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1.12. ¶Of ſuch Riuers as fall into the Sea, betweene Humber to the Thames. Cap. xj.

¶Of ſuch Riuers as fall into the Sea, betweene Humber to the Thames. Cap. xj.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 THere is no ryuer called Humber from the heade,Humber. wherfore that which we now call Humber, hath the ſame denomination no hygher then the confluence of Trent with the Ouze, as beſide Leland, ſundry auncyent writers haue noted before vs both. Certes it is a noble arme of ye ſea, & although it be pro|perly to be called Ouze, euen to the Nuke be|neth Ancolme, yet are we contented to cal it Humber, of Humbrus a King of ye Scithiens, who inuaded this Iſle in ye time of Locrinus, thinking to make himſelfe the Monarch of ye ſame. But as God hath frõ time to time ſin|gularly prouyded of the benefite of Briteine, ſo in this buſines it came to paſſe that Hum|ber was put to flight, his men ſlaine, & fur|thermore whileſt he attempted to ſaue hym|ſelfe by haſting to hys ſhippes, ſuch was the preſſe of his nobilitye that followed him into his owne veſſell, and the rage of weather, which haſtened on his fatall daye, that both he & they were drowned in that arme: And thys is the onelye cauſe wherefore it hath béene called Humber, as our wryters ſaye, and whereof I finde theſe verſes.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Dum fugit obſtat ei flumen, ſubmergitur illic,
Deque ſuo tribuit nomine nomen aquae.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thys ryuer in olde time parted Lhoegres or England from Albania, which was ye por|tion of Albanactus, the yongeſt ſon of Brute. But ſithence that time ye limits of Lhoegres haue bene ſo inlarged, firſt by ye proweſſe of ye Romains, then by ye conqueſts of Engliſh, yt at thys preſent day ye Twede on the one ſide, EEBO page image 41 and the Solue on the other, are taken for the principall boundes, betwéene vs and thoſe of Scotlãd. In deſcribing therfore of the Hum|ber, I muſt néede deſcribe the Ouze, & in lay|ing foor [...]h the courſe of the Ouze, I ſhal hard|eſcape the noting of thoſe ſtreames at large, that fall into the ſame: howbeit ſith I haue of purpoſe appointed a chapter for theſe and the lyke, the next booke, I will here onely ſpeake of the Ouze, and ſay thereof as followeth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 The Vre therefore ryſeth in the fardeſt partes of all Richmondeſhyre, among the Coterine hilles,Vr [...] alias Ouze, or Iſis. in a moſte, towarde the weſt fourtéene myles beyonde Mydleham. Being therefore iſſued out of the grounde, it goeth to Holbecke, Ha [...]draw, Hawſhouſe, Butter|ſide, Aſkebridge (which Lelãd calleth the Aſ|caran, and ſay [...]h therof & the Bainham, that they are but obſcure bridges) thẽ to Aſkarth, thorowe Wanleſſe Parke, Wenſeley bridg, (made two hundred yeares ſince, by Alwyn, Parſon of Winſlaw) New parke, Spenni|thorne, Danby, Geruiſe Abbay, Clifton and Maſham. When it is come to Maſham, it re|ceyueth the Burne,Burne. by ſouth weſt (as it dyd the wile,Wile. from very déepe ſcarry rockes, be|fore at Aſkaran) and dyuers other wild rilles not worthy to be remẽ [...]red. From Maſham, it haſteth vnto Tanfielde (taking in by the waye, a ryll by Southweſt) then to another Tanfielde, 'o Newton hall, and northbridge at the hither ende of Rippon, and ſo to Huic|kes bridge. But ere it come there it méeteth with ye Skel, which being incorporate with ye ſame,Skell. they run as one to Thorpe, then to Al|borow & ſone after receyueth ye Swale. Here ſayth Lelande,Swale. I am brought into no little ſtreight, what to coniecture of the méeting of Iſis & Vre, for ſome ſay yt the Iſis & the Vre doe méete at Borowbridge, which to me doth ſeme to be very vnlikely, ſith Iſurium taketh his denominatiõ of Iſis & Vro, for it is often ſéene that the leſſe ryuers doe mingle theyr names with ye greater, as in the Thameſis & other is [...]aſie to be found. Neyther is there a|ny more menciõ of the Vre after his paſſage vnder Borowbrige, but onelye of Iſis & the Ouze in theſe dayes, although in olde tyme it helde vnto Yorke it ſelfe, which of the Vre is truely called Vrewijc, (or Yorke ſhorte) or elſe my perſwaſion doth fayle me. I haue red alſo Ewerwijc and Yorwijc. But to pro|céede, & leaue this ſuperfluous diſcourſe. Frõ Borowbridge, ye Ouze goeth to Aldbrough (& receiuing ye Swale by ye way) to Aldworke, taking in Vſourne water, frõ the ſouthweſt then to Linton vpon Ouze, to Newton vpõ Ouze, & to Munketun, méeting wt the Nydde ere long, and ſo going withall to the Read|houſes, to Popleton, Clifton, Yorke (where it crosseth the Fosse) to Foulefoorth, Middlethorp, Acaster, & Acaster [sic], Kelflete, Welehall, Bareleby, Selby, Turmonhall, Skurthall, Hokelathe, Hoke, Sandhall, Rednesse, Whitegifte, Vslet, Blacketoft, Foreflete, Brownflete, & so into Humber. And thus do I describe the Ouze. Nowe beyng entred into ye Humber streame, toward ye sea againe, I wil begin with the Ancolme, and so go along up, on the coast of Lincolneshire tyll I come to Boston in such order as insueth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Ancolme, a goodlye water ryſeth Eaſt of Mercate Raſing, [...] & frõ thence goeth by mid|dle Raſing. Then receiuing a ſhort ryll from by ſouth, it runneth [...]n vnder two bridges, by the waye, till it come to Wingall, northeaſt, where alſo it méeteth with another brooke frõ Vſſelby that commeth thither, by Vreſ [...]y, and ſouth Kelſey. After this confluence alſo it goeth by Cadney (taking in the two rylles in one botome, that deſcende from Howſham, and north Le [...]ſey,) and thence to Newſted, Glanford, Wardeley, Thorneham, Appleby, Horſlow, north Ferr [...]by, and ſo into the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſt Ancolme, we go about the Neſſe and ſo to the fall of the water, which commeth from Keleby, by Cotham Abbaye, Nerſham Abbaie, Thorneton, & leaung Cor|hyll by weſt, it falleth into the Ocean. The next is the fall of another brooke comming from Fleting all along by Stallingburne. Thẽ croſſed we Grymſ [...]y gullet which iſſu|ing aboue Ereby cõmeth to Laſeby, the two Cotes, and then into the ſea. After thys wee paſſed by another Portelet, whoſe backwa|ter, deſcendeth from Baleſby by Aſheby, Briggeſley, Wathe, and Towney, and final|ly to the next iſſue, before we came at Salt|flete which braunching at the laſt, leaueth a prety Iſlande wherein Comſholme Village ſtandeth. This water ryſeth ſhort as I here of Tathewel, frõ whence it goeth to Rathby, Hallington, Eſſington, Lowth, Kidirington Auingham, & then braunching aboue North Somerto [...], one arme méeteth with the ſea, by Grauethorp, ye other by north of ſomercote.