell in an other, as in hir ſelf. Whereas therfore in a general parliament called at Lin|colne of late, by our moſte dreade lord Edward by the grace of god the noble King of Englãd: the ſame our lorde cauſed certain letters recey|ued from you to bee redde openly and to be de|clared ſeriouſly afore vs, about certain buſineſſe touching the condition and ſtate of the Realme of Scotlande: we did not a little muſe and mar [...]ell with ourſelues, hearing the meanings concerning the ſame, ſo wondrous and ſtrange as the like we haue not heard at any tyme be|fore: for we knowe moſte holy father, and it is well known aſwel within this realme of Eng|lande (as alſo not vnknowen to other perſons beſides) that from the fyrſte beginning of the realme of Englande, the certain and direct go|uernement of the Realme of Scotlande in all temporall cauſes from tyme to tyme belonged to the Kyngs of the ſame Realme of England and Realme of Scotlande, aſwell in the times bothe of the Britaynes as alſo Engliſhemen: yea rather the ſame Realme of Scotlande of olde tyme was in ſee to the auncetours of our foreſayde Lordes Kynges of Englande, yea and to hymſelfe. Furthermore, the Kynges of Scottes and the Realme haue not bene vn|der any other than the Kyngs of Englande, and the Kynges of England haue aunſwered or ought to anſwere for theyr rights in the for|ſayd Realme, or for any his temporalities afore any Iudge Eccleſiaſticall or ſecular, by reaſon of free preheminence of the ſtate of hys Royall dignitie and cuſtome kepte wythout breache at all tymes. Wherefore, after treatie had, and diligent deliberation of the contentes in your foreſaide letters, this was the common agree|yng and conſent with one minde, and ſhall be wythout falle in tyme to come by gods grace: that our foreſaide Lorde the Kyng oughte by no meanes to aunſwere in iudgemente in any caſe, or ſhoulde bring his foreſaide rightes in|to do [...]b [...], nor oughte not to ſende any pro|ctours or meſſengers to your preſence, ſpecially ſeeing that the premiſſes tend manifeſtly to the diſenheriting of the right of the crowne of En|gland, and the plaine ouerthrowe of the ſtate of EEBO page image 838 the ſaide realme, and alſo hurte of the liberties, cuſtomes and lawes of our fathers: for the ke|ping and defence of whiche, we are bounde by the duetie of the othe made, and we will main|taine them wyth all power, and will defende them (by gods helpe) wyth all ſtrengthe. And furthermore, will not ſuffer our foreſaide Lord the Kyng to doe or by any meanes attempte the premiſſes beyng ſo vnaccuſtomed, vnwont, and not hearde of afore: wherefore we reue|rentlye and humbly beſeeche youre holyneſſe, that yee woulde ſuffer the ſame our lorde King of Englande (who among other princes of the worlde ſheweth hymſelfe catholike and deuout to the Romiſhe Churche) quietly to enioy his rightes, liberties, cuſtomes, and lawes afore|ſaide: wythout all empayring, and trouble, and let them continue vntouched. In witneſſe whereof, we haue ſette our ſeales to theſe pre|ſentes aſwell for vs, as for the whole comunal|tie of the foreſaide Realme of England.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Pope when he hearde and deliberately pondered the Kyngs aunſwere, wyth this let|ter dyrected to hym from the Englyſhe Ba|rons, hee waxed colde in the matter, and fol|lowed it no farther.The king goeth into Scotlande. The [...]ice betwixte the Kyng and the Scottes beeyng once expired, the Kyng aſſembled hys armye, and wente into Scotlande, aboute the feaſte of Sainct Iohn Baptiſt, and tarrying there all the ſom|mer and winter following, his ſouldiors loſte many of their greate horſes for lacke of forrage whiche coulde not bee gotten in the colde win|ter ſeaſon. An. reg. 30. 1302. Hee kept his Chriſtmaſſe at Lith|ko, and at length at the requeſt of his brother in lawe the Frenche Kyng,A truce graun|ted to the Scots he graunted eftſoones a truce to the Scottiſhemen till the feaſt of all Saintes nexte enſuing. Then hauing orde|red his buſines for that time in Scotlande,The king retur|neth into En|glande. hee retourned into Englande, and aboute Mid|lent called a parliament at London. Alſo this yeare Pope Boniface vpon diſpleſure cõceiued againſt the French K. ſent vnto king Edward exhorting hym to make warres againſte the ſame Frenche Kyng,The Pope ex|horteth the K. of Englande to make vvarre a|gainſt Fraunce. and to perſwade hym the more eaſily therevnto, hee promiſed him great aide: but the King of England hauing proued the ſaid Pope, not the ſureſt man in frendſhip towards him, he forebare to attempt any forci|ble exploite againſt the French King, truſting by ſome other meanes to recouer his righte.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The deceaſe of the Earle of Hereforde.This yere departed out of this world Hum|frey Bohun Earle of Hereforde, after whome ſucceded his ſonne Humfrey, the whiche after|wardes married the Kynges daughter, Eliza|beth Counteſſe of Hollande, after that hir [...]e huſbande was deade.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tourneyes, i [...]ſtes barriers, & other wa [...]e exerciſes, Re. T [...]. Tour [...] [...]. whiche yong Lordes and gentlemen had appoynted to exerciſe for theyr paſtime, [...] diuers partes of the Realme, were forbidden by the Kyngs proclamations ſent downe to be publiſhed by the Sheriffes in euerye countye abrode in the Realme: the teſte of the writ was from Weſtminſter the ſixteenth of Iuly.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The citizens of Burdeaux could not beare the yoke of the Frenche bondage, An. reg. [...] 1302 and therefore this yere aboute Chriſtmaſſe expulſed them out of theyr Citie. Shortly after the Frenche King doubting leaſte the Kyng of Englande by the ſetting on of the Pope, ſhoulde make warres agaynſte hym for the wrongfull deteyning of Gaſcoigne, to purchaſe his fauour,Tovv [...] [...]