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5.5. Sarron.

EEBO page image 3


Compare 1587 edition: 1 De ant. Cant. [...]. [...]. [figure appears here on page 3] SArron the third king of ye Celtes, ſucceded hys father Magus in Gouernemente of the countrie of Gallia, and the Iſle Samothea, wherein (as Doctoure Caius writeth) he foũ|ded certain publike pla|ces for them that pro|feſſed learning, whiche (Beroſus affirmeth) to be done to the intente to reſtrayne the wilfull outrage of men, [...]ale ſcript. Brit. cent. 1. beeing as then but rawe and voyde of all ciuilitie. Alſo it is thought by Annius, that he was the firſte au|thor of thoſe kinde of Philoſophers, which were called Sarronides, Lib. 6. of whom Diodorus Siculus writeth in this ſort: There are (ſayth he) among the Celtes certain diuines & philoſophers whom they call Sarronides, hauing them of all other in greateſt eſtimation: For it is the maner among them, not without a Philoſopher to make anye ſacrifice: for they are of beleefe, that ſacrifices ought only to be made by ſuche as are ſkilfull in the diuine miſteri [...]s, as of thoſe who are neereſt vnto God, by whoſe interceſſion they thinke all good things are to be required of God, and whoſe aduiſe they vſe and followe, as well in watte as in peace.

5.6. Druis.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 3] DRuis, whõ Seneca calleth Dryus,De morte Cl [...]ud. be|ing the ſon of Sarron, was after his father e|ſtablyſhed the fourthe king of Celtica, indif|ferentely reignyng as well ouer the Celtes as Britons, or rather (as the inhabitantes of this Iſle were then called) Samothians.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Prince is cõmended by Beroſus to bee ſo plentifullye endued with wiſedome and ler|ning, that Annius taketh him to be the vndoub|ted authour of the beginning and name of the famous ſecte of Philoſophers called Druides, whome Ceſar and all other auncient Greeke and Latine writers doe affirme to haue had their be|ginning in Brytayne, and to haue bin brought from thence into Gallia, in ſo muche that when there aroſe any doubt in that countrey touching any point of their diſcipline, they did repaire to be reſolued therin into Britayne, where, eſpeci|ally in the Ile of Angleſey, as Humfrey Llhuyd witneſſeth, they made their principal aboade.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Touching their vſages many things are wri|ten by Ariſtotle, Secion, Plinie, Laertius,Anti. lib. 5. Annius ſu|per eundem. De bello Gal|lico. lib. 9. De bello Gal|lico. lib. 6. Bo|dinus, and others: which I will gather in brief, and ſet downe as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They had (as Ceſar ſayth) the charge of cõ|mon and priuate ſacrifices, ye diſcuſſing of poin|tes of religion, the bringing vp of youth, the de|termining of matters in variance, with full po|wer to inte [...]ite ſo manye from the ſacrifice of their goddes, and the company of men, as diſo|beyed their awarde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polidore affirmeth,Hist. an. li. 1. how they taught ye mens ſoules coulde not dye, but departed from one bo|dye to an other, and that to the intente to make men valiant and dreadleſſe of death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tullic writeth, that partely by tokens,De diui. li. 1. and partely by ſurmiſes, they wold foretell of things to come. And by report of Hector Boetius,Hist. Scoti lib. 2. ſome of them were not ignorant of the immortalitie of the one and euerlaſting God.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 All theſe things they had written in the greke toung,De migr. gen lib. 2. Marcellinus. in ſo much that Wolfg. Lazius vpon re|porte of Marcellinus declareth howe the Greeke letters were firſt brought to Athenes by Tima|gines from the Druides, and herevpon it cometh alſo to paſſe, the Britiſh toung to this daye hath in it remayning ſome ſmacke of the Greke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among other abuſes of the Druides, they had (according to Diodorus) one cuſtome to kill men, and by the falling, bleeding, and diſmem|bring of them to diuine of things to come: for the whiche and other wicked practiſes,De vitae A|gricolae. their ſecte was firſt condemned for abhominable (as Cor. Taritus writeth,) and diſſolued in Gallia (as Auentinus witneſſeth) by Tyberius and Clau|dins the Emperours:Anna. Bo [...]o|rum lib. 22. and laſtly aboliſhed heere in Britayne, by report of Caius when the goſ|ſpel of Chriſt by the preaching of Fugatius and Damianus was receyued among the Britons,De ant. Cant. cent. vnder Lucius king of Britayne, about the yeare of our ſauiour. 179.

5.7. Bardus.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 3] BArdus ye ſon of Dru+is ſucceeded his fa|ther in the kingdome of Celtica,Beroſus ant. lib. 5. & was the fift K. ouer the Celtes and Samothians, amõgſt whome he was highly renoumed as appereth by Beroſus for inuen|tion of Dities and mu|ſike,Annius in commen. ſu|per eundem. wherein Annius of Viterbo writeth, that hee trayned his peo|ple: and of ſuch as excelled in this knowledge he made an order of philoſophicall Poets or He|ralds, EEBO page image 4 calling them by his own name Bardi. And it ſhuld ſeeme by doctor Caius and maſter Bale,Ant. Cant. li. 1. ſcript. Bri+tan. cent. 1. that Ceſar founde ſome of them here at his arri|uall in this Iſle, and reported that they had alſo their firſt beginning in the ſame.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nonnius Marcel. Strabo. Diodo. Sicul. lib 6. Carol Stepha. in dict. hiſt. Eale. Iohn Priſe.The profeſſion and vſages of theſe Bardi, by Nonnins, Strabo, Diodorus, Stephanus, Bale and ſir Iohn Priſe, are in effecte reported after this ſort. They did vſe to record the noble exploi|tes of the auncient capitaines, and to drawe the pedigrees & genealogies of ſuche as were liuing. They woulde frame pleaſaunt dities and ſongs, learne the ſame by hart, and ſing them to inſtru|ments at ſolemne feaſtes and aſſemblies of noble men and gentlemen: and were therfore hadde in ſo high eſtimation, that if two hoſtes had bin redy raunged to ioyne in battayle, and that any of thẽ had fortuned to enter among them, both the ho|ſtes as wel the enimie as the frends would haue holden their handes giuen eare vnto them, and ceaſſed from fight, vntill theſe Bardes had bene departed out of the battayle. Of the Bardes the Poet Lucan writeth theſe verſes.Lucan. lib. 1.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Vos quo qui fortes animas bello peremptas,
Laudibus in longum vates dimittitis aenum,
Plurima ſecuri fudistis carmina Bardi.