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Saltflet water hath but a ſhort courſe for riſing among the Cockeringtons,Salt [...] it cõmeth to the ſea, at Saltflete hauen, howbeit the next vnto it is of a longer race, for it ryſeth as I take it in Cawthorpe paroche, and de|ſcendeth by Legburne, the Carletons, the weſt myddle and eaſt Saltfletes, and ſo into the Oceane. The water that ryſeth aboue Ormeſby & Dryby, goeth to Cauſ [...]by, Swa|by Abbaie, Clathorpe, Belew, T [...]ttle, Wi|therne, Stane, and north eaſt of Thetilthorpe into the maine ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 EEBO page image 32 [...]ple| [...]pe.Maplethorpe water ryſeth at Thareſthorp and going by Markeley, Folethorpe, & Tru|thorpe, it is not long ere it méete wt the Ger|main Ocean, then come we to ye iſſue ye com|meth frõ aboue Hotoft, & thence to Mumby chappel, whether ye water cõming frõ Clar|by, Willowby, and Slouthby (and whereinto another ryll falleth) doth runne, as there to doe homage vnto their Lorde, & Souereigne. As for Ingolde mil créeke, I paſſe it ouer, and come ſtreight to another water, deſcen|ding from Burge by Skegnes. From hence I go to the iſſue of a faire brooke, which as I heare, doth riſe at Tetforde, and thence go|eth by Somerby, Bagenderby Aſhwardby Sawſthorpe, Partney, Aſheby, ye Stepings, Thorpe Croft, and ſo into the Sea. As for Wainflete water, it commeth from the eaſt ſea, and goeth betwéene S. Maries and Ahal|lowes by Wainflete town, and treading the pathe of his predeceſſors, empiteth hys cha|nell to the maintenaunce of the Sea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Now come I to the courſe of the Wytham, a famous riuer, wherof goeth the bye word, frequented of old, and alſo of Ancolme, which I before deſcribed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1
Ancolme ele, [...]dis [...]ham [...]. and Wytham pike,
Search all England, and find not the like.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Lelande calleth it Lindis, diuers the Rhe, and I haue read all theſe names my ſelfe, ex|cept my memory do faile me. It riſeth amõg the Wi [...]hams, in the edge of Lincolnſhire, and as I take it in Southwickã paroche, frõ whence it goeth to Colſterworth, Eaſton, Kirkeſtoke, Paunton, and Paunton, Hough|ton, and at Grantham taketh in a Rill from by ſouthweſt, as I here. From Grantham it runneth to Man; Thorpe, Bolton, & Barne|ſton, where croſſing a becke from North|eaſt, it procedeth farther ſouthweſtwarde by M [...]reſton, toward Foſton, (there alſo taking in a brooke that riſeth about Denton, and go|eth by Sydbrooke,) it haſteth to Dodington, Cl [...]pale, Barmeby, Beckingham, Staple|ford, Baſſingham, Thurſby, and beneth A [...]|burgh, croſſeth a water that commeth from St [...]gilthorpe by Somerton caſtle. After this confluence alſo, our Wytham goeth ſtil forth on his way, to the Hickhams, Bolthã, Brace|bridge, and Lincolne it ſelfe. But ere it come there, it maketh certain pooles (wherof one is called Swan poole) and ſoone after deuiding it ſelfe into armes, they runne both thorough the lower part of Lincolne, eche of them ha|uing a bridge of ſtone ouer it, thereby to paſſe through the principall ſtrete: and as the big|ger arme is well able to beare their fiſher botes, ſo the leſſer is not without his ſeuerall commodities. At Lincolne alſo this noble ri|uer méeteth, with the Foſſe dike,Foſſe dike. whereby in great floudes, veſſelles may come from the Trentes ſide to Lincoln. For betwene T [...]k|ſey where it beginneth, & Lincoln citie where it endeth, are not aboue vij. miles, as Lelande hath remembred. Biſhop Atwater began to clenſe this ditch, thinking to bring great veſ|ſels frõ Trent to Lincoln in his time, but ſith he died before it was performed, there hath no man bene ſince ſo well minded as to pro|ſecute his purpoſe. The courſe moreouer of this our ſtreame followyng, from Lincoln to Boſtõ, is 50. miles by water, but if you mind to ferry, you ſhall haue but 24. For there are 4. common places where men are ferried o|uer, as Short ferry 5. miles from Lincolne: Taterſall fery, 8. miles frõ Short fery: Dog|dike fery a mile, Langreth fery, 5. miles, and ſo many finally to Boſton.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 But to go forward with the courſe of Lin|dis, when it is pa [...]t Lincolne, it goeth by Shepewaſh, Waſſingburg, Fiſkerton, and ſoone after taketh in ſondry riuers in one cha|nell, wherby his greatneſſe is very much in|creaſed. Frõ this confluence it goeth to Bar|dolfe, and there receiuing a Rill (deſcendyng from betwene Sotby and Randby, and go|yng by Harton) it ſlideth forth by Tupham to Taterſall caſtle, taking vp there in like ſort thre ſmall Rilles by the way, wherof I haue ſmall notice as yet, and therfore I referre thẽ vnto the next Treatize, wherin God willing many things ſhal be more plainly ſet downe, that are here but obſcurely touched, and ſome errors corrected, that for want of informatiõ, in due tyme haue ſpedily paſſed my handes. Finally, being paſt Taterſall, and Dogdike fery, the Wytham goeth toward Boſton, & thence into the ſea. Thus haue I briefly diſ|patched this noble riuer, now let vs ſée what we may do with the Wiland, whoſe deſcripti|on ſhall be ſet downe euen as it was deliue|red me, with onely one note added out of Le|land, and another had of Chriſtopher Sax|ton of Wakefield, by whoſe [...]endly helpe I haue filed many things in this that were erſt but roughly handled, and more then rudely forged.