+red to the [...] in Gaſ [...] reſtored vn|to hym all that whiche hee helde in Gaſcoigne and ſo then they of Burdeaux, alſo ſubmitted themſelues to the Kyng of Englande of theyr owne accorde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Nowe after that the truce wyth the Scots was expired, Polidore. The Lo [...] [...]gr [...]e [...] Scotlands. whiche tooke ende at the feaſte of all Sainctes laſte paſte, the Kyng ſent the lord Iohn Segraue, a right valiant Knight (but not ſo circumſpect in his gouernement as was neceſſarie) wyth a great army into Scotland, to haue the rule of the lande as lorde Warden of the ſame:Abyng [...] Polidor. wyth him was ioyned alſo Raufe Confrere, Treaſourer of the armye. Theſe twoo capitaines comming to the borders, and he [...]ring that the Scottiſhe men already were in armes; they entred into Scotlande, and in order of battaile paſſe foorth vnto Edenburgh, and hearing nothing of theyr enemies, whiche kept them ſtill in the mountaines, they deuided their armye into three ſeuerall battailes, twoo of the whiche came behinde the fore warde vn|der the leading of the ſaide Rafe Confrey, the thirde (that is to ſay) the fore ward, the Lorde Segraue ledde hymſelfe, in ſuche order that there was the diſtaunce of foure miles betwixt theyr lodgings. This they did to be the more plenteouſlye ſerued of victualles. But the Scots vnderſtandyng this order of theyr ene|mies, became the more hardy, and therevppon hauing knowledge where the Lorde Segraue was lodged wyth his companye, a good waye off from the other twoo partes of the army, they haſte forewarde in the night ſeaſon, and came neare vnto the place where the ſame Lorde Segraue was encamped, a little before daye, making themſelues redie to aſſaile the engliſh|men in their campe, but the lorde Segraue ha|uing knowlege of their coming, though he was coũſeled by ſome of them that were about hi [...], either to wythdraw vnto the other battailes, or EEBO page image 839 elſe to ſende vnto them to come to his ayde, he would follow neither of bothe the wayes, but like a capitaine more hardie than wiſe in this point, diſpoſed his cõpanies which he had there in order to fight, and encouraging them to play the men, immediatly vpon the riſing of the ſun, & that his enemies approched, he cauſed the trũ|pets to blowe to the battaile, & gaue therewith the onſet. The fight was ſore, and doutful for a while, till the Engliſhmen ouercome with the [figure appears here on page 839] multitude of their enemies begã to be ſlaine on eche ſide, [...]e Englishe| [...] vanqui| [...] by the [...]tes. ſo yt few eſcaped by flight, to the nũber of .xx. worthie knyghts were taken, with their capitaine the ſaide Lorde Segraue being ſore wounded, but he was by chaunce reſkewed, and deliuered out of the enemies handes, by certen horſemen, [...]byngdon. whiche vnder the leading of the lord Robert Neuile a right valiant knight, (vpon hearing the noiſe of them that fled) came on the ſpurres out of the nexte campe to the ſuccour of theyr fellows. [...] Confrere [...]s ſlayne at [...] encounter [...]byngdon [...]. Raufe Confreir after this miſ|happe (as Polydore hathe) brought backe the re|ſidue of the army into Englande, not thinking it neceſſary to attempt any further enterpriſe at that time againſte the enimyes, ouermatching hym both in ſtrength and number. This en|counter chaunced [...] the firſt Sunday in Leut.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 I remember howe the Scottiſh Chronicles conteine muche more of this enterpriſe greatly to their glorye, and more haply than is true, as by cõferring the place where they entreat of it, with this that I haue here exẽplified out of our writers it may well apeare. The erle Marſhall hauing ſpent largely whileſt he ſtood in contẽ|tion againſt the king who was now earneſtly called vpon to repay ſuche ſums of money as he had borowed of his brother Iohn Bigot, [...] Triuet. [...]e Earle [...]hall reſig| [...] his landes to the king. who was very riche by reaſon of ſuch benefices and ſpirituall liuings as he had in his handes, the erle bicauſe he had no childrẽ to whõ he might leaue his landes, ment to haue left thẽ vnto his ſaide brother: but when he ſaw hym ſo impor|tunate in calling for the debtes which he ought hym, he tooke ſuch diſpleaſure therwith, that to obtaine the Kynges fauour, and to diſappoint his brother of the inheritaunce, he gaue vnto ye Kyng all his poſſeſſions, vpon condition that the Kyng adding thereto other landes in value worthe a .M. markes by yeare, ſhoulde reſtore thẽ to him again to enioy during his life, the remainder after his deceſſe to come vnto ye K. and further, the kyng ſhould pay and diſcharge him of all his debts.A Subſidie. King Edward being ad|uertiſed of the loſſe whiche his men had ſuſtei|ned in Scotlaned, ſtreight wayes called a par|liamẽt, wherin by aſſent of the ſtates a ſubſidie was graunted towardes the mainteinaunce of his warres, and thẽ the ſame being leuied he aſ|ſẽbled his people,The king goth in perſon into Scotlande. & ſhortly after about Whit|ſontide entred into Scotlande to reuenge the death of his men. The Scottes hearing of the Kynges comming, fled into the mountaines, moſſes, and mariſhe groundes, not once ſhew|ing any countenance to fight any ſet battaile with the Engliſh hoſte,Cathneſſe. ſo that the king in ma|ner without reſiſtance paſſed throughe the coũ|tey euen vnto Cathnes, which is ye furtheſt part of all Scotlãd: many of the Scots perceyuing theyr lack of power to reſiſt ye engliſh puiſſãce,The Scots ſub|mitte themſel|ues to the king came to king Edward & ſubmitted themſelues, wyth condition yt they ſhould enioye their lãds whiche he had giuen awaye to his lordes, they redeming ye ſame with conueniẽt fines, Abyngdon. VVill. VVal|lace. which was graũted. But Williã Walleis with cer|ten other keping themſelues in places where no army could come to purſue them, would neuer giue eare to any conditions of agreement:Polidore. ſo that neither with feare,Hec. Boetius. neither with offer of re|wardes coulde this Walleis be induced to fo|lowe or beholde the Engliſhe King ruling the Realme of Scotland.Io. Maior K. Edward retourning backe came to the caſtel of Striueling (which the Scottiſhmen helde againſt hym) & beſie|ged it. An. reg. 32. Striuely [...] caſtel beſieged. Abingdon. The King hymſelfe lay at Dunferling the moſte parte of the winter: and whileſt he lay there, the Queene which had lyen a long time at Tinmouth came to him, and when the win|ter was once paſte,1304. the king himſelfe commeth to the ſiege, and cauſed certain engins of wood to be reiſed vp againſt the caſtell,Engins to caſt ſtones. which ſhot off ſtones of .ij or .iij. C. weight: but yet woulde not they within once talke of any ſurrender: & where the Engliſhemen filled the ditches with wood and boughs of trees, they ſet the ſame on EEBO page image 840 fire and brent them to aſhes: at length the di [...]hes were filled with ſtones and earthe, ſo that then the Scotts within perceyuing themſelues in euident perill to loſe the caſtell, on ſaint Mar|garets daye they yelded themſelues ſimply in|to the Kynges handes, as the engliſhe writers affirme, thoughe the Scottiſhe writers recorde the contrary. Finally, when the Kyng had or|dered all his buſineſſe in Scotland at his plea|ſure, he retourned into Englande, leauing in Scotland for warden the lord Iohn Segraue,Polidore. or (as other writers haue, ſir Aymer de Valfce Erle of Pembroke.

