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5.3. Samothes.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 Gen. 2. De migr. gen. [figure appears here on page 2] SAmothes ye 6. begottẽ ſon of Iaphet called by Moyſes Meſech, by others Dis, receyued for his portion, (according to the reporte of Wolf|gangus Lazius) all the countrey lying betwene the riuer of Rheyn & the Pyrenian mountayns, where hee founded the kingdome of Celtica ouer his people called Celtae. Which name Bale affirmeth to haue bin indif|ferent to the inhabitants both of the countrey of Gallia, Cent. 1. and the Ile of Britain, and that he plan|ted colonies of mẽ broght forth of the eaſt parts) in either of them,Anti. lib. 1. fyrſt in the mayne land, & after in the Iland. He is reported by Beroſus to haue excelled al men of that age in leening and know|ledge:Bale ſcript. Brit. cent. 1. and alſo is thought by Bale to haue im|parted the ſame among his people, namely the vnderſtanding of the ſundry courſes of the ſtar|res,Caeſar cõmen. lib. 8. the order of inferiour things, with many o|ther matters incident to the morall and politike gouernement of mans life: & to haue deliuered the ſame in the Ph [...]nician letters:In qui [...] temp. De [...] Contra [...] pio [...]. out of whiche the Grekes (according to the opinion of Archilochus) deuiſed & deriued the greke charecters, in ſomuche that Xenophon & Ioſephus do conſtantly report (although Diogenes Laertius be againſt it) that both the Grekes and other nations receyued their letters and lerning firſt from theſe countreys. Of this king and his lerning, aroſe a ſect of Phi|loſophers, ſaith Annius, firſt in Britain,li. de [...] ſucceſ [...] & after in Gallia, the whiche of his name were called S [...]|mothes. They, as Ariſtotle & Secion write, were paſſing ſkilful both in the law of god & man: and for that cauſe excedingly giuen to religion, eſpe|cially the inhabitants of this yle of Britain, in ſo much that the whole nation did not only take the name of thẽ, but the yland it ſelfe,Script. [...] cent. 1. De [...] cent. lib. [...] This [...] Sa [...]thea as Bale & doc|tor Cay agree, came to be called Samothea, which was the firſte peculiar name that euer it had, and by the which it was eſpecially known: before the arriuall of Albion.

5.4. Magus.


Compare 1587 edition: 1 [figure appears here on page 2] MAgus ye ſon of Sa|mothes, after ye deth of his father was the ſe|cond king of Celtica, by whõ (as Beroſus wri|teth) there were manye townes builded among the Celtes, Lib. 3. which by the witneſſe of Annius,Anni [...] co [...] [...] per [...] Ge [...]ge. dyd bear the addition of their foũder Magus: of which townes diuers are to be found in Ptolomie: and Antoninus a painful ſurueyor of the world & ſer|cher of cities, maketh mencion of .4. of them here in Britain, Sitomagus, Neomagus, Nioma|gus, and Nouiomagus. Neomagus, ſir Tho|mas Eliot writeth to haue ſtoode where the citie of Cheſter nowe ſtandeth: & Niomagus George Lilly placeth where the towne of Buckinghã is now remaining: beſide this, doth Bale ſo highly comend ye forſaid Magus, for his lerning renou|med ouer al the world, yt he wold haue ye Perſiãs & other nations of the ſouth & weſt partes, to de|riue the name of their diuines called Magi from him. In dede Rauiſius Textor & ſir Iohn Priſe affirme, yt in the days of Plinie, the Britons wer ſo expert in arte Magike, yt they might be thoght to haue firſte deliuered the ſame to the Perſians. What the name of Magus importeth,De diui. i [...] De faſti [...] & of what profeſſion ye Magi were, Tulli declareth at large, and Mantuan in brief, after this maner:

Ille penes Perſas Magus eſt qui ſidera norit,
Qui ſciat herbarum vires cultum deorum,
Perſepolifacit iſta Magos prudentia triplex.
The Perſians terme him Magus, that the courſe of ſtarres doth knowe,
The power of herbes and worſhip due to god that man doth owe.H.i.
By threefolde knowledge, thus the name of Magus then doth growe.

5.5. Sarron.

EEBO page image 3


Compare 1587 edition: 1 De ant. Cant. [...]. [...]. [figure appears here on page 3] SArron the third king of ye Celtes, ſucceded hys father Magus in Gouernemente of the countrie of Gallia, and the Iſle Samothea, wherein (as Doctoure Caius writeth) he foũ|ded certain publike pla|ces for them that pro|feſſed learning, whiche (Beroſus affirmeth) to be done to the intente to reſtrayne the wilfull outrage of men, [...]ale ſcript. Brit. cent. 1. beeing as then but rawe and voyde of all ciuilitie. Alſo it is thought by Annius, that he was the firſte au|thor of thoſe kinde of Philoſophers, which were called Sarronides, Lib. 6. of whom Diodorus Siculus writeth in this ſort: There are (ſayth he) among the Celtes certain diuines & philoſophers whom they call Sarronides, hauing them of all other in greateſt eſtimation: For it is the maner among them, not without a Philoſopher to make anye ſacrifice: for they are of beleefe, that ſacrifices ought only to be made by ſuche as are ſkilfull in the diuine miſteri [...]s, as of thoſe who are neereſt vnto God, by whoſe interceſſion they thinke all good things are to be required of God, and whoſe aduiſe they vſe and followe, as well in watte as in peace.

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