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 Being paſſed Boſton Hauen, we came ſtreight waye to the fall of Wyland.Wyland. Thys ſtreame ryſeth about Sibbertoft, and [...] betwéene Boſworth and H [...]wthorpe, [...] goeth to Féedingwoorth, Merſ [...]n, [...], Truſſell, Herborowe, ( [...] there the Bray, which cõmeth frõ Braylbr [...] caſtle)Bray. to Bowton, Weſton, Wiland, [...], burne, Ro [...]ingham, and C [...]w [...]e, (where a riueret called lyttle Eye meeteth wyth [...]l, comming from eaſt [...] by [...] EEBO page image 42 Stocke, Faſton, and dry ſtocke. From Caw|cot it goeth to Gritto, Harringworth, Seton, Wauerley, Duddington, Colly weſton, E|ſton, and there ioyneth with the thirde called Warke,Warke. not farre from Ketton, which com|meth from Lye by Preſton, Wing, Lindon, Luffenham. &c. Thence it goeth on by Tin|well, to Stanforde (croſſing the Brooke wa|ter,Brooke water. Whitnell. and Whitenelbecke, both in one bottom) and from Stanforde by Talington, Maxſey to Mercate Deping, Crowland (where it al|moſt méeteth with ye Auon) then to Spalding, Waplãd, and ſo into the ſea. Leland writing of this Wyland, addeth theſe words which I will not omitte, ſith in mine opinion they are worthy to be noted, for better conſideratiõ to be had in the ſayd water and his courſe. The Wyland ſayth he, goyng by Crowlande, at Newdrene diuideth it ſelfe into two brãches,New|drene. of which one goeth vp to Spalding called Newdrene, and ſo into the ſea at Foſſedike Stowe:South. the other named ye South into Wiſ|beche. Thys latter alſo parteth it ſelfe to two myles from Crowlande, and ſendeth a ryll called Writhlake by Thorney,Writhlake. where it méeteth wyth an arme of the Nene, that cõ|meth from Peter borow, and holdeth courſe with ye brode ſtreame, till it be come to Mur|ho, ſixe myles from Wyſbech, where it fal|leth into the ſouth. Out of the ſouth in lyke ſort falleth another arme called Shéepes eye,Shepes eye. and at Hopelode (which is fourtéene myles, from Linne) did fal into the ſea. But now the courſe of that ſtreame is ceaſed, wherupõ the inhabitants ſuſtaine many grieuous floudes, bycauſe the mouth is ſtaunched, by which it had acceſſe before into the ſea: hetherto Le|land. Of the courſe of this ryuer alſo from Stanford, I note thys furthermore out of another writing in my time. Beyng paſt Staunten (ſaith he) it goeth by Burghley Vffington, Tallingtõ, Magey, Deping, eaſt Déeping, and comming to Waldram hall, it brauncheth into two armes, wherof that which goeth to Singleſole, receyueth the the Nene out of Cambridge ſhyre, and then going by Doweſdale, Trekenhole, and wyn|ding at laſt to Wiſbiche, it goeth by Liuer|ington S. Maries, and ſo into the ſea. The o|ther arme haſteth to Crowland, Clowthouſe Bretherhouſe, Pikale, Cowbecke and Spal|ding. Here alſo it receiueth ye Baſtõ dreane, Longtoft dreane, Déeping dreane, & thence goeth by Wickham into the ſea, taking with all on the right hand ſondry other dreanes, and thus farre he.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 Next of all when we are paſt theſe, we come to another fall of water into ye Waſh, which deſcendeth directly from Whaplade dreane to Whaplade towne in Hollande: but becauſe it is a water of ſmall importãce, I paſſe from thence, as haſting to the Nene, of both, the more noble riuer. The next ther|fore to be deſcribed is the Auon, [...] otherwyſe called Nene, which the author deſcribeth after this maner. [...] The Nene beginneth 4. miles a|boue Northampton in Nene Mere, where it riſeth out of two heades, which ioyne about Northampton. Of this riuer the city & coun|trie beareth the name, although we now pro|noũce Hãpton for Auondune, which error is cõmitted alſo in ſouth Auondune, as we may eaſily ſée. In another place Lelãd deſcribeth ye ſaid riuer after this maner. The Auõ riſeth in Nene mere field, and goyng by Oundale and Peterborow, it deuideth it ſelfe into thre armes, wherof one goeth to Horney, another to Wiſbich, the third to Ramſey: and after|ward beyng vnited againe, they fall into the ſea not very farre from Linne. Finally, the diſcent of theſe waters, leaue here a great ſort of Ilandes, wherof Ely, Crowland, and Merſland, are the chiefe: Hetherto Lelande. Howbeit, becauſe neither of theſe deſcriptiõs touch the courſe of this riuer at the full. I wil ſet downe the third, which ſhal ſupply what|ſoeuer the other do want. The Auon there|fore ariſing in Nenemere field, is encreaſed with many Rilles before it come at North|hampton, and one aboue Kings thorpe, from whẽce it goeth to Dallington, & ſo to North|hamptõ, where it receiueth the Wedon, and here I will ſtay, till I haue deſcribed this ri|uer.Ved [...] The Wedon therfore riſeth at Fauleſſe in maiſter Knightlies pooles and in Badby plaſhes alſo, are certaine ſprings that reſort vnto this ſtreame. Fauleſſe pooles, are a mile from Chareton, where the head of Chare ry|uer is ye rũneth to Banbery. There is but an hill called Albery hil betwene ye heds of theſe two riuers. From the ſaid hill therefore, the Wedon directeth his courſe to Badby New|enham, Euerton, Wedon, betwixt which and Floretowne,Florus. it receiueth the Florus (a prety water riſing of foure heds, wherof the one is at Dauentry, another at Watford, the third, at long Buck, the fourth aboue Whilton) and then paſſeth on to Heyford, Kiſlingbury, Vp|ton, and ſo to Northampton, where it falleth into the Auon, receiuing finally by the way,Bugi [...]. the Bugbrooke water at Heyford, Patſhall water nere Kiſlingbery, and finally, Preſton water beneath Vpton, which running from Preſtõ by Wootton, méeteth at the laſt with Milton Rill, and ſo fal into Auon. Now to re|ſume the tractation of our Auon. Frõ North|hampton therfore, it runneth by Houghton, great Billing, Whitſtone, Dodington and EEBO page image 33 Willingborow, where we muſt ſtay a while, for betwene Willingborow and Highã Fer|ries, it receiueth a prety water comming frõ about Kilmarſhe, [...]ilis. which goyng by Arding|worth, Daiſborow, Ruſhet [...]n, Newtõ, Gad|dington, Boughton, Warketon, Ketteryng, Berton, and Burton, méeteth there wyth Rothewel water, [...]other. which runneth weſt of Ket|tering to Hiſham, the greater Harido [...], and then into the Auon. Beyng therfore paſt Burton, our maine ſtreame goeth to Highã Ferris, Artleborow, Ringſted, Woodford, and (méeting therby with Tra [...]ford Rill) to Thrarſton, [...]cley. north wherof it ioyneth alſo with the Ocley water, that commeth frõ Sudbo|rowe and Lowicke, to olde Vmkles, Wa|den ho, Pilketon, Toke, where it taketh in the Liueden Becke) and ſo to Oundell Cot|terſtocke, Tanſoner, and betwene Tothe|ring and Warmington, receyueth the Cor|by water, which riſing at Corby, goeth by Weldon,Corby. Denethap, Bulwich, Bletherwijc. Fineſhed, Arethorpe, Newton, Tothering, & ſo into the Auon. After this, the ſaid Auon go|eth to Elton, Maſſington, Yerwell, Sutton, Caſtor, Allertõ, and ſo to Peterborow, where it deuideth it ſelfe into ſondry armes, & thoſe into ſeuerall braunches amõg the Fennes & medowes, not poſſible almoſt to benombred, before it méete with the ſea on the one ſide of the countrey, & fal into the Ouze on the other.