The VValſ.

The Earle of Pembroke lord vvarden of Scotlande.

N. Triuet. Polidore

) At his comming to Yorke he cauſed the Iuſtices of his benche, and the ba|rons of the Exchequer to remoue with their courtes, and all theyr Clerkes and officers, to|gither with the Lord Chaũcellor and his court vnto London, that the Termes myght be kept there, as in times paſte they had bene, where as nowe the ſame had remayned at Yorke aboue the ſpace of ſixe yeres, vpon this conſideration, that the Kyng and hys Counſell myght bee neare vnto Scotland to prouide for the defence thereof, as occaſion from time to time ſhould requyre. From Yorke he came to Lincolne, and there remayned all the winter, holding a counſell, in the whiche he eftſoones confirmed the articles of Magna Charta, touching ye liber|ties, priuileges and immunities of his ſubiects, the whiche to declare theyr thankfull mindes towardes him for the ſame, graunted to him for the ſpace of one yeare the fifteenth parte of all theyr reuenues.A fifteenthe graunted. Other write that the kyng had this yeare of citizens and of the Burgeſſes of good townes, the ſixt peny according to the valued rate of theyr goodes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1

The deceaſſe of the Arche|byshoppe of Yorke.

VVilliam Grenefielde made Arche|byshoppe of Yorke,

Aboute the ſame time, Thomas Colebrugh or Corbridge Archbyſhoppe of Yorke departed this life, and one William Greenefielde Doc|tour of bothe the lawes ſucceeded hym. There dyed aboute the ſame tyme likewiſe that vali|ant knyght the lord W. Latimer. Alſo Iohn Warrein Earle of Surrey and Soffex dyed this yeare, and was buryed at Lewes. His nephew by his ſonne, (named alſo Iohn) ſuc|ceeded him obteining to wife the kings Neece by his daughter Eleanor that was married to the Earle of Bar, as before yee haue hearde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Robert Bruce Earle of Car|rike departeth this lyfe. And likewise Robert Bruse Erle of Carrike, the fifthe of that name, dyed this yere, that was father to that Roberte Bruce that was after King of Scottes. Moreouer aboute this season the kyng ordeined certain co(m)missioners or Iusticiaries, to make inquisitio(n)s through ye realme,

Nic. Triuet.

Inquiſitions ta|ken of the myſ| [...]emeanours of iuſtices.


by ye verdict of substa(n)ciall Iuries vppon all officers, as Maiors, sheriffes, bailiffes, eschetors and other, that had misused themselues in their Offices, either by extortion, briberie, or otherwise, to ye greuance of the people, contrary to that they rightly might doe & iustifie by vertue of their offices: by meanes of which inquisitions many were accused & founde culpable, & thervpon put to greuous fines: [...] Ma [...] Also ye Iustices which were assigned to take the inquisitions, exte(n)ded the same according to their co(m)mission against suche as had made intrusions into other me(n)s lands, & for doubt to be empleaded for the same, had made alienatio(n)s ouer into ye ha(n)ds of greate men, I [...] [...] there [...] again [...] [...]es per [...] Iuſtice. also againste suche barretors as vsed to take mony to beate any man, & againe wolde not sticke to take mony of him whome they had beate(n), to beate him that had first hired them to beate the other. The malice of such maner people was now restrayned by force of the inquisitions: for suche as were fou(n)de culpable, were worthily punished, some by death, & some by ransoms: diuers also for fear to come to their answers fled the realme: F [...] also forfeits againste the crown were straightly looked vnto, fou(n)d out, & leuied, by reason wherof great sums of money came to the kings coffers, which holp wel towards the maintenance & charges of his warres. N. T [...] [...] T [...] This kind of inquisition was named co(m)monly Traile basto(n), which signifieth, Traile or draw the staff. And forasmuch as ye proceding in this wise againste suche misdemenors as the(n) were vsed, brought so great a benefit to ye realm in restreining suche malefactors which greatly (as shuld seme) disquieted the state of ye co(m)mon welth, I haue thought good to set down ye form of the writ, as I finde it registred in the booke that belonged to the abbey of Abingdon, which is as followeth.



dilectis et fidelibus suis, Radulfo filio VVilhelmi, et Iohan(n)i de Barto(n) de Rito(n) salute(m).

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Quia qua(m) plures malefactores, & pacis nostrae perturbatores, homicidia, depredationes, ince(n)dia, & alia da(m)na qua(m) plurima nocte die(que) perpetrantes vaga(n)tur in boscis, parcis, & alijs locis diuersis, ta(m) infra libertates qua(m) extra , in comitatu Eboracensi, & ibide(m) recepta(n)tur in maximu(m) periculu(m) ta(m) hominu(m) per partes illas transeuntiu(m), qua(m) ibide(m) co(m)morantium, in nostri co(n)temptu(m) ac pacis nostrae a laesione(m) manifesta(m), vt acceptimus per quoru(m) incursum poterunt peiora peioribus de facili euenire, nisi remediu(m) super hoc citius apponatur, nos eorum malitiae in hac parte obuiare, & huiusmodi damnis & periculis precauere vole(n)tes, assignamus vos ad inquirendum per sacramentum tam militu(m) quam aliorum proboru(m) & legaliu(m) hominu(m), de contemptu praedicto, tam infra libertates qua(m) extra, per quos ipsa veritas melius sciri poterit, qui sint illi malefactores & pacis nostrae perturbatores, & eos conduxeru(n)t & co(n)ducunt ad verbera(n)du(m), vulnera(n)du(m), male tractandu(m), & interficiendu(m) plures de regno nostro in ferijs, mercarijs et alijs locis in dicto comitatu, pro inimicitia, inuidia aut(em) malitia, Et EEBO page image 825 Et etiam pro eo quod in assisis iuratis, recognitionibus, & inquisitionibus factas de felonijs positi fuerant, & veritatem dixerunt: vnde per conditionem huiusmodi malefactorum iuratores assisarum, iurationum, recognitionum, & inquisitionum illarum, pro timore dictorum malefactorum, & eorum minarum, sepius veritatem dicere, seu dictos malefactores indictare minime ausi fuerunt, & sunt. Et ad inquirendum de illis qui huismodi munera dederunt, & dant, & quantum, & quibus, & qui huismodi munera receperu(n)t, & a quibus & qualiter & quo modo, & qui huismodi malefactores fouent, nutriunt, & manutenent in comitatu praedicto, & ad ipsos malefactores tam per vos, quam per vicecomitem nostrum comitatus praedicti arrestandos, & prisonae nostrae liberandos, & saluo, & secure, in eadem, per vicecomitem comitatus praedicti custodie(n)dos, it a quod ab eade(m) prisona nullo modo deliberentur, sine mandato nostro speciali. Et ideo vobis mandamus, quod ad certos die(m) & locu(m), quos ad hoc prouideritis, inquisitiones illas faciatis. Et assumpto vobiscum sufficie(n)ti posse comitatus praedicti, si necesse fuerit, dictos malefactores coram vobis sic indictatos, arestetis, & ipsos prisonae nostrae liberetis, in forma praedicta: etiam omnia bona, & catalla ipsorum malefactorum qui se subtraxerint, & fugam fecerint, postquam de felonijs aliquibus coram vobis solemniter indictati fuerint, per vicecomite(m) comitatus praedicti, in manum nostram capiatis, & ea ad opus nostrum saluo custodire faciatis, donec aliud inde vobis, praeceperimus. Mandamus enim vicecomiti nostro comitatus praedicti, quod ad certos diem & locu(m), quos vos prouidere duxeritis, venire faciat, cora(m) vobis tot & tales, tam milites quam alios, quos habere decreueritis, de comitatu illo, tam infra libertates, quam extra, per quos ipsa veritas melius sciri poterit, & inquiri. Et quod omnes illos quos per inquisitione(m) culpabiles inuenire contigerit, et quos vos is, sic liberaueritis, a nobis recipia(n)tur, et quoru(m) nomina eis faciatis assu(m)pto secu(m), sufficie(n)ti posse comitatus praedicti, sine dilatione arrestari, & in prisona nostra saluo, & secure custodire faciat in forma praedicta, & communitati dicti comitatus quod simul cum vicecomite praedicto, vobis quotienscunq(ue) opus fuerit in praemisses pareat, assistat, & intendat, prout eis iniungetis ex parte nostra. In cuius rei testimonium, &c.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Heerevnto were annexed certaine articles by way of inſtructions, of what pointes they ſhould enquire, as partly aboue is noted, out of the addi|tion to Mathewe Weſt. but not ſo fully, as in the ſaid Chronicle of Abingdon is found expreſ|ſed,

[...] reg. 33.


