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5.4. Magus.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 2] MAgus ye ſon of Sa|mothes, after ye deth of his father was the ſe|cond king of Celtica, by whõ (as Beroſus wri|teth) there were manye townes builded among the Celtes, Lib. 3. which by the witneſſe of Annius,Anni [...] co [...] [...] per [...] Ge [...]ge. dyd bear the addition of their foũder Magus: of which townes diuers are to be found in Ptolomie: and Antoninus a painful ſurueyor of the world & ſer|cher of cities, maketh mencion of .4. of them here in Britain, Sitomagus, Neomagus, Nioma|gus, and Nouiomagus. Neomagus, ſir Tho|mas Eliot writeth to haue ſtoode where the citie of Cheſter nowe ſtandeth: & Niomagus George Lilly placeth where the towne of Buckinghã is now remaining: beſide this, doth Bale ſo highly comend ye forſaid Magus, for his lerning renou|med ouer al the world, yt he wold haue ye Perſiãs & other nations of the ſouth & weſt partes, to de|riue the name of their diuines called Magi from him. In dede Rauiſius Textor & ſir Iohn Priſe affirme, yt in the days of Plinie, the Britons wer ſo expert in arte Magike, yt they might be thoght to haue firſte deliuered the ſame to the Perſians. What the name of Magus importeth,De diui. i [...] De faſti [...] & of what profeſſion ye Magi were, Tulli declareth at large, and Mantuan in brief, after this maner:

Ille penes Perſas Magus eſt qui ſidera norit,
Qui ſciat herbarum vires cultum deorum,
Perſepolifacit iſta Magos prudentia triplex.
The Perſians terme him Magus, that the courſe of ſtarres doth knowe,
The power of herbes and worſhip due to god that man doth owe.H.i.
By threefolde knowledge, thus the name of Magus then doth growe.

5.5. Sarron.

EEBO page image 3


Compare 1587 edition: 1 De ant. Cant. [...]. [...]. [figure appears here on page 3] SArron the third king of ye Celtes, ſucceded hys father Magus in Gouernemente of the countrie of Gallia, and the Iſle Samothea, wherein (as Doctoure Caius writeth) he foũ|ded certain publike pla|ces for them that pro|feſſed learning, whiche (Beroſus affirmeth) to be done to the intente to reſtrayne the wilfull outrage of men, [...]ale ſcript. Brit. cent. 1. beeing as then but rawe and voyde of all ciuilitie. Alſo it is thought by Annius, that he was the firſte au|thor of thoſe kinde of Philoſophers, which were called Sarronides, Lib. 6. of whom Diodorus Siculus writeth in this ſort: There are (ſayth he) among the Celtes certain diuines & philoſophers whom they call Sarronides, hauing them of all other in greateſt eſtimation: For it is the maner among them, not without a Philoſopher to make anye ſacrifice: for they are of beleefe, that ſacrifices ought only to be made by ſuche as are ſkilfull in the diuine miſteri [...]s, as of thoſe who are neereſt vnto God, by whoſe interceſſion they thinke all good things are to be required of God, and whoſe aduiſe they vſe and followe, as well in watte as in peace.

5.6. Druis.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 3] DRuis, whõ Seneca calleth Dryus,De morte Cl [...]ud. be|ing the ſon of Sarron, was after his father e|ſtablyſhed the fourthe king of Celtica, indif|ferentely reignyng as well ouer the Celtes as Britons, or rather (as the inhabitantes of this Iſle were then called) Samothians.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 This Prince is cõmended by Beroſus to bee ſo plentifullye endued with wiſedome and ler|ning, that Annius taketh him to be the vndoub|ted authour of the beginning and name of the famous ſecte of Philoſophers called Druides, whome Ceſar and all other auncient Greeke and Latine writers doe affirme to haue had their be|ginning in Brytayne, and to haue bin brought from thence into Gallia, in ſo muche that when there aroſe any doubt in that countrey touching any point of their diſcipline, they did repaire to be reſolued therin into Britayne, where, eſpeci|ally in the Ile of Angleſey, as Humfrey Llhuyd witneſſeth, they made their principal aboade.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Touching their vſages many things are wri|ten by Ariſtotle, Secion, Plinie, Laertius,Anti. lib. 5. Annius ſu|per eundem. De bello Gal|lico. lib. 9. De bello Gal|lico. lib. 6. Bo|dinus, and others: which I will gather in brief, and ſet downe as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 They had (as Ceſar ſayth) the charge of cõ|mon and priuate ſacrifices, ye diſcuſſing of poin|tes of religion, the bringing vp of youth, the de|termining of matters in variance, with full po|wer to inte [...]ite ſo manye from the ſacrifice of their goddes, and the company of men, as diſo|beyed their awarde.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Polidore affirmeth,Hist. an. li. 1. how they taught ye mens ſoules coulde not dye, but departed from one bo|dye to an other, and that to the intente to make men valiant and dreadleſſe of death.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Tullic writeth, that partely by tokens,De diui. li. 1. and partely by ſurmiſes, they wold foretell of things to come. And by report of Hector Boetius,Hist. Scoti lib. 2. ſome of them were not ignorant of the immortalitie of the one and euerlaſting God.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 All theſe things they had written in the greke toung,De migr. gen lib. 2. Marcellinus. in ſo much that Wolfg. Lazius vpon re|porte of Marcellinus declareth howe the Greeke letters were firſt brought to Athenes by Tima|gines from the Druides, and herevpon it cometh alſo to paſſe, the Britiſh toung to this daye hath in it remayning ſome ſmacke of the Greke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Among other abuſes of the Druides, they had (according to Diodorus) one cuſtome to kill men, and by the falling, bleeding, and diſmem|bring of them to diuine of things to come: for the whiche and other wicked practiſes,De vitae A|gricolae. their ſecte was firſt condemned for abhominable (as Cor. Taritus writeth,) and diſſolued in Gallia (as Auentinus witneſſeth) by Tyberius and Clau|dins the Emperours:Anna. Bo [...]o|rum lib. 22. and laſtly aboliſhed heere in Britayne, by report of Caius when the goſ|ſpel of Chriſt by the preaching of Fugatius and Damianus was receyued among the Britons,De ant. Cant. cent. vnder Lucius king of Britayne, about the yeare of our ſauiour. 179.

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