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Ouze, which Leland calleth the third Iſis,Iſis. 3. falleth into the ſea betwene Meriland and Downeham. The chief hed of this riuer ariſeth nere vnto Stalies, from whence it cõ|meth to Brackley (ſometyme a noble towne in Northampton ſhire, but now ſcarcely a good village) and there taking in on the left hande one water comming from the parke betwene Syſam and Aſtwell (which runneth by Whitfield and Tinweſton) and another on the right frõ Intley, it goeth on by Weſt|byry,Siſa. Fulwell, Water ſtretford, Buckinghã and Berton, [...]melus. beneath which towne the Eryn falleth into it, whereof I finde this ſhort diſ|cription to be inſerted here. The Eryn ri|ſeth not farre from Hardwijc in Northamp|tonſhire,Erin. from hence it goeth by Heth, Erin|ford, Godderington, Twyford, Steple cladõ, and ere it come at Padbiry,Garan. méeteth with the Garan brooke deſcending from Garanburg, and ſo they go together by Padbiry till they fall into the Ouze, which carieth them after the confluence, to Thorneton bridge (where they croſſe another fall of water commyng from Whitlewood foreſt by Luffeld, Lecam|ſted and Foſcot) and so to Beachampto(n), Culuerton, Stony stratford and Woluerto(n). Here the Ouze meeteth with a water (called as Lelande coniectureth, ye Vere or Were,) on the left hand as you go downeward that co(m)meth betwene Wedon and Werenham in Northamptonshire & goeth by Towcester, and Alderton, and not farre from Woluerth and Hauersham, into ye foresaid Ouze, which goeth also fro(m) hence to Newporte paganell, Verus. where in like sort I must stay a while till I haue described another water, named the Clee, by whose issue the sayd streame is not a little increased. Cle alias Claius. This river riseth in the very confines betwene Buckinha(m) and Bedfordshires, not far from Whippesnade, and goyng on toward the northwest, by Eaton and Layton, it commeth to Linchelade, where it entreth wholy into Buckinghamshire, and so goeth on by Hammond, Brickle, Fenny stratford, Simpson, Walton and Middleto(n), Saw. beneath which it receiueth the Saw from a above [sic] Halcot, & so goeth on till it meete with ye Ouze neere unto Newport, as I have said. Being united therefore we set forward from the sayde towne, and followe thys noble ryuer, to Lathbirye, Thuringham, Filgrane, Lawndon, Newington, Bradfelde on the one side, and Turuey on the other, till it come at length to Bedforde, after many windlesses, & then meeteth with another streame, which is increased with so manye waters, that I was inforced to straye here also, and viewe theyr seuerall courses, from the highest steple in Bedforde, whence (or peraduenture otherwyse) I noted the same as followeth. Certes on the east side where I beganne thys speculation, I sawe one that came from Potton, and mette withal neere Becliswade: another that grewe of two waters, whereof one descended fro(m) Baldocke, the other fro(m) Hitchin, which ioyned beneath Arlesey, and thence went to Langforde and Edwoorth. Theſe riſe not far frõ Michel|borow, and one of thẽ in Higham parke. The third which I behelde had in lyke sort two heades whereof one is not farre from Woode ende, the other from Wooburne (or Howburne) & ioyning about Flitwiic, they go to Flytton, (where they receiue Antill Broke) and so by Chiphil, and Chicksande, they come to Shafforde, from whence taking the aforesayde Langford water with them, they go forth by Becliswade, Sandy, Blumham, & neere unto Themisford are united w(ith) the Ouze, & now to our purpose againe. After this ye Ouze, goeth by Berkeforde, to Winteringhã, Verus or ye Were, (méetyng there with the Wareſley becke) and ſo run|neth to S. Neotes (or S. Nedes) to Paxſton, Offordes, Godmancheſter, Huntingdon,Stoueus. Wilton, S. Iues, Hollywell, and Erith, re|ceyuing in the meane tyme the Stow, nere vnto little Paxton, and likewiſe the Ellen,Helenus. Elmerus. & the Eminer, in one ch [...]ell a litle by weſt of EEBO page image 43 Huntingdon. Finallye the maine ſtreame ſpeading abroade into the Fennes, I cannot tell into howe many braunches, neyther how manye Iſ [...]ettes, are inforced by the ſame, but thys is certeine, that after it hath thus deli|ted it ſelfe with raunging a while about the pleaſant bottomes and lower groundes, it méeteth with the Granta, frõ whence it goeth with a ſwift courſe, vnto Downehã. Betwen it alſo and the Auõ, are large ſundry Mores, or plaſhes by ſouthweſt of Peterborow wher|of Whittle [...]ey méere, and Ramſey méere, (whereinto the Riuell falleth,Riuelus. that commeth from aboue Broughton, Wyſton, and great Riuelley) are ſayde to be greateſt. Of all the ryuers that runne into this ſtreame, that cal|led Granta is the moſt noble and excellent,Granta. which I will deſcribe euen in his place, not|withſtanding that I had earſt appoynted it vnto my ſeconde booke, but foraſmuch as a deſcription of Ouze and Granta, were dely|uered me togyther, I will for his ſake that gaue them me, not ſeperate thẽ nowe in ſun|der. The very fardeſt heade and originall of thys ryuer is in Henham, a large Parke be|longing to the Earle of Suſſex, wherin as the Towneſmen ſay, are foure ſprings that run foure ſundry wayes into the maine Sea. Le|lande ſought not the courſe of thys water, a|boue Newport ponde, & therefore in his Co|mentaries vpõ the ſong of ye ſwan, he writeth thereof after this maner inſuing. But here before I enter into his diſcourſe, I muſt giue you warning, how D. Iohn Caius the learned Phiſition, and ſome other are of the opiniõ, that this ryuer comming from Newport, is properlye to bée called the Rhée, but I may not ſo eaſily diſcent frõ Leland, whoſe iudge|ment in my mynde is by a great deale the more likely, harken therefore what he ſayth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The heade of Grantha or Granta, is in ye pend at Newport, a towne of the eaſt Sax|ons, which going in a bottome beſide ye ſame, receyueth a pretye ryll, which in the myd|deſt thereof doeth driue a mil and deſcendeth from Wickin Bonhaunt, that ſtandeth not far from thence. Being paſt Newport, it go|eth a long in the lower grounde vntil it come to Broke Waldẽ, weſt of Chipping Waldẽ, (now Saffron walden) harde by the Lorde Awdleis place, where of late the ryght hono|rable Lorde Phillip Earle of Surrey, with his houſholde dyd ſoiourne, and ſome|tyme ſtoode an Abbaie, of Benedictine Mon|kes, before theyr generall ſuppreſſion. From Awdley end it goeth to Littlebur [...]e, the leſſe and greater Cheſterfordes, Ycaldune, Hinc|ſtone, Seoſton or Sawſon, and néere vnto Shaleforde receyueth the Babren that com|meth by Linton, Abbington, Babrenham, and Stapleforde: and ſo going forwarde it com|meth at the laſt to Tromping [...]on, [...] which is a myle from Cambridge. But ere it come al|togyther to Trompington, it méeteth wyth the Barrington water, as Leland calleth it, but other ye Rhée,R [...]