[...]ce Ed| [...] cõmit| [...] ward.

[...]on. [...]an.

and heere for breefeneſſe omitted.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the 33. yere of his raigne, K. Edward putte his ſon Prince Edward in priſon, bycauſe yt hee had riotouſly brokẽ the parke of Walter Lang|ton B. of Cheſter, and bycauſe the Prince hadde done this dede by the procurement of a lewd and wanton perſon, one Peers Gauaſton, an Eſquire of Gaſcoigne, the K. baniſhed him the Realme, leaſt the prince, who delited much in his compa|ny, might by his euil & wanton counſel, fall to [...] and naughty rule.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Moreouer, the ſame yere,

William Wa|lace taken and put to deathe.

Ri. South.

Wil. Walace was taken, & deliuered vnto K. Edwarde, who cauſed him to be brought to Lõdon, where on S. Bar|tholmewes euen, hee was conueyed through the ſtreetes vnto Weſtminſter, & there arreigned of his treaſons, & condemned, & therevppon hanged drawen & quartered, his head was ſet ouer Lon|dõ bridge, his right ſide ouer the bridge at New-caſtell vppon Tine, his left ſide was ſent to [...]er|wike, and there ſet vp, his right legge was ſent to S. Iohns Towne, and his left vnto Aberden, in which places, the ſame were ſet vp for an exam|ple of terror to others.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Alſo, about the ſame time, the K. of Fraunce required the K. of Englande by meſſengers and letters ſent vnto him, that he would baniſh al the Flemings out of his Realme,Nich. Triuet. in like manner as at his inſtance he had lately before baniſhed al the Scottiſhmẽ out of France. The K. of Englande was cõtented ſo to doe, and by that meanes,

Flemings ba|niſhed the land, at con|templation of the Kyng of Fraunce.


The Archby|ſhop of Caun|terbury accu|ſed by the K.

Nich: Triuet:

He is ſuſpen|ded.

were all the Flemings auoided out of this lãd at ye ſea|ſon, but ſhortly after, they returned againe. King Edward accuſed Robert Archbiſhop of Canter|bury vnto the Pope, for yt he ſhould goe aboute to trouble the quiet ſtate of the Realme, & to defende and ſuccour rebellious perſons, wherevppon, the ſaid Archb. beeing cited to the Popes conſiſtory, was ſuſpended from executing his office, till hee ſhoulde purge himſelfe by order of lawe, of ſuche crimes as were laid & obiected againſte him. The K. alſo obteined an abſolution of the Pope, of the othe, which againſt his will he had taken, for the obſeruing of the liberties exacted by force of him, by the Erles and Barons of his Realm, name|ly, touching diſforreſtings to be made.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 This yere, Robert Bruce, contriuing wayes how to make himſelf K. of Scotland,

An. reg. 34.


Iohn Lorde Comin flayne by Roberte Bruce.

the 29. day of Ianuarie, ſlew yt Lord Iohn Comin at Dũ|frice, whileſt the Kinges Iuſtices were ſitting in iudgemẽt within the Caſtell there, and vpon the day of the annunciation of our Lady, cauſed him ſelf to be Crowned K. of Scotlande at Scone, where the Counteſſe of Boughan, that was ſe|cretely departed from hir huſbande the Earle of Boghan, & had taken with hir,The Countes of Boughan ſet the Crowne on Roberte Bruce his head all his greate hor|ſes, was ready to ſet the Crowne vpon the Bru|ces head, in abſence of hir brother ye Erle of Fife, to whom (being then in England) ſoiourning at his manor of Whitwike in Leiceſterſhire, ye of|fice of right apperteined.She is taken. This Counteſſe beyng afterwardes taken the ſame yeare by the Eng|liſhmen, where other woulde haue had hir put to death, the King woulde not grant therevnto, but commanded, that he ſhuld be put in a cage made EEBO page image 842 of wood,Hir puniſh|ment. whiche was ſet vppon the walles of the Caſtell of Berwike, that all ſuche as paſſed by, might behold hir. There were preſent at his Co|ronation four biſhops, fiue Erles, & a great mul|titude of people of the lande. Immediately vppon ye newes brought to the K. of Bruces coronatiõ, he ſente forthe a power of men,An army ſent into Scotland. vnder the conduit of the Erle of Pembroke, and of the Lord Henry Perey, the Lord Robert Clifford and others, to reſiſt the attemptes of the Scottes, now ready to worke ſome miſchiefe, through the encourage|ment of ye new King.Prince Ed|ward made Knight. Edward Prince of Wales was made knight this yeare at Londõ, vpõ Whit|ſonday,Thre hundred hath M. Weſt. & a great number of other yong bachelers with him (297. as Abingdon writeth) the whyche were ſent ſtraightwayes with ye ſaide Prince to|wards Scotlãd, to ioyne with the Earle of Pẽ|broke, to reſiſt the attemptes of the new K. Ro|bert le Bruce and his complices.Prince Ed|ward ſent into Scotland. K. Edwarde himſelfe followed. The general aſſemblie of ye ar|my was appointed at Careleill, a fifteene dayes after the Natiuitie of S. Iohn Baptiſt, frõ thẽce to marche forth, vnder the guiding of the Prince into Scotlãd.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Robert Bruce.In the meane time, Roberte le Bruce went abroade in the countreys of Scotlande, receyued the homages of many Scottiſhmenne, and got togither an army of men, with the whiche, he approched neere to S. Iohns Towne, into the which the Earle of Pembroke was alittle before entred to defende it,Abingdon. with three hundred menne of armes, beſide footemen. The Bruce ſent vnto the Erle to come out, & giue battell, ye Erle ſent vnto him word againe, that he would not fight ye day being ſunday,It was the next ſunday after Midſomer day. but vpõ the next morow, he would ſatiſfie his requeſt. Robert Bruce herevpõ with|drew a mile backe frõ the towne, determining to reſt himſelfe and his people that night. About e|uening tide cõmeth the Earle foorth of the towne with his people in order of battell, and aſſayling his enimies vpon a ſuddaine,Robert Bruce put to flight by the Earle of Pembroke. ſlew diuers ere they could get their armour on their backes. Roberte Bruce and others that hadde ſome ſpace to arme thẽſelues made ſome reſiſtance for a while, but at length, the Engliſh mẽ put them to the worſe, ſo that they were conſtreyned to flee.Robert Bruce fled into Can|tir. The Earle following ye chaſe, purſued thẽ, euẽ into Kentire, not reſting, til he vnderſtood that a great number of thẽ wer gottẽ into a Caſtel, which he beſieged, in hope to haue found Roberte Bruce within it, but he was fled further into the Coũtrey. How|beit,

His wife and brother are taken.