Whiche are engliſhed thus.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
And you o Poet Bardes from danger voyde that dities ſounde,
H. F.Of ſoules of dreadleſſe men, whõ rage of battaile would confounde,
And make their laſting praiſe to time of laterage redounde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bycauſe the names of theſe Poets were ney|ther diſcrepant from the ciuilitie of the Romans, nor repugnant to the religion of the Chriſtians, they of all the other ſectes before ſpecified, were ſuffred only to continue vnaboliſhed in all ages, in ſomuch that there flouriſhed of them among the Britains,

Iohn Bale ſcript. Britan. cent. [...].

Io. Priſe def [...]. hiſt. Brit. C [...]ius de ant. Cant. lib. 1. Io Leland. ſyllab. ant. dict.

Hum. Lluyd de Mona in|ſula.

according to Bale) before the birth of Chriſte, Plenidius and Oronius: after Chriſt (as Priſe recounteth) Saleſtine, & the two Mer|lins, Melkin Glaſkirion and others: and of late dayes among the Welchmen, Dauid Die, Iollo Gough, Dauid ap William, with an infinite number more: and in Wales there are ſundrye of them, as Caius reporteth, remayning vnto this day, where they are in their language called (as Leland writeth) Barthes. Alſo by the witnes of Humfrey Llhuyd, there is an Iland neer vn|to Wales, called Inſula Bardorum, and Bardſey, wherof the one name in Latine, and the other in Saxon or olde Engliſh, ſignifieth the Ilande of the Bardes or Barthes.

5.7.1. The ende of the Celtes gouerne|ment in this Iſle.

The ende of the Celtes gouerne|ment in this Iſle.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Bale.AFter Bardus, the Celtes (as Bale ſayth) loa|thing the ſtraite ordinances of their auncient kings, and betaking themſelues to pleaſure and idelneſſe, were in ſhort tyme, and with ſmall la|bour broughte vnder the ſubiection of the Giaunt Albion, the ſonne of Neptune, who altering the ſtate of things here in this yland, ſtraited ye name of Celtica and the Celtes within the boundes of Gallia, from whence they came firſt to inhabite this land vnder the conduct of Samothes, as be|fore ye haue hearde,A [...] accordingly as [...] hath gathered out of Berolus ye Chaldean, who ther|in agreeth alſo with the Scripture, the ſaying of Theophilus the Doctor, and the generall cõſente of all writers, whiche fully agree,Theoph [...] that the firſte inhabitantes of this Iſle came out of the parties of Gallia, although ſome of them diſagree of the tyme and maner of their comming,Sir Brian Tuke. Sir Brian Tuke thinking it to be meant of the arriuall of Brute, when he came out of thoſe countreys into this Ile. Ceſar and Tacitus ſeeme to be of opi|nion, that thoſe Celtes which firſt inhabited here,Ca [...]ſar. Tacitus. Bodinus. came ouer to view ye coũtry for trade of merchan|diſe. Bodinus wold haue them to come in (a gods name) from Lãguedoc, and ſo to name this land Albion, of a citie in Lãguedoc named Alby. Be|da and likewiſe Polidore (who foloweth him) af|firme that they came from the coaſts of Armori|ca,Beda. Polyd [...]. whiche is nowe called little Britayn.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But as the authorities afore recited, are ſuffi|cient to proue the tyme, ſo that this Iland was firſt inhabited by the Celtes, the olde poſſeſſours of Gallia, not only the neereneſſe of the regions, but alſo the congruence of the languages, two great argumentes of originals, do fully confirme the ſame. Bodinus writeth vpon report,Bodinus. that the Britiſhe and Celtike language was all one: but whether that be true or not, I am not able to af|firme, bicauſe the Celtike toung is long ſithence growne wholly out of vſe. But yet ſome ſuch [...] Celtike words as remayn in the writings of old authors may be perceiued to agree with ye Welch tong, being the incorrupted ſpeech of the auncient Brytons. In deed Pauſanias the Greeke,Pauſania [...]. ma|keth mention how the Celtes in their language called a horſe marc: and by ye name do the Welch men call a horſe vnto this daye: and the worde trimare in Panſani as, ſignifyeth in the Celtike toung, three horſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus it appeareth by authortie of writers, by ſituation of place, and by affinitie of language, that this yland was firſt found and inhabiteed by the Celtes, that their name from Samothes to Albion continued heere the ſpace of. 310. yeres or therabouts And finally it is likely,Iohn Bale. that aſwel the progenie as the ſpeeche of them is partely remai|ning in thys Iſle among the inhabitantes, and ſpecially the Britiſhe, euen vnto this daye. But nowe to oure purpoſe of Albion his com|ming into this Iſle.

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