. (a cõmon name to all wa|ters in the Saxon ſpeache,) whereof I finde thys deſcription, to be touched by the waye. The Rhée ryſeth ſhort of Aſhwell, in Hert|forde ſhyre, and paſſing vnder the brigde be|twéene Gylden Mordon and Downton, and leauing Tadlow on the weſt ſide (as I remẽ|ber) it goeth toward Crawdẽ, Malton, Bar|rington, Haſelingfeld, and ſo into Granta, taking ſundry Rylles with him from ſouth, & ſouthweſt, as Wendy water ſouth weſt of Crawden, Whaddõ brooke ſouthweſt of Or|wel, Mildred becke ſouthweſt of Malton, and finally yt which goeth by Fulmere & Foxton, & falleth into the ſame betwéene Barringtõ, and Harleſton, or Harſon as they call it.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Nowe to procéede with our Granta, from [...]rompingtõ on the one ſide, and Grantceſ|ter on the other, it haſteth to Cambridge warde, taking the Burne with it by the way, which deſcendeth from a caſtell of the ſame denomination, wherein the Picotes, & Peue|relles ſometime did inhabite. Thence it go|eth by ſundrye Colledges in Cambridge, as the Quéenes Colledge, the Kings Colledge, Clare Hall, Trinity Colledge, S. Iohns. &c. vnto the high bridge of Cãbridge, & betwene the towne and the Caſtell to Cheſterton, and receyuing by & by the Doure, or Sture, (at whoſe bridge,Stu [...] ye moſt famous Mart in Eng|lande is yearely holden & kept. Frõ Cheſter|tõ it goeth to Ditton, Miltõ, & ere long mee|ting with two rylles (from Bott [...]ſham and Wilberhã, in one bottome) it rũneth to Hor|ningſey and water Beche: and finallye here ioyning with the Bulbecke water, it goeth by Denny, and ſo forth into the Ouze, [...] fiftéene myles from Cambridge, as Leland hath ſet downe. And thus much of the thirde Iſis or Ouze, out of the aforeſayde Authour, where|vnto I haue not onelye added ſomewhat of mine owne Experience, but alſo of other mens notes, whoſe diligent obſeruation of the courſe of thys ryuer, hath not a little hel|ped mée in the diſcription of the ſame. Nowe it reſteth that we come nerer vnto the coaſt of Norfolke, and ſet forth ſuch waters as we paſſe by vppon the ſame, wherin I will deale ſo preciſelye as I maye, and ſo farre will I trauaile therein as I hope ſhall con|tent euen the curious reader, or if any fault be made, it ſhall not be ſo great, but that af|ter ſome trauayle in the finding, it ſhall with EEBO page image 34 eaſe be corrected.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The firſt ryuer yt therfore we come vnto af|ter we be paſt the confluence of Granta, & the Ouze, and within the iuriſdiction of Norfolke, is called the Burne.Burne. This ſtreame ryſeth not very farre from Burne Bradfeld aboue the greater Wheltham, and from thence it go|eth to Nawnton, Bury, Farneham Martin, Farneham Alhallowes, Farneham Geno|uefa, Hengraue, Flemton, Lackeforde, Ic|lingham, and to Mildenhall, a litle beneath which it méeteth with the Oale water, [...]ale. that ſpringeth not farre from Catilege, and go|ing by Aſheby, Moulton, (a benefice as the report goeth not very well prouided for) to Kenforde, Kenet, Bradingham, Frekenham, it falleth at the laſt not farre from Iſelham into the Burne, from whence they go togi|ther as one into the Ouze. With ye Burne al|ſo there ioyneth a water comming from a|bout Lydgate, a little beneath Iſelham, and not very farre from Mildenhall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]unus.The Dune heade and ryſing of Wauenhey are not much in ſunder, for as it is ſuppoſed they are both not farre diſtaunt from the bridge betwéene Lopham and Ford, wherby ye one runneth eaſt & the other weſt, as I haue béene enformed. The Dune goeth firſt of all by Feltham, then to Hopton, and to Kinets hall, where it méeteth with a water, cõming out of a lake ſhorte of Banham (goyng by Quiddenham, Herling, Gaſthorpe) and ſo forth on both in one channell, they runne to Ewſton. Here they méete in lyke ſort, wyth another deſcending from two heads, wher|of the one is néere vnto Pakenham, the other to Taueſtocke, as I here. Certes theſe heads ioyne aboue Ileſworth, not farre from Stow Langtoft, from whẽce they go to Yxworth, Thorp, Berdwel, Hunnington, Fakenham, and ſo into the Dune at Ewſton as I ſayde. Frõ hence alſo they haſte vnto Downeham, which of this riuer doth ſéeme to borowe his name. South rée ryl, I paſſe ouer as not wor|thy the deſcription, bicauſe it is ſo ſmall.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]radunus [...]tè.Next vnto thys ryuer on the ſouth ſide is the Braden, or Bradunus, which ryſeth at Bradenham, and goeth by Ne [...]ton, north Peckenham, ſouth Peckenham, Kirſingham Bedney, Langforde, Igbor, Munforde, north olde, Stockebridge, Ferdham, Helgy, and ſo into the Ouze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 [...]nus.The néereſt vnto thys is another which ri|ſeth about Lukeham, and from thence com|meth to Lexham, Maſſingham, Newton, the caſtel acre, Acres, Nerboe, Pentney, Wrõ|gey, [...]ngimus. Rounghton, Weſtchurch, & ſo to Linne, as ſo doth alſo another by north of this which commeth from the eaſt hylles by Cong [...]n|ham, Grymſton, Bawſey, Gaywood, where|of let this ſuf [...]iſe, and now giue eare to the reaſt ſith I am paſt the Ouze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Beyng paſt the mouth or fall of the Ouze, we méete next of al with the riſing chaſe wa|ter which deſcendeth from two heds,Riſing. & alſo ye Ingel that commeth from about Sne [...]ſham;Ingell. From hence we go by the point of ſ. Edmõd, and ſo hold on our courſe, till we come vnto the Burne, which falleth into the ſea by ſouth from Waterden, and goyng betwéene the Crakes to Burneham thorp, and Burnham Norton, it ſtriketh at the laſt into the ſea, eaſt of Burnham Norton, a mile at ye leſt, except my coniecture doe faile me. The Glow or Glowy, riſeth not farre from Baconſtthorp,Glouius. in the hundred of Tunſted, and goyng by and by into Holt hũdred, it paſſeth by Hunworth; Thornage, Glawnſford, Blackney, Clare, and ſo in the ſea receiuing there at hand alſo a Rill by eaſt, which deſcendeth from the hils lying betwene Killing town and Way|burne.