The Earle of Athol taken.

his wife & his brother Nigell or Neal, with diuers other, wer takẽ in this Caſtel, and ſente in ſafetie vnto Berwike. Alſo ſhortly after, the Erle of Atholl was taken, being fledde out of the ſame Caſtel.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Fabian.But ſome write, that this Erle was taken in the battell laſt remembred, after long fighte and great ſlaughter of Scottes, to the number [...]|uen M. and alſo that in ye chaſe, the Lord [...] [...]|de Friſeil was taken, with the biſhops of S. [...]|drowes & Glaſcow, the Abbot of Scone, and [...] ſaid Erle of Atholl, named ſir Iohn Chambre [...]. The biſhops and Abbot, K. Edwarde ſente [...] Pope Innocent,Wic. T [...] with report of their pena [...] other write, that the foreſaide biſhops & Abbot [...]+ing takẽ indeede the ſame yere,Mat. [...] were brought into Englãd, & there kept as priſoners within ſundrie Caſtels.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The wyfe of Roberte le Bruce [...] daughter to the erle of Vlſter, was ſent vnto the manor of Bruſtwick, & there honorably vſed ha|uing a cõuenient nũber of ſeruants appointed to waite on hir. The Erle of Vlſter hir father,Br [...] [...] whoſe [...] in the beginning of theſe laſt warres, ſent vnto K. Ed|ward two of his own ſons to remaine wt him, [...] ſuch wiſe as he ſhuld think cõueniẽt to aſſure him+ſelf of him, yt he would attẽpt nothing againſt the Engliſh ſubiects. Alſo it was ſaid, yt the Lady hir ſelf, the ſame day hir huſbãd & ſhe ſhould be crow|ned, ſaid,The fa [...] of Ro [...] B [...] that ſhe feared they ſhuld proue but as a ſommer K. and Q. ſuch as in Countrey townes ye yong folks choſe for ſport to dance about May poles. For theſe cauſes was ſhe ye more curteoſly vſed at the Kinges handes, as reaſon no leſſe re|quired.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 It ſhuld appeare alſo by Robert Fabian, that the Kyng was preſente himſelfe at this battell: but other affirme, that prince Edward was there as generall, and not his father,Polidor. and that the bat|tell was foughte at Dunchell vppon the riuer of Tay. But neyther the Scottiſh Chronicles nor Nicholas Triuet, (whome in the hiſtorie of this Kyng Edwarde the firſte,Nic. Tr [...] we haue moſt follo|wed) make any mention, that either the King or prince ſhoulde bee at the foreſaide battaile, but that the Erle of Pembroke with Roberte Lorde Clifford, and Henry Lord Percy were ſente be|fore (as ye haue already heard) with an army, by whome as appeareth, this victory was obteyned,

Mat. VV [...]

Met [...] The Ca [...] of Loch [...] takes, [...] Chri [...] Se [...] [...] it.

Nic. T [...]

He is c [...]+ [...]ed.

at a place called Methfen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 After this, was the Caſtell of Lochdore taken, and within it, Chriſtopher Seiton, that hadde married the ſiſter of Roberte le Bruce: and by|cauſe hee was no Scotte but an Engliſhmanne borne, the Kyng commaunded that hee ſhoulde bee ledde vnto Dunfriſe, where hee hadde killed one of the Kyngs Knightes, and there to be han|ged, drawen and quartered.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The wife of this Chriſtopher Seiton, he ap|pointed to be kept in ye Monaſterie of Thixell in Lindſey, and the daughter of Roberte le Bruce, whyche was alſo taken aboute the ſame time, was ſente to the Monaſterie of Waton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Moreouer,His l [...] giues [...] by the [...] the manor of Seton in Whitebe|ſtroud, he gaue vnto ye Lord Edmõd de Manley, EEBO page image 843 and thoſe other lands that belonged vnto the ſaid Chriſtopher Selton in Northũberlande, [...]e lands of [...]bert Bruce [...]en away. [...]e Earle of [...]eford. he gaue vnto ye Lord Wil. Latimer. The lãds yt belõged to the new Scottiſh K. he beſtowed in this wiſe, to Hẽry Bohun Earle of Hereforde, which hadde maried one of K. Edwards daughters, he gaue ye Lordſhips of Annãdale, [...]d [...]ford. Hert & Hertnes, he gaue vnto ye Lord Robert Clifford, ſauing alwayes ye right yet that belonged to the Church of Durhã, Totenham, and Totenhamſhire: & the maner of Wrothell in ye ſouth parts, he gaue to other noble mẽ, and ye Erledome of Carrike which ye Bruce had holden, as by inheritance frõ his mother, the K. gaue to the Lord Hẽry Percie,

[...]e Lord Hẽ| [...] Percy.

[...]ufe de [...]thermet.