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 The Wantſume riſeth in Northfolke at Galeſend in Holt hundred,Wantſume from whence it goeth to Taterſend, Downton, Skelthorpe, Farneham, Penſtthorpe, Rieburg, Elling|ham, and Billingeſford. And here it recey|ueth two waters in one bottom, of which the firſt goeth by Stanfeld and Beteley, the o|ther, by Wandling and Greſſonhall, and ſo run on eche his owne way, till they méete at Houndlington, ſouthweſt of Billingeſforde with the Wantſume. From hence they go altogether to Below, Iyng, Weſton, and Moreton, but ere it come to Moreton, it mée|teth with the Yowke, which (iſſuyng about Yexham) goeth by Matteſhall and Barrow.Yocus. After this the ſayd Wantſume goeth on by Ringland, and ſo to Norwich the pontificall ſee of the Biſhop, to whom that iuriſdictiõ ap|pertaineth. Beneath Norwich alſo it recey|ueth two waters in one chanell, which I wil ſeuerally deſcribe according to their courſes, noting their confluẽce to be at Bireley, with|in two myles of Norwich, except myne an|notation deceiue me. The firſt of theſe hath two heds, wherof one moũteth vp ſouth weſt of Whinborow, goeth by Gerneſton,Hierus Gerne. & is the very Hiere or Yare that drowneth the name of Wantſume, ſo ſoone as he méeteth withal. The other hed riſeth at Woode in Mitforde hundred, and (after confluence with the Hiere at Caſton) gayng by Brandon, B [...]ton, Ber|ford, Erleham, Eringlefeld (not farre from Bixely as I ſayd) doth méete with his com|panion, which is the ſecond to be deſcribed as followeth. It hath two heads alſo that méete northweſt of Therſtane, and hereof the one EEBO page image 44 commeth from Findon hal, by Wrenninghã from about Wotton; by Hemnal, Fretton, Stretton, and Taſborow, till they ioyne at Therſton, as I gaue notice aforehand. From Therſton therfore they go together in one to Newton, Shoteſham, Dunſton, Caſtor, Ar|minghale, Bixeley, Lakenham and Trowſe, and then fall into the Wantſume beneath Norwich which hereafter is named Hiere. The Hiere Yare or Gare therfore proceding in his voiage, as it wer to ſalute his grãdame the Oceane, goeth from thence by Paſwijc, Surlingham, Claxton and Yardley: and here it méeteth agayne with another Riueret de|ſcending from about Shoteſham, to Thir|ſtane, Shedgraue, Hockingham, and ſo into Gare or Yare, wherof Yardley the town re|ceyueth denomination. After this it goeth to Frethorpe, and aboue Burghe caſtle méeteth with the Wauen hey,Wauen. and ſo into the ſea. In|to this riuer alſo falleth the Bure, which ri|ſing at a towne of the ſame name, paſſeth by Milton, Bureſdune, Corpeſtey, Marington, Blekeling, Bure, Aleſham, Bramptõ, Bux|tõ, Horſted, Wrexhã bridge, Horning, Rane|worth (and beneath Baſtewijc receyueth the Thurine which riſeth aboue Roleſby) then to Oby Clypſby,Thurinus (there alſo receiuing another from Filby) Rimham, Caſtor, and by Yar|mouth into the Ocean.Wauen. The Wauenhey a|fore mencioned, riſeth on the South ſide of Briſingham, and is a limite betwene North|folke and Suffolke, goyng therfore by Dis, Starton, not farre from Octe, it méeteth with the Eie whiche riſeth nere Ockolde, or betwéene it and Braiſworthe, and goeth on by Brome, Octe, and ſo into the Waue [...]y. From thẽce alſo our Waueney, runneth by Sylam, Brodiſh, Nedam, Harleſton, Red|nam, Alborow, Flixton, Bungey, Sheepe|medow, Barſham, Beckles, Alby, and at Whiteacre as I here it parteth in twaine, or elſe receyuing Milforde water, which is the moſt likely, it goeth along by Somerley, Hormingfléete, S. Olaues, (there receyuing the Friſtan brooke,Fritha. out of low or little Eng|lande) Friſtan and Burge caſtell, where it méeteth wyth the Hiere, and from thence|forth accompanieth it as I ſayd vnto the ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Willingham water commeth by Henſted Einſted,Einus. or Eniſtate, and falleth into the ſea by ſouth of Keſland.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Cokelus.The Cokell ryſeth ſouth ſouth weſt, of Cokeley Towne, in Blythe hundred, and néere vnto Haſtelwoorth, it méeteth with the ryll, that commeth from Wiſſet, and ſo go|ing on togither by Wenhaſton, and Blibo|towe, it falleth into the ſea at an hauen, be|twéene Roydon, and Walderſwicke. A little ryll runneth alſo thereinto from Eſton, by Sowolde, and another from Dunwiche, by Walderſwijke, and hereby it wanteth lyttle that Eſton Neſſe, is not cut of and made a prety Iſlande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Forde ryſeth at Poxford,Forde and going by Forderley, and Theberton, it falleth at laſt into the Myſméere créeke.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Into the Oreforde hauen, falleth one wa|ter comming from Aldborowe warde,Or [...]. by a narrowe paſſage, frõ the north into the ſouth. By weſt whereof (when we are paſt a lyttle Iſle) it receyueth the ſeconde, deſcending frõ betwéene Talingſton, and Framingham, [...] in Plomes hundred: which cõmming at laſt to Marleforde, méeteth wyth a ryll ſouth weſt of Farneham called the Gleme,Gleme. (that com|meth by Rendelſham, the Gleinhams) and ſo paſſing forth, it taketh another wyth all at Snapeſbridge, comming from Carleton, by Saxmundham, Sternefielde, and Snape.Iken, [...] Ike. Then going to Iken (where it méeteth wyth the thirde ryll at the weſt ſide) it fetcheth a compaſſe by Sudburne eaſt of Orforde, and ſo into the hauen. Next vnto thys by weſt of Orforde, there runneth vp another créeke by Butley, whereinto the waters comming frõ Celleſforde, and from the Ike, doe runne both in one botome, and thus much of Or|forde hauen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Deue ryſeth in Debenham,Deue. in the hundred of Herteſméere, and from thence go|eth to Mickeforde, Winſton, Cretingham, Lethringham, Wickham, hitherto ſtill crée|ping towarde the ſouth: but then going in maner full ſouth, it runneth néere vnto Aſhe, Rendleſham, Vfforde, Melton, and Woode|bridge, beneth which, it receiueth on the weſt ſide, a water cõming of two heades, whereof one is by north from Oteley, and the other by ſouth from Henly, which ioyning weſt of Mertelſham, go vnto the ſayde towne, and ſo into the Deue, eaſt of Mertelſham, aboue|ſayd. From thence the Deue goeth by Wal|dringfielde and Henley, and méeteing ſoone after with Brightwell brooke,Claruſ [...] it haſteth in|to ye maine ſea, leauing Badwſey on the eaſt where the fall therof is called Bawdſey ha|uen.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Vre ryſeth not farre from Bacton,Vr [...]s. in Herteſméere hundred, and thence deſcendeth into Stowe hundred by Gippyng Newe|ton, Dagworth, Stowe, (beneath whiche it méeteth with a water comming from Rat|tleſden, by one houſe,) and ſo goyng on to Nedeham, (thorowe Boſméere and Claydon hundredes) to Blakenham, Bramforde, Ypſ|wiche, (receyuing beneath Stoke, which ly|eth ouer againſt Ypſwiche, the Chatſham EEBO page image 35 water, that goeth by Belſted, & ſo into ye Vre, at the mouth wherof is a marueilous déepe & large pitte, whereof ſome Marryners ſaye that they coulde neuer fynde the bottome, and therefore calling it a Well, and ioyning the name of the ryuer withall, it commeth to paſſe that ye hauen there, is called Vrewel, for which in theſe daies we doe pronounce it Or|well. Into thys Hauen alſo the Sture or Stoure, hath ready paſſage, which remaineth in thys treatize next of all to be deſcribed.