the Erledome of Atholl, hee gaue to Raufe de Monthermer Erle of Glouceſter, who had alſo married as be|fore yee haue heard, an other of the kings daugh|ters, after ye deceſſe of hir firſte huſband Gilbert de Clare Erle of Glouceſter. About ye feaſt of Saint Michael, the new Scottiſhe K. Robert le Bruce returned forth of ye Iles (into yt which he had fled) with many Iriſhmẽ and Scottes in his cõpany, & remained a certaine time in Kẽtire, he ſent cer|taine of his officers, to leuie, & gather vp the rẽts of ye ſerues due at ye feaſt of S. Martin, for ſuche lands & poſſeſſions as they held in that countrey, wherof the L. Percy being aduertiſed, haſted thi|ther, but ye new K. cõming vpon him, ſlewe cer|taine of his mẽ, toke his horſes & place,The Lorde Percy put to fight, by the Scottiſh king Bruce. with other things, & drout him into a Caſtel, within ye whi|che he beſieged him, till at lẽgth, by a power ſente frõ K. Edward, Bruce was cõſtreined to depart. The K. in this meane time was came to Laue [...]|coſt neere vnto Careleil, & there remained a long time. Frõ thence, he ſent his Iuſtices vnto Ber|wike, where they ſate in iudgement vpon Nigell Bruce, & the other priſoners takẽ with him,Nigell or Neall Bruce condemned and executed. which wer cõdẽned to die, & ſo they wer hanged, drawẽ [figure appears here on page 843] & quartered. The Erle of Atholl was conueid to Lõdon, & although he ſued for pardõ in reſpect of yt he was of kinne to ye K. yet was he hanged vp|on a Gibbet higher than all the reſidue, [...] Earle of [...]ll exe| [...]. his body burned vnder the ſame Gibbet, and his head firſt cut off, was ſet vpõ a pole ouer Lõdon bridge for enſample ſake, ye traitors ſhuld loke for no pardõ.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The elect Archb. of Yorke Wil. Grenefielde, was cõfirmed this yere, by Pope Clemẽt ye fifth, at ye citie of Lion in France, where ye ſame Pope was crowned about the ſame time, and held hys court there, liuing chiefly of the money which he got of biſhops that came to him for their cõfirma|tiõs: [...]mes [...]o [...]y [...]th the [...] had of Archb. [...]k. he had of ye ſaid Archb. of Yorke within one yere, nine M. and fiue C. markes, beſides the ex|pences which he was at whileſt he lay there: and ſo whẽ this Archb. was returned into England, through pouerty, he was driuen to gather money of the perſons, prieſtes, and religious men within his prouince at two ſundry times in one yere, as firſt, in name of a courteſie and gracious beneuo|lence, and the ſecond time, by way of an ayde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Moreouer, Pope Clement ordeined Anthony B. of Durhã, Patriarke of Ieruſalem, diſpẽſing with him, ſo as he held ſtill ye biſhopricke of Dur|ham, notwithſtanding this other promotion, and this was, bycauſe the B. was rich,The great reuenewes of Anthony B. of Durham. and the Pope pore. For this B. might diſpend in yeerely reue|newes by purchaſes and inheritances, beſides ye belonged to his miter aboue fiue M. markes, & he gaue great rewards to the Pope, & to his Cardi|nals, by meanes whereof, hee obteined in ſute a|gainſt ye Prior of Durham, ſo yt hee had ye charge & ouerſight of the Monaſterie of Durham, both ye ſpirituall gouernemẽt & temporall, through en|forming ye Pope, that the Prior was not able in diſcretion to rule the houſe. At his returning home, he cauſed a Croſſe of ſiluer and gilt, ador|ned with an Image of the Crucifex, to bee borne afore him. But where hee appointed certayn per|ſons as his deputies to enter into the Priorie of Durham, and to take charge thereof, in place EEBO page image 844 of the Prior,He is kept out of the Abbey at Durham. the Monkes ſhutte the gates a|gainſt them, appealing to the Pope, and preten|ding the Kyngs protection which they had pur|chaſed. But thoſe that thus came in the Biſhops name, accuſed the Monkes, and ſo departed. The King herewith was highly offended, ſo that hee cauſed them to aunſwere the matter, afore the Iuſtices of his benche, and for theyr preſumpti|on in pronouncing the curſe, withoute makyng the Kyng priuie to their doings, they were putte to their fines.He is ſummo|ned to appere before the K. and refuſeth. And whereas the Byſhoppe was ſummoned to appeare before the King in perſon at a certayne day, hee made defaulte, and depar|ting out of the Realme, gote backe agayne to the Pope, contrary to the Kyngs prohibition: wher|vppon, the liberties of the Sea of Durham were ſeaſed into the Kinges handes, and the K. placed his Iuſtices and Chauncellor there, and in the yeare nexte enſuing, hee exacted of the tenantes of the Archbiſhopricke, the thirtenth peny of their goodes,The conclu|ſion of the ſtrife betwixt the Biſhop and Monks of Durham. and otherwiſe vexed them with ſundry talages. The concluſion of this matter was this, that the Prior was cited by the Pope, to appeare in his conſiſtory, whether he went, ha|uing the Kinges letters in his fauoure directed to the Pope, wherevppon, when the Pope had exa|mined the matter, and hearde the Prior ſpeake in his owne perſon, he perceiued him to be otherwiſe than he was enformed (a ſober diſcrete man) and therefore reſtored him againe to the gouernemẽt of his houſe, but he remayned in ye Popes Court, til after the kings deathe, and finally, died there himſelfe, in the yere. 1207. But now to returne to other doings of King Edwarde. We finde, that whileſt hee lay ſtill at Lauercoſt,Bernards Ca|ſtel giuen to the Earle of Warwike. hee gaue to the Earle of Warwike Bernards Caſtel, the which he had by eſcheit, through forfeiture thereof made by Iohn Balliol late K. of Scotlãd. He alſo toke and ſeaſed into his hands Penreth with the ap|purtenances.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

An. reg. 35.


A Parliament at Ca [...].

In ye Octaues of S. Hillarie, ye K. held a Par|liamẽt at Careleill, in the which, by the peeres of ye Realm, great cõplaint was made of ye oppreſ|ſiõs done to Churches, Abbeys & Monaſteries, by reaſon of paimẽts lately reiſed and taxed, by one maſter William,William Te|ſta the Popes Chaplayne, inh [...]o [...]ted to leuie money. or Guilelmo Teſta the Popes Chaplaine. Cõmandement therfore was giuẽ to ye ſame Chaplain, yt from thẽceforth he ſhuld not leuy any ſuch paimẽts, & for further remedy, meſ|ſengers were made forth vnto ye Pope, to declare vnto him ye incõueniẽce therof. This Teſta was ſent frõ Pope Clemẽt into Englãd with bulles,Abingdon. in ye contents whereof it appeared, that the Pope had reſerued to himſelf ye firſt frutes of one yeares reuenewes of euery benefice that fell void by anye maner of meanes within ye Realme of England, Scotland, Wales, and Irelãd, and likewiſe of al Abbeys, Priories, & Monaſteries. But the King and lords of ye land, thought it againſt reaſon, yt the Pope ſhould take & receiue ye profites of thoſe Abbeys & Monaſteries, which had bin foũded by their predeceſſors, for the ſeruice of God, and the maintenance of almes deedes, & good hoſpitalitie to be kept: & ſo ye Pope changed his purpoſe, tou|ching Abbeys, but graunting to the K. the tenth of the Engliſh Church for two yeres, he obteined the firſt frutes of ye ſame Churches for himſelf, as before he required. In ye ſame Parliament,

A [...] [...]+gainſt the [...]+ligious [...]

Nic. Tri [...]

Pe [...] pa [...] d [...]all [...]

were ſtatutes made concerning Religious mẽ, which had their head houſes in foraigne regions. There came alſo at ye ſame time, a Cardinal frõ ye Pope, named Petrus Hiſpanus, to procure ye con [...]|matiõ of ye mariage, betwixt ye prince of Wales, & the Frẽch kings daughter: for ye ſame was de|layed, by reaſon yt al couenants were not kept on ye French kings behalf touching ye deliuerie of the townes in Gaſcoigne. For wheras in times, paſt,The c [...] his co [...] ye French K. had giuẽ one of thoſe Townes that wer takẽ frõ the Engliſhmẽ named Maule [...], vn|to a French knight, he kept ye ſame ſtil, & woulde not deliuer it now at ye French kings commaũ|dement, wherethrough (as was ſaide) the marri|age had bin hitherto deferred.

Mat. VV [...]

His [...]o [...] of money religion houſes.