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 [...]rus.The Sture or Stoure, parteth Eſſex from Suffolke, as Houeden ſaith, and experience cõfirmeth. It ariſeth in Suffolk, out of a lake néere vnto a towne called Stourméere. For albeit there come two rylles vnto the ſame, whereof the one deſcendeth from Thyrl [...], the Wratinges and Ketton, the other from Horſhed parke, by Hauerill &c. Yet in ſõmer tyme they are often drye, ſo that they can|not be ſayde to be parpetuall heads, vnto the aforeſayde ryuer. The Stoure therefore ry|ſeth at Stoure mare, which is a poole contay|ning twentie acres of ground at the leaſt, the one ſide whereof is full of Alders, the other of réede, wherein the great ſtore of fiſhe there bredde, is not a little ſuccoured. From thys méere, alſo it goeth to Bathorne brydge, to Stocke clare, Cawndiſh, Pentlo, Milforde, Foxerth, Bureſley, Sudbury, Bures, Bor|ſted, Stoke Naylande, Lanham, Dedham, Strotford, eaſt Barforde, Brampton, and to Catwade bridge, where it falleth into the ſea, receiuyng in the meane time ſundry brookes and rylles not here omytted at all. For on Eſſex ſide, it hath one from Hemſted, which goeth by Bumſted, and Birdbrooke: another ryſing ſhorte of Foxerth, that runneth by water Beauchamp, Brundon, and falleth in|to the ſame at Badlington, weſt of Sudbury: and the thirde that glydeth by Horkeſley and méeteth withal weſt of Boxſted. On the north or vpon Suffolke ſide, it receyueth one de|ſcending frõ Ca [...]ledge, by Bradley, Thur|low, W [...]atting, Kiddington, and at Hauerell falleth into this Sture. The ſeconde deſcen|deth from Poſling field, & ioyneth therewith eaſt of Clare. The thyrde aryſeth of two heades, whereof one commeth from Wick|ham brooke, the other from Chedbar in Riſoy hundred, and ioyning about Stanfield, it goeth by Hawton, Somerton, Boxſted, Stanſted, and north of Foxerth, falleth into S [...]our. The fourth iſſueth from betwéene the Wallingfelds, and goeth by Edwardſtone, Boxſted, Alington, Polſted, Stoke, and ſo at ſouth Boxſted falleth into the ſame. The fift ryſeth North Weſt of Cockefielde, and go|eth to Cockefielde, Laneham, Brimſley, Midling,Kettle ba|ſton. and receyuing Kettle Baſton wa|ter ſouthweſt of Chelſworth (and likewiſe the Breton that commeth from Bretenham, by Hitcheham, & Biſſeton ſtreat on the ſouth eaſt of the ſ [...]me towne) it goeth in by Ned|ging, Aldham, Hadley, Lainham, Shelly, Higham, and ſo into the Sture. The ſixt is a lyttle ryll deſcending ſouthweſt from Chap|pell The ſeuenth ryſeth betwéene Chappel, & Bentley, and going betwéene Tatingſton, and Whet [...]ede, Holbrooke, and Sutton, it falleth at length into Stoure, and frõ thence is neuer harde of.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 As for Ocley Drill, that ryſeth betwéene Ocley, and Wikes Parkes,Ocley. and goeth vn|der Ramſey brydge, and ſo into the Stoure, on Eſſex ſide, weſt of Harwiche, and eaſt of Rée Iſle, I paſſe it ouer becauſe it is but a ril and not of any greatneſſe, although I ſéeke to remember manye tymes, euen the very ſmalleſt.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Next vnto this, wée come to another that runneth South of Beamont by Moſſe,Moſ [...]. and falleth into the Sea about the middeſt of the Bay, betwixt Harwich and the Naze.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Betwixt the Naze alſo and the mouth of Colue, is another Ryll which riſeth at little Bentley, and thence goeth to Tendryng thorpe,Claco. thorow Clacten parke by great Hol|land, and eaſt of little Holland, into the déepe ſea.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Colne hath thrée heds, whereof one is at Ouington that goeth by Tilbery, and eaſt of Yeldam, falleth into the chiefe head,Colunus. which ryſeth about Redgewell in Eſſex, frõ whence it goeth to Yeldam Henningham. &c. The third falleth in South of Yeldam into Colne, and being once mette all in one chanell: the Colne goeth as I ſayde, to Hedninghã Haw|ſted, Erles Colne, Wakes Colne, Fordon, Bardfold, Colcheſter, and ſo into the ſea at Brickleſey. At ſéemeth here, that when ye ſea entreth betwéene the points of Bradwell and S. Anthonies, it deuydeth it ſelfe into twoo armes, wherof one goeth toward Colcheſter the other toward Maldon. Into the Colne or Colunus (whereof Lelande thinketh Colche|ſter to take hys name, and not a Colonia Ro|manorum) doe run many ſalt créekes beneth Fingering ho, whoſe names ſith I doe not knowe, nor whether they be ſerued with any backwaters or not, I gyue ouer to intreat a|ny farther of theyr poſitions. Into that of Malden runneth many faire waters, wherof I will ſay ſo much as I knowe to be true by experience.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 There is a prety water that beginneth nere vnto Gwinbache or Wimbech church in Eſ|ſex (the very limits of Dunmow Deanery) EEBO page image 45 which runneth directly frõ thence vnto Rad|winter, (a parcell of your Lorſhips poſſeſſy|ons in thoſe parts) and within thrée quarters of a mile of the aforeſaid church. By the way alſo it is increaſed with ſundry prety ſprings wherof Pantwell is the chiefe, and to ſay the truth, hath manye a leaſing fathered on the ſame: there is likewiſe another in a paſture belonging to the graunge, now belongyng to Henry Browne Eſquier, ſoiournyng there|vpon. The third, commeth out of the yarde of one of your Lordſhips Manour there, called Radwinter hall. The fourth, frõ Iohn Cock|ſwettes houſe, named the Rotherwell, which running vnder Rothers bridge, méeteth with ye Gwin, on the northweſt ende of Ferraunts meade, ſoutheaſt of Radwinter church, wher|of I haue the charge by your honors fauora|ble prefermẽt.Froſhwell. The next is named Froſhwel, and of this Spring doth the whole Hundred beare the name, and alſo the Ryuer it ſelfe whereinto it falleth (from by north) ſo far as I remember. Certes, all theſe ſauing ye firſt and ſecond, are within your Lordſhips towne aforeſayd. The ſtreame therfore running frõ hence (and now called Froſhwell, of Froſhe, which ſignifieth a frog) haſteth immediately vnto olde Sandford, then thorow new Sand|forde parke, and afterward with full ſtreame to Shalford, Bocking, Stiſted, Paſwijc, and ſo to blackwater, where the name of Froſh|wel ceaſeth, the water being from henceforth as I here, called Blackwater, vntyll it come to Maldon. From Blackwater therefore it goeth to Coxall, Eaſterforde, Braxſted and Wickham,Barus. where it méeteth wyth the Ba|rus, and ſo goyng togyther, deſcende to Hey|bridge, and finally into the ſaltwater afore|ſayde. As for the Barus, it ryſeth in a ſtately parke of Eſſex called Bardfeld, belonging to the crowne, from whence it goeth to olde Sa|lyng, Brainctrée (receyuing a ryllet by waye comming from Raine, blacke Notley, white Notley, Falkeburne, Wittham, and falleth into the blacke water beneath Braxſted, on the ſouth.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 2 Beſide thys, the ſayde ryuer receyueth alſo the Chelme or Chelmer,Chelmer. which aryſeth in Wymbeche aforeſayde, where it hath two heads: wherof the one is not farre from Bro|dockes (where Thomas Wiſeman Eſquier dwelleth) the other nigh vnto a farme called Highams, and ioyning ere long in one Cha|nell, they hye them toward Thaxſted, meting in the way alſo with a Ryll commyng from Boyton ende. Beyng paſt Thaxſted, it goeth by Tiltey, and ſoone after receyueth one Ril which ryſeth on the north ſide of Lindſell,Lindis. and falleth into ye Chelmer by north eaſt at Til|tey aforeſayde, and another comming from ſouthweſt, and ryſing ſoutheaſt from Lindſe [...] at moche Eiſton. From thence then holding on ſtyll wyth the courſe, it goeth to Moche Dunmowe, little Dunmow, Felſted, Lies, both Waltams, Springfield, & ſo to Chelme|reſforde. Here vppon the ſouth ſide I finde the iſſue of a water that riſeth 5. miles or therea|boutes, ſouth and by weſt of the ſayde towne, from whence it goeth to Munaſing Butteſ|bury (there receiuyng a Rill from by weſt) to Ingat ſtone, Marget Inge, Wilforde bridge Writtle bridge, and ſo to Chelmereſforde, (croſſing alſo ye ſecond water that deſcendeth from Roxforde ſouthweſt of Writtle by the way) wherof let this ſuffice. [...] From hence the Chelmer goeth directly towarde Mauldon by Badow, Owting, Woodhamwater, Byly, and ſo to Blackwater northweſt of Maldon, receyuing neuertheleſſe ere it come fullye thither a becke alſo that goeth frõ Lée parke, to little Lées, great Lées, Hatfield, Peueryll,Lée. Owting, and ſo into Blackwater (whereof I ſpake before) as Maldon waters, doth a ryll from by ſouth ouer againſt S. Oſithes, and alſo another by Bradwell.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 The Burne, ryſeth ſomewhere about Ron|well, and thence goeth to Hull bridge, [...] ſouth Fambridge, Kirkeſhot fery, and ſo to Foul|neſſe: & as this is the ſhort courſe of that ry|uer, ſo it brauncheth, and the ſouth arme ther|of receiueth a water comming from Hauke|well, to great Stanbridge, and beneth Pake|ſham, doth méete by South, wyth the ſayde arme, and ſo finiſhe vp his courſe, as we doe our voyage alſo about the coaſt of Englande.

Compare 1587 edition: 1 Thus haue I finiſhed the deſcription of ſuch ryuers and ſtreames as fall into the Ocean according to my purpoſe, although not in ſo preciſe an order and maner of handling, as I might, if information promyſed had bene ac|cordingly performed: howbeit, thys wyll I ſay of that which is already done, that from the hauen of Southampton, by ſouth vnto the Twede, that parteth England and ſcotland, by north (if you go backward contrary to the courſe of my deſcription) you ſhall finde it ſo exacte, as beſide a fewe bye ryuers to be tou|ched hereafter, you ſhall not néede to vſe any further aduiſe for the finding and falles of ye aforeſayd ſtreames. For ſuch hath béene my helpe and conference wyth other men about theſe, that I dare pronounce them to be per|fite and exact. In the reaſt I followed Leland in maner worde for worde, what he hath ſayd therefore of them, that haue I examplyfied & publiſhed herein. Such was his dealing [...]|ſo in hys bookes, that he ſought not to be c [...]ri|ous and preciſe in thoſe deſcriptions that hée EEBO page image 36 made, but thought (it ſufficient to ſay ſome|what, and more of thinges then any mã had done before hym, In the next booke therfore, I will in thrée chapiters run ouer theſe mat|ters agayne, and as I haue already borowed ſomewhat of the ſame, in ſettyng downe ſuch braunches as f [...]l into the mayne ſtreames at large, ſo will I there agayne remember ſuch great riuers as I haue here eyther omitted, or not ſo orderly handled as their dignities do require. In reading therefore of the one, refuſe not I beſéeche your honor withall, to haue conference with the other, for what this wanteth, that other ſhall ſupply, and yt which is briefly touched in this, ſhal there be opened at large, the onely occaſion of this deuiſion growyng vpon hope of inſtruction to come in tyme, whereof when I had moſt néede, and the lefe vnder the preſſe, I was left deſtitute and without hope of all reliefe. It is poſſible, that ſome curious head may finde carpyng worke inough in ye courſes of theſe ſtreames, but if ſuch a one wyll enterpriſe the lyke, and try what one man can doe by reading onely, (for I ſayled about my country within the compaſſe of my ſtudy) & therunto remember how many wais, through many mens iudge mentes, and what number of occaſions may ſerue here and there, to inforce the writer to miſtake his Pamphlets, quarters, townes, entraunces, &c. I doe not doubt but it woulde trouble his brayn, although now peraduẽture in table talke, he can find many things, as he doth that ſitteth at home among Ladies and Gentlewomen, and will talke and take order for matters abroad that are to be done in the field, where he neuer ſhewed his face. Vnto the learned therfore, I yeld correctiõ of mine errors onely, and as I confeſſe that ſome vn|knowne vnto me, may and haue eſcaped my handes, ſo by their gentle and brotherly ad|monition, they ſhall be the ſooner amended. Furthermore, this I haue alſo to remember that in the courſes of our ſtreames, I regard not ſo much to name ye very town or church, as the limites of the paroche, and therefore if I ſay it goeth by ſuch a towne, I thinke my duety diſcharged, if I hitte vpon any part or parcel of the paroche. This alſo hath not a lit|tle troubled me, I meane the euill writing of the names of many townes and villages, of which I haue noted ſome one man in the de|ſcription of a riuer to write it two or three maner of wayes, whereby I was inforced to chuſe one (at aduenture moſt commonly) that ſéemed the likelieſt in myne opinion & iudge|ment: but inough of this and theſe things for this preſent.

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