The ſame Cardi|nall by vertue of his bul, would haue had of euery Cathedral Church, Colledge, Abbey, and Prio|ry, twelue markes of ſterling money, & of euery perſon of pariſhe Churches eight pens, of euery marke of his reuenewes. But ye engliſh Cleargie appealed frõ this exaction, ſo yt by ye K. & his coũ|ſell, it was ordeined, yt he ſhuld haue no more thã in times paſt Cardinal Othobõ did receiue, that is to witte, the halfe of this demand. Moreouer, this Cardinal being at Careleill,The Ca [...] preache [...]. & hauing made a ſermon in praiſe of peace, vpon the cõcluſion of mariage betwixt the Prince of Wales and the French Kings daughter, in the ende hee reuelled himſelfe and the other biſhops whiche were pre|ſent, and then with candels light, and cauſing ye belles to bee roong,

He a [...] Robert [...]

Nic. T [...]

they accurſed in terrible wiſe Robert Bruce the vſurper of ye Crown of Sco [...]|land, with al his partakers, aiders, and maintey|ners. Neuertheleſſe, Robert Bruce in this mean while ſlept not his buſines, but ranging abroade in the countrey, ſlew many that would not obey him, and ſente foorth his two brethren, Thomas that was a Knighte, and Alexander that was a Prieſt, with part of his army into an other quar|ter of the countrey, to allure the people vnto hys obedience, partly with gentleneſſe, and partly with menaces. But the Engliſhmen came vpon them in the nighte, and tooke them bothe,Th [...] and [...] Br [...]e [...] ſo that being brought afore the Iuſtices, they were con|demned, and therevpon hanged, drawen & quar|tered. Some write, that Duncan Magdoil,Mat. [...] a mã of great power in Galloway, tooke theſe [...]s brethrẽ priſoners, togither wt Reginald Crew|forde, EEBO page image 845 on the ninth day of February, as they with certayne other captaines & men of warre came by ſea, & landed in his countrey, vpon whome, beyng ſeuen C. mẽ, he with three C. or few aboue that number boldly gaue the onſet, and not only tooke the ſaid three perſons priſoners, ſore wounded as they were, with diuers other, but alſo ſlew Mal|colme Makaile a Lord of Cantir, and two Iriſh lords,Thomas Bruce [...]cuted. whoſe heads, and the foreſaid priſoners, he preſẽted vnto K. Edward, who cauſed Thomas Bruce to be hãged drawen and quartered, but ye other two were onely hanged, [...]exander [...]e and Re| [...]ald Craw| [...] executed. and quartered at Careleil, where their heads were ſet vp aloft on yt Caſtell and gates of ye Citie. After Eaſter, theyr brother Robert Bruce, calling himſelfe Kyng of Scotlãd, & hauing now augmented his army wt many ſouldiers of ye out Iles, [...]e Earle of [...]broke put [...]light. fought with ye Erle of Pembroke, & put him to flight, & ſlewe ſome of his men, though not many. Within a few dayes after, [...]ce beſie| [...]h the Baile Glouceſter. he chaſed alſo the Erle of Glouceſter, into ye caſtel of Aire, & beſieged him within ye ſame, til an army was ſent frõ K. Edward, to the reſkue, for then the ſaid Robert was cõſtreined to flee, [...] is chaſed [...] that fiege. & the Engliſhmẽ followed, till he got into the wods & mariſhes, wher they might come nere him with|out manifeſt danger, to caſt thẽſelues away. The K. of Englãd, minding to make a full cõqueſt of ye Scots, & not to leaue off, vntill he had wholly ſubdued thẽ, ſent his cõmiſſions into Englande, cõmanding al thoſe that ought him ſeruice, to be redy at Careleil, within three weekes after Mid|ſomer. He ſent his ſon Edward into England, yt vpõ knowledge had what the French K. did tou|ching ye agreemẽt, he might accordingly proceede in ye mariage to be made with his daughter. After the prince was departed frõ the campe, his father K. Edward was takẽ with a ſore ſicknes, yet he remoued frõ Careleil, wher the ſame ſicknes firſt tooke him, [...]e death of [...]g Edwarde [...] firſte. vnto Bourrough vpõ Sand, and there the day after, being the ſeuẽth day of Iuly, he en|ded his life, after hee had raigned 34. yeres, 6. mo|neths & 2 [...]. [...] is buryed [...] VVeſtmin| [...]r. days. He liued 68. yeres & 20. days: his body was cõueyed vnto Londõ, and in ye church of Weſtminſter lieth buried. He had iſſue by hys firſte wife Q. Eleanor, 4. ſonnes, Iohn, Henry, Alfonſe & Edward, [...]e iſſue. which Edward ſucceded him ye other died lõg before their father. Alſo 5. daugh|ters, Eleanor, Ioan, Margaret & Elizabeth, wer beſtowed in mariage as before in this booke is ex|preſſed. The 5. named Mary, became a Nonne. By his ſeconde wife Q. Margaret, hee had two ſonnes, Thomas of Brotherton, and Edmõd of Wodſtock, with one daughter named Margaret after hir mother. Hee was tall of ſtature, ſome|what blacke of colour, ſtrong of body, and leane, auoiding groſſeneſſe, [...] ſtatute & [...]e or body with continuall exerciſe, of comely fauor, and gettie eyes, the which when he waxed angrie, would ſuddainely become reddiſh, and ſeme, as though they ſparkled with fire. The heare of his head was black & curled,His qualitie of mynde. he cõtinued for the moſt part in good health of body, and was of a ſtoute ſtomacke, whiche neuer failed him in time of aduerſitie. Moreouer, he had an excellente good wit, for to whatſoeuer he applied his ſtudy, he eaſily atteined to yt vnderſtãding thereof: wiſe he was & vertuous, an earneſt enimie of the high & preſumptuous inſolencie of Prieſtes,He miſlyked the pride of prelates. the which he iudged to proceede chiefly of too muche wealth and riches: and therefore, hee deuiſed to eſtabliſh the ſtatute of Mortmaine, to be a bridle to theyr inordinate luſtes & riotous exceſſe. He built ye Ab|bey of the Vale royall in Cheſhire, he was a con|ſtãt friend, but if hee once tooke diſpleaſure or ha|tred againſt any perſon, he woulde not eaſily re|ceiue him into fauour again: whileſt he had anye vacant time frõ waighty affaires, he ſpent light|ly the ſame in hunting. Towards ye maintenãce of his warres and other charges,Syluer mynes. beſide the ſubſe|dies which he leuied of his people and other reue|newes cõming to his cofers, he had great help, by reaſon of the ſiluer mines which in his days were found in Deuonſhire, and occupied greatly to his profite, as in ye records remaining in the Exche|quer, concerning the accomptes and allowances about the ſame, it doth, and may appeare. For in the accompt of maſter Wil. de Wimondham, it is recorded, that betwixte the twelfth day of Au|guſt, and ye laſt of October, in the 22. The ſame VVymondhã receyue [...] alſo receyued 82. poũdes for .36. fouders of lea [...] out of the which the ſil|uer was tryed, as appereth by his accompts. yere of thys K. Edwards raigne, there was tried & fyned out at Martinſtow in Deuonſhire by times, ſo much of fined ſiluer, as amounted to the ſumme of 370. poũd weight, yt which being brought to London, was there refined by certaine finers, that plate might bee forged and made thereof, for the Lady Eleanor Duches of Bar, and daughter to ye ſaid K. married in ye yere then laſt paſt, to the Duke of Bar, as before ye haue heard.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 In the 23. yeare of his raigne, there was fined at the place aforeſaide 521. Betwixt the x. day of Iuly, & the .xx. day of October the ſame yeare. lb. and ten ſs weight of ſiluer by times, whiche was alſo broughte to London. In ye 24. yere of his raigne, ther wer ta|ken vp 3 [...]7. miners, within the wapentake of the Peake in Derbiſhire, & brought into Deuõſhire, to worke there in thoſe ſiluer mines, as appeareth by ye allowãce demanded by ye ſaid maſter Wil. de Wimondhã in his rolle of accomptes, deliue|red ye yere into ye Exchequer: & there was brought frõ thẽce to Londõ ye ſame yere of ſiluer fined and caſt in wedges 700. four pound three ſs. one peny weight. In ye 25. yere of his raigne, ther were thre C. and 84. miners brought again out of the peak [...] into Deuonſhire, and out of Wales there were brought alſo 25. miners, which all were occupyed about thoſe ſiluer mines, beſide others of the ſelfe countrey of Deuonſhire, and other places.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Alſo, Wil. de Aulton clearke, keper of ye kings mines in Deuonſhire & Cornewall, was accõp|tant of ye iſſues and profites of the Kings mines, EEBO page image 846 there, from the fourth of March, Anno 26. of hys raigne, vntill the eighteenth of Aprill Anno 27. and yeelded vp his accompt, both of the ſiluer and leade. But now to coclude with this noble prince K. Edward the firſt, he was ſure not only valiãt, but alſo politike, labouring to bring this deuided Iſle, into one entier Monarchie, which he wente very neere to haue atchieued: for whereas he was fully bente to make a conqueſt of Scotlande, in like caſe as hee had already done of Wales, if hee had liued any lõger time to haue diſpatched Ro|bert le Bruce, that only ſtoode in his way, it was very likely that he ſhould haue found none other to haue reyſed banner agaynſte hym aboute the quarrell or title to the clayme of that Realme. For as hee was a righte warlike Prince of hym|ſelfe, ſo was hee furniſhed with Captaynes and Souldiers aunſwerable to his deſire, who beyng able to leade and commaunde them of hym ſelfe, hadde them at length obedient ynough to ſerue him, although (as partly yee haue hearde,) ſome of the peeres ſhewed themſelues at tymes diſobe|dient and ſtubborne, whome yet in the ende, hee tamed well ynough, as the Earles of Hereforde and Northfolke, the whiche in the thirtith yeare of hys raigne, reſigned their Caſtels and ma|nors into his hands, as by the records of the To|wer it further may appeare.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe to followe as in other Kinges I haue done heretofore for learned men: theſe I finde to haue flouriſhed in this Kinges dayes, Henry de Henna, a Carmelite Frier: Goodwine, the chan|tor of the Church of Saliſburie: Adam de Ma|riſco or Mareis, borne in Sommerſetſhire, an excellente Deuine as hee was reputed in thoſe dayes: Gregory Huntingtõ, a Monke of Rame|ſey, very experte in the tongs: Seuall Archbiſhop of Yorke, a man ſingularly learned and ſtout, in defending the cauſe of his Cleargie againſte the Pope: Haymo de Feuerſham: Peter Swaning|ton: Helias Trickingham: Helias de Eneſham: Radulfe Bocking, borne in Suſſex: Alphred ſur|named Anglicus, Iames Ciſtercienſis. William of Ware: Robert Oxford: Thomas Docking: Iohn ſurnamed Grammaticus: Robert Dode|forde: but the more part of theſe are rather to bee aſcribed vnto the tyme of Henry the thirde, the father of this Kyng Edwarde, where theſe that followe, are thoughte to flouriſhe in the tyme of Kyng Edwardes raigne, after the deceſſe of hys father Kyng Henry: Thomas Spotte, a Chro|nographier: Peter de Ickeham a Kentiſhman borne as Bale thinketh: Iohn Beckton, a doctor of both the lawes: William Hanaberg a Car|melite Frier, prouinciall gouernoure of his order heere in Englande: Robert Kilwarby, Byſhop of Caunterburye, and after made a Cardinall, and Biſhop of Portua: Gilbert ſurnamed Mag|nus, a Monke of the Ciſteaux order: Helias Ros: Walter Recluſe: Hugh de Eueſham: Iohn Euerſden, a writer of Annales, whome I haue partly followed in thys Kyngs life: William Pagham: Henry Eſſeborne: Iohn de Hayde: Roger Bacon, a Franciſcane Frier, an excellent Philoſopher, and lykewiſe, a Mathematician: Iohn Derlingon, a Dominike Frier: Iohn Chelmeſton: Thomas Borſtale, a Northfolke man borne: Gregorie Cairugent, a Monke of Glouceſter, a writer of annales: Gregorie de Bredlington: Thomas Bungey, a Frier Mi|nor, borne in Northfolke, an excellente Mathe|maticien, prouinciall ruler of hys order heere in Englande, hee flouriſhed in the dayes of Kyng Edwarde the firſt, although there were another of the ſame name that liued in the time of Kyng Edward the thirde: Hugh de Mancheſter a Do|minike Frier, and prouinciall gouernour of hys order heere in Englande: Richarde Knapwell a Dominike Frier: Iohn Peckham, borne in the dioceſſe of Chicheſter, a Franciſcane Frier, excellẽtly learned, as by his workes it appereth, he was aduaunced by Pope Honorius the third, to the Archbiſhops ſee of Canterbury: Thomas de Illey, a Suffolke man borne, and a white or Carmelike Frier in the houſe of Gippeſwiche: Michaell ſurnamed Scotte, but borne in the Biſhopricke of Durham, as Leland hath, an ex|cellent Phiſition, and likewiſe very expert in the Mathematicals: Hugh de Newcaſtell a Frier Minor, profeſſed in the ſame Towne: Thomas Sutton a blacke Frier, that is of the order of S. Dominicke: Iohn Reade, an Hiſtoriographer: William de la Mare a Frier Minor: Thomas Wicke, a Chanon of Oſney in Oxforde: Si|mon de Gaunt: Wiliam Hothun, prouinciall of the Frier Dominikes in England: Iohn de Hide a Monke of Wincheſter: Roberte Crouche, a cordelier, or a Franciſcane Frier: Richarde Mid|delton, a Frier Minor, Thomas Spirman a blacke Frier: William Lidlington, a doctor of Diuinitie, and a Carmelike Frier in Stanford: Iohn Fiberie or Beuer, a Monke of Weſtmin|ſter: William Makeleſfield borne in Cheſhire, in a market Towne, whereof he beareth the name, a blacke Frier by profeſſion, and an excellente